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JABATAN PELAJARAN NEGERI KEDAH DARUL AMAN

Unit Bahasa Inggeris JPN Kedah ENGLISH MODULE 2010PMR PAPER 2

Unit Bahasa Inggeris JPN Kedah ENGLISH MODULE 2010PMR PAPER 2

Module Writers: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Cik Lim Teik Gin Pn P. Indrani Chitty a/p V.Taivenaigum Chitty Cik Tong Yean Pin Pn May Khor Guat Sim En Prasad a/l A. Appanair En Mohd Fadzli bin Abdul Aziz Pn Rohani binti Mohd Noor En Nadzli bin Husain Pn Anis binti Mohd Saad En Manoharan a/l Govindasamy Cik Shobana Nair Chandran : SMK St Theresa : SMK Tunku Sulong : SMK Bandar Sungai Petani : SMK Che Tom : SMK Khir Johari : SMK Ayer Puteh Dalam : SMK Kubor Panjang : SMK Gulau : SMK Bandar Baru Sintok : SMK Sanglang : SMK Siong, Baling

Unit Bahasa Inggeris JPN Kedah ENGLISH MODULE 2010PMR PAPER 2

Contents of Module prepared in 2010


NO. 1. CONTENTS Paper 2 Section A Guided Writing - Guidelines - Analysis of past year questions - Format - Sample answers Letter Writing Letter Writing Article Article Recount Report Speech Exercise for Practices Informal Letter Article NO. of EXERCISES

2.

Paper 2 Section B Summary - Guidelines - Analysis of past year questions - Sample answers - Practice

3 3

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Paper 2 Section C - Novels - Guidelines - Analysis of past year questions - Exercise for Practice - Notes/Sample answers Character Good, Bad, Determined Interesting/Exciting/Memorable Event Interesting Place/Setting Theme Loyalty, Justice Moral Value Bravery Lesson Learnt/Message

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Unit Bahasa Inggeris JPN Kedah ENGLISH MODULE 2010PMR PAPER 2

PMR ENGLISH 2: General Guidelines for GUIDED WRITING [30 marks -- 40 minutes] 1. Always read the question carefully and highlight what you need to do (task). Check the tone/pronoun needed. 2. Use the 40 minutes wisely: Use 5 minutes to plan your essay and organise your thoughts (what to write, how to elaborate on the points given). Then, use 30 minutes to write and 5 minutes to edit. 3. Remember to use all the points given. Cross out the points you have used so that not a single point is left out. 4. Remember to give relevant details or elaborate the points given. Use wHquestions to help you develop your points 5. Vary your sentence structures so that your essay is not dull and monotonous. 6. Try to include an introduction (may copy from the question, the need to change pronoun) and a conclusion. 7. Also, make sure your paragraphs are well-organised. 8. Read through your written piece and edit it.

Analysis of PMR Guided Writing Questions


YEAR 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Informal Letter Giving opinion Speech Report based on pictures Informal Letter based on notes given Story based on pictures Speech based on poster about safety in school SECTION A

Unit Bahasa Inggeris JPN Kedah ENGLISH MODULE 2010PMR PAPER 2


2009 An Article A visit to old folks home

FORMAT OF A SPEECH/TALK Good morning to the principal, teachers and fellow students. I am honoured to be given this opportunity to talk on 'Health is Wealth'. .................................................................................................................................. ....................................................................... .................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... ............................................ Thank you. FORMAT OF AN INFORMAL LETTER 66, Lrg. 8, Diamond Park, 08000 Sungai Petani, Kedah. 22 SEPT 2007. Dear Yati, .................................................................................... ..................................................................................... .................................................................. Yours sincerely, Ani FORMAT OF A REPORT A VISIT TO OLD FOLKS' HOME At 8.30 a.m., 40 students and............................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................ ............... ............................................................................................................................................ ...........

Reported by Christine (Secretary of Drama Club)

Unit Bahasa Inggeris JPN Kedah ENGLISH MODULE 2010PMR PAPER 2

FORMAT OF AN ARTICLE Health is Wealth Which is more important? .............................................................................. ............................................. ........................................................................................ ............................................................... Written by, Eric FORMAT OF A DIALOGUE Example: Interview A reporter interviewed Julian at the school canteen. Reporter: ........................... Julian: ............................ Reporter: .......................... Julian: ............................

FORMAT OF A NEWSPAPER REPORT ESCAPE OF ORANG UTAN SUNGAI PETANI: ........................................................................................ .................................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................

FORMAT OF A STORY It was raining heavily. ...................................................................................... ........................................................................................................................................ .......................................................................................................................................

FORMAT OF A RECOUNT As I was walking home,......................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................

Unit Bahasa Inggeris JPN Kedah ENGLISH MODULE 2010PMR PAPER 2 ........................................................................................

Unit Bahasa Inggeris JPN Kedah ENGLISH MODULE 2010PMR PAPER 2

Greeting / Salutation
Dear is most often used. You can use for everyone, from your mother to a new pen-pal. My dear - is used if you have a close relationship with someone, like your family or best friend. Dearest and My dearest - are usually used only for people you love.

Opening Remarks
How are you? I hope you are fine. What a surprise to hear from you. I received your letter yesterday / a few days ago How are you? I am sorry I couldnt write earlier.

Closing Remarks
That will be for now. I hope to hear from you soon. Please send my warmest regards to your family. Do write soon. I shall write again when I have time.

