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A RESEARCH PAPER ON

INDIAN RAILWAY
(STEPS FOR ADEQUATE SAFETY)
PART OF GENERAL AWARENESS SUBJECT

SUBMITTED TO:
PROF. N.K. KAPOOR Sir

PREPARED BY: Ravi Shivhare
PGDM- GROUP NO: - 06
BATCH:-2010 – 12

FIRST SEMESTER PARUL INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT (PGDM) (APPROVED BY AICTE, MHRD, GOVT OF INDIA, NEW DELHI) PO: Limda, Ta: Waghodia, Dist: Vadodara. PIN: 391760

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TELE-FAX: 02668-262327,

PHONE: 02668-263355/56

E-MAIL: PIM@PARUL.AC.IN WEB: WWW.PARUL.AC.IN Name Mr. Vikrant Singh Roll No. 30 Signature

Mr. Sanjay Nath Swami 31 Miss. Shradha Acharya 32 Mr. Ravi Shivhare Mr. Ujala Yadav 33 34

Group Members

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ACKNOWLEGEMENT
We express our sincere gratitude towards all those people who helped us in the preparation of this research paper which has been a part of learning experience.

We would like to thank our director, professor N.K. Kapoor Sir, the Librarian, the administrative staff of PIMPGDM and others for their direct and indirect support for completion of this report.

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Finally we express our sincere thanks to SIR who guided us throughout the research paper and gave us valuable suggestions and encouragement.

ABSTRACT
We have been allotted the issue of SAFETY MEASURE by the INDIAN RAILWAYS. We in our research find various measures which have been taken by the INDIAN RAILWAY. Many of which have been implemented, some of the measures are yet to make it. In practical due to lack of good infrastructure INDIAN RAILWAY is facing a lot of problem such as ACCIDENT etc, and trying a lot of thing to avoid it.

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INDIAN RAILWAY is the biggest transport service provider including in passengers and the goods in INDIA. It is the biggest rail service In the Asia and ranked 2nd position in the world. But some problems which the INDIAN RAILWAY is facing regarding the technology, communication & infrastructure must be solved. So in future more and more safety measure must come out for the smooth and successful running. We find a good exposure and experience in this research work on the safety of INDIAN RAILWAY.

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Objectives
1. To outline the progress of Indian railway.

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2. Need for effective tools and technique for making railway as a mode of safe transport/journey. 3. Proper time bound execution of various initiatives in order to insure adequate safety.

Research Methodology

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Primary Data:

To meet the division railway office at Vadodara, Ahmedabad, Ghandhidham, Delhi, Kolkata, etc. To meet with railway employees union. such as BHEL, BOMBARDIER etc. Secondary Data: To collect information from:

• Surveying in general public, senior citizen, some companies

• Site of ministry railways for the data of 50 years in relation of progress of Indian railway. • Comparison of Indian railway in respect of other developed railway network with respect to the safety.

INTRODUCTION
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To live in a safe environment is now a day a primary need for human beings because all wants to live a long life. Indian Railways operate on gigantic dimensions covering over 63,000 route kilometers have to focus more on safety. As on daily basis 1.6 million tones freight and over 14 million people are transported obviously needs safety. The first railway on Indian sub-continent ran over a stretch of 21 miles from Bombay to Thane. The idea of this is of Mr. George Clark, the Chief Engineer of the Bombay Government, in 1843. These were the small beginnings which is due course developed into a network of railway lines all over the country. INDIAN RAILWAYS, the premier transport organization of the country is the largest rail network in Asia and the world's second largest under one management. Indian Railways runs around 11,000 trains everyday, of which 7,000 are passenger trains

National Rail Vikas Yojana
With a view to complete strategically important projects within a stipulated period of time, a non-budgetary investment initiative for the development of Railways has been launched..

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Under the scheme all the capacity bottlenecks in the critical sections of the railway network will be removed at an investment of Rs.15, 000 corer over the next five years. These projects would include: 1. Strengthening of the golden Quadrilateral to run more longdistance mail/express and freight trains at a higher speed of 100 kmph. 2. Strengthening of rail connectivity to ports and development of multi-modal corridors to hinterland. 3. Construction of four mega bridges - two over River Ganga, one over River Brahmaputra, and one over River Kosi. 4. Accelerated completion of those projects nearing completion and other important projects.

