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08/14/11 Presentation on Industrial Training At NTPC,Anta Gas power Plant Presented by:-  Dulara Sharma
08/14/11 Presentation on Industrial Training At NTPC,Anta Gas power Plant Presented by:-  Dulara Sharma

08/14/11

Presentation on Industrial Training At NTPC,Anta Gas power Plant

Presented by:-

Dulara Sharma

Topics to be covered:- • Introduction • Gas turbine • Generator • combined cycle process •

Topics to be covered:-

Introduction Gas turbine Generator combined cycle process Waste heat recovery boiler(WHRB) Steam turbine Generator & Transformer protection Switchyard Power evacuation

Introduction NTPC Ltd.

Introduction NTPC Ltd. • NTPC Limited is the largest power generating company of India. • A

NTPC Limited is the largest power generating company of India. A public sector company, it was incorporated in the year 1975 to accelerate power development in the country as a wholly owned company of the Government of India. the installed capacity of NTPC is30,644 MW .

Introduction NTPC Ltd.

Introduction NTPC Ltd.  Through its • 15 coal based (24,395 MW), • 7 gas based

Through its 15 coal based (24,395 MW), 7 gas based (3,955 MW) 4 Joint Venture Projects (2,294 MW). NTPC's share on 31 Mar 2008 in the total installed capacity of the country was 19.1% and it contributed 28.50% of the total power generation of the country during 2008-09.

NTPC ANTA

NTPC ANTA Anta Gas Based Combined Cycle Power Project is not only the first Gas Power

Anta Gas Based Combined Cycle Power Project is not only the first Gas Power Plant of NTPC but is also the beginning of an era of state of art Combined Cycle Power Plants in the country.

BRIEF DISCRIPTION

Established in Type of station Location Total land Fuel Fuel source

Water source

: 1989 :Gas based combined cycle : Anta in Baran district of Rajasthan : 390.75 acres. : Natural Gas, Naphtha : By GAIL through HBJ Pipe line : KOTA RIGHT MAIN CANAL

Gas Turbine Output: 3 X 88.71 MW

Steam Turbine Output

: 153.20 MW

Net plant Output

: 419.33MW

Reservoir

: 10 Million m 3 , for One Month

Beneficiary States

: Rajasthan, Delhi, Haryana, Panjab, UP, J & K,

Union Territory of Chandighar.

Units Configuration

Units Configuration Total Station Capacity 419 MW 88.71 88.71 88.71 153.2 Total capacity =419.33 MW 6

Total Station Capacity 419 MW

88.71
88.71
88.71
88.71
88.71
88.71
153.2
153.2

Total capacity

=419.33 MW

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Gas Turbine is a heat engine

 Gas Turbine is a heat engine 08/14/11  The Process Includes  • Compression :
 Gas Turbine is a heat engine 08/14/11  The Process Includes  • Compression :

08/14/11

The Process Includes

Compression :

of working medium (air) taken from atmosphere in a compressor.

Combustion

Increase of working medium temperature by constant pressure ignition of fuel in combustion chamber.

Expansion

of the product of combustion in a turbine.

 Gas Turbine is a heat engine 08/14/11  The Process Includes  • Compression :

Start-up of the GT

Start-up of the GT • Start-up of the GT is driven with the help of starting

Start-up of the GT is driven with the help of starting equipment which runs the generator as a motor with speed increasing from 0to 600rpm. At this speed a pilot flame is ignited in the combustion chamber, fuel (gas/naphtha) enters and combustion takes place.

The speed increases further both with the help of generator motoring and the combustion of fuel up to about 2000 rpm. At this speed starting equipment is switched off and only the generator is made ready for synchronization with the grid. After synchronizations, the turbine load increases up to base load with more and more fuel entering the combustion chamber.

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9 Applications of Gas Turbine 08/14/11 • Conventional applications are Ø Simple cycle operation. Ø Combined

Applications of Gas Turbine

08/14/11

Conventional applications are

Ø Simple cycle operation. Ø Combined cycle operation.

Electric

utility

companies

use

gas turbine

predominantly in simple cycle and combined cycle applications.

Combined cycle operation is much efficient than open cycle operation.

 Advantages of gas turbine w.r.t steam turbine are:  1. They can be started and

Advantages of gas turbine w.r.t steam turbine are:

1.

They can be started and loaded quickly.

2.

3.

Less maintenance and simple design.

4.

5.

They have lower installation cost.

6.

7.

GT plant involve less metal and material.

8.

9.

They don’t require enormous water for cooling.

10.

11. They are more compact.

12.

13.

