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<> siqgur pRswid ]

kUiVAwrI rjY kUiV ijau ivstw kwgu KwveI ]… eyhV qyhV Cif qU gur kw sbdu pCwxu ] siqgur AgY Fih pau sBu ikCu jwxY jwxu ] (gurU gRMQ swihb, AMg 646)

smrpx

aunHW mrjIvVy sicAwr gurisKW nUM ijnHW ny isr& sRI gurU gRMQ swihb jI dI au`cI su`cI Dur kI bwxI nUM AKMf BY-BwvnI nwl

suixAw piVHAw smiJAw mMinAw gwivAw kmwieAw smJwieAw Aqy pRcwirAw

bicqR nwtk gRMQ(muFlw nW),

hux ‘sRRI dsm gRMQ swihb’ qoN

swvDwn ! ^brdwr !! hoiSAwr !!!

ies gRMQ bwry ies pusqk ivc pVHoo qy smJo :

(1) ieSt dw srUp : <>, inrwkwr srb-ivAwpk srb-smrQ prmwqmw, dI bjwey dyvqw iSv Aqy dyvI pwrvqI dw BUqW-vrgw frwauxw srUp “mhwkwl – kwlkw” (2) mMglwcrx : dyvI durgw jW mhwkwl boDk, sRI BgOqI-ey-nmh]……sRI BgauqI jI shwie ]… srbloh kI r`Cw hmnY ] srb kwl kI sdw r`Cw hmnY ]…… (3) sMpUrx mUl-mMqr : “ <> siqnwmu krqw purKu inrBau inrvYru AkwlmUriq

AjUnI sYBM gurpRswid ]” ies kvI-ricq gRMQ ivc iksy iek vI pMny qy nhI iliKAw (4) bynqI cOpeI : SrIrDwrI dyvqw mhwkwl / srbkwl A~gy kIqI geI kvI dI bynqI

(5) Ardws

(6) jwp bwxI : iSv shsqR-nwmw(iSv purwx) qy AwDwirq dyvqw mhwkwl dI ausqiq (7) vr mMgxw : dyvI iSvw / durgw / jgmwie / pwsoN SXwm kvI ny vr mMigAw

(8) dIkSw

iPr mhwkwl dw ArQ “vwihgurU” jW Akwl-purKu nhI ho skdw [ (9) iesqRI bwry : krqwr iesqRI nUM swj ky pCqwieAw; ivBcwrx, kul`CxI, iliKAw

(10) ilKwrI : AnykW QWeIN gpoV qy glq-ibAwnIAW ilKx vwly Bulxhwr kiv sXwm, kiv rwm, kiv kwl dI Cwp AnykW pMinAW qy[ nwnk pd ikqy nhI iliKAw [ dsm nwnk gurU goibMd isMG jI ies gRMQ dy ilKwrI nhI [

(11) pwqSwhI 10 : Asl ivc SXwm kvI (pMnw 155) ; is`KW nUM DoKw dyx leI ivroDI-SrwrqIAW ny mn-mrzI nwl pw: 10 ilK id`qw hY (12) bolI / SYlI : gurU gRMQ swihb jI qoN iblkul vK ; bRwhmxI gRMQW vwlI CMdw-bMdI (13) SbdwvlI : AnykW QWeIN ASlIl, jo sMgq ivc pVHI nhI jw skdI (14) AwDwr gRMQ : mwrkMfyX purwx, iSv purwx , sRImd Bwgvq purwx dIAW kQw khwxIAW Aqy smwpqI sMkyqW dI hU-b-hU nkl [ ieh Dur kI ielwhI-bwxI nhI [ (15) isRStI rcnw : SrIrDwrI dyvqy ny kMnW coN mYl k`F ky isRStI rcI !? (16) ieiqhwsk BulW : Bgq rwmwnMd jI pihloN dunIAW qy Awey Aqy hzrq muhMmd

bwd ivc !

: dyvI durgw AQvw BgauqI Aqy dyvqw mhwkwl dy A`gy kIqI geI

: BMg qy Srwb iplw ky Cl-kpt krky mhwkwl dw isK bxwauxw ; qW

l`KW swl pihloN sqjug ivc pTwx, muZl Aqy Sy^ ikQoN Awey ?

gurU gRMQ swihb jI dw SrIk-gRMQ ivroDIAW ny mnuKqw nMU gumrwh krx

leI, guris`KW nUM BMbl-BUsy pw ky bymuK krx leI, gurU goibMd isMG swihb nUM dyvI-pUjk drsw ky bdnwm krx leI, gurU gRMQ swihb jI dI au`cI-su`cI ivcwrDwrw nwloN qoVn leI KVw kIqw hY ieh nwpwk AKOqI dsm gRMQ [ dyvI-dyvqy pUjk, Swkq-mqIey, vwm-mwrgI qWiqRk, ivBcwrI, BMg-Srwb pIx vwly kvI SXwm,kvI rwm… dw ricAw kUV gRMQ hY AKOqI dsm gRMQ [

muKbMd

keI swl pihlW CpI ShId isK imSnrI kwlj, AMimRqsr dy ipRMsIpl hrBjn isMG jI dI pusiqkw “hlUxw” ivc iliKAw sI ik pitAwlw (pMjwb) dy SyrWvwlw gyt dy nyVy dyvI mMidr ivc dyvI nUM bil cVwaux leI bkrIAW dy mymxy Aqy Srwb dI boql ByNt krx leI isKI- srUp vwly vI kqwr ivc KVy sn[ieh nzwrw vyK ky hr gurisK duKI hoieAw ikauNik bic`qR nwtk gRMQ (auorP dsm gRMQ) dy AwDwr qy is`K prvwrW nUM dyvI pUjw v`l D`ikAw jw irhw hY[ khy-jWdy dsm gRMQ bwry kuJ Koj BrpUr lyK vI auhnW ny ilKy pr myrI pUrI qs`lI nhI hoeI [ igAwnI Bwg isMG jI nUM vI Ardws, cOpeI Awidk dI AslIXq dsx vwlI pusqk “dsm gRMQ inrxY” ilKx krky, ibnw koeI dlIl jW s&weI suixAW, Akwl q^q swihb dy jQydwr swDU isMG BOrw jI ny pMQ ‘coN Cyk id`qw sI [ sc dy rwh clx Aqy clwaux vwilAW

dI pMQ kdr krnI Bu`l igAw hY [

fw: rqn isMG j`gI jI ny iek pusqk “dsm gRMQ dw kriqRqv” ilKI sI ijsdw ‘AMdrly

pRmwx’ vwly lyK qoN ieh lyKk bhuq pRBwvq hoieAw [ iesy qoN syD lYky ies AKOqI dsm gRMQ dy AMdrly pRsMgW dw AiDAYn keI swl pihlW SurU kIqw[ mhwn koS (BweI kwnH isMG), gurU gRMQ ivSv koS Aqy pMj BwgW ivc tIkw dsm gRMQ (fw: rqn isMG j`gI) Aqy nwl hI gurU gRMQ swihb jI dI ivcwrDwrw dw vI AiDAYn kIqw [ fw: rqn isMG j`gI jI dI pusqk “gurU nwnk ivcwrDwrw” , pRo&Ysr fw: swihb isMG jI dw ds poQIAW ivc kIqw gurU gRMQ swihb jI dw tIkw vI piVHAw Aqy gurmiq nUM vD qoN vD ghrweI nwl smJx leI hor AnykW ivdvwnW dy lyK, pusqkW pVHIAW, kQw-vIcwr vI suxy[ BweI gurb^S isMG kwlw A&gwnw dIAW pusqkW sc dw mwrg, bicqR nwtk Awidk vI ghu nwl pVHIAW [ au`qrI Bwrq dy bhuq swry SihrW, cMfIgV, luiDAwxw, ropV, id`lI, kwnpur, kolkwqw, nwgpur, jblpur, muMbeI, kotw, jYpur, Brqpur, Awgrw Awidk dy v`fy gurduAwirAW ivc gurpurbW smy gurbwxI-kQw dI syvw inBwaux dw mOkw vI gurU swihb ny ies nwcIz nUM b^iSAw [ nwl

hI

nwl dsm gRMQ dy AwDwr-gRMQW mwrkMfyX purwx, iSv purwx, sRImd Bwgvq purwx, gIqw

dw

vI AiDAYn kIqw [ skUlI pVHweI dOrwn pVHI sMsikRq ienHW bRwhmxI-gRMQW nUM smJx leI

mddgwr swibq hoeI [

rozwnw spoksmYn dI 5-9-2007 (pMj isqMbr 2007) dI AKbwr dI gurU-inMdk ^br “CyvW gurU Aphrx krqw, nOvW lutyrw, dsvW frpok Aqy dyvI-Bgq” ny ies nwcIz nUM JMjoV id`qw Aqy ieh pusqk ilKxI SurU kIqI [ iesy qrHW Bwrq srkwr dI CpI pMjwbI dI nOvIN jmwq dI skUlI-pusqk “swihq dIipkw” ivc durgw-mihKwsur juD(vwr sRI BgauqI ivcoN kuJ pauVIAW) lyK ivc gurU goibMd isMG dI ilKq dsky gurU swihb nUM dyvI-pUjk isD kIqw jw irhw hY [ do AkqUbr 2007 nUM gurSrn jIq isMG lWbw, AYfvokyt nwl id`lI ivc (rwjOrI gwrfn) dsm gRMQ bwry crcw hoeI [ hYrwnI hoeI jd lWbw jI ny ikhw ik ausnUM gurmiq igAwn gurU gRMQ swihb qoN nhIN blik dsm gRMQ qoN hoieAw [ ies lyKk ny dsm gRMQ, aupr ilKy iqMny purwx Aqy ies pusqk dy kuJ lyKW dIAW kwpIAW lWbw jI dy A`gy rK id`qIAW Aqy mIitMg ivc Swml hor keI gurmuKW nUM vI id`qIAW [ dsm gRMQ ivc ieSt dw

srUp, ilKwrI kOx Awidk bwry spSt kIqw Aqy disAw ik lyKk ny hux dsm gRMQ dIAW rcnwvW dw pwT krxw C`f id`qw hY, jo ik gurbwxI nhI ArQwq k`cI bwxI hn, ikauNik jugo jug Atl siqgurU gurU-gRMQ-swihb-dw-hukm hY “siqgurU ibnw hor kcI hY bwxI ]” lWbw jI mojUdw smJOqw-vwdI rhq mrXwdw dw Sor mcwauNdy iKsk gey [ iek pwsy svwmI rwm qIrQ dMfI sMinAwsI “gurU gRMQ swihb jI srvoqm gRMQ” ilKky Aqy swry vyd, purwx, ismRqIAW Awidk pwsy krky isKI Dwrx kr gey pr A&sos! isK pirvwr ivc jnmy isKI

srUp vwly lWbw jI vrgy AnykW isK gurU gurU-inMdkW dw swQ dy rhy hn[

gRMQ swihb jI nUM srvoqm gRMQ nhI mMn rhy Aqy

jQydwr Akwl q^q swihb jI nUM ieh lyKk hux qk iqMn ic`TIAW, ies pusqk dy ^ws lyKW dIAW kwpIAW sihq, Byj cukw hY ijsdI nkl pwTk iesy pusqk ivc pVH skdy hn pr Aj qk koeI jvwb nhI AwieAw [ loV hY ik isK-kOm nwl sMbMiDq swry gRMQW dI , ieiqhws, rhqnwimAW Awidk dI gurU gRMQ swihb jI dI bwxI dI ksv`tI qy prK ky fUMGI pVcol krky isK pnIrI nUM SuD gurmiq ivcwrDwrw dyx dI [

AKMf kIrqnI j`Qy vloN 14 jnvrI 2008 nUM ies gRMQ nUM gurU-ikRq mMn ky cunOqI id`qI geI hY [ sinmr bynqI hY ik ieh pusqk pVH ky soc-vIcwr ky ilKqI auqr dyx dI ikrpwlqw krx [

ieh pusqk ilKidAW kuJ gurmuK ivdvwnW, fw: hrijMdr isMG idlgIr, BweI rijMdr isMG cMfIgV, jsibMdr isMG Kwlsw (fubeI vwly) mohwlI, qrsym isMG cYArmYn Drm pRcwr kmytI (id`lI isK gurdvwrw pRbMDk kmytI) fw: gurmuK isMG id`lI, rwjpwl isMG id`lI, pRo&Ysr fw: hrbMs isMG, Kwlsw kwlj, id`lI, BweI pRym isMG pwrs, id`lI, BweI ipRqpwl isMG qy BweI AmrjIq isMG cMdI rudRpur, BweI auNkwr isMG j`mU, bIbI hrbMs kOr (dsm gRMQ ivcwr mMc, &rIdwbwd), BweI gurcrn isMG jIauxvwlw kYnyfw, BweI pRqwp isMG (lImw, pIrU, d`KxI AmrIkw) ny ies nwcIz dI hoslw-A&zweI kIqI hY ; ieh lyKk sBdw idloN Sukr-guzwr hY [

ieh lyKk DnvwdI hY BweI srbjIq isMG jI AYfItr ieMfIAw AvyArnYs, id`lI dw, ijn@W ny pusqk bwry vfmuly suJwA dy ky ies pusqk nUM inKwr ky Cwpx dI syvw inBweI [

sB qoN vD Aqy bwrMbwr Dn@vwd ds gurU swihbwn jI Aqy gurU gRMQ swihb jI dw ijn@W ny ies nwcIz nUM ieh sB ilKx dw bl, buiD Aqy smrQw b^SI [ gurU-pMQ ivc eykqw Aqy cVHdI-klw cwhux vwlw

gurU-pMQ-syvk dlbIr isMG id`lI, 1 Agsq 2009. (17 swvx, nwnkSwhI sMmq 541)

srbkwl (mhwkwl) hY ipqw Apwrw] dyib kwlkw mwq hmwrw]

1

mhwkwl kwlkw AwrwDI ]

(dsm gRMQ ivc ieSt dw srUp ; pMnw 73)

bicqR nwtk gRMQ / AKauqI

dsm gMRQ dI AslIXq

 

qqkrw

pMnw nM: 1

(1)

scu

iliK sic smwvixAw ]

2

(2)

ibnu

gur pUry nwhI auDwru ]

3

(3)

gurbwxI

vIcwrx leI zrUrI nukqy

5

(4)

bicqR

nwtk gRMQ/AKauqI dsm gRMQ ivc drj rcnwvW dw vyrvw

9

(5)

AKauqI

AKauqI

AKauqI

AKauqI

dsm gRMQ dw rcnhwrw kox ?

11

(6)

dsm gRMQ dw ilKwrI Bulxhwr

13

(7)

dsm gRMQ dI bRwhmxI-gRMQW nwl qulnw

14

(8)

dsm gRMQ ivc ‘ieSt dw srUp’

20

(9)

bicqR

nwtk gRMQ / AKauqI dsm gRMQ ivc iesqRI bwry ivcwr

28

(10)

AKauqI

dsm gRMQ’c ilKI ASlIl SbdwvlI dy kuJ AMS

 

29

(11)

zPrnwmh

Aqy ihkwieqW

30

(12)

kbXo

bwc bynqI ]cOpeI]

ieh bynqI iks dy A`gy ?

 

32

(13)

gurisK

Ardws iks A`gy kry ? vwihgurU jW BgauqI A`gy ?

37

(14)

pVcol,isK

rIivaU ivc Cpy lyK, Did Guru

worship

Devi?

40

(15)

dsm

gRMQ jW mhwkwl-kwlkw gRMQ

42

(16)

……iPir

n KweI mhwkwl ]

44

(17)

kbIr

AYsw

mwrI mrau kusMg kI……

46

(18)

kIrqn ……

48

(19)

gurisK

Sihbwz

dI pCwx

49

(20)

Kwlsw vloN pRcwrq kuJ BulyKw-pwaU lyKW dI pVcol

50

(21)

dsm gRMQ bwry q`Q Aqy svwl (Facts & Questions)

 

55

(22)

Jgrw

eyku inbyrhu rwm ](jQydwr Akwl q^q swihb nUM ic`TI)

59

(23)

dsm nwnk swihb dw Awgmn-purb

isK sMgqW/pRbMDkW nUM bynqI

60

(24)

swnUM

jIauNdw d&nwieAw ey AwgUAW ny (kivqw, pRym isMG pwrs, id`lI)

61

(25)

dsm

gRMQ dw AwDwr iqAwr krdy bRwhmxI gRMQW dIAW pRqIAW

62-76

ies Swkq-mqIey-gRMQ nUM gurU-ilKq mMnx dy ^qrnwk nqIjy :-

(1) gurU gRMQ swihb jI dw SrIk (brwbr g`dI lwaux vwlw) mMnxw, (2) gurU goibMd isMG swihb jI Aqy isKW nUM dyvI-dyviqAW dw pujwrI / aupwSk mMnxw, (3) isKW nUM gurU gRMQ swihb jI qoN bymuK krky bRwhmxI gRMQW ivc aulJwauxw, (4) isKW nUM gurbwxI isiKAw dy ault BMg, Srwb, nSy vrqx vwlw mMnxw, (5) isK nUM isKI qoN piqq krx vwly krm,pr-iesqRI, pr-purS sMg krx vwly mMnxw (6) isK nUM AigAwnqw dy hnyry KUh ivc s`ut ky ausdw mn`uKw jnm bykwr krxw, (7) ds gurU swihbwn dI 239 swl dI Gwlxw qy kurbwnIAW ivArQ krxIAW ………

……… scu iliK sic smwvixAw ]

2

ilKidAw ilKidAw

kUVu ilKih

gurmuiK sco scu

scu kwgdu klm msvwxI scu iliK sic smwvixAw ]7] (gurU gRMQ swihb,AMg 123) hr ilKwrI nUM gurmiq (gurU gRMQ swihb jI dI bwxI ivc drswey isDWq),gur-ieiqhws, isK-ieiqhws bwry ilKx qoN pihlW cMgI qrHW soc-ivcwr ky sc hI ilKxw cwhIdw hY [ gurU gRMQ swihb jI dI scI bwxI dIAW aupr ilKIAW pMkqIAW ilKwrIAW nMU cyqwvnI idMdIAW hn ik hy BweI ! JUT ivc mn lwaux vwly mnmuK log JUT hI ilKdy hn, JUT hI kmwauNdy hn ArQwq JUT qy AwDwirq jIvn jIauNdy hn[ JUT ilK ilK ky auhnW ny AwpxI myhnq, kwgz, klm, isAwhI zwieAw hI kIqI hY [ JUT nwl ipAwr pwaux vwly (eIrKw Aqy iqRSnw dI) A`g ivc sVdy hn (Bwv, duKI huMdy hn) ; suK nhI pw skdy [6[ pr scy guruU nwl juVy, scy Drm dy DwrxI, gurmuK jn inrol sc qy AwDwirq vIcwr hI ilKdy hn [ AYsy scy mnuK mukqI dw drvwjw ArQwq jIvn-mukq dI AvsQw pRwpq kr lYNdy hn [ auhnW dy sc ilKx leI vrqy kwgz, klm qy isAwhI Amr ho jWdy hn Aqy sc ilK ky auh mnuK sc (prmwqmw) ivc lIn ho jWdy hn ArQwq Awpxw jIvn s&lw kr jWdy hn [7[ kUV ilKx vwly ilKwrI eIrKw,iqRSnw qy lwlc ivc Ps ky JUT Aqy inMdw hI ilKdy hn [ gYr-isK ilKwrI eIrKw-vs gurmiq isDWq, gur-ieiqhws, isK-ieiqhws ivgwV ky guruU-inMdk Aqy isK-inMdk lyK ilKI jw rhy hn[ gurmiq-ivroDI-rhqnwimAW qy hukm nwimAW dy ielwvw kuJ kUV-gRMQW dI sUcI hyT ilKI hY :- (1) jnmswKI (BweI bwly vwlI ) gurU nwnk swihb jI dI Aqy BweI mrdwnw jI dI bhuq inMdw krdI hY [ iesdw pUrw vyrvw jwxn leI BweI krm isMG (ihstorIAn) dI ilKI pusqk ‘kqk ik ivswK’ zrUr pVHnI cwhIdI hY[isr& iesy pusqk ivc gurU nwnk swihb dw Awgmn idvs kqk dI puUrnmwSI iliKAw hY jo ik glq hY ikauNik bwkI swrIAW jnmswKIAW muqwibk ‘iqMn ivswK’ (15 ApRYl) hY [ (2) guriblws pw:6 ivc gurU hrgoibMd swihb jI dI inMdw kIqI geI hY [ (3) sUrj pRkwS gRMQ ivc kiv sMqoK isMG ny keI QWeIN gur-ieiqhws Aqy isK-isDWq glq ibAwn kIqy hn [ ies gRMQ ivcoN kQw kridAW sUJvwn kQwkwr bhuq swrIAW gurU-inMdk pMkqIAW C`f idMdy hn [ (4) bicqR nwtk gRMQ ijsnUM ‘dsm gRMQ’ ds ky gurU goibMd isMG swihb jI nUM dyvI-pUjk drsw ky bdnwm

kwgd msu KoeI ] dUjY Bwie

jil jwvih

suKu pwey n koeI ]

qY kUVu kmwvih

kUuiV icqu lwvixAw ]6]

pwvih moK duAwru ]

ilKih vIcwru ] sy jn scy

kIqw jw irhw hY Aqy isKW nUM gurU gRMQ swihb jI dI scI bwxI (gurmiq) nwloN qoV ky kcI bwxI (mnmiq) nwl joVn dI purzor koiSS hY [ ieh gRMQ bRwhmxI-gRMQW qy AwDwirq dyvI-pUjk-Swkq-mqIAW dw gRMQ hY[ (5) srbloh gRMQ : ieh gRMQ vI aupr ilKy bicqR nwtk gRMQ vW| dyvI-dyviqAW dy pUjkW dw gRMQ hY [……

isK kOm dI bdiksmqI ieh hY ik kuJ isKI srUp vwly ivkwaU ilKwrI iqRSnw, loB,suAwrQ dy ADIn JUT dy ilKwrIAW dw swQ dy rhy hn [ bVy duK dI gl hY ik Akwl q^q swihb dy jQydwr qy hor Dwrmk sMsQwvW dy AwgU iehnW JUT dy ilKwrIAW dy iKlw& koeI kwrvweI nhI kr rhy [ hr ilKq gurU gRMQ swihb jI dI scI bwxI dI ksvtI qy prK ky hI pRcwrnI cwhIdI hY [ hr pRcwrk dw &rz hY ik iksy ilKq dw hvwlw dyx qoN pihlW cMgI qrHW GoK pVqwl krky inrol sc dw pRcwr kry [ jo ilKq mn nUM gurmiq-ivruD l`gy, aus ilKq dw hvwlw iblkul n idqw jwvy ; pRQmy mnu prboDY Apnw pwCY Avr rIJwvY ](m: 5,AMg 381) gurU gMRQ swihb jI dI AMimRq-meI scI bwxI nUM smJ-vIcwr ky pVHn vwly gurisK cMgI qrHW jwxdy hn ik ds gurU-swihbwn kQnI Aqy krxI dy sUry sn ; Dur kI bwxI nUM pihloN Awp kmwieAw Aqy iPr aus bwxI Anuswr aupdyS idqw[ gurbwxI <> dw aupwsk bxwauNdI hY , n ik iksy dyvI-dyvqy dw Aqy Swkq-mqI ivkwrI-nSeI jIvn-jwc qoN htw ky sMq-ispwhI bxn dw aupdyS idMdI hY [ nwm-Drm dy DwrxI bx ky jIvn-mukq hox dw soKw rwh dsdI hY [ isK roz rwq nUM soihlw bwxI ivc pVHdy hn :

iCA Gr iCA gur iCA aupdys ] guru guru eyko vys Anyk ]1] bwbw jY Gir krqy kIriq hoie ] so Gru rwKu vfweI qoie ]1] rhwau ](gurU gRMQ swihb, AMg 12) ArQwq, jy isK dy swmHxy Cy gRMQ rK id`qy jwx qW sUJvwn isK krqy dI kIriq (nwm) nwl joVn vwly gMRQ , gurU gRMQ swihb jI nwl juV ky bwkI swry gRMQ iqAwg dyxgy [ qW hI AsI kUV qoN bc skdy hW [

ibnu gur pUry nwhI auDwru](AMg 886)

3

ieiqhws dsdw hY ik gurU goibMd isMG jI sn 1708 ivc gurg`dI gurU gRMQ swihb jI nUM sONp ky joqI joq smw gey [ aus smyN hor koeI gurU-ilKq gRMQ mojUd nhI sI [ bwbw bMdw isMG bhwdr dI Shwdq qoN bwd isKW au`qy hkUmq ny bhuq zulm Fwey [ isK ipMfW qoN bwhr jMglW ivc Drm Aqy isKI srUp dI riKAw isr DV dI bwzI lw ky kr rhy sn[ aus smyN gurdvwirAW dI syvw-sMBwl inrmilAW qy audwsI swDUAW ny kIqI[ inrmly vYidk (bRwhmxI) gRMQW dy AnuXweI sn Aqy audwsI bwbw sRI cMd (gurU nwnk sihb dy bwZI puqr) dy cyly sn Aqy jog-mq dy DwrnI sn [ ieh isK nhI sn, is`KI Bys ivc bRwhmx sn [ ienHW ny gurdvwirAW ivc gurmiq-ivruD bRwhmxI kurIqIAW Aqy nklI hukmnwmy pRclq kIqy [ ienHW dIAW ilKIAW AnykW gurmiq-ivruD pusqkW qy rihqnwmy 18vIN qy 19vIN sdI ivc vjUd ivc Awey, ijhnW nUM purwqn-isK-ieiqhws (ijsdI pVcol hr p`KoN gurisK ivdvwn krn) ikhw jWdw hY [ ijs gRMQ nUM Aj dsm gRMQ dy nwm nwl jwixAw jWdw hY, sn 1725 dy krIb vjUd ivc AwieAw [ ieh gRMQ kuJ hor kvI-rcnWvW Aqy bicqR nwtk gRMQ (jYsw ik keI pRsMgW dy AMq ivc ilKy smwpqI-sMkyqW qoN isD huMdw hY) dIAW kuJ rcnwvW dw sMgRh hY [ purwqn h`Q ilKq bIVW ivc ies gRMQ dw koeI nwm nhI, qqkry ivc iliKAw hY “sUcI pqRI, bicqR nwtk gRMQ jI kI”[ mojUdw ikhw jWdw dsm gRMQ (1428 pMny) cwr ApRmwxIk poQIAW (BweI mnI isMG vwlI, ptny vwlI, moqI bwg pitAwly vwlI, sMgrUr vwlI),ijnHW dy pwTW ivc keI QWeIN &rk sn, eIsvI sn 1897 ivc iksy soDk kmytI ny ArQ qy ipCokV smJy- vIcwry bgYr soiDAw [ soiDAw ik ivgwiVAw ? soDx vwilAW ny ies gRMQ dw nW iliKAw ‘ dsm sRI gurU gRMQ swihb jI’ [ gurU-pd joVn krky pMQ ivc duibDw KVI ho geI[jy gurbwxI huMdI qW soDx dI loV hI nhI sI [ gurU-ricq hY ik nhI, SMkw kIqI jwx lgI ; fw: rqn isMG j`gI dI pusqk ‘dsm gRMQ dw kriqRqv’(Authorship of Dasam Granth) ilKI jwxI ies dy rcnhwry qy svwilAw-inSwn lwauNdI hY [

pUry bicqR nwtk gRMQ ivc ilKwrI kvIAW dy ieSt dw srUp :-

srbkwl hY ipqw Apwrw ] dyib kwlkw mwq hmwrw ] (pMnw 73)

ArQwq dyvI-dyvqy srbkwl, mhwkwl, kwl, kwlI, kwlkw, durgw, iSvw, cMfI … auBr ky Awey hn[ pr gurU gRMQ swihb ivc drj mUl-mMqr ArQwq ieSt ’<> siqnwmu krqw purKu inrBau inrvYru AkwlmUriq AjUnI sYBM gurpRswid]’ AKOqI dsm gRMQ ivc iksy pMny qy nhI iliKAw [ ieh gRMQ dyvI pUjk kvIAW (kvI SXwm, kvI rwm ……) ny iqMn bRwhmxI-gRMQW,(1) mwrkMfyX purwx, (2) iSv purwx, (3) sRI md Bwgvq purwx (suK swgr gRMQ) dy AnykW pRsMgW dI hU-b-hU nkl mwr ky iliKAw igAw hY [ iesy qrHW srbloh gRMQ vI 18-19vIN sdI ivc vjUd ivc AwieAw ijsdy ‘mMglwcrn’ ivc iliKAw hY:- sRI BvwnI jI shwie ] ausqiq sRI mwXw lCmI jI kI ] ArQwq, ieh gRMQ is`KW nUM dyvI-dyvqy-pUjk bxwaux leI rcy gey hn [ iehnW gRMQW dIAW kuJ rcnwvW kIrqn-poQIAW Aqy gutikAW ivc drj kr idqIAW geIAW[bdiksmqI nwl iehnW k`cIAW bwxIAW nUM ibnw smJy-vIcwry gurU gRMQ swihb jI dI s`cI bwxI dy qu`l smJ ky pwT-kIrqn kIqw jWdw hY [

bicqR nwtk gRMQ, ijs dw koeI nW h`Q-ilKq bIVW qy iliKAw nhI imldw, ies smy dsm sRI gurU gRMQ swihb dy nwm nwl hzUr swihb (nWdyV) Aqy ptnw swihb dy gurduAwirAW ivc sRI gurU gRMQ swihb jI dy brwbr pRkwS kIqw jWdw hY jo ik dsm nwnk gurU goibMd isMG jI dy pMQk mrXwdw dy ault hY [ Bu`lV qy AMnHI SrDw vwly isK ies gRMQ dIAW rcnwvW nUM dsm-nwnk-ikRq mMn ky m`Qw tykdy hn[sUJvwn gurisKW ny ies gRMQ nwl “gurU” pd ilKy jwx qy ieqrwz kIqw ikauNik gurg`dI pMcm-nwnk swihb dy rcy Awid gRMQ (nOvyN nwnk swihb jI dI bwxI drj krn qoN bwd) nUM gurU goibMd isMG jI ny id`qI sI Aqy iesy gRMQ nUM isK gurU gRMQ swihb mMn ky m~Qw tykdy hn [ hux bicqR nwtk gRMQ nUM kyvl sRI dsm gRMQ ikhw jWdw hY[ pr ‘dsm’ pd vrqxW vI BulyKw-pwaU (confusing) hY[ ies gRMQ dy AMdrly pRmwxW qy ilKqW nUM vIcwirAW pqw lgdw hY ik smucy gRMQ ivc ieSt dw srUp mhwkwl-kwlkw nwmk dyvI-dyvqw hn [ qW qy ies gRMQ nUM mhwkwl-kwlkw-gRMQ hI kihxw cwhIdw hY [ XkInn ieh ieSt dsm nwnk gurU goibMd isMG swihb dw jW gurisKW dw ho nhI skdw[

