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USES OF WHEEL

How do wheels make life easier? Reduced friction: Wheels reduce friction between an object and the ground so that objects can be moved around more easily. If youve got a boulder to transport across your backyard, putting it in a wheelbarrow is a lot easier than pushing or dragging it across the lawn. Magnify a force: It takes less effort to turn a central axle by pushing along an attached wheels edge. Larger steering wheels and dials are easier to turn than smaller ones. Magnify a movement: If you put effort into turning a central axle, you gain lots of movement as the edge of the attached wheel moves through a greater distance. You can experiment with magnifying force and movement at the Factorys Weights and Wheelsexhibit. Everyday uses of wheels y Wheels are great for moving cars and bikes along, and theyre handy for other things too: y water wheels are used to generate electricity as the force of the large wheel is magnified at the axle, allowing the water wheel to drive machinery y the blades of wind turbines act as spokes of a large wheel, where the force of the blades is magnified at the rotor. This makes a generator spin and produce electric current y when you turn a screwdriver, you are magnifying the force of the turning handle at the screwdrivers shaft y a propellor pushes boats along as the spinning movement at the axle is magnified at the propellors blades y ball bearings are spherical wheels that reduce friction. When you write with a ball-point pen, the power of wheels allows your pen (and ink) to glide across the page.  Prior uses of water wheels include milling flour in gristmills and grinding wood into pulp for papermaking, but other uses include hammering wrought
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iron, machining, ore crushing and pounding fiber for use in the manufacture of cloth.  The industrial uses of watermills in the Islamic world date back to the 7th century, while horizontal-wheeled and vertical-wheeled water mills were both in widespread use by the 9th century. A variety of industrial watermills were used in the Islamic world, including gristmills, hullers, sawmills, shipmills, stamp mills, steel mills, sugar mills, andtide mills.  Water Wheels have traditionally been used to power mills. More recently, water wheels have been adapted for the production of electricity. Small scale Hydro power plants are being used to power generators, creating clean electricity.

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