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: . .

RAW

r
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a

OR

DICTIONARY
OF THE

SANSKRIT LANGUAGE
BY

and With an English Interpretation


Annotations.
BY

H. T.

COLEBROOKE* ESQ
THIRD EDITION.

Service. Late of (he Bengal Civil

RAKSHIT. PUBLISHED BY HARAGOBINDA

Ka 14,

lasuB Mill's Lakh.

BANERJEB & CO., PRINTED BY NUNDO MOHUN


WOBKB, AT THB FULL MOON FRIWnNa Bbadon Street, E. C. 24,
1891.

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PK
.A*8
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ns-f-^V
PUBLISHER'S NOTICE.

The value of Colebrooke's Umura Kosha has never


been under-rated and
Sanskrit Scholars.
It
is

well

known

to

all

Anglo-

is

a book which appears to be

indispensably necessary to the students of the Calcutta

University and indeed to all English-knowing students


of
Sanskrit,

as

furnishing

English

synonyms

for

Sanskrit words and very valuable notes on the text But


as the book has long been out of print
available except at

and

is

not

now

a great cost,

it is

hoped that the


it

publication of the present edition will bring

within

the reach of the general public and the students of the

Calcutta
sincerely

University

in

particular.

The

publisher

hopes that the undertaking will meet the

support of those for

whom it

is

intended.

January
f

HARAGOBINDA RAKSHIT

1891

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PREFACE.

THE
William,
it

compilation of a Sanskrit Dictionary having been

undertaken early after the institution of the College of Fort

was at the same time thought advisable

to print, in

Sanskrit and English, the work which has been chosen for the
basis of that compilation
original authority to
;

as well for the sake of exhibiting


will

an

which reference

be frequently neces-

sary, as with the view of furnishing

an useful vocabulary which

might serve
published.

until

an ampler dictionary could be prepared and


of Sanskrit

The celebrated Umura KSsha, or Vocabulary


is,

by

Umura singha, by the unanimous suffrage of the learned, the best guide to the acceptations of nouns in Sanskrit. The work
of

Pa n*1ni on etymology

is

rivalled

by other grammars, some


but Umura's vocabulary
is

of which

have even obtained the preference in the opinion of


:

the learned of particular provinces

has prevailed wherever the Sanskrit language


only where Umura's

cultivated

and

the numerous other vocabularies, which remain, are consulted


is

either silent or defective. It has employ-

ed the industry of innumerable commentators, while none of the


others
(

with the single exception of

He machandra's

have

been interpreted even by one annotator.


ference for the

Such decided pre-

Umura Kdsha, and the


it,

consequent frequency of

quotations from

determined the selection of this as the basis

of an alphabetical dictionary, and suggested the expediency of


also publishing the original text with

an English interpretation.
is

Like other vocabularies of Sanskrit, that of Umura

in metre;

and a considerable degree of knowledge of the language becomes


requisite to discriminate the words from their interpretations

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IV

PREFACE.
to separate

and

them from contiguous terms which

affect their

initials

and to adapt the work to the use of the English student, the words, of which the sense is
finals.

and

On

this account,

exhibited, are disjoined from their interpretation

(which
is

is in-

cluded between crotchets); and the close of each word

marked

by a

Italic letter over it indicating

the gender of the noun.

Where a

letter

has been* permuted according to the Sanskrit


is

system of orthography, a dot


that a letter
is

placed under the line to intimate


is

there altered or omitted : and a marginal note


final of

added, exhibiting the radical

the noun, or
is so far

its initial, in

every instance where either of them

disguised by per-

mutation as not to be easily recognized upon a slight knowledge


of the rudiments of the language,

and of

its

orthography.

An

explanation in English

is

given in the margin, and completed^

when

necessary, at the foot of the page.

The

different

inter-

pretations proposed by the several commentators, and the variations in orthography

remarked by them, are also specified in

the same place.

According to the original plan of the present publication,


the variations in the reading of the text
collation has been
(for

which a careful

made

of several

copies

and of numerous
intended

commentaries) are noticed only where they affect the interpretation of a

word or

its

orthography.

It

was not at

first

to insert those differences

which are remarked by commentators


variautility of indicating

upon other authority, and not upon the ground of any


tion in the text
itself.

However, the

such

differences was afterwards thought to

counterbalance any in-

convenience attending

it

and

after

some progress had been

made

at the press, this*

and other additions to the original


chapters and complete

design

were admitted, which have rendered a supplement


first

necessary to supply omissions in the

the work upon an uniform plan.

To

avoid too great an increase of the volume,

the various
fully

r 'ndinsrs

and interpretations are rather hinted than

set

These additions are incorporated with the text in the present edition.

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PREFACE.
forth
:

it

has been judged sufficient to state the result, as the

notes would have been too

much

lengthened,

if

the ground of

disagreement had been everywhere exhibited and explained.

For the same reason, authorities have not been cited by name.

The mention

of the particular

commentator in
little

each* instance

would have enlarged the notes, with very

advantage, as the

means of verifying authorities are as effectually furnished by an enumeration of the works which have been employed and consulted. They are as follow
:

I.

The

text of the

Umura Kdska

This vocabulary comprised in three books,

is

frequently cited

under the title otTrikanda^ometimes under the denomination


of Abhid'ha'na (nouns), from
its

subject

often under that of

Uviura Ko'sha, from the name of the


are indeed unanimous in ascribing

author.
to

The comttoentators
singha.

it

Umura

He

appears to have belonged to the sect of Bwdd'ha,(tho\igh this be

denied by some of his scholiasts


in the reign

;)

and
;

is

reputed to have lived

is expressly named among the ornaments of the Court of Ra JA'BH</jA,fone of the many princes to whom that title has been assigned. If this mention of him be accurate, he must have lived not more than eight hundred years ago; for a poem entitled Snba'hshita ratna sando'ha, by a Jaina author named Amitak ATI, is dated in the year 1050 from the death of Vikrama ditya, and in the reign of Munja who was uncle and predecessor of Ra ja'Bho ja. It,

of

Vikrama'ditya

and he

however, appears inconsistent with the inscription at Budd'ha-

qaya which

is

dated in the year 1005 of the era of Vikrama 'diis

tya, and in which mention

made

of

Umura

de'va, probably
the frequent

the same with the author of the vocabulary.


instances of anachronism

From

both in sacred and profane story as


more ancient

e.

The three books. But that name properly appertains


is

to a

vocabulary, which

mentioned by the commentaries on the I'm "'a Koska


is

amon?

the works from which this

supposed to have

bet*n

c unpiled.

t In the JBhoja Prabandha,

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VI

PREFACE.

current

among the Hindus f more confidence seems due to the inthan to any popular tales concerning Ra JA^Bho ja and the Umura Ko'ska may be considered as at least nine hunscription,

dred years old

and possibly more ancient.

It is intimated in the author's

own

preface that the work was


:

compiled from more ancient vocabularies his commentators instance the

Trika^nda^ Utpa'lini, Rabhas a and


on the nouns; and
last

as furnishing information

Ka /tya'yan Vya di and Va ra


is

ruchi on the genders. The


reputed contemporary with
with

mentioned of these authors

Vikrama ditya and consequently


employed in

Umura Singha
The

himself.

copies of the original, which have been

the correction of the text, in the present publication, are,


1st.

A transcript made

for

my use from an ancient

correct-

ed copy in the Tirhutiya character, and collated by

me

with

a copy in Ddvandgari, which had been carefully examined by Sir William Jones.
pretation
;

He had
it in

inserted in

it

an English inter-

of which also I

reserved a copy and have derived

great assistance from


2d.

the present

publication.

transcript in

DtvanagaH

character, with a
It contains

commen-

tary and notes in the Ka'na'ra' dialect.

numerous

passages, which are unnoticed in the most approved


taries,

commen-

and which are accordingly omitted in the present edition.


Another copy in the Diva/aafgari character, with a
in

3rd.

brief

and imperfect interpretation

Hindi.

4th.

A copy

in the Bengali character with marginal notes

explanatory of the text


5th.

A copy in

duplicate,

accompanied by a Sanskrit com-

mentary, which will be forthwith mentioned (that of Rama'sra'ma). It contains a few passages not noticed by most of the

commentators. They have been,

however, retained on the au-

* See a preceding note.

PREFACE.
thority of this scholiast.

Vll

Alike remark

is

applicable to certain

other passages expounded in some commentaries but not in


others.

All such have been retained, where the authority itself

has been deemed good.


6th. Recourse has been occasionally

had to other copies of


whenever
it

the text in the

possession of

natives,

has been

thought any ways requisite.


II.
1.

Commentaries on the
of the

Umura

Kosha.

At the head

commentaries which have been used,

must be placed that of Ra'ya mukut'a, (or Vrihaspati surnamed Ra ya mukut a man'i.) This work entitled Padachandrikd,
was compiled, as the author himself informs
earlier
us,

from sixteen
:

commentaries, to
those of

especially

many of which he rapeatedly refers Kshira Swami' Subhuti, Hadda

Chandra, Kalinga, Ko'nkat a, Sarvadhara, and the Vydk'hya'mrUa Tikasai'vasva, &c.#


Its age is ascertained from the incidental
viz.

mention of a date

1353 Saka, or 4532 of the Kaliyuga, corresponding to A.D.

1431.

Though the
inaccurate,

derivations in

Mukut'a's commentary be often


have been remarked by later
;

and other

errors also

compilers, its authority is in general great

and, accordingly,

it

has been carefully consulted under every article of the present


work.
2.

Among the earlier commentaries named by Ra YA mukut A,

that of Kshi'ra SwA'an'isthe only one, which has been examined

* The following Dames may be selected from Mukut'a's quotation*,


complete the number of sixteen
:

to

Mdd'havi, Mad'hnma d'havl, Sarvti'usindu,

Abhinanda, Ra'ja'de'va, Go'yebd'hana, Dbjl'vida, Bho'jaRa'ja. But acme


of these appear to be separate works, rather than commentaries on the

P**fti

Ko sha. Mukut a

occasionally cites the

most celebrated grammarian* A3

Pan'iNI, JAYa'dITYA, JINE'NDBA, MAiTBe'yA, RAKSHITA, PUBUSHUTTAIIA, Ma'd'hava, ice.

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viii

PREFACE.

in the progress of this compilation. It is a

work of considerable

merit

and

is

still

in general use in

some provinces of India,

although the interpretations not unfrequently differ from those

commonly
3.

received.

The Vya k'hydsuiVhd, a modern commentary by Ra/ma's'ra'ma or by BaA'Nin>i'KSHrrA(for copies differ as to the name
of the author)
is

the

work of a grammarian of the school of


to Sa'mi^;

Benares.

He continually refers to Ra'ya MUKUT'Aand


them where
erroneous.

and

his

work serves to confirm their scholia where accurate, and


It has been consulted at

to correct

every
4.

line,

The Vya'tihyd Praclipa by Achyuta Upa'd'hya ya


:

is

concise and accurate exposition of the text

but adds

little

to

the information furnished by the works above-mentioned.

It

has been, however, occasionally consulted.


In these four commentaries, the derivations are given according to Pa'nIki's system.

In others, which are next to be

enumerated, various popular grammars are followed for the


etymologies.

But, as the derivations of the words are not in-

cluded in the plan of the present work, being reserved for a


place in the intended alphabetical dictionary of Sanskrit, those

commentaries have not been the

less useful in

regard to the

information which was sought in them.


5.
>

The commentary of Bh arata Mall a (entitled MugdJiabSof

d hini)has been as regularly consulted as those


Ra'ma Vra'ma.
clear,

Mukut'a and
;

It

is

indeed a very excellent work

copious and

and

particularly full

upon the variations of orthography


;

according to different readings or different authorities

the ety-

mologies are given conformably with Vo^PADE Va's system of

grammar. The author flourished


6.

in the middle of last century.

The Sdrd Swndari by Mat'hitre s'a has been much


and
is

used.

It

is

perspicuous and abounds in quotations from other com;

mentaries
the

therefore a copious source of information on

various

interpretations

and readings

of

the text

The

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PREFACE.

IX

Supadma
by
this

is

the

grammar

followed in

the derivations stated


is

commentator.

Mat'hures^l

author likewise of a
%

vocabulary in verse entitled

SabdaratnavaU arranged
It

in

the

same order with the


therefore as a

Umura

Kdsha, and which might serve

commentary on that work.


is

was compiled

under

the patronage of a Mussulman Chieftain Mureh'ka


prefixed to it

Khdn, whose name

The author wrote not

more than 150 years ago.*


7.

The Paddrt'ha Kaumudi by

NaWyana
is

Chakragrammar

varti'is another commentary of considerable merit, which


has been frequentlv consulted.

The Kaldpa

the

followed in the etymologies here exhibited.


8.

A commentary by
and

Ra'ma^a't'ha Vidya'vachaspati
is
is

entiled Trika'ndavivdca,
tions of orthography,

peculiarly copious

on

the varia-

otherwise a work affording

much

useful information.

employed,

Another commentary which has been constantly is that by Ni'lakant'ha. It is full and satisfactory on most points for which reference is usually made to
9.

the expositors of the


10.

Umura

Kdsha.

The commentary of Rama Tarkava'gi'sa has been


accuracy

uniformly consulted throughout the work. It was recommend-

ed

for

its

but has furnished

little

information

being busied chiefly with etymology.


follows the grammar,entitlcd

This, like the preceding,

Kaldpa.
also

Other commentaries were

collected
;

for

occasional

work but have not been* employed, being found to contain no information which was
not also furnished, and that more

reference in the progress of this

amply, by

the scholiasts

'

His work conttfos the date 1588 Saka or A. D. 1666.

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*

X
above mentioned. The
note,

PREFACE.
list of

them, contained in the subjoined

may

therefore suffice.*

III.

Sanskrit

dictionaries

authors.

Throughout
Ko'sha,the text

and vocabularies by other the numerous commentaries on the


itself is corrected or

Umura

confirmed, and the

interpretation and remarks of the

Commentators supported, by

references to other Sanskrit vocabularies.

They

are often cited

by the

scholiasts for the

emendation of the text in regard to


less

the gender of a noun, and not

frequently for a variation of

orthography, or for a difference of interpretation.


ty quoted has been in general

The

authori-

consulted before any use has


;

been made of the quotations


cannot

or,

where the original work


This has been

now be

procured, the agreement of commentators has

been admitted as authenticating the passage.


particularly attended to,

in the chapter containing

homony-

mous words;

it

having been judged useful to introduce into

that chapter, the numerous additional acceptations stated in


other Dictionaries, and understood to be alluded to in the

Umura
The

Kdsha.
dictionaries,

which have been consulted, are

Mddini, an alphabetical dictionary of

The homonymous terms by


1st.

Medinikaba.
ranged.
It

2nd.

The Viswaprakdsa, by
less

MaheVwara

Vai-

dya, a similar dictionary, bnt


is

accurate and not so well arof the

Mtdini which is an improved and corrected work of great authority. Both are very
the ground- work
frequently cited by the Commentators.
.

Kaumttdi by nayanananda Trikdtuta ckintamani by Rag'huna'tha Chakravarti' both according to Pa'nini's system of etmology. VaUhamya fcaumiMfc'byRA'MAPRASA'bA Tabkalanka'ra; PddamanjaribyLo kana t'ha;
;

both following the grammatical system of the Kalapa. Pradipamanj'iribyllA.'iiA*


8 'ram A, a jejune interpretation of the text. Yrihat Haravali by Ra'mes' waba.AIso commentaries, by Krishnadasa,Triloohanada sa,Sundara'n-

anda, Vanadi'yabhat Va, Viswanat'ha, Gopa'l Chacrayarti, Govinda'nauda, Ra'ma'nda Bhola'natha, Ice.
*

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PREFACE.
3.

Xi

The Haima, a
;

dictionary by

He ma Chandra,

in

two

parts
ters
;

one containing synonymous words arranged in six chap-

the other containing

homonymous terms
excellence.

in alphabetical

order.
4.

Both are works of great


chapters

The Abhitfk&na Ratnamdld, a vocabulary by Hala^


five
;

yud'ha in
having

the last of which relates to words


It
is

many

acceptations.

too concise for general use

but
5.

is

sometimes quoted,

ses.

The D'harawl, a vocabulary of words bearing many senIt is less copious than the Mtdini and Haima : but being

frequently cited by Commentators, has been necessarily consulted.


6.

The Trika'nda8&ha

or supplement to the

Umum Kdaha

by PURUSHO TTAMA
6.

DE VA.

The Ha'r&vali of the same author. The last of these two supplements to Umura, being a collection of uncommon words, has not been much employed for the present publication. The other has been more used. Both are
of considerable authority.

The reader

will find in the notes

list

of other dictionaries

quoted by the Commentators, but the quotations of which have


not been verified by reference to the originals, as these have not been procurable. *

Works under the title of


cited
titles.

Vam ad&'ana'Jhvirw'pa and


:

Unddi

have indeed been procured


;

but not the same with the books

many
The

different compilations being current

under those
of which
;

first relates

to words the orthography

is

likely to be mistaken from a confusion of similar letters

the
;

second exhibits words which are spelt in more than one way
the third relates to

a certain class of derivatives,

separately

noticed by grammarians.

Umuramdld, Umura Datta, Sabddrn'ava, Sasntata, Varnfadis'an^ y jDmrupa Una^di)^ha,BcUmbo<fhu RatMmildi ViAVTiDE yA Rudra, Vya'di, Rabhasa, Vopa'lita, Bha'guri, Ajaya, Va'chaspati, Ta'ba'pa'la, a bun ad att a.
*
1 1 1

b2
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Xll

PREFACE.

IV.

Grammatical works.
is

Grammar

so intimately connected with the subject of this


it

publication, that

has been of course necessary to advert to the

works of Grammarians.
commentators,
it is

But

as they are regularly cited

by the

needless to

name them

as authorities, since

nothing will be found to have been taken from this source, which
is

not countenanced by some passage in the commentaries on

the Umv/ra Kdsha.

V*

Treatises on the roots of Sanskrit.

Verbs not being exhibited in the

Umura

Kdsha, which

is

vocabulary of nouns only, the treatises of Maitre'ya,Ma'd'hava,

and others on Sanskrit roots, though furnishing important materials

towards a complete dictionary of the language, have been


little

very

employed in the present work

and a particular

re-

ference to

them was

unnecesssary, as authority will be found in

the commentaries on

Umura, for any thing which may have been

taken from' those


VI.

treatises.

The Scholia

of classic writings.

Passages from the works of celebrated writers are cited by the

commentators on the
sic

Umura Kdsha and


;

the scholiasts of clas-

poems

frequently quote dictionaries in support of their in-

terpretation of difficult passages.

In the compilation of a co-

pious Sanskrit dictionary an ample use


Scholia.

may be made

of the

They have been employed

for the present publication

so

far

only as they are expressly cited by the principal com-

mentaries on the

Umura Kdsha

itself.

Should the reader be desirous of verifying the authorities,

upon which the interpretation and notes are grounded, he


in general find the

will

information sought by

the ten commentaries of

some one of Umura, which have been before


in

him

named

and

will rarely

have occasion to proceed beyond those


works regularly consulted.

which have been

specified as the

In regard to plants and animals and other objects of natural


history,

noticed in

different chapters of this vocabulary,

and

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PREFACE.
especially in the 4th, 5th
is

Xlll

and 9th chapters of the 2nd book,

it

proper to observe, that the ascertainment of

them generally

depends on the correctness of the corresponding vernacular


names.

The commentators seldom

furnish

any description or

other means of ascertainment besides the current denomination


in

a provincial language.

view of the animal, or an examina-

tion of the plant,


tion, enables

known to the vulgar under that denominaaccording


to the
:

a person conversant with natural history to deterreceived nomenclature of

mine

its

name

European Botany and Zoology but neither


those of other Gentlemen,

my inquiries,

nor

who have liberally communicated the

information collected by them,* nor the previous researches of

Sib William Jokes, have yet discovered all the plants and animals, of which the

names are mentioned by the Commentaries


;

on the

Umura Kdsha and


us,

even in regard to those which have

been seen by

a source of error remains in the inaccuracy of


is

the Commentators themselves, as


of their frequent disagreement
tood,

proved by the circumstance

It

must

be, therefore, unders-

that the correspondence of the Sanskrit

generic and specific


instances doubtful

names with the names in Natural History is in many

When
;

the uncertainty

is great, it

has

usually been so expressed

but

errors

may

exist

where none

have been apprehended.


It is necessary likewise to inform the reader that

many

of

the plants,

and some animals

(especially fish),

have not been

Of such, the names have been taken from the manuscripts of Dr. Roxburgh and Dr. F.
described in any work yet published.

Buchanan.
Having explained the plan and design of
this edition of the

Umura Kdsha, I have only


has arisen since
it

further to state, that the delay which


five

was commenced (now more than

years)

has been partly occasioned by

my

distance from the press (the

Drs. Roxburgh, F.

Buchanan, and W. Hunter, and Mr. William Carey.

Digitized by

G00gk

xiv

PREFACE.

work being printed by Mr. Carey at Serampoor),and partly by avocations which have retarded the progress of collating the
different copies of the text

of which

may

be judged by those

and commentaries a task the labour who have been engaged in


:

similar undertakings.

H. T.

COLEBROOKE.

Calcutta, Dec. 1807.

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CONTENTS00
Page.

Introduction

of the

Umura K06HA

BOOK
Sect.
I.

I.

CHAPTER
;

I.

Heaven, Gods, Demons

their arms, ornaments,


j

symbols or vehicles, and other attributes. Fire


Air. Telocity. Eternity.

Much.
...j...
5

Sect.

II.

Sky

weather
;

planets

stars.

15

Sect. III.

Time
Sin

its divisions.

Phases of the moon


;

eclipses.

24

Sect. IV.

virtue j happiness. Destiny


;

cause. Nature.

Intellect
'

reasoning

knowledge.

Senses

tastes

odours

$ colours

.........

31

Sect. V.

Speech* Language. Compositions. Modifications

and circumstances of speech.


Sect. VI.
Sect. VII.

38 44

Sound

Music

notes, tones ; instruments. Dancing.


;

Dra-

matic exhibition

actors, gestures, passions. In-

dications of passion.

Festival.
II.
;

45

CHAPTER
Sect.
I.

Internal regions
poison

holes

darkness. Serpents

56 59

Sect.

II.

Hell

departed souls

misery, pain.

Sect. IIL

8eas| Water,

Islands; shores. Boats, ships. Fish.

Lakes

ponds, wells. Rivers.


II.

Aquatic plants.

60

BOOK
Earth,
soil.

CHAPTER I.
Roads.
..#

Countries.

Measures

of

distance*

.........

73

CHAPTER
Towns
;

II.

buildings, habitations*

.........

77

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xvi

CONTENTS.

CHAPTER
Mountains,
Minerals.

III.

page.
rocks
;

fountains,

caves,

mines.

84

CHAPTER
Sect.
I.

IV.
avenues.
leaf
-

Forests.
plants.

Groves

gardens,
;

Trees,

Trunk

root

wood

fruit

86
91

Sect.

II.

Trees of various kindsPlants, mostly medicinal, or with sensible qualities,

Sbct. III.

106

Sect. IV.
Sbct. V.

Useful Plants.

......

112

Drugs and potherbs. Grasses and palms

118

CHAPTER
flocks,

V.

Lions and other quadrupeds. Insects. Birds. Pairs,


heaps
.

137

CHAPTER
Sect.
I.

VI.

Man.

Woman.
women.

Characters, relations, circum-

stances of

Kinsmen,

relatives. Person,

as thin, fat, &c. Freckles, moles.

137
Parts of

Sect.

II.

Health. Medicine.
the body.

Diseases.

Diseased.

150
perfumes,
garlands.
.~...

Sect. III.

Dress, ornaments, clothes,


Furniture.

164

CHAPTER
Race.
criptions
of
priests
;

VII.

Tribe. Order. Priest. Characters 'and destheir

occupations
requisites.

and

observances.

Sacrifice
;

its

Alms
175

worship ; austerity

study. Hypocrisy. Marriage.


objects

Human pursuits, and

CHAPTER
Sect.
,

VIII.
;

I.

Military tribe. Kings


vants. Enemies
$

ministers

officers

ser-

allies.
;

Requisites of govern-

ment

means

of defence

and of

success.

Reve191

nue. Foresight Insignia of Royalty.

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CONTENTS.
Sect.
II.

xvn
page.
Chariots.
Lit-

Camp
ters.

army. Elephants
Warriors.

; horses.

Arms and weapons.

War.
199

Slaughter, Funeral. Prison. Life.

CHAPTER
Third
&c.
tribe.

IX.

Professions,

Husbandman.
Vessels.

Field.

Implements of husbandry. Corn,


Granary.

pulse, oil-seeds,

Kitchen.

Condiments.
;

Prepared food. Dairy. Cattle. Traffick

weights

and measures. Commodities.

220

CHAPTER
Fourth
tribe.

X.
Jugglers.

Mixed

classes. Artisans.

Dancers.
barians.

Musicians.

Hunters. Servants. BarTheft.

Dogs.

Hogs. Chace.

Nets,

snares, ropes.

Loom. Pole

for burden.

Wrought
Spiritu-

leather. Tools. Art.

Images. Wages.

ous liquor.

Gaming
I.

248

BOOK'IIL CHAPTER
Epithets of persons.

259
II.

CHAPTER
Qualities of things

272
III.

CHAPTER
Miscellaneous.

286 IV.

CHAPTER
Ending

Sect.

I.

Homonymous

words,

in

^
*

298

Sect. II.

in J9

304
ibid

Sect. III.
Sect.
Skct.

IV.
V.

in *r
in
in

307
ibid

Sect. VI.
Sect. VII.

^ in v
in ^T

308
ibid

in or

Sect. VIII
Sect. IX.

309
310

in

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xviii

CONTENTS.
page.

Sect.

X.

Ending

in

'312

in

Sect.

XI
XII
XJII

in

V *

ibid

313

in

^
w *
^ * *
ir
...

314
317 325
ibid

Sect.

in
in

Sect.

Sect. Sect.
Sict.

XIV

XV
XV^
XVII
XVIII XIX.
,

in

in in
in

328

330

Skct.

337 338
ibid

Sect. Sect.

in
in

*
w

in ir
in

83f
..

*
q
t

340
342

Sect.
Sect.

XX.

......

in

......

XXI
XXII.

in
in

346

Sect.
Sect.

m
*

355

XXIII

in in

......

35f
361

Sect.
Sect.

XXIV
XXV.

in
i

Sect.

XXVI
XXVII
XXVIII.
Indeclinables

* q H

363
866
369 371

Sect.
Sect.

in

(Homonyma)
V.

CHAPTER
Indeclinables (Synonyma).

376
VI.

CHAPTER
Genders.
Sect.
I.

Feminine
Masculine
Neuter.

383 388

Sbct. II.

Sect. III. Sbct. IV. Sbct. V. Sbct, VI.

393

Masculine and Neute'


Masculine and Feminine

397
399

Feminine and Neuter

400
401

9rct- VII. Three genders.


Sect, VIII. Variation of gender.

402

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I*T2-<=*%K\.

^'VJ*
&h^r-t~^

4/

^-rsr ?>&.

ABBREVIATIONS EXPLAINED.

dn.
pi.

...

Dual
Plural

...

w.
/.

...

Masculine

Feminine
Neuter
Indpclinable
...

n.
/.

...

....

w
*

v*7 *** ^* **m 1%iwn

w:

C^

8
'

s,ng
-

**

* ^..

."*<,

Digitized by

Googk

CONTENTS

to

i^

X.
V
M Fir,
Neuter,

883 388

"
Three genders.

Masculine

......

393 397
399

Masculine and Neuter.

Masculine and Feminine,

Feminine and Neater.

400
401
402

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,*srs

^'a&zvr*^,^
'"--

w^ffa

^ffTf?grpg?nffTfti *farir:

ufhrow:

BOOK
CHAP.
i
I.

I.
I.

SECT.
tn

tn

itt

^t m m
2.

*rt

trt
m

9 %*V) (&*) firftinf


tn

m
6

w
18

vitt

fii^TT

^tto fti^rr ftw. *tt: ^


4m

3m

J** c ties,

dei

*iwfa: **nra* fwf^ni fipftw-

l*.
*

*.
f|[w

3fa.
sing.

4*^.
b
pi.

5**.
Or fafircir
d
,

*fY and
e

both fem. also neut. f^f.

and
or

filfroi

god,

***:.

***T;.

f^fWT:

Digitized by

Google

UUURA KOSIU, or
1

[Book

3.

*rTf^t*T

fffiw%r%^y 2 mb m

rf^fipngifT:

3m

vtfkmr m*%t i^nrr *miT *wnT*nn 4 m 5 m


4.

*f$for. *&59ti ^Nfay ^tw^t^t: d m 6m.it /

m
Sets of divinities, e

8m

9m
:

5.

*rTf*arr

fro

w^w^ r*iajiif!i<rPi<ai
gm
mi
11

XLc m
Demi -gods,
k.

10/

si

nymphsv

fa

6.

fnrn^Ti^r ** tot
Mj

mm
i

*****

farcr.

m
(wft ^wfaro:)

firmer
Giants or
Titans,

mm
m

W*'. fatr **T

12ai

m
18

mm
f^ffiranr:

jjsrfwr
m
A J\na or
Buddha.
8.

i^^t: rfpr.
14

tor wfr 117 *row iwfhi:


w.

J^.

Wf.

*
(5).

ft
*;
or

*
my.
12.

* **.

fcfW$
number

or

BV
fied

5^
8.

and

5^
or

*f%-

or Wfifwis-

d Masc.

neut.

Each

consists

of a speci-

(see their

names

in other dictonaries.)

Adityas

Viswa-

devas 10.

Vasus

Tusftiias 86. A'bhdtwdrai 64.

Anilas 49.
i.e.

Ma-

hdrdjikas 220.
Also

S'ed'byda 12.

i?udrw 11.

PI.

fr^

f^ftwn.
i

vr^Kp^qr;.
*

b Of various classes and denominations, as VtLikewise ni*,


sing.
fern.

dyd&haras &c.
tj^T^f:.
1

*nft and vfifJV.

Also

A demon,

m%K^

pi.

*TOT*-

Likewise

mr^r.

AlSO*W.

Digitized by

Google

Chap

I.

Sect. I.]

StfNGSKRrLi DICTIONARY,

m
m
9.

1mm
m
2

m
m
tH

*w*ti#t mnt^ wrrfarei *taf*nj ftwr:

TOfa%r

mm

?m%T roroft fro**:


Jmb
m
m m
*:)
4

mc
io.

d
7

fa)wmf$*:
6m
9wf
10

**Hf%v Wtff*nr(^
w
11

BDDDHA .b

8m
m

m
m

w
BRAHMA'
e

ll

^fnr% ^t^s:
m
13

m&$ fmtiwr.
12

m
m

14

16

mg
18m

mh
ftfcfc
19

12. *i?rrarfrfr
16

$ Mrj
* 17

iwm:
m
21

m
20

m
m

m
m
vbhh-c.

wjt
m
13-

jramrfii^HT
j

from firewr f5rfW:


m
m

fro*faw
m

mm
s^.
(

#% wfndr fw***wrr:
m

***!*.
a

i*w

lif^,
b

17%^. i8-w
of the

I*-**.
named
e

Likewise HTftttT

W
f

).

The founder

religion

from him. *^J Also HURT.,


vidence, or the Creator.
h

d Likewise

tfi(:,

and fo^Tih.
$T<*:, and

Pro-

Also[ip|fT.

* Likewise
-

^WW.

ffficts*
;

fWw
J

server
of

identified

The rTa<ler and P re * ft*!* and f^f* 5 mythology with the hero KrUhn'a son by Hindu
J

Vasu4cva.

Likewise iTOTO:.

Digitized by

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GUURA KOSHA,
m
14.

or

[Book

I.

twnft:
*

5^fan%!
m

lm

*firfw% i*i*r: ma m

m
15.

2m
b

3m
4

m
^rg^^r: m

<3^r T^T^^nr *i*mfai


m
m
d

mc
m

to

to

16.

^rafa^r:
5m

^Vfi:: ^ffafir.

g^ftwr.
7i

0mf
8 to

m
m

t*

to

17 fararc: *z*fiB* fir*:

^y^

rt

^i;

to

bauara'maj 18. f*ro$:


*

wwdfr *m\$j s^mv*:


m
9m
m
*faiTfar:

m
10

m
19. *ffant^T

m
to

ml 11m

^Vfvfaw ?TT3lt%iT ^Rft ^^t


mm
w*r:

3wir:

^Tf^fa^j

^Tf#^.

*V9i

ftr

*t

-f*

-ftnj.

Also ffW^rar:.

b Likewise
6

d Likewise f^qftip^r..
*sffaHp*

U^rf*:. c Also *T*^:, TUPOr^f<:. f Also wfirf^- & Likewise


*

vr^ff^fH:.

h Father of KrUhn'a, and son of Anacadundubha, J Brother of KrUhna. k Likewise :. And

Also

jp^

*$TO;.

AndMJ^f;.

Also

^ft or sq*V. m Likewise w**;.

Digitized by

Google

Chap.

I. Seel. I.]

StTNGSKR/T^ DICTIONARY.

Ka'made'va.

mb
21.
3
iw

Uc
:

m
m

2m
:

<*Mfqq irerr^rww gm<ir


d

m
4

mf
22.

m
(^t^) *ft*i # / / /

ah
**T*rf?i:
^ Anibud'DHA. e
Lakshmi.
i

*wft* *&%g:
/

(wot wifrftO

*T^w*r
m
fan?)

Krsihn a'
conch.

^*ir:

His discus

&

missile

weapon.

21

^^fr

far)

His mace.

m
His sword.

^Q^T(^fqt)
m 7m wt.rn m nri *n*ro arerr **r?r*: *a*ngr. m m m m *tptt^i%t ft^n^r: ^qiSr: ii*pttict:
fi
'

His jewel,

The vehicle of Vishn'u. k

25.
1

mswnr.
-

^.

ft.
lr^Nr:.
7sAtf.

5unr. *mn. iw.


b Also irt^Tft:, aud *ifd
f

Love or Capid
or

son of TTr&Au'a.
c

?CTft:,
c

*WTTf<:.

Likewise

Also

gwm^: (*).

Son of Prodyumna and husband of


titles

This and the following

terms are
or

both of Kdmadeva aud Anirvdtfha. & Likewise


or

^TO^3

?%3:, and ft^r%^:,


l

ftHpfa: ftsj%7T*:.
described

h Also *prrJ

irf*?;.

The wife

of

Vishn

w,

and goddess

of prosperity.

Likewise

**V*n^, and

qfrft^lft.

k Variously

as a gigantic crane,

a vulture, or an eagle.

Digitized by

Google

UhLURA KOSHJ,
W*

or

[Book
in
IR

I.

Wi

14.

twnft:
*

iv3i3j 'Hft^ T i*wwr:


m

ma

15.

^r T^m.**

^<WMifViau
4

*gwar:
m

m
ft

mc
m

i6.

^rafa^T: *Vft: ^fta%: 5**Ww: 5m 6m f m 7 w


m

I 7 - f%^5^nc:

mg wz*fis f*^: qft<mmic


i
i

8mm
m

VA8UDE'vA.h

^j^ fa ^^w , ^ ^^^j^^.


m
k

tn

BAUARA-kA.j 18.

wsm$: xraraiy *m\$j

snmm:
m
10

m
m
19.

ifann^r <

\M^ mt^T s**ft mm


tn

11

vaft

#iwn: ^itoTfar: iiTfti^tfc^T

wsr:

1
7

^Tf#^.

*nit**.
a

**r --f*. fan*. **.

*T

-fr*

<*finj.

10

fa*
c
f

fa*
g Likewise
*

Also farofr*:.
h Father of

b Likewise tnffinf*!:.
e

Also YT3%*:, Vtqi.

d Likewise f*qfta*pc:.

Or*ftf<s.

Also wfirer*^.
of

^"TUP*

Krishna, and son


J

Anacadundicbha.

Also

qWfff^fM:-

And 5^:.
I

Brother of
fgipft.

KrUhna.

k Likewise *$TO;*

And MgWf ?

Also gwfft or

m Likewise
Digitized by

Google

Chap.

I. Seel. I.]

SffNGSKR/TJ DICTIONARY.

20.

**%t *n^T tt: ustwt


m m
m

*foi%?ni:

mm

Ka made

va.

nb
3

Uc
d

m
m

2m
m

21. qfcKi frfofaq : ^*>^<-^*iqi:

mf
22.

4m
/

nh
(^n^) *f*i*i
f
'

*wfa *s%g:
/

*T*rf?r.
^

Anieud'DHA. e
Lakshmi.
i

23.

Tf^TT stamraT n *jKrf*nnraT t*t


(*ret ^^fN^r.) ^T^ap*nr
Krtihn a
conch.
1

fas) ^*ir:

His discus

&

missile

/L
24
.

weapon.
His mace.

BfN^fKl^T)
m

His sword.

3R^i*r
6

(*f<li:)

His jewel.

m
The vehicle of Vtshn'u. k

nrt

*nj^ htctj **tfrei: ^n^r:


m
m m w ft^n^r: ^iror. h*ptt*ft.
3
$

25. iHiiri^T
i

*_.
or

vrarar.

*vj.

ft.
irfto:.

*mr.
d

in|. * w.
*(-

Love or Capid

son of KrUhn'a.
c

b Also

m^Tfts, and

tTft:,
c

^wnfcs.

Likewise

Also

gwm^: (*)

Son of Pradyumna and husband of Ushd.


titles

This and the following

terms are
or

both of Kdmadeca and AnirudeCha. * Likewise


or

^TO^3

?%3:, and ft^r%^;,


*

f<Bf%g: r< mfr*


described

:.

h Also
J

^nrr-

irfff:*

The

wife of

Vishn

*/,

and goddess

of prosperity.

Likewise

qfan4t, and

qftift^qft.

k Variously

as a gigantic crane,

a vulture, or an eagle.

Digitized by

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UMU&A KOSHJ,
siva a

or

[Book
1

I.

mb m m m m mjiifir. fire: T^ft wu^: sinffa: m mc m 2m m


m m
27.
t

md
3

m
e
4

m
m

wwre*: 3i%*t*t:
5#t

fw^ uroTfinr.
v

28-

w m m 6 *T*^%T H^T^tT fiq^ni^firaH*:


7

mm
m

m
*ff ^t^ftfira:

wng^m:
wf
29.

m8mg^9m
1*

^*tot

wife

m
m

vc wvtt w?j mra^ fsrww*: v


m tippet
m
10

s***rftr.

s?p*^ ?^rr:
11

m m

m
His braided hair, h

*u*7
m
j

m *&*$?:)
k
faf*.

ni

His bow.
Hi attendante.

fW%T $*lrf
31. H4jg ;

(^5:)

^Tf<^T)
*

nn.

9 **.
919^:.
h Rolled

10

fa^.
his
3

11^TW.
b Also Uf|r;.
f

The destroyer and reproducer.


c

Likewise ipf.

d A.I90

Likewise arf&TO: W).


head.
Sing.
*

Also ^fa:. g Likewise

in^:.

on

Also *ranrf, toot*, nTCPTT*,


k This,

TOTCTT*, and jwffarf-

inn*;.
is

which

is

likewise

a name of Siva's attendants,

variously written.

Sing,

irrfw^x

m^^J,

or irnilp.

'

Or

energies of the gods, via.

Brdhml, Maheswari,
or

Aindri,

Vafdhi, Vaishnavi,
to

Kawndri, Kauvirt

Chdmunid, and

Charchicd.

Also

JT|rT<ft.

Digitized by

Google

Chap.

I. Sect.

L]

SUNQSKRITA DICTIONARY.
n
Superhuman
power, a

/
/
32.

/b

*
/

/& /

/t
/

i/f
Bha'wani'.c

*T ^TWT'nft
/g
/

?lffr RTlft

V*l**fWft
^

f
2/i

ftm wn*ft
/
in

**nift / /

**W ^?t
/h
m
m
yr<^*j ftmi

33. *praft
S

?wft ffi wvnft


m

m
Gan'e
sa.
j

finrT9%

4mm
m

Aran* W^: innfim:


m
m

5ml

Tfft%%r
35.
ii

mm

atot:

*ittot *fpr*: m

mm
'

Ka'rti'keya. k

iJ<ftm T: *i^: friijftt foi mfy. m m * m 6 m in

36.

mwid^ ifli^J jwk: wf^rro


m

7m

8mp

9mq

m
Indba. a

T% ii^wr^ *r**T fiwtaK mure*:


It.

**-.

3,.

4^_.

5 ^q. 6%*.

71*3.

* Consisting in preternatural faculties of eight sorts

(see the

enu-

meration

in

other dictionaries), such


b This

as the power of assuming


(

an imperceptible form Ac.


are by

and the preceding term


for
of

f*$f*t :

>

some considered

to be here intended
c

names
f

of ashes rub-

bed on the person


destruction-

of Siva.

The
e

wife

Siva and goddess of


Likewise
*

d Likewise iflTT.

Also qrTVT*

t^TWHl.

* Also firft.
J

h Likewise ^faSPJ,
of difficulties.

^oft

or ^qrr.
l

Also

The obviator

k The god of war.

Likewise v<6Hffr.

01

Also wnf%W.

n Likewise flfl*KK<l*.

Regent of the sky.

p Also

wwvrg

*3

) j

some add inprq.

* Likewise fraftmT:.

Digitized by

Google

W
'

UMUKA KOSIU,
I

or

[Book

I.

m
w

37.

*i**t: ^rrek:
"*

^wm
m

sts^t:
m

3m

4 in

8 8.

iq&mT ^mU(%

**ft rra%r

s?m **r
m

6m
39.

m
9

*inr*^
in

*fw:
8

^tkih
m
10

*^N^
m m

vm^T %*T*m sttvto ^to*i


m
*nms*s:

toot? w*ngi^
/t

/
Sachi. e

n/

'

12/g

His horse.
chari0-

41

^13h (J*) g^'.^^i:

Ser.

(**T) *T?rfor

Kr
JAYANTA
-

or

His palace.

(^TTCJ

. UTOT^T) **3T^T

^m.
>ll-.

m m wrar: m^aii^f^ :
"

l
t-KTK,

8_wsf.

9WIT-

10

I**
c
l

TO.
b Likewise CT9*t:. xpnifk: and VrT^fa:. Some add TOflfar.%5- The wife of Indra.
e

* Also

Also
Like-

90fTWT.

wise Ufa;, and *^t, or ?jf*:.


(

Also *KHXT.

h Likewise

v^w*;

).

Son of Indra.

Digitized by

VjOOQIC

Chap.

I. Sect.

I.y

SPNGSKR/TjI DICTIONARY.

'.

m
42.

lm
m
ft

2m

8m
.

^i^rj
/

wmiyimpwur
w
c

mnanbrn
4

m
43.

md

/ e
(vft')

writf*. *gr. vfir n mn

^TfanrafM:

44.

(*H0 Wt

^WT
/

JKSS
/k /
The
river of
j.

heaven.

8m
*

The mountain Suneru. 1

trees,

m.

m
46.

nmw.

wmmws (^ ^fa it) *fi^*f

*
*

8-f^.
b

9^.
Likewise firf^?? and fify:.

Also jRfoq.

Also ^ni:

iv).

d
f

Likewise n*ix.

And
*

mi

or ?fa:.

Also qrmft* and v*mifw:.


h

Or

of any god.

As Ndrada> &c

Ambrosia and Nectar


*

or

tbe food and drink which confer immortality.


vtui.
*

Likewise

Iter*

and

The Ganges
l

of the sky, suggested probably by the milky-way. of the world's axis


;

k Also ^ri^Y*
abide.

The extremity

where the gods

Severally

named

in the text.

B
Digitized by

VjOOQIC

10

UMVRA KO&EA,
m
b
TO c

or

[Book

I.

SanatkuII

ABA. a
jLswi-nt.

^torri^i *wm:

\m
&

The

3m

Nymphs, f
Celestial

(fwt
mj
i

w)
5

^n^:

wst
6

(***ftw.)
ml

mraTcians.

48. (^TJT

^^^^ W^^'RW^fjrf^lN^O
m
m m
mo
II

mm
Fire

m
7

*lf*TO *STT*T^t ^ftP^t filTh^T

wngj^: 8 mn

49. 3Pfte3ftfr^r%T

9m

10

*roi%*nB ?ro*n?ni m m m

t tn^. OrT^.

iff*

Or *f%*.

10^.

11ar^.
mankind.

The son of Brahma, and


JfqyUK*
c

eldest of the progenitors of

b Likewise

Also wTfTKfaP-

d Physicians of heaven,

and

twin sons of the son by his wife Sanjnyd in the shape of a mare, or
children
of the

constellation

Asunni.

One

of the twins

is

named

Ndsatya, and the other Ddsra; bu t these terms,


both of them.
Their patronymics are used
in

in the dual, designate

the singular,

when

either is singly intended* Likewise *TfiPiqV*

Celestial courtesans,
Sic.

as Urvati,

Rambhd, Menacd, Ghri*achi, Tifottamd,

Likewise
as

^pf HIT.

b Also

wi 4\
Indec.

and Ararat
k

Quiristers of heaven,
J

Bahdy
;

HHha9 Tumbura.
lTf^r: (*).

Vitwdvasu, Chilrarafha, &c.

Likewise ^j^r

and

And

THFT

5-

Also

99:

and

H ^l

:>

And

Indec ^r^:. l Sing, TOP*:- Also ?P9w: and iTTaEfYi. m One commentator makes the plural of this word Pmi*HT:, but erroneously say
others.

n
(<TT).

Or, according to a different etymology, *^in?T^

(\).

And

*%W.

Wfc or tf^^Tjr^

Also ^rjr: <j).

Digitized by

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Chap.

I. Sect.

I.]

SVNG8KR/TX DICTIONA.RY.
mb
lin
.

mam
50.

mm
*rar.
2

^n^rri&T m
4

vwui: ?w^: to%t


m
3

m
8

m
m

mc
9

mi

m
*2.

^gftKfqnf
10

m
X

m/
m/ni

m/gll/h
m

/
-

53. (far*) ^RfaTOrffaraw:

P ark.

m
m

m
fJRCTfw:
14

4hhin: 12 m

^fr:
13

faift) a bum.

m
yama.
j

wnpaar. m
m

^wreft i?^?r;t? m m 15
m

mm

ik

mm
3 ^nr

*fo
EX.
ffl^
*

Or

qr.

syh.
i*

*to. * **. e ^.
10*
"
:

fw
^Ti.
n:,
e

7**.
b

8-*.

*-.
c

^11

^f
(fjr.

13 to.

-w.
Also

1B

*m.
Likewise *grf*:

Likewie U|I|M|1|:.

?*T<T.

Also

being consisting of flame, but with a mare's head,

sprung from the thighs of


1
1

Urva,

and was received by the ocean.


h

Masc.

fern,

9QTBT.
ji .
J

g Fern, tftoi.

Also

f.

n.
;

*fn:,

(*).

Fern. qyfqryT , neut.

The regent of worlds below


Likewise 3^ifTK*-

or death,

and judge of departed

souls.

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12

UM7RA. KOSHJ,
"t

or

[Book

I.

1*
hi

A giant

or

55

,3^.
m

^j. j,^ j,^^


mc

mma
f

^ ^j^.
A*

md

m
Mg
4m
m

me

3m
VABnA.f

mh5m
:

fl^n tot. unft ^i^lMRi<mfw

mm

Air or wind.

57.

58.

l&Fl ^PFfr *|3*Wllgl ^prf?!: m mi m 7m 8m ^RfiST *wi%t *witot ftwrnu'nt 9m ink mj m m ^ifk wtoi *r*^* *ft?(jito wfkm:
10

m
11m

m
Air inhaled.

12

59 jfj^T jijp^

TOTTO^?)^*

*TT^t(^ TOT.

or Yel -

35!*

^ "^
91

IS

fa) ^r: ^rr-

7*.
*

8^|.
Or nr*R:.
e

9^.
b

10^.
c

Uw.

12

*.

13 th^;.

Or qnfto*
f
*

Likewise

*fc.

and vf*:. d Or
*

ornrnir:. h

Also ihffg:.

Or
and

the regent of water.


* *

WTO.

Also wnrhrfm.

Orwwirnr,
htwt:.

Likewise WWJU.
Likewise Wtfm.

Likewise k Also

wr?rq[ (dn.

wpnit; or *w*ft

; )

Five

breaths, or air inhaled or emitted several ways, as breath, deglutition,

c.

Also ?fa:.

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Chap.

I.

Sect. I.]

SUmSKMTA
n
n
n

DICTIONARY.
*2c
4
ii

13

lma
60.

*%t (n)
it

tt wfaf n f**^ wi
'

^y

'

swiftly,

3*

6*

ng
continually.

61.

m&t
*

firr^ny^Tffi ^rerHiftiAjftuf
8

nh

ex-

10

9i

11

n 12 n

13 n

14

16

nk

16

63. (aft)

rfNT^pw^TTq fg^rt Sspnf*

^
U
IT

m
*

*
16

io

*_

11

*_

12

w_

13 iftn.

15-iH.

Likewise ***,:.

b These terms, used adverbially, are neuter

but as adjectives, they agree in gender with the subject. Mas<5. tftw*,
fem. $tn*9 neut.

*ta\

Also Indec. *r*. d Except this term, which


adjective.
f

properly should not be used as an

These likewise are


is

neuter as adverbs, but vary as adjectives.


indeclinablesadjective.

This

reckoned

among
an

* Except this, which properly should not be used as

Except

this also,

which

is

never used as an adjective.


l

This

is

also

reckoned among indeclinables.


*

These likewise are

neuter as adverbs, but vary as adjectives.


are invariably masculine
;

Except these two, which

but they are used adverbially in the second


is

singular neuter.

k This

indeclinable according to some.

They are
various

neuter when used not as nouns ; consequently, as adverbs.


reading
is

mA

*J^J*nfw, (used as an epithet or discriminative) instead of


$ i.e., as

CTTOlfw, (used as a noun

an adjective.)

Digitized by

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(
1*

OMURA ROSEA, or

Book

I.

U
KuvbIu. a

m
m

m
7m

finr^it *^*jr. 4mb 5mc 6md


n

^V^t ^rmr.

The parden
Kuvira.

of

(^NfaSTm) THR^r
ml
fojTCj)

yalakuvara.

11^^

m
iraE^wa.g.

66. *rTO: (^tpr)

/
city.

His throne

and

vehicle.

(f%?n*f g) gsrcfr

8m
His attendants.

(^HTcj)

fkmx.:

fifcni^aOra^T
h

*nj:

m
His treasure.

67. fiffa (*fi) ifafa

i:z?r
7_*.
*

for.

wiw^^t f**o

8_w
The god

of

riches.

Also

9%^:.

Likewise qqrftnpff:.
l

Also ffcjftw:, or

%^fw,

and ftvft*.
*

Son of Kw&ra.

The

same term,

ia the dual, designates both the sons of


gri'va.

Kuvb'ra
are

named
%*fw:
such

Nalakovara, and Manx


1

bode of Kuv&ra.
(for

h Also

See an enumeration

of the

other seven

there

nine

fabulous gems) in other dictionaries.

Digitized by

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CJxip.l. Sect. II.]


1

SffNGSKR/Tii DICTIONARY.
SECTION
II.

15

/
4

/
nd
n

lnb
n

2*
5

*c

6 a

wn

8fline

13/ 14/

15/

/
(vjpct

fqpr)

^Nft
ta

farif

/
j^
ta ?a

#*.

~
fa

5.

T^Wr (3 T?n T^nrt)


fa
ta

Situated or bearing.}
<*.

fa

1
*

*.
.

2-inj.

3^_.
fi^.

**T

13

^t_.

*w 14 *_.
91
f

15^.
Or *nt/.
c

m
h

4n^.

5flnj.

6^.

*tht.

Tft^[-

See

v. 4.

Likewise ?nf (M.)

Or *riH.

Jfasc.

f*m*T:. Neut. ft^ra:. Also


pi*

faVROT.

and indec fpjTW A tract or quarter of the world sing. f^, pi. f^ni. Or
*-,
;

with the feminine termination f^HT>


with the feminine termination
East, South, West, North.
*

f^TH.
In

Nom. ^f^nr Also


:

* griff:.
Some
:

their order

namely,
re-

read qrmnft for the


J

South ;
;

stricting qrerft to the region below.

Ex. u f
Air N.

mi

neut.^f. k In

their order

E., S. E., S., S.

^ W., W.,
y;

eastern

fern

N. W.,

N., N. E. Thus 6re 8. E. iVaiVfta S.

W.
:

W.

Sfca*
;

N. E. From

the regents, the points are denominated


east
;

as xfc^, East

^p?Mt> South-

*TOT 9 South

4c.

Digitized by

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IS

imiTRA KOSIIi,
m

or

[.Boo*

I.

m
a

m
*

m
-s

Elephant*, at the points, a

5.

VWK OT*faT *W*\ f*%J ***'


1a
i

$ht^h:

^n^ta
/c
/

^n?far*r fa

f^wwrO

8/

Their females

6 (^jf^T)
-

4^$ ^f^WI
/d

fiffr<ligMUJ (1*1 1<()

/e

Intermediate
point, f

7,

/ ^ . (gftWT^ W) Jlf^f f^ftf W-fff^^f^RTt) v

* it

SS?
The

W*rf fa)

*CTCltf

mi
sensible horizon, h

^TOTT^ fa) *niJW

cloud.

ink

HKI^J *RnTOT dflW|^


m
9.

TTfT^T {WUcl

6ml
1

7mm

^nr *fWi&

^f^ fRl* pwt,ra:


/

A succession
of clouds.

3TH?frnft #lMH<*lT

nfn

l
*

4**.
order.

i_*.
c

*-..

4^.
d

5H3.

e_^.

r_pr.

Belonging to the several regents of them, respectively. b In the


Also

same
f

***9*
*

Likewise ^f^lft. Likewise


nfirqr.

Or

half quarter, as 8. E. Ac.

h
k

Also ^p^T. Or any orb

and circumference1

Or ^f*rtf- J Or w**\ Likewise OTlgq, ***, Ac. m Properly this


:

Also wrfNtl.

signiBea a cloud of

smoke

and tft^t:

is

a visible exhalation.

Digitized by

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Chap.

I.

Sect. II.]

SUXQSKR1TA DICTIONARY.
n
1

17

nb

10. *rf*nf *ifar?T

$*fMrfv Tf%m
2/ 3/

/c

(f* *0 /

The

rattling of thunder.

a
Lightning.

/d
g

^w
12.

nf

fa rf^aivT)

clap of thunder, e

4m

ifrrotftrf^W.
6*

flesh

lightning, h

vsen*

*rapjg^

rainbow.

ft**

W$ TtfW
6m

iXn',
Rain.

Drought.

m
13.

m
^itott:

^i<m*m<i

A m
k

hard

shower.

*?ta^T ($nimiT:*im:) nun rain.


111.

*fc

$_*ft.

5_*.

EX.3*.

Or

the grumbling of clouds.

b Including other synonyms, as

Uffinfj
*

Ac.

Also m^T.
fall

d Better

^t^wft
*

Likewise sfarreft.
f

The noise attending a

of thunder or stroke of lightning.

Also
the
its

^KBra:. and
fire

fromv:,

or

ft^aTCI.
*

Or vwrpreH:.
his

h
is

Or

attending a stroke of lightning.

When

bow

bent,

shadow appears as a rainbow

when unbent,

it is

invisible to mortals.

Some

of the

commentators have approached towards a true explana$

tion of the rainbow

saying that

it

proceeds from the rays of the sun,


air,

which are
the sky.

of various colours,
i

and being dispersed by the


k

appear in

Likewise wfaf.

Or Ota*;.

Or

<f*U5.

Digitized by

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18

IMURA K0SH4,
1

or

[Book

I.

mf

Hail.

cloudy

day. a

(into* i%)
14.

f^
mt

& b
ce.

*wrf
n

wr

(if* *)
w

*tfi^im*t
c

4m
The moon.

m
6

m
m
16.

^y $*inr. *tftr ^w'wnw: *wTfafir.


mh
fi^rro: top^t imn: ?rto::

digit

17

urn

(el

iitvdi *n^i)

mnj
The
disk of

mfn
(tf*ft)

the sun or

ft%

moon.

K^Q (fin)

part.

m WW ^1
n

mn

m
(*T "g^) J^T
#

Half.

it

(* s

*%)

1*.
*

m
c

*TW.
b

4^J.

5**.
hides

6 ^ft_.

Or obscured by
f

clouds.

Or anything, which
* Also
*

and with(

holds from sight.


Also^r**:.

Also vr^f. and w*pf.


yiqqq:
inft,
.

d Likewise mji,

TO.

Likewise

^Vm,

Oj.)

h Likewise

^WT^:, OT*T5qpr : > and


moon's diameter
*

(<J.)

Or

the sixteenth part of the

One author makes

this fern.

Also ftijt.

Digitized by

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Chap.

I.

Sect. II.]

StfNGSKR/TJ DICTIONARY.
/
/

'

19

/a
l8 -

^%*T 5nH?ffr S^fa^T


1

Moonlight.

m
3n

m /
19.

nb

w^t^ *t**# fa) fs* 9*1 fa) *rapif


**T
(iTCWT *fclT)

$* or

/c
7

^
4/

sitc

t;

**t ^Tf^finr
5
n

vfr.
^

6m
/d
fay)

3:.
Frost

ft

^WW3^(?j)'ft^T^g^T^gfTif f?W
20.

m%tf faff^T

/
snow.

*ft?T

(^%) x ^ '

C W
ness.

or chil-

w/ne

m/ m/n
*
'

m/n
-

m/n m/n m/n

gl(L

21 gvrc: sffasr: ^%t f%w : ** m

(wmfefir.)
The poI*
'

**

*ftv\\AH\Vi:

fan)
h

star, f

grandson of the

^f^n. b Likewise c AIgo ^^ Ornffen. 'Likewise^,:, and * tf Orthe north pole itself In mythology, Dhmva is son of Uitdnapddm, and consequently
:
.

Also

^^

^
*

first

Manu.
fe

In Astronomy,

minons.

J^y,

UMmjtida,

is

Uri

regent of the star

Campus.

Also vrffe-

Digitized by

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20

UAtURA KOSHJ,
1

or

[Book

I.

ma

22.
His consort.

Skmfiirc
nb 2n
n

/nc

3/nd

A star.
Asterisms. c

23. ^T^TT^^KT (i f^ftWTTf^ JTTCT)

4/
The head of
Aries.

6/

Start in the

ft

Southern
scale.

Stare in Cancer.

^
24. (^!T) ufH&T
of

(s) ftp* fHwfV


6/

The Dolphin.

The wing
Pegasus.

nh
Orion.

7/

8/i
Stars in bis head.

25.

tstot* (af^r^si ?nwfirTOPsi m m nk 9 m m

*rr.)

The planet
Jupiter,
j

4
7

^J*T-

*
^rnCF.
e

6 FTLikewise

*T

^TT.

f*

* Likewise

masc

WKt,

b Also sntaf. c Neut. d Neut. : and?iKV:. *c, fem.

T*fnp.

W orWt.
f

4*u?mC
Properly

and

others, the longitude of which regulates the divisions of the zodiac.

In mythology, they are nymphs, and daughters of Daksha.

dual, as indicating two stars, which compose this constellation according

to ancient authors.

But astronomers now recken


fern.

four. * AJso

MJpRTn.

b Likewise masc. qppfrihj and


1

WlftlTT:

(^r).

Also masc.

ipn.

AJso w^irr:.

VrVuxspatiy

the

preceptor of the

gods, son of

Angiras,

k Likewise nftfh:, ift:*f*:,

and *farfa:.

Digitized by

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Chap.

I.

Sect. II.]

StfNGSKIUTM DICTIONARY.
a
1

21

m
26.

w
flii

m
i
.

^h ^Tff^%T ^T^finr fo g qfi f r m 2 m c wd m

mm

*j$T twnj*: *ts[ utt *m*: m m m


27-

^rftr:
iw

Vcnue b

^FTT^: f$T
m

^T ^fTJITfT if^^W.
m

Mars, e

ftfs^rT iv:

^JW
mh
wi i

Mercury,

iik

"*

m
m

(^HV^T rfh^l9VTir)
n

f^rarftl^fllSW:

Ursa major.l

29- (TTJn*ll*"t^j)

^*

Ascension.m

(*n*mm:)
mo
m
3

the

&&<?.

5m

6m

^? ^J^^lfipw n^inw f^rro^i:

sun

The patronymic

in

the plural, reverts to the original form

Wf5f^:. b S'ukra or U'sanas, the preceptor of the giants, son of Bhrigu and regent of the planet Venus. c In the vocative sing. ^iPT:(^r)
^fH*nr,
or ^q*:.
d Likewise *$'*.

This

and the

patronymic,

in the plural,

make K?pn*

According to mythology, the son of the


(or

earth.

Budha,
& Sani,
fiftft:.

son of Soma,

the

moon) by R6hini

(or the

Hyades).
properly,

the offspring of the snn by


*
! )

CNh&yd.
ifr^tf,

Or more

Also *jfa:
(

Likewise ufa:

son of Svnhiki.

k Also masc. HUTS,


are the seven sages
;

^.

The seven

principal stars in

Ursa major

Marichi, Atri y Angiras, Pulaslya, Pulaha, Kratu


rising of the signs.

and Vasiskfhd.

m The

The sign

Has

i )

are

Aries, Taurus, &c.

Likewise ^T^:.

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22

UilUT\A KOSHil, or

[Book

I.

m
30.
2

1mm
ire

nT^TnrwT
m
4

jwhtc
m

fwmi:
m
3

m m

wro^ ftmn
in

wnj ^f^isT^rn^:
ma

mb

6m

31.

fw^j^iT* 7 m
m

n^s
m
m

fwftrq^ir
m

ynm
m

8>#t

n 10mc
d

mm
,?l
The dawn,
e

11

12m

33. T3r.

ft*% W*T (M^mY. *ITf*?Tfw)

m
f

mm
m

mg
15

14

mh

Halo.

34.

Ijf?$TO(g) ^rf^^Vg^nif iTC|5%

m
Aray. %

16

m m

m 17 m

m/

18

mi

"ftnc^OT^f

m
35.

i^^T85 m/

^nf^i ^f%t v^im:

^^:^nn^N:(^^T)ff fwfir:(f*RroO
3^ftjf.
9f?|.
15
1
4

*_.

3.
8*. M-w.
,

*-.
**.
c

^nj.

7ft.
13-^.
*

*
16

11^J.
17 ^(j.

1~*.
18*ftr.
d Like-

Also *nrhl?
e

b Likewise

wff <;;.

Aleo mw:xrf*:.

wise OTTO:.

Severally

named
:

in the text.

They

are Indka,

Yam a,

and Firr, under other names


two others on
*T^pT..
h Also

one placed on the

left of

the sun

the

his

right.
'

The

charioteer of the sua.

* Likewise

qft^w.

Some read Rft.

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Chap.

I. Sect. II.]

StfNGSKRTTii DICTIONARY.
1/

23

2//a 8/ / 4/ / (^:)wr *r*fa fiwcT n^Kf*r ^f?nfhr*:i.ight.


/ / B
6n

771

HI

VNff SWfalf
n
n

W^Nl *f^
*

(fal

fl^fil)

Warmth, c

/
Heat, e

37. f?t*i ?ft^f

^C {*V0
/

wnwn *r&fw K**

^r.

fiw.

^.

* $ffr.

ttfro.

Tftfw.

Also masc. n: (9) or irw,

(9)*

Or any

lustre

and heat.

Some

interpret this, the converse of darkness.


article

Others make the three

terms of this

synonymous with the preceding eleven, as signify-

ing light and illumination.

They are

distinguished

from the
c

article

which precedes, as not immediately issuing from the sun.


d
f

Or warm.
e

When
These

used as adjectives they vary with the gender.


also,

Or

hot,

when employed as
like

adjectives,

vary with the gender.

Appearing at a distance

a sheet of water.

The phenomenon

called Mirage,

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24

TMUWA

KOSILi,

or

[Book

I.

SECTION

III.

Time.

1.

*T%T fie^T

(j^f)

**T

(f%

**^T

(f^)

First lunar

day. a

2/c
f?TOf (i Tit *ft)

lunar day.

m
A
day.

4n
(*t
f

nuc

3.

*%t f^n^ift
m
n
*

3 rfft)

6 n g

f^ro *t*tV 6nh

Morning.

3.

IWTTf

W
(f^TTifi

/k

Eve.

s) *nf
/I

Twilight

a
c

The beginning
f

of the

moon's increase or wane.


d Also fem. fwS\.

Or

xn|7?t.

The

thirtieth part of

a lunation.

Some
(

write
)

TOTC*> erroneously.
fern.

Likewise qrn^i.

g Also masc.

frw:

9.
!

and
Also

WWI-

h Likewise masc.
J

mow:

(W)

and neut.

m^:

(*.)

Hm
FnS.

and fwrn.
*

Or

the close of the day,

k Masc.

*r*5.

Indec.

Likewise

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CUf.

I. Sect.

Ill]

S0NGSKR/Ti DICTIONARY.
2
/b
(*RW)

25

It

*iwrrow *mwx% (fiwwfl


JW^t
/d
3/c

5ft**
Night.

/
/

/
4/e

/f

/g

/h

5.