MAJOR RAILWAY ACCIDENT FROM 1981 TO 2010
1981:- 6 June 1981 – Bihar train disaster, India: Hundreds are killed (300-800) when a train falls into a river. 17 July 1981 – A freight train slams into the back of a Narmada Express train in Madhya Pradesh, India, near Bhanwartonk Station killing 700 people and injuring 43 people. 1982:-27 January 1982 – A freight train and an express passenger train collided head-on in heavy fog near Agra, India, killing 50 and injuring 50.

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20 March 1982 – A Mangalore-to-New Delhi train slammed into a tourist bus at a level crossing in Andhra Pradesh, snapping the bus in two, killing at least 59 people on the bus and injuring 25 others. 1985:- 23 February 1985 – Rajnandgaon train fire, Madhya Pradesh, India: Over 50 people were killed when an express train caught fire. 1986:- 10 March 1986 – Khagaria rail disaster, over 50 people are killed in a collision in Bihar. 1987:- 8 July 1987 – Machieral rail disaster, 53 people killed in the derailment of a train in Andhra Pradesh. 1988:- 8 July 1988 – Ashtamudi Lake rail disaster, passenger train falls in the lake after derailing, 107 people drowned. 1989:- 18 April 1989 – Lalitpur rail disaster, near Lalitpur, Uttar Pradesh, India: 75 killed when train derails. 1990:- 16 April 1990–Patna rail disaster, near Patna, India: 70 killed as shuttle train is gutted by fire. 1991:-Oct 31, 1991: Thirty killed as Karnataka Express derails near Makalidurga ghats in Karnataka, about 60 km from Bangalore on a rainy evening. 1992:- 16 July 1993: Sixty killed in an accident in Darbhanga district of Bihar. 1993:-Sept 21, 1993: Seventy-one killed as Kota-Bina passenger train collides with a goods train near Chhabra in Rajasthan

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1994:- 3 May 1994: Thirty-five people killed as Narayanadri Express rams into a tractor in Nalgonda district of Andhra Pradesh. 1995:- 20 August 1995: Firozabad rail disaster, Three hundred and fifty eight killed as Delhi-bound Purushottam Express rams into the stationary Kalindi Express near Firozabad in Uttar Pradesh. 1996:-18 April 1996: Sixty killed as Gorakhpur-Gonda passenger train rams into a stationary goods train at Domingarh near Gorakhpur in Uttar Pradesh. 1997:- Sept 14, 1997: Eight-one killed as five bogies of the Ahmedabad-Howrah Express plunge into a river in Bilaspur district of Madhya Pradesh. 1998:- Nov 26, 1998: Khanna rail disaster, over 212 people die as Jammu Tawi-Sealdah Express rams into three derailed bogies of Amritsar-bound Frontier Golden Temple Mail at Khanna. 1999:- Aug 2, 1999: 268 killed and 359 injured in a collision involving Awadh-Assam Express and Brahmaputra Mail at Gaisal in North Frontier Railway's Katihar division. 2002:- On 9 September 2002, Howrah-New Delhi Rajdhani Express derailed at 2240 hrs near Rafiganj station between Gaya and Dehri-on-Sone stations, resulting in over 150 dead. 2003:- On 22 June 2003, the train engine and first four coaches of Karwar-Mumbai central Holiday Special derailed and capsized at about 21.15 hrs.52 persons lost their lives and 26 others were injured.

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2004:- 16 June 2004 matsyagandha express mangalore to mumbai derails when stiking with a huge boulder on konkan railway line. 14 dead 2005:- 29 October 2005 Repalle secunderabad delta passenger derailed at valigonda in nalgonda district of Andhra pradesh.Some of the rakes fell in the Musi River killing at least 80 persons. This was due to severe rain. 2006:- 11 July 2006 – A series of bomb attacks strikes commuter trains in Mumbai, India, killing at least 200 2009:- 13 February 2009 – Twelve carriages of the Coromandel Express derails soon after the train left Jajpur Road station near the city of Jajpur in the state of Orissa. Interestingly, the accident occurred on the day of Railway Budget presentation when Railway Minister Mr. Lalu Prasad Yadav boasted about increased safety measures at Indian Railways. 2010:- 22 January 2010 – A goods train derailed near Azamgarh in Uttar Pradesh on Friday, disrupting rail traffic in the region, officials said. No one was injured. The accident took place at Sathiyaon station near Azamgarh, some 300 km from here, when three bogeys of the goods train derailed, an official said. Traffic was disrupted on the busy Varanasi-AzamgarhGorakhpur route. 25 May 2010 – A Rajdhani Express train travelling from Delhi to Guwahati derailed in Naugachia, Bihar at IST 6:40 am (UTC+5:30). All passengers survived and 11 sustained minor injuries. The train derailed as the driver applied emergency brakes after listening to a loud explosion nearby. Currently, no

