Sie sind auf Seite 1von 29

9/26-27/2007

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
Fahrudin Mekic, ABB Inc. Elmo Price, ABB inc. Jun Verzosa, Doble Engineering

Introduction
REL 670 Overview PCM 600 Protection and Control IED Manager Testing Considerations

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

2007 PTUG Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, USA

9/26-27/2007

REL 670 Overview


79 1/3ph 79 1/3ph DFR

50BF 50BF 52PD

B
25/27 SC/VC

60 LOV

25/27 SC/VC

Basic Protection Functions


Two breaker applications Single and three pole tripping

60 LOV

21 (5)

21 PSB 27P 50/51 51N/67N 50 STUB 59N 60 LOV

59P

DFR Trip Bus 86/94 LO/Trip

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

Hardware

Common look and feel , , and full 19 rack widths, 6 RU high Built in HMI with graphic LCD and keypad control Front Ethernet port for local PC connection Modularized
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

2007 PTUG Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, USA

9/26-27/2007

Hardware System Analog Inputs


Full Rack Rack

6I 6V 7I 5V 9I 3V 12I

Transformer input module (TRM) 12 analog current and voltage inputs

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

REL 670 ANSI Connection

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

2007 PTUG Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, USA

9/26-27/2007

Hardware I/O Modules


IOM BIM BOM

IOM Binary I/O


8 inputs, 12 outputs

BIM Binary inputs


16 inputs

BOM Binary outputs


24 outputs
SOM MIM

SOM Static High-speed


outputs 6 HS, 6 std ,

MIM mA analog
6 transducer inputs 20 mA

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

Hardware - Communication
LDCM - Line data
communications 4

OEM - Optical Ethernet


2 Tx/Rx (IEC or DNP)

EIAEIA
485 (Galvanic) DNP

GSM - GPS time

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

2007 PTUG Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, USA

9/26-27/2007

Operators HMI
IED Status, pickup/trip LEDs Programmable LEDs Liquid Crystal Display - LCD Keypad
Menu navigation and Control Reset Local/Remote
CLOSE

Computer Interface
OPEN

(CAT-5 crossover cable)

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

Operators HMI Status LEDs

LED State Steady Flashing Off

Ready (Green) In service Internal failure

Alarm (Amber) Disturbance record triggered IED in test mode

Trip (Red) Trip command issued IED blocked from operation

No power Supply

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

2007 PTUG Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, USA

9/26-27/2007

Operators HMI Programmable LEDs


15 programmable LEDs
6 Red 9 Amber Binary I/O Logic Remote

LED Labels
PDF file template Cut out the strip and insert from top into the label holder The template can be found on documentation CD and on the homepage

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

Operators HMI Keypad


KEY E C Help / Menu Close OPEN Reset L/R Function Enters into (or exits) editing mode or executes a command Cancels a command or an action brings up the operators Help screen Navigate between objects on the same page or shuffle values or digits (in editing mode) Navigate between screens or between digits (in editing mode) Cycles the LCD between the Main Menu screen and the Control screens Starts the action of closing primary switchgear or turning an on/off switch to ON. Must be followed by E Starts the ti St t th action of opening primary switchgear or t i an on/off switch t OFF f i i it h turning / ff it h to OFF. Must be followed by E Shows the reset menu for resetting counters and LEDs Allows the selection of local (L at the IED) or remote (R station HMI or SCADA) operators place. Selection of one will block the other location from control.

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

2007 PTUG Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, USA

9/26-27/2007

Operators HMI Computer Interface


Cable terminated with T-568A and T-568B RJ45 connectors Use either T-568A or B, but swap pin connections on one end
green and orange pins 2 and 6 green/white and orange/white - pins 1 and 3 d

Crossover Ethernet Cable

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

Operators HMI Graphical LCD


Main Menu
Simple and intuitive Has nine sub-menus The whole menu depth does not exceed four levels t df l l

Configurable Control Screens


Multiple control screens can be configured Primary switchgear control can be used as Default Screen Single Line Diagram allows user to view, select and operate the apparatuses in one bay with secure interlocking Important dynamic measurements are shown on screen Function control can be shown on separate screens

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

2007 PTUG Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, USA

9/26-27/2007

Operators HMI Main Menu


Control
Single line diagrams for primary apparatus control and status indication Icon displays for ON/OFF and selector switch (32 positions) control Service value display: kV, A, P, Q, MVA, etc.

Measurements
Current and voltage analog values input to the TRM (IEDs secondary transformer inputs) ( y p )
primary kV and amps secondary volts and amps

Monitoring of application function block monitors and metering


Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

Operators HMI Main Menu


Events
Lists most recent 96 on/off operations of binary DFR signals time tagged with date and time to the nearest millisecond.

