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COPY READING AND HEADLINE WRITING

Copyreading is much like the work of a communication arts teacher correcting compositions, except that he uses different symbols. A copy may be a news item, an editorial, a feature story or any literary article.

Duties of a copyreader:
1. Straighten out ungrammatical construction. 2. Shorten sentences and tighten paragraphs. 3. See that the papers style requirements are strictly followed. Check names, addresses, title, designations, identifications, figures, etc. 4. Rewrite the story completely if it is poorly written. 5. Rewrite the lead or the first few paragraphs whenever necessary, but must never tamper with the facts unless he is sure of his corrections. 6. Delete all opinion, speculations and statements on news which are without attribution or sources. 7. Watch out for slanting or any attempt to present the story in a subtly biased way. 8. Watch for libelous statements. 9. Recheck figures and totals. 10. Cross-out adjectives in news which tend to make a story sound over-written. 11. Cut a story to size or to the required length if necessary. 12. Check attributions and see to it that they are properly identified. 13. Challenge facts, claims, or reports when they sound anomalous, illogical and incredible. 14. Check sluglines and paging sequences 15. Write headlines

What to copyread?
1. Errors in fact 2. Errors in grammar 3. Errors in structure 4. Errors in style 5. Libelous and derogatory statements 6. Seditious and rebellious matter 7. Expressions contrary to law and good taste 8. Opinion and editorializing statements 9. Verbal deadwood, redundancy 10. Technical terms, slang, jargons

Copy-reading symbols
Punctuation Marks Symbols Meaning Outcome The Bionic Woman Emphasize quotes The Bionic Woman Dr Arthur Cruz Jr Emphasize periods Dr. Arthur Cruz Jr. said I must go. Emphasize comma said, I must go. Numbers and Abbreviations in Nov. Spell out in November

Doctor Arthur Cruz Abbreviate Dr. Arthur Cruz twenty boys Use numeral 20 boys 2 girls were Spell out Two girls were Special form of type Manila, philippines Capitalize MANILA, Philippines Letter and word changes meet on Saturday Bridge over meet Saturday those b oys Close up space those boys Fe Cruz Principal Transpose Principal Fe Cruz recieve Transpose receive pamplet Insert letter pamphlet went market Insert word went to market Manila pAper Lower case Manila paper received free gifts Delete word received gifts judgement Delete letter within judgment develope iskill Delete before/after develop skill the most talented and Kill the principal enthusiastic principal Allright wehave time Insert space All right we have time We were indeed very Run in copy We were indeed very happy because happy because Others Paco, Manila Indent for paragraph Paco, Manila Today he will Today he will Welfrido Cruz Spell as written Welfrido Kruz One boy came Restore text; disregard On boy came correction Elected prexy Center subhead Elected prexy the un - Syllabicate the unfinished task finished task The gong Set in boldface the gong

She read Les Miserables Set in italics She read Les Miserables 30 or # Story is finished more or ) Story is unfinished Seminar Text continued on the (2) Next page # - folio copy See copy as written Note: To arrange paragraphs just place the number (e.g. #1, #3) of the corresponding paragraphs in the left portion of the copy. SAMPLE COPY TEST Slug line: ________________________ Headline: _____________________________ No. of units: ____________ The PNU elementary school launch the anual cleanliness & beatification contest September 16 at the school social hole. In a mating with Presidents and vice-presidents of each class from Grade III to Gr. Six, Mrs. Alegria Flora Principal explain the prosedures to folow. According to the principal, its class class will be given an areas to cleaned. Ones a week, school officials will vissit the area and chose the cleanest amongst them. Prices will be awarded to the class whos area will be pick the cleanest for 3 times. Th This will give insentives to the students explained Mrs. Flores. The handsome and intelligent Mr. Garcia Ramon, vocation al teacher who facilitated the meeting told the studes that thru the contest cooperation will be developed while order and cleanliness be maintained. Congrattulations Mrs. Garcia

Headlining
It is easy to write the news headline. Just look at the first paragraph called the lead which contains the gist, Just write the gist of that lead.