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Maoists link is being indicated. There were no casualties reported as the coaches did not fall off the tracks. All passengers were taken from the train. The injured were treated by the medical officials present on the spot.The derailment halted all railway traffic in the Delhi-Guwahati line. While five passenger trains, including the Tatanagar -Chapra Express, have been cancelled, at least three express trains have been diverted. These include the Awadh Assam Express, Mahananda Express and the Barmer-Guwahati Express. A special 17-coach train was sent to take the 986 passengers on-board the derailed train to their destinations. • 28 May 2010 – West Bengal, the Gyaneshwari Express train derailment, a suspected Naxalite terrorist attack kills at least 170 people when the Gyaneshwari Express is derailed by an explosion, and then struck by a goods train. • 18 June 2010 – At least 27 persons were injured, two of them critically, when the 8084 Amaravati Express from Vasco-da Gama to Howrah derailed near Koppal (Karnataka) after ramming into a road-roller at an unmanned level crossing. • 19 July 2010 – Sainthia train collision occurred in Sainthia, West Bengal, India, when the Uttar Banga Express collided with the Vananchal Express. Casualties stand at 63 people dead and more than 165 people injured, with many still trapped in wreckage. • 20 September 2010 - 33 died and over 160 injured when speeding freight going towards Indore, Madhya Pradesh collided with Indore - Gwalior Intercity Express at

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Badarwas,Shivpuri, Madhya Pradesh.The freight was in a real blast over 95 kmph. The collision was so hard that the loco of intercity Express remained on same place and the coaches behind it jumped over it. It is said that the loco pilot of the freight overshot the signal and pointmsan was unable to divide the loop line from the main line and the freight went on the same line where Intercity Express was standing. 4 October 2010 – A goods train heading from Lucknow to Moradabad, derailed near Rasoiya station in Uttar Pradesh's Bareilly district, some 200 km from Lucknow derailed. Rail traffic on the busy Delhi-Lucknow route was disrupted. Two wagons of the train derailed and damaged the railway tracks. This affected movement of several long and short distanced trains. No casualty was reported.

SAFETY MEASURES
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Keeping in view the fact that the Railways will have to lift more originating traffic during the coming years, there is a growing emphasis on strengthening of infrastructure on the Railways. This is a continuous process and the investment made and strategies adopted in the past have indicated this by way of reduction in the number of consequential train accidents over the years.

Railway Safety Review CommitteeRecommendations

Railway Safety Review Committee – 1998 set up under the Chairmanship of Justice H.R. Khanna, a retired Supreme Court Judge submitted Part-I of its report in August 1999, and Part-II in February 2001. Of the total 278 recommendations made in both the parts of the Committee, 240 have been accepted fully or partially and 38 recommendations could not be accepted due to various reasons. Implementation of the accepted recommendations is in progress and 126 recommendations of both the parts have already been implemented till January, 2005.

Special Railway Safety Fund
Railway Safety Review Committee had recommended that the Central Government should provide a one-time grant to the Railways to wipe out arrears in renewal of over-aged assets within a fixed time frame. In order to implement this recommendation, Central Government has set up a non-lapsable “Special Railway Safety Fund” of Rs.17,000 crore to wipe out arrears in renewal of over-aged assets of track, bridges,

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signaling gears and rolling stock, etc. within a fixed time frame of 6 years. It also includes certain safety enhancement measures such as track circuiting of maximum number of stations, aids necessary for improving safety of rolling stock, up-gradation of training facilities including training aids in training institutions, simulators for locomotive drivers, development of computer based training modules, etc. Central Government has agreed to provide about Rs 12,000 crores over a period of 6 years (dividend free) and about Rs 5,000 crores are to be mobilized by Ministry of Railways through levy of a ‘Safety Surcharge’ on passenger fares.

