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SPROCKET

SPROCKET NOMENCLATURE

Bottom Diameter -
The diameter of a
circle tangent to the
bottoms of the
(B.D.)
tooth spaces.

Caliper Diameter -
Since the bottom
diameter of a
sprocket with odd
number
of teeth cannot be measured directly, caliper diameters
are the measurement across the tooth spaces
nearly opposite.

Pitch Diameter - The diameter across to the pitch circle, which is the circle
(P.D.) followed by the centers of the chain pins as the sprocket
Revolves in mesh with the chain.

Outside Diameter - The measurement from the tip of the sprocket tooth
(O.D.) across to the corresponding point directly across the
Sprocket. It is comparatively unimportant as the tooth
length is not vital to proper meshing with the chain. The
Outside diameter may vary depending on type of cutter
Used.

Hub Diameter - That distance across the hub from one side to another.
(HOD) This diameter must not exceed the calculated diameter
of the inside of the chain sidebars.
Maximum Sprocket - Maximum Sprocket Bore is determined by the required
Bore hub wall thickness for proper strength. Allowance must
be made for keyway and setscrews.

Face Width - Face width is limited in its maximum dimension to allow


Proper clearance to provide for chain engagement and
Disengagement. The minimum width is limited to provide
the proper strength to carry the imposed loads.

Length Thru Bore - Length Thru Bore (or L.T.B.) must be sufficient to allow
(LTB) a long enough key to withstand the torque transmitted by
The shaft. This also assures stability of the sprocket on
The shaft.

BASIC SPROCKET STYLES AS PER AMERICAN


MANUFACTURERS STANDARDS

Style A - Flat sprocket with no hub extension either side.


Style B - Sprocket with hub extension one side.
Style C - Sprocket with hub extension both sides.
Style D - Sprocket with a detachable bolt on hub attached to a plate.

MULTIPLE STRAND SPROCKETS

Multiple Strand Sprockets –

Listed using a letter prefix starting with the letter “D” for Double Strand, “E” for Triple
Strand, and “F” for Quadruple, etc. In addition to the four specific types, sprockets may
also be made in various other styles.

SOME OTHER COMMON STYLES

• QUICK DETACHABLE SPROCKET


The QD (quick detachable) sprocket; here a tapered bushing is bolted into the bore machined in
the sprocket. This bushing, when inserted into the sprocket, compresses onto the shaft providing
a tight grip.

• SPLIT TAPER TYPE SPROCKET

The ST (Split Taper) is another style of bushed sprocket. The bushing is similar to the QD style
except it has an external key that fits into the driven product.

• BORED TO SIZE SPROCKET

• DOUBLE PITCH SPROCKET


Series C-2000 chains have rollers of the same diameters and widths as American Standard Roller
Chains of one half the conveyor chain pitch. Engaged by every other tooth, DOUBLE PITCH
sprockets have two teeth per chain pitch. During each revolution only half the teeth function
effectively. Sprockets with odd numbers of teeth will allow any given tooth to engage only on
every other revolution, automatically increasing sprocket life. Double duty sprockets with even
number of teeth may be manually advanced one tooth periodically.

Sprockets for the C-2002 series chain with carrier rollers are cut with space cutters or standard
hobs for the American Standard roller Chain of the same diameter. Each sprocket tooth meshes
with these chains. Double-duty sprockets cannot be made for double pitch chain with Carrier
Rollers.

• TAPER BUSHED SPROCKET

The TB (taper bushed) sprocket is another style of an interchangeable bushed sprocket, which
provides a positive grip on a driven shaft.

• SPLIT TYPE SPROCKET


A split type sprocket is used in place of solid type to allow quick installation without disruption of
shaft and alignment.

• SHEAR PIN TYPE SPROCKET

A shear pin type hub is bolted to a sprocket providing an overload device; as sprocket torque
ratings are exceeded the shear device disengages sprocket from drive.

• DOUBLE SINGLE TYPE SPROCKETS

Double-Single Sprocket - Many installations of conveyor rolls or chains require a sprocket for
use with two single strand chains through transmitting power from one roll or chain shaft to the
next.
A double strand sprocket is wide enough to operate with two single chains. These may be made
up of two like sprockets or as a `Compound Double-Single, which is a combination of two
sprockets of different pitch and/or number of teeth.
AMERICAN SPROCKET MANUFACTURERS
SPROCKET CODING SYSTEM
Sprocket nomenclatures provide the chain pitch number written to the left of the hub
style code letter followed by the number of teeth in the sprocket.

