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Damage Photo Gallery

CONTQC/CMG January ,2006

Contents :
At Terminals & Inland
2 in 1 mis-operation Corner post Cross-member and floor board Derailment Door hinge Door panel Hole/cut on roof door open shipment Pilferage of container parts Side panel cuts Seal exception Top side rail

Cargo nature and securing method

Bulge out due to improper stuffing Corrosion by DG chemicals Floor Grain in bulk Ingot Insufficient lashing for break bulk Leakage Metal scrap Panel cut by forklift Panel damage by improper stuffing Self-ignition Steel coils Stone shipments Trash left inside

2 in 1 mis-operation
2 in 1 cargo hold means vessels under deck hold, which could accommodate 1 x 40or alternatively 2 x 20 in the same row at planners convenience. This gives very flexible option to operators for stowage planning and has already become common practice. Regrettably, however, we often receive container damage report which is referring to mis-operation in 2 in 1 cargo hold.

Fig.1: 2 in 1 damage found during loading.

Fig.2 :Bulge out on side panel & bottom rail bent.

Corner post
Corner posts are often damaged by its being misplaced on the base cone on the vessel hold.
Fig. 1: This container was not properly set on base cone. Fig 2: Another case.

Cross-member and floor board


Cross-members and floor board are often damaged by external impact while being hit or misplaced onto any obstacles.

Fig.1 :Damaged cross-members

Fig.2 : Broken floor board

Derailment
Derailment might be caused by only one container, whose cargo inside is not properly secured . If our container is proved to be liable, the claim amount involved becomes quite huge.

Fig.1 : Derailment brings about catastrophic result !

Door hinge would be damaged by strong impact to the door, side panels or hinge itself. It could hinder smooth door opening, closing and careful handling would be required.

Door Hinge

Fig. :Dent on hinge due to impact on door panel.

Door panel
The doors must be firmly locked with their locking devices (retainer catches & handles, cams & keepers). Otherwise they might open by themselves during transportation and lead to serious incident upon being handled.

Fig.: The door not locked properly opened and suffered heavy damage upon discharging.

Hole/Cut on roof
The hole and cut by stevedores rough handling could sometimes cause cargo wet damage, and if it is reefer unit, melt damage, due to air leakage from there. Such holes and cuts are often not reported by stevedores who have committed.
Fig.1 :Cut damage on the roof of the dry container. Fig.2 : Cut damage on top rail of the RF. Fig 3: Typical. Thrust by spreader

One door open shipment


Some cargoes such as onions are being transported with one door open condition, however slight impact on the door would often lead to door hinge or panel damage. It is highly recommended to take off the door and put it into the container for such shipments.

Fig.1: The door hinge was damaged.

Fig.2: Another case

Pilferage of container parts


Parts of Reefer or SOC (Shippers Own Container) Tank containers often become target for pilferage, especially in the places where such parts are well sold in black market.
Fig.1 :Coupling of RF condenser was cut off and stolen. Fig.2 :Pilferage of part of the SOC Tank

Seal exception
Containers are often target for pilferage especially during inland transportation by rail and at less controlled area. Although we are supplying High Security Seals, which meet ISO PAS 17712, a lot of seal exception reports are being issued.
Fig.1 :Container seal was burned off. Fig.2: Locking device was broken.

Side panel cut


Side panel cuts damage are often caused when the container on chassis is placed into or left out of narrow parking space and contact with bolster of another chassis.

Fig.: Typical side panel cut damage

Top side rail


Top side rail creased damage is attributed to strong impact when upper side of corner post strikes with something, for example, upon stowing container into vessel hold. Repairing cost for this kind of damage often becomes very expensive.
Fig.1: Corner post at door side received strong impact. Fig.2: Another case

Cargo nature and securing method


Bulge out due to improper stuffing Corrosion by DG chemicals Floor Grain in bulk Ingot Insufficient lashing for break bulk Leakage Metal scrap Panel cut by forklift Panel damage by improper stuffing Self-ignition Steel coils Stone shipments Trash left inside

Bulge out due to improper stuffing


If shippers fails to secure their cargoes with proper blocking and bracing method, the cargo would shift easily during transportation and give strong impact to the panels and cause serious bulge out.
Fig.1 : This huge side panel bulge out was detected at the discharging terminal. Fig.2 : Bulge out of door panel. Steel products, lumbers and grain in bulk would often cause problems.