Rolling Stock

Locomotives, coaches and wagons are run as long as they are serviceable. On becoming old and uneconomical to repair, they are condemned and phased out. All diesel/electric sheds and major ROH Depots have been equipped with ultrasonic testing equipment for timely detection of flaws developing in the axles. Some workshops have organized special training coursed to train staff the correct procedure of carrying out ultrasonic tests.

Workshops

Periodic overhauling of coaches, wagons, electric locos, diesel locos, EMUs, tower cars and break down cranes, which is vital for ensuring their reliability and safety, is undertaken in workshops. During 2003-04, the workshops increased the POH outturn of coaches, including AC coaches and EMUs.

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Freight Stock
Cast iron brake blocks have been phased out and Composition Brake Blocks have been inducted. These give much higher service life and are more reliable and cost effective. Vacuum brake wagons with fabricated UIC boggies, which are less reliable and less efficient are being phased out with more reliable and efficient air brake stock with cast steel Casnub boggies. All new procurement of wagons is with air brake system that has helped in improving the productivity and safety of train operation.

Training of Running Staff

Training of drivers on simulators facilitates monitoring of their response and reaction time, which can be relayed to them for guidance and improvement. Simulators have been installed for training of drivers. 12 more are under supply, out of which one has been commissioned at GOC and similar is under commissioning for Siliguri. Balance simulators are programmed for delivery every alternate month. Training on this equipment exposes drivers to the intricate problems in the complex traintrack dynamics and thus, will help in improving Driving techniques.

Signaling

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Signaling plays a vital role in not only promoting safety and minimizing the impact of human error in train operation, but also in enhancing line capacity through the introduction of modern signaling systems.

New Initiatives
Anti Collision Device is being installed on Northeast Frontier Railway. The system is being installed on 1736 Route Kms of BG section consisting of 183 stations and 214 locomotives. The system is designed to prevent collisions, especially at high speeds. Train Protection and Warning system, to prevent Signal Passed at Danger (SPAD) by drivers shall be introduced on 280 Track Kms on New Delhi-Agra and Madras Beach – Gummdipundi sections of North Central and Southern Railways respectively during the year 2005-06.

Telecommunication
Communication between Drivers and Guards and Station Masters
To enable better communication, Walkie-Talkie sets have been provided to drivers and guards of all the trains. To extend this communication from the train crews to the station masters of the nearest station, the stations on double line, multiple lines on

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Broad Gauge, single line on Broad Gauge and mixed two line sections have been provided with 25 W VHF sets.

Communication from accident site – Satellite Phones
For establishing communication in case of emergency, from the site, Railways had decided to provide two satellite phones on each and Zonal and Divisional Headquarters. The Satellite phones have been found useful for setting quick communication required for sending information from the site of accident

Mobile Train Radio Communication
Mobile Train Radio Communication (MTRC) system is required for providing full duplex communication between Train Crew, Station Master and Control. Railways are in the process of setting up of Mobile Train Radio Communication (MTRC) Systems based on GSM-R technology. Works for a total of 2415 RKMs on Northern, North Central, Eastern, East Central and Northeast Frontier Railways have been sanctioned and are in progress. Based on the success of the system under installation, system will be extended to busy A, B and C routes on Indian Railways.

Accident Relief Medical Equipment

Indian Railways have an efficient disaster management system consisting of 172 mobile accident relief vans and 325 Accident Relief Medical Equipment Scale –II (ARMEs) located at strategic locations to provide relief. The mobile units are stabled in Railway yards ready to move out at short notice. These Accident Relief Medical Vans (Scale-I) are well equipped

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having facility, inter-alia, of carrying out emergency procedures also. Recently, twelve self-propelled Accident Relief Medical Vans (ARMVs), which can move at high speed independently, have been added to the fleet. Besides, Railway Hospitals and health units also have POMKA kits (Portable Medical Kits for Accidents) for use by medical teams at the accident site.

