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PROPERTIES FOR GRILLAGE ANALYSIS

SPAN
18.571 OR say
19 m

Length of each segment =

Transverse Members
End Crossgirder

1.1875

0.794
0.240

slab
diaph

Yt

Ayt

Ayt2

Iself

0.1905
0.6000

0.1200
0.9900

0.0229
0.5940

0.0027
0.5881

0.0009
0.1125

0.6169

0.5908

0.1134

0.7905

1.500

0.400
Yt

Iz

=
=
=
=

Ix

0.6169
=
0.7905
0.1134
+
4
0.2229 m
0.002
slab +
4
0.0284 m

0.7803 m
0.5908

0.6169

0.7803

0.027
diaph =
(half for slab & full for diaph)

Intermediate Crossgirder

1.188
0.240

slab
diaph

Yt

Ayt

Ayt2

Iself

0.2850
0.4500

0.1200
0.9900

0.0342
0.4455

0.0041
0.4410

0.0014
0.0844

0.4797

0.4451

0.0857

0.7350

1.500

0.300
Yt

Iz

=
=
=
=

Ix

0.4797
=
0.7350
0.0857
+
4
0.2178 m
0.002
slab +
4
0.0140 m

0.6527 m
0.4451

0.4797

0.6527

0.012
diaph =
(half for slab & full for diaph)

Slab members Transverse


1.188
A
Iz

=
=

Ix

2
0.285 m
1.188
x
12
4
0.00237 m

0.240
0.240
(Half )

4
0.00137 m

Effects of Curvature
Torsion due to the effects of curvature has been calculated as per the formulae in Raina.
t
=
applied torque per unit length = w X e
R
=
Radius of element at CL of section
t'
=
any locally applied torque (udl or distributed over a dispersion width)
T
=
Torsional moment as a result of M, w and t'
M
=
Moment externally applied (including parasitic moment)
W
=
shear
w
=
UDL weight (self wt+SDL etc)
e
=
r.Iyy / (R.w) ecc of the CG of the uniformly distributed self wt measured from the CL of the section
r
=
density of the material
Iyy
=
MI about vertical axis through CG of section.
a
=
distance from CL of torque span to point under consideration
torque span =
Length of structure between points of torsional restraint.

w
=
Iyy
=
length
=
depth
=
web
=
width
=
CG bot
=
r
=
e
=
R
=
V
=
camber
=
Centrifugal force =
Ecc of CF =

DL (deck slab only)


SIDL
75.6 +
57.5
40.3 m4
20.5 m
1.7 m
0.3 m midspan
0.6
12.6 m
1.19 m
25.0 kN/cum
0.084 m
(outward)
90 m
25 kmph
3.1%
0.055 x
1000
1.200 m (LL) +
0.5

1--1
Support
Distance
0
Effects of Curvature
Torsion due to DL & SIDL
ecc due to curvature =
Shear due to DL + SIDL
1364.3
Torsion = total shear x ecc
114.6
(ecc due to curvature x shear force)
Torsion due to centrifugal force
Coeff of centrifugal force = V.V/(127R)
Distance betn CG of girder & CG of LL =
torsion due to centrifugal force
=
(LL shear x coeff of centrifugal force x ecc)

0.055
1.7
47.8

Torsion due to Bending Moment effect = M/R

Total
=

133.1 kN

m at supp

kN /
m (cg top)=

2--2
0.9D
1.35

20.5 m =
1.7 m

3--3
L/8
2.321375

0.084 m
1184.6
1055.3
99.5
88.7

m
41.5

37.0

2.67 kN/m

4--4
L/4
4.64275

5--5
3L/8
6.964125

6--6
L/2
9.2855

746.3
62.7

437.3
36.7

128.4
10.8

26.1

15.3

4.5

Radius of Curvature = infinity for the straight girders

Total Additional torsion in superstr due to curvature of the deckslab


Torsion in the total superstr.
162.4
141.0
Torsion per girder
5 girders =
32.48
28.20

125.6
25.12

88.8
17.77

52.1
10.41

15.3
3.06

Additional Moment due to torsion (kNm)


Eq. Moment
=T/1.7*(1+d/b)

100.5

71.1

41.6

12.2

74.5

64.7

Design of Post Tensioned Beam Outer Girders


ALL DISTANCES ARE IN M, STRESSES IN MPA, FORCES IN KN AND MOMENTS IN KNM
Tension (-) Compression (+), anti-CW (+), CW (-)
1.00
0.18
0.10
Girder Length
Span of girder c/c of bearing
L/D
Girder overhang on bearing

19.2 m
18.571 m
10.67
0.314 m

0.300
0.20
0.24

SECTION PROPERTIES
Area
x from bottom
distance from cg
Moment
Total Moment
Moment I yy
Total Moment Iyy
PRE-CAST GIRDER
Area
Area * x
cg. Of girder
Mom of inertia
Top cg
Ztop
Zbot

Mid span Support


1.000
1.000
0.600
0.600
0.180
0.180
0.240
0.000
0.300
0.600
0.280
0.237
0.440
0.000
1.500
1.500
0.240
0.240
2.650
2.650
2.650
2.325
Mid span
web
top flange
0.450
0.126
0.750
1.410
0.061
0.599
0.084
0.000
0.182
0.003
0.002
0.049
mid span Support
0.713
0.983
0.578
0.791
0.811
0.805
0.182
0.201
0.689
0.695
0.264
0.289
0.224
0.250

Composite girder
Area
Area * x
cg. Of girder
Mom of inertia
Top cg
Ztop
Zbot
Ztop girder

mid span Support


1.349
1.619
1.608
1.822 m2
1.192
1.125 m
0.402
0.458 m4
0.548
0.615 m
0.734
0.744 m3
0.337
0.407 m3
1.307
1.220 m3

Width of top flange(PSC)


Width of bot flange(PSC)
Thk of top flange
Thk of bot flange
Web thickness
Thk of top fl at web
Thk of bot fl at web
Depth of girder
Thickness of top slab
Beff of top slab
Spacing of girders
Actual width of slab

(Ay)p
(Ay)c

Density Concrete (kn/cu.m)

0.045
0.317

0.065
0.380

25 Girder
slab

m.
m.
m.
m.
m.
m.
m.
m.
m.
m.

0.60
Midspan

0.60
End(supports)

1.8

1.5
Web Taper profile
=MIN(spacing,12*web thk))*Eslab/Egird

Outer Girder slab

0.035
1.287
0.476
0.000

bot flange
0.072
0.120
0.691
0.000

0.039 0.000191

m2
m
m4
m
m3
m3

Supports
web top flange
0.030
0.900
0.072
0.011
0.307
0.750
1.410
1.301
0.504
0.055
0.605
0.496
0.000
0.169
0.000
0.000
0.201
0.00459
0.027 0.00031 0.007
0.034
Torsional Property
mid
end
slab
0.010
0.010
web
0.008
0.071
top fl
0.002
0.002
bot fl
0.002
0.000
Ixx =
0.022
0.083

m3
m3

fck
fck

40 Mpa
40 Mpa

Ec
Ec

31622.8 Mpa
31622.8 Mpa

bot flange
0.000 0.00
0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000
0

Slab
0.636
1.620
0.428
0.003

(for use in staad)

Sectional Properties
Section No.
Section at
Distance (x)
Area of Girder m

1--1
2--2
Support 0.9D
0.000
1.350

2
4

Moment of Inertia m
CG of Section (bot) m

3--3
L/8
2.321

4--4
L/4
4.643

5--5
3L/8
6.964

6--6
L/2
9.286

0.983

0.983

0.889

0.713

0.713

0.713

0.201
0.805

0.201
0.805

0.194
0.807

0.182
0.811

0.182
0.811

0.182
0.811

Z bot of section m

0.250

0.250

0.241

0.224

0.224

0.224

Z top of section m
Width of Web m

0.289
0.600

0.289
0.600

0.280
0.496

0.264
0.300

0.264
0.300

0.264
0.300

1.619

1.619

1.525

1.349

1.349

1.349

0.458
1.125

0.458
1.125

0.438
1.148

0.402
1.192

0.402
1.192

0.402
1.192

0.407

0.407

0.382

0.337

0.337

0.337

1.220

1.220

1.246

1.307

1.307

1.307

0.744

0.744

0.741

0.734

0.734

0.734

Area of CompositeGirder m

Moment of Inertia m
CG of Section (bot) m
Z bot of section m
Z top of girder. m

Z top of Composite m

Calculation of Bending Moments due to the following at Various X n


Dead Load of the PSC Girder only
C/S Area of Girder
.

. U.D.L due to Dead Load

Additional Area at End Section


.