(adapted from Peraks English Language Module 2009)

Unit Bahasa Inggeris JPN Kedah ENGLISH MODULE 2010PMR PAPER 2

1, Jalan Bukit 25, Bukit Jana Heights, 34000 Taiping, Perak Darul Ridzuan. 2 July 2009
Salutation

Writers Address

Date

Dear Fadzle, It was a wonderful surprise to hear from you ...................................................................... ............................................................................... .......................................................................... ............................................................................... ... ........................................................................ ............................................................. ............................................................................... ............................................................................... Do write to me again after your examinations. Until then, good luck in the exam!
Opening Remarks

The Content

Closing Remarks

Your friend, Ammy

Ending & Signature

(adapted from Peraks English Language Module 2009)

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Unit Bahasa Inggeris JPN Kedah ENGLISH MODULE 2010PMR PAPER 2

SECTION A
You are advised to spend about 40 minutes on this question. Study the information below and answer the question that follows. Your school celebrated Teachers Day last week. You are writing a letter to a friend to describe this special occasion. Use these notes in your letter: Assembly at 7.30 am Speech by principal gave advice to students Aim of celebration show appreciation to teachers Speech by head prefect Activities carried out games class parties - concert

When writing your letter : you may use all the notes elaborate on the given notes to make it more interesting add any other relevant information make sure it is not less than 120 words

(30 marks)

(adapted from Peraks English Language Module 2009)

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Unit Bahasa Inggeris JPN Kedah ENGLISH MODULE 2010PMR PAPER 2

BEFORE WRITING, always remind your students to ask a few WH-questions to get a clear scenario on the event they are going to write.

No 1

Statement / Points given Assembly at 7.30 a.m.

WH Question * Where did the assembly take place? * Who attended the assembly? * Was anybody invited? Who?

Speech by principal gave advice to students

* What was the main message of the speech? * What advice did the principal give?

Aim of celebration show appreciation to teachers

* Why do students have to study hard and develop good qualities? * What was the content of the message? * What games were played? * What did the winners get? * What was the food prepared? * What did you have in the concert? Singing? Dancing?

4 5

Speech by head prefect Activities carried out games class parties - concert

Points to be used in your answer:1. Assembly at 7.30 a.m. 2. Speech by principal gave advice to students 3. Aim of celebration - show appreciation to teachers 4. Speech by head prefect 5. Activities carried out games class parties concert

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Unit Bahasa Inggeris JPN Kedah ENGLISH MODULE 2010PMR PAPER 2

Sample Answer 1 (Simple but clear) ** Note the simple connectors e.g. After that, Then, After 12 noon, Finally. 123, Jalan Ibrahim, 08000 Sg. Petani, Kedah. 20 September 2009 Dear Maslinda, How are you? I hope you are fine. My family and I are Dari soalan tukar gantinama Your doing just fine. kpd My. My school celebrated Teachers Day last week. Many Pt 1 students came that day. The (assembly started at 7.30 a.m.) The chairman of the PTA (PIBG) also came. We sang Negaraku and the state anthem.(lagu negeri) After that, (the principal gave a speech. He advised us) to study hard and be good students. He also told us that the (aim of the celebration was to show appreciation to teachers.) We should thank our teachers. Then (the Head Prefect gave a speech.) He thanked the teachers for their help and advice. After 12 noon, the teachers and students played various interesting (games) like football, throwing balloons and other games. The students won most of the games. We won hampers. My class bought a big cake for the (class party). Finally, we had a (concert). I took part in the concert. I sang Michael Jacksons Beat It. We were very happy that day. How about the Teachers Day celebration in your school? Do tell me about it in your next letter. Take care and bye. Pt 5 Pt 4 Pt 3 Pt 2

Your friend; Mei Ling

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Unit Bahasa Inggeris JPN Kedah ENGLISH MODULE 2010PMR PAPER 2


Sample Answer 2:

123,Jalan Ibrahim, 08000 Sg. Petani, Kedah. 20 September 2009 Dear Indra, How are you? I hope you are fine. My family and I are doing just fine. My school celebrated Teachers Day last week. Activities on that day started at 7.30 a.m. First we had an assembly in the school hall. The principal and all the teachers were seated on a colourful and nicely decorated stage. The school principal gave a speech. He reminded students to study hard and develop good qualities. This is our way of showing our appreciation to our teachers for their hard work. At the end of the speech, we clapped loudly to show our appreciation to our teachers. Then the Head Prefect delivered a speech. He thanked the teachers for their endurance and compassion all this while. He also recited a poem entitled KASIH GURU. This was followed by our class parties. At the parties, we ate the food that we had brought such as fried noodles, cakes and sandwiches. We also sang, danced and played indoor games. I enjoyed playing the Musical Chairs. After 12 noon, some outdoor games were played. That was the most exciting event of the day. Teachers and students played various interesting games like sack race, football, throwing balloons and other relay games. The students won most of the games. The final event was a concert. Popular songs were rendered by some students and traditional dances were performed by the Cultural Club. By then, we were all tired but happy because we had had a whale of a time that day. How about the Teachers Day celebration in your school? Do tell me about it in your next letter. Take care and bye. Your friend;

Azmilia (adapted from Peraks English Language Modul 2009) 14

Unit Bahasa Inggeris JPN Kedah ENGLISH MODULE 2010PMR PAPER 2


Question 1 Write a letter to your friend telling him/ her about an accident that you saw yesterday. Use the notes and picture below to help you.