Data base on Medical Facilities
A data base regarding non railway medical facilities available along the railway tracks, has been compiled along with details such as distance, address, telephone numbers, the capacity and nature of facilities available, etc. The data is kept with Divisional Headquarters, Control Offices, etc. which can be accessed at short notice. Checks against miscreant activities Policing being a State subject, Security of passengers and their belongings in the running trains and railway premises is the constitutional responsibility of the State Government concerned. However, the Railways pro-actively co-ordinates and assists the State Administration and have also taken the following measures to check miscreant activities:

Development of Human Resources
In view of the fact that a majority of accidents on Indian Railways have been taking place due to the failure of Railway staff, the Railways are following the twin policy of development of human resources and providing better and fail-safe

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equipment. Development of human resources is a continuous process on the Railways. Some of the steps taken in this direction are:(i) Emphasis is laid on the initial and refresher training of staff. Training curricula are reviewed from time to time and training to the staff is given with modern aids. (ii) Recently uniform, standard training modules for Induction, Refresher and Promotional Courses for loco Running Staff have been introduced. (iii) Staff connected with train operations are specially screened from time to time, and those found deficient are given crash courses at the training centre.

Following Safety Measures are taken by railway authorities to bring down accidents due to human error: Recruitment
Focus on proper aptitude at the time of selection. •Review of mini mum qualifications for different categories of staff taking into account required knowledge, skills and availability of trained manpower. •Raising of job eligibility standards. •Review of recruitment rules for officers and staff for multi skill jobs.

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•Option to seek voluntary retirement to track gangmen and loco drivers beyond the age of 50 and up to 57 years with option for appointment to one of their wards. •Computerized test program for determining the physical attributes such as alertness, reaction time, stamina and ability to withstand frequent changes. •Computer based psychological test for operating staff.

Training
•Modernization and Up gradation of Training Centers. •Competency based training to Maintenance Staff. •Central Training Cell of multidisciplinary team responsible for designing training courses and preparing quality-training material. •Selection of trainers based on appropriate aptitude and skill. •More Financial Powers to field units to make liberal and extensive use of outside training facilities in IT and Technology areas. •Refresher Course for each category to be based on case study of accidents due to human failure of that category of staff. •Training Modules to stress on ‘know-why’ and ‘show-how’ rather than ‘know- how’. •Training at the work spot via rail net.

Others

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Periodical Safety drives to correct the system failure in which the all equipments that are to be attended would undergo a cycle inspection. •Safety audits to identify system failures and generic shortcomings for making the in-depth assessment of safety systems. •Human Resource Development (HRD) cell involving dynamic and knowledgeable supervisors to study working habits of ground level staff, factors leading to short cuts and to reduce fatigue minimize monotony and improve safety consciousness. •Review of working hours for identified critical categories of staff. •More of Simulator training for drivers. •Crew Management and setting up systems to ensure expeditious correction of enroute deficiencies noted by crew.

ANALYSIS
Visit to the GANDHIDHAM RAILWAY STATION to meet the chief engineer of railway Mr. Vijay Sharma.
According to the chief engineer Mr. Vijay Sharma Indian railway is the best railway of the world. But there are some

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problem regarding the security system in railway, the problem is that INDAIN RAILWAY is not fully computerized. Only the big cities and developed areas are computerized if we go to the rural areas then we find that it is not computerized. There is the signal problem in INDIA because in some route there is automatic signal and in other route there is mechanical signal. The problem of route is also the serious because the route is divided in narrow gauge, meter gauge & broad gauge, so all of them are converted in broad gauge in double line so the problem of track can be solved. In safety point of view INDAIN RAILWAY is using the ACD (anti collision device) for the people so that they can travel with safety. But in accident point of view the technical problem and the human error is responsible for the collision of the trains. Because due the care less of the staff, the train come in wrong direction and the accident happen. The naxal’s are also one of the problem for the safety because they attack on the back of the people, they remove the fish plate, destroy the track. So for removing such type of problem the railway uses the PROTOLINE ENGINE which runs ahead the

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train in the naxal’s areas so if any problem arises then the PROTOLINE ENGINE is being affect and the whole train will be safe. The GRP and the RPF is lacking behind the technology because they are getting the SLR guns which cannot compete with AK47 which the naxal’s have, so the RPF can save the life of people from normal loot which occur in the train during the journey. The government is investing a lot of money for the development of the railway and for its safety. And we are doing very well in this regard but that is not up to the mark, so we need more new technology for the development of the safety and the security of the people. The Indian railway in comparison with the western railway is good because it has the big setup and the big network. But in foreign the RAILWAY is more luxuries as comparison to the INDIA. We think that after ten to twelve years we shall develop the good infrastructure then we shall reach up to the point.