*fircw

*m$ (^Tfii:)
/j

a**

trow (finnro:)
m
n

of

3'^'
1

H^TVT ^^t-Tlq^n

Evening.

sifcra

fcraFHft

(A)

Midnight.

(f^)^TfU^t

(*lft) A

watch,

A Forenoon, afternoon, and mid-day.

The

three tarns of the day

ate collectiTely called fk**e{, n. or farg^a^T, f. b Also ww^V. Also d Likewise fain. Also mrwft. f Likewise TVifar:. Also Ktift. i Some make this a Vitrei). h Likewise wf*:, or iiwt and irrwt.

part of the^xplanation.

But

it is

one of the terms exhibited, accord3

ing to ethers.

It also signi6es night in general.

This

is

interpreted
nights.

by one
1

author the night of full moon. k


first

Or a day and two

The beginning of night. The two m The eighth part of the day.

hours (g'Kati*) after sunset.

D
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'

25
full and change of the moon, a

UMURA

KOSHil,

or

[Book

I.

The

7.

(*)

nHf**: (y fo qw q qia

V^ *m

c)

Last day of the half

month.

wifV {*w$t i)
Wimft fa)
8.

Day

of fall

moon.

rtfiw

Moon a

little

- gibbous,

(*wnlft wj) fljufa:

Moon
full,

quite

(1? ) twit (fawrai^)


/f

*/

*g

Day

of

new

moon.

Moon a
horned,

little

9.

(*t

w^:)

ftpffonra^

/i
Moon exactly new. i

(to *ic^*^it) sn?:

An

eclipse.

wrctftum
(*ww$r far^t
^r

Eclipsed.

sfan *)

n
1st of a half

The junction
of the
full

of the 15th

and

month, or the precise

moment
c

or change of the

moon

b Also

xA and
d

tf fa:.
is,

Likewise

^f*T,

^f^rft,

^ruft and

iftfq).
rises

That

a
)

fifteenth
less
1

day of the moon's age, on which she


fall.

one digit (^th.

than

similar

day

but on which she rises quite

full.

add <V3W.

Also wirrwnft, ^TOPtft, vrrouft; *nmr4t, and mm. * Some h That is, a thirtieth day of the moon's age, on which

she rises visible.

Or

sets visible

the

first

lunar day having commenc*

ed, or the fourteenth of the

dark half month being unfinished.


rises invisible.
J

similar day, but

on which she

Also

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Chap.

I.

Sect. III.)

SffNGSKR/Tyl DICTIONARY,

27

10. q~*qj|fomft (IT*)

m
*

X"tUW(?l

WnfWI

A meteor, a
Sun & moon.

2m
(^W%JSTT) ^^Wtft
(fi[*T3W: finiHi*V)

(fifrr*

m:)

wr: 2g*

(wnsi f*r*c0

**:
wn

S. .t
e

(^ 5) 'SW^J (^K'ijRP'tWC) An hoar, 3 Mg

,IW
i
*

^ '"J ^)
1

Amonthj

*
and

**rq, or
c

rer.

*_.

As a

falling star,

&c. also a comet b Or thirtieth part of a Kali

and measured by eighteen twinklings.


d

Or
*

thirtieth part of & Kalian a.

The

three hundred
;

sixtieth part of the day. c

The

thirtieth part

ef the day

containing twelve Kshanas.


*

A nyctbemeron,
:

containing

thirty MvJiurtas.

Some make

this neuter
*

but erroneously. h Half

a month, comprising
full,

fifteen days,

Respectively, from
*

new moon

to

and from the opposition to the conjunction.


thirty days.

The twelfth part of


This
ts

a year comprising two patohas, or


lunar time.

according to

But the same name


*tt:
(

is

applicable to the solar

and

sidereal

months, k Likewise

).

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28

UlAURA ROSEA,

or

[Book

I.

A season,

13.

(h

h n*Ufrnft Wl\) MQ
(^) Krf (fiffe)
HI

A half yew.
b

year, c

(*ra%

rf?w#^r

{fiw j<mi)
2n nd

qrart:

Equinox.

m
A'grahdya-

mf

Mdgha.

nm

^
111

m
Chaitra.

mm

The

sixth part of a year,

com prising two months,

as

Mdgha and

Phdtgun'a. Properly the season consists of two solar months : but the term is also applicable to lunar time. b Or the sun's alternate journies
towards the tropics, measured by three seasons. c Consisting of the northern and southern tracts of the sun. d AJso masc. ffffT^, and
ftjw:.

And f*fW*

or frf*:.

Month

in which the

moon

is

full,

nearly in the longitude of Orion's head. f Likewise *Hf: ( IT. ) f Also h Near y and 8 of Cancer l Near the lion's heart. qrcTfTYW:.
J

Some add mr:

<w).

k Near the lion's

tail.

(Also qrarjpr;.

"Hear

the virgin's spike.

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Chcp.

I. Sect, III.J

StfNGSKB/T4 DICTIONARY.

29

m
16.

m
Fat/d* *a.a
,

mtj%

?rnr%T tp$t

m *%*!&*:
mc

JyaiM'ka.b

m'i

3 mi

fatTO)

fW^ T^I
4

(TOT)

*H^T

(***)

*'*- U
Kdrttika.k

(^mJl) *Tfal%

m
18.

THS^Wf Jklf'llfiftl

Mum
winter*
1

ftlfll^J

(ffWWl^)

Gold season.

a
Spring, o

**^l ^WTiW: *5Tfa^ m


q|ta

mq

Hot

Month

in

which the moon


c

is full

near the southern scale. b Near

the scorpion.
* Also

Likewise fcw:.

d Near the
'

how

of

Sagittarius.

WWI?:, ^ni?qn. and

WTO? :.

Nearly in the longitude of

the eagle. Nearly in the longitude of the wing of Pegasus. h Near the head of Aries. * Likewise tw: 1 Also W^pr:. k Near the
Pleiades.
l

Comprising
n

A 'grah&yan 'a

and Pauiha.

m Likewise %WT

and

(^).

Including

Mdgha and Ph&lgwx'a.

Consisting of

Chaitra and VaUakfha. p Comprehending

JyaUMha

and A'shdtTKa.

Or %**:. Also **!>

<*

*!T

Oj).

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30

imVRA KOSHA,
m

or

[Book

I.

mb

2/d
Bains, c

/e

(farat)

hurt (%rt ufa)


m

WT
^
h

Sultry

OXLf
4

mi

mj

A
A

year.

patriarchal day.

21.

(*i%*

w%) rikm: ^s?

A day
gods,

of the

A day of
Brahmd. o
7

L
(?J

kalpa. p

^iw
n

^ *<HT*0

A mailmantara. q

22.

**mr<
m
r

(<j

f^wr giwi*NwHfin)

A destruction of the world.

m
iwrer:

wtk

w
m
s
fa).

%*:

iwn (*rfa)
^lrfrpn, &c,

Likewise

Hmulmin:, *W*J, and OTgTmr:. Or


b Also Wfi

and ^nffPU, &o.


Bhddra.
ing to

Containing S'rdvan a and


f

d Likewise unPTT.
Kdrttilca.

Restricted to the plural


* Also ifc^t.
in the

Answer-

AVwi'm and
J

h These six seasons

severally oorrespend to two

months each,

same
But

order.
in

Also

TOT*:.
1

Likewise

irfc*Jtf?::,

and m^pW*:.

the quin-

quennial cycle these are names of different years.

k Also

Some

restrict this to the plural.

m Or

month
:

of mortals,
is,

UT^:. n Or

year of mortals.
constitute

Or 2000 yugas
day,

of the gods

that

1000 yugaa

Brahma s

and

his night contains as

many. * The same

grand period, or 482,000,000, years


of the world
j

of mortals, measuring the duration


its

and as many, the interval until

renovation.
r

Or a
fj:.

grand period containing seventy-one yugas of the gods.


likewise

Also ^jf

tfwfc.

Also

ft*^.

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Chap.

I. Sect.

IV J

S*7NG8KR/Tii DICTIONARY.
SECTION
IV.

31

m
n

**

2n 3

4n

6/d

m
10

8m
*

9*e
*

nfgnh

ii

*i

wN* 1W *S *raenrtf *i# ^nj


n

ssar"'

nk

*Wfaj)
1

(j*r tfcra
1

3P$
*

^W *pw wrf^ wr)


*

TOT^. Used
b

TO

**.

W^V.

or

**TO.

8 'Jr*^..

a
ject.

as an epithet, this

word

varies with the gender of the sub-

As an adjective, this likewise varies with gender of the subrestrict

ject. c

Some

the seven terms in the

first line,
;

as signifying the
five,

actual sensation or mental affection of pleasure

and the other


h

as

importing pleasure in the abstract. d Likewise


qnwfi^: and ify:.
this
1

%qj and fff^WT.


Used as

Also

Also

*ttf. *

Likewise

$tm\

epithets,
subject.

and the following words vary with the gender of the


j

Fern. qKgTPft*

Also fnrtr. and fRptf.

k These adjectives are


as substanspecified,

restricted to the genders stated in the text,

when employed

tives to

denote the abstract quality.

The three nouns here

with those which follow them respectively, or with such only asjfollow
the last of them, being used as adjectives, agree in gender with the
subject*

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32

VMURA KOSHX, or
/

[Bak

I.

/
i

ft

lm

ma
*fr

Excellence, or happiness.

5.

imfinc? ^rwfii^T

wwwn
2m

Good

luck,

or favourable fortune.

Destiny, or
lack.

nc

n
it

A cause.
A primary
cause.

%5*W)
ft

*rc**ft*r
.*

in

The

soul.

%*rw fi*nr s^r:

Nature, e
State or conition. f

(firihr:
/

wTftraty

won
ft

5fti

Qualities of nature, g

7fi
Birth or production.

ft

nk/1
^KW^.

8/

8.

*TfPf TO *W||fl ^Hf^WCWfTT^l^t


6 **re.

wwv.

'-*
*

*-.
f f.
c

*
in their

In apposition, even as epithets, these do not vary


likewise

gender
of
f

b Also

wr^

d Also y*f*:.

The cause
as youth,

the material world, or secondly the natural state of anything.


particular state, varying with the progress
of

Any
<fcc.

time

,3

* Severally
truth
j

named

in the text
-

first*

the principle of existence Jor

secondly, that of foulness or passion ; thirdly,, that of darkness.


is

The first enlightens, constitutes knowledge, and The second occasions coveting, and is the cause
overspreads, and
is

the cause of truth.

of .pain.

The

third

the cause of error and illusion.

These attributes

and

essential qualities of nature are according to the

San&hya
j

philo-

sophy-

h Likewise

WW: nip

Also masc XMi (Km).

Likewise
l

masc

*W*

(*W).

k Sing,

or

erf. Also masc. en*:.

Or, ewft:.

Also masc. nfw.

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Chaf.

L
1

Sect.

IV.]

SVNGSKR/TA DICTIONARY.
m
2

33

mm

3m
or sentient

*HI?I (ij)

*W^T W^t *PG fl^tfaltt


*twt*i
*rfw to) gq*nfcrcn

9. *nfiwfi?f fa)

f o
5
t

dw
.

Indianality.

**

faw (3)
/ /

^T
/
8/

l** ^tw vi
/
7/

m*m
/d

iw:
/

tk

/
8/

/c
9/

or y ofreaon.

<1

'

telleetb

ii.

(wMwnft) iter
#

ttt A
tion.

resolve

^ ^^_ nrW*n?fT Hr^lKlf N

__^
s

ig

/i

Consciousness of pleasure or pain.

^f
-

#*SIT

ff^C^T
#

Reflation
ation.

12, <t|Uinr<4 ?Pff

W^T
/
/

RaasoniDg.

Doubt or

e*ft*.
a

7^.
this masc.

5.
and neut.

9j.
b

ioK
;

nt
first

Some make

Or

the terms in the

line signify intellect

and the faculty of understanding


e

and those
f

in the

second line signify comprehension, or the exercise of that faculty.


c

Also

ran*
mind
to

d Likewise %3ift.
its

Also foTO.

The

attention

of the

own

sensations.

Fixed attention and profound

meditation, keeping the


it
;

mind

to

one object, or continually returning to

and calling up a particular thought.

For the terms are

variously

interpreted

by ihe

different

commentators.

* Likewise *r*f%qrTC*.
;

b The act of a mind on a subject present to the thoughts


cise of judgment.

the exerl

Or

trying a thing by the test of proof


J

Also

vfc, rrr^,and fonts.

Likewise

^T.

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31

UMURA

KOSHii,

or

Book I

*^T ITI^
Cartainty or ascertain-

(^7/

ment
Heterodox
or heresy.

*4V) fa*ik firo^

An injurfous design.
b

^nvr^T $*ftr*pn|

demon-

strated
truth.

{wh) f%irw xt*\$l


/
/

Error or
mistake.

rrffiffiT*f?r

l/2/c
An
agree-

to

Sw
5
TO

m
^NRT'.

ment.

14 ^i%^TT. nf?TBTf
TO

frWTTR
TO

4 TO

ne
True knowledge, d

15 (rifrft)
.

**
n
n

Knowledge
of arte,
f

/
Beatitude.

6n

7 n

*T
*

5ft.
God.

The

disbelief of Leaven or a future world, or the denial of a


ill

The meditating of harm, or wishing


c

to another

or the attempt

to injure.

According to different etymologies, (the termination being

either derivative or radical,) 2d. sing,

and

pi-

^rojj or

*rr% and

VT^

or VTra But %F$i


.

[K)$

*RlfK.

Or
f

that

which tends to exempt


this interpre-

the soul from further


tation,

transmigration.

Some make
and

and

ift:

the word exhibited.

Or any knowledge, bnt that


its

of theology. *

The

delivery of the soul from body,

exemption

from further transmigration.

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Chap.

I. Sect.

IV.]

StfNGSKR/T4 DICTIONARY.

35

16.

^fWffq^TT
1

2/
4 e

3/

^ UW W K*
^

mm
5

m
/

WITST (^T) s
m

Five objecte of sense, b

ftwu
m
17.

M) ft***
7 n

m
n
Wlfttf: w
6 k

whnci

xfssM* (*)
f^r^f^TO ^ *
An organ
of sense.

***** ftMiy*)

te
ni

m m

li

fiiT^rir fa)

to:

(*rf%)
j

(wg to*
1

^)
5$.

*
Or

^-.

^.
c

6f^.
in the text

belief of external appearances. b Severally

named

viz. colour,

sound, odour, flavour, and contact.

Sing, fsnftf*

d Viz.

the hand, the f >ot, the voice, tha organ of generation, and the organ of
excretion. e Viz. the mind, the eye, the ear, the nose, the tongue,

and

the skin.
sweet,
5

'

salt,

Also <jj^; or ^tt*:. g Severally stated in the text ; viz. or w\. ' Also *njr pungent, bitter and sour. h Fern.

All these terms, signifying particular taste?, vary with the geuder of

the subject, when they are used as adjectives.

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80

UMUBA ROSEA, or
(fiwffd) nftw^T (*f* *rcinita^)

[Booh

I.

A pleasing
scent, a

19.

A fragran*
cy or perfume, b
c

(*raf%tw4u<jHiici)

A scent
spreading
far.

2m
(g) firft

20.

*tW
m

A perfume
or fragrant
substance.

me m/

T&w.
A perfume
for the
.

itfk:

terif)
8

nb

mouth, g
4

An ill smelling substance.

5mi
.ink

21.

*f?i*rf^(g)ffc$T
e w

A smell
like that of

raw meat
White,
1

mm
22.

m
jjfti

mm

* mm

^i*

^r ft^ *?r irn^r^r:


* f3T.
fi-3*.

*-f%.
a

*-ffc[.
as
is

-f**

*T_.

by rubbing fragrant substances. Ex. BlosSuch soms of the Mimusops elengi. b A very delightful odour, and strong c Used as adjectives, they agree in gender with the smell. Ex. Mmsk.
extracted
subject.

This extends to the close of the section. d Ex. the flower of

the Michelia

champ a. Some
f

restrict the
j

two

first

terms, others the two


fra-

last, to signify a fragrant substance

and the remaining terms,

grancy.

Fern. ^*ft.
;

form of a

pill

Fem. fpr^l * Usually prepared An the or any fragrant drug so employed. Ex. Camphor.
l

h Also ^ptflOT:.

the smoke

of*

a funeral

Also 5?rcft ty. J Or, according to some, k Likewise l pile. These and the frcf.
or ,hft- # Al so f%*^:.

like
fol-

lowing names of colours, when used as adjectives, agree in gender with


the subject.

m Fem. $?n and jjhn

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Chap.

Sect.

IV.]

80NG8KRZTii DICTIONARY.
a

37

tib

*PTO?i: f%?*T ^ftj


23.

*%r **7 *^***


Yellowish
white.

lm

ff^r: imsrc *
l

*m^
(VWWP*) ^TI
m m m

Grey.

m c 2m

24.

Tot

Wj *f?sw.
md
me
m

Yellow.

Wlij
f
m mg

*ft$T *ft?|

Green.

Bed.

mi
WfalK
3

Vt^R^jf^J

Crimson, h

m
i/aric red.

2o.

(^miiHiw; ^w:
m

m
(^TTcj)

Qfn:

git
Brown.

"

^Wt

irfTOT

mm
*TOW*.
f

m
Purple,

^*T **rcft Wiratff%

Fem.

finiT.

b Likewise

Fem. nfai

d Also

WTO:.

Fem. ttffilT or ^fij^ft, and qftftm Fem. ^fftm, or ^f^ft. or ^tf^Pt. * Fem. *j|T. h The colonr of the red lotus. * Fem.
TqV^fT or

^hft.
l

The

colour of the

dawn, or of madder k The colour of

carthamuB.

Compounded

of black
;

and yellow

the colour of an ape.

m Compounded

of black and red

the colour of smoke.

Digitized by

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38

UMURA KOSFU,
m

or

[Book
a
tit

I.

Tawny.

WTO
ttt

m ^fW.
nil

fW

falf 4^ ^S%

mmlme

S*"*

26.

fa* fajft toot

WW

?TT

fW*ft mi (*) J*^

SECTION

V.

The god of d speech, h

'
l.

'

'
n

2/i3/J
*ft*frr
n
*ifnrf

/k
n
4

/
n

m^(g)vroft *mn
m
/
vfiitf ml

x *pft TOgift

7^h?
UnJTT&mmatical language.

n*r^
2.

fW

wr to
m m
()

^qHrr

iro^: famr)

word.

YTO ) V^

1W:
**ff {:.

**w.

* fire.

wro.

*.
d Also

Fern.

fW*ft.

Some
f

read

e Fern. w*i*. fif*r*T.

Fern. ?jnT or n4V.

Also qnrc*.

The foregoing names


they,

of colours

vary with the gender of the subject, when


b

are used as adjectives,


as denoting
l

The same
!

words are also


firtT.

synonymous with the following


*

speech.

Likewise

Also

*W.

k Likewise

mfai.

Some

add *qHto*'.

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Chap.

I.

Sect.

IV.]

StfNGSKK/T/l DICT10NAUY.

33

3.

Tfl^n^^ j)
f /
-

intf

{fmm *t vwjfriiiTV
W w
roc

a sentence
Thd Fto,
or any one
of them, a

m -

1/

3n

***** ( wn)

fey

sar b
enjome
them,

(ftl%Wff *9ty
n m ifirfTO: ?^TCTt

^
^5TK S^lm
'

them. A Vdddnga.
e

(^'M)

narafrf

God.

5.

History,

(^IWIfflW) "TO
7
7
#

*n

accent.

6. ^||<4llfc|%T (lI"*H^ft)

tale, j

5^nn

^i^^r^po kPura'n*.
II

lW.
a

* ^Tifij.

^*.

The Indian

scriptures and holy writ.

& 4 qfr. VT. b Chiefly the performance


c

of sacri6ces in the manner directed by the Vedas,


preceding term

Or nij;

for the

may belong

to the

synonyms of Veda,

d Severally
viz.

named

in the text. c

science appendant

on

the

Vedas;

pronun-

ciation, gramii)ar,prosody, explanation of obscure terms, religious rites,

or astronomy.
sactions,

The

syllable O'm. *
traditions
l :

Or a work
Severally

recording former tran-

and containing

heroic history. h Acute, grave, or

circumflex. Sing. ^f*:. PI. ^KT:.

named

in the text,

and

explained in the same order. Logic includes the Nydya,

Vai/eshiha
k
:

and other schools

of reasoning,

true, or a probable story.


five

Or
the

theogony, comprising past and future events, under

heads

creatioD;the destruction and renovation of worlds jgenealogy^of gods and


heroes- the reigns of

Manu$;md the transactions of their

descendants.

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40

VmKl
(mar^arr)
b

KOSHJ, or

[Book

I.

A feigned
story, a

*rar

/c
' f?r im)
*
a>?

/d

riddle,

A code
laws.
tion

of

7.

wtffan
/

'

A compilaand
bridgment.

fl

A part of a
stanza, e

rumour,

g
Tidings or
intelli-

m
In.

gence.

A name or
appellation.

/
5/j

2/

8*i

in

6nk

7*

A call or
summons.
Clamour.
1

9.

^f5lij*<H|TtH*l

mm
A contest or law suit.
The exordium.

^wfw
ten*)

(*f vf*n

wit)

rw\\]

*wm:

^^rro
a
,

fas)

*t^|
-fli.

*T *t
1
.

**-.
in fact or not
;

-,.

mr
for example, the
c

Whether founded
b

Kddambari.
nv^ft
be completed.

Or
Or

intricate question.

Also

poem entitled irwfyn and mfjg or


of
skill,

d Likewise

ir%f%:.

Proposed

as a trial

to
is

rather the verse or verses by which the stanza g

or

Also iHUflln! and ^WHtfj^t. completed. Whether true h Also ftrv^fcs. * Likewise fern. mfifWT, false. ^fM^T, BtTf,
i

Ac.

Also qrrvfr:.

citation

by many at

k Likewise fern. qrntTCW. and **TOT^T. m Also Spw^f once.

Or

Digitized by y

Google

'

Chap.

I. S$ei.

V.}

SUSQ8KE1TA DICTIONARY.
ma

.41

10 lft|T?T W^ITPC:
-

or

a^SS?
oath,

nb

m
.

argument.

mem/
W^T
f3*fat

WW IPW! (^IPU
nd
In

An

*^T (*)
n

quation.

m
11.

UfiW*hTli! (qfy An answer

fwfWty junwrn
m
o

tHL.

ml

sound

in-

**K
*
12.

(* **:
Y

*t^pw) .SSRff'
satisfaction^

/g
<ftf&

/h

*w:

tott (i)
*wi

Sr^
iA*tafii*frSr: muse.
Repetition.

Wl^lW

(fff^PnnH^)

13.

^Tf: (fia*tfw*T^T*: ifonftwi

*
i

ft ftnfo;)!?

/
(*) fUTT

contempt

14.

nq^ttj^j^r

ft^T

(*)
.

T^
^-.

*w
Likewise

-
Alio

**t
mw.
'

W*T*rtf.

BftfJ* nd^Hnr.

Likewise

*&*<*.

Also nn,*.

"AJsow^,^,^

and

twice or thriee, or oftener.

wn

Likewise ir*nf. a Also s Likewise

*tf,

Awund

nttewd

Digitized by

VjOOQIC

42
Opprobri-

UMURA KOSHJ,

or

[Book

I.

ous or unfriendly
CD.

wifinn tanO
:

or menace.

to* fa) mmvft:


15. (^:

Beproof attended with insult


or dispar-

qft^vrohi

w
6

wtq) wfwinsn

agement

An imputation of adultery.

4
to.

w
:

Address, or

speaking

16.

temq)

nwqn

Incoherent
speech.

iran^T

(cwrf w^n)

Tautology.

^T^T W*piT
fircnw:

Lamentation.

qft^m

Quarrel, or

mutual contradiction.'

17.

fawner fWt*WiR
^hn^i (^nwf fiw)

Conversation.

Speaking
well, or ele-

gant

dis-

vwre wwi
*PWTH
6mf
18.

course. Denial, or conceal-

ment

of

(^> f*WW.

knowledge. Declaration.

^TO^lTfrw (W%)
m/c
/d
(^Tc()

Unauspicious discourse.

Good and
auspicious
discourse.

TOT

(3 ^TftTOT)

Also

WHCT.
Masc.

1^ e

following terms Tary with the gender of the

subject.

v^.

Fem.'wft, Kent,

wq.

Also

^ft. Mmo.

**^. &c

* Likewise T^(T<

Digitized by

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Chf

I- Beet.

Y.)

S^NOSKB/TJ DICTIONARY.
n

Very tweet and concili-

n
...
....

ating.

Apposite

and proper.
Harsh, and contumeli-

In

ous.

Rustic and homely.


It

^Jtff (fift
20.

Pleasing,

bat

true.

4$)
(*w)

***:

far*

towto**

Inconsistent, and

contradictory.

Imperfectly pronounced, or slurred, a

Spoken

fast,

AC

hurried.

2l..(WlRfjft$tf
nd
n

Sputtered,

Unmeaning
or nonsensical discourse.

*wtf fan*) I***!


*

iHWVMni
22.

tef%
4n

Unfit to be uttered, e

%nvn fa)wmmn moS^


(^r)

Animpos-

faqtai*
ftll# lW)

6-*

6*

An indistinct speech.
False.

Vf (W.)

it

Truth ;or
true.

(*wfw fin HifH)

By

omitting a letter or syllable.

b Spoken with emission of

saliva.

Or ^finfW.

*
#

Or jto.
*j9qe*.

Blamable discourse,

Masc.
agree

WV* Fern.

**fHY. Neut

The foregoing

likewise

i garde? with the subject, when metaphorically used as epithets of the


speaker iastead of the speech.

Digitized by

4fs

le

44

UUURA K03H4, or

[Book

I.

SECTION

VI.

lb Sound.

in

mb

2.

^TTWTTR

TO^ fWKPfJ
m

RuttUog.c

The

tink-

nd

ling of orna-

ment*.
tone, or muaicfti

3.

ftnTwj

ound

fwn: *m: w. vir


*

me
ng

(f*rwfa)

The sound
of a lute.

(^tarran *f*n* ut^:)

uwmr utot (^k)

Aoonfusel
or mingled ound.!

4.

itfTtf: ***(

The err of
birds, fee.

(finest) nfiitf ^c?f

/
Aneehe.

A song or
tinging.

ifttf

it* (frifr

^)

w
cm.

Also

mpi.
*

b Likewise

Of

clothes or dry leaves,

4 Alio fk&t.

Inoluding

winiv, ***>

Ac.

Or

ft

aoiae

mud*

by many.

Also flfW.

h Likewise irftrqrws.

Digitized by

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Chap.

I. Sect.

VII.]

&UNQ8KK1TA DICTIONARY.
SECTION
VII.
t

45

1.

^WT^W
3m
/d

m
*TOfTT

*<*

warn WIT:

2m
The seven miuioi
notei. a

2.

<=nkWl (3

*$

Minute

^Jft)

^
4 hi e

tone, c An inarticu-

tone.

*g
A base or
low tone,
f

A high tone.

mj
Harmony,
i

(VIT^nWWlJ ) *lfT9T
/

strings.

*
As

*
named

if.

3-

* Severally

in the text,

They

are so

called

respectively,

whether produced by the voice, or by a musical instrument.


fjrw^:.
c

b Also * Like-

the chirping, of birds

inarticulate

and sweet.

wise qrraftr*.
ject
j

Or, as an adjective,
*

it

agrees in gender with the sub-

and so do the two following


k
f

Ex. the grumbling of clouds.

* Likewise wjp.

The

three last nouns vary with the gender


of song, danoe
10.
*

when

used as adjectives.

Or proper union
i>.

and instrumental

music, keeping time together. See

Abo wwwm;

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46
n

UUVHA KOSHJ,

o>

[Book

I.

Any stringed instrument.


it

A drum
tympan*

or

A wind instrument

nb

Acymfal,
bell, Ac.

(*Nnuf**)*nn|
n

it

A musical
instrument.

(^Of^^f^)
me,

ircf

*Tf**nfa (fTwsn)
in 1*
4

m we

Drums and
tabours.

of drums,

6m
A double
drum,
f

6 (*T*j)

W 1*%! IT
m
n

A kettle
drum, g

^
m

(*T) r*f*r: (im)


^

A large kettle

drum.
quill,

*ipfii: IIZ^T (f*ft

OT?0
*rflT (^<Wf?*T^H|)

The

or

bow.j

m
1

The neck
of a lute.
belly below the neck, k

The

Ml

Likewise

* Severally

^rTOT b JLlso jft c Sing. IR*** and TOT.. named in the text. They vary in size and shape, and are

borne differently. See the descriptions in other dictionaries,

Like-

wise *sft, *rfijir and nim. f In Hindi a D'hSl, f A large b Likewise lifts. * Also on a different reading of the

MTOW,
placed

mm
wood at

D'M.
text,.

^TOfi^b and *|fr*lf*rifc


is

Or any

thing' with

which

musical instrument

struckr

* A wdoden

vtsset cotered. with leather,

under the neek to render the sound deeper; or

* crooked

piece of

tW extremity of the late.

Also *%*;.

Digitized by

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Chaf

I.

Sri. VII.]

&USG9E.RITA DICTIONARY.

47

*taw*

(*.)

in^y (id
m

Sift
The
tie.

WWT%T
m
''

N4*I*IH m

8.

(iT^H^fT 'HI me m

*f *

fat*?* WuTTI

stents,

*rfoft

inMt

fait)

'tSSi
*

9. (f*rofRf x

*rf *

WW) HWihWT^f (WWT^)

*?d mean, tne. g

mil: (vMraiiiri)
iff

*
/
if.

__, ^W

Equal time
in music and dance.

^H*l/

fareT%*ni)

mn
! HTOS'f *

ni

n
Dancing.

1W TFfT WT^ ^W fa) *PW%


n
(f*j*
,

m&fv* (wftiwua) *cnu


nk
- y
v

w*q)

sw-y-A-

m
,
v

niale dan-

11.
~
1

TC* fa) 1VW fa) W fa tiPnPWS:


,

^^

cer in wo-

man's appa'

* Complete, excepting the wires

including, therefore, the gourd,

neck, and belly. b


fixed.

Or lower part
sorts
,
;

of the tail-piece

where the wires are


text
:

Of divers

severally mentioned in the


-

besides

others, as iftfFV**

d Likewise neat.

Vnf *c WW** e

See descriptions in various dictionaries.

Also ***t.

'

a male dancer.

* Severally stated, in their order.

So, infos, or vini, b Also iw*> and

m$n\
music.

Also i&&, * Or union of song, dance, and instrumental k Also ICOTI, win.

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48

UUVRA K0SH4,

or

[Book

I.

courtesan, a

lm
12. (*ftifafipcT)

lister's

husband

tb[

A learned

WT%T (f%IT^)

2m
A father.

(W*%T)
b,

A prince,
A king.

m
13.

Oowt) <*5TC%T

^w
(trapiT)

/c

A princess.
A quen.
Any
a king.

*nMif<*i
/e

^^ (raifiritarat)
g
i^-

wife of

(Tf^re ^) *frft

'

8acred.f

vr^i fai^A)
(<i*aiq.) Trfip:

A king's
brotherin-law.

A mother.
A young
girl

(*Tm)
(*w wtwt

w()

*w

A venerable person.

mh

(*n**^L) mfloi;

* This,

and the terms exhibited in the three following couplets, are


;

used in theatrical language

and some are forms of address employed


b De-

only by certain descriptions of persons. See other dictionaries.


signated as successor,

VH^lfi^l.
WfvreY.
f

and associated to the empire. Some add d Consecrated with the king, e One commentary reads
Likewise quiiwtf.
* Also

Implying, according to some, a request to spare the thing

in question,

to: and

wrw

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Chap.

I. Sect.

VIL]

SVNGSKR/TA DICTIONARY.

49

/a
15.

vtfrm

(irfaift

3t*r)

^Jf

ilt

trophe.

TR$ TTO TOT


16.

Cfi*r ^fhf

$#f

^f

uf?r)

AppropriP ate atJe roe~


tives. tives -

^T d

l(|f^l^TnF^%^T

Gesture,

17

tew* *fr wirTfa *ro *rT*r*T:


'

Taste, or sentiment.

ih

*fN*

K$ *) tot:

m
Lore.

vwrc Jjfa^w
18,

^^TVnf^T
/

4faj

Heroism.

qiTOBJ *RVIT

^5T

Tenderness.

WT

5/ / ^*Tg*S*TT (^BTf) ^

6|

3*TOT

(i^j)
i&fti)

W
m

Laughter.

Also qrf%9T ortff^rr.

Or

conclusion of the fable.


to

Some

add finr^nf.
girl, or

d Addressed, respectively,

a low woman, a slave and the preceding


to theatrical

a female friend.

These vocative
a

particles

terms, from the close of v n. are in general


language.
e

restricted

Also ^iHFTft:.

First corporeal,

as an

assumed posBesides other

ture
aorts

second sincere, as a blush or change of colour.

by speech,

&o.

& In dramatic poetry the tastes, or sentiments,


:

in which the audience sympathize*, are reckoned eight


ated.
|,

as here

enumerOthers

To which some add KTCP, devotion and


parental affection.

resignation.

h Sing.

w.
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59

UUURA
ma
n

KOSHil,

or

[Book

I.

mfn m/nb
Disgust.

In
Surprise,

or wonder-

ful
Horror, or
terrific

nd

m
20.

^re *frwfr ^W *K ifW msttoi


n n

n
Wrath, or
angry.

2n

21.
Fear, or
terror.

^JV"r)

^c aT4t

*tfinflf : <sritf

wn*

m
Sentiment
or passion.
Indication of it

w
22.

mm
sfaWFfr r^BT^T

Pride.

?wt

3/

Arrogance,

m
Disrespect.

mi

4/

Hrr
Also fern.

^fli

fw
This and the follow-

TTf**T.

b Likewise wipf.

* Maac ing admit the three genders when employed as adjectives. e The last fourteen terms, used adjectively, adFern.41 vtxfi.

mit the three genders.

Ex.

Fern.

?ft#.

Also

**W> WHW
l

ff*W.

g likewise

mW, fw,

W.

h Some, not improperly,

reckon these terms to be synonymous with the preceding.

Also

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Chap. IJect. VII.]

8UTHQSKRITA DICTIONARY.
2/ 4/ m/e

fil

/
23.

1/a

b
ft

3o

^T^i^aij*mj ^wrquramrn
d

(*t)
24. ^ifVlRQffmi
.

tort

(s*ro:)

JJ**
forbear.
ance.

*f*P*T

(?J

IJK^rfW^ ^fT)
*

anJthlr*
property.

"/
/

25.

mh
f%f$T
Enmity.

*< fir^ttj
m

mi

26.

T^rrwT^T s3?rn? (*) ft nUn< (T?*fir) 9m 10/11/k m m mj m

**
th' or

w*st

* <ta

sfireT ^rgift (f^iiTH)^:

12

i*_
****.

**_.
*V*.
9

**_

4^.
10

5f*~.
1] *s

t-.

^L

"ff
Also

* Also ftHT^iTT.

b Likewise

^nrfa, and Y*T.


e

*3^,

^TUWtfj **flW^ and

^V^^.
g
*

d Likewise tp^T^r.

Also ifcnf , and

qtfcl

'

Likewise qmrr.
h Also $w:.

Or

impatience of another's excellence


*

or success.
v*

Orftirf^n::.

nri* or ^rnnr:. k Also

**T, and JWT.

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59

UUURA
m

KOSHi*,

or

[Book

I.

19 *t%t
Disgust.

m$ (*)
nc

m/n m/*b
In
n *d

Surprise, or wonderful.
*

Horror, or
terrific

(ra)

^
ft

wroi

m
20.

Wrath, or
angry.

21.
fan
Fear, or
terror.
ff

/ /g
m

Sentiment
or passion.
Indication of it.

m
22

mm
m
m
mi

Pride.

m
Arrogance,

3/

if

Disrespect.

1*T
* Also fern.

W
b Likewise
6

Iff
wwf.
c

fi?~
This and the followd Maso.

TTfTOT.

ing admit the three genders when employed as adjectives.


tfc**.

Fern.

*!V

The

last fourteen terms,

used adjectively* ad*

mit the three genders.

Ex.

Fern.

<t^t.

Also

*mv: 9

WTO*
l

ffUW.

g Likewise

mW, fw,

*:.

h Some, not improperly,

reckon these terms to be synonymous with the preceding,

Also

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Chap.

Sect. VII.]

SPNGSKR/T4 DICTIONARY.
2/ 4/ /e

51

/
23.

l/a

b
/

3o

^T^^PTiprmT *n5<Bi<fy<*H
d /

(*t)
24. titfirf^fTr^n"
.

pwn (s*nr:)

hful-

foVw?
ance.

riwr

fa urigfttrtr ^sm)

S5

'a

mh
faf^T
ft

25. *^C fir^t^T

Enmity,
7

m
mi

8/

wj *ft to) Vjf^wi*


m m
26.
qfifa

2SKT

m
*ftwj

m
a

m 10/11/k
(f%Rm|)J5f
l,

nri

^frr 'nfira? *3g^k

or

12

m
Madness.

^*HK faHlfiWHJ

**ta.
*

JTj.

**.

in*.

I'jw.

"fa
Also

Also ftfTRiTT.

b Likewise *nr^*T, and yt.


d Likewise *

*3^f,

W^BWof, ^TflW^, and *V^qr.

fn^.
*

Also jftw* , and

fllfW.

Likewise *r*gT.
h Also$wj.
*

Or

impatience of another's excellence

or success.

Or ftuft^s.

nri* or wnrf:. k Also

W,

and JWT.

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52
lflt

UMURA
27.

KOSHii,

or

[Book

I.

Affection or kindne3S.

iwr

far)

n 2a f firam rr$ *w

3*t
mac

Desire or
longing,

U*)*r*^
/
S/d /
4/

6/ /e

/
ftrer

Wish or
desire.

T^prt^n mStia^mwi
m
mf
6

**nr*:

28. qRT*rT$fa*rTONr fa)


Ardent
desire.

fa irfTw) ^t^tot (f*t:)

Virtuous
reflexion.

ml
Anxiety, h

(J^jt)
Recollection.

fa (Stto^ sot)

/j

7k

Missing.

K3pWf*B% fa%)

m
Perseverance.

nm
Fortitude.

fa)

'FN (*f?rofiis*n*)
9

mn
Deceit, or fraud.

10

30. qrqr (f^ft)

*rm yftjMiw^iA ift


9*wfii.
c

,*
*

ipr.
*

**r
b

**t.

iw-^.
is

Also

As a pregnant woman's.
following.

The term
e

also

synonymous with the


1

Or ^rfiRrwi.

Some

pain.
is

wtPii or wfa>. by some connected with the next


regret.

Likewise **T. add *JT*WT, but erroneously. h Or mental i AlsofwfiwiT, and m. fqm. k This term
article.

d Likewise vtf|T.

It signifies recollection
l

.accompanied with

Likewise

mvm.

Kemembering with

regret, affection, or desire.

Or

fern, iforf.

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Char

I.

Sett.

VII/J

SI7NGSKR/TA DICTIONARY.
*

^** *

1/

Wicked-

'

Inadver-

(wPNit
32.

fwre
2

frafta

f%im
(f**r.

*rfa?f

?w

c Dalliance, or blandish-

ment. d

w
m

ift^wft)*m:

thfttwtw.)

ng
(*)

33.

*n*T *H^$T ?

^8"^

Synonymous with the preceding, according


these,

to
;

some

but others a
of

interpret

mischievousness or fraudulency
b Also qprrenr* .
c

and the preceding,


in seeking

imposition or trick.

Or vehemence

proper thing
consequences.
love,

or else impetuosity in action,

with disregard

The

instance of feminine actions proceeding from


in the text, are thus explained. ftaTOs*

which are stated

change

of place, posture, gait, or look,


affection of indifference.

on the approach of the

lover. fwafolJ,
:

ftqrw:, wantonness of youth

caprice.
tftaT*

wfW,
*

languid gestures, and signs.

^T,

lasciviousness.

imitation of the lover's

manner to beguile the time


* Likewise
$

in his absence,

Also

fern.

%?s\

*
J

Also irft^TO*.

wj.

h Such as

playing at ball, &c.

Some

read ^nf^f

but improperly.

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54

UMURA KOSHJ, *r
m
m

[Book

Sweat a

/
Fainting.

jto^t
/e

tomtit
m

1m

Dissimulation.

34.

^rfHrwnspi^sfH

md
Hurry.

2ne
A horselaugh.

A Bmile. A laugh.
Horripilation.

35.

(*m. m%)

ftrfatf

mf

Weeping.

i/ n h
Gaping.
Disappointing,
i

vm far fas) apirorn


*1

36.

fairawT

fwn^T
fw*i
n

deeding or
tumbling,

^w% fafc)
m

mn

at

Sleep,

tent) f^fT wri^ra: wr:


1

tou (raft?)

*T

*T-.
b Also W$fa,

Or

else heat,

occasioning 'perspiration.

Like-

wise neut.
*nr**f<tf.
*|H{if,
*

**f^*f, and ^nf%*J.


Also

d Also *T%*n.

Likewise

fNTlt,

fr*frfaiT, *W*I*tt>
*

K^S*.

g Likewise

and ^Hpf. h Fem. THn.


1

or not effecting a promise.

Deceiving by a false affirmation j Also fftraro:. k Creeping, as infants,

on

all

fours

or else, falling as
l

on slippery ground

or deviating

from duty &c.


sleep
j

Likewise ficvf .
* Also tflp.

m Or

else

a mistake occasioned by

a dream.

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Chap.

I. Seel.

VII.)

SPNGSKR/T^ DICTIONARY.

55

/
37 .
,

/
Lassitude.

W^ infNlT
/
*

1/

/b

/
ore.

/
no
38.

2/

m
(*)

m
(f)

^M
md

**T*

f*WT

fay)
hi

(rt)

%W:

Atremour.

m m
(re)

m a feUTai,

^P5 ^pry

** ^$*r wm:

And

tff^ or ?f^t:.

But

this*Ia9t

Likewise

tfjr.

b Also Hjrfts.

mode of inflection is censured. Some make these terms synonymous

with the following.

Also vgffft,

^ft, if^,

and Kfi*.

Also

^f
Ch.

d Likewise *trc,

and *finff

Also w^f.

See Book III.

IV

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CHAPTER
SECTION
ft

II.

I.

infernal region.

The

ft

2ft

m
ft
ft

*rTWt%T
C
ft
ft

hole or

acuity.

n
2.

it

fid

He

ft

%^ fa^stf ^cftrxrV *5*i tot ^fa:


m/ 4mg
'pht swit (if* *&**)
m/ft

A hole in
the ground.
Perforated, or full of holes.

(to) ^fa*
m
3.
ft

(fx%)
it

ft

ft

ft

ft

Darkness.

*P*^T

(rf^t)

*r*H?if*nar faftnc

WK

Great darkness.

(jt^ *rre) j^nriw


(tfWr) fli?wtf

Imperfect
darkness. Universal darkness.

(wh:

4 ftro^
-

v?nw
wtnji

The Na<
OAS.
j

wi^fin^
(aftem:)

Theufchief.

Abode
(*)
f

of

Bali and of the Ndga8y


c

tinder the

earth.

b Also

**:,

m.

m^NPht;, *e.

^Hf.
wjr*.
the'

Also ^pft and ^fa:.


*IWT,
inf.
*

Likewise tf*c. ftNL Or Or ^jf*:. * Likewise *r*fo:. h Also

d Also

And wjr:,

Likewise qi4jl4*4.
tail,

Demigods, in

human shape with

a serpent's

and dilated neck, like the

Koluber Naga.
of

Sing, TOTS.

They

are Children of Kadbu', the wife

Ka$'yapa

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Ckap.lt Stet.L)
-m

SUXQ&KKITA DICTIONABY.

57

wn sway

b
^
, N

m
3
*s

King

of

fler-

mc
(^A

m) Ipre

"\^ 7^

Sort of snake.

5.

fiifw. (m%)
m
1

m
'

*P*R^
^RHn[T
__
M
__'
.

*H*H* (T&$t) y

la

pent d

Boa, or
er

uijMi

A water
Bnake.

J^RJT^i:
(**ft)

Tjfmm

&$t fif*
Avarie-

*
6.

"

*n^y *raTft\
^
mh
m

m
Cs

n
*

m
3

g*,
Aanake,
that has cast his slough.

2m
*

mm
4

TOW PWi!
m
mj
n

mi"

wr_.

j y.

*r

^fj^
;

Son of Vasuka, and often confounded with the preceding


1

as

are the other chiefs of the

N&gas, Takshaha, Sank ha, Mahapadc

ma,

&c.

Also
Ac.

wnjft:.
f

Or

ifr*T*s.

Vulg.

Bor.

Boa

Constrictor;
qrftirc:.

Or qROT^:.

Bnfc

Vulg. AldcTk,

Votm:

or CT^nr:.

some read WTf:, others And vnc: Vulg,


respecting the
in

DK&nta. Bat generally described as a harmless double-headed snake.


There
is

a great disagreement

among commentators
this

correspondent vulgar names of the snakes mentioned

the text.

One commentator describes


tail
;

as a four-footed

serpent with a

large body and long


t

unless a fabulous creature

intending perhaps some species of Iguana ; be meant. h Fern. qrt\, and ^rf^qft.

Likewise *r*:.

Some add 9fijpn.

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5a
1

UlilURA

KOSHJ,
Sni

or

.*

.{Boo*
4
fa

I)

2ma
fa

m
fa
'

m
8.
fa o

ia

**Y ^r $**%!
m
5
ta

^T$T fi%*ra:
fa

*w
Belonging
to a snake.

*wtfj

ft^ ftr^n?: imTira:

/nd
9.

(f** T) fci (f*nrc9Tf*)


wi/e
m/"f

His expanded bead.

**l*t
(*ty

fa) ili^T (rft:)

His skin.

tf* farifr^

His venom.
"

wn Y
m

mn h
m

Nine sorts
of fixed poison, g

*i

^V^crfjp^: ihfaftftr

^nj^: h^Nt.

fa

ta

A dealer
in antidotes, j

6fa

mm

A snakecatcher.

-*
Also
qzr.
\

Also ignr^:, and ^9fl(s, (^).

b Likewise

from:.

W?itt 9
f

and

****:.
others

Fem.
ljcqf.

t*r%ft
h

^j
named
and

or

Maso. **:. Likewise neut.


Also

* Severally

in the text

some mineral,

vegetable.
l

^f^Tf*:,

mr^*:.

or

VW.
jurer, using

TOW-

Likewise

charms against poison,

*nwnv. m

SKtfip*:. J Or a codk Likewise *rf?rfw. l Also


.

*Tf%*ff?*. or

m ft qfagqu

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Chip. II.

Sect. II.]

SffNGSKRiTii DICTIONARY.

59

mm
i.

SECTION IL

m m

(^t^) *rn3?(0*rc%j farcer


m
"l

yrfiiK^wnflML
m

m/

mb
2.

^ttt:

*m?$ (^WjgT:)
m

n?nr

ten*)

cw* (w) flnlRK ESS?


7

//if
ifta wt*t
* Severally

^rncnrr (g) n

*i<wi rfisrt^rr nk wj

sh p&
pain.

*RT

f.

quuima i^nmj
besides others, as

named

in the text

Tdmisra,
c

Atir

tThat&misra, Sdlmali y

AHpatravana,

Ac.
else,

Or

tfwnr:.

Like;

wise vfon:.

d Also iHFCftn.

Or

casting

into hell

or,

Jn astrology, the period (Jearan a) called bhadrd. Compulsory and un-

rewarded labour! being the occasion of pain,


sent head.

is

placed under the pre-

The terms, as by some explained,


f

signify the person exe-

cuting such labour,

mj^

or
*

*rrw^.

* Also qrrfaiT.

h Like*

wise

OTTOT.
k These

Or
last

*nmn.

Likewise

^nrf^

and

*rm
and

^}.

two

terms are, by some, separated from the rest

as signifying mental distress. Others,

on the contrary, make

these

the preceding four, synonymous with the three following words,

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60

UUURA KOSH4, or

'

[SqoH,

n In

Corporeal
pain.

(mzO is wiwifli
WW

SECTION

III.

w
The sea or
ocean.

2mb

AC
rfTKKTK: qfkjtfir,

1.

W&! ifkK^lTK:

2 . <i<rtj *rcrfirf* ^iirffr ^qftft:


Particular
seas,

fam
J"*1 - 6

ji^t:)

^et^T
/

mfc faintf)
n

n*

ng

Water.

ni

11

12

it^s^ irm:
3_^
jru^,

^ wft^
n
4

1*T_.

,*_

^_
jr^j,

TT

IS.
Such of
the foregoing, as are used as adjectives, vary with the

gender.

* Also

^ijjWK:,

and

* That of milk, and of salt water, besides' five others, as the sea of fresh water, spirituous liquor, bntter, curds, and the juice of sugar-cane ; apparently designations of gulfs or divisions of the ocean, ww. Also neut. *nw. * And ft or rf n Also Also ww. ifttfW. * Or, accoyding to another reading,'

Likewise

^TO^.

0r jrmVTV

<HM> two
word *w*j.

words are here exhibited,


i

*"

and

<**f.

Or a

single

Also v{. Arid

^;.

Digitized by

Chap.

II. S*e$. III.]

8UXQSKMTA DICTIONARY.
*

61

In
n

2 So

na

in

nb

mn

m/n m/nd
watery, or

*r^W ^fw Oft fwwt) *^


(iy^l)
7m
6-

m 5m

m/e

6w/f

consisting of water. ^

A ware.

Wtffta *^Mrt
8m*

A surge
billow.

or

(*t*t) tot tartf


i

w) &p*

9/J

Wffi ffci tot: (**t*7)


7.

fw: (%*)

y? "
g

A winding

wfal ^^T: (^)


n 10 nn

descent of
water,

Wlff^VrefttraT: A drain, m
*
m/no

f*<N(^)rfWwWW*W
* Also

A shore or
bank.

wnf.
e

Or

* i*

c
'

As

froth,

Ac,

d Fern.

*rrerr,

and *wft.
or
f*rft.
J

ftnu.

Likewise frfs;:, and fem. t5H^, * Sing. * Or of any other liquid. h Sing. vw^[ or sVflr. k A winding course. Sing. ft^?. Also fnr* ( *).
Also fem. *nPf.
reach of the river.

Some say a
Also
wjs}.

Others

Eddy

water.

Sing. wjj.

Or pipe along the wall of an


up
of water.

edifice.

Bat some make


n Also Maso. ifr:

these and the

two preceding terms synonymous. Sing. ^w:. Soma


Others
surf.

explain them bubbling


(ftw.J

<>Fcm. *ft.

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62
The oppoand
8.

UhLURA KOSHJ,
n
1

[Book

I.

mn ifa)

site,

the near bank, a

ITtm^ (qTTOR

The channel.

in*
island.

An

One formed by
vion,
allu-

A sand
bank, c

tot Rwihwh
m mn
m

Mud or
clay.

me

Inundation,

tempo-

rary welL

m/ng
Navigable.

ira
mnk

(f?cfiW flfli)
/h'

8/

/I

boat.

raft or

float, j

4m*
natural stream. 1

* Respectively, viz. imf, the opposite

contiguous bank or shore,


banks.

Or any

island,

bank or shore, qprnf* the or one with the steep


d

Of an
l

island with sandy shores,

Or

else

a water pipe,

or channel, for carrying off an excess of water.

Siug#

*^*TTv
rivulet
j

Also irft^TT*.

Or

hole

dug

for water in the

dry bed of a

or else, a'rock, or tree, dividing the stream of a river. 8ing. ^[TO!. * Fern. TOOT. h Also ijfarT. Also and nft. * Made of

H^

grass's!

Ac.

k Likewise

Or a

rapid one.

Likewise*

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Ck*f

II. Seet. III.]

StfNGSKRJTM DICTIONARY.

63

main

^^.^fan)
12. *fanrf?ra: ^tareftRf
ffi

as?
A voyag*g*-

*
fii

^^^P^TT

WU ITW^i:
m

The

pilot

or helms-

man
***

faiTiraT:

ifawm:
mi

*
is.-tftarflr

/g

W*r. fan)
mi

".
n

/h ^flc

(*ft)

wiffwr:
n n
(<j)

isjff
A bucket, j
oa
haii:

$Ml?f
n

%VI^

J 4 (?t%)
-

nnn4

(Tpftnr) '

m/nk

Nam *ft%) ffwg (fin) gv


*

Landed

Also *rpm:, and qng*^:.

b Shaped like a
It is

boat, with

an

aperture in front, and used for pouring water.


stone, or other materials.
c

made
Also

of wood,

Or

^tfar* antt
*

$Pf *>

or 5<ft.

Accord-

ing to another reading


d

^tPm,

and wqiffsft.

qiH^Jl

Varionsl y explained

as the steersman, or rower, or as one employ-

ed in dragging the boat, or in watching from the mast-head. Sing. firm

nm,
to

tftiTOT^:,

Likewise pf^pr.
is

Some
'ifoft.
l

explain this a post

which a boat
h
!

made

fast.

Or

Also f^prftp.

And

ftpwt.
^r^TWv

Or Or

^rtjk

Also

wwfiv:.

Likewise

^[nn, and
k Masc or

vessel for lading

water out of the boat.

Fern, vffTiftj.

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64

UMURA KOSH^,
a

or

[Book

I.

(fii*ij*w<i)
Clear,

tramparent.

m/n

m/n

m/n

TuTbid
water.

m/n m/n m/n


Deep.

15.

m/n
Shallow.

m/nd
Very deep,

m/
m
me

ml

A fisherman.

m
A net.
Packthread,

16.

*ilW Ufa)

WW fal<0
nh
n

AfiBh basket

nj

*k

A fish hook.

Tfiwr ttqjjftiwq

w
c

b Fern, 9 The following are adjectives. TOWT. d Likewise ^TOlif. d Or ^th: f Fem. *Yf<fr *
Crotaloria
;

Also ^HK?.
of rushy

Made

or,

according to different interpretations, a net


;

made

of such pack-thread

or, generally,

the rope of a net.

h Also

Q^

^pf and **ngft. i Or Fem. wPiHT,

Also srfinlt. or wf*t. Likewise *ftf, * ffc k Or Fem.


*

Likewise ]frfT.

Andgptf*:.

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Chap. II. Sect, III.]

StfNGSKR/TM DICTIONARY.
m
m
c

65

lmmamb
m
2

wd

ft<8TT. *raraft

(m)
m
(**)

m
gUt

m
!8.

m
"" i?ra^

is*: mrai**: h^e


Asheat-

VW?:
m
j

m
^

fiakf

^3^nft
4

fimj^: (q$t)

A pon^e.

/m
n

5 wi

/n

sprat, *

ifaft (g) sratft (*%t:)

m
19,

s r
.

of

P l

^T^^n^W^Tfr: t^mVPI^
mp
m

Small

fry.

mq

(^ m.mr

Various

ms

fiah.

Likewise %re;.
c

Fem.
(5J).
f

W^:.

Also

front

Also inft. d Likewise

raasc.

ifi^r:,

*n|rj : >
*

*gft

(^)

s parU8

emarginatus, B. Mss.

Silurus Pelorius, B.

Mas.

But, accord-

ing to some interpretations, another sort of 6sh shaped like a porpoise.


h

Also ^wrift, ^nft, Vfft, *a^t, and ^nft. l Clupea Cultrata (B. Mss.) ? Three several explanations are given by different
authors
j

but they agree that the


i

fish,

hero meant,
k

frequents

flags

And wfor:. or faftfw. And fafafafa:. fafa^m. Cyprinus ciiTyHopamus, B Mss, m Masc.
and
reeds-

Or

*i~i^t:.

Also

f%tfafa:,
faftrotr*:.
IHRT;.

f^sffa;,
lits"..

n Masc.
viz.

Some add ^tffV^a gilt-head


*

Severally
B.)
;

named
&c.
8

in

the

text,

a carp
;

(Crprinus 'denticulatQtj

a sheat-fish

(Silurus

Batrachus, L.)

(Spams
r

Bpilotus, B.)

p Also

Kt(%3, and qftfj *:.


a fabulous sea-fish of

Or *tw:.

Some add 999:.


1

This

is

prodigious

size.

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66

vmmA kosiu, or

[Book

I.

U
Aquatic
animals, b

2 n

m
Various
sorts, c

5vt

(itiT^t:)

fa^*^ *^%t **rt (?*:)


m
md

A A

crab.

2i.

mi*0
fit

**tr.

*sW.
tit

turtle or

tortoise.

m
m
-_ mi

A shark, A crocodile.

nil pm^.1

worm.

m
22.
Agangetic alligator,

Nh^ott
ntg

*H9q^: fah^%J

A leech.

Besides

many

sorts
c

noticed in other dictionaries,


Severally

Especially

amphibious kinds.
otter, scate>

named
(a

in the text, viz. the porpoise,


? or
e

and marine monster


sorts.

whale
qpjr?:.

a seal

?),

besides

the
:

following,

and other,

Or
$

Interpretations differ

one terms

this a water-elephant

(perhaps the hippopotamus


alligator.
f

may

be

meant

:)

others

make

it

the gangetic
fqffTO^r:,

Also
b

qrnW:.

* Likewise firfafqr*:.
this to be the

And
Ch.

or fafa^;,

Some make
nd ?ra*T,

Iguana

distinguishing, however, another sort from the


5.
*

aquatic one.
rT^pirr,
*

Book
Also

II.

rcfr*irT

or ^istarr,

ft

wjtvvt,

wmhwT,
f.

raif3*T, srarofi, sitftoft, *rforaiwtmasc.

Or mftqnft.

*|fjftw.,

and

snatw,

neut.

PI.

with the sense of the sing.

ncta?:. Also

sing. *TC?fcT;.

Digitized by

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Chap.

II. Sect.

Ill]

StfNGSKRiT;! DICTIONARY.

67

23.

qmrote:

(f*rat)

sj%:
ii

^r or
1

to: (^rnO
ma

(^rwn^) a conch.
A small
iheii.

3?*p*t:

wwt:
m m
d

m/c
me
m
3

1/ m

2m
24.

$%
/

m^

*refa. ttstc

w ^tt:
/
/i

fro

A small
worm,
f

/
*

^iraT ff%:
k

turtle.V

/l

25.

(m or fwT) <s#t
m

Em*,

mp

mq
(nwprnwrlrT)

*?. a*p

Sing.

Vgifa:.

Sing.

ifaro:.

Also

>!***:.
d Also

Masc.

n*%i. Also if**:, ^*J and ut**:.


c
i

Or nfr*:.

sfre:.
frog,

Or CT^;* f Some say, a female worm. * Or any small h Or any small tortoise or turtle. Or yaft Also frf%:.
jf%:.
1

And
some

Silurus Pungentisimus,

B. Mss.

k Or, according to
l

commentators, two synonyma, Tf t?ft,

f . ^rfff^TT, f.

Also

l^'ffs:.

Also

jarffr^

andi^.

Or

^WhftfinirT.

Or a

reservoir
q

or any piece

of water

p Sing.

9T3TO9:, and onTTOK:.

Like-

wise ^f:.

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68

miURA K08H4,
26.

or

[Book

I.

A trough
near a welL a

*ito*
1

(^j)

fSpjp* fareinp? *remr>)


2

A well.
The wooden frame
for the rope, b

(%WVf) **
27.

W& H<J ^qTif (g Wf* *t)


m
c

%ff^5T (^r)
of
n

The cover
or facing of a well square, or a large pond. A natural pond, d

&*f<m\
to

(g)

<3T?f

(m\)

m we

One deep
enough for
the lotus.

28.

q^FST^^ST^T
m

5n

Any pond
or pool,

a basin, h
A large
and oblong pond.

tira:

6 n

fat) i^TO^T
/i
*T*ft (g)

^If^^T

moat

29

or ditch.

%* (g) mfro
n
j

A dike.
7 n 3

.
p

A basin
round the
foot of a
tree.

A river.
j

*r

a ff

3^.
well,

_
the

5 u.

_^r

nrr

*t.
b

Filled from the

and intended
it

for watering

cattle.

triangular frame.
of the well,

Some

interpret

wooden frame

at the

bottom

on which the masonry rests. Others the cover of the well. c Some add d Or else one fiff*nf. Or the frame at its mouth.
e

in front of a temple.
s These terms are

Also

^^fa.

Also *rrro:.

And

?rzra:.

synonymous with the preceding according


Or small pond
*

to

some

interpretations

or they are restricted to such a factitious pond, accordh


j

ing to others.
is

or one,

which, in the hot season,


f

either shallow or quite dry.

Or

^Tfir:.

Also

TOTOf.

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Chap.

II. Sect.

Ill]

SUSQSKliHA DIOTIONARV.
/
'

C9

/
30.

fiir^ ^foft wfe^ ^Mt


/ ./ / fironft
J

/ /

/i/
'

^
/
j

/.b

31. *rrr

wifjprt ^fa^TT / 2/ /
f^fV?TT
/ f

"T^^ faTOTT
/
32.
c

Mfa^/^fa)
3/

^TfW ^Tfl^fT 3^T *I*W8*T

'*'*"*'

/g
St^rcra^raiT

(g) i&rr ^tvriwT

^Tf*

33. .RTrftar

^^T
/
4/

^
td- k

r-

The Vipd.

f*v\m

(g)

fam7(%*nO

/-

ra^?^
1

t?r^
.

^P5*ttt ^^;^?ft
2

l^TT (^TT SffiSRT ^faf^) A canal, n /P Various rivers,

*,
Also

or

^tt

?re.

3_^.
^fir;

4n.
Tjft.
c

Tjrfe'ft.

Likewise
d Vulgarly

and
or

Likewise

^fcng<ft and ^WtTfTT.

Jamuna
f

Juwun,
Bengal,

It joins the
* Li-

Ganges near Praydg.


kewise if*?3l$?iPFT<
S'atlaJ ; in
h

Also

spft,

Vulgarly

Narbadd.
*

river in the north of


J

Vulgarly

the

Punjab.

Also ^J^f^J-

k Another river of the

Punjab
n

l
m

This joins the Ganges above Patna.


for irrigation
:

m Or

fipTCTWT^r:.
Severally

A channel
*,

or

a rivulet in general.

named
var

in the text. Besides others, as the

KausiM, Gandak i, Gbddp

Charm'anvat

it

Tdpi or Tapati, Sarayu, Gautami 9 &c.

Or

'npraft. Also

it^ron* or*ft.

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VHUBA KOSHJ,
35.
The mouth
of a river, a

or

[Book

I.

crtS^ faftfftt^rre)
m

Vn issue pom a
ond. b frelouging ro certain
Bivera.

m/c
(**fo)

iranft fa**:

uw)

nf

A white water-lily.

red one. g

*v**jwrai|
n

Any

nh

wa-

ter-lily.

37 (vrf) ^artr
-

fwtf

In

A blue one. i
*J
*1

The

esculent white

aort. k The root a waterlily,

of

38.

HTVB

ft*t

^:

OT*)

Pistiastrat}otee.

sea.

The confluence of two rivers ; or the junction of a river with the b Or a drain of an edifice. c Masc. TOT*:* d To the
Sarayu
is

Deviled (or Dewd), and

(or

Sarju),

respectively.

In these
f

two instances, the adjective

irregular.

Nympbsea Lotus.
rubra.

These,
ac-

and the two following words,


cording to some interpreters.
grf.

are
*

names

of four different

plants,

Nymphaa
(

h Also giTtf
;

and

J Or And grW- l Nymphaea ccerulea and stellata tlT^n:. m The esculent root Also yr^, Nymphwa esculenta. 7|). a Likewise of any of the preceding sorts. Wf*i Or Trfto^fF.
l

AlsOTT^ff.

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Chap.

II. Sect. III.]

SPNGSKR/TM DICTIONARY.
n

71

b
Vallisneria.

^RR^ (S) TO* ^^T


^

/c
A

/
2/

place a-

39 *-

mufvmx 5^VMr
*f%*rt ig)

ww u?w
n

m
n

3n

w
e

bounding in
water-lilies.

b^rri;.
tus flowers.

ng

41.

ftvm?i ^rafa s^rTT*iftwfa[


%
M

fa)

lotus.

(^) <WB"<Q^
n
42.

A d lotus

TJlhww

^VRf

The
The

stalk o
film or.

*M3!l*ll<M

a water-lilyf

Comprehending several

sorts

fonnd

in

stagnant waters.
different copies

b Like-

wise

^^f. Also

ihrrci

and ii*l:.

Tut

further

disagree in the genders assigned to these various readings.

Also

n.

ipnw:, and i?9TO:.


it

Likewise sre^rcft.
;

d Or,

as

some

interpret

the flexible stalk of a water-lily

or,
e

according to others a plant,

viz. Menyanthes Indica or Cristata.

Besides other synonyms, as

VITftj'ft,

Vlfi^,

izftfft, &c.

pha Nelambo.
H^*f.

* Also

9tf%vi*
J

Nelumbium speciosum or Nymh Likewise ftwniFr\ and fsrsjLikewise masc. in*;.

Also *f|ftas, tH).

Also qptt.

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72
to

Ul\
a

UK A KOSHyl,

or

[Booh

I.

wb m
n
c

biage of
water-lilies.
w

C^narf? ^s^t)
m
n d

v^g faf^rra) c/ x
*

mn

A filament.
/f

"fal^J^fi:

%^T
m
h

($fl#*U*j)

A new leaf
of a waterlily.