yesterday afternoon an accident at junction Kampung Setia car damaged driver injured helped victims call ambulance police directed traffic went home happy

P1 P2 P3 P4 P5 P6 P7 P8 P9 P10 P11

yesterday afternoon an accident at junction Kampung Setia car damaged driver injured helped victims call ambulance police directed traffic went home happy

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Unit Bahasa Inggeris JPN Kedah ENGLISH MODULE 2010PMR PAPER 2


Informal Letter: An accident that you witnessed

23 Taman Saga 06150 Ayer Hitam Kedah Darul Aman 23 August 2010 Dear Ali, How are you and your family? My family and I are fine in Kampung Setia. Thank you for your letter. I am sorry for the late reply. I am writing this letter to inform you about an accident that I witnessed yesterday afternoon at about 1 p.m. The accident was between a bus and a car at a junction in Kampung Setia. I saw the accident when I was going home with my best friend Amir. A car was knocked down by a bus. The car was badly damaged. The driver was seriously injured. My friend and I quickly helped the victims. I pulled out the car driver from his vehicle. He was bleeding profusely. Amir then used his mobile phone to call the ambulance and the police. Within minutes, the ambulance arrived and took the victims to the hospital. The police arrived and directed the traffic. Later, my friend and I went home. I told my parents about the accident and they were very proud of me. We were happy for helping the accident victims. Its getting late and I have to pen off now. Bye and take care. Your friend P2 P1 P3 P4

P5 P6 P7

P8 P9 P10 P11

Bala

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Unit Bahasa Inggeris JPN Kedah ENGLISH MODULE 2010PMR PAPER 2

1. Determine your topic. Exactly what are you going to write about? 2. Brainstorm for ideas if you have to. 3. Figure out who your audience is. Are you writing for a beginner, an intermediate, or an advanced audience? 4. Decide on the length of the article. 5. Write an outline of your article. This will help bring the concept of the article into sharper focus. 6. Write the rough draft of the article. 7. Check over your piece for presentation. i) ii) iii) iv) v) Check for faulty information. Double-check your facts. Delete any unnecessary or contradictory information. Eliminate anything that is just taking up space. Check for grammar and spelling errors. Read it aloud to yourself to make sure the text flows smoothly.

8. Rewrite the article as often as it takes. 9. Turn in your completed article.

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Unit Bahasa Inggeris JPN Kedah ENGLISH MODULE 2010PMR PAPER 2

MIND MAPPING
Mind Mapping is a way of creating pictures that show ideas in the same way that they are represented in your brain. You see your brain uses words, pictures, numbers, logic, rhythm, color and spatial awareness to build up unique pictures of information. The ideas are linked together in a way that makes it easy to understand and remember.

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Unit Bahasa Inggeris JPN Kedah ENGLISH MODULE 2010PMR PAPER 2 PMR- MODULE ENGLISH LANGUAGE PAPER 2 GUIDED WRITING ESSAY TYPE 2:- SAMPLE 2- WRITING AN ARTICLE You are the president of the English Language Society of your school. In conjunction with English Language Week you have been asked to write an article for the English Language Newsletter. Based on the notes given below, write an article on The importance of the English Language. ESSAY TYPE 2:- WRITING AN ARTICLE THE IMPORTANCE OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE International language Official language in business and major international meetings Used in the internet Important to know the language in age of technology Many books written in the English Take effort to improve.

SAMPLE ANSWER:

Im glad to be writing again. Guess what Im writing for this months newsletter? Well, in conjunction with our English Language Week, I would like to write on The Importance of The English Language All of us know that English Language is very important for many reasons. Firstly, as an international language, it is spoken widely in many countries. If we know English, we will have no problem in communication wherever we go. English is one of the official languages in the business world. Most of the major international meetings and conventions are held in English. As such the importance of English as a world language cannot be denied. Next, let me asked you a question? That is, when you surf the internet, what is the main language that you use? Yes, English is also used on the Internet. We are living in the age of information technology. The Internet is used for business transactions and is a source of general knowledge. Many books are also written in English. We can enjoy reading these books which are a source of knowledge and relaxation. I hope I have shown you the importance of English Language to all of you. So starting from today, you should take effort to improve your English. It will benefit us in many ways.

Introduction

Point 1 (detail 1) Point 2

Point 3 Point 4

Point 5

Point 6 Close

(adapted from ZOOM IN -Composition ENGLISH, InfoDidik)

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Unit Bahasa Inggeris JPN Kedah ENGLISH MODULE 2010PMR PAPER 2


ESSAY : ARTICLE Write an article on How to Save the Environment for your school bulletin. Use the notes below to help you to write the article. HOW TO SAVE THE ENVIRONMENT Tips to protect the environment: Save water o wash car do not use hose o collect rain water o turn off tap after use Save energy o switch off appliances not in use o do not watch television late at night o use energy-saving bulbs Protect the air o car pool reduce pollution o use public transport o impose heavy fines factories pollute When writing your article: o you may use all the notes given o elaborate on the given notes to make it more interesting o add any other relevant information o make sure it is not less than 120 words

BEFORE WRITING, always remind your students to ask a few WH questions to get ideas on how to expand the given points. No Body A P1 P2 P3 Body B P4 P5 P6 Body C P7 P8 P9 Statement/Points given Save water wash car do not use hose collect rain water turn off the tap after use Save energy switch off appliances not in use do not watch television late at night buy energy-saving bulbs Protect the air car pool reduce pollution use public transport impose heavy fines factories pollute WH -questions What can we do to save water? How do we save water?