4

ies smyN gurisK vIcwrvwnw dI ivcwr isr& AKOqI dsm gRMQ qk hI sIimq nhI rKI jw skdI [ swry purwqn gRMQ Aqy rihqnwmy / hukmnwmy gurU gRMQ swihb jI dI bwxI dI ksv`tI qy prKxy zrUrI hn[ Aj AsI gurU gRMQ swihb jI dI hzUrI ivc dyvI-dyviqAW dI ausqiq krx vwlI AwrqI qy hor rcnwvW dw pwT-kIrqn krI jw rhy hW [ A&sos ! hux AsI kys-kkwr-DwrI-bRwhmx ArQwq do-gly is`K bx gey hW qy bxI jw rhy hW [ AsI Bul gey hW jugo jug AtL siqgurU gurU gRMQ swihb jI dy bcn :- iekw bwxI ieku guru ieko sbdu vIcwir] (AMg 646) bwxI gurU gurU hY bwxI ivic bwxI AMimRqu swry]guru bwxI khY syvku jnu mwnY prqiK gurU insqwry](982) Aj qoN qkrIbn 300 swl pihlW dsvyN nwnk sRI gurU goibMd isMG swihb jI ny gurg`dI sRI gurU gRMQ

swihb jI nUM id`qI sI[isr& sRI gurU gRMQ swihb jI nUM hI gurU mMnx dw hukm kIqw sI gurU gRMQ swihb jI pUrn gurU hn ikauNik hr SMkw,Brm dUr krky swfw lok prlok suhylw krn ihq shI Aqy sOKw (Pokt krm-kWf rihq) mwrg dsdy hn[ hr guris`K ny m`Qw isr& gurU gRMQ swihb jI nUM hI tykxw hY ; nw ik iksy hor gRMQ nUM qy nw hI iksy dyhDwrI-gurU nUM [ jy iksy hor gRMQ nUM m`Qw tykWgy qW gurU goibMd isMG swihb jI dy hukm dI aulMGxw hovygI Aqy sRI gurU gRMQ swihb jI ivc bYTy gurbwxI-rUp 36 bRhmigAwnI qy vwihgurU jI swfy qy ikrpw nhI krxgy Aqy swnUM duK Jylxy pYxgy, swfw mnuKw jnm bykwr clw jwvygw ikauNik iksy hor gRMQ nUM m`Qw tyikAW AsI jugo jug Atl sRI gurU gRMQ swihb jI qoN vymuK huMdy hW [

jy ko gur qy vymuKu hovY

ibnu siqgur mukiq n pwvY](gurU gRMQ swihb, AMg 920)

ieko-iek pUrn gurU, sRI gurU gRMQ swihb jI swnUM ‘<> siqnwmu krqw purKu inrBau inrvYru AkwlmUriq AjUnI sYBM gurpRswid ] ArQwq,inrwkwr prmwqmw nwl joVdy hn ; iksy dyvI-dyvqy nwl nhI [ pUrn gurU dw aupdyS iekswr inXm, vIcwrDwrw idRV krwky swry Brm-gV qoVdw hY[ k`cy gurU dI k`cI kUVI bwxI k`cy isK hI bxwauNdI hY [

gurU Dwrn krx ligAW cyqy rKIey ik s`cw gurU Awp moh-mwieAw qoN mukq hoky swnMU rb nwl myldw hY :- jIA kI kY pih bwq khw ] Awip mukqu mokau pRBu myly AYso khw lhw] (AMg 1003) ijvyN k`cI srsON ivcoN n K`l Aqy n hI qyl pRwpq huMdw hY iqvyN k`cy gurU dy isK bixAW n lok suhylw huMdw hY n hI prlok :- kbIr jau quih swD iprMm kI pwky syqI Kylu ] kwcI srsauN pyil kY nw Kil BeI n qylu ] (gurU gRMQ swihb, 1377) gurU gRMQ swihb jI ivc drswey sbd-gurU dy isDWq nUM mMnx nwl Aqy bwxI dI gurU-AwSy Anuswr vIcwr kIiqAW AsI jwq-pwq, aUc-nIc dI vrx vMf, Pokt krmW dy Aqy cMgy-mMdy idhwVy dy Brm-jwl, dyvI dyvqy, Avqwr-vwd, qMqR-mMqR, byloVy qIrQ ieSnwnw, Sgn-ApSgn Awidk bRwhmxI BrmW ivcoN inkl jWdy hW [ AsI mUl-mMqr ivc drswey srb-ivAwpk, inrwkwr, krqwr, prm-dXwlU, srb-smrQ qy byAMq guxW vwly pRBU dI pRymw-BgqI krky, s`cw nwm-Drm idRV krky, gurU dI ikrpw sdkw, ^wlsw (SuD mn vwlw) bx ky jIvn-mukq (mrx qoN pihlW mukq) ho skdy hW :- pirE kwlu sBY jg aUpr mwih ilKy BRm igAwnI ]

khu kbIr jn Bey Kwlsy

pRym Bgiq ijh jwnI ] (gurU gRMQ swihb,AMg 655)

isKI isiKAw gur vIcwir ] ndrI krim lGwey pwir ](vwr Awsw, AMg 465) mhwvwk Anuswr gurU gRMQ swihb jI dI isiKAw qy cilAW hI isK dw lok-prlok suhylw ho skdw hY [ nhI qW, swfw hSr ieh hovygw ik,

pyfu muMFwhUM kitAw iqsu fwl sukMdy ](gurU gRMQ swihb, 306, 317)

gurisKI-rUpI-dr^q nUM ausdy mu`F-gurU gRMQ swihb jI dI s`cI-bwxI nwloN bRwhmxI-gRMQW-rUpI-kuhwVIAW nwl kitAw jw irhw hY qW ju isK-b`cy-b`cI-nOjvwn-ibrD-rUpI sB isK-tihxIAW suk jwx [

Aws hY ik isK kOm ^brdwr qy hoiSAwr ho ky gurmiq qy pihrw dyvygI [mnuKw jIvn skwrQw qW hI ho skdw hY jy isK ieko-iek pUrn gurU, gurU gRMQ swihb, nwl juVy :

ibnu gur pUry nwhI auDwru ] bwbw nwnku AwKY eyhu bIcwru ] (gurU gRMQ swihb,AMg 886)

gurbwxI vIcwrx leI zrUrI nukqy

5

piVAw bUJY so prvwxu ] ijsu isir drgh kw nIswxu ](AMg 662)

gurU gRMQ swihb jI dI bwxI dw pwT krnw Aqy kIrqn krnw ijqnw zrUrI hY auqnw hI zrUrI hY gurbwxI vIcwrxw Aqy qq-aupdyS nUM vD qoN vD ghrweI nwl smJxw[ XQw gurvwk :

nwmu n cyqih sbdu n vIcwrih iehu mnmuK kw bIcwr ] (AMg 852) gur kI syvw sbdu vIcwru ] haumY mwry krxI swru ] (AMg 223) {sbdu gurU jI dI Asl syvw ieau krIey}

kubuiD imtY gur sbdu bIcwir ] siqguru BytY moK duAwr ] (AMg 944)

mhw AnMdu gur sbdu vIcwir ] ipRA isau rwqI Dn sohwgix nwir ] (AMg 370) siqgur no sBu ko vyKdw jyqw jgqu sMswru ]ifTY mukiq n hoveI ijcru sbid n kry vIcwru ](AMg 594)

{ sbd vIcwr rwhIN pRwpqI }

ijnw siqguru purKu n syivE Eie mwxs jUin n AwKIAin

Enw AMqir igAwnu n iDAwnu hY

mnmuK muey ivkwr mih

sbid n kIqo vIcwru ] psU For gwvwr ] hir sau pRIiq n ipAwru ]

mir jMmih vwro vwr ](AMg 1418)

gurbwxI vIcwr dw muK mMqv gurmiq isDWq idRV krxw qy krwauxw hY qW ju mnuK kUV, Brm Aqy ivkwr iqAwg ky sRySt Drm (nwm Drm) dw DwrxI bx ky gur-Sbd dI kmweI krky jIvn s&lw kr sky[

qij siB Brm BijE pwrbRhmu ] khu nwnk Atl iehu Drmu ](AMg 196)

gurU gRMQ swihb jI dI pwvn Dur kI bwxI dw iDAwn nwl (suriq joV ky) pwT kIiqAW Sbd-gurU, bwxI-gurUu jI gurbwxI nUM smJx-vIcwrx leI hyT ilKy nukqy idRV krwauNdy hn [ iehnW nukiqAW ivcoN lwgU hox vwlw iek vI nukqw nzr-AMdwz kIiqAW bwxI dy ArQW dy AnrQ ho skdy hn, Bwv jo isDWq aus vIcwr-ADIn Sbd ivc idRV krwieAw igAw hY aus isDWq qk phuMc nhI skWgy, Btk jWvWgy [

(1) gurU gRMQ swihb jI ivc ivcwrDwrw dI iekswrqw (Uniformity of thought) hY jo ik ArQ jW vIcwr krx ligAW BMg nhI hoxI cwhIdI [ gurU Arjn swihb jI ny Awid bIV ivc bwxI ilKvwaux smy kuJ BgqW (kHwnw, pIlU, CjU, Swh husYn Awidk) dIAW rcnWvW AMikq nhI sn kIqIAW ikauNik auhnW dI ivcwrDwrw gurU nwnk swihb jI dI bwxI ivc drswey isDWqW nwl myl nhI sI KWdI[ gurU gRMQ swihb jI ivc bwxI-rUp ho ky bYTy 35 bRhm-igAwnI ieko sc (nwm Drm) nwl juVy hoey Alg Alg ivcwr nhI dy skdy ikauNik sc hmySw iekswr rihMdw hY, bdldw nhI [ ieh 36 mhwpurK inrwkwr prmwqmw <> dy aupwSk hn, bRwhmx-vwdI Pokt-krm qy vrx-vMf ivroDI hn, nSy Aqy ByKI-ivkwrI jIvn jIaux vwilAW (swkqmqIey, dyvI-pUjkW) dy ivroDI hn [ cyqy rKIey ieh gurvwk,

iekw bwxI ieku guru ieko sbdu vIcwir ](AMg 646)

(2) ]rhwau] vwlI pMkqI jW pMkqIAW pUry Sbd dw kyNdrI Bwv (Central idea) drswauNdIAW hn Aqy bwkI AMqry ivsqwr nwl kyNdrI Bwv smJwauNdy hn[ies leI zrUrI hY ik rhwau vwlw bMd sB qoN pihloN smiJAw qy vIcwirAw jwvy[ kIrqnIey ies rhwau vwly bMd nUM ‘AsQweI’ krky gwien krn qW hI aus sbd ivc drswieAw gurmiq isDWq idRV hovygw[ imswl vjoN , hyT ilKy sbd nUM vIcwrIey :- byd kqyb khhu mq JUTy JUTw jo n ibcwrY ] jau sB mih eyku Kudwie khq hau qau ikau murgI mwrY ]1] mulW khhu inAwau KudweI ] qyry mn kw Brmu n jweI ]1]rhwau] pkir jIau AwinAw dyh ibnwsI mwtI kau ibsimil kIAw ] joiq srUp Anwhq lwgI khu hlwlu ikAw kIAw ]2] ikAw aujU pwku kIAw muhu DoieAw ikAw msIiq isru lwieAw ] jau idl mih kptu invwj gujwrhu ikAw hj kwbY jwieAw ]3] qUM nwpwku pwku nhI sUiJAw iqs kw mrmu n jwinAw ] kih kbIr iBsiq qy cUkw dojk isau mnu mwinAw ]4] (rwg pRBwqI, AMg 1350)

6

ArQ : hy mulW ! qUM r~bI iensw& (jo ik inrol sc qy AwDwirq hY) dI gl ds [ qyry mn dw iek Brm

qW dUr hoieAw hI nhI (qW qUM hornW dw auh Brm ikvyN dUr kryNgw)[rhwau[ iksy Dwrimk gRMQ nUM ibnw vIcwry jo aus gRMQ nUM JUTw AwKdw hY auh ^ud JUTw hUMdw hY [ auNj qUM kurwn ivcoN pV ky kihMdw hYN ik ^udw sB ivc vsdw hY pr ijs murgI nUM mwr ky qUM ^udw dy nW qy kIqI kurbwnI AwKdw hYN aus murgI ivc vI ^udw vsdw sI qW ds qUM ikauN aus murgI (jW bkrw jW gW) nUM mwrdw hYN ]1] qUM iksy jIv (murgI,gW,bkrw) pkV ky lY AWdw, aus dI grdn qy CurI clw ky mwr id`qw, im`tI ho gey murdy qy qUM ibsim`lw AwK ky klmW pVHIAW[aus jIv ivc vsdw ^udw dw nUr (Awqmw) ^udw (prmwqmw) ivc jw phuMicAw qW ds, hy mulW! qUM hlwl (jwiez krm, puMn krm) kyhVw kIqw ? ]2] kI hoieAw jy qUM hQ, pYr, mUMHh Do ky (SrIrk suc krky) msIq ivc isr JukwieAw[ jy idl ivc &ryb hovy qW koeI &wiedw nhI nmwz pVHn dw Aqy h`j krn m`kw, kwbw (Dwrmk sQwn qy) jwx dw ]3] jwnvr dI kurbwnI Aqy &rybI idl nwl nmwz Adw kIiqAW, hy mulW! qUM mn krky mYlw hI irhw ikauNik qYnUM pwk (pivqr ^udw) dI AslIAq dI sUJ nhI sI n hI kurwn pVH ky r`bI-Byd jwx sikAw [ ies leI hy kbIr! kh dy mulW nUM ik qYnUM jwnvr dI kurbwnI dyx nwl, &rybI idl nwl nmwz vZYrw Adw krx nwl bihSq (Heaven) nhI imlxI, qyrw mn dozk (Hell) dI A`g ivc sVn jogw hI rih igAw hY ]4] kuJ kIrqnIey A`DI pMkqI ‘qau ikau murgI mwrY]’ AsQweI krky gwien krdy hn Aqy ies sbd nUM mws- ivroDI dsdy hn [ pr ies sbd ivc kbIr swihb mulW jI dw ieko iek Brm ‘qyry mn kw Brmu’ dUr krnw cwhuMdy hn Aqy auh Brm hY ‘jwnvr dI kurbwnI dy ky Kudw dI b^iSs hwsl krnw’ Aqy ieh nukqw dUjy AMqry nUM vIcwirAW spSt ho jWdw hY [ not kIqw jwvy ‘mn kw Brmu’ iliKAw hY nw ik ‘mn ky Brm’ (Brmu = iek vcn, Brm = bhuvcn)[ <> dI b^iSS ‘qnu mnu Arpau pUj crwvau ] gurprswid inrMjnu pwvau ](AMg 525), Awpw kurbwn kIiqAW ho skdI hY, n ik jwnvr kurbwn kIiqAW [ (3) gurbwxI ivAwkrx :- hr swihqk bolI dy Alg ivAwkrxk-inXm huMdy hn [ gurbwxI-ivAwkrx dy inXm smJ ky ArQ kIiqAW koeI Brm-BulyKw nhI rihNdw [aupr ilKy sbd ivc ‘mn kw Brmu’ dIAW lgW-mwqrw dI AihmIXq nzr-AMdwz krx nwl Asl isDWq pwsy rih igAw [ lgW-mwqrw dw sMbMD gurbwxI ivAwkrx nwl hY[ hyT ilKIAW pMkqIAW ivc Gr Aqy gur AKrW qy iDAwn dyxw :

iCA Gr iCA gur iCA aupdys] guru guru eyko vys Anyk ]1] bwbw jY Gir krqy kIriq hoie ] so Gru rwKu vfweI qoie]1]rhwau] (AMg 12) pd ArQ :- iCA Gr= Cy aupinSd (Gr bhuvcn) [ jY Gir = ijs gRMQ rwhIN , ijs gRMQ ivc[

Gru = iek gRMQ ( mwqrw

ArQ : hy BweI ! ijs gRMQ ivc krqy, <> inrwkwr prmwqmw, dI is&q-swlwh krn dw aupdyS iliKAw hY, aus ieko iek gRMQ nUM rK lY, bwkI swry iqAwg dy, qyrI isAwxp jW vifAweI iesy ivc hY ] qW qy isK kOm nUM isr& gurU gRMQ swihb jI nwl hI juVnw cwhIdw hY ikauNik iehI gRMQ krqy dI kIrqI nwl joVdw hY ; bwkI gRMQ, dsm gRMQ – srbloh gRMQ – jnmswKI BweI bwly vwlI – guriblws pwqSwhI CyNvI – rihqnwmy Awidk, jo ik Avqwr-vwdI, gurmiq-ivroDI jW gurU-inMdk hn, iqAwgx jog hn[

hor pRmwx :

Awhr siB krdw iPry Awhru ieku n hoie] nwnk ijqu Awhir jgu auDrY ivrlw bUJY koie ](AMg 965) (Awhr = r mukqw, bhu-vcn, swry Awhr[ Awhru = iek vcn, iek Awhr[ Awhir = Awhr ivc [) ArQ :- mnuK lok suhylw krn leI swry Awhr, kMm, krdw hY pr prlok suhylw krn leI iek vI au`dm nhI krdw[ koeI ivrlw hI hY jo smJdw hY ik jg ny auDrx dy Awhr (nwm Drm) ivc lgxw hY [ ies jwxkwrI leI ‘gurbwxI ivAwkrx dy srl nym’ imSnrI kwlj dI pusqk pVHnI cwhIdI hY [ (4) jy vIcwr-ADIn Sbd ivc ieiqhwsk jW imQhwsk pRsMg iliKAw hovy qW aus pRsMg dw ibAwn sMKyp ivc krky isDWq idRV krwieAw jwvy[ vwDU Aqy mnGVq khwxIAW suxw ky smw brbwd nw kIqw jwvy [ vwDU khwxIAW dw KMfn ivcwrDwrw dI iekswrqw, sbd dw isrlyK , ivAwkrx-inXmW Awidk nUM iDAwn ivc riKAW shjy hI kIqw jw skdw hY [ imswl vjoN, myrw mnu locY gur drsnu qweI ](mwJ mhlw 5) sbd nwl joiVAw igAw pRsMg, gurU rwmdws swihb jI nUM pu`qr bwbw Arjn jI ny lwhOr qoN ic`TIAW ilKIAW qy nwnk pd vrq ky bwxI aucwrI, iblkul mn-GVq hY ikauNik aus smy gurg`dI qy cOQy nwnk suSoiBq sn Aqy isrlyK “mwJ mhlw 5”dsdw hY ik ieh bwxI gurU Arjn swihb ny gurg`dI qy bYTx qoN bwd aucwrI [

u iek vcn) [ guru = iek gurU [ guru guru = ieko iek gurU [

7

(5) gurbwxI ivc bhu-ArQk l&z vI vrqy gey hn[ pRkrx Anuswr FukvyN ArQ hI kIqy jwx[ BulyKw

pYNdw hovy qW BweI kHwn isMG ricq mhwn koS vwc lYxw cwhIdw hY [ pRkrx Anuswr ‘krmI’ dy ArQ :-

krmI shju n aUpjY ivxu shjY shsw n jwie] (AMg 919) eyhu hir rsu krmI pweIAY siqguru imlY ijsu Awie ](AMg 921)

mY ibgry ApnI miq KoeI]myry Brim BUlau miq koeI](855) miq KoeI=Akl guAweI; miq koeI=n koeI[

BgauqI pd dy ArQ mhwn koS ivcoN piVAW Ardws ‘ipRQm BgauqI

(6) gurbwxI dy kyvl Bwv-ArQ :- hor pRmwx Aqy isK-ivcwrDwrw nUM muK rKky keI QWeIN l&zI-ArQ (literal meaning) nhI lYxy cwhIdy, kyvl Bwv-ArQ hI lYxy cwhIdy hn qW ju gurmiq ivcwrDwrw dI iekswrqw BMg nw hovy[ vyKo Slok &rId jI… PrIdw byinvwjw kuiqAw eyh n BlI rIiq ] kbhI cil n AwieAw pMjy vKq msIiq ]70](AMg 1381) Bwv, isK gurdvwry jw ky swDsMgiq kry, gurbwxI kIrqn kQw suxy, n ik msIiq ivc nmwz pVHn jwvy [ slok kbIr jI :

kbIr pRIiq iek isau kIey Awn duibDw jwie] BwvY lWby kys kru BwvY Grir muMfwie ]25](AMg 1365) ieh slok kbIr swihb ny jtw-jUt DwrI jogIAW nUM Aqy ruMf-muMf sMinAwsIAW nUM vyK ky aucwirAw sI[ aus smy gurU nwnk swihb jI dw pRkwS nhI hoieAw sI [ kbIr swihb ny bwhrI ByK dw KMfn kIqw hY [ ieh isDWq nwnk-bwxI ieauN smJWdI hY : ByKI pRBU n lBeI ivxu scI isKM ](AMg 1099) Aj isK vI jy pMj kkwrI rihq r`K ky gurU gRMQ swihb ivc drswey nwm-Drm , <> dI pRymw-BgqI dy mwrg qy nhI cldw qW pMj kkwrI rihq vwlw isK vI pwKMfI hI ikhw jwvygw [ ijvyN Gr dI dOlq nUM corW qoN bcwx leI cwr-dIvwrI dI loV hY iqvyN mn dI rhq (nwm-Dn) nUM bcwx leI qn dI rhq zrUrI hY [ qn dI rihq gurU nwl joVdI hY Aqy mn dI rihq (gur-sbd dI kmweI) prmwqmw nwl joVdI hY [

krmI = krm-kWf kIiqAW krmI = siqgur dI b^iSS nwl

sMbMDI ipAw BulyKw dUr huMdw hY [

(7) ilKx SYlI, SbdwvlI Aqy bxqr-sWJ nUM ghu nwl vyiKAw jwvy[slok shsikRqI mhlw 1 (AM:1353) piV@ pusqk sMiDAw bwdM] isl pUjis bgul smwDM]……]jo jwnis bRhmM krmM ] sB Pokt inscY krmM ] khu nwnk inscO iDHwvY ] ibnu siqgur bwt n pwvY ]1] inhPlM qsH jnmsH jwvd bRhm n ibMdqy ] swgrM sMswrsH gur prswdI qrih ky ] krx kwrx smrQu hY khu nwnk bIcwir ] kwrxu krqy vis hY ijin kl rKI Dwir ]2] jog sbdM igAwn sbdM byd sbdM q bRwhmxh ]KHqRI sbdM sUr sbdM sUdR sbdM prwikRqh ] srb sbdM q eyk sbdM jy ko jwnis Byau ] nwnk qw ko dwsu hY soeI inrMjn dyau ]3] eyk ikRsnM q srb dyvw dyvdyvw q Awqmh ] AwqmM sRI bwsdyvsH jy koeIo jwnis Byv ] nwnk qw ko dwsu hY soeI inrMjn dyv ]4] gurU nwnk swihb dy aucwry iehnW cwr slokW ivc dUjw slok bRhmigAwn dI AvsQw qk n pujx vwly mnuK dw jIvn inhPl (bykwr, ivArQ) dsdw hY [ bwkI iqMn slokW dI bxqr iDAwn nwl vyKIey :

(a)

hr slok dy SurU ivc iek jW vD pMkqIAW pRkrx drswaux leI ilKIAW hn qy bRwhmxI inXm hn;

(A)

hr slok ivc ‘jy’ vwlI pMkqI ivc bRwhmxI inXm qy ikMqU kridAW svwl auTwieAw igAw hY ;

(e)

‘jy’ vwlI pMkqI qoN bwd gurU swihb ny Apxw inrxw / isDWq id`qw hY [

ies bxqr-sWJ, SYlI nUM nzr-AMdwz krx vwly ivAwiKAw-kwrW ny cOQy slok dy ArQ TIk nhI kIqy [ pihly slok ivc bRwhmxI-krmkWfW dw hvwlw dy ky puiCAw jy koeI jwxdw hovy qW dsy ‘kI iehnW krmW nwl bRhmigAwnI bx skdy hW?’au`qr hY,nhI[ieh Pokt krm hn[Asl rsqw nwm jpx dw gurU dsygw[ qIjy slok ivc bRwhmx ny sB vrxw dy lokW dw Drm vK vK disAw qW gurU nwnk swihb ny puiCAw ‘jy jwxdw hYN qW ds sB mnuKW dw srb-sWJw Drm kI hY ?’ jo dsy , nwnk aus bRhmigAwnI dw dws hY [ cOQy slok ivc bRwhmx ny ikRSn jI dI vifAweI kridAW disAw ik ikRSn jI dI Awqmw hr mnuK Aqy dyvqy ivc vsdI hY[ gurU nwnk swihb ny puiCAw ‘jy jwxdy ho qW dso ik bwsdyv (ikRSn jI dy ipqw) ivc iksdI Awqmw vsdI hY ? jo dsy, nwnk aus bRhmigAwnI dw dws hY [ gurU nwnk swihb smJwxw cwhuMdy hn ik ipqw AMdr pu`qr dI Awqmw nhI ho skdI ikauNik pu`qr dw jnm ipqw qoN bwd huMdw hY[ ies qrHW gurU nwnk swihb jI ny ies Slok ivc Avqwr-vwd dw KMfn kIqw hY[ ieh cwr Slok iek lVI ivc proqy hoey hn ijn@W dw qq-aupdyS ieh hY ik bRhm-igAwnI AQvw jIvn-mukiq AvsQw dI pRwpqI siqgurU jI dy d`sy mwrg qy cl ky krm-kWf, vrx-vMf Aqy Avqwr-vwd iqAwg ky hI huMdI hY [

8

(8) gurbwxI nUM gurbwxI nwl ArQwE :- gurU gRMQ swihb ivc keI sbd AYsy hn ijn@W dI ivAwiKAw

gurbwxI dy hor sbd jW pMkqIAW dy AwDwr qy hI ho skdI hY[ ijvyN ‘Awsw mhlw 1, ptI’ dI ivAwiKAw ‘Awsw mhlw 3, ptI’ krdI hY Aqy ‘bwrhmwhw quKwrI mhlw 1’ dI ivAwiKAw-srUp bwxI ‘bwrhmwhw mWJ mhlw 5’ hY[ aupr-ilKy slok shsikRqI mhlw 1 dy cOQy slok ‘eyk ikRsnM ……’ dI ivAwiKAw kridAW kbIr swihb ny Avqwr-vwd dw KMfn ieauN kIqw hY :-

qum@ ju khq hau nMd ko nMdnu Drin Awkwsu dso ids nwhI

sMkit nhI prY join nhI AwvY nwmu inrMjn jw ko ry ]

kbIr ko suAwmI AYso Twkuru

ArQwq, hy ikRSn pUjko! qusI dsdy ho ik ikRSn nMd dw pu`qr sI, qW dso, nMd iksdw pu`qr sI ? jdoN ieh

DrqI ,AwkwS ,swrI isRStI nhI sn qW ieh nMd ik`Qy sI ?(vyKo sbd, Arbd nrbd DMuDUkwrw

kbIr swihb ieSt dw srUp dsdy hn ik ‘myrw mwlk (suAwmI, Twkuru) iksy sMkt (duK,qklI&) ivc nhI pYNdw, iksy jUnI ivc nhI AwauNdw, Eh hsqI mwieAw qoN inrlyp hY, ausdw koeI mwqw ipqw nhI ] iesy qrHW aupr-ilKy kbIr swihb dy sbd ‘mulW khhu inAwau KudweI ]’ ivc disAw Brm,AigAwnqw, kumiq (dyvI-dyviqAW A`gy mnuK jW jwnvr dI blI dyxI, ksweI dw krm) pMifq dI vI dUr krdy hn:

pfIAw kvn kumiq qum lwgy ]bUfhugy prvwr skl isau rwmu n jphu ABwgy ]1]rhwau]…jIA bDhu su Drmu kir Qwphu ADrmu khhu kq BweI]Awps kau muinvr kir Qwphu kw kau khhu ksweI ] (1103) ArQwq, hy pMifq jI ! qusI ikhVIAW BYVIAW mqW mgr lgy hoey ho? hy bd-iksmq bMdy ! jy qMU inrwkwr prmwqmw dw nwm nhI jpdw qW qMU Apxy prvwr, cyilAW-cwtiVAW smyq Bv-swgr ivc fu`b jWeyNgw ] dyvI-dyviqAW nUM pRsMn krn leI qusI mnu`K jW jwnvr nUM mwr ky bil cVHwauNdy ho qy ies nUM Drm-krm imQ ilAw qW dso, pwp-krm iks nUM AwKdy ho ? jIv-hiqAw krky Awpxy Awp nUM v`fy munI AKvwauNdy ho,

qW dso, ksweI (Butcher) iks nUM AwKdy ho ?

