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RECYCLED WOOD BARK OF

MALUNGGAY (Moringga Oleifera) AS


HANDMADE PAPER

An Investigatory Project
By
ERIKA SHEANE ESTERA
JOMEL MAROMA

Submitted to:
Anne Mylene S. Itucal, PSHS WVC Integrated Science Teacher SY 2008-2009
Problem

What will be the texture, cost value,


and acceptance in the market of paper
if recycled wood bark of malunggay is
used in making it?
Hypothesis

We think that if recycled wood bark of


malunggay is used in making paper,
then its texture will be rough, it is
cheap, and it will be acceptable in the
market.
Experimental Design

Controlled Variables:

Amount of dried malunggay bark


Amount of chlorine
Amount of caustic soda
Amount of Venus dye

The weight of each is measured.


Experimental Design

Manipulated Variable:
• The type of material used in
making paper
Experimental Design

Responding Variable:
• The texture, cost value, and
acceptance of the paper
Materials

Raw Materials:
500 grams of dried malunggay bark
50 grams chlorine
100 grams caustic soda

Other Materials:
2 grams Venus Dye
Mold and Deckle
Silk Screen
Cloth or Net Bag
Weighing Scale
Mortar and Scale
Procedures

I. Preparation of materials
The barks of Malunggay stems are
removed. The outer skin was scraped off and bark was
stripped off from the inner wood. Then the barks were
sun-dried. The materials were first prepared before the
experiment.
Procedures

II. Boiling of Malunggay Barks

The dried barks were boiled in caustic soda


and water for 2-3 hours. Then the barks were washed to
remove chemicals. They were then pounded to produce
wood pulp.

II.a. The dried barks were boiled in caustic soda for 2 – 3 hours.
II.b. The barks were washed to
remove chemicals.

II.c. Then pounded to produce


wood pulp.
Procedures

III. Bleaching and Dyeing of the Wood Pulp

The pulp produced in the process was bleached


using chlorine. After bleaching, it was washed to
remove chemicals. The wood pulp was soaked in
water for 5-15 minutes to make it whiter. Then
the wood pulp was boiled in dye and water for
about 15 minutes.

Dyeing of the Wood Pulp


II.d. Produced Wood Pulp
Procedures

IV. Molding and Drying of Wood Pulp


The dyed wood pulp can now be molded.
Using the mold and deckle, the wood pulp mixed with
water was molded. To dry the pulp, place it on an even
wall or screen to let it dry. When the pulp has already
dried, strip off the paper from the wall.
Final Output

The paper produced


Data Gathered

After we had produced the paper


out of the Malunggay Bark, we
asked somebody to rate the tear
strength, texture and acceptance of
the paper.
Tear Strength
RATING DESCRIPTION

5 Extremely tough

4 Very tough

3 Tough

2 Moderately soft

1 Durable soft

Rating: 2
Texture

RATING DESCRIPTION

5 Extremely tough

4 Very tough

3 Tough

2 Moderately soft

1 Durable soft

Rating: 3
Acceptance

RATING DESCRIPTION

5 Extremely acceptable

4 Very acceptable

3 Acceptable

2 Moderately Acceptable

1 Not Acceptable

Rating: 3
Conclusion

Our hypothesis was right. The


texture of the paper out of
Malunggay Bark is rough. It is
acceptable in the market, and it will
be cheap if sold, because the
materials are not expensive.
Credits

Erika Sheane Estera


(Researcher and Did the Experiment)
Jomel Maroma
(Researcher and Did the Powerpoint)
ALL RIGHTS
RESERVED
Thank You for Watching!