How do we save energy?

How do we prevent pollution? What actions could be taken? How?

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Unit Bahasa Inggeris JPN Kedah ENGLISH MODULE 2010PMR PAPER 2


Sample 1 ( Low achievers ) How To Save The Environment There are many ways that we can do to save the environment. First of all, we should save water. (Body A) Do not use a hose to wash the car but use a pail. We can collect rain water to water the plants. Next, turn off the tap after using it. Apart from that, we have to save energy. (Body B) For example, switch off the appliances when not in use. We should not watch television until late at night. We can also buy energy-saving bulbs. Finally, we must protect the air.(Body C) By car pooling, we can reduce pollution. Always use public transport such as buses and taxis. The government should impose fines on factories which pollute the environment. In conclusion, we should follow the above tips to help save the environment. Written by Eric Sample 2 ( Average students ) How To Save The Environment There are many ways that we can do to save the environment. We must work hand in hand in order to achieve our objective above. First of all, we should save water. (Body A) Instead of using a hose, we should use a pail to wash cars. We can use collected rain water to water plants or carry out other household chores. Next, it is advisable to turn off the tap after using it. Apart from that, we have to save energy. (Body B) For example, we should switch off the electrical appliances when we are not using them. Other than that we should not watch television until late at night to save electricity. We can also purchase energy saving bulbs. Last but not least, we must protect the air. ( Body C ) One of the ways is by car pooling. When we share our vehicles, we can reduce air pollution. Moreover we should always use public transport such as buses and taxis to go to our places of work. The relevant authorities should impose fines on factories which pollute the environment. In conclusion, we should follow the above tips to help save the environment. Written by Eric P1 P2 P3 P1 P2 P3 P4 P5 P6 P7/P8 P9

P4 P5 P6

P7 P8 P9

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Unit Bahasa Inggeris JPN Kedah ENGLISH MODULE 2010PMR PAPER 2 ESSAY RECOUNT OF A STORY
Using the pictures and notes below, write a story. Give a suitable title as well as an ending to your story.

Samad 15-year-old boy PMR not focusing played truant video arcades karaoke lounges company of misbehaved students

failed his PMR - persuaded by friends - sell pirated DVDs

One day sell DVDs raid by police managed to escape continued selling DVDs

?
Later caught red-handed jailed three months fined RM5,000

Sample Answer: Turning Over a New Leaf


Samad was a 15-year-old boy. Although he would be sitting for his PMR examination in a few months, he was not focusing on his preparation. He often played truant, preferring to spend his time at video arcades and sometimes at karaoke lounges. He keeps company of misbehaved students like him. Thus, it was not surprising that Samad failed his PMR examination. Soon his friends persuaded him to sell illegal DVDs along a busy street. One day, when he was selling DVDs, there was a police raid. He managed to escape. It was a close shave. However, he was not scared. He continued to break the law by selling the DVDs. He carried on his illegal trade until he was caught red-handed on the same street later. He was jailed for three months and fined RM5,000 for breaking the law. After completing his jail sentence, he was released. He regretted his actions and vowed not to do it again. He promised his parents not to commit offences anymore but to change to a better person. Since then, Samad actually turned over a new leaf and became a hard-working and honest boy.

Title (Use past tense)

Ending

Adapted from SPOT Cemerlang

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Unit Bahasa Inggeris JPN Kedah ENGLISH MODULE 2010PMR PAPER 2 ESSAY - REPORT
Perak Paper 2 : 2010 : Section A:

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Unit Bahasa Inggeris JPN Kedah ENGLISH MODULE 2010PMR PAPER 2

BEFORE WRITING, always remind your students to ask a few WH-questions to get a clear picture of the event they are going to report on. No Statement / Points given Opening paragraph your introduction Questions to help you develop points given * When was the Co-curricular Day held? * Who organized the event? * What time did it start? 1 Opening ceremony - speech * Who delivered/gave the speech? * What was the aim of having Co-curricular Day? 2 Stalls food and drinks * Who set up the stalls? /Who prepared the food? * What were sold? * Were you involved? 3 Games outdoor and indoor * Give examples of games * Which was the most popular game? 4 Exhibition societies and clubs * What were exhibited? * Who were in charge? * Where was the exhibition held? 5 Competitions uniformed units and societies * What kinds of competition were carried out? (cooking? pitching tents? marching?) * Who won? 6 Closing ceremony prize-giving * Who gave away the prizes? * When did it end?

Points to be used in your answer:1. Introduction : When was the Co-curricualr Day held? 2. Opening ceremony who gave the Speech, aim of the carrying out the event. 3. Who set up the food stalls? / What were sold? / Were you involved? 4. Games outdoor and indoor 5. Exhibition societies and clubs 6. Competitions uniformed units and societies 7. Closing ceremony prize giving

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Unit Bahasa Inggeris JPN Kedah ENGLISH MODULE 2010PMR PAPER 2


Sample Report 1 (Simple but clear) ** Note the simple connectors e.g. After that, Then, After 12 noon, Finally.