. U.D.L due to Dead Load

0.7

=
=

0.7
17.8

x
kN/m

0.983

25
0.713

= 0.270
x
=
6.8 kN/m
24.6 kN/m

25

17.8 kN/m
0.3145

1.8

1.5

support
support reaction of girder only =
2.1145 x
+
17.8 x
=
190.486 KN
Section No.
1--1
2--2
3--3
Section at
Support 0.9D
L/8
Distance (x)
0
1.35
2.32
Shear (kN)
182.8
149.6
131.5
Moment(kNm)
-1.2
233.5
435.2

Dead Load of the Deck Slab


UDL due to Deck slab =
Reaction at support
Section No.
Section at
Distance (x)
Shear (kN)
Moment(kNm)

2.325 m x
13.950 KN/m x

5.9855

24.6 +
5.9855
4--4
L/4
4.64
82.8
633.6

0.240 m x
9.6 m =

1.5 x

5--5
3L/8
6.96
41.4
795.7

Centreline
21.21

6--6
L/2
9.29
0.0
861.6

25 T/cum =
133.92 KN

13.95 KN/m

1--1
2--2
3--3
4--4
5--5
6--6
Support 0.9D
L/8
L/4
3L/8
L/2
0
1.35
2.32138 4.64275 6.96413 9.2855
133.9
115.1
101.5
69.2
36.8
4.4
0.0
162.2
263.1
451.0
563.8
601.4

Weight of Interm. Diaphragm =


Number of intermediate diaphragms =
Section No.
1--1
Shear (kN)
11.1
Moment(kNm)
0.0

1.260 X
1
2--2
11.1
15.0

3--3
11.1
25.8

0.3
=>
4--4
11.1
51.6

x
2.350 x
25 =
support reaction =
11.1038 KN
5--5
6--6
11.1
0.0
77.3
103.1

22.21 KN

Dead Load of the Deck Slab+Diaphragms only


Section No.
1--1
2--2
Section at
Support 0.9D
Distance (x)
0
1.35
Shear (kN)
145.0
126.2
Moment(kNm)
0.0
177.1
Torsion(kNm)
0.0
0.0
Super Imposed Dead Load :
Section No.
1--1
2--2
Section at
Support 0.9D
Shear (kN)
280.5
232.1
Moment(kNm)
322.1
618.8
Torsion(kNm)
99.4
73.5

3--3
L/8
2.32
112.6
288.9
0.0

4--4
L/4
4.64
80.3
502.6
0.0

5--5
3L/8
6.96
47.9
641.1
0.0

6--6
L/2
9.29
4.4
704.5
0.0

(Shear & moment from staad)


3--3
4--4
5--5
L/8
L/4
3L/8
184.0
133.2
32.5
850.4
1016.1
1145.1
48.6
30.4
16.0

6--6
L/2
81.9
1108.1
37.0

Due to Curvature Effect


Section No.
1--1
2--2
3--3
4--4
Section at
Support 0.9D
L/8
L/4
Shear (kN)
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Moment(kNm)
74.5
64.7
100.5
71.1
Torsion(kNm)
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
The Effect of Live Load is taken from STAAD Results.
Governing Loads due to LL with impact (From STAAD Summary)
Section No.
1--1
2--2
3--3
4--4
Section at
Support 0.9D
L/8
L/4
Shear (kN)
135.6
134.0
131.7
129.7
Moment(kNm)
195.6
373.2
545.9
715.1
Torsion (kNm)
30.6
24.9
19.4
14.5

5--5
3L/8
0.0
41.6
0.0

6--6
L/2
0.0
12.2
0.0

5--5
3L/8
127.7
1212.8
12.5

6--6
L/2
126.5
1378.8
16.5

Summary of Shear & Moments at Various X ns


Moment / Shear due to
. 1--1
Support
1) Dead Load of PSC Girder
M
-1.2
S
182.8
T
0.0

2--2
0.9d
233.5
149.6
0.0

3--3
L/8
435.2
131.5
0.0

4--4
L/4
633.6
82.8
0.0

5--5
3L/8
795.7
41.4
0.0

6--6
L/2
861.6
0.0
0.0

2) Dead Load of Deckslab

M
S
T

0.0
145.0
0.0

177.1
126.2
0.0

288.9
112.6
0.0

502.6
80.3
0.0

641.1
47.9
0.0

704.5
4.4
0.0

3) S.I.D.Load

M
S
T

322.1
280.5
99.4

618.8
232.1
73.5

850.4
184.0
48.6

1016.1
133.2
30.4

1145.1
32.5
16.0

1108.1
81.9
37.0

270.1
437.9
135.6
134.0
30.6
24.9
Moment in kNm

646.4
131.7
19.4
S

4)Vehicular Live Load


+Curvature Effects

M
S
T
M

786.2
1254.5
129.7
127.7
14.5
12.5
Shear in kN

CHECK FOR PRESTRESSING AND STRESSES


Check for stresses
(Stage I- stressing all cables to full design force)
Horizontal Component of Cable forces at various X n .(from prestress calculations)
Cable
1--1
2--2
3--3
4--4
5--5
Nos
Support 0.9D
L/8
L/4
3L/8
1
2169.2
2181.1
2195.6
2228.4
2258.4
2
1602.9
1610.4
1618.7
1637.7
1655.6
3
2217.6
2225.9
2233.9
2252.6
2270.7
Force
5989.7
6017.5
6048.3
6118.7
6184.7
Vertical Component of Cable forces at various X n .
Cable
1--1
2--2
Nos
Support 0.9D
1
283.0
266.8
2
147.2
138.1
3
109.4
102.1
Force
539.6
507.0

3--3
L/8
234.9
120.3
87.9
443.1

4--4
L/4
157.2
77.1
53.4
287.7

5--5
3L/8
77.4
32.9
18.3
128.7

6--6
L/2
2223.6
1600.7
2192.6
6016.9

6--6
L/2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

1391.0
126.5
16.5
T
Torsion in kNm

Effect of Prestressing :-

(Stage I)

Sections
Force, F( KN )
Area, A(m 2 )
F/A (KN/m 2 )
Yb (m)
Cable y (m)
e = Yb-y (m)
Zt (m 3 )
Zb (m 3 )
F x e / Zt
Fxe / Zb
F/A -(Fxe / Zt)
F/A +(Fxe / Zt)

1--1
5989.7
0.98
6090.66
0.80
0.75
0.06
0.29
0.25
1201.77
1390.94
4.89
7.48

2--2
6017.5
0.98
6118.9
0.80
0.61
0.19
0.29
0.25
4002.93
4633.05
2.12
10.75

3--3
6048.3
0.89
6800.15
0.81
0.54
0.27
0.28
0.24
5829.89
6785.33
0.97
13.59

4--4
6118.7
0.71
8581.66
0.81
0.40
0.41
0.26
0.22
9566.49
11251.5
-0.98
19.83

5--5
6184.7
0.71
8674.18
0.81
0.32
0.49
0.26
0.22
11503
13529.1
-2.83
22.20

6--6
6016.9
0.71
8438.79
0.81
0.30
0.51
0.26
0.22
11619.4
13666
-3.18
22.10

Check for

0% loss in force

kN/m2
kN/m2
Mpa
Mpa

Time Dependent Losses consisting of the following ;Losses 1


Elastic Shortening of Wires:
(Vide Cl:11.1 of I.R.C:-18-2000)
0.5
x
m
x
Stress at C.G of the Cables at that X n .
Loss
=
It is proposed to stress the cables after
28
Days when the concrete attains
40.0 MPa.
The effect of Prestress & Dead Load acts together.
Descriptions
Prestress Stage I
Dead Load
Resultant

1--1
4.89
7.48
0.00
0.00
4.88
7.49
1--1

t
b
t
b
t
b

Sections

Stress at

2--2
2.12
10.75
0.81
-0.94
2.92
9.82
2--2

3--3
0.97
13.59
1.55
-1.81
2.52
11.78
3--3

4--4
-0.98
19.83
2.40
-2.82
1.42
17.01
4--4

5--5
-2.83
22.20
3.01
-3.55
0.19
18.66
5--5

6--6
-3.18
22.10
3.26
-3.84
0.08
18.27
6--6

4.88

2.92

2.52

1.42

0.19

0.08

0.8

0.9

1.0

1.1

1.2

1.2

the C.G of
the Cables

6.19

Average stress at C.G of the X n .


Loss for stage I cables
Initial Stress in cables =

7.00

8.47

12.87

0.75

0.61

0.54

0.40

7.49

9.82

11.78

17.01

=
=
=

0.5
x
2
56.87 N/mm
2
1191.49 N/mm

10.0

x
=

Losses 2
Losses from Stage I prestress to addition of Deckslab I.e.,
28 days to
Creep of Concrete:(Vide Cl:11.1 of I.R.C:-18-2000)
1--1
2--2
3--3
4--4
Prestress Stage I
t
4.66
2.01
0.92
-0.94
b
7.12
10.24
12.94
18.89
Dead Load
t
0.00
0.81
1.55
2.40
b
0.00
-0.94
-1.81
-2.82
Resultant
t
4.7
2.8
2.5
1.5
b
7.1
9.3
11.1
16.1
Sections

1--1

Stress at
the C.G of
the Cables

Average stress at C.G of the X n .