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VISIT TO AHMEDABAD RAILWAY STATION AND MEET TO THE CHIEF RESERVATION OFFICER Mr.DESHAI.

We were gone in AHMEDABAD to meet the reservation officer Mr. Deshai. He told us that the INDIAN RAILWAY is going to the progress. But in the safety point of view RAILWAY DEPARTMENT is paying attention. For the development of the safety, the new technology is being used and railway is being computerized in rural areas. Mr. Deshai explain that, for the development of safety in the railway the manual signal is converted to the automatic signal and the single line is converted in to double line . The narrow and the meter gauge are now converted to the broad gauge so that the problem of track may be removed. Mr. Deshai told us that for the safety the movement of INDIAN RAILWAY is divided in three part that’s are AUTOMATIC BLOCK SYSTEM, BLOCK SYSTEM AND ONE TRAIN SYSTEM. According to these systems the train runs. In communication system, in spite of walky-talky the mobile phone is given to the driver and the guard so that the communication barrier may be removed.

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Sir told us that for the refreshment and the fitness of the drivers at the end of the year the psychological test is conducted in the stimulator room where different type of question are asked from the driver and the case study is given to the driver which has to solve in different condition that where the train should stop and where the speed should be slow etc. Thus the RAILWAY DEPARTMENT is very much aware about the safety in the RAILWAY’S.

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VISIT TO THE BOMBARDIER MNC IN VADODARA Bombardier is the MNC which manufacture the metro train. In bombardier the safety point is the main focus of the management so no problem arises in the metro train. For this they are using the high quality of the raw material such as (Flore plate) some of which they purchase from GERMANY. They are using the automatic machine such as the ROBOT which is purchased from the GERMANY for millions of the rupee which very efficiently and effectively done the work such as welding, fitting, pulling etc. They are using only stain less steel in the company. They are using the other system such as MATRAC system (electromechanical system) which is helpful in the power saving and the pressure control of the train, which the INDIAN RAILWAY does not have. There are 1700 check point in the company so there are no possibilities for the occurring of any errors. Thus the working style of BOMBARDIER is made for the safety point of view to the people.

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Railway safety primary data Best Answer Chosen by Voters
we were met 50 person in the VADODARA Railway Station and on the basis of their response we conclude that:During last decade on Indian Railways, 62% of the accidents have been caused due to failure of Railway staff. 22% have been caused due to failure of other than Railway staff. Failure of equipment has contributed 8%. Sabotage has contributed 3%. Balance 5 % has been contributed by miscellaneous reasons.

SUGGESTION
INDIAN RAILWAY are having a lot of work on good safety measure but are not implemented.
3%
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So after a long study, according to our point of view we are recommending some suggestion which is as fallows ➢ Communication network from the head quarter to the train must be more effective and efficient. The channel must be accurately maintained. ➢ There must be Sensors on tracks so that if there are two train on the same track then the immediate warning must be received by the by the driver and the guard. The Sensors must operate at least at the distance of 1000 meters to avoid the accident. ➢ Another measure which we find that for the matter of DE RAILING of train there must be a magnetic arrangement in the wheels which will not allowed dismantling hence will prevent DERAILING. ➢ Another thing is noted that mostly in the winter season the driver takes ALCOHOL in the train which resulted to the accident. So such type of activities must be avoided. ➢ All the H.R. PERSON of railway realizes that responsibilities and the work should be given according the capability of the employee. These are the few suggestions which we found in our study & research to avoid the accident.

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CONCLUSION
Safety is the prime function of all the activities, so at last after the long study and research on the RAILWAY sector we found a lot of safety measures which are essential yet not implemented. The measures are just on paper, practically is for behind as per safety matter are concerned. INDIA is a country where millions of people are travelling daily either for their job, for tourism purpose or to meet the relatives. The INDIAN RAILWAY must implement all the measure in effective and efficient manner so as to save the life of the common people and also to avoid the loss of goods & railway property too. So to conclude with a positive note we are wishing that INDIAN RAILWAY in future will take some positive action for safety measure in practical not on paper.

