You are on page 1of 50

Naya Raipur Development Plan 2031

Naya Raipur Development Authority

Development Plan of Naya Raipur City 2031

Annex
Naya Raipur Development Authority

NAYA RAIPUR DEVELOPMENT PLAN-2031 PLANNING TEAM


NAYA RAIPUR DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY Shri P. Joy Oommen (I.A.S.) Chairman Shri S.S. Bajaj (I.F.S.) Chief Executive Officer & Director T & CP
Shri A.K. Dubey , General Manager (Finance) Shri S.K. Shrivastava , General Manager (PWD) Shri K.P. Bajpai , Building Officer & Town Planner Shri J.C. Singhal , Dy. G.M. (Public Relation) Shri J.P. Sharma ,Manager (Env) & Dy.M.(R) OFFICERS ASSOCIATED WITH NRDA (EARLIER CADA) AND DIRECTORATE TOWN AND COUNTRY PLANNING ,RAIPUR, IN EARLY STAGES OF PLAN Shri.Vivek Dhand, I.A.S, Chairman Shri. Sanjay Shukla, I.F.S, Chief Executive Officer Shri. B.K.Sinha, I.F.S. Chief Executive Officer & Director T & CP Shri. K.C.Yadav, I.F.S. Chief Executive Officer Shri. Anil Tuteja, Chief Executive Officer Shri.M.K.Gupta, Dy.G.M.(Planning) Shri.P.Nihalani, Nazul Officer & D.M (Land) Shri. Alok Tiwari, Manager (Environnent) Shri. Akhilesh Shukla, Data Entry Director Shri. Rajkumar Mudliyar, T & CP Shri. Vineet Nair, T & CP OTHER OFFICIAL ASSOCIATED WITH NRDA Shri.G.P.Sharma Shri.Manoj Joshi Shri.S.L. Dhruwanshi Shri.N.L.Sahu Shri.Pradeep Thambi Shri.B.L.Nishad Shri.K.K.Singaur Shri.P.D.Yoshen Shri.Mani Ram Dhruv Shri.Navneet Kotwaliwale CITY AND INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION (CIDCO), NAVI MUMBAI Shri N. Ramarao, Vice Chairman & Managing Director Shri Deepak Kapur, Joint Managing Director Shri D.P. Samant ,Chief Architect and Planner Shri C.S. Sanghavi, Chief Engineer & G.M. ( Technical) Shri S. Sinha , Addl. Chief Transport Engineer Shri D.V. Shekdar, Addl. Chief Planner Smt. Aparna Vedula, Senior Planner Shri R.N. Dengle , Senior Planner Shri P.C. Jain, Manager (Finance) Shri. S.K.Nag, Manager (PWD) Shri. G.C.Nath, Deputy Manager ( Land) Shri.V.R. Meshram, Asst. Manager (Land)

CONSULTING ENGINEERING SERVICES (I) PVT LTD, NEW DELHI Shri S.S. Chakarborty Project Coordinator and Managing Director Urban Planning Team Shri J.C. Gambhir, Team Leader Shri Virendra Kumar , Deputy Team Leader Miss Swati Khanna Shri Neeraj Kumar Singh Shri Harbhajan Singh Miss Anwesha Chakarborty Mrs Alpana Bose Shri Anoop Singh Traffic and Transport Experts Shri N. Ranganathan Shri Jayashankar Thota Environment & Infrastructure Expert Shri R.D. Panandhikar Power and Telecommunication Shri S.K. Chakarborty Shri Suryakant Kejariwal Environment and Ecology Expert Shri Subhajit Maitra Site Representative Shri Haseen Zaidi

Naya Raipur Development Plan 2031

The Planner's Dilemma - A Foreword to the Development Plan of Naya Raipur


"What human beings need is not utopia ('no place') but entopia ('in place') a real city which they can build, a place which satisfies the dreamer and is acceptable to the scientist, a place where the artist and the builder merge" Constantinos A. Doxiadis

Most cities and towns of today are the products of an evolutionary process in which some of the larger villages or a cluster of villages have grown and diversified at a faster pace than others. While census definitions of urban areas have usually emphasized the size and diversified occupational structure of the population, settlements too have grown in geographical size and often diversified in terms of their functions as market places, administrative capitals, industrial centres or tourist towns. No doubt, the growth and diversification of human settlements into towns and cities have been aided by human interventions of many kinds of which the efforts to plan their physical features or lend them a distinctive architectural character have been of special interest to town planners, architects and historians. India takes pride in the archeological evidence of planned cities as early as in 3000 B.C., though none of the cities of Indus Valley Civilization period appear to have survived long enough to influence the building of similar planned settlements, in later times. We also know of Indraprastha and Pataliputra as planned cities of olden times but with no surviving architectural features, they are remembered as little more than old names of todays Delhi and Patna. Kurukshetra has become more of a metaphor for a battleground for just causes than the name of a planned ancient city. A long history of invasions and internecine wars among kings, regional chieftains and other war lords have left us with only a few forts, temples and palaces of ancient or medieval India. There are not many cities of even 17th or 18th centuries except perhaps Jaipur, Udaipur and few others that have been able to preserve their special architectural or planning features up to the present day. Elsewhere, especially in Europe, some of the ancient as well as medieval cities have survived the onslaught of time or marauders and retained much
i

Naya Raipur Development Plan 2031

of their charm and physical features. The Roman towns in many parts of Europe are living examples of the efforts of human beings to shape their habitations scientifically and aesthetically. In modern times, the end of the colonial era led to the emergence of new nations as also the redrawing of national boundaries and of provinces within those nations. This in turn necessitated creation of new cities or towns to serve as

administrative capitals of new nation states or their provinces. There are no doubt some examples of new towns and cities developed by colonial governments too essentially for administrative reasons like the creation of summer capitals in hill stations or cantonment towns. There have also been more seriously planned cities of colonial times like New Delhi and Canberra. Brasilia, Islamabad, Abuja and Putrajaya are some of the new administrative capitals planned and developed in the postcolonial era. Another set of planned townships that have come up in many parts of the modern world are those developed by large industrial corporations especially the steel and automobile makers. In India, Tata Iron and Steel Company developed the

planned township of Jamshedpur which later inspired building of similar large integrated townships especially by public sector undertakings. Bhilai, Rourkela and Bokaro are large greenfield townships which have grown and spilled over to their neighbourhoods to become some of the most cosmopolitan cities of India. The first major effort after independence to develop a wholesome planned city in the country culminated in the building of Chandigarh. Planned with painstaking details by a team of architects and planners led by the redoubtable French architect Corbusier, Chandigarh inspired the building of two more planned capital cities Bhubaneshwar and Gandhinagar. Perhaps, the success of Chandigarh should have inspired the

building of many more planned green field towns and cities all across the country. Though, this did not happen, preparation of master plans for existing cities and towns and planned development of new city centres or satellite townships have indeed become a serious preoccupation of many State Governments in the country. Planning or building new cities have perhaps not been easy decisions for governments or city authorities. More than the problems of mobilising the required

ii

Naya Raipur Development Plan 2031

financial or skilled human resources, perhaps, what has truly deterred them is the fear of criticism of the location of the new cities, scope of the plans, the consultative process involved and the administrative arrangements for management of the cities once they are built. Planners and developers of new cities have to face many

dilemmas and deal with many imponderables. These include issues like how much of history, heritage and culture of the region should or can be captured in the design of a new city which is being built for future generations or may be how to balance aesthetics and functionality. How much of the land could be set apart as open spaces or for recreation without compromising the financial viability of the plans? How to ensure that the plans promote social cohesion and also prevent the formation of illegal or squatter settlements? Or say, how to devise a safe, reliable and energy efficient transportation system for the city? Planning a robust management structure for the planned city after it is built is another area of challenge. How does one build in provisions against willful violations of planning norms by builders or the arbitrariness of the city authorities themselves? When the new state of Chhattisgarh was born on 1st of November 2000, Raipur, the largest city of the state was named its capital. Raipur has for many decades been a vibrant market place in central India. Yet, with an already burdened civic infrastructure, it was ill-equipped to take on its newfound role as the administrative capital of a rapidly growing state. There was a prolonged debate on the need for a new city, its location and the mode of financing its development. It is indeed a remarkable achievement that the people of Chhattisgarh and its political leaders could arrive at a consensus on the building of a large green field city close to Raipur. The new city which has been named Naya Raipur would at once serve as the administrative capital of the State and also cater to the infrastructural needs of industry and trade in the region. Many surveys and studies were undertaken before deciding on the precise location of the city. Planners have taken into account the existence of a number of human habitations, water bodies and wooded areas in the proposed location and woven those features in to the physical plan of the city. The development plan covers a total area of 237.42 sq.kms, out of which the core area

iii

Naya Raipur Development Plan 2031

alone would be spread over 95.22 sq.kms. Development would be undertaken in phases and the target population for the city in 2031 is 5.6 lacs. The Urban Design of Naya Raipur is a blend of the traditional with the futuristic, lending elegance to its major physical features and providing a soothing ambience to its inhabitants. Fast and convenient connectivity to Raipur and other large cities of Chhattisgarh would receive utmost attention while finalizing the transportation plan of the new city. Building an access controlled expressway from National Highway No. 6 and a short railway line to the new city from the Raipur Titlagarh Vizagapatnam railway line and integrating the two with an intra-city Bus Rapid Transport System (BRT) would form the core of a mass transportation plan for Naya Raipur. Dedicated bus lanes, cycling tracks and safe pedestrian walkways would complement the BRT and help the development of an energy efficient and environmentally sustainable city. The road sections and junctions would be designed to be friendly for children and persons with physical disabilities. Planning for housing of the citizens would be another major challenge. Here, the emphasis would be on appropriate land allocation policies to ensure affordable housing with acceptable quality levels for all sections of the population. The existing villages in the planning area would be upgraded with modern civic amenities to integrate them with the rest of the city. The Development Plan has set apart large open spaces as well as areas for sports, recreation and entertainment. It would help people of all walks of life to come together may be to watch a game of cricket at a stadium, a boat ride with the children in a lake or may be just for a brisk walk in one of the many parks. The city is also expected to generate new employment opportunities for the citizens. Government offices, the proposed business district, educational institutions and entertainment complexes would generate most of the fresh employment. The plan also provides for Industrial Parks for Information Technology, Gems and Jewellery, Apparels, Handicrafts and other light non-polluting industries. Naya Raipur with

its high quality infrastructure should emerge as a major educational and cultural hub

iv

Naya Raipur Development Plan 2031

for the entire state and all efforts would have to be made to achieve this potential. The Institutional Area should be able to accommodate many national as well as state level educational and training institutions, laboratories and research centers. Museums, libraries, exhibition halls and theatres for live performances will also have to come up, to enliven and enrich the city's cultural life. Naya Raipur Development Authority which has prepared this development plan with the help of a number of competent city planners and after a series of consultations with professional organizations and special interest groups as well as elected representatives of people realizes that it will have to live with another dilemma for some more time. Being a green field city, Naya Raipur of today does not have a body populace or a constituency of citizens of its own, who would dream about its future, continuously, provide ideas and suggestions for its development, keep watch over implementation schedules and jealously guard against unsavory interferences with its plans. The city will fill up only slowly and it would be some more years before it acquires a critical mass of vigilant citizens with a sense of belonging to a planned, modern and eco-friendly city. We surely are not without friends till then and are conscious that a large number of well wishers within and outside Chhattisgarh would lend all support and encouragement to make Naya Raipur a model and a source of inspiration for city planners, architects, builders and policy makers anywhere in the world. Raipur, Dated : 17th June, 2008 (P.Joy Oommen) Chairman Naya Raipur Development Authority