Concrete maturity at
Concrete maturity at
Creep strain during this period

14.72

14.62

0.32

0.30

18.66

18.27

2
11.37 N/mm
11.4
4.77
%

42 days
5--5
-2.69
21.14
3.01
-3.55
0.3
17.6

6--6
-3.03
21.05
3.26
-3.84
0.2
17.2

2--2

3--3

4--4

5--5

6--6

4.65

2.82

2.48

1.46

0.32

0.24

0.75

0.89

0.96

1.10

1.18

1.20

5.90

6.66

8.03

12.19

0.75

0.61

0.54

0.40

7.13

9.30

11.13

16.06

13.92

40.0 /
40
42.3 /
40
= 0.00002 /

13.81

0.32

0.30

17.60

17.21

10.08 MPa.

=
28 days =
42 days =

Loss 3

=
=
10

100 %
106 %
MPa.

coeff
coeff

=
=

0.0004
0.0004

Es

=
=

195000
0.00002

10.08
10

(Vide Cl:11.1 of I.R.C:-18-2000)


28 days =
0.00019
42 days =
0.00018
= 0.00001
Loss
= 0.00001

195000

Loss
Shrinkage of Concrete:Shrinkage coeff at age
Shrinkage coeff at age
Shrinkage Strain during this period

1.8 MPa.

Relaxation of H.T.Steel
(Vide Cl:11.1 of I.R.C:-18-2000)
Average stress in HTS
=
0.6399 x
UTS when stressed (after friction and slip) for stage 2
Relaxation loss for HTS for this stress =
1.7487 %
Relaxation loss for HTS on
28
days means
0 hrs after stressing
Relaxation loss for HTS for this period =
0.000 % of initial stress
Relaxation loss for HTS on
42
days means
336 hrs after stressing
Relaxation loss for HTS for this period =
1.295 % of initial stress
Relaxation loss from
28 days to
42 days
for stage I
=(
1.295 0.000 ) x
1191
=
Total Time dependent Losses 4 =
for stage I cables
=
4.65 +
1.8
+
15.43 =
21.85 MPa.
% loss (of initial stress) =
21.85
/ 1191.49 =
1.834 %
Loss 2 stage I

Losses 3
Losses from addition of Deckslab till addition of SIDL I.e.,
42 days to
Creep of Concrete:(Vide Cl:11.1 of I.R.C:-18-2000)
1--1
2--2
3--3
4--4
Prestress Stage I
t
4.57
1.98
0.91
-0.92
b
6.99
10.04
12.69
18.52
Dead Load
t
0.00
0.81
1.55
2.40
b
0.00
-0.94
-1.81
-2.82
Deck Slab + Diaphragm
t
0.00
0.61
1.03
1.90
b
0.00
-0.71
-1.20
-2.24
Resultant
t
4.6
3.4
3.5
3.4
b
7.0
8.4
9.7
13.5
Sections

1--1

Stress at
the C.G of
the Cables

Average stress at C.G of the X n .


Concrete maturity at
Concrete maturity at
Creep strain during this period

6--6
-2.97
20.64
3.26
-3.84
2.67
-3.14
3.0
13.7

3--3

4--4

5--5

6--6

3.40

3.49

3.38

2.80

2.96

0.75

0.89

0.96

1.10

1.18

1.20

6.35

7.47

10.79

0.61

0.54

0.40

6.99

8.40

9.68

13.46

11.88

42 days =
60 days =
Es

42 /
40
43.89 /
40
= 0.00002 /
= 195000
= 0.00002
x

(Vide Cl:11.1 of I.R.C:-18-2000)


42 days =
0.00018
60 days =
0.00017
= 0.00001
Loss
= 0.00001

11.52

0.32

0.30

14.33

13.67

8.96 MPa.

Loss
Shrinkage of Concrete:Shrinkage coeff at age
Shrinkage coeff at age
Shrinkage Strain during this period

5--5
-2.64
20.74
3.01
-3.55
2.43
-2.86
2.8
14.3

2--2

5.78

15.43 MPa.

60 days

4.56

0.75

4.65 MPa.

195000

=
=
10
8.96
10

195000

106 %
109.7 %
MPa.
x

coeff
coeff

195000

=
=

0.0004
0.0004

2.73 MPa.

2 MPa.

Relaxation of H.T.Steel
(Vide Cl:11.1 of I.R.C:-18-2000)
Average stress in HTS
=
0.6399 x
UTS when stressed (after friction and slip) for stage 1
Relaxation loss for HTS for this stress =
1.7487 %
Relaxation loss for HTS on
42
days means
336 hrs stressing I
Relaxation loss for HTS for this period =
1.295 % of initial stress
Relaxation loss for HTS on
60
days means
768 hrs after stressing
Relaxation loss for HTS for this period =
1.627 % of initial stress
Relaxation loss from
42 days to
60 days
for stage I
=(
1.627 1.295 ) x
1191
=
Total Time dependent Losses 5 =

3.95 MPa.

for stage I cables


% loss (of initial stress) =

=
8.94

2.7 +
/ 1191.49 =

2.3

+
0.751 %

3.95 =
8.94 MPa.
Loss 3 stage I

Losses 4
Losses in prestressing from addition of SIDL to infinity
60 days to
Creep of Concrete:(Vide Cl:11.1 of I.R.C:-18-2000)
1--1
2--2
3--3
4--4
5--5
Prestress Stage I
t
4.53
1.96
0.90
-0.91
-2.62
b
6.93
9.96
12.59
18.37
20.57
Dead Load
t
0.00
0.81
1.55
2.40
3.01
b
0.00
-0.94
-1.81
-2.82
-3.55
Deckslab+diaphragm
t
0.00
0.61
1.03
1.90
2.43
b
0.00
-0.71
-1.20
-2.24
-2.86
SIDL
t
0.26
0.51
0.68
0.78
0.88
b
-0.79
-1.52
-2.23
-3.01
-3.40
Resultant
t
4.79
3.89
4.16
4.17
3.70
b
6.14
6.79
7.35
10.30
10.77
Sections

1--1

Stress at
the C.G of
the Cables

2--2

3--3

4--4

5--5

6--6

3.89

4.16

4.17

3.70

3.83

0.75

0.89

0.96

1.10

1.18

1.20

Shrinkage of Concrete:Shrinkage coeff at age


Shrinkage Strain till infinity

5.61

6.21

8.67

9.27

8.94

0.75

0.61

0.54

0.40

0.32

0.30

6.14

6.79

7.35

10.30

10.77

10.22

60 days =

Loss

6--6
-2.95
20.48
3.26
-3.84
2.67
-3.14
0.85
-3.29
3.83
10.22

4.79

5.47

Average stress at C.G of the X n .


Concrete maturity at
Creep strain till infinity
Es

infinity

=
=
=

=
43.89 /
0.00036 /
195000
0.00036

7.36 MPa.
40.00 =
10
MPa.
x

(Vide Cl:11.1 of I.R.C:-18-2000)


60 days =
0.00018
= 0.00015
Loss
= 0.00018

7.36

x
10

195000

109.7 %

195000

Relaxation of H.T.Steel
(Vide Cl:11.1 of I.R.C:-18-2000)
Relaxation loss for HTS on
60
days means
768 hrs after stressing
Relaxation loss for HTS for this period =
1.627 % of initial stress
Relaxation loss for HTS for 500000 hrs
5.246 % of initial stress
Relaxation loss from
60 days to 500000 hrs after stressing
Stage I cables
=(
5.246 1.627 ) x
1191
Total Time dependent Losses 4 (I)=
% loss (of initial stress) for stage I=
Summary of Losses at mid span
Values in % of initial stress
Stage I
Instantaneous Losses
cables
Friction Loss
3.36
Slip Loss
5.21
Elastic Shortening
4.77
13.34
Time Dependent Loss
Steel relaxation
5.25
Shrinkage
3.30
Creep
3.58
Total Losses
12.13
20% extra time dep losses
2.4
Total Losses
14.6

51.82 +
130.23

35.3
1191 =

43.12 =
10.930 %

coeff

51.8 MPa.

35.3 MPa.

43.1 MPa.
130.2 MPa.
Loss 4

0.0004

Recapitulation of Stresses at Various X n .


