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A 65 year old man is rushed to the emergency department by ambulance during an episode of chest pain.

The preliminary assessment of the condition of the man is performed by a nurse, who reports that the patients pain seems to be 'severe'. The characterization of pain as 'severe' is Dichotomous Nominal Ordinal Qualitative 4 Answer If we ask the patient attending OPD to evaluate his pain on a scale of 5 (the worst pain), then this commonly applied scale is a Dichotomous Ratio Scale Continuous Nominal 2 Answer (no pain) to

Which of the Statistical average takes into account all the numbers equally? Mean Median Mode None of the Above 1 Answer Which of the following is a measure of Spread? Variance Mean p value Mode 1 Answer Which of the following is a measure of location? Variance Mean p value Median 4 Answer Twenty-five children are chosen randomly from a school playground. Their heights are measured when they first come into school the next morning, and again just before they go home that same evening. What statistical test could be used to test the hypothesis that their morning heights are no different from their evening heights? unpaired t-test Paired t-test Z-test Regression 2 Answer To label a statistical test definitely significant, the p-value should be less than . 5 less than .5 greater than . 5

greater than .5 1 Answer For a normal distribution the total area under the curve is 1 2 3 1 Answer In a normal distribution mean + - 2 standard deviation encloses approximately 68% of area 99% of area 95% of area 1 % of area 3 Answer Which of the following is used for representing qualitative data Histogram Polygon Pie chart Line chart 3 Answer The basic goal of Hypothesis testing is To confirm the alternative hypothesis To distinguish between random and meaningful differences in outcome To establish the value of alpha To establish the value of beta 2 Answer The value of alpha serves as protection against: False negative results Inadequate sample size Type I error Type II error 3 Answer Statistical significance is achieved when: Alpha is greater than or equal to p Beta equals alpha The result is two tailed p is greater than beta 1 Answer Six volunteers have gone on a cholesterol lowering diet for six months. The pretrial and the posttrial changes in the cholesterol levels are as given in the .The appropriate test of statistical significance for this trial is: The critical ratio odds ratio paired t-test student's t test 3 Answer The scatter plot is used to display

Causality Correlation Power Type II error 2 Answer To use parametric methods of statistical analysis the population distribution of the variable should follow Linear Normal Nominal Dichotomous 2 Answer A multivariate analysis is appropriate when Bivariate analysis fails to reveal statistical significance More than one independent variable is predicting the dependent variable Multiple hypothesis are being tested None of the above 2 Answer When more than two treatment groups are present and you wish to test whether the groups differ significantly with respect to a parameter which statistical method would be applied? ANCOVA ANOVA Logistic regression method Multivariate regression 2 Answer What percentage of the area under a Normal curve falls in the range Mean + - 1SD? 68% 95% 99% 1 % 1 Answer Which among the following is not a measure of variability Standard Deviation Range Median coefficient of variation 3 Answer In the Testing of Hypothesis problems, we reject the null hypothesis. If the Test Statistic value (calculated) is greater than the value If the Test Statistic value (calculated) is smaller than the value If the Test Statistic value (calculated) is equal to the value None of the above 1 Answer In comparing the difference between two population means, if value of p is .31. Then correct interpretation is : There is a significant difference between population means. There is no significant difference between population means.

None of the above. All of the above 2 Answer The following shows the age distribution of cases of a certain disease reported during a year in a particular state.Which graphical presentation is appropriate to describe this data Pie Chart Line chart Histogram Pictogram 3 Answer Which graphical presentation is best to describe the following data? Multiple bar chart Pie chart Histogram Box plot 1 Answer below gives the total expenditure on the First Five Year Plan and its distribution amongst various types of States. Which graphical presentation is best to describe the following data? Stem and Leaf Pie Chart Histogram Box Plot 2 Answer In a small sample survey on 7 male and 1 female students, the mean cholesterol levels were found to be 25 mg percent and 26 mg percent respectively. Which one of the following statistical tests is appropriate to find significance of the difference in this case Chi-square test unpaired t-test paired t-test z-test 2 Answer The statistical test used to analyze the difference between the mean values of hemoglobin of two independent samples (of 1 school children in each sample) drawn from normally distributed populations is Paired 't' test Unpaired 't't test Chi-square test z-test 4 Answer The requirement of a good sample are It should be representative of the reference population It should be adequately large size Both the above None of the above 3 Answer