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Combined Cycle Power Plant Gas Turbine Air Fuel 100% Input WHRB 15% Exhaust gas G 33%
Combined Cycle Power Plant Gas Turbine Air Fuel 100% Input WHRB 15% Exhaust gas G 33%

Combined Cycle Power Plant

Gas Turbine

Air Fuel 100% Input
Air
Fuel
100%
Input

WHRB

Combined Cycle Power Plant Gas Turbine Air Fuel 100% Input WHRB 15% Exhaust gas G 33%

15%

Combined Cycle Power Plant Gas Turbine Air Fuel 100% Input WHRB 15% Exhaust gas G 33%

Exhaust gas

G
G

33%

Steam

Combined Cycle Power Plant Gas Turbine Air Fuel 100% Input WHRB 15% Exhaust gas G 33%
Combined Cycle Power Plant Gas Turbine Air Fuel 100% Input WHRB 15% Exhaust gas G 33%
Combined Cycle Power Plant Gas Turbine Air Fuel 100% Input WHRB 15% Exhaust gas G 33%
G
G

16%

Combined Cycle Power Plant Gas Turbine Air Fuel 100% Input WHRB 15% Exhaust gas G 33%

Condensor

Combined Cycle Power Plant Gas Turbine Air Fuel 100% Input WHRB 15% Exhaust gas G 33%
Combined Cycle Power Plant Gas Turbine Air Fuel 100% Input WHRB 15% Exhaust gas G 33%

Steam

Turbine

36%

Combined Cycle Power Plant Gas Turbine Air Fuel 100% Input WHRB 15% Exhaust gas G 33%
Combined Cycle Power Plant Gas Turbine Air Fuel 100% Input WHRB 15% Exhaust gas G 33%

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Generator

Generator  Generator is three phases, two pole air cooled machine. ◦  The mechanical energy

Generator is three phases, two pole air cooled machine.

The mechanical energy generated by turbine is converted to electrical energy by the generator and appear in the stator winding in the form of current and voltage. This balances the torque of the gas turbine.

It lead the magnetic flux, and carries the field winding, the generator is self excited. The power required for the excitation is taken from the generator terminals and fed to the field winding through the excitation transformer and the thyristor- controlled rectifier units.

Gas

Generator

Salient Features

Gas Generator Salient Features 1.Generator Type : Non Salient Pole Synchronous generator 2. No. of phases

1.Generator Type

:

Non Salient Pole

 
 

Synchronous generator

  • 2. No. of phases

:

3

  • 3. No. of poles

:

2

  • 4. Stator winding

:

star

  • 5. Insulation class

:

F class

 
  • 6. Rated apparent power

:

135MVA

  • 7. Rated voltage

:

10.5 KV

  • 8. Rated current

:

7423 A

  • 9. Full load efficiency

:

98.38%

10. Type of cooling

:

Air cooled

Steam Generator

Salient Features

Steam Generator Salient Features 1.Generator Type : Non Salient Pole Synchronous generator 2. No. of phases

1.Generator Type

:

Non Salient Pole

 
 

Synchronous generator

  • 2. No. of phases

:

3

  • 3. No. of poles

:

2

  • 4. Stator winding

:

star

  • 5. Insulation class

:

F

  • 6. Nominal apparent power

:

160 MVA

  • 7. Nominal voltage

:

15.75 KV

 
  • 8. Full load efficiency

:

98.38%

10. Cooling

  • a) Stator

:

Air cooled by fans

  • b) Rotor

:

Axial cooling

Waste Heat Recovery Boiler • Anta Combined cycle power plant also known as Waste Heat Recovery

Waste Heat Recovery Boiler

Anta Combined cycle power plant also known as Waste Heat Recovery Boilers (WHRB) plant, which are of non-fired, dual pressure and forced circulation type. The boiler has two different water/steam cycle known as high-pressure system and low-pressure system.

Components of WHRB The main components of the WHRB can be divided into following categories:

LP Economizer LP Drum & Evaporator

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Waste Heat flue flue atmo atmo Temp.110*C Recovery HP gas 64bar gas condensate spher spher preheater
Waste Heat
flue
flue
atmo
atmo
Temp.110*C
Recovery
HP
gas
64bar
gas
condensate
spher
spher
preheater
Boiler
from HP feed pumps
drum
d
toto
HP
HP
economiser1 ee
LP
economiser
from LP feed pumps
press
r
LP
bo
LP
6bar
pr
evaporator
u ure
LP
dr
ile
d
superheater
LP steam to LP turbine
es
L
HP
Temp.225*C
m
HP
cir
u
r
r
economiser2
su
P
HP evaporator
an
p
cu
m
u
HP
b
superheater1&2
HP steam to HP turbine
re
u d
Temp.485
lat
Flue
Flue gas
gas
m
*C
oi
after
after
m
LP
gas
gas turbine
turbine
in
Temp.505*C
le
p
g
r

LP Economizer

LP Economizer  In economizer the flue gas heats up the feed water.  After the

In economizer the flue gas heats up the feed water. After the economizer the feed water enters the LP evaporator and then to LP drum boiler.