Naya Raipur Development Plan 2031

TABLE OF CONTENTS Forward Naya Raipur Development Plan Planning Team Table of Contents List of Tables List of Maps List of Abbreviations Executive Summary
1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 NAYA RAIPUR - OBJECTIVES & APPROACH ................................................................... 1 THE OBJECTIVES OF NAYA RAIPUR ..................................................................................... 1 THE METHODOLOGY ADOPTED IN PLAN-MAKING .......................................................... 1 PHYSICAL PLAN, FEASIBILITY & IMPLEMENTATION ...................................................... 2 PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT OF THE CITY ................................................................... 2

2 SITE SELECTION ...................................................................................................................... 4 2.1 INTRODUCTION.......................................................................................................................... 4 2.2 METHODOLOGY FOR SITE SELECTION ................................................................................ 4 2.2.1 Transport and Infrastructure ................................................................................................ 6 2.2.2 Availability of Water Resources ......................................................................................... 7 2.2.3 Land Availability & Suitability ........................................................................................... 8 2.2.4 Environmental Considerations .......................................................................................... 10 2.2.5 Presence of Airport ............................................................................................................ 11 2.2.6 Quadrant Analysis ............................................................................................................. 11 2.2.7 Proposed Site ..................................................................................................................... 12 3 SITE PROFILE .......................................................................................................................... 13 3.1 DEFINING THE AREAS ............................................................................................................ 13 3.2 SPATIAL EXTENT OF THE PROPOSED NAYA RAIPUR INCLUDING 500 METER WIDE GREEN BELT (LAYER I) ................................................................................................................... 13 3.2.1 Linkages and Surroundings ............................................................................................... 13 3.3 SPATIAL EXTENT OF THE NAYA RAIPUR PERIPHERAL REGION (LAYER II) ............ 14 3.4 AIRPORT ZONE (LAYER III) ................................................................................................... 14 3.5 NRDA PLANNING AREA ......................................................................................................... 14 3.5.1 Physiography of the NRDA area ....................................................................................... 14 4 EXISTING LAND USE NRDA PLANNING AREA ........................................................... 17

5 THE VISION AND CONCEPT ................................................................................................ 18 5.1 VISION AND CONCEPT FOR NAYA RAIPUR....................................................................... 18 5.1.1 The Vision ......................................................................................................................... 18 5.1.2 Precincts ............................................................................................................................ 18 5.1.3 The Form ........................................................................................................................... 19 5.1.4 The Peripheral Region ....................................................................................................... 20 6 DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE .................................................................................................... 21 6.1 POPULATION ............................................................................................................................. 21 6.1.1 Chhattisgarh: Population Growth Trends .......................................................................... 21 6.1.2 Population of Naya Raipur ................................................................................................ 21 6.1.3 Rural Urban Composition of the Projected Population of the Region ........................... 22 6.1.4 Population Projection of Urban Areas in the Region ........................................................ 22 6.1.5 Population Component of Naya Raipur ............................................................................ 23

vi

Naya Raipur Development Plan 2031

6.1.6 Age-Sex Composition ....................................................................................................... 23 6.1.7 Sex Ratio ........................................................................................................................... 24 6.2 POPULATION DISTRIBUTION IN NAYA RAIPUR............................................................... 24 7 ECONOMIC BASE, EMPLOYMENT AND WORK AREAS .............................................. 26 7.1 ECONOMIC BASE ..................................................................................................................... 26 7.1.1 Workforce Participation Rate ............................................................................................ 26 7.2 OCCUPATIONAL PATTERN .................................................................................................... 26 7.3 EMPLOYMENT GENERATION ............................................................................................... 28 7.4 WORK AREAS ........................................................................................................................... 29 7.4.1 Government Functions ...................................................................................................... 29 7.4.2 Wholesale Trade ................................................................................................................ 29 7.4.3 Retail Trade ....................................................................................................................... 30 7.4.4 Proposed Hierarchy of trade and commerce areas ............................................................ 30 7.4.5 Provision of Housing Area Centres/ Neighbourhood Shopping Centres and Community Centres ............................................................................................................................... 30 7.4.6 City Centre / Central Business District ............................................................................. 30 7.4.7 Light & Service Industries ................................................................................................ 31 7.4.8 Composite Use Zone ......................................................................................................... 31 7.4.9 Special Industry Zone (Software Technology Park) ......................................................... 31 7.4.10 Informal Sector .................................................................................................................. 32 7.4.11 Weekly markets and Haats ................................................................................................ 32 8 HOUSING ................................................................................................................................... 33 8.1 HOUSING FOR NAYA RAIPUR ............................................................................................... 33 8.2 HOUSING REQUIREMENT ...................................................................................................... 33 8.2.1 Changing Socio-economic Profile and Housing the Indian context............................... 33 8.2.2 Household size .................................................................................................................. 34 8.2.3 Distribution of Households based on number of dwelling rooms ..................................... 35 8.2.4 Housing Density ................................................................................................................ 36 8.3 PLANNING APPROACH ........................................................................................................... 36 8.4 HOUSING IN RESIDENTIAL SECTORS (RESIDENTIAL USE) ........................................... 36 8.4.1 Typical Sector.................................................................................................................... 36 8.4.2 Land utilization pattern within each neighbourhood / sector ............................................ 37 8.4.3 Pedestrian friendly neighbourhoods .................................................................................. 38 8.4.4 Design Brief for Sector Development ............................................................................... 39 8.4.5 Urban Poor ........................................................................................................................ 40 8.4.6 Informal sector .................................................................................................................. 40 8.4.7 Housing typologies ............................................................................................................ 40 8.5 HOUSING IN OTHER AREAS .................................................................................................. 41 8.5.1 Housing for Private Employees ......................................................................................... 41 8.5.2 Housing in Commercial Areas .......................................................................................... 42 8.5.3 VIP Housing ...................................................................................................................... 42 8.5.4 Institutional Housing ......................................................................................................... 42 8.5.5 Existing Abadi Areas / Urban Villages ............................................................................. 42 8.6 DEVELOPMENT MODELS ....................................................................................................... 43 8.6.1 Housing by Co-operative Group Housing Societies ......................................................... 43 8.6.2 Public Private Partnership in housing................................................................................ 43 9 9.1 9.2 9.3 TRANSPORT ............................................................................................................................. 46 INTRODUCTION........................................................................................................................ 46 TRAVEL DEMAND ASSESSMENT ......................................................................................... 46 TRANSPORT SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT POLICY FOR NAYA RAIPUR ........................... 47 9.3.1 Regional Transport System ............................................................................................... 47 9.3.2 Sub-Regional (NRDA area) Transport System ................................................................. 49

vii

Naya Raipur Development Plan 2031

9.3.3 Naya Raipur City Transport System.................................................................................. 49 9.4 PUBLIC MASS TRANSPORT SYSTEM ................................................................................... 52 9.5 PHASING AND COST ESTIMATION ...................................................................................... 56 9.5.1 Phasing of Transport System Development ...................................................................... 56 10 PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE ........................................................................................... 58 10.1 WATER SUPPLY ........................................................................................................................ 58 10.1.1 Water Supply Norms Prescribed By CPHEEO ................................................................. 58 10.1.2 Population Forecast ........................................................................................................... 59 10.1.3 Water Demand................................................................................................................... 59 10.1.4 Water resources and availability ....................................................................................... 59 10.1.5 Water Treatment Plant....................................................................................................... 59 10.1.6 Water transmission, Storage Reservoirs, and Distribution ................................................ 60 10.2 SEWERAGE SYSTEM ............................................................................................................... 61 10.2.1 Sewage Generation ............................................................................................................ 61 10.2.2 Sewage Pumping Stations ................................................................................................. 62 10.2.3 Sewage Treatment ............................................................................................................. 62 10.2.4 Disposal Options ............................................................................................................... 62 10.3 STORM WATER DRAINAGE ................................................................................................... 63 10.3.1 Storm Water Drainage For New Capital City ................................................................... 64 10.3.2 Rain-Water Harvesting ...................................................................................................... 65 10.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT.............................................................................................. 65 10.4.1 Estimated Solid Waste Generation in Naya Raipur........................................................... 65 10.4.2 Methods of Disposal .......................................................................................................... 66 10.4.3 Solid Waste Mamagement System For Naya Raipur City ................................................ 66 10.4.4 Solid Waste Collection System ......................................................................................... 66 10.4.5 Other Management Measures ............................................................................................ 67 10.5 POWER .................................................................................................................................... 68 10.5.1 Development of Power Supply in Phase-I......................................................................... 68 10.5.2 Development of Power Supply in Phase-II ....................................................................... 68 10.5.3 Development of Power Supply in Phase-III ...................................................................... 68 10.5.4 Proposed Power Requirement and Estimated Number of Grid/Substations for New Capital City .................................................................................................................................. 69 10.5.5 General Recommendations for setting up modern Electrical Power Transmission and Distribution system ...................................................................................................................... 69 10.6 TELECOMMUNICATIONS ....................................................................................................... 70 11 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE ................................................................................................ 71 INTRODUCTION........................................................................................................................ 71 CITY STRUCTURE FOR THE PROVISION OF SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE ................... 71 HEALTH .................................................................................................................................... 71 EDUCATION .............................................................................................................................. 72 11.4.1 Primary Education ............................................................................................................. 72 11.4.2 Higher Education ............................................................................................................... 73 11.4.3 Vocational Education ........................................................................................................ 73 11.5 POLICE .................................................................................................................................... 73 11.6 FIRE .................................................................................................................................... 74 11.7 DISASTER MANAGEMENT CENTRE .................................................................................... 74 11.8 COMMUNICATION ................................................................................................................... 75 11.8.1 Postal Facility .................................................................................................................... 75 11.8.2 Telephones ........................................................................................................................ 75 11.9 SOCIO CULTURAL FACILITIES .......................................................................................... 75 11.10 DISTRIBUTIVE SERVICES ..................................................................................................... 76 11.10.1 Provision of Distributive Facilities for the City .......................................................... 76 11.11 OTHER FACILITIES ................................................................................................................. 76

viii

Naya Raipur Development Plan 2031

11.11.1 Cremation / Burial Ground .............................................................................................. 77 11.11.2 Grouping of Social Infrastructure at the Community Level ............................................ 77 12 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 12.5 12.6 RECREATION ........................................................................................................................... 79 INTRODUCTION........................................................................................................................ 79 PARKS AND PLAY AREAS (AS PART OF RESIDENTIAL USE ZONE) ............................. 79 PARKS AND PLAY AREAS (AT COMMUNITY LEVEL AND ABOVE) ............................. 79 PROVISION OF RECREATIONAL SPACES AT THE CITY-LEVEL .................................... 80 SPORTS FACILITIES ................................................................................................................. 80 GREEN BELT ............................................................................................................................. 80