29 The correct statistical procedure for studying the association between an exposure and an outcome variable when both of them are measured on a continous scale is Chi square test Pearsons correlation coefficient ANOVA t-test 2 Answer

3 The type of diagram useful to detect linear relationship between two variables is Histogram line Diagram Scatter plot Bar chart 3 Answer

31 Beta (Type II) error in research is the probability of Accepting the null hypothesis of no association when it is, in fact, wrong Rejecting null hypothesis when it is, in fact, correct Rejecting a wrong null hypothesis Accepting a correct null hypothesis 1 Answer

32 An obstetrician takes two groups of expectant ladies from her ANC - one group having anemia while the other did not have anemia. She follows them till delivery and notes the APGAR score of baby, to see if anemia in pregnancy was associated with a lower APGAR score in new born. The correct statistical procedure in this study would be: t-test Mann-Whitney test odds ratio correlation coefficient 2 Answer

33 In a study to determine relationship between presence of I.H.D and smoking, the appropriate Statistical test is :Z-test Paired t test Chi-square test None of the above 3 Answer

34 If a null hypothesis is rejected at 5% levels of significance: -

There is 5% chance that, we might have incorrectly rejected the true null hypothesis There is 5% chance that, we have correctly rejected the true null hypothesis There is 5% chance that, we have failed to accept the true null hypothesis. None of the above 1 Answer

35 In simple random sampling if the subject is replaced back in the population it is termed as Simple Random Sampling with replacement Simple Random Sampling without replacement Systematic sampling None of the above 1 Answer

36 The probability of rejecting the correct null hypothesis is Type I error Type II error Power of the test None of the above 1 Answer

37 The minimum power of a study should be 7% 8% 9% None of the above 2 Answer

38 Power of the test is given by

(1-

3 Answer

39 The probability of accepting the false null hypothesis is Type I error Type II error Power of the test Level of significance 2 Answer

Requirements of a sample is that it should be Representative Adequate none of the above Both a) and b) 4 Answer

41 Of the 14 children, 2 lived in owner occupied houses, 7 lived in council houses and 5 lived in private rented accommodation. Type of accommodation is a categorical variable. Appropriate graphical presentation will be Line chart Simple bar chart Histogram Frequency polygon 2 Answer

42 A study was conducted to assess the awareness of phimosis in young infants and children up to 5 years of age. The awareness level with respect to the family income is as tabulated below. Which graphical presentation is best to describe the following data? Stem and Leaf Pie Chart Multiple bar chart Component bar chart 4 Answer

43 Following is the frequency distribution of the serum levels of total cholesterol reported in a sample of 71 subjects. Which graphical presentation is best to describe the following data? Stem and Leaf Pie Chart Histogram Component bar chart 3 Answer

44 below gives the total expenditure on the First Five Year Plan and its distribution amongst various types of States.Which graphical presentation is best to describe the following data? Simple bar chart component bar chart Histogram Box plot 1 Answer

45 Which graphical presentation is best to describe the following data?

Box plot Component bar chart Histogram Pie chart 4 Answer

46 Information from the Sports Committee member on representation in different games at the state level by gender is as given below. Which graphical presentation is best to describe the following data? Box plot Component bar chart Multiple bar chart Pie chart 3 Answer

1 To evaluate an experimental diet programme ten volunteers are weighted before and after the trial. The weights are shown in the accompanying . The mean weight before the intervention is: 76.8 79 86.7 8 3 Answer

2 To evaluate an experimental diet programme ten volunteers are weighted before and after the trial. The weights are shown in the accompanying .The median weight after intervention is: 71.8 78.5 81.7 89 2 Answer

3 In a random sample of 1 individuals, 12 are left -handed. Which of the following is a 95% confidence interval for the proportion of left-handed people in the population? . 56 to .184 . 37 to .2 3 . 56 to .284 None of the Above 1 Answer

Six volunteers have gone on a cholesterol lowering diet for six months. The pretrial and the posttrial changes in the cholesterol levels are as given in the . The standard deviation of the pretrial cholesterol values is : 12.5 33.8 42.6 21. 2 Answer

