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# 1

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Temperature
Wind
Factor of Safety
Working tension (T1)

Working Stress(f1)

## Loading factor; q2 = P2 + w2 = 1 (for no wind; P = 0)

The working stress is determined by the following formula:
k = f1 2 2 q12Ef/24f12

k = f1 2 2 q12Ef/24f12
= 883.62

= 883.62

= 883.62

= 37.062

CONDITION: 2

Temperature = 75
Wind
Loading factor; q2 = P2 + w2 = 1 (for no wind; P = 0)
Difference of temperature; t = 75 32.2 = 42.8 C
The working stress is determined by the following formula:
2

f2 [f2 (k t Ef) =

2 2 q2 Ef
24

24
2

## f2 [f2 +714.36542 ) = 3E+17

Work Tension (T2)= f2xa
= 555.553321x4.845
= 2691.7

2 2 2
Maximum Sag ; s= q
8 x f2

CONDITION : III

24

## Loading factor; q2 = P2 + w2 = 1 (for no wind; P = 0)

Temperature = (-) 250c
Wind = NIL
Difference of temperature; t = 75 32.2 = 42.8 C

f2 [f2 (k t Ef) =

2 2 q2 Ef
24

## (260) x (0.373180077) x(1) x(

24

8
2
f3 [f3+ 311.719083.919470757x10
)=

40

NIL

U.T.S =
FOS

2306 Kg

kg/cm2

9225
4

2306.25
2.61

## (260)2 X (0.373180077)2 X (1)2 X(0.686X106)

(24)2 X (685.75851)2

6458143809
270872486.8

75

NIL

he following formula:
2 2 q2 Ef
24

24

Kg / cm2

555.553321x4.845
kg/cm2

2 2 q2 Ef
24

## (260) x (0.373180077) x(1) x(0.686x10 )

24

3.919470757x108

CONDITION: I
Temperature = 32.2 C
Wind = NIL
Factor of Safety = 4
Working tension; T1
F.O.S.
Working Stress; f1
Loading factor; q1 = P2 + w2 = 1 (for no wind; P = 0)
k = f1 2 2 q12Ef/24f12
CONDITION: II
Temperature = 75 C

Sag

CONDITION: II
Temperature = 75 C
Wind = NIL
Loading factor; q2 = P2 + w2 = 1 (for no wind; P = 0)
w
Difference of temperature; t = 75 32.2 = 42.8 C
The working stress is determined by the following formula:
f2
2 [f2 (k t Ef) = 2 2 q2
2 Ef
24

75

2306.25
4
#DIV/0!
344.6396307

-251.1513693
268829691.4

7.879625

f2
2 [f2 { 147.70198 (19.3 10 6) 42.8 (0.686 106)}]
= (350)2 (0.334571723)2 (1)2 (0.686 106)
24
f2
2 (f2 + 714.36542) = 3.919470757 108
f2 = 555.553321 Kg / cm2
Working tension; T2 = f2 A
= 555.553321 4.845
= 2691.656 Kg / cm2
Maximum Sag; s = 2 q2
8 f2
= (350)2 (0.334571723) (1)
8 555.553321
= 9.22 metres

## Sag calculations for 33 KV OH LINE - SRIRENGARAJ ISPAT

PARAMETERS:

Value

Basic Span () :
Ultimate Tensile Strength of Conductor (U.T.S.) :
Overall diameter of the Conductor (d)
Weight of the Conductor (w)
Wind Pressure (P) :
Coefficient of linear Expansion ()
Youngs Modulus of elasticity (Final) (Ef) :
Youngs Modulus of elasticity (Initial) (Ei) :
Maximum temperature (Ambient)
Maximum temperature (Conductor) :
Minimum Temperature (Ambient) :
Minimum Temperature (Conductor) :
Every day Temperature :
Area of Cross section of Conductor (A) :
Factor of Safety (F.O.S.)
Factor of Safety (F.O.S.) (Otherwise) :
Weight of Conductor per unit area () :

UOM

260
9225
21
0.974
83.38
19.3 X10-6
0.686 10 6
0.4675 10 6
50
75
-2.5
-2.5
40
2.61
4
2
0.373180077

## Minimum Ground Clearance : 7.01 metres

mtrs
kg
mm
kg/m
kg/m2
per Deg cel
Kg / cm2
Kg / cm2

CONDITION :1
Temperature = 32.2 C
Wind
= NIL
Factor of Saftey = 4
Working tension ; T1 =

U.T.S
FOS

9225
4

T1=

Working Stress ; f1 =

2306.25

Kg

T1
A

f1=

2306.25
2.61
883.6206897

## Loading factor; q2 = P2 + w2 = 1 (for no wind; P = 0)

The working stress is determined by the following formula:

Kg/cm2

f1

k=

k=

883.6206897

883.6206897

883.6206897
538.9814554

CONDITION :II
Temperature = 75 C
Wind
= NIL
Factor of Saftey = 4
Loading factor; q2 = P2 + w2 = 1 (for no wind; P = 0)

## Difference of Temperature ;t= 75--40

= 35
The working stress is determined by the following formula:

## f22 [f2 (538.9814554 19.3 X10-6x35 x0.686 10 6)

f22 [f2+

525.741655 )

f22 [f2+

525.7416554 )

f2

Working tension ; T1 =

U.T.S

=
=

Maximum Sag ; s=

2 2 q2
8 x f2

## (260)2X (0.373180077)2 X (1)

8X(f2)

#DIV/0!

CONDITION :II
Temperature = -2.5 C
Wind
= NIL
Factor of Saftey = 4
Loading factor; q2 = P2 + w2 = 1 (for no wind; P = 0)

## Difference of Temperature ;t= 75--40

= 883.6206897
The working stress is determined by the following formula:

## f22 [f2 (538.9814554 19.3 X10-6x35 x0.686 10 6)

f22 [f2+

#REF!

f22 [f2+

#REF!

Working tension ; T1 =

f2

U.T.S

=
=

Maximum Sag ; s=

2 2 q2
8 x f2

8X(f2)

#VALUE!

## Sag Calculations for 33KV OH LINE -SRIRENGARAJ ISPAT

133
50
20
70
273

2 2 q12Ef
24f12
(260)2 x (0.373180077)2x(1)2 x (0.686x106)
2

(24) x (883.6206)

6458143796
18738852.56

344.6392343

2 2 q22Ef
24
(260)2 x (0.373180077)2x(1)2 x (0.686x106)
24

6458143796
24

269089324.8

kg/cm2

## (260)2X (0.373180077)2 X (1)

8X(f2)

#DIV/0!

metres

2 2 q22Ef
24
(260)2 x (0.373180077)2x(1)2 x (0.686x106)
24

#VALUE!
24

#VALUE!

kg/cm

8X(f2)

#VALUE!

metres