^TWRT ^WJW
ta

^o

the ioto.g

^wbHit ^tz*:
44.

(^t^TH f^T^^*^**n*Sfat*l

And irarot, a
fiPtfT. f.

small

6bre.
n.
c

b Also f%*f or fipi.

Or
h

wr
Or

d Likewise

^J,

m.

Also

%^:.

Or ^frfo:* Alao
it.

?B*^F.

Or tbe

honey-combed

pericarp

containing

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BOOK

II.

CHAPTER

I.

/a /b

If

/ /

/ /

/*

/
/ 4/

/d

*//
f
/* fg

/h

4.

W^rfTWT
^

Sou-

/
Saltgronnd.

fel^) ^W: ^ITTWfin^rr


1

* *Tindec.

^_
^ift.

%_
Likewise
sj^t.
e
*

7|.

* Also

^;
y

fc).

b Also

^jtf%:. Also
1

vf%i
^wt.

and ^fcft.
*ppft.

* Likewise

*^ft and Also **^.


Also q^T,

likewise

* Also

h Likewise f?fip.

and*f%:.
J
Digitized by

VjOOQ IC

74
1

UMURA KOSRA,
mf it
2

or

[Book

II.

m/

Aapot with. such soil

A place, or
firm spot

m
(wT*ft)

A region
devoid of
water.

** ^*n^

m/ n c m/n
(f ) fvayjir^t
(*it)

Untilled or waste.

6.

(fW
m
d
n
.

world.

(s*V) pnft

^%j

ftwf qnt

^^

/_5\

India.

The

eastern
I

region.

Omnwifi ^y j^:
7.

X*: T\fW.) rt
m
m

The northern region.


g

A country
of barbarians.

The middle
region,

h
8.

h
of

taSi

^rnr^: S*rafa (*wffafwwft:)

Some, varying
c

this reading, write

^PTCm and *R^TO


;

b Like-

wise ^T*T
or

Masc. ftnf; fem. ftwn


e

and faqf

/Also fro?,

Or MWHl'. f Bast, or south of the river Sardvati, which flows from N. E to S. W. North or west of the h Between the two ranges of mountains from the river Sardvati.
masc.

fq^m.

confluence of
Sarasvxitt,

the Ganges and Jamuna, to the disappearance


i

of

the

From

the eastern to the western sea,

and

hounded bj

the two ranges of mountains.

Digitized by

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Chap.

I.]

StfNGSKR/TA DICTIONARY.
m
Ah

75

m/

inhabit-

3m
^*r fira*V (a) inra*n
9.

ed country.

Any
try,

coun-

(fivm'itoK)
l

mf
*

mf n
One abound-

fatmft)
5

titwto
<
<5

(xwffi?)

ing in reeds

mf n

in water
/ n
lilies.

mf
io.

%w^m (*w*a%)
n

in ratans

unrm: (*u**f^)
mf n
m/ n md
/

in green grass.

Clayey and
7

muddy.

Watery, or

wet
Contiguous
to water, c

ii. (eft)

ws wtefcrc *nfo: ^prfii


uCTTfi[*T*)

m/n

m/

8nt/ne

Full of stony or
similar

nodules.

(%*

9m/ni
Sandy.

**-.
*

6vi.
interpretations

Whether inhabited

or uninhabited.

But some
b

make these terms synonymous with the preceding.


are

The following
c

used as adjectives, and vary with the three genders 4

Some

inter-

pretations

make

this

synonymous with the preceding.


fern.
e

d Also neut.

and, according to some,

The two

first

terms are exclusively


&c.
are

applied to a spot abounding in stony nodules, or potsherds,

The
hero
as a

other

two

are applicable to anythiug


:

gritty.

'

The words

exactly similar to the preceding

thus fa*wT,

f%*fw,

sandy,

country

$**:,

faqraWT^J (Wif), sabulous.

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76
Watered
( via. its

ZmURA KOSHi, 9t
rice

[Book

II.

12.

fcni mfa t&x% *Jwjftfiwif:

from a

river.

n/n
Or by rain.
Baled by a
just king.

Governed by a monarch.

is

fold for

kine.

n
The
site of

former one.
Contiguous
ground, a

3m 4/b
tn

%3<jeV (%*t mud

i*rr^)

A hillock
A road,
path or way.

*T**T
n
15. *rasr

(*) TTlf (*) W*ft4 fajiTOrJ m 8m 5n me /f /


wflr:

^wprps ifarr: i?^


/h
/ /i
/j

/e

**far. *ifii: nsrr

rfc*nn^

(fir

^)

good

road.

16. ^rffnfwr:
wi

wm m m

fa)

*w*
7

farfifcfrafr)
tnk

A bad
road.

to^t f?^T

faro:
**a*.

*fw *ttc
4 *nfa:.

(*m:)
6

Near the banks


c

of

river,

or the skirts of a mountain, Ac.


d Also

b Also ^mft.
wfitf*.

Thrown up by

termes, or by moles, Ac.


*

ufir^,

mm,
*

or ini.

Likewise xpjftj.
*

g Also

*tfr.

*^,

and

ut^.

h Likewise

n^ft.
.

rW>.

or

W^pf:. Also

TOftn, or *whft.

Also

WTTf

k Likewise jpTW.

Digitized by

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Chap.

I.]

StfNGSKRiT^ DICTIONARY.

77

17.

^
11

M)

<rf fotf)'
n
#

%IZ

s>

^ ^TZf ^<J*M*I
^

Meetinglof
four road*.

A long and

^RTHTTT

(VHflinD

A difficult
road,

mf
i 8.

*mfir. (^ft)

*****
m

A le^-

wzrcw:

***w
8
it

A higlw,,y

(ww^r) i^wt^

.twet.

CHAPTER

II.

4/

/d

/*
m

wrftf

fniitT

Or a dangerous one
c

but some interpretations make this synob Measured by two thousand


cubits.

nymous with the preceding term.


fathoms.

Measured by four hundred


ir?Rf.

d Also fft*.

Fem.
Also

W**t. ITeut.

Also 3*\

Likewise i?f 4,

or nfiJt.

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78

tmURA ROSEA, *r
n

[Book

II.

A suburb.
1

2
The abode
of harlots.

mr)
ma

A market.
A shop,
Ahteh
street

3.

TOT

wffaft

fafiw
m
f fa

A rampart
d

i f

An edifice,
e

nh /
4* ftiftn (*ft)

Abound
hedge,

A wall.
One
built

JTOH
nk
3

with rubbiah. j

n m*

house.

Likewise %w:

Here

interpretations differ greatly

some make

these terms

synonymous with the preceding; others explain them, the


on which commodities are exposc

street of a market; a stall; a platform

ed for sale

a place of vend without a market, Ac.

Also froft.

d Interpretations differ greatly.

Some

explain the terms, a

mound

of

earth raised from the -ditch of a fortified


tion for edifices;

town and serving as a founda;

Others -say the foundation of an edifice generally

others again, any

Some likewise Particularly a surrounding wall of matlie gate of a fortified city. * Aiso a mudsonry on a rampart or mound of earth, * Or
of earth raised from a ditch.

mound

^w
'

wall

or other enclosure.
tiwnb.

**

Likewise
.

Wl^W-

Likewise

9fPi

f Or efse a

k Also qrqjf

Or n^rW.

Digitized by

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Chap.

II.]

SUTSQSKRITA DICTIONARY.
it

79

ft

ft

nc

n/

pi

m
/

mfd

/e

flf

A cluster of four bouses.

A
.

hut made

of leaves.

An

altar,

*Tfa*TPIT
ft

(?j)

*ff*T

A stable.
A
working

/i
bouse.

place of
j

refresh-

ment,

8.

TO (^HHf^fi l ^T)
l

A
/I

college,

*PWT ($) lf^l*SI^[ A tavern.

* Likewise v^pr*.

* AJso srrs^T.

**TPf or

Win!.
h

d Masc.

or

fern, jrfrt. Fein, ^rit*

Also neut. friW, and maec. jr*j.


* Also fem.
it,

Like-

wise

um
*

Likewise

#9wV.

<*g;irrit.

Or shed
it

for sacrifices.

Some

interpret

a sacred

tree.

Others explain

a monument of wood or other materials placed in honour of a deceased


person.
i

Also fsjfiwWTWT.
is distributed,

And
k
(

neut.

fkw^im,

or

frfqmvf.

Where water

school of students

or a convent

oj ascetics, Ac.

Likewise 3jrf

Digitized by

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80

U^URAKOSHA.ar

[Book

II.

Middle of

a house.

WPITC *TOST
*

woman's
a

*b

apartment.

A window
or air hole.

9.

mntf 1TOP.
ne

(^T^)

mac
*

A
ry

temporahall.

*s^T

(f*ft)

**pi*:

The abode
of the wealthy, d

A temple or palace.
A royal residence, f

10. ijVSt (reft)

tt*w*t
ft
i/
m<t

A king's
house.

m
i

Smith

Temples of
divers holy

forms.

n.
The
queen's apartments.

facets*:

(n^rfr wcflW^mm)

An

airy

12. JTfftl (*t)

ot>

fa)

room, a top of the


house,
j

st, ink

ten?) *ig:
1

^ta fafowin)

V-.
woman
in labour. to

*-^r.
These and the preceding
b Also

* Appropriated to a

are

synonymous terms, according


J
.

some commentaries,

^ lW

Likewise, fem. WVTT. d

Any
;

grand

edifice of

masonry.

ypi, besides other synonymous terms


;

as *rj J,

Ac.

Synony* ^nt*

mous with the preceding


fVTt. Also

according to some interpretations,


;

wTOT$.
J

h Besides other terms

as wwijt:,
articles,

Ac.

Also

ffVpr..

Here, and in the two following

interpretations

differ greatly.

The

explanations, most generally received are inserted.


;

Other interpretations are


front of the building
of a particular form.
;

the back of an'edifico, a fortified place in


;

an apartment on the top of the hall


k Likewise ^fW-

a building

Digitized by

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Chap. II.]

SPNGSKRiTM DICTIONABY.
m
a

81

mb

terrace before the house door.

nc

The threshold.
^

A court or
yard.

{*rwTT^far) fireu
Sn
14.

The lower timber of a


door.

The upper
timber.

A private
teiT<0

u^a^w^fK
m
tt

WK
m

door within the house.

fa) t^SRi:

A back

door. e
of

The edge

the thatch.

Kg

4/h
The thatch
or roof.

15. tar*nft (g) wsret (i?f%

wR^for)

The wood
of a thatch.

5/
^nfanrrfsniiret fa)

fawf (gfywRj)
/k
/l

A dovecot, or aviary.

i6.(^)^^mihpc:
1*ft
*

A door,
gate.

or

A corered
terrace in

the yard

_^
as
c

3t*
*im$.

4^
d

5 ot.
fireft.

6^t*.
b
^fffefe,

Also,

some write these words, TTSTT: acadTTWT:.


Likewise

or ^*Tp8"^*.

Or
f

Some make

this

and

the preceding article synouymous.


Also i?,

Likewise, according to anh

other reading, ^if. Here, and

and ^T^f.
*

Not neuter as

erro-

neously stated by the


J

commentators.

Also

TO fir:

or

TO$fc.

in the following article, as in

many

other places, interpre-

tations

differ greatly.

quadrangular resting place made of wood.


;

A place

for sitting in a court yard

or one for standing

uudor.

quadrangular spot in the court of a temple or groat


furnished with
pillars.

edifice.

terrace

floor

on four posts
l

in the

middle of a quad-

rangular house.

k Likewise fi?r^t.

Also %f^, and

%^

K
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82

miURA KOSHA,
mn
TtrewT
(reft)
ft

or

[Book II.

Decoration
of the gatepost,

a
gate.

*ft^K
3**TT
1

A city

fa)

%*1

A raised
place over

17

the gate.

(*2$tffi: *f)

*f&

(*%"*)
(*ni fai)

m/n b m/n c
A door.
d
Its bolt or

/n

(aWft)

bar.

ot

(^

it)

Stairs.

ft

2/g

A ladder.
A broom.

mh
Dust, or sweepings.

tf^
19. (ftnT)

fhrt

(*tctt)

The

en-

ft

trance of

a house.

An open
space in a town, i

ft

it*

a*.
b Also
d

This

is

explained as signifying/the ornamented arch of a gateway.


the outer gate.

Some
qFTCt,
this
is

interpret,
c

^i?:.

Fein,

qmitt and
according to

Fern.

**&
e

or *8T<ft;.

By
or

a variation in the reading,


or,

made

to exhibit a

synonymous term, ftsqpn,


-

some

ftnjf fit
fipjf'is,

(^)or
iu,

And
i

Fem ^T^f fa^Mt * Also

^roraft.

Likewise fir:^hft<
h Likewise
tf*T*:.
of

*f**tT<ft.

The passage

or out of a house,

town or market.

The road

ingress and egress.

The entrance through the house-door.

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Chap. II.)

StfNGSKR/T^ DICTIONARY.
m m

83

3w?d4
m
20.

(*%*rn)

TE&L
Space ear yU "
lage '

nb

*raiT

wniw (W<V
/
e

2/8/

&C-

m
^far #

^mftoift

terra)

ofherds-

An

abode

Place for diversion outside of a town, or within it

b These

two words are synonymous with the following, according to some.

Also vpftvrfv*.

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CHAPTER
1

III.

m
m
4

3mm
m
m

mountain.

l.

*nftw
*

fSrarfic

pth* *nl ^c ^wt:


m
5

^rff nter fnfr: vrej^rsr v*i fti<Bl^nr:

range,

6tc

surrounding the earth, b

A hill with
three peaks.

The western
mountain, d

to
9

fa)

^rowvi
m
f

m
10

m
11 wi

The eastern
mountain, a

Divers mountains,
f

3.

f%ir*Tf*TOrf*^T wt^ptpj inform*: 12 m


m m
13;m
14

15

16/

A stone or
rock.

A peak or summit. A precipice.

^T {swlt) fH^X
2^.
1*
3

*?V
*

mg
far.)

WT7r

*repnj:
e

ifo|.
384Hf.
ft

w
frfVJST..

**nj,
I6

*.

^r

15 1<rfin5.
b

^.
limit of light

Likewise *nftw<, and


c

The

and darke

ness.

Also SfflPTnps.
rises,
;
f

Behind which

the

sun

sets.

Over

which the sun

Severally

named

in the text, viz.


;

the snowy
the tropical

range north of India

the mountain called fiishad'ha

range dividing South

from Noth India,


Sec.

<fec.

Besides others, as

Mnlaya 9
reading

Chitrakntct,,

Jfaindka,

* VRlZi, or,

according to another

KZ\.

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Chap. III.]

StfNGSKR/T.4 DICTIONARY.

85

5.

*&t (*ft
n

f*nft? *?:)

***.
m

mn
na

n
Table land,

*:w *ts (Kfwft)


m
faTfbrctfj) fSMUf^T
e.

K: A cascade.

(u)

^i
^

(it *ft)
n
.

sr*"*
nc

/
A
natural
cave,

lm
7

/d
*9f*r:

*iwwt fa ^*t: *
x
#

*v

#*

*v

^%i^TTftT:) *

Bocka fallen from a


mountain,

(f^raTi) "wt^pc: fanj)


2

a mine.
8

ht^t:

sramraftn:

ESSE'
Land near a
mountain.

(^tfflj)

fWRT

Land on it.

*.wratf:
\

fining

iS"
Redd*!*;

nfK* (g fnnm:)

Some make

these

synonymous with

the following.

b Fern.

qfetT or qt ^ft.
of being
b Also

These are synonyma, according to some, instead


the

the explanation of
or *rft:.

two other terms here exhibited,

*ft

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CHAPTER

IV.

SECTION

I.

A forest or
grove.

1.
#

2/

large

forest.

A grove
near a
house.
,

wrwi fas) fa^szv*


m
2.

3n

A garden.
One planted by a state
minister, Ac.

/
4

it

A royal
public one.
royal pleasure

3.

(^it^t) Aft*

sn* (tht:
ltd

*wr*ir*f)

far*.*
6/
4.

ground.

6/'

***** V>7/ / i:^^ra^) /e


tffiw:

A row or
range.

^Brrf%fTr^f%r:

%ft

/g
<*t fa.)

/h
^T3rr:

A continuous
line, f

1*
6

mi

*T

Also mvft.
e

Sing. ^rsft:.

b Likewise, fern.

*Pr.

Sing.

^jrjir:,
^jfal.

Or mnfnnf.
ifjft.
f

Also <mft and ^nafe


these h Sing. Klfan.

ftfa:

and

Some add

Some make

synonymous with the


Also

preceding.

* Likewise

t*T.

*T*t

Digitized by

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Chap. IV.

Stet. I.]

SffNGSKR/TJ DICTIONARY.
m
of

87

tot ***** ten*)


m
5.

Sv

ude

W^TffafSTtfff^ 5m 4m
fSZ^t

A
A

germin.

ftJT

wftaTt m mb

*IT*!ft

RT^W^t

mc

6m
i^rr^ff
.

mm

tree,

7m

*fr**: sra: *i*: m ^


.

$ ^ttwt:
One
fructi-

6.

*T**rcar. (*&: t*\<i)

t^g***

blossoms,

/g

blossoms, e

*nw.

(qnrtnrtnr.)
8

m/n

m/n

j^T
Fruitful,

w/n m/n
7.

m/n

(WT%)

W;

^5%^f%:

Wj **%TiS%*IT (^)
10

Bar.

m/n

12

m/n m/ n

m/n m/n 11 m/n ng tjwrpj if%T: xraft taTit! m/n m/n m/n

MMiyidug m/n

*$w sn*tw fa** wt:


i/n

fa*"

wj

(*i *r) **:

iff*
m

X g&
tree.

Likewise *f$^t.

b Likewise

qrar;.

Also

w*i.
Dying

As the

Mango, Eugenia, &c


ing
1

As

the Bread-fruit,

&c

after ripen-

its fruit.

* Sing.
*

*fafa.

Also

*Jt*ift.

h Likewise qrarcifT-'. the


three

Likewse atretic,
k

The preceding admit

gender?, as

adjectives.

With short branches and

root?.

Digitized

by*

/Google

88

tmURA KOSH A,
m
\

or

[Booh II

shrub.

9.

faw^)

?* *F*t$t

f*
A
A
creeper.

/b
5

2/

3/
spreading
one. c

4/

(*ht wrrfMft)

^^%^I mm
m

(TRfft)
6ffl

Height of a
tree, hill,

Ac.

m
trunk.

The

fa*ft) irate: 7/ f

<^n srreF5rT*<NKt:)
/ /

branch.

A A

large

branch.

fibrous root.

From a radicant branch, d


Scandent
fibres.

(*ttot

f*wr) nftra tepj)


/

(*wi*nf
8

rar)

mn

mm

The top a tree.


Its root.

of

12. fai^T $*'

firo^ (*t*tt)
*33i

m
10/

mf f

(s'fww*:)

The

pith.

^T^I WTT fa*V)

The

bark.

shf
13.

w) tot' *^*rar fafirat)

Wood.

wrv ^T*

Also trf%:.

b Likewise apnft and imfff*.


j

explanation to be one of the synon yma

Some make the and others, moreover, make


d

these and the preceding bear the same sense.

For example, that of


interpretation of

the India fig-tree.

c
it
'

Some make

this

a second
foot.

^NTttT* an(*

expound

otherwise ; viz, a plant climbing from the root

to the top of a tree.

Any

term signifying a

Digitized by

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Chap, IV. Stct.

I]

SPNaSKRTTM DICTIONARY.
1

89

8/

/b
nc
14.

nd

m
fa*n^)

mi *mni fl^f *m
y

*& w?.

> A sprout or
ahoot. e

iW*j tot)
(

<N\ *+

rararaRr

15.

ng

(wr^tart)

m$ wqf
wnV.
terr)

t
gt
*T*T
Moiat. ( fruit

(*n* *%)

(*)
16

(*W
mj

f?Tl)

Dryr

WT^T VfTVF (flft%)


f\
*faraiT
ink

a geUm

*tar. (?pi) wo^ flower.

1* **% (jf^rcnO g
ing bud.
*
fuel.

Some

restrict the

two

last, others the three last, to signify sacrad

b Likewise

Wg<t

and

*1^t*

Also

Tl^sf.

Likewise
<fec.

Vnr*.
'

The extremity of a branch


this

bearing

new

leaves,

Some make

and the preceding


:

synonymous.
or peduncle.

* Likewise
*

9q|,

h Of a leaf or {rait

the

petiole

Likewise

f%; and *ft. * And or^r:. * And 1TYTO.

neuter.

k Also

ipq*:.

Likewise -q^u

L
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90

UUURA
17. (fare:)

KOSH/4, or
a

[o6h

II.

1/

nh

flower.

m
Its nectar

^Rre: m

wi vq$ iwt
m
2n

(*n)

or honey.

Its dust or farina.

18. (firftf *
Fruits of
certain
plants.

*% ^
a

**

T <1*Hmq*i *

fiff*T*0
f

^A

3 n

I9.wmr(*)
Fruit of the Eugenia.

Oj*T *mftira?ra:
20Blossom of the Bigno-

^rMnr

site*:

^
it

fa^Ww

m&tfk)

* Plural

with the sense of the singular,

though some make

ad-

mit the singular number, and even the neuter gender.


fpprt.
b Likewise

Ex

fpPn: and
^if

^?f.

According

to

another

reading

a flower.

Names
leaf.

of plants
its

generally become neuter* to signify

the produce of the plant; viz.

blossom and

fruit:

some add the

root,

and even the

Except Haritakl and certain others, which are


fruit,
<fcc.

feminine denoting the

As Drdkshd,
;

Kbshdtaki, Ac.
:

In

these instances, derivatives are employed to signify the fruit

and, in

some other instances likewise


derivative,

as ffa*, Ac.
all

Here the neuter, the


h Jdii
the

and the irregular feminine, are


(as Yut'hikd,

three employed.
irregularly

and certain others

Mallihd

<fcc.)

retain

original genders, to signify the flower of the plant


of corn

so do the

names

and pulse, to signify the seed.

And

so do Viddri,
:

and others
are both

(as

Gambhdri
4

Ac.) to denote tho root, or the blossom

some add the

fruit.

Here the
$

neuter,

and the

original feminine gender,

admissible

and even the masculine.

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Chap. IV. Sid.

II.]

StfNGSKR/TA DICTIONARY.

91

SECTION

II.

Ml

Holy

fig-

Ie

(sn) *rfqw (^it;)

m
2.

>

^faw vTf% nm*n:


m
4
M

or

m
fafa)

apple, o

tf
;

((%^)
1H X

^fafC ^IW(ini3T
TO

Hi

fH

Glomeroua
fig-tree,

3.

qftft^ *mf*w, ifT%T *Tq?raF: 6 m m /


i

Mountain
ebony, g

,)i

^ 1+

'

'

mj
^r
til

m
fll

to

V^nvn? Tram tow


TO

^gw*iT:
TO

Cassia
tula.

fie-

^
-

'

>

'

TO

m
6
to

TO

A lemon
citron.
^ to

or

'-*&)
1^_
'

to

m
Tapia. 1

*_,.

*-*.

* s.
c

5*

f|f

Cra-

Ficus religiosa.

t?a Valanga.
write ^iixi.
scUolaris.

b Also *tfa. d Also qifwOT*.

Feronia Elephantium or

Ficus glomerate, R.

'

Some
;.

e Bauhinia variegata,

and other
*

species.

h Echites

Likewise masc, UT<^J.


l

Also *TIW: and

^rr^rw

Likewise

*lmm and HIST*.

Cratsera Tapia or Capparis trifoliata.

TT"

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92
"*

UIIURA KOSHJ,
m
1

or

[Booh II.

mb

Punag. s

Xoral

tree.

m
Tints,

me

2m

flfpondlas. f

^
8.

$1) ift?R

**nffal5*V

*TP*m%
Mi

Baisla.

m
Another
Bort
j

im

6m

^
(wfoNi fif<qft)

PUu. k
Walnut.
1

9 - *faft ^jvurar:

w^

*rsft *^<ra\ (it)

Probably

Rottlera tinctoria, R.

Mss.

b Also %ircs.

Ery-

thrina fulgens.

But some apply

the

Sanskrit names to the Melia

sempervirens.

d Dalbergia Oujeinensis,

B. Mss.

itfir.

Also %f*nj
* Also
J

and

fern. ShSt,

according to some.
latifolia.
*

Spondias Mangifera.
inj;.

Wvmrqrs

h Bassia

Likewise TOpt: and

Grow-

ing in water ; or, according to another reading, on mountainous ground, k The name is applied in some provinces to Careya arborea
(R. Mss.)
;

in others, to

Salvador* Persica (R.)

Described as a

species of the preceding,

growing on mountains: but the corresponding


regia,

Hindi name belongs to Juglans


or Aleuritea Triloba,

and also to Croton Molucoanum,

Likewise

qmftvi and fT^t**. Also *tKT;.

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Chap. IV.

S*et. II.1

StfNQSKR/TJ DICTIONARY. N

93

ia

in

in

m
*nnft*r

10.

niml

fifcj*: irSfy

" fron

'2

md

m
m

3n
(^t)

H.

(It) trfa*I*lfajV

11%^

I%?W
m

growing in
water.

^5"
r>

^H ^ fW tfhyilftjqtj^q 9f^nRT:
1

mf

ftigmh

Morunga. e
red variety of the same.

12.

odfc *$0 *$**;.

(m%)

m
5

^ ^
m
fft

^Rffe %fini! (VW)


m
m
^fJTOJT fafa)

Soapberry.

fW WTfiiyW VWTt HTWm


hi

Marmelos.

7 r ^

wi

13. jri|T *

Wit

Vtiit fe(t*0
M

leaved

fig-

tree.

inf.
a A.
is

to.
b Likewise fSrvfc*:.
:

c
'

hexapC,alum.

The Sanskrit name

by some referred to the Batan


d qreHpW* Also
f

bat a different plant appears to be


e

meant.

TOTOUVn.

Hyperanthera Mornnga or

Guilandina Morunga.

*m
1

and *t^ppts.

g *ftwfor ghrfapr ;. h ^nj^r: or **nftr:. and qrrfjfc:. * Sapindus

Likewise aJln tai<lt

Saponaria and other species: but applied also to Mimosa abstergens,R. Also ftv:. k iEgle Marmelos or Crateeva Marmelos. l Fiona

Tenon.

vrft^. Also fem. rft, or *ft (Nom. *ft:). and fem. i(4it, or irift ( ft:). n Ficos Indies.

So q gfa^

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94

miURA K03RA, or
w
tub

[Book
2
iti

II.

m
i

pale sort, a

Lfh.

The

vrmi: sjt^t qhi R rfldfiM *nwbft

tn

tit

tw

Mango, o

14.

*n*TO?tT
^
'

W%T
*
-

m
wi

very fragrant sort


of
it.

ft

mom

Bdellium.

mg
Sebesten^J

"
f

ni

tnk

t)

Ptya. h

/
/ /

mm,
(^) *niir*r fang)

^taff ir^rnY
jujube,

n
wi/o

(ra

?*ft;)

m/p

m/q
n
n
4

17.

qj^qB^ *Ktf%:
n

The

fruit.

*bW iwr
1

^rfrif

ft.
is

ft,

^.

* m.
in use.

The lodh

a bark used

in dying, of

which two sorts are


d nf
f.

Some
Also
f

restrict the first

term to this species, and make the rest

common

to both

b Also

9TC:

Man a ifera
Likewise
latifolia,

Indica.

gwt^p

and

WRIT.

qnft qi

and
e

WWnr*
^*r

Also

Cordia myxa. Also Oordia

R. Mss. Also

jia Sapida, R. Mss,


orientalis

But
*

the

name

is

in

%^;. h Chironsome places applied to Grewia

and didyma.

Also
1

^fr;

and

qr^:.

Likewise VOfWf or n k Likewise q^: (ug of

And

firara:.

n^pr)

and

it?:.

Probably Gmelina arborea,


species.

m Also

*mir<t. n Zisyphus Jnjuba,


Fern. qpERaf ;.

and other
W^{:.

* Also, in

Masc qntap and 3ET;. the fem, ?ft^ and qfr*T-

P Masc.

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Chap. IV.

Sect.

II]

8UXQSKMTA DICTIONARY.
/

95

4WNf **^ n\^r

(j)
(S*l

^T<0 ^Tf WHgW.


Svfn
chi.

U
/

18. fasfai?i:

^pTS^T

tffagT ^TTWiT^

3^(
(ft)
Orange.

m
^<r<*<tt

d / vn^ity Ti^ft
to
to

*cfasii5iT

mg
19. fir j:
to

m
(^)

wro: *gtow
w

faf<iK%

Sort of ebony,

^rft*

Another
sort,

mi
20. *rfaft%r
hi

mf\ 2m

m
Ghantdpa'tali.

hi^i
to

^i^TTi^ftr^T^r ^^f^V
8

m
Tila.

fnsra:

wr.

^mn

Tamarix. k

4 to

m
Red L<kr a.

H^R:

*ifFST (^i: ^Tcj) ^ft

*rTOTlW^:

Some make
:

the three last, others the two last, signify the wild

sort

others again explain the last, as denoting both, plant


rest, as indicating the fruit of
c

and

fruit ;

and the

the
d

common

Jujube.

b Fla-

courtia Sapida, R.
*

Also^qfar*:.

Likewise irnfn:

or wrofri.
*

Some

disjoin the two last as

names

of

a different plant.

Diospyros
h Diostrrcft:.

melanoxylon, (R), and Glutionsa, (Koen.)


pyros toraentosa, R.
k
*

* Also ffijpff.
j

Likewise iftftw.

Or ^*i and

Indioa and Diceca.

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Google

9G

UMURA
22
in* (*) j&:

KOSHii,

or

[Book If.

m
Mulberry.

wfrj *wwj
m

*w* 0*)
:*. /
* -

*(*)
mb
/
y
(

Nauclea
orientalifl.

mm
23.

/nd

Marking
nut. e

^Kf^rnr^T

ff**9^

VfTc^

(fwi)

Parapipat. a

*T^MT^ ^^TO IPfaPT *OTT^WK


24.

3T* (^)
ft
f

fz
$f*WiT

Tamarind.

f?ff?nft

fny
m

J. tan.

mi

m
m

^ sfT^
mm

mk
jM'At* or
25.

m ml

^t% fa) to *rwft (w^^t: *r^re*nc: 2m m 1 m m m

1_*.
*

*
it

Populneoides.
d Masc. these Sana,

Morns

Indica.

Bat some make


qrT^RIl.

the Hibiscus

See 23.

b Likewise

Semecarpus Anacardium.

fTYTTO*. krit names with those of the Ficus venosa,


tlhi:, *t, *.
h Terminalia
* Likewise

Hibificos

Populneoides, B.

Some confound
f

Also f?{fJwSt and fiffw-

qnjtaT,
*

A lata

tomentosa, R.

*nfiJ*T and qnifrn. Also qrrcre* and qripr: * A


but not yet
l

common

timber tree dascribed (Polyandria monogynia)


botanists.

named by

k Likewise KTOS.

Also WTlJp.

m Or

*^f-

VW,

n Terminalia Alata glabra, R.

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Chap. IV.

Sect. II.]

SPNGSKR/T^ DICTIONARY.
ftb
1

97

MM
26.

^TOT^

ItfSIWi *ftfajT*t

Khirart.*

*IW
f
27.

^fiJ *?f tfT^

Bho'jpatr.

mfi
^:)siik-cott<m.

fijf^vr u^ift *tHt f^Kn: *nrcir% (v


firoT
mi<i<aV^

(?j)

its

gum.

mm
m
mj

W/ m
m

Another
cotton.

I n

mm

to

l*T.

*^.

*
*

^.
*TO

*^, 7^r
of

and

-*.
M. Kauki.

4_^.

Perhaps a species

Mimusops.
d

i>

Also
.
f.

totTCT

xrt and

Masc. ***:.

The bark
h Also

ifl

U8ed

Bombax
*n*qfir.\
*

heptapbyllum.

Also fem. "Vn^rifr

Likewise m. or

f Galedupa Arborea or Robinia miti9.


pinia, or

ftftfro:.

Ciesal-

Guilandina, Bonduccella. J Likewise vffarcif:, w*far: and *fa*TO:. k Seemingly varieties of the Bonduc. * medicinal

plant so called.

m Also

^faw.
Digitized by

M
Google

98

UtlURA K0SUA,6r
fh
tnc

Bookll.

m
^rf^TT

Xhayar, a

30- *n*?ft
\

wwnra:

^wi*r:

A
A

fetid

$Umpsa.
hite

sort.

^K\ faf^ W>)


m
31.

**ipto5t (jw)

Palma
chtfsti.

d
t

we
(*)

mt
in

m
jr.)
oi

r^9 ***
w

^^r^?r (^
g
nt

te'Pami'

(*iw

tnft) utitK:

far*)
2/

/k

/?'* or

*** *W**TT f*RT

'

DMa'r.m

ma 34. TJ^T*
i

TO^I* IJTft***: n n
\fafa* fiiltW
.

mm
(*)
2 mi*.

^TC (^)

ft

*
c

Mimosa Catechu (Khayar) Linn.


f

b Also masc.
d Ricinus

9n*f*^
*
*

?ft)

Likewise TOPHf: and qia^Qe*:.


h Likewise
'

communis.

Also

OTTJI**-

Likewise ^JJli and ^"5*: or

^f*:.
mfh*:.

Also ^nr: or

^Tifv:. k Or

vtyto;.

Also

Mimosa
Bengal,

albida.

qn mft
:

l
.

Vangueria spinosa, R.
to

But the Sanscrit

names
Uvaria

are referred
longifolia

also

Gardenia

dumetorum,

m
fir.

In

but properly seems to be a pine or

Digitized by

Google

Chap. IV.

Sect. II.]

S*7NGSKR/T.4 DICTIONARY.
1 TO

99

(^ Wtt)
mfb
/ /
/c

flower a

/d

35. ijTZf%: ITT3WT.

OTV*T *fiW3nft /

**%W

wit (3) *rf%*T


/
36. *nrr

(vn)
/

prfjwif* c

/
/
wt

'

*M^ft
/
in

ij^t /

faW wftn^ inat


/
w

mm
m
1

mh

m
i

^frn
hi

mwuwq ^tan??T
w

$ttot:

38. iftnnn (^t)

nsn
/

tm/nk
(<ST) *

fhVlmW

TOPSt

(f?*l) "Bmblic
myrobalan.
j

^1

-.

^w*T

(*) **tot

(^r)

/n n
(f^ftnp (^5 f ) fwftWJt *^
+^r~

Beleric

myrobalan. myroba

h3 -4
*

Bignonia snave-olens.

b Also
e

fem. Jnzmt.
seed

wftwt
named.

or iftWT.
f

d Likewise ^rnit

and ^mft.
of
J

fragrant

so h

And
l

other synonyma
1

woman.

* Bignonia Indica,

Also ^jtarar:.

^rotli or

^t*:.

Phyllanthus. Embiica.

k Masc. *TTW*r*;.
n

Or

WOT-

Also qrRTCTT'

m Terminalia

belerica.

Fem. fnctw^t.

Digitized by

Google

100

UM.VRA KOSIU.

or

[Book

II.

39.
Yellow^
myrobalan*

m lw *nt%*:
/

*vw
*/

^f?nnw: *f*ir. /* /b / /
f

f 40. vtta^t vwmt ^nr^t i m /


ft

* f

Shwt ftm

Sural,

Caniydr. d

mt
Barahal. e

Bread fruit or Jaca tree, g


Eijjal.
j

mi

mk
/
42.

Opposite leared figtree. 1

/
HI

/m
|

#l

*%J^ "^In

*T^rf fain
*jfi;e:

wwm i*ppNroT
f
*

Nimb. n

****** ftrfipvfc *t**t:

mo
43.
Si$6.

f*W (^) f*n?


/
_

/q

Terminalia citrina.
yields a resin.

b Also *ff:^vr and qrras^VT. tree which d Pterospermum aceri folium or Pentapetes aceri folia.
*
l

Artocarpus Lokutsha (Lucucha), R.


h Also

Likewise wgr*:.
qfcrtqra:. or
l

* Arto-

carpus integrifolia.
J

TOW.
(

And

^IfHt.
*

Eugenia aoutangula.
(^).

k Likewise f%9HT:

Ficus oppositi folia, R.


1

m *mn*

Also **^*

Of

and

***

(""^5}'

Nimba

Azadaracta (A'za'dderakht) or Meiia Azadirachta.


* Dalbergis Sissoo,

And

fif^f^:.

R.

<*

Or, according to some,

^Q^fiilVI.

Digitized by

Google

Chap. IV.

Sect. II.]

aUNQSKEni DICTIONARY.
/
TO
r.

101

01

Siris.

ik

mf
TO

,
TO
fit

,^'
S

45.

*$$T
M m

TOOT JUT*
to

mb
2 to

to

to

m
f
'

^tw. %w*t wnnta*:


/
,

wry
A
/
#

(ir.)
/

*<*

46. hit rci*ft

Hit^t *rr^ft

*i4fJini

^n.

^ '^A

mn
47. r^ T

Some make

these terms
(Siri'sha),

synonymous with the preceding.


R.
c

b .Mi-

mosa Seereessa
* Michelia

Champaca,

Also vfkKi and Vchr. or vtftKi. f Likewise Mimusops Elengi. %irc:~


or wrfOTJ.

* Jonesia Asoca, R. h

And TgfoW; ^rf^W


J l

fTffWtall

Mesual
n

ferrea.

Likewise %ui;: and *to$itc;.

Also fem. k And


spinosa,

synonyma

of gold.

JEschynomene Sesban.

m Premna
the

and
ing

longifolia.
fire, as

names

Some make these five synonymous with of the Arani or Premna spinosa.

preced-

Digitized by

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102

UUURA KOSHi,
mb

or

[Book IL

Itrfseed.

(TCTTW5)
2

'5f%W.5SpIWs^ 0*%) md me m m
Sm
tig

"O^

wi

4 f

/k
/

5/

/
2*&wdr.
i

/
/

/m

waft
50.

to *rft ^wnwt, ^fNrw (Tsrfw) *


*Jp

rirt. n

^Wfijpft fo) IT^gt


/

f
c

2*.

f
b Also

* Echites

antidysenterica or

Neriam antidysentericum.
also,

qp)?*n<

Carissa Carandas.

Applied

but erroneously, to the

Flacourtia Cataphracta. d Also *T*|rin*:,in*i|i*:,If ***,

tTTWHW

and other combinations


tree noted for the
trifolia
1

of the

same terms.
its

dark hue of

blossoms.

Likewise lif<lM:- f A * Also mffar:. h Vitex

and Nigundo.

Applied also to Baddleia


1

Neemda, B. Mas.
k Also

Likewise fifc*: and fi&fTPC:.

Or retrfc*'-

f*7H&t

plant so called.

m Likewise ^TT, and


J.

JQiNKi or ?KI?m.

n Heliotropiam
q Likewise

Indicum.

Zambac.

p Also fem.

OT^?9T*

ipwH*-

Digitized by

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Chap. IV. Seel. II.]

StfNGSKR/lM DICTIONARY.
I/a

103

51.

(^T.) ^?TT (*tof*T) yaJTety. f / / iPRTfaOT (u) ^**T f^Hh^t ftf%*iT (^JT) Aawrt / /
/c

>

x.

^X

52- ff5inirrfWiT

4fl5*

*rfa**
S3,

4*c

ten*) *T<fcn *irritar?iT

jgj?

^nn wra** *Tfir:


y
*JH<9T

SKIT
y
mill,

g
j

W^iTffim

Jasmin,

mn
,

mn

Many
flowfired Jaa-

*ttW<JR[

,_

***
/
54.

fal# )

^T ^l>^j:
*ifr.
s

mm

min

Wriy*.
Aloe,

tf
n

^JJ

fiWFft HifUl^
1

*t

f<*
The
Sanscrit
tristis.

^tPfBtm names are assigned,

or WTOfrST.

Jasminum
sort.
e

Tillosum, R.

in Bengal, to the

Nyctanthes Arbor

Some

apply the two last terms to a distinct

Also ijtcrfa; or ijxfUtt

and qtarfTOT*
teria Bengalensis.

d J. Auricolatum.
*

Gaertnera racemosa or Banis~


* J. J.

Likewise wrcft and tjwj.


fprsrT.
*

Grandifloram.
fl.

VRT;

aRH or

Also WPlt.
l

Zambac

multi-

plicatis.

J. multiflorura or

pubescens.

Pentapetes phaBnicea. The Ixora coccinea.

Sanscrit names are by some assigned to the n Also perfoliata.

m Also

TO*S< >

Digitized by

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104

UHURA KOSRA.or

[Booh

II.

Globe
TAuth. a

The crimson
sort.

The yellow
[or white] yariety.

mo

m/e
Blue Barleria.

mt

mh
Jhinti.

/ m

purple

sort.

yellow
i

56.
k

sort,

(^?TT)fi^^(fW^?r%^iw^(Tt:)
#

China

rose.

The som

blosof se-

eamura.
Oleander. T'

X \c "
57.

**T"5*r

(l*f ffaro

^)

nfrtrc U?WT* VIST* WifT^rT:

m
CariLo

mp
mr

In
ma
.

m
niornap. pie. q /

58.
v.

nrn: fan^r *3t >wrc;: *jtot ..

(w)
\ /

^
/

*raw
globosa.

ij^r fat)
b

Gomphrena
R.

crulea,

Or fr^TO:. Also |K**:. d ' Or <vptff:. g Barleria Masc. WTf J.

Barleria
cristata.

h Or ^t** : - l Barleria Prionitis. J Masc. ***. Also *^TOCJ. k H ibiscus Rosa sinensis. l Also *nrr m Nerium Odorum. n Or

ipftvW*
p Also

Described as a thorny plant, of which Camels are fond.


q

m:.

Datura

lietel

and Faatuosa.
of gold.

Likewise TRjfCS

and

tn?nc:.

Or any other name

Digitized by

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'

Chap. IV.

Sect. II.]

SPNGSKR/IM DICTIONARY.

105

tn

tn

59.

HWPT^T

ft^T

T*%T

*T^F%

Citrona

^ifh^T
60. *tfftj

*TO[TOi H^TTKT: Mifal*!*:

Mama, b 7.

"
'

(15)

to)

wt%

*fa*%ii

s&w
mh

Parnd&A

U
inft fa)

mg

f**ir
m

*% (w-) ^ wf
m
w
Sffi

m
si.

in

**t
m

(i) TOtpiifci

*w* ffcfhror.
m
*
tn

m
fay)

r
.

*^it

dhH8
(SW

8pf
ml

WW JHtTO^
mm mn

The 1 white
soil

/
62.

ftww# top*

xCTmfi^T

*%r **:

Bam^K^
a ro lte

_____

*^t CTn^ft ^revr

__
b

*fhf*ri%. (wfir)

2wT

_
:

Pian t o

fc

^- Kc-^make the
are
$

'

Citrus

medioa.

Two

sorts are here

named

bat some

terms synonymous.

Marjoram f

The

Sanscrit

names

also

assigned to a species of basil (Ocimum) with small leaves

and to

another sort of citron.

be the sacred Basil


*
1

*W1t:Ocimum sanctum
*

Also

d Considered
).

by some to
gratissimum.
fire.

Ocimum

Plumbago,

zeylanica.
J

Or

f*(*:
m Also

And

other names of

Asclepias Gigantea.

Or any name of the sun. k Confounded by some


n

with iEschynomene grandiflora, but appears to be a different plant.


1

Likewise

fern.

qqrretaT-

f*;.

And

wijfi:

or

v^v:.

Epidendrum Tesseloides and other species, p Likewise v^YT and w^mnr.

N
Digitized by

VjOOQ IC

106

UMURA KOSHA,

or

Book II

MICTION

III.

/b

sSfafw *rt**#
/a
Aletris. c

f**nsT
/

*wh.
*f

(fr)

W^
/

^ W^T /ft
/
f

/ ftZT 7&l^\ f f
f

W
f

wsfm%\
,4

w^^i *taff ^^pc*. (xft)


/h
f
f
*Mfdfh<*T

caaa'&i.g

3.

^^T^t^T TT^J^ft UT^IT


/
Catuci.
i

n
/
.

/k

/ /
/o /

4.

/ /m
Catrach, or Cowitch. 1

/n

/
/
ft)

/
^EwnitiiT

/p

/q

v*faf: wjfq^^g

^t

Menispermum glabrum.
nervosa. d
'S^Y'

b Also Tjvft.

Aletris Hyacinthoides
f

or Dracona or

And

^?f.

Likewise

^r^rr-

Also T*g:^rt

^:

and

* Cissampelos hexandra. h Likewise

^Rftwjff
qranFT>

and

^f*WP(t>

medicinal
l

plant

so

called.

Also ^iJWtT-

k Likewise
Likewise

qrafoT and ^tfipft-

Dolichos pruriens.
*

m Also

*reqjT-

Or qn^T.

And

jjqrfint,

or nj*f*im.

lAlsoqrfqqre:.

Digitized by

Google

Chap. IV.

Serf. III.]

SVNGSKRHA DICTIONARY.
f / /

107

f
/

if

/b

/
Muaall. a

/ me

m
7.

8m
Ap&ng. c

wn^: snsfiftT

^i*rm ^.*V

V
/

/
Bamanai-

mi
/k /

m
/

w
/I
Madder,
j

m
io.

mp

mq
*rererro
:

m
swnrar. f
6/
firifiii
ChdevXi ya. s
Jatvdsd. o

*t%t ^ttot f :^ray /* f /


;

f
6/

Kt^ft W^ETT tf^T ^HJ^tTTT fTT^WT


ft
11.

'

gfajpnfl ^*MnFl 2_^f.


:

fw^

1^_.

I_*.

4_^

5_^f
d

0^_.

medicinal plant
c

probably Anthericum tuberosum, R. Mss.

b Likewise *T<fr.

Achyranthes aspera.

And

ii?^r:.

Also
R.

BOTTOM :
1

Or

marajjwft. g
*

And %irWf.
(

h Ovieda
),

irerticellata,

Also

wr%*:.
qrrar%fipiT.

Rubia

Munjeet

Manjit'h

R. * Or

firanrT.

Also

m And vft^fr
?

n Likewise *torwm?f. Perhaps

Hedysarum Alhagi
andj

or rather,

a new species,
*^j!rfa:.
r

p Likewise in*:,

wwro;.

Also
differ
;

**wwn&: and
;

Likewise

^t^ft.

Explanations

the names in

both lines being synonymous

according to some
others.

but denoting two distinct plants according to


*

The

first

seems to be Hedysarum lagopodioides.

Or sfopuff.

Digitized by

Google

log

UU.URA KOSBU,
/ /

or

[Book II.

/a

/b

1/

Mmvdsac.
Sort of prickly nightshade. c

12. firficfcranr

f
Trityft

^nft *nft r?ft ii^*ifK^T 2/ / / /


(Hjfq)
"*

Wit **T pSntf TTffit


/
/
/

/
Indigo,

/
*naraf*faT

!3. ifhrft

*htt afhrfro irnfNT

T^spft ^ftanft tiwt

m
Sbnraj. g

^&
/3

^tarr fa) sfifft

h
/

/
4/

/i

/
Long pepper.

6/

f^ff
wpiwt ^ro*T ^nuT / /

15. srafrrii9n *^fr /k /l

**WT
Another
sort.

f*WHft *t^l

^TT
/
f

f
16.
The
plant.

mm
wfitr.

*firw# *ta*tt ^tsnft no /p

(**t*0

Also

m\ and
*t*TCmt

qrvfc:.

b *TWpr: or

^m}.

Solanum Jacquini,
%gt>
write

Willd. d Indigofera tinctoria.


according
h

Some
*
*

read

(jjqft,

others jg$t. f Also

to another reading.

Conyza

(or serratula)

anthelmintica.
1

Or fem.

(A).
l

Likewise ^TW%it.

Some

mq*\.
plant
neat.

k Also *IWT.

Likewise frarft:.
:

m And
name
p

*fa*:.
of

Or

synonymous with the preceding


;

or

else

the

a different

Tetranthera apetala, R.

Also fem.

tot.

Or *W. Also

vfkm>

Digitized by

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Chaf. IV.

Sect. III.]

SPNGSKR/H DICTIONARY.
/
/

109

/
17.

irogm

(fty

^w ^r&t oif*^*:
/ /
3/

2/

c^^m b

fa*e%I
/

^C%T W*W17 (\jmfk)


/

/ f
f

4/
ft

/
t

^TOifalT

*fk^ TOTTO:
fit

WIT*^
6

/
fih

a
fift
g

() flu* *T3ta*

Xfc
/

'
21 -

*f

rfiw^vt totot *tofhft *irofl!T


(SJWr)

0rri *

W^
precatorius.

A white
sort,

*v-.
*

*
^Barle^a
(

Abras

or

Rtiellia

longifolia.

The
?

name seems
As. Res.

to be also applied to
vi.

Tribulus Lanuginosus.

Betula

vol.

p.

573.

d Asclepias rosea, (R.)


'

and other
*

species.

Asparagus raeemosus, Willd.

Sing.
*

HHi mft.

Amomum
J

Zanthorhizon, Roxb. h Also ritaf s. pseudacorus ? k Acorns calamus.

Likewise x^iw^j.

Iris

Digitized by

Google

110

UMZTRA KOSEU,

or

[Bool

It

Justicia. a

i^pFrn?

f^fV

fa) Trfaranr

md
22.

?^T i^Ti: f^TH^T TOftj


fe

WTfa^SrlSii:

f
m
5

Clitoria. f

Barleria.

23.

f S^ip^T J

m
,

m
3

fa)

3FRBW ^JtftWT%^TH nTl


m
if

Anethum.

ni^n: far*) ^lAw^ni


24. f%T^a|T (w)

fk f n|fat ftnft

mm
Euphorbia.

ron

6/

(.*)

t^T *wrs:

*ew

^
/

/o

^t

ft
***

Babreng. q
,

me

m
(^) *fnr ft)

25. tti

w
/
(g)

(3*3 ***0
/

Sida.

Crotalaria.

OTTWT
adhatoda

'R^ftlT
c

Justicia

& ganderussa.
Likewise
:

b Also
'

*TUT and *TfrT.

Or

Sip. *

And ^tZ^W-

*nw
J

Clitoria ternatea.

Also

h Barleria Longifolia ^TOffST.

>

but applied also to Capparis spinosa.

Anethum Sowa and Pammorium, R.

Or *T%*r.

k Also frrfa:, f*tt

and fqfu:.

Including divers species, as Tirucalli, &c.

m Also

f%*:and &**'.. "Likewise *:. Or^*t. Also ^rt>:. vermifuge. p And qit. Likewise masc. ^W:. ' The seed is used as a preceding * Also ' ^ijftrand ifm*aw:. * This and the two some. u S. cordifolia and Rhomadmit the three genders, say
terms
bifolia,

&c.

v C. retusa, sericea

and some other

species.

Digitized by

Googk

Chaf. IV.

Sect. III.]

SffNGSKRJIM DICTIONARY.
/
"/
1/

Ill

/
/

/
/b

26. Wfa|T ft^pft

KJHl

Wit
/c

*$*%.

(fa

^)

grape.

^refojfa: ^rc^rr

2/ / fjijzr farew ftif^

TtSri the white sort.


:

The black
fort.

28.

fs / iT|W *hwf ^feWf^T W^rfCTiT

Liquorice

/ /

8/

BhvWaon-

4/6/
/
ml

rd the dark
sort. h.

29. (*j*n)
f

ifftfa^ (^rrq) ^ii<<i^f*ini


/
f

Another
sort (pale).

Canchara'.

mm

1ST.
*
c

a,.

J*.

ijrT.
x

5l

Or

ifrcfflT.

b Also

And

d Likewise fsr^ft.
?

mwr, SWT, and OTTT $ some ^rft e HTfaf^. or infifrft. f


which
is

read ^p^fT.

Glycyrrhiza
substituted
*

glabra

Or Abrus
*

precatorius albus, the root of


*ret.

for liquorice.

Also

h Convolvulus

panicuiatus.
i

Interpre-

tations differ, transposing the distinction of colour,

Jussjeua repens.

k C.

Cristata.

Also

^WT5. m Likewise

JHnii?;.

Digitized by

Google

112

UMURA K08RA, or

[Book II.

Sy^lata .a

^ ^^ j,^ ^ V
/*
*

1/

jft.^

,^
c

%f

4/

avm.
Frfcfci'M.

31.

*ft wf%: fij% w^ft


5/

*i(V*nr^)

SFCTION

IV.

A banana,
d

^sT?t*T

Mvgani.

f*
Eggplant,

f /
/k

/i

2.

/
Rasa*.].

/I

Interpretations differ

some

referring the

two
o

last terms,

others

the whole

line, to

a different plant.
preceding.

b Or
are

ifftr.

xhe same synodrugs.


d

nyma

with the

They

medicinal

Musa

sapiantum.

WKW.

Also masc. *^*. ' Likewise TCTOIT. Some write Solanum melongena. h Also *TOT or wrwtfr*. j and masc.

WPfht:,,'ft,
See As. Res.

(f**)
309.

Likewise

y:mtf$*t.
*TOQ*f*T

Dncertain.

vol. iv. p.

k Some

read

'

Physicians

reckon this a variety of the preceding.

Digitized by

Google

Chap. IV.

Sect.

IT.

SZ7N"GSKR.n\l DICTIONARY.

11*

/
3. 5r$3ter

/
1/

/ /d
/
2/
'

ggj^wt ^E^rr^ ^ror fa m)


/

/c
/
-.

gfigfrft

q**Tsm

^^ w^f
j

m/e

(ft

*)

Cotton -

m#^

f
<Hr**h:
i

T*\mm WIT ^^T^ptT

w m *twttSt ^ras: ten**)

Gh6*M

fEkJ

Uto

*T^fr*fi^*T ******
if

4/

U-.
*

^r.

3^.
names
c

4*.
d Likewise

The

last

line

contains

of

a different plant, say some.

b Hedysarnra

Gangeticum.
f

Also

f^TtV.

lgn<iif >

And

qrnrf*t.

In Bengal, Hibiscus

vitifolius is called wild cotton,

Mimt*:,
certain
:

medicinal drug.

h Also masc.

T&jft

^).
J

erroneously

many different plants being shown under thi3 name. make it masc. *TfT3rreft ( f%^). k Trichosanthes diceca, R.

UnSome

Applied also to Luffa acntangula,


1

(R.) or

Cucumis

acutangulus.
that

And

votagrr.

Interpretations differ much.

Some remark,

the terms are here repeated by mistake.

See

2. 18.

n Leea sequata.

But, according to other Hindi synonyma, Trichosanthes Cucumerina,

O
Digitized by

VjOOQ IC

11*

m/LURA K0SH4,
f

or

[Book II.

ciseus.

^
(?j)

7.

<itarM^

^m

Mtm'rtngS.

W%$f{ fin?^ fe^)


/

if

Betel,

8.

flfWflquft

?nw^t IT'WffT (w)


/
(ro) fijsrr

**: h

9^n.

Ela'ba'luca.

^r^T

aSfaft irfircrr

wrr**^

3 n

9.

TWTl^^W |tf ^Tftf Tf^TTf *^[


a

*TOT

far).

/k
n

t 1

mm

m/ n
r

np

*q

6*

Ba'w.

io.

wi# ^ftrc *f$^T f^tf (%*nw*TT*r ^)

?#.
*

*^r.

*$

4^.

&*_.

c Also C. pedata, Valil. d Described as a milky and thorny plant, with a fruit shaped U*rcft.

b Perhaps Anthericuin tuberosum.

like a

ram's horn

and used as a medicine

for the eyes.


f

potherb
g

wild in corn

fields,

perhaps Phlomis esculenta.


five

Or ^f *n*T.

Pi-

per betel, ent sorts.


serrata.

h This and the


*

following articles are perfunus of differ-

Likewise ^fc*TV*.

Perhaps the resin of Boswellia


*

k trrqNft
read $5:.

&nd

trrqfcrT*

Also

masc.

and
r

fern,

fffpv:.

m Sorae

n Erroneously

^Ff*-

Perhaps Androppgon
All the synonym*

schcenanthus.

p Also fv%?c.

q *frtf or

*fv;*\

of. hair and of water.

Digitized by

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Chap. IV.

Seet.

IV. ]

StfNGSKR/Ti* DICTIONARY.
n

115

2*<

*\m*m\* sir to?**


n

*ftafa*Tf*r (g)

Benzoin-

11.

v&f
Mura'.

/b

/c

/
Salad. *

13. rofaiT

^roror srr f*TOfe*.*Hrr

Larpe Car-

damoms.

/
n\

/i
Small Car-

damoms.

Sn
Ctir' or

m
($*r)

fag*^: ^

Bhunti'a maci'.

n.

* Boswellia serrata,

B. Mss.

And tom^T.
e

JP^M:

fp^ft.

Also ^t*fa*t.
ftqpft.
f

d Likewise *r%^*T.
*
-

Also 9qpft nnd fir^pft or


frnticotum,
fif^rfr.
J

tomentosa, H.

Likewise TjTf^^t. h Or
l

Lythrum
l

L. or

Grislea
*

WT33fa*T

And

Or

*rfc

per.

haps a sort of Costus.


latam.

And

wnjf or

imq.

m Andropogon

acicn-

One Commentator

applies the Sanscrit

names to Flacoortia

caiaphracta.

Digitized by

Google

m
/
is.

miVRAKOSTlAjOr
/a
n

[Book II,

/b nd

tot

jwarT j*i3T m*ft fiwT TinranftX*

*)

Pindariya.
c

m
Tuuna. c

/
(Jh/r sort of perfume.
:

f
n
j

m
n

fh

NaJK

17.

sftits*

amnur tot twfciwt


2/1
(*)

Nal%.

/k
Another
perfume.

18.

* *i*}m*>mft
f
m

tt^.if^nfM'
*
nn

yac'hl.

m
*
l\.

**
Also tftTZTOfT*

-.
b

Some

read qrr?T and WOT.

Likewise qpnir*

Described as a small herbaceous plant, with leaves like


>

Hedy-

sarum Gangeticum

nsed as a remedy for diseased eyes*

Or iftqfqf
h Likewise

Cedrela
i

Toona,

R.

Also

?ffa:.

Or ws^nfi.
J

This and the following are perfumes. Also JTOT^ipf*. k *nifw: or wnft. l Some make both these terms synonymous with
the preceding instead of the following.

This and the similar


:

article
is

before-mentioned are here stated as vegetable perfumes


sold under
this^

but what

head, appears to
nails.

be a dried shell-fish.
fern.

* Also any
all

term signifying
in the

Likewise
lines

w^.

Some make
this.

the term*

two preceding

synonymous with

Digitized by

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Chap. IV.

Seat.

IV]

SCNGSKR/T4 DICTIONARY.
1/

11,7

/
19.
h

/
fid

/b
gtftsiT
n

(*RTT) "W^t *c

T^tari'. a

*i^t wq^rr

wnw ^rcnf^
fi*

Cyperiis rotundus.

2f

so.

**

it^: *fot| n n

^rPfrw^Tfr
ft

(*)
ft i

ft

GanVhUda.

A
2i.

/
(s)

/* /n

/
AxntiMj A*parac.

*totot
f

ft^n

/m

^nrr ^ft *r?n wt: &

/ or
..

* fv

f<\

22. nifftgjft ^rarT^t^Ft ^rfwrr ^fta*nr

fMft

spikenard.

<>

l*T

fragrant earth.

b Also <fjft or <jjtt, and 3?rftqrr or

(VT.

c Likewise

uwrartf and H7[


e

(^) and

aTOfc
*

d AIsd

3J^TH^C

and

?p^^
f

or

^*^6

Or, according to

another reading, irf^Nf or


Said to be a
likewise

irrfcftqr.

Likewise j

^nfe^
By.

or ^r^^Tff4VIH4^ .
(

perfume.

h Or qfi r

Also wftf

1)

and^nr*;

w^'

and ^JSPHT- l Some add from the next line W^. * Medicago escuk Also lenta, R. and mm- l Or s^T- m Also ift\ and wwt. a Also v*Tfw or ffvrfilVT. Likewise wwfantrfw. Valeriana

n^

Jatamansi.

Also wir and mrff.


;

Or

fafij:, faft:

and finfc

Some

here read ^rrfipft

but erroneously.

Digitized by

Google

118

U^URA ROSEA,
n b
1

or

[Blo\ II.
n

fi

SJ.
c

23

**^T srfro: wt^t iw^r^i:


SECTION
V.

herb,

or.

deciduous
plant.

drug, or simple.

Any esculent plant.


Amaranth,
f

f
sort of potherb., g

f
/i

/
3/j

'/

2/

if

Another
sort,

mk
3. tit

'

The moonplant.
1

/m

fn

/o

Or

the three

first terras signify

Malobathrum
xnsf.

and the three next,

the Cassia bark. b Also

ito

n)and

Curcuma Zerumbet, B.
f

Or *T?OT:.
* ISTot

and
ascertained.

qrfrtit.

Araaranfchus

poly-

gamus.
*

h Perhaps
or

Convolvulus
.

Argenteus.

Or qranrarr2

^maiiift

Also

YT3T and Vafr


laid.

k Likewise fem. ^|fT.

Asclepias acida, (B.) or

Cynanchum Viminale.

But some
11

distinguish this
o

Brdhmi from the S6ma

m Or

Jf^l.

And

w:^fj.
j

Also 9frarf<i and jftmfam-

Likewise synony-

mous terms

as

tTOIT,

^^^g<t-

Digitized by

Google

Chap. IV.

Sect. V.]

SFNGSKR/TJ DICTIONARY.
/
f
'

119

f
A
medicisort,

nal

MdsJia at

/c
/
5.

/
#

1/
Tela'cucha'b

/* /
/

/
J^I*lf/M*hT
tfarhara',

*akT iwft ?nft


isanroft fa)

"S^W
/
*

*W TTOT 3*TOT (*
/
/
*^rv?re:

*T)

JfV ni,
Wood
rel, f

/
6.

/
Sor-

^rre^t

^fawr

^rrarcr s^tbt j^r^tftr^rr

*v^*ft ^ft

ww^(ff?)

Sorrel,

A gensitive
plant,

Ji'yati'.

fn

in

in

jfvaca.
Sort of Gentian,

foKinfiiaM Hpi*i

W*ilifcr
/ (ra)*asrT

gha

*.

Stated to be the produce of the

snowy mountains.

b Moraordica gratis

monadelpha or Bryonia grandis.

Or <g<qr%^l
h

Ocymum
R.

simum
four

Mimosa octandra f
five

Oxalis monadelpha,

e Other

interpretations are also stated by commentators.

Some make

those

and the preceding

terms synonymous, as names of a sensitive

plant
1

Also iic*T$.

Others refer this line to the Lycopodiura imbricatum, (R.) k Or *ftvWT- l Also * Ceitts orientalis ? w*Hf WT

and

^r^T-

m Gentiana

Cherayta, R.

n Likewise

frofiw-

Digitized by

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120

UHUTLA KOSEA,
/

/
/b

{Book

II.

/a

/
Ca co h
.

/c

md
D.ntl

me

If

If

Carui. f

*
Ajivae*. g.

/
n
4
it j

/h

n
Costus.
i.

Sfhalpadma* k

mm
12.

in

m
TWt*TT

v/

S'undd-ro'eL
ani.
1.

TOf*!*:

38*^^%]
6m
mq

^T*^.
7
lit

(Wlf*)

*p
m
13.

Cassia, o

THIT7

Wfl

(^)

3w
a

4-1,.

5*-.

Or

iTPf^TT.
e

b Also *^WT.

And q&W*
:

or

*TTOT-

d: Or

f Likewise f*wjM;. Carum Carui or, according to some, f^gOTsynonymous with the following, Others confound it with Apiam'{in-

volucratnm.

*
!

Lignsticum Ajwaen, R.
Costus speciosus
?

Or grrwt.
Also
p
for

Also

nmft
and

and ^infTOT.
mutabilis.
i

Likewise Hjro^f.

k Hibiscus

Crinum
q

m And

qftrf: or qtft*:-

Wfw
And
a ram.

qrift<Qp.

Likewise ^*|ift

Cassia

Tora or Alata.

flj^TC:

or inpTTV;-

According to another reading, any term

Digitized by

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Chap. IV. Sect V.]

S Z7NGSKR/T4

DICTIONARY.

121

m
f

b
Onion, a

*wm m)
fit

^rivr.

wc
*f*?r)
(jw)
1W

wim i**^ (mr


w

A green
onion.

vlt^RJ

Garlick.

g.

m
f
n

ref

"PHSW ^lnn^!1{ 1/? /


/i

A sort ot
potherb, e

/'
/

'/
Heart-pea.

^TTT^ftfii: *S3ft 1FOT

^tfinRft WIT / /

mm

f&

^^(s)ra^

Apothe*-

* Allium cepa

and ascalonicum.

Also frar^r* and fJJT^qrj.


c

Likewise 5^TH:.

d Boerhavia diffusa alata.


*

Also

dtaamfl*:.
*

Likewise
*

irapnff.

Marsilea dentata, R. h Cardiospermum


k Also

Halicacabum.
lipta or

Also

ftpETT.

Dioscorea.

sfV:.