LP Super-Heater

The steam, leaving at the top of the LP-drum flows through the flue gas heated super heater, where it reaches the end temperature of about 212°C.

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HP BOILER PARTS

HP BOILER PARTS • HP Economizer  The HP economizer coils are in two part one

HP Economizer

The HP economizer coils are in two part one part is just below the LP economizer and other part is below LP super heater and both the coils are connected in series

HP Boiler Drum & Evaporator

The feed water in the HP-boiler drum is pumped through the evaporator by means of 2 x 100 % HP circulation pumps.

HP Super-Heater

The HP super heater consists of two parts with a spray attemperator between them. This configuration allows the temperature control of the super heated steam.

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Condensate Pre-Heater

Condensate Pre-Heater • The main condensate is pumped by condensate extraction pumps (CEPs) to the feed

The main condensate is pumped by condensate extraction pumps (CEPs) to the feed water tank.

Before entering the feed water tank the condensate is passed through the condensate pre-heaters, which are situated at the tail end of the WHRBs and heated by the flue gas to achieve the highest cycle efficiency.

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Cooling tower 20 20

Cooling tower

Cooling tower 20 20

2020

GENERATOR TRANSFORMER The generator is connected to this transformers by means of isolated bus ducts. This
GENERATOR TRANSFORMER The generator is connected to this transformers by means of isolated bus ducts. This

GENERATOR TRANSFORMER

The generator is connected to this transformers by means of isolated bus ducts. This transformer is used to step up the generating voltage of 15.75 KV to grid voltage.

Specification of Generator Transformer :

Rated

Rated power

power

160 MVA

160

MVA

Voltage (HV)

Voltage

(HV)

230

230

KVKV

Voltage (LV)

Voltage

(LV)

15.75

15.75 KVKV

Current (HV)

Current

(HV)

728

728

AA

Current (LV)

Current

(LV)

10.6 KAKA

10.6

Phases

Phases

33

Frequency

Frequency

5050 Hz

Hz

Ambient oil

Ambient

oil temp.

temp.

5050 00 CC

Ambient winding

Ambient

winding temp.

temp.

5555 00 CC

   
Unit Auxiliary Transformer (UAT) Specification of three winding UAT : Rated power Rated voltage no load

Unit Auxiliary Transformer (UAT)

Specification of three winding UAT :

Rated power

Rated voltage no load HV

Rated voltage no load LV side

Rated current HV side

Rated current LV side

Frequency

6300 MVA

15.75 KV

2.55 KV and 0.433 KV

230.9 A

1143 A and 1667 A

50 Hz

Transformer protections  Transformer Differential protection. • Three phase over current protection. • Earth fault relay

Transformer protections

Transformer Differential protection. Three phase over current protection. Earth fault relay Restricted earth fault relay Buchholz relay

Generator Protections • Generator Differential Protection • Generator Stator earth fault protection • Generator rotor earth

Generator Protections

Generator Differential Protection Generator Stator earth fault protection Generator rotor earth fault protection

Switchyard and transmission equipment • Transformer • Isolators • Circuit breakers • Earth switches • Wave

Switchyard and transmission equipment

Transformer Isolators Circuit breakers Earth switches Wave trap Lightning arrestor Current transformer Potential transformer Bus bars

Bus Switching Schemes Double main and Transfer bus scheme Main Bus-2 Main Bus-1 Bus Coupler Transfer
Bus Switching Schemes Double main and Transfer bus scheme Main Bus-2 Main Bus-1 Bus Coupler Transfer

Bus Switching Schemes

Double main and Transfer bus

scheme Main Bus-2 Main Bus-1
scheme
Main Bus-2
Main Bus-1
Bus Coupler Transfer Bus 6 Transmission lines
Bus
Coupler
Transfer Bus
6 Transmission lines
08/14/11 ADVANTAGES OF GAS BASED PLANTS ● HIGH THERMAL EFFICIENCY ● LOW WATER REQUIREMENTS ● ENVIRONMENT
08/14/11 ADVANTAGES OF GAS BASED PLANTS ● HIGH THERMAL EFFICIENCY ● LOW WATER REQUIREMENTS ● ENVIRONMENT

08/14/11

ADVANTAGES OF GAS BASED PLANTS

HIGH THERMAL EFFICIENCY LOW WATER REQUIREMENTS ENVIRONMENT FRIENDLINESS FAST START - UP LOW INSTALATION COST

POWER EVACUATION FROM NTPC ANTA  There are total six 220 kv transmission lines for evacuation

POWER EVACUATION FROM NTPC ANTA

There are total six 220 kv transmission lines for evacuation of power generated at Anta. two lines for Bhilwara, two lines for Jaipur and one line for Kota and one line for Rawatbhata power plant

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