13 ENVIRONMENT ....................................................................................................................... 81 13.1 INTRODUCTION........................................................................................................................ 81 13.2 WATER .................................................................................................................................... 81 13.2.1 Surface water ..................................................................................................................... 81 13.2.2 Ground water ..................................................................................................................... 81 13.3 SEWERAGE ................................................................................................................................ 81 13.4 DRAINAGE ................................................................................................................................. 82 13.5 SOLID WASTE ........................................................................................................................... 82 13.6 AIR POLLUTION........................................................................................................................ 82 13.7 NOISE .................................................................................................................................... 83 13.8 ENERGY CONSERVATION...................................................................................................... 83 13.9 ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY AND LEGAL ISSUES .............................................................. 83 PERIPHERAL AREA ............................................................................................................... 84 GENERAL INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................... 84 POPULATION ............................................................................................................................. 84 PLANNING APPROACH ........................................................................................................... 84 POPULATION DISTRIBUTION ................................................................................................ 86 HOUSING .................................................................................................................................... 86 CONNECTIVITY ........................................................................................................................ 87 PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE .............................................................................................. 87 14.7.1 Water Supply ..................................................................................................................... 87 14.7.2 Rural Sanitation ................................................................................................................. 87 14.7.3 Solid Waste Management .................................................................................................. 87 14.8 SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE ................................................................................................... 88 14.8.1 Health Facilities................................................................................................................. 89 14.8.2 Educational Facilities ........................................................................................................ 89 14.9 OTHER FACILITIES .................................................................................................................. 90 15 AIRPORT ZONE ....................................................................................................................... 92 14 14.1 14.2 14.3 14.4 14.5 14.6 14.7

16 LAND USE ZONING PLAN - 2031 ......................................................................................... 93 16.1 LANDUSE 2031- NRDA PLANNING AREA ........................................................................... 93 16.1.1 Planning Layer I Naya Raipur City including green belt area ....................................... 93 16.1.2 Planning Layer II Peripheral Rural Zone ....................................................................... 95 16.1.3 Planning Layer III Airport Zone..................................................................................... 95 17 17.1 17.2 17.3 17.4 17.5 DEVELOPMENT PHASING AND INVESTMENT COST ESTIMATES .......................... 96 PLANNING HORIZON .............................................................................................................. 96 LAND DEVELOPMENT PHASING .......................................................................................... 96 POPULATION PHASING .......................................................................................................... 97 INVESTMENT COST ESTIMATES .......................................................................................... 97 INVESTMENT FOR TRANSPORT SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT ............................................ 97 17.5.1 Unit Costs .......................................................................................................................... 98

ix

Naya Raipur Development Plan 2031

17.6 PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION...................................................................................... 98 DEVELOPMENT CODE .......................................................................................................... 99 SCOPE .................................................................................................................................... 99 DEFINITIONS ............................................................................................................................. 99 PLANNING LAYERS IN NRDA AREA.................................................................................... 99 CLASSIFICATION OF LAND USE ZONES ............................................................................. 99 LAND USE PERMISSIBILITY ................................................................................................ 100 DEVELOPMENT CONTROL REGULATIONS...................................................................... 104 18.6.1 Sub-division Regulations ................................................................................................ 104 18.6.2 Development Controls for integrated developments and individual buildings ............... 107 18.7 BASIC DEVELOPMENT REGULATIONS FOR PLANNING LAYERS II & III ................. 110 18.7.1 Regulations for Layer II .................................................................................................. 110 18.7.2 Layer III: Airport area including its expansion area....................................................... 111 18.8 OTHER REGULATIONS.......................................................................................................... 111 18.9 URBAN DESIGN CONTROL .................................................................................................. 112 19. SPECIAL REHABILITATION SCHEME FOR "NAYA RAIPUR'' PROJECT ............. 113 19.1. INTRODUCTION...................................................................................................................... 113 19.2. PLANNING AREA VILLAGES ............................................................................................... 113 19.3. SPECIAL REHABILITATION SCHEME OF NAYA RAIPUR DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY ............................................................................................................................ 113 19.3.1 Project Affected Person ................................................................................................... 113 19.3.2 Compensation for house and land related constructions ................................................. 114 19.3.3 State committee for deciding rates in the Project Affected Area. ................................... 114 19.3.4 Compensation to Project Affected Persons ..................................................................... 114 19.4 ELIGIBILITY FOR ALLOTMENT OF PLOTS/KIOSKS/SHOPS. ......................................... 115 19.5 VILLAGE REHABILITATION SCHEME ............................................................................... 117 19.6 SPECIAL BENEFITS TO PROJECT AFFECTED LANDLESS LABOURERS..................... 117 19.7 GRIEVANCE REDRESSAL MECHANISM............................................................................ 117 20. 20.1 20.2 20.3 20.4 20.5 20.6 20.7 INSTITUTIONAL MECHANISM ......................................................................................... 118 INTRODUCTION...................................................................................................................... 118 LOOKING BACK...................................................................................................................... 118 NAYA RAIPUR......................................................................................................................... 119 PROBABLE SET UP ................................................................................................................. 119 COORDINATION ..................................................................................................................... 119 PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP ........................................................................................ 120 SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT...................................................................................................... 120 18 18.1 18.2 18.3 18.4 18.5 18.6

Annex
Annexe I Annexe II Annexe III Annexe IV Annexe V Annexe VI Cumulative Facility Index (CFI) For Peripheral Region Classification of Industries Fire Protection and Fire Safety Requirements Norms to provide facilitates in the Public Buildings excluding Domestic Buildings for Disabled Persons Formation of Naya Raipur Development Authority Notice for the publication of draft development plan of Naya Raipur

Naya Raipur Development Plan 2031

LIST OF TABLES
Table 2.1 Table 3.1 Table 3.2 Table 3.3 Table 3.4 Table 3.5 Table 3. 6 Table 3.7 Table 6.1 Table 6.2 Table 6.3 Table 6.4 Table 6.5 Table 6.6 Table 6.7 Table 6.8 Table 6.9 Table 6.10 Table 6.11 Table 6.12 Table 7.1 Table 7.2 Table 7.3 Table 7.4 Table 7.5 Table 7.6 Table 7.7 Table 7.8 Table 7.9 Table 7.10 Table 7.11 Table 8.1 Table 8.2 Table 8.3 Table 8.4 Table 8.5 Table 8.6 Table 8.7 Table 8.9 Wind Data for site selection region in Chhattisgarh Delineation of Planning Layers of the Naya Raipur & its Peripheral Region Villages fully incorporated within Naya Raipur Villages partly and marginally incorporated within the Naya Raipur Villages fully included within the Naya Raipur Peripheral Region Villages partly included within the Naya Raipur Peripheral Region Hydro-geological information of the NRDA Area Mean monthly maximum and minimum Temperature in the area Population growth in India and Chhattisgarh Future Population of the Region Rural Urban Population Composition of the Region Urban Population Composition of the Region The Population Projection of Urban Areas Population Projection of Naya Raipur Age Structure of Chandigarh and Raipur, 1991 Sex ratio in Chandigarh Sex ratio for Chhattisgarh and Raipur Population distribution in Residential Sectors Population distribution in Abadi Areas Total Population in Naya Raipur Work Participation Ratio of Chandigarh and Raipur Comparative Analysis of Occupational Pattern: Chandigarh and Raipur, 1991 Occupational Classification of Raipur as per census 2001. Proposed Occupational Structure for Naya Raipur Employment generated by various activities Suggested Broad Land-Use Break-up for an Integrated Freight Complex Four-tier System adopted for Trade and Commercial Areas Area break-up for the City Centre/CBD Land utilization pattern for the Mixed-use zone Broad Land use Distribution Area reserved for informal sector Average Household size of Raipur city Average Household size of Chandigarh Distribution of Households by Size and Number of Dwelling Rooms for Raipur City, 1981 and 2001 Emerging trend showing number of rooms occupied in Chandigarh, 19812001 Emerging trend showing number of rooms occupied in Raipur, 1981-2031 by CAGR method Suggested (indicative) percentage of dwelling unit size based on number of rooms Suggested land utilization pattern at sector level Hierarchy of Facilities at Neighbourhood level

xi

Naya Raipur Development Plan 2031

Table 8.10 Table 8.11 Table 8.12 Table 8.13 Table 8.14 Table 8.15 Table 8.16 Table 9.1 Table 9.2 Table 9.3 Table 10.1 Table 10.2 Table 10.3 Table 10.4 Table 10.5 Table 10. 6 Table 10.7 Table 10.8 Table 10.9 Table 10.10 Table 11.1 Table 11.2 Table 11.3 Table 11.4 Table 11.5 Table 11.6 Table 11.7 Table 11.8 Table 11.9 Table 11.10 Table 11.11 Table 11.12 Table 11.13 Table 11.14 Table 11.15 Table 12.1 Table 12.2 Table 12.3 Table 14.1 Table 14.2 Table 14.3 Table 14.4 Table 14.5 Table 14.6