1--1
Prestress Stage I
t
3.88
b
5.93

2--2
1.68
8.52

3--3
0.77
10.77

4--4
-0.78
15.73

5--5
-2.24
17.60

6--6
-2.52
17.53

Dead Load

t
b

0.00
0.00

0.81
-0.94

1.55
-1.81

2.40
-2.82

3.01
-3.55

3.26
-3.84

Deck slab + Diaphragm

t
b

0.00
0.00

0.61
-0.71

1.03
-1.20

1.90
-2.24

2.43
-2.86

2.67
-3.14

SIDL Load

t
b

0.26
-0.79

0.51
-1.52

0.68
-2.23

0.78
-3.01

0.88
-3.40

0.85
-3.29

Resultant

t
b

4.14
5.15

3.61
5.36

4.04
5.54

4.30
7.65

4.08
7.81

4.26
7.26

Live Load

t
b

0.22
-0.66

0.36
-1.08

0.52
-1.69

0.60
-2.33

0.96
-3.72

1.06
-4.12

Final stress

t
b

4.36
4.48

3.97
4.28

4.55
3.84

4.90
5.32

5.04
4.09

5.32
3.14

Final stress (with 50% LL)


t
4.25
3.79
4.29
4.60
4.56
4.79
(for temperature check)
b
4.81
4.82
4.69
6.48
5.95
5.20
Remarks about Stresses at various Conditions.
(Vide Cl: 7.1 to 7.1.4 of IRC:-18-2000 )
Permissible Stress in Concrete at Stage I Prestress
Maximum Compressive Stress immediately after Prestressing shall not exceed minimum of the following
20 N/mm 2 or
0.5
Fcj
Fcj
= Expected Concrete Strength at the time of Prestressing.
2
=
0.5
x
40
=
20 N/mm
2
Max Compressive Stress developed
=
17.60 N/mm
Hence O.K
Temporary Tensile Stress in the extreme fibre immediately after Prestressingshall not exceed,
=
1
of Maximum Compressive Stress immediately after Prestressing
10
2
=
-1
x
17.60
=
-1.76 N/mm
10
x
x
2
Minimum Stress developed
=
0.08 N/mm
Hence O.K
Permissible Stress in Concrete at Service Condition
Maximum Compressive Stress allowed during Service Condition
=
0.33
Fck
2
=
0.33
x
40
=
13 N/mm
Maximum Compressive Stress attained at Service
2
=
5.3 N/mm
Hence O.K
Minimum Stress attained at Service
2
=
3.139 N/mm
No Tension is developed .The Stresses are Compressive only.Hence O.K
Check for Stress in top slab
DL
t(slab) midspan
0
t(slab) support
0
Check for Deflection at Midspan.
Downward deflection is given by

PS I
0
0

=
M
L
E
I

=
=
=
=

SL+diaph
1.0
0.0

PS II
0.0
0.0

SIDL
1.5
0.4

5
x
M x L2
48
ExI
Moment
Span
Modulus of Elasticity of Concrete
Moment of Inertia
1
=
5
x
48
x
= 0.01148 m
=
11.48 mm

LL
1.9
0.4

Total
4.4
0.8

=
4065 kNm
= 18.571 m
= 31622.8 Mpa
4
=
0.402 m
4.06523
x
31622.8
x

allowable
13.33 Safe
13.33 Safe

18.57
0.402

Upward deflection due to prestress


= P x e x L2
8xExI
= Prestressing Force at Mid Span
= eccentricity
2
= 6.0E+00
8
=
0.010
=
10.40
Net
=
11.48
=
1.09
=
L
800

P
e

Permissible Deflection

=
=
x
x
m
mm
=

6017 KN
0.51 m
0.50978
x
31622.8
x

10.40
Downward
18571
800

18.57
0.402

23.2 mm

HenceO.K

Minimum reinforcement
IRC 18-2000: cl.15.1
atleast 10 mm dia bar at not greater than 200 mm.
IRC 18-2000: cl.15.2
Vertical dirn. 0.18% of web area
IRC 18-2000: cl.15.3
Longit. Min. 0.15% of c/s area for Upto M45; beyond M45, 0.18%.
min Longit. Steel reqd
1069.5 mm2
10 dia
14 Nos in web+top+bot flange
min Web vertical steel
540 mm2/m
10 dia 2 lg
200 mm spacing
(Note: the values given here are only as a check for min. steel. Actual steel provided is checked in the
following sections)
Ultimate load Capacity (IRC 18:2000 cl 12 & 13)
Check for Ultimate Strength at Various X n .
Failure by yield of steel ( Under Reinforced section )
M ult ( Steel )

0.9 d b A s f p

As

Area of High Tensile Steel

fp

The Ultimate Tensile Strength of Steel .

db

The Depth opf the beam from the maximum compression edge to C.G of Tendons.

0.87 d b A st f y

(Ast and fy are for non-prestressed steel)


(This is neglected)

Failure by crushing of concrete ( over reinforced section )


M ult ( Con :)
b
Bf
t
Sections
2

A s (m )
f

(kN/m 2 )

d b (m)

=
=
=
=
X n 1-1
0.005
1862000

0.993

0.176 b d b 2 f ck + (2/3) x 0.8( B f - b )(d b - t / 2)x t x fck


width of the Web.
Overall width of the top flange of PSC Girder.or Slab Eff width
Average thickness of flange.
X n 2-2
0.005

X n 3-3
0.005

X n 4-4
0.005

X n 5-5
0.005

X n 6-6
0.005

1862000

1862000

1862000

1862000

1862000

1.127

1.203

1.342

1.420

1.439

M ult(HT Steel ) (kNm)

8543

9697

10350

11543

12216

12377

M ult(Tot Steel ) (kNm)


b (m)
B f (m)
t (m)

8543
0.600
2.650
0.240

9697
0.60
2.650
0.240

10350
0.40
2.650
0.240

11543
0.30
2.650
0.240

12216
0.30
2.650
0.240

12377
0.300
2.650
0.240

M ult( Conc ) (kNm)

13332

15943

16577

18507

19905

20245

M ult (section)
1.5*DL+2*SIDL+2.5*LL (kNm)

8543
1383

9697
3096

10350
4623

11543
5987

12216
7961

12377
8445

Remarks

Safe

Safe

Safe

Safe

Safe

Safe

Check for Ultimate Shear Strength at Various X n .


(Vide Cl:14.1 of I.R.C:-18-2000)
Sections Uncracked in flexure
V co
=
0.67bd (f t +0.8 f cp* f t )
Ultimate Shear Resistance of the X n .
V co
=
=
b
Width of Webs - (2/3 x Duct Diametre) if the Cables are grouted.
=
d
Overall depth
=
ft
Max principal stress
0.24 fck
=
f cp
Stress at c.g at the section due to prestress after inst: loss is accounted.

Sections Cracked in flexure


V cr

db

0.037bd b f ck + (M t xV/M)
= Distance of extreme comp.fibre from centroid of tendons.

Mt
= (0.37 f ck + 0.8 f pt ) I/y
V and M
= Ultimate Shear & corresponding moment at the section
V cr (min)
= 0.1bd f ck
Acc.to IRC :18 - 2000 Cl. No. 14.1.5 &Table 6.
V Capacity
db

P Sin( ) if the X n is Uncracked.


=(
4700
x
b x db )+
= 0.8 x Overall Depth or Dist: from comp: face to C.G of Tendons,which ever is more.

Shear Design(IRC 18:2000 cl 14.1)


Section
Vult
(5%extra)
f pt due to prestress (bottom fibre)

ft =
1--1
1461
4.89

1.52 Mpa
2--2
3--3
1274
1117
2.12
0.97

4--4
835
-0.98

5--5
544
-2.83

6--6
511 (1.5*DL+2*SIDL+2.5*LL)
-3.18

f pc due to prestress(top fibre)


Total Prestress force
Area of precast section
I p of precast section
cg of cables in precast section
cg of precast section
cg of composite section
f cp (stress at composite cg )

7.48
5989.7
1.0
0.2
0.7
0.8
1.1
5.5

10.75
6017.5
1.0
0.2
0.6
0.8
1.1
4.3

13.59
6048.3
0.9
0.2
0.5
0.8
1.1
3.9

19.83
6118.7
0.7
0.2
0.4
0.8
1.2
3.3

22.20
6184.7
0.7
0.2
0.3
0.8
1.2
2.3

22.10
6016.9
0.7
0.2
0.3
0.8
1.2
2.0

Section
M pc =1.5*DL moment of girder

1--1
-2

2--2
350

3--3
653

4--4
950

5--5
1193

6--6
1292

f cm (stress at comp. Cg due to Mpc)

0.0

-0.6

-1.1

-2.0

-2.5

-2.7

f' cp = 0.8*f' cp +f cm

4.4

2.9

2.0

0.6

-0.7

-1.1
0.0

V c1 =1.5*DL shear of girder

274.1

224.3

197.2

124.1

62.1

I c of composite section

0.5

0.5

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

f s =V c1 *(A y ) p /(I p *b)

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.0

check if f s < f t

Safe

Safe

Safe

Safe

Safe

Safe

V c2 =(I c *b)/(A yc )*[(f t 2 +f cp *f t ) 1/2 -f s ]


V co = V c1 +V c2

2260
2534

2057
2282

1769
1966

1651
1775

1499
1561

V co = 0.67bd(ft 2 +0.8f cp f t ) 1/2

1466

1335

649

612

551

1470
1470 IRC 18:2000 cl 14.1.2.2
(for precast girders+slab)
531 IRC 18:2000 cl 14.1.2.1
(superstr is cast at once)
4494