Ec-

Verbesina prostrata.
an(i n eut. MTJpr*:

m Likewise

WTO*:-

n Also iC^pTOlT

(^)

(*).

Perhaps Solanum trilobatnm.

P
Digitized by

VjOOQIC

182

VMURA KOSHJ.
/b /

or

[Book II.

Sduph. a

*HT3WT f%?rej?TT /d /
18.

tfff*(g3T WlfTT filfo:

W^tft mi^\
/
(w^rt)

(^)
/*

OaiuFhaIhiddliyd. e

/i/
/]

*KUI fa)

SW^ft

wzmu ^totott *$to (fir ^)


/

/*
Chacanat.

2/

*3/

19

nft ^ra^iT Thrift

qqjflqwpfc ft

/l
Amhahaldi.

/m

if

in

20.
Momordica
charantia.

*^T (ift)
/o

n^T
(re)

m vixSw. *fz*m:

Trichosanthes.

8
21.

A pumpkin
gourd, r

wi$w fas) qraifa:


'

1T.
a

*-- ^.
;

ITT.
*>

fa
:

6_^
c

Anise

or else

Anethum
refer

sowa, R.

Or

s*nr*ir.

And

fwfij:

or firfw:.

Some
f

Pderia

fcetida.

the two last terms to* a different plant. h Or Also Jj^ft. * fragrant plant. rfir:.

Likewise *3*T.

Some
wft.

read *rw*V.
appertains

k The Hindi name,


to

here

taken from medical writings,

a new species of
or qrl^:.
q

Cur-

cuma.

%*i.
ifmw>

And q\ or And ^rft

m Some

read ?rapnft.

Also Also

or^rirft.

p Trichosanthes dicBca, R.

Cucurbita Pepo.

Or yilf;* ;

Digitized by

Google

Chap. IV.

Sect.

V.]

SffNGSKR/TJ DICTIONARY.

i
A sort of

w/b
Trir.

/
*

wt

/c

(f*r)

cucumber. a

A
ft fe

bitter

gourd, d

/
22- f^Rir

f
"

garaTT (*$ ift) *


/
1/

A long gourd, e
Another
sort of

?^t *tvIT
mk

cucumber.

h
Coloquintida.
i

m
/

esculent root,

An

A
^h
np

potherb.
1

/o

wn

Various sorts of
potherbs,

/
Bent
grass.

*/

3/

/
similar grass with

white
blossoms,

1*-.

*-*Y
d It
is

*T
f

Cucumis Utilatissimus, R.

b Also t*fa(S Vrh| :

Wfl^t and
species.
f *T*TS

1T5TC.

Likewise

qnjrffcr.
'

a variety of the next

Cucurbita lagenaris.

ipft

or gfi*:. g *N|TW:. Also^WTPT:,


*
l

and WJMi.
J

h Cucumis

Madraspatanus.

Cucumis

Colocynthis.

Arum campanulatum, R.

k ^lso ^qr:.

"Described as
1.

growing

on watery ground.
ripens
; 2.

Severally

named
;

in

the text:
;

Convolvulus
(

Basella rubra or lucida

3.

Radish
&c.

4.

Hingtsha

Hilan-

eha

repens, R. 5. Chenopodium album,

n *wr**t.

Also qrorc:
Like-

and **R:.

^iftf^IT. Also ^ft^h",


p

Wilf<*l and
WT^jptf.

^ritfirJT.

wise tftfft, tftfHtKT and ^f?^rT.

Or

* Agrostis
of these

linearis,

Koen.
species
;

Agrostis diandra

Some

refer

two

terms to one

and the two remaining, to another.

Digitized by

Google

m
A
fragrant

UMURA KOSEL!
/ /

or,

[Book

II.

/ f

m
n

m mb
grass,

/ /
ft

Another
sort,

1/

different kind, e

w
A bamboo,
g
2

m
mh

The same,
rattling or whistling.

3 *

ni
nt

A knot or
joint.

oik

Sarahari.

mm

reed.

28. iv (^5.)

***:

mU^

no

Cds.n

T*[tot
Bugai. p

liters:
mpl. q

(3fa

sfai

s) **rar.
c

Cy perns

rotundas.

And

other synonym* of
e

cloud.
:

Cy-

perus pertenuis, R.
perus, according to

d Also tig.

Interpretations differ

it is
f

a Cy-

some

bat others

make

it

the

Zedoary.
species,
(in|).
J

^PRT
h Sing.

and

^JJffOT*

Bambusa Arundinacea, and other


tt^:
l

R.

qfr**:.
Sara, R.

Sing,

(inpr).

Also maso. *\:


tibialis,

Sacoharum
n Sacoha-

Or^j.

Arnndo

R.

m And

**:.

rum spontaneum.
also

Or WTO:. Also fem. qiylft and qrnrr. p Perhaps Saccharum Cylindricum, Willd. But the Sanscrit name seems to be
applied to Coracanus Indious or Eleusine Indies.

Likewise

Sing.

Digitized by

Google

Chaf. IV.

Sect. V.]

SUNOSKHnA DICTIONARY.

125

lm
29.

TM* T*W 4 \
(n^T:)
7
?

Sugarcane.

^r unkw (**:)
Imnc
S^j) ifk
d n %

Varieties of

the same.

(ot^)

^ir *h?rc

fraerant

grass,

(^
ft

fafWHJ
n

Its root.

ft

ft

30.

*p*# *to
ft

%i<j<ti
ft

iw
f

wsmnwf
6

it

ft

m
^rfq)
ous^la^'l
Sacrificial grass, i.

31.

(iWT^w)?^! (I#^BCTl4<l*liH^J
fft ft

HI

fft

(*r*Ft) gnrf

f% ^S: Ufa*

toit ifinaw

Mtw*T

A mash*
room.

m*iT^* *sr$r
ft k 33. nui* ft

Andropogon.j

TPTOTC

Yoang

m m
ft

grass.

*T%T*TO^
1

Meadow
grass.
1

CTift^p:.

W
*

'%*.

4^c
'

5f-.
^nilr

Or

Andropogon muricatum.
Also
and *W-

and

V^faf.

^HTHf. Some erronef ously add ^TW^f. g Likewise w* and qmrf. b Including reeds, grasses, and corn ; as Panicum fr omen t ace um, ( R. ) <fcc. comprehending

MWHtf and

H**t4'

the after-mentioned grasses, besides various

sorts

of

grain,

as

Panicum

Italicum, qftf*:,

Paspalum
schcenanthus.

frumentaceum,

&c.

^9:, Poa
these

cynosuroides,

Koen.

A.

But

some make
l

synonymous with the preced'ig terms.


f ed

And Kqf.

Such as

cattle

on.

Also

Digitized by

Google

126

mURA

KOSBU,

#r

\Bo*h II.

Grass in

gencnl.

Abundance
of grass.

/
(S^TTTt ^Tff?w)
<CTffT

Abundance
of reeds.

*roit (g 'nrerfTT:)
34.

Plamyra. a

sfirepJiT

(**^)

?tt^t

mi

/e

Coconut, c

Faufel. f
Its nut,

*Wt (g) K
n

SJ^IT *$*Ftt

<3^

called

Betel-nut.

35.
Marshy
date tree, h

w?r^()

(^ ^)
wi

fr'^ra fafa?n^r:)

Date,

W&V.
m/l
k

Pandanus.

Corypha.

Wild date
tree,

fp

Palm.

* Bora8ius

flabelliformis.

b Likewise

^i:.

Cocos nucifera.

And

*Tft%:, WlflriN, *Tft%*:> *c. Also fem. wrf<%*\: or wrflc-

%fa:, &c. Likewise niasc. *t?rH-~l)- But some do not admit h Photnix (or f Areca Faufel (or Catechu). * And ITT*:. this.
Elate
)

Paludosa, R.
*

The three before-mentioned,


Also^jfarra:* *

this,

and the

following, are Palms.


tris.

Phoenix (or Elate) Sylvea-

k Pandanns
or

odoratissimus.

Masc. %?ra:.
or

C.

Talliera,

(R.)

C. umbraculifera.

Trrfir:

unit and

?rrf%s.

Perhaps

Phoenix bulbifera, R.

p Sing. inrg*:.

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'

CHAPTER

T.

i.

m m f^r%j *fo%: tnrnr 2 to b m m


m

m
vstaj:

m&

m
Tftct

%^r^

lion.

fl^rfaS.)

WTT^fl
mg

A hyena,

m
2.

me

in t

m
a hog.

mrv,

"sjr^t *fc: *rW: ifaft far. fafz:

ni

to

to

to

7mi
*

3 - ^fa
-

"

V*W3S3
m
m

HT^IIWir TfffrFSJI:
to

A monkey
op

8 to

^*

ape

^ra^T

*w.
k

^Hqt

^rWt
(^R)^W% ^ '
A bear.

to

9to

1***mfrt
'-*
a

110 "

cert

-*
(ft^[).
ounce

*~\
b Sing.
;

<~*

5-,.

Also %H<t

^hft. This, as

a distinct species

from the

tiger, ii the

or else the

panther.

Some suppose

Likewise ^^;. f And nr*:. Some read ftrft:. Fern, faronft. h Also ^Wf**: and vfir:. WW^:, * Likewise orn*?j:. Some add mrf*:. J ^ftnp?:. *mr: and l *!*:* Also MT^f;. k Likewise and
.

a leopard to be meant.

d Also

qra;

mp.

Sing.

*^ (w.

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128

UMURA ROSEA,
<

or

[Booh II.
2

1 mi

buffalo.

*T*n^T TfOTT TTff^TOjTOT /c

*far:

/fCCJj(tJ<.

mA
*z*\m

m me

m
^i*

mf
iwqsr.

*to wte
3

%^r

mg
A
cat.
'J

6.

^jfrV%T *MftT OTPWT ^n^ST


(a^rr)

isie? a
A
porcapine.

'i

^^

7.

7m Tfr*l

^
m
_w

wnr *foni&
/

fa) *raro

His

quills.

(wjtfw) sraqft vwwi

w&n

9m
A swift antelope.
in

m
11

wolf.

A deer or
antelope.
/*-*

to

10

Belonging
to a doe.

vj

Belonging to a buck.
Sorts of deer, of

/j

12

13

which the
hides are used.

i*.

n
*

fit.

1*^.
b
is

13*.
Fem. *rf^ft.
d
c

And ^vto:8

This

is

feminine, even

when the
Likewise

male animal

meant.
in

Or ^irra*-

*m*:.
1

The same

the feminine-

2&Tfth Also fwTT*n

Fem.

and fr*T*:.

Fem. ^TTTRWt: and wncinft. * Some consider and make the radical termination,f%|.

these

to be masculine,

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"

Chap, V.

Sect.

V.]

SZTNttSKR/IM DICTIONARY.

129

mb

mc

mc
Variotfs *orts of deer, a

m f2wwg
k
t 1

mh
*

mi
n

H. ***:
/

*iw
v

m ^ni: "ct^t ito:


<*
tn
v

hit:
,

Various animal*,

(WTT^ri WiTSJ^ri ?WT^T:) 9m fa q


12.

iq faT**:)

beast ia general, o

^Sr.ft%T
m

(^T)

^
4

A raU
A mouse,
or small
rat.

wz: wnx*: (^m)


/t
w w

lizard,

-,

cameleon, -

/u

&c.

*^> ^ ^

\ '

^
|

A small
house-li zard.

iw.
* Severally

*nr
not
all rigidly

3 ^rrar.

^r
;

named

in the text, ns the black antelope, the stag, &c.

But

these terms are

applied to different species


c

and

some are not of the deer kind. * Aho WK*. e And Of**
the
porcine
deer.

Or Sf^nr*.
f

The spotted

Axis.

cth: and *w$ (tern. Tift)} ^R?p. Also ^sj: and Tk,W<- The painted or
h Likewise

( w).

white-footed
placed

antelope.
deer, the

<ff^.
is

X*K:
i l

though here

among

Bos grnnniens
this the

meant,
deer.

Severally

namei
animal

the text.

Some make

musk

A fabulous
487.
n

with eight legs. * The preceding,

Bos Garoeus, As. Res.


P Also
*

vol. viii. p.

hare.

as well as the lion and other wild beasts, and do-

mestic cattle, are so denominated.

w^g:.
arjraro:.

Likewise *pn*:,
*

and^ft.
Ymft.

Also

and

WZ'*

Or

And

***ft or Ala

u Likewise

Je ?jftr<l*l ,

*^ft*T and

*jf \fhim

Q
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ISO

UMDEA K08EA,or
ma nb
ft
i/

[BoolkU.

An insect.

A centipede.

"MUGHlWr HflTO
Ifl III

(fc)

A cater-

T
'

pillar.

14.

sfw.

*s?nfte: fen*)

wd

A scorpion.
A
dove or
pigeon.

*rf%

t in *rcinr. ^irc^r: qror^j

^
m

me

*t

fa)

*fa%
m

A hawk
falcon.

or

ih

m w^ *wfa
ffi

15.

An

owl.

(g)

qwjKift s^$t
m
us

A sky-lark.
A
wagtail.

**t*tc:

wf) kiw
'

A heron. A blue jaj^.


1

16.

m
forktailed shrike. 1

mk

The

nf

'

wood-

pecker.

m
17.

m
Pipthd.

mo

to)
b Likewise

iT^

^rtaraWTW*: (**t:)

And-ftatf:.

* ^rfart or *qft also {7f) ; wise TOPPf:- 9 Or ^TCP*-

fiffr c Also w\Tmi and *T*Y e


h

ywwftqrn $V or ffqu
l

( **)
f

LikeIudica

And HRf!*:.

Coracias
i

and Bengalensis ; or as otherwise explained, a


k Likewise

different bird,

Or TTO:.

farfaftfr:, fwftftfws, and faftrftfr ; or f*qftf<q t, &c. Also ftrfts and f^fir: $ or ^fv: and fffir:. l Lanius Coerulescens
Balicassius.

and Corvus

m Cubulus

Radiatns.

But

it is

not certain

whether the Chataea be not a different brid. n Or *TOF**

An

<*

*?Nrt.

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Chp.V.

Sc<.V.]

SOTTGSKBil'J DICTIONARY.

IS1

*ow1,

torn
"*

*D 'nzw
/aA<
*
fHr)

jjp-f.
spring
female.

V.n^l. male and

l*nj?ii)

^tc%t: (vni)

*reqf (*

viw otA
^rfira:
5 #i

(h)

<**"

-f"~

htwT:

mm
8

*tfircr.

ft* (Twfa) m 6m
m 10m
*

**""*

m
*

|f*

mb

mc
^TNTf!
fud

11m
finft

WWP*
13

/
Agallinule.

"^**

^imfer

Akitc-

m 12 m ^TOTO*d?t
/'

vulture.

we
A p*rrot
-

22.

Hm f *v *9r

^vft(^V)

A curlew.

* Perhaps
d

Perdlx

Sylratica.

* Also

jfhf i.
'

Or

^rafa:*
if ^;

mnft (^) or *mrft (^). Fem. u*t and mqp;

Also ^v:.

Likewise

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nz
A
erane.

UMURA KOSHA,^

[BcoklT.

(sn)

m: W9:
l^^T (TO.) WF&l:
I

The Indian
crane.

m
'

2m

mb

Therutldy
goose.
vn

drake.

23.

m^w. *mi*:
md
4

\^n%

m
m

mc

An

osprey*

bm

6m

G eeac.

m
Varieties of geese.

mi
/i
7/
i

m
8/
'

(*fw)wfi^T(*3JT *T) *nn*rf t:


25. *rerfre fe <lfe fa)

(f*"*nx;)

A small
crane,
j

A duck or
goose.

A femaleIndian
crane,.

9/m
26
-

/ /n

bat.

siwfsraw (im)
3-*.
4^'

/
daufii*T
6

^taft

^
lotos.

^
Sing.

*^t
b

*T
*

*T
term signifying the
c

"yiPC*

or any

AIso-v^m^T-

Any
ytit-

word signifying a wheel.

Fern.

gftft.

V-

Fenu
bill.

Sing. ^ranfa:.

A
.

white gander with red* legs and

Sing.

g lfil*J, with brown legs and bill. Also irfs*re. h Perhaps Turdas Ginginianas. bUok legs and bill.

WWryU, with
*

Also lKlfa.
k Also

or

wfw*
l

Feminine, e?en when the male bird

is

intended.

mft.

Likewise *^|<*T.

m Gr

*9J*T.

Als0

**tA

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Chap- V.

S*et.

V.]

SUXQ9KRnA DICTIONARY.
*?|wrr)

13*

w$irr farf^iT

*t*T ^rf^T
27.

ft
/

Ablue
Abee>

fl y-

imfw utw (*i?)


W>T fa.) Wninj*T
..^

beT"
A gadfly. 773 \
A smaller
">rt of gad-

*pTr

^ (*WIIK<*JI ^T?)
*

m/b

fly-

**itaft

wro faft:)

Awas'-

/
28.

/c

/
A_wteket.

*T^ *ftW*T <W^ fwflPBT fa WJ W.)

mm
m

i*

Ue

mf

8s
black bee.

29.

*T>|2|?tl

m
jvi

i^R^T ^RUMM^qj^nm: 4w B 6 w la
hi

rt

7 ^i

8 aa

30.

*^*fV^**ff*fM5T^jWS*r Mm 9 m 10m
.

A peacock.

ftWTWn
/
3 i-

fll^^if| 3liNU4l44l4{ (sfw)

%*t

(writ

**w)
(*4V)

HiBcry *

p** Shwfc
5lc_.

Thee*eaf

his tail.

1_T
*

s_^

4_^

e^.

Some deduce two synonyma from the explanation. rfw*T and c ^it. b Also ?f trnft and *^. Masc. ***:. Likewise Or a black beetle. Norn. trafc?p or z ( Tj^fawTT. Also

*Un

or

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134

UMURAKQSRA,or
'
f

[BookU.

His creat.

m m

* a

HUtail.
bird in general*

32.

^t fircr^ fay* firnpii fa*m:


m
W$Tift
It*
*rftj

mm
9

m m
**
t

mb
3

H$f*T
i

*HW
6m
mc

*rfPT fflTTI

5m

7m

8m

10

11m

3 *.
Various
birds, a

^Ntaij

ron*r:

fWtr ^ptosrt:
ml
15

mi
35. faftrffr

mj
I6mn
18

mk m
n

mm

m
17m

yifo *n$r

^r^N^t^r;
/o
ft

Awing.

36.

m* ?n?inwrr.
w.

mp

iw

tww
-

to.)

itwrni

-*
"-fa.

-*.

and

.
fir:,

w-^j.
15
i

is*,
17-^.
w^f:.

18

w**
*_.
b Sing, ff^nrn.
c

ft_.
*

Also masc.

Masc.

Fem.

4fc

d Sing.

H^W

^.

Severally

named
'

in the text ; viz.


f

Green pigeon,

&c.

Besides others, as

*4fK]f : a
*
J

king-fisher, &c.

Also fTfctn 9
*

(Columba Harriala, B. Mas).

The

francoline

Partridge.

A A
n

shag. h Sort of duck.


wild
l

Or

ftftrK*.
Gallos.)

cock,

(Phasianns

k Sort of quail, (Perdix Chinensia.)


of partridge, (Perdix rufa, B.)
ensis, (Parra Goensis, Ac.)

Perhaps a pheasant.

m Sort
fern.

And

fzfgWf:, Jacana, Tringa GoLikewise

A quail, and its female*


(ffl.

w^TfT.

p Also neut.xrrf and irw*

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Clap. T. S$et. V.]

SUSQ8KTLITA DICTIONABY.

135

(ift)

iwfin

mi
/a
1/b
(**

ltoroot

*f*ftfe
ft

%^)

The beak,

ft

3*

/d

mn e

m
1ft*
9ft

mn
Ifth
171
9ft

9ft

HI

38. ^tiit

TOfr
fe.

s*r*rr fiwi:

wc otto:

ftnj:

any alin*..
couple,

**

frfWjwwm
9ft
991
991

{"
A flock or
ffiultUude>

911

991

9ft

39.

to*
9ft

fire*
9ft
9ft

iw*fcr fw: w*r.


9ft
9ft

9ft

9ft

9ft

9ft

9ft j

5m
91

9ft

/6ft

ft

'**
*

*v
b

?-*.
c

**
mentioned
:

**
viz.

And r:.
soaring,

Or
d

ajtit.
;

Severally

taking

flight,

and perching

or otherwise interpreted, whirling, ascen

ding,
1

and alighting.
fir

And ^fm.

Fern. ^faft.

Fern. TOTT*

h Also imrs.

Or q?N:. Likewise 4 Some make

i)*Mfrw*.

the
J

last

term,

others both

words synonymous with the following.

And

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136

VM.URA ROSEA,

or

[Bootll.

multi-

M
4i.

tude of
similar things.

(s^h^t: **fc)

?*r.

1m

Of animals. Of homogeneous
animals.

**
(wnfft:)
irer

*m (a **&*)

mn

Of birds and beasts. of


beasts.

42. (inrsrt)

^r%
m

Of other beings (men, &c.) Of persons


practising, like duties.

A heap of
grain, &c.

n
(fifr

Flocks of
various animals,

43.
b

mifa *fa iT^ wfro

w*nr)

Domesticated, (a bird or beast).

i_i
*

2fa.
cloves,

*>*

Also fem. TjRp:. b Of

pnrrots,

peacocks nnd fvancoiine

partridges: other derivatives are similarly

formed, as

**\^m, a flock

of owls.

sing.

$*: and

*TJf*.

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CHAPTER
SECTION

VI.

I.

ib

1.

*3*rr wtj|w

*m
/g

v^mi

*rrreT sttt:

Man

md

mankind.

(^0 lire: tf^wr.


r

j*wt:

^it
/h

st*:

Man
male.

or
c.

2/

/
/
rfsT?TT

/ A woman
or female.
5

/ / mftR^fiWl" *T*T
3/
3.

*f%fT
/

(?I*T)

/i

(trow) ^tt
/
/

Various
descriptions of wo-

/k
/l

*?k: ^fTfipft / /

*nw*W*r
/

men,

/m

4/o

5/

A passion* ate woman*

An
lent

excel-

>-

man.

n.

Sing.

H^sp, Wig*:,

&c

(Fern,

wgift. wrgift).

b Also (with

an

ill

sense)

WW*:*

Both
$irr|

lines

contain synonymous terms, accor*

ding to some.

d Sing.

* Likewise *ftWT.

e Sing, wt far). f Also *JYft<U. (i*)> h Or w%OT, and w^Wr. * The terms are com;

mendatory
1

as well-shaped

timid

loving

having

fine

eyes,
l

&c

Also W^E*, and 4^:.

k Another reailing
n

exhibits

wrf*pft.

Some

write ^WWT-

Likewise ^WTtlje

Handsome, healthy and

affectionate.

However some make

terms

not synonymous, but significant of


W^rqrTfaft J or W^rPFTfa^ft.

various descriptions of women.

R
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188

tfMOTM KOSILi,

or

[BooiU.

f
A queen,
Other wives of a king.

5.

(wTTfa^Nrr) *?fo^t

/b

wife, or

wedded woman, c
6.

Raft mrVi*Mft<fi' (^) ftiftarr ^rewfinft

/
ir3rr

m pi.
(s*r

wnq

i*gf*n) ^rcr.

matron,

/g

virtuous

faithful wife,

'OTfisrT (g) *?ft


/j
7.
i

A superseded wife,

WMrqfk*j wst

/ sfafawr

wfinnn

A bride choosing her husband.

(fn)^nr

A
A

chaste

woman.

/
maiden.
1

8-

qWTfWTtt
Also a king's wife
two
first

* Consecrated as such.
*?rf*Vft.

in general.
tlie

b Sing.
first)

Some

restrict the

terms (other

four

to

the particular sense of a wife married with religious rites. e Also fem. Sing. ^TTT. ' Or one, who has wise *fw^.

d Likechildren
'

and her husband


whose
husband
,

living.

Some add
another

tfftrt.
wife.
I

Or pj.
jrornft.
j

One
'The
with-

has

married
or

And

StUJIMflQI,

B<m iq <ft
first

WWOTiafan,
girl

BJTWuftnn;

And

term denotes a

nine years old


age,

the second twelve

or,

out discriminating

the

both terms signify a virgin.

"Also

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Chap. VI. Sect.

I.]

SUXOSKRITA DICTIONARY.
/

139

/b
(g)

/
AgirLa
One arnv-

m^

*f*m ^FrcfrR^rT
x

/e

/f

berty.

9*

(wk)

^nrr ^*ft wwsr


/J

ter-in-iaw.

/*

A woman
house,
i.'

A W^RlT /
,.,

\ (<3)

A 0ne amor * HJ%T


y
fill.

any thing.I
"

ousorlust-

!0. faTOTftpft TT

3T

TTfif

/
'

'

/ ~

2/ 3/

^%W ^T)rf^Tf^3lT goes an ****to

'g^lft Vfaqft TO*T^?ft fWZWPft

4/ 6/
5,
*

A disloyal
or unchaste

/
(ra

^Tf)

vftraft (fitter farr) woman.

*wkr

(tfmfinsm)
J

|^
?/
nor son.

One who

f**WTT
*-**.
*

fW%
4

fa$)
6

A widow.

*A.
also, if
:

*
qjftqftT*
*

-*T.

*
a
*TSTT.

*T.
who

Here

ages be discriminated, the


as

first is

girl eight years

old

the second, ten

synonymous terms, they


c

signify a girl
d

has not menstruated. *

And

Likewise
f

Between
;jift.

sixteen and thirty years of age.


*rf*:, OTBrftJ

Or
w^:.

Troft.

Also Tg*0\ and

h Sing.

W, or

Likewise

W|^.
1

Married

or unmarried.

Likewise frfiUfft*

k Also *nrrfaft.

Covetous

of wealth; eager for food, Ac.

m Alsowft.

n Likewise

qt^rr

oAndftTWT.

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'

140

UMURA KOSHi,
/a
12. *nrf%:

or

[Book II

A woman'i
female
friend

^
/
/b

w^tt

fa)

A woman
whose husband is living.

/
<>r

Old

grey-

haired.
Intelli-

/_

gent.

Wise,

The wife of the Sudra.c

13

*# (tot *t*t ^w)


1/

A woman
oithe
Stidra tribe.

A milk- woman, d

*iwt
/
14.

(s)

rfr*t (nfiit'ft^_5?nl
/

"~"
/

A woman
of the Vait-

^jarW (tg*^ TOT

ya

tribe.

(^0
/

One

of the

Kshatriya
tribe.

A female
teacher.

wnrr9T fa) *rwft


faif) *rnir*n(*fir

spiritual

instructress.

^ w.)

/
15.

The wife
of a spiritual preceptor.

uravfrftfa i*fr)
/

Wife

of a

(*if)*NT
/
^TfiS^t (iI*T)

Vaitya.

Wife of a
Kshatriya.

4/

5/

Wife
tutor.

of a

line

mascuwoman, e
1

to

b OruftpiT. c Whether belonging to the same or Or*T*ftd Milkman's wife or a woman of hia trite. different tribe. i
breasts

"98T-

^t-

'*

'-*

Haring

nd

a beard.

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Cl*p. VI.Sect.Y.]

StfNGSKR/T^ DICTIONARY.
A

141

hero's wife.

A
/

hero's

mother.

n<imm

**am

/ fa) s^rr fa) v^finsT

A woman
who has
borne a child, a

17. faft) irfrTOT *fite?t ten*)

A naked

/c

2/

woman.

A female
fait) messenger
or go-beteween.

j^\ wrfcw

A middle/f
is. fr*ft
aged widow, d

(Tc^r^rr wfvi

Immftxi)

female

artisan in another's

house, e

female

servant,

/
19- u<<ffi

/
TfaRrr

/i

/
(** ^nr

courte-

san or harlot.

^rr ^rr^rr
*w*

The head
of a set of harlots.

A bawd

or

grpft ifcnft fait)


20. fauftrcrr (wt)

procuress.

fortune-

*rfw ^jt

teller.

A woman
in her courses.

The two
recently

last of these

synonyma are by some


indicating the

restricted to

a woc

man

delivered.

b Likewise qftyft.

Some add qfogft.


practice
of

Also

ffm.
ing any

Wearing a dress
f

austerity.

Being her own mistress, but living


art.

in another's

house,
*

and practisfre-

Also *?hit. Some add $ftfftf:.

Young and
*

Hrr.

quenting the apartments of the women. h ' Some add ^RPft. k Also wurtft.

And

qrfintt*

Likewise

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UlilURA
If

142

KOSHJ, or
/

[Booill.

f* 2/b

3/

*ftaf*^fa?;T?^ft wfinft
21.
The
es.

wan
6nc

(sfvi)

^ww (w) ?m
f
8/

(sft)

In

cours-

fan%) to:

^shjth*

Longing,
as in preg-

nancy.
Past childbearing,

^np^Tn^t
/
9/
10/

Pregnant.

An assemblage of
harlots.

of

preg-

nant women.

of young
women,

A twice
married

11/

12/h

woman, g Her second husband.

^
k

'

*'

7,

tf

mi (ro) f*fa* (*fa)

One

in

whose family she


presides.

Son of an unmarried

woman. Son of an
auspicious

(ro) w*rpg?r:
8

mother

-*.

-*.

v
fc

nrr

*-^.

10

*pr: anef ^rftj. * Some add ^mSf Also maso. *r: ( m) Having ceased to menstruate. e Likewise f*mi\ and fjrvnr or f**ral f Also *faif. g A virgin widow remarried, h g ome ^^
*
firf*j:.

Likewise firf**:.

Pem. mftfl. The daughter

of such

a woman.

Digitized by

LjQOQlC.

Chap. VI.

Sect.

I]

StfNGSKRJTM DICTIONARY.

143.

m
m
8onby

25.

*****: ten?*)

^^r (* fa***:
a

JffitL

Wfrr *****

SB^L.
m
b

w
*td

26,

(**) WPff^: fal^ W^T(^T) ^?ft^i: A bastard.

A son of a

27 **r) ^f^rr(^iT:)^^T(rfq
-

w*r:)
a
son.

vimwji: ^3:

^?i: tjw:
(fi*UIW*{*ft

daughter.

II.

Formed

like the preceding terras, viz,

irnrefyr: and imrsnafa:.


wife.
c

Fem. *T*^%*ft and *ra*nifcrr.


**<*
1

Son

of a disloyal

Some

WlfafciN:.

*Fem. 4hift and


g

*hrin-

'Also nit.

Worn- jf^pn

(*)

All

preceding terms for a son signify, in

the feminine, a daughter, viz.


or fi^rr.

WHUT,

*W,

^&-, fpu,

tfsft,

sfourr

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144

UMURA KOSHJ,

or

[Boo* II.

Offspring

male or
female.

A legitimate
son.

m
*nti faj.)
29. Mfeicft

Father.

*w*:

ft?rr

Mother.

JraRTHT

Ifft
/a 5/

Sister.

K/e
Husband's
sister.

*nRJET fa

^*r

**[)

/e
Granddaughter, f

/h

Husband's
brother's wife.

/i

30.

<j

Brother's wife.

Maternal
uncle's wife.

/
fa)

'KRWft'
v
/

1HN?t

Motherin-law.

*A.
'

qt

?rcft:)

Fatherin-law.

ta^r* (^. firm

Paternal
uncle.

m
32. ^Trr.

Maternal
uncle^
Wife's

brother.

(^T^rTT: nwr.)

By

woman

of the

same
c

tribe with her

husband.

* nftor:

and
e

^^:.
g

Some
-

write ^pNl^s-

Also *rfnfr
f

d Likewise

wft

Or

HHmj (*Z).

Also
"ff ),

srfs^sft.

Either in

the male or female line,

a^ ?fHT(

a grandson or grand-daughter.
Sing. iTT*T

h Generally restricSingj^t*:.

ted to the son^daughter.

( *).

Also

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'

>v ^\
f
Ci*p. VI.

(l

^ *-1

'-

'"'

Sect. I.)

SffNaSKB/W DICTIONARY.
m
/

145
c
*fr

b
*\

(wr*wr) ^r
d

f*.^

>

^v_

^na
m
nfii:

Husband's broths, a

^^%T ^fo^K

(^n^r)
tn e

Slaters

so*

^wnrT f f%$:

18 husband.

(?rfHT?rr)

*ftHT*ro

His ,athe *

w
*

Maternal

(*T3T) T<fT*m v

(^*)
mi

3m
fag)

g^l
Kinsmen

^rft^T
fft

^TrW^t
,.
.

mj

ra

m
-

34.

^Hi^^^w^?r^v?rT:
vfar
wtw^r

brother

(vtt:) ..
.

vf?r

w^

of the whole blood.

^twtt; (wm:)

A die tint
kinsman.
Relationship.

An aggregate of
in

kinsmen

**:

fire: iifinf fft

^awi.

*rc (*)
36.

rafa:

(*^)

i^
An fcdalterine.

fa%

^TTt^l.)

3^[
8

**f*.
*
first

irrf.

^
But some apply the
to *
(

Usually restricted to the younger brother.

term to

tlie

elder

brother

and the second


Likewise

the younger.

b Nora.

%m. AUo %*: (*).


sister's

%w
Sing,

p em# ^forr
f

and h So

MTpT^t;
irirnfTOir:,

daughter.

Also STTHTOT

W).

Fern.

fwnft,
3bV^T:

a grandmother-

* Fern. irfiT?TT*r*V,

a great-grandmother.
flfc^r:.
J

maternal great-grandfather.

Also

and *^*;;.

S
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H6

tm&RA KOSH A,

or

{Book II.

ma

A brother's son.

m du.
Brother and
sister.

to du.

w du.
Father and mother.

m du.

du.

Husband's
OT wife's father and

m du.
2k

du.

^
mdu.

mother

^I^^S(|Cl *SHJ<1 ^

Son and
daughter.

m da.
Husband rDd w3e

m du.

t da.

m du.
?ft)

38.

^*nft *pq?ft ^retinft u*dq?ft (^ m md wn mn

The womb,
c

month of
gestation.

39.

^fh?TT%T ^^PT%T

fetus.

/e
A eunuch.
%
childhood.

to f

mn

n
j

40,

fij^

^^ ra
*-*.

n
Youth or manhood.

WTCTO

*
<*1

W
*
(

(^H)

Or

*?fa:.

b Likewise

*mR:.

Some

restrict the last, others

the two last,

to signify the embryo.


is

d Also

STCnj:,

*?).

The

compound term
add HUfS.
*

properly vtifrunrfin.

And

*rqj: or **Jy;>

Some

To

the age of sixteen.

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Chap. VT.

Sect. I.J

SZ7N0SKR/TM DICTIONARY,

ill

tern$ ^uft^

(?j)

^fW
m
w ,

OM ageb
^

An

assem-

41.

ufaw (*r*t ^top

%m^)
/
/e

22S5

/a

m*
1 #i

2nv

3w
5

mm
m

4m
\

man*

6m

m
m
8mi
^-v
firaT
A

~S /WV l^i faj)


*
**

Blder bro~
ther j born.

sto:

mj

mk

t7i

m
44.

ml
Feeble
thin.
;

^wt%Tl^PWT%T
T

we

*w

w.
fifty in

After seventy in men, or after

women. b Also WTTOf.


grey-haired.

The term
masc.

likewise signifies old age.

Or uftm:,

d Or,

VfTPOm:, &c. For this and Some write ^jt^wT. genders. h Or one of the virile age, tTWT.
*fcrw:,.'rca* *&d wxfhr*.
*

following (to v. 49) admit the three


*

Not exceedidg
or

sixteen.

Fern.
*

-from sixteen to seventy.

Also

AndqRfcrT^;ro)
l

tow*.

w^hrra

(WW).

Likewise wfw;.

wro

:.

Also wra;^

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lit

USIURJ KOSHA,

or

(Aw*
lm
2e

II.

9*
mb

m
m

ma

m
n
6 wi

Having
much, or
fine ' hMr '

^nx,

%fw.
.

%m
we

naccia-

of*'
m

*f%%r wfsw (v$i)

Deformed.

-J

Adwarf-

SIS'
5o8elWi ^

m ^^or. (^n^) **<*%t


7m

w ^^
ft*
far)

WW

f
(^)

*wc:

*npnf%*:

Having a

noMUke
*

47.

^n; (^rn) **w. v


mj
9

lit

m
ml

Knockkneed,

w
k

m
^fTfWT^T.
,f,
r

->i

fPBt

[.
* ijfi^tfi

*w.
or

^
few.
e

**r
fqrfimyrrgj

^fi^;.
d

Also

trfinrnj

( ^).
f

Likewise
$

<J).

Having a

deficient, or

a redundant,

member
Fem.
*

as a

toe, or a finger, too

many, or too
apart-

Also qrtfora?**

TTTift.

Or having the knees


J

h Also

inp and

IfflFTron^:

Or
*

else

thick-kneed.
wise

And

^fflf tf*.

* Or having the knees taiching.

Like-

top and ^T?fn^:.

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CAap. VI. S*et I.]

SPNaSKBiTil DICTIONARY.

149

lm
4&

(qnt)i$tfa:
8

Deaf.

ma
Hump*backed.

Having a

gra^ ^fa:
id
8

crooked arm. b
Small,
short, or thin.

m
m
me

cripple.

^ ^5 falJ ^S^l?*
,

..

Bald

close-shavGQ.

49.

*firc:%*^
<stfc

Bquinteyed.

Lame.

(fi* l #

*rcuro:)
A freckle or mark.

*rcv: cm**: ft**


m

Dm
A mole or
spot,

'*
*

'*-*
Or a
withered one.
if^:.
f

flr
^[ftr:

And

irqf*:. mb

Also

and qftfal.

d Likewise gftq:*

ifg:.

Pem.

Fem. trap. g The preceding


h

(from

v.

41) vary the gender with that of the subject

Or

a porson

freckled or haying moles.

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t^ynA 1/tiA^
>

150

U1S.UVLA

KOSHA

or,

[Book

11.

SECTION
n
Health.

II.

Pby,,cking-

fWnw ***fwfiraTr
-\

Medica-< ment.

VTOTTO VraVpqiTQT *[% (f^fa)


2.

^.

,^

^v

Ourfr

.^ ^
>
*

Adisea^,

faft)
g
_

^n (%)mtop? <fa
7
fit

*/

m
rrf*

m Cm

Kiw ur

Pulmonary.

ijL,4> oMumpti.; M/U I on. \j

vWj) /

_^
sarar:

s^tt
A_

*rta:
,

Catarrh.

<^^
3.

*f?TOT* ft|J
8

^N*r

Jt

Sneexing.

(^ft)

^ ^f

($1%)

md

ivr

Blotch.

4.

WGWTW
/g
10#

/h

scab.
.

^^t
x

(ci)

ijra itttt firorftnuT


4
9

*it.
.

-**.
8

*t

*w.
"

*[.

^.
*r*|r:

*v-.
w

*[.

*.
*

* Likewise tnffT

(^)
6

or

(^r)

or

KTOHqr
h

and
c

TOnraqfpr (-^)<

*[).

b Also pfSraffT and nfir^rm:.

Likewise ^niter*:
f

and ft**:.
*

Alsovw.

blister or sore

on the foot.

Or

f%^f!

**^:.

qfWT

( *HJ and

m) du. irwft and *i%.


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Chaf. VI.

Sect. II. ]

SUmSKRITA DCTIONARY.
/
Itch -

151

^^.

wm fe) w*\
m
mf n b

finite: fire^r (fa*i) boh.


5.

ih (sfwm) Wye
(afft)

KSS
Wtiwr: (sp0
Ulcer.

*tT^f
ft

SSS^.a
ne

3TO ns?i
n
3

.InfrriTflWr rhoidi. m
6- ^TPTTT fa.)

HwBOr

faw:

falf)
/

Epistwisg

W<UlVfc JWTfVSRT Diarrhoea, /i / / i^BEf^RT *fa (5 *ft s*rt^) ***: ton:) vomiting. m wm /k mn
1

Also

*^fa:.
d

wise, masc. <$:.

*. c LikeFem. ftafT- Also fas*: *rr And ^?f or White leprosy with round spots.
(


i.)
*

^f.

Likewise

^T
;

#)

Also raasc

nni;

Whether
Likewise,

Ischury or Constipation.
neufc.

h Also

^r<jt and Tj^fan.


,

wf^: (*) named in the text.


weakness

and fem. wfti(^) or vff cfrc J Severally An abscess ; an internal one. l Fever. m Also

H%^r:, Gonorrhoea.
;

Some

interpret

it

simple gonorrhoea or seminal

others, diabetes.

n Fistula in ano.

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151

UUUUA K08HJ,
/a
tib

[Bo*lL

me
Physician, d

lot

iSflifSm

m/wg
Becoverd

mfn

mfn

m/nh

from
ness.

Bisk*

fTTTT fSTTTiWi ^TPT y|ij (ft*F7tj W(lc|)

mfn mfni
9.

Emaciated or weak.

^i* wra
*

mfn

mfn

mfn mfn

Diseased.

mfn

mfn

mfn
fa/a ia/a

Scabby*

(WV)
m/aj
Sin/n
*

UTnr

*re&

Afflict-

ed with
herpes.

"^

with hemorrhoids.

*^ cC4^*+~*

mfn

mfn

<^3?

**-.
*

fi%.

Some make
tlie

m.
terms

Stone or gravel.

b Strangury.
2

two

last

synonymous, as magnifying dysury.


to
t.

The following terms


'

(inclusively

12) admit the three genders. d Or, adjectively,


e

practising medi-

cine."

t^TTrft

(^.)

fMTO

([) * Fern.

wrst. h Some res*

trict the last terra to convalescent or recently well


i

from disease.

iCTPfT:

Also^^fs. Pem. 3fft>H?:>TC

or ct:, herpes.

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Chap. VI.

Stet.

II.]

SUNGSKR/T^ DICTIONARY.

15$.

m/

m/
m/n
*/

Afflicted

tism.

m/n
11.

w/

w/ m/n
f*OT.

(W) faWTO ^S f^W


m/n
3

(%% if^T

Blear-eyed

n ^

m/n
m/it

m/n

m/n
Gibbous* fromdia-

io 1J,

n,

WRffT (^TR * * ^

^T)
m/n

T> ^ v
i

m/nc

m/n

ea^e.

m/n

**1

m/n 6m/nd
,T*
,---

Blind.

m/ n m/n m/n *3^T% ^^Paf^a^


%

Minting.

7n

nt

n g
-

13.

ij* tt%t T*nft fa) ?t^r ^ri^sTfar fa) Sw!

m
4

n
Bile
-

*rr*: ft'ff

m
^l^:

m
Phlegm.

^UT

'

These terms, in the neuter gender, signify the diseased eye. b The
also signifies

word

a disease occasioning a gibbosity of the back.

Alsogf^r:.

***(it).

The preceding (from


f

v.
*r).

8) admit
*

three genders, being used adjectively*

Sing.

^?r:

Sing.

T
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154

UMUB.A K0SEL4,

or

[Boo* II.

/a
The
skin.

'/b

n
Flesh.

nc

14.

ftftm ?re* wfa vpm


n

iroqfani

m/nA
ferns) In n f

Dry

flesh.

rnr*
n is.

sg^wre
n
e

*wr fafafarwi)
n

*itfni?rn

Blood.

^fw^ m/nh

^^fan" to
ni

t?R

^nra

The

heart,

The serum
of flesh,
j

^
16. (il^TlffaT fiTCTj

/
(<9) **JT

/ TOT

Muscles at the nape of the neck,

TOT
/m
Tift
(g)

/n

/o

A nerve,
teLdon or
gut.
1

wf*r:

fro

The bladder.

fa

ft

afar
n
n

The

brain.

i*-.
a
c

or

3.
b

^ (_n
and
ij* or

and

l^T

or neut. n*r*3JXTe

^npHTtT
(_*|).

^rrfiri

**fW-

d Fern.

^*
itf,
f

or nr^p^TtT.
f

some add

the two first words to signify the heart; ^pq. Certain writers restrict h or vqj (q). Fem qr*r or *fft. and the two last the thorax.

Neut.
or
J

** (*) *&> and WT,"l


interpret

Also

'

WTT

and

tgfr,

Vtf,

Some

Likewise 1JP> S* (-Tk this the marrow of bones.

masc.

^:( ^)iCTf*:.

Or any tubular
OT*Pfr.

vessel

of

jr*rWtf. ^: ( *). Or the human body.


jjfh?

And
q

n Or

Also

ftm.

p Also

(*).

Some make

the preceding terms synonymous with these.

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Chap. VI. Sect. IL]

3UNQSKHITA DICTIONARY.

inn
tiona

155

mnb

f%F **% (ifwn^)

17. *Tn?*nft?T^

Entrails.

m
1

luc

<isj

i^O *Wt (*r)


(__\ _____

*> s Pleen -

W| 1<JHIC

A tendon
or muscle.

~tt~: (t%Wt)

Sn

"wa~g ^wft fa
18- f<H*T

*$)

The Uver

'

^fcpft

WTO

6aliTa-

win

"

**f

TC"K

(?sn^)

*W mn fkwfkft (%*ty (irf) m w* qnn%T Mfr)


ft ft

/h

SMS?
*?*

ft

20.

(1*gtaftfl

^W.

Either excrement or excrescence


: )

twelve are enumerated

(some

count nine only


nails,

as serum, seed, blood, marrow, urine, faces, earwax,

phlegm,
c

tears,

rheum and sweat. See Menu.

C.5.V.135. b Likewise

irfx*^.

Or
f

fjrjrT

(^).

Also_fem.
*

ftjfl-

d Likewise ^r*r.

Or ^i$tm.
fro).

And

jjfr or J*1VT*

And **pr

*JSing

ft*

lfw\of

Also

fw.

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W
The
skull;

UliURA K03EA,

or

[Soot It.

'"

^b
2
/c
fa) Jtwmj

nb.

m *a1<3i fa
n

A limb or
member.

21.

*r*

*mj swdj sv&i


(ra)

T^txrfj
n
3
ft

qrchpc*

Point of the foot.

m
*nr
23.

roe

rof 6

mw

Afoot.

*<ffc*T% (sfw*rm)

The

ancle..

(W^l) lfe% ^JW"^i

AheeL

(W^O
/

T^ (S**.*k)
Inn

leg.

wwi
it

(?J)

wn
i

h 7n

A knee. A
24. **f%r (iSft

*"*<"*! 9m

*^ (*%*)
4

thigh.

img)*^
-*:

i-^.

*-*
^:

~*

'-**

And

and

w.

c Likewise inv*T t*3^*T. b Or *(t*t Also neuter .ntft*. d (*)*, and x^: (-*): also (-* and-**).

neut

\l$

and

xt^.

^ftj* and *ftj:.

Some make
Also f*:.
b

these

nenter

likewise,

* Sing. tjfz*T

and

tfft: or ijft

Masc *TJi,

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CAp. VI. Stet.

II. ]

S0NGSKR/T4 DICTIONARY.
m
(iWfffw: jfiB)

157

*N*H:

The groin. The v* 1*'

1
x
.

m
(if i)

i& in

qpi *t*

25.

*%r (m) *tf<iptraw fe

qraj*7ft

| **

26- faipIV

f5l?n^t iH^*) mg 2/

ff^

Cavitie* of the lows.

The buttocks.

Parts of

27.

mf
f '*-

*tf*r (^eft:)

vuiva.

m
fir^T

m
irtf'T ito*r

iNraft

**Thescro-

m1
-s

m.

-..

^>

_.

(VBtiirr^) fiSRW
1

The end of the spine.

*
b

^.
distinguish the two
first

Also fem.

wtc

Some

terms as
^rrf** or

signifying the hip.

Likewise

3nft*m\
fem.

And

*i\.

^Twt.
WTW:.

Also

*3PRp:.
sex,
*

* Sing,

*fzih*:.

Likewise
or

*fir:

and

Of either

And

it ft.
;

fa: (*)
fa:.

5*: ( f ).

Also masc.
cles.
1

fa: (ijj), fa: (*)


*H|f qftq :,

and

k Also the testi-

And

{^Consisting of three bones,

Os sacrum, &c.

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158

miUB.A

TSLOSKA, or
inn

[Booh II.
n

ma
The belly.
The

2 8. fqftnfc

mb

In

*4<\*i
n

&

paps, c

m ^PlV fft

innd

nipple.

^p^ (g) g^f (^


"

Thebo om ;

(t tt)
*9.

**

sarfcirw;

^T**I (*)***

fa)

mh

3 n

The

collar

bones.

30.

t
**#

foft ?f^ *) ^RT^t


*

jjj-

tcp*% Mr)
*n

side.

1JTO (*^ft H^tT^:)


*

mnl
(*)

**

n
(j*ft)

Thewaist.

*** (^j) OT*I


m/m w/n
31.

*!%

An arm.

m 4 mo H*r*n?n%ij^r:

(%t

TU ?^

.)

m/p

m/q

Alsoftn*j.. b lT%; and jr*:. e Some separate the two ^f^lf W<*
ft

Sing,

w., ^:.
(i.

Also
other
first

first

terms from the


e.

three

distinguishing the
)

breast between the shoulders

the

bone of the sternum


f
1

from the region of the Cartilago ensiformis.


h

Fern. JirtCT.

**: (*).
J

^fo:

(*|).
WT^:*

Also neut.
*

^fa: ( *>

*fa: or
fem.

qf*:.
irarT-

Sing.

^p*
p

k Sing.

qrv.

Likewise ft****.

m Also
WTTT.

n Masc. and fem.


ft*T-

Also masc
Also fem.

WTT

5-

Fem.

And
q

fem.

And

qnrf<(l-

wmtwfr and

W^ft*

Fem. ^pnj

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CAaj,

VI. &o'.

II.]

SUNQ8KRITA DICTIONARY.
m

169

(v^F) iwg:
32.

(^th)
Wn\tt (^J^T
7/

Hnmeru, *

'fTl^ar;)

fore arm.

Metaear-

(^f^pwi^raf^' *RW) *<5t 1 m mc

(*fT.)

puB.

wmr. wk *rrfareN
35.

A hand

^ ?WRft

/<*

Afore
felT?f)

U^I'ft

finger.

ws: *w*r.
/ /g

FiDgerB -

tar.)

(1^)^:
/h

U^ftpft

ral finger..

^2ww5Trf^T(^nfq)^^8T(^.f?rm: nwn<0 m mh mnj Mi

mk

ml

mm

^borfc

-^

35.

(*n& **fro ??n^ fwfar

(itaW A^*n

fw.
*

lr\.
b

From
c

the shoulder to the elbow.

From
Sing.
*

the wrist to the

little

finger.

And mi.

Or

ir^fa'ft.

*fft:. Also
their

and *reft;
thnmb,

*f m\
the
finger.

tt-

Or

^f:

and

W^f.

In

order

viz.

fore

*
I

And
Also

*rt*T*

finger, middle finger, ring finger and h Also qr*OT, *nft*V, or ^rwt^f^TT.

little
*

Also 35R*:.
to that of

fern. *r*rj.

k or H%n:, from the tip of the


;

thumb

the fore finger extended

Spithama.

To
n

the tip of the middle finger.

m *?NW*

to th* tip

of the ring finger.


;

From

the tip of the

thumb

to that of the

little finger

a measure of twelve fiugtrs.

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10
The palm
with extended
fingers.

miURA KOSRA,
ma
mb

or

[Book

II.

Both such palms


joined.

The palm
bent, e

(inftrf'f far:)

vstt^
(aV

Both such palms


joined.

*m*) *^f%: (^n^)

A A

cubit.

37.

(sqj^ fronn^)

^j

short

cubit,

^Tfar: ten*)
An
interi

mf

mediate
one.

Afathom.,-

38.

m an^j

(*rw>: w:afar?i?ft

The measure of a

fi^^nr**) m/nl

man's
reach,

mfnm
39.

m
1/

"^J

The
throat.

cRqgjjj *ri?T

2/n

The neck.
1 xfhn.

TJ.
c

Also

^z:

and

**ire;.

b Likewise

tt^f.

Qr

f^^.
is

By

omitting the term nation of the preceding term, tins

made by some
if

synonymous with
liquid.
f

it;

in a

less

restricted sense.

As

to

hold a

xnftf :.
;

middle finger

the elbow to the tip of the a measure of twenty-four fingers. h* Prom the elbow
fist.
*

Also xr^fw:.

From

to the extremity of the


finger.
J

From

the elbow to the tip of the


of the fingers,

little

The space between the ends


;

when the arms


l

are extended

Orgya.

k Equal to the height, to which he reaches,


fingers extended.

when elevating both arms with the

Fem.

tjnrit*

m *IH:, %V$t

or qn&T;

W?*

Some add masc ***:.


r^Trtftn

FV
Digitized by

Googk

Chap. VI.

Stet. II.]
.

SETCOSKR/IM DICTIONARY.
One

lot
streak-

**HJT*T m
n

(tllW
n
ft

VT)
'

three line..

/
3
ft ft

1/

2n
*'

40.

*TRT# *^if g^WT^sf SPW^F**

The mouth.

(*ft*) 'SI,I*

fTO
(g)

m
41.

me

W
./

/d

TTOT fa) !Tf%^T


4

The

note,

^ter

re^

t^tc^ **wro*t
.

^
The

up,.

(*W ^H) fa**

chin.

m/h
i?ffir^T)^r:Thejw.
fit

42.

K*m

^W

fit

ft

m
Teethi
*

T$*T

T^T*
*

TO fa)
TOVT TV^T f^l^r

TO^I

The P^t#.

The tongue.

(HT?n%TB^l) ^JlTOft
vt

ftt

nenrf'the mouth.

43. w*rrc*ftra

The
^fTftra:

fore-

head.

Like .a shell

it is

reckoned a mark of great destiny. b Or, accord-

ing to another interpretation,

Also the

face.

<*

And

the raised or straight part of the neck.


or ir^rr.
*ftw:)
lip.
;

*>n, wr^r and


;

wt*TW

for

properly the

first (sing.

is
*

the upper lip

and the second

(sing.

***:) signifies the lower * Alsofem.^:. * Sing.

Also fjj:. Sing. ?n|f :,


.

m%

*iw ., & c

Sing

*dd ^j. k Or ctwt. Also neut. xWfl\ l And masc ftrj:. -Sing, ** (-*), (-* ), or (-,) an d or ( w)> ^fl| j alto fern. ^*<*Y. n mfinf Likewise *bt.

wltwu Some

nw

^%

^_ ^

U
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m
The
eye,

UhitmA KOSHi!,

or

[Book

II.

3<3
brows.
r

i/.
v

Space between the


eye-browB.

/
Pupil of the eye.

ft

ft

2 n

b.Mc

An

ey

e.

44.'

^Hf *rcw TOfta<6 ^ q^frniTl

tear.

me
The outer comers of
the eyes.

n(

A glance
or sidelook.

m
*

5 *

ng
n

mn

nh*

An ear.

^*p*ir?t *ftf ^r:


7
i

8w
m
in

faft) ^swtf to n j

^*:
'
.

The head.

Mi

to

Hair.

f^r?::
of

^Tt ^to: qw
*
n

%*:

firctar.

Head
hair.

mnk

Cnrls.

**.

-*.

* Sing.

H;.

b
d

W.
Or

(*).

8ome add
Sing,
*

to (W)f

Sing,

*fw
'

Some add *r^.

*rc$.

fjirttn.

Also
fire:

qrnr*..

Or

4ta{. h Likewise masc ^nr: (*) wiaa^n;- k Sing. ->t

Also masc.

(ty

Lik#-

WRt

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CUp.

VI. Svst. II.]

SUXOtSKIUTA DICXIOlfABT.

163

M
ft

mw&)

witcit:

The same on the

m
/d

Mb

forehead.

Locks, left
at the ton*
sure,

braid or

tress, c

(&)
/

vfarar:

(**m:

ir^rr:)

Braided
hair, e

lock left

on tjie crown of

/
(zrfh^cf) TCT

ft

the head.

An asce-

TOT

tic's lot-

ted hair.

Unorna-

mented

In

hair,

*ftv<w ftH^jr (fira%

3)

Clean and unentangled hair.

<nu:

wr ty * (^^fn?M:
2n
3

**ttw^)

mnj

Much, or ornamented hair, i


Hair of the
body.

raft ^nr
*
Interpretations
differ:
it

tf *%)

The beard.

I?
is

explained, three (some say,

fire)

locks

left at
;

the solemn

tonsure of children, or of the military class in


left

particular

or else

any lock

on the headd

b Or ftwTqpqr:

and

firaqp:.

A mode of dressing the hair.


;

And masc ***: or neat.


in the

?J.

Tied round the head


&c.
f

or

with fl>wers intermixed, and covered with


xZfg

pearls,

Some add

As worn by women
*

absence

of their husbands.

h Also %^ft

and H^q^;

The terms

are used in

composition with one


J

signifying hair

as

%fpnn:,

%*tiw:, &c

Likewise

*YW,V

Digitized by

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I4

WflUKA KOIff J,

#r

[JotiblL

BCTIOK

lit.

*i

ui

In

Dress or embellish-

ment,

Aderaetf.

2.

*rfa?rT

stoi
i/

fa) MrtRm fa)

nft^i:

m/n
Ilefcant.

4m/n

Act of
adorning.

Rn
3.

Ornamenti
jewels or
trinkets.

*wr^n: (mr)
*r^nr
far)

**w *ft*n^i f%w^


fib

crest g

*-*.
*

'-^
the two
first

3w
the

>W1

Or ^W*.
restrict
:

* The ten following nouns admit the three genders


terms to signify a person disposed to
three
fir3t

Some

decoratiou
d

others

make
)

signify
last

one who adorns.


lines.
'

Nom.

ftiflT?
*

1- *t

Some omit the


the

three

Also
tiara.

wwqf.
*

An
#

ornament

of

head

>

worn upon a diadem or

Or lffl

Digitized by

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CKf. Vl.

Stet. III.]

SOHOSKK/TJ DICTIONARY.

1U
A gen ob
the cres<.

The middle

ih$t hkwt:)
/ /

gem of a tring.

A trinket for the


hair,

/
for the
forehead,

im*TWTWrft*T
5.

ifwi mwnf (^sn^)


9*9*

for the
ear. c

H^W
wfarau

An

ear

ring.

A collar, d

**nr
6tarif!;)

(^rni)

neck-

lace.f

uraflMj
1/
(swt)

A golden
one.

One of

k:^?wit

(^frfim: urn)

Pearls.

*-

garland

of pearls,

Ac.

m
mj

m mk

One composed of 100 strings.

mi

Garland)
of various
sorts,

A'plate,

or a

flat

chain, of gold or silver, with or without jewels

set in

it 1

worn between the divided hair on the head.


term a string of pearls binding the
hair.

Some expound
b

the

first

jewel, or

golden or other trinket, worn ou the forehead, below the partition of the
hair { a star on tho
forehead,
c

Some make

these

and the preceding


f

terms synonymous*
the ear. d

hollow cylinder thrust through the lobe of

Or

short

necklace*

Likewise vftq and crw*.

A loose
:

one, reaching below the breast.

Some

sey 103. h In their order


'

dis-

tinguished by the
sists of

number
J

of strings or rows*

Also

^wk

It

con-

3J rows.

Or

^W*

:*

I* contaius

24 rows*

Composed

either of 4 or of 34 strings-

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166
'/

UUURA KOSH4,
,

or

[Book IL

ma

mb
1/

J"

^irr^r irninw
!CTiT^*(TOf**T)

A single
string.

One containing 27
pearls.

m
*rc*rprar :

wa

mn

bracelet, c

intro**;

raft

^rr

(* fiw*T*)

ft

2 rnn

Ornament
of the arm.

A fingerring.

A teal ring.
Ornament
of th<3 wrist, f

(*JTO^t) ^$f**3$T

('BT)

/
10.
t

/b

/i

A woman's
girdle,

A man's
belt.
ft

Ornament
Of the
'set.

6ml

6m n

mn

11.

**r

*r_

^_
c

*-ft.

Including "64

strings.

b Comprising

20 rows.

Of

gold, or

of
f

conch,

&c

Worn

above the elbow-

Some add
it.

^fgft-ro-

broad solid ring with or without pearls, &c. set on

The terms
!

are here stated as


differing in

synonymous; but they


of

signify belts of various kinds,

the number

rows or strings.

h Also *tfa:.
toes.

And
fem.

^qwT*

Fem.

T^WT-

k Rings for the

Some

distinguish

the two last terms

as signifying a distinct ornament*

Or

ffWltfe: and gvrafrft-

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Chap. VI. SMt.HI.]

SUVQBKblTA DICTIONARY.

167

Bells or tinkling or-

naments.

1/ 12. (wntsfrwfaftaTfai) **nftf*P^

Material!
of cloth,

fc*fws)
baik.

Made of d

m/ n

m/n

m/n
Made of cotton.

13.

wH wf*ifaiW
m/n
m/n

m/nt

m/n

Silken.

m/g
m/n

w /
Woollen

l#ih

-New and
unbleached cloth.

14.

{n^v(j ^iHifHJ

(^w^vft|w)
*J

pair of

bleached
cloths.

Bleached
tilk.
i

*npi3S inmnrcr

Any

thins

precious.

!-f*.

Or *J^ft.

b 0! four kinds

1st.

bark of plants, as Rushy


2d.

Crotalaria,

Linum, hemp

hibiscus,

&c

fruit,

viz.

cotton

$d* insects, viz. silk; 4th.

hair and wool.

The

ten following terms

(Some say
terms
j )

eleven j others aay ten omitting two intermediate


d

compound
linen.

admit the three genders.


Fern-

As linen, &c
4rTfa*.
),

Thus ^TTW,
of

Fern. *rift-

wnwft-

Also

Made
wild

the hair of

the

Raneu

(stated

to be a sort

of 'deer

or any other hair or


*

wooL

* Some include

this

among*

adjectives.

Or

silk*

Somt

include this and the preceding terms

among

adjectives.

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1(8

UJiURA KOSrU,

or

[Boot II.

Wo?e

filk.

is-

_ wtf n#(qn*)
na
ft

m/ftb

m/ne

reil or

mantle.
of a cloth.

(I 3) firifrr

mvf (fin)

m/pL
Buds

/pl.d

(%*t

tow toto) w.(w)w* tfta)


*rrcta

Length.

16. ^uil+tieiftT

Width.

Old

cloth.

Dirty or tattered
cloth,

ah
a fafV) 2ft3fti4ftj

m
*M<n
6ft
ft

fnw

Cloth.
mi
at ii 1

Fine

cloth,

k
Coarse
cloth,

*s^*pii:

tot

(j^ft ^rn[)
<ft

m/no

1*T
Also ^rif.

**t.
b

*-.

d Also ting.

Or fimf.

Fern, firwtwT, ffTOTT.

*fwH.
tions

Likewise fem. wrwfH:.

Some
these

read

*rnrw*

* Interpret*.

differ
:

macb.

Some make
l

terms

synonymos with tba

following

others explain them, a handkerchief , a rag, a night-shift, Ac.

b Likewise lf*:.

Also masc

wrej:*

And

fern.

^f.

k These'
l

terms are also said to be synonymous with the preceding.


fern.

Alao

qf?s and irf^; bat this

is

a diminutive, and properly

signifies

particular sort of cloth.

synonymous-

* Likewise

m Some make these and the 1TW* Fern mraT?*T

preoading terms

Digitized by

Google

Chap, VI.

Sect. III.]

SUXGSRUITA DICTIONARY.
m

189

18-

f^TT^: IWR^RZ:

m/ab
^_

A cover or wrapper, a

lm

(^)

TPl^
4

blanket.

in

3n

19- (ft)
^' a

vmfrfKrift

(*ft) Tf?niT (iror)

;g *

*IM*J'VI<l4 fa)

20.

J" ftujx: (^nwBiai

ftmfinPHKJi)
mn

**"

<
7

fa*M rr*ftqrt ^r^r) ^?m* ^f) m**


m/* e
21. (^rrfarsjT)

wr^r (?nijnft touwi


a

fa

srcj)

resc^
to the feet.
r

(l*h)

ftm^fH]
f

An

iw^^^J
tent.

f*TT
22-

(^

^WVf')
J

f nfirfkT
9*i
m

J&
io*

x
[

mfnm (qn*) ftocwft fa *t)


*w.
$

screen 11 of

. Embellish.

person,

i*.
*

* w.

* *.
litter,
<*

W
Likewise a
.
#

if.

Also a sheet

or else the cover of a

&c.

veil.

And f*W. Fem.


f

fipMft.

Or a jacket,
flff.

pem ,j^
irwfSpirT

Fem;

^TOT^^T.
h

ff-

8 on* e wad
*

Also
j

or

SwforT.

And

fft<qtffcft.

Dress for cleanliness


'

or else ornament by san-

dal

wood and perfames.

Also ffftror

V
Digitized by

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170

UMURA KOSHJ,

or

[Book II.

f
n
with perfumes.
Bathing.
2

'

wh
(tf

23.

^tJ^^T^T^
'

^t)
#i
ffi

^RTOTT*
n

*J|<

m
n

md
24.

vjw^c:

5fS?
n -

i***t vihgfw (S3 *)


*
on

circle the fore-

CTTTOTOT
25.

mn

_.

fflrara

held.

FWHRTfaT TSSPFBir *

^^

m*

(ffHfa^^*^*r%*T*0
4
f

'

nmnh
n

mj
26. ?nf

it

^qrhr

fro* whc wtf%n^*pf


3*.
rubbing with

lWT

*V
;

4_^.
oil

6^.
wood,
with

By wiping
*mT?pf.

or by bathing,
c

and sandal wood.

b Also

By

plastering the whole person with sandal

Ac.

d Erroneously by some

written qr^fc:.