Standards for travelling distance to social facilities Distribution of Plotted and Apartment Housing Suggested plot sizes and development control guidelines Indicative dwelling unit sizes Development Guidelines for Group Housing Composition of Employees based on skill and annual income Contribution by various housing sub-systems to the total housing stock of Naya Raipur in comparison with Chandigarh Travel Demand in Naya Raipur Parking Standards Phasing of Development of Transport System Norms for Water Supply by CHPEEO Population Projection Phase wise demand of water supply Phase Wise Additional Modules Of WTP Capacities of Under Ground Reservoirs and Booster Pumping Stations Sewage Generation in Naya Raipur Capacities of Sewage Pumping Station required for Sewerage system Capacity of STP at different phases of development Length of storm water roadside drains for New Capital City, Chhattisgarh Projected Phase-wise Solid Waste Generation in Naya Raipur Proposed City structure Provision For health facility Norms for provision of Educational facility Norms for provision of Higher education facilities Provision of Higher and Vocational/Training Education Prescribed norms for police service Norms for Fire Station Planning Norms for provision of Postal Facilities Prescribed norms for Telecommunication Infrastructure Norms for Socio-Cultural Facilities in Naya Raipur Norms for Public Distribution System Provision for Distributive Infrastructure in the New Capital City Norms for the Petrol pumps Norms for provision of other community facilities Community level grouping of Social Infrastructure Hierarchy of Open Spaces as part of residential use zone Areas for Recreational Areas at city level Adopted norms for the provision of Sports Facilities Overall Population of Naya Raipur Peripheral Area Hierarchy of Villages based on CFI Proposed clustering & zoning of the villages Cluster-wise projected population for Peripheral region. Housing requirement for Peripheral Area Zone wise Solid waste generation

xii

Naya Raipur Development Plan 2031

Table 14.7 Table 14.8 Table 14.9 Table 14.10 Table 14.11 Table 15.1 Table 15.2 Table 16.1 Table 16.2. Table 17.1 Table 17.2 Table 17.3 Table 17.4 Table 18.1 Table 18.2 Table 18.3 Table 18.4 Table 18.5

Landfill area requirement for Peripheral area Norms adopted for Health Infrastructure Proposed Health Infrastructure in peripheral area Norms adopted for provision of Educational facilities Proposed Educational facilities in Peripheral area Height Restrictions with respect to Funnel. Height Restrictions with respect to Transitional area. Land Use Distribution in Naya Raipur City Broad Land Use Distribution in Naya Raipur City Suggested Land development phasing, Naya Raipur Investment Cost Estimates for Plan Implementation Phase wise Investment for Transport System Development (in Crores) Unit Costs for Transport System Land Use Permissibility in different Use Zones Standards for facilities in a residential sub-division List of facilities to be essentially provided in Industrial Areas Setback Regulations for different plot sizes Parking Standards for different uses

xiii

Naya Raipur Development Plan 2031

LIST OF FIGURES
Fig 2.1 Fig 2.2 Fig 2.3 Fig 2.4 Fig 2.5 Fig 2.6 Fig 2.7 Fig 2.8 Fig 2.9 Fig 2.10 Fig 2.11 Fig. 5.1 Fig 6.1 Fig 6.2 Fig 7.1 Fig 8.1 Fig 8.2 Fig 8.3 Fig 8.4 Fig 9.1 Fig 9.2 Fig 9.3 Fig 9.4 Fig 10.1 Fig 10.2 Fig 10.3 Fig 14.1 Fig 14.2 Methodology for Site Selection Delineation of the Site Selection Region and the Quadrants NH 6 Connecting Mumbai via Nagpur, Durg, Bhilai and Raipur NH 200 Connecting Raipur and Bilaspur NH 43 Connecting Raipur and Visakhapatnam Mahanadi River - Perennial Source Of Water Kharun River At NH-6 Crossing (Seasonal) Sheonath River At NH-6 Crossing (Seasonal) The Rivers within the Site Selection Region Availability of Government Land within the Site Selection Region Average monthly rainfall for Raipur District Conceptual location of the Precincts Composition of Population in the Region w.r.t. Chhattisgarh Age Sex Pyramid of Raipur City, 1991 Comparative Analysis of Occupational Pattern: Raipur and Chandigarh Distribution of Households by Household income 1989-90 to 2009-10 (200102 prices) for Urban population of India Conceptual plan of a typical sector Incremental Housing Development by Government as against Private sector/Co-operatives Expressway Cross Section Details Road Cross Section Details ( Phase I) Schematic Location of Intra-city bus terminals Typical Conceptual Plan For Bus Bay/Recess Rainfall intensity Vs Time of Concentration Curve for the New Capital City of Chhattisgarh (Based on IMD Data) Methods of Rain Water Harvesting Flow diagram for solid waste management system for Naya Raipur Conceptual Hierarchy of Settlements Proposed Facilities for Peripheral Region

xiv

Naya Raipur Development Plan 2031

LIST OF MAPS
Map No. 2.1 2.2 2.3 3.1 3.2 4.1 7.1 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 12.1 13.2 14.1 14.2 14.3 15.1 16.1 16.2 16.3 17.1 17.2 Title Regional Connectivity Existing Settlements in the Region Drainage Pattern of the Region Proposed Planning Layers NRDA Planning Area Distribution of Government Land, Naya Raipur Existing Land Use NRDA Planning Area Major Work Areas - Naya Raipur Proposed Expressway Proposed Road Hierarchy for Naya Raipur Road link Identification, Naya Raipur Pedestrian Corridor Proposed Light Rail Transit System Water Supply System Naya Raipur Sewerage System Naya Raipur Drainage System Naya Raipur Solid Waste Management Sites Major City level facilities Naya Raipur Identification of Planning Units Master Plan Fire Stations Master Plan Petrol Pumps Central Facility Corridor, Naya Raipur Distribution of Recreational Areas Existing water bodies and plantations Zoning and Clustering of settlements, Peripheral Area Existing Health and Educational facilities, Peripheral Area Proposed Health and Educational facilities, Peripheral Area Airport Zone-Air Funnel and Height Restrictions Land Use Zoning Plan for Naya Raipur Proposed Land Use Zones NRDA Planning Area Planning Zones - Naya Raipur City Land Development Phasing Road Network Development Phasing

xv

Naya Raipur Development Plan 2031

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
C.A.G.R. C.B.D. E.C.S. F.A.R. Ha H.C.V. I.F.C. I.P.T. L.C.V. L.P.C.D. L.R.T.S. M.A.V. M.L.D. M.S.L. N.R.D.A. N.U.T.P P.C.U P.M.T.S. P.U. R.O.W R.S.U. S.E.Z. S.T.P. T.S.M. W.F.P.R W.T.P. : Compounded Annual Growth Rate : Central Business District : Equivalent Car Space : Floor Area Ratio : Hectare : Heavy Commercial Vehicle : Integrated Freight Complex : Intermediate Public Transport : Light Commercial Vehicle : Litres Per Capita per Day : Light Rail Transit System : Multi Axle Vehicle : Million Litres per Day : Mean Sea Level : Naya Raipur Development Authority : National Urban Transport Policy : Passenger Car Unit : Public Mass Transport System : Planning Unit : Right of Way : Remote Subscriber Unit : Special Economic Zone : Sewage Treatment Plant : Traffic Systems Management : Work Force Participation Rate : Water Treatment Plant

xvi

Naya Raipur Development Plan 2031

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
1 The Government of Chhattisgarh has envisaged the creation of a new city by the name of Naya Raipur with state level administration functions. After various considerations a site in the south east of Raipur, dotted with natural water bodies has been selected. The site is in the west of River Mahanadi, a perennial source of water, in the middle of Naya Raipur Development Authority (NRDA) Planning area. The NRDA area is divided into 3 layers delineating the Naya Raipur, the peripheral and the airport zone, as following: Delineation of Planning Layers of the Naya Raipur & its Peripheral Region SL. No. Layer Area Included 1 Layer-I The Proposed Naya Raipur (Area-80.13 sq.km.) Including 500 meter wide green belt (Area-95.22 sq. km.) 2 3 Layer-II Naya Raipur Peripheral Region (NRPR) (Area-130.28 sq.km.) Layer-III Airport Zone (Area-11.92 sq.km.)

Within the Naya Raipur Planning Area, 130.28 sq. km is identified as peripheral area to act as buffer zone between the proposed Naya Raipur City and the existing Raipur. This will continue to be agricultural / rural area but to be provided with adequate social facilities for the existing population. The airport zone is defined in the 11.92 sq. km area. Within the zone the airport could be extended ultimately from present 1950 m to 3810 m runway. Naya Raipur would be a planned and designed city of the 21st century to focus on socio-economic and cultural life of Chhattisgarh having its role and recognition at national and international levels. The New city is set in salubrious natural surroundings accessed by an express way. It is envisaged as lively and vibrant city equipped with state of art physical, social and economic infrastructure. The new city is envisaged to be developed in phases for an estimated population of 5.6 lakh by the year 2031. The first phase population by 2011 is estimated as 1.5 lakh. The main economic base of Naya Raipur would be Government / State Capital functions. However diversification of economic activities would be attained by providing (a) software technology park (b) gems & jewellery and other similar industries (c) business offices (d) health education and research services and (e) regional recreational activities like Golf Course, Safari Park, and Botanical Garden. The capital complex and the business complex i.e. the CBD would be the two busiest areas in the city. The new city would be provided with housing for quality living with comfortable well designed

xvii

Naya Raipur Development Plan 2031

houses with required essential facilities for education, health, recreational, day-to-day shopping. All section of the society to avail these essential community facilities. The new city would have above one lakh twenty thousand dwelling units to be provided in partly plotted and partly flatted developments divided within subsystem as following: Contribution by various housing sub-systems to the proposed total housing stock of Naya Raipur in comparison with Chandigarh
S. No. Housing Sub-system 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Private Housing Co-operative group housing societies Housing for Government Employees VIP Housing Private Employee Housing Institutional Housing Others (CBD, Composite use, Facility corridor) Urban Villages Total Number of Dwelling Units 74,602 14,430 6,315 2,666 2,220 7,780 9,287 6,560 123,860 Percentage of Housing stock (Naya Raipur) 60.23 11.65 5.1 2.15 1.79 6.28 7.5 5.3 100 Percentage of Housing stock (Chandigarh) 33 5 11

15 28 (CHB) 8 100

The Transport plan is proposed with the objective of high mobility for all and providing mass transport system which is equitable and safe. The regional and city level transport is integrated linking the city with regional rail, highway and airport. The envisaged hierarchy of roads by right of way is: City Arterial Road (100 m) Sector peripheral (60 m) Intra Sector Roads (24 m / 18m / 12m) Parking standards for various activities area given to provide sufficient parking both in public and private parking areas.