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Annexure-1
(GHNDHI DHAM RAILWAY STATION) Chief Engineer Mr. Vijay Sharma mobile no9898010180
➢ Which type of action is taken by the INDIAN RAILWAY for the safety of people? INDIAN RAILWAY is using high computer technology such as AWF, ACD (anti collision device) etc for the protection of the people so that they can travel with safety. ➢ What is the reason behind collision of the train and which type of action is taken by the RAILWAY AUTHORITY The main reason behind TRAIN COLLISION the careless of the staff of the RAILWAY DEPARTMENT and the other factors are the failures of technical instrument and the failure of the miscellaneous signaling instrument due to which the driver does not get right signal and such type of the accident happen.

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➢ Which type of the steps is taken by the INDIAN RAILWAY GOVERNMENT to protect the people from the naxal attack? It is the manual work force. The RPF is doing so much in this regard but that is not so much enough. Because the naxal attack on the back of the people, so the technology cannot do so much in this regard but still we are trying so much in this regard. A special type of engine named ‘’PROTOLINE ENGINE’’ run ahead the train so that if any problem arise in that root then firstly the PROTOLINE ENGINE will be affected and the train which is coming behind that engine will be saved. ➢ What does the RAILWAY DEPARTMENT done for overcoming the track problem? This is the main work of the engineering department and P.T.M. for solving the track problem. To repair the track and if there is any problem then it has to replaced. Now in most of the cases the single line track are converted in to double line and the meter gauge to the broad gauge etc. ➢ In future what steps do you think that INDIAN GOVERNMENT will embark for the updating of INDIAN RAILWAY? It depends upon the policy of the RAILWAY GOVERNMENT. The fund which is given to the railway is about to two hundred

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crore for the GHANDHIDHAM RAILWAY DIVISION. So by this fund we can utilize this in the safety of the RAILWAY. We use the latest technology and updating of the RAILWAY so that the problem may be removed. The automatic signal should be replaced in place of mechanical signal. So that the problem of delay may be remove. ➢ What type of training are you giving to the railway drivers and are they comparable to the international standard. The training of the RAILWAY DRIVER is divided in the two parts 1 GENERAL TRAINING 2 TECHNICAL TRAINING 1 GENERAL TRAINING this is the basic training in which the driver learns theoretical aspect and the practical aspect too. In this training the overview is given to the driver about the engine and boggie. He learn here that how to drive the train and the basic knowledge about it. 2TECHNICAL TRAINING in this system the drivers are provided the technical training so that if any technical problem arises then the driver can handle the problem easily. The technical training is divided in two parts that are given below. 1 EMERGENCY MAINTINANCE SYSTEM

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2ELECTRICAL MAINTINANCE SYSTEM 1EMERGENCY MAINTINANCE SYSTEM in this system if any problem/emergency arises then the driver will be capable for handling that problem. So we are providing such type of training in which the driver learn that in emergency how to maintain the system/train so that the problem may be removed. 2ELECTRICAL MAINTINANCE SYSTEM it is the system in which the driver learn that if any electrical problem arises then how to handle that electronically problem. ➢ What is your view towards the updating and the position of Indian railway? Today the position of the INDIAN RAILWAY is not up to the mark because there is the grading system in the INDIAN RAILWAY. These grading system are the METER GAUGE GRADING. BROAD GAUGE GRADING, NARROW GAUGE GRADING SYSTEM etc. there are also SIGNAL problem such as mechanical signal, electrical signal etc. So the position of INDIAN RAILWAY is good but there is some problem which we have to remove.

G.R.P. & R.P.F. Is lacking behind technology. What do you think about this? The security force is divided in two parts 1 GRP 2RPF

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The GRP & RPF are provided the SLR GUN with the latest technology so that at the time of train loot they can save the passenger life. They are also provided the WALKI TALKI SYSTEM for the communication so that they can easily communicate and get the information from outside and handle the situation. ➢ INDIAN RAILWAY STANDARD VS INTERNATIONAL RAILWAY STANDARD. If we talk about the Indian railway system then we shall find that the position of INDIAN RAILWAY is very good. And the SETUP of the INDAN RAILWAY is very good and very huge. There is the problem in the local condition or local area where there is not so much facility is available, but after ten to fifteen years the infrastructure facility will be developed and on that time the Indian railway will be on the peak. In the international railway standard there is luxuries in the railway and the local area is also developed. So we hope that after ten year we will cross the international standard.