^Delineations
f

saffron or with

musk,

<frc

on the breast, cheeks, &c.

Also HTfTOft

and other synonyms.


i

Or

*qfUeHK
*

^.)

Or w<. Also ^Rt.


signifying

red or blood.

Likewise vrf^pj and W?CWT^jtar: k Also Ac

And

other terms

^ W^f,

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Chap. VI. Stet III.]

SffNGSKR/Til DICTIONARY.

171

//anb
*miT tto
*i?j

(aft) *i*t J*i&T

$W. Lm
Cloves,

nf

<U9)*TT3*lH

jf

A yellow y fragrant i J wood.


-v
A gallochum, h

tl"^*

unites
ni

(^)

wrT**T*r
, 9

(^y)
/

(TO
n
n

VRTWl)
*

mn

ln

2mn
J

black

(^T ^) ***&l
1

(iflPTfW

^cO

A very fraextort.

(art

wiwq
m

fft^
m

SfSSSt
InceM#
-

ml

30- fl^OR: faiCRi:

f%9 *T*3t

(rT)

Mum:
*

S2T

Or ^|t.

following terms.

One author disjoins this from the preceding and c Some distinguish the four last terms $ others, the
:

three last, from the preceding

the distinction seems to be the


d

gum

or

or resin discriminated from the dye of the insect.

Or any

other

name of Lacshmi. Perhaps yellow sandal wood- f And wntf. * Or *T%ir4 and *Tfw*. h Perhaps Amyris Agallocha, R. i And Vm also fem. wfnwv J Likewise Kim:. k Or wirfjl. One reads
l ;

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172

imtTRA ROSEA,

or

[Booh II.
l*t

*8?Nt%t ctpjrt (sfa) tn b 2 w c


Musk.

^ m^4V

31.

^iTTfw#iW^:^^(^T

Bdellium.

K^
Mil
Camphor.

Jmd

me

Sandar wood.
Varieties of sandal wood, f

n
*ftalfir

mn

33. ?rsnrf*fo

Tf^f^r

(*jfaraT*i)

/
n

Bed Santo*, g

34. f^ffJT (MT)


fr i ii j

Mace.

*-w.
* *T^;.

3*_
b Likewise
?fc?ir:

4,f_.

Also $taro*
d

( W)
of

and

(fern.) inftf:- c
f

Also

Or any name

the moon.

Or f%WTM:*
:

Denominated

from the countries in which they are produced


these terms, from other circumstances.

or,

as
is.

some derive
white
is
j

The

first

sort

the

second* the colour of brass and very fragrant.


said to smell like a
ripe

The

third

yellow

and

mango*

&

Pterocarpua santolinus.

Some

interpret this, red lead (Minium).

But medical

writers disjoin these

terms and make the Patrdnga to Sappan wood (Oaesalpinia sappan)*


h
Also nsftf and

and

inW mfH: or m$t and

And n*far\.

Likewise

wpfont

i*^f

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Chaf. VI.

Set. III. ]

SCTNQSKB/Tii DCTIONARY.

173

m
Perfumed
paste, a
,

fclmn

35.

mHfl% qgft
n

*fTO*W {qn$

fi/ ii

fa%*Wil

forth?" person, b

m/n

ITTftW
.

ITfW
^.

(f?fV)
41

Perfumed.
Adjusting

Jt

Or suspend* he

37. utc*R (firenffa)


n

iddT
lock.

^
*

forehead.

ta**& ^tw^ti)
^

sax.
neck.

38.

(qfWf fircnrcfa)

WH
three
first,

m
z

(^TC[)

m<^
__r___

Decoration? of hair.

m
*_*.

Completion

*n*n*r:

myaTrr

orpine**.

1,
Consisting of

2*T_.

camphor, agallochum, musk, bdellium, (or else the

with saffron and sandal wood,) in equal proportions,

* Whether ground and pounded, or not ; but some distinguish the two c *f& or Wf. d To be las* as restricted to perfumes ground.

thrown on the clothes


wreathes, resins

red powder,

<fcc

Sing,
h

Ac

Sing.

^ (

to

With fragrant

*ti-

Or iff<^^:.

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174

tmi/RA KOSH*,

or

[Book II

pillow.

39.

wpfPf

(^)

V
lOT^t no^fa
(*c[)

Abed.

*nw
3/

bedstead.

if*
40-

wt irem: tou fa*r.)


*

A ball to
play with.

^OT^t
*

^9*T *
fhr. afta:
4m

A
A

lamp.

chair or tool.

HTdJWm
*tb
*>

casket.

*3to: ^%*v.
MC
*

A spitting
pot.

uftnrra to^to:
/ ^ 41 *TC*ft qhrfa^T /*

comb.

Perfumed
powder.

m m ftem: tc*tw.
6m n

mt
#

ml
*
ff

A mirror.

^TWi*< Kl
3ra*T irrere^Fnwi

A fan.
1*-.

'IPBTT*
3 ^?Tc

*wt
or

*
W%*\
*nti
f

Also

?tawOr

and *ftf.
WT^iJ:.
g

And TOfTAlso wrorf. And


HTVfflf.

Or irf^HT-

d Likewise

iqr^J

if**;.

**&

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CHAPTER
2n

VII.

3m

Bate or lineage.

tot s^nm: vwt%t


Tribes or

*nft:

(^nd^nnT^r:)

classes,

4m
Sprung

2,

^T3|*^ ^I^f^T

from a royal house.

*to
*e

fsf)

md6m
m

m
fit

iwrc: "6m

Sprung from any


family.

Of honourable parentage.

The four
orders, e

An

order,

or religious
state, f

mg
m
4.
fn

7 f

ffsiTwwn
fas (^)m^i<ift

m Mh *r^* *tw*t:

A man of
the sacerdotal tribe.

lift.

*.
*

**,

w.
c

The

sacerdotal,

Ac.

b Sing.

w.

Or

*TO1W.

V^

5*

Also #m%, *t%9: and qEt%ro:. * In succession as enumerated : viz. 1st. The religious student, who has received investiture, and is unmarried.
2d.
4th.

The householder

or married
ascetic.
f

man.

3d.

The hermit or
h Or^fir|*;.

anchoret.

The mendicant or

Either o! the four above

enumerated.

* ftinfri. Also fipr* and ff*nrT

( ^p.

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"
One, prac-

UllLimA

KOSHJ,

or
* "

[Boot

II.

2fii
ok-*
2

(*)
m

^fi^ (*pirf*f*f*:)
6

3m

in

8 n

mdtm
m
12

10

ifteT* ^fic:
11

wft wffe^ wifr faro*:


me
j^

e.
priest

*<*# ****
m

ture.

A teacher.

^P^RIT fWR^T

writ.

An

em15

14 **

The same

One,

who

-*

-**

-*
assisting

io

*-.

-*

Sacrifice,

study, benefaction
b
<J).

to sacrifice, teaching,

accepting alms.
d Also ^j|ct
(

Fem. imft.
e

Also masc. mj;.

And

fem. *rit.

Some

disjoin the

two

last

terms as signifying

provident
*

Either the natural father, or the spiritual preceptor.


to perform a sacrifice.
h

One who employs them

For ceremonies
this

which include the drinking of acid asclepias.

Some make

term

synonymous with two preceding words.

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Chap. VII.

Sect.

III.]

StfNGSKtt/TM DICTIONARY.
lt

175

One who
sacrifices in due

form,

(s

*fonftaT; ^rqfir:
*tafl?ft (g)

-who does
so in a certain form, a

-who has

*iW.

drunk the
juice of acid Asclepias.

Sn

-who has

bestowed
all his

wealth, c

-who

is

completely
learned, d -who has

4m
JjarT

taken leave of his pre* ceptor. e

(arf*nit

%)

-who has made ablations, f

pupil.

*r. ht***%vt: mk
ii.

Novices,

0**f**prar*TTT fire:) <j4^rmf<<u: m 6 in n

Fellow students,
j

Spiritual brethren.

A
named from

worshipper of fire, o

In that of the

sacrifice

VrJhaspati.

Also

t*nJT* (

m)

On
at

the priest s

emploped by him for a

sacrifice

called

Vii wajit

which the principal's whole property must be


d In sacred knowledge
e
;

distributed in sacrificial fees.

being converhouseholder.
Oj).'

sant with the vcdas and six veddngas.


1

To become a

Preparatory to the performance of a sacrifice. Sing. ^T^TT^t

b Students

who have

recently

begun reading the tedas.

Sing.

ijW- * Pursuing together the .same studies, with like austerities. k Sing. l PapiJs of the same preceptor. m Sing. TO^f^T^t ( ^[0 n Sing^qr^J. One who has taken and and ??)&. 9*ftWr:

placed or consecrated a sacrifical

fire*

W
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178

imUKA KOSIU,
12.

or

[J*#A II.

Traditional
instruction.

(qr6ranq^3 ^n^) ^ffrflf*jf?r*T (s*&*0


/

Untaught
knowledge.
Deliberate

*tot (OTnrcsf

W&)

commencement.

A sacrifice.
a The great
sacraments. b'

13.

m 2 m m **: ?wr n^^T *tt: ***&* w. wg:


mc

mm
f
/

mm
4/

14. x^r

tN)

mrmn

An assembly or meeting.

3/

(sr^PffTf^mraiT:) /d / /
n

5/we

is.

^^(af^)inwr (#rt| vwt:)^:

A room

in

front of the
offerings, f

By-stand-

g Members
of the as-

ers.

16.

sembly.
Reciters of

^TTOT. ^W^rKT: TOT. ^mifal*l(^ 7t) 8 mk 7m ml ^


2

the prayers, j

*^*
named

*_.
in

i>

3^.

*"
b Five acts of

Or ceremony

which oblation* are presented.

religion

the sacraments of the Vedas, of the Gods, of guests, of


r viz.
1.

the manes, of

mundane beings
manes

study of scripture

2.

presentj

ing of oblations to the gods


libation of water to the

$ 3.

hospitable reception of geusts


;

4.

of ancestors

5.

casting ef food on the

ground,or in water,for the gods, or for mundane beings. d Sing. ^). Sing. fern, tj^TS. Neut q%i.

Sing. iTTPTCp.

*Je$(

In front
it is

of

the

apartment in which the intended oblations are stored


the employer and his family and the by-standers.
is to

allotted to

Whose

business jt
.

notice

and correct mistakes.


'

h Sing.

S^p
l

fafa^ff

Sing,

sjirrsj^ (

k Sing.

^).

Being conversant with the several Vldat respectively.


of

Vfmn. Chanter

the S&ma-vida.

Sing. ^ftT (* si).

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Ckaf.

VIL

Sett. III.]

SUSG8KKITA DICTIONARYmb
m

179

The altarc
Sacrificial

fait)

^rf^ra^ra*

ground.

In

2m/k

P^' 1

19.

^nff^myiwrTy^rm

* *

&

Three 80itl

(a**

**rcr:)

jj^"*

Hired to perform the


officers,

sacrifice
(

and denominated according to


Sixteen such are
[( *[).

their respective

'qpsfap

employed under

different designations.

or ^T^fttf^, &c. b Sing,

mfm
s

Or

spot prepared for binding the victim, or placing the vessels. d

Also %^t.

A spot levelled for the purpose.


post.

A wooden
its

ring on the top of the


base,

sacrificial

Some

say an iron ring at

place of

sacrifice,

to prevent prophane intrusion.

Round Some make

the
this

a synonymous term.

Fem. ^TTT^T.

Of the

sacrificial

post (called

mi) ; which is an (M imosa Catechu


sion
of

octangular column of
;

Bambus
is

or of (Thadira

wood

to which the victim

bound, to mark the conclu-

J By the attrition of two pieces of wood. k W^Pfs. Also fem. ^TTOt. ! Severally stated vis. <; fiwtf*n, afire, taken from the consecrated one, or from a domestic fire, and placed

the

sacrifice.

towards the south. ?mprar:, the


holder,

fire

perpetually maintained by a house-

qrnrofcr:,
a consecrated

fire

thence taken and

prepared for receiving obla-

tions

4ire.

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180
The tbrte sacred
fires,

UUURA ROSEA, or
a

[Book II.

(*rffc<sr*fi*)

*m

Fire consecrated by
prayers.
Sacrificial fire.b

imfhr. (^infr i*nr:) In


20. ^pngr: trftiruq^iii4

Sort of
sac rid fire, c

*p^

Jt*ftf*mf.)

21 (?ifarcr) *iTiift

The wife of fire, d


Prayer
uttered to excite fire.

2
Metre, f
prepared oblation for the gods, g

22.

(niwft'U^B)^'
/h

CuMof
whey.

two milk

leather
i

fan.

23. ffatf

(are* HI^NW WIW)

*
* Collectively.

I:
:

b In general
c

or, as

others interpret this, partifire,

cular

sacrificial fires.

The southern
d

taken from the house-

holder's hearth,

and consecrated.
burnt-offerings

goddess presiding over the

prayers with which

put on the
as

fire.

?TT*r4Yor

(7x4).
iffa:,
it,
1

*3CT(W),

^
f

are made.

Used, when fuel


of various sorts

is
;

Measure

of verse in the
(6

Vidao

24 syllables
32 syllables &c.

X 4). wflnJ^, 28

syllables

(gx4). *inft# , 36
h

syllables

(9x4)explain

40

syllables (10x4,1,

Also for the manes.

Some

the vessel in

which oblations are prepared.


hide
;

Some

write ^rnftwT*

Made

of antelope's

and used

to fan the sacaificial fire.

Also

nfW.

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Cha?. VII.

Stet. 111. ]

SffNGSKRm DICTIONARY.

]8 i

Oblation of butter and

curds,

vx.* l* {&
-

WW.

24.

^3f

*W (^fa5|* "V^O
l
l

* ^ >,

_ >x

-of rice, milk, and sugar. Focd of the Pods and

IK

manes, a
l

vase or

vessel,

/d 1/e/f

m/g

2/h

%p?**j(*fi m
J7
im

)^t
#

(^T:)^:(fiiw:)

Vanou8
sorts, c

A
n} n j

victim,

*iTW*f
26.

sot -sfowb
tn//t

N **rr*n)
3

Immolation.

m/n

m/n
Slain or

(*rofsRFT:) **fftTW*nratfiiiiT (i?r)

immolated.

An intended oblation,

* Respectively,

viz.

^*f, an oblation to the gods.


b Of any kind
as pestle
:

qrsr,

an

oblation to the manes.


sorts
rally
;

including the

undermentioned
jar dec<*

besides others,
in the

and mortar, spoon,


are used
in

Sevein

named
:

text.

They
(

sacrifice

and

differ

shape

being respectively
triangular,
(

as some describe
lotus-shaped.
)

them

round, square,

semicircular,

and

d *wr, shaped like an


of

Indian
sapida.
(

fig-leaf
e

Picus Indica

and made of the wood

Flacourtia
fig

wqiglT, a round vessel


f

made

of the

wood of a holy
vessel
*,

tree

F. religiosa >
of

wood

Butea

^j:, a semicicular B. frondosa). * ^w: or fem.^r

1JP

or

made
last,

of the

a ladle of Chadira

wood (Mimosa Cateohu


some distinguish
k
1

^r*

^)

same with the


J

though

it.

Slain, or to be

slain.
;

Also

mR*

or OT**
butter.

The thing
Sacrificed in

to be
fire.

offered

or

sacrificed

usually

clarified

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182

UMURA KOSHA, or

[Book II.

Supplemental sacrifice.

a
Suitable to

m/ne

a sacrifice.

AW
An
act of
sacrifice,

In

n
-of pious
liberality, e

n
Remains of 28. a sacrifice or
oblation, f Gift or donation.

*wrtf f%w*t

(^wwlvrawt;)
n
*

2s

29.

ferra*

HidTni

^nbr uRmKuiq

Obsequies of a deceased person.


Gifts in honour of the deceased.

30. (wnpfr n

a^T* fan ^n^) ^f^t%^


mi
s

5n

Funeral
past,
j

re-

Performed to atone for any defect in the principal one.


this a

Some
erect-

make

synonymous term.
;

Fem.

*ftrTT.

d Oblation or other act


;

of a sacrifice

or the sacrifice
;

itself.

Digging a pond or well

ing a temple or house

planting an orchard,

Ac

Respectively, via.

TO?,

butter, &c. remaining of a sacrifice.

fvw*>

residue of food offered

to the gods, to the manes, to a venerable guest, or to a spiritual parent,

Or^ft.Also^fffa:. h Also Feeding ^W^Prft- i Andfiprw.

&c

<tfri*fip&

^NTtfll*

of priest* and other prescrib-

ed ceremonies, in honour of ancestors-

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Chap. VII. Seei. III.]


tib

SPNGSKRJTjI DICTIONARY.
1*

183

Monthly
obsequies.

(s'ift

&*t

m?:) wft] (tf^nnn) f /

a Eighth hour of the


day. c

Research or inquiry,

32. *f*r (v.)

^p*t
/

Request, or
solicitation.

3/

/
Asking' or begging.

respect-

w/n

ful oblation, g

Water

for

m/j 4w/nk
33.

ablution of the feet.

(wn^) *uftijftt$ 3 (*rfW? f* *T$f*r) m/fl m/nm 5 i n o


ten*) *n%fiwi ^MiAi<ff^i ($r

Proper for a guest.

jaw*)

A guest.

1-*.

a*

**T

*WT

* Funeral repast in
restrict this to the

honour of ancestors on the day of new moon.

Some monthly ceremonies for one recently deceased. b Also **OTrTTO an4 WtJ^nf. Towards midday j for the day ( or
period of day light
)

comprises fifteen hours


is

muhtirtat

).

An

offering

to the manes at noon


genders.
*

reckoned best*

d Especially the investigation

of doty by reasoning,

Also
;

qr*ft.

The

following admit the three


<fcc.

Water
*

only

or

else
J

grass, flowers,
^rrftnaTT.

with water.
^rrfftS^Jt

h Fern.
1

^rart.

Fern. irr^T.

Fern.

k Fern.

Fern. WTtftnft.

m Likewise ^mTHQ:.

n Also fem. *fwfwi, or *f*nft'

Some

include this

among the synonyma.

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. ,

184

UMURA KOSUA,
/

or

[Boo*

II.

/
lnc

Worship, a

34. gBrr.iraOT

**Wir. wtmxs*] sT*irT:(wr.)

Service.

/ ST^IT * T<<HjH (g) /e "^ / / /


35.

/b

^ft^T
/

(ig)

tlTOT^

Roaming, b
r-

T(WT &\Zl\ V$Z*K

^-^

ance in
ies. austerities.

m *
WJ^Tff
(*Jf)

2 n

Sipping, f

'WTH
3 n

Silence.

(f*r)

sfanjwnmni
/h
/

/*

4/

m,

Neglect,

jfinrra

(w ^rn$ n^raj

wnw*:

nk
A fast.
Dberimination.

5m
(?r)lRTOT
^
f*

TOV*

f%%1i:
ft

OTOTRIT 6/
*
'

Holiness.

38.

fal%)

TH^fr CTPWlf^
^r
.

1*.
*

a **t

*mpr-

*
:

fw
c

Whether adoration or

respect.

b Likewise
for

nftq qq h

Also
for

lem.

WWTT

or

viffftr:.

d Wandering
*p*jT'

alms

travelling

austerity.

Also

wtl and
,

Touching without swallowing.


.

Likewise, neut

WT^Jif
l

*Wp or ^rr^u^f
J

And

what

is

enjoined or customary.

As

fasting,

&c

irftmft:. * Of k Also ^qtfwrf


5

wtww,

Wtroir, &c.
its

Resulting from the study of scripture

and

the observance of

injunctions*

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CAafl. VII. Sect. Jll.]

StfNGSKRTTi DICTIONARY.

185

while reading tht V&-

>

^
m

taliTa.

39.

wwfoiro^
m

ttsitot

IStT*
A 8acrea
precept,

3.*T f*fa *i?V

J^RW
40.

(^J

?im

JUT*:)

onTT^
Holyitudy.

(^W^IS Vl^t WF()


(*%
3m
IS)

WjWTCHf
2
*i

Hl

W
n
j

(^0
6m

*
Obeisance.

qftfalT** (&$$*)

ml

4m

6mm
(fir)

41. f*rc xrf^rre

2iw^ imaraf

*rer^

%f-

An

act

of
:

humility,

with a short prayer, at the beginning and

end

of a lesson

or else to mark,

by the motion
c

of the

hands so

join-

ed, the accentuation, while readiug the Sdma^vida. b

Drops

of spittle

aputtered in reading the Vi&a*.


traint
of

Adapted

to

meditation and

res-

thought

sitting with the feet raised, or with fingers inter-

twined,

&c

d Practice prescribed by the

VSdas for the effecting of


:

certain consequences. Regarding an act of religion


rice

as 'sacrifice with

'strew
:

Kus a
'for

grass.'

Or succedaneous
h

as 'for

want
*

of

rice

se Nibdri
of
1

want

of

Kus'a employ Cds a or DurvdS

Reading

the Vedas after

^) aid ^q*nF<bow or prostration to a person addressed by name. J Likewise


initiation(
.

Also cttpiw

^ MjM3 ^ j
i

Oue who has

entered the fourth order


or Pa'ra's

or that of dero:

tion), following the rules of

Carmanda
or

arya

a Sannydtf.

And

ijftifunr:.

m mxinxi

iran^

(*[).

X
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186

UM.UEA K0SH4,

or

[ft** II.

1
An
tic,

1m

asce-

?n^t. ?nw: nTf^tN^

mf

A holy tage. b

Fatient of
austerity.

42. ?n?:iirira%T

^ty
m
*h

Religious students, c

mf
Saints, e

An initiated householder,

^mnF
43. fa) f

far)

w#ft
ft; ?r)
3

Sages with

subdued
senses,
i

^dfrj^Wl

*ffl%T

TO*

One,

who
on

steeps

the bare ground.

ft:
1

^rf^.w^nT^^) ^rf^raTw(^)
and seeking
spiritual

Employed

in

devotion

wisdom.

Some

make

these terms
;

synonymous with the preceding.

Practising rigid

taciturnity

devoid of passions, and serene or unruffled by pain or

pleasure. Practising austerity during the study of the Vedas. d Sing.

*if

(^r)
(

distinguished, viz.

and 3rar*Ttt ( *T ). Infallible- Seven classes of them are v Maharthi, Divar$hi, ( as KVrada, &c.) BrahmaCas'yapa, Ac), Paramarshi, Can'darshi, Sruiarshi, and
l

rshi 9

as

Rdjarshi.

Sing,

wfa: or

ftftr:.

And

fem. mft, <&c.

*IOne,
first
:

who

has entered the second order, after passing through the

having

completed his noviciate, but without attaining a knowledge of the

Vedas (he

is called

Vratasndtacn)

having attained that knowledge


of study
(

before the expiration of the prescribed period

he

is

termed

Vidydsndtaca

{he
i

is

named

Ubhoyasndtaca

having completed both his studies and probation h ^Mj|M<fl (10 and v*T$*rx$t).
restrained from all that is blamable, as Vas'isht'ha
this

Whose organs are


others.
)

and

Some exclude
k

from the synonyma.

k Sing, qrft

(-1

and

irf5f :

By way

of

mortification.

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Chap. VII.

Sect. .Ill]

SUNGSKHITA DICTIONARY.

187

4*. ^ftgrar(^T)
(**r)

ft^t^iw:
md
if

felt) wifif'ii:
*

Men perfectly rirtuous. a

m m raw: *&: vfkn:

1 purified

2m

person,

Heretite

and impostors, c

45.

(irr^fT^ft

to)
wn

^rrertr fart)

A student's
staff,

One cut
from a

fi

Bambu. g
His waterpot,

/k

His cushion,
j

(irfHTRT^pf) v$\
n

3n #

46.

mfcri *fi

*%:
r

(*ft)

A hide used by him. 1


n
Aggregate

m
^m*T*r:

mm

*^
*
;

(ftngrFR^Br^)

of alms.

Beading
or muttering of prayers.

terpsr) *re:
;$.

3m*.
*

*;$.

Devoid of every bad quality

having gained the knowledge of


lift

God, and

attained beatitude in their

time

as

Vya 8 a
is

and others.

b Cleansed by a austerity and mortification.


teriors of the four tribes

Who

assume the exip

and orders

but whose practice

contra-

diction to the Veda*

for

example (say the Commentators ) the Baud-

d'has, &c.

d Sing. ITTO!?:
)
:

onrn^^:.
certain
g

Cut from a Pdldsa


ascetics

tree of

(Butea frondosa

and used by

on the full
h

moon

A sJuidcTha.
of
*>r

Also ^mrra:.

Borne by students with a wisp of


staff is

Km a grass.
an earthen
*

Any

other

Bambu

named *w..

wooden

one.

The student, as

well as the ascetic in the third or


* Likewise
).

fourth order, was anciently required to carry a water-pot.


^faCfflfcl.

A seat

made of Kus a

grass

Poa cynosuroides

Or

w9t.

Commonly an

antelope's skin*

Or 3TW.

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IS*

tfMCTRi

KOSH/,

or

[Book II.

Religious bathing, s

Imfnc
An expiatory prayer, b
Half-monthly sacrifice,

47. (^RiT^Tflirefo

TO

%**)

TOi^f
m

m
d
perpetual duty, e

48.

(v$TOr**i^i

f*rai

* <^) ?m:

A voluntary
one. f

The cord
passed over the left
shoulder, g

nb

Over the
right shoulder, i

Suspended
over the neck.

Part of the

hand sacred
to the gods.
J

50.

(^ipot??^)

*
some explain these terms,
it.

Preparatory to a

sacrifice.

Also, as

extracting the juice


while a drpp of
that of
its

of acid
is

asclepias,

and drinking

b Meditated
(

water
)

held to the nose.


:

The name

which

is

also

author
c

signifies expiatory

it is

supposed to atone even sins

in thought.

Fem.
:

*re?Hrit.

At

the

change and
f

full of

the
fire.

moon, respectively

performed by persons maintaining a perpetual


See

As

veracity,

&c.

Mand, Ch.

10, v. 63.

As
v.

pilgrimage fastis

ing

&c

And

under the right arm. Mantj, 2.


it.

63. It

the usual
string,

mode
is

of wearing

h This general term,

for

the sacerdotal
*

by somfmade

synonymous with the preceding word.

And under
I

the left arm.

It is so

worn during particular ceremonies.


:

Tips of

the fingers (^ome exclude the thumb)

See Manu,

v. 59.

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Chap. VII.

S#ct. III.]

Si/NGSKRH^ DICTIONARY.

189
Part of the head sacred
to the crea-

tor,

to

the manes, b

to the
n
n

Vddae. c

n
Deified
state,

Inferior deification, e

52 i#mw7pra% iTt) h^tt


1

Fasting

to die.

One who has


left his sa-

.(JW)

*fcfT

cred

fire,

/
Hypocrisy.

An uninitia53.

*ro: ^anrcita fan*)

ted person.
J

One who has made his studies, k


not

1
*

To Prajdprti.

It

is

the

root of the two smaller fingers.


c e

b Be-

tween the thumb and forefinger.


d Becoming united with Brahme.
f

Under the
Becoming

root of the

thumb.

identified with a god.


:

%*^>

%**f or

%WPgW

f That called Sdntapana or any other

as the Chdndrdyana or Prdjdpatya, &c. See Manu, h Having extinguished or neglected it ; or having gone abroad, com11. t. 212, Ac.

mitting the charge of the perpetual

fire

to hie family.

Practice of
*

religious austerities through avarice, or

from

pride, Sec.
:

For whom
re-

the prescribed ceremonies have not


ceived investiture.
k

been performed

who has not

Who

has not duly read the VSdas.

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190

ZmURA KOSHJ,
liii

or

[Book

IL

2m
tin

A hypocrit8 or impostor.
a

A violator
of his vow.

One who

is

asleep at sunset, or at 8 an iise. c

m
4m
me
N

One

marri-

ed before
his elder

brother,

d The unmar-

ried elder

brother.

Pf

Marriage.

56
Copulation.

(?tot) xrf\4u7ri 4 1 %f ii a i rt

Mffatft*^
h
*:)

m
srcfSrr '

ne:

^tosh!

mj

fa) T?f

f^j^f fa
m

Three hu-

man
suits

puri

Four objects, k

The same
equally po-

* *
ml
pht: (f^TOT^t^r
*-,.
^r)

The

tent. bride-

groom's
friends.

*^r-.

5*_.
b In-

Who assumes
d This
f

the exteriors of religion for a livelihood.

fringing, through incontinence, austerities begun by him.


tively.

Respec-

regards the

first

marriage.
-

Also

lfftsftp

and

uft*%t.
b Likewise k

Also
!

inf'TOW &c
Viz.
duty,
;

g Also TW^r,

qvi,
J

and *fin.
f?sf*P*:.

WW*.
*

love,
final

and wealth.

And

The

three above mentioned

and

beatitude or release from trans-

migration.

Sing.

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CHAPTER
SECTION

VIII.

I.

ma
1.

1 *i

^fafwarj- tt*wt wtsot: srfaaj me 3nc id m mb 2m

firtrer

?b litary

A man

of

m
A
universal

monarch, g

mount, h

*n% ^nr*n Tnrt


n

^) ^^rry

(*W)

TTO^H

An

assem-

blage of princes.

Also *?ft (w) and wise infttf|, &c. d ^u:.

^jp

or

^f:,

^^ (_*.)

Like-

S<r *nrfH:,
all

w*trf*r:, &c.

Also yvnmi,

8tf*nJTO, &c.

'

Paramount over
h

neighbouring princes.
e Sovereign of

Some
the earth

make from

this

synony mous with the following,

sea to sea.

A sovereign prince who has

performed a Rdjartiya

sacrifice,

and

exersises

despotic sway over others-

Or

one,

who has

either of these qualifications.

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<

192
1

VtoUliA

KOSH A,

or

[Book

II.

m
*jfafa%T SWTWT

minister or counsellor.

H*fit

Other ministers.

m
5-

(W qwrefw
n b

(^w:)

The
ons.

kind's

compani-

*Trrar:

sfrrTTfr
2

The
lain.

prieat

or chap-

m
m

4m me

The

judge.

mc
The warder or porter.

m
m
5

rod

An armed
guard.

A superintendent, f

6m
(sm)

to^t

nisrat fasfy

An overseer of a
village.

An inspcetor of a
district.

*ftl(in% Sifts)

The

treasurer, g

The master
of the mint.

m
j

The chamberlain,

ii

'TO
Likewise

3V.

**.

5*.
c

-v.
*

7*
Also ^rnrrar:.
b Sing, irar**,*:.

Vffrfro.
d

Also ufSie

TO.

Or

^t:^t:.

^(if), nfw,

^hnfc^r:.

Also,

VJ^IW%
that of

and CTftfftt^viv:. l Over any department some say, over receipt and disbursements. * Superintendent of the gold.
silver

h Superintendent of the
1

coinage

or

of the

silver in general.

Also zjprfm.

Superintedent of the women's apartments.

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195

Chap. VIII.

Sect. I ]

SffNGSKR/TJ DICTIONARY.

hi

wb

wc

md

^itfaffT: ^faffa*: ^ittot:

&fav
2

Attendants 1

Of ?0

mt
3.

m
lfq<

ITOYthe * men. a

W*t

(VW)
m
3
1

eunuch.
c

mg

m
A

servant.

w
A ttKr (|w:
foe.

m
(
,

i^O

ort

S
i

10.

^nffa*.

ronC)

A stranger.

ii-

6m *7 m fHV wfi: vmr rf?; fr^ror fw'*: m m* m m mn m 8 * ffi faror rf%?nr $f*??i ^r vtgr vmm mo m mp 9n 10 m
4m
ml
wt

mm

5w

ene

m
12.

m
:

w9*
8

^p^r:

^
11

A friend

-^

1^.
7

*^.

3
9

W
10

43.

5^.

^
qfwqft

I*

*j

-*

n
women.
or

Guarding the apartments


)

of the king's

b Sing,
c

*J-

WW*
h

or ^firfir..

d titf**}

^Pr^:*

A castrated
f

attendant.

Some make

the preceding synonymous with


;

this.

tOne

reads ^7;, but erroneously

for the

term

is

wv: and
J

signifies impotent.

* ^ipf

^).

A neighbouring prince
*

for

enmity frequently arises

between neighbours.

Being more distant.


l

Or

ftnft*.

k Remote:

showing neither friendship nor enmity. wft ( *). a A1* fipi: (\). *f*WT** (w) or %fltf\ \>ff*(

m Or *TTOU>

{w)

and ^rfwrrfw;

(fw).

* *rof*: or *rrorf*:.

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194

CTMURA K0SH4,

or

Book

II.

na

mb

2m

A friend.
Friendihip.

() fasf

wr *m
n

m
Complain sance. c
nt to

3m e 4 m

a spy.

13.

swttw. wfarf^WN^
m/n
it:

^w
mfni

Trusted;
confidential.

(*t)

wqf**
mh

m
TO

wg m m
8to
j

(%i
m

m
7m

An astrologer.

to

A man

veri">.

sed in any
science.

mf?faj 'snrfvftw:

m
w

A generous
household,
er.
i

to

ml

Ascribe.

fafqqTT^T

mV&l **^ (?) %^%


*

f%.
Or
fern.

*f

* sw.

<pr.

fop
three

frw*. Invariably neuter b Fern. ffTfllT.

ut some vary the gender


c

masc.

*qfr

The accomplishing
d

o!

desired

object

Some

explain

this, service.

The two

first,

others say the


:

first,

terms signify a secret agent under a disguise


:

and the r**t


f

an

occasional emissary *

or else a spy in general.


*E?|ffifir*:. *

Or nw^ufu

Fern.

1TUT and mrfrm.


tantly giving

Or

nun*:

fern.
*

nw$t*

Consk

alms and performing


'

sacrifices.

Also V^ft.

Or

ftrfir^:.

andfirfV**;.

Also^niKW.

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Chap. VIII.

Sect. I. ]

SU^GSKRITA DICTOI NAR7.


nb

195

1/c
Scripture or writing.

16.

ftrNm f**?TOT%
m
and

faftfif f* (** f*raty

messen-

ne

'

ger or ambassador.

An embassy or mesvi

wf

A traveller.

The

requi-

sites of re-

gal admini-

18

^T^wf*

stration,

miirv:
(^famit ii^rt ffir
<s)
Including
citizens, j

m
ml
19.

Six expedients of defence.


It

(to)

^jutt:

Power,

If*

this

And fire* or %?? According to another reading fTUTT^, and the preceding term are the interpretation of the two next
c

(^^
e

words.
f

Likewise f%ift

and

fonft.

Fem.

jfo.
irf^T,

And

^Vfcf.

Fem.

qn^forrt *n>*m,

*tp*t.

g Fern,

ufircft.

Some
or

write ilfiraT erroneously as others observe.


1st.

Also masc.
$

xrcr^;. h Viz.

the king or lord

2d. his counsellor or minister


$

3d. a friend
>

ally
1

4th. treasure

5th. territory
*

6th. a strong hold

7th. an army.

Sing.

<jqgT f* and rot*:*

Some

reckon eight requisites of regal


:

administration including the companies of citizens

others nine with


Pacification.
post.

the spiritual adviser, <&c.

k Severally mentioned.

Viz.

War.

A progress

or a march.

halt or the maintaining of a

double resource or a stratagem.

Recourse to protection.
;

Sing.
per-

5^T: an expedient.

m Of

three sorts

as resulting from

majesty,

severance and counsel.

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19*

UKURA ROSEA, or
m
n

[Book 11

Threefold
object,

a
771
971

Majesty, b

20. fo) WITH*.

**!* fa *^*T.

^1^**0
(^jwO

Four meant
of success. c

($$ to: *t*


21.

^prfwwr) ut*

Punish-

ment.
Concilia,
tion.

*tv4

fa)

^t

to:

in

nd

in

m
/

(%&

qnft)

Disunion.
Trial or test of ho. nesty. e

Secret,

m/nh
Solitary, or private.

mfrt

mfni

mfn

4nj

Occun-ing
in'

private.

ml
(*tft)

Trust or
confidence.

fv*w
r

m fturft

m/ k xwif (a** f&*)

a Loss,

evenness and gain

or disappointment, continuance of the


equality

same
b

state,

and

success

or else expenditure,
-

and

profit.

The dignity
:

arising

from treasure and forces

and from the power of


chastisement, con-

punishment
e

the consequent high spirit and impatience of injury.


:

In reducing the foe

viz.

Sowing

of dissention,

ciliation

and

gifts.

d Likewise

*T*T

(W
e
*

and
of

UUW*

Trial
c

of

loyalty, of disinterestedness, of continence,


five

and

intrepidity.

The
per-

son.

next terms admit the three genders, l b Fem. or


ftftffiT*
l

Unknown
Likewise

to a third

WV

m^

masc.

^:

(^>

k Fern.

Viq(l.

And ftV*U-

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Chap. VIII.

Sect. I. ]

S UXQSKRnA DICTIONARY.

197

24.

to* *n* wm fa) ^nn *" wm


*t/

*2g

Im/nmfn

mfn

mf*

25.

*rpn (^ fill TC)

^
/b
3

Delibera-

(*,) fiifrr fli^r.

uro?

(* r.)

2/

Saaf
SB**iSr
Offance or
rion.

26. faffc (^T)

*T (t)

*m fa) **fay *tw


w

f*f?r.

*.

4-

(** J fTO*"**

Binding.

Double

^:^i'fti:
*TW?f fa)

SSL.
A

S^PH*

present.

On

the propriety or impropriety of

any thing

a determination

b Also *Tf*n. c Twice the prescribed fine or punishment thereon* e Or duty of customs payable at ferries, of the offence. d Also %[?

and
of

passes.
first

Some

restrict the

two
:

first

terms to signify an oblation


$

fruits,

4c

to the

gods

or a present to a friend

and
j

the four last an humble


generally any present.

offering to the

king,

<fec.

or else a bribe

or

Others restrict all the terra* to one or

other of

those various senses*

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)j

198

UMURA KOSHJ,
n

or

[Bvok

II.

in

2m

3/

28.

g um^mmymT

(*WT) H^T m b n

special

gift,

time,

Present c

29.

tmxm fo)
n

?r?fTHr

(Tf

Future
time.

Immediate
conse-

quence.

HI

Future
conse-

quence.

Casual and unseen danger, f

30.

mjpi (jfipflUiif^)

Obvious
danger,
ger,

Latent dan-

Bearing of
royal insignia.

3i.

Trfif^iT (*r)

finrrr.

(^n)

_*

A cow

tail,
i

throne*

One made
of gold.

i*
*

2f-.
c

3w
The time when an
f

As

a nuptial present (vtgqr), or alms to a student on his initiab Likewise f^TO?*


e

tion, Ac.

act occurs.

Some
own
:

say indec.
tion,

Also masc.

^n^P?:

As
*

that of conflagration, inunda-

&c.
:

As
i

desolation and plunder of armies.

From

one's

party

compared to a lurking serpent

The

tail

of the

Bos grunniens

used a? a fan.

Likewise ^irf and fcm.

^PGrr

^.
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Digitized by

Chap. VIII.
32.

Sect. II. ]

SffNGSKR/TJ DICTIONARY.

199

($*)
* a

In

wtf (wt)

nre
2ft

Apanuol.

ftrTO)*<nTO(a<0

^
An auspicious jar. c

iirrc:

iTinw

A golden
vase.

SECTION.

II.

i.

fw:

ftifinc (if*)

A camp, d
n

sentry or guard.

n
Component
part of an

army,

i^T
a

a^.
staff.
c

3*_.

Or

vw

#a

With a golden
e
;

A golden

one,

filled

with
say

water from a holy place, and used in consecrating a king.


the royal residence.
elephants and cars

d
:

Some

Four such parts are distinguished

horse,

foot,

besides boats, buffaloes,

Ac

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200

UMUIU KOSIU, or
lm

[Book

II.

m
m m
4

2m
ma

m
m

m
n

at

An

ele-

phant.

m
m

3m

hurt i% nrpr:
mb

f^y *m: *nft

The leader
of a wild herd.

wm
^mzrv^im:
4,

tn

(^j)

^m:

rutting elephant, c

young

elephant, d

*w: ^ftinw^:
nftwh' TftarfrTiPnt
in

A furious
elephant, f

An

elephant
rut.

out of

m
A
herd of
female
elephants.

*rf*raf

tout

(***)

elephant.

mi

The temples.

The temporal juice,


j

Water emitted from the elephant's trunk. His frontal


globes,

la

HI

ml

ff^
wnw:*
years.

(3

finish far*:)

A1 * Also

^ ^
K b

*~*

-*
is

And wjr.

From whose
:

temples juice

be-

ginning to flow.

d Till twenty years


Pern,

some

restrict the

term to a cub
juice
is

under

five

jpnft.

From whose temples


***:.
J

flowing.

The

juice

having ceased to exude.


*

h So *fapfc Trfjpft

Ac.

Also

*tw:

when the elephant


the rutting season.

WTftWT, Ac. k is in rut.


l

Likewise

Which

exudes

i^mpg on j^ ^em a

which swell in

Sing.

**;,

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Chap. VIII. Seel II]

SUXGSKTIITA DICTIONARY.

201

b 6 - *W5T%T

(d^|4f# $) f^f t (S^T^)


n

between
them,
re"

mWTS (^T^)
^f^nRT (Sfftnf CT!*|)

head
His eyeball.

n
7.

Part below

(TO *wg) *rfTO


HffHTTT
n

J**^
(^t
J^f TO)
beVeen
tasks.

the

*TWf W*^H;
q
8.

(^T^)

His withers.

trunk,

iraprpn tira ^rntT

his side or

m ^iwT*r
(St ^inrr^f^Tf^^lt) it^t
41 *

flank.

fag

$tj nn:)
(**TcO

hi 8

front.

9.

?TW*WI

#A

*j
. i

SS*
t.VlirrTi thigh,

1 h

^e to

in

^MWPT

^-r-J?JV

drive him. Post to

***^T**

which he

is

m/nl

secured,

/\ *&GQ \SH)
-p?__*S

Chain for
his feet.

Some add

fkf}.
d
-

b Also

^nixn^:.

And

ffiwiT or tfTOT.

Also CTfanr,

&c

^r
Or

rather below the protuberances,

beneath the
f

forehead, which are

named

white or yellow.
his hind-leg,

mf

TRfjr'H.. h The
*

Where

his rider sits.

Red,

first

part of his fore-leg and of


iron.
J

respectively.

bamboo headed with


l

Some

read

%W*.

Or the post and

tie.

Fem.

*? iprr.

Z
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202

Z7MZ7IL1KOSHJ,

or

[Book

II.

mn

*ifc\l

ftW^T

Sift ^TT^

/b
Hook to
guide him.

*T$$T
/c
10.

($*ft) ISf^l

(%*T*l)

Leathern
girt.

WWJ TOT
/g
n

/d

falT^)

/
Dressing an
elephant, e

/
w/i

mh

His trap*
pings,
I

for riding, j

Unnt

An elephantstable.
ta

ard
k

fa) *wtf*ift
hi

ml
m

m
m

wi

jk

Ahorse.

2
12. wTfti
Horses of a

3m

wTfj

*hra w wi WR
0^)
5n
f*nft?rr.

mm

4m

good breed.

wrrwr^^T: ftftir:

trained
for the

manege.

w^ufiw:

j*t
a

**
b

*^.
^fuj:it

*fir
c

*
Likewise

Also *ff*'

Or

It is also masculine, say some:


to be erroneous.

but others hold such instances of

*m
write

and 3WT or fWT*


&c.
cloth

d Also qniT*

Ornamenting him with minium,

or caparisoning
;

him

for his owner's riding.


s ff%fa:

'Coloured woolen
h

thrown over his back.


*

or
J

W$nh.

Some

ifftet**unfit for

Fern.

sraT.

Also neut.
$T*:.
l

^rtf.

war, &c.

And

Or

ifoft

An elephant or horse (^). Also iftfit*.


Sing. ftiftlfJ.

m Fern-

vft.

n Sing.

wmT%TJ. Also **Ph*5.

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CAp. VIII. Sect

II. ]

&0SGSKRITA DICTIONARY.

203
Horses of certain local breeds.

mb
i

mc

*d

^r.

(*nij) ngShffay
spfir (^) wrrfaaii:

A horse
A
fleet
;

fit

for sacrie fice,

14.

2 w g m rar ^fa>
:

horse

courser.

A pack

*
(fan:)

horse.

^*F

A white
horse^

**!
*rai firiri^T
3/
4/

(%t*t

*w *0

chariothorse.

colt.

/
A mare.
A
stud.

m/n h

15. (ftp*?) n

t&* (*^* fs3^%* *w^)

A A

day's

journey for

a horse.

iNI fa*wf*sprt)
/
/i

horse's flank.

%*T ^TT (*fa^R:)


16. fiPITO (^)

Neighing.

T%Tttj
n

The

throat.

6*

A multifan)
tude of
horses.

(^ w) f^Nnqro

Of the sereral countries indicated


;

terms synonymous

as also the two last

bat some b So
c

make the two

first

Mlfftt: a horse from


Sing.

Vandyu

and

TOT?*:

one from
d
:

Vdndyu.

iTTOfau or
imLike*).

TOftfc: a Persian horse.


wise ^rjft.
h

*Tf^$* or ^T^jfar:.

Fit to be

molated at an As'wamZcTha.t

mftif5

(*),
srr.if.

and
*

Some add **si;. also wrft ( ^ftft (ifj. Some explain

this

strong.

Also^iHf-

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2U
horse's paces, a

UM.URA KOSHii,

or

[Book

IL

*rrcf^?f J^fanfr^ftrcf ^ftjnr


17. (irapft

San

His paces
generally,

/ to; ire) wtct

b
His nose, c

?tm
/d

(g)

sto (*j%snO

The

bit of the bridle.

*ft*T te)

*m^T {s^\)
flif

A horse's
hoof.

*ro

(rfft)

^c: (s*n*0
wh
"

His

tail.

horse

rolling himBelf.

mfn (fWf) ifTCT ff3V


1

?/i/

*TTC^ WJ.ft)
m

A war
chariot.

19.

(*n% ^fjRftr

m
i

31$)
1

*rati:

^*^t t*:

Any
car.
i

other

covered

20.

car.

pffTsr.
2n

sm
fliA

ssnf

(^

**

iraq)

A cart. A carriage
drawn by
oxen.

(aft)

sr:

*re&T

(^ ^)
/

litter.

21. ftfi

*rTO*n*f ferr*)

Viz. walk, trot, moving in the longe, (some say sidling,


;

gallop,
e

and vaulting

in order, as enumerated.
i

b Sing.

^TTT a pace.
;
!

Or

the extremity of his snont


other the snout.
d

or one term signifies the nostril

and the

And
h
l

^fk: or

^^.

Likewise ^fe?!:.
last
i

And
k

WK.

Or

ort$qr:.
tail.

Some
For
$

restr'ct the

two
<fcc.

terms to signify

a hairy or bushy

travelling,

Also 3BTCIK.

For

the conveyance of
car for diversion
1

women

but some interpret this a

small covered

or else a litter to

be borne on men's shoulders.

And nr?p&

m O r Wf"-

n Likewise

m^
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f
Chtp.VIlI. Seel II.}

8UtiQSKB.IT A

DICTIONARY.
Aham

205

f
. , m/n m/n

^f
*

swiag. a

A car covered with


1

w/

tigerakin. c

22. (irtTiv4Vn:

^N*k

*rtw^

with
white wool-

mf n m/nd (t5) ^t*rt *tot far. qit<mrqfrn.Hrt)


23.

en

cloth.

with
blanket or
cloth, &c.

(fi^

im^ft)
/

tot
2 /s

twbt
n

(^ra|)

A multitude of
cars.

Fore-part

fw

of a carriage. f

ten) TstTwror: ^it_


age.

24.

^nf k^tW
/h
(iRrt*)%flr. /k /J

Awheel,

(*&** if* (im)

ri "

fwf^iT Trf*^

Ito nave,

m/m

3If.
*

2^.

8^.
b Besides other

Whether

for travelling or for diversion.


-

terms,

as^zT,

&c
d

The following terms are employed

adjectively.

Ex.

ii;

XQi'

*TO5, covered with cloth.

tots, covered with leather.

^fV*n, with linen.


tively.
f

^pn,
;

with

silk.

The foregoing

are used adjec-

Its pole
*

or the part where the yoke

is fixed.
i

Also

w.
'

And

S^".
k

Or

else the centre piece of the car itself,

Also ft^ft

orfirfaf:.
pole.

nff:

and ^nft-

Or a pin

at

the extremity of the

m Likewiso wifa; and

fern, ipfft.

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206

WLURA K0SH4,
/

or

[Boot

IL

lm
(*IT)

of a carriage. a

25.

TO^ftpf ^$T

mm
ipn; (^) ^farc:
n

The

poie.

me

yoke!

T
^T^)

Any vehicle. 26. (>&

^
nt

Hnt^tf (in n *g

spn^K)
*
%

IT* ***

U?f fa)

*TT*H
m

mn
i

A mediate

q^<,^^ q^g) t^fl^t (ifon*)

mm

%?
A^harioteer.

27,

^T^t^nT 3m

*%tot wnrctaT ftr^Tf^r:


4 5n
m

6m

m
^T^fal

f*PWlT HTfWTT
28.

^TH <RK TOlfc)

q&fc ^SPH^fT fa m me

*W vmfdf*|iK) ^

Horsemen.

TOTT^T fa) WfoC.

A piece of wood encompassing


young
f

it,

to

secure

it

from

collision.

Or wood

to which the yoke is fixed.


cattle

Also ^r^nrf
e

(^).

For
a

training

and

for similar

purposes.

Horse, elephant,
porter carrying

chariot, &c.
litter,

Also WTfW*

And

ire*.
l

As a

or a

hone dragging a

carriage.

Some

restrict

the two first

terms to the keeper, and the two last to the warrior riding an elephant.
J

^o^rr

(*) I**'*:

(w).

Some

erroneously

make the two


left,
l

last

terms signify the carriage horses yoked right and

Sing.

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Chap. VIII.

Sect. II. ]

StfNGSKR/TA DICTIONARY.
1

207

m
29. *T8|

m
generally.

*TCT (^) 3T1K:

30. (wf%*ft

S^w^to^t ) vff^J:
wnb

^
A

and

31.

*|N%T

__t__?

1TMWI WW)
4

^1 Fft\l fafafllt ^
n

general.

Armour
hawberk.

coat of mail.

(ff)^VI
n

helmet.

n n

32.

ifHro (^) fropf

5*

ftc
Mail.

(&)
0i

?IW

in

**d

ift

*W ?*PW v
m/n

m/n
33. *ttot. **/*

m/n
to/ ft

m/n
.

tfN^^f^Wfft'riW 2ST m/ne m/n m/ TOXT *ffcW. ^TT ^fa?ft I^NnJ:


*

mailed.

(w^lw^K)
*

Multitude c

5:

Bodyguard.

b Also *T**TT5.

Or

ijfqif .

And

|JPC1.

Orr

according to a different reading, tftd4<l4t*

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208

UUURA

KOSHil,

or

[Book II.

A footsoldier.

ma lw v^ifH qfiFro^r HHiflHi q^nrs:


35. inr (^) irf^K fay)

*.

-^

11

2SS!
the butt.

36

'

wnRr:
2

S^ft^ra **s^
*

M
e

*
4

d\
m

One

fighting

with a
with a
sword.
club, or a battle-axe. f

with a
spear.

-bearing
a shield,

39

"Lo _"ibft
'

5m.

7 *

"

^ m A , ^v (***) *Tf%* Vtfnlt


g

^HT VmnTfitf (W^)


m wt^t
*wg

A compani
on or follower.

*m*
40.

(*j) j5
it

mm ^t
5

sf*m. (wt:)

A leader.

TJ^ 0^**^
8

WW WW.
_^

i_ftr.
*

2_,.
1

_^

_^

_^
d
finf?ft

AI
f

*RTO:,

Wfa*:
may
f

and

in^Tftw:. b These

V.

and following to

45

inclusive,
e

be used adjectively.
Respectively.

<*%)

^^(srj.

Or qn^sv;. Or^rcm;.

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Chap. Y1U.

Sect.

It]
1 i

smOSKKlTA DICTIONARY.

209

Marching

wprnft
i

mb

(g) *rare:

slow.

41. s* *n%j

yf?^w

Marching

fast.

runner or

express.

m
42.

3t (m *ra%
w
6 *a

Able to

*tf)
*^2*

5T tq

(WfR7^HT*)

/^

conquer. Fit for eonquest,

M
8

m
9
nt

m
*
11

*
wfl

{ 10m

te<L

VTil*U^hr4i^T

(W )
#

goes as he

~
-

jwjott (tot *c*re) *'

One who mov


much.

*-*
*

-*
b

*-*
c

-*
to another

5-,.

Ortffro:.

And ^faro:.
effectually

Or according
the foe.
f

inter-

pretation^ one
strong.

who

faces

others

Or a person riding condemn this variation.


lists.

in a car.

Some interpret this Some read xfkHt j but


the second

Some

interpret

term,

acting as he

h qnU I Ift

Aa

^). Also ^T*?/ll*ft(

^).

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210

Utt

VKA
wa

KOSH-rf, or

[Book 11.

m
A
here.

45.

^I $fa fa) ftiBT^T


^?n
tfSi%T(^v^n:)
'

Victorious used to conquer.


Skilled in

faroi

fa)

f^r:
b

war.

An army
or forces.

/
;

/c /

/d
n

46- rfa?ft nft'ft / ne n

%fT

WIT iftfai'ft'
mnf
faT)$*fNf

^WS

q^frift
Array of
troops.

TO *N V*
wfWT%T

faf*T^)

47.

Different forms of array, g

fa.)

mh
hejtoi^t wnf*rc

(*Nt

^ismt *fa)

The

rear.

Keserve.

platoon.

k
Greater
bodies. 1

48.

(^^it scust) ii%: (iN*r^Tf?raT)

Or iffa:. b The preceding from v. 35 admit the three genders. Some write wrf*^ and add m^wi. d Also ^*tt e Or toj. 1 Some distinguish the four last terms from the preceding seven, as others as signifying either signifying a part or member of an army & Namely ^: in line, ittn: in column, that, or an army in general.
a
c
:

WKSf3T! in a circle, ^rj^t: in separate order (including a half

moon, &c).

These admit various subordinate distinctions notioed in


art of war.

treatises

on the

Or

irarrarc;.

separate corps posted with the general,


J

four hundred yards in the rear of the line.

And

irfTOf! or ipilf :.

k Comprising one elephant, one chariot, three


1

horse,

and

five

foot.
n

Increasing in geometrical progression. Three pattis are


of these are a

aShtdmuc ha;

and three

Gvlma.

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Chap. VIII.

Sect. II. )

SUSQSKTHrtA DICTIONARY.

211

inn

/a

Uirnlt**i) S^nrf^H x #

j,

*/d

A complete army, b
Success or
prosperity.

(W) Vtff
/ /

l^m\ <*.<&-

/e
n
n

2/ 3/f
Adversity.

RlMifUt ftlR^ni^
n

ing
A weapon
-

*a*i (3) **** *w**ni


(*WT Jfwt)
51 - if^1

bow.

tnh5H 6ni **c *rcre*r

?^

**w

^srg;^

**fr
many

8 *rnr$.

*r
many
all

e
cars,

* Consisting of (3. 7

2, 187 elephants, as

thrice

as

horse, and five times as

many

foot

making in
d

21, 870. b

Ten
and
term

times the last, or 109, 350 foot, 65, 610 horse, 21, 870 chariots,
21, 870 elephants.
e
c

Increase of wealth,
*

<fec.

tf*T^(

"$ and
last

qn^ T.

frrf%5.
hand.

Alsof%ii^| and ^rnr^r.


;

Some

restrict the

to a missile weapon

and the preceding term to a weapon

retained in

the

* Masc.
drc.

*:(*),
!

or

^:(

Likewise fem. t|^p,

|pt

^) or

ifit

q), and n)^


#
(

vqx

(^).

also masc.

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212
JTotched extremity of a bow. Leathern fence for the arm.

UMURA KOSUA

or

[Book

II,

/a

fnh

tot n% (*n*T?nnw)
f
n n

Middle of the bow.

The bowi
string.

Two attitudes In
shooting, c butt or

In
d
(^r)

mark.
Archery.

54.

w& w$i nxM

m
2

m w

m
4m

An

arrow.

^wi
7?i.

*ror fafireT *tf*iwr

w^t:

mf

m mf

Iron

an owe.

Father of

an arrow.

fcfnot,

as

an

arrow.
Poisonedarrow.

mi

*t

(fsram) f^rer w w/ ^

farm

And

^refir:.

?r*rT

or wtf.
;

Oat

of five, viz- 1st. with left foot

advanced, and right foot retired


the left foot retired
;

2d.

With

the knee advanced, but


feet

3d.

*PHRf with both


f

even

; 4th.

ftlTTO*
d Like-

with feet a span apart


wise ^r^sf.

5th.

mgtf with both knees


ire; or**:.

bent.

Also qrr^:.

Sing,

ifrpHr: TFCF*:.
three;

Also fem.
genders.
*

ip?*^
<g?u;

and

wf^j.
<<irr.
J

The following admit the


^rqi^n:.

Also fem.

Likewise ^nrpfrn.

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Cliop.

T III. Sect. II.]


1/

S ffNGSKR JT4DICTI0NARY.

218

57-

awf
t

"

wt

^jf (g) fifaro

^?t*t jfafw:

scimitar.

m
*lftN%T

m
srcro (*<0
hilt or hanctte.

in^nr: stttt.
^T*l)

mc
.

58.

TO
t?i

fa*Tf^t
'

it^wrT w
ne
2 n f

(?it^R^f|)

A sword
knot,

d
,

A shield*

wb
59.

^rr*r
*
,

(sf*W *0

The gripe
pf a shield,

iw

^%3irc
m

94V

A mallet, g

ten^)

vT ^i<m f*a^iT

cudgel,

A short
arrow.
1

A
i/n

bludgeon,

toVo

to

60- fafr.) $3x*'. ^f^f?r:

tog

ft)

*wr.

An

axe.

ftffe* or^cffe:.

b Also ^PCTOJ. c

Some add ^:.


Also ^k(
h

A thong or
:

chain passing from the hilt over the wrist, to secure the sword

say the guard of the

hilt.

Or

tjhc.

'

some

it).

&
*

formed
plain
it

like a

carpenter's
$

hammer.

And
l

tR*.

A weapon Some exi

a short sword

others, a stick shaped like


.

a sword,

Like-

wise jsft and ^f%:.


as others explain
iron
j

k Also qPFCTfiraTT
n Fern.

it,

shot through a tube.


pestle.

Thrown by the hand ; or, m Or a staff mounted with

shap2d like a

gm<t.

Also VRi.

p Like-

wise if^re; and ip$m.

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314

UUURA ROSEA,
1/

or

[BoekU.

A knife.

(^ v^t M rf%^
*

/ 0*) ^ft*T

(<*T>

A javelin.

61- (WT

ifa) *M

iff

("It)

/a

urn

A bearded
dart.

^^ (^f) gftfm
V

/d /e

Sharp edge of a sword, e

?lHr (*H f^PWt) *?T^fal


62.

^Wt

firS?'
plete army.

*tffc*rc *tft:
m
ft

ibswim (W.)
l)

Lustration of arms, g

^if+WO faPRRTt TT*t "fl<ll1Tfilf5f


*

h J5ei enemy.

63 -

(^ f#nwi^ ^) ****!** S m
/
*

JKif
Surrounding a foe.

tut *n*rT
64.

(m) Kim*'.
(^fatT^

sfafSrafqfr nj m

miW titf w:
*
3
#

***
*
*
.

An army
motion,

in

k
H<3T*?l<TOJ

H^*

^pini (^*l)

A gallant

K% *T*"l) *rfW*W:
81.

1 iWt
a
e

* ^.
b

Or *iT.

And mu:.
f

Some

say
*

its point.

d vflfmi, or vnft.

*fsp> or *tft. %Tf%: or %rft. 19th of A^toina, preparatory to the opening of a campaign.
religious

ceremony on tbe
h

Some

vtTlfWK*. * Or march generally, i Also fern. WBX&, !W*f%l> and TOTOJh k Some explain it, foraging. ! Or qrftHnrS; for both
write

readings occur.

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Cka?. VIII. But.

II.]

SUSGSKRITA DICTIONARY.
l*i

215

65.

WfiWtT *fa9TO*
,

wc

Awakeners. a

vfiwnr

^f^ry
mg

(^rt:)

me
fare) ^
*

Bards in throngs;

*pnn

fas.)

wtot

Bards by

birth,

d
f

Panegyrists,

66.

^ttot
m/
ran

fas#

w^<^n^fa*f?w)
/i

Chosen
soldiers,

mi

2*k
Dost.

67.

^^;

m
Powder.
1

An army in great disorder.

A flag or banner,
68. (*t)

^knN't

(ff*fanfiiw^T)

The post of
danger.

Emulative

69.

w^fw (vnw ^ntWT^nwf^r)


Whose
b business
it is

onset,

Boasting.

to

and song.

Who

chant in

awaken the prince at dawn with music chorus : or, as some explain this who ring
also tnfir*:.

bells before idols.

Sing,

wrf^rs

Who

recite the

praises of kings in their presence.

Some make

this

and the following

synonymous.

Sing.

WPT*

or *nra$. Also

mnr;

a march and chant deeds of valour. Sing, fft


to recede
rniso.
;

Who attend on a (q). h Sworn not


r
*

and whose business


*

is

to recall fugitives.

Or

ipft.
l

Also

^f%:

And

irf^:

k Likewise masc.
this

TZT.

(*C).

Formed

by pulverizing.

Some make

and the preceding

synonymous.

m Some make
staff.

the two last, others the four


of

terms, signify the easign-

Act

running forward with emulation.

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/
/

216

UMURA KOSHA,

or

{BooftTI.

Conceit of
superiority,

sex*

or

**<*** *4i *
71. srfir.

$&&*
m fag*
n

^ ^ w
/
(if)' &ftf*lftHn

imwr spft

Great power.

Drink of
warriors,

4 n

War,
tie,

bat.

combat.

72.

Vfuntotf
n
5

TO JWT *ft*TC*q
n

ni

ng

73.

m m (*r%*t) *wtt

Gn

m
m

jifNi t^tt:

wiftro
wh

m
w
74.

m
m

m
7 *

^wp^s

^r*n^ra wn*r swpnRjvrrc /i w 8 w/ 9/ 10/ 11

V
n

Close fight
struggle.

-75-

fe_ .^ TW^^TSnT
*

nj

3ff
l*.
ft

()*******%
&
(v).

^**;
Some

*t

wt

6
.

nr
(^).

Also masc.
d

(*).

mjf

(if)

and
;

^u

Or
Or

heroic valour.

Taken during

battle for refreshment

or before

it,

to

elavate
,
1

courage.

admit *ffain^.
*

Also
J

mJfaf.

j q<i^
b^<.

h Likewise 9^fc:.

Sing.

(*).

And 33*.

Also

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Chap. VIII.

Sect. II.]

StfNGSKRm DICTIONARY.

217

*hn

(g)

SMtv.
_

(^t?[)

wwi
t\

0JTW)
#

r_

^T3i|T

_,_

W2T

Troop of elephants, a

76. ^S?r ^UW^TTl qT

Mutual

defi-

anceofcomn batants. b
Roaring ot elephanta.

jt f r ^ IlwWviNa^
wc

ro

77. n^tf (g)

^mgBT^T TOT
n
n
vt

Violence

Fraud

stra-

in

ti

*nsns (astoj) ne /
78.

*mn ^ror:
m
TlTT

fa* iraq)

A ?***
Faintine-

^d

(g)

W^
(?*)

(m)

*w{
^Pgprejf^

(^.)

^Vw^i
m

SST***
Striking to disable the disable'the

nUTOT^
TO j^

m
fa^T^n"

*<* *

*RK
*t)

Victory.

*
3 to

79.

rogfj: mfHRi m 2 m
ffi

^xfsrcrfatf

(^ mm

Bwige<

80. ^nnsirT

mtf (*)
(<ftfi ) ITT^r:
Defeat.

l^TT-.
*

2
battle.

3*.
c

Assembled

in

b Provoking each other to fight.

And

PlufcKS. d
this,

As an

earthquake, Ac.

Or

qrotf.
of

Some
h

interpret

facing the enemy,


first

s Retaliating
;

an

injury.
retreat.

Some ex-

plain the

six terms, flight

andthe other two,

Bb
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218

UHURA
mfn

KOSHif,

or

[Booh

II.

mfn

Defeated ; vanquished. Missing


lost,

having

mfn
na
ft

mfn
no

vanished.

Slaughter.

81.

ii^iiw^nrvwfini^nifii5i<^4j
*

suiq?r

n<hm fa^f
n
ft

firfTOir^
ft

ft

ft

ft

83.

find^g- ft i w*f
ft ft

ypre nfirmwn
n
2

^re*r Jnrer
fit 1ft

m
Wl
ft
i

i t iwiHMif ir
ftl

fa)

ftl

ft!