nMd su nMdnu kw ko ry] qb iehu nMdu khw Qo ry]1]rhwau]

jw kY mweI n bwpo ry ]2] (AMg 338)

)

kbIr swihb dy hyT ilKy slok nUM gurbwxI dIAW hor pMkqIAW dw Awsrw ilAW hI smiJAw jw skdw hY:- kbIr eyk mrMqy duie mUey doie mrMqh cwir ] cwir mrMqh Ch mUey cwir purK duie nwir ](AMg 1369) eyk mrMqy : ‘mnu mwry ibnu Bgiq n hoeI]’ ‘mn hI kau mnu mwrsI jy siqguru BytY soie]’ gurU dI Srx ivc Awky mn gurU nUM Arpx krky gur-aupdyS kmw ky isK dw AigAwnI mn mr jWdw hY [ duie mrMqy : ‘mn kw sUqk loBu hY…]’ mn mrx nwl suBw sMqoKI bx jWdw hY, hr qrHW dw lOB ArQwq iqRSnw mr jWdI hY[ cwr mrMqy : ‘kwim kRoiD n mohIAY ibnsY loBu suAwnu]’ mn qy iqRSnw mrn nwl pr- Dn, pr-iesqRI dI kwmnw muk geI [ jr qy jorU n imlx qy mnuK dw suBw kRoDI bx jWdw hY pr gurbwxI Dn qy jobn rUpI vYrIAW qoN bcWdI hY [so, mn qy iqRSnw mrx nwl kwm mr jWdw hY qy kRoD mr jWdw hY ; kul igxqI cwr[ Cy mUey : cwr dy mrx nwl mnuK dI ibrqI hux swD-sMgiq ivc ivcrx vwlI Aqy bMdgI vwlI bxdI hY, qy AvsQw bxdI hY ‘mwnu mohu dono kau prhir goibMd ky gun gwvY ] khu nwnk ieh ibiD ko pRwnI jIvn mukiq khwvY ]’ hMkwr vwlI ibrqI ArQwq haumY mr geI Aqy hr cIz dw moh vI mr igAw[ ies qrHW jIvn mukiq dI pdvI pRwpq ho geI [ so, mrx vwly hn, cwr purK : mn, kwm, koRD, moh Aqy duie nwr :iqRSnw, haumY [ gurbwxI dIAW hor pMkqIAW dw Awsrw lY ky kIqI geI ies Slok dI ivAwiKAw ivc pMj ivkwr mrx dI qrqIb bdl skdI hY pr SurUAwq mn mwrx nwl hovygI [ byAMq pMkqIAW mn nUM hI sMboDn krdIAW hn ikauNik swrI Kyf mn dI hI hY [ kbIr mnu inrmlu BieAw jYsw gMgw nIru] pwCY lwgo hir iPrY khq kbIr kbIr ]55] (AMg 1367) ArQwq, hy kbIr! jdoN phwVW ivc vgdI gMgw dy sw&-suQry pwxI vW| qyrw mn inrml ho jwvygw qW prmwqmw kbIr kbIr pukwrdw qyry ip`Cy ip`Cy Awvygw [ ies qrHW qyrw rb nwl myl ho jwvygw [

pUrn gurU, gurU gRMQ swihb jI hI swfy gurU hn [ hor iksy gRMQ nUM gurU mMnxw gurU gRMQ swihb jI qoN bymuK hox dy brwbr hY (jy ko gur qy vymuKu hovY ibnu siqgur mukiq n pwvY ] m:3, AnMdu, 920)[ gurbwxI, kyvl gurU gRMQ sihb jI dI bwxI, vIcwrx nwl hr qrHW dw Brm BulyKw dUr huMdw hY ; lok prlok suhylw krn dw Aqy sicAwr hox dw shI rwh lBdw hY [

bicqR nwtk gRMQ / AKauqI dsm gRMQ ivc drj

9

rcnWvW dw vyrvw

sn 1967 (sMmq 2024 ibkRmI) ivc CpI gXwnI mihMdr isMG rqn dI soDI(?),BweI jvwhr isMG ikRpwl isMG AYNf ko:,AMimRqsr dI CpI dsm gRMQ dI 1428 pMinAW dI bIV ivc rcnWvW dw vyrvw hyT ilKq hY:- (1) jwpu : pMnw 1 qoN 10 :koeI smwpqI sMkyq nhIN[ kI AKIrlIAW pMkqIAW soDk kmytI ny kt idqIAW ? iSv purwx ivc iSv/ mhwkwl dI ausqiq ivc ilKy iSv shsqR-nwmw qy AwDwirq (kwl kwl: nmosquqy = nmo kwl kwly)… [ ies rcnw ivc vrqy kuJ l&z ihkwXqW,iqRXw cirqR (&wrsI), ivc vrqy gey hn [ (2) pMnW 11 qoN 38 : aupr ilKI bIV ivc ies rcnw dw koeI isrlyK nhI pr bwd ivc CpIAW bIVW ivc iksy gurU-doKI ny isrlyK ‘Akwl ausqiq’ Cwp id`qw hY[mMglwcrn ‘srbkwl kI rCw hmnY ] srbloh kI rCw hmnY]’ <> nwl joVn vwlw nhI [ ies rcnw dy 20 CMdW (211 qoN 230) dI AwKrI pMkqI “jY jY

hosI mihKwsur mrdn

ArQwq dyvI-ausqiq hY [ (3) pMnw 39 qo 73 qk : bicqR nwtk gRMQ ilKXqy] pMnw 73 qy iliKAw kvIAW dy ieSt dw srUp dyvI dyvqw hn ; srbkwl hY ipqw Apwrw ] dyib kwlkw mwq hmwrw ]’ pwTk zrur not krx [

(4) pMnw 74 qoN 99 qk : AQ cMfI cirq aukiq iblws ] smwpqI sMkyq ‘ieiq sRI mwrkMfy purwny cMfI cirqR aukiq iblws…] qoN spSt hY ik ies rcnw dw AwDwr-gRMQ mwrkMfyX purwx (jo ik dyvI durgw dy AnykW AvqwrW dw kQw-gRMQ) hY [ pRsMgW dI qrqIb sw& dsdI hY ik hU-b-hU nkl kIqI hY , (vyKo AMiqkw nMbr 1 dI qwilkw dy pMMinAW dy nMbr)[ (5) pMnw 99 qoN 119 qk : ies rcnw dw smwpqI sMkyq “ieiq sRI bicqR nwtky cMfI cirqRy ausqq…”

spSt krdw hY ik dyvI cMfI (durgw,BvwnI,BgauqI,kwlkw

qk dy pRsMgW nUM duhrwieAw igAw hY[ (6) pMnw 119 qoN 127 qk : purwqn bIVW ivc isrlyK ‘vwr durgw kI’ pr hux ‘vwr sRI BgauqI jI kI’

ieh vwr ‘cMfI dI vwr’ krky pRisD hY [ iesdw mzmUn hU-b-hU aupr ilKIAW cMfI dIAW dohW rcnWvW vwlw hY[ ies rcnw dw smwpqI sMkyq ‘ieiq sRI durgw kI vwr smwpqMsqu suBmsqu] ies vwr dI pihlI

pauVI “ipRQm BgauqI ismr ky

pwT bxwieAw sBy pauVIAW] qoN sw& zwihr hY ik ‘sBy pauVIAW’ durgw dyvI dI ausqq krdIAW hn[ (7) pMnw 127 qoN 155 qk : isrlyK ‘AQ igAwn pRboD gRMQ ilKXqy’]ies rcnw dy AwKrI CMd ‘rUAwl CMd’ dy svYXy nM:334,335 spSt krdy hn ik dyvI durgw ny icCur, ibVwr , DUilkrx nW dy dYNqW nUM mwr ky cMgI qrHW, imQI ivDI Anuswr, dYq-myD X`g kIqw (AwDwr mwrkMfyX purwx)[ ieh rcnw vI “dyvI durgw bwry igAwn Aqy dYNq-myD X`g dI ivDI” smJw rhI hY [ koeI gurmiq igAwn ieh rcnw nhI dy rhI [

(8) pMnw 155 qoN 254 qk : AQ cObIs Aauqwr kQnM]pwqSwhI 10]

BweI ]1]( not : ieh muFlI copeI spSt krdI hY ik sXwm kvI nUM hI ‘pwqSwhI 10’ iliKAw igAw hY; eynw v`fw DoKw!?) ies rcnw dw AwDwr-gRMQ sRImd Bwgvq purwx hY ijs ivc ivSnUM dy 24 AauqwrW mC, k`C nr nwrwiex,mhw mohnI Avqwr, vwrwh ,nrisMG, bwvn Avqwr, prsrwm Avqwr, bRhmw Avqwr, rudR Avqwr, jlMDr Avqwr, ibsnu Avqwr, mDu kYtB bD 14vW Avqwr ibsnu, AirhMq dyv Avqwr, mnu rwjw Avqwr, DnMqr vYd Avqwr, sUrj Avqwr, cMdR Avqwr, Aqy bIsvW rwm Avqwr dw izkr hY [ smwpqI sMkyq ‘ieiq sRI bicqR nwtk gRMQy… iDAwie smwpqm’ hr AiDAwie dy AMq ivc hY[ (9) pMnw 254 qoN 570 qk : AQ ikRsnwvqwr iekIsmo kQnM[isrlyK hyT 317 pMny ivSnUM dy 21vyN Avqwr ‘ikRSn Avqwr’ nUM smripq hn[ 11092 (?) CMdw dI (rcnhwry kiv sXwm muqwibk) ieh rcnw sRImd Bwgvq purwx dw ‘dsm skMD’ (dsvW kWf) dI hU-b-hU nkl hY (vyKo AMiqkw nMbr 2 ivc dohW gRMQW dy pMinAW dy nMbr qy pRsMg qrqIb)[smwpqI sMkyqW ‘ieiq sRI dsm iskMDy purwxy bicqR nwtk gRMQy ikRsnwvqwry qoN vI spSt huMdw hY ik ivSnUM AvqwrW dy pRsMgW dw AwDwr sRImd Bwgvq purwx hI hY[gopI cIr hrx dI

kQw ivc ASlIlqw sw& JlkdI hY[ ilKwrI dI kvI-Cwp ‘kib sXwm BnY

hY [ SurU ivc kvI Awpxy ieSt cMfI nMU ‘AQ dyvI jU kI ausqq kQnM’ nhI Buldw; swry pwqrW nuM dyvI- pUjk isD krdw hY[ svYXw ‘mY n gnySh ipRQm mnwaU ] aucwrdw hoieAw ‘mhwkwl rKvwr hmwro]’ dyvqw mhwkwl dy lV hI lwauNdw hY[

dyvI durgw dI jY jYkwr krx vwlI rcnw Akwl ausqiq nhI blik kwl ausqiq

)

dI ausqq hY[ aupr ilKy pMnw 74 qoN 99

mojUdw Ardws dw muKVw hY” pr AwKrI pauVI nM: 55 dI pMkqI ‘durgw

copeI]

brnq sXwm jQw miq

sB qoN vD iesy rcnw ivc

10

iqRXw cirqR nM: 266 dw AKIrlw dohrw “mhwkwl ko isKX kir midrw BWg ipvwie]” isD krdw hY ik mhwkwl dw ArQ vwihgurU jW AkwlpurKu nhI ikauik vwihgurU jpx vwilAW nMU BMg, Srwb Awidk nSy vrqx dI s^q mnwhI hY [ XQw gurvwk :

AMimRq kw vwpwrI hovY ikAw mdu CUCY Bwau Dry] (gurU gRMQ swihb, AMg 360) (10) pMnw 570 qoN 611 qk : ivSnMU dy 22vyN nr Avqwr, 23vyN bu`D Avqwr, 24vyN inhklMkI Avqwr Aqy mihdI Avqwr(25vW ?) dw izkr hY[AwDwr- gRMQ sRImd Bwgvq purwx hY [ smwpqI sMkyq ‘ieiq sRI bicqR nwtk gRMQy cquribsiq klkI Avqwr brnnM smwpqM ]’ svYXw CMd dy CMd nM: 141 qoN 156 qk dI AwKrI pMkqI ‘Blu Bwg BXw ieh sMBl ky hir jU hir mMdir Awvihgy]’ ArQwq, ies sMBl Shr dy Bly Bwg hn ijQy klkI Avqwr ies Shr dy hir mMidr ivc Awauxgy[ sMBl dw rwjw SUdR sI Aqy klkI

Avqwr (hir jU) swry SudRW dy ivnwS leI Aqy au`c-jwqIey lokW nUM sucyq krn leI AwieAw hY (CMd 169)[ (11) pMnw 611 qoN 635 qk : AQ bRhmw Avqwr kQnM [ smwpqI sMkyq ‘ieiq sRI bicqR nwtk gRMQy spqmo Avqwr bRhmw kwildws smwpqm] ies rcnw ivc iliKAw hY ik ‘kwl’ ny bRhmw nMU sq Avqwr Dwrn dI AwigAw idqI ; bwlmIk,kSp,SukR,bcys,ibAws, Kst iriK qy sqvW kwildws AvqwrW dw izkr hY[ (12) pMnw 635 qoN 709 qk : AQ rudR Avqwr kQnM ] iriS AqRI dI iesqRI ny pqI dw iDAwn Drky Apxy s`jy hQ nwl K`bw hQ rgiVAw qW d`q puqr pYdw ho igAw !!? ( CMd 34) [ smwpqI sMkyq ‘ieiq sRI

bicqRR nwtk gRMQy dq mhwqmy

miCAwrw, cyrI, bnjwrw, kwCn, rwjw surQ, lVkI gufI KylqI, syvk(iBRq),pqI Bgq iesqRI, bwn gr, ie`l, duDIrw, iSkwrI, nlnI suk, Swh, qoqw pVHwaux vwlw, hl vwhux vwlw, jCxI nwr rwg gwvqI Awidk [ rcnw dw ilKwrI kiv SXwm (pVo CMd 498) hY [ A`gy hY pwrsnwQ rudR Avqwr : pwrsnwQ ny dyvI cMfI qoN swry vydW dw igAwn, sB SsqR clw skx dw vr mMigAw[ koeI smwpqI sMkyq nhI iliKAw [ (13) pMnw 709 qoN 717 qk : ds sbd rwgW ivc, 33 svYXy (ijnHW dI smucy qOr qy GoK kIiqAW spSt

huMdw hY ik is`KW nMU kwl-ausqq / dyvI-ausqq nwl joiVAw jw irhw hY) 3 svYXy Aqy 1 dohrw[ (14) pMnw 717 qoN 808 qk : sRI ssqR nwm mwlw purwx ilKXqy] SurUAwq BgauqI ausqq nwl ? ikauNik

ieh SsqR dyvI BgvqI / durgw ny h`QW ivc PVy hoey hn (vyKo durgw dI qsvIr) [ SsqRW nUM pIr mMn ky

SsqRW dI ausqiq kridAW ‘kwl quhI kwlI quhI

(15) pMnw 809 qoN 1388 qk :AQ pwKXwn cirqR ilKXqy] dyvI pUjk ilKwrI ny SurUAwq dyvI ausqq cMfI cirqR nwl kIqI[pMnw 810 qy iliKAw kwl dw srUp ^ws qOr qy iDAwn nwl piVHAw qy smiJAw jwvy[ rcnhwry kib sXwm, kib rwm, kib kwl nwmk kvIAW dI kvI Cwp (qK`ls) AnykW QWeIN imldI hY [ cirqR 266 dw AwKrI dohrw : mhwkwl dw isK Cl kpt krky BMg qy Srwb iplw ky hI bxwieAw jWdw hY[ AwKrI iqRXw cirqR nM: 405 dy AKIr ivc copeI ] hmrI kro hwQ dY rCw]…… mhwkwl dy A`gy kIqI geI bynqI hY [ AnykW cirqRW ivc ASlIl BwSw, nSy pRyrk, nwjwiez-sMbMD pRyrk kQwvW, kys nwSk qyl vrqx dI ivDI dsx vwlIAW kQWvW au`kw hI gurbwxI / isK isDWqW dy ivruD hn[ (16) pMnw 1389 qoN 1394 qk : z&rnwmh] ies rcnw ivc AOrMgzyb bwdSwh dI qwrI& vI kIqI geI hY ik qUM suMdr srUp vwlw,jlwl vwlw, cMgI zmIr vwlw, dyg qyg dw mwlk, b^iSS krn vwlw hYN; qyrIAW dyviqAW vrgIAW is&qW hn (SyAr 89 qoN 93 qk) [ zrw soocIey, gurU goibMd isMG jI AOrMgzyb vrgy zwlm hwkm dI vifAweI ikauN krxgy ? iPr SyAr 46 Aqy 94 ivc ‘Drm qoN dUr hYN’ ikhw hY[ Awpw- ivroDI ibAwn ikvyN ? ies rcnw nMU ihkwXq nM: 1 krky iliKAw hY !? (17) pMnw 1394 qo 1428 qk: ihkwXqW , ( z&rnwmh nwl imlw kul igxqI 12) mzmUn iqRXw cirqR hI hY [ rcnhwrw kib sXwm hI hY [ kvI SXwm &wrsI zbwn jwxdw hY (vyKo ikRsnwvqwr, pMnw 497, pRsMg kwljmn dYq bD)[ ihkwXq nM: 5 (pMnw 1406) dI khwxI Aqy cirqRo pwKXwn 267 (pMnw 1210) khwxI ieko jhI hY ; TIk iesy qrHW ihkwXq nM: 12 (pMnw 1427) dI khwxI cirqRo pwKXwn nM:221 (pMnw 1131) dI khwxI nwl pUrI qrHW myl KWdI hY[ nSy vrqx leI aukswaux vwlIAW rcnWvW [ ilKwrIAW dI kvI-Cwp qoN spSt huMdw hY ik ies gRMQ dy rcnhwry, cirqoR pwKXwn Awidk dy ilKwrI kvI sXwm, kvI rwm Awidk hn,iehnW ihkwXqW dy ilKwrI vI ieh kvI hI hn, nw ik gurU goibMd isMG swihb [ ieSt dw srUp, AOrq bwry Zlq ivcwrDwrw, ilKwrI Bulxhwr, ASlIl SbdwvlI, BMg-Srwb pIx bwry gurbwxI ivruD aupdyS Awidk p`KW nUM vIcwirAW spSt ho jWdw hY ik swrw gRMQ gurmiq-ivroDI kvIAW dw ricAw hoieAw hY [

’[

d`q ny 24 gurU Dwrn kIqy ; mn, mkVI, bgulw, ib`lw, rueI DunKqw,

’jpx,

dyvI pUjw, nwl Awqmk jIvn au`cw nhI hoxw[

bicqR nwtk gRMQ / AKauqI dsm gRMQ dw

11

rcnhwrw kOx ?

dsm A~Kr ilKy hox qoN BulyKw pYNdw hY ik ieh gRMQ dsm nwnk gurU gOibMd isMG swihb jI dw ricAw

hoieAw hY[ gurU goibMd isMG swihb jI dy joqI joiq smwaux qoN keI swl bwd isK-ivroDIAW ny keI gRMQ isK kOm nUM gumrwh krx leI rcy ijMnHW ivcoN iek gRMQ bicqR nwtk (Strange Drama) gRMQ krky jwixAw igAw ijs dIAW rcnWvW dy smwpqI-sMkyq isD krdy hn ik ies gMRQ dw AwDwr iqMn bRwhmxI gRMQ hn :- (1) mwrkMfyX purwx :- ijs dI nwiekw dyvI durgw hY Aqy ausdy hor srUp AQvw nW BvwnI, iSvw,

BgauqI, kwlkw, kwl, kwlI, mhwkwlI, cMfI

(2) sRI md Bwgvq purwx:- ijs dw nwiek dyvqw ivSnU hY Aqy ausdy Avqwr rwmcMdR, ikRSn, m`C, k`C, vrwh Awidk 24 Avqwr khy jWdy hn [ (3) iSv purwx :- ijs dw nwiek dyvqw iSv hY Aqy ausdy iBAwnk ivnwSkwrI srUp mhwkwl, srbkwl Awidk hn [ ASlIl iqRXw-cirqRW dw AwDwr vI iehI purwx hY [ bicqR nwtk gRMQ dIAW rcnwvW cMfI dIAW iqMn vwrW, iqRXw cirqRo pwKXwn Aqy ihkwieqW Awidk pVHn qy spSt huMdw hY ik ilKwrI qWiqRk mq dw DwrnI hY, mhwkwlI ( dyvI durgw dw iBAwnk ivnwSkwrI srUp ) dw aUpwsk hY[ rcnhwry ilKwrI dw nW jwxn leI ies gRMQ dI fUMGI pVcol krx leI hyT ilKy AMdrly pRmwx iDAwn nwl vwcxy zrUrI hn :-

hn [

isrlyK ‘pwqSwhI 10’ : gurU gRMQ swihb ivc gurU nwnk swihb Aqy auhnW dy pMj Agly srUpW dI Dur kI bwxI drj hY[ hr gur-hsqI leI ‘mhlw’ (ijsdw ArQ hY ‘SrIr’) ivSySx vriqAw igAw hY ijvyN

, sqkwr vjoN guruU swihb Agy Arz kridAW ‘pwqSwh’ jW ‘s~cy pwqSwh’ inmrqw sihq AwK ky bynqI / Ardws krdy sn Aqy hux BI krdy hn[ nON gurUAW dI clI Aw rhI prMprw nMU dsvyN nwnk ny nhI qoiVAw[ AsI cMgI qrHW jwxdy hW ik ‘Awid gRMQ’ ivc novyN nwnk gurUu qyg bhwdr swihb jI dI bwxI guruU goibMd isMG swihb jI ny BweI mnI isMG jI pwsoN ilKvweI Aqy hr Sbd dw isrlyK ‘mhlw 9’ ilKvwieAw, n ik ‘pwqSwhI 9’ prMqU kvIAW dI k~cI rcnw nMU pRmwxIk drswaux leI Aqy gurisKW nMU gumrwh krx leI pMQ-doKIAW ny ‘pwqSwhI 10’ilK id~qw[ pMQ-doKIAW dI ieh DoKwDVI hyT ilKy pRmwxW qoN pkVI jWdI hY:-

ik mhlw 1, mhlw 2,

mhlw 9 Awidk[ ikqy vI ‘pwqSwhI’ ivSySx nhI iliKAw [ guruU ky isK Adb-

pMnw 155 :-

caupeI ] Ab caubIs aucroN Avqwrw ] ijh ibD iqn kw lKw AKwrw ] sunIAhu sMq sBY icq lweI ] brnq ‘sXwm’ jQw mq BweI ]1]

kvI sXwm dI ‘kvI Cwp’ spSt ds rhI hY ik ieh ilKq guruU goibMd isMG jI dI nhI [ pMnw 669 :- puMn kQw muin nMdn kI kih kY muK so kib sXwm bKwnI ] pUrn iDAwie BXo qb hI jX sRI jgnwQ Bvys BvwnI ] (BvwnI = durgw) ieiq sRI bicqR nwtk gRMQy d~q mhwqm rudR Avqwr pRbMD smwpqM suBM Bvyq guru caubIs]24] <> AQ pwrs nwQ rudR Avqwr kQnM ] pwiqswhI 10 ] cOpeI ] ieh ibD d~q rudRR Avqwrw] pUrx mq ko kIn pswrw]AMq joq so joiq imlwnI]ijh ibiD so pwrbRhm BvwnI ]1](pMnw 669)

<> vwihgurU jI kI Pqy ] pwqSwhI 10 ] AQ cObIs Avqwr ]

auprokq pMkqIAW qoN spSt huMdw hY ik kvI sXwm dI ilKq ivc pwqswhI 10 isKW nUM DoKw dyx dI nIXq nwl drj kIqw igAw hY Aqy dyvI BvwnI (durgw) nMU pwrbRhm mMnx vwlw , jgq nwQ AwKx vwlw durgw- pUjk koeI nklI kvI sXwm hY, nw ik dsm nwnk gurUu goibMd isMG jI [ ieiqhws gvwh hY ik gurU goibMd isMG jI pMj swl dI AwXU ivc ptnw qoN pMjwb Aw gey sn Aqy 33 swl pMjwb ivc guzwry pr hYrwnI dI gl hY ies AKauqI ( so-called) dsm gRMQ ivc pMjwbI dI bjwey bRj- BwSw Aqy rwjsQwn dI ifMgl SYlI pRDwn hY Aqy ieh BwSw kvI sXwm , kvI rwm dI hY[ iehnW jwAlI kvIAW dI kvI Cwp ies gRMQ ivc hyT ilKy AnykW pMinAW qy ilKI imldI hY :-

12

kvI sXwm dI kvI-Cwp:- pMnw nMbrW 155 – 160 – 213 – 257 – 265 – 267 – 268 – 269 –

270

– 273 – 281 – 282 – 284 – 288 – 291 – 294 – 297 – 298 – 301 – 303 –

304 -

310

– 312 – 313 – 314 – 315 – 316 – 317 – 318 – 319 – 321 qoN

337 qk – 339 qoN 343

qk – 346 – 349 – 350 – 352 – 353 – 354 – 356 – 357 – 360 – 361 – 363 – 366 – 367

– 368 – 371 – 372 – 373 – 374 – 378 qoN 383 – 385 – 387 qoN 390 – 392 – 403 – 405

– 406 – 407 – 409 – 413 – 414 – 418 – 425 - 431 – 434 – 436 – 437 – 467 – 471 –

472

– 476 – 478 qoN 482 – 484 – 485 – 487 – 488 – 491 qoN 495 – 497 qoN 508 – 512 –

515

– 516 – 518 – 519 – 521 qoN 524 – 526 qoN 532 – 534 qoN 537 – 539 qoN 546 – 548 qoN

551

– 553 – 554 – 556 – 557 – 559 – 560 – 562 qoN 565 – 569 – 669 – 989 – 1138 –

1245 – 1294 – 1355 ( keI pMinAW qy do, iqMNn jW cwr vwrI vI ‘kib sXwm BnY’ , khY kib sXwm, kib sXwm khY, brnq sXwm, kib sXwm bKwnI Aqy ikqy isr& ‘sXwm’ Awidk Cwp ilKI imldI hY [ )

kvI rwm dI kvI-Cwp :- bicqR nwtk gRMQ dy pMnw nMbrW 404 – 408 – 410 – 412 – 417 – 419

– 426 – 439 – 441 – 454 – 489 – 835 – 849 – 851 – 884 qy kvI rwm dI Cwp hY[ not kIqw

jwvy ik iehnW pMinAW dy Aws-pws dy pMinAW qy kvI sXwm dI Cwp vI hY ijsqoN isD huMdw hY ik ieh doNvyN kvI ieko hI ivcwrDwrw (vwm mwrgI dyvI pUjk) hn qy ilKx-SYlI vI ieko jhI hY[

kvI kwl dI kvI-Cwp : pMnw 1128 qy iliKAw hY ‘su kib kwl qb hI BXo pUrn kQw pRsMg]’

swrw bicqR nwtk gRMQ piVHAW ikqy vI kvI-Cwp (q^~ls) nwnk iliKAw nhI imldw jYsw ik gurU gRMQ swihb ivc nONvyN nwnk qk gurU swihbwn ny iliKAw hY[ ies qoN isD huMdw hY ik bicqR nwtk gRMQ dy ilKwrI AQvw rcnhwr gurU gOibMd isMG jI nhI hn [

Swkq-mqIey vwm mwrgI lokW dI jIvn-jugiq ivc mq~sX(mws-mCI), midrw(Srwb Aqy swry nSIly pdwrQ), mYQun (pr-iesqRI , pr-purS sMbMD) Ckx / Bogx dI Ku`lI CuUt hY[ ASlIl SbdwvlI dI vrqoN dI iehnW nUM pUrI K`ul hY[ AwpxI ieSt-dyvI mhwkwlI dI aupwsnw kridAW Slok aucwrdy hn :- ilMgsQw ilMgnI ilMg-rUipxI ilMg-suMdrI ] ilMg-gIiq-mhwpRIqw Bg-gIiq-mhw-suKw ]…… BgilMg-AMimRq-pRIqw Bg ilMg svrUipxI ] BgilMgsX rUpw c BgilMg suKwvhw ]……… ( mhwkwlI aupwsnw, pMnw 77, lyKk svwmI augR cMfySvr ‘kpwlI’ kwlI qWiqRk SmSwnvwsI ;pRkwSk rxDIr buk sylz, rylvy rof, AwrqI hotl ky pICy, hirdvwr-249401; sn 1998 ivc CpI pusqk) [ AYsI ASlIl SbdwvlI bicqR nwtk gRMQ ivc vI ilKI hY :- pMnw 46 :- pRIq kry pRBu pwXq hY ikrpwl n BIjq lWf ktwey ]CMd 100] (sRI kwl jI kI ausqq ivcoN) iqRXw cirqRo pwKXwnW ivc qW ASlIlqw swry h~d-bMny tp geI … pMnw 1358, cirqR nM: 404 … posq BWg A&Im iKlwie ] Awsn qW qr idXo bnwie ] cuMbn rwie AilMgn ley ] ilMg dyq iqh Bg mo Bey ]24] Bg mo ilMg idXo rwjw jb ] ruic aupjI qrunI ky ijX qb]…… ]25]

gurU goibMd isMG swihb jI vrgI mhwn S^sIAq nMU auprokq rcnWvW dw rcnhwr mMnx vwly pMQ-doKI hI ho skdy hn ; AikrqGx mnuK hI ho skdy hn, n ik koeI guruU-Kwlsw-pMQ-drdI [ pUry XkIn nwl ikhw jw skdw hY ik bicqR nwtk gRMQ dy rcnhwr / ilKwrI guruU goibMd isMG swihb nhI hn blik vwm-mwrgI mhwkwl-kwlkw-pUjk nklI kiv sXwm, kiv rwm qy kiv kwl hI hn [

zrw socIey, kI gurU gMRQ swihb jI pUrn gurU nhI hn ? AsI cMgI qrWH jwxdy hW ik gurU gMRQ

swihb jI dI Dur kI AMimRq-meI bwxI swfw lok-prlok suhylw XkInn kr skdI hY ; gurU gRMQ swihb jI pUrn gurU hn ijs ivc 35 prvwn-cVy bRhmigAwnI bwxI rUp ho ky bYTy hn iPr swnUM kI loV hY iksy hor gMRQ vl JWkx dI[ cyqy rKIey, pwvn gurvwk

ijn@w nwau suhwgxI iqn@w Jwk n hor ] (gurU gRMQ swihb, AMg 1384)

