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PRESSURE DESIGN STRAIGHT PIPE ( RUN PIPE)

GENERAL tm=t+c Where tm t c minimum required thickness, including mechanical, corrosion, & erosion allowances, mm. pressure design thickness for internal pressure, mm. sum of the mechanical allowances (thread or groove depth) plus corrosion & erosion allowances, mm. 10.86 9.36 1.5

STRAIGHT PIPE THICKNESS UNDER INTERNAL PRESSURE

1. Where P D S E W Y d

t=(PxD)/2(SxExW+PxY)

9.36

2. t=P(d+2c)/2[SxExW-P(1-Y)]

8.87

Internal Design Gauge Pressure, N/mm2. Outside Diameter of Pipe, mm. Stress Value for Material, N/mm2. Quality Factor For Longitudinal Weld Joints in Pipes. Weld Joint Strength Reduction Factor. Coefficient for Materials. Inside Diameter of Pipe, mm.

4.2 406.4 88.25 1 1 0.7 364.40

REINFORCEMENT OF WELDED BRANCH CONNECTIONS

h b Th Tb d1 d2 L4 Tb Th Tr th tb Db Dh

subscript referring to run or header. subscript referring to branch. nominal thickness of run or header. nominal thickness of branch. effective length removed from pipe at branch, mm. "half width" of reinforcement zone, mm. height of reinforcement zone outside of run pipe, mm. branch pipe thickness, mm. header pipe thickness, mm. minimum thickness of reinforcing pad, mm. pressure design thickness of run pipe, mm. pressure design thickness of branch pipe, mm. smaller angle between axis of branch and run. outside diameter of branch pipe, mm. outside diameter of run pipe, mm. 21 13 199.35 199.35 42.19 11.38 18.38 18.4 9.36 5.12 90 219.10 406.40

1. d1 = [Db - 2(Tb - c)]/sin

199.35

2. d2= greater of d1 or (Tb - c) + (Th - c) + d1/2 Therefore d2

126.43 199.35

3.

L4 = lesser of 2.5(Th - c), mm or 2.5(Tb - c) + Tr, mm.

42.19 43.09

REQUIRED REINFORCEMENT AREA

1. A1 = thd1(2 - sin), mm2

1865.70

AVAILABLE AREA

A2 + A3 + A4 >= A1

Where A2 A3 A4 Dr Sr ha hb Area resulting from excess thickness in the run pipe wall, mm2. Area resulting from excess thickness in the branch pipe wall, mm2. Area of other metal provided by welds & properly attached reinforcement, mm2. Outside diameter of reinforcement ring, mm. Stress value for reinforcement ring material, N/mm2. Height of the fillet weld between run pipe & reinforcement ring, mm. Height of the fillet weld between branch pipe & reinforcement ring, mm. 1498.33 401.51 -34.14 406.4 88.25 3.00 3.00

1. A2 = (2d2 - d1)(Th - th -c) 2. A3 = 2L4(Tb - tb - c)/sin 3. A2 + A3

1498.33 401.51 1899.85

Additional reinforcement required A1 - ( A2 + A3 ) <= A4 -34.14

NO

1. Area of reinforcement ring, mm2. 2. Area of fillet weld, mm2.

3441.64 18.00

NOTES: 1. All values are rounded of upto two decimal places. 2. Some nomenclatures which are not present in the figure have been added for carrying out calculations. 3. Height and base of the fillet welds is assumed to be equal.

4. d2 in any case shall not be greater than Dh.

PRESSURE DESIGN STRAIGHT PIPE ( BRANCH PIPE)

GENERAL tm=t+c Where tm t c minimum required thickness, including mechanical, corrosion, & erosion allowances, mm. pressure design thickness for internal pressure, mm. sum of the mechanical allowances (thread or groove depth) plus corrosion & erosion allowances, mm. 6.62 5.12 1.5

STRAIGHT PIPE THICKNESS UNDER INTERNAL PRESSURE

1. Where P D S E W Y d

t=(PxD)/2(SxExW+PxY)

5.12

2. t=P(d+2c)/2[SxExW-P(1-Y)]

4.80

Internal Design Gauge Pressure, N/mm2. Outside Diameter of Pipe, mm. Stress Value for Material, N/mm2. Quality Factor For Longitudinal Weld Joints in Pipes. Weld Joint Strength Reduction Factor. Coefficient for Materials. Inside Diameter of Pipe, mm.

4.20 219.1 88.25 1 1 0.4 193.10