84. *irtfo fifa T>*IT

fern

M ft |H 1 tot fafi?)

m
/f
4
ft

m
ran*:

Death.

faTcj)
171

4^m ^wnwifipBln. ra%r


m

85.
Dead havpng expired.
:

^rTfT$T(^rt^)TOf?:^ mfn mfn mfn mfn


mfn mfn

fwnfafwrnO
mfn

86. *RI

mfrft (ftp%)
f f

f
(<

funeral

pile,

fam fawn f%%: wrm)


lw 2**.
Rirm

8*.

4*
And
fniTC*i.
ij&.

Some add

b
.

Or fiwitf.

Some

read fining sf-

Likewise

ifaflf.

Also neut.

Likewise Jg&

and

fcui.?gf*f ;.

Qr a

place prepared

for

burning a body.

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Chap. VIII.

Sect. II.]

SZ7NGSKR/T4 DICTIONARY.

219

.,

js

-.

S_A.\
wb

headless

87. ?3RiPr (^Tc{)

fW*f

A cemetery.
A

5^: w<n (*ifwnO


#H
1 TO

Adea<l
body.

f&
c

*nTtens) ***v!f*
88. ftfa

Aprisonor
jail.

**) ^

jw vm ($w)
mi
#

B
n

th - e

^%T f^^TC^
ng

Life.

dnra-

^TT^r^f fWWTtT (*n)


W4n

tion of

mc

3n

Dragtore-

Or the
e

place where
c

bodies are burnt.

Also pJftfrHr ,
d

f*TST*Sf*n, &c.

Or any one (man


But,

or beast) confined.

Sing, *f^r:
1 .)

or -j^t.

Inspiration and respiration of five sorts (See book 1 . ch.


nre*:
if
;

collectively pi.

one bo meant, sing.


)

nr*:.

Also fem.

sffar and ncut.

vfrpf.

VTf ( *

or masc,

^rr^;

(^r).

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220

UMURA ROSEA,

or

[Book II.

CHAPTER IX.

tn

fit

lmb
2n

tc

Men of

th

third tribe.

m
Livelihood
profession.
;

m
Various professions,

no

(far*rt)f*: mnjiijrf *Tfaiw(3f?r yfra:)

3/
Service.

^TT m*Prt^
nf

Agriculture.

Gleaning.

Alms
ted
;

solici-

or un-

solicited,

3.

(^

^ifadWlfad^Vf^T^feO n m
n

WrTT $**7*

Traffic

commerce.
Debt.

wows *farwnr:
n

1*.
*

2W_.

3f%.

4*.
(

Of the
fre

class of
(

merchants an husbandmen. b ttftTOTO


:

Sing,

U J. d Severally stated
c

).

viz.

husbandry, pasture and


injtf g Also
.

merchandize.
f%^f.

And

fern.

*farwfT'

Some read
;

^*-

Likewise

^3$:

or ^sg[ gathering of grains

and fro* gleaning

ears of corn. b Severally stated, in their order.

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Chap. IX.

SZ7NGSKRJT4 DICTIONARY.

221

4.

U^J
Profession of usury.

* n

A thing boruse.

rowed for b
Obtained by
barter.

mm
41W>
6.
.

Creditor and debtor, o

Trrfirat. ***i*ita (^) *rffa: A md

usurer.

%m*fN: *ra
m/
m/ji

fa)

wfro

fa) srofa^t

A husbandman.
(Field)
for corn
fit

mfn
and

mfn

mfn

rice,

7.

q^iRTO^Bf (^Tf^Wff%^)
mfn
mfn
mfn

producing
barley, &c. f

mfn
mfn
I

producing
esamnm, &c.g
fit for
other grain ; as pulse, &c.

mfn

ffarwf

fa)

FW
1*

(Land) ploughed after sowinf

c Severally mentioned. b Commodatum. ^nfte or jpfhf. d Or the three genders. These and the following to v. 10. admit

And
e

qrrt*:.

Severally.
rice.

Respectively

for barley,

forced

rice,

and

quick-growing

So

WTO *rft%

producing black kidney beans

(Phaseolus radiatus). *ift,

*ftwtfi growing linseed,

mrf,

^irnCl^,

h Severally j fit for kidney bearing panic, **r, MtnW, yielding hemp. (P. frumentabeans (Phaseolus max and mungo), or for Paspalum
ceum). So
peas,&c.

qfrcifrf

fit

for Dolichos

blflorus.

^fTOnW

fit

for

chich

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222
Land any

UMURA K0SH4,
mfn a mfn

#r

[Book II.

how

ploughtilled.

mfn

ed or

Thrice ploughed.

mfn
9 - f^^i^rTw?f */b

mfn

mfn

mfn
m/nc

^Nmnr r?rTO f?refar(*jfq *rfanj)

Twice
ploughed.

Sown with
certain measures of
seed,

10.

m/n \tnfn (JnirT^iTf^m^i) stfrpurcftraiT mfn


(mi

fcr.)

nima ^Nf
)

m
A
field.

multitude

of fields.

mn
Clods of
earth,

A harrow.
fi j

mk ?RtfCTThW^T:
*

A A

goad.
2ft

spade or

hoe.

1 ^rr

2*r

-.

So fipfcnn?, f^psf, fipitaf. e Also if*TOW. d Or Or 4M. Thus ^far*:, ( fem. $fafT and capable of containing so much.

%1Pn<ft

holding one Dro'iia.


),

^reftr*:,

*npfhn,

fern,

*TO*t,

So inf^Pir:, holding one ProsCha an 1 tifrsTO:, holding one Cudava. But qTT^ta:, holding one CThafa'. f The foregoing from v. 5. admit the three genders. Also ^^nf.
^nriEtfT
holding one
<liaca.
k
J

Sing

^|V

and

%e

:.

**

Or

qftifan.

Likewise

$\w*

aud %**:.

And

H1&F&. k

Or wfaf.
4

Digitized by

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Chap.

IX]
ft

SffNGSKR/T;i DICTIONARY.
n

223

13.

^TW^rfaR^

A sickle.

A. ^ipnfr *tof ^t^


T^_

ft

ft

^..

The
ft

tie

of

the yoke, a
c

(^)w
nd
ft
f

Thebodyof The body oi


the plough, b

^(v^r
n

mh
(^) ?fftr

T^

ftg

plough.

14. *it^;njj-

^j

plough.

^frrr

^TSFwfH:

a furrow.

ft

*m

mm *Hfc to:
t. 1

floor.

(?uq)
ran

ftiFSP
16. TT^RT (W Tf?* ^^
a

^
:

"Xte
ainr

(*A)

Barley.

*Wf)
'

Green or unripe barley.


or

With which
is

the ox
to the

is

yoked to the plough


b
I

with which the


of the pole

yoke

fastened
c

plough.

The wood, exclusive


it

an l^share.
e

Some

read ^r*, an

make

explanatory.

Or

fir^tf
f

Some make
J

the preceding
g

terms synonymous with these.


masc. ^V5ih

Or

ipi*:. Also fem. *fTOT.


wise tin.
grain.
J

And

Or jfa:.

Like-

And

ifarT.

Round which

cattle turn to tread out the

Some

unite the terms,

^npftfV-

m Also mzfm;.

And

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224

UUURA KOSEU, or

[Book II.

Peas, a

m
VI

tow
faTfapj)

fas.)

wfarar:

^J
Sort of
grain, c

f^^

md

Lentil, e

17.

m mf *^l\r i?^T

^T5*(^)^r:
*h
mi

Sort of kidney bean, g

m
fi*

w1

mm

Mustard
seed,
j

The white

lg<

f^ (^ ^ft)
m
1

mo

wheat.

ftw?r: <5inr: faift)

mq

Half ripe barley, p

m
Chich pea. r

ma

1*.
a

Some

writers distinguish the three first terms as

names

of three

kinds of pulse. b
c

Or**W:. Also *hftw.


f

Paspalum frumentaceum, Koen.

or *?fonr: and OTffa*;. or P. Kora, Willd. d And $$*?.


fern.

Ervum
ifq^,-;

lens

or Cicer lens.

Or n^*:. Also
*

T^rj,
*

*TOCT.

Phaseolus lobatus.

And

Biff**: or fjf **:.

Also irgrwr.

And

or

tnnrqn*
l

Likewise

W3&*:.

Sinapis

dichotoma, Boxb.
glauca,
:

k Or vfonn.
Also ^prn:

And rig*:. m Also*z^*:. n Sinapis (TO) p Interpretations differ greatly


j

Boxb.

some make

this awnless barley

others forced rice (Bo'r)

others again, different


*

species of Phaseolus, (Rajamafaha), or of Dolichos (Culatt'ha).

Or

gf^rr^:.

Oicer arietinam.
$

Some

erroneously

make

these

synonymous

with the preceding


*3

others, with

Ch/naca, Panicum Pilosum, Boxb.

And fftww.

Digitized by

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Chap. IX. ]

SffNGSKR/TM DICTIONARY.

225

mc

/d

20.

(fe*)

. ft** (i)
/ /

Jg*
/

*?I?J5IW (g)

*HPT^
sffa**
far)

Hemp, h

^j:

(mn)

<**'.

21.

fihn*

li^ (Tq)
m m
m

r'
*ftra jnsrrod fp1Le.
r

mk
_.

/
22.

*n^ ?n
m
n

w
*m?St. far)

2K*
^r f^rorer;
)

hw$S
m

(s^\

straw.

2mn
Win.
a

Husk

of

a<jj.
;

Bearing no blossom
c

or

its

seed

containing no

oil.

b Sinapis

Ramosa, Roxb.
Italicum.
f

Or wmfwrar:.

^^n^V

or

^r^t.

Panicum

qf^jj

or zfrj; and fir*j:. &

Linum

usitatissimum.

Some
with

confound

this

with

San'a (Crotalaria Juncea). h Cannabis Sativa.


are stated
;
i

Bat other
linseed,

interpretations

and some confound

it

and others with Crotalaria.


J

Panicum pilosum, Roxb.

But
Also

other interpretations are also given.

And

qiftpf.

Or ^g:.

5mft, and

fT^f

m Or *i

Or gg.
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VjOOQ IC

226

UU.URA KOSHJ,

or

[Booh

II.

An

awn.

23.

^%J

(jqft

V ^T

ift^!*)

A legume
or pod.

*RU
mfn 1 mfn d

/a
faflT

Stored, as grain, c

^1*TT*f%?f (*F*0

Threshed
out and win-

nowed.

Bearded.
corn, f

*g:*m*i (erar^t)
2

Rice, g

*n*r: (isrwren
25.

^ *%*t^t ^ wft)

Wild
grains,
i

^wroTfr ^ttt:
fait)
iw

Coix.

'ft* 1^^t

pestle for

wi

cleaning
rice.

in

A mortar.
2

-nrt.
a
c

mfa.
b

3*-.

**
three genders.
6

Also ftfarand
it

fifpr;.

The following admit the


before.

After cleaning

some

say,

Also

qnrf%?f.

As
:

peas

and other pulse.


rice,

As barley,

wheat, &c.

Of two classes

white

&c. growing in deep water ; or red rice, moist soil. h The above-mentioned names of
*

&c. requiring only a


species
of

corn and
:

pulse are masculcino.

Growing with

little
;

or with no culture

viz.

iftTTO, wild

rice.

Besides other kinds


*

as

tgrroro;

Panicum
or

ffu-

mentaceuni, Itoxb.
1

Coix barbata, lioxb.

Aud

?j%>j:

?i%^r*T.

Likewise fjqsP.

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Chap. IX] %
-*<>

SffNG3KR/T4 DICTIONARY.

227

mn a
*$JH"

winnow-

jpqjtOT

(*nnr)

ing basket.

/b

^ren^t finre: (ips)

sieve or cribble.

A sack.
t

* e

*l^l^r

A
fii{

granary,

A mat.

27.

wpft
lg

1/

TOTOT "5 TT^


h\*\*\*

WT iWTO
iwh

kitchen.

(wfqq.)
m

Overseer of the kitchen.

^<<*Ki m m
mi

(?g) *st*t:
'

Cooks.

m
j

mm
^rT^fira: bl4pi\i

nk
29.

bL

*to*t^ (t% fisri) 2' 'm 3/n

a A

baker.

furnace

l^3T|^fMn=HJI^^T ^fl^fsfraT 4f 6/ /

JJ,jportab,e furnace.

^TT^^TfTO fffFTOI^
1ift.
a

(fa)

***f (ft)
5_-fr

2*_.

3^_.
^ra*
:

_.

Or

^rjf.

b Also neut.

#
.
<>

Likewise ^t?r: and


say,

mi

or

^it*:.
6

d Constructed of

bamboos
f

some

a basket

to

hold grain.

Alsofq^r; orihr*:.
This

Or

else

a screen made of grass; or a


following
first
i

twist of straw.

and the

admit the variation of


to

gender.
prepares

Some
k

resrict these

two
l

terms

mean one who


are

sauces,

&c.

Or

HW^fr^:.

The

preceding

used

adjectively.

And

WfT*T*.
^rfi^fT;.

^VPT

and ^rrqf or

^TR. m Also

^t.

*fcp*T or

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228

Uiit/ELA

K0SIL4,

or

hook

II.

1/
30,
Afire
brand, a

<mm

(vj)
wi
7i

nb

A frying
pan.
iron plate or pan. c

An

mfn
,

md
A
jar.

31. .^rfsrer.

^h
/k

nfws
2/ /c

3/
>

pitcher.

4i?4Wfainn
**

/g

>

pot.

w/n
A waterpot.

32.
A

to g^ ftvr* s
nl

mnk

win

lid

Aseether
or boiler.
in

a n

ft

A goblet, m

*Wt (toO inwrsprn

l-4t

*-a.

**-.
j

'ft*.
first

Whether burning or extinguished


term, charcoal
c

but some interpret the


*!

and the two and

last, half

burnt wood.

And qpttW.
d

Some make

this

the preceding synonymous.

Or to*k:.

Also fern. fqff^. * ^fV$t and neut. ^rro^n*: and *%t or ^TT^J. * Orfem. h^^jorVWT. ^r^. J Or *rare:. Fern twf%!, ?ft,

fa;,

or ft.

Neut.

qraw*.
u

And

mm.

Also

W^W. m A

metallic vessel to drink in.

Or *n;. Also

qrf^*.

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Chap. IX.

SZ7NGSKRJTil DICTIONARY

229

33.

W
/

fr.

fnrf)
m
farer^T) skf?:

USX
oil.

(wi

A 8mal1 on *
Ay
veMei -

(vhi)
34. iff:

*imsf Mnip'qraTJ^ fa) *nwnj


/b
/c

f*:

wxm
n

fa

m*0
/
1 l
.

A
9 p^n!

eor

*^._ CTC^T^^rai.

A
v

wooden

ladle,

md
(*rar

fa^ft)

HFB

^feW

"firar

potherb.

^rHnu)

Ite8talk -

35. qp( fa) *hb*i fa)

faf*^
n
36.

fa)

^W W **H
n
^

&
n

Acid season.

(*&) %^^Hl

Pepper.

*f^r

ng astaw sranwrir
n

n
c
'

^vrinni
f

/i

37. igrnft Wtirft

TO

/
**f

8/

4/

^T^^B^T
Giner
-

to** Wf%**

fanf)
(*!*)

m fan5^RIi|
b Also

Coriander.

c
*,

Some

include this in the


qnort.

interpretation.

^ff and
Roxb.
*

qnft.

Likewise masc.
*

Or f%cn.
*

Or wf<^. and v*ft.

^anrof

and

Also

%iprre:

or %*wt*:.

h Nigella Indica,

*rnft

Digitized by

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230

tmURA KOSIU, or
*b
38.

[Book II.

Si^Hi

(*)

^n^
,

/c

fid

Dry ginger

fne
ft

lnf
8ft

2*

Sour gruel.
ft

ft

ftg

n
Assa
da.
foeti-

nh

mn

ni

40.

W^%f^r
f\

STTpF *TffT*

f*
/

f
/

ft* *I*Wq /k" /l /


/

Hingupatri

/m
Turmerick.

41. fnii^r TO*ft iffrn Trf^fT *??rfni*ft n ft ft n ft o

Sea

salt.
ft ft

ftp

ft

ft

Bock

salt.

42.

%*(%r(^)

flnrffr^f

HTfniiw(^) f^*r

* w.

-v.

Likewise 3WP5,

and

fera.

b Also 3T^Jrct and $wrft.

*nv*

*fa*, *****, ipNNf, *TO and fem. *i*T. c Or iffl^i. d Also and yarncrfiryffem. uVUfr. e Fem. flr*T. f Or JTO'*:, Also vff^f or vftft* and fem, qrff*r*T. h Or Trf^r**. l And *ro*. J That is ftfircft. But some read mnraft. k Or wmtarr. l Also

1WW

Wift. m And

**

fjfin or other terms signifying night.

Also

wfm:

And fa*f%f

^W

**W

or wfirf.

or

*t*fo* and

fmrfw.

Also irrPirw^.

Digitized by

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'Chap.

IX.]

SVNGSKR/Tj* DICTIONARY.

231

nb
sort,

Another a

n
Factitious salt, c

n
8dekat B$lti white.

43-

^ *&TO%nWI%

*^

44.

*rir ^rfrofa: (qnD


^rwrT
n

JS"
fa)

18 *

wTf^m
,

fa)

ft 8 spices.

^^

th

tam) ^**f
**/*

fiw*
i

Sauce or condiment.

tn/n

45.

mrnri

*fe?f

^0 w
salt,

/*
/
.

Roasted on a spit.

tn/n

.\

rr-T-T-xr

Boiled in a

The same with Sa'mbhar


from a mountain of

denominated Eaumaca, as some

say,

salt called

Ruma' ;

or, as others affirm,

from

a river or lake of the same name. b Also


clay found

ifr**.

Obtained by boiling
salt.

on the sea shore


that the two

or other

earth

impregnated with

Some remark,
salt

first

which are equally

factitious.
:

terms are names of different kimh of d This appears to be the qame with

black salt or*P# alavana


first

a factitious salt containing sulphur.


$

The

term

signifies
f

granulated sugar

and

the second inspissated


terras,

juice of sugarcane.

Some, making
of

this
*

one of the exhibited


:

state

three

synonyma
l

syrup.

Clayed

others

say, candied.

And

*pft*T.

The

following to v. 46 admit the three genders.

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232

UUURA ROSEA, or
t/n
1

}Book If

m/
/
/

Dressed-

HUfifl^mJ q *

Beaso,ied -

Sauce mix.

m/ *
46. (qmj)

3W^f (^T<j) m * nh
m/*

^jWm
m/n
fait)

ed^thrice.

ftf** fa) ftfttf

Stmined.

^W^fiW
mY

w/n

m/

Blaad,8oft.

fWV 4H*HT f*n*


/ m/c

Food half dressed, d


Fried grain.

47. *ttto:

^farcwrt.

m pi. f

^SITOTt

(Wfa[ ^j)

tfRTng

Rice, &c flattened.

^eto: fartf n >


v

f^fq^
m

/pi.
Fried barley or nee.

mm

t^lflf

M
N

f^RTTO) *

Cake.

48. $Tj^j?: fq<*: (T^)


mi
3

m pi.

with cards.

i*.

*
;

sr.
\>

Or

else

any sauce, or condiment, with gravy

otherwise explainc

b Also frfapf and ffsjtf or f*racfa*f. ed moist -split pulse. d To be eaten from the *hand foregoing are used adjectively.

The
some

say bread
f

others,

green
g

barley fried.

Also **Wf: and ^rc^t*:.


niasc. pi.

Or

fern.

OT3TT.

Or

as some rea(*>
h

^nj*n:. This

is

explained by
ftz:, &c.
'

others, whole rice.

Ani

f*fTO* or fa^:. Likewise

Also

*nft.

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>Ckap. IX.J

SCNGSRR/Ti! DICTIONARY.
(i

28S

/a

nb

ra

to

ftW

faftMnwft tf*ilTf%T( i^fW)^f^ft: Boiled rice.


/
mn

(WW^) IPI? (^jfi|WW[)


m
/
50.
2

Scum,

m
3/

md

mn.niii

f^nwi (*n# *mrora%)


/
/

ESS **
*ice gruel.

CTfY^NniT

^TPUT fa^hft

HTWT fa *T)

*w (fin it *V)
i/n
b

mn

tt
6ii

f^^TTO: (W|)
n

Milk.

nf

7n

8/

9/

52.

HUH** T^T:

^T
n

g"***

One

ftffVfT, f^tf^r^nr-

b trap writes ftlfT. (*). d Likewise fn9Tf :.

c c

And ft%TT
it

or

fH%Tr,
f

Butter, curds, Ac.


floating

Alst

Ipff and SW*-

Some read *<, and interpret

curd*

Dd
Digitized by

VjOOQ IC

134

VMURA

KOSHi!,

or

[Book II.

Butter of
yesterday's milk, a

n
53.

fib

U
itfxx {^fii)
e

fft

Buttermilk.

^qgrof ctott?
c

frw

with proportions of water.

2nd

Whey
curds.

of

Milk of a

cow which
lately calved, f

3/h

Hunger.

mouthful.

*ro fa.)
/
55. qiftfa: (*ft)

(N ^tot

(wnr.)

Drinking
together.

^wh^"
*jfwp.

Sating
gether.

to-

(^t)'w4tMq
m

/
Thirst.

6/i

^*rr fa) finim ir^?i^ t

Food.

mk

Some

**-*
explain
it

*.

-*.

*-*

batter from d

a fourth part of water.


water.

new milk. b Or *T9 c With With an equal part of water. Without


seven days.
* Also

Within the

first

ynr:V and

*ft*V.

Some make
cow's

Or

nmr

the last signify milk after the seventh day from the h fra (*) Also ^*T- * Or it. Also calving. k Likewise ft**;.

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Chap. IX. ]

SyNOSKR/TJ DICTIONARY.

235

^
57.

/b

ft

Outs, Ieav-

*n* irani mnf f*wnW


w
*KH
_

*wftrii

VoIttntMl *-

m
v

wc
"e

3md
.

m
Herd8Bum
Stock of

tout *h*sr ^t^it^I?:

*w*t:

/-5L\ n.

im

(IT)

1TTS3T

*s

Owner
Line.

of

nt

6m/ttg
59- (ftpTT) facfa^ft'T
.

(rtUlA ^iSrrftmTt VCT)

grazed by
cattle.

Abulior

so.

mm
7mi

ox.

^8 m TCtfer *nr

A herd of oxen.

/
(r*t)

TOT *rraT

"* of carves,
and milch*
cows,
i

A herd

of

Left at the meal


b

or,

otherwise interpreted, dropped from the

mouth.
d

And
e

ifrf%:.

Also masc.

$.

ifcf

* (*).
V;
*

Also ntj*:.
'

Or

<vrfc;.

Or, according to a different reading,


Wf,

mpf.

Some

add vtf 9 as a synonymous term. qnfipfafo:,


TT,

or qrfipfrrit*:,

f*

Also vfroiwta:,
*

six, *?

where

cattle

have dwelt.

And

ittw^: or w jfr^;.

Fern.

<CTfl^ and qr*9^.

Respectively*

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236

UMURA KOSHJ,

or

[Boo* IT.

A large bull
or ox.

ma
An oldboll.

A bullock.

(w*r

mm) *Ftre:
m
m
m

A newborn calf.
A call
A steer.
One fit
"

mb

to

Be set

free.

mc

md

A bull at
liberty.

"A

bull's

shoulder.

/
His dew-

Up.

An
a

ox,

with

rein

tern*)

through his
nose.
cattle in training.

w%a faj ^m;


m

me m
3 m*

rf

Young

Cattle yoked, &c. g

m
(^TfW
in, i

Ploughman;
plough-catile, &c.

%T
m

dilil

5$$ TlfitHL ^fxj^t


m

Cattle for

burden.

* Fern.

nKf^.

b
f

Or

TOflffi;;.

And w^p.

or irnf*.
;

<*

Alaa

^p:^

1OTT2

W.

Or ^PITO*:.

* Respectively

one yokecV

r one in training with a frame on his neck, or one trained to draught,. * The third acceptation of both terms is 'of or belonging, to a plough-

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tfUp.lX-]

Sl^GSKRiTil DICTIONARY.

237

m
J*
,

Vm

2m

OT

cattle for

66.

^ft)

^fN:
/
/

ct

^
/

for any
carriage.

OSTFlfa)

W|*W*:
/
/

mW ^N* ^t inn W *w
/
67.

A cow'

<&pi*T *

^ift^ft

i*m)
(VTT mf)
,

inWT
(**:)

*V** *

^ An excellent one.

es.

(vtatanftiK
,

^r

* :)

u*ft

*m

#;
tos.

69.

*isw
^
___

^?nta<ft

5J-*
A barren cew..

_
/c

f-

Acowmfe-

(w)wwi*n: v
'

/^
8/

Onewhick

S^wr*? the bull, d


Miscarrying
unseasonably.

V*,I "WI

^-'
(#*)

7/

^hW^IMNlWnl

m&.

Also sftfaeft or sprf**T and f*rflwi Also 1P*[T, black. *ft*T, tawny.
as

b Likewise

nw and
by

Or

distinguished

other circumstances,

^%l

and

wnpft, short
c

ears j TO^Slft, with crooked horns, Ac.


terpret it, a

; *rn**ff, with long And*wt*T. d Some in-

cow with

calf.

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238

UMURA

KOSHil.

or

[Book

II.

Fit for the bull.

A A

heifer,

pregnant a

tractable

cow.

71
.

ten*)

*nwp*

fo)

vw

A cow bearing

many

calves.

One, which has lately


calved.

f
72.

Baeily milked.

^RfT

W^Pfl

/c

with a large
odder.

Yielding a

drdnaot
milk.

Standing at the diary, d


Calving every year.

2*e
An A
adder

>i

<** (m. iftw^)


3/*h

*mfW
fit

**

pillar,

fatft)
n

fim*

4Mk

A rope or
cord,

74. (wtffij)

fTT#|rf

Aatringor
tie.i

Or a cow with
or ^wg m

calf for the first time.


ft.

b Likewise

WV<pft* and
d

Virf^,

interpret this

Also ^m*'ft, &c. a cow pledged. Also W*i and


;

VWffJT.
f

Some
to

qfr*:-

For cows

rub themselves upon


calves.

or,

otherwise interpreted % for tying cows or


j

To which cows

are tied

or a string to bind a cow's


or ^tut
(*TT).
*

hind*

legs

when. milked.
and

h Fern.

?rjirr (*nj)

For binding
*

the legs of cattle, or for tying the cattle themselves.

Likewise

mwft

*n^.

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^
Chap,

IX]

SI7NGSKR/T4 DICTIONARY.

239
.

ma m ^TTTO *W mo
75.

iWTT *l*u3r *Rf^H?%


m
/

11

stick?

A post, /
(^W)

*3*T ^Jf****

gSS
winds, b

iWft fTU
m

A churn.
A
camel.

, Kvf
1

*%,_ THl|

A young
one.d.

76.

fa?w: v

^t:)
vi

**<wr*T

fcw.

^unfa*:)

aM?
ged.e

cw

A she-goat.
mi

mg
m

vn

h
mj 6
In

m
A hegoat
-

w***
mi
4
t

^nr *m ^reran
5m
* ^

2m3m 4m

Herd of

ca-

78. 5uft*iw

mn

mm faj4) WPfaT TWKX nf*r, *K[l mo 9m m m


m
10

mm

goats,

k
l

A88e8-

m
**t.
**!". *

*w
7f(TT_.

3^.
83.

4^ar

5 far.
10f*T

9_*.

irwn

(^).
c

Or

else

the lid of the churn, contrived to sup-

port

Also fTTts. d Or any young animal. e With and igm: or ^pc:. * mini or wooden rings on their feet. f Also h WRT and wnwr:. * Or%*;. i Masc Fem.ijrT:.
the stick-

W
k *

*m

WW-

Respectively.

Sing.

^Wr^

*i%

*:*

&c m

Also

rjqi:,

Or *^|;

And

wfw

or *if|fa :. Also wrflni:.

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240

UMUJ{AK08EA,or
m

{Book IL

vender.

fa*R

wt (wi%

frofarai:

A buyer..
Traffic.

*F*J ***(*!)
80.

wrfcTO* fa) ^fnpWTT faPl)

2m
Price.

/b
Capital
;

mn

principal.

Gain,
profit.

m vt^i
*
c

(sfk^s)

nrw^

tnd

Barter.

81.

ifft^
(

^WT

me *i** fH**T
9i

(*fq)

a deposit.

wj) ^qWf **fa:


n

The return
of
it.

Exposed
for sale.

82. (*3r iwrftri)

aw
*/n

mfn

Purchasable.

Vendible.

wh
Ratification of a bargain.

911

/
:

83. (afft)

^mre rirc
*

*wrf*:(%*nc)

*-*.
a

8
c

WTT

Or TftrBQ
e

And

aftfw:.

Some

read irfarpf.

And

qfcw^:.
^Tf*#

Likewise w%^:,

ftirir:

and ffpnrar:.

Some

read irft-

The foregoing admit the

three genders.

h Also fern,

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Cfap.IX.]

S0NG3KR/Ti!

DICTIONARY.

241

m
Contract of
sale.

tfwi: *^frfjT^i fan

Numerals,

85.

iftr:

ne

g^ t m^nitm^^<n)
IfPTT

WHT ^TUm (f^fll)

(*k

?J*ni)

Measnre.

2mh
(tot:
irsy)

qnrm:

A *'***. g
Sixteen times as

tnn

0* ^tot) s* ^St

(**ft)

much.

^M^n^aiar
87.

**Sfc^(WiT^)
**ftv(^7|W^)
*-*.

Akarshaot
gold.

Agtaof

**T-.

Numerals, from 1 to 18, agree in gender with the subject num. bered. Other numerals, (19) 20, Ac. are singular ; but may be dual or plural, if used distributive^, Ex. ff^, two

scores.

numerals, 20 to 90, are invariably feminine. in decuple proportion. i Also

The

4 Numeration proceed*

Jhtf.

By

weight,
rettis

ength, and measure of capacity. the abrus precatorius. Also

measure of
or seeds
of

Equal to
i

five

suw; or

Ee

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242

miURA K08EA, or
B*t
(fin*t *rannf)

Book

II.

100 Pal**.'

ma

Twenty
times as

much. Ten times


the
last.

mn
88.

*nf%?f

(^rkh

^r.) *

mn

cartload.

(liT*2t IPC) ^Hpqni

A karsha of
silver,

of copper, d

Apana

wf
Various

mn

/g

89.

(^%7T^)^IT^K $fa!V ^n^ft *TTT fafhWi:


mh

measures of capacity, e

$**:
A quarter.
part, share, or
jlb'ttion.

vw (iwt^t: ir<imiw5HT: wraj)


(*j^rr

90.

^
n

jw
n

^it^)
t i

m
1

Substance, thing or wealth.

^f

91.

fro

*smnfcf fi^rerarere
n

** to
(*rf*)

2mmj

wi

Wrought and onwrought


gold, &c.

f%T^t Jpril
ml

^W *J*T T fWJT

Likewise

of cowries.
Severally,

Same with Y^TO, equivalent to 16 Panas Some add ytwfrref* :. d Equivalent to 80 cowries. 16 D. = l Chart. viz. 4 AH'hacastml Drtna j and

w.

Also 20

Mdni.
Jftu&itHl.

= 1 D.mlJTt/mMa; and 10 C.sl Viha. Some state *. =, 1 2>rfoa.-: - 1 4tf'Uo& A. = 1 ProK'Aa. * -1

A=

l Nicunchac*.

Also

fern.

Likewise ?tfft; *"<* ma8C - ^H**- ^


J

And

iroft and ^Iffewi. # ffirt or frarc:. ! O* W Vthe terms


;

Masc. nom. *TJ


j

(*)

Some
silver.
l

disjoin

qftw,

wrought

gold

fipTCi> unwrought

And vt*:

or *Phf.

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Chap. XI]

S0NGSKRJT2 DICTIONARY.

3
Base metato.

92.

(wnwtv^fj^)^
^W*
n

In

(if #^WFni^) m

Bullion,

m
93.

*tap3* VtfTW^T. TO*T*tT


n
(**) 4VfilRW|

A ruby.

A pearL

/
m
(s*0 fa**: (3f%)
n
94.
t/b
tf*?

mro fa'itfroiO
*)
2

ooa

*sf Wfar(?*^^IT^ SJnf^f.


n

AT2*
Qold-

SP$* ^rif
ft

flf f*TTO %* TC*1|


nc

nSftd
*rntf
n
ft

ne

95.

nipfcf

hth^t
ft

wi^
ft

^lnf^HC ^TW^tf TtfV*<l


f

^BH%
ft

ft

ft

5tg
(^rarcrn;

wr
^.

*nr)
#

^#hprcr (faw*:)
(fawrfij)

Gold for ornamenta.

97-

ffff ?3T?f

fth

*TO^ WH
3^.
w*ft.

saver.

W
Or
*3n*.
*\jf.
or

4
c

w__.
imt*tif.
*

is

b Also fem.

Or

* Also nf.

And
terms:

Likewise
(also

^jft

^fj:

*V^. Or ^nf. neut. ^fv) and ***

Some divide the h Or *** ?f

Digitized by

VjOOQIC

U*
f*

UilimA ROSEA,

or

{Boo*

U.

m*br

98. jgtf

<iNB[^ W*i *V*M\IWK\H


ifl^SI

fa)

iron,

t^j*ft)*wrt
99.

fM^ to* w*i rat

mn *i*re^r
(**)

Burt of

fron.

*^*C fifrl*

fafa

**%)
f

Wrought

ehm.

ioo.

%k:

w%

Quicksilver.

mnk m mn w (&) ^R%T T3I ^Rf (^) *FC%

Brio's
Talc.

ipret

(infrt

"w0
n
2 n

*TO3?
n
n

frf^T
a

J*l%

nl
n

Antimony,
Blue vitriol.

^l. ^tfitt* {%) *Wtf tlttfllimHl*


n m gWTCP? fofalft*
n

f*?J*ra

**?%
*TO.
c

Also &?t.

And neat tm-

b Likewise
'

Or

jjvf.

And

ft*.
J

*f**, ***** or^Vjunf.


h *tf (*) Also *rr*tf k Also iTTCT^ or
*

Likewise

IFHIHW-

Wwt^-

And hf.

And ^*or lhr*. And fifara, or fifa< l And "jpitttN*

Also mqT*

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A
Chat IX.]
.

S0NGSKBJTJ DICTIONARY.
/

245

/b
102.

^^ *tfW (*wtar<) 3*
TSTCRU

Conyrium.

Another
sort, c

T&m

if I

WW
1
ft

ft

id
Sulphur.

me
103.

4WfaB

ft)

A blue
flfT^ft fa) ircrftBTOT
n

stone used as a
collyrium. f

nh
ft

ni
Calx of
brass.

^far*
9i

**ftfll
ft

fori fsuwm
j
ft

ft

104.

f*^ fl?ram*jTO (*) *fan*%


ft

Yellow orpiment.

3ft

si

4ft

ft

Bed chalk*

m
105.

ml

hi

fn

aim
?far

mn

^tv

vraw uro ffas

wt:

faun:)

Myrrh.

2*

ll-s
Zanthorhizon,

*
Rox.
h

Extracted from

Amomum

Some
c

gra-

mmarians include
write
it

this in the

synonyms
it

of blue vitrioL Medical authors

v^t or wbt, and make

a distinct sort of collyrium. d

Some

join this article with the preceding, omitting

qp$t from the synonyma:


?rf3E*:.

this agrees with the medical books,


'

And

Or frafrvt*

these three terms synonymous with the following, * *rnf * Andjwwr. Likewise gtf . h And qupg. * Also fgrhipr*. k According to a different explanation, bitumen* or *jqf . Also WWT .
1

Some make

Or w?i^.

And

^fa;.

Also

ft^pfrer;.

Orm^.

Also

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246

UHURA
ma

KOSHil,

or
*i

[Book 11

Mb

Cuttle fish bone.

11

ft

Minium, or
red lead.

ft

*c

Lead.

106.

ipi ^fta* *ft%


ft

vnrfti

Tin.

n
t

2te
*

Cotton.

*
ft

ft

Safflower

carthamus.
fi

107. OsTc^l

fiW

^mjflW TIHHI
n

(1*!Vmi)

woollen
3ft

blanket.

Hare's or
rabbit's hair.

Honey.

108.

Wax.

*w^E W) TOW**
/

/g

Red

arsenic.

f
IO9.
Nitre {saltpetre.

/a

/*

smji^r ?ram:
a

fc^fto

read

or frajrfc. Also frftf r- b Or fj^fifc. Some *if. Also ?bjr*. d Some include the two first terms with the

preceding, as
1

names of

lead. *

Likewise WT.fwr.

And ft**:. Also Also masc. wnflro* *


*

f^^f
And
its

or arfir* 1. b Some fRttTT*


t

*ead frvit or qrwft


different species
j

Some make

the last term the

name

of

and the two preceding terms,

explanation.

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Chap. IX. ]

SffNQSKRiTJ DICTIONARY.

247

{sv)

vtifaraic *rfta:

iw^c
/c

Natron
kali.

al-

no-

^itUw^T**
7

Manna of
bamboos.
Seed of morunga. d

fir^r^inrf^
*
n

Boot of sugarcane.

In

Boot of long pepper.

m
ntafoft

wi%%
*

(tt)

Boot of
sweet
flag.

*n*nf
n

thw^w

Bed-wood.

112- fonreirnrtfr *ffaf

Three

/h

spices, f

fiwwn

(?j)

WHflsrqiil

Three myrobalans.

last terms,

Or ^fiwmre :. Also rffarr and WK:> and make them names of Borax.
morunga.
fir*:.

Hyperanthera or Guilandina

Some disjoin the two Or ^n^hTTT. d Of And ^rorrfir<: (*). Or

masc ^fiwrfwtt
and long pepper.

(T).

Also ^r?T and

Blaok pepper, dry ginger


or

Or jptf.

And favft

wwm.

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CHAPTER

X.

ma
fourth tribe,

*ftj (^t) stoni^ (^) v^m\ (^) r**ranr:

Men of mixed orgin. b

m
A scride. c
2.

(TStfflrat

*) TOFT
III

physi-

cian,

s*rer

(*wfwiwl:)

An

Ugra. e
API

bard, f

m
A
Ma'kishya.

u
(*TU*rt mftRTil) IRK
(?rat v^ffat (fro:)

Kshattri,

A charioteer, i

trader, j

* Sing. *jj:, &o.

From

the intermarriages of the other tribes.


tribes.

Or man
f

of

class

which sprang from the 3d and 4th


tribes.
*

d Sprang from the 1st and 3rd

From

the

2d and
h

4th.

From

the 3d and 2d.


'

From

the 2d and 3d classes.


1st.
J

From

the

4th and 3d.

From

the 2d and

From

the 3d and 1st.

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Chap. X.]
tn

SCTUGSKRiT^

DICTIONARY.

249

5.

*TO
we

ftR^V
(vffr^f^t:) %Nr: (TOTfiifin)

An artisan.

of

a^l
,

ny

2mf
.

^ Oneemi-

mm
wig

m
*TCrT*T*
(|)

w
*Tf%U: A florist
a
plter
-

#nBir. s'aro: famtf mh


^fiRft (^TR|)

bricklay-

*P5W:

A weaver.

fn

TJ**T3 (^jj ^jlfa*t A


7. T^fT^ffa fa?|*iT:

taylor.

m
"

painter.

mi

5 mj

An H^T^T^rT f%^T^B: er. armour **

^iW^! VtaNKW
m
*

ml
,

An ironsmith, k.

Sprung from the 4th and


*r^;.
*
*

l9t tribes. b Also


e

Terras.
f

Likewise

fem.

d Also fem.

^xfr

Or

^rfifrf :.

Likewise jran and

^bWV

And

*PprT*: or*^r*ni:. Alsow^rrrq:

irrjW^.

Also

^K5.

h Or yfir^:. * Or . k Some separate the terms as severally signifyl

ing a founder and a smith.

Or qro?[j.

Ff
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250

WiUHAKOSH A, or
1

[Book II.

m
ta

A shellcutter.

fen^) tf*wr. ^imfa*:

2n

A coppersmith.

3m
9.

im
tn

carpen-

WW fa) *Vfa*JT <HM< fa) 1TOIT

ter.

One working for the


Tillage.

One

inde-

pendent.

Bm

barber.

m
A
washer-

mb
m

man,

A distiller.

A goatherd.
An
atten-

ii.

*nw {w\) ^naTsfftj


me
10

9m c

dant on an
idol.

female

juggler.

t
m
11

A juggler.
Dancers and
tumblers.
tit

m
faj.)
f/i

m
h

12.

Ihrrfaw
g

^w^wnfNT: w*nf*a*r.

Dancers and mimics.

mm
d

And

jtfwmi.
e

Fem. **nft.

Or %roPtf:.
f

And ran& or

trt*tt &c.
or

VTffWTO*

And WTWrft (^) or mlt 00. h Sing. And WFGi:.

And

nfirfKS> HTft*TC*

ry?.

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Chap. X.]

SffNGSKR/TA DICTIONARY.

251

m
13.

wf^r

m Extern:

SET
Striking

on

%qn*T: far)

W*c*t
^t**rn^T fan.)

"ST
ifwi:
*"
uS!
A towte or bird-catch-

14. *rc*rercr.

mff%%T
(ft)

^_,v

VTVfc*

TTf^ AJJ2L

m w
-~

m
fir

2m

m
*

~c *

labourer,

TPR^^TWfW%T
TT^TT
m
16.

A chandler.
(^J #) WTftJ

A porter.
Aiowman.e

f%^:
m m
v

ijiii^T ifar:

ml

msra ft) m mg
mh
m
mi

www:
5

Wt^T to^t *ro ^i*


m
m

ft*) it*
** j

ft

*:)

mk ml

Or qfofcf i ;.
:.

b Selling

the flesh of beasts or birds.


e
:-

And

fWa^pi
f
1

d Likewise MT^t (^).


* Likewise

Following a degrading profession.


h

Or

*ir*3:.
ifr*:.
*

And

Or qp*:. Fern, *nft*V. Or fz:. Also ^*:, ^fft. Fem. ^foWT, ^ft, *<H
or

mw*

k Fem.

V*%X1

Off ft.

Also

\i

n:

and

ifa|:.

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252T

UiiURA ROSEA,

or

[BooHh

rkhedby a stranger.a

18.

TOftR! fft^f^

*n^TT?l tPCfaWTI

m
m

Jwd

m
me
991

A**

^(g)
wg

^^ ^ mw
m

2m

j^.

^^^
m
fw

^
tn

ty

a tfAa^foV 20. VQSfTO

mm1TWT
h

mi
mi

f^llflftPw ^fT^ffT
3

fit

Barbarians,

21. (iF^T! Hh<| rtij^ <^Rfl^T)

^^ (^TRR^)

r 0r deer*ine r.

*&l WW^I^T HVqf *%? (if* **.)


22.

a dog.

m mk m ^%?raf: ^refo: iw^j wiR**nr: m 5mm ml

A mad dog.

m
23-

^WRT fa| ^
#

*ftfaci:)

cVf^"'
chase.

(wt)

fnw* (<*ranm)
/

bitch.

Some
e

include

this

line

iu the

synonyma
c

of slave.
iTCftr*;.

b Likewise
*

trfo*r, *rf*IW* *fbpw*>

UTTO^
tf w*^.
f

And

Or

31^

*fc*m:. * Sing, ^TO*. Likewise

And ?:

or

Also *psjf*:.

Aad
j

firing:,

**ir*

(^

Also ypgni, g^w:.

Of various

tribes, mountaineers, savages, &c-

As

forrja;, living in forests and

armed with a bow. nwv- or &^irw<;, wearing feathers (a peacock's tail, &c).*fa^: orqfa^:, speaking no intelligible language, * An(j ^^.
1

Or^jf and

jffitl.

m Also

^jri*;.

n Likewise

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Chap. X.]

SUNGSKRHA DICTIONARY.
m m
wa

253

mc
n

1^: m

Any young
animal, b

(^J^ir:

m.)

/
v

24. ^rrsfaCT

wraffanf)^r$^T *nranr fiii*in) Anting. ^ A deer * m wounded on

Osfepirm H^tnvi) tf 3 we 2md


25.

^qnTTft* *T*r

^ w

^w^ m mm (*w*:)
Sttot:

ri

j* e

*ht

thief or

robber.

26.

^f^r *4 <** (<*)

W
*ft

rob"

K!'
(iS

^
ml

<v

*v

fcniSlit'B **-TO ^iT^TBTQTIi)


/

f _/i__\

^
/

Booty '

net, chain. or cage Jt

__
27.

snare or

^mxir: i[3^ir teif)

tra P

.m

/
no

mp

*q

Acoldj

Some make
f

the

first,

others the second, term, explanatory.

a lamb in particular.
fr

c Fern.

wicCh d Also ^lx:.

Fem. *fk?.

Or Fem.

gHllMl
l

Or jljm. Also 4t:jT* * And nfW^tain. h Likewise


*

TO(Kt.

Also*ftf<*T.

Aud
l

confining birds or beasts.

Also
n

term synonymous with


Xfflf.

these*

k Any instrument for m Some make the preceding For confining deer. Adn ^j^f or
qffflf

or^fofc

faflfai-

ing to a different reading,


* Likewise

AIsamascjQWf:. and fem. ^VTTor^pft. Likewise ^jf accordp Or mjzi* But some read TCftrcs.

W^OT**

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254

PMZ7IUK0SH A, or
28.

[Book II.

Rope and
bucket of a well, a

BjRif ^Nnw* fofafftfu af *$:) lnb MC

A loom.
Threads.

me

Weaving.
Plaistering.

/i
A doll or puppet i

/
/l

m
k

basket,

30. fqs^j;

m lizm
3/

/m
raWT * *

TO

/n

pole for carrying burdens.

1 6s string.

(?i^rfw)IWii%
(f9)ITf^T

shoe.

A boot.

(it) i>5W^tt (^t*?it)

/
A A
thong.

/p

/
faTf)
/q
( <M I H^4|HHifl)

*riff

w^f w^x

whip.

3WT

w
**:.
'

s-fe.
well

*-*.
;

rope and
water.

jar to

drow water from a

or any machine for


d

raising

* Likewise

'Or^W
!
-

S ?'
"

Sing. *HJ-

Also
*

***'
figure

And *f

0r

^'J

TO*0r P*in'
made
to

ting images, Ac.

Or

made

of cloth, ivory,

<fcc.

And mjlfwn.

The two

last of these four


'

terms are by some

separated, and

signify

a large basket.

And

ifrcr

or

fax-

erroneously.
i

Or

fr*jfilT.

Likewise ftp* (*)

"Some add wwjWT; p And Jiff or unfV

Also *HT or ?

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Chap.

X]
/a

SZ7NGSKB/T.4 DICTIONARY.

2 55

/b

/
Goldsmith's
scales.

UTI*ft felTf) IWftnitT

m
*tto faf) Brew: to:
*

touch-

In
/* /g ^ %,fa*T atftrvr (*%)

stone.

33.

u^r: NAMt!U\

An

iron

chisel,

d
or

/h

br^h e brash,

crucible.

Bellows.

Si
34.

UTOfcft

/ f*f*r*T

tZJ?* uger.

* or

winft
3m

wft (*%)
m

fiSyv* A
carpen-

swt^jf*^
35.

ter's chisel.

WI
And mi.
*

mnn

A hatchet. /
A saw.
Shoemt **<****
er's knife knife.

(ft)

qj^iref

frit) *ITCT ^nffUMfeRT


_3

*.

**.

and

others

*t*ri^. c Some read iTR:f3rOT; Or else a small saw. Some explain this a fibrous stick a mould for ingots ; or else what is thrown into a crucible to try

*<!<;ift*|. b Likewise

whether the metal be melted.

Also *ft*T and

^Likewise aft:, ^ft.

h Also

*wr and

^*t**;.
cnttefs

And TOtxft. * Also a dagger, chisel. Or *^;. And ***;.


i

tfr*T
i

or tfc*T.

or ^fror.
i

Or mascl

Likewise a'stone.

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256

UMURA KOSHJ,

or

[Soot

II.

f\
A n image
iron,

of

An art.
An image;
statue or
picture.

* # ^ # ^f 36. irf?rTPf f?rfw jtRhit

f f nfiwrRnn ufinvraT

If

2m

/
Resemblance, c

3
4

Like, similar.

37.

m/n m/n m/n m/n (*rofa*T:) *^nw: *vm


mf
it

m: *t*
h

m/n

mf n
e

(In composition) Like.

m/&
38. fin?
^

/ti

m/nt
iftqfTir

m/ng 5m/n

wfcin

/
fa) n

Wages
hire.

or

WTOI
f*i

/ ft^T WTT ?Rft


n

mftaivfjiitu (^:) n / 6/ 7*

*W ^Rl

m
/
8/

m
inn (Twfa) * 9/

39.
8pirituous
liquor.

n^w ^cw^sf ftrbi:


/

ft.

7^.

^.

So most commentaries explain this : bat one says an anvil. b Or c Some include ^tfws- Also ^giff or ^rf*n- And ^jff, *sf&: or ^:. e The followor *TOTC*T. this with the preceding? d Fern.

qmnW
Ex.

ing are used only in composition.


f

fiiagfifn :, like

his father-

Also fsrarw.
Also

And RfwTiH, *f**TO:,

or

mft*W:

h Besides

other
1

terms similarly employed in composition


fern.

as

^jn;^tT.*W-

M^gr.

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Chap. X.

SUNQSKMTA DICTIONARY.
/

*57

/!/

2/

/
*

/
rf?[tr

*wr

% far*})
cites thirst.

41.

hju^hjw ii^n'f
md
s
.

tavern.

__

Spirit, dia-

3m

4mg
^

.<.

42. K^^JT^T^; wft^T


^.
v

Rum.*,
Vinous h

*r^iT
n

m
**

*i*rer:

(w)
tn j

a*** distilling,
f-

**n* (^) *fim:


mk

fW^ (^fa ?f)


*

P nf
f5

Ferment, h

/
6

Place

mn

wn

nm

together,

^%T (gfb *mro' *t%t fiw) mfrni 4^

Pki g

Also iro^<T.
Bassia

b Sing,

uwk;,

*v*ir; #

of the

latifolia.

Some
The

"divide the synonyma,

From the blossoms making the two

last terms signify wine obtained

from grapes. * And *TV**, or *t<NF.

Also

*wn*tq?

first distilled

three terms signify different kinds . s the from blossoms of Lythrum fruticosum, with sugar,&c. the

second

Some

from the raw juice of suger-cane, the third from molasses, connect the last term with the following article. h drag

used for that purpose.


1

Or *r*

Also neut.

to*,

And *T^*nrs.
them the

Some

separate the two last terms of this line, and interpret

distribution of liquor.

m Alsomasc.

^r^n}.

0
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58

mil URA

KOSHil,
1

or

[Book III.

m
A
gamester.

44.

to ro^ft fira%T nj^BT qn*n (**t:)


m vwrr:
ufarci*:

Sureties.

wb
Keepers of gaming
houses.

mn
45. ^?rr

f
a.

n
*?f<f

Gaming.

(strain) *raft

^ir (TWfft)

*%
Dice.

m (i%) *%T

n a

$e^ at
play,.

46.

iifwR
mn

(^j *rft*ut

^inerw^)
(<%**)

checker-

ed board or
cloth.

^nfpnf snfVfiw

A match of
cocks. &c.

* Sing,

qpsrar:*

irftf^t.

Somcreckon
and *jTOn;*;.

these
c

synonymous with

the following.

* Sing,

*fw

Also iKfarr*:.

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BOOK

IIL
I.

CHAPTER

/'h

2 in fn

mfn

i/n

mfnb

w/n

*w/

w/n
3

mfn mfn
mfn m/nd

mfn

gent..

mfno

mfn

/
5-

mfn

s*r:

wfNc
mfn *\vfkm:
mfn

VenerabIe

Mwimumqm
Or

Dubious. e

Fem. *srfW4*, s?OT*Y, TOTTc

*^r$.

Also

^^(_^)

^f*V*, V*vn^(n).
certain

or

questionable.

Orf^fTt%v:. d Likewise ^pr*:. e UnSome refer this to the person irresolute,,

unsettled in opinion

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KO
Meriting a fee or re-

UiUm A KOSHJ.or
mfn
/

[Book III.

/n

ward*
Munificent.

m/b
6.

m/*c

m/n
{HllJtall

m/

fat) *^T*I m/nd

WW lm/n
m/n

*&*%
2m fit

Long-lived*

mfn
Skilled sacred
itt

sciences.

m/n

Acutely investigating.

m/n

tn/tr

Granting
prayer, e

*r*
m/n
m/n 9m/ ni
4m/n

fas.)

^wt*:

m/n

Joyful,
cheerful*

4m/n im/n

Bad, perplexed.

Regretting.

w//
Sincere,

m/* 6

m/n

candid.

Liberal in giving and


using.

m/n
g

m/n
my*wi
tn/ir

Diligent, attentive,

Zealously
active,

And

<rffner:-

Or *%iqi.

Aud

^W*:.
f

Fem. *rmnrT:*
(

As

a deity, at the instance of a votary.

Also

R*nm
j

^). g

Some
for

include the two next


reading,

terms in these synonyraa


this
article.

others, varying the

add nttfTW*, to
l

Making exertions

gratifying purpose.

According to another reading, **HlTi

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Chap.

L]

SffNGSKRJT4 DICTIONARY.

261

m/n / m/ */* m/n wfft nftw ^itw f*nr fv*m frcjar: In/St /
10. (qfr. atfft

m/n

moa-

SSSX
0pnlent '
wealthy.

g)
2m

wwr^m -5?wr^fk
4mc

mb

SS^Su.
ties.

T*r *ijj vft


5m
6m

wft (aft) *ar: nfii^fam


7

An owner
or master.

m
m/f

8mm

m
Wftlfrj

11. ^|fn3L

*WiT %?TT *T.

fW

m/n

v
>

( **;)

Attentive to support his


family,

mn

md

12-(^T^)'WTmf^(^.f%Pl)^RTfr(f'?^Pr!l^)

(fl<l**^I^I
m/ne
13.

*J

W*VM*fr
*

(f% ^!)

and well-

^P^-

fiRTW; (qRohrftr *: **wr:


m/iif

m/n

wt^^t) g* **
Dumb.

^nrrf%

^%T
m/g
(fW)

m/n
fHfiWlfaW:
Fatherly.

H^WI fa)

^_
Some
or fft<t

2^.
read <VTft*OTra:.
d Invariably

8_^.
b Fern. *3*T>

t
*flrit-

5 -fi|.

*HIT,

Fem

masc: even with a feminine or neater t^RT f Some read fr*t*:. substantive. *PTT* (*) g Some erroneously b In due form ; decorating her with ornamets. i Or read fritfKTO*

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262

UUURA K0SR4, or
1

[Book III.
2

m/n

m/n m/ nn

m/n
m/n

Prosperous,

happy.
Affectionate.

m/n

m/n
is.

m/n

m/n m/nb

Compassionate.

(w\) wrf.
m/n
m/n

*T*fw imm q$n:


m/n

(wt:>

m/n Sw/c

m/nd

Unrestrained.

m/n im/n
irertfa:

hm/n

Dependent.

16-

topw:
m/n

mfn

q^rcrarpi; (*rf?) m/n m/n m/n

Docile, e

m/n
A sweeper.
Dilatory, slow.

m/nt

17.

v*$ (^) i^t


m/n
m/n
7

6m/

m/n

Acting

in-

considerate-

Indolent.

m/n

m/n
Sm/n
m/n

Competent to an act.

18. qrannirT tfifciiffqn

Engaged

in

a business.
Laborious.

in/g

m/n
(*:)

(*)

w: Whft^T
3-,.

m/n

m/n

Finishing
carefully.

4:

wxq.

And ^g!. b Also ^nt. and fsKfW. * Some nuke the

line

And ^m:.
and

* Also fifrw ^t-

terms in this and the preceding

syuonymous.

'

Fern.

Tf$

W^TO'

Fern,

mft-

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Chap.

I.]

SPNGSKR/Ti* DICTIONARY.

268

lm/na 2m/n
19.

v^biW^::
m/n

Working

m/n

m/n

for hire.

Working
without
wage9.

m/n
3m/

m/nc 5m/n

Bathing after mourn ing. b

m/n
_

tn/n

4m/n

^TOI l?TTq^rrV

Feeding at another's
.

m/n m/n m/n *WI%T *W^T J^I^t

***
Gluttonous.

m/n
(OTT*) ^RTSWlfc
22.

m/n

f f^Wlft:

(^lT^3?$i)

7
radons.
d"

*3t*t ta.) **l4*h4 m/n

SS'
m/n
(*.)
thing, e

*w,
m/n
m/n lm/nt
c N
faraV)

**r:

Kg*
0ve"

m/n ih^J * ^T^nt

m/n
1

ton? g

Or qpftgre*
before

r).

Some
is

interpret
c

this,

dying

after

ablations

the

ceremony

complete.

And
is

urarar:

or

VTOU*
port.
f

With

disregard to those,

whom
*

he

bound

to sap-

Eating

all

manner of

food, or

food

proper to various tribes.


these synony-

Also w*q*: and vflff: or qfini.


preceding.

Some make

mous with the

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264

UM URA
mf na
23.

KOSH;!,
1

or

[Boo*ia

mfn mfn

Had
sane.

in-

W^

(*f) *flfW: (wr*0 * *

mfn

Misbehaving.

mfnmfn2mfn mfn
irw ^ns n^ra:
^ftrr:

Drunk.

Lustful.

3m/ n mfn qrrc$% qrfwn sips:


mfn

m/n

imfn

mfn

mfn
m/fi

mfn
m/

mfn

mfn
Compliant.

Bjw/nb

fa^j fwnnv\ T^%f^ra


m/ mfn 25. *^: U^tT
m/ji

irw

Governable; c
Modest, d

mfn ni/ne froi f%^?r ufBWT: fa*T:) 6m fn mfn mfnt

Impudent,
shameless.
Bold, present.

vs

1*1(444 1 fa)

m/

m/

Ashamed.

26.

(^re)

w
mfn

mfn
fa) m^j

Astonished.

fai*JTfWnfal^
m/n m/g
Imfn m/nh m/

Confused.

m/n

Timid.

u-.
6 ft

f-. "?'
*
(^)-

**.

**.

Or

vurr^:.

Or

wremft
*

Some read jfarTCf: or V?*^ and if?*;:. c Some make these synonymous with the
restrained
:

preceding.
rogant.

Having passions

or else humble, nor ar-

*:.

Or Wijw :. ' v^r^r (*r). AlsojsWj^hr.jAc.,

Also

**&

5.

qmnrj-^T

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Chap. I]

SffNGSKR/TM DICTIONARY.
2n/n
3

265

lm/

27.*n^tfwfi;

m/n

m/wa

SB*
b

tn/
4

m/

m/ n

28. (VJTift%) fTOflWff

Bashful.

/n Im/n m/n
c_ ^._
^

Mischiev-

m/
7

m/n
/

V$T%)

'Hf^ ft|J

r^L_

Vff.

Thriving growing.

m/n
29.

vntfraq

far

Sm/n wfiwn
m/n
*<*T*fv*ll *

pmg

fa) IHBW:
V

Inclined to

m/n 9m/ n lOm/n


^gOT* f^lpft^rWT

ornament,

m/n

11

m/n
fa*ft)

Faring well.
Stationary.

m/
30.

n'

m/n b

qPcWI'&i: ^
(^itc[)

r^<!*f\^n : f*sr : * *
12

2!'

m/n

m/

m/

m/n

13

m/n
,

tot (3) fci*T f*^


'

S2L
Expanding.

fTOT^

($)

f*WT.
6-^.
II

!_,. r*T_.

J^T-'.

J-*.

-*g.

'-.

I,-,.

9*_.
^nftm (*)

10

w*.
Or fifW.

*.
(^

WT^T (*> or

Also fir*rft

and

fnwK-

or firamft (^) ami

fmwtV..

Hh
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266

VMlTRAKOSEA,or
">/*

[Book III.
2 (<*)

m/n

lm/H

m/n

285."

31

fr**^ fTOTC: iWTd


*/n
m/n

f^TKfnr
4

/3m/

m/n

m/n En/*

m/n

6m/ nb

Jar*
wakeful.

. , m/n 8m/ *rns%T ^rmftm

^W*wp*inw
wi/n

m/n

9m/n

m/n

lOm/n

w/nc
As,eep

m/n

m/n

fir*!* wfaft (wf*)


llm/nc

/nf

12m/nh
dcitie8 -*

^ *
/ fa'.

S
,

13/ni

Sfc
ing.

every-

Accompany-

W9T^m)
.

M Sn Um

fw^fwnifw)
i

WXJW \

fa) v '
15

m/nk

tQMy.

fa) f<!*

(*%%
iZT

j^fw)

*-* *-.
13^-.

ft*
-*. !4_^.
three,

-*. WW. -*. loft-,. 16^.


3 first

_; ^

^T *
^

Some
other

distinguish the three

terms as signifying patient j and

the

contented.
Pern.
idols.

Also
*

%tw.

Likewise
s

Also headlong.
signifies

*^>.

Fern.

^r^.
Neut.

ftftnI

The same term


Fern

approaching

-Fern. |*frft.

ft***.
J

Neut.

Pern. rfhft.

fws^r.- Also Neat. ,. Also

w*

ft^^

^p*

(-^),-^t,-I
Fem f

(-_<,,. k

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Chap. I.J

SZ7NGSKRZT4 DICTIONARY.
/*

267

m/n

lm/

m/n
n/fic

m/n

vriftr ^nrfii:

2m/nd
m/nf

m/n

(WO
4

Bloquent .

m/n
JSftf
m/n

w^fin^iW
36.

*t*s*
*/ng
1

(*)

***:

m/n

m/ n m/n _*a, _ __ W

(^TcO^>l^^)^^^T ^^'l^^'Rl^e. a
m/
n
Foul-month*
ed, scurril-

13

l^^I CTl^Tt
m/nh

*V

m/n

0U8 '

tog: fii^PBr^

m/n
37.

hm/tv

S^"*
Lisping .

%mr:

tens)

nwnv
6m / n

** wi
m/n
(vft)
m*/ n

(a)

W
'

m/n
:

SP* *
1

fHf
m/n

f^
(wr|)
7

2SSS25

m/n
38-

^^! *^:
*

mfn

m/n

5d!2&
Sonorous

^TH: SQ^T
m/ n

m/

5-w.
ft

i_,.
to speak.

8_w.
Some

-T

6_ T

Or knowing how
b

interpret this
first

simply, speaking

or

speaker.

Some
;.

separate

the two

terms as signifying one


c

who speaks

as

is fit j

and the other two, as signifying loquacious.


d

Or

WT^rffw;, and TO
or else, saying
also occurs in a

TO*ft
is

iq) or

mmtt
f

(<j).

Or simply,
*

talkative

much
good

that

blauiable.

Fern, vngnqh'.

* This term

sense.

player of the overture.

unp, HI?:, and Kgr. The prologue of an Indian drama


1

h Also

Some saj
a benedic-

is

tion joined with compliments to the audience.

Or

TTfcpirc;;.

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26*

UMURA KO$RA,or
mf n a mf n

[Book III.

Idiot, ttu-

pid.

Deaf and dumb.

mfnb
****?*
39.
fas.

***tawfaf*%)

Silent.

g*fNW fo) g^ft%T


m/n
I

m/n

m/n

Naked.

m/mc
Expelled.

m/n
/

/
*

Cnroed,

m/n
Humbled
subdued,
:

m/ne
s

40.

^ninfT

fmsR fan)
*Tffci:

CondemnT or adjudged, f

ed

*rfwr. (**V)

m/

m/n

m/n
m/n

,/

Bemoved
let aside.

iwnf^T
m/n

fR:^:(^T<OTOrTOnr?rT farrow:

4i. farBRf. (^nr^) fan*7ij


Deceived,
tricked.

m/n

m/n

m/n m/n
uf?wit

***** (^)

itfsn:

Disappointed.

*n*m: sfiroi:
42.

*w

(^ :)

Turned
away, h

^fafij*: flfwf^H y
**/

m/*

*/*

Confined,

i-*w.
* Fern.

nrr.

b Also

w^r*:.
synonymous
;

One

reads f*:*rftni:.
e

Some

make
'

the

preceding

with this.

Also

qrfirvifi,

Either the person cast


;

or the thing awarded;

some

interpret this f
is

amerced

others, the person, by

whom, or
it

to

whom, payment
*

made,
5

* Likewise ^rfaw*.

Some

explain

sent or despatched.

Bound

some say

fettered or confined in stocks, &c. others say imprisoned.

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Chap.

I. ]

S?7NGSKRJT^ DICTIONARY.

269

mfn

*mn*

mfn ^nwrnr: fanr) *


m/n

Distressed.

/n
*tf*ifi*7

mfn

a
Put to
flight.
-

**w
mf n

m/
43. ^^JWTfan:

m/n
mfn
b

ITTWtT rfwwT

Calumniated,

^vnw
m/
44.

/l mfn iron
n

TO*%T
(it)

Sfitfi Unsteady, c

Afflicted,

m/ n

mfn

m/n
ns/n

wft)
mfn

Confounded,
perplexed.

Overcome by fear, &c.


e

m/n m/n

teT^j)

fwrr rf^fwfc
2m /n

&&*
death.