Dari soalan tukar gantinama Your Our school organized the Annual Co-curricular Day on 28 kpd Our. August this year. All the teachers and students came to school

early to set up the stalls. It started at 7.30 in the morning with the singing of the national anthem, Negaraku. For the opening ceremony, the Pt 1

principal gave a speech. In his speech, he explained that the aim of the event was to give the students a chance to have fun and help the school to raise fund. There were many food stalls set up by the various societies. The variety of food sold included satay, chicken rice, burgers and drinks. I was in charge of the burger stall. We also set up games stations. There were both outdoor and indoor games. Examples of indoor games carried out were scrabble, chess, congkak and carom. For outdoor games, the students played football, telematches, rock-climbing and treasure hunt. The popular game was treasure hunt. There were many exhibition booths set up by some societies and clubs in the classrooms in Block A. scrapbooks, models and posters on display. The uniformed units and some societies organised Pt 5 competitions such as cooking, marching and tent-pitching. The Scouts won all the competitions held. At about three in the afternoon, the teachers and students gathered in the hall for the closing ceremony. The principal gave away the prizes to the winners. He thanked all the teachers and students for working hard in making the Co-curricular Day a success. My friends and I went home tired but happy. Written by; Anis Pt 6 We could see Pt 4 Pt 3 Pt 2

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Unit Bahasa Inggeris JPN Kedah ENGLISH MODULE 2010PMR PAPER 2


ESSAY - WRITING A SPEECH You are the president of the Junior Environment Club and you have been invited to give a speech during your school assembly on how to keep your school clean. With the help of the pictures and notes below, write out your speech.

Dos

Donts

sweep classrooms wipe windows daily

litter everywhere let rubbish overflow waste paper basket

flush toilets keep sinks clean

throw objects into toilet bowls throw tissues into sinks

put used plates and glasses in proper places arrange chairs neatly

leave food scraps everywhere leave used plates and glasses on table (Adapted from Penerbitan Pelangi)

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Unit Bahasa Inggeris JPN Kedah ENGLISH MODULE 2010PMR PAPER 2


Content Points P1 sweep classrooms P2 wipe windows daily P3 flush toilets P4 keep sinks clean P5 put used plates and glasses in proper places P6 arrange chairs neatly P7 do not litter everywhere P8 do not let rubbish overflow waste paper basket P9 do not throw objects into toilet bowls P10 do not throw tissues into sinks P11 do not leave food scraps everywhere P12 do not leave used plates and glasses on table SAMPLE ANSWER: Good morning to the principal, teachers and my fellow students. I am the president of the Junior Environment Club of our school and I have been invited to give a speech on how to keep our school clean. First and foremost, we should keep our classrooms clean. We must sweep our classrooms every day and always keep our waste paper baskets empty. We must also remember to wipe the windows daily. We should not litter everywhere in our classrooms. Rubbish must be thrown into waste paper baskets. We should not let rubbish overflow the waste paper baskets as it will be an eyesore. In addition we must remember to flush toilets after using them. It is very unhealthy to leave toilets not flushed as they will emit a stench. We must not throw objects into toilet bowls. This will cause the toilet bowls to clog. We should also keep the sinks clean by not throwing tissues and rubbish into them. After all, we are the ones who use the toilets so we should not dirty them. Besides this, we should also put all used plates and glasses in proper places such as in basins provided in the canteen. We should not leave food scraps everywhere as it will attract flies. Moreover used plates and glasses should not be left on the canteen tables. In this way we can help to keep the canteen clean. That is all I have to say this morning. I hope that all of you will cooperate and keep our beloved school clean. Thank you. Introduction

P1 P2 P6 P7 P3 P9 P4 P10

P5 P11 P12

(Adapted from Penerbitan Pelangi)

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Unit Bahasa Inggeris JPN Kedah ENGLISH MODULE 2010PMR PAPER 2


EXERCISE FOR PRACTICES PRACTICE 1 : WRITING AN INFORMAL LETTER. You and your family were hit by the recent floods in several parts of Kedah. Write to your friend who is in another state, telling him or her, your experience during your floods.

Chronology of Event - Flood Heavy rain, 3 days, in village Water level rose help move things - upstairs Dangerous had to evacuate Climbed roof wait rescue boats Sent to relief centres People donated foodstuff, blankets, money Water subsided back home washed house

When writing your letter: you may use all the notes given elaborate on the given notes to make interesting make sure it is not less than 120 words.

(adapted from Prespective Cemerlang ENGLISH, CEMERLANG) -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------PRACTICE 2- WRITING AN ARTICLE You the best students in your school, you have been asked to write an article for the English Language Newsletter. Based on the notes given below write an article on Tips on studying well to score in examinations ESSAY TYPE 2:- WRITING AN ARTICLE TIPS ON STUDYING WELL TO SCORE IN EXAMINATIONS Have a timetable Prepare earlier for exam Go over past years questions Balance time between study and recreation Sleep well night before exam Plan answers during exam When writing your article: you may use all the notes given elaborate on the given notes to make interesting make sure it is not less than 120 words.

