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I am Anita Jaidka, working as science

mistress at Government Girls Secondary School, Bassi
Pathana. I am BSc and B.Ed

Petrol Engine

People had used cars pulled by horses, oxen or large animal for more than 5000 years
before the first polled vehicle was built. This was a clumsy steam- powered carriage
designed to pull artillery guns ,built by Fenchmen Nicoles called traction engines took
the place of horses on farms from the 1850’s.
DEVELOPMENT: - The age of the car really started with the development of the
internal combustion engine. The development began in the 1850’s,but it was not
until the 1880’s,that small,Lightweight,Petrol driven engine were perfected first of
all by Gottlib Daimler in Germany. The first Petrol-driven car was built by German
engineer Karl Benz in 1885.
INTERNAL COMBINATION ENGINE: - The engine in which fuel is ignited inside
the cylinder is called internal comb. Engine.
The job of the internal combustion engine is
to convert the energy stored in its fuel into movement.
Inside the heavy engine block are cylinders
(Normally four in a car engine)Piston fit snugly inside the cylinders .when the
engine is running the piston move up & down turning a crank shaft ( which turns
the wheels) via connecting rods.
Most internal combustion engines work on a four stroke cycle
which is repeated again and as the piston move up & down.
• On the first stroke, as the piston moves down the inlet value opens to allow a
mixture of fuel ad air to be sucked into the cylinder.
• On the second stoke as the piston moves up, the air and fuel is squeezed into
the top of cylinder.
• Now a spark is created electronically by the spark plug, igniting the fuel
which force the cylinder down.
• On the fourth stroke, the exhaust value opens to let waste gases be forced out
as the piston moves up again.

SPEED:- First Petrol Engine speed was 15th km./h but now a days it is of 140 km/h


 We are thankful to Mr. Sukhjeet Singh which has given us the

opportunity to learn the basics of computers and help us to
make this project.
 We are also thankful to Mrs. Anita Jaidka who patiently
taught us so much about Petrol Engine in such a short span of
time and under whose able guidance we were able to complete
our project.

Students Name
Sonam 8th D
Neha 9th C
Ravinder 10th B