AKauqI dsm gRMQ dw ‘ilKwrI Bulxhwr’

13

ies gRMQ ivc drj hyT ilKIAW pMkqIAW isD krdIAW hn ik ilKwrI qoN keI BulW ho geIAW ijnHW dI ijvyN TIk lgy, pwTk Awp hI suDweI kr skdw hY [

pMnw 181 :- inrK BUil kib kro n hwsI

pMnw 254 :- qvpRswid kir gRMQ suDwrw ] BUl prI lhu lyhu suDwrw ]

pMnw 310 :- ikRsn jQw mq cirqR aucwro ] cUk hoie kib lyhu suDwro ] pMnw 354 :- sqRh so pYqwl mih kInI kQw suDwr ] cUk hoie jh qh su kib lIjhu skl suDwr ] pMnw 386 :- KVgpwn kI ikRpw qy poQI rcI ibcwr ] BUl hoie jhN qhN su kib pVIAhu sBY suDwr ]

pMnw 570 :-

pMnw 1273:- qw qy QorI kQw aucwrI ] cUk hoie kib lyhu suDwrI ]

ilKwrI kiv KVgpwn dw pujwrI hY Aqy AwKdw hY ik ausy dI ikrpw sdkw ieh gRMQ ilKdw hW [ mhWkwl, srbkwl, KVgpwn, KVgkyq, Aiskyq, AisDuj Awidk ieko hI dyvqy dy keI nwm hn ijsdI kQw iSv purwx ivc dvwdSilMgm (12 ilMgW) dI kQw krky mShUr hY[ mhwkwl dw mMidr aujYn Shr (mD pRdyS) ivc hY [ aupr ilKIAW pMkqIAW dy Aws-pws dy pMinAW qy pVH ky pqw lgdw hY ik ilKwrIAW dy nW kiv SXwm, kiv rwm, kiv kwl Awidk hn [ mhwkwl dy pujwrI ( qWiqRRk mq dy DwrnI ) BMg, Srwb, nSy Awidk vrqoN rj ky krdy hn ikauNik mhwkwl dy mMidr ivcoN prSwd hI iehI imldw hY [

ilKwrI kvI mMndw hY ik ausdI mq hr smy itkwxy hovy, jrUrI nhI [ pMnw 571 qy kvI ilKdw

hY :-

]

qW qy QorIXY kQw khweI ] BUl dyK kb lYhu bnweI ]

Ab mY mhw SuD miq kir kY ] khO kQw icq lwie ibcr kY ]

ilKwrI kvI ny ApxI miq nUM mhW SuD ikvyN kIqw ? ilKwrI hI jwxy [

aupr ilKy pRmwxW rwhIN ilKwrI ny spSt kr idqw ik pwTk ilKwrI dIAW BulW, glqIAW nUM suDwr skdw hY, ilKwrI nUM koeI ieqrwz nhI[ pr gurbwxI soDx dw h`k ds gurU swihbwn ny iksy nUM nhIN id`qw [ ies p`KoN isD hoieAw ik ieh gRMQ gurU-ricq-gurbwxI nhI [ Ardws dI SurUAwq jykr ‘ipRQm BgauqI ismr ky ’ dI QWvyN ‘ipRQm vwihgurU ismr ky

jwvy Aqy isrlyK ‘vwr sRI BgauqI jI kI ] pwqSwhI 10]’ htw ky kuJ byhqr hovygw [ guruU-pMQ

Agy bynqI hY ik guruU gRMQ swihb jI dI pwvn Dur kI bwxI qoN syD lY ky pMQ nUM dyvI-pUjk bxn qoN bcwvy[ auprlI pMkqI ivc BgauqI dw ArQ dyvI cMfI, durgw, kwlkw, kwlI, mhwkwl hI hY (vyKo, mhwn koS, BweI kwnH isMG) ikaNuik ies vwr dI AKIrlI pauVI ‘durgw pwT bxwieAw sBy pauVIAW]’ spSt krdI hY ik ieh vwr dyvI durgw dI ausqiq ivc aUcwrI geI ‘cMfI dI vwr’ hY ijsdw AwDwr-gRMQ mwrkMfyX purwx hY[

AsI jwxdy hW ik gurU swihbwn gurbwxI dw iek vI A`Kr bdlx dI iejwjq nhI idNdy [ bwbw

rwmrwie jI ny gurbwxI dw iek AKr ‘ imtI muslmwn kI…’ pMkqI ivc muslmwn dI QW ‘byeImwn’ bdl idqw qW gurU hir rwie swihb ny bwbw rwmrwie jI nUM isK pMQ ivcoN Cyk idqw sI [

gurU gRMQ swihb jI dw PYslw hY :- Bulx AMdir sBu ko ABulu gurU krqwru] (AMg 61) mnuK Bulxhwr hY pr gurUu goibMd isMG jI Bulxhwr nhI [ isRStI dI rcnw bwry, iesqRI bwry (BMif jmIAY ), nSIly pdwrQW dI vrqoN bwry, Zlq ieiqhwsk q`Q (……iliKAw hY ik Bgq rwmwnMd jI pihloN Awey qy hzrq muhMmd bwd ivc Awey, jo ik Zlq hY) , imiQhwsk gpoV Aqy gurmiq isDWqW dy ault ilK ky ilKwrI-kvIAW ny Bulxhwr hox dw pUrw sbUq idqw hY [

spSt hY ik bicqR nwtk (Strange Drama) gRMQ / AKauqI (so-called)dsm gRMQ dy ilKwrI ArQwq rcnhwr ‘ABul’ gurUu goibMd isMG jI nhI [ ies gRMQ dI rcnw gurUu goibMd isMG swihb jI nUM bdnwm krx dI mwVI nIXq nwl pMQ-doKIAW ny kIqI hY [

’ kIqI

AKauqI dsm gRMQ dI bRwhmxI-gRMQW nwl qulnw

14

bicqR nwtk gRMQ / AKauqI dsm gRMQ dw pMjwbI Anuvwd (ijsdI ies gRMQ dy ieSt nUM muK r`K ky kuJ QWeIN punr-vIcwr zrUrI hY) goibMd sdn, mhrolI, id`lI vwilAW ny fw: rqn isMG j`gI (pitAwlw) qo krvw ky pMj poQIAW ivc CpvwieAw[ pihlI poQI ivc ilKI BUimkw isD krdI hY ik ieh gRMQ pRmwxIk gRMQ nhI [ keI QWeI pwT-AMqr hn[ ieh gRMQ hyT ilKy bRwhmxI-gRMQW qy AwDwirq hY ijn@W dy ihMdI-Anuvwd nwl kIqI qulnw ies pRkwr hY:

(1) SRI mwrkMfyX purwx (BwSw) ; sMpwdk pMifq rwm jI Srmw; pRkwSk SRI durgw pusqk BMfwr, 527, ey/2, k`kV ngr, ielwhwbwd ;mudRk pMcuAl ipRMitMg pYRs, ielwhwbwd (kImq 150 rupey)[ kul 512 pMny [

ies purwx ivc durgw dyvI dy Avqwr cirqRW dw vrxn hY[ ies pusqk ivc pMnw 299 qoN 353 qk dyvI durgw dy mDu-kYtB, mihSwsur,DumRlocn,cMf, muMf,rkqbIj,inSuMB,SuMB dYNqW nwl hoey juDW dw vrxn hY [ iehnW dYNqW nUM mwr ky dyvI ny dyvrwj ieMdr dw KuisAw rwj dyYNqW qoN vwps duAwieAw[ ieMdr Aqy hor swry dyviqAW ny dyvI dI ausqiq kIqI ; dyvI ny pRsMn ho ky dyviqAW nUM vr id`qy[ pMnw 353 qo 357 qk dyvI cirqRW dy pwT dw mhwqm iliKAw hY [

bicqR nwtk gRMQ dy pMnw 74 qoN 99 qk AQ cMfI cirqR aukiq iblws hU-b-hU iesy qrqIb ivc

iliKAw hY ; iPr pMnW 99 qoN 119 qk iesy pRsMg nUM duhrwieAw igAw hY Aqy iPr qIjI vwrI iehI pRsMg pMnw 119 qoN 127 qk vwr sRI BgauqI jI kI isrlyK hyT iliKAw hY (vyKo : AMiqkw nM: 1 ) [ fw: rqn isMG j`gI, ijn@W ny AKauqI dsm gRMQ dy pMj poQIAW ivc ArQ kIqy hn, ilKdy hn ik ies vwr dw pihloN isrlyK vwr durgw kI sI (pMnw 314, Bwg pihlw)[ iksy AigAwnI jW pMQ-doKI ny bwd ivc iesdw isrlyK bdl ky vwr sRI BgauqI jI kI ilK id`qw; smwpqI sMkyq ‘ieiq sRI durgw kI vwr smwpqMsq AKauqI dsm gRMQ dy tIkwkwr fw: rqn isMG j`gI ny poQI pihlI dy pMnw 334 qy spSt iliKAw hY[ AnykW

QWeIN ilKy mMglwcrn sRI BgauqI jI shwie ]… sRI BgOqI ey nmh]

gRMQ dy ilKwrI XkInn koeI dyvI-pUjk Swkq-mqIey qWiqRk hI hn ; gurU goibMd isMG swihb nhI hn [

ies mwrkMfyX purwx dy pMnw 451 qoN AKIrly pMny 512 qk AnykW qrHW dI durgwpwT dI ivDI d`sI geI hY[ mwrkMfyX auvwc (pMnw 462 qoN 465 qk) durgw-ausqiq dy kuJ AMS ies pRkwr hn :- Em jXMqI mMglw kwlI BdRkwlI kpwilnI [ durgw iCmw iSvw DwqRI svwhw svDw nmosqu qy]1]……

rkqbIj vDy dyiv cMf muMf ivnwiSnI[

inSuMBsX DumRwCsX c mridin]rupM dyih jXM dyih XSo dyih

iedM sqoqRM piTqvw qu mhwsqoqRM pTyNnr:]s qu spqSqI sMKXwvr mwpnoiq sMpdwm@]25] iesy SbdwvlI ivc dyvI ausqiq AKauqI dsm gRMQ dy pMnw 809 qy dyvI-pUjk ilKwrI ny ilKI hY[

spSt hY ik AKauqI dsm gRMQ ivc mwrkMfyX purwx dw Anuvwd hI hY jo isDWqk qOr (dyvI dyviqAW dI pUjw mnHw hY) qy gurU gRMQ swihb jI dI bwxI nwl a`ukw hI myl nhI KWdw[

]

isD krdy hn ik AKauqI dsm

SuMBsXYv

(2) SRImd Bwgvq-BwSw suK swgr, bwrh skMD,Anuvwd-krqw kiv-BUSx mukMd, spYSl sMskrx 1998;mu`l 300 rupey; nXU stYNfrf pblIkySnz, 1813 ,cMdRwvl rof, id`lI - 110007, kul 880 pMny [

ies purwx ivc 12 skMD (muK-AiDAwie) hn ijn@W ivc ivSnUM dy AvqwrW dw izkr hY [ dUjy skMD dy sqvyN ADXwX ( sMKyp ivc, 2/7) ivSnUM jI dy 24 AvqwrW dI ilst bRhmw jI ny ilKI hY [ sqvyN, ATvyN Aqy novyN skMDW ivc ivSnUM dy 20 AvqwrW ( rwm Avqwr qk ) dw izkr hY Aqy AKauqI dsm gRMQ dy pMnw

15

155 qoN 254 qk AQ cObIs Avqwr kQnM isrlyK hyT ilKy hn [ dsm skMD (pMnw 488 qoN 822 ) ivc ikRSnwvqwr dIAW kQwvW ausy qrqIb ivc ilKIAW hn ijhw ik AKauqI dsm gRMQ ivc pMnw 254 qoN 570 qk (vyKo AMiqkw nM: 2) [( not ; bicqR nwtk gRMQ dy ilKwrI ny ivSnUM dy 23vyN (bu`D ),24vyN (hir jU

ArQwq inhklMkI, SudRW nMU mwrx vwlw hY !? pr gurU goibMd isMG swihb SUdrW nUM bcwaux vwly Aqy srdwrIAW bKSx vwly hn ijsqoN swbq huMdw hY ik ilKwrI gurU swihb nhI ) Aqy 25vyN mihdI mIr (hzrq muhMmd ?) dI kQw, jo Bwgvq-purwx ivc nhI, ikQoN leI hY ilKwrI-kvI-SXwm hI jwxy [

(3) SRI iSv mhwpurwx, sMpwdk pMifq rwj kumwr pWfyX, iqloeI (rwX-brylI), pRkwSk nXU stYNfrf pblIkySnz, cMdRwvl rof, mlkw gMj, id`lI-7 ; mul 130 rupey[770 pMny[

ies purwx ivc iSv dy AvqwrW dw izkr hY[pMnw 454 qy dvwdS jXoqIrilMg dI kQw(iSv dy 12 AvqwrW dI kQw) muqwibk aujYn (m~D pRdyS, nrmdw ndI dy kMfy) ivc mhwkwl dw bhuq v`fw mMidr hY [ pMnw 487 qk mhwkwl dI auqpqI (not : AKauqI dsm gRMQ ivc ilKwrI kvI sXwm Awidk hr-hIly swry dyviqAW , AvqwrW , mhwpurKW, mnuKW nUM mhwkwl dw aupwsk bxwauxw cwhuMdw hY ; pVo jI, cirqRo pwKXwn nM: 266, bicqR nwtk gRMQ / dsm gRMQ dw pMnw 1210) ies iSv purwx ivc pMnw 28 qy SRI iSv-shsqRnwmw (1000 nwm, sMsikRq ivc) ivSnUM-auvwc dy ArQ (BwSw-Anuvwd ) pMnw 518 qoN 528 qk ilKy hn, ijs ivc vrqy gux-vwck kuJ l&z / ArQ ieh hn :- suK ky dwqw, pwrbRhm, prmwqmw, ivSv-pwlk, AivnwSI, dyvwiDdyv, swry dyvoN my bVy, kwloN ky kwl (kwlkwl:), qyjomX, AMimRqmX, srvySvr, ENkwr srUp, Awid AMq eyvM m`D sy rihq, nIlkMT, prm cqur, srv ivAwpk, srv-smrQ, isRStI-krqw, imRqU-rihq (Akwly), cMdR rUp, svXM pRkwS (sYBM) ,sb ky nwQ, srv-igAwqw, isRStI-rcieqw, sMswr clwny vwly, ABX, SqrU ivnwSk, Amr, prm igAwnI , sbsy pRQm, prmwqmw , lok pwlk, AMqrXwmI, jgq ky ipqw, srv-ivAwpk, sB ky qwrk, srvySvr, Ajnmw, lok nwQ, inqX AMimRqmX, SWq-rUp, qyjoN ky BI qyjrUp (jwp,nmo qyj qyjy), auNkwr, AkSr- rUp, srv-mhwn, AjyX, pwp-nwSk, srv-krqw, ieMdR-rUp, mukqI-dwqw, inrBX, ivSv-pwlk, jnm mrx rihq, ivSv-vXwpI, AG-nwSk, AgMmX, SqrU-ivnwSk, ivSv ko Bojn dwqw, AhMkwr-srUp, dYqX-SqrU, dyvoN ky rwjw, muMifq-isr, suMdr-srUp, Sbd-rUp, dyv-dwnv-imqR, eISvr, sRI pwrvqI ky pRymI, bRhmcwrI srUp, AMq-rihq, ngn rhny vwly, ilMg svwmI, kpt rUp Dwrk, mUrqI Awkwr sy rihq, AMDk-Asur SqrU (nmo AMDkwry] AMDk dw hiqAwrw), doS-rihq, pivqR, BkqoN ky pRymI, DqUry ky syvn- krqw, klwDwrI mhwkwl-rUp, AjyX, jgMnwQ inrwkwr, iqRlokI-nwQ, pRkwSmX, ipRQvI-nwQ, bRhmrUp, vwmdyv, inqX-AnMd-rUp, srv-Awqmw, srvgX, sdw-SWq-rUp (nmo SWq rUpy), srp ky kuMfloN vwly, sdw Amr, SrIrDwrI , smX kwl ky BI kwl (nmo kwl kwly), inS-klMk, sMqwn-rihq, SWq-bu`iD, rwqRI ky svwmI, ipRQvI svwmI, rkSk, ivdvwno pr dXwlU , pwrvqI jI ky swQ rhny vwly, vIrX-dwqw Bgvwn SMkr sdwiSv myrI rkSw kro[ ies qrHW ivSnUM Bgvwn ny iSv pUjn kIqw [ (not: AYsI gux-vwck aupmw jwp ivc vI ilKI hY ijsqoN lgdw hY ik jwpu ivc iSv / mhwkwl dI ausqiq kIqI geI hY, jo ik gurU gRMQ swihb jI dI s`cI bwxI dy ivruD hY)[ iSv purwx dy pMnw 16 qy AQ SRI iSv BujMg pRXwq sqoqRm (dsm gRMQ ivc, BujMg pRXwq CMd) ivc pwrbRhm-

rUpM jwx ky iSv-ausqiq kIqI hY[ pMnw 21 qy kwlkwlM nmosqu qy (nmo kwl kwly ]

ivc)[ pMnw 16 qoN

jwp

23 qk vK vK aupwskW dy iSv-sqoqRm nkl (scanning) krky sMsikRq ivc ies pusqk dy AKIr ivc pwTk pVH skdy hn [ iSv shsqR-nwmw iesy iSv purwx dy pMnw 518 qoN 528 qk nkl (scanning) krky ies pusqk ivc AKIr qy joV id`qy hn Aqy pwTk qs~lI kr lYx ik bicqR nwtk gRMQ dI pihlI rcnw “jwp” iSv (mhwkwl) dy hzwr-nwvW ivcoN cux ky ilKweI hY [ iehnW hzwr-nwvW ivcoN kuJ nW aupr vI ilKy hn [ not kIqw jwvy ik ‘jwp’ rcnw dw smwpqI-sMkyq AKOqI dsm gRMQ ivc nhI iliKAw ; ho skdw hY ik soDk kmytI ny ies rcnw dy AKIr qy ilKy pihlI-nzry ieqrwz-Xog idsx vwly nW htw id`qy hox[ iesy iSv purwx dy pMnw 581 – 582 (nkl ies pusqk dy AKIr ivc pwTk pV skdy hn) qy iesqRIXoN ky svBwv (nature) kw vrxn kridAW, (nwrd Aqy Apsrw pMccUVw dI vwrqwlwp) AOrqW nUM kwmI, kuitl, ivBcwrn, pwp ivc ilpq hox vwlI, cwlbwz Awidk AnykW doSW nwl BrIAW disAw hY[ AKauqI dsm gRMQ ivc ilKy iqRXw-cirqR (404 cirqRo pwKXwn kiv SXwm,kiv rwm ny iesy qoN syD lYky ilKy lgdy hn[

16

iesy iSv purwx dy pMnw 615 qoN 621 (nkl, Scan ,ies pusqk dy AKIr pwTk pV skdy hn) qk mDu- kYtB vD, mhwkwlI kw vrxn, mihKwsur, DumRlocn, cMf,muMf,rkqbIj, inSuMB, SuMB dYNqW dw dyvI cMifkw (mhwkwlI) ny vD kIqw[ durgw-spqSqI dI ieh kQw aupr ibAwn kIqy mwrkMfyX purwx dI hY ; iqMn vwrI ieh kQw kiv SXwm Awidk kvIAW ny dsm gRMQ ivc ilKI hY [

(4) mhwkwlI aupwsnw ; lyKk pMifq vweI. AYn. Jw,tWfw rof,tobrI muh`lw, mkwn nM: 61, jlMDr istI (pMjwb) pRkwSk Aimq pwkt buks, igAwn mwrikt, nzdIk cOk A`fw tWfw, jlMDr (pMjwb)[ kImq 30 rupey[ kul 120 pMny [

iSv-pwrvqI dy juVvyN rUp, ijsdw s`jy hQ vwlw ih`sw mrd (iSv) dw disAw hY Aqy K`by (vwm) hQ vwlw ih`sw AOrq(pwrvqI) dw disAw hY,nUM ArD-nwrISvr disAw igAw hY [ K`by ih`sy dy aupwsk dyvI-pUjk AQvw vwm-mwrgI AQvw Swkq-mqIey AQvw qWiqRk khy jWdy hn[ dyvI-pUjw jwnvr dI blI dy ky,Srwb Bytw krky krdy hn ; dyvI-SrDwlUAW nUM mws dI botI Aqy Srwb dw Gu`t prSwd vjoN id`qw jWdw hY [ dyvI BgvqI dy kwlI , Awid-SkqI, kwlkw, iSvw, cMfI, BvwnI, durgw Awidk nW mwrkMfyX purwx ivc ilKy hn ijsdw augR (AqI frwauxw) rUp mhwkwlI dw srUp hY[ vK vK smy Alg Alg hwlwqW ivc pRgt hoeI dsI hY[ iSv dI jtw ivcoN vI pRgt hoeI (dkS X`g kQw ivc, iSv purwx) dsI jWdI hY [

SRI kwlI kwStkm@ (pMnw 47) qy iliKAw hY --- ijnky kMT myN rhny vwlI muMfmwlw sy inrMqr rkqsRwv ho rhw hY, jo mhwGor Sbd krny vwlI AOr bVy bVy dWq sy AqXMq BISx hYN, nMgI, SmSwn my invws krny

vwlI, ibKry bwloN vwlI eyvM mhwkwl sy riq ky iley srvQw vXgR rhqI hYN, vhI kwilkw ky nwm sy ivKXwq hYN[ hU-b-hU AYsw hI kwl dw srUp AKauqI dsm gRMQ dy pMnw 810 qy iliKAw hY muMf kI mwl idswn ky AMbr bwm krXo gl mY Ais Bwro] locn lwl krwl idpY doaU Bwl ibrwjq hY AinXwro ] Cuty hYN bwl mhwibkrwl ibswl lsY rd pMiq aujXwro] Cwfq jvwl ley kr bXwl su kwl sdw pRiqpwl iqhwro ]

ies pusqk ‘mhwkwlI aupwsnw’ dy lyKk ny pMnw 23-24 qy “SRI durgw jI AOr mhwkwlI jI ky aupwsk” isrlyK hyT iliKAw hY ik ‘CqRpiq gurUu goibMd isMG’ qQw ‘iSvwjI’ mhwrwj :- ijNhony AqXMq sMkt kwl myN ihMdU jwiq kI rkSw kI, AnXQw nrwDm AOrMgzyb bwdSwh ky AqXwcwr kwl my ihMdU jwiq kw lySmwqR BI nhI bcqw[Awj hm Awp jo iSKw-Xukq AOr jnyau-Xukq idKweI pV rhy hYN, Xh ienhI do mhwn vIroN ky kwrX kw Pl hY[ ien dono mhwpurSoN ko ‘jgdMbw’ jI ny Awj sy 500 vrS(glq ibAwnI….300 swl) phly swkSwq drSn BI idXw Qw ijnky pirxwm-srUp ieqny bVy kwrX ko kr sky [……… pwTk AMdwzw lw skdy hn ik pMifq vweI. AYn. Jw vrgy bRwhmx-vwdI lok Aqy isKI-srUp-vwly-bRwhmx gurU goibMd isMG jI nUM dyvI-pUjk isD krx leI pUrw zor lw rhy hn[

ieh pusqk ilKx dw ieko hI mksd hY ik <> siqnwmu dy aupwsk Apxy Drm-ipqw srbMs-dwnI, mhwn joDy gurU goibMd isMG swihb jI dI nUrwnI qy lwswnI S^sIAq nUM dyvI- pUjk dw lybl n lgx dyeIey[ Agly pMinAW qy ilKI fUMGI pVcol swbq krdI hY ik ieh gRMQ dyvI-pUjkW dw ‘mhwkwl-kwlkw gRMQ’ hY [

hr gurisK dw &rz hY ; swihbu sMktvY syvku BjY ] icrMkwl n jIvY doaU kul ljY ] (gur gRMQ swihb, AMg 1195) ArQwq, guruU qy hmlw hovy / sMkt Awvy Aqy isK doV jwvy, AYsw isK Aqy ausdI AOlwd bhuqw icr nhI jI skdy ; jy jIauNdy hn qW buzidl dI SrimMdgI Aqy iz`lq-BrI izMdgI [ dsm-gRMQ-rUpI hiQAwr nwl gurU goibMd isMG jI Aqy gurU gRMQ swihb jI qy hmlw jwrI hY [

AMiqkw nMbr 1

17

bicqR nwtk gRMQ ivc drj cMfI dIAW iqMnW vwrW dy pRsMg mwrkMfyX purwx ivcoN hU-b-hU nkl mwr ky ilKy gey hn [ hyT ilKI qwilkw (Table) nUM pwTk iDAwn nwl vyKx :

qulnw : cMfI cirqR mwrkMfy purwx Aqy cMfI cirqR aukiq iblws bicqR nwtk gRMQ ivc

pMnw mwrkMfy

pMnw bicqR

AKIr qy ilKy ‘smwpqI sMkyq’

purwx

nwtk gRMQ

306

- 307

74 – 75

ieiq sRI mwrkMfy purwny aukiq iblws mDkYtB bDih pRQm DXwie ]1]

307

– 318

75 – 79

ieiq sRI mwrkMfy purwny……………mhKwsur bDih………………]2]

331

– 333

79 – 83

ieiq sRI mwrkMfy purwny………… DUmRlocn / DUmRnYn bDih

]3]

333

– 336

83 – 85

ieiq sRI bicqR nwtk gRMQy cMfI cirqRy cMf muMf bDih…………

]4]

336

– 341

85 – 91

ieiq sRI mwrkMfy purwny…… rkqbIj bDih…………………… ]5]

341

– 345

91 – 95

ieiq sRI mwrkMfy purwny………insuMB bDih ……………………. ]6]

345

– 348

95 - 98

ieiq sRI mwrkMfy purwny cMfI cirqRy suMB BDih…………………

]7]

348

– 353

98 – 99

…………… dyvI ausqiq ………

348

- 353

115-119

dyvI jU kI ausqq / cMfI cirqR ausqq

qulnw : cMfI cirqR mwrkMfy purwx ivc Aqy ‘cMfI cirqR dujw’ bicqR nwtk gRMQ ivc

bicqR nwtk gRMQ ivc pMnw 100 au`qy <> AQ cMfI cirqR ilKXqy’ dUjI vwrI iPr iliKAw hY [ ies ivc mhKwsur bDih pRQm iDAwie pMnw 100 qoN 102 qk ,

DumRnYx/DUmRlocn bDh pMnw 102 qoN 104 qk,

rkqbIj bDh iDAwX pMnw 105 qoN 108 qk, insuMB bDh iDAwie pMnw 108 qoN 111 qk, suMB bDh iDAie pMnw 111 qoN 115 qk Aqy pMnw 115 qoN 119 qk dyvI jU kI ausqq / cMfI cirqR ausqq brnnM mwrkMfy purwx ivc pMnw 348 – 353 qk ilKI hY [ pMnw 119 qy iliKAw smwpqI sMkyq ieauN hY , “ ieiq sRI bicqR nwtky cMfI cirqR ausqq brnnM nwm Astmo iDAwX sMpUrxmsq suBmsq ]8] APjU ]

cMf muMf bDh iDAwie pMnw 104 qoN 105 qk ,

cMfI dI vwr qIjI vwrI : isrlyK ieauN hY :- (pMnw 119) <> vwihgurU jI kI Pqy ] sRI BgauqI jI shwie ] vwr sRI BgauqI jI kI ]

ies vwr ivc aupr-ilKy dYNqW nwl dyvI cMfI / kwlkw / durgw dy juDW dw hI izkr hY [ ies vwr dI

SurUAwq ‘ipRQm BgauqI ismr ky gur nwnk leI iDAwie ]

“durgw pwT bxwieAw sBy pauVIAW]” isD krdI hY ik ies isrlyK”vwr durgw kI” hI hY [ pMnw 121 qy mihKwsur nwl jMg, pMnw 122 qy DUmrnYx sMGwry , pMnw 123 qy cMf muMf dw vD, pMnw 124 – 125 qy sRxvqbIj (rkqbIj) nwl jMg, pMnw 126 qy insuMB ncwieAw , pMnw 127 qy suMB dw mwirAW jwxw [ sMKyp ivc ilKI qIjI cMfI dI vwr / vwr durgw kI / vwr sRI BgauqI jI kI aupr-ilKy iSv purwx ivcoN pMnw 617 qoN 621 qk mwrkMfy purwx dy AwDwr qy nkl mwr ky ilKI geI hY [