Dos and donts in writing traditional headlines


1. Make your headline answer as many Ws as possible. 2. The headline should summarize the news story, but must avoid using all the words used in the lead. It should contain nothing that is not found in the story. 3. Positive heads are preferable to negative ones. School physician allays flu fear is better than Flu epidemic not rampant in city. 4. Out a verb expressed or implied in every deck. 5. Omit articles like a, an, and the, and all forms of the verb to be (is, are, be, etc.), unless needed to make the meaning clear. 6. Use the strongest word in the first line as much as possible. 7. The active verb is better than the passive verb in headlines (Food production drive intensified; RPs lost image abroad regained)

8. Use the present tense for past stories and the infinitive form for future stories (Archbishop Sin bats for national reconciliation; Lantern parade to cap Xmas affairs). 9. Write numbers in figures or spell them out depending upon your needs for your unit counts. 10. Avoid heads that carry double meaning. 11. Use only common abbreviations.

Punctuating a headline
1. Use a comma in place of the conjuction and 2. Two related thoughts should be separated with a semicolon. 3. The dash may be used in smaller decks but not for headlines in large types. 4. The single quotation marks are used in headlines. 5. Follow the other rules of punctuations.

Unit counting in headline


unit - jiltf and all punctuations except the em dash (--), and the question mark (?) 1 unit - the question mark, space, all figures, capital JILTF, all lower case letters except jiltf 1 units - the em dash, lower case m and w, and all capital letters except capital M and W and JILTF 2 units - capital M, W

Headline vocabulary (Formula: subject-verb-object ala text message)


1. Faculty club strengthened (beefed up) 2. Enrolment decreases (dips) 3. Science examinations announced (quiz bared) 4. Contests highlight Animal Week (cap) 5. Santos urges cooperation (bats for, calls for) 6. DepEd disapproves tuition fee increase (bucks, nixes, axes) 7. Ateneo wins 12 medals in press contest (bags, romp away with; tilt, parley) 8. Principal praises editors humility (lauds, extols) 9. Local staff dominates press tilt (rules, lords over) 10. Local basketball players retain championship (sluggers; crown) 11. US attacks Russ nuclear test (hits) 12. Laurel ends diplomatic tour (winds up) 13. Cops ended syndicate (busted) 14. Slay suspect questioned (grilled, probed) 15. RP sees import hike (eyes) 16. 456 pass bar exams (hurdle) 17. Lim dismisses 5 cops (fires) 18. RP-Malaysia dispute solved (row) 19. Fiscal dismiss rape charge (dismiss; rap) 20. Import talk delayed (snagged)

Mga halimbawa
Huwag gumamit ng pangalan maliban kung kilala ito MaliJaime Diaz, nahalal na pangulo TamaMag-aaral ng Mapa, nahalal na pangulo ng samahan Maging tiyak (specific) MaliMag-aaral, nagwagi sa paligsahan TamaMag-aaral ng Mapa, nagwagi sa pagsulat ng balita Iwasan ang opinyon sa balita

MaliPaaralang Datu Puti, lumaro ng kahanga-hanga TamaPaaralang Datu Puti, nanalo ng 3 sa 4 na laban Lagyan ng pandiwa ang bawat ulo MaliLimang guro sa seminar TamaLimang guro, dadalo sa seminar Iwasan ang paggamit ng negatibong pandiwa MaliPaligsahan sa talumpatian, hindi matutuloy TamaPaligsahan sat al;umpatian, pinagpaliban Gumamit ng makakatawag-pansing pandiwa MahinaTinato ng Ateneo ang St. Joseph, 50-36 MalakasPinataob ng Ateneo ang St. Joseph, 50-36

Gamitin ang maikli at kilalang salita


MasalitaBayang Pilipinas, sasali sa pandaigdig na palaro MaikliRP, sasali sa olimpiyada Iwasan ang paggamit ng pantukoy at ng pandiwang pantulong nahango saverb to be MaliSi Japhet Burgos ay ang napiling punong patnugot ng Ripples TamaJaphet Burgos, napiling punong patnugot ng Ripples