CODING SEQUENCE

MULTIPLE
CHAIN PITCH NO. HUB STYLE CODE NO. OF TEETH
STRAND CODE

(a) MULTIPLE STRAND CODES:-

If the sprocket is to be multiple strand, the prefix code letter is added to the
beginning of the part number.

FOR DOUBLE STRAND - Letter ‘D’


FOR TRIPLE STRAND - Letter ‘E’
FOR QUADRAPLE STRAND - Letter ‘F’

(b) CHAIN PITCH NO.

METRIC PITCH
ISO CODE
CODE SIZE
25 ¼”
06 35 3/8”
08 40 ½”
10 50 5/8”
12 60 ¾”
16 80 1”
20 100 1 ¼”
24 120 1 ½”
28 140 1 ¾”
32 160 2”
180 2 ¼”
200 2 ½”
240 3”

(c) HUB STYLE CODE

A - Flat sprocket with no hub extension either side.


B - Sprocket with hub extension one side.
C - Sprocket with hub extension both sides.
D - Sprocket with a detachable bolt on hub attached to a plate.
(d)
If the sprocket is to be bored for QD, Taper Bushed or MST, the center hub letter is
changed. For QD (Quick Detachable) and MST (Martin Split Taper Type) styles
the letter designation of the bushing is used in lieu of the hub style code.

Common bushing style codes: - JA, SDS, SH, SK, SF, E, F, J, M etc. (for QD style sprocket)
H, P, Q (for MST style sprocket)

(e) Suffix of ‘H’ is added if the teeth are to be heat treated.( Hardened teeth).

(f) If a taper bushing is to be used, the two letters ‘TB’ are added behind the hub
code letter.

(g) In some instances, the material from which sprocket is to be manufactured will
be added into the part number as a suffix.

For example:

SS - Stainless Steel Material


NM - Non-Metallic
BR - Brass or Bronze Material
CD - Cadmium Plated
Zi - Zinc Plated
Ni - Nickel Plated
CH - Chrome Plated

(h) For DOUBLE PITCH SPROCKET chain pitch no. is replaced by double pitch
code.

DOUBLE PITCH CODE


DOUBLE PITCH
STANDARD
CARRIER ROLLER
ROLLER
2040 2042 1”
2050 2052 1 ¼”
2060 2062 1 ½”
2080 2082 2”

(i) In DOUBLE SINGLE TYPE SPROCKET letter ‘DS’ is added in place of


multiple strand code.

(j) For bored to size sprockets letter ‘ BS’ is used.


EXAMPLES:

1) 35 B 8

35 - CHAIN PITCH CODE (metric) Pitch size- 3/8” -refer (b)

B - HUB STYLE CODE (sprocket with hub extension on one side) -


refer (c)

8 - NO. OF TEETH

2) 35 BS 9

BS - BORED TO SIZE SPROCKET - refer (j)


3) 35 B TB 8

TB - TAPERED BUSHING USED -refer (f)

4) D 35 B TB 19 H

D - DOUBLE STRAND -refer (a)


H - HARDENED TEETH -refer (e)

5) 100 B 11 SS

SS - STAINLESS STEEL SPROCKET -refer (g)

6) D 10 A TB 14

10 - CHAIN PITCH CODE (ISO) Pitch size- 5/8” -refer (b)

7) D 140 J 35

J - ‘J’ TYPE BUSHING (Quick Detachable Sprocket) -refer (d)

8) 2060 B 18

2060 - DOUBLE PITCH CODE (Standard Roller) 1 ½” double pitch -refer (h)

9) DS 50 A TB16H
DS - DOUBLE SINGLE TYPE SPROCKET CODE -refer (I)

ROLLER CHAIN DIMENSIONS

Most manufacturers of sprockets conform to the ANSI (American Standards Institute)

Following are the tables for roller chain dimensions as per ANSI standards.