10 The city would be provided with high quality physical infrastructure. Mahanadi River has perennial flow and is a dependable source of water. Based on norms to provide high quality infrastructure, total water demand of 221 mld shall be supplied through this source. Water would also be conserved through rainwater harvesting. Sewerage treatment plant with a total capacity of 150 mld, one for north and one for south is provided. The city would have two sanitary landfill sites. It would be provided with 565 MVA power supply to nearly reach the standards of a developed country and with high quality communication system. 11 Social infrastructure i.e. infrastructure for health, education, security, communication, sociocultural facilities has been proposed according to norms which are arguably the highest in the country. Adequate provision of land has been made in the plan to provide an elaborate system of social facilities at three levels of urban life, i.e. city level (for 5-6 lakh population), community level (level 1-1.5 lakh population), and neighbourhood level (15-20,000 population). 12 The new city is developed in an area with a number of water bodies and plantations. The attempt in the plan is to conserve all the existing water bodies and plantations. Energy conservation shall

xviii

Naya Raipur Development Plan 2031

be encouraged through community and site planning, designing and use of energy efficient materials and through landscaping. 13 The image of Naya Raipur will be a wide band of green running through the city interlaced with lakes, intertwined in a central spine carrying the social facilities and utilities for each level of urban community life. Apart from an intricate system of intra-city green spaces, Naya Raipur proposes major open spaces at the city level and regional level larger than the greens in the major world cities. The green band is reflected through sizeable area allocated for open spaces. Areas for Recreational Areas at city level
Open Spaces Film city Parks and Play Areas Stadium & Sports Complex Nature Resort/Theme Park City Park Reserved Forest Botanical Park, Jungle Safari & Golf Course Water body Plantation (located within uses other than recreational) Total Area Area (Ha) 46.49 366.07 45.16 258.48 467.55 216.01 389.95 233.71 113.93 2137.36

Besides the above parks, playground areas are provided at neighbourhood level within the residential sector. 14 Land Use Distribution in Naya Raipur City
S.No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Land Use Residential Commercial - Retail Commercial - Wholesale Industrial Special Industry Public & Semi Public Recreational Transport Composite Use Total Area (ha) 2113.39 146.67 130.67 196.13 263.05 1846.38 2137.44 1005.77 177.6 8013.1 Percentage 26.37 1.81 1.63 2.42 3.28 23.04 26.67 12.55 2.22 100

15 The new city would be developed in 3 phases: Suggested Land development phasing, Naya Raipur Phase Horizon Year Cumulative Population Phase I 2011 150,000 Phase 11 2021 365,000 Phase III 2031 560,000 Total developed Area at the end of phase III

Area (Ha) 3057.46 3733.56 1222.16 8013.1

xix

Naya Raipur Development Plan 2031

16 The development code has been prepared for permitting land development and building activity in Naya Raipur providing: Landuse classification Landuse permissibility Development control regulations Subdivision regulations Set backs Parking standard Ground Coverage, FAR, Height and other controls. The objective of the Development Control Regulations is to provide for high quality physical and social environment.

xx

Naya Raipur Development Plan - 2031

Naya Raipur - Objectives and Approach

1.1 Objectives of Naya Raipur


A satellite city to Raipur holding Capital function is the primary identity of Naya Raipur. It will be modern in the use of technology, uphold worthy traditions and core values, and conserve the prevailing man- nature symbiotic culture as well as abundant natural & cultural assets in the region. The citizens will be offered a wide range of living options with equity and dignity. The city will strive to make an impact in the following role: An agent of economic change and social transformation in the state. An efficient engine of growth and prosperity. A servicing hub not only in manufacturing of goods but also in Information Technology and BioTechnology sectors. A financial centre of the region. Hub of trade and hospitality sectors in Naya Raipur Hub of cultural services which would supplement local economy. Hub of affordable and high quality medical services. Hub of quality educational facilities and strive to develop as a knowledge base.

However, the vision of the city in physical terms, i.e. its form and function in two as well as three dimensional terms is delineated in a subsequent section. For all the lofty or mundane purposes bestowed on this city, a comprehensive exercise was undertaken to find a perfect location for it. An imaginary circle of 50 km radius was drawn around Raipur and this massive area was divided into four quadrants. Each quadrant was analyzed in context of regional development, existing development, climatic factors, flora and fauna, water resources, transport network etc and the efforts yielded the present site southeast of Raipur at about 15 km distance, close to Mana Airport. The site selection methodology and site profile are detailed out in following chapters.

1.2 Methodology Adopted in Plan-Making


While venturing to prepare the Development Plan for Naya Raipur, basic studies were made in the form of a secondary survey of data on Chandigarh (the first state capital of independent India) and Raipur, the elder sister and the most important "organic" metropolis in the region. Primary studies related to existing village population, site conditions, those related to water source/ water table etc were also carried out. On the selected site, a thorough analysis was made of the given assets and constraints. From this emerged a four-focus city structure, cruciform in shape. The foci are major work-centres, namely the capital complex in the east, the freight complex/light industries in the north, the software hub in the west and the institutional/tourist hub in the south. The activity corridors emerging from the four foci

Naya Raipur Development Plan - 2031

intersect at the CBD/cultural complex/city park at the geographical centre of the city. The space quantum against each activity/work-centre was then ascertained going by accepted thumbrule of the concerned industry/trade/activity, to case of capital complex, and government jobs exact figures were taken into consideration. The resultant space quantum was then allocated on twodimension on the structure plan and final quantum, shape, location, was defined by exact boundaries/roads on the plan. With iterations, the allocated spaces were again translated in terms of number of jobs and the total number of jobs in the city arrived at. With a population of 5.6 lakhs, the Naya Raipur City is expected to generate approximately 2.2 lakh jobs, with an assumed workforce participation rate of 40%. The high standards of physical and social infrastructure adopted for the city will be able to cope with the maximum capacity of the city.

1.3 Physical Plan, Feasibility and Implementation


The present Development Plan, published hereby, is essentially a physical plan, depicting policy choices in all physical aspects of city, i.e uses of land, housing, work activities, leisure, transportation and communication, physical and social infrastructure etc. A rudimentary feasibility check has been done to understand the necessary fund sources and flow, how and from where the city will start and grow therefrom, the sources of revenue etc. This is a supporting exercise to assure that the policy choices and the basic land use allocation is feasible and over time and in the planned manner the city will be able to reach its goals. It is envisaged that the NRDA will prepare detail plans within the prescribed zones of Development Plan. Various sizes of plots shall be carved out and allotted after assigning plot level land use as permissible within the given zone. For certain areas, the NRDA may dispose land in bulk, e.g. one whole residential sector of 64 ha, for which design brief shall be a pre-condition for allotment. Similar design brief may be prepared for projects like IT Park, Golf Course etc. A detailed feasibility study has been separately carried out, which charts out definite path for funds, phasing, revenues, and city management. This study corroborates the same basic assurance offered by the rudimentary study. However, only the rudimentary feasibility study and not the details have been made part of the Development Plan.

1.4 Planning and Management of the City


Under the Chhattisgarh Nagar Tatha Gram Vikas Adhiniyam land development rules 1973, the Naya Raipur Development Authority has been formed as a Special Area Development Authority to plan, implement and administer Naya Raipur. The NRDA is already working out the future tasks, which will be added on to its kitty especially in light of the 74th Constitutional Amendment. At present an area of 237.42 sq. km is delineated fully under the control of NRDA, detailed as under: Naya Raipur City with green belt (Planning Layer I) 95.22 sq km- (Proposed as City Proper to be acquired in bulk with a 500 m green belt around)

Naya Raipur Development Plan - 2031

Tasks-Complete control in plan making, implementation and administration Peripheral Zone (Layer II ) 130.10 sq.km. - (Proposed as predominantly rural area with ancillary facilities and suitable uses, not to be acquired in bulk)

Tasks- Plan making, basic infrastructure provision, development permission, administration Airport Zone (Layer III) 11.92 sq km- ( land to be acquired in bulk and handed over to Airport Authority of India for implementation according to their plan after concurrence by NRDA)

The NRDA is expected to be corroborated by the following agencies among others, in executing its mammoth responsibilities. Chhattisgarh State Housing and Environment Department Chhattisgarh Housing Board - Building model housing colony for a cross section of government employees and officers in the state. Chhattisgarh State Electricity Board Chhattisgarh State Water Supply and Irrigation department - Water supply and lake linking project for the city. Chhattisgarh State Rural Development Department - Rehabilitation and funds for rural development Chhattisgarh State Public Works Department

Naya Raipur Development Plan -2031

Site Selection

2.1 Introduction
The state of Chhattisgarh was constituted on 1st November 2000, thereby opening up new opportunities for development in the region. The state of Chhattisgarh envisions itself as a modern state to provide its people with improved quality of life. It was in conformity with this broad vision that the Government of Chhattisgarh envisaged the creation of a new Capital City by the name of Naya Raipur for the State that would not only establish the States identity, but also depict the hopes and aspirations of the people of Chhattisgarh.

2.2 Methodology for Site Selection


Raipur, the present day State capital has an immense potential to develop into a metropolis on account of its location and its growing importance as a major node in the trade network of Central India. Considering this latent value of the present day capital Raipur, it was decided to locate Naya Raipur the proposed new city in close proximity to Raipur. Accordingly, a region of 50 km radius around Raipur was demarcated for selecting a site for the Naya Raipur city. The final site was selected after a detailed analysis based on the site suitability criteria with respect to several parameters (Refer fig. 2.1).
COLLECTION SECONDARY DATA RELATED TO INFLUENCING FACTORS

STUDY & ANALYSIS OF SECONDARY DATA RELATED TO INFLUENCING FACTORS 1. Transport & Infrastructure 2. Land Availability & suitability 3. Environmental Considerations 4. Economic catalysts & Relation to Raipur 5. Other Parameters

RECONNAISSANCE SURVEY FOR SITE SELECTION

QUADRANT ANALYSIS

SURVEY OF PROBABLE SITE

DISTANCE CRITERIA 1. Raipur City 2. Airport SITE SELECTION FOR NAYA RAIPUR

Figure 2.1: Methodology for Site Selection

Naya Raipur Development Plan -2031

The entire region for site selection was divided into three main zones based on the relative distance from the present day State Capital as also into four different quadrants for location analysis. (Refer fig. 2.2) The analysis of the different quadrants has been carried out on the basis of certain select parameters as discussed below: i. Transport and Infrastructure Related Criteria Linkage to existing transport network and easy future connectivity Linkage to existing infrastructure network including water, power and telecommunications Availability of water sources

50

N-W Quadrant

N-E Quadrant

1
S-W Quadrant

ii.

S-E Quadrant

Land Availability & Suitabilty

iii.

Availability of Government land Land otherwise unsuitable for agriculture, mining and quarrying Figure 2.2: Delineation of the Site Selection Region Land with development friendly and the Quadrants contours and other physical features Land with less number of existing human settlements Land with minimum forest cover and wildlife Land with a gentle slope to facilitate easy drainage and discharge of effluents Soil conditions with good bearing capacity for structural stability.

Environmental considerations Environment friendly location Favourable climatic conditions

iv.

Economic Catalysts Existing industries, mining resources, reserve forests, wildlife sanctuaries and other tourist attractions act as economic catalysts Airport, Software Technology Park to act as anticipated economic catalysts Proximity to the Raipur City

v.