Lead (pamatnubay) Most important facts A FOUR-YEAR-OLD dog saved the life of his blind master, Thursday night, but the canines loyalty cost the trusty animal his life. BridgeElaboration of lead In serious condition today in Doctors Hospital is Erland Escobanez, 71, a street sweeper. Escobanez of SSS Building, Rizal St., Iloilo City was found early this morning unconscious on a sidewalk near the Aglipayan Church in the Iloilo Terminal Market. Less important facts Police theorized that Escobanez was knocked unconscious when he fell, his head hitting a stone. Potpot, his dog, apparently tried to shield its master from the cold and the rain by draping itself over the fallen man. When discovered this morning by the Police Patrol, Escobanez was still out cold. The dog lay near, dead. Relatives of Escobanez who is still a bachelor, told authorities that he always took nightly strolls at about 11 p.m. with his dog. Minor facts According to doctors, only the warmth from the dogs body saved Escobanez from certain death. Escobanez told police that he remembers nothing of the incident. A wallet containing PhP 500.00 was still in his pocket leading the authorities to rule out robbery.

How to write a lead?


Lead

It is a single word, a phrase, a clause, a brief sentence, an entire paragraph or a series of paragraphs. The main function of the lead, aside from introducing the news story, are to tell the story in capsule form and to answer right away the questions the reader would naturally ask. A good lead answers all the important questions of the reader, indicates thefacts if they are all important, and arouses the readers interest to continue reading the story. In Filipino news, a good lead starts with a verb like Nilamon ng

Conventional or summary lead


This kind of lead used in straight news, answers right away all or any of the 5 Ws (Who, What, When, Where, Why) and/or the H (How). It may be one of the following: 1. WHO lead PRESIDENT Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo addressed, April 20, the PMA graduates in Baguio City. 2. WHAT lead AN ENTRANCE examination will be given Nov. 24 to all graduating high school students desiring to enroll in the fouryear college course. 3. WHERE lead TRAPICHE, Oton, Iloilo will be the site of the next International Film Festival. 4. WHEN lead TODAY, almost to the hour, the Revolutionary Government was proclaimed by former President Corazon Aquino. 5. WHY lead BECAUSE of poverty, around a hundred students dropped from school last year. This was learned from Ateneo de Iloilo principal Aurora dela Cruz. 6. HOW lead BY APPEALING to the school board, the University of Iloilo was able to construct a 30-storey, concrete building.

Dos and Donts in writing a news story


1. Write the story immediately. 2. Play up the dominant points. 3. Be accurate and truthful. 4. Avoid opinions called editorializing. 5. Use adjectives sparingly. 6. Avoid libelous, seditious and rebellious matters, prejudice and bad taste. 7. Give source (attribution) of the news. Use quotes! 8. Write names in full when these are mentioned for the first time. 9. Identify the names mentioned. 10. Avoid redundancy. 11. Watch out for errors in fact, grammar, structure, and style. 12. Observe the guidelines for clear effective writing (unity, coherence, emphasis, brevity, clarity, etc.) 13. Adopt a paper stylesheet or stylebook for consistency and professionalism (in Ripples, we officially adopt the Daily Inquirer Stylebook)

Guidelines in writing a news story


1. Give your lead sentence a punch to catch the interest of the readers. 2. Starts with the most important event or idea. 3. Use the rule or proximity and explain how the news affects the people in the locality or the students in school. 4. If your story has something unusual or novel to tell, bank on that for the lead. Its hot copy. 5. Make your sentences concise and clear so that they could be easily understood. Long tedious sentences will likely kill the readers interest. Besides, they usually lose the readers along the way. News stories are not luxury or pleasure reading. They have the basic function to inform. 6. Use simple words. Using highfalutin words does not prove anything but pedantry and literary pretentions. Even literary writers try as much as possible to use simple words.

