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GOVT.

SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL


TALWARA-1
(HOSHIARPUR)

Project:- Trigonometry

Prepared by: Nardev Singh (Maths Master)


Kulwant Singh (Maths Master)

Introduction:- Trigonometry is an important branch of


mathematics. The word trigonometry is derived from a combination of
three Greek words ‘tri’, ‘gon’, ‘metron’.’Tri’ means three, ‘gon’ means
sides and ‘metron’ means a measure. Thus trigonometry deals with the
measurement of the sides of a triangle.

Trigonometric Ratios of angles:-

Let us take any acute angle AOB. Let us take a point on ray OB and
drop the perpendicular PQ on OA. Let us denote the angle POQ by the
Greek Letter θ (theta). Then we have a right triangle POQ in which
∟QOP= θ.
In the triangle POQ, OQ is the side adjacent to angle θ (base) and PQ is
the side opposite to angle θ (perpendicular). Op is the hypotenuse of the
triangle. Here θ is measured in degrees.

Using the lengths of the sides of the right triangle POQ, we define the
trigonometric ratios of angle θ as follows:

1. Sine θ = Side opposite to angle θ = PQ


Hypotenuse OP

2. Cosine θ = Side adjacent to angle θ = OQ


Hypotenuse OP

3. Tangent θ = Side opposite to angle θ = PQ


Side adjacent to angle θ OQ
4. Cosec θ = Hypotenuse = OP = 1
Side opposite to angle θ PQ sine θ

5. Sec θ = Hypotenuse = OP = 1
Side adjacent to angle θ OQ cos θ

6. Cot θ = Side adjacent to angle θ = OQ = 1


Side opposite to angle θ PQ tan θ

Values of Trigonometric ratios of 00, 300, 450,


600, 900
θ sine θ cos θ tan θ cosec θ sec θ cot θ

00 0 1 0 Not 1 Not
defined defined
300 ½ √3/2 1/√3 2 2/√3 √3

450 1/√2 1/√2 1 √2 √2 1

600 √3/2 ½ √3 2/√3 2 1/√3

900 1 0 Not 1 Not 0


defined defined
Acknowledgement:-

We are very thankful to Mr. Gulshan Rai (Computer Faculty), Mr.


Narinder Singh (Computer Faculty) and Miss Amita (Computer
Teacher) for their expert guidance and kind co-operation.
Bibliography:-

1. Computer Teachers
2. Text Books