Other Parameters Land Value in the region Existing Airport Implications Local Landscape Features

Naya Raipur Development Plan -2031

2.2.1

Transport and Infrastructure

The existing transport and other physical infrastructure with potential for augmentation to fulfil the new citys demand is an important determinant for deciding the location of the proposed city. Good connectivity by road and rail is an important decisive factor to decide the success of the project. (Refer map 2.1) 2.2.1.1 Roadways

There are four major roads within the site selection region viz., three National Highways, namely; NH-6, NH-200 and NH-43 and one State Highway i.e. SH-5. NH-6: On the west it connects the region with Nagpur as also Nasik and Mumbai through NH-2 after Dhule. On the east it connects Sambalpur and leads to Kolkata. While the stretch of NH-6 between the city of Raipur and Durg handles major volume of traffic because of the tremendous interdependence and interaction of the industrial towns of Bhilai, Durg, Borai industrial growth centre and the capital city of Raipur, the stretch beyond Raipur towards Sambalpur handles relatively less volume of traffic and thus has the potential of handling higher volume of traffic in future. NH 200: It connects Raipur with Bilaspur. The stretch of NH-200 lying within the concerned region has potential mining belts on both the sides, cement plants and two industrial growth centers of Orla and Siltara in its vicinity thus making it highly prone to present and future heavy traffic volume. NH-43: This road connects Raipur with Koraput and Bheemunipatnam on the south-east and further to Vishakhapatnam through NH-5. This road links the concerned region with the port city of Vishakhapatnam. Thus this is a major road handling goods traffic to and from Bhilai and Raipur to Vishakhapatnam.
Fig 2.5: NH 43 Connecting Raipur and Visakhapatnam

Fig 2.3: NH 6 Connecting Mumbai via Nagpur, Durg, Bhilai and Raipur

Fig 2.4: NH 200 Connecting Raipur and Bilaspur

SH-5 links Raipur with Dhamtari where it connects with NH-43 and has the potential to act as a major reliever to NH-43 in handling goods and passenger traffic, within the concerned region.

The other important road is the one connecting Raipur to Baloda Bazar passing through the prospective mining area and with the potential of handling high traffic volume while putting this area under intensive economic use. Thus the potential roads for future linkages to the capital city are the stretches of NH-6 from Raipur towards Sambalpur and the NH-43 stretch from Raipur to Abhanpur.

Naya Raipur Development Plan -2031

2.2.1.2

Railways

The region enjoys very good railway connectivity. The railway lines run almost parallel to the National and State Highways. The main Mumbai Howrah railway line passes through Raipur dividing the region into two halves, namely the Northern and the Southern halves. The other railway lines are from Raipur to Bilaspur and Raipur to Visakhapatnam. The existing railway stations within the delineated region are as listed below: 1. 2. Towards Mumbai/Nagpur Towards Dhamtari Raipur, Sarona, Kumhari, Bhilai, Durg and Rasmaidan Raipur City, Mana, Bhatgaon, Kendri, Abhanpur, Karvel The line to Rajim has two Railway Station, Manikchaari and Nawapara Mandir Hasuad, Lakholi, Arang, Belonda Urkura, Mandhar, Siliari, Baiknath, Tilda, Hatbandh

3. 4. 2.2.1.3

Towards Vishakhapatnam Towards Bilaspur Airways

There are three airports in the sub-region. Two of the three existing airports near Tilda and Jamul are private while the one at Mana is public. The Mana airport is about 13 km away from the city of Raipur towards the South East. This airport presently has limited facilities. 2.2.2 Availability Resources of Water

The region delineated for location of the proposed new city is dotted with water bodies in the form of lakes, ponds, rivers and irrigation canals. Water from the three lakes Kumhari, Pirdaon and Kurud can be tapped for supplying water to the Naya Raipur. The ground water is available at a depth of around 250 ft. to 400 ft. Three rivers cross the delineated region River Mahanandi is a perennial river while the other two viz., Seonath and Kharun are seasonal rivers (Refer fig. 2.9).

Fig 2.6: Mahanadi River - Perennial Source Of Water

Fig 2.7: Kharun River at NH6 Crossing (Seasonal)

Fig 2.8: Sheonath River at NH-6 Crossing (Seasonal)

River Mahanandi being perennial in nature is also reinforced with water from Pairi and Sukha and has the capacity to discharge the requisite amount of water for the proposed Naya Raipur.

Naya Raipur Development Plan -2031

Fig 2.9: The Rivers within the Site Selection Region

2.2.3 2.2.3.1

Land Availability & Suitability Availability of Government Land

The availability of Government land has an important bearing on the site selection process as cost and time spent for land acquisition can be reduced substantially with the utilization of Government land. Refer figure 2.10 for the availability of government land in the different Tehsils of Durg, Dhamda, Patan, Abhanpur, Tilda and Raipur. High concentration of huge chunks of Government owned land is present along the river Mahanadi near Arang & Abhanpur and between the Baloda Bazar Road and Kharun River.

Naya Raipur Development Plan -2031

Figure 2.10 : Availability of Government Land within the site selection region

2.2.3.2

Land otherwise unsuitable for Agriculture, Mining and Quarrying

The region is well irrigated with a double cropping pattern being practised in the Raipur district. Therefore it would be prudent to locate the site for the capital city so that it has least effect on agricultural land. Abhanpur Tehsil on the south-eastern quadrant has some upland / marginal land, which is unsuitable for agriculture. Moreover, this land does not contain the mining areas. 2.2.3.3 Land with development-friendly Contours and other physical features

In general, the land in the site selection region gently slopes towards the west. The highest contour level as indicated on the topo-sheet is 320 m above the sea level. The region has various physical features in the form of lakes the largest being located near Bhilai, uplands, dispersed forest covers, etc. The region surrounding Mandir Hasaud also has a number of big water bodies. 2.2.3.4 Land with few existing Human Settlements

The abadi areas are uniformly distributed over the fertile rice cultivated plain of the Mahanadi. Thus, the uplands/marginal lands will be favourable for the location of Naya Raipur (Refer map 2.2).

Naya Raipur Development Plan -2031

2.2.3.5

Land with minimum Forest Cover and Wildlife

The site selection region does not have a widespread forest cover except for some protected forests near Tilda, Mohrenga, Kendri and around the confluence of Mahanadi and Sukha river. 2.2.4 Environmental Considerations

The mining areas are mostly located to the north of the region stretching from northwest to northeast. The cement plant at Siltara is in the northern part of the region and the Bhilai Steel Plant, Borai Industrial growth centre and ACC cement plant are located on the western side of the region along the NH-6. These are the air polluting zones as huge quantities of dust and smoke emanate from the various industrial and mining activities in the region. The predominant wind flow is from the southwest direction. However, in the post-monsoon and winter months the predominant wind direction is from the northeast. The trend starts varying from the month of March and by April the wind direction is from west and southwest. The wind speed in general ranges between 2.9 km. per hr. to 8.69 km. per hr. Table 2.1: Wind Data for site selection region in Chhattisgarh
MONTH JAN MAY AUG NOV WIND DIRECTION Morning Evening C/NE C/NE SW/W C/W SW/W W/SW C/NE C/NE Mean monthly wind speed 2.9 8.21 8.69 3.22

It is quite evident that the dust and pollution laden air zone stretches from south-west to north-east as these zones contain the mining and the industrial belt. Thus, environmentally the southeastern part of the site selection region is the non-polluting zone and is suitable for the location of the Naya Raipur. 2.2.4.1 Land conducive to Drainage and Effluent Discharge

In general, the region delineated for site selection has good drainage and irrigation network (Refer map 2.3). However, the effluent will need to be treated before disposal and this must happen in the downstream area, i.e. towards the northern side. It appears that the S-E Quadrant has the potential for a well-planned drainage and effluent discharge system and is, therefore, suitable for locating the city . 2.2.4.2 Economic Catalysts

The presence of industrial growth centers (industrial, economic activity centre) on the northern and the western side of the delineated region would acts as an economic catalyst for the overall development of the new Capital City Region (Refer fig 4.11). The following industries in the vicinity are bound to play a role in the progress of the Region and the State as a whole. Cement plants (such as ACC and Century) on the northern and western side of Raipur city. The Bhilai steel plant on the western side. The mining site on the northern side of NH-6

10

Naya Raipur Development Plan -2031

TILDA CENTURY BAIKUNTH


PAUNI URLA

L&T HIRMI CEMENT

MATRA
SEMARI A River Sheonath

MOHRENG

CCI MANDHAR BORAI

Bhilai ACC JAMUL

Raipur

New Capital City


River Mahanadi Important Urban Centres

River Kharaun

Industrial Growth Centres Existing Cement Plants Proposed Cement Plants

Fig 2.11: Proposed Location of Naya Raipur City in the Region

2.2.5

Presence of Airport

An airport acts as an engine of economic growth. The setting of the Naya Raipur with respect to the location of the airport is thus an important factor where the proximity to the airport gives the added benefit of improved connectivity. 2.2.6 Quadrant Analysis

After an analysis of the different quadrants based on the various parameters discussed in the foregoing sections, the southeast quadrant was found to be most suitable for the locating the proposed new Capital City (Refer fig 2.12).
Fig 2.12: South-Eastern Quadrant Suitable Site for Naya Raipur

11

Naya Raipur Development Plan -2031

Strengths of the southeast quadrant: Availability of water due to proximity to Mahanadi River and Mahanadi Canal. Absence of mining area Availability of barren/non-agricultural land Abundant availability of government owned land Proximity to Raipur City Proximity to NH-6 and NH-43 Conducive traffic condition on NH-43 and NH-6 for providing accessibility to the new City Proximity to the Raipur-Vizainagaram and Mumbai-Kolkata Railway Line Presence of natural features like water bodies for creation of recreational spots in the city Proximity to the Airport, but availability of land outside the restricted Air Funnel zone. Zone free from pollution due to industrial centres. The other important factors that have been taken into consideration for deciding the spatial location of the Naya Raipur is i. The New Capital City should not be so close to the present day capital city of Raipur that both the old and the new cities merge together due to agglomerating effect and the befitting image of the New Capital City is put to jeopardy.

ii. The site should not be so distant that Naya Raipur has a completely independent existence and the existing Raipur City becomes irrelevant. 2.2.7 Proposed Site

Based on a detailed analysis of the region delineated for the location of Naya Raipur, a site has been selected about 15 km away to the southeast of the existing Raipur. The site enjoys the advantage of the presence of the Mahanadi Canal on the southeastern side and the NH-43 on the southwestern side. The existing airport is situated between Raipur city and Naya Raipur.
Fig 2.13: Location of Naya Raipur, Chhattisgarh

12

Naya Raipur Development Plan -2031

Site Profile

3.1 Defining the Areas


The NRDA Planning area has been divided into three Planning layers namely Layer-I, Layer-II and Layer-III (Refer map 3.1)
Table 3.1: Delineation of Planning Layers of the Naya Raipur & its Peripheral Region Sl. No. Layer Area Included The Proposed Naya Raipur (Area 80.13 sq.km.) Including 500-meter wide 1 Layer-I green belt (Area 95.22 sq.km.) 2 Layer-II Naya Raipur Peripheral Region (NRPR) Area 130.28 sq.km. 3 Layer III Airport Zone Area 11.92 sq.km.