7. Never be afraid of breaking the rules if it will prove helpful in making a good copy. The matrix below compares and contrasts news, feature and editorial articles. COMPARISON 1. Definition 2. Main Purpose 3. Timeliness 4. Length 5. Use of words 6. Use of sentences 7. Paragraph NEWS Report an event To inform Timely Short Simple precise, concrete EDITORIAL Interpretation of an event/issue To interpret Timely Around 300 words (2000 computer characters) Simple, forceful, direct FEATURE An essay based on facts To entertain using present human interest stories Timely Depends upon the needs May be descriptive, flowery, colorful May be longer

Short, simple, 15-25 words May be longer average No topic sentence, one idea, one paragraph

With topic sentence, longer With topic sentence, longer

8. Use of literary devices Journalistic, direct to the Journalistic, direct to the Literary, can be journalistic; point, no idioms, figures of point, may use idioms, idioms, figures of speech speech figures of speech if properlyused freely handled 9. Use of adjectives/opinion 10. Parts Uses adjectives sparingly; Adjectives used freely; opinion, never primarily opinion Lead, (Bridge), Body As much as desired

Introduction (newspeg, Introduction, body, ending reaction), body, conclusion (clincher) Follows style-sheet, newspaper style Composition style or newspaper style

11. Style 12. Structure

Follows style-sheet newspaper style Inverted pyramid

Hypothesis, Suspended interest or arguments/stand on issue, pyramid structure conclusion

13. Title/Headline

Short (subject-verb; Shorter (at most three telegraphic sentence form) words

SUGGESTIONS FOR HOME OR CLASS-ROOM STUDY I. Concisely told story of a fire. From the Chicago Evening Post: Lives of firemen were imperiled and a loss estimated at $35,000 was caused early to-day by fire which swept through the three top floors of a five-story brick building at 2427-31 West

Fourteenth street. These upper floors were occupied by the Platt-Maschek Company, novelties, of which C. C. Maschek is president. The two lower floors are occupied by C. A. Hiles & Co., Inc., tool manufacturers. This concern escaped with a slight loss. Starting supposedly from crossed electric wires on the fifth floor, the fire broke through the roof and had spread to the fourth and third floors when it was discovered by Policeman Thomas Feeney, who was passing. Flames and smoke rolled out of the fifth floor windows. Feeney pounded on the front doors of the building and attracted the attention of Edward Claus, a watchman, who was on the first floor and unaware that the building was burning. The two attempted to ascend a stairway to the third floor, believing that there was another watchman in the novelty concern, but flames and smoke burst through a door and they were compelled to retire. Glass in the door was broken by the heat and Feeney was cut about the face and hands. A general alarm was sounded and Marshal Horan arrived in his automobile. He sent in five special calls and took charge of the many companies of firemen. The heat was intense and firemen who had mounted the roofs of adjoining structures frequently were compelled to climb down. While firemen were still at work on the flames about twenty-five girls reported for work. It was said they would be thrown out of work by the fire. (Notice how the two leading facts in the story are combined in the opening sentence, the fact that firemen were in peril coming first, then the property loss. The writer manifestly has taken pains to get the firm names correct.) II. Brief news dispatch telling of a death by fire: NEW YORK, Dec. 12.- Mrs. F. A. Hilliard, 76 years old, a wealthy widow of Milwaukee, was burned to death early today in her room in the Hotel Bristol. She set fire to her clothing in attempting to light a candle. Mrs. Hilliard registered at the hotel Nov. 6. She attracted attention by her eccentricities. She refused to use either electric light or gas, and insisted on burning candles in her room.