Corrosion by DG chemicals
DG Chemicals stuffed into defective drums, bags or containers might leak during transportation. Consequently our Freight Container interior would be heavily affected with corrosion and toxic odor.

Fig.: Heavy corrosion by Acetic acid

Fig.2 : Phenol

Floor
and improper securing method upon vanning or devanning would often cause floor damage.

Exceeding weight restriction (total weight and weight / m2), rough handling

Fig.1: Floor damage of flat rack container.

Fig.2 : Part of cargo penetrated floor.

Grain in bulk
Grain in bulk shipments have potential risks. Container doors and panels would receive strong pressure and easily bulge out by the cargo weight which could be further affected by rolling and pitching movement etc during navigation. Consequently the locking devices of the container doors might break and the cargoes spill over. Even if not broken, the bulge out itself would bring about handling difficulties. In case of hole/cut damage, the cargo would easily suffer wet damage.

Fig.1 :Bulge out

Fig.2 : Locking device broken

Fig.3 : No bulk head.

Ingot
Our vanning policy regulates that maximum concentrated cargo weight per M2 should be 2KT. Ingot shipments, however, often exceed this restriction and cause serious floor and cross member damage.

Fig1: Ingot without bracing at all.

Fig2: Bent cross members.

Insufficient lashing for break bulk


Insufficient lashing method for break bulk cargoes on flat rack containers often causes serious accident involving other cargoes and containers.

Fig.1: The boat on FR over-turned on board and also damaged other containers.

Fig. 2: The cargo shifted and hit another break bulk cargo.

Leakage
Any liquid cargoes stuffed into improper drums, bags or containers may leak during transportation. If they are poisonous cargoes, the result would become very serious. Even if not poisonous, they often require high cleaning cost.

Metal scrap
Metal scrap often causes interior panel scratch, oil stains and serious container panels bulge out, etc. Therefore before taking the booking, the cargo style and vanning method have to be confirmed. Scrap in bulk must not be accepted.

Fig: Oil stain damage was caused by metal scraps. Some bonnets were left in the container.

Panel cut by forklift


Panel cut damage is often caused by rough operation of forklift during cargo stuffing and de-stuffing.

Fig 1 : Cut caused by forklift (inside)

Fig.2 : Cut (outside)

Panel damage by improper stuffing


If shippers fail to secure their cargoes with proper blocking and bracing method, cargo inside container would easily shift and give strong impact to container panels.

Fig. : Bulge out and cut damage caused by improper stuffing of timber.

Self-ignition
These are the cases that the cargoes inside started chemical reaction on board. Only one problematic container may lead to the most serious incident involving crew injury, huge damage to vessel hull.

Fig.1 : Waste paper mixed with waste battery reacted inside the container.

Fig.2 : Prohibited DG Thiourea Dioxide was booked and began reaction on board.

Steel coil
Steel coils are not suitable for closed van container transportation due to its particular shape and heavy (whole and concentrated) weight. It would easily lead to heavy container damage or even more serious accident involving other containers and vessel.

Fig1: More than 10tons of steel coils were stuffed without application.

Fig2: Broken door

All stone products can potentially damage container and in the case of slabs and blocks and stone products in bulk, the damage can be excessive. They are also often proved to have exceeded our vanning restrictions.
Fig. : Stone loaded on the container without proper securing. It would damage cross- members, panels and might lead to more serious accident.

Stone shipments

Trash left inside


Regrettably our containers are sometimes used as trash box. Container condition upon returning to our depot must be checked upon issuing EIR.

Fig :Trash left in our container