Disturbance Records
Header information of the most recently recorded fault records. record length trigger values gg operated functions fault type pre and post fault voltage and current values
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

2007 PTUG Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, USA

9/26-27/2007

Operators HMI Main Menu


Settings
View and edit settings g Hierarchal sub menus
Time General settings Settings group N Activate settings group

Diagnostics
List of most recent internal events IED status Product and installed hardware information
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

Operators HMI Main Menu


Tests
Provides a number of IED test functions that assists in functional testing and test troubleshooting The Tests menu includes:
IED test mode Binary input values Binary output values Function test modes (this works with IED test mode) Function status LED test.

Reset
Displays the reset menu for resetting counters and LEDs.

Language
Selects the LCDs display language.
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

2007 PTUG Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, USA

9/26-27/2007

PCM 600- Protection & Control Manager


Hierarchical IED Management Structure

Engineering Tools
Bay IED

Substation Voltage Level

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

PCM 600- Application Configuration


INSTANCE(SEQ,INT) FUNCTION

INPUTS

LOGIC OR TASKS LOGICAL NODES

SETTINGS PLATFORM OBJECTS

IEC 61850

Background Operations

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

2007 PTUG Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, USA

OUTPUTS

10

9/26-27/2007

PCM 600- Application Configuration


Signal Matrix

Parameter Settings

Communication Management

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

PCM 600- Parameter settings

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

2007 PTUG Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, USA

11

9/26-27/2007

PCM 600- Signal Matrix

SMT is the tool to the define relationship between Virtual I/O signals and Physical (hardware) I/O, analog or binary).
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

PCM 600 Disturbance Handling


Disturbance Report
TRIP VALUE RECORDER A1RADR FAULT LMBRFLO LOCATOR

ANALOG SIGNALS

40/rec DISTURBANCE RECORDER


(COMTRADE)

Different presentations of disturbance data

RDRE

BINARY SIGNALS B1RBDR

EVENT RECORDER

150/rec

INDICATIONS (HMI)

96/rec

96/rec

SEQ. OF EVENTS LIST

1000, Continuous

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

2007 PTUG Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, USA

12

9/26-27/2007

PCM 600 Disturbance Handling


Fault Record
Stores approximately 100, 6 sec. records 100 sec 40 analog signals 96 binary signals

Settings

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

PCM 600 Disturbance Handling

COMTRADE file format allows you to use your preferred visualization and analysis tool

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

2007 PTUG Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, USA

13

9/26-27/2007

PCM 600 Disturbance Handling

Quick Icons:
Upload All from IED Read Selected Records Add to PC Data Base Generate Report Manual Trigger

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

PCM 600 Disturbance Handling


Analog Recordings Sequence of Events

Zoomed Recordings

Auto-reporting

Binary Recordings

Phasor Plots

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

2007 PTUG Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, USA

14

9/26-27/2007

Conventional Substation
Control Center Station HMI

Interlockin I t l ki g logic

RTU

Hardwired with parallel Copper wires Relay Relay X1 X2 Relay Relay X1 X2

Conventional Switchgear

Conventional CT / VT's

Conventional Switchgear

Conventional CT / VT's

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

IEC-61850 Station/Process Comm


Remote control
Station Level MicroSCADA Pro
Station Gateway

Office
SMS & PCM600 TCP/IP LAN

Station Level
Station or interbay bus (LAN) IEC61850-8-1
Bay Control Object Protection Control & Protection Multi Object Protection Multi Bay Control

Bay Level B L l
Process bus (LAN) IEC61850-9-2

Process Level

Process Interface

Process Interface

Process Interface

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

2007 PTUG Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, USA

15

9/26-27/2007

IEC-61850
is ready now! y products available replaces UCA 2.0* One world One technology One standard

IEC 61850
* UCA International Users Group only supports IEC 61850

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

IEC 61850 Logical Node


Sensors
SIMG

Control:
SIMG

VT
TVTR XSWI

Protection:
PTRC

CSWI CSWI CSWI

89 XSWI

89

SIMG

PTOC PDIS

CT TCTR
XCBR

52 Primary Technology -- Switchgear

Secondary Technology -Substation Automation

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

2007 PTUG Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, USA

16

9/26-27/2007

IEC 61850 Logical Node


Analog of circuit breaker control with conventional and IEC-61850

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

Testing Considerations
Key Settings Transformer Inputs
CT polarity CT and VT turns ratio

Setting Units
IBase and VBase I Impedance - primary ohms d i h Current - % of IBase Voltage Units - % of VBase
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

2007 PTUG Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, USA

17

9/26-27/2007

Key Settings - Transformer Input


1 2

3 1. CT Polarity
Object Protected Zone

2. CT Ratio

3. VT Ratio

CTR =

YPOINT

3000 = 600 5

VTR =

500,000 = 4500 111.11

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

Key Settings IBase and VBase


IBase
Set to primary of CT turns ratio E.g. 3000/5 CT, IBase = 3000 A

VBase
Set to primary of VT turns ratio E g 500 kV/111V VT VBase = 500 kV E.g. VT,

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

2007 PTUG Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, USA

18

9/26-27/2007

Key Settings Distance Units


Distance Unit Reach
Zone-1 to Zone-5 Set in primary ohms Convert to secondary ohms for testing