(All the salient facts are told here in less than seventy-five wordsthe who, when, what, where and why of the story. This is the compressed form in which the story was carried in the news dispatches. As a local story that is, published in the city in which it originated its human-interest element would justify the giving of more details but nothing of a horrible nature. News, unless it is national in interest, shrinks in importance in pro-portion to the distance from the scene of the happening. This rule, of course, would not apply in this case to Milwaukee, where the story would be local in significance because of the residence of the woman in that city.) III. Fire story summarizing the main facts in a few lines, as carried in the report of a press association : JOPLIN, MO., Nov. 16.- Fire of unknown origin this morning destroyed the entire business section of Duenweg, a mining town six miles east of here. Seventeen buildings were burned, the damage being estimated at $75,000. (It is significant, in studying relative news values, that this story, dealing with property loss, gets only half as much space as-that telling of a woman's death. Both appeared in the same newspaper.) IV. Death story which covers all the important points. From the Baltimore Sun: ATLANTA, Nov. 13.- United States Senator Alexander Stephens Clay, of Georgia, died of heart disease at the Robertson Sanatorium today after an extended illness. His death was as peaceful as it was sudden. He was talking to his son Herbert when he suddenly ceased speaking and fell back dead. During the morning and early afternoon the Senator appeared in better spirits than usual. The attending physicians said that he was apparently recovering from the slight relapse of Saturday. Mrs. Clay came to Atlanta from Marietta in the morning, but when she found the Senator so much improved she returned home. The only member of the family present at the deathbed was the Senator's son Herbert, who is mayor of Marietta. According to the physicians Senator Clay's death resulted from dilatation of the heart, superinduced by arterial sclerosis. The Senator had been ill for nearly a year and went to

the sanatorium on November I to take the rest cure. He appeared to be improving until Saturday, when he suffered a relapse which his weakened condition was unable to withstand. The body was removed to the Clay home at Marietta, where the funeral services will be held Tuesday. Senator Clay was 57 years old, and is survived by a widow, five sons and a daughter, besides his parents, Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Clay, of Cobb county. (An account of Senator Clay's political life, in 350 words, follows.) V. Death story in which the cause is of special interest: CHICAGO, Dec. 5.- Prof. Charles Otis Whitman, head of the Department of Zoology and director of the Zoological Museum at the University of Chicago, died of pneumonia today. His death was due to exposure a week ago, when, late at night, he left his room to look after a flock of pigeons which he had been studying. Friends say that Prof. Whitman feared the pigeons would be frozen. Prof. Whitman, who was 68 years old, was widely known as a zoologist. He was born at Woodstock, Me., and was educated at Bowdoin College, Leipzig University, in Germany, and Johns Hopkins University. Surviving Prof. Whitman are his widow and two sons, Frank and Carroll. Arrangements for the funeral have not been completed. VI. Graphically told story of the death of a famous " man-bird " : LOS ANGELES, CAL., Dec. 31.- The winds, whose treacheries Arch Hoxsey so often defied and conquered, killed the noted aviator today. As if jealous of his intrepidity, they seized him and his fragile flying machine, flung them down out of the sky and crushed out his life. He fell dead in the field from which he had risen but a short time before with a laughing promise to thousands of cheering spectators to pierce the zenith of the heavens, surpass his own phenomenal altitude record and soar higher than any other man dared go. Cross currents, whirled off from a vagrant storm that floated in from the sea, caught his biplane and shot him downward 563 feet to earth.

His body lay broken and twisted almost out of all semblance to a human form. All of the spectators in the grand stand witnessed the tragedy, as it occurred directly in front of them on the opposite side of the course. They sat in awe-stricken silence until the announcer gave out the words through the megaphone : "Hoxsey has been killed." Then from every part of the great stand came sobbing of women, who but a short time before had clapped their hands to the daring aviator as he arose from the field for his fatal flight. " Of course the success of this attempt is contingent upon the kind of weather I find up there," said Hoxsey just before he left the ground. " Some of the temperatures one encounters in the higher altitudes are simply beyond human endurance. But, if I can stand it and my motor works as well as it has been working, I'll come down with a record of 12,000 feet or more." Even at that moment the wind attained a velocity that kept more cautious aviators on the ground. After he had ascended it gained rapidly in violence. Moreover, it created a "Swiss cheese " atmosphere, the most treacherous meteorological condition that man-birds have to con-tend with. There is nothing by which it may be known why Hoxsey did not go higher than 7,742 feet, which his barograph showed he had attained, but he had apparently encountered at that altitude the same conflicting air currents that finally overcame him. Notwithstanding this, and with the same reckless daring he had displayed during the last week, he descended by a series of spiral glides, and was performing one of his thrilling rolling dips, when his biplane suddenly capsized and shot to earth. Over and over the aeroplane turned as it fell, with a speed so swift that of all the thousands who saw the tragedy not one could tell what effort the aviator made to save himself. When the wreckage had been cleared sufficiently so that his body could be reached, he was found planted firmly in his seat, his arms around the levers. The fall telescoped the biplane.