^W;
fn

TOITT

Deserving*

mfn
fn
(w)

m/ng

whipping.

mfn

wu'

45.

f^r

Jf^rr

3M*
m/n

m/n

m/n
f%*fT (ff^pft *ft)

m/nh

death by P*fc

9^^T
* Overtaken

(?^

by knocks
?:)
ie. ofVpestte

by calamity.
it,

b Especially by a false accusation of

adultery: some explain


of a crime.

accused of adultery- others say, guilty


d Suffering pain from
f

Some

interpret this uncertain.

cause

human

or divine.

Unable to contain himself.


<kc.

Including

assassins, incendiaries,

robbers,

Most commentators exclude


from the synonyma.

the last, others the h Or

first

and

last,

of these terms,

*to:.

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270

VMURA
mfn
46. ftrfyg^(5t[

KOSHif,
I

or

iSook

Hit

mfn*
mfn 2m fn

Innocent.
Inconsiderately guilty,

fWH^T
(/

-b
Malevolent

3m/fl

and censorious, c

Wicked
perverse.

mfn
47.

mf n

mfn mfw fHwi farJ *** n*: mfnd


mfn
f*HF*T

Informer.

WOTJ ^W: (^Tc$


mfn

mfn mfn
Mischief-

maker.
Destructive, mischievous.

mfn mfnmfn

mfn
m/nm/jw
m/nm/*irs/f

mf n

Fraudulent
crafty.

Idiot.

48.

unr

* ^nvni to

*/
*Tftron

Miser ; avaricious.

Poor
gent.

indi-

49.

Beggar; mendicant,

f**ta.)fft?T *ftl <tf** T Vt*f\& > m/n B/n / /* */ni *iffa%T *r*ro%i to%t *r**r tWt

l -*
.

fread

-*

*~*
i

~*

Committing a crime without conpreceding term, sinful or criminal. include tms Remarking only ill qualities. * Some sidering the guilt. in the next article ; others

Many commentators

wrt (*)
five

and expound that with the

make the

words synonymous.

qnp-

'

Fern- wirfk.
*

Some read

ftPW

and *il0l<m^s-

-Also k Like-_;

wise f^Ti.

Or wtos:-

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<7hap. I. ]

SUNQSKRHA DICTIONARY.
terni)

271

lm/*a 2m fn
so.
1

^r^mppj^:

Proud

nfn

m/nb

Miwfir ftm)
mf
i%

Sg!?
(VMHRT) ^m?^Tt
Viviparous.

5i.

^*r.

(fifa^nror.)

mf n
frft

l^^f
0vi P*|.

W Ml< gl)
*

nig^T:

1^.
*
also

*
b This

Some make
is

this to be only explanatory of the other term.

by some made only explanatory.

Divine beings, produced

without any apparent cause,

d Produced from a viviparous being $ as


insects.
'

man, horses,

bulls, ire.

As worms and

Produced from an

egg ;

birds, serpents,

&c.

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CHAPTER

II.

Vegetables.

*ff^

(YMlWNlO
1

mfn mfnb

2mfn

Sprouting germinating.

Beautiful or pleaBing.

mfnc mfn mfn mfn mfn *l% &ZK *

W ^R m$
mfnt

mfn
*i\ii*l

mfn

mfnd mfn

mfn mfn

mf ne

Charming.

mfn
Beloved,
desired.

mfn mfn

mfn mfn

mfn

Inferior

low.

m/ mf n Smfnmffig mfnmfnh mfn fate sfiraw * ^nr ^toj f***T swt: m/ mfnmfnmfn mfn mfni
4- grgj* iifSqtiT

sw^i

%3

i^ir s^pst: fawn)

mfn
Foul, dirty.

w/nj

m/

m/nk

ii
*

u-.
b

As

trees,

shrubs, &c.

vfjpsf or *fg*.
e

Fern.

V^ft and

?W
1

dAlso

nih^,

and

tn^hr, and tnwft** ' h Some read wrt*'(ffl and ^r: (*).
Likewise ifT*.
;

n^nft (?) Some add *W, iff*, ***** or *&**%. * Or tv*. Also **:
l

WW** or WTW*:,
first

also

WW*:.

Some

discriminate the two

terms as signify-

ing simply dirty

and the other two spoiled by

dirt.

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Chap. II

SPNGSKR/Ti DICTIONARY.

273

m/n

m/n m/n

*/ n
(?j)

m/n

fW9T
1

(araiH)

Clean,

m/n

m/n
Cleansed,
.

m/n m/n
Pithless.

m/na
nc
(aft%)

m/n m/n

m/n
Void, empty.

m/n

m/n m/n 2m/n


Chief ; principal b

wpt s*j^ u%*gt s^rrifr^wT:


m/n
m/n

m/nd m/n

m/n
3

m/n

m/n

m/n m/n m/n m/ n e

m/n

4m/n m/n
8.

m/n

m/n
m
6

m/n

**T*Pl ^fal I^:(^Tc[)^WW(^)f%^W%ExceUent.f

m
m
&

m
Pre-eminentg (in comp.)

m
*rTf*r

mh

f**

tptt fen: ^f% ^T^rSrnt^a:)

1*

*-*

*_.
sjnonyma to the
first line
;

Or

^J.

Some
i

restrict the

others
or

to the first eight terms

while others extend them to three


neuter.

lines,

e?en to four.
the

Invariably

Instances of this word used in


licenses.

masculine

and in the feminine gender, are poetical

* Also

mx.
;

Also

iq^ft:^tftf.
*

Some

join this with the preced;

ing article

others take in the two last lines

or the last line


:,

and a
man.
f

half including fourteen terms.

Ex.

$Mmn

u eminent

ffflS*Pf:, a pre-eminent gage.

k Besides other terms as

i&; 9 ^^i

Ac.

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*74

miURA KOSHJ,
*/*

or

[Book HI.
n

In

Secondary, abordhiate,

m/ ni m/n 2m/n 3m/n m/n 4m/n


Great.

10-

Htwqi to e^ft ura


m/ nbfi m/n m/n

to{

*Tfr*
Fat
;

ft**
m/n 6ih/hc

m/n m/n

large.

m/n m/n m/n


Little,

m/n m/n m/n m/n m/n

ttiieU.4

11.

^im

swi *thjt: /e /f

^TO^iwini
ng
m
10

mb

7m

m/n
Y#ry*ilU
Much, many.

m/n

m/n 9m/nj

m/n

12-

^tWW

rflB*Ifta Iwft^T J^FfaftW^l)

m/n m/n m/nll m/n m/n /n


m/nk m/n
is.
Countless,

m/n m/n
4

12 m/i>

m/n

it* n**fa*

fair

to (^) HfK (*)

m/n ^twit faro twt UTT

U-.
r*.

a*
*.

ft
b

#wt ii<iif^rcx) 5 * 43.


11 ^r

Fem. ft^fTT, of

9*.
Also

10-^r.
wi*. c

ti

Fem. *taft.
first

One author

divides this article into. four,

making the three

terms signify small

the five next minute ; the two terms following Tory minute; and the
four last atom-like.
*

This and the following are invariably feminine,

Orprfg;.! This and the following are invariably masculine,


Others
* Also fem. qrejt or qrfhrr.

But

some make them vary the gender.

restrict the three first of


ft

them

to

the abstract sense.


line.
1

Some

emit this

Also *iftw:

k fofirst
it

Likewise
is

In
f

this
if.

compound term, the


But others make

word

Also fW0{). indeclinable* Ex. tr<iww;,


l

^9.


q^W**,

vary with the gender. Ex. Kent.

more than a hundred.


-

So iftiTO; 0wr*T**)i

*oove a

thousand

uxt^f :,

above a hundred thousand.

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Chsp.

II.]

SUNQSKRTTA DICTIONARY.

W$

m/n
14-

m/n
(?j)

nH^%

TT^N
mf

NumerabU.

m/

m/n m/n
(

*!*)

m/n m/n Im/n m nI fit *i *j wfa^wHwfafaai 4 fa 1O1 ftrtir^ m/nb m/n m/n m/nn 3 m/n
m/ n m/n

W VT^

All

atlrt.

m/n

15

wf TOT gjfrpwgi
m/n

Tf)

m/n

m/n

m/n m/n m/*

/n

m/n 4m/n

m/n

m/n

m/ m/nt ^*fj jwto tfw: wnarr^ *b^h (nj) m/n m/n m/n m/n t
*/* m/nt
17.

m/n

WRW9J
m/n

rfSfWtJ

JWT WT (^1
5m/ng

ffif%T

m/n
fuj)

fMT
m/n

wnftimmnn (fifwrfij)
m/n
m/ni

SB5SS.
Tery

m/nh
n#w

18. 3tf4W*jftH*i*i

Likewise

n^i*.

Or
*

W^f

c
.

Without

interstices.

With

in-

terstices.

Or totto:.

Also

vhr^

f ^ikewife

* ?^*nf.

* ^lso

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276
1

.UMURA KOSIH,
m/n
fa)

or

[Booh III.

m/n

mf n
fa)

Vry remote.

vfNr

^vs

fc
m/
n

2m/n

Long.

m/n
Bound, a

m/n m/n
?T?T

19.

VWQ f^RT

m/ no
Uneren, wayy. b

m/n

n/ n m/n 4m/n 5m/ n %m/n 7m/ n


High, tall, d

n/n
Short.

m/ntBm/n m/ng
20.
Bending,
itooping.

*F5fa *

^ Tot; (^j
*
x

m/n

m/it

m/*9w/*h
t/*

m/
Crooked,
i

m/ m/ lOw/n m/n
w/n
*n/

*/
2i. ^Tf%3f

m/n m/n

$fe ^s*f
mfn

%%* to (fawfq)

llm/12/n
Strait.

Confounded.

t/n
Eternal-

22. HT13RT

IS m/n 11 m/n w/ aif fa) inipirTf^t m/n m/n m/n m/n TO1W <MNHi: OqJ ^%T

^*

7^_.
13

8*?K.
14

*T

1^-^
*

"T
interpret
c

12

*
Some

*T
Some
this,

Either circular or globular.

naturally

some even, but factitiously depressed in

place.

Or

nqt
Also
*

with these. the preceding terms synonymous * Or *$s. * Also *rf. uent. mf. nw, fern. 4tft, with this. the preceding article synonymous

make

Some make

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CUp.

II

.]

SZ7NaSKR/T4 DICTIONARY.

277

m/n

m/n

m/n

Permanent, firm, a

mfn

Uniform

perpetually the same, b

Immovable.

mf n 2wfn mf nmf n Zmfn


m/n
d"*

mfn
Movable.

m/n m/nm/n m/ n

m/n
Shaking, moving, o

m/n m/n

m/n

m/n

tow nxm
m/n
25. wfaftsif:

(to) *rftiw *ffci%


Exceeding.

m/n TOfroi

m/n
/n

m/n
Strong knit.
e

m/nf

m/nm/n m/ng

m/n
Hard,
solid.

mfn h
26.ra^
4

mfnSmf*
Material, corporeal,
i

<N

**

/*
mfn

/*

m/n
Full-grown.

mfnj mfn mfn

/
Old, ancient.

1*

*r

*
&c

47
Some

it >*

IT
the
first

Some make

these

synonymous with the preceding.


interpret

As

spnl, the

etherial

expanse,

the

three

three first seven last tr.mbling : others, the terms, tremulous > and the Some * Also *rf and moving, and the seven last quaking. to any are strongly knit; other* apply this to a man whose limbs *em. * Or **W Also thing, which has no interstices. with the preceding * Some join these Also

W.

mJ*

Wrr^

TO*.

ynonyma*

Fern.

^i^4I>*fr
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278

UMURA
m/n
.27

KOSHil,

or

[Book III.

mfnnif*
tfV*r%T *T3|T

m/n m/ntn/n

New.

WW^T

^%T Hll^T TWt


m/a m/a
*

m/a
Soft.
1

m/a

m/aa2m/fi3m/a

Following.

28.

v^impppT
m/*c

*^ i?Nf^w^)
m/a
/

Perceptible,

4m/w

Imperceptible,

Closely attentire. f

29.
;

m/a 6m/ a 6m/n ictwt%t PPrefH^.*WTlT**T (*fa)

m/n

Prior;

first

initial.

30.

iranff:

9g/m/ n m/10/h to fovr uwwtcit


m/ a m/ a 11 m/n

Last, ulti-

mate.

m/aj m/ak

m/n
Vain, useleu.

m/n

si.

iW f*rc*r
m/a
ai/a ai/a
12

m/a

Apparent,
evident.

**

8
.

9 ^Tft-

1*1111.
perceived
:

1J

W
e

1*1
f

^11,

vW^i
:

1^
J

Or

present

Likewise fjw^f.
iTTtaf*

Or unperceived

absent.

Also

1*1^*

Likewise

Witb

the mind fixed attentively on one object * Also nfirw; and *jfcpn.
*

s Invariably

masculine.
it

Even with a feminine noun,


write

remains-

masouline or neater.

Some

irons.

k Also if*!*;.

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Chap.

II.

SUNGSKRHA DICTIONARY.
*

*79

m/*a TOTttf
m/n
w/w

(g)

wn*m
1

Common

m/n

2m/ n m/n
A (*?)* inns: .outo%.
dif-

hot*
32. ftp*T($*T) **J?TC

m/nb m/ nmf ncm/nm/n

H*^7 S^WTT

(*fa) ? nt e
various.

4/w

w^pnf *ta^*j
m/n
33.

6m/n
i^j.)

*m
m/n m/n

***(
*

Sharp, corrosive.
r
\

m/ n
m/7/

*>/n

^rw'(^)
m/n
m/n
**f

f^refonn

^obstruct-

W ufaWfaT^ nrapnro (*)


34. *t? (*rfft

omtiwr.

(^)
mf

Left -

m/n w/e *R**I fa) ^fVU^


m/n m/n

Right.

a/n

W&
35.

H ?f)

WW

Narrow.

*fiW1*sf
m/nh m/n m/n

(*fc)

Imperrfon,.

^fr;***!^

m/i

m/n

J"-*}. h wixubcu.

Hrr
*

Pem. gTWTT^t

WT-

Some

read TT^mr:.

m;

(resulting

from
d

two radical pronouns, if and iq^, which differ in accent).

Or

^pHH*
'

Or *fWW*i Some make one term explanatory of the other.


.

Invariably masculine. *

Some make

this

and the preceding

article

lynonymofts.

h Also

*^fW>

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280

UMURA KOSHJ
m/ % a mfnh mf

>

or

Book III.

tied

'

m/n
;

m/n m/
*

Spread
diffiwe.

fH*rf fPCT ?f

/n
36.

m/n
c
fig\"i{)

WW

Forgotten.

^PWTff f^JITf

Placed. e

m/nd m/n KTWftrf%^ (^) m/n m/nlmfn m/n2m/n m/n


%f^fl KfWTTOrT ^faftrafilRTT^Tt

Shaken.

mfnmfnmfnmfn
cast^nt.

mfnm/ nimf n

37. ifrT *J*T

f^f^^ftlfonf f^rTT: fa^O


m/
(<J>

w/n
Intrenched.

*rW^rH

f*T?ff

m/n 6m/n
^fa?f *|faT

(*Plil|)

Stolen.

m/n m/n
Expanded;
dispersed. r

38-

HfW JJ^
^ m/n

m/n
fo<?8

Deposited.

^^T

m/n 6 m/n
Multiplied.

^$faflTC?t

Plaistered.

m/n 7 m/n fiff^nrf^r m/n m/n

Hidden.

^^
^

rn/ne

m/n

Pounded.

^jf^JTf 1&ffift
39.

Melted.
Raised, held

^ W^T
*

m/n

m/n

m/n 8m/n

^T^T
fTm W Wl
3

n a swing.
1
6

*r

*T.
8

ffj.

t
wfftf.

$
Likewise

*T

V
<*

^
and
.

Or ^ftpf.

Also sfiqtf

UpRT-

Also, obtained.

And WITH

^ppf. b Or e Or nfigrf-

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Chap. II.]

S17NGSKR/T;! DICTIONARY.

281

mfn mfn
JTTO

WC*
mfn mfn J ^
fipi* ftn?

Smelled.

Smeared,
anointed.

mfnXmfn
-k

T^'

a.

raised

from

mf%
40.

in/%

*/

i/2/

%f*f (*?m0 **f*w **ftf wronn


_ ^^F?
(sn)

"*
Bent, crook*
ed.

mfn mfn 3m/nb w/n


f*rftirr

/*
4 L (^T^)

^i wmif* ?tfa* ff,


#

ni/n
Mature.

fW*iT%^rTO
mfn

mfn
ifrfit (?j)

mfn

3%

mfn ^

mfn m/no
.

^ftm

^T^nt

Ashamed.
Chosen ;appointed.

(?j)

HI

^. TOW

wy
w/fi f/n

t>

mfn

mfn
Attainable.

42.

HTO'itW^WTOTSf
ui/n

w/n

t/

# m/n

******** 8#
*
wt/n

m/*
Detested.

SWfai: 'fmPTfnr:
i

*_.
the two

*y

*tw.
;

Some

restrict

firat terms to signify encompassed

and
dis-

the other three, secured


allowing the root
of

from access.

b Also ftwnf.

Some,
d

this word, read HiTTffi.

Also

wmi.

^Tfn*:

brought in contact. Or, as otherwise interpreted,

Digitized by

VjOOQIC

2S2

UHURA K08EA,
mfn
mfn
43. fafa*:

or

[Book III.

Various,

multiform.

(wt%)

wfw ipn^rt w%*:


mfn a
mfn

mfn

mfn

mfn

mfn
*

Censured, blamed.

mfn

Coawely
pounded.
Diluted
decoction,
b"

mfn
44

mfn
mfn
mfn
mfnc Imfnd

mfn

Sounded making a
noise.

^ift?r*9f*r?r fait)

mfn mfn

Bound.

** *kim *wraf^r w^w fawn


m/n

m/

Decocted.

45.

Boiled, e

Departed, f

Become calm, g
Mature,
ripe.

mfn
46,

mfn
irftw^r

mf n famuli fal.
mfn mfn
<

*fil%)

iu

Passed (as
ordure).

mfn

mfn

Passed (as
urine).

mfn

mfn
fa) TSf^f

Nourished.

I*

*/

mfn

Borne, h

mfniVmfn
Vomited.
1

<HHlX
V.
.

*~.
simple prepara-

tion.

Also qnrercr:.
e

Made by an extemporary and


e

And q^.
is

^fipf

ft

ter,

milk, or liquid butter.


is

A*

a saint who has


beast which
*

attained

beatitude, a fire which

extinguished, a

infirm,

&c.

WincJ no longer blowing. h Also patient, or **TnT.

Li kewise

*jp* and ^rtf

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Chaf. II.]

SUNGSKRHA DICTIONARY.
/ n

288
Tamed, sub-

m/ n
Tif|

w/

HW7T

m/n m/n

appeased.

TT-rfJUT r TlTTrq fffff:

Asked, requested.

m/n

**

wO

m/n *rar
m/ n
1

*.
m/
Covered,

Wl^trR^
m/n
48.

m/n m/ a

m/
m/ n m/ n
Filled :fH.

J$fa)tf^r

m/n m/n
m/n m/2m/nm/n
tf*f%% f%?T:
Finished.

w/nm/n /
*/*
49.

3/nm/n
i*t

* m/n m/n
m/n

madetmn.

fori***
f*K*%

ft'lJIT Sffaft

Gloomy,

-/. -/.

./.

^^S^
m/n
m/
fitti*

m/n

m/n,

ob8cnred

Liouid.

P8

**

m/n

m/n im/n

**

qpqpf frfr

ii^i)

WoTen

And tf:

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tu

VVLURA KOSHil,

or

[Book III.

i/n
Saluted,

m/n

mfn

lm/n

honoured.

51. <

mfn

mfn

mfn
Served, adored.

mfn

2m fn

3*/

mfn
Suffering pain.
Pleased, glad, con* tent.

mfn

mfn

mfn
mfn

mfn

52.

^TfiniwreT wfim
mfnmfnimfn mfn

fUTftnft fa)

mfn

fa\

mf n mf nmf n mfnmfn mfn mfn


53.

mfn

Cut.

fi&m r?r ^t*

&M

^nf

fftf f^if

T^nj
mfn

m/nmfn mfn mfn mfn mfn


Fallen.

mfn

m/n mfnmfn
Obtained.

mfn hmfn

54.

qw

mfn
Sought.

W1H fiw *lfa?l*JT*TM fa) *| fa) mfn 6m/n mj^n m/n

m/ mfn mfn
Wet;
ened.
Preserved, saved,

mfn

mfn mfnlmfn
<U4MTI* fa\

moist-

55.

*ni(

W%

fVW ffffatf fiflfarf

guarded.
Disregarded, despised.

mfnmfn mfnSmfn mfn mfn Tftpnrfnf 'ft^TfiRr fa) ^pr ta) wtw sro m/n 9 mfn mfn mfn
56.

wwftwiprinfT
m/n m/n m/n

vmf*

nwTf*?rfa)ijfoj?t
10

m/n m/n

m/n
mfn

Abandoned, left.

mfn
Spoken,
said.

U nfn mfn 12m/13m/

57.^31 *rrfTO*Tf^*fara^*3rnnjfafvnirfira^

if-,
7

8 *. . r

w11

ft*

e *--

V.

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0fop.II.]

SU1SGSKKITA DICTIONARY.

285

m/n m/n

m/n

m/n

m/n

Im/n

m/n
n

J<$ ifWTT HOni faf^?T

Hfff^^^f^Tf^^unde^tood.
Promi8ed -

58.

m/n 2m/n3m/n 4m/ m/n& *finmH| V3l^^ 4<<^iff^ftiffn!T^ff

m/n

m/n

m/b

m/n

5m/6m/n
m/n 7m/n

m/n m/n m/n


m/nc m/n

m/n m/n
m/n

m/n
m/n m/nd

Sm/n

9m/n
m/n m/n

m/n m/ne

60.*rfafff *if*?r ftnr

*wfwfafa*rarf^^ i*(Eaten. m/nm/ntn/nm/n m/n m/n m/n wnfJiT $* 3?* **r ^tT rftwf ^ftf
m/ng
m/fth

m/ni

m/nj

m/nk

m/l

61.

*ft* *Vf^* s **fts ^rfro ^fro:


m/rtm m/*n m/nom/npm/nq

Certain irre8 uper *

^yes

m/nr

And *dwf b Also nftajif. c And And firfttf. f Also wni. * Most quick.
a
J

Mf.

d Likewise
*

A*.
Most

h Most small.

dear.

Most

large.

k Most corpulent.

hard.
r

n Most long,

Most

firm,

Most numerous. m Most Most heavy- * Most short.


l

Most abundant.

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CHAPTER
i.

III.

(JTwmiwm^
lna

*^Nfr ftnp^rSrq)

/
faRTT

Action.

9W
b

Continual.

m/nc
(fnrnraf d
2.

^%^\)

win^ro:

Totality.

fal*<IHitfIM!) WFCRror

/ne
Adherence, ^ attachment,
Wilfulnesfl,inde-

ft

pendence. Vain and


causeless
state.

m
g
3.

Quiet,

mm (m) TO urfare
hi

2/

Self-com-

mand, h
Approved
occupation,
i

^T%(^5)^%^iK
*J

*T**Tif

W^t)
*k
*T*r*T5f

A desirable
gift

IWTT^

*[.

*f*r.
term masc. and neut.
in both its ac-

One

authority makes this


of

ceptations,

action

and

of act.

Others add, in both genders, qpr*,


.

and
6

qrw.

b In respect of action.

verbially,

if.

Adjectively q|iH*H< :, ?j:, Ad?f d Invariably neuter even with nouns of other genders.

g^raf or iTCTOtf- Also ^r h Endurance of the pain of austerities. *


read
1

Some

^n. * Absence Some interpret

of passion.
this

an act

accomplished.

Also ^n(?nf.

k Likewise irfTC*.

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Chap. IIL]

SiTNGSKR/Tyi DICTIONARY.

287

4.

TOf*K3T

*h^4
AC

In

Subduing by charms*

^ n

a
Magic.

^ISTOl} (g)

^TPiWr^

t^Hi^ fJf^pfif
JL?*tr
5.

Tremour,

A_=t <>>

Satigfaction. d

wW.

(wad ufr* wrc*r ifiiwfw)SS

,,f

U*v.
6.

mg ^IT^lITH^fhl^:
3

mz* f*^T
/
*t)

5**

*^

Curse, iroprecatioB.

<A\T

Hm (

H*VI*JW*nuK
3T3ST ftnjj
7.

S^
or adieu,

r f*

r; .

Co-e*tend* ing, pervacU

WIT

flfTT

Begging.
Cutting;

*^iT

^&f
fli

J
b

^WTO^H
6

m
deceived

/
faf^T

doctrine,

^T
* Bringing

Lobs.

-m.
into
one's

*WT
;

power by drugs, charms or incantations


is

or

the drugs and charms by which that

effected.

b Or ^w^TT-

Also

%**??
of being

And fwrif d Whether the act of f And T^f. pleased. e Or f %mi<qf.


c

pleasing or the state


* Likwise qifiny; .
:

b Civility in receiving a friend, or in taking leave of him


friendly inquiry,
tional

embracing,
k Tradi

adieu.

And *rpra^.

Also

^wetf.

and right.

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288
f*

miURA
m
m

KOSHjI,

or

[Book III.

Taking, a

& V% wit
1/

Wish, desire.

mb

2n

protection, defence.

WC
m m f

fit

Sound,
noise.

Perforation, piercing.

Maturity* Calling challenging.

JL
m

8/

m if m
9. *for.

Engaging
appointing.
tifcmbustion,

burn-

^
*!*&*&
7
6/

me

ing.

Guiding, directing.

Wearing, growing
old.

6/

Whirling,

going round.
Increase,

growth.

Fame, notoriety.

iwt ^nnV

Touch, contact.

4ft:
A

&
read KWT.

/f

Oozing, dripping.

3ft.

4ft.
-fif.
b

6 ^tflc.

6fir.
a

-ft.
seizure or acceptance,

Whether by

Some

Also

^qp.

d Prevailing on a person to undertake a business*

Both terms
*

also signify requesting,

and encompassing.

Also wtlJ.

And

WU

Also nn;

Digitized by

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;;

Chap.

Iir.]

SUmSKRITA DICTIONARY.
1/

*89

/a
10.

TfT^WfV
*b

Thriving.

c
-

^Rfd

'W^

Throbbing.

2/

/
True know*
ledge.

Bringing
forth(as
wi

young).

Pouring

*T% |MK;

m
fR

forth ; aspersion.

m
fftnnft

to:
/

w%

Fatigue.

11.

^flwy

Excellence.

*
Union, junc-

m
3/
ftr?r*t
91

me

tion.

fwf*iro%
%nni
/

Refuge ; asylum.

Sending
directing, f

4/g
Swallowing.

nh

5m
Effort, exertion.

m
12.

4MM*J|^

**rn[**r%

Raising.

Reliance taking re-

mi

fuge.

*rc% *ra:

Conquest,
victory.

ifir

ft.
*>

**rc.
And
d

fiift.
or ^pftctf.
*zjfa;.
firfar:

fit-.
Also

Some
e

read flnn.

^pf
And
Also

*r:

and

^gTOT.

Likewise

Wt4.
time.

Or tmnrs.* f Also
*rtri?,

interpreted passing

away
*

and front, h Likewise

^C*f and ift^.


audible repetition.

According to another reading,

w>,

in-

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290

UMURA KOSBA,
fa*ll^1 f*HT^

or

[Book III.

PiMvuirse* speech.

Tridc.a

^^
***r*snr
1

Regret.

Trituration of perfumes.

13.

Con f erring
of a benefit,

b
Disfavour.

^* mc f*nr? 'Hjwiv- mr?)

Attack,
onset,

Clinching of the fist.


Affray,
assault, e

14.

*fero
n

fas.)

^*r%T
9H

fH f

4ft

4*ng

Ligament,
fetters.

mi
Morbid heat, h
Injury,

mj

6n

^HT: ^MBjqdHfT

m
k
15-

*a

fining fkmn*: (^n^)


m 7 t ^ll*Krnjf
a

TTinf oitkt XllUl', DlU{g,

token.

T%5
6_^.

-fw6

*f

^x^.

T
b

Also joy.

By doing good,
is

or by preventing

ill.

Or
\

fvnT*

Also,

according to a varied reading, fiftt*: and flncfaj


acceptation

but here a

different
*

intended

viz.

restraint

or

confinement.

Some

explain this, a challenge to fight.

conflict

without weapons.

Also terrifying the enemy by shouts or gestures. Likewise devastation f And VTWX*. g Some read ^fTO t and predatory or irregular war.

and connect
into

it

with the next


instead
;

article.

h The line
:

is

by
;

some divided
business of a

three

articles,

of

two

viz.
l

ligament

scout or spy (<wt*

^BW)
l

morbid heat.

Also

^;.

Or

W*\ (\)-

k Also wickedness-

Indication of sentiment.

Digitized by

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Chap.

III.]

mm
n

StfNGSKR/TM DICTIONARY.
/
1/

291

A bst Taction, c

men
17. Hlfif ^ l ^j f

faWT
m
fifVr^J
n

Robbery, d

IWWN^I

Extraction.

^njn^r

18.

m f5^T^t (^rr^)

imitation.

(ww^mwit) w*.
/
faf.) JHrfW;

tu

Ddi -

WW*

(WTO)

Stream.*

m
?<'?* *>rth,
issuing,

mm
3
19.

**tt (mw*ft:) N
'

m
anceg

/h

fiftn^T sfM^n:: (wnj

m/ *ifp*t *PKT(*^r:) *

"

* Soma distinguish the terms, making the two first signify a total change, and the other two a partial or temporary alteration. b Gather-

ing together

ia fact, or in

thought
seizure
flow.

Restraining the organs of sense.


one's
presence.
e

Also

abridgment
'

Or

in

Likewise

^nOTfncs.
a This line
signifying

Or

continual

Likewise commencement of action,


:

is

by some divided into three articles


$

the two
;

first

terms
last

various distress
h

the two next decease


1

and the two

forbeamndb.

Also nftf*n an

tnitf:*

Likewise tnifTO.

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292
TO

imURA KOSHJ,
TO
l

or

[Book III.

ment.

^
m
20*

2SST
Enjoyment.

to

(*tf **3? rt*wnrt


feffiT)

ftW *%n

Bncom.
ing.

m
#

Separation.

f*$t fajj I|fW$T


n
n

in

1 to

to

Abridgment.

21.

WP5 OTTOiT

Contradic
tion.

/em
Vf^^VT
f

1*^9? ftA^II *
f

Perambulation.d
stay.

R^THS
far% ^rnsn
)

(wit)

^M|%T
^

wt f^ffii;

2j

Diffusion.

22. ft^TT^J

^TO
^^
TO

pwuxity.

iiwRr; fair*:

^ppear.

^
quaint.
Spreading.

fWifTT-

(H)

^0^
*

II

23.

^n:
^*

tentf qf^ro:

H^ fa) fi^^if
TO

Scarcity.

iffani

(^ )
#

J^rm;

Proximity.

*
a
creeper.

(^) *g ^fiffe: ~

qrf3fqW^[
'

wt
neut.
:

As

a
d
e

tree,

of

* Also

m*f.

for),

c
it

^nd
near

II1VTOTapproach.

Mo?ing

about,
f

on the ground

some

interpret

Or q^tTOT.

And

fnn<.\

Also wfarf.

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Chap. Ill]

8USQ8KE1TA DICTIONARY.

293

24. frtj

*f**n%T*ro%
m
n

Heaping.

m
Winnowing,
cleaning.

fa i m
terr^)

n*% **:

wbw

*nwr;

Occasion, opportu-

mb

nity.

A shuttle,
25. jto*: (^n*)

*?*?.

First pregnancy of

cows, c
Affectionate solicitation.

u
_ m b m n g_ (ft g) *j*iftT$re^:

Intellectual faculty, e
Difficult

progress, f

mi

mj

Act tending
to a

main

object.

mm;
a

2ml

(^n*) *

tow:
3/ m

Beginning.

__
Also

__
b

qfrffffff.TT

Haste, hurry.

-__^
c
it,

act of weaving.

Or

ww.
j

Some
the

interpret

it,

the

season of impregnation.
to a bull
;

Others explain
d Also

first

going of a cow
under-

or the

first

impregnation

or simply her impregnation by

the bull, or her

pregnancy.

R^s.

Power

of the
f

standing

&c. as attention, comprehension, reasoning,

Towards a
'

place scarcely accessible.

And $*:.
;

b Likewise S^TC:this article,

Or
this

IW^Tftr:.
of tattle
article ;
:

Some

read 113*7*
it,

and explain

beginning

others

interpret

war or

combat.
first

Some dmde

making the two

first

terms signify a
:

beginning, and the


first,

three last a

commencement

in general
last,

others explain the two


l

a beginning; and the three

a thing begun.

Also^tfnil

m And*tfi;:.

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294

UMtmA K^BUA,
27. ijfHw**: ufiienfr

or

[Book III.

Impediment.!

mb

nc
fas.)

Causing to
descend.

OTT*

fnn*mi

Apprehension,

Smeiiring.e

**T*WT f*%Hm

Liberality

g
Celebrity.

2/h
/

Attention.

Beading
lecture.

29. faqra
i

fnm *t^
3mj

Wetness,
Distress,

from

dis-

ease, &c.

wk
;

Meeting
union.

n\
Research.

ft

mm

30.

wrorar $n*wt wwiq


mn
u

w*r<nr w*r;

Embrace.

no

infAoo king.i3.
I

fiw^if (g) firer*

^*r$ro* *qnj
4*,

ff

*_.

l_

fir.

^rr_.

**T
.

fc_,

Likewise ftv*s. b

And *wre:.
s

Or

far*TTO*

d Conception

otherwise than from memory.


solitude,

and disagreement,
*
l

With saffron, sandalwood, &c. f AlsoSome explain it, appointing, engaging.


i

h Also

ffffr^rtffr ;.

One

explains this, wet.

Or *TO*s.

k Also-

*jpw and OTff*:. m Seme read lf7r*T.

or 9T%W~ 'QPJhra* and n Or irfciK" According to another readings

Likewise

^v*,

*r%T*: and

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Chap.

111.]

SCN08KR/T4 DICTIONARY.
n
n

295

/
Rejection disallowance.
;

32. ^imT^rj fi*IT9

(^ *

q^WWlWNft)
/ m
c
'

Zternltel alternately.
Censure, reproach, a

/ b

33.

(^)
m
g

m m H^TT f fin* tefaP*) ff?nm

me. i*mi*T faw%T *m*(i) fauw* SSSE? d


m
m

^iTfll^:

Transgression.

H)
m

TOW (*RJ* ** ^Jfiliftrff'^ V^)


?wt *rcr to"
mk

The pr^te
stand,
i

35. (fir* p*

*to

***{*.)

WK (Wf %*
iw)

M
fnr:
or ^rqjtar. d
f

m ^pr.

^3;
bench.

Juulng'corn

and

grass,

36. *rrfaT (ftft "**

An

auger.

(fWK*fc) x
m m

Round,
circular.

One commentator

remarks, that two of these terms, qttfarT and

Tpft^rr,

which properly signify shame, are here inserted by mistake.


Likewise ^rf<**T and

b Also KtZQl.

f^ftor
fatTOT*:.

prets this, misapprehension.

And

One interSome make the four


after calling him.

terms,

others

the two

first of

them, synonymous with the preceding.

* And,q?&TO:1

Sending
act of

of a servant

on an errand

At a solemn
:

religion $ reciting

hymns and
:

prayers.
for

For

eradicating
stalks

clusters of

gramineous plants
a
basket

some say
to

cutting the

others explain the term

receive heads of Indian

corn, &c. k .Uso

^fw**TO%*i>

Turned by a

string.

m Or

piling

it

up.

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96

UMUnA
m
1

KOSHil,

or

[Book

m.

2m

Swallowing, &c. a
Stopping,
ceasing.

37.

falRjHK; fiWT^TW^TO fa, *K^|f^) mb 5/ 4/ 3/


/c
(*r

Spitting.

fwwt

s)mV.

6*
38-

fro fn

&** frnStm

(fijwfwf*)

Speed.
Conclusion, e

*r%

*rfii:

^rfii )

jtot^ fcn^)

Fever.

Driving of
cattle.

39.

***r fo) uwsTnrn

Curse.

7*
Aggregate
patronymic, g

Multitude
of loaves

m
40.

and

pies,

*mrM *rafarai i^nsprorenO


fw-

6-fn.

eflr-.

The four terms, here

exhibited, differ in signification. fWTITJ,

swallowing.

VfK*>
:

vomiting.

fr*TW*> cough

some

say,
c

sounds

Vf TY
^rfri :

: >

taking up

also, replying in

argument.

Or

vipc*:.

firw**T.

Some

say,

also neuter

PnfV'

d Likewise ^fift.

Fem. Some add

and qpr**.

End

of action-

So

similar terms of imprecation.

As *wTft$> May he not


Garoa.
uouns

*RftrPr:,
live
!

*mrTTJ f*roTT* &c Ex.


;

ivqrrcfrrfirit*T^T

* Instanced in the text

mtif*rof> a multitude of
of

descendants of

Upagu
<>f

So ifWW, a multitude
h Respectively
:

descendants of

*nnf,

Daksha.

stated as instances of

of multitude of

inanimate things.

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Chap. III.

SVNGSKR/Ti! DICTIONARYv

M*
Multitude
of boys.

.*

V**mi lU ,ttj

^.-.--^ HHM

/
*!

*WT (WTft)

plough*.

*TWH WT^
n

fa ft^PIRTH) -of
n

priests.

/ / 42. (*TWt) ^ftpft <W*T (&.)


n-

Zf&f
f"C^T^ -o!m.

($*) *Ttf*'t

43. (*rfq)

*TTO *T$* <*TW*TW$*J

(H^n(j

^d^d
multitude of

Some
;

read vniwf .

b Respectively.
j

In order

people

accumulation of smoke

abundance of

fetters j great quantity

of reeds, (or multitude of ropes or of throats : for nr has all these d In order : multitude of pieces of dry cow-dung senses.) $ abun*

dance of hides (or of shields)


delivered
wnfcs},

collection of
:

prayers

and incantations
:

by the sage At'harvan

besides other similar terms


;

aa
in

assemblage of coats of mail

wrfihtfi
;

multitude of
"JTJprfi

men

armour

^ifipj ,of men


$

holding shields

burning or

burnt coals

^f>of fields.
LI

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CHAPTER

IV.

SECTION

I.

m
1 Sky, ether. 8 Heaven.

2.

{%nmH

firf**)

*t*t

World.

2 People.
1 Verse.

2 Glory.
1 Arrow. 2 Sword.

m
1 Sbakal.
4

God

of

3.

*n**lV (*rte w^ift)

water.
1

Fried

rice flattened. 2 Infant. 1 Sight, look.

w*V

(fafan^)
Hi

2 Light.
1

double

drum. 2 A large drum.


1

m 4-

Mark.

2 Flank, c ISpot. 2 Defamation.

fa*w f*w^nj

*nj:

Or WTW.. Some read KTCVS.


is c

one of these instruments


the other, at one end only.
place

a large

Some reverse the interpretations : drum beaten at both extremities j


where women
figure*

The

side above the hip,

young
act of

children in carrying them.

Also 3

A cjpher or

An

a drama.

5 Variegated or spotted.

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Chap. IV.Stel.

I.J

SUmSKR/TA DICTIONARY.
1 ter.

399-

Acarpen2 The

chief of snakes, a
1

Crystal.

2 The sun. b*

m
1

Wind.

Brahma.

3 Sun. 4 SouE
6 Head. Water, c
1 8hriTeiIe<f grain. 2 Brerity. <t

mn

1 An owl. 2 Root of a tail, e

Water-pot. f

A Buddha
saint,
ta

or

1 Cubit,

span.

(sfiil%) infta
*

(l^Z ^) SfW (%;?^^t ^ *wnd


shaped like snakes,

Scorpion,

An

integrant
j

part,

Or

of demi-gods

regions.

Also I Speaker of the prologue to a drama.

abiding in the infernal b Also 8 As'


is

clepias gigantea. 4 Copper. 5 title of Indra. d Others say, ^Celerity. 3 Lump of boiled rice. That
tailf

Also 7 Joy.

of an elephant's
f.

Especially a hollow Cocoanut, or gourd

Also m.

2 Hail,

m. S Pomegranate. 4
betle-ieaf.

bird

(Curlew.) m.

n.

box to hold
of

Also t Title of Gane'sa. 3 Title of


eagle.

Yama. 4 Name

Visrou's
h

spiritual

teacher.

Obstacle,

difficulty.

Whether the measure, or the forearm. * The insect . as well as the sign of the KHliac. Also, 2 The month during which the sun is in Scorpio. Likewise, 8 crab. 4 A hairy caterpillar. 5 Name of a tree <Vangueria Spinosa). S And m. f. n. 2 Contrary not consonant

Inverse.

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300
1 Gentian, a

mum a KosHi*, or
b

[Book in.

2 A fragrant
grass,

8.(wrj)

*m* (^

wfri* *re% *ctw tfir *)


l/d*

Borte of Cueorbitace*

ens plants, c
N*

white sort

of Mimosa**

(W^J^I
t Incense.

2 Heal of
I
Asafoetida.

ffo**i>) fqqn%T
Mb
g
10.

llHDBA*

Bdellium.

8 0wlt j * Diteas.e 3 Pain. 8 Pear, k


gmall. 1

(4t$^^<g**JHl||fty) 4Vfiwtf 2m

(wuiH9.T) aw:
at/am

1-*.
*

w
* Andropogon Sohoenanthas
interpretation*,
:

Gentians Chirayta, Roxb.

and

another kind.

Some, yarying the

of the Kdyaphal.

Vizt. 1 Triehosanthes diceca.

make this a name 2 Loffa Pentandra


Also 4 Night.

and Acutangla, R.
*

Likewise 3 Achyranthes aapera.


*

And

fruimeiV

Also 2 the Kdyaphal.


g

<

Likewise 3 Oileake of

sesame.
of

Asafc&tida. 5 Saffron.

Also 2 Saffron.

And m. S Name

a country. 4 Horse bred in that country. 5 Man of a low tribe* * And wrfM> *rrfv*> or *^ftf* * Also 4 Snakecateher. Likewise

& Ichneumon
dictionaries.

(?iverra
f.

mungo).

6 Title of Vibwa mjtba. 7 Skilled in

And

rftfiwft 8 Title of Gaubi' *

Name
l

of a river in

Bengal. Or

qftfw

k Also 4 *ft.

Sound

of a

drum.

Also 2 Hard.

Low,Tile.

4 poor, indigent.

5 Youngest.

m Fem. *V*T AI *>

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Chap. IV. Sect.

I.]

SVSQ8KIUTA DICTIONARY.

301

m
11. iPTTilV:

(HVNTsft)

The moon, a

(^

ift)

I^rfK*

Ale0PMd

(*l)

me
^

Ape.

(^1
.

ff*l)

Tft*^

Gold, f

m
Pain.g
1 Falsehood.

(M(fi|)

Wf^(^lTf)
*

ft

^
(t)

13.

tffcipvn*) **%

S?
1 part.
fish.

*'

^\

2 Scale of a 3 Bark.

Atso m.

f.

n.

2 Long-lived

3 This.

And m.
4

f,

A quail.
world.

Also 2 The elephant posted in the 8. E.

to uphold the

proper

name

(the author of

dictionary).

variety of the

suger-cane. Likewise n. 5 white lotos, f medicinal drag. d Ligustioum Ajowan, Roxb.

A white umbrella.
Or
else

Apiom

involu-

eratum,

R. Also 2 Comin (Oominum Cyminom).


5 In

Celoeia Cristata.

A lamp. ^tw** m
4
3 Celosia

rhetoric,

**

* Lignsticum Ajowan R.
f

cristata.

* Or Apiom tnvolocratum, R. 2 Also 2 Red orpiment. 8 Red chalk. * Likewise

a oertian elegance of construction.

2 Any thing
head.

displeasing.

3 Unfit to be done. 4 Strange. 5 Reverse.


h Also
:

Also m. 6 Addicted to an unnatural crime.


*

8 The

fore-

Likewise m. 3

A former

state of existence.

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302

VMURAK08HA,or
the

[Book III

ment on
breast.

*
(s*ft)
x
/

H. fhn*
1

rfir

*) Wist

8in.

SlVA'8

mn

&$<
Cloudiness c
1

15 -

WT
'

(?J

*^T,<*)

Agony.

Aa earring.

^*

One

of

of

Jcarthat.

108 auvarnas. Also one of 4 twarnai. Likewise one Also 3 Dirt. 4 Ordnre. 5 Sediment. 6 Levigated

powder.
c

7 The belleric myrobalan.


;

And m.

f.

8 Siufol

wicked.

Also one which has recently calved. 8 Dagger. Likewise m. 4 Proper name ; a demon slain by Kbishha. n. 5 a herd of kine. 6 Gesture of a woman. multitude or succession

Sha't

some

say,

any .trident.

Also 3

A shower

of dust*.

A milch

cow

j especially

of

clouds.

Also

2 A dark cloud threatening


Black.

rain.

fog or mist

4 Blackness.
goddess.

8 A

11

sort

6 The Goddess GaumI 7 Name of a terrific 9 A black scorpion. 10 Spikenard. of potherb. 12 A branch of a Cucumber plant. 13 A
5
female crow.

line of hair reaching to the navel.

14 Prioe of a commodity on
liquor.

credit.

15 Interest
rate.

at a

monthly

rate.

16 Spirituous

17

stain or

defect in gold, Ac. * Or, as otherwise read, 3 Interest at any stipulated 4 Action in general. Also 5 An art or profession. 6

female rope-dancer and tumbler,

s Also

2 The pericarp of a
finger.

lotos.

3 The

tip of

an elephant's trunk.

4 The middle

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Chap. IV.

Sect.

I. j

StfNGSKIl/TJ DICTIONARY.

303

16. 3lfcY^iTOlft

*wft3i%l*t)

Hand-

some. 3 Chief,
Principal, 1 Chief.

2 Other. 3 Alone. 4 One.

17.

(qmpfrre) ^ffcij fa^T^f****:) m/ n

eal.

Hypocriti* o

1 Attentive, 2 Indolent,

d
18.

(wftnnw*ft to i) *3%y (*%*ni)


m

ISide of a bill.
2 Bracelet* 3 Circle. 6
thorn. paltry foe. 3 Hair on end. f
1

A
A

The
him

following admit the three genders.


Also,

b Also m. 3

A god,
far

general or leader of an army.


;

t One who never looks

before

bat steps with caution for fear of treading on insects,


his

d Watchful of

master's looks.

2 Careless or incapable
Also 4

of work.

3 Mode
army.
fault.

of embrace.

Also

ring on an elephant's tooth. 5


'

An

metropolis.

7 Sea

salt.

fishbone.

5 Finding

This and the preceding line are omitted by most commentaries.

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304

{7M7IU KOSH4,

or

[Book III.

SECTION
1 Bright-

II.

m
19. iran*

ness.

3 Ray

f light.

3 Flame, a

(fiw.z^c rrarre ) #

A bee. An arrow. An aurifer1

ous gem. b

Organ of sense, c
1 Ray of light.

20.

(^fip*T%*fiOfirS
SECTION
IIIt

2 Flame, d

moun1 tain. 2 tree, e

Wind.

2
1

An arrow, f An arrow.

2 The sun.
8
1

A
A

bird,

(<i4ru:)
21.

mr.

bird.

2 The sun. h
1 Areca.
i

*nft

(uf*** <*)

2 Multitude.

>-*T.
* Also
shell,

***
And t The
4 Heaven.

*nr.

4 Beauty.

bones of the forehead, m. n. S A.


figures.

a conch.

4 In numeration, the twelfth place of


5 The sky.

Also

2 Vacuity.

3 A cypher.

6 Auspioiousness.

d Likewise 3

branch.

A
n.

radicant branch. 5 Crest of a peacock.

6 Lock of hair on the head. 4 The sun. 4


'

7 Chief, principal

Also 3

A serpent
*

Likewse m.

f.

3 Fleet, moving with speed.


6 A god. 7 Sound. h Also 3

Abo
Neut.

A planet.

grasshopper.
*

A grass-

hopper.
Its nut.

4 Brasil-wood.

Masc.

The palm (Areca

faufel).

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Chap.

IV

Sect.

III.]

8*7NG8KR/Tj1 DICTIONARY.

305

(mftl Sfa) Wnr


*

Cattle, a

'

1 Pollen of Rowers. 2 Dust, c

(H$

Sfk)

mH*Ml%W

An

ele-

phant. d

^H?TW (f*IW% Sfo**) Acirceton v * 'the forehead, e

23.

9?h

(fSM

H Hu qftuK jm
fi
i

ei

qfgy) >>'

**"
f

2 Relinquish-

ment,
1

Armour. 2 Means, g

24. iftn:

(* ^rrfipnrn%^ *to*%t:)
mj

lf'
2Hire.h
deer,
i

Likewise 2 Deer. 3

An elephant
(the

with white marks

on

his
b
c

fore*

head.

constellation

head of Orion).
or wind.

5 Search.
of

Also

3 Rapid

transition, as of

mind

4 Call

nature.

And

3 Fragrant powder. Also 4 Eclipse. 5 Coral, <* Also wms. 2 A snake (Coluber naja: and a sort of demigod shaped as a serpent). 3

A cruel person.
ferxea.

4 Name
7 Rottlera

of

a country. 5 tn comp. Pre-eminent.

6 Mesua

tinctoria,

R.

8 Cyperus pertenuis, R. 3 The sacred


fig-tree

Likewise wnnp:.
(Ficus religiosa).
f

race of mountaineers.

Also 2 Corner of the eye. 3

A lame

or

maimsection.

ed person. 5 Junction.

Likewise

3 Certainty.

chapter

or

5 Creation. Also 6 Perseverance. * And 3 Meditation. 4 Union. Also 6 Keeping a fixed posture. 7 Lucky conjuncture.
astrology

8 In
ing.

A mode of reckoning
of

the moon's

longitude.

And
4

3 Expanded head
6 Nurture.
elephant. 5

a serpent.

4 Body of a serpent. Also 5 Eatn.


*

And m.
6

f.

3 Variegated.

Also m.

An

A bee.

peacock.

Or WTCJf :

Mm
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306

miUKA KOSH^.
25 Owft ^) ****:

or

[Booh IIL

An

ape. a

Curse.

2 Defeat, b

A yoke. 2 A pair.
3

An

age. c.

Heaven.

2 3

An arrow A bull.
d

26.

^^ Mq^M^r

4 Speech,

^gfiq^i
m/ e

mark.
f
#

2 Privy part,
1

fa** (fil*
27. if fp

W%T:)

Preferableness.

2 Summit, g
1

(ilT*T*nJT*faO

The head.

2 Privy part, h

^tw

(*dhitftT:)

Prosperii

ty,

wr (^w*m*TW^^w^fwr)
A
c

Also 2

frog.

3 Sort of bird (a diver).


b Also

4 The dawn: the

charioteer of

the sun.

3 Oath.

4 Groundless imputation.
Kali.

5 Embrace.

The KrUay Tretd, Dwdpara, and


cubits.
eye.

Also 4

measure of four
or quarter.

And 5 The
ray of light.

thunderbolt.

region

An

8
*

The

earth.

10 Water.
or even
token.

Likewise 11 The sun.


neut.
in

Masc. in some senses


virile.

and

fern,

others.

Membrum
8

Also

sign

or

4 The

Symbol
fern.

of

Siva.

01 a mountain.

Likewise 5

A home.

Also
plant.

A sort of fish

(Silurus
*

pungentissimus).

A poisonous

Pudendum
7 Care.

muliebre.

Or 2 Beauty.

And

3 Love, desire.

Pudendum

muliebre. 5 Excellence (virtue, knowledge, &c.) 6 Strength,

Vigour.

8 Glory, fame.

And m.

n. 9

One

of the twelve suns.

Also 10 The Moon.

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ChafAV.

Sect. V.]

SUNGSKKHA DICTIONARY.
SECTION
IV.

307

T Destruct-

28.

itf^; (itfWT?*

TO

jw)
1M

tioo. 2

An

iron club, a

Multitude. A current, b

^
m/n
29-.

1 Price.

2Modeof
adoration, c 1 Sin. 2 Pain. 3 Passion.

(fW*w7

tfq)

**
SECTION
V.

Pleagingd>

m
faq^ni* Pllft
^l)

*W
**

1 Reverse.

2 Copiousness, g

so.

(mm* *rw*i <(% WT Wlfin)


/
Or 3
b

montlL h

A dab
Of

armed with

iron.

4 In astrology, One of the


c

Y6ga*.

water.

Also 3 Succession.

Or

of

showing respect,
load.

d Also 2 Small.
1

3 Light.

And
*

n.

4 Quick.

For suspending a
illusion.

And 3

A disease of

the eye.

And 3

Error or

Prolixity.

5 Abundance. Also 6 Delusion. h That of A^ihddPha or of Jyaisht^ha. Or 4 The Hot season. 5 The sentiment of love. And m, f. n. 6 Pure.
7 White.
6 Beauty^
*

And

ray of light.

Or 4

Intentncss.

5 Spbndonr.

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308

UMURA

KOSHii,

or

[Book III.

SECTION

VI. a

1 Clear. 2 bear, b

31.

(if^t ^W^W.) ^

J^J

cluster.
HI

2 Sort of necklace, c
1

Hem

of a

garment, d

SECTION

VII.

1 A peacock. 2 VlSHNU'i

32

(ifcfSwiTOT*.)

sf^I^V

bird.
1

tooth.

A regenerate

man. e 1 Vishnu.
2 Siva. 3
goat, f
1

m
(irremfrro) a*?:
33.
win

A cowpen. A road, g
A

deified 1 saint.

Tama, h
elephant's
i

An

tooth,

ire t faa
b Also 3 Crystal. d
e

$fa *r fararcw)
most com-

The

stanza, constituting this section, is omitted by

mentators.

Likewise 3

A clump.

A multiUde
first tribes.

or assemblage.

And m.

f.

n.

(some say m.) 2 Bask or chore. Also m.

'

3 Sort of tree (Hibiscus Populneoides} And 3 An oviparons animal: a bird, Ac.


6

Of the three
s

Also 4 Brahmd.

Cupid.

sheep.

7 Proper name

Sob

of
i

Raghu.

And 3

A multitude,

h Also

3 Title of YuiThist'hiba.

Likewise 2

An

arbour.

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Chap. IV.

Sect.

VIII.]

SlTNG8Kn/Tii DICTIONARY.
1

309

_^

_.

field.

2 A

/ 1/

woman.

34.

(** *tft

*wt)

far:

g^J.

(** f*w) f*m ifww)

>

sg^.

SECTION

VIII.

*.

Jt

1 Thought.

8 Hint, d

36. ^nrtfc

fafririV)

1 A phjiidan.2 A wise

d'ha. e

* Also

8 War.

b Also 3

acaUngalA).

And

n.

Mawwamiari. 4 A tree (Eugenia c And m. f. n. % Skilful * Also Lotos.

i Proper name; the wife of the eon.

First of the lunar raoe.

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310

imURA

KOSHiC,

or

[Booh HI.

8BUTION IX.

crow, a

(*T%*nrcsh)

**&
(*wms*^) w&t

An elephant's cheek. 2 The hip. b


1 Bald.

2 Without
prepuce,
1

37. firfir^r (^t

wfr f**fi *%*tf)


Ug
wct
n

divine

artist, f

(^fiiift*ifir)

Destiny,

Pungency.

38.

ft%)

**
*

Improper
act.
i

^ far*
39.

2n

til*

*m<tfi*WflV)

1 Happiness. 111 luck, j

Happiness.

2 Misery, k
1 Illusion,

2 Fraud.

(*rnnf>wwa v

qHrvrorcifire

And 2 An And
f.

elephant's cheek. Also 3

A person

4 One following a blamable profession.


body.
fqrft).

speaking nonsense. b Also 3 A mat. 4 A dead

5 Long pepper.

Norn. *zi. Bat some, by a

slight variation of the reading

and

interpretation,

make

qrf?: the

term

in both acceptations

or else f?* And qrz*.

d Naturally so.

Or $

A leper. 4 Title
1

of Siva. 5 Krshn'a. And f*ufw or frftfro* Vis'wak arm a' Also 2 A carpenter. 3 In mythology, One of the twelve

sons,

Or tot
*

(w*).

h Also m. 2 Time.
f.

And m.

f.

n.

3 Envious.

4 Fierce. 5 Displeasing. Also


Catuci.

6 Mustard. 7
ill

medicinal plant, vulg.

And 3 The

reverse of

luck. Also

4 Destruction. 5 Sin,
Likewise m. Garlic.

k Also 3

Sign of death.

4 Spirituous

liquor.

6 Melia azadderekht. 7

crow.

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Chap. IV.

Seel.

IX.]

S tfNGSKR/Til DICTIONARY.

311

*%r** ihr*$
/

^Tf
I

*z (f*T*)

J^ySummit,
5
instant,

4 kfa?P ^iwf^fef^^rn^n^^^riftrfR ^t) damTm.


*

2*An b

_
.

g.
.
. -

-.

^
_
,

lEndofa
bow. 2 Kmi-

nence. c
1

A root. 2 Clotted
hair,

1 Consequence. 2 Opulence, e
1

'

Knowledge

/
*.
/

Tit

(;.

~.

sacrifice.
f

(^1R8TJT:)

2 Desire,

^f (f^f^T *$
w/ *
42.

faf)

1 Certain,
1 Painful.

**
m/
it

({J

W*0R*5f)

2 Difficult-

rc

(it

wftnft *)

1 Diligent.

Skilful,

'-ft.

Of a mountain. And 6 Ploughshare. 7 Body


8 Uniform substance
10
(as the etherial element,
1 1

of

a plough.

&c). 9
4

trap for deer.


b

A hammer.

Likewise
c

A jar.

12

Name

of a plant.

And 3 An
5

atom. 4 Doubt.

And 3 Edge
verse,

of a weapon.

A corner or angle.

In numeration, Ten millions.


f

d Also 3 Spikenard.
ff

Also 3 Praise.

Likewise 3
f.

A memorial
f.

The
h

subject of ascertainment

And

m.

n.

3 Much. Also
*

4 Creation.
attainable,

Or
J

^jw*.

Likewise Created,
Fierce*

fabricated.

Not

easily

And 3

4 Cruel.

5 Hale. Also m. 6

A plant (Trichosanthes dioica)

n. 7 Salt*

Digitized by

VjOOQ IC

312

UmrKA

KOSHil,

or

Book

III.

SECTION X.

Siva, a

m
1 Thesto.

mack. 2
granary,

A
b

43.

(V.%) /

%re r (nn^c

f^r wbaim)

1 Confirmation, c

1 Excellence.

2 Limit.
3. Region,

tn/n
44.

Pre-eminent.e
1 Very young. 2 Small, f

(f*v

*^t (tfnri

ffi?)

mn
A staff, g
1

TOt (rit wig?

tfir

?snj)

A globe or
Raw
fa

ball. 2

soger,

A 2 A
1

serpent. carnivorous beast, i

45 (MM*Tmi<w
.

(*nvV

1 1TTWT.
* Also

A peacock.

A blue jay (Coracias Indies,


Own.

Ac.) 4

A galii-

nule.

And 3 An
;

apartment. Also 4

And 2
Or

Disappearance*

3 Destruction. Or 4 Stop. 5 Steady


measure of time

practice.

quarter.

Also 4

18 twinklings of an eye. 5

A place.

A A plant

Wood. Also 2 Eldest. 3 Very old. Likewise m. 4 The month so called. And f. 5 The constellation. ' Abo 3 Youngest And f. 4 The little finger. * Likewise 2 A
Anthorhisa). Likewise n- 7

(Amomum

measure of four cubits.

A churning stick.

A measure A stem

of time

24 minutes. 5 Punishment. 6
7

YAMA j
<fec.

the Judge of the next world.


or trunk.

A companion
f.

of the sun.

A column

of troops* 9

b Also

3 Euphorbia Timcalli,

As a

tiger, <*c.

Also 3

wicked man.

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Chap IV.

Sect.

XL]

SffNGSKR/lM DICTIONARY.
.

313

*IHMIlfWIJ *T TWTt

1/
v

/b
.

* 1 A cow. 2 The earth. 3 Speech, a

m
46.

*T^T
ten*)

(**ft
n

^5*mn^TTO?*Tftr)

in'SU.e

mt^ (wt^TM^ rot mrfwnft) lwy ot


SUCTION
XI.

47.

<nwfir*lT^ wn#

KL. g
Much.

nil* ;wjk^t:)

1
'

2 Difficult, h
1 Able. 2 Bulky,

*nft (cfrmriwft)
1

55*
b

WT.
of

And 4 Wife
is

of

Bodha and daughter


ways.
c

Ikshwa'ku.

The

word

written

both

Likewise 2

3 Venom.

d Equivalent to

24 minutes.

A war whoop. And m. ,Also 2 A pipe or tube. 3 A


6 The hollow stalk of

vein or artery. 4

The

guts. 5

A fistulous
A
chapter.

sore.

lotos, Ac.

And 2 Bad. 3
i

Or 4

Likewise 6 Opportunity. 7 Water. Also 3

A horse. 5 Multitude. A Cluster or a shrub. 9 A

branch of a
capital.

tree.

Some
*

say, his saddle.

Also 4

An

ornament.

And 2 A vessel. 3 Stock or Some make the term indeclinable.


3
Strong.

Or 3 Pain. 4 Firm
J

Also

Firm.

Confirmed.

6 Much.

Likewise 3 Large.

Nn

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sn
1 Child.

tmi/RA KOSH^.

or

[Book

ill.

Human

48.

foetus.

V% wW^5V)
m

1 Son of Bali. 2 An arrow, a


1

A particle. 2 Eye of
corn,
1

m
(wsrft tot)

Multitude, c 1 A stake at play. 2 Wages,


1

w.

A bow
50.

a.,
(f^<4im<f^|^ qiKaftdtftq*^:)
m
*

string.

2 Quality, e
1 State of be-

ing unemployed, f
1 Tribe.

*ror:

2 Colour, g

mn
V

m
1

The Sun. h

Siva,

^rnn

{vf ro)
wi

raven.

_____
a

Sound, k

(t%* t*e:

Also 3 Sound.
b Also 3

And

rn.

f.

plant (blue Barleria).

Wages

of

weaving.

spark of any gem.


c

And
weight

f.

4 Long pepper.
d

Cuminum cyminum.

And 2

S'iva's attendants.

And
5

3 Price.

4 Wealth. 5
tale,
1

commodity. 6 Business. 7

two

tolas.

8 In
cook.

twenty gandds of cowries.

And

3 Epithet. 4

A rope.

And

minute of time (the 6th part of a ghat'l


3

some say the


5 Dance and

l2th part of a muhurta).


song.
bet.

A moment.
Also m.
*

festival.

* Also h

3
f.

Praise. 4 Narration, ra. n. 5


n.

letter of the

Alpha-

And m.

2 Dark

red.

3 The Charioteer of the

sun.

4 The dawn.

And
3

f.

5 Madder.
spear.

And m.

n.

pollard, or
i

trunk of a lopped

tree.

A
2

nest of termites,

And
of

measure

of capacity. 3

Proper name: the military preceptor


n.

the

Pdn'dava.8.

And m.

War,

battle.

This stanza

is

omitted

by many commentators*

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Chap. IV. Sect.

XL]

SUTSGSKB.ITA DICTIONARY.

315

m
52. flllRft

(^Tfq% ^*f%

^
v

^mRTfin f*l)

A barber, a

/c
/
53.

vfaft fen'ipft ^Tnfh*rr vftm


,/

tt)

a go?den imaged

/ /
e

*
* Inirst.

/
/

fafaRHl*

ifil)

ft^f^r:

market.

/
/ ,
j

g
a.
*

\^5^TJW|* %) s

mm^mmmmmmmm m

Spirituous

IT^U

liquor.

2 The

west.

55

*^5
91

(f*t *ft%*)

A female elephant, h

jfm fa wtf

wan*)

1 Strength. 2 Wealth.]

house.

2 Preserver, k

^rw (qw%
a

jfir ^r)

A
village.

lotos.

1.

And m.
c

n.

2 Excellent 3

A superintendent of

And

A circle

of hair between the eye-brow?: esteemed

a token of great-

ness.

Or

H<ut.
c

And

3 Green, Also 4 Sort of metre. 5

A descrip-

tion of

women.
h

Also m. 2

deer.

Likewise 2
2. 2.

An
J

iron image.

Also 2
sale.

A stall or shop. See Book And m. A male elephant.


spinosa and longifolia.

II. ch,
*

commodity for
Also 3 Gold.
Also-

Or fem. ^*r.
*

k Likewise 3 Preservation. 4 Killing.

Nelumbium speciosum.

t Premna

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316

VUURA KOSHJ,

or

[Book III.

1 Poison.

2 War. a
1

se (iMiff HHWfti ) *fh*r (rife

** f*i)

Proof.

2 Limit, b

Instrument.

2 Field, c
1 Birth.

2 Unresisted

march
troops,

of

58.
1 Food vomited. 2 Raising, e

W*?T1W)
ni

(*mf*;s)
1 A horn. 2 Elephant's

mfn
/ n

tooth.