5 Six volunteers have gone on a cholesterol lowering diet for six months. The pretrial and the posttrial changes in the cholesterol levels are as gi ven in the . The standard error of the pretrial cholesterol values is : 7.4 13.8 27 33.6 2 Answer

6 Find SD of incubation period of Chicken -pox when in 6 patients it was found to be 16, 13, 14, 12, 12 and 17 days 2. 97 1.86 1.98 4.2 1 Answer

7 Calculate the Standard Deviation for the following data: - 1 , 12, 8, 1 , 6, 4, 8, 1 2.89 1.85 2.56 3.46 3 Answer

8 In a series of 1 individuals, the mean blood glucose in mg dl was found to be 15 with SD 5 . In the same series the mean serum cholesterol levels in mg dl was found to be 2 with SD 36. Find which series shows greater variation. Blood Glucose Serum Cholesterol Both of the above None of the above 2 Answer

9 If mean 4 , Median 36, estimate the mode using appropriate formula {Hint: Mean-Mode 3(Mean-Median)} 29

27 26 28 4 Answer

1 Following are SBP of 1 healthy subjects 15 , 12 , 122, 128, 13 ,126,124,126,122, 13 Find the mean for the above data. 13 .2 127 126 127.8 4 Answer

11 Following is the respiratory rate per minute in 5 cases, the rate was found to be 2 , 16, 24, 18 and 22. Calculate the standard deviation. 3.16 3. 2.98 2.54 1 Answer

12 Find mode of the following distribution 5, 1, 6, 7, 6, 1, 1, 6, 8, 2, 6, 6. 5 8 7 6 4 Answer

13 Calculate Median from the following data: - 9, 7, 8, 1 , 12, 3, 2, 1, 5, 15 8.5 7.5 6.5 5.5 2 Answer

14 Urinary concentration of lead in 15 rural children ( milimole per litre per 24 hour) is .2, 2.6, .1, 1.1, .4, 2. , .8, 1.3, 1.2, 1.5, 3.2, 1.7, 1.9, 1.9, 2.2 Calculate median for the above data. 1.2 1.4 1.5 2. 3 Answer

15 Six volunteers have gone on a cholesterol lowering diet for six months. The pretrial changes in the cholesterol levels (mg dl) are as given below. Calculate the standard deviation of the pretrial cholesterol values. 18 , 225, 243, 15 , 212, 218 33.79 35.62 42.6 12.98 1 Answer

16 The CD4 to CD8 ratio of the 8 patients diagnosed as HIV positive is given below. Calculate the standard deviation. Data observations are .59, 1.44, 1.39, 1.57, .84, 1.71, 1.26, 1.52 1.26 .384 .986 1.54 2 Answer

17 Calculate Mode from the following data: - 6, 7, 8, 1 , 12, 6, 3, 2, 1, 8, 8, 6 6 and 8 6 8 no mode 1 Answer

18 Following is the respiratory rate per minute in 5 cases, the rate was found to be 2 , 16, 24, 18 and 22. Calculate the standard deviation. 2.89 3.162 3. 3.165 2 Answer

19 Calculate the median for the following data: 6, 7, 8, 1 , 11, 2, 3, 2, 8, 8 6 7.2 7 7.5 4 Answer

2 During a given year, 12 cases of disease 'X' are detected in a population of 7 , college students. Of the detected cases 7 resulted in deaths. Many more

students have mild symptoms of the disease, such as persistent daydreams about selling coconuts on a Caribbean beach. Calculate case fatality rate. 12 .583 7 58 2 Answer

21 Out of 6 deaths in an urban area during a certain year 24 deaths were of person below the age of 6 years. Deaths from typhoid were 24. Find the proportional mortality from typhoid. 12 per 1 population .583 per 1 cases 7 58 2 Answer

22 Calculate post neonatal mortality rate for the information given for a city. Mid year population of a city was 6, , . The events that occurred during 1999 were as follows. Total deaths 12 , Deaths of children within 28 days after birth 25 , Total live births 15 , Deaths of children within 1 year after birth 55 2 per 1 live births 2 per 1 population 2 2 1 Answer