M t =(0.37*sqrt(f ck )+.8*f pt )*Z b

2078

2731

2965

4086

4512

V cr =0.037*b*db*(f ck ) 1/2 +(M t /M)V


V cr (min) = 0.1bd(fck)^0.5
Section is
V (Psin a ) due to Cables
V co (uncracked section incl Psin )

2301
660

1248
660

784
330

647
330

391
330

356
330

uncracked uncracked uncracked uncracked uncracked uncracked

540
3074

507
2789

443
2409

288
2063

129
1690

0 (for uncracked only)


1470

V cr (Cracked section)

2301

1248

784

647

391

356

V c (section)

2301

1248

784

647

391

356

4072
1
Safe
No
Min.reqd
200
133
0
145
12
4
452
278
Safe

4040
1
Safe
No
Reqd
200
133
8
138
12
4
452
271
Safe

3294
1
Safe
No
Reqd
200
66
109
23
12
4
452
132
Safe

1858
1
Safe
No
Reqd
200
66
62
34
12
2
226
100
Safe

1731
1
Safe
No
Reqd
200
66
50
22
12
2
226
88
Safe

1623
1
Safe
No
Reqd
200
66
51
40
12
2
226
106
Safe

V c (section capacity)
web width to be reduced by (2/3 of
Is V ult <= V capacity
Is V ult <= 0.5*V c section
Shear Reinft required or not
Assume Spacing
Min Asv Required
Asv required
Asv reqd for torsion
dia of shear reinft
No. of legs
Asv provided
Total Asv reqd.

IRC 18:2000 cl 14.1.5


cable/s
IRC 18:2000 cl 14.1.5
IRC 18:2000 cl 14.1.4
IRC 18:2000 cl 14.1.4
IRC 18:2000 cl 14.1.4
(See Torsion Calculations below)

Torsion Design(IRC 18:2000 cl 14.2)


Vt=
Section
1--1
Tult (KNm)
275
sum of bd3/3
0.11
T in slab
KNm
31.7
T in top flange
KNm
7.8
T in web
KNm
235.8
T in bottom flange
KNm
0.0
Shear Stress in Slab(Mpa) due to torsion
0.43
Shear Stress in Top fl (Mpa) due to torsion
0.39
Shear Stress in Web (Mpa) due to torsion
1.17
Shear Stress in Bot fl (Mpa) due to torsion
0.00
ult Shear Stress V/bd (Mpa.)
1.40
ult Torsion shear stress (Mpa)
1.17
Total shear stress
2.57
Vtc (allowable) for torsion
0.42
Vtu (allowable)
4.70
Provide Torsional shear reinft
Reqd.
Is ultimate shear safe
Safe
Torsion reinft.
Asv in top slab
mm2 / m
172
Asv in top flange
mm2 / m
151
Asv in web
mm2 / m
726
Asv in bot flange
mm2 / m
0
Asl in top slab
mm2
498
Asl in top flange
mm2
178
Asl in web
mm2
1448
Asl in bot flange
mm2
0

Design of Shear Connectors (with slab)


Section
1--1
2--2
A*y (first moment of top slab)
0.315
0.315
VL=V(sidl+ll)*A*y/I KN/m
769
680
shear stress Mpa.
0.77
0.68
Qu of vert. Strps(KN)
176
176
spacing reqd (mm)
458
517
stirrup spacing ok/not
1
1
min shear (12 dia 2 lg) at
200 mm spacing
Q (of slab at critical pl.)
Shear flow KN/m
0.4*L*(fck)^.5 (slab)
0.7*As*fy+.08*L*(fck)^.5
(based on slab reinft of .9%)

Ast/m (in slab) min


Ast prov. In slab (16@150)
Min Ast reqd in Top flange
Min Ast reqd in Bot flange
Provide 16@
Ast provided =
Longitudinal steel in top flange
Longitudinal steel in web (mid)
Extra Longl. steel in web (end)
Longitudinal steel in bot flange

0.17
0
1214
749
1
1157
2680
1
1131
1131
200
1005
6
12
12
6

0.17
11
1214
749
1
1157
2680
1
1131
1131
200
1005
Nos
Nos
Nos
Nos

4.70
2--2
209
0.11
24.1
6.0
179.2
0.0
0.33
0.29
0.89
0.00
1.22
0.89
2.11

Mpa
3--3
146
0.07
25.9
8.6
14.9
16.7
0.35
0.35
0.10
0.59
1.29
0.10
1.40

Vc =
4--4
97
0.03
38.1
12.6
21.9
24.5
0.51
0.52
0.40
0.87
1.60
0.40
2.00

0.42
5--5
63
0.03
24.8
8.2
14.2
15.9
0.33
0.34
0.26
0.57
1.04
0.26
1.30

Mpa
6--6
115
0.03
45.2
15.0
26.0
29.1
0.61
0.61
0.47
1.03
0.98
0.47
1.45

Reqd.
Safe

No
Safe

No
Safe

No
Safe

Reqd.
Safe

131
115
689
0
379
135
1448
0

141
166
115
401
408
195
206
337

207
243
168
589
599
287
303
470

135
158
109
383
389
187
197
322

246
289
200
699
711
340
360
587

3--3
0.300
593
0.59
176
594
1

4--4
0.272
481
0.48
88
366
1

5--5
0.272
308
0.31
88
571
1

0.17
140
1214
749
1
1157
2680
1
1131
1131
200
1005

0.17
79
1214
749
1
1157
2680
1
565
589
200
1005

0.17
64
1214
749
1
1157
2680
1
565
565
200
1005

0.17
65
1214
749
1
1157
2680
1
565
699
200
1005

679
942
942
679

mm2
mm2
mm2
mm2

12
10
10
12

Refer Temperature design stress in the following section.

dia
dia
dia
dia

6--6
0.272
329 IRC 22:cl 611.4.2.5
0.33
0.77
<
2.1
88
safe
535
1 Safe

IRC 22:cl 611.5.1


IRC 22:cl 611.5.1
Safe
IRC 22:cl 611.5.2.3
Safe
mm2/ m 50% of web
mm2/ m 50% of web
mm
mm2/ m
Reqd is
Reqd is
Reqd is
Reqd is

340
360
1448
587

OK
OK
OK
OK

STAGE I PRESTRESSING
CABLES DATA
Input particulars
Effective span c to c of bearings
Modulus of elasticity of steel
UTS of Ht strands(Class2)
UTS of Ht strands(Class2)
Type of strands used T
Maximum jack pressure =
Grade of concrete
Ec

L
Es
Fy
Fy
13 As
0.9 X

18.571
195000
19000
1862
98.7
0.85
40
31622.78

m
2
N/mm
2
Kg/cm
N/mm 2
2
MM
=

initital stress
2
13300 Kg/cm
1303.4 N/mm 2
0.765 of UTF

N/mm2

Details of different strands


Cable
No of
capacity strands
stressed
Types of cables
Cable 1
Cable 2
Cable 3

Sheathin Jack
g Int dia type
Dia

19
19
19

19 T
14 T
19 T

No.
13
13
13

1
1
1

Coefficient fo friction

k
u
Slip accounted
s
Each cable is to be stressed from both ends simultaneously.

Area
1875.3
1381.8
1875.3
5132.4
0.002
0.17
0.006

UTF (kN)
3491
2572
3491
9554
Per m
per rad.
m

85 K-350
85 K-350
85 K-350

CABLE PROFILES (TYPICAL)

L4

Y4
Horizontal Splay of Cables
Bearing
CL
-X3

+X3
Y3
L/2

Y2
Y1
Xa
314.5

X2

X3

X1

Elevation of a typical Cable


Typical cases of slip loss
Po

P1

X4
P4
P2

Po'

P3

P1'
L1

is permissible

L2
L3

Case 1 (X4 case)

Jack
piston
area
490
490
490

Length Stress
of cable upto (of
for jack UTS)
0
0
0

0.7
0.7
0.7

Po
P1

P2

X5
P4

Po'

P3

Case 2 (X5 case)

P2'

P1'
L1
L2

Po

L3

P1

P3
Case 3 (Y5 case)
Y5

P2

P1'

P0'

P2'

P3'

L1
L2
L3

CABLE PROFILE(Stressing from both ends)