(pihlI pauVI) Aqy AKIrlI pauVI nM: 55

aupr ilKIAW iqMny cMfI dIAW vwrW mwrkMfy purwx dI hU-b-hU nkl mwr ky ilKIAW geIAW hn [ pMinAW nMbrW dI aupr-ilKI qwilkw spSt pRmwx hY [ hux vI jykr koeI AwKy ik BgauqI dw ArQ dyvI durgw nhI qW aus dyvI-pUjk (<> qoN munkr isK) nUM gurbwxI ‘mUrKw isir mUrK hY ij mMnY nwhI nwau]hI AwKdI hY[ qW qy ‘ipRQm BgauqI ismr ky…’ Ardws dw muKVw zrUr bdlnw pvygw [

AMiqkw nMbr 2 sRImd Bwgvq purwx ivc ivSnUM dy 24 AvqwrW dw izkr hY

18

Y ijnHW dI sMKyp sUcI pRQm skMD dy pMnw 36 qoN 40 qk ( skMD 1 / ADXwX 3) Aqy iPr dubwrw pMnw 112 qoN 115 (skMD 1 / ADXwX 7; not kIqw 1/7 ) qk ilKI hY [ 20vyN Avqwr rwmwvqwr dI kQw nvm (noNvyN) skMD ivc pMnw 457 qoN 462 qk ilKI hY [A`gy dsm skMD ivc 21vyN ikRSnwvqwr dI kQw pM:488 qoN 822 qk (kul 334 pMny) pUry ivsqwr nwl ilKI hY[ bicqR nwtk gRMQ ivc 19 AvqwrW dI kQw Aqy A`gy rwmvqwr pMnw 253 (ieiq sRI rwmwiex smwpqmsq ]) qy mukdw hY Aqy pMnw 253 qoN 570 ( kul 317 pMny) qk ikRsnwvqwr iliKAw hY [ dyvI-Bgq ilKwrI kiv SXwm Awidk ny SurUAwq ‘AQ dyvI jU kI ausqq kQnM ]’ nwl hI kIqI hY (pMnw 255) Aqy ivckwr dyvI jU kI ausqq pMnw 309 qy iPr ilK idqI hY [

sRImd Bwgvq purwx (suK swgr gRMQ) dy dsm skMD dy ADXwX 1 qoN 90 qk dy pRsMgW dI sUcI dI qulnw bicqR nwtk gRMQ dy pRsMgW dI sUcI nwl kIqI geI hY jo hyT ilKI hY :

pMnw Bwgvq

pMnw bicqR

pRsMg / SurU ivc isrlyK / AKIr qy ilKy smwpqI sMkyq

 

purwx gRMQ

nwtk gRMQ

( ikRSnwvqwr dy swry pRsMg )

492(10/1)

255

AQ ipRQmI (gW rUp Dwr) bRhmw pih pukwrq BeI ]

]

493(10/1)

256

(dyvkI ivvwh) AQ dyvkI ko br FUMFbo kQnM ]

497(10/2)

260

(blrwm) AQ blBdR jnm ]

500(10/3)

260

AQ ikRsn jnm ]

505(10/6)

264

ieiq sRI dsm skMD purwxy bicqR nwtk pUqnw bD

511(10/8)

265

ieiq sRI bicqR nwtk gRMQy nwm krn brnnM ]

514(10/8)

269

ieiq sRI bicqR……mwq jsuDw ko muK pswr ibsv rUp idKYbo ]

516(10/8)

269

ieiq sRI bicqR nwtk…… mwKn curYbo brnnM ]

524(10/10)

271

ieiq……………… jumlwrjun auDwrbo brnnM ]

528(10/11)

273

ieiq bkwsur dYq bDih ]

530(10/12)

274

ieiq AGwsur dYq bDih ]

537(10/13)

276

bRhmw dvwrw gwX-bCVoN kw Aphrx/ ieq bRhmw bCry Awn pwie prw

543(10/15)

278

ieiq sRI dsm skMD purwxy bicqR nwtk … Dynk dYq bDih ]

545(10/16)

280

ieiq… kwl nwg inkwrbo brnnM ]

561(10/19)

281

ieiq … dwvwnl qy bcYbo ]

559(10/18)

282

ieiq… pRlMb dYq bDih ]

566(10/21)

286

gopI cIr hrx kQw

571(10/23)

297

ieiq sRI dsm iskMD bicqR nwtky

hir

Bojn lyie aUDwr krbo brnnM]

574(10/24)

297

AQ govrDn (prbq) igir kr pr Dwrbo ]

AQ rws mMfl ] ( qkrIbn hr pMny qy ‘kib sXwm’ Cwp )

585(10/28)

307

AQ nMd ko brn (vrux lok mNy ) bWD kir ly gey ]

nhI

hY

309

AQ dyvI jU kI ausqq kQnM ] (dyvI-pUjk kiv SXwm ny ikauN ilKI ?)

588(10/29)

310

604(10/33) 323-354

mhwrws lIlw / AQ kir pkr Kylbo kQnM ]rws mMfl] ( not : sXwm kvI

……………… ny pMnw 354 qy sMmq 1745 ies rcnw dw smw disAw) ieiq sRI

rws mMfl brnnM

]

621(10/36)

355

AQ ibRKBwsur (vRSwsur) dYq bD kQnM ]

625(10/37)

357

ieqI sRI bicqR nwtk gRMQy ikRsnwvqwry kysI bDih DXwie smwpq…]

629(10/38)

358

AQ hir ko AkRUr mQurw (nMdgWv) lYjYbo ]

640(10/41)

362

ieiq sRI dsm iskMDy purwxy…mQurw pRvyS krxM ]

644(10/42)

363

AQ kubjw ko auDwr krn ]

19

647(10/43)

366

kuvilAwpIV hwQI / ieqI sRI dsm iskMDy

gj

bDih DXwie smwpq]

651(10/44)

366

……. cMfUr must m`l bDih DXwie

]

654(10/45)

367

augRsyn ko rwj

/

kMs bDih

qwq mwq ko Curwvq Bey ]

 

664(10/45)

371

… iksn jU ko gwieqRI mMqR

jgXo pvIq fwrw

]

675(10/47)

386

gopI aUDv sMbwdy ibrh nwtk

 

690(10/49)

389

ieiq sRI dsm iskMDy bicqR nwtky …AkrUr igRh jYby

]

691(10/49)

392

ieiq sRI

AkrUr PuPI kuMqI pws Byjw…]

 

694(10/50)

392

AQ ju`D pRbMD jrwisMD ju`D kQnM]

 

697(10/50)

495, 501

ieiq

inRp

jrwisMD ko pkr kr CordIbo smwpq ]

 

700(10/51)

498

ieiq sRI bicqr nwtk gRMQy

kwljmn bDih

 

]

704(10/52)

503

ieiq sRI ……… blBdR ibAwh brnnM ]

 

708(10/53)

509

ieiq sRI dsm iskMMDy bicqR nwtky ikRsnwvqwry rukmnI hrn…]

 

718(10/55)

512

ieiq sRI dsm iskMDy ……ikRsnwvqwry prdumn SMbr dYq bD…]

719(10/56)

515-516

jwMbvqI AOr sqXBwmw kw ivvwh ikRsn sy

/

ieiq ibvwh sMpUrn

]

725(10/57)

516

lCIAw igRh pRsMg ]

 

727(10/57)

518

ieiq sRI dsm iskMDy purwxy bicqR nwtk

sqDMny

ko bD kY AkRr

]

731(10/58)

518

ikRsn jI ieMdRpRsQ gey / kwnjU ko id`lI mih Awvn kQnM ]

732(10/58)

519

ieiq sRI bicqR nwtk gRMQy iSkwr Kylbo…………]

 

736(10/58)

520

swqoN bYloN ko eyk swQ nwQ fwlw / jo ien sq ibRKBn ko nwQY 2103]

738(10/59)

522

AQ ieMdR BUmwsur ky duK qy Awvq Bey kQnM ]/

mur

dYq bDh ]

740(10/59)

525

…solh hzwr

/ solw shMsR rwj suqw ibAwh kQnM ]

 

741(10/59)

527

ieiq sRI dsm iskMD purwxy

ieMdR

ko jIq kr klp ibRC ilAwvq Bey]

742(10/60)

528

ieiq sRI dsm iskMDy purwxy…… rukmnI auphws smwpq ]

 

746(10/61)

528

Anr`uD jI ko bXwh kQnM ]

748(10/62)

530

…rukm bD iDAwie smwpq ] ; auSw ky ivvwh kI kQw SurU

759(10/63)

538

ieiq sRI dsm iskMD purwxy

bnwsur

ko jIq Anru~D aUKw ko bXwh

]

761(10/64)

539

ieiq sRI bicqR

ikrlw

(igrigt) ko kUp qy kwF kY auDwr krq Bey

 

]

762(10/65)

540

ieiq sRI bicqR nwtk gRMQy blBdR gokl (bRj) ibKY jwie kr Awvq Bey]

767(10/66)

542

ieiq sRI bicqR nwtk

isRgwl

kWsI ky BUp shq bDh

(pauNfrIk kQw)

768 (10/67)

544

ieiq kp (vwnr / bWdr) ko blBdR bD kIbo

 

]

770(10/68)

545

ieiq sRI dsm skMD purwxy

sWb

jrwisMD

ko bXwh ilAwvq Bey ]

 

778(10/72)

549

ko bD kr id~lI(?) mo Awvq Bey ]

786(10/74)

551

ieiq sRI bicqR nwtk ieiq sRI bicqR nwtk

rwjsU

j`g kir sspwl (iSSupwl) bDih iDAwie]

786(10/75)

554

pWfv sBw myN durjoDn kw Apmwn…/ juiDstr ko sBw bnwie kQnM ]

 

793(10/78)

556

dMqvkR AOr ivdUrQ vD / bkqR dYq bDh, bYdUrQ dYq bD…]

796(10/79)

559

ieiq sRI dsm iskMD

(ielvl

kw vD) dYq ko mwrq Bey………]

 

798(10/80)

560

ieiq sRI dsm iskMDy purwxy bicqR nwtk

idj

sudwmw ko dwrd dUr

]

804(10/82) 561-563

ieiq sRI dsm iskMD

kulKyqR

ibKY jg krkY……]

818(10/88)

566

BsmWgq (Bsmwsur) dYq bDh]

819(10/89)

567

ieiq sRI bicqR nwtk gRMQy ieiq sRI dsm iskMD purwxy

iBRglqw

pRsMg…]

822(10/90)

---

sRI ikRSn kI sMqwnoN kw vrxn

puqR

poqRoN kI sMKXw ieqnI bVHI ik

 

aunko pVHwny ky ilXy kroVoN bRwhmx Awqy Qy ???

 

570

dsm kQw BwgOq kI BwKw krI bnwie]…………….ArQwq Bwgvq purwx

dy dsm skMD dI kQw ilKwrI kib sXwm ny ApxI BwKw (bolI) ivc ilKI hY [ pwTk not krx [

smwpqI-sMkyq :: ieiq sRI dsm iskMD purwxy bicqR nwtk gRMQy ikRsnwvqwry DXwX smwpqmsq suBmsq] pMnw 570]

bicqR nwtk gRMQ / AKauqI dsm gRMQ ivc

20

ieSt dw srUp

ijs gRMQ nUM isK jgq ivc dsm gRMQ nwm nwl jwixAw jWdw hY, aus gMRQ dw pUrblw nW bicqR nwtk (Strange Drama) gMRQ hY[ sMmq 1952 (sn 1895) ivc soDk kmytI dI soDI sn 1967 ivc CpI 1428 pMinAW dI bIV (iehI bIV ies lyKk kol hY) dw nW bdl ky sRI dsm gurU gRMQ swihb jI ilK id`qw[ is`KW nUM gurU gRMQ swihb qoN bymuK krx leI qy gurU goibMd isMG swihb jI nUM dyvI-pUjk drsw ky bdnwm krx leI gRMQ dw nwm bdilAw [ ivdvwn ieiqhwskwrW ny Koj krky disAw ik ieh gRMQ cwr ApRmwxIk (non- authentic) bIVW (BweI mnI isMG vwlI, ptny vwlI, moqI bwg pitAwly vwlI, sMgrUr vwlI) ijnHW dy pwTW ivc keI QWeIN &rk sn, nMU soD ky iqAwr kIqw igAw sI (vyKo tIkw fw: rqn isMG j`gI, BUimkw pihlI poQI)[ dsm nwnk jI dw ricAw hox qy SMkw SurU qoN hI kIqI jw rhI sI (vyKo, pusqk dsm gRMQ dw kriqRqv, ilKq fw: rqn isMG j`gI)[ hux iPr ies gRMQ dw nwm bdl ky ‘sRI dsm gRMQ swihb’ rK id`qw[ zrw socIey, ik kYsIAW soDk kmytAW hn jo gRMQ dw shI nwm nhI jwxdIAW!!

gurU gRMQ swihb jI ivc pihly AMg au`qy Aqy A`gy 32 vwrI sMpUrx mUl-mMqr ‘<> siqnwmu krqw purKu inrBau inrvYru AkwlmUriq AjUnI sYBM gurpRswid ]’ iliKAw hoieAw hY[ pr bicqR nwtk gRMQ ivc iksy iek pMny qy vI sMpUrx mUl-mMqr nhI iliKAw Aqy iesdI QwvyN ‘dyvI jU kI ausqiq’ ArQwq dyvI durgw dI ausqiq ivsqwr ivc jW sMKyp ivc ‘sRI BgOqI ey nmh ]’ Aqy ‘sRI BgauqI jI shwie ]’ bhuq QWeIN ilKy imldy hn[ zrw socIey, ijs gRMQ ivc ieSt dw srUp ‘sMpUrx mUl-mMqr’ iliKAw hI nhI, auh gRMQ dsm nwnk gurU goibMd isMG ricq ho skdw hY ? ies leI jd qk XkInI qOr qy ieh gRMQ dsm nwnk ricq isD n ho jwvy, ies gRMQ nUM AKOqI (so-called) dsm gRMQ hI kihxw cwhIdw hY[ ies gRMQ dy AwDwr iqMn@ bRwhmxI gRMQW dI pVcol krky Aqy gurU gRMQ swihb jI dI bwxI dI ksv`tI qy prK ky jo AslIXq swmHxy AweI auh pwTkW dy igAwq-ihq Aqy vIcwr leI hyT ilKI hY [

ies gRMQ dy swry pRsMgW dy AKIr qy ilKy smwpqI-sMkyqW qoN Aqy rcnw-swmgRI qoN ieh q`Q (Fact) swmHxy

AwauNdw hY ik ieh gRMQ iqMn bRwhmxI gRMQW (1) mwrkMfyX purwx (nwiekw dyvI durgw qy ausdy kwl, kwlI, mhwkwlI, iSvw, kwlkw iBAwnk srUp) , (2) iSv purwx (nwiek iSv Aqy ausdw iBAwnk srUp mhwkwl) , (3) sIR md Bwgvq purwx (nwiek ivSnMU Aqy ausdy rwm, ikRSn Awidk 24 Avqwr) qy AwDwirq hY[ASlIl iqRXw cirqR Aqy ihkwieqW (AwDwr iSv purwx ivc iesqRIXy ky svBwv, nwrd Aqy iek Apsrw dI vwrqwlwp) vwm-mwrgI Swkq-mq dI ivkwrI jIvn jwc dw koJw pRgtwvw hn[ ies gRMQ ivc ieSt ‘mhwkwl kwlkw’ SrIrDwrI dyvI-dyvqw hI ilKy imldy hn [ hyT ilKy AMdrly pRmwx iDAwn nwl vIcwirAW isD ho jwvygw ik ‘<> siqnwmu’ ArQwq inrMkwr nwl joVn vwlw ieh gRMQ nhI [

pMnw

11

srbkwl jI dI riCAw hmnY ] srbloh jI dI sdw riCAw hmnY ]

:-

sn 1967 dI bIV ivc ies rcnw dw koeI isrlyK nhI [ DoKybwzW ny ies rcnw nMU Akwl ausqiq ikhw hY jd ik ies rcnw ivc 20 CMd (nMbr 211 qoN 230) jY jY hosI mihKwsur mrdn… dyvI durgw dI jY krdy hn[ iks nUM Akwl purK jwx ky ieh rcnw ‘Akwl ausqiq’ khI geI hY , ies dw inrxw pUrw lyK pVx qoN bwd shjy hI ho jwvygw [pr srbkwl Aqy srbloh, ieh do ivSySx <> leI nhI vrqy gey, iesy gRMQ dy Agly AMdrly pRmwx ieh nukqw spSt krxgy[

pMnw 30 qoN 33 qk :- Akwl ausqiq (?) khI jwx vwlI rcnw dy CMd nMbr 211 qoN 230 qk 20 CMdW dI AwKrI

dyvI durgw dI AQvw kwl dI ausqiq kr rhI hY ikauNik mwrkMfyX purwx

ivc ilKIAW kQwvW dy muqwibk dyvI durgw ny mhKwsur, cMf, muMf, rkqbIj, Dumrlocn Awidk dYNqw nUM mwirAw sI [ dyvI durgw dI ieh kQw bicqR nwtk gRMQ ivc iqMn vwrI ilKI hY [ ies gRMQ dy rcnhwry iqMn kvI hn, kvI sXwm, kvI rwm qy

pMkqI jY jY hosI mhKwsur mrdn

21

kvI kwl [ AYsw lgdw hY hr kvI ny cMfI dI vwr ilK ky AwpxI dyvI pRqI Atut SrDw pRgtweI hY [ qIjI vwrI sRI durgw

kI vwr (vwr sRI BgauqI jI kI) pMnw 119 qoN 127 qk ilKI hY, ijsdI pVcol A`gy kIqI jwvygI[

pMnw 39 :- iqRBMgI CMd ] sRI kwl jI kI ausqiq ]…… A`gy kwl dw srUp ies qrHW ibAwn kIqw hY :-

pMnw 41

:- suBM jIB juAwlM ] su dwVw krwlM ] bjI bMb SMKM ] auTy nwd bMKM ]33] suBM rUp isAwmM ] mhw soB DwmM ] Cby cwr icqRM ] pryAM pivqRM ]34] mDukItBM rwCsy sy blIAM ] smy AwpnI ‘kwl’ qyaU dlIAM ] Bey suMB nYsuMB sRoxMq bIjM (rkqbIj)] qyaU ‘kwl’ kIny puryjy puryjM ]64]

ArQwq ijs ‘kwl’ ny mDukItB, suMB , nYsuMB , rkqbIj Awidk dYNqW dy toty toty kIqy , ausdw kwlw srUp hY , jIB qy AgnI dIAW lptW soBdIAW hn, iBAwnk dwVW (dMd) hn….[ pwTk not krn ik cMfI (durgw) dIAW vwrW (pMnw 74 qoN 127) ivc

vI iehnw hI dYNqW nUM cMfI ArQwq durgw ArQwq kwlkw mwrdI hY[ ies qoN swbq huMdw hY ik cMfI, durgw, kwlkw hI kwl hY

[ iesy kwl nUM hI ilKwrI (kiv) ‘Akwl’ AwKdw hY [ ijs rcnw nUM Akwl ausqiq ikhw jWdw hY auh rcnw Asl ivc (vyKo

smwpqI sMkyq) ‘kwl ausqiq’ hY ArQwq ‘dyvI ausqiq’ hY [ Agy hn hor AMdrly pRmwx :-

AOr skwl sBY bis ‘kwl’ ky , eyk hI ‘kwl’ Akwl sdw hY ]84]

ArQwq, swry jIv kwl-dyvI dy vs ivc hn Aqy ieh ‘kwl’ hI Akwl purK hY [ A`gy pMnw 810 AsI pVHdy hW ik kwl gly

ivc KopVIAW pwaux vwlI iBAwnk srUp vwlI dyvI hY [ ies rcnw dy AMq ivc smwpqI sMkyq ‘

ik Akwl ausqiq (pMnw 46) not kIqw jwvy [

pMnw 47 :- ipRQm ‘kwl’ jb krw pswrw ]

pMnw

45

:-

sRI

kwl jI kI ausqiq’ nw

eyk

sRvx qy mYl inkwrw ]qWqy mDukItB qn Dwrw ]

…………… duqIAw kwn qy mYlu inkwrI ] qw qy BeI isRsit ieh swrI ]13]

isRStI dI rcnw bwry ieh isDWq ik kMn coN mYl ( kyvl SrIr-DwrI hI kMn coN mYl kFdw hY ) kF ky isRstI rcI [ gurU gRMQ swihb jI dI pwvn bwxI ‘Arbd nrbd DuMDUkwrw’ Aqy ‘swcy qy pvnw BieAw pvnY qy jlu hoie]jl qy iqRBvnu swijAw Git Git joiq smoie]’ nwl aukw myl nhI KWdw [ ies pKoN ieh rcnw dsm nwnk jI dI isD nhIN huuMdI [

pMnw 54-55:- Ab mY ApnI kQw bKwno ]

swDI ] mhwkwl kwlkw ArwDI ]2] ieh ibiD krq qpisAw BXO ] dvY qy eyk rUp hvY gXo ]….]3] iehnW pMkqIAW ivc mY, hm AKr guru goibMd isMG jI nwl zbrdsqI joV ky kwlkw-pUjk disAw jw irhw hY [ gurisK cMgI qrHW jwxdy hn ik gurU goibMd isMG swihb sMn 1675 ivc gurU-pdvI nUM pRwpq hoey [ sMn 1675 - 1708 (33 swl guirAweI dw smw) dOrwn kdy hymkuMt prbq qy gey hI nhI, ies kwrx nw qW hymkuMt gurDwm isD huMdw hY Aqy nw hI kwlkw-pUjn isD

huMdw hY [ gurU gRMQ swihb jI gurDwm dI pirBwSw (Definition): ‘ijQy jwie bhY myrw siqgurU su Qwnu suhwvw rwmrwjy ]’ swnMU roz svyry vwr Awsw dy kIrqn ivc idRV krwauNdy hn [

so, hymkuMt gurDwm nhI ; gurU qoN bymuK isK hI hymkuMt jWdy hn [

hymkuMt prbq hY jhW] spq isRMg soBq hY qhW ]

qh hm AiDk qpisAw

pMnw

62

:-

(BMgwxI juD ) BeI jIq myrI ] ikRpw ‘kwl’ kyrI ] ( vyKo pMnw 810 qy kwl / dyvI dw srUp )

ilKwrI kvI SXwm BMgwxI juD ibAwn kridAW ‘myrI’ AKr gurU swihb nwl jbrdsqI joV ky ‘kwl’ dw ikrpw-pwqr drsw ky gurU goibMd isMG swihb (<> dy aupwsk) nUM dyvI-pUjk ilK ky inrwdr kr irhw hY [ gurU gRMQ swihb jI dw inrxw hY :

qU khIAq hI Awid BvwnI ] mukiq kI brIAw khw CpwnI ] (AMg 874) jo dyvI mukqI ^ud mukqI nhI dy skdI , ausdI kQw, cMfI dI vwr, ikvyN mukqI dy skdI hY ? dyvI dyvw mUlu hY mwieAw ] (AMg 129) , (mwieAw ArQwq dyvI-dyviqAW dy ADIn gurmuiK nhI huMdy)

pMnw 73 :- srbkwl hY ipqw Apwrw ] dyib kwlkw mwq hmwrw ]

swry dsm gRMQ ivc ipqw srbkwl (mhwkwl) qy mwqw dyvI kwlkw (cMfI) hI ieSt-rUp ivc AwauNdy hn[

iSv purwx ivc iSv jI dw iek srUp ArD-nwrISvr dw disAw hY ijs muqwbk srIr dw sjw ihsw mrd (srbkwl, mhwkwl) dw hY Aqy Kbw ihsw AOrq (kwlkw,durgw) dw hY[ ies gRMQ dy ilKwrI kvI SXwm, kvI rwm Awidk vwm-mwrgI ivcwrDwrw dy DwrxI hn jo ik Kby (vwm) ihsy ArQwq dyvI kwl, durgw, kwlkw dy pujwrI hn[ ies pMkqI ivc AKr

22

‘hmwrw’ guru goibMd isMG swihb nwl joVnw gurU swihb dI inrwdrI krnw hY [ dyvI-dyvqy gurU swihb dy jW isKW dy ieSt nhI ho skdy[bwbw nwnk jI ny BweI lhxw(dyvI-pUjk) nMU gurmiq gXwn b^S ky gurU AMgd (<> aupwsk) bxw id`qw sI

pMnw 74-79 :- AQ cMfI cirqR aukiq iblws]

…cMfI kQw pihlI…

ies pRsMg ivc dyvI cMfI (durgw,cMfkw ) dw mDukYtB, mhKwsur , SuMB Awidk dYNqW nUM mwrx dw izkr hY[ A`XwS rwjy dyvrwj ieMdr dw rwj dYNqW ny Koh ilAw qW dyvI ny dYNqW nUM mwr ky ieMdr dw KuisAw rwj vwps duAwieAw [ A`gy pVo, dohrw] lop cMfkw hoie geI surpiq ko dy rwj ] ArQwq ieMdr dyvqw nUM rwj dy ky dyvI cMfkw Alop ho geI [ iPr iriS munI Aqy hor dyvqw gx rwjy ieMdr dyvqw dI AwrqI krdy dsy gey hn:

svYXw] Xwqy pRsMn Bey hY mhWmun dyvn ky qp mY suK pwvYN] jgX krY iek byd rrY Bv qwp hrY imil iDAwnih lwvYN ] Jwlr qwl imRdMg aupMg rbwb lIey sur swz imlwvYN ] ikMnr gMDRp gwn krY gin jC ApCr inrq idKwvYN]54] sMKn kI Dun GMtin kI kir PUln kI brKw brKwvYN] AwrqI kot krY sur suMdr pyK purMdr (ieMdr) ky bil jwvYN] dwn q dCn dY kY pRdCn (pRkrmw) Bwl mY kuMkm ACq(cwvl) lwvYN ] hoq kulwhl (Sor) dyvpurI imil dyvn ky kuil mMgil gwvYN ]55] dohrw ] AYsy cMf pRqwp qy dyvn biFa pRqwp ] qIn lok jY jY krY rrY nwm siq (durgw spqSqI) jwp ]56]

AsI ies svYXy Aqy dohrw dy ArQ vIcwry bgYr AwrqI dy isrlyK hyT rozwnw gurdvwirAW ivc gweI jw rhy hW[ svYXy ivc ieMdr dy drbwr dw nkSw iKicAw hY ijQy jC Aqy ApsrwvW nc rhIAW hn, byd pwT ho rhy hn, jgX ho rhy hn, SMK Aqy

GMty vj rhy hn,kroVW dyvqy PulW dI brKw krky ieMdr dyvqw qoN bilhwr ho rhy hn, bRwhmxw nuM dwn qy dkSxw dy ky, ieMdr

dI pRkrmw krky cMdn qy cwvl dw itkw mQy qy lw rhy hn, dyvpurI ivc Sor micAw hoieAw hY, dyviqAW dw mMgl gwn ho

irhw hY[ cMfI dy qyj-pRqwp krky dyviqAW nUM dYNqW pwsoN rwj vwps imlx krky dyviqAW dI SoBw vDI [ ies qrHW iqMnw

lokW ivc cMfI dI jY jY hoeI Aqy durgw spqSqI (mwrkMfyX purwx ivcoN) dw pwT kIqw igAw [ ies svYXy Aqy dohry dw pwT jW kIrqn gurU-drbwr ivc krnw gurUu gRMQ swihb jI dI inrwdrI hY[ pMnw 99 :- dyih iSvw (durgw) br moih iehY suB krmn qy kbhUM n trON] n froN… ] CMd 231 ]……

siq sX kI kQw ieh pUrI BeI hY ] CMd 232] (siq sX = dyvI dy sq sO SlokW vwlI kQw, durgw spqSqI)[ dovyN CMd durgw dyvI dI kQw kridAW kvIAW ny aucwry hn [ gRMQ dy pMnW 809 qy dyvI-ausqiq pVHo jI ;

durgw qU iCmw qU iSvw rUp qyro ] (pMnw 809),spSt hY ik iSvw dw ArQ dyvI durgw hI hY

ijsdI kQw mwrkMfyX iris ny 700 SlokW , durgw spq-SqI, ivc ilKI hY [

Blw soco, gurU goibMd isMG jI dwqy dw rUp hn, auh dyvI iSvw / durgw qoN ikauN vr Awidk mMgxgy ?

pMnw 119 qoN 127 :- (cMfI dI vwr , kul 55 pauVIAW ) pihloN ies rcnw dw isrlyK ‘vwr durgw kI’ sI (vyKo smwpqI sMkyq) [ iksy ny bwd ivc bdl ky ‘vwr sRI BgauqI jI kI’ kIqw igAw[ …….sRI BgauqI jI shwie ] vwr sRI BgauqI jI kI ] pwqSwhI 10 ] ipRQm BgOqIo ismr kY gur nwnk leI iDAwie ]……(pauVI 1 )… … ] durgw pwT bxwieAw sBy pauVIAW ] Pyir n jUnI AwieAw ijn ieh gwieAw ]……(pauVI 55) ieh pRsMg cMfI dI vwr krky vI jwixAw jWdw hY Aqy pauVI 1 mOjUdw Ardws dw muKVw hY ijsnUM bdlx dI loV hY ikauNik

pRkrx Anuswr ies pauVI ivc BgOqI dw ArQ dyvI BgvqI, durgw hY (vyKo mhwn koS BweI kHwn isMG)[

pauVI 53 ivc ‘leI BgauqI durgSwh vr jwgn BwrI ] lweI rwjy suMB no rqu pIAY ipAwrI ]’ BgauqI dw ArQ ikrpwn hY; iehnW pMkqIAW dw ArQ hY ik dyvI durgw ny ikrpwn rwjy suMB nUM mwrI pr pauVI 1 ivc Aqy mMglwcrn sRI BgauqI jI shwie] Aqy isrlyK vwr sRI BgauqI jI kI ] ivc BgauqI dw ArQ dyvI durgw, cMfI hI hY ikauNik ilKwrI kvI SXwm

ny pwqSwhI 10 isKW nUM gumrwh krx leI iliKAw igAw hY; ieh clwkI / DoKw-DVI pMnw 155 qy pkVI jWdI hY ijQy iliKAw

hY ] pwqSwhI 10 ] AQ cObIs Aauqwr ]…brnq ‘sXwm’ jQw mq BweI ]) ‘kib sXwm’ dw ieSt BgauqI,

durgw, cMfI hY Aqy swrI vwr ivc dyvI durgw dw mhKwsur, DUmRlocn , cMf, muNf, sRxvqbIj (rkqbIj),suMB, insuMB dYNqW nwl

juD krky qy auhnw nUM mwr ky ieMdr dyvqy dw KuisAw rwj vwps duAwieAw [

pwqSwhI 10 Aqy nwl hI kib sXwm dI kvI Cwp , ikvyN ? spSt hY ik ieh rcnw kvI SXwm dI hY ; gurU goibMd isMG swihb

jI dI nhI [ iesy qrW dw gumrwh-kun / BulyKw-pwaU isrlyK pwqSwhI 10 pMnw 669 qy vI hY[

