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alhudhud (ha5682) HW01 ross (15200) This print-out should have 7 questions.

ns. Multiple-choice questions may continue on the next column or page nd all choices before answering. 001 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points Vector B has x, y, and z components of 5.7, 4.8, and 8.5 units, respectively. Calculate the magnitude of B. Correct answer: 11.304. Explanation: Let : For the vector B = Bx + By + Bz k . its magnitude is |B| =
2 2 2 Bx + By + Bz = 11.304 .

R=A+B = (Ax i + Ay j) + (Bx i + By j) = (Ax + Bx ) i + (Ay + By ) j = (7.9 m + 1.52 m) i + [2.2 m + (6.04 m)] j = 9.42 m i + (3.84 m) j , so R=
2 2 Rx + Ry =

(9.42 m)2 + (3.84 m)2

= 10.1726 m . 004 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points Find the angle (between 180 and +180 with counterclockwise positive) that the vector R makes from the positive x axis. Correct answer: 22.1779 . Explanation: The point is in the fourth quadrant of the coordinate system, so the angle is = arctan Ry Rx = arctan 3.84 m 9.42 m

B = (5.7, 4.8, 8.5) .

002 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points What is the angle between B and the x-axis? Correct answer: 59.7186. Explanation: The angle is cos = Bx B = 5.7 = 0.504247 . 11.304

= 22.1779 . 005 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points Consider three force vectors F1 with magnitude 61 N and direction 63 , F2 with magnitude 98 N and direction 108 , and F3 with magnitude 84 N and direction 320 . All direction angles are measured from the positive x axis: counter-clockwise for > 0 and clockwise for < 0. What is the magnitude of the resultant vector F , where F = F1 + F2 + F3 ? Correct answer: 112.105 N. Explanation: Let : F1 = 61 N at 1 = 63 , F2 = 98 N at 2 = 108 , F3 = 84 N at 3 = 320 .

003 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points Two vectors A and B lie in the xy plane and are given by A = Ax i + Ay j B = Bx i + By j . where Ax = 7.9 m, Ay = 2.2 m, Bx = 1.52 m, By = 6.04 m. Find the magnitude of R = A + B. Correct answer: 10.1726 m. Explanation:

and

Drawing a diagram to scale of the vectors, we have

alhudhud (ha5682) HW01 ross (15200)

What is the direction of F as an angle between the limits of 180 and +180 from the positive x axis with counterclockwise as the positive angular direction? Correct answer: 56.572 . F2 F1 F Explanation: The angle is = arctan = 56.572 . Because of the quadrant, = 56.572 . 007 10.0 points Vector A has components F3 Ax = 8.8, Ay = 4.5, Az = 6.3, Fy Fx = tan1 93.5608 N 61.7575 N

while vector B has components Bx = 5.5, Scale: 10 N Each force vector is dened by components Fx = F cos and Fy = F sin , so the net force is dened by Fx = F1,x + F2,x + F3,x = (61 N) cos 63 + (98 N) cos(108 ) + (84 N) cos 320 = 61.7575 N and Fy = F1,y + F2,y + F3,y = (61 N) sin 63 + (98 N) sin(108 ) + (84 N) sin 320 = 93.5608 N with a magnitude of F = =
2 2 Fx + Fy

By = 6.3,

Bz = 5.5.

What is the angle AB between these vectors? (Answer between 0 and 180 .) Correct answer: 111.029 . Explanation: A = B = A2 + A2 + A2 = x y z
2 2 2 Bx + By + Bz =

(8.8)2 + 4.52 + 6.32 5.52 + (6.3)2 + 5.52

= 11.7209 and = 10.0095 , so using A B = Ax B x + Ay B y + Az B z = (8.8) 5.5 + 4.5 (6.3) + 6.3 (5.5) = 42.1 ,

(61.7575 N)2 + (93.5608 N)2

cos AB = AB

AB

= 112.105 N . 006 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points

A B = 0.358846 = arccos(0.358846) = 111.029 .

42.1 (11.7209) (10.0095)

alhudhud (ha5682) HW01 ross (15200) Two vectors can dene a plane. When these two vectors are plotted in this plane, we have

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