Cable nos
1
2
No. of cables
1
1
Total force
3491
2572
Check for length
9.450
9.450
9.450
Xa
0
0
X1
0.120
0.620
Y1
0.480
0.300
Y1+Y2+Y3
1.5
0.350
1.150
0.750
X3
1.000
1.000
Y4a (hor splay 1)
0.000
0.000
L4a
1.000
1.500
Y4a (hor splay 2)
0.000
L4b
1.000
X2
8.330
7.830
c=(Y2+Y3)/X2(X2+2*X3)
0.008
0.006
a1
Atan(2*c*X2)(Rad)
0.129
0.091
(degree)
7.388
5.229
Y2 =
0.540
0.358
L1 = X3/cosa1
1.008
1.004
L2 = L1+X2+2y2^2/3*X2
9.362
8.845
L3 = L2+X1
9.482
9.465
a2 =2*Atan(2*Y4/X4)
0.000
0.000
Stress before slip (UTS)
P0
0.700
0.700
P1 =Po/Exp(kL1)
0.699
0.699
P2 =Po/Exp(u(a1+a2)+kL2)
0.672
0.677
P3 =Po/Exp(u(a1+a2)+kl3)
0.672
0.676
Elongation (mm)
62.2
62.2
(Xa*Po+(Po+P1)L1+(P1+P2)*
(L2-L1)+(P2+P3)(L3-L2))Fy/2Es
Fav =((Po+P1)L1+(P1+P2)*
0.687
0.688
(L2-L1)+(P2+P3)(L3-L2))/(2xL3)
Stress after slip (UTS)
Po'
0.626
0.626
P1'
0.628
0.627
P2'
0.654
0.648
P3'
0.637
0.622
P4
0.637
0.622
Fav
0.640
0.636
X4
X5
Y5
0.018
0.027
Selected Case
Y5
Y5
Y5

3
1
3491
9.450
0
1.120
0.120
0.350
1.000
0.000
1.500
0.000
1.000
7.330
0.003
0.049
2.821
0.181
1.001
8.334
9.454
0.000
0.700
0.699
0.683
0.681
62.3

0.691

0.636
0.637
0.653
0.628
0.628
0.644

0.027

base len gir len


diff
19.96
19.2
0.76

Total length - 150 mm for setting


0 mm extra length of cable)

Slip travels upto

9.450

9.450

9.450

CABLE COORDINATES
CABLE NO
At support
9.2855
At 0.9D from Support
7.94
L/8
6.96
L/4
4.64
3L/8
2.32
L/2
0

1.150
0.956
0.845
0.639
0.518
0.48

0.750
0.613
0.535
0.395
0.317
0.3

0.350
0.276
0.235
0.162
0.125
0.12

CABLE FORCES AND MOMENTS


Cable number
1
2
3
P (average)
2232.93 1636.79 2247.065
At midspan
Distance from cg to bottom fibre=Yb 0.811
0.811
0.811
Distance from bottom fibre to cable cg=Yc
0.480
0.300
0.120
a radian
0.000
0.000
0.000
Eccentricitye=Yb-Yc
0.331
0.511
0.691
Pi
2223.6 1600.7
2192.6
Pi cosa
2223.6 1600.7
2192.6
Pisina
0.0
0.0
0.0
Picosa*e
735.4
817.5
1514.4
At 3l/8
Yb
Yc
a radian
e=Yb-Yc
Pi
Picosa
Pisina
Picosa*e

0.50978 m

avg ecc

0.49098 m

avg ecc

0.41272 m

avg ecc

0.27014 m

avg ecc

0.19215 m

2.32138
0.811
0.518
0.034
0.293
2259.7
2258.4
77.4
661.6

0.811
0.317
0.020
0.494
1655.9
1655.6
32.9
817.5

0.811
0.125
0.008
0.686
2270.8
2270.7
18.3
1557.4

At quarter span4.64275
Yb
Yc
a radian
e=Yb-Yc
Pi
Picosa
Pisina
Picosa*e

0.811
0.639
0.070
0.171
2233.9
2228.4
157.2
382.0

0.811
0.395
0.047
0.416
1639.5
1637.7
77.1
681.5

0.811
0.162
0.024
0.649
2253.2
2252.6
53.4
1461.9

At 1/8 span
Yb
Yc
a radian
e=Yb-Yc
Pi
Picosa
Pisina
Picosa*e

0.807
0.845
0.107
-0.038
2208.2
2195.6
234.9
-83.3

0.807
0.535
0.074
0.271
1623.2
1618.7
120.3
439.5

0.807
0.235
0.039
0.572
2235.6
2233.9
87.9
1277.7

0.805
0.956
0.122
-0.151
2197.4
2181.1
266.8
-329.1

0.805
0.613
0.086
0.192
1616.3
1610.4
138.1
308.9

0.805
0.276
0.046
0.529
2228.3
2225.9
102.1
1176.4

At 0.9D
Yb
Yc
a radian
e=Yb-Yc
Pi
Picosa
Pisina
Picosa*e

avg ecc

6.96413

7.9355

At support
Yb
Yc
a radian
e=Yb-Yc
Pi
Picosa
Pisina
Picosa*e

9.2855
0.805
1.150
0.130
-0.345
2187.6
2169.2
283.0
-749.0

0.805
0.750
0.092
0.055
1609.7
1602.9
147.2
87.7

0.805
0.350
0.049
0.455
2220.3
2217.6
109.4
1008.4

avg ecc

0.05796 m

Average stress in steel


0.64023 times UTS
Cable Cordinates Of all the Cables
CABLE 1 CABLE 2 CABLE 3
X (m)

Y (mm)

Y (mm)

Y (mm)

480

300

120

486

301

120

508

311

123

545

333

132

597

367

148

665

412

171

749

469

200

849

538

236

963

618

279

8.450

1020

658

301

9.286

1129

735

342

9.450
1150
Curve Starts 0.120
at

750
0.620

350
1.120

Curve Ends 8.450


at

8.450

8.450

Type

No of
Force in Duct dia Jack Type Cable
strands Cable
(mm)
(or eqv)
Length
stressed (jack)
(mm)
(kN)

Elongati angle at Stressin


on (each anchora g Stage
end)
ge (deg)
(mm)

Cable No.
1 19-T-13
2 19-T-13
3 19-T-13
Note cable length includes

19
14
19

2443.7
85 K-350
1800.4
85 K-350
2443.7
85 K-350
0 mm extra for jacking.

18963
18930
18908

62.2
62.2
62.3

7.388
5.229
2.821

1
1
1

9482
9465
9454

DESIGN OF END BLOCK


Refer Clause 17.2 of IRC:18-2000
0.35
1
0.40
2
0.40

Anchorage plate size assumed


270 mm

3
270
Min. concrete beyond anchorage edge
=
0.165
=
0.165 >
0.05
Safe
Moment from Moment from
bottom
Rt. Edge
2262.8
590.3
1085.9
434.4
699.0
599.1
4047.72
1623.80
are taken as horizontal only

0.35
0.27
0.60
STAGE 1 CABLES
Jacking/Stressing forces
Force in Cable 1
Force in Cable 2
Force in Cable 3

in cables (after slip& friction)


1967.7 KN
Cable type
1447.9 KN
Cable type
1997.1 KN
Cable type

Check for bursting forces, case 1

0.165

19 T 13
19 T 13
19 T 13

(Note: here all forces


vertical is neglected)

Max force =
1997.1 KN
size of eff sq. =
0.350 m from bottom
Hence, 2Yo =
0.70 m.
Size of each anchorage is
270 mm square
Along Vertical line of action, anchorage size 2Ypo=
1 x
0.27 =
0.27 m
Ypo/Yo =
0.27 /
0.70 =
0.386
For this ratio of Ypo/Yo, from Table 11 of above code,
Fbst/Pk
=
0.20
Now Pk
=
1997.1129 kN
Hence, Fbst
=
407.98 kN
For external anchorage the design force has to be increased by 10%.
Hence, revised Fbst
=
448.78 kN
This max stress occurs at 0.5*Yo
=
0.5 x
0.350 =
0.175 m
with 0.87Fy permissible stress
Providing
12 mesh reinforcement ,
For Fy
=
415 Mpa,
Area of steel reqd.
=
448.78
x
1000
=
1242.99 mm2
0.87 x 415
Number of bars reqd.
=
1242.99
=
11 Nos
113.10
(note vertical check gives more steel than the horizontal check hence only vertical check has been done)
Bearing Stress
As the anchorages are set out as per the manufacturer's specifications for embedded anchorages, bearing stress
checks are not carried out. Refer Note ii under clause 7.3 of IRC:18-2000.

