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Introduction to Networking and Types of Networks

Types oI Networks
1.Centralized or Terminal Networks: it is based on direct cabling Irom the terminals to the
mainIrame and on processing housed in the main-central-computer.






Terminals(computers)
2.Peer-to-Peer Networks: In this Iorm, individuals who Iorm a loose group can communicate
with others in the group. Every person can, in principle, communicate with one or more other
people; there is no Iixed division into clients and servers.


Files

Files



3. Client/Server Networks: ln Lhls model Lhe daLa are sLored on powerful compuLers called
serversCfLen Lhese are cenLrally housed and malnLalned by a sysLem admlnlsLraLor ln conLrasL Lhe
employees have slmpler machlnes called c||ents on Lhelr desks wlLh whlch Lhey access remoLe daLa


Maln compuLer
11 12 13 14
eer(compuLer)
eer(compuLer)









-etworks cab|es and Interfaces
Coax|a| cab|e lL ls made of Lwo conducLors LhaL share a common axls hence Lhe name
(coaxls) 1yplcally Lhe cenLer of Lhe cable ls relaLlvely solld copper wlre or sLanded wlre lncased
ln lnsulaLlng plasLlc foam 1he foam ls surrounded by Lhe second conducLor a wlre mesh Lube
whlch serve as a shelld from lnLerference and slgnal capLure A Lough lnsulaLlng plasLlc Lubes
forms Lhe cover of Lhe cable
1w|steda|r
Server

CllenLs

CllenLs

neLworks