3.2 Spatial extent of the proposed Naya Raipur including 500 meter wide green belt (Layer I)
Naya Raipur along with the green belt is spread over a total area of 95.22 sq. Km. It covers ten villages fully and twenty three villages partly (Refer table 3.2 and 3.3).
Table 3.2: Villages fully incorporated within proposed Naya Raipur City S. No. Villages S.No. Villages 1 Kayabandha 6 Uparwara 2 Chicha 7 Khapri-2 (Khapri) 3 Rakhi-1 (Rakhi) 8 Kotrabhata 4 Jhanj 9 Sendh 5 Tuta 10 Nawagaon south Table 3.3: Villages partly and marginally incorporated within the proposed Naya Raipur City Sr. No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Villages Chhatouna (Chhatouna) Parsada Paloud Kotni Kuhera Tenduwa Riko Mandir Hasaud Pacheda Jhanki Khuteri Sr. No. 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Villages Nawagaon north Khandwa Kendri Bendri Parasatti Barauda Mudpar Nimora Kurru Mana

However, of all the above-mentioned villages only the following 13 abadis viz. Chhatauna, Nawagaon (north), Sendh, Reiko, Chicha, Kotrabhata, Rakhi, Kayabandha, Jhang, Tuta, Uparwara, Khapri and Nawagaon (south) are actually included within the Naya Raipur boundary. 3.2.1 Linkages and Surroundings

The site selected for Naya Raipur is bound by NH-6 connecting Mumbai-Kolkata on the north and

13

Naya Raipur Development Plan -2031

NH 43 connecting the city to Visakhapatnam on the west. The site also has good railway connectivity on account of the Mumbai-Howrah line in close proximity.

3.3 Spatial Extent of the Naya Raipur Peripheral Region (Layer II)
The Naya Raipur Peripheral Region (referred as NRP hereafter) covers a total area of 130.28 sq. Km. Villages, which are fully included in the NRP Region are as stated in table 3.4.
Table 3.4: Villages fully included within the Naya Raipur Peripheral Region Sl. No. Village Name 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Cheriya Banjari Temri Banarsi-2 (Banarsi) Dharampura Nakati Tandul Pauta Serikhedi

Apart from the nine villages mentioned above there are 19 villages, which are partly included within Naya Raipur peripheral region (refer table 3.5).
Table 3.5: Villages partly included within the Naya Raipur Peripheral Region Sl. No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Parsada Paloud Kotni Kuhera Tenduwa Khandwa Pacheda Mudpar Jhanki Kendri Villages Sl. No. 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Villages Bendri Parasatti Nimora Mana Baroda Mandir Hasaud Kurru Ramchandi Umariya

3.4 Airport Zone (Layer III)


Layer III fully includes two villages Ramchandi & Baroda and partially includes Mana extending over an area of 11.92 sq.km.

3.5 NRDA Planning Area


The layers I, II and III together constitute the NRDA Planning area (23742.63 Ha or 237.42 sq.km.). 3.5.1 3.5.1.1 Physiography of the NRDA area Topography

The site has a gentle topography with its slope ranging from 0% to 5%. The flat terrain with natural

14

Naya Raipur Development Plan -2031

drains flowing towards Northeast direction allows unhindered flexibility for an efficient transportation system. 3.5.1.2 Drainage Pattern

The NRDA area is dotted with water bodies in the form of lakes, ponds, nallas and irrigation canals. The area falls in the irrigation command of Left Main Canal System, on the eastern side. 3.5.1.3 Geology

The Naya Raipur and its Peripheral Region fall under three stages of geological formation viz., Raipur Stage (Chandi Formation), Charmuria Stage and Gundardehi. As per IS:1984, Criteria for Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures, the Naya Raipur Site including the Raipur city falls under Seismic Zone I which is considered fairly stable against seismic forces. 3.5.1.4 Hydrogeology / Ground Water Availability

The study carried out in the Project report by Watson Solutions for Government of Chhattisgarh found that a thick band offers conditions favourable for the occurrence of ground water. The average depth of water level in open wells ranges from 6 to 10m below ground level.
Table 3.6: Hydro-geological information of the NRDA Area Annual Net Annual Ground Utilisable Annual Repressible Water Ground Ground Tehsil Ground Balance Water Water Water (MCM) Resource (MCM) (MCM) (MCM) Raipur/ 111.39 94.68 18.88 15.82 Dharsiwa Arang 138.25 117.51 12.24 105.32 Irrigation Potential from Ground Water Resource (Ha) 236.70 ha 29.78

Remarks

Abhanpur

111.82

95.05

10.18

84.87

237.63

Area suitable for Dug well Area suitable for Dug well Most of the area of the tehsil is suitable for dug well and partly along Mahanadi River is suitable for tube well.

Source: Project Report on Geology &Hydrogeology of Raipur District by Watson Solution to Govt. of Chhattisgarh

3.5.1.5

Soil

The main soil types found on the site are Yellow soil, Red soil and Alluvial and Sandy loamy soil, which are suitable for construction. 3.5.1.6 Climate

In general the region is characterised by dry and warm climate. Summers are very hot, and last from March to middle of June. Winter is between October and February. Monsoon commences in the 2nd week of June and lasts till end of September.

15

Naya Raipur Development Plan -2031

A. Temperature
Table 3.7: Mean monthly maximum and minimum Temperature in the area Mean highest Mean monthly max. Mean monthly of the month Period Temp (C) min. temp. (C) (C) JAN 27.5 13.2 30.9 MAY 41.8 27.8 44.8 AUG 29.9 23.8 33.8 NOV 28.7 15.9 31.5
Source: Planning Brief for Stage-II Competition, Capital Project Administration, Govt. of Chhattisgarh

Mean lowest of the month (C) 9.2 22.8 21.9 11.2

B. Relative Humidity
Table 3.8: Relative Humidity in the area Months JAN MAY AUG NOV Morning 65 36 89 68 Evening 37 21 82 49

Source: Planning Brief for Stage-II Competition, Capital Project Administration, Govt. of Chhattisgarh

C. Rainfall The average annual rainfall in the area is generally around 1400 mm. Rains are predominant during July & August. On an average there are 61 rainy days in a year. The Raipur District receives 87.1% of the total rainfall from the southwest monsoon during June to September. The winter rainfall accounts for 9% of the total rainfall. During the Monsoon the maximum rainfall occurs during the month of August where mean monthly rainfall was recorded at 363.7 mm. In monsoon season, the mean annual rainfall is 1332 mm.

Fig 3.1 Average Monthly Rainfall for Raipur District


500

393.5

Rainfall in mm

400 300 200


21.3 19.6 12.7 10.9 15 242.6

389.6

227.6

17.1

100 0

51.6

Jan

Feb

Mar April May

June

July

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Months
Source: CPA, Govt. of Chhattisgarh

D. Wind Direction The predominant wind direction is south-western. In the post monsoon and winter months (December to March) the wind direction is from the northeast.

16

2.8

Naya Raipur Development Plan -2031

Existing Land Use NRDA Planning Area

The NRDA planning area consists of 41 villages covering a total of 23742.63 Ha. The Existing Land Use Plan of these 41 villages was adopted under the provisions of section 69(B) read with section 15 (3) of the Chhattisgarh Nagar Tatha Gram Nivesh Adhiniyam 1973 (no. 23 of 1973) by the Housing and Environment Department, Government of Chhattisgarh vide notification ref. no. 37, dated 20.06.2002. The following table shows the existing land use distribution in the NRDA Planning Area (Refer Map 4.1).
Table 4.1: Land Use Distribution in the NRDA Planning Area S.No. Land Use 1 Residential 2 Commercial 3 Industrial 4 Public & Semi Public (Public amenities and facilities) 5 Transportation - Roads and Streets 6 Recreational 7 Water Body 8 Agriculture Total Area ( in Ha) 257.48 26.61 65.34 302.65 1131.44 107.73 1846.70 20004.68 23742.63 Percentage 1.08 0.11 0.28 1.27 4.77 0.45 7.78 84.26 100

Post- publication period of the existing land use plan for NRDA Planning Area has seen many new developments coming up like the Muktanagana Open Air Museum, FCI Godowns, Shradhani Durbar, and a number of facilities and utilities like schools, petrol pumps etc.

17

Naya Raipur Development Plan -2031

The Vision and Concept

5.1 Vision and Concept for Naya Raipur


5.1.1 The Vision

Naya Raipur would be a planned and designed new city of the 21st century to be a focus of socioeconomic and cultural life of the state of Chhattisgarh having its role and recognition at national and international levels. The new city would be eco-friendly integrated in its inspiring existing landscape; efficient, healthy; modern, but caring for its traditional values. The new city of Naya Raipur would be: Set in its natural surroundings thus conserving its existing landscape to include major city park, botanical park, jungle safari, theme parks, integrated sports complex and a golf course. Accessed by an eight-lane expressway, shall be equipped with modern mass transit system coupled with a city wide pedestrian corridor linking all major urban activities. Lively and vibrant in character with shopping malls, multiplexes, food courts, restaurants and other intensive urban activities and recreational areas. An intelligent city with full use of information and communication technology. A visually pleasing cityscape in tune with the aesthetic principles of urban design and landscaping Equipped with state of the art physical, social and economic infrastructure providing the city with high degree of urban convenience & cleanliness and thus with investor friendly environment. 5.1.2 Precincts

The city is designed for a population of 5.6 lakh. The city has two prominent gateways that mark entry to the Naya Raipur City one to the north and the other to the west. Naya Raipur has the following precincts: i. Government Complex to include Secretariat, Assembly, Government offices, and Police Headquarters area. ii. Cultural Heart to include Museum, Art Gallery, Library, Theatres, Convention centre and International Centre. iii. City Centre to include city level shopping malls, commercial offices, restaurants, multiplexes and other areas of recreation. iv. University including research and institutional complexes. v. Software Technology, Exhibition and Business centers vi. Central City Park around an existing vast water body as one of the biggest city parks in the country. Park and Sports Centre in the North end to include urban forest, theme park and sports complex. City Park South to include Theme Park, Jungle Safari, Golf Course and Film City. vii. Transport and integrated freight complex to service the city and its industrial area. viii. Living areas with medium density development for the creation of a peaceful environment envisaged for the city.