The steel sprocket which drove the propellers lay across Hoxsey's face, the motor resting upon the right side of his body. Every one of the ribs on that side was shattered into fragments. An iron upright, broken by the force of the crash, held the aviator's body impaled upon its jagged point. The stop watches of the judges in the stand registered the exact second of 2:12 o'clock when Hoxsey's machine turned over and plunged in its fatal fall. The news of the tragedy was telegraphed over wires leading out of the press stand before the machine struck the ground. (Enough of the published story, which filled more than three columns, is given here to indicate the detailed method of treatment. The death of Arch Hoxsey in itself was a big news story, of nation-wide interest. Its importance as news was enhanced by the fact that another noted aviator, only a few hours before, had met death in a similar tragic manner on another aviation field.) VII. Story of a suicide printed because of the unusual means employed. (Names and addresses given here are fictitious.) From the New York World: James Wilson, aged seventy, a photographer, committed suicide by drowning himself yesterday afternoon in a tank in his studio at No. 17 Blank street. Wilson lived at No. 616 R street and was in the photograph business with his son. The studio is on the third floor and consists of three rooms. Water leaking through his ceiling about 5 o'clock yesterday afternoon attracted the attention of Henry Smith, who has a printing shop on the floor underneath the studio. He sent a workman to investigate and when the man re-turned and said that Wilson's door was locked Smith notified the police. Patrolmen Stephens and Jones of the Blank Street Station broke open the Wilson studio door and in the rear room found water running over the sides of a tank used in developing pictures. This tank is zinc lined, is 2% feet wide, 2 feet deep and 4 feet long, and stands 5 feet up from the floor, the upper edge being only 2 feet from the ceiling. Inside this tank was Wilson's body.

Wilson was 5 feet 2 inches tall and weighed 200 pounds. To reach the top of the tank he evidently stood on a sink beside it, but how he managed to crawl inside has puzzled the police. First, thinking that Wilson might have been trying to repair the tank, the police made a search for repairing tools, but found nothing of the kind. Wilson was dressed in his underclothing, and his outer garments were found hanging on hooks. The tank had to be chopped down before the body could be removed and taken to the Morgue. Mrs. Wilson said last night that her husband had acted queerly yesterday and seemed to be brooding because a man whom he had had in his employ for a number of years was to leave him at the end of the week. She said one of their sons committed suicide about seven years ago. (Observe that the writer gives concrete details. Instead of saying, 'vaguely, that Wilson, a large man, drowned himself in a small tank, he gives Wilson's height and weight and the exact dimensions of the tank.) VIII. The following leads show how stories have been brought up to date : 1. ST. LOUIS, Dec. 9. Colonel Abe Slupsky wears modestly today the metaphorical wreath of hops that goes with the championship in beer drinking. When he drank a bottle of beer in the caf at Hotel Jefferson last night it marked the completion of a task begun thirty days ago. Every day since then, Sundays included, nineteen bottles of beer preceded the good-night one. Etc. 2. Search in a snowstorm failed today to find the three robbers who held up three men and stole nearly $20,000 in cash and checks on the Egremont trolley extension yesterday. The amount taken was given out as $10,000, but the Woronoco Construction Company stated today that yesterday's full pay roll was $20,000, and only a few men had been paid off when the hold-up occurred. Of this amount nearly half was in checks. Etc. 3. BELFAST, Dec. 10. Political excitement is at fever heat today, following last night's riots that resulted from several Orangemen voting for the Irish Nationalist candidates. Those so voting are being called traitors and their houses are under guard today to prevent violence being done them. Etc.

