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Course in ANSYS

Example0154

ANSYS Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Example Frame 2D
E = 210000N/mm2 n = 0.3 L= 1000mm H = 1000mm a = 20mm b = 50mm c = 400mm F = 10000N I = 208333N/mm4

ANSYS Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Example0154

Example Frame 2D
Objective: Compute the maximum deflection and the member forces Tasks: Display the deflection figure? Display member forces? Topics: Start of analysis, Element type, Real constants, Material, modeling, element size for beam models, saving/restoring

ANSYS Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Example0154

Example - title
Utility Menu > File > Change Jobname /jobname, Example0154 GUI Command line entry Enter: Example0154

Utility Menu > File > Change Title /title, Frame 2D

Enter: Frame 2D

ANSYS Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Example0154

Example - Keypoints
Preprocessor > Modeling > Create > Keypoints > In Active CS

Enter 0,0,0 Enter 0,1000,0 Enter 300,1000,0 Enter 1000,1000,0 Enter 1000,0,0

ANSYS Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Example0154

Example - Numbering
Utility Menu > PlotCtrls > Numbering Switch on Keypoint numbers

Press OK
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Example - Lines
Preprocessor > Modeling > Create > Lines > Lines > Straight Line Select KP1 and KP2 Select KP2 and KP3 Select KP3 and KP4 Select KP4 and KP5 HINT: By clicking with the righthand mouse button you shift between the Pick/Unpick function. This is indicated by the direction of the cursor arrow: Pick: upward arrow Unpick: downward arrow

Press OK or Cancel to finish selection


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Example Modeling

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Example0154

Example Element Type


Preprocessor > Element Type > Add/Edit/Delete

Press Add

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Example0154

Example - Element Type


Preprocessor > Element Type > Add/Edit/Delete

Press Options Press Help to learn more about the element. Find the table on the nex page
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Example - Element Type


Notice the key option number for later use

Remember MFORX, SMISC,1,7 Press Help to launch the documentation for this element type.
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Example Real Constants


Preprocessor > Real Constants > Add

Place the cursor on the relevant element and press OK

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Example - Real Constants


Preprocessor > Real Constants > Add

Enter 1000 Enter 208333 Enter 50

Press OK
ANSYS Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Press Close to finish

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Example - Material Properties


Preprocessor > Material Props > Material Models Double Click to step in the material tree

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Example - Material Properties


Preprocessor > Material Props > Material Models Enter 210000 Modulus of elasticity Enter 0.3 Poissons ratio Click here to Close

Press OK

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Example Mesh Attributes


Preprocessor > Meshing > Mesh Attributes > Picked Lines Select All Lines

Press OK Press OK ANSYS Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg


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Example Mesh size


Preprocessor > Meshing > Size Cntrls > ManualSize > Lines > Picked Lines

Enter 5

Press OK
ANSYS Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Select Pick All

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Example - Meshing
Preprocessor > Meshing > Mesh > Lines

Select individual lines to be meshed by Picking

NB: It is often necessary to Clear the model for example if Element Type is to be changed

Select all lines defined to be meshed

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Example Analysis Type


Solution > Analysis Type > New Analysis

Select Static

Press OK

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Example Define Loads


Solution > Define Loads > Apply > Structural > Displacement > On Keypoints Select keypoint KP1 and KP5 Select UX and UY

Notice number

Press OK
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Example Define Loads


Solution > Define Loads > Apply > Structural > Force/Moment > On Keypoints Select keypoint KP3

Change to FY
Notice number

Press OK to finish
ANSYS Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg Example0154

Enter -10000
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Example - Save
Display of Analysis model

Save the model

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Example Write DB log file


File > Write DB log file Enter example0154.lgw

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Example Solve LS
Solution > Solve > Current LS

Press OK

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Example - Solution Status


Press Close Press here to Close

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Example - PostProcessing
General Postproc > Plot Results > Deformed Shape

Select Def+undeformed and Press OK

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Example - PostProcessing

Read Maximum displacement: DMX


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Example Element Table

Press Add to add the first data line


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Example Element Table

Scroll down in this menu to find the line By sequence number


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Example Element Table

Press OK
ANSYS Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Enter 1 as found in table 3.2 From table 3.2 MFORX, SMISC,1,7


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Example Element Table

Press Add to add the second data line


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Example Element Table

Press OK
ANSYS Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Enter 7 as found in table 3.2 From table 3.2 MFORX, SMISC,1,7


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Example Element Table

Press Close
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Example Plot Line-Element

Press OK

Change to SMIS7

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Example Plot Line-Element

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Example Clear & Start New


You can include commands to be executed when the program starts up in the start71.ans file.

Clears (zeros out) the database stored in memory. Clearing the database has the same effect as leaving and reentering the ANSYS program, but does not require you to exit.
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Example Comments/Questions
The example0154.lgw can be edited in Notepad Change the position of force? Display the moment curves? Will the number of elements affect the solution?

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