18

Naya Raipur Development Plan -2031

Fig. 5.1: Conceptual location of the Precincts

These precincts will be interlinked by: i. An efficient and smooth Mass Rapid Transit System running linearly along the North-South axis of the city. ii. City level pedestrian corridor, and iii. A continuous green and open-space spine running centrally along the city spine and containing sub-city level facilities. 5.1.3 The Form

The physical form of the Naya Raipur has been developed in conformity with the overall vision of a Smart and eco-friendly city. The physical form of the transport network system is a blend of three forms: Linear Cruciform and Transport Hub Grid
Software Technology Park Capital Complex

CBD cum Central Park

Recreational Green

1. Linear

2. Cruciform

3. Grid

19

Naya Raipur Development Plan -2031

The linear form is enabled by the proposed rail based, medium capacity system supported by the main north-south activity green corridor. The two axial road corridors provide the cruciform. The longer axial corridor runs along the activity green corridor. The minor axial corridor runs orthogonal to the longer axial at about its mid length. At the termini of the above corridors are located the major activities like the Capitol Complex, the Software Technology Park, the University and Education & Research Complex, the Transport and Logistics Hub and the Integrated Freight Complex. Along the two axial corridors, at their mid sectors are the Central Business District, the government offices, the City Centre Park and other Social & Cultural Institutions. A grid of residential sectors is superimposed on these two forms, providing the necessary flexibility and integrating people with activities. The minor axial corridor provides the grand vista. A grid of 800 m x 800 m forms the typical minor residential sector housing a population of 16,000. Four such grids together form the major grid. The concept establishes a hierarchical system of urban development in terms of physical and social infrastructure, transportation network, institutional, commercial, and recreational and other activities. The central zone of proposed development becomes the heart of the city and is framed by green belts that serve as an interface between the city centre and the planning units and neighbourhoods 5.1.4 The Peripheral Region

A peripheral region includes 28 surrounding villages referred to as the Naya Raipur Peripheral Region (NRPR) to act as a buffer between the proposed Naya Raipur City and Raipur with an idea to control and regulate development in the region. A balanced Settlement Development Strategy for this area is evolved by providing access to infrastructure through a well-defined Settlement Pattern.

20

Naya Raipur Development Plan -2031

Demographic Profile

6.1 Population
6.1.1 Chhattisgarh: Population Growth Trends

As per 2001 Census, the total population of Chhattisgarh is 20.83 million. The state of Chhattisgarh has registered a population growth rate of 15.5% during 1991-2001, as compared to the average all India growth rate of 21.54 % during the same period (Refer table 6.1).
Table 6.1: Population growth in India and Chhattisgarh
Year
1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001

India (in Million)


238.3 252.09 251.32 278.97 318.66 361.08 439.23 548.15 683.32 846.30 1028.61

Growth Rate (%)


5.80 -0.30 11.00 14.20 13.30 21.60 24.80 24.70 23.90 21.54

Chhattisgarh (in Million)


4.18 5.19 5.26 6.02 6.81 7.45 9.15 11.63 14.01 17.61 20.83

Growth Rate (%)


24.2 1.3 14.4 13.1 9.4 22.8 27.1 20.5 25.7 15.5

Source: Census of India, 2001- Chhattisgarh; Provisional Population Totals Paper 1 of 2001

6.1.2

Population of Naya Raipur

Naya Raipur city is planned for a population of about 5.6 lakh in 2031. This new city would attract population from Raipur, the adjoining region and to some extent other parts of India. An exercise in this respect has been conducted with respect to the broad region, which is 50 km radius around Raipur.
Table 6.2 Future Population of the Region
Year 1991 2001 2011 2021 2031 Population of the Region 2,285,044 3,060,485 4,099,076 5,490,117 7,353,216 Percentage of Regions Population to Total Population of the State 12.97 14.69 16.90 20.08 23.75

Source: Census of India and Consultants Projection

The percentage share of the regions population to the total population of the state is likely to increase from 12.97 % in 1991 to 23.75 % in 2031.

21

Naya Raipur Development Plan -2031

Fig 6.1: Composition of Population in the Region w.r.t. Chhattisgarh


COM POSITION OF POPULATION IN THE REGION WRT CHHATTISGARH
309.62 273.37

350.00 300.00 250.00

242.58 208.34 176.15

Population in Lakhs

200.00 150.00 100.00

73.53

50.00
22.85 30.69

54.90 40.99

1991 2001 2011 2021 2031

Years

Chattisgarh

Region Population

6.1.3

Rural Urban Composition of the Projected Population of the Region

The rural urban population for the region has been given in Table 6.3. This has been worked out considering the rural population increasing at the present growth rate up to the year 2031.
Table 6.3 Rural Urban Population Composition of the Region Year Rural Urban Urban Percentage 1991 1,137,007 1,148,037 50.24 2001 1,281,814 1,778,671 58.12 2011 1,445,063 2,654,013 64.75 2021 1,629,104 3,861,013 70.33 2031 1,836,583 5,516,633 75.02
Source: Census of India and Consultants Projection

6.1.4

Population Projection of Urban Areas in the Region

The urban population has been divided into three sections: Raipur Urban Agglomeration, Durg Bhilai Urban Agglomeration and other urban areas in region. As per 2001 census the population in these categories are as follows:
Table 6.4 Urban Population Composition of the Region Urban Areas 2001 Percentage to the Total Population Raipur UA 22.85 699,264 Durg Bhilai UA 30.18 923,559 Other Urban Areas TOTAL
Source: Census of India, 2001

164,425 1,787,248

5.09 58.12

It is proposed to maintain the present balance in the urban components of the region through keeping the same proportion by a balanced regional development. Thus, the projected population of the three components is worked out as follows. Total urban population of region in 2031 will be 55.16 lakhs. Table 6.5 Population Projection of Urban Areas
Urban Areas Raipur UA Durg Bhilai UA Other Urban Areas TOTAL 2001 699,264 923,559 164,425 1,787,248 2011 1,043,395 1,378,073 232,546 2,654,013 2021 1,517,913 2,004,796 338,304 3,861,013 2031 2,168,801 2,864,462 483,370 5,516,633

Source: Census of India and Consultants Projection

22

Naya Raipur Development Plan -2031

6.1.5

Population Component of Naya Raipur

Naya Raipur would be taking functions from the Raipur city and also would have impact in the region. Being a special intensive activity in the new town it may also attract population from other parts of Chhattisgarh and also from other states of India. The population of Naya Raipur would affect the population projection in Raipur and Durg Bhilai Urban Agglomeration. The population of Naya Raipur is planned as 150,000 in 2011 to 560,000 in 2031 (Refer Table 6.6).
Table 6.6 Population Projection of Naya Raipur Sr. Total Population No. Additional Population Natural Growth of the Existing Population Additional Population deducting Natural Growth Population from Raipur UA (40%) Population from Durg- Bhilai UA (30%) Population from Other Areas of State (20 %) Other Parts of India (10 %) 2011 150,000 2021 365,000 215,000 22,400 192,600 77,040 57,780 38,520 19,260 2031 560,000 195,000 40,800 154,200 61,680 46,260 30,840 15,420

1 2 3 4 5

60,000 45,000 30,000 15,000

Source: Census of India and Consultants Projection

The population estimates for Naya Raipur are related to and dependent on the development of various economic activities and other socio-economic and physical conditions. These may be reviewed after the decadal census. 6.1.6 Age-Sex Composition

A study of the Age Sex Structure of new city of Chandigarh and the present day State capital of Raipur reveals that the age category 15-59 i.e., the working age group is higher as mostly the population is attracted for jobs to the new city. The age-sex pyramid of Raipur gives an idea of the age-sex structure of Raipur in 1991.
Table 6.7 Age Structure of Chandigarh and Raipur, 1991 Chandigarh Age 0 ~ 14 31.87 15 ~ 59 63.79 60+ 4.34 Raipur 35.54% 58.86% 5.60%

Fig 4.1: Age Sex Pyramid of Raipur City, 1991


10 0 + 90-94 80-84 70-74 60-64 50-54 40-44 30-34 20-24 10 - 14 0-4

Fem ale (% age) M ale (% age)

1 5 .0 0

1 0 .0 0

5 .0 0

0 .0 0

5 .0 0

1 0 .0 0

1 5 .0 0

Source Census 1991

% a g e o f P o pu l a ti o n
23

Naya Raipur Development Plan -2031

6.1.7 Sex Ratio The migration to new cities is usually male biased as single men move in to take up jobs (refer table 6.8).
Table 6.8: Sex ratio in Chandigarh Year Chandigarh 1961 652 1971 749 1981 769 1991 790 2001 773
Source Census of India

Punjab 854 865 879 882 874

Haryana 868 867 870 865 861

Table 6.9: Sex ratio for Chhattisgarh and Raipur Year Chhattisgarh 1971 998 1981 996 1991 985 2001 989

Raipur 958 927

Since, Naya Raipur has a similar function as that of Chandigarh, Naya Raipur may have a low sex ratio as compared to that of Chhattisgarh or the present day State Capital of Raipur. To deal with such a situation and to work for better balance of sex ratio, it is important that housing and other social infrastructure such as schools and health facilities be provided ahead of or simultaneous with job creation.

6.2 Population Distribution in Naya Raipur


The population distribution in Naya Raipur city in 2031 is as follows
Table 6.10: Population distribution in Residential Sectors
Sector Number 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. Total Gross Sector Area (Ha) 141 114.63 61.16 63.55 84.4 94.08 136.56 64.5 65.8 97.75 80.66 97.17 62.59 58.82 61.1 60 60.31 60.29 267.39 88.35 91.74 1911.85 Net Residential Area (Excl. of waterbody, plantation & abadi) (Ha) 117.49 109.71 58.86 63.15 84.4 94.08 121.69 64.5 65.45 84.03 79.97 96.11 62.59 58.82 61.1 52.56 50.65 56.92 206.56 88.35 91.74 1768.73 Sector Population (Exclusive of abadi population) 29,373 27,428 14,715 15,788 21,100 23,520 30,423 16,125 16,363 21,008 11,996 24,028 15,648 14,705 15,275 13,140 12,663 14,230 51,641 22,088 22,935 434,192

24

Naya Raipur Development Plan -2031

As regards village population, abadi area of village Rakhi shall be acquired and the population relocated to sector adjacent to the capitol complex. The population of Khandwa abadi falling under the golf course shall be relocated in the peripheral area only.
Table 6.11: Population distribution in Abadi Areas Sr.No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Abadi Tuta Uparwara Nawagaon-1 (Nawagaon south) Chhatouna (Chhatouna) Riko Chicha Kayabandha Khapri-2 (Khapri) Nawagaon (north) Kotrabhata Sendh Jhanj Area (Ha) 42.34 53.13 18.88 8.65 18.54 8.54 8.45 6.34 7.2 11.75 9.45 3.54 196.81 Population* 3455 4900 1525 2150 1950 1650 1160 274 1500 9060 1300 600 29,524

Total Population in Abadi Areas *57% growth rate has been adopted over the next 30 years Table 6.12: Total Population in Naya Raipur Sl. No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Use Zone CBD Composite Use Zone Special Industry Area (Software Park, Gems and Jewellary Park) Facility Corridor Institutional housing Residential Sectors Abadi Areas Cantonment/Police Academy and NCC Total Population

Population 20,000 2,250 10,000 19,000 35,000 434,192 29,524 7,406 557,372

25