(adapted from Ulangkaji PMR e-tutor, Anita Lim, VITAL STAR)

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Unit Bahasa Inggeris JPN Kedah ENGLISH MODULE 2010PMR PAPER 2


PAPER 2 SECTION C SUMMARY WRITING : Important pointers 1. ANSWER the summary question in Section B first before you go to Section A and C. (Jawab Section B dulu sebelum menjawab Section A dan C) 2. Keep to the word limit allowed (60 words including the 10 words given) (Tulis hanya 60 perkataan sahaja, termasuk 10 perkataan yang diberi dalam soalan) 3. Use the opening 10 words provided ---They are given to lead you to the first point. Salin 10 perkataan yang diberi dalam soalan dahulu --- sambungannya biasanya mengandungi isi pertama. (Semak gantinama yang diberi dalam sepuluh perkataan yang diberi dan ubah mengikut kehendak soalan.) [like in PMR 2007 ; Andrew = I he :- Gantinama I digunakan dalam petikan. Dalam summary, he perlu digunakan dan bukan I] 4. Write in ONE paragraph. Tulis dalam hanya 1 perenggan. [Jangan tulis dalam bentuk nota] 5. Summarise the text based on the task given, paying extra attention to what/why/ how/ causes/ effects / danger/ ways/ precaution/ prevention/ benefits/ dos and donts. Study the table below: Task What the writer saw What the writer did How the writer felt How they (v) Why accidents happen? causes effects Pros and Cons Danger . solutions Benefits/advantages disadvantages How.. What happened. Precautions/prevention

Response need by candidates for points Beri semua yang dinampak Beri semua perbuatan aktif terkawal Beri perasaan yang dialami Beri semua langkah terlibat dalam menjalankan tugas Beri semua punca (cari sebab) Cari punca Cari kesan/akibat Kebaikan dan keburukan Bahaya . Jalan penyelesaian Faedah/ Kebaikan keburukan Cara atau langkah Semua peristiwa/akibat yang berlaku Langkah berhati-hati atau mencegah

6. Cari ayat yang mengandungi perkataan-perkataan dalam 10 perkataan yang diberi dalam soalan. Isi-isi adalah selepas ayat itu. 7. Baca ayat demi ayat dan semak sama ada setiap ayat mengandungi isi yang dikehendaki dalam soalan. Tinggalkan contoh (perkataan spt such as, like, for example dan huraian/penerangan. Semak supaya anda tidak memberi isi yang sama [PMR 2005 isi ke 2 dan ke 4] 8. Anda boleh petik ayat dari teks. Jika anda rasa lemah dalam BI, salin ayay itu bulatbulat.

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Unit Bahasa Inggeris JPN Kedah ENGLISH MODULE 2010PMR PAPER 2


9. Do not replace/use own words unless you are very sure. Jangan ganti perkataan dengan perkataan sendiri jika anda kurang pasti. 10. Use short connectors to link the ideas. (e.g. Besides, in addition, thus, so, also, .Finally) Gunakan penandawacana spt. Besides, in addition.. 11. 5 marks will be given for content, and 5 marks for style+language. PMR SUMMARY QUESTIONS Year Types of Passages and Summary questions Text on advantages of watching television to children. 2005 (Factual) Rewrite on the advantages of television to our children Ten words : Watching TV brings about many advantages to children, such as. 2006 (Factual) Text on animals left at Zoo Negara and problems caused Write a summary on why Zoo Negara has problem with the animals left at the gates. Ten words : Zoo Negara accepts the abandoned animals but the dumping has. 2007 (Letter) Text: A letter to editor by a tourist to express his satisfactions Write a summary on why Andrews visit to Malaysia was a memorable one. Ten words : Andrew visited Malaysia and he was impressed with Malaysia because..

2008 (Factual)

Text: An article on collection of coins. Write a summary on the benefit of collecting coins. Ten words : Collecting cons is not only interesting but also beneficial because.

2009 (Speech)

Text: A speech on the danger of Open Burning Write a summary on how open burning affect us. Ten words : We should avoid carrying out open burning because it .

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Unit Bahasa Inggeris JPN Kedah ENGLISH MODULE 2010PMR PAPER 2


ANSWERING TECHNIQUES FOR SUMMARY (PMR 2005): PAPER 2: SECTION B [30 minutes] Read the passage below and answer the question that follows: Although people generally say that television is bad for children, research has proven otherwise. It has been found that TV is an interactive tool that encourages children to develop their social and communicative skills. By watching TV, they are more carefree, open and find it easy to communicate with others. TV also helps them develop their English Language skills through programmes like Sesame Street and Playhouse Disney. It is no secret that their listening abilities are enhanced as well as their speaking and grammar skills. Ultimately, TV also provides them a cheap avenue to first-class knowledge through channels like National Geographic, Discovery, Animal Planet, TV IQ and the various other educational mediums available. Clearly, TV has plenty to offer to our children. It is a waste if parents misunderstand the wealth that TV provides to their children and prevent them from watching it on the excuse that it spoils them. Rewrite on the advantages of television to our children: in continuous writing form. in one paragraph. in your own words as far as possible. in not more than 60 words including the 10 words given below. Begin with: Watching TV brings about many advantages to children, such as .. SUMMARY [Cond.] Penerangan: Untuk soalan ini anda perlu cari faedah menonton TV kepada kanakkanak. L 1 2 3 Text [ Teks asal] Although people generally say that television is bad for children, research has proven otherwise. It has been found that TV is an interactive tool that encourages children to develop their social and communicative skills. By watching TV, they are more carefree, open and find it easy to communicate with others. TV also helps them develop their English Language skills through programmes like Sesame Street and Playhouse Disney. It is no secret that their listening abilities are enhanced as well as their speaking and grammar skills. Ultimately, TV also provides them a cheap Penjelasan [isi = P1,2,3,4,5,6,7..] Belum ada isi tidak sebut apa-apa kebaikan menonton TV P1. an interactive tool P2. develop social skills atau they are carefree and open P3. develop communicative skills P4. develop their Eng. Language skills [ jangan salin contoh program] [Eng Lang skills sama dgn listening abilities, speaking and grammar skills.] P5. cheap avenue to.. [ must have 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