Z SEC =

CTRATIO Z PRI VTRATIO

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

Key Settings Current / Voltage Units Current Unit Setting


Set in % of IBase IBase is primary CT Amp rating

I OP % =

I OP Amps 100 IBase

Voltage Unit Setting


Set in % of VBase VBase is primary VT kV rating

VOP % =

VOPVolts 100 VBase

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

2007 PTUG Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, USA

19

9/26-27/2007

Cross-polarized Mho

Includes effect of source impedance

As measured by test set

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

Offset Mho
jX ZC

ArgNegRes

R
- ArgDir

ZREV
Forward and reverse reach settings
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

2007 PTUG Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, USA

20

9/26-27/2007

Ground Quadrilateral

X1+Xn

Non-directional

Directional Forward and Reverse

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

Load Encroachment

Mho Characteristic

Quadrilateral Characteristic

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

2007 PTUG Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, USA

21

9/26-27/2007

Load Encroachment

Mho Characteristic

Quadrilateral Characteristic

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

Time Overcurrent (51)


A t = P td M C
Operating Time, t Reset Time, t

tr t= td 1 1 M P

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

2007 PTUG Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, USA

22

9/26-27/2007

Time Overcurrent (51)


Curve Type IEEE C37.112 parameters A B C p tr

ANSI Extremely Inverse ANSI Very Inverse ANSI Inverse ANSI Moderately Inverse ANSI L Long-time E t ti Extremely I l Inverse ANSI Long-time Very Inverse ANSI Long-time Inverse

28.2 19.61 0.0086 0.0515 64.07 64 07 28.55 0.086

0.1217 0.491 0.0185 0.114 0.250 0 250 0.712 0.185

1 1 1 1 1 1 1

2.0 2.0 0.02 0.02 2.0 20 2.0 0.02

29.1 21.6 0.46 4.85 30 13.4 6 4.6

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

Test Support HMI Data Access


Menu Path Measurements Analog primary values TRM40 Measurements Analog secondary values TRM40 Test IED test mode Function Displays all analog voltages and currents in primary values Displays all analog voltages and currents in secondary values Places the relay in the test mode by blocking all trip functions and sets the amber Start LED to flashing. This is used in conjunction with menu selection Function test modes.

Test Function test modes Allows selection of functions to enable while in the IED IED test mode. This is done to test functions individually. You must be sure to enable the function to be tested and all functions that supervise (enable) it. E.g. ZMH1 (zone-1) requires enabling of PHM (phase selection and load encroachment).

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

2007 PTUG Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, USA

23

9/26-27/2007

Test Support HMI Data Access


Menu Path Test Binary input values Binary input modules y p BIM# Test Binary input values SMT binary inputs Instance Function Displays the status of the binary input number on the BIM# terminal block Displays the status of virtual inputs defined in the application configuration 52a, 52b, , etc. Several instances of SMBI function block (SI01, 2, , N) are used (instance N = SI0N).

Test Binary output values Displays the status of the binary output number on the Binary output modules BOM# terminal block BOM#

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

Test Support HMI Data Access


Menu Path Test Binary output values SMT binary outputs Instance Test Function status Test LED test Function Displays the status of virtual outputs defined in the application configuration Trip, Close, Channel Start, , etc. Several instances of SMBO function block (SO01, 2, , N) are used (instance N = SO0N). Allows navigation to all protection functions and displays all of the functions binary (E.g. pickup and trip) outputs. Cycles the illumination of all indication LEDs.

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

2007 PTUG Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, USA

24

9/26-27/2007

Test Support Application Debug

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

Conclusions
Maximum flexibility to meet hardware and application requirements for protection and control You can select the communication solution you prefer
IEC 61850 ready

Powerful set of engineering tools to support application building, commissioning, and in-service operation Advanced disturbance recording capability and management from a protective relay

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

2007 PTUG Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, USA

25

9/26-27/2007

Doble Testing

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

Ground Quadrilateral
Settings are in primary ohms F testing a good practice is t use a For t ti d ti i to spreadsheet to convert to secondary ohms and perform modeling calculations.
Z SEC = CTRATIO Z PRI VTRATIO

For ground quadrilateral the LOOP characteristics should calculated and modeled. h t i ti h ld l l t d d d l d Note that R1, X1, R0, X0 are in ohms/ph whereas RFPE in in ohms per loop.
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

2007 PTUG Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, USA

26

9/26-27/2007

Ground Quadrilateral

X1+Xn

Non-directional

Directional Forward and Reverse

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

Ground Quadrilateral

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

2007 PTUG Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, USA

27

9/26-27/2007

Zone Timing Tests

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

ProTesT test plans


Test plans are currently under by Doble development. d l t Use the Settings feature New overcurrent characteristics to be added to characteristic database.

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

2007 PTUG Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, USA

28

9/26-27/2007

REL 670

Q Questions?

Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal

2007 PTUG Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, USA

29