23

pMnw 157-158 :- ]28] cOpeI ] pRQm ‘kwl’ sB jg ko qwqw ] qw qy BXo qyj ibKXwq ] soeI ‘BvwnI’ nwmu khweI ] ijn isgrI Xh isRsit aupweI ]29]… ‘kwl rUp’ Bgvwn bnYbo ] qw mih lIn jgiq sB hvYbo ]34] (ArQwq, kwl hI BvwnI AQvw kwl rUp Bgvwn hY, isRStI-krqw hY!!??)

ies pRsMg ivc ivSnU nUM Cotw Aqy BvwnI nUM vfw krky ibAwn kIqw hY [ mC Avqwr dI ieh kQw Bwgvq purwx AStm skMD ivcoN leI geI hY, SMKwsur nW dy dYNq nUM mwrn dy prQwieN [ kwl dyvI nUM hI BvwnI nW idqw hY, swrI isRstI BvwnI ny bxweI (?), iehI sMswr dw ipqw (?) hY [

pMnw 160 :- imil dyv Adyvn isMD mQXo ] kb sXwm kivqn mD kQXo ] ( kiv sXwm dw nW not kro jI )

182 :- kwlpurK kI dyih mo koitk ibsn mhys ] koit ieMdR bRhmw ikqy rvsis koRr jlys ] ArQwq kroVW ivSnUM , iSv,ieMdr, bRhmy sUrj, cMdRmw,vrux vrgy dyvqy kwlpurK dy srIr ivc hn !!? ies coDvyN Avqwr pRsMg nMN pUrw pVHn ipCoN Aqy kiv Cwp qoN pqw lgdw hY ik ilKwrI ‘kib sXwm’ hI hY ijsdw ieSt ‘kwl’ (dyvI BvwnI ) hY [

pMnw

pMnw 183 :-

pMQ clwXo ] 8]

pMnw 245 :- ]723] munI bwlmIkM sRqM dIn bwnI ] clXo cauk icqM qjI mon DwnI ] sIAw ( sIqw ) sMig lIny gXo Dwm

AwpM ] mno bc krmM ‘durgw jwp’ jwpM ]724]

ies pRsMg ivc irSI bwlmIk ny jMgl ivc rwmcMdR vloN iek DobI dy kihx qy iqAwg id`qI sIqw nUM ApxI kutIAw ivc lY AWdw [ mn, bcn Aqy krm nwl ArQwq pUry iDAwn-mgn ho ky dyvI durgw dw jwp kIqw [ ilKwrI kvI ny AwpxI SrDw sIqw Aqy bwlmIk munI qy Qop ky durgw pUjk bxw idqw [ XkInn gurU goibMd isMG swihb nUM vI kvI SXwm vrigAW ny iesy clwkI nwl dyvI pUjk isD krn dI swizS rcI hY [

pMnw 254:- ]1] cOpeI ] bRhmw gXo CIr inD jhW ] kwlpurK iesiQq Qy jhW ] khXo ibsn kh inkt bulweI ] iksn Avqwr Dro qum jweI ] 2] dohrw] kwlpurK ky bcn qy sMqn hyq shwie ] mQrw mMfl ky ibKY jnm DrXo hir rwie

ibsn dyv AwigAw jb pweI ] kwlpurK kI krI bfweI ] BUA ArhMq dyv bn AwXo ] Awn Aaur hI ivSnUM vI kwlpurK (BvwnI) dI hI isPq krdw hY , pr krOVW ivSnUMAW ivcoN ikhVw ivSnUM ?

ieqI sRI bicqR nwtky rwmAvqwr duie puqR aUqpny iDAwau smwpqM ]21]

]3]….

aupr pMnw 182 qy AsI pVH cuky hW ik kwlpurK dI dyh ivc kroVW ivSnU hn qW ikhVy ivSnU nUM inkt bulwaux

dI gl kIqI ? kwlpurK , BvwnI iksy Kws QW qy rihMdI hY ? kroVW ibSnW coN ikhVy ibSn nUM kwlpurK ny iksn Avqwr

Dwrn leI hukm idqw, bRhmw qy ivSnU kwl-dyvI dy syvk ? ilKwrI kvI SXwm, kvI rwm Awidk dI pUrI koiSS sB nUM kwlpurK, BvwnI, cMfI, durgw, kwlkw, BgauqI , iSvw dw aupwsk qy AwigAw-kwrI dsky nINvW ivKwaux dI hY [ pMnw 255:- dyvI jU kI ausqq kQnM ] dI AwKrI pMkqI, lok ibKY auh kI sm qul grIb invwj n dUsr koaU ]8]

hr jug ivc BgqW dI pYj rKx vwlw , grIbW AnwQW dw mwx rKx vwlw <> qoN ibnw hor koeI dyvI dyvqw Awidk nhI [ gurU gRMQ jI dI pwvn bwxI dw inrxw hY ; hir juig juig Bgq aupwieAw pYj rKdw AwieAw rwmrwjy ](Awsw m:1) ies qoN bwd Bwgvq purwx dy dsm skMD qy AwDwrq iksn Avqwr ibAwn kridAW ies gRMQ dw cOQw ihsw (qkrIbn 350 pMny) kvI SXwm qy kvI rwm ny vriqAw hY [iehnw kvIAW dI kvI-Cwp sB qoN vD iesy rcnw ivc imldI hY [(not: pMnw 285 qoN

288 qk gopI cIr hrn dI kQw kvI SXwm ny ASlIl AMdwz ivc ilKI hY [ A`gy dyvI ausqq keI QWeIN ilKI hY !?

pMnw 289:-

] gopI bwc ] AiVl ] DMin cMfkw mwq hmY br ieh dXo ] DMin dXos ( idn ) hY Awj kwn hm imq BXo ]

‘durgw’ Ab ieh ikrpw hm pr kIjIAY ] ho kwnHn kO bhu idvs su dyKn dIjIAY ]283] dyvI-Bgq ilKwrI kvI SXwm ny gopIAW nUM vI dyvI cMfI, durgw dw aupwsk isD kr idqw [

pMnw 309 :-(ikRSnwvqwr ivc dyvI ausqiq ikauN?) AQ dyvI jU kI ausqq kQnM ] BujMg pRXwq CMd ]

sIqlw

mMglw qoqlw hY ]426]

kwn suny pihcwn n iqn so ] ilv lwgI morI pg ien so ]434] ‘mhwkwl’ rKvwr hmwro ]‘mhwloh’ mY ikMkr Qwro ] Apnw jwn kro rKvwr ] bwh ghy kI lwj ibcwr ]435]…pRQm Dro ‘Bgvq’ ko DXwn ] bhur kro kibqw ibiD nwnw ] iksn jQw mq cirqR aucwro ] cUk hoie kib lyhu suDwro ]440]

iksn Avqwr dI kQw ( Bwgvq purwx dy dsm skMD ArQwq dsvyN ADXwX dI kQw ) hwly sMpUrn nhI hoeI [ ieh kQw pMnw

570 qy smwpq huuMdI hY pr kvI sXwm ny dyvI dI ausqq ivckwr ikauN pw idqI , SXwm kvI dI SrDw !? iek pwsy

quhI AMbkw sIqlw qoqlw hY ] ipRQvI Bum Awkws qY hI kIAw hY ]421]

cOpeI

quhI

suMB nYsuMB hMqI BvwnI ]

isvw

] mY n gnysih ipRQm mnwaUN ] iksn ibsn kbhUM nh iDAwaUN ]

24

kvI ilKdw hY ik mY gnyS, ikSn, ibSn nhI iDAwauNdw, kMnw nwl suxy hn pr pCwxdw nhI, qW iPr iksn Avqwr eyny ivsqwr nwl ilK ikvyN irhw hY ? ieSt dw srUp kvI SXwm ibAwn kridAW ilKdw hY, hy mhwkwl ! qUM hI swfw rKvwlw hYN, hy mhw loh ! mY qyrw syvk hwN, myrI ilv qyry crnW ivc lgI hoeI hY [ mYnUM Awpxw smJ myrI riKAw kr , myrI bWh PV qy Apxy ibrd dI lwj rK [… sB qoN pihlW mY dyvI BgvqI dw iDAwn Drdw hW Aqy iPr keI qrW dI kivqw ilKdw hW [ ijqnI ku myrI Akl hY ausy Anuswr iksn cirqR aucwrdw hW [ jy ikqy koeI Bul jW glqI ho jwvy qW, hy pwTk! Awpy hI

suDwr leIN[ kvI kbUl krdw hY ik auh Bulxhwr hY [ pr AsI gurU swihb nUM Bulxhwr nhI mMn skdy [

ieh bicqR nwtk gRMQ Bulxhwr dyvI-pUjk kvIAW dI rcnw hY n ik ‘ABul gurU dsm nwnk’ dI [

pMnw 354:- ]758]dohrw] mhw rudR Aru cMf ky cly pUjby kwj ]jsuDw qRIXw blBdR Aau sMig lIey ibRjrwj ]759] iksn,blrwm,XSodw swry cMfI-pUjk bxw idqy hn kvI SXwm ny! (bicqR nwtk gRMQy ikRsnwAvqwr cMfI pUj iDAwie) pMnw 386:-dohrw] KVgpwn (mhwkwl) kI ikRpw qy poQI rcI ibcwr ] BUl hoie jhN qhN su kib pVIAhu sBY suDwr ]

kvI iPr kbUldw hY ik auh Bulxhwr hY, glqIAW pwTk Awpy suDwr ley, ilKwrI kiv nUM koeI ieqrwz nhI [ pMnw 495 :- ]svYXw] hy riv hy sis hy krunwinD myrI AbY ibnqI suin lIjY ] Aaur n mWgq hau qum qy kCu cwhq hau ivq mY soeI kIjY ] ssqRn isau Aiq hI rn BIqr jUJ mro kih swc pqIjY ] sMq shwie

sdw ‘jg mwie’ ikRpw kr ‘sXwm’ iehY bru dIjY ]1900] (

sXwm kiv jg mwie ArQwq jgqmwqw (durgw) qoN vr mMg irhw hY [ aucycy qOr qy not kIqw jwvy ik Swm dy dIvwn ivc AwrqI dy isrlyK hyT ies svYXy dw kIrqn krnw mnmq hY ikauNik gurU gRMQ swihb jI dI bwxI ‘Twkuru Coif dwsI kau ismrih mnmuK AMD AigAwnw’ dy ault mhw-AigAwnqw BirAw mnmuKW vwlw krm hY[ A`gy ilKy pMnw 515 dw pRmwx isD krdw hY ik iSvw hI ‘jgmwie’ hY [ pMnw 515:- jwdv Aaur sBY hrKY Ar bwjq BI pur bIc bDweI ] Aaur khY kib sXwm ‘isvw’ su sBY ‘jgmwie’ shI ThrweI ]2061] … ………pwTk not krx ik pMnw 495 dy svYXy ivc mMgy vr ivc

so,

ikRsnwvqwry jrwisMD

)

‘jgmwie’ iSvw ArQwq durgw nUM hI AwiKAw hY kvI sXwm ny [ (

dsm iskMD purwxy

ikRsnwvqwry

)

pMnw 518, 547 : kwnjU ko idlI mih Awvn kQnM ](duAwpr ivc idlI Shr ik hsiqnwpur ? Bul hoeI kvI koloN )

pMnw 522 :- ikRsn qy Arjn ny Srwb nSy vrqy

(…. ikRsnwvqwry … CMd 2115 ) [ BMg Srwb pIx vwly ilKwrI kvI SXwm ikRSn Arjn nUM vI SrwbI bxw id`qw [

pMnw 571 :- Ab mY mhw suD miq kir kY ] kho kQw icqu lwie ibcrkY ] (inhklMkI Avqwr) Srwb,BMg nSy vrqx vwly kiv SXwm ny ApxI miq (Akl) SuD ikvyN kIqI ? jd ik pMnw 1137 kiv SXwm Kud mMndw hY ik ‘jo nr BWg APIm cVHwvY ] qw kh suiD kho kb AwvY ]5] ArQwq, nSeI dI mq hr smyN mwrI hihMdI hY [

ikhw

ik bRhmw ny ATvW smuMdr Srwb dw ikauN n bxwieAw ?

pMnw 583 :-

hir

jU hirmMdr Awvhgy ]CMd 156] …ikhVy hn hir jU ? auh inhklMkI (klkI) Avqwr hY ;

kwlpurK ArQwq dyvI cMfkw hI hY ijsny Drm dy pRswr leI, swry SUudRW dy ivnwS leI Aqy auc-jwqI lokW nUM scyq krn leI Avqwr ilAw hY : DrmwrQ Awin lIno vqwr ] sUdRM smsq nwswrQ (nwS) hyqu ] klkI vqwr krby scyq ]169]

pMnw 669 :- puMn kQw muin nMdn kI kih kY muK so kib sXwm bKwnI ] pUrx iDAwie BXo qb hI jX sRI jgnwQ Bvys BvwnI ]498] (dq mhwqm)[ ilKwrI kiv SXwm Apxy ieSt dyvI BvwnI AQvw durgw dI hI jY krdw hY[ pMnw 710:- rwgu soriT pwqSwhI 10 ] pRB jU qokh lwj hmwrI ]… ikRpwisMD ‘kwl’ qRY drsI kuikRq pRnwsn kwrI ] ArQwq ‘kwl’ hI ikrpw dw swgr , AMqrXwmI , pwp krm nwSk, lwj bcwaux vwlw pRBU hY [ (<> dw SrIk ??) rwgu kilAwx pw: 10 ]…qwqy ‘srbkwl’ky Ais ko Gwie bcwie n AwXo ]… ArQwq srbkwl,mhwkwl dI qlvwr (Ais) dy vwr qoN koeI nhI bc ky Aw sikAw [

pMnw 711 :- iqlMg kwPI

] kyvl ‘kwl eI’ krqwr ] Awid AMq AnMiq mUrq gVHn BMjnhwr]1]

kwl / mhwkwl dI AYsI gux-vwck-ausqiq iSv purwx ivc iSv-shsqRnwmw dy AwDwr qy kIqI geI hY [

rwg dyvgMDwrI pw:10]

rwm

rhIm aubwr n sk hY jwkr nwm rtY hY ] bRhmw ibsn rudR sUrj sis qy bis ‘kwl’ sBY hY[

pMnw 715 :- (33 svYXy) ] ry mn lYl (l`lU) iekyl hI ‘kwl’ ky lwgq kwih n pwien Dwey ]22]

25

‘kwl’ hI pwie BieE bRhmw gih dMf kmMfl Bum BRmwnXo ] ‘kwl’ hI pwie sdw isvjU sB dys bdys BieAw hm jwnXo ] ‘kwl’ hI pwie BXo imt gXo jg XWhI qy qwih sBo pihcwnXo ] byd kqyb ky Byd sBY qij kyvl ‘kwl’ ikRpwinD mwnXo ]23] …] kwl (smw) gXo ien kwmn isau jV, ‘kwl ikRpwl’ hIAY n icqwrXo ]…….]24]

hr rcnw ivc kwl/mhwkwl, BvwnI, durgw dI is&q <> dy qu`l kIqI hY [ (gurmiq ivruD ) [

pMnw 809 :- (cirqRo pwKXwn SurU ) iPr dyvI ausqiq …sRI BgOqI ey nmh ]….qu hI sRI BvwnI ]…qu hI ibsvmwqw ]… mMglw rUp kwlI ]…durgw qU iCmw qU iSvw rUp qyro ] (dyvI ausqq cirqRo pwKXwn qoN

pihlW krnI kvI Bu`ly nhI )

hn [ A`gy ausqiq jwrI hY ……

pMnw 810 :-

(not : pMnw 41 qy vI kwl dw AYsw hI srUp icqirAw hY ) :-

ArQwq, BgOqI , BvwnI , kwlI , durgw , iSvw Awidk ieko hI dyvI dy nW

kwl dw srUp , (vyKo icqR kwl / kwlkw dyvI dw pusqk dy SurU ivc)

muMf kI mwl

idswn ky AMbr

bwm krXo gl mY

Ais Bwro

]

locn lwl

krwl idpY doaU

Bwl ibrwjq hY AinXwro

]

Cuty hYN bwl

mhw ibkrwl

ibswl lsY rd pMiq aujXwro

]

Cwfq jvwl ley kr bXwl

su ‘kwl’ sdw pRiqpwl iqhwro ]

gly ivc KopVIAW dI mwlw , srIr nMgw,Kby h`Q ivc BwrI qlvwr/SsqR , lwl frwauxIAW AKW ijvyN mQy qy AMgwry, frwauxIAW ltWvW, ^Un-iB`jy-iBAwnk-dMd, mUMh ivcoN inkldIAW Ag dIAW lptW , h`Q ivc KopVI, AYsw hY kwl dw

srUp, jo ik quhwfw (?) pwlxhwr hY [

dyvI ausqq ivc dsy hor pRclq nW durgw, BvwnI, BgvqI (BgauqI ), kwlkw, Awid SkqI, jgdMbw, cMfI, iSvw, kysrI bwhnI (Syr dI svwrI krx vwlI ), kwl rUpw Awidk hn [ ieh iSv jI dI pqnI dyvI pwrvqI dy vK vK rUp hn [ gurU goibMd isMG jI dI ipCly jnm dI mnGVq kQw ivc kvI ny mhwkwl kwlkw ArwDI ilK ky gurU swihb nUM dyvI-pUjk isD krx dI koiSS kIqI hY [ AsI mMn hI nhI skdy ik gurU nwnk swihb dI dsvIN joq <> dI AwrwDnw iqAwg ky dyvI-pUjk bx jwey [ gurUu goibMd isMG swihb jI nUM bdnwm krn dI pMQ-doKIAW dI swizS hY [

pMnw 813 :- pRQm DXwie ‘sRI BgvqI’ brnO iqRXw pRsMg ] (ilKwrI kvI dyvI dI AwrwDnw nhI Buldw)

ArQwq, sB qoN pihlW mY (kiv SXwm) dyvI BgOqI , durgw nUM iDAwauNdw hW iPr iqRXw cirqR ilKdw hW [

pMnw 998 :- juD kwj sB hI clI

‘kwl’ krY so hoie ] ( kwl ArQwq dyvI durgw, BgOqI ; iqRXw cirqR 128)

pMnw 1003 :-

ibsn

jwp Ab qy mYN qXwgXo ] isvjU ky pwien sO lwgXO ] (iqRXw cirqR 130) ies pRsMg ivc rwjw

ibSn-Bgq Aqy rwxI iSv-Bgq dsy gey hn[ rwxI Cl krky rwjy nUM iSv-Bgq bxw idMdI hY [ AwKrI pMkqI ‘isKX qurqu isv ko ikXo AYso cirq suDwir ]12]’ ilKwrI dI mnSw hr iksy nUM isv jW pwrvqI dw Bgq bxwaux dI hY [

pMnw 1199 qoN 1210 qk :- ieh iqRXw cirqR nMbr 266 bhuq hI iDAwn nwl pVn vwlw hY ikauNik ies pRsMg ivc mhwkwl dw isK (cylw) bxwaux dI ivDI dsI geI hY [ sMKyp ivc pRsMg ieauN hY :–

“ rwjw sumiq sYn DI rnKMBklw iek idj (pMifq) pwsoN ivdXw pVHn jwieAw krdI hY [ iek idn smy qoN pihlW phuMc ky vyKdI hY ik pMifq jI swilgRwm (ivSnUM ) dI pUjw kr rhy hn[rwjkumwrI pMifq jI nUM smJWdI hY ‘pwie pro prmysr ky psu pwhn mY prmysr nwhI] 12 ]’ iPr ‘kwl’ dI vifAweI dsdI hY ‘ KXwl kwl ko iknhMU n pwXo ] ijn ieh cOdh lok bnwXo ] CMd 47 ]’ Aqy ies qrHW ‘kwl’ nUM hI prmysr mMndI hY[ hor zor dy ky AwKdI hY ‘mYXw (durgw) ko n mwnY mhwkwl n mnwvY mUV mwtI (mUrqI) ko mwnq qwqy mWgq mrq hY ]53]’ iPr BMg pIx leI pRyrdI hY Aqy iPr AwKdI hY mhwkwl jU

ko sdw sIs nXYXY ] purI codhUM qRws jwko qRsYXY ]

]86]…‘mhwkwl’

hI ko gurU ko pCwnw

]89]

]

idj hm ‘mhwkwl’ ko mwnY ] 91] jy nr kwl purK ko DXwvY ] qy nr kwl (mOq) PWs nih

jwvY]. 98]

AYsIAW

hor vI pMkqIAW hn [ rwjkumwrI dy ies qrW smJwx nwl jd pMifq jI ny mhwkwl dw isK bxnw

pRvwn nhI kIqw qW rwjkumwrI ny ‘cirqR’ vKwieAw[ pMifq dw h`Q PV ndI ivc suitAw, AT sO (!) goqy idqy Aqy ikhw ik mY rwjy Agy qyrI iSkwieq krWgI qUM mYnUM hQ pwieAw hY mY qyry hQ ktvw idAWgI [ pMifq jI fr jWdy hn ; mhwkwl

26

dw isK bxn leI iqAwr ho jWdy hn [ ies pRsMg dw AwKrI dohrw mhwkwl dw isK bxwaux dI ivDI ieauN dsdw hY :-

ieh Cl so imsrih Clw pwhn dey bhwie] mhwkwl ko isKX kir mdrw Bwg ipvwie]125] zrw soco ! Cl kpt krky mhwkwl dw isK bxwieAw, BMg Aqy Srwb iplw ky[ kuJ lok mhwkwl dw ArQ

‘vwihgurU’ krdy hn qy gurU goibMd isMG swihb jI nUM mhwkwl- kwlkw dw aupwsk dsdy hn qW iPr auh lok gurU swihb nUM vI BMg-Srwb pIx vwlw vI mMndy hoxgy [ koeI vI sUJvwn isK ieh gl nhI mMn skdw ikauik gurU gRMQ swihb jI dw Purmwn hY

: ‘AMimRq kw vwpwrI hovY ikAw mdu CUCY Bwau Dry ]’ ( Awsw mhlw 1, AMg 360) spSt hY ik mhwkwl dw ArQ vwihgurU nhIN [ zrw socIey, kI AYsw mhwkwl (jW ausdI pqnI kwlkw) dsm nwnk swihb jI dy ieSt ho skdy hn ?

pMnw 1359 qoN 1388 qk :- AwKrI iqRXw cirqR, nMbr 405…

dYqrwj Aqy dyvrwj dy lohy(Ssqr)Awps ivc tkrwaux qy AgnI

rwjw siqsMiD Aqy dyviqAW dw dIrG dwVH dwnv nwl jMg

inklI ijsqoN iek bwlw (iesqRI) pYdw ho geI(!) auh vI AsqR-SsqR lY ky jMg krx lgI

pRQmy

siqjug bIc kihjY ]…

mn ivc jgqpiq nwl ivAwh dw

Purnw PuirAw

dyvI BvwnI dI ikrpw nwl pqw lgw ik svws bIrj nW dy dYNq dy mrn ipCoN aus dI mnokwmnw pUrI

hovygI

SsqR

sjw ky dYNq nwl jMg krx lgI, dYNqW dY Kun qoN hor dYNq aUpjy… bwlw iGr geI, dyvI kwlkw dw iDAwn kIqw,

kwlkw ny Bgq dI riKAw leI qlvwr PVI qy dYqW nUM mwrn lgI

joDw ] Dwvq mhwkwl pr kRoDw ] bIs pdum dwnv(?) qv BXo ] nws krn ‘kwlI’ ko DXo (hmlw kIqw) ] juD kridAW mhwkwl dw kRoD viDAw ijsqoN bRhmw,ivSnUM Awidk swry fr gey qy mhwkwl dI Srx ivc Aw gey ]89] A`gy

CMd 91 qo 99 qk mhwkwl dI ausqiq kIqI hY ( ieho jhI ausqq ‘hmrI kro hwQ dY rCw’ vwlI cOpeI, CMd 377 qoN CMd 402 qk, ivc vI kIqI geI hY ) :-

qum ho skl lok isrqwjw ] grbn gMj grIb invwjw ] Awid Akwl Ajoin ibnw BY ] inribkwr inrlMb jgq mY ]91] inribkwr inrjur AibnwsI ] prm jog ky qqu pRkwsI ] inrMkwr nv inqX suXMBv ] qwq mwq jh jwq n bMDv ]92] sqR ibhMf su irid suKdwiek ] cMf muMf dwnv ky Gwiek ] siq sMiD siqqw invwsw] Buq BivK Bvwn inrwsw ]93] Awid

Awid

AnMq ArUp ABysw ] Gt Gt BIqr ikXw pRvysw ] AMqr bsq inrMqr rheI ] snk snMd snwqn kheI ]94]

jugwid sdw pRBu eykY] Dir Dir mUriq iPriq AnykY] sB jg kh ieh ibiD BrmwXw] AwpY eyk Anyk idKwXw ]95] Gt Gt

mih soeI purK bXwpk]skl jIv jMqn ky Qwpk]jwqy jioq krq AwkrKn]qwkh khq imRqk jg ky jn ]96] qum jg ky

kwrn krqwrw] Git Git kI miq jwnnhwrw ] inrMkwr inrvYr inrwlm ] sBhI ky mn kI quih mwlm ]97] qumhI bRhmw

ibsn bnwXo ] mhW rudR qum hI aupjwXo ] qumhI iriK kspih bnwvw ] idqj Aidq jn bYr bFwvw ]98] krunw iniD svwmI ] kml AMqir ky jwmI ] dXwisMD dInn ky dXwlw ] hUjY ikRpw inDwn ikRpwlw ]99 ]

aupr ilKy CMdW (77 Aqy 91 qoN 99 qk) nUM ghu nwl vIcwirAW spSt huMdw hY ik ilKwrI kiv SXwm mhwkwl, kwlI, cMf- muMf nUM mwrn vwlI dyvI durgw Awidk nW ieko hI hsqI (iSv dw ArD-nwrISvr rUp ) leI vrqdw hY [ Agy pVo:

kir kir kop kwl sRI qbhI ] rQ pr cVHw ssqR lY sBhI ]

ArQwq kwl / mhwkwl nUM psInw AwieAw , rQ qy ciVAw, SrIrDwrI hY, inrwkwr nhIN [ Agy pVo : mhWkwl

kopq BXo jbhI ] Asur Anyk ibdwry qbhI ]125]…] ijqy dYq Awey iqqy kwl mwry ] bhy soRn ky Bum hUM pY pnwry

]64].