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ANNEXURE-2
PRIMARY DATA GIVEN BY THE CHIEF RESERVATION OFFICER MR.DESHAI OF AHMEDABAD RAILWAY STATION. MOBILE NO – 9427543224

What do you think about the safety of the people in INDIAN RAILWAY? There are three type of movement in Indian railway

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AUTOMATIC BLOCK SYSTEM this is the continuous circulating system BLOCK SYSSTEM whenever the train does not reach to the next station, the other train can’t be left. ONE TRAIN SYSTEM in this block only one train goes. ➢ What type of tools and the technique you are using for the safety. In the previous year the luggage coach was not connected in the passenger train but in the current time the luggage coach is connected in the front behind the engine so that if the collision takes place then there should be not so much damage in the train. We are also using the vacuum power so that if any collision arises then the train stops automatically. ➢ What you say about the communication system in the INDIAN RAILWAY? In the current time walky-talky system is used in the railway but in the walky-talky system there is the confusion that who is talking and who is receiving the message so the confusion arises. To remove such type of confusion the RAILWAY GOVERNMENT is providing the MOBILE PHONE to the driver and the government so that they can directly contact to the station master so that such type of problem may be removed.

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➢ What do you think about the DRIVER training and its refreshment? The psychological fitness is necessary for the refreshment of the driver. So in the stimulator room question are asked to the driver and the driver replies the answer. So the different type of case study is given to the driver and driver has to solve the cases according to the situation. The driver ha to report in the lobby and where it is known that the driver has drunk or not. ➢ The RAILWAY TRACK is same but the no of trains is increasing every year so what you say about this? The main problem before us is the technology. There is scarcity of skilled man power so it is very difficult to increase the track easily and in the short time. The no of train is increasing according to the safety of the people. We think that after some time we shall develop the good infrastructure and then the problem of track will be removed. ➢ What you say about the accident which was happened in 20 September 2010 when the SPEEDING FRIEGHT TRAIN collided with the INDORE-GWALIOR INTERCITY EXPRESS at BADARWAS, SHIVPURY M.P.? The driver of the SPEEDING TRAIN had taken the alcohol and the LIVE FRAME WIRE which is used in the TRACK to change the track was broken so as the driver get signal he runs

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the train but due the break of the LIVE FRAME WIRE the train come in the wrong track and as the driver had also taken the alcohol then he runs the train with the speed of 30 km/hour so this train collided with the other train in which 33 people were died on the spot and 160 people were injured ➢ INDIAN RAILWAYS VS INTERNATIONAL RAILWAYS INDIA is still lagging behind compared to the INTERNATIONAL security system, as we do not have appropriate technology (manual vs automatic signal), political confusions also lead to certain wrong decision and development are made in wrong direction.

ANNEXURE-3 PRIMARY DATA COLLECTED FROM “BOMBARDIER” MNC VADODARA GUJARAT
➢ What are you doing for the safety of the metro train?

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We are using the high quality of raw material while manufacturing the boggie and using the latest technology for making the metro train.

Which type of technology you are using today? We have the latest machine such as ROBOT for doing the different type of the task. Sothat the work can be done efficiently, effectively and smoothly. We are also using the MATRAC SYSTEM (electromechanical system) which is help full in the power saving and pressure control, which the INDIAN RAILWAY does not have.

Which type of raw material you are using? We are using the stain less steel while manufacturing the boggie and we are purchasing the Flore plate from GERMANY.

➢ How many check point are there in the company? There is 1700 check point in the company so the possibilities of recurring the errors are not possible.

PEOPLE DIED IN RAILWAY ACCIDENT FROM 1991 TO 2010

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BIBLIOGRAPHY
1 Indian Railway website: http://indianrail.gov.in 2 Other website: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Railways Vadodara railway station Gujarat Ahmedabad railway station Gujarat Ghandhidham railway station Gujarat

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4 Bombardier multinational company Vadodara Gujarat http://Bombardier.com

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