23 Mid-year population of a city was 8, , . The total live births were 2 . Deaths within 28 days after birth were equal to 5 and deaths within one week after birth were 3 . Calculate late neonatal mortality rate. 15 per 1 population 15 per 1 live births 15 .15 2 Answer

24 In India the mid-year female population of child bearing ages i.e. in the ages 14 to 49 is 3 , , (3 lakhs) whereas the mid year female population in the age group 2 -24 was 4 , (4 thousand). The total number of births during a calendar year was 1,1 , (1 lakh 1 thousand). Calculate the general fertility rate. 37 births per 1 women in reproductive age group 37 per 1 live births to women in reproductive age group 37 .37 1 Answer

25 Census population of a city was 5, , . The total live births were 15 . Still births were 15 . Maternal deaths due to puerperal causes were 6 . Deaths of children within 1 year after birth were 45 . Total deaths were 5 . Calculate maternal mortality. 4 per 1 women 4 4 per 1 , live births .4 3 Answer

26 Calculate crude death rate from the following data. Mid -year population of a city was 6, , . The events occurred during 2 5 were as follows: -Total deaths 12 , Deaths of children within 28 days after birth 15 , Total live births 15 , Deaths of children within 1 year after birth 27 . .2 2 per 1 live births 2 2 per 1 population 4 Answer

27 Calculate the median for the following data. 6, 7, 8, 1 , 11, 2, 3, 2, 8, 8 8.5 7.5 5.5 6.5 2 Answer

28 Suppose a researcher, interested in obtaining an estimate of the average level of some enzyme in a certain human population, takes a sample of 1 individuals, determines the level of the enzyme in each, and computes a sample mean of 22. Suppose further it is known that the variable of interest is approximately normally distributed with variance of 45. What would be the approximate 95 percent confidence interval for population mean? {Hint: Approximate 95 percent confidence interval for population mean is given by Mean + - 2 SD} 22 - 45 17.76 - 26.24 2 .24 - 32.69 18.79 - 19.75 2 Answer

29 Compute 95% confidence interval for difference between two mean .8 - 2. 6 3.4 - 4.5 .26 - 1.94 1.2 - 1.5

3 Answer

3 For the following 11 hypertensive patients compute mean deviation from the median. 184, 17 , 168, 188, 162, 164, 174, 172, 178, 166, 188 6.29 11.5 9.8 7.45 4 Answer

31 Research is being conducted to see if the proportion of patients surviving in the treated group is greater than that in the untreated group. The parameter values are as follows. n 1 and survival rate (p) .6 Calculate 95 percent confidence interval. .852 - 2. 6 .5 4 - .696 .269 - 2.947 1.2 1 - 1.524 2 Answer

32 The data obtained on 26 young healthy adult subjects gave the mean systolic blood pressure as 113.1 mmHg with a standard deviation (SD) of 1 .3 mmHg. Calculate standard error. 2. 2 mmHg 5.89 mmHg 1. 6 mmHg 1 .3 mmHg 1 Answer

33 In a particular study the number of observation was 14 for males and 12 for females. The mean values for males was 118.3 amd 1 7. for females. Variance was 7 .1 for males and 82.5 for females. Calculate standard error. 2. 2 8.64 1.89 3.42 4 Answer

34 The mean systolic blood pressure of 5 young individuals is 115 mmHg with a standard deviation of 11.2 mmHg. Calculate 95 percent confidence inte rval. 123 - 245 111.9 - 118.1 .269 - 2.947 1.2 1 - 1.524 2 Answer

35 To study the length of hospitalization a random sample of 64 peptic ulcer patients was drawn. The mean length of hospitalization was found to be 8.25 days. If the population standard deviation is known to be 3 days. Find 95% confidence interval for mean. 7.515 - 8.985 1 . 23 - 11.1 4 .269 - 2.947 11.2 1 - 11.524 1 Answer

- 36 Find the 95% confidence limits with in which you would expect the population proportion to be if you had examined records of 1 children in a school and found 25 had tonsillectomy done. 1 .869 - 1.954 2 1.119 - 1.181 3 .269 - 2.947 4 .165 - .335 Answer: 4