Agy CMd 77 ieauN iliKAw hY…Toik Toik Buj dMfn

jg kwrn

]102] mhW

kwl kY BXo pRsyqw ] fwrw BUim pOiC kir qyqw

]109] …

]

]139]

dYqW

dy mUMh ivcoN muZl, Kwn, pTwn ‘siqjug ivc’ ikvyN pRgt ho gey !? mhwkwl qy hmlw krdy hn :

mhWkwl ko krq pRhwrw ] eyk n auprq rom aupwrw ]200]…….] ieh ibiD BXo dwnvn nwsw ] KVgkyq Asu ikXw qmwsw

]247]…….] puin AisDuj As mMqR ibcwry ] ]248]

ienHW

pMkqIAW qoN spSt huMdw hY ik mhwkwl,kwl,KVgkyq,AisDuj ieko hI SrIrDwrI dyvqy dy nW hn [

Agly keI CMdw qoN vI ies gMRQ dy ieSt kwl dI iehI AslIXq (iSv dw ArD-nwrISvr rUp) sHwmxy AwauNdI hY :-

mhWkwl kuip ssqR pRhwry ] swD aubwir dust sB mwry ]321]….] ieh ibiD BXo jbY sMgRwmw ] inksI idn dUlh hvY

bwmw ]isMG bwhnI (durgw)Dujw ibrwjY ]jwih iblok dYq dl BwjY ]331]

hI dl PUty ]340]……] mhWkwl kI jy srin pry su ley bcwie ] AOr n aupjw dUsR jg BCXo sBY bnwie ]366] jy pUjw

Aiskyq kI inqpRiq krY bnwie ] iqn pr Apno hwQ dY AisDuj lyq bcwie ]367] bhuir Asur kw kwtis mwQw ] sRI Aiskyq jgq ky nwQw ]374] puin rwCs kw kwtw sIsw ] sRI Aiskyq jgq

kyiqk mhW kwl Air (vYrI) kUty ] bwdl sy sB

27

ky eIsw ] puhpn ibRsit ggn qy BeI ] sBihn Awin bDweI deI ]375]DMnX DMnX logn ky rwjw] dustn dwh grIb invwjw ] AKl Bvn ky isrjnhwry ] dws jwin muih lyhu aubwry ]376]

A`gy rhrwis ivc pVI jWdI cOpeI : kbXo bwc bynqI ] cOpeI ]

(gRMQ ivc isrlyK pw:10 nhI iliKAw, pr gutikAW ivc mnmqIAw ny ikvyN ilK id`qw ?)

hmrI kro hwQ dY rCw ]pUrn hoie

icq kI ieCw ]

]377]

qumih Cwif koeI Avr n DXwaUN]( <> dw nhI mhwkwl dw ismrn krW ! ikauN?) ]380]

‘kwl’ pwie bRhmw bpu Drw ] ‘kwl’ pwie iSv jU Avqrw] ‘kwl’ pwie kir ibsn pRkwsw ] skl ‘kwl’ kw ikXw qmwsw

] 383](kMnW dI mYl nwl sMswr-rUpI qmwSy dw krqw kwl,mhwkwl hY)

…. Awid AMiq eykY Avqwrw ] soeI gurU smiJXhu hmwrw ] 385 ] …… inrMkwr inribkwr inRlMB ] Awid AnIl Anwid

AsMB ]

BXo rwv khI BUpw ]

suXMBv ]395] (isKI dy mUl-mMqr Aqy jpu-bwxI dy ault mhwkwl leI ? ) jy AisDuj qv srnI pry ] iqnky dust duiKq

hY mry ]

]391]

]397]

( Akwl-purKI gux dyhDwrI mhwkwl leI ? isK kOm eyQy BulyKw Kw geI )… ] eykY rUp AnUp srUpw] rMk

]394](

iehI pMkqIAW pMnw 158 qy‘kwl rUp Bgvwn’ leI ilKIAW hn)….] Awid jugwid srUp

‘KVgkyq’ mY srin iqhwrI ] Awpu hwQ dY lyhu aubwrI ]srb TOr mo hohu shweI ] dust doK qy lyhu bcweI

]401] ikRpw krI hm pr ‘jgmwqw’ (durgw) ] gRMQ krw pUrn suBrwqw ]…]402] sRI AisDuj jb Bey dieAwlw ]

pUrn krw gRMQ qqkwlw ]

]403]

](pMnw 1388)

AKIr qy smwpqI sMkyq ieauN hY :-

ieiq sRI cirqR pKXwny iqRXw cirqRy mMqRI BUp sMbwdy cwr sO pWc cirqR smwpqmsqu suBmsqu]405]

ieh cOpeI mhwkwl / kwl , ijsnUM lVweI kridAW psInw vI AwauNdw hY Aqy kRoD ivc Aw ky SsqR lYky lVdw hY, nUM hI sMboDn krky kib SXwm ny aucwrI hY; gutikAW ivc isrlyK nwl pwqSwhI 10 iksy pMQ-doKI ny BulyKw pwaux leI iliKAw hY [ mhwkwl dw ArQ ‘vwihgurU’ dsx vwly aupr ibAwn kIqy iqRXw-cirqR nM: 266 iPr iDAwn nwl pVHn ; mhwkwl dw isK bxn vwly nUM BMg Aqy Srwb iplw ky hI isK bxwauNdy hn [

ies qrHW pUry gRMQ ivc ieSt dw srUp mhwkwl-kwlkw hI isD huMdw hY [

gurU gRMQ swihb jI dI bwxI n dyvI-dyvqy pUjx dI iejwzq idMdI hY Aqy n hI koeI nSw vrqx dI [ pr gurU-doKIAW Aqy pMQ-ivroDIAW ny gurU goibMd isMG jI nUM dyvI-pUjk, nSy iplwx vwlw ilKky gurU swihb nUM bdnwm krn dI mwVI nIXq nwl ies AKauqI dsm gRMQ dI rcnw kvIAW pwsoN krvweI[pMifq SRI vweI. eyn. Jw., invwsI mkwn nM: 61, tobrI muhlw , tWfw rof, jlMDr istI (pMjwb) dI ilKI pusqk mhwkwlI aupwsnw ( pRkwSk Aimq pwikt buks, gXwn mwrikt, nzdIk cONk Afw tWfw, jlMDr-144008) dy pMnw 23 - 24 qy CipAw hY ik gurU goibMd isMG jI ‘durgw AOr mhwkwlI jI ky aupwsk’ sn[

Bwrq dy sYNtrl borf Aw& sYkMfrI AYjukySn (C.B.S.E.) dI mMzUrSudw novIN jmwq dI pMjwbI pusqk ‘swihq dIipkw’ , nvMbr 2007 ivc CpI, dy pMnw 11-12 qy CpI rcnw ‘durgw–mihKwsur Xu`D’ gurU goibMd isMG jI dI ricq drsw ky AKIr qy Syr qy bYTI durgw dI qsvIr Cwp ky gurU hrikSn pbilk skUl dy isK b`icAW nUM pVHwieAw jw irhw hY ik ‘gurU goibMd isMG jI dyvI durgw dy aupwsk sn’[ AYsIAW ilKqW Aqy pusqkW dw gurisKW nUM Aqy isK-kmytIAW nUM ivroD krnw cwhIdw hY [gurU gRMQ swihb jI ivc drswey Drm ‘qij siB Brm BijE pwrbRhmu ] khu nwnk Atl iehu Drmu ] (AMg 196)’ muqwbk gurU goibMd isMG swihb pwrbRhm <> (inrwkwr prmwqmw) dy hI aupwsk sn , nw ik mhwkwl-kwlkw dy [

gurU swihb dI b^iSS dw pwqr bxn leI isK-kOm swry gurU-inMdk gRMQW nUM pwsy kr ky dsm nwnk gurU goibMd swihb jI dy AwKrI hukm nUM mMn ky kyvl Aqy kyvl gurU gRMQ swihb jI dI pwvn Dur kI scI bwxI nwl juVy [

bicqR nwtk gRMQ / AKauqI dsm gRMQ ivc

28

iesqRI bwry ivcwr

sRI gurU gRMQ swihb ivc iesqRI nUM hr mnuK dI, rwjy-mhwrwijAW dI vI jnnI dsky

vifAwieAw igAw hY [ gurU gRMQ swihb jI dw, vwr Awsw ivc, &urmwn hY :- BMif jMmIAY BMif inMmIAY BMif mMgxu vIAwhu] BMfhu hovY dosqI BMfhu clY rwhu ] BMfu muAw BMfu BwlIAY BMif hovY bMDwnu]so ikau mMdw AwKIAY ijqu jMmih rwjwn ] BMfhu hI BMfu aupjY BMfY bwJu n koie]nwnk BMfY bwhrw eyko scw soie ](AMg 473)

isr& prmwqmw hI hY jo ik ‘sYBM’ (AwpInY@ Awpu swijE

)

hY, iesqRI qoN nhI jMimAw[

pr bicqR nwtk gRMQ / AKauqI dsm gRMQ ivc iesqRI bwry ivcwr hyT ilKq hn, jo ik gurU gRMQ swihb jI dy auprokq vwr Awsw dy Sbd dy iblkul ault hn :- pMnw 823 ;- gMDRb j`C BujMg gn nr bpury ikn mwih ]

pMnw

dyv Adyv iqRXwn ky 848 :- cMclwn ky cirqR ko

Byv pCwnq nwih ] skq n koaU pwie ]

cMdR sUr sur Asur sB bRhm ibsn sur rwie ]

pMnw 992 :- bRhm ibsn sur Asur sB

rYnwiDp idnrwie ]

byd ibAws Aru byd

iqRX Byd skY nih pwie ]

pMnw 1027 :- AqBuq cirqR iqRXwn ko skq n koaU cIn ] pMnw 1079 :- ieMdR ibsn bRhmw isv hoeI ] iqRX cirqR qy bcq n koeI ]

pMnw 1123 :- cMclwn ky cirqR ko

bRhm ibsn rudRwid sB sur surpiq koaU hoie ] pMnw 1170 :- qruinn kr ihXro nih dIjY ] iqn ko coir sdw icq lIjY ] iqRX ko kCu ibsvws n kirXY] iqRX cir`qR qy ijX Aiq firXY ]

pMnw 1267 :- AMq iqRXn ky iknMU n pwXo ] ibDnw isrij bhuir pCuqwXo ]

cIin skq nih koie ]

ijn ieh ikXo skl sMswro ]

vhY pCwin Byd iqRX hwro ]

pMnw 1278 ;- ien iesiqRn ky cirq Apwrw ]sij pCuqwnXo ien krqwrw ] pMnw 1296 :- iqRX ko cirq n ibDnw jwnY ] mhw rudR BI kCu n pCwnY ] ienkI bwq eyk hI pweI ] ijn iesqRI jgdIs bnweI ] pMnw 1351 :- cMclwn ky cirq Apwrw ] cikRq rhw kir kir krqwrw ] iehnW AMdrly pRmwxW qoN sw& zwihr huMdw hY ik iesqRI nUM swj ky krqwr BI pCqwXw!? mnuK ivcwrw qW kI, ieMdr,ivSnUM,bRhmw,iSv Awidk dyvqy vI iesqRI dy mn dy Byd nhI jwx sky [ iesqRIAW dw ieqbwr n krXo, iehnW qoN fr ky rihxw[ ilKwrI ny srb-smrQ krqwr nUM vI iesqRI dy swmHxy AsmrQ isD kr id`qw [ ies dw AwDwr iSv purwx (pMnw 581, iesqRIAW dy cirqR) ivc ilKI nwrd Aqy pMccUVw (iek Apsrw) dI vwrqwlwp hY [ XkInn ies gRMQ dy ilKwrI gurU goibMd isMG jI nhI hn[ gurU gRMQ swihb jI dI gurmiq ivcwrDwrw nwl iesqRI pRqI bicqR nwtk gRMQ / AKauqI dsm gRMQ dI ivcwrDwrw au~kw hI myl nhI KWdI[ zwihr hY AKOqI dsm gRMQ gurU gRMQ swihb jI dw ivroDI gRMMQ hY ; iqAwgx Xog hY[

bicqR nwtk gRMQ / AKOqI dsm gRMQ ’c ilKI

29

ASlIl SbdwvlI dy kuJ AMS

ASlIlqw, nSw pRcwr krn vwlIAW Aqy Awcrn-hIxqw isKwaux vwlIAW rcnWvW :-

pMnw 46 :- pRIq kIey pRB pwXq hY ikrpwl n BIjq ‘lWf ktwey’] (kwl ausqiq )

pMnw 1017 :- vw ko Dwm bulwvn kIno ] BWiq BWiq so Awsn dIno ]2] qwih kyS-Air bkqR lgwXo ] sB kysn ko dUr krwXo ]3] icmit icmit qW so lptweI ] mn mwnq iqRX kyl kmweI ]4]

(Dwm=Gr ; kyS-Air-bkqR = kys nwSk qyl ; kyl = kwm KyfW)

is`KI

dI pihcwn kysW qy hmlw[

pMnw 1040 :- mo so Bog mIq Ab krIXY ] Xw icMqw qY nYk n frIXY ] pkir mIq Apny aupir lXo cVHwie ] qW soN riq mwnq BeI lpit lpit suK pwie ]15](nYk=QoVw ijMnw vI ;riq =kwm kRIVw )

pMnw 1267 :- kY qih kwit krY sq KMfw

( Bg = iesqRI gupq AMg

] kY dY moir ‘Bg’ ibKY ‘lMfw’ ]

;

lMfw = mrd gupq AMg )

pMnw 1281 :-

Awsn kry qruin bhu hwrw ] cuMbnwid nK Gwq Apwrw ] (kuAwrIAW lVkIAW nUM glq isiKAw) (qruin = kuAwrI lVkI ; bjweI = Bog kIqw ; nK Gwq = nhMuAW nwl z^m )

rYin skl iqn qruin bjweI ]BWiq BWiq ky swQ hMFweI ]

pMnw 1319 :- posq BWg A&Im mMgwvih ] eyk syj doaU bYT cVwvih ]kY&ih hoq rsmsy jbhI ] kRIVw krq doaU imil qb hI ]BWiq BWiq qn Awsn lY ky ] cuMbn AOr AwilMgn kY ky ]

(kY&ih = Srwb; rsmsy = msq),

…………… ArQwq nSy ivBcwr qoN mnwhI nhI [

pMnw 1342 :-

kwFw ] iqRX idl Fol Fmwkw gwFw ] ……… (Bg=iesqRI AMg ; ilMg=mrd AMg)

pRQm jwr jb Dkw lgwXo ] qb rwnI lY Fol bjwXo ] jb iqh ‘ilMg’ su ‘Bg’ qy

pMnw 1358 ; cirqRo pwKXwn / iqRXw cirqR nM: 402 :-

dIXo bnwie ] cuMbn rwie AwilMgn ley]’ilMg’ dyq iqh ‘Bg’ mo Bey ]23]‘Bg’ mo ‘ilMg’ dIXo rwjw jb] ruic aupjI qrunI ky ijX qb] lpit lpit Awsn qir geI] cuMbn krq BUp ky BeI

]24] gih gih qih ko gry lgwvw ] Awsn soN Awsnih Cuhwvw ] ADrn soN doaU ADr lgweI ]

duNhU kucn soN kucn imlweI ]25]

posq BWg A&Im iKlwie] Awsn qW qr

(ADr=hoT ; kucn=CwqIAW)

AYsIAW AnykW hor pMkqIAW SXwm kiv Aqy rwm kiv ricq ies Swkq-mqIey AKauqI dsm gRMQ ivc pMnw 809 qoN pMnw 1388 qk ArQwq 580 pMny (405 nMbr qk dy cirqRo pwKXwnW Aqy ihkwieqW ivcoN) pwTk Kud pV skdy hn [ ArQ smJx leI fw: rqn isMG j`gI dw pMj poQIAW ivc kIqw tIkw piVAw jw skdw hY [

Swkq-mqIey ieqny bySrm log hn ik dyvI-ausqiq kridAW vI Bg (iesqRI gupq AMg) Aqy ilMg (mrd gupq AMg) l&zW dI vrqoN Ku`ly-f`uly ho ky krdy hn[ svwmI augR cMfySvr kpwlI dI ilKI mhwkwlI aupwsnw pusqk dy pMnw 77 qy Slok :- ilMgsQw ilMgnI ilMg-rUipxI ilMg-suMdrI ] ilMg-gIiq-mhwpRIqw Bg-gIiq-mhw-suKw ] Bg-ilMg-AMimRq-pRIqw Bg ilMg svrUipxI ]Bg-ilMgsX rUpw c Bg-ilMg suKwvhw ]

ASlIl SbdW vwlIAW rcnWvW gurU goibMd isMG jI dIAW nhIN ho skdIAW[

bicqR nwtk gRMQ / AKauqI dsm gRMQ ivc

30

zPrnwmh Aqy ihkwXqW

ies gRMQ dy AKIr ivc cirqR pKXwn qoN bwd z&rnwmh Aqy 11 ihkwXqW hn [ z&rnwmh dw nMbr 1 iliKAw hY Aqy 11vIN ihkwXq dy AKIr qy ( pMnw 1428 ) nMbr 12 iliKAw hY [

pMnw 1389 qy zPrnwmh dw mMglwcrn “<> hukm s`iq sRI vwihgurU jI kI Pqh]” iblkul nvyklw hI mMglwcrn hY[ hukm s`iq ilKxw Aqy &qh nwl sRI A`Kr ilKxw gur-mrXwdw nhI [ zPrnwmh ivc kuJ SyAr (nM: 89,90,91,92,93) zwlm bwdSwh AOrMgzyb nUM DrmI, cMgI zmIr vwlw, b^iSSW krx vwlw ilK ky ausdI vifAweI kr rhy hn Aqy hor keI SyArW ivc ausnUM &rybI, zwlm m`kwr Awidk ilKdy hn [ kI ieh Awpw-ivroDI i^Awl dsm nwnk jI ny ilKy hoxgy ?

ihkwXqW dI ivSw-vsqU ( subject matter) cirqoR pKXwn / iqRXw cirqRW nwl hU-b-hU myl KWdw hY[ ijvyN cirqRo pwKXwn kiv SXwm qy kiv rwm dI rcnw ( vyKo, spSt ilKI kvI-Cwp ) iqvyN hI ihkwieqW iehnW kvIAW dI rcnw hn [ hyT ilKy nukqy Kws qOr qy not krny zrUrI hn :- ( 1 ) cirqR pKXwn nM: 267 (pMnw 1210) dI khwxI ihkwXq nM: 5 (pMnw 1406) ‘ihkwXq SunIdm Xky kwzIAS’dI khwxI nwl iblkul myl KWdI hY; isr& pwqrW dy nW bdl id`qy hn [ ihkwXq dI khwxI sMKyp ivc ies qrHW hY :- iek kwzI…ausdI suMdr pqnI…iek suMdr nojvwn rwjy sbl isMG nwl ivAwh dI ieCuk…rwjy ny pihly pqI dw isr v`F ky ilAwaux dI Srq rKI… su`qy pqI dw isr v`F ilAweI…rwjw

fr igAw…ienkwr kr id~qw

mcw ky lok k~Ty kIqy…rsqy ivc lhUu dy inSwn rwjy qk lY gey… kql dw ielzwm…bwdSwh jhWgIr A`gy

pySI

pySkS kIqI,nhI qW mOq… rwjy ny gl mMn leI… brI krw ky Gr lY AweI… ADI rwq Xwr rwjy nwl Shr C`f geI [ cirqRo pwKXwn nM: 267 dI khwxI ( pMnw 1210) :- rwjw rUpsYn…iek kwzI dI pqnI rwjy qy moihq … rwjy dI kwzI nUM mwrx dI Srq…isr k`t ilAweI…rwjw fr igAw… kitAw isr brwmd hox qy rwjy qy kql dw doS…bwdSwh jhWgIr kOl iSkwieq…mOq qoN fr ky rwjy ny sulh kIqI…m`ky jwx dw lokW nUM kih ky rwjy kol Aw geI [

pqI

dw isr EQy hI sut ky Aw geI

pqI

dw kql iksy kr id`qw, ieh Sor

bwdSwh dw &Yslw- kwql nwl Aorq jo slUk krnw cwhy,kr skdI hY… AOrq ny gl mMnx dI iPr

(2) iesy qrHW AwKrI ihkwXq nM: 12 (pMnw 1427) ‘SunIdm su^n koh kYbr AzIm’ …………………

Aqy cirqR pwKXwn nM: 221 (pMnw 1131) ; dohW khwxIAW ivc AOrq byv&w

scI bx geI Xwr

Xwr

nMU mwr ky pqI swhmxy

nMU mwr ky auhdw mws pqI nUM KuAw id`qw[

(3) ihkwXq nM:12 dy A^Ir qy ilKy SyAr :- ibidh swkIXw swZry sbz rI ] ik mw rw bkwrsq jMg AMdrMU ]20] lbwlb bkun dm bdm noS kun ] Zmy hr du Awlm &rwmoS kun]21]12] ArQwq, hy swkI! mYnUM hry rMg (dI Srwb) dw ipAwlw dy,jo mYnMU jMg ivc loVINdw hY[20[auh ipAwlw kMFy qk BirAw hovy ijs nUM mYN hr vyly pINdw rhW Aqy dohW jhwnW dy Zmw nMU Bulw idAW [21[12[ iesy mzmUn qy ihkwXq nM: 2 dw SyAr nM:64, ihkwXq nM: 3 dw SyAr nM: 56 , ihkwXq 4 SyAr 138 Aqy 139,ihkwXq 5 SyAr 50,ihkwXq 6 SyAr 43 , ihkwXq 7 SyAr 48 Aqy 49 ,ihkwXq 8 SyAr 46 , ihkwXq 9 dy SyAr 43 Aqy 44, ihkwXq 10 dy SyAr 178 Aqy 179 , ihkwXq 11 dw SyAr 59 Aqy 60 Srwb Aqy nSy vrqx leI auksWdy hn [ ihkwXq 11 dw SyAr 59 Aqy 60:- ibidh swkIXw swZry koknwr ] dry vkq jMgS ibXwmd b kwr ]59] ik KUbsq dr dr vkq ^sm A&knI ] ik Xk kurqXs &Il rw pYknI ]60]11] ArQwq, hy swkI! mYnMU posq dy foifAW dI Srwb dw ipAwlw b^S jo jMg vyly myry kMm Aw sky ]59] iesdw iek Gut pI ky hwQI nUM fyigAw jw skdw hY ]60]11]

31

(4) ihkwXqW dy SurU ivc vrqI ‘jwp’ rcnw ivc ilKI SbdwvlI :- ihkwXq nM: 2 :- (pMnw 1394) AgMjo ABMjo ArUpo AryK ] AgwDo AbwDo ABrmo AlyK]1] Arwgo ArUpo AryKo ArMg ] Ajnmo Abrno ABUqo ABMg ]2] ACydo ABydo Akrmo Akwm ] AKydo ABydo ABrmo ABwm ]3] AryKo AByKo AlyKo ABMg ] ^udwvMd bKiSMd hy rMg rMg ]4] ihkwXq SunIdym ihkwXq nM: 4 :- ik rozI idhMd Asqu rwzk rhIm ] rhweI idho rihnumwey krIm ]1] ihkwXq nM:6 :- ihkwXq SunIdym du^qr vzIr ] ik husnl jmwl Asq rauSn zmIr ]3] ihkwXq nM: 7:- ^udwvMd b^iSMdhy bySumwr ]ik zwhr zhur Asq swihb idXwr ]1] qbIAq bhwlsq husnl jmwl]cu husnl jmwlo &zIlq kmwl ]2] ihkwXq nM:8 :- ihkwXq SunIdym Swhy AjMMm ] ik husnl jmwl Asqu swihb krMm]3] ihkwXq nM: 10 :- ik nwmS vzIrsq swihb SaUr]ik swihb idmwg Asq zwhr zhUr ]4] ik ipsro AzW bUd rauSn zmIr ] ik husnl jmwl Asq swihb AmIr ]5]

aupr ilKy nukqy (1),(2),(3) qoN sw& zwhr huMdw hY ik ilKwrI cirqRo pwKXwn ilKx vwlw ivkwrI, ivBcwrI soc vwlw , nSy vrqx vwlw kiv SXwm jW ausdw swQI kiv rwm hY [ ikRSnwvqwr dy (pMnw 497) kwljmn bD AiDAwie ivc kiv SXwm &wrsI ivc svYXw ilKdw hY :- svYXw]jMg drwied kwljmMn bgoied kImn POj ko Swhm] bw mn jMg bugo kun bXw hrigj idl mo jrw kun vwhm] roj mXW dunIAw APqwbm ‘sXwm’ Sby AdlI sB Swhm]kwnH gurYjI mkun qu ibAw Kusmwquku nym ij jMg guAwhm]1917] ies svYXy qoN spSt huMdw hY ik kiv sXwm &wrsI zbwn ivc vI ilKdw hY[ aupr ilKy nukqw (4) ivc drsweI SbdwvlI ‘jwpu’ ivc vI ilKI hY[ svwl pYdw huMdw hY ik ‘jwp’ dI SbdwvlI kiv SXwm ny curweI hY jW ‘jwp’ kiv SXwm dI rcnw hY ?

pMnw 1 : <> siqgur pRswid] sRI vwihgurU jI kI Pqh ] jwpu ] sRI muKvwk pwiqSwhI 10 ] jdoN koeI AMimRq Ckx smyM AwKdw hY: ‘sRI vwihgurU jI kw ^wlsw ] sRI vwihgurU jI kI &qh]’ qW pMj ipAwry dsdy hn ik ‘sRI’ A`Kr htw ky &qh gjweI jwvy [ lgdw hY ik ies gRMQ dw ilKwrI ies isDWq qoN vwik& nhI[ pwqSwhI 10 ilKy hox dI AslIXq pMnw 155 qy spSt huMdI hY : <> vwihgurU jI kI Pqy ] pwqSwhI 10] AQ cObIs Avqwr] caupeI]Ab caubIs aucroN Avqwrw]ijh ibD iqn kw lKw Apwrw] sunIAhu sMq sBY icq lweI ] brnq ‘sXwm’ jQw mq BweI ]1 ] kiv sXwm ny ApxI rcnw pRmwxIk isD krx leI ‘pwqSwhI 10’ isrlyK nwl joV id`qw hY[

nmo kwl kwly ]

hY ipqw Apwrw] dyib kwlkw mwq hmwrw]’ Aqy ‘mhwkwl kwlkw ArwDI’ ArQwq iSv dy ArD-nwrISvr rUp ivc jw juVdI hY;‘<> siqnwmu’ qoN tut jWdI hY[iPr ‘jwpu’ bwxI pVHIey ik n? iSv dw shsqR-nwmw(1000 nW), dyvI-durgw-ausqiq dy 700 Slok (durgw spq-SqI) iDAwn nwl pVHn qoN bwd ieauN lgdw hY ik jwpu bwxI ivc iehnW nWvW ivcoN kuJ nW (ijvyN ‘nmo kwl kwly’ dI pMkqI iSv purwx ivcoN ‘AQ iSv BujMg pRXwq sqoqRm’ ivc ‘kwl kwly nmosquqy Aqy ‘nmo lok mwqw’ durgw dy jgmwie Aqy jgmwqw boDk nW ) drj kr idqy hox[ jy ieh bwxI vwkeI Dur kI bwxI huMdI qW dsm ipqw guruU goibMd isMG swihb ieh bwxI zrUr gurU gRMQ swihb ivc drj kr idMdy [hYrwnI dI gl hY ‘jwpu’ ivc jW ies gRMQ dI iksy rcnw ivc ikqy nwnk pd nhI iliKAw (jYsw ik nON guruU swihbwn ny iliKAw hY) [ nvIN SYlI dI CMdw-bMdI, vKrI bolI, isDWqk mqByd pYdw krn vwlIAW rcnWvW, guruU gRMQ swihb jI qoN bymuK krn vwlw ieh gRMQ hux qk gurisKW ny ikauN pwsy nhI kIqw [

nmo

srb kwly ] ……aucwridAW suriq pMnw73 dI pMkqI ( ieSt dw srUp) ‘srbkwl

swfw BivK qW hI suriKAq hY ArQwq swfI cVHdI qW hI hovygI jy AsI kyvl Aqy kyvl gurUu gRMQ swihb jI nUM pUrn gurU mMnIey [ gurbwxI hI swfI rhq mrXwdw hY[ mojUdw isK rhq mrXwdw nUM muV vIcwr ky gurbwxI AnukUl bxweIey, jo pUry pMQ qy iekswr lwgU hovy [

bicqR nwtk gRMQ / AKauqI dsm gRMQ ivc drj cirqoR pwKXwn dw AMS

32

kbXo bwc bynqI ] cOpeI ] “hmrI kro hwQ dY r`Cw]”

ieh bynqI iks dy A`gy ?

ieh bynqI cOpeI cirqRo pwKXwn nMbr 405 (pMnw 1359 qoN 1388 qk) dy AKIr qy drj hY [ iehnW 30 pMinAw qy ikqy vI pwqSwhI 10 nhI iliKAw hoieAw [ smwpqI sMkyq ieauN hY : ‘ieqI sRI cirqR pKXwny iqRXw cirqRy mMqRI BUp sMbwdy cwr so pWc cirqR smwpqmsqu suBmsq ]405 [7555] APjUM ]’ ies bynqI copeI ivc ilKy kwl, AisDuj, KVgkyq dy ArQ pUrI ghrweI nwl smJx leI iqRXw cirqR AQvw cirqRo pwKXwn nMbr 1 , nMbr 266 Aqy nMbr 405 iDAwn nwl pVHny zrUrI hn [

BweI joigMdr isMG qlvwVw jI dI pusqk inqnym srl stIk (ApRYl 2003) dy pMnw 214 qoN 231 qk ies bynqI cOpeI dy ArQ mUl-pwT-sihq ilKy hn[pMnw 214 qy iliKAw isrlyK “<> vwihgurU jI kI Piqh ] pw : 10” ies gRMQ dy 405vyN cirqR dy 30 pMinAW ivc ikqy nhI iliKAw ; joigMdr isMG jI ny Awpxy koloN ilKy hn, ikauN ? ‘kbXo bwc’ nUM ‘kibXo bwc’ iliKAw hY [ ijs pMkqI ivc AisDuj, kwl , KVgkyq nwm ilKy hn aus pMkqI ivc ArQ ‘hy mhwkwl jI !’ ilKy hn, 405vyN cirqR dy pRkrx Anuswr TIk kIqy hn ; pr keI QWeIN Akwl purK jIau! , hy prm purK jIau ! pRkrx nzr-AMdwz krky TIk nhIN ilKy[ AKIr qy pMnw 231 qy ilKy sp`StIkrx dw AwDwr kI hY, jo ik bhuq zrUrI hY, iliKAw hI nhI sp`StIkrx ieauN iliKAw hY :- ies bwxI dy ArQW ivc ‘kwl’ dw ArQ ‘mhw kwl’ kIqw igAw hY[ieh ‘mhw kwl’ kwl dy nwl, Akwl purK dw vwck hY, iksy imiQhwisk mhw kwl dw vwck nhI [ ies hQly lyK dw mMqv ieh vyKxw hY ik ieh spStIkrx TIk hY jW gurmiq ivruD [

mhwkwl dw izkr gurU gRMQ swihb ivc drj iek Sbd ‘rwmklI mhlw 5, AMg 885’ ivc AwauNdw hY :

jip goibMdu gopwl lwlu ] rwm nwm ismir qU jIvih iPir n KweI mhwkwlu ] ArQwq, gurisK ny goibMd inrwkwr rwm dw (siqnwm vwihgurU) nwm ismr ky mhwkwl nwmk mOq dy &irSqy dy BY qoN mukq hoxw hY[ ies Sbd dI ivAwiKAw iesy pusqk ivc pVoH jI [

mhwkwl dw izkr iek bRwhmxI-gRMQ iSv purwx ivc AwauNdw hY ijs ivc dvwdSilMgM dI kQw muqwbk iLMg

dy 12 tukVy ho ky DrqI qy if`gy ; jo tukVw m`D pRdyS dy aujYn Shr ivc if~gw, auQy mhwkwl dw mMidr bxw idqw igAw [ jo mUrqI aus mMidr ivc sQwpq kIqI geI hY ausdw srUp bicqR nwtk gRMQ dy pMnw 810