4. Several hundred college boys from the University of Blank crawled from the sheets this morning with dry throats, big heads and a universal tendency toward " never again." For last night was " football night " and the college boys " did things up brown." Etc. 5. John K. Smith, millionaire broker, following his fourth arrest in a month because of his strange antics with automobiles, is in the observation ward of the City Hospital pending an expert investigation as to his mental condition. Smith was arrested yesterday, etc. 6. PROVIDENCE, KY., Nov. 26.- It is believed today that the ten men entombed in Mine No. 3 of the Providence Coal Company by an explosion are dead. . . . A windy shot in the mine yesterday caused a terrific ex-plosion, etc. IX. Write a local fire story from the following notes, assuming it is to be printed in an evening pa-per in a town of about 20,000: Home of A. B. Smith, 600 Converse avenue. Fire discovered at 1 A. M. by neighbors returning from theater. One of them broke in front door with a stick of cord wood and aroused the family, who were asleep on the second floor. Fire had started in the attic from crossed electric wires, and had burned down into the closet in the room occupied by Mr. and Mrs. Smith. Opening the closet to get some clothing, Smith was driven back by flames. His wife fainted and he carried her out. His hands and face were slightly burned. Two children, girls, 8 and 5, were carried out by neighbors. The house, two-story frame, burned rapidly. Only a part of the furniture on first floor was saved. Loss about $10,000, covered by insurance. Whole building was ablaze when the firemen arrived. Smith is cashier of the Second National Bank. Man who broke in door, A. L. Jones, a grocer, 604 Converse avenue. X. Assuming that the death of Senator Clay (see No. IV) was first published in the morning papers, rewrite the story in I50 words for an evening pa-per. XI. Condense the story of Wilson's suicide (see No. VII) into a telegraph dispatch of 150 words.

Copy Reading 2hernan - Presentation Transcript


1. Mr. Hernane B. Buella

2.

Copyreading is much is like the work of a communication arts teacher correcting compositions,

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3.

except that he uses different symbols. symbols are universally known to printers. the symbols used in copyreading are the same symbols used in pagwawasto ng sipi

to eliminate or correct errors to improve the copy. a copy may be a news item, editorial, a feature story or any literary article.

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Errors could be of any kind errors in fact, in grammar in structure or in style. Like a teacher of English you correct errors in spelling, punctuation, capitalization

abbreviation, the use of the different parts of speech, in subject-verb agreement, tenses, mood, number, case and the like.

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In copy editing a news report, you should see to it that the proper lead is used and

that this lead contains the most important element. See to it that the paragraphs are arranged according to decreasing importance

following the inverted pyramid structure. In editing an editorial see to it that it begins with an introduction composed of a

newspeg and reaction. This is followed by the body (the arguments and stand of the editor on the issue), then by the conclusion. In short, correct errors in structure. 4.

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consistency .

There is also a thing called newspaper or editorial style. Every paper should have a stylesheet or stylebook as a guideline for the sake of

A stylesheet is a set of rules mainly in punctuation, abbreviation, syllabication, uses

figures, capitalization and spelling. You may use the Manila Times Style Book by Jose Luna Castro. Most metropolitan dailies use it. You may find one in Campus Journalism by Ceciliano-Jose Cruz, pp.213-220 5.

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There is no question of right or wrong, just a matter of style. After you have adopted

one, be consistent. Also, eliminate opinion in news stories; this is called editorializing. Delete libelous

words and expressions, vulgar and indecent words. Cross out redundant words and verbal deadwood. Use adjectives sparingly. News is supposed to be objective and factual. Delete also seditious and rebellious matter and those violative of our laws. 6. COPYREADING Defined for corrections for improvement For style sheet accordance EDITING article News Features Sports Editorials Cutlines

7.

