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Th nghim xuyn tiu chun

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Bi vit ny c mt phin bn hon thin hn.

Mc lc
[hin] Th nghim xuyn tiu chun (SPT) l th nghim xuyn ng ti cng trnh c thit k cung cp thng tin v c tnh c l ca nn t. Phng php th nghim c m t trong tiu chun Anh BS EN ISO 22.476-3 v M ASTM D1586. Th nghim xuyn tiu chun (SPT) l th nghim ngoi tri c thc hin rt ph bin hin nay Vit Nam v cc nc phng Ty v tin dng, hiu qu. SPT c kh nng tin hnh su ln v ly c mu ln, iu khng c xuyn tnh. u im ca SPT l gi thnh thp, thao tc n gin v kt qu th nghim phn nh kh chnh xc trng thi ca t nn.

Phng php th nghim Edit

Th nghim xuyn tiu chun trong tng cha nc Nam Florida Added by Nhathung Th nghim s dng mt ng ly mu vch dy, vi ng knh bn ngoi 50 mm v ng knh bn trong 35 mm, v di khong 650 mm. N c ng vo trong lng t di y ca mt l khoan bng cc nht ba trt mt trng lng ba l 63,5 kg ri xung t khong cch 760 mm (30 in). Cc ng mu c ng vo trong lng t 150 mm v sau s lng cn thit cc nht ba ng ng xuyn qua mi su 150 mm (6 in) ti 450 mm (18 in) c ghi chp. Tng cc nht ba yu cu xuyn 150mm ln th hai v ba ca c gi l "sc khng tiu chun" hoc "gi tr N". Ti Vit Nam gi tr ny c k hiu l N30. S nht ba cung cp ch dn v ca mt nn, v n c s dng trong nhiu cng thc thc nghim trong a k thut. Gi tr N30 thu c t th nghim SPT thng c s dng tnh ton sc chu ti ca mng coc. Ngi ta cng s dng N30 nh gi trng thi ca t, bn cnh ch tiu c xc nh trong phng th nghim. Nhn chung thng c vnh nh khi nh gi trng thi t theo hai ch tiu ny. Cc k s khi thit k thng c xu hng tin tng hn vo th nghim SPT do n c thc hin trc tip ti thc a, t b nh hng bi cc yu t ch quan.

Mt s lu Edit

Khi th nghim SPT trong lp ct nm di mc nc ngm, kt qu thu c s phi hiu chnh do ct d thot nc lm tng cht cc b quanh mi xuyn, ng thi cng phi hiu chnh nhiu yu t khc na. SPT ch chnh xc i vi t ri, ring vi st, nn phn theo cng khng ct khng thot nc (Su hay qu). Th nghim trong t dnh thng ch tham kho, khng nn s dng SPT xc nh trng thi v l mt s kh mo him[1]. Vn cn nhiu ngi vn c ng nht SPT vi kt qu th nghim xc nh trng thi trong phng. Gi tr sc khng ct ca t (Su hay qu) thu c qua th nghim ct cnh VST hoc th nghim nn ba trc nhn chung khng c s dng phn trng thi ca t. Tuy nhin k s thit k c th s dng Su nh gi s b iu kin t nn cng trnh (cng ging nh vi cc ch tiu h s rng, bo ha, h s nn ln, m un tng bin dng,...)

V d v s liu khoan kho st SPT ca mt a im Edit


a ch : ng Nguyn Vn Linh (T ng 4 Siu tc n trm thu ph v hng QL1), Huyn Bnh Chnh & mt phn Q8. su Loi t T 0-28m Bn st mu xm xanh, xm en. Th nghim xuyn tiu chun Bn st mu xm xanh, xm en, xen kp ct mn, trng thi do T 28-37m chy. T 37-47m Ct ht nh n trung, mu xm xanh, kt cu cht. T 47-58m St mu vng m hng trng thi cng. > 58m Ct ht nh n trung mu nu, kt cu cht. SPT t 1-3. t 3-5. trung bnh 32. t 31-37. khong 45.

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TCXD 226:1999: t xy dng - phng php th nghim hin trng th nghim xuyn tiu chun Phng php th nghim Xuyn tiu chun SPT