5 6

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Unit Bahasa Inggeris JPN Kedah ENGLISH MODULE 2010PMR PAPER 2


avenue to first-class knowledge through channels like National Geographic, Discovery, Animal Planet, TV IQ and the various other educational mediums available. Clearly, TV has plenty to offer to our children. It is a waste if parents misunderstand the wealth that TV provides to their children and prevent them from watching it on the excuse that it spoils them. pt 6] P6. first-class knowledge P7. educational mediums [Jangan salin contoh program] [perenggan ini tidak ada kebaikan yang disebut]

11 12

Sample answer 1 (Cemerlang)

Watching television brings about many advantages to children, such as being an interactive tool for them where their social and communicative abilities are enhanced. As an educational medium, TV provides children a cheap avenue to first-class knowledge through its educational programmes, thus enabling them to develop their English Language skills. [49words] [mark: 5 + 5]
Sample answer 2 (Sederhana)

1 2 3 4

Watching television brings about many advantages to children, such as an interactive tool that encourages them to develop their social and communicative skills. It also helps them to develop their English Language skills. It also provides them a cheap avenue to first-class knowledge and is an educational medium to them. [ 49 words] [mark : 5 + 3]
Sample answer 3 (Lemah salin bulat-bulat)

1 2 3 4

P1 Watching television brings about many advantages to children, such as an interactive P2 P3 tool that encourages children to develop their social and communicative skills. TV also helps P4 them develop their English Language skills through programmes like Sesame Street and P5 P6 Playhouse Disney. Ultimately, TV also provides them a cheap avenue to first-class knowledge through channels like National Geographic, Discovery, Animal Planet, TV IQ and the various other educational mediums available. (jangan salin contoh: Nampak perkataan like?) [50words] [mark: 5 + 2]

1 2 3

4 5 6

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Unit Bahasa Inggeris JPN Kedah ENGLISH MODULE 2010PMR PAPER 2


SUMMARY QUESTIONS for PRACTICE PRACTICE 1:Read the passage below and answer the question that follows: Collecting coins is an interesting hobby. Most people indulge in this hobby to occupy their free time. Collecting coins is also considered a form of relaxation Coins come in different shapes, sizes and denominations. Coins also show important landmarks and symbols of a particular country. Thus this hobby enriches ones geographical and historical knowledge of countries. Collecting coins is not just a pastime. We can learn about personalities such as kings, queens and leaders of various countries. Collecting coins also enables us to make new friends. We will be able to widen our circle of friends. It is good if family members also share the interest as they would be able to give you the extra pieces that they have collected from other places and vice versa. This would enhance family ties. If there is a need, we can always sell the coins. The older and rarer the coin is, the higher the price it fetches. You may be surprised that one day, you might be the proud owner of the rarest coins. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

Write a summary on the benefits of collecting coins: in continuous writing form. in one paragraph. in your own words as far as possible. in not more than 60 words including the 10 words given below. Begin with: Collecting coins is not only interesting but also beneficial because .. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------PRACTICE 2:Read the passage below and answer the question that follows: Hello. How are you? Good morning, Have you eaten yet? Where are you going? These are greetings which people use when they meet each other. These are common greetings used by people. A greeting is a way of being friendly to someone. It is not necessary to describe your true condition or feeling. In fact, people reply to the questions with a fixed expression such as Im fine, thanks or Im very well. It is a way of being polite where you address them when you meet them unexpectedly. It is also a way of starting a conversation. People usually nod their head or just smile when they do not intend to start a conversation. Usually a question is used as a greeting: Where are you going? Hows everything with you? But questions like these are not real questions. They do not require a full answer or even a true one. A greeting is usually followed by small talk. Small talk means the little things we talk about at the start of a conversation. People often talk about suitable topics for small talks such as the weather as it is a safe topic compared to religion or politics. Thus, this makes meeting people easier and more comfortable. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

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Unit Bahasa Inggeris JPN Kedah ENGLISH MODULE 2010PMR PAPER 2


SUMMARY - PRACTICE 2 Write a summary on why greetings and small talks are necessary in continuous writing form. in one paragraph. in your own words as far as possible. in not more than 60 words including the 10 words given below.

Begin with: People use different greetings to greet someone when they meet ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------PRACTICE 3:Read the passage below and answer the question that follows:
In camping, follow these golden rules. Camp on bare ground where possible. The campsite should be away from trails and dead trees. Avoid slopes, high ridges and wet sites. Do not choose campsites that are below flood level or are highly frequented by wildlife. Set up camp as early as possible and familiarize yourself with the surroundings. This helps to prevent injuries from moving about in the dark at night. Make sure that you bring enough food to last the trip. The food can be fresh, dried or canned. Avoid bringing any food with a strong smell. You will need at least two litres of water per person per day. Use water from a natural source such as a spring. Make sure all water is boiled to eliminate bacteria and contamination. Build your fire away from the tent. Do not cook inside the tent, even if you are using a gas canister. Never burn rubbish, especially plastic, as the fumes are toxic. Make sure the fire is completely put out before you break camp. Do remember your camp etiquette. The campsite is part of nature. In areas of sensitive environments, vegetation takes a long time to recover, so no holes should be dug around there at all. Write a summary on the rules of camping. Your summary must : not be more than 60 words, including the 10 words given below. be in continuous writing (not note form). be written in ONE paragraph.

