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CONCEPTUALIZATION TECHNIQUES OF DESIGN Part 1

ARCH 413 | Theory of Architectural Design II


Slideshow developed by: Arch. Edeliza V. Macalandag, UAP Bohol Island State University | College of Architecture & Engineering
Text from Salvan, George S. Architectural Theories of Design. JMC Press, Inc, 1986.

Architectural Concepts
DESIGN PROBLEM
BIG IDEA BASIC FRAMEWORK PRIMARY ORGANIZER

DESIGN SOLUTION
FUNCTIONAL ZONING ARCHITECTURAL SPACE CIRCULATION & BUILDING FORM RESPONSE TO CONTEXT BUILDING ENVELOPE

ECONOMY

Contexts for Concept Getting


1. VALUES. General philosophy and life values of the designer.
Motivation and interest Enhancement of self-image Dependence on or independence of outside reinforcement of self-worth Concern for fellow man Immediate and deferred goals Conservation of what is scarce and valued Quest for simplification The material and the spiritual

Contexts for Concept Getting


2. DESIGN PHILOSOPHY. A set of postures or values about design which he relies upon for making form in building design.
ARTISTIC CONSCIOUS RATIONAL SEQUENTIAL EVALUATE AS YOU GO KNOWNS INDIVIDUAL PERSONAL VERBAL NEEDS SCIENTIFIC SUBCONSCIOUS IRRATIONAL NONSEQUENTIAL EVALUATE WHEN YOU RE DONE UNKNOWNS SOCIETY UNIVERSAL VISUAL WANTS

DESIGN VALUES
ORDERED STRUCTURED BEGINNING POINT IMPORTANT OBJECTIVE ONE ANSWER CREATIVE YOUR NEEDS SPECIFIC MAN CRITICAL ISSUES COMPLEXITY PARTS PATTERNED PROCESS PRECONCEPTIONS INDETERMINATE DESIGN FOR NOW RANDOM UNSTRUCTURED POINT UNIMPORTANT SUBJECTIVE MULTIPLE SOLUTIONS COMMON PLACE CLIENT NEEDS GENERAL NATURE MINOR ISSUES SIMPLICITY WHOLE RANDOM PROCESS RESPONSE TO FACTS MECHANISTIC DESIGN FOR FUTURE

Contexts for Concept Getting


3. VIEW/PERCEPTION. The way the designer perceives, understands and describes the project/ design problem.

Does the project call for an architectural solution? Project limits in terms of the designer s responsibility? Design checklist includes:
   
FUNCTION SPACE GEOMETRY CONTEXT

   

ENCLOSURE SYSTEMS ECONOMIC HUMAN FACTORS

Design: essence + uniqueness of the problem Physical limits/ opportunities

St. Andrew Parish Church, Makati Leandro Locsin, 1968

UP Chapel, Quezon City Leandro Locsin, 1955

Bank of China, Hongkong, IM Pei HSBC Honkong HQ, 1985, Norman Foster

Baslica y Templo Expiatorio de la Sagrada Familia Barcelona, Antoni Gaud, 1883+

Bundestag Dome, Berlin Sir Norman Foster, 1999

London City Hall, London Sir Norman Foster, 2002

Swiss Re London Headquarters Sir Norman Foster, 2004

Image Sources:
St. Andrew Parish Church http://m1.ikiwq.com/img/xl/GYoqFacYfVNk6IcAZ88IDd.jpg UP Chapel http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_LgNn7UyFJLc/TJLTN1ijMJI/AAAAAAAADPo/HsWaKYdSWGo/s1600/upchapel.jpg Bank of China + HSBC http://inapcache.boston.com/universal/site_graphics/blogs/bigpicture/earthhour_03_30/hkf_on.jpg Sagrada Familia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Sagrada_Familia_01.jpg http://www.wallpapersbuzz.com/image/143/b_sagrada-familia-and-dark-clouds.jpg http://photos.igougo.com/images/p158635-Barcelona-TEMPLE_DE_LA_SAGRADA_FAMILIA.jpg http://www.planetware.com/i/photo/sagrada-familia-church-barcelona-ebl192.jpg Bundestag, Berlin http://static.panoramio.com/photos/original/4660979.jpg http://www.floornature.com/media/photos/38/6225/berlin_bundestag.jpg London City Hall http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/0e/City.hall.london.arp.jpg London Office Building http://farm1.static.flickr.com/1/918049_4bf0bfa14c.jpg