Inside Cottered Riveted Average


ANSI Roller Roller
Link Plate Chain Chain Tensile
Number Width Diam.
Height Width* Width* Strength

STANDARD SERIES CHAIN


25 1/8 .130 .237 .37 .34 875
25-2 1/8 .130 .237 .63 .59 1750
25-3 1/8 .130 .237 .88 .84 2626

35 3/16 .200 .356 .56 .50 2100


35-2 3/16 .200 .356 .96 .90 4200
35-3 3/16 .200 .356 1.36 1.31 6300
35-4 3/16 .200 .356 1.76 1.70 8400
35-5 3/16 .200 .356 2.16 2.11 10500
35-6 3/16 .200 .356 2.57 2.51 12600

40 5/16 .312 .475 .72 .67 3700


40-2 5/16 .312 .475 1.29 1.24 7400
40-3 5/16 .312 .475 1.85 1.80 11100
40-4 5/16 .312 .475 2.42 2.37 14800
40-6 5/16 .312 .475 3.56 3.51 22200

41 1/4 .306 .383 .65 .57 2000

50 3/8 .400 .594 .89 .83 6600


50-2 3/8 .400 .594 1.60 1.55 13200
50-3 3/8 .400 .594 2.31 2.26 19800
50-4 3/8 .400 .594 3.03 2.97 26400
50-5 3/8 .400 .594 3.75 3.69 33000
50-6 3/8 .400 .594 4.46 4.40 39600

60 1/2 .469 .712 1.11 1.04 8500


60-2 1/2 .469 .712 2.01 1.94 17000
60-3 1/2 .469 .712 2.91 2.84 25500
60-4 1/2 .469 .712 3.81 3.74 34000
60-5 1/2 .469 .712 4.71 4.64 42500
60-6 1/2 .469 .712 5.60 5.53 51000

80 5/8 .625 .950 1.44 1.32 14500


80-2 5/8 .625 .950 2.59 2.47 29000
80-3 5/8 .625 .950 3.74 3.62 43500
80-4 5/8 .625 .950 4.90 4.79 58000
80-5 5/8 .625 .950 6.06 5.94 72500
80-6 5/8 .625 .950 7.22 7.10 87000

*Dimensions are across pins.

Inside Cottered Riveted Average


ANSI Roller Roller
Link Plate Chain Chain Tensile
Number Width Diam.
Height Width* Width* Strength

STANDARD SERIES CHAIN


100 3/4 .750 1.187 1.73 1.61 24000
100-2 3/4 .750 1.187 3.14 3.02 48000
100-3 3/4 .750 1.187 4.56 4.43 72000
100-4 3/4 .750 1.187 5.97 5.84 96000
100-5 3/4 .750 1.187 7.38 7.25 120000
100-6 3/4 .750 1.187 8.78 8.66 144000

120 1 .875 1.425 2.14 2.00 34000


120-2 1 .875 1.425 3.93 3.79 68000
120-3 1 .875 1.425 5.72 5.58 102000
120-4 1 .875 1.425 7.52 7.38 136000
120-5 1 .875 1.425 9.31 9.17 170000
120-6 1 .875 1.425 11.10 10.96 204000

140 1 1.000 1.662 2.31 2.14 46000


140-2 1 1.000 1.662 4.24 4.07 92000
140-3 1 1.000 1.662 6.16 6.00 138000
140-4 1 1.000 1.662 8.09 7.93 184000
140-6 1 1.000 1.662 11.94 11.78 276000

160 11/4 1.125 1.900 2.73 2.54 58000


160-2 11/4 1.125 1.900 5.04 4.85 116000
160-3 11/4 1.125 1.900 7.35 7.16 174000
160-4 11/4 1.125 1.900 9.66 9.47 232000
160-6 11/4 1.125 1.900 14.27 14.09 348000

180 113/32 1.406 2.137 3.15 2.88 76000


180-2 113/32 1.406 2.137 5.75 5.48 152000
180-3 113/32 1.406 2.137 8.34 8.07 228000

200 11/2 1.562 2.375 3.44 3.12 95000


200-2 11/2 1.562 2.375 6.26 5.94 190000
200-3 11/2 1.562 2.375 9.08 8.76 285000
200-4 11/2 1.562 2.375 11.90 11.58 380000
200-6 11/2 1.562 2.375 17.52 17.21 570000

240 17/8 1.875 2.812 4.06 3.72 130000


240-2 17/8 1.875 2.812 7.52 7.18 260000

*Dimensions are across pins.

Reference URL’s
1. http://www.martinsprocket.com/sprocket.htm
2. http://www.ametric.com/catalog/standard/02_ansisprockets.pdf
3. http://www.drivesinc.com/roller-PDFs/rollr-premimp2.pdf
4. http://www.mccchain.com.tw/product/Roller%20Chain%20index.htm