Design temperatrure differences


Idealised section
2.650

2.650

0.332

0.325

1.018

0.97
0.300

0.600

0.390

0.44
0.600

1.740

0.6

Mid Section

Temperature Rise case


17.8'C

1.740

End Section

Temperature Fall case


10.6'C
0.25

h1

0.15

h1

4'C
h2

0.7'C
0.25

h2
0.2
h

0.2
h3
h3

0.15
0.8'C

h4

0.25
2.1'C
6.6'C
h1=0.3h (Max 0.15m)
h1=h4=0.2h<=0.25m
h2=0.3h>=0.1m<=0.25m
h2=h3=0.25h <=0.20m
h3=0.3h <=0.15m
h1
0.25
h1
0.15
h2
0.2
h2
0.25
h3
0.2
h3
0.15
h4
0.25
CALCULATION OF THERMAL STRESSES AT MID SECTION
TEMPERATURE RISE CASE
Section

Depth
m

Width
m

Area
(m^2)

Y from top
(m)

Ay
(m^3)

I
(m^4)

t
(C)

At
(m^2.C)

It
(m^3.C)

1
2
3
4
5
6

0.15
0.15
0.10
1.02
0.17
0.15

2.750
2.750
0.300
0.300
0.600
0.600

0.413
0.407
0.031
0.305
0.104
0.090

0.075
0.224
0.349
0.909
1.504
1.665

0.031
0.091
0.011
0.277
0.156
0.150

0.002
0.020
0.004
0.252
0.234
0.250

10.900
2.815
0.815
0.000
0.000
1.050

4.496
1.147
0.025
0.000
0.000
0.095

0.025
0.058
0.003
0.000
0.000
0.262

Sum

1.74

0.716

0.762

5.762

0.348

1.349

Coefficient of thermal expansion =


o*A
oA*Y

0.0000117

*A*Y
*A*Y2

=
=
0.000083
0.000094

*A*T
*A*T*Y

Ec

31623

N/mm2

o-y
-
t
Point

Y from top
(m)

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

0
0.15
0.30
0.40
1.42
1.59
1.74

y*theta

0.00E+00
1.24E-05
2.47E-05
3.32E-05
1.18E-04
1.32E-04
1.44E-04

t
'C
17.80
4.00
1.63
0.00
0.00
0.00
2.10

alfa*t

2.08E-04
4.68E-05
1.91E-05
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
2.46E-05

Comp /
Fci=Ec(
(o(
Ten
y
-
t)
MPA

-1.14E-04
3.47E-05
5.02E-05
6.08E-05
-2.36E-05
-3.79E-05
-7.49E-05

-3.615
1.098
1.586
1.922
-0.745
-1.197
-2.367

Compression
Tension
Tension
Tension
Compression
Compression
Compression

Temperature Fall in Mid section


Section

Depth
m

Width
m

Area
(m^2)

y from top
(m)

Ay
(m^3)

I
(m^4)

t
(C)

At
(m^2.C)

It
(m^3.C)

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

0.250
0.048
0.152
0.840
0.128
0.073
0.250

2.750
2.750
0.300
0.300
0.300
0.600
0.600

0.688
0.132
0.046
0.252
0.038
0.044
0.150

0.125
0.274
0.374
0.870
1.354
1.454
1.615

0.086
0.036
0.017
0.219
0.052
0.063
0.242

0.011
0.010
0.006
0.191
0.070
0.092
0.391

5.650
0.616
0.266
0.000
0.255
0.655
3.700

3.884
0.081
0.012
0.000
0.010
0.028
0.555

0.061
0.006
0.002
0.000
0.018
0.060
1.448

Sum

1.740

0.716

0.771

4.571

1.594

1.349

Coefficient of thermal expansion =


o*A
oA*Y

0.0000117

*A*Y
*A*Y2

=
=
0.000025
0.000053

*A*T
*A*T*Y

Ec

31623

N/mm2
o-y
-
t

Comp /
Fci=Ec(
(o(
Ten
y
-
t)
MPA

Point

Y from top
(m)

y*theta

t
'C

alfa*t

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

0
0.250
0.298
0.450
1.290
1.418
1.490
1.740

0.00E+00
6.21E-06
7.41E-06
1.12E-05
3.21E-05
3.52E-05
3.70E-05
4.32E-05

10.6
0.700
0.532
0.000
0.000
0.446
0.800
6.600

1.24E-04
8.19E-06
6.22E-06
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
5.22E-06
9.36E-06
7.72E-05

-7.12E-05
3.84E-05
3.92E-05
4.16E-05
2.08E-05
1.24E-05
6.45E-06
-6.76E-05

-2.251
1.215
1.240
1.317
0.657
0.392
0.204
-2.139

Section

Depth
m

Width
m

Area
(m^2)

Y from top
(m)

Ay
(m^3)

I
(m^4)

t
(C)

At
(m^2.C)

It
(m^3.C)

1
2
3
4
5
6

0.15
0.129
0.121
0.970
0.22
0.15

2.750
2.750
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6

0.413
0.356
0.072
0.582
0.132
0.090

0.075
0.215
0.340
0.885
1.480
1.665

0.031
0.076
0.025
0.515
0.195
0.150

0.0023
0.0164
0.0084
0.4558
0.2891
0.2495

10.900
2.966
0.966
0.000
0.000
1.050

4.496
1.054
0.070
0.000
0.000
0.095

0.025
0.049
0.008
0.000
0.000
0.262

Sum

1.740

0.992

1.022

5.715

0.344

Tension
Compression
Compression
Compression
Compression
Compression
Compression
Tension

END SECTION
Temperature Rise

1.644

Coefficient of thermal expansion =


o*A
oA*Y

0.0000117

*A*Y
*A*Y2

=
=
0.000086
0.000092

*A*T
*A*T*Y

Ec

31623

N/mm2

o-y
-
t

Comp /
Fci=Ec(
(o(
Ten
y
-
t)
MPA

Point

Y from top
(m)

y*theta

t
'C

alfa*t

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

0
0.150
0.279
0.400
1.370
1.590
1.740

0.00E+00
1.29E-05
2.40E-05
3.43E-05
1.18E-04
1.37E-04
1.49E-04

10.6
0.700
0.423
0.000
0.000
0.770
0.800

1.24E-04
8.19E-06
4.94E-06
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
9.01E-06
9.36E-06

-3.16E-05
7.14E-05
6.35E-05
5.81E-05
-2.52E-05
-5.31E-05
-6.63E-05

-0.998
2.258
2.009
1.838
-0.796
-1.678
-2.097

Section

Depth
m

Width
m

Area
(m^2)

y from top
(m)

Ay
(m^3)

I
(m^4)

t
(C)

At
(m^2.C)

It
(m^3.C)

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

0.250
0.029
0.171
0.840
0.080
0.120
0.250

2.750
2.750
0.600
0.600
0.600
0.600
0.600

0.688
0.080
0.102
0.504
0.048
0.072
0.150

0.125
0.265
0.365
0.870
1.330
1.430
1.615

0.086
0.021
0.037
0.438
0.064
0.103
0.242

0.011
0.006
0.014
0.381
0.085
0.147
0.391

5.650
0.649
0.299
0.000
0.160
0.560
3.700

3.884
0.052
0.031
0.000
0.008
0.040
0.555

0.061
0.004
0.004
0.000
0.014
0.082
1.448

Sum

1.740

0.992

1.035

4.570

1.612

Compression
Tension
Tension
Tension
Compression
Compression
Compression

Temperature Fall

1.644

Coefficient of thermal expansion =


o*A
oA*Y

0.0000117

*A*Y
*A*Y2

=
=
0.000031
0.000051

*A*T
*A*T*Y

Ec

31623

N/mm2
o-y
-
t

Point

Y from top
(m)

y*theta

t
'C

alfa*t

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

0
0.250
0.279
0.450
1.290
1.370
1.490
1.740

0.00E+00
7.68E-06
8.58E-06
1.38E-05
3.96E-05
4.21E-05
4.58E-05
5.34E-05

10.6
0.700
0.598
0.000
0.000
0.280
0.800
6.600

1.24E-04
8.19E-06
6.99E-06
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
3.28E-06
9.36E-06
7.72E-05

Comp /
Fci=Ec(
(o(
Ten
y
-
t)
MPA

-7.30E-05
3.52E-05
3.55E-05
3.72E-05
1.14E-05
5.69E-06
-4.08E-06
-7.96E-05

-2.308
1.112
1.122
1.177
0.361
0.180
-0.129
-2.518

stress with
50% LL
Mpa
4.36
4.79

Net stress
Mpa
2.11
3.69

Tension
Compression
Compression
Compression
Compression
Compression
Tension
Tension

0.16868

SUMMARY (Check with 50% LL)

Mid section
Top Slab
Top Flange
Web
Bottom fl

Temp rise Temp Fall


Stress(MPA)
Mpa
3.61
-2.25
-1.10
1.22
-0.59
0.99
2.37
-2.14

Max Tension
Mpa
-2.25
-1.10
-0.59
-2.14

End section
Top Slab
Top flange
Web
Bottom fl

Temp rise Temp Fall


Stress(MPA)
Mpa
1.00
-2.31
-2.26
1.11
-0.52
0.77
2.10
-2.52

Max Tension
Mpa
-2.31
-2.26
-0.52
-2.52

At the end spans, tensile force =


Provided extra

126.60
10

KN
mm dia at

240

5.20
stress with
50% LL
Mpa
0.81
4.25

3.06
Net stress
Mpa
-1.50
1.99

4.81

2.30

mm c/c at top and bottom in slab is sufficient for this

Design Of End Diaphragm


Diaphragm is designed for two Loading Condition
1 ) Selfweight Of Diaphragm + Reaction From Superstructure ( Girders ) ( Service Condition )
2 ) Replacement Of Bearing / Superstructure supported on Jacks - ( No Live Load )
Diaphragm is spanning between 4 girders . It act as continuous beam
Diaphragm is designed for Jacking end Force During Bearing Replacement
Jacks are kept at distance mentioned below away from the face of the girder as shown in figure.
Hence It acts as a continuous beam between 6 Jacks. Jack Positions are as shown in figure & indicated
by T To Y

During Bearing Replacement there will be no Live Load


Hence Only Dead Loads and SIDL are considered (in KNs)
G2
G4
G1
G3
Reactions due to
1) Selfweight
2) S.I.D.L.