Mga Pananda sa Pagwawasto ng sipi pangulo ng pilipinas - limbagin sa malaking titik Pag-asa ng Bayan - limbagin sa maliit na titik Manila Times - limbagin na maitim(boldface) Dahil sa Isang Bulaklak - limbagin ng palihis(italics) Dahil sa iyo, ang sabi niya - lagyan ng panipi Paco Manila - lagyan ng kuwit 2000-01 - lagyan ng kudlit barangay - singitan ng titik inang baayn - pagpalitin ang lugar ng titik Jose Lina Jr., Gobernador - pagpalitin ang lugar ng salita pinunong ng bayan - alisin at pagkabitin Pang. Gloria M. Arroyo - isulat nang buo 8 katao - isulat nang pasalita labing dalawang katao - isulat sa numero o tambilang Doktor Warren Cruz - daglatin

8.

9.

10. Simula bukas - wastong pasok ng talataan kahapon. Simula bukas - panibagong talataan natapos ang panayam Subalit wala pang tiyak - pagdugtungin o pasunurin Ngunit di pa yari walang bagong talataan pin untahan - pagkabitin 11. Malaking Panayam - igitna ang subhead Panggulo ng Pilipinas - alisin at paglapitin Maynilas kaltasin/pungusin Wilfredo Krus - hayaang manatili ang pagkabaybay Mabait na bata panatilihin, huwag baguhin more pa - may karugtong 30 # - wakes ng artikulo 12. Headline Writing

News stories, are important, but the headlines that introduce these stories to the

readers are also important. Good headlines will make a newspaper page attractive; poor headlines will make a page seem dull. Poor headlines might discourage them from reading the stories.

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A headline is the title of a news story. It summarizes the whole news story.

Oftentimes, it is the gist of the lead. What kind of headline style does your newspaper use? In the traditional newspaper

headline, every word is capitalized except for short prepositions like at, by, for, from, in, on, to, etc. and the . They are capitalized only when they appear at the beginning of a line. 13.

A newer style of headline writing; however, capitalizes only the first word and proper

nouns that would be capitalized in a normal sentence. The two styles of headlines are shown below:

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Traditional Style Newer Style Clc (cap & lower case) Ds (Down Style) Food Production Food production Drive Intensified drive intensified

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If a newspaper wishes to call special attention to a news story, it will capitalize every

letter in every word. (All Caps) DOPE UPSURGE IN SCHOOL

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COMMUNITY NOTED Ordinarily, most newspapers call attention to their most important news stories by

giving them multiple-column headlines. A multiple-column headline is one which extends over two, three, four or more column width. Such wide headlines; however, are set in much larger type than single column headlines. 15.

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16.

Example: Nation celebrates Centennial Year, Chief Executive delivers message The examples of headlines we have seen so far have been written in two lines. This

is called a running head . But sometimes newspapers print three-line headline: 3 rd seminar on family planning held

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In longer stories, a newspaper may even add a second headline called a deck , also

called bank or readout . Torch 2 nd in nat l. press tilts Chief editor bags seven NSPC medals 17. Unit Counting in Headlines

Writing headlines is not so simple as it seems to be. A headline should fit the

allotted space by a system of unit counts given to each letter, figure or space. This is done to avoid a thin head , a fat head or a bleeding head . 18.

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19.

An example of a thin head where the spaces between the letters of words, or the

space after the words in a line are so wide that the effect is ugly. Schooljoinspresstilts An example of a fat head where the letters or the words are so crowded that there

are no spaces between them or the spaces are so small that several words read as one. Schooljoinspresstilts

o
column

An example of bleeding headline in which some letter or words extend inside the

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Schooljoins presstilts However, in computerized headline writing, there is no need to count units. The

computer does the fitting of the words in the allotted space. In many provinces, printing is still done through the obsolete letter press. 20.

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mark (?)

The corresponding unit counts are given as follows: unit jilt and all punctuations except the em dash (-) and the questions

letters except jiltf

1 unit the questions mark, space, all figures, capital, JILTF, all lower case

and W and JILTF

1 units the em dash, lower case m and w, all capital letters except M

2 units capital M, W