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PAINTING This is art which brings expression to the experiences of the past as is a representation art.

It is also a form of visual art that shows the intrinsic values of man through creative and imaginative use of lines, color, shape, medium, and others. Historical Development of Painting Even before written record was made available, man had already been engaged in painting as expressions of his yearnings for creativity and communication. This was evident on walls of caves during the Paleolithic period. These paintings are crude pictures of animals and primitive drawings consisting of stick figures . EGYPTIAN PAINTING Hieroglyphics was the first art form produced by the Egyptians. It is believed to present images with potential magical properties. There are three stages in the development of Egyptian painting: y y y Old Kingdom associated with their form of worship and life after death. Middle Kingdom associated with tomb painting depicting scenes of local wars, animal life, and dancing and hunting scenes. New Kingdom It depicts scenes of funeral and Egyptian pilgrimages.

GREEK PAINTING It established the classic tradition which is refinement or correction of optical illusion. ROMAN PAINTING It depicted casual and relax figures reflecting ideal beauty of the leisurely, educated, and wellbred life. EARLY CHRISTIAN PAINTING This is characterized by the tendency towards spiritualization and by progressive abandonment of the limitation of nature. The paintings are in bright and contrasting colors. BYZANTINE PAINTING This style of painting is based upon intellectual Greek concepts rather than upon purely emotional apprehension. ROMANESQUE PAINTING This followed the traditions of the spiritual art set by the earlier art such as Early Christian art. It is focused on the use of expensive colors and rhythmic composition in order to stir up religious emotions. GOTHIC PAINTING This painting was instructional in nature and preserved in miniature form. A good example is Lamentation by Giotto Di Bodini. RENAISSANCE PAINTING This started during the 14th century and is characterized by the rebirth in the interest and concern for life towards new discoveries particularly in the field of arts. Michelangelo and Leonardo Da Vinci were considered masters during this period.

MANNERISM PAINTING These are works of painters who are called Mannerists because they were experimenting on the details of early art styles and then combined these to form new and meaningful art. This type of painting is eclectic. There are three kinds of Mannerism painting: y y y Realist It is a kind which uses figures with landscape and being able to instill life in one picture. Impressionist it is a kind which portrays effects of experience upon the conscience of the artist. Expressionist Started in Germany around the 20th century where the artist used distortion of color and form to portray inner sensations and turmoil.

ROCOCO PAINTING This style in painting came from the French word rocaille which means artificial art work with elaborate designs. NEO-CLASSICISM Denotes revival of classic ideals and forms in art whose theme is about heroic subjects and about sacrifice for a noble cause. ROMANTICISM -Characteristic of art works presenting idyllic landscapes, stylized designs, and fluid sky. REALISM-Supports the doctrine that material objects exist and are actual facts. NATURALISM - Started by Gustave Courbet who believed that a painter should paint according to what is seen in everyday life and that artist should portray objects and situations that are seen and experienced first-hand with emphasis on the sordid. IMPRESSIONISM It is a movement that aimed to bring out the effects of experience upon the consciousness of the artist and audience rather than the objective quality of the subject of the artwork. Works of this period are concerned with the technique of suggesting light and color rather than the subject matter. MODERN PAINTING 20th century painting and the isms of art (subject to the individual expression of the artist). y Symbolism is the practice where art production represents ideas by means of symbols, thus giving meanings to objects, events, and conditions.

Iconography and Iconology refers to the study of the meaning and interpretation of symbols and allegories. Fauvism is described as using primary colors in favor of color illumination on subjects like pictures of comfort, joy, and leisure. Cubism is a form of abstraction wherein objects are first reduced to cubes and then flattened into two dimensional shapes.

Expressionism is an art derived from Cubism which is a development of decorative, individualistic, and personal expressiveness. Suprematism is a peculiar abstraction where structure is subordinated to surface arrangement. Surrealism is the opposite of abstraction, a modern art that attempts to portray the subconscious mind through unconventional means. ETHNIC ART This art form depicts native and indigenous Philippine designs. This kind of art was influenced by neighboring countries in Southeast Asia. Ethnic art possesses curvilinear and linear patterns or designs. This can also be traced from primitive designs seen in Philippine prehistoric pottery. FOLK ART These are artworks made by the hands of common people and is also considered as handicrafts due to the fact that the process of crafting the materials serves as an art in itself. Most folk arts are produced in quantities so the quality and style of the finished product are not alike. Cultural artifacts are manifestations of the manual skill of early Filipino artists and reflections of daily activities as craftsmen. THREE FOLK ART MOTIFS THE SEPENT-DEMON OF ART OR THE MIDDLE OF THE NAGA The Naga design is said to be Sanskrit in origin which means serpent-demon. THE SARIMANOK This is the cultural symbol of Mindanao. It was influenced by Indonesia and Malaysia and originated from the Middle East BURAK (BORAK) Considered also as Muslim folk art and is described as a horse with a human figure. PAINTING DURING THE SPANISH PERIOD Religion influenced a great deal on the art of painting because during the Spanish time the Church was the only patron of art. The natives were engaged in mediocre works due to the lack of formal schooling. The Augustinian Friars of Intramuros initiated drawing lessons that were th improved as early as 17 century. Aside from religious themes genre and landscape painting was also given importance. San Cristobal Jose Dans The Holy Family (Sagrada Familia) Damian Domingo Julia Francia Antonio Malantic Portrait of a Spanish lady Rafael Enriquez