(cirqR 1) qy drj hY qy iesy lyK ivc ‘muMf kI mwl

ivc mhwkwl-kwlkw hI ieSt vjoN CwieAw hoieAw hY[ ^ws not kIqw jwvy mhwkwl nUM gurU mMnx vwly nUM BMg qy Srwb zrUr pIxI pYNdI hY (cirqR nM :266) [ iesy BMg-Srwb-^Un pIxy mhwkwl dw izkr dyvI-dyviqAW nwl joVn vwly gRMQ srbloh gRMQ ivc vI AwauNdw hY[ iehI kwrx hY Aj inhMg isK BMg-Srwb Ckdy hn Aqy hzUr swihb,nWdyV gurduAwry ivc bkry dI blI cVHdI hY jo ik srwsr gurmiq ivru`D hY [

’Agly

pMinAW ivc iliKAw hY [ pUry bicqR nwtk gRMQ

bicqR nwtk gRMQ ivc pMnw nMbr 809 qoN 1388 qk drj cirqRo pwKXwnW dI SurUAwq dyvI durgw dI ausqiq ( ijsdw AwDwr durgw spq-SqI hY , ArQwq dyvI durgw-ausqiq dy 700 Slok, jo ik mwrkMfyX purwx ivc ilKy hn ) nwl huMdI hY [ pUry bicqR nwtk gRMQ ivc ieSt dw srUp mhwkwl-kwlkw hI nzr

AwauNdw hY :srbkwl hY ipqw Apwrw ]dyib kwlkw mwq hmwrw ](bicqR nwtk gRMQ,pMnw 73)

jo ik gurU gRMQ swihb jI dy <> pRqI isDWq “qU myrw ipqw qU hY myrw mwqw]” nwl au`kw myl nhI KWdw[ mMglwcrx “sRI BgauqI jI shwie” jW “sRI BgOqI ey nmh” pRDwn hn jo ik dyvI durgw boDk hn[ iehnW cirqRo-pwKXwnW ivc vrqI ASlIl SbdwvlI , Awcrx-hIx krx vwly ik`sy , BMg – Srwb dI Ku`lI vrqoN krx dI pRyrxw, hor keI BYVIAW g`lW isKwaux vwlIAW khwxIAW, gurmiq-ivruD clx dw aupdyS dyx vwlIAW , mhwkwl-kwlkw (iSv-pwrvqI) dw aupwsk bxwaux vwlIAW mnGVq kQWvW hn [ sUJvwn gurmuK ivdvwn ienHW nUM gurU-ikRq nhI mMndy [ iehnW pRsMgW dy rcnhwry Swkq-mqIey dyvI-pUjk kvI hn ijnHW dy nW (qK`ls) kiv sXwm,kiv rwm, kiv kwl ies gRMQ dy hyT ilKy pMinAW qy Cpy hn :-

33

kiv sXwm dI kiv-Cwp :- ies gRMQ dy pMnW nMbrW

– 269 – 270 – 273 – 281 – 282 – 284 – 291 – 294 – 297 – 298 – 301 – 303 – 304 –

155 – 160 – 213 – 257 – 265 – 267 – 268

310

– 312 qoN 319 – 321 qoN 337 -339 qoN 343 – 346 – 349 – 350 – 352 – 353 - 354 -

356

-357 – 360 – 361 – 363 – 366 – 367- 368 – 371 – 372 – 373 – 374 – 378 qoN

383

-385 -387 qoN 390 – 392 -403 – 405 – 406 – 407 – 409 – 413 – 414 – 418 –

425

-431 -434 – 436 – 437 – 467 – 471 – 472 – 476 – 478 qoN 482 – 484 – 485 – 487

– 488 – 491 qoN 495 – 497 qoN 508 – 512 – 515 – 516 – 518 -519 – 521 qoN 524 – 526 qoN

532

– 534 qoN 537 – 539 qoN 546 – 548 qoN 551 – 553 – 554 – 556 – 557 – 559 – 560 –

562

qoN 565 – 569 – 669 – 989 – 1138 – 1245 – 1294 – 1355

( keI pMinAW qy do, iqMn jW

cwr vwrI vI ‘kib sXwm BnY , kib sXwm khY , brnq sXwm , kib sXwm bKwnI Aqy ikqy isr& ‘sXwm’ kvI-Cwp ilKI imldI hY )

kvI rwm dI kvI-Cwp :- ies gRMQ dy pMnW nMbrW 404 – 408 – 410 - 412 – 417 – 419 – 426 –

439 – 441 – 454 – 489 – 835 – 849 – 851 – 884 qy kvI rwm dI Cwp ilKI hY [

kvI kwl dI kvI-Cwp :- pMnw nMbr 1128 qy iliKAw hY ‘su kib kwl qb hI BXo pUrn kQw pRsMg ]’ ies gRMQ dw v`fw ih`sw dsm skMD purwx ivcoN ilAw igAw hY ; so, ‘dsm skMD gRMQ’ nW hI Fukdw hY [ ieh swrw gRMQ piVAW ikqy vI kvI-Cwp (q^`ls) nwnk iliKAw nhI imldw jYsw ik gurU gRMQ swihb ivc nONvyN nwnk qk gurU swihbwn ny iliKAw hY[ ies gRMQ dy ilKwrI gurU goibMd isMG jI ikvyN ?

cirqRo pwKXwn nM:405 (pMnw 1359) dw pRsMg ilKwrI ny ieauN iliKAw hY :- ( coxvIAW pMkqIAW) cOpeI ] s`iq sMiD iek BUp Bin`jY[pRQmy siqjug bIc kih`jY[ijh js purI cOdhUM CwXo[nwrd iriK qb rwie mMgwXo [1[ sB dyvn ko rwjw BXo [bRhmw iqlk Awpu iqh dXo[……[2[ ieh ibiD rwj brK bhu kIAw[ dIrG dwV dYq Bv ilXw[ds shs CUhin dl lY kY[ ciV AwXo iqh aupr qY kY [3[ ArQwq, sB dyviqAW dy rwjy siq sMiD au`qy dIrG dwV nW dy dYNq ny 100,00 pdm igxqI dI BwrI &Oj nwl hmlw kr id`qw[ dyviqAW ny vI ies qoN dUxI &Oj nwl mukwblw kIqw[ ieh jMg 20 swl qk clI[ swrI &Oj mwrI geI pr hwr-ijq dw &Yslw nhI hoieAw[ jdoN rwjy siq sMiD qy dIrG dwV dYNq dy lohy dy SsqR KVky qW A`g dI lpt inklI ijs ivcoN iek KUbsUrq iesqRI pYdw hoeI !?ausnUM jgq dy suAwmI nwl ivAwh dw vIcwr PuirAw ,inmrqw nwl syvw krky mhwkwl ( kwlkw dyvw) nUM pRsMn kr sky :- iPr ijX mY ieh Bwiq bIcwrI]brO jgq ky piqih suDwrI]qw qy krO dIn hvY syvw] hoie pRsMn kwilkw

dyvw]31]…ikRpw krI jgmwq BvwnI [ ieh ibD biqXw qwih bKwnI [32[

inrMkwr(?) AsqRDwrI dw iDAwn krx leI ikhw[ iPr AwkwSvwxI hoeI ik jdoN svws bIrj dwnv nUM mwryNgI qW aus ipCoN hy suMdrI qUM mYnMU vryNgI[ ieh sux suMdrI ny SsqR sjw ky, nwl &oj lYky vYrI qy hmlw kr id`qw[Asur mwrdI qW auhnW dy svwsW ivcoN hor Asur pYdw ho jWdy [ hr pwsy dYNq hI dYNq ids pYNdy

iPr dyvI BvwnI ny mhwkwl

]51]

icq mo ikXo kwlkw DXwnw[ drsn idXw Awin Bgvwnw […]52]

iPr kwlkw A`gy bynqI

kIqI ik mYnUM iehnw dYNqW qo bcw[ qW kwl hisAw, lk nwl qlvwr(Ais) k`sI, Bgq dI riKAw leI dYNqW nUM mwrn lgw[ bVw iBAwnk juD micAw…dIrG dwq kwiF keI kosw] Dwvq Asur hIey kir josw] mwrn mhwkwl kh DwvY] mno mwrq vyeI mir jwvY]74] ( dYNq keI kohW ijMny lMby dMd kFky mhwkwl nUM mwrx

doiVAw )

chq qy mUV sMGwrw]76] (mhwkwl, SrIrDwrI, jgq dw rcnhwrw? ijsnMU mUrK dYNq mwrnw cwhuMdy hn ) Tok Tok Buj dMfn joDw] Dwvq mhwkwl pr kRoDw]bIs pdm dwnv qv BXo] nws krn kwlI ko DXo ]77 (mhwkwl / kwlI nUM mwrx leI vIh pdm dYq gu`sw Kw ky Dwey[ (not: mhwkwl qy kwlI dovyN nW iek`Ty ieko

copeI ivc ilKy hn ijsqoN iSv dw iBAwnk ArD-nwrISvr rUp mhwkwl-kwlkw / srbkwl-kwlkw isD huMdw hY[ ies gMRQ dy pMnw 73 qy ilKy muqwibk “ srbkwl hY ipqw Apwrw ] dyib kwlkw mwq hmwrw ]” ies gRMQ ivc ieSt dw srUp srbkwl–kwlkw jo mhwkwl - kwlkw hI hY )[ iPr Gmswn dI jMMg hoeI, swry dyvqy fr gey, mhwkwl dI Srx ivc Aw gey]89]

sB dyviqAW ny mhwkwl / kwl dI vifAweI krky ieh bynqI kIqI : ieh ibiD sBY pukwrq Bey

cwhq mhwkwl kh mwro ]mhw murK nih krq ibcwro ]ijn sB jg kw krw pswrw] qwih

] jn kr lUt bink sy ley ] qRwih qRwih hm srn iqhwrI ] sB BY qy hm lyhu aubwrI ]90] qum ho

34

skl lok isrqwjw ] grbn gMj grIb invwjw ] Awid Akwl Ajoin ibnw BY ] inribkwr inrlMb jgq mY ]91] inribkwr inrjur AibnwsI ] prm jog ky qqu pRkwsI ] inrMkwr nv inqX suXMBv ] qwq mwq jh jwq n bMDv ]92] sqR ibhMf suirid (BgqW) suKdwiek ] cMf mUMf dwnv ky Gwiek]93]

(dyvI durgw ny iehnw dYNqW nUM mwirAw sI, vyKo durgw / BgauqI kIAW vwrW ) ] Awid AnMq

ArUp ABysw ] Gt Gt BIqr kIXw pRvysw ] AMqr bsq inrMqr rheI ] snk snMd snwqn kheI ]94] Awid jugwid sdw pRBu eykY ] Dir Dir mUriq iPriq AnykY ] sB jg kh ieh ibiD BrmwXw ] Awpy eyk Anyk idKwXw ]95] Gt Gt mih soeI purK bXwpk ] skl jIv jMqn ky Qwpk ] jw qy joiq krq AwkrKn ] qw kh khq imRqk jg ky jn ]96] qum jg ky kwrn krqwrw ] Git Git kI miq jwnnhwrw ] inrMkwr inrvYr inrwlm ] sB hI ky mn kI quih mwlm]97] qum hI bRhmw ibsn bnwXo ] mhw rudR qum hI aupjwXo]98] jg kwrn krunwiniD svwmI]kml nYn AMqr ky jwmI] dXwisMDu dInn ky dXwlw ] hUjY ikRpw inDwn ikRpwlw] 99] crn pry ieh ibiD ibnqI kr] qRwih qRwih rwKhu hm DurDr ] kh kh hsw bcn sun kwlw ] Bgq jwn kr BXo ikRpwlw ]100]

pwTk not krx ik cMf, muMf nW dy dYNqW nUM mwrx vwlI dyvI durgw nMUM r`bI-guxW vwlI disAw igAw hY [ iesy dyvI durgw dI jY-jYkwr khI-jWdI-Akwl-ausqiq (Asl ivc kwl / srbkwl / srbloh ausqiq ) rcnw ivc ilKy 20 CMdW (CMd nM: 211 qoN 230 qk) “jY jY hosI mihKwsur mrdn…” ivc kIqI geI hY[ iesy dyvI durgw AQvw kwl dI ausqiq keI QWeIN kIqI geI hY; pMnw 810 iliKAw “kwl dw iBAwnk srUp” muMf kI mwl idswn ky AMbr bwm krXo gl mY Ais Bwro ]…A`gy pVnw jI [ dovyN cMfI cirqR Aqy vwr durgw / BgauqI kI (pMnw 74 qoN 127 qk) iesy kwl nUM ibAwn krdy hn Aqy ieh swry pRsMg mwrkMfyX purwx ivcoN nkl mwr ky ilKy gey hn [ mhwkwl dI kQw iSv purwx ivcoN leI geI hY[

A`gy ilKIAW cOpeIAW ivc ibAwn kIqw hY ik kwl (102) / AisDuj (104) / mhwkwl (105) rQ qy ciVAw, jMg ivc hwhwkwr mcw id`qI (108)[ iPr mhwkwl nUM psInw AwieAw (BXo pRsyqw, 109) ; psInw qW srIrDwrI nUM hI AwauNdw hY[ spSt hY ik mhwkwl / kwl Ajoin nhI, jYsw ik aupr ilKIAW cOpeIAW ivc iliKAw hY [ jMg jwrI hY[ dYNq 10000 GVy BMg dy pI pI ky Jtpt jMg ivc Aw iBVdy sn ]123] ( gpoV !!)[ mhwkwl kopq BXo jb hI ] Asur Anyk ibdwry qb hI ]125] ( mhwkwl nUM gu~sw AwieAw…) ijqy dYq Awey iqqy kwl mwry ]bhy sRon ky BUm hUM pY pnwry ]139](kwl ny dYNq mwry qW ^Un dy prnwly v~gy) jw pr mhwkwl Ais Jwrw]eyk suBt qy dvY kir fwrw]192](mhwkwl ny iek vwr nwl do toty kr idqy) jvwl qjI kir kop inswcr ] iqn qy Bey pTwn DnuK Dr ]198] (dYNqW ny mUMh ivcoN A`g k`FI qW pTwn qIr kmwn PVI pYdw ho gey!!? siqjug ivc pTwn ikQoN ? inrw JUT qy gpoV ilKx vwlw ilKwrI kox ??) iPr dYNqW ny swh C`fy qW sYXd qy Sy^ pYdw ho gey (199)[ Aimq ^wn,nwhr ^wn, bYrm ^wn,hsn ^wn,

gYrq ^W, blvMf ^W

nW ilKwrI nUM ikvyN pqw l`gy ? kI dYNqW ny Awpxy &OjIAW dI ilst mhwkwl / kwl jW ilKwrI nUM idqI sI ?

XUsP ^w (211), nUrm byg,

Sy^ PrId, Sy^ aujYn (219)

gpoV !? ieh swry

jMg hwly jwrI hY [ … huMA sbd AisDujih (mhwkwl ny) aucwrw]iqh qy AwiD bXwiD bpu Dwrw ]234] mhwkwl ny keI qrHW dIAW bImwrIAW dy kIt PYlw id`qy ( Biological warfare )qW dYNq bImwrIAW nwl mrx lgy ]246]… ieh ibiD BXo dwnvn nwsw ]KVgkyq (mhwkwl) Asu ikXw qmwsw ]247] iPr AgnI-AsqR, vrux-AsqR,myG-AsqR,vwXU-AsqR……Awidk AsqRW nwl Gor jMg huMdI rhI [ jUiJ igry KVgwDuj sO lir sRoinq so isgry AMg BIny]278](^Un-sny dYNq mhwkwl nwl lV ky if`gy)

iPr mhwkwl ny pwvk-AsqR

lgdw hY ik kvI ny BMg bhuqI cwVH leI hY ikauNik A`gy iPr jMg dw hwl duhrwieAw jw irhw hY [ bhu juJy ieh Bwiq ispwhI]Bwiq Bwiq DujnI irpu gwhI]auq kIX isMG bwhnI ( durgw,kwl ) kopY]ieiq AisDuj ( mhwkwl ) lY DwXo DopY ]351](durgw gu`sy ivc AweI qy mhwkwl qlvwr lY ky pY igAw ) AKIr, qb AisDuj (mhwkwl) As mMqR ibcwro ] ijh ibiD qy dwnvih sMGwro ]363] srbwkrKn ikX

Awidk

vrqy, mhwkwl qb bwn pRhwry ]dwnv eyk eyk kir mwry] 293]

35

jb] aupjq qy rih gey Asur qb]AwgXw bhuir kwil (kwilkw) kh deI ] sqR sYn BCn kir geI ]364] iPr mhwkwl ny sB dw bl iKc ilAw, hor dYNq pYdw n hoey qy kwlI bwkI dwnv synw Kw geI[ mhwkwl jI ! ieh soJI quhwnUM pihloN ikauN n AweI, AYNvyN lMmI jMg ivc 20 pdm ApxI synw mrvweI [ eykY Asur qbY rih gXo]qRwisq AiDk icq mih BXo]365](iek dYNq bc igAw,mn ivc bhuq firAw) dohrw ] mhwkwl kI srin jy pry su ley bcwie ] AOr n aupjw dUsr jg BiCXo sBY bnwie ]366 ] jo pUjw Aiskyqu kI inq pRiq krY bnwie ] iqn pr Apny hwQ dY AisDuj lyq bcwie ]367] ArQwq, mhwkwl dI jo Srn ivc pYNdw hY, aus nUM bcw ilAw jWdw hY; mhwkwl vrgw hor dUjw jgq ivc pYdw nhI hoieAw (kwil) ny sB nUM Kw ilAw [366[ jo Aiskyq (mhwkwl) dI hr roz pUjw krdy hn, auhnW nUM Awpxw hQ dy ky AisDuj (mhwkwl) bcw lYNdw hY ]367] iehI swry bicqR nwtk gRMQ dw aupdyS

hY [ spSt hY ik ilKwrI kiv SXwm hr hIly is`KW nUM mhwkwl dw SrDwlU bxw irhw hY[

iek dYNq rih igAw ijsny bhuq qIr clw ky mhwkwl qy hmlw kIqw[ mhwkwl ny vI 20000 qIr clwky vwr roky [ mhwkwl puin jIX mYN kopw ] DnuK tMkoir bhuir rn ropw ] eyk bwn qy Dujih igrwXo ] duiqX s`qR ko sIs aufwXo ] 372 ]…bhuir Asur kw kwtis mwQw ] sRI Aiskyq jgq ky nwQw]374] mhwkwl jI! isr aufw ky mwry hoie rwCs dw m`Qw kt rhy ho,bVy bhwdr ho! hux iPr isr k`tx cly hn, puin rwCs kw kwtw sIsw ] sRI Aiskyqu jgq ky eIsw ] puhpn ibRsit ggn qy BeI ] sbihn Awn bDweI deI ] 375 ] DMnX DMnX logn ky rwjw ] dustn dwh grIb invwjw ] AKl Bvn ky isrjnhwry ] dws jwin muih lyhu aubwry ] 376 ]

kbXo bwc

]

bynqI

]

cOpeI ]

hmrI kro hwQ dY rCw ] pUrn hoie icq kI ieCw ] qv crnn mn rhY hmwrw ] Apnw jwn kro pRiqpwrw ] 377 ] { not: ieh bynqI mhwkwl / Aiskyq / AisDuj / jgq ky eISvr (?) / grIb invwj (?) A`gy kIqI geI hY [ pVo jI , aupr ilKIAW cOpeIAW 90 qoN 100 qk ; 366 ,367, 375, 376 [ ieQy ‘ qv crnn ’ dw ArQ mhwkwl dy crn hY[ isrlyK <> vwihgurU jI kI Piqh[ pwqSwhI 10 ] aupr ikqy nhIN iliKAw jYsw ik gutikAW ivc iliKAw imldw hY ; kI eyh srwsr DoKw jW Srwrq nhIN ? }

qumih Cwif koeI Avr n DXwaUN ] jo br cwhO su qum qy pwaUN ]

Aqy vwihgurU vwihgurU jpxw C`f ky ‘mhwkwl mhwkwl’ SrIrDwrI nUM hI iDAwieAw krx ! ikauN?

hUjo sdw hmwry p`Cw ] sRI AisDuj jU kirXhu r~Cw ] 381 ]

kIqI jw rhI hY ijsdw isK bxwn smyN isK nUM BMg qy Srwb iplweI jWdI hY ; swrw iqRXw cirqR nM: 266 pVH ky Aw^rI doihrw “mhwkwl ko is`KX kir midrw BWg ipvwie ] pMnw 1210” iDAwn nwl pVnw jI [

]380]

ArQwq, isK <> siqnwmu

ieh bynqI AisDuj / mhwkwl A`gy hI

kwl pwie bRhmw bpu Drw] kwl pwie isv jU Avqrw] kwl pwie kir ibsn pRkwsw] skl kwl kw kIAw qmwsw ]383]jvn kwl jogI isv kIXo ]byd rwj bRhmw jU QIXo ] jvn kwl sB lok svwrw ] nmskwr hY qwih hmwrw ] 384 ] jvl kwl sB jgq bnwXo ] dyv dYq j`Cn aupjwXo ]Awid AMq eykY Avqwrw ] soeI gurU smiJXhu hmwrw ]385]nmskwr iqshI ko hmwrI ] skl pRjw ijn Awp svwrI ] ]386] ArQwq, ijs kwl ny bRhmw,iSv ,ivSnUM ,swrw jgq, hor dyvqy qy rwCs Awidk bxwey ;ausnUM AsI bwrMbwr nmskwr krdy hW ikauNik EhI Awid smyN qoN Avqwr Aqy swfw gurU hY [A`gy cOpeI 395 ivc vI iesy kwl nUM “Awid jugwid srUp suXMBv]” iliKAw hY [ pr gurU gRMQ swihb jI dsdy hn : <> siqnwmu…… hI jgq dw krqw hY, sYBM hY Aqy EhI hY “Awid scu jugwid scu]hY BI scu nwnk hosI BI scu ]” spSt hY ik ieh bynqI cOpeI gurU gRMQ swihb jI qoN bymuK krx vwlI rcnw hY ; dsm nwnk dI bwxI ikvyN ? kwl dI AslIXq jwxn leI iqRXw cirqR nM: 1 (pMnw 809 qoN pMnw 813) dw svYXw 17vW pVo jI :- muMf kI mwl idswn ky AMbr bwm krXo gl mYN Ais Bwro ] locn lwl krwl idpY doaU Bwl ibrwjq hY AinXwro ] Cuty hYN bwl mhw ibkrwl ibswl lsY rd pMiq aujXwro ] Cwfq jvwl ley kr bXwl su

kwl sdw pRiqpwl iqhwro ] 17 ] (pMnw 810)

gly ivc KopVIAW dI mwlw, nMgw srIr, K`by pwsy BwrI qlvwr, mQy qy A`KW lwl AMgwry vW|, vwl iKlry

hoey, ^Un nwl ilbVy dMd qy jIB, mUMh ivcoN inkl rhIAW hn A`g dIAW lptW , iek hQ ivc ktI hoeI KopVI…AYsy iBAwnk srUp vwlw hY ‘kwl’, quhwfw sdw pwlxhwrw [(pVoH jI, lyK “ieSt dw srUp”) inrMkwr inribkwr inRlMB ] Awid AnIl Anwid AsMB ]…]391] ArQwq, mhwkwl hI inrMkwr hY,

ieiq

sRI cirqR pKXwny cMfI cirqRy pRQm DXwie

36

ivkwrW (BMg Srwb pIx-iplwx vwlw ?) qoN mukq hY, iksy dw muQwj nhI ; mhwkwl hI sMswr dw mu`F hY,

bydwg hY, AnwdI Aqy jnm-mrx-jUnW qoN rhq hY !!? ieh ivcwr gurbwxI ivruD hY ikauNik jpu bwxI ivc roz pVHdy hW ik <> siqnwmu vwihgurU hI ‘Awid AnIl Anwid Anwhiq jugu jugu eyko vysu ]pauVI 28]’ ies qrHW bynqI cOpeI isKW nUM jpu bwxI dy ault isDWq nwl joV rhI hY [ eykY rUp AnUp srUpw ] rMk BXo rwv khI BUpw ] ]394] hU-b-hU iehI pMkqIAW ies gRMQ dy pMnw 158 qy ilKIAW hn copeI 36 qoN bwd kwl dI ausqiq ivc :- pRQm kwl sB jg ko qwqw ] qw qy BXo qyj ibKXwqw ]soeI BvwnI nwm khweI ] ijn isgrI Xh isRsit

aupweI ]29]

rMk BXo rwv khU BUpw ]37]( ArQwq, kwl hI dyvI BvwnI / kwl-rUp Bgvwn / isRStI krqw hY !!? )

jy AisDuj qv srxI pry ] iqn ky dust duiKq hvY mry ]

icMNnH vwly mhwkwl jI ! ijhVy ijhVy jIv quhwfI SrnI Aw pey , aunHW dy duSt-doKI duKI ho ky mr gey [

eyk bwr ijn qumYN sMBwrw ] kwl PWs qy qwih aubwrw ] ijn nr nwm iqhwro khw ] dwird dust doK qy rhw ]400 ] KVgkyq mYN srin iqhwrI ] Awpu hwQ dY lyhu aUbwrI ]srb TOr mo hohu shweI ] dust doK qy lyhu bcweI ]401]ArQwq, hy mhwkwl jI ! ijs jIv ny iek vwrI quhwnUM Xwd kIqw, qusI ausnUM kwl dI PwhI qoN bcwA ilAw[ ijsny quhwfw nwm ismirAw, auh grIbI (kMgwlI) ,duSmnW Aqy AOguxW qoN bc igAw [400[ hy KVg-icMnH dy JMfy vwly mhwkwl jI ! mYN AwpjI dI Srx AwieAw hW, Apxy hQ dw shwrw dy ky mYnUM bcwA lau [ hr QW myrI mdd kirE, mYnUM dust-doKIAW qoN bcwA lau [ 401[ AMq ivc ilKwrI Apxy ieSt jgmwqw ( dyvI mwqw kwlkw) qy AisDuj (mhwkwl) dw gRMQ pUrn hox qy

Sukrwnw krdw hY :- ikRpw krI hm pr jgmwqw ] gRMQ krw pUrn suBrwqw ] Bey dieAwlw ] pUrn krw gRMQ qqkwlw ] ]403]

kwl rUp Bgvwn BnYbo ] qw mih lIn jgiq sB hvYbo ]34] …eykh rUp AnUp srUpw]

]397]

ArQwq, hy JMfy auqy ikRpwn dy

]402] sRI AisDuj jb

aupr kIqI vIcwr qoN ieh nukqy pRq`K huMdy hn :- (1) mhwkwl rQ qy ciVAw , DnuK-bwx clwey, kRoD kIqw, ikRpwn clweI… ; Bwv SrIrDwrI hY , (2) mhwkwl nUM psInw AwauNdw hY ; AsI sB jwxdy hW ik psInw kyvl SrIrDwrI nUM AwauNdw hY , (3) mhwkwl / kwl KopVIAW dI mwlw gl ivc pwaux vwlw iSv- pwrvqI dw frwauxw srUp hY , (4) mhwkwl dw ArQ vwihgurU nhI ikauNik mhwkwl dy isK nUM BMg qy Srwb pIxI pYNdI hY [ spSt hY ik ieh bynqI cOpeI mhwkwl / kwlkw A`gy kIqI ArzoeI hY jo ik imiQhwsk dyvqw hY, n ik “<> siqnwmu krqw purKu inrBau inrvYru AkwlmUriq AjUnI sYBM gurpRswid”[ gurisK nUM gurU gRMQ sihb jI qoN bymuK krx vwlI ieh rcnw bRwhmxI-gRMQW iSv purwx, mwrkMfyX purwx dw incoV hY, gurbwxI nhI [

kbXo bwc ArQwq kvI (SXwm) dI rcnw hY, gurbwxI nhI[ gurisK nMU pVHn dI loV nhI [

gurvwk hY : ibK mih AMimRqu isMcIAY ibK kw Plu pwieAw ](gurU gRMQ swihb, AMg 1244) Bwv, zhr ivcoN AMimRq dw svwd ikvyN pwieAw jw skdw hY ?

gurisK nUM siqgurU gurU gRMQ sihb jI dy ieh &urmwn mMnxy cwhIdy hn :

(1) hmrw Jgrw rhw n koaU ] pMifq mulW Cwfy doaU ]1]rhwau] pMifq mulW jo iliK dIAw ] Cwif cly hm kCU n lIAw ] (AMg 1158) (2) isimRiq byd purwx pukwrin poQIAw ] nwm ibnw siB kUVu gwl@I hoCIAw] (AMg 761) (3) siqgurU ibnw hor kcI hY bwxI ]bwxI q kcI siqgurU bwJhu hor kcI bwxI ](920) (4) isv skiq Awip aupwie kY krqw Awpy hukmu vrqwey ] (AnMdu bwxI, AMg 920) (5) isvw skiq sMbwdM ]mn Coif Coif sgl BydM ]ismir ismir goibMdM ]Bju nwmw qris Bv isMDM](873) ArQwq, hy mn! iSvw-SkqI (mhwkwl-kwlkw), ijn@W qy krqy dw hukm hI vrqdw hY, dIAW hoCIAW kQw