Use your own words as far as possible without changing its original meaning. Begin your summary as follows :

ANSWER KEY FOR SUMMARY PRACTICE 1 (PMR 2008)

The rules of camping would include not choosing campsites that (10 marks)

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Unit Bahasa Inggeris JPN Kedah ENGLISH MODULE 2010PMR PAPER 2

ANSWER KEY FOR SUMMARY PRACTICE 1 (PMR 2008) Write a summary on the benefits of collecting coins manfaat] [benefit :

Collecting coins is not only interesting but also beneficial Line Text L2 Collecting coins is an interesting hobby. Most people indulge in this hobby to occupy their free time. Collecting coins is also considered a form of relaxation Explanation [pt=point-isi] 1. because it occupies their free time (X = salah, siapa their) 1. because it occupies our free time 2. it is a form of relaxation OR it is a way for us to relax X - tak ada manfaat yang dinyatakan 3. Coins show important landmarks/ symbols of a country. 4 Collecting coins enhances our knowledge on G and H of country. X pastime maklumat sahaja. 5. We can acquire knowledge about important personalities of countries. 6. We are able to gain new friends. 7. We will widen our circle of friends X belum ada isi X Cuma cara dapat coin berlainan X 8 Collecting coins enhances/ strengthens family ties. 7 We sell coins for money. X older coins fetch high prices [=cuma fakta , mesti ada idea dapat keuntungan/duit sebagai manfaat.]

L3 4 5

Coins come in different shapes, sizes and denominations. Coins also show important landmarks and symbols of a particular country. Thus this hobby enriches ones geographical and historical knowledge of countries.

L6

7 8

Collecting coins is not just a pastime. We can learn about personalities such as kings, queens and leaders of various countries. CC enables us to make new friends. We will be able to widen our circle of friends.

L9

10

It is good if family members also share the interest as they would be able to give you the extra pieces that they have collected from other places and vice versa. This would enhance family ties If there is a need, we can always sell the coins. The older and rarer the coin is, the higher the price it fetches. You may be surprised that one day, you might be the proud owner of the rarest coins.

L11 12

Sample summary [Perhatikan gantinama we dan our diguna kalau one diguna, maka ones..] [Note the use of connectors : In addition, Besides, Furthermore]

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Unit Bahasa Inggeris JPN Kedah ENGLISH MODULE 2010PMR PAPER 2

SAMPLE ANSWER for PRACTICE 1:Collecting coins is not only interesting but also beneficial because it is a way for us to relax. In addition, we can enhance our knowledge about the geography and history and also important personalities of various countries. Besides that, we can get new friends. Families ties can also be strengthened and we can get money when we sell our coins. [ 60 words] You only need to gave 5 points; For point 3, it must give the idea of coins and not collecting coins because collecting coins cannot show landmarks or symbols.

SAMPLE ANSWER for PRACTICE 3:Write a summary on why greetings and small talks are necessary

People use different greetings to greet someone when they meet each other unintentionally. It is a way of being friendly and polite to people. Besides, it is one way of starting an unintentional conversation. After greeting each other, small talks are proceeded. These talks are necessary to make people feel easier and more comfortable to start a conversation. (58 words)

SAMPLE ANSWER for PRACTICE 3:Write a summary on the rules of camping. The rules of camping would include not choosing campsites that are near risky places. Set up camp early, bring enough food and water for the camping trip. Make sure you build your fire away from the tent. Furthermore, never burn rubbish and put off the fire completely before you leave. Lastly, do not dig holes in sensitive environments. (58 words)

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Unit Bahasa Inggeris JPN Kedah ENGLISH MODULE 2010PMR PAPER 2

ANSWER KEY FOR SUMMARY (Based on the sample given) Write a summary on how they tracked the elephant down.

(Special tip: who is the they here) [the writer alone? The guides? The writer + guides?] The writer rushed to see what was happening when the . Line Text L4 The guides that we had broughtshouted 5 in delight. I rushed to see what was happening L6 A huge footprint could be seen in the the 7 muddy ground and we knew (knew = bukan langkah) L8 The guides quickly packed up while I checked L9 We made our way through tall trees and thick bushes. The man in front used a parang to cut down tall grass. Finally, we arrived at a stream. We saw more footprints there and knew that the huge mammal was nearby. After refreshing ourselves, we crossed the stream and made our way around a rocky hill Down in the valley below, we saw our prey among a herd of female elephants Explanation [pt=point-isi] 1. rushed to see when heard the guides screamed (pt-langkah pertama) 2. and saw a huge footprint (pt Bantu mengesan gajah) X pt = langkah kemas dan semak senapang bukan langkah luarbiasa. 3. made our way through tall trees 4. and thick bushes 5. used parang to cut tall grass 6. arrived at a stream 7. saw more footprints (knew not perbuatan sengaja) 8. crossed the stream. 9. made way around a hill - no need anymore, already found the elephant

L10 L11 12 L13

L14

Sample summary [Perhatikan yang gantinama I/We telah ditukar ke he/they]

The writer rushed to see what was happening when the guides screamed and saw a huge footprint. Soon they made their way through tall trees and thick bushes by cutting the tall grass with a parang. They arrived at a stream and found more footprints. After crossing the stream, they made their way around a hill and saw the elephant. [60 wd]

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