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MINI TEST – 8C (LESSON C1 – C3)

NAME DATE MARK /27

1) Give examples oftwo diseases that each of the following


microbes can cause. [6]

Bacteria _____________________________________________
Fungi________________________________________________
Virus________________________________________________

2) List 5 ways in which microbes can enter the body. [5]


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3) What natural barriers does the body have against infection? (write
down 4) [4]
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4) If microbes do enter the body, there is still another line of defence


which can fight them and protect you. This is the immune system.
White blood cells help fight microbes.

a) Where are white blood cells found? ______________________[1]

b) Look at the diagram below, which shows one way in which white blood
cells fight microbes.
Describe what is happening [3]
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c) Write down 2 other ways in which white blood cells fight infection.[2]
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5) What is the difference between antiseptics and antibiotics?[2]


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6) What are narrow-spectrum antibiotics?[1]


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7) What is the problem about using broad-spectrum antibiotics? [1]


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8) Why are antibiotics not used to treat viral infections? [2]


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