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PROLOGUE That the art of stevedoring or stowing goods in a ship was well understood and practised by the ancient Phoenician seamen ts testified to by Xenophon, born 43 cu: died at Athens 355 b.¢.. Xewophon’s description of his visit to and inspection of a “great Phoenician siting weve!” hrings vividly. tn The wind of the vamen af taday bane well these ancient mariners had mustered the golden rule of “a place for everything and crying in its place He wrote as follow “F think that the best and most perfect arrangement of things which T ever saw was wien I went to look at the great Phoenician sailing vessel, for I saw the largest umouet of naval tackling sepavately disposed in the smallest stowage possible. “Far a ship, as you will know, is brought to anchor, and again got under way: by @ vast number of wooden implement and of ropes, and sails the sea by means of o quantity of rigging. and is armed with a number of contrivances against hostile vessels, and carries about with i « large supply of weapons for the crew, and, besides, fas all the utensits that man Keeps in his dwelling house, for each of the messes In adeivion, itis ouded with a quantity of merchandise, which the owner earties with him for his own profit. “Now, all the things F uve mentioned lay in a space not much bigger than a roon vuld conveniently hold ten beds; and | remarked that they severally lay in such oy th al lid re ecyuire anyone ter dovk for then, and yer they were neither placed «at random, nor entangled with another, $0 ‘as to consuine tine when they were suddenly wanted for use. “Also, 1 found the captain's assistant, who is called “the lookout man’, so welt aequcanted with the position of all the articles, and with the number of them, that ewn when ata distance he would tell where everything lay, and how many there were of each sort. “Moreover, F sew this man, in his feisure moments, examining and testing cverveitag that a vessel needs at sea, as L was surprised, | asked hie what he was abou, whereupon he rephed: “Stranger, am looking to see. in case anything should happen, how everything ts arranged in the ship, and whether anything i wanted, or 1s what is arranged awkwardly’ that ct wine nti Chey aled sure abst usy q nia aoeds 30purant OWN “Aussooau JaysruE #40 ‘foaIs Huo] 10 49qUIT Jo O8IRD | » 2q ospe Kew auqp Sun sures ep YY “stDISKE JorTKIOD saoind -JO-918IS JO PE AYP PEA sud 34) Jo a0vj FusBuryp-sona ayy yw aoed doox 01 Jopso uy dep 1 SONU f Suidkliys ayy, AOVAGd ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ‘The writer and publishers gratefully acknowledge the idance and contributions given by: CWA Consultants Chemical Cargoes Oils and Fats (In Association with Wolf Hamm) Foodstully (Ln Association with Frazer Imrie) J. S. Merrells — Heavy Indivisible Loads A. Sparks & Co., London — Steel & Iron Dr. J. H. Burgoyne & Partners — Coal Associated Petroleum Consultants — LPG & LNG Holman Fenwick & Willan — Solicitors Marine Management Ltd. Ocean Fleets P&O OCL TT Club Gordon Giles & Co. M. H, Maunder & Co. — Oil & Petroleum Cargoes (E-mail: MHMAUNDER @ROL.COM) (Grateful thanks to the Institute of Petroleum for some petroleum definitions and the Apper Formuls, E-mail: LISW@PETROLEUM CO.UK) The International Maritime Organisation (Text reprinted by kind permission of IMO) BIBLIOGRAPHY IP Petroleum Measurement Manual Part XVL Section | & 2 Crude Oil & Products (2nd Edition) IMO Dangerous Goods Code (2000) Vols, 1, 2 & Supplement