Sie sind auf Seite 1von 13

EXPERIMENT No.

4
DELTA WYE TRANSFORMATION OF RESISTANCE NETWORK
OBJECTIVES:
1.

To verify experimentally the principle of delta-wye and wye-delta


transformation.
2.
To prove that the delta networks can be transformed
into its equivalent Wye or delta network.
3.
To learn to connect a circuit.
INTRODUCTORY INFORMATION:
Situations open arise in circuit analysis when the resistors are
neither in parallel nor in series. Many circuits of the type can be simplified
by using three terminal equivalent networks. These networks are the Wye
(Y) or Tee (T) (see figure 4.1 a) and the Delta () or Pi () (figure 4.1 b).
These networks occur by themselves or as part of larger network. They
are used in three-phase networks, electrical filters and matching networks.

Figure 4.1 (a) Wye or Tee Network

Figure 4.1 (b) Delta or Pi Network


NETWORK CONVERSION
32

Figure 4.2
DELTA TO WYE CONVERSION
Suppose it is more convenient to work with a Wye network in a place
were the circuit contains a delta configuration. To obtain the equivalent
resistances in the Wye network, we compare the two networks and make
sure that the resistance between each pair of nodes in the delta network is
the same as the resistance between the same pair of nodes in the Wye
network.
To transform a Delta Network to Wye Network, consider figure 4.2,
we create an extra node n and follow this:
R1 =

Rb Rc
Ra + Rb + Rc

R2 =

Ra Rc
Ra + Rb + Rc

R3 =

Ra Rb
Ra + Rb + Rc

Each resistor in the Wye Network or Tee Network is that product of the
resistors in the two adjacent Delta branches, divided by the sum of the
three Delta resistors.
WYE TO DELTA CONVERSION
Suppose it is more convenient to work with a Delta Network in a
place where the circuit contains a Wye configuration. To obtain the
equivalent resistances in the Delta Network, we compare the two networks
and make sure that the resistance between each pair of nodes in the Wye
network is the same pair of nodes in the Delta network.
The conversion formulas for transforming a Wye network to an
equivalent Delta network:
Ra =

R1 R2 + R2 R3 + R1 R3
R1

Rb =

R1 R2 + R2 R3 + R1 R3
R2

Rc =

R1 R2 + R2 R3 + R1 R3
R3

33

The conversion rule for wye to delta is each resistor in the Delta Network
is the sum of all possible products of Wye resistors taken two at a time,
divided by the opposite Wye resistor.
The

Wye and Delta Networks


R1 = R2 = R3 = RY or Ra = Rb = Rc = R .

are

said

balanced

when:

Under this condition, conversion formula become:


Ry =

R
3

R =

Ry
3

MATERIALS REQUIRED:

1 pc. Circuit Board


1 pc. Digital Multimeter
1 pc. Analog Multimeter
1 unit DC Power Supply
Connecting Wires
Resistors: 3 pcs. 1000 Delta Network
3 pcs. 3000 Wye Network

PROCEDURE:
1. Connect the circuit as shown in Fig. 4-a. (use 3 1000 ohms
for that circuit.
2. Turn ON the power supply
3. Measure the voltage drop across Va , Vb , Vc and the current
Ia , Ib , Ic .
4. Record the measured quantity on table 4.1.
5. Connect the circuit as shown in fig. 4-b. (use 3 -3000 ohms for
that circuit)
6. Turn ON the power supply
7. Measure the voltage drop across V1 , V2 , V3 and the current
I1 , I 2 , I 3 .
8. Record the measured quantity on table 4.2
9. Compare the data recorded form table 4.1 and 4.2.
10.
Formulate relationship between wye and delta network.

34

SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM:

Figure 4-a

Figure 4-b

TABLE 5.1
Delta Network
Va

Vb

Vc

Ia

Ib

Ic

V1

V2

V3

I1

I2

I3

Measured
Value
Computed
Value
Percent
Difference
TABLE 5.2
Wye Network

Measured
Value
Computed
Value
Percent
Difference

35

Note: Include the unit.


COMPUTATION
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________

36

___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________

37

DRAWINGS/SET-UP

38

OBSERVATION AND ANALYSIS


___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________

39

___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
CONCLUSION
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
QUESTIONS:
1. Transform the given circuit to its equivalent Wye circuit.

40

2. Transform the given circuit t its equivalent Delta circuit.

ANSWERS
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________

41

___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________

42

___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________

43

___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________

44