335.51
366.57
702.08

335.51
19.1
354.61

335.51
19.91
355.42

335.51
365.53
701.04

Girder & Jack Positions


G1
702

G2
355

G3
355

Diaphragm

G4
701

2750
1500
500

1750
T
200

1000
1750
U
V
200
200

1000
1750
W
X
200
200

350

600 mm

Thickness of base of girder


8713.56 /
4.125 m

CG of girder loads
CG of Jacks

500.00
Y
200
Jack distances.

2113.15 =

4.123 m

from G1

T To Y are Jack positions at the time Of Bearing replacement


Note: all the jacks will have the same force as they are connected to the same hydraulic pump.
Note: the self weight of diaphragm has been considered in the reactions of girders and hence, not taken again.
Force in the jacks =

M (T) =
M(U) =
M(G2)=
M(V)=

702
351
702
963
702
962.193
702
355
1031.96

6 xP=
P=
x
KNM
x
KNM
x
KNM
x
x
KNM

0.5 =

2113.15 KN
352.192 KN
351.04 KNm

2.25 -

352.192 x

1.75 =

963.344 KNm

2.75 -

352.192 x

2.25 -

352.192 x

3.25 0.2

352.192 x

2.75 -

352.192 x

1 +

0.5

M(W) =

702 x
355 x
1032.16 KNM

5 1.95 -

352.192 x
352.192 x

4.5 1.75

352.192 x

2.75 +

M(G3)=

702 x
355 x
1032.22 KNM

5.5 2.45 -

352.192 x
352.192 x

5 2.25

352.192 x

3.25 +

Design Moment is

1032 kNm

Shear is taken on right side.


S(G1) =
702
S(T) =
350
S(U) =
-2
S(G2)=
352
S(V)=
0
S(W) =
-352
S(G3)=
3
S(x)=
-349
S(Y)=
-701
Max Design Shear is

702 kN

(Note: this is at the jack face or the CL of the girder. Actual shear
will be little less)

Check For Moment Of Resistant


Grade Of Concrete
L/D min =
M 40
Grade Of Steel
Fe 415
Acc.to IRC : 21 -2000 Cl. No. 303.1
cbc
=
Permissible Bending Stress in Concrete
Permissible Bending Stress in bending for H.Y.S.D. bars
Modular Ratio
=
10

1750 /

13.3

st

Lever Arm for Deep beam=

0.2*(l+1.5D) for 1<L/D<2.5


0.5L for L/D <1

m x cbc
=
m x cbc +

133.3333333
133.333 + 200

st

J =
1 - K/3
Q = 1 / 2 * cbc * j * k
Moment Of Resistant =
=

=
=

0.867
1.42
2
Q. B.D
1120 kN - mtr

Clear Cover
Bar Dia
deff provided
Steel Required

1500 =

Mpa
=

Using

Mpa

0.40
=

But here J =

800 /

>
Max Moment
Hence Safe

1500 =

0.53333

1031.96 kN - mtr

50 mm
32 mm
=

1500

50

= 1354.0

96

1031963075.27
200
x 0.533 x 1354.0
2
7145.24 mm

32

mm dia bar

No of Bars =

Side face reinft


Side face reinft reqd as per IS 456:2000 is
Provide

<

800 mm

st x j x d
=

200

1.167
Deep Beam

16 dia

12

-Ast

0.2D =
300
Ast1 (0.5(L/D-.5)=

Mid ht

0.3D =
Ast2 =

+Ast

0.25D-0.05L =
Ast =

3 bars

450
6 bars

0.002 X
2
=
1050 mm
Nos. on each face

350 x
2
4825.49 mm

288 mm
9 bars

1500

2.5

a) Check for Max Shear


Total Shear
Shear stress ,

702.08 kN
V
Bxd
= The design shear across the section
= Effective depth of the section
= Breadth of slab

V
d
B

=
=

Maximum Permissible Shear Stress :b


=
350
mm
d revised
=
1354
mm
p
=
1.53
%
2
f ck
=
40.00 N/mm

c
max

Vsteel
Spacing

0.49
2.5
V / bd

V c*b*d
sc X A SV X d

Assuming
A SV

N/mm 2
2
N/mm
=
=

=
=
=

Vst
legged
226.08

2
=

sc

=
Spacing of stirrups
Provide
2

200
legged

702.1
x
1000
350
x
1354.00
( Vide cl - 304.7.2 of I.R.C:-21-2000 )

1.481
1.481
46.987

12
mm 2

( Vide cl - 304.7.1.1 of I.R.C:-21-1987 )

1.48

N/mm
0.49
N/mm 2
2.5
Shear reinft. Reqd.

>
<
T

N/mm

Shear reinft. reqd


SAFE

dia stirrups

N/mm 2
=
12

130.3 mm
dia stirrups at

125.0

DESIGN LOADS During Service


(KN, KNm)
SHEAR DL
SIDL
LIVE LOAD
Total
End Diaph77.12
104.3
181.467
Mid Diaph 211.74
236.0
447.725
TORSION DL
End DiaphMid Diaph -

SIDL
LIVE LOAD
15.78
25.2
0
5.5

Total

MOMENTSDL
End DiaphMid Diaph -

SIDL
LIVE LOAD
189.07
55.6
-757.62
610.7

Total
244.69
757.62

c/c

Shear with Torsion


368.9
476.9

41.0
5.5
Moment with Torsion
274.4
760.8

Check For Moment Of Resistant for Intermediate Diaphragm


Grade Of Concrete
L/D min =
M 40
Grade Of Steel
Fe 415
Acc.to IRC : 21 -2000 Cl. No. 303.1
cbc
=
Permissible Bending Stress in Concrete
Permissible Bending Stress in bending for H.Y.S.D. bars
Modular Ratio
=
10

2750 /

13.3

st

Lever Arm for Deep beam=

0.2*(l+1.5D) for 1<L/D<2.5


0.5L for L/D <1

m x cbc
=
m x cbc +

133.3333333
133.333 + 200

J =
1 - K/3
Q = 1 / 2 * cbc * j * k
Moment Of Resistant =
=

Clear Cover
Bar Dia
deff provided

st
=
=

0.867
1.78
Q . B . D2
1400 kN - mtr

1500 =

Mpa
=

200

1.833
Deep Beam

<

Mpa

1000 mm

0.40
=

But here J =

>
Max Moment
Hence Safe

1000 /

1500 =

0.66667

760.84 kN - mtr

50 mm
32 mm
=

1500

50

96

= 1354.0

2.5

Steel Required

st x j x d

760835523.24
200
x 0.667 x 1354.0
2
4214.38 mm

32

mm dia bar

Using

No of Bars =

(Note: MOST standard drawings have same reinf at


top and bottom)
Side face reinft
Side face reinft reqd as per IS 456:2000 is
Provide

10 dia

a) Check for Max Shear


Total Shear
Shear stress ,

Mid ht

0.3D =
Ast2 =

+Ast

0.25D-0.05L =
Ast =

0.002 X
2
=
1050 mm
Nos. on each face

=
=

Maximum Permissible Shear Stress :b


=
350
mm
d revised
=
1354
mm
p
=
1.02
%
2
f ck
=
40.00 N/mm

c
max

Vsteel
Spacing
Assuming
A SV

N/mm 2
N/mm 2
=
=

=
=
=

0.42
2.5
V / bd

V c*b*d
sc X A SV X d

=
2
=

sc
=
Spacing of stirrups
Provide
2

Vst
legged
226.08
200
legged

12
2
mm
N/mm
=
12

4 bars

450
2 bars

476.87 kN
V
Bxd
= The design shear across the section
= Effective depth of the section
= Breadth of slab

V
d
B

11

0.2D =
300
Ast1 (0.5(L/D-.5)=

-Ast

1500 x
2
1608.5 mm

>
<
T

350

( Vide cl - 304.7.1.1 of I.R.C:-21-1987 )

476.9
x
1000
350
x
1354.00
( Vide cl - 304.7.2 of I.R.C:-21-2000 )

1.006
1.006
27.784

238 mm
6 bars

N/mm 2
0.42
N/mm 2
2.5
Shear reinft. Reqd.

1.01

200.0

Shear reinft. reqd


SAFE

dia stirrups

220.4 mm
dia stirrups at

N/mm

c/c

All these loads are less than or equal to the loads experienced during the jacking operations.