Declivity.

2 Humble, h
1 Miscellaneous. 2 Im-

59

Si sw (in?fin^it irf *n s *rar*)


2*

m/n
IH/flj

pure,

1 Desert.

2 8alt and
barren
soil.

Or 3 Death. 4
salt.

Iron.

5
n.

A.

weapon.

Any

thing metallic

7 Haste. 8 Sea
b

And

m.

f.

9 Sharp. 10 Hasty* Also m. 11 Nitre.


c

And

3 Sacred ordinance. 4 Quantity. 5 Authority. 6

And

3 Body.

4 Organ of sense. Also 5 Canse. m.

tribe

sprung from the third

and fourth
5
h

classes.

d
e

Or 3 Beginning
of water

of war.
well.

And 4

A highway.

Or
of a

A resting
And m.
3

place.
f

tree, &c.

As And Htro*
*

from a

Or 3 Eradicating
f.

The

following admit the three genders.


n.

A place where four

roads meet. Also m.

4 Generous.
*

5 Principal.

Or 3 Mixed. 4 Of an impure

or mixed tribe.

And

1W*.

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Chap. IV.

S4ct.

XII.]

StfNGSKR/TJ DICTIONARY.

817

SECTION

XII.

In
60.

wft) ft^RlV
S

god.

2 The sun.

vwift
m

(ivj4vi)

A A

river.

2 The sea. a
1

bird.

2 VlSHNU'8
bird.
1

The Indian
2A

vulture.
5flR

bird,

61. (*n*RqiifV)

wn%w
^

1 Fire. 2 comet, o 1

cloud.

A mound

m
6mg
7m
62.

tain,

hand.

2 The asterfem. e

m$t
8i/

(wiw^i)

Wind.

2
1

A deity.
An
A
ele-

**IT (*fiffH% ^%)

phant driver.
2
chario-

TUT (im^
fannnw
finrc) ifart

iftef^) 2 A a

teer, h holder. 1

nouriah-

er.i 1

A boat 2 A young
j

animal,

iTw:

(ht*to^

w?r)

1 departed soul, k

1_^.

S_;j.
7
f . n.

ijf.
sir.

6n or w.
*

*T.

*-w.
b Like-

ft.
f.

\lso m

3 Juicy,

4 Goddess of speech. 5
star.

A river.

wise 3
called

An

insect.

Also 3

A falling
;

d Likewise

3 The plant

Dtmtbr.

Corvus.

Also 3 An elephant's trunk. 4


pre-eminence.
*
!

cubit.

5 (Iu composition with %*) multitude


order. Also n.

4 Medicago esculents*
person
k

m.

f.

n. 3

Any

who

restrains.
f.

And

Of a

particular

or ir^W:.

h Likewise
J

m. 3

A husband.

Also

3 Site of a house*

And m.

n.

2 Dead.

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318

m/LURA KOSHif,

or

[Book

iir.

1 The moon's descending uodc. a

63.

(vt$\

^) %g:
(qrftr% !r3t) ^ir:
sfw)

2 A
1

king. sou. b
archi-

An

tect, c
1

wf?r: (^rr*^

A mountain.

2
1

A king.
A
king,

im *QFt
$4.

(HfW^ *%)

^frfa^ faft tf*)


m
2

A woman's
courses',

Vishnu,
1

Cart-

wright 2

A
g

charioteer,

Wise, learned,
1

65.

nm (unT
4m

*fir)

A science.
i

2 An example,
1

Charioteer.

porter,

1 Topic.

2 Mode, k

]_,.
a

!_*.

*_.

Reckoned as the ninth planet. 2

flag

or standard.
son.

or symbol. 4

comet. 5
c

An

enemy.

Or 3

A king's
A
4 Chief.

3 A mark And 4 fern*.

^ht> a daughter.
a
sacrifice to

Or 2

A head
mixed
2

carpenter. Also 3

person performing
d
1st

the planet Jupiter.

And m.
class

!.

n.

Or 2

A man
A
*

of the military tribe. 3

sprang from the


spring,

and 2d. 4

chief minister.

And

A season
f.

summer, &c.

Also

^rftnr:.

2 One of the Jinas. m.


n.

n.

3 Unconquered.

And

*rani'-

2 Siva-

The Supreme

soul.

Any

invisible principle,

m.

f.

n.
1st..

5 Indistinct. * Likewise 3

A mixed class sprung


3

from the 2d and

4 Quicksilver, m.
1

f.

n.
J

5 Generated. h Also 2 Evident 3 Ascertained.

Likewise 3 Death.

And

A mixed class sprung from the 4th and.

2d. 4
slave.

One sprung from the 4th and 3d. Likewise 5 Son by a femalo k And 3 Whole. 4 Rumour. Story.

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Chap.

IV

Stet.

XII.]

8VNG$KRTIA DICTIONARY.
1

319

m
stage,

War. 2 a

^ 6 WTT^PI T

(^^T^TifPpn^nWW^)
In

Yama.
b

2 Right conclusion,

m
ft

69 (^TfRBHI^T:) WfilTC
-

1 An iron spear.

2 Power, e

(f^HT^^ftt) *

*Tflf*PC

Expansion. creeping

2/

rtlnnf plant.

70.

:wr*n:)

*.

iM
4

fa

Tf*
15.

(Wn^r:) iSSfcl
*fSi or ^ft.
W.

Jfe^, ^
1

Or 3

A theatre.

Name

of a

Country on the N.

coast of

India. 5 Inhabitant of that country.

b Demonstrated doctrine.
bile.

And
earth,

3 Destiny. 4 Sinful act


part:

Viz. phlegm, wind and


3

2 Constituent
j

as

blood,- ffesh,

marrow, &c.

The primary elements

water,

fire, air,

and

ether.

4 Their qualities, odour, flavour, colour,


of
sense, nose, tongne, eye,
;

touch, and sound. 5


ear. 6 Fossil.

The organs

skin

and

7 Metal. 8 Root of words

crude verb.

The king's

private palace, or apartments of his

women. Also 2 The

king's wife, or

concubine.
f

Likewise 3 Energy of a divinity: as GAURi^of


8
1

Siva.
*

*%

or *nft

Or a

definite form.

h jptf??: or *nf?r:.

Also

3 Stay, abode.
*fit:

Likewise 3 Expense.

4 Exclusion.

Some add

and qfai.

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320

VMURA K08HX,

or

[Book.

HI.

1 Pain. 2 End of a bow.

pi Kind or sort. 2 Birth,

b
1 Usage.

i/
7i.
(i

2 Oozing, c
1

mmg Oi
s

^ftn:
fcfii

Calamity

of season,

,f#riwni%n)

1 Gain. 2 Obtaining, e

(^r

*fa*Tfc) vrfir.

Three saf

crificial tires.

am (w
72-

*fa*3r *^)

A
1

harp, g

(*talV$

jfa) ***?ffr

Ashes.

2 Success, h
1 River of snakds. 2 City of serpents, i

(l^WMMIWi
73.

2/ *fr*raw#

(***^
1

Combat.

2 Company.
8 Assembly.
1

^9t

WFlt)

^rfiffini

Wane,

loss.

2 Adode. j
1

Sun-beam.

2 Weapon.

3 Flame.
1

The world.

/
74.

2 Sort of
metre, k

vnft faith ^r^rfairw rfir famnfq)


1-f*.

*ft.

3fif.
And 2 Travelling And t Second age

Or *Tf&.
e

b Also 3

Sort of metre. 4 Jasmin. 5 Nutmeg.

6 Lineage*
abroad'
of

Likewise 3 Brass. 4 Scoria of metals* d


Rise*

Or 3

4 Improvement,
h Also

success*

the world*

&

Na'rada's

lute with

100 (some say seven) strings.

2 Solanum melongena.
oneself invisible,
regions. Also m.

Super-human power, as rendering


*

Ac

4 Production.

Both

situated in the
J

infernal

ntr-THI

I*q} A
k

serpent.

Also 3 The earth.

4 Period of general destruction*

And

3 The earth.

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Chap. IV. Seel. XIL]

SUyQSKMTA DICTIONARY.

321

4fw

(*w%

rfq

?v*
1/

1 A metre. 2 Ten. a

(^naw*
75. nf5f| (if

$fa

^Mfo:

Majesty or diguity. b
Motion, c

^ *)
(*% s) TOfr:
(*ro*N3rr.)
*r)

Root of a

wing, d
1

wafii (^Tftrftnf

Origin.

2/

2 Sex. e
Style of com-

/P

i.

position, f

76. finniT: (^ITPf*Tfa)

Sand.

g.

/
1

Holy

scrip-

ture. 2 ear. i

An

Beloved

woman,

77.

^jfir:

(fijfirwnf

rfir)

A
1

cavern, k

Holding. 2 Steadiness.
1

eggplant. 2 A metre,
1

An

**-..

2ftr.
time.
foot

Also 3
of

row.

b Likewise 2 Breadth. 3 Future

4 Ressoldier.

traint

mind.

Also 2

platoon.

And

in.

And 2 First day of a lunar month. Or 3 Pudendum muliebre. And 4 Natural disposition. 5 Material nature. 6 Original matter. 7 Root of a word. f And 2 Livelihood or profession. 3 Exposition or
* Also 2 Sandy
!

gloss.

ground.

3 Stony nodules. h

the singular number.


of a musical tone.
J

Likewise 3 Listening. 4

rumour. 5
3 m.
f.

Some admit A quarter


n.

Or 2

woman

in general.

Solicited,

begged.

Or 2 A
l

hole in the ground.

sink.

Also

prison.

5 Concealment. Y6gas. And m. 5


mantle.

Likewise 3 Satisfaction. 4 One of the astrological


religious ceremony.

m And

largo lute.

Oo
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822

UMURA X0SH4,

or

{Booh III.

A woman. A female

78.

elephant, a
1 Livelihood.

wTf%m (^fNfwt^)

2 Rumour, c

n
1 Chaff.

2 Health, d
Water, e
Silver.

2 Gold.

m
1 Cause.

2 Token.

n
1

Science. !

The gold-

en age. 2 Enough, g 1 Great dread. 2 Valiant act.

(gwviHiiK)
n
so.

win

*wTf*?i (wvnftfir: ?rJHti^i *)


(s*T n

An
1

ele-

ment, h
Verse.
i

*nro%) f (unwfft wt
^ffa*
f?!18

fit*)

2 Conduct,

81. fcll (*TO

**!^ I*f*TO%)

Realm.)
1

Calumny, k

pnfof
n.

(*frt

^n%H^t
b

fins)

*
c

Also

3 The cry of

birds,

m. I

n.

4 Perfumed.
f.

Or wrfowT.
e

Or 3

A profession.
butter.

4 News*

And m.

n.

3 Healthy.

And
m.
f.

2 Liquid

Also ^ipf.

3 Nectar. 4 Residue of a
'

sacrifice.

5 Unsolicited alms. 6 Exemption from transmigration.


n.

And
b

2 Heard. 3 Understood.
f.

* Also m.

f.

n.

3 Done. 4 Hurt
9

And

m.
li.

n.

2 Right. 3 True. 4 Past 5


being,

(in oonposition) Like.


ro.

6 Been. Also

A living
f.

m.

n.

A demon. And

A class of demi-gods*
3 m.
f.

And m.
4

n.

3 Past 4 Firm. 5 Round. 6 Studied. 7 Covered. Also n.


J

8
f.

Profession.

Also m. 2 The

intellectual principle.
f.

n. Great,

A harp

or large lute. k

And m.

u.

2 Blamed, censured. 3 \Vicked.

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Chaf. IV.

Sect.

XII.}

SVNG8K.RITA DICTIONARY.

32fr

Kwf (^t^
*

*n*r

fa%

fi**)

1 A necklace. 2 Silver, b

lm/n

WT|

(T5F *W) # mfn>

locomotive,

T* ( ^l^<|fit

*)

Wed,

tinged.

m/n

3 Clean.

(*if

riN**

nff^r.) tfpfftj

m/

Cm^l *^) wfHto

L!^mp ?
,

And m.
f.

f. n.

2 White, m.
cowry*

mountain-,

$ Name of an inland. 4 Name of & * Or, according to a different reading*


f..n*

3 Gold (Ex. JTfTOnf). And m.


the three genders.

4 White.

The
'

following admit

* Also

n.

% The world, m. 3 Air.

Also t Red.

3 Pond.

And n.

4 Blood. 5 Copper. 6 Saffron.


h

Alec

Destroyed.

And
Or 5

f.

4 Clayed sugar.

Impatient.

* Or 3 Much ornamented. And 4 Patient* Or % Adorned. 3 Excellent. 4 Prepared. And n*

5 Language grammatically correct


king of serpents (Sbha).
grass (Agrostis
I

Likewise m. % Vishnu. 3
.

Th*

linearis).

L 4 The earth. 5 The goddess Pa rvati 6 A 7 A myrobalan. n. 8 The sky or atmosphere*


k

Also. &

Known* 4

Respectful.

Likewise 3 Fit

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824

WAURA KOSH A,
85.

of

[Book III.

Pure.

2 Desert, a
1

fafaft farfwft)

Foolish.

tall,

2 High, b
1

*fe tit fawner?)


/
(ft

Sour

Vinegar. 2 Harsh.

*jwir*A) jpit
m/nc

White.

2 Black.

True.

2 Right, d
1 Revered. 2 Distrest by
foes, e

86.

(*f *r*T fa^sr* m/


ft

*w$

pnf&t

<*)

*^

1 Secure, f

87

from*

(*rr*raT*nft

*wi$3* ^i
mfn

wh^)

1 Produced.

2 High, g

m/n
1 Increas-

ed,

88.

Sf5*?mg?ffaW)
/

Respectful. 2 Respected.
1

*3b

Or

Lonely.

Also

3 Discriminated,

And

Insensible.

fafmift\fW.
Pa'rvati'
e

Alsofofm. d And 3 Being,

existing.

4 Excellent.

(w$\). 6 A faithful wife. T The goddess Or 3 Facing the enemy and endeavouring to overcome him. 4 Placed in front. * As an abode, t Calm, free from wind. 3 Safe,

5 Respected, venerable. Fern.

as strong armour.

And

3 Grown

large.

And t

Endeavouring.
.

3 Born or produced.

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Chap. IV. Sed. XIV.)

8UNQ8KB.ITA DICTIONARY.

325

SECTION

XIII.

n
89- (frijwitiShfr) ?ftwn (*fl*iei3l m/ n

^jm)

wat^b
i

vwr

(fin*I wfira

^wpt fa?
*

jftr ^i)

powerful, c

90. *u*ffojft

WforennrtT)
/
/

v^ow!'

BBCTION XIV.

91. (^rftflronOT)

w^^t* *

opinion. 2 Subjection.

And 3
b

Thing. 4 Purpose.

5 Prohibition. 6 Object. 7 Causes*


;

8 Request.
especially

And 2

Sacred science. 3 Holy spot ristted by pilgrims

sacred

water.

4 Holy

instructor.

Sacrifice.
line.

And

2 Connected
tion,

in sense.

3 Benevolent.

d Also

2A

3 Terrace is
*

front of a house. 4

A shop.
f

5 Sort of drama.

likewise 3 Considera-

regard.

State.

And
;

measure of quantity*
last.

Some

write

w^>

in both acceptations

others in the

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326

UtiUBA ROSEA,

or

[Sook III.

a
m
1 A ray of Hght. 2 a foot b

AC%

-^

a.

92.

tot fcwrfiwwrnnr) ^

i
.

m
,,\

The moon. 2 Fire. 3 The


1

sun.
111 report,

m
c

(*H$.mU*W Wl^;) %

/_.

*s __.

f*IWT^T

(*HWT^

ffa)

m
2i

cry.d

93.

(^rra%

*f^ m?nT) w% fa** *tf)


(i^T* 4^)

Favour, e

faT?0 'WT^T

A cowherd, g 94. (iftYWtf $fa) 5tlft*^I


Joy.h

(f?

fl*j) tfr*

(**0

*V

W
*

1 Chief.

"'

(*t*t* **firihi ctt*)


1^,
or

**Ww*>
A root
fc

^.
3

WT

*T
4
5

Or ***T3:

And

A fourth
a
stansa.

part. Also

mea-

sure of a verse, or one verse of

Likewise

Disregard. 3

controversy decided. 4 Absence of

contest.

d Exclamation in pain, or

simply a cry.

in general, or
of the
f

And % Lamentation, with or without noise. 3 A defender 4 An abetter of an enemy who attacks in the rear
5
Terrific

army.

war.

Also

fc

Brightness.

3 Cleanness.
h Likewise

Likewise %

Split pease.

A cook.

* Also 2 Kbshha.

qrpita:*

3 Inebriating

I Fragrancy; delightful odour. And mqt. 2 Intoxication. liquor. 4 Insanity. 5 Pride* 6 The juice exuding from the
*

temples of a rutting elephant.

And

Hump of a bull.

4 Summit oB

hill.

Or

fern.

Wf\ (ty
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<Chap. IV. Seel.

XIV.] StfNGSKR/Tii

DICTIONARY.

27

1/
95. (qftfofcwi

(wwiim Art wki ftw w)j g


*'

ledge-

1 Religions

"

The sultry

96.

q* ^

(*Rf%f*l
.

a umgmmiryiai)
s^v

gg;
d

^^ ^

fffaPT (%fa1| *JTOl

1 Spot frequcnted by

kine.

(w*um?^ i*wi) *i^t: LE


98.

far) >| N

!?&*
g

(nWRTTHft^T)

As
4

in

battle.

And 3 Agreement,
Privacy. Also 3

contract,

4 War, combat,
of

5 Name.
ture.

And I
c

The
d

theological portion

scrip-

Principle.

And

3 Place. 4 Mark. 5 Token. 6 Foot. 7 Foot-

step.

8 Thing. 9 Word. 10 Sound.


as a cow's footstep
*
will

And

A roesaure of quantity j
And m, 4

as

much

hold.

3 Gentle.

And

3 Slow. 4 Unlucky. 5

And 3 A place. ' And Low (a tone). Also m. 6 The

planet Saturn,
year, f .

h Also 3 Produced in the sultry season.


.

A title of Durga

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328

UMURA

KOSHit,

or

[Book III.

SECTION XV.

1
fig tree.

Body.

^fw: (*n* ^rfir.)


99.

1 Ayoke for burdens. 2 A

(l^TfT^ *!**) f^ft '


x

highway, b

*W* (* ?ft)
x

rfa trTat a sacrifice, d


i

*ftf (^RWlftr. *

IWUff^ 2a
)
3 in

a pledge, loo. A calamity.


e

(w*r ar^ir^ii: flwfa^HH) *m*a:


(^| J *

reconcilf

ing of differennes.

WW?! 4 |*fiWH^) WPWI


m
)

ST
1

01

101

(^^"f
1

******

(^Twawrfff^TO^

^J^Hl^lfilfif {Witt *wnaiq<i-ri3)

2 The moon.

SSSa.

102

'

^ ^^
fft.
arras.

1*.

ft.

Measured by the extended

A load.

Spelt both ways.

b Or 3 Storing of corn, Ac. d Stuck in the ground, to tie the

victim to it

And 2 The

sun's image.
f

And

3 Mental agony. 4 Site

or place. 5 Expectation.

And 2
*

Silence.

3 Promise or vow. 4 Collect-

ing grain on account of a dearth.


iu

5 Deep meditation. 6 Perseverance


element of language
;

a difficult undertaking.

And 2 An

root,

affix,

augment or permutation. 3 In grammar, an indicatory

letter

not

sounded. 4
following

A person

following an example.

A child.

Or 6

A child
'

example. 7

Continuation.

Aud 3 Camphor.

Also

3 Period. 4 Situation, place.

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Chap. IT. Sea. HI.

StfNGSKRm DICTIONARY.
'

329

*JcL /#$ -v **. _\ T%[* (fWWTn ^* ^l)

l Rule fom 2 Fate, a

'

m
Ufatfat

(Hl^

^)

2 A^pyTb

m
103.

m
ff^f)

JwHfr faf*^?

Learned, c

^rr:

(**r*

***

^0

Multitude

,' g
104. f%*T

(fHV 1*1^ *) x
'

_
1

Form

or

rule - 2 ner, sort. I

*"*

m/n

t
1

wife.
i

*$ fafaT ^T*T * v
>a

*ft

*l) '

Daughter-

in-law.
1

wt (% jwtt
105. W**J (ufil^T ilT^T)

Plaister.
j

ijift)

2 ttectar.

1 Promise.

2 State.
1 Belief, confidence.

*3rtfr

(<rawp*t ^ott)

2 Fondness.

1
* Likewise 3

BrakIma^ or providence.
6

Command

injunction.

b Also 8 Situation, place. net Mercury.

Likewise **:
deified saint.

2 The regent of the pla-

Or w%i.

Kuown

or understood.

**:. 2 Old. 3 Grown or increased


of

d Also 2

shoulder. 3

The fork
3 The
f.

tree

or

its principal

branch.

4 Part

of

an army.

And

sea.

4 The
river.

juice exuding from the temples of a rutting elephant,


f

5
*

Also

3 Fodder.
as a
fit.

4 Prosperity, thriving. 5 Piercing.

Some

state

fvv

separate term with the

same

acceptations.
*

h Likewise 2 Bight,

3 Good, virtuous, m. 4
5

8 Any woman. 4
Tirucalli, &c.

sister-in-law.

bride.

And An usurer. And 8 Euphorbia

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330

VNlURA KOSIU,
n

or

[Book III,

Ardent spirit. 2 Nec1

tar of flowers,

*%

(*sr

s*rc%^to? *!\
s** (?m^rfii)

Darkness, b

106.
1 Conceited of learning,

(*n%4)
n/nt

A reproachful appellati?e. e

9V?*? *

fafavfr f*npff) *

1 Belied on.

2 Near, g

mf n
107.

*f%^tT nq)

sw*:
mf n

Notorious.

2 Adorned.

SECTION XVI.
1

The Sun. 2 Fire.


1

(*$*$)

f*w*^jr

2m

Ray

of

light.

2 The

*r*

sun;

(^W^mT)

And

3 Honey. 4

Water. 5 Milk. Also m. 6 Bassia


8 The 'month of Chaitra. 9
f,

latifolia.

7 The season of spring.

Name

of a

demon slain by Vishnu, c The flowing abrait the


ted.
*

10 Liquorice^ b
d

three genders.

And m. f. n. And % Proud.


duty, and

2 Blind,

3 Elevais

Indicating that the


in

man

neglects

his

only a

Br&hmana. So ^pfa:

speaking of a Kshatriya. 2
(

An

indefinite

appellation to avoid the use of a name.

Fern, jr^pran or 3*p. * Also

3 .Wrapt up. 4 Bound. 5 Surrouifded

assailed on all sides.

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Chap. IV\ Sect.

XVL] SPNG3KR/TJL DICTIONARY.


1 ,

3S1

108. *i?nwprr (wra^rT)

^^v
_^ ta^n^TT) ^TO?WT
,

Brahma.

2 Body, a

* ^Jfc

An ignorant man. 2 toe of alow


1
1

2 J*

otto (iwuro)
3

j^

A mountain*
or

\*
m

4m
10$. (n^tBf) ftftfcoT
TA
tree.

mountain, c

faff^T (jf^MftW)
*

peacock,
1 Desire.

(__v

.ftioi.

1 Charioteer.

8m A horsev \ *> ^ s / ^ 1TTOTT ($WI ^TOTO) 2 An arrow. 3A bird. .


1"

($% sw) sfirotT (srarewnpq)


(W)

1:

Family

2 Native spot.
1

A year.
light.

WRT.

2Bay of

Or, according to another reading.


flesh,
<fcc.

3 Component part of an/

animated body, as blood,


riage.
c

Also 3
f.

falcon.
,

4
n.

car~

Likewise

3.

Clitoria ternatea.

d Ai3o

A gallinaceous fowl.
Comprehension.

4
f

ed. Also 3

fwfc& A tree. 5 An arrow, m. Or 3 A person riding pn


4
is.

sort of
f.

metre.

6 Crests

an elephant.
h

Or 3 Head of a family. & Red rice. 4 Wild rice*

4 Place where the family

And m*

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3ft&

UMURA KOSH A,
ill. (*WTfr

or

[Boo* III.

*Wh*r. ^rt
*

The moon. 2 Fire. 3 The sun. a

^|J*|*g| ) ( x '
m

^^1

Hair.b
1

(%*T jfq)^f%r^T

The sun.

T
of

theS*c
2

****! (nwMWn)

2 Fitness.
1

m u2. *itwt ( ^.ng foS ffr ^fli a tntf *) d


A

INDBA. 2

^^
113. ^fwrrift

St
i 1

(*^^^

2KnowledgeJ

^
-6r%

a A

cioud, cloud.

Solidity,

(^-^f^jw fas

f*v*ft)

The moon.

3m

i-**
a

*-*r*
name
:

***
Prahla'da and

Also 4
d

proper

the son of
f.

father

of

Bali.

b Likewise n. 2 Sin.

m.

n.

3 Crooked, bent.
disposition.
soul.

Also 3

Name
e

of a sage.

And

3 Intellect.

4 Natural
soul.

5 The supremo
9 Mind.

Brahma. 6 Body. 7 Vivifying


3 Mischievous. 4
f

8 Sentient
5

Or

rutting elephant.
Killing. *

A rainy
.

cloud.
n.

6 Collision.

And 3 Affection. 4 Request. 5


anvil.

And m. f

3 Solid, material.

4 Uniformly extended. 5 Smooth. Also m. 6 Extension. 7 Assemblage.

8 An

9 Cyperus rotundus. n. 10 Cymbal,

bell,

Ac. 11

Mode

of

dancing. h

Or 3

king. 4

husband.

And

king. 4

master.

5 Ikdka. 6

Yafaha

or attendant of

Kuyk'ba.

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Chap. IV.

Sect.

XVI. ] SffNGSKR/Tii DICTIONARY.

333

/
(W^t|l*ifir)

ITfi^

river, c

11 5 uTfiplV
.

(TOwfam) N ' ^

^oit.
2 Lightning.

116. (*?jfinrK*k*ffr) f%?ipf (f*f

S*ft

ImSSSZ

v
117. (%^*[f# H^T)

W^J

1 Holy writ. 2 Trueknow-

*W
l-*ft.
*

priest

by

(fire:

iwmfir:)

^T*

S^.

And 2

A woman

intoxicated.

8^. A woman

4^.
fond of gratification.

Or *Tf^R^. c Also 2 An army. d Likewise 2 A loving woman. And m. qrnft^. 8 An amorous man. 4 A dove. 6 A ruddy goose (Anas
Casarca).

And m.

f.

n. 3 Thin.

4 Small. 5 Separate.

Also 2 Place
Ac. of a

of execution. 3 Place of slaughter (as the

kitchen hearth,

householder.

Mann

3. 69.)

4 Daughter.

young. 6 A flower, m. f. n. 7 Blossoming. f. n. 3 Empty, vacant 4 Bad. Or 5 Dull, stupid. Also n. 6 sort of metre, m. n. 7 canopy. h Or 2 Business. 3 A standard, or a symbol. 4 An invitation. 5 An abode. * Or 8 The supreme being. 4 Devotion. J Likewise

And n. 5 * And m.

Bringing forth

fc

superintending priest at religious

rites.

One

of the

astrological

ytya*.

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334

UU 0RA KOSHJ, or
(u

[Booh III

n
1 Perseverance. 2 Destruction, a

n%
n

*i

fiforct

Vfit

*itfa)

&rt%

1 Calcining.

H8. <*TWfr (wfly|M*H!W|Jl|yiq )


n

token. 2 beard, c
1

A mark or A
Detraction.

3F5PT

(^H^W 1JMT TTOFTTra^W ^

**,

_+^

m# (^ ^f^ (^|^ ** TOf*rf**irm)


fl

n
piay. g'

(jftwi<(l<(fq)

^^^

Manly ex-

^ ^
*

Turning

Sffii^
a

121.

vrmrn (*ftdw
Or 4 Hint

* flriNm<9
to
kill.

tfr <*)

And 3

Intimation.

5 Manifestation.

By

casting

a powder into melted gold, &c. Or 2

A powder

adapted to

that purpose.
fresh

3 Casting any thing, for example buttermilk, into


it.

milk to turn

4 Danger, calamity
.

as a

pestilence or epi-

demic. 5 Speed. 6 Gratifying.


part of male or female. Also 5
report.

And

3 Sauce or condiment. 4 Private


6

A consonant.

A day.

Or 2 Humour,
birth*

3 Combat

of animals,

whether quadrupeds, birds, serpents, &c*

4 Cockfight or other match of animals for a bet* 5 High


6

And 2

A garden.

3 Purpose, motive.

Also 3 Stay, or continuance

without increase or diminution. * 3 Splendour. 4 Praise. 5 Motion.

And

2 Emulation, desire to surpass.

6 Affair, business. 7 Grief. Also m.


realm, as the care

die.

Or 3 Business

of a family or of a
*

dependants and subjects.

Also 3 Independence*

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Vhap. IV.

Sect.

XVI.]

SPNGSKR/TM DICTIONARY.

335

n
122.

3 Motion, a

ftw3jM4K<qiqq||
n

^C)

*T**nj

123.

*ntf (faft
!

*$ tfir TOmrftir)
2

8 SSr *

n n
3 n
7

3 Fault, c

of a flower,

124.

(fttt* **) tf

iSWalunar month.

road.

tion.g

'

125.

***

(inwwpa:)

/
-

jar^.2
.

__
a

Intellect,

**m (f ff^y%T;) ^*>


.

>

Knowledge.

And

4 Substance. 5 Enforcement of delivery of any thing.

6 Accomplishing. 7 Materials ; or instrument. 8 Following. Also 9 army. 10 Means. 11 Cause. 12 Gene*ive organ of a male. *
(as hunting,

An

And

8 Delivery of a deposit. 4 Payment of a debt. . Ari8ing from de8ire gaming, drinking, wenching), or from aversion (as calumny, battery, or pecuniary injury). Also 4 Sin. 5 111 destiny. 6 Fated consequence. 7 Vain effort. < And 3 A short thread. 4 Any thing small. 5 Awing. Vis. the full and change of the moon, and the 6th, 8th and 10th of each half month. 2 A festival. 8 The day of the equinox, solstice, &c. 4 A book or chapter. 5 A knot or joint. *

And

2 Privy
4

part.

3 Covering of

it.

Or 3

Marriage.

" Also

An

3 Nature.

elephanWriyer.

And

(invariably sing.) 5 Chief.

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336

Z7MCTIU

K0SH4,

or

[Book III.

itfiSt
ance. a

***
n

(mH*r.)

Weeping. 2 Lamenting.
1

126-

*R*% Rt^!*I*0 ^ x
^

iBody.
2 Measure, b

nf
2

(Vwrar^ir.)

2 Light, c
1 Meeting of four roads, d

127.
i

*f*%*
n

-%)

imrt
3n

mark,

^^*
TTCTy>
i28.

(ft^nreraiT:)

token. 2 Chief.
1 Covering,

(^flWW^WWf'!^)

clothing, e

i Accomplishment, f

^UFPHf 0*1*5 x

WHldk *ft*^
%

sfa l)

ft

h* SKS? 129 **'


-

1Wftter 1 Water. 2 A forest

tewtfW ^

ft)

** (*f%W*P!*)

Or 3 Head

of

a family. 4 Death.
c

b Also

3
or

A handsome form.
majesty.

4 Weight,

elevation.

And

4 Dignity

And

2 Fabrication or construction. 3 Form. 4 Death.


ment. 3 Deception.
'

And

2 Conceal-

And 2 Attainment,

acquisition.

3 Gratifying.

And 3
h Also 2

Dignity or majesty. 4 Approach. 5 Fixing. 6 Adjustment.

A gem.

Likewise 3 Abode. 4

house or dwelling.

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Ckop.IV.

Sect.

XVII.] StfNGSKlUr/ DICTIONARY.

337

130.

on

m ^* / A<s ^n^rn (toto ^n) *


v

Virtuous.

m/n

2 similar. 3 Same, c

m/n
131. *rfinrfrr

Wins*)

^%^

JSffi*.
1 Guilty.

(wntT t frwwiMMiH ft)


SECTION XVII.

2 Subdued, o

An

orna-

ment. 2
w
bells, f

string of

132.

(ffr*) w<hTT. (**ft wfafaft) *


m

2 around, g
1

SSSST

A herds-

(^pJhpnft)

'foft
3 **

man. 2 The head of a


cowpen. h

(^cfHi)wirt
133.

1SIVA
2

Vishnu,
a
r

vtot*

faun)
i

tel?

*fol (***!*&**

**1J) 2Cllng.j

Also 3 Clear, transparent. 4 Inferior, situated beneath.


subject.
e
c

The

following are adjectives agreeing in gender with the

Like-

wise m.

One

of the fire breaths.

d Also 3

A
4

crow.
f

in calamity.

4 Fugitive. 5 Seeking refuge.

Worn

by

And 3 Involved women round


5 Multitude
water.
;

their waist.

3 The eye
?

in a peacock's

tail.

quiver.
of

assemblage.

And

3 Standing water. 4
a
district.

A piece
'

h Also
J

A superintendent of
Food and

king.

Likewise 3 Fire.

Also

du. 3

apparel.

Qq
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338

VMVRA KOSrU, or

{Soot lit

Abed.

2 Am upper tory.Ja
1

*m (iwt^)
mn
or

A clomp
b

cluster,

mfn

m/n

mf

ft

slSS".

134 iro^u ^i^ut ffv^qy (^%nnit:


-

female

turtle. 2 sort of lute, c

(**f ^T^^)

^pft

SECTION XVIII.

The

letter

135

(^ ^) ^ (mrf^ ^T^f%^t)
;

SECTION XIX.

1 Spirit after

death, e
1

(vtrnwgsf
m
1.

s*

t*mt

(f^aptre^)

A
A

ring.

orlbX"
1
serpent.

**

(*?

*B*

tf%) m

whisperer or informer.

* Likewise 3

A wife.
f.

b Also 2

A
e

branch above the principal one.


Likewise

8 Expansion.
spleen*

Sabaswati^s
n.

lute.

A disorder
its

of

the

And m.
2

2 Vile, bad.
3

And

previous to

being born

again. Also

horse.

celestial quirister.

Spirits frequenting

the sky. 5

black cuckoo. 6 Sort of deer/

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Ckav IV.
.

Seel.

XIX.] SCTNGSKILTL* DICTIONARY.

339

/nb

**T
137.

(iaqf%lP:

UPITV

^ (^naM)
*
'

***^ ffq 1WIT^)


fit

Prior

1Ajar^ c

^HOT
^

(?J

ftnjITftnTT)

2 Anignorant

^
1

lPostorpil-

m
1

138.

(f f^uwBi) wt:

The

belly.

*iSSt
8
/'

*
n

139-

(^PimTl^ ^frj) $ ^f (**% fRW)


m

(UBowa.

*-*
And m. pi. 3 Forefather, * u^: or^rjfr. And 2 Frontal globean elephant's head. Also $ The sign aquarius. 4 Proper name the nephew of Ra vana. 5 The paramour of a prostitute, n. 6 Bdellium, f.
of
a

7 Bignonia chelonoides.
e
f

d Also 3

A deified

saint or Jina*

4 Vishnu.
confidence.

Or 2 Amorous solicitation. 3 Playful dispute: 4 Trust, Also 2 VabuWa. 3 Name of a demon. And f. 4 A die. 5
&

A stake
f.

at

play.

And

2 Gold. m. 3

A water-pot.

4
f.

pomegranate.
navel,

h Also

2
1

An

emperor. 3 The nave of a wheel, m.

4 The

5 Musk.

Or 2 The cow

which, being milked, yields every wish. m.


f.

3 Spring.

4 Nutmeg. 5 Michelia champac. m.

n. 6 Fragrant. 7 Pleasing.

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540

UllURA ROSEA,
_
/

or

Book III.

An

A886H*
of

Wy. 2 One

140.

a company, a

^W (^Wlf ^W ^)
-

^fc

*s

ray of

Hght.2A
rein.

/Xi

u
x
g

(l4<<|l|4Hfl)

TWT
,

a.

1 Desire.

2Love,CupicU4I.
c

,
f

V^HHW^T)
m

m A_ *TOT
_

Moral and

religious merit, e

WT. (^3*^|^W|eU^K^|4*qi:)
,

*_

1 Deliberate

142.

felffW

undertaking.
*
r et#

no.
*

W W
y\^i) ^ #/
b
c

%m

^TO) \j'

IPS*:

m
(^rfnnirq^: x
fS

2Atotn
3Holywrit.g
1

proi
(fPPCl v

citizen,

a towns-man.

2 A

trader,

^ ^1) V
_

Likewise 3

A house.

4 Gaming.

Or 2

A chief
foe.

herdsman. Also 3 Valour. And


practice.

3 Beloved. 4

A horse with

good marks.
d

Likewise n. 3 Independent.

4 Semen genitale. 5 Desirable

To subdue the

2 Yama. 3 Fitness, propriety. 4 Nature, 6 One who drinks the juice of acid
sacrifice.

character.

5 Usage,

asciepias at a sacrifice.

Any
of

8 Resemblance. 9 Innoxiousness. 10 A bow. 11

theological

treatise

from the

Veda,

12

Virtue personified
its acceptations

the

father

Yud'hisht'hira. [In some of


neuter gender,]
Also
f

the word admits the

With knowledge
h Likewise 3

of means.

stratagem, 3 Valour.

4 Trade.

A theological portion of the

VHou

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Chap. IV.

Stet.

XIX.]

aUNGSKMTA DICTIONARY.

341

M
143.

hmj (It)
m

(V^m
,

*_

*_

^JH

f^.\

In comp.

A
b

Stt?) fTTil.

multitude,

(WnST ^)
m
144.

f^raW:

Walking, c
1

^gi (Vh*Wl^)
N

A disease
A fiifltcr

of thespleen.

1.

'woman.

/
(Rafael h#H:)

w*t (^w) *j*t fail fa?t ftn)2 Patl^ce. f

ni

146.

*ro fasrnnro)

ST"
A

5 Black. 6 Pleasing. 7 White.

Also 2 Paras'ura'ma. 8 Ra'machaxdra. 4 Sort of deer. m. f. n. b Likewise 2 village or township.


octave in music.

An

Also 2 Power. 3 Valour.

<*

And 2
e

A clamp

of grass, Ac. 3
*

Body

of troops consisting of 9 platoons.

Or vrf**

And

n. 3 Right, propriety,

m.

f . n.

4 Able. 5 Benevolent. 6 Patient.

A black cuckoo. 4* A cloud. 5 A sacred fig-tree at Praydga. A sort of pot-herb Convolvulus argenteus. n. 7 Black peppor. 8 A plant vulgarly Sydmlatd. 9 Night. 10 Indigo. 11 A description
Also m. 3
:

f.

of

women.

h Also 2

A mark

on the forehead of a
of

horse,

bull,

&c.

A horse. 4 An ornament.
symbol 8
f.

Or 5 Ornament
9 Mane.
*

a horse.

6 Chief. 7
J

flag or

A horn.
n.

Or **rf

(^).

Also m.

2 An atom* m.

Little-

Digitized by

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UMURA KOSHJ,
m/ n
or

342

[Book Illu

contrary, a
1

>>

m/ n

Low.
Vile.

lOld. 2 u^.

147.

(sftqir

irftgm ^) *ra*FR (flj*


SECTION XX.

wO

horse.

2 Vishnu's bird, b
1

(TF&

* ^ fw) 7TTOT
*

house.

2 Less, c 1 Husband's
brother.

3 Wife's
brother.
son. 2

148. T^jpef

(^wpft)
N
'

An

TO

dra. d

*%

a*

the 3d tribe.
1 The 8th asterism. 2 The 4th age. f

m
149. f?|J: ($**
<nftll3k)

m
gs_
,

_^ v

lopportunity. 2 Succession, g

ijtnrr (j^rarcsw

deal,

h
* Likewise

3 Left, not right, m.


itt.

An

udder.

5 Cupid.

6 Siva-

n. 7

Wealthy

f.

A woman^t. 9 A mare. 10 A she-ass.


b Also

11

female shakai. It

A collyrium.
f

A young female elephant. c Likewise 3 A phthisis or


Any
f.

8 The dawn, n^

consumption. 4 General

destruction.

d Also 8

cloud.

4 Thunder.

Likewise m.

f.

n.

3 Excellent.

Also

3
h

The

Emblic

myrobalan.

* Likewise

3 Mode, manner, form.


confidence.

And 3 Knowledge,
affix.

apprehension. 4 Trust*,

5 Cause. 6 A hole. 7 An

Also 8 Celebrity. 9 Practice*,

usage.

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tihap.

IV. Sect

XX.] SffNGSKR/Til DICTIONARY.

150.

<$ **)
v

.,

-m

pentance.

*&t**
m
151. q*rer.

(fww *r*T*t writ nt)


(*.*:)

{SS. a
1

~ % O mnKnnRnwnflM :) m

An oath.

*}

(*nnn*ng* * f*rf*m) wit *


1*52.

IS. Calamity.
3
sion.

^i^rr

(rfiwr^ r* ^V* x

^ rq)

d\&-

trew- c

S Futurity.

153.

(^nrr^^Tf^^r ^wpp?)
(**I%

^1^
m
N

JSSSaSff
6

*M$ *) ^TT*:
zrvsn

blage 2 Vi. cinity e 1 AcquaintIxcitatioD. f

154.

fi^m
m

*mwi)
m
(f*r^pT
sfvi)

mswr.

Enmity. g
1

Frequent-

And

An

elephant's

hill at the foot

of a

mountain.

middle pace, neither quick nor slow, 3 b And 4 Demonstrated conclusion*

5 Agreement, bargain. 6 Hint 7 Leisure.

And 3
m.
f.

Fault,

guilt.

4 Punishment by
height. h

fine,

&c.

d Also 2
*

A teacher,
<Stc.

n.

3 Worthy of

respect. e Likewise 3

house.

And 3

Affection. * Also

2 Elevation,

And 2

Object of sense, as sound,

3 Country, province.

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344

UHURA ROSEA,

or

[B>k III.

Infuiion,

tract

T 155. (f*Rtft
m

(ft)

^lf%r

(swft)

frequency?^'
1 Distress.

W&T

(*4fcMrW*r%)

'

A^r! d
Popart. 156.
e

WJ (**T *?ft *fa)


(T^T^^TT) W' N
^ WQ (HVM&mi)
___

An

oath.
ft

2 Truth, f

strength. 2 Dignity,
1 Right,

Wt** (^%
g
i

JWT%

*[)

fit.

2 Substance,

5*f (**i ^IT^%)


nk

fi

157 -

fw (*t* **

Hilt)
n
.

1 Destiny.

jar
A
plant,

(w^)4f
,

fiW^n
taste.

(^fSfRiTft

^)

Or 2 Exudation
b Also

of

tree.

3 Astringent
c

4 Perfume rubbed
Starring oneself

on the body.
to death.
Likewise

2 Refuge. 8 House.
like.
f

And 2
d Also

3 (In composition) Similar,

4 Grief, sorrow.
first

m. 3
f.

tortoise.

4 Pride.

Also 3 The

age of the

world,

m.

n.

4 True.

Likewise
!

3 Semen

virile.

4 Splendour.
m. n.

5 Valour.

Or

iftil*

The
l

substratum of qualities. Likewise


3

3 Wealth. 4 Drug. 5 Brass. J 5 Fire. k Or fwtf : and fwj.

And

An

asterism. 4 Strength,

Also m, 3 Bhishma son of Qangd.


other
plants,

m Named

Danti.

Also

certain

as

Menispermum

glabrom, &c.

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Chap. IV. Sect XX.]

SUNQSKRHA DICTIONARY.
1

845

158. gwreniFft

(414\3k) ^

iiSS Lakshmi'.
f

The goddess

2GAUBI' 2 Gaubi< a

159.

*ure:

*t*t

^t *t f^ff^R^T ^ *re) fawn


sun.

2 Atonement.
c

WWT

(j4fTOT %lfaN; Hftlft|444l{m:)

S^eau-

161. ^p*i:

(^|^i|($

jfq)

rumour, g
2 Low,

*/y
^mm

(^ ni
#

1 Last, ulti-

fft

*)
'

^te.
vile.

mf n

Reprehen-

m/ ^
a

dent h
/

*
fire.

Beady*

Likewise 3 Swdh&> wife of the regent


*>

4 Sachi', wife of

Indra.
tion.

Also 3 Glory.

And

3 Study.

4 Worship/ 5 Disquisi9

6 Means,

expedient.

7 Act.

8 Bodily action.
ceremony.

Remedy.
of such

10 Instrument
d

11

religious

initiatory

12 Obsequies.

And

reflected

image.

4 Shade.

Or 2 The gate
4

an

inclosure.

string of

bells,

worn by women.
m.
6

rope

round,
f

an elephant's body.

Effort, exertion,
for destructive

The armpit.
5

whom
done.

sacrifices are offered


f.

and magical purposes.

To Or

3 Pestilence m.

n.

4 Seduced from an

alliance.

Any

thing to be

& Neuter 'in the


of

sense exhibited,

m.

f.

n.

2 To be produced.

A relation
10

a bride.
6

4 Her attendant.
8

5 The companion of a

bridegroom, n.
f.

A mother.
*

A market. 7 War. 11 A mother's female


3 Skilful, m.
f.

A meteor,
4 One

m.

father.

companion.

h Likewise 3 Fit

to

bo said.
f.

Also

deaf and dumb. n

5 Morning,

Auspicious speech.

Rr
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546

VUURA K0SH4,

or

tfoo* III.

m/n
1 Intelligent.
i

2 Wealthy, \w33Rl**. ( *WW*ftil1ty


Pleasing,

I*

b
n/tt

Beautiful, c

^_ (^^^ft
/ ___J>

jfq)

m/n
Eloquent, d

T^TOT (TONl^ft)
m/n
163. (*JT*J Sfa)
-<i.\

Just, reason nty j use. reason-

able.e

*P*

m/n

Handsome, 2 Sacred to the moon, f


1

SECTION XXI.

mh
1 Multitude.

2 Occasion, g
1 A bed of grass or bark.

2
1

A sacrifice.
Vbihaspa-

*^ (n^rrm^r)
164. *rc *^

ti. 2

a pa-

rent.i
1 The 3d age.

2 Doubt.
1 Difference*

jm^t

fa*tfw$t)

2 Similitude.

vm {^wwmv)
reasonable, n. 4

Or 3 Bight,

Red

chalk.
c

b Also n. 2

A good
e

action.

8 Virtue, moral or religious merit.


silver

Likewise n.

2 Silver.

Wrought

and gold.
3

Also 2 Generous, munificent.


u.

Like-

wise 2

Middle.

Low.

And

4 The middle.

'

Also 3 Mild,
day of the

m. 4
week.

Patronymic of Budha, or Mercury.


n.

And
h

A
or
f.

vessel

for

spirituous liquor.

m^i
m.

other venerable relative.

Aud

spiritual teacher,

*TO. ' Or n. 4 Heavy.

5 Great.

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"

Chap.

IV

Sect.

XXI.] SJ7NGSKR/TM DICTIONARY.

347

m
165.

m *II*KIW (\f|riwft) x
1

Hint. I 2 Form.
1

Beard of

mti% &**&*)
2

"

j^ v

r* A

2An
wa -

country

?I^:

(^nqw^PftT) ' v

m
m
(

2 A mountain.
ter.

oid *

*TC^ (*WWrt|t)
qTkwu*?0
m
v

mtuntotn.

9 The Sun.
8

<rar9rV b4rt?2A
cloud, a
1 Darkness.

'

166.

(HTTwnft^prn)

?j*t
/

2Afoe.3A

(WftW9TlR.)

^STTt

demon, b ITax. 2 Hand. 3 Ray


of light, c

w$tj (W'rnfrs1*

*rron)

* splitting, d

167.

favrawt

-v

*
m

-s

nr: *rt%

*
(

3
\

*W. faw^rfir) Hair.e A e w.w* *t *) arc wy/ "


\
!!.

hornless

beardless
f

man.

wfrwr* MIV*^#
168.

nragTrfraTraV^ VH^^IVM^^/
/

l Abed. 2 A deDendent.h dependent, h

Oswt

^ft ^) mr.

(^T^)

Elegance
i

of a pearl,

Also 3 Coconut.
elephant's trunk.
(

Who
).

was
d

slain

by Indba.
3

Likewise
feminine

4 An
3

5 Hair.

Or 2 Fracture.

disease
n.

excess of menstruation

An

arrow.

Also 2

corner.
;

A tear.

4 Blood.

Although of an age to have a beard


2
5

and, in the instance of the bull, of an age to have horns.


tringent taste Likewise

3 As-

Wealth.

3A

cloud.

h Also 3
*

Com-

mencement.

4 Multitude.

Girding (as for

battle).

Or 2
f.

A
n.

beautiful pari.

3 The pupil of the eye.


in music, n.

4
f.

high note. m.
7

5 High, as a note
wife of VbIhaspati.

6 Silver,
va. 10

n.

star.

f.

8 The

9 of

Suuiu

goddess of Uie Uaudd'has.

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348

imUJXA KOSHii,

or

[Book III.

lm
1 Air.

wr^fr (qnplt

* s fin
to*:

*!*.)

iwT

89 -

(re jrf*nnf**fp$TTO)
169.

3 Bargain, b

LBS?"
The sun. d

(%^ ifrffy

^
m

f
1

f*T ft*T*ft)

A sacrifice,
arrow, c

i An

Part to be
concealed, g

ISSh,
trumpets,

i70.

wf^ (^ nN*w * ****)


k

brisk as1 sault. 2 Rob-

bery.
1

An attenj

dant 2 A scabbard,

171.

ferr*^)
"'

^Nk: ("avwlv ift^)

1 A tree. 2 handful of
I

sacred grass.

finrct

+v ^ ^ g (HiiHi^HnB: vrerrcrnreT) m

sau*
A
female
porter.

172.

(Hftw* ***W
1

2/
*

UK.
2 Variegated.
distress.
c

'*-*
And 2

(*).

And m. And 4 Calamity,


f.

n.

Also m. 3 Tables for playing.


Secret consultation
friend.
j

private

advice.

A 3 Incantation or charm. f 8 Shavings of the wood of which a sacrificial post is made. h 8 Sweepings. / or -q$ j. g And 2 Ordure, excrement.

d Also n. 2

And

*V
And

8 Beginning. 4 Making a show. 2 Roaring of large elephants. * taking arms. * And 3 The insignia of dignity. And 3 Arming ;
k Or uf^TC
1

And

stool or cushion.

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Chap. IV. Sea. XXI.]

SZ7NGSKR/T4 DICTIONARY.

349

(f*T5%

T$% fiwft)
<*

W
"*

(^nfW^'%

ftrl)

ichne'Xn. 8 Vishnu, a

173.

^t (*% f*rcti*
m

*n3 rftf **
n d

fir*)

iS3S-b

^i^t tare* <wr *) f^^


174.

SaSES*
^j f
1 di

(?rfT^ fror)

hhk

(s^rg^n)
)

cnlt

I^J (S^3*** Wg H^l^ lfiiiq


mh
175. (^nr?t) *r.

Envy,

(to fas wt% wrrar fa%)

a boon. g

176. {in ^ro?rs%

to ^) ufa^r

(f%*nn)

JJJ^j
1

YaMA.

2 Wind. 8 Indra. k

tt

Also 3 Siva.

4 Fire 5 Proper name


c

a sage m.
d

f.

n.

6 Tawny.

7 Large.

b Likewise 3 Marrow, n. 4 Propriety. 5 Water. 6 Wealth,

m.

f.

n.

7 Excellent. 3

And
f.

n.

3 Play, gaming.
f

Or ^ttST*

Also m.

sort of

sugarcane.

3 Avaricious, niggardly,

4"A

gnat,

And m. f. n. 2 Envious. And m. f. n. 2 Excellent n.

(some say

indecl.)

A little approved.
Saffron,
f.

Likewise m. 4

son-in-law.

5 Appointment,

n. 6

tT.
*

The

three myrobalans.

^fr.

8 Asparagus racemosus.

Or w*J.
J

And m.
n.

2 Sort of plant (com-

mon
m.

in dry

deserts).

A jar.
Also
ra.

And m.

A string
k

worn on the
5

wrist at nuptials, &c.


n. 6 Territory,

3 Counsel. 4

A bracelet.

A wreath,
the

m.

f.

n.

7 Fit to be employed.

And 4
f.

Moon.
10

5 The
parrot.

sun. 6 Vishnu.

A lion. 8 A
An
ape.

ray of light. 9

A horse.
n.

11

serpent. 12

13

A frog.

m.

14 Tawny.

15 Green. Or*16 Yellow.

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350

U1&URA KOSEit,
m
177.

or

[Book III.

^*jf%fqK%rr)

nrtx

(^
/

^ifaif ftcf)

potsherd.

H*G*X (HOV| fft)

IS
spirit, c

The earth.

/
178.

TCT

(W^PS^ W$ ^

yd

S238T
/
2 The wrth.

*^ (f^nwfhr^t)
^Tift

(^H^mifllft

fajf*Kl*TilH*|fl)

dancing

girl.

fai
1 Requisites, materials.

w^

rait

m/n
tfq)

*Tf T
_
,

ifflVT

A little, g
180.

(MK^R?

^q *r i?f^nw *i) *n?f fanj^f *rcr<3i)


n

1 Painting, delineation.

2 Wonder, h

Also 2

stony nodule.

country abounding in such.


b

4 3

disease (the gravel). 5 Clayed

sugar.

Or 2

Livelihood.
d
f

And
3

Travelling.
e

4 Festival
Also 3

procession.

And 4 Water.
m.
f.

Or fv^x

.or ttfsg:.

mother. 4

An

emblic myrobaian.

And

courtesan.

bee.

An

egg-plant,
f.

n. 6 Cruel.

7 Low..

8 Small. Also 9 Miserly. 10 Poor. And


n. 4

fly.

And

3 Quantity.
f.

The whole. 5 Only;

(exclusive

and

identical}.

Also
3

An

earring. 7

An

instant.

8 Half a short
f.

syllable.

h Also

A circlet

or mark. 4 Variegated colour, m.


f.

n.

5 Variegated. 6 Wonderful,

fw|T. 7

star in the Virgin's spike. 8 Title of

Subhadba'

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Chap. IV. Sect. XXI.]

SfrNGSKR/TM DICTIONARY.
n

351,

/*

*in9?r

(^Tt^n^ntr*)

-*y

The hip and loins. 2 A wife, a 1 Fit capa1


ble. 2
vessel,

181. (*ft*wra*nft:) *?ra


n

A
b

A vehicle, A wing, c
Command.

n
1

2 Institutes
of a science.

182.

frit^ztqwfrg %rf

*-

Root of a

^ (t?^H^^t:)
n
n

ve silk bleached, e e

2Body.
1

Snout of a

plough, g
(?J

*ft^
71

^ifa ^0
Sfi? ^f)

Name. h

183.

mUM
w

(*U"*kT^) TS^g

^T^fT% W^

2 A sacrifice. 3 Constant alms, i

2 y^
x

A body,
;

j^rc: (uiirai
a Likewise

^_ 1 Ether the inrTO) *y. * Ap.


parel.

fastness
of

or strong hold.
river,

b Also

king's

minister. 4
vessel

The channel
sacrifice

or space between the banks,

A
f

used in

as

a ladle, &c. 6

A
of

leaf.

person of a
d Also

drama.

Likewise

A leaf.
f

4 The feather

an arrow.

UWt
car.

A knife.
f.

Likewise 3
guide.

An
3

eye. 4

The rope
field.

of a churn. -5

m.

n.

Also

A
f.
J

geometrical figure.
race, line. 3

* Likewise

Sort of cloth.

A holy spot. 5 h Also 2 Family^

Wealth- m. 4

mountain,

5 The earth- 6

A herd of

kine.

And 4 A

forest, or

5 Wealth.

Likewise 3

A court-yard.

4 Wind.

k Also 3 Ambergris.

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352

mUTBLA K0SH4,

or

[Booh III.

realm,

184.

tfflf

(XJJ JW)
tf*PC (?I

tomTron?. migration, b
Water, c

*faf

Sfo)

^ffa**

(*TJ
*

*)

door, e

(fTTOTif rfq)

^3^1

1?mIT
3 Near.
1 Front, fore-

185

(ww) *n^ (f
*

v
n

part.g

ftjttfWftffHW V

OTTO N

star*
186.
1

n^^w
weapon
7

*f*^

(fy)
"*

country,

soSX.

(*)

TO (* &*% ^T^)

* Likewise
discus.

wheel.

3 5

circular

missile

a sharp

A potter's wheel.
Pride,
or

mill*

A multitude-

An

army.
b

8
f.

A
n

whirlpool- 9

m.

10

ruddy goose, (Anas Casarca).


d Also

Also

letter,

written

character. 3

Brahma, m. 4 Siva. m.
^flft:

5 Unalterable*
quent, numerous,

Likewise 2

Milk.

m.

f.

n.

2 Fre-

m. 3 Brahma. 4 Vishnu.
f.

5 Siva,

And

2 The Moon, 3 Camphor. 4 Water, m.

n.
f

5 Pleasing.
Likewise
n.

^pf:. Also 2

town
4

gate.

3 Sort of grass
*

Cyperus
n-

forest,

m.

An

arbour.

And m.

f.

2 More, much.

3 Top, summit.

4 Point, extremity. 5 Assemblage, multitude. 6 Resting place, end


of a journey. 7

Quantity of a pala. 8 Limited alms (four mouthfuls)


principal.

m.

f.

n. 9

Chief,

10 First,

prior.

h Also U<. 3

body.

4 City of Patua- m.

5 Bdellium.

And trf^: m.

The

sea-

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Chap. IV, Sect XXI.]

StfN08RR/T4 DICTIONARY.
*v\

853

TO (rf^WTt H% n$)
'

/ *

* Fear, dread hole in the ground, a.

2A

^r

(j^ft v

^%T?^T)

2ThethX
derbolt.b

187.

7^ (**tf f%lPW *j**TV nf**^)


w
.
*

i5^
elusion, c
*

*Wfc (Vrt
ft

1^

*)*C (WWI^) ^tr.d


1 Tip of an elephant's trunk, e

Handle of

188. 5itf

(*frwmT *T^cngg% ^%

1 Interval.

4 Covering, f

190.

(^r A) im
*~.
And
f. <^ft.

2B?."*

* Likewise

indec.

little.

4
3

Cavern.

b Also

m. 3 One of the 28 astrological batten. 4 Raiment. 5 Care of a


book. 8

ydgas.

And

weaver's lay or

An

realm. 6 Dependence. 7 d And n. 2 excellent medicament. bed. 3

sacred
chair or

stool Likewise
c

4 Fragrant

root of grass (Andropogon

muricatum.)

And 2 Head

of a dram, or place where any musical instrument ia


of

struck. 3

Water. 4 The sky. 5 Edge


8

a scimitar, or 6

scabbard.

lotos.

Name

of

a place. 9

A drug

(Costus Arabicus.) 10
f

One

of the

Dwip&s

or continents,

m. 11 The Indian Crane.

And 5 Differ*

ence. 6 Sake. 7
side.

8 Own. 9 Without, except. 10 Out11 Opportune time. 12 Midst. 13 Supreme soul. 14 Similar.
This term
is

A hole or rent

15 Other.
*

a pronoun in

the

3d and 10th
m. 3

acceptations.
or boiler.

Cyperus rotundus. Also 2

A churning

stick*

A seether

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'854

VMVKA KOSBA,

or

[Aw* III.
M

Very dark.

ntfn

ous, deatractive,

whi! (flwnnw ^tb% *Ujflw*:)


-

3 Yellow, c

'

Hard, e

ffSKl

faf^f

*fa *9T$)

m/n

CTnperplex.

192.

(*RT$it

^^
s,^
l

^T
2/
v

h
1 Superior, Mgh. a Northern.
i

v'w^N^vvvi) *
y
j

e.

m:

(^W)
m/n

1 Inferior.

2 Southern,

mrr* ^iVIH.*
1

it-..

*_
m,SA

f. n. 8 Of or belonging b According to another reading. Ticion* fo a city. 4 Sagacious. Likewise 4 Clean, m. 5 White mustard. 6 The moon # elephant.

Cyperus pertenuis. Likewise 2 Ginger, m.

n. 7 Filament

of

lotos,

f.

8 The goddess, wife

of

Siva.

9of
girl.

Yabuv'a.

10 The

earth. 11

Name

of a river.

12

young
*

IB

Turmeric*

d Also m.

2 Semecarpus

Anacardium.

Likewise
lip.

Old*

m.

n.

3 The

belly. f

Also 2 Lees, worse, m. 3 The

4 The
'

nether lip. * Likewise 2 Intent, attentive. h

Or 3 Frightened.
i

And

8 Excellent. Also
Vira'ta.
f.

n.

An

answer, m. 5 Proper name, the son of

The

wife of

Abhimakyu. 7 The north,

And

8 Worse.

Likewise 4 Excellent. 5 Silent, unable to answer.

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Chmp.

W.

&ct.

XXIL] SPN08KaiT4 DICTIONARY.

r*55

193. (i**t

HwSft %)
mfn

m/n
<WWHWl**U) x*
i

__ T ,

* Distant,

HCT# remote. 2 0ther. a


1 Sweet. 2 Pleasing.

cruel,

194. v^TCJ

(*1<W\0

1 Generous*

2 Great, d

m / ft

1 Indolent* 2 Independent, nncontrolled.

SECTION XXII.

Iw/
195. (**if*<?l<j
^

\%v%

Lock on

*fem) ^tarro (*w:)

2m

the crown of the head, g


1

The tree PUu. 2 An


elephant,

And 8

Pre-eminent. Or

Subsequent. 5 Inimical, enemy, a,

.(some say indec) 6 Only. b Also

m.U sweet
f

taste, a.

4 Poison,

f.

Anise.

c Likewise

Terrible.

4 Destructive.

* Also 8 Gentle.

Unperplexed.

diadem.
aarth.

And n. Talc. * And 2 A Hair tied on the head. 4 Head. m. 5 Jonesia Asoca. 6 The And 8 An arrow. 4 A flower {Or 5 Blossom of the Saccharum
Fern.

v*TCI,ft.

Sara)* Also 7

An

atom.

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m
1

UMURA KOSHi, or
IM
1Q iyt)
'

[2?(w* III.

YAMA.

2 Measured time, a

The fourth
age.b

m
A deer, c
A blanket d
1 Tax, revenue. 2 An oblation, e

197.
n

lBuUriness.

2 Strength. 3 Army,
forces.

a whirl-

198

*&&: (#%
(S^rf^nr

*IWTT*T*jfir

*T?TO% f*l)

i wicked.

*&) **ro (3f%

^in^m^:)

Likewise

8 Death. 4 Time

(infinite).

5 Black colour,

f.

6 Madder. 7 Indigo. m*it. 8 The goddess Gauri< 9 One of the b Likewise 2 Quarrel, strife. 8 War, Ma'trIs. 10 Heavy clouds.
battle.

4 Bellerick myrobalan. 5

An

unblown

flower.

Also n. 2

A
ex-

Lotos. 3 Water.
cellent

4 Copper,
d Also 2
f.

f.

5 The goddess LakshmiT

An

woman.

dewlap, 3

A
3

fabulous chief of serpents, n.

4 Water. name $ a
in.

And

*far:*St (or wftr;).

A wrinkle. Also m.
f.

4 Proper
f

giant.

5 Handle of a

flyflapper.

6 Ridge

of

roof.

And

crow. 5 Proper
f.

name

Balara ma. Also 6 Name

of

a demon
*

slain

bj Indba. m.

n.

7 Strong,

2 Gouty, Rheumatic. 3 Insane.


of prey
i
;

f. 8 Slda cordifolia, Ac. h Or wig*:. f And m. 2

And

tiger,

&c. 3

serpent-

vicious

elephant.

A beast 5 A king.

Fern, vciqft.

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Chap. IV. Sect. XXII.]

SZ7NGSKR/Til DICTIONARY.
1 Sin.

357

199. iltj (Sift

MmftgfagHq)

2 Filth. S Ex-

mn

cretion,

(*nfT*f<r

Ift')

^PNR
/
mfir.

A lance c

(wiW awthi
hip.

corner.

low

/
200.

mccha-

mW(

(fU|^M x

<hHI*l\ fW) % s
1 *

measure of
time, e

A compa-

/>

Hide.

wwfnwT) to dww^Mrtf)

^
/

*
($f*r. firat

3E.
2
i

lThoPleia-

201.

tost: (wfw*rit) ws%t

fSr3)2

1ftr or 4t.
*

As

sweat, snot,

earwax, Ac. 4 Dregs. 5 Rust. m.


f.

f.

n.

6 Nig-

gardly.

A trident or a pike. Also A gnomon. 3 A stake. 4 A post.


b

A courtesan.
f.

Likewise

5 Flame. 6 The elbow. 7


9

thump on

the breast. 8

punch with the elbow,


5

blow.

d Or 3 Sharp" edge. 4

A mark.
ear.

A row or
beard).

string.

Also 6 Delineation

with sandal, &o. on the

7 Contiguity. 8 Allowance to a dependant*

A masculine
3

woman (who has a

10

handful. 11 Praise.

* Likewise

digit of
f

the moon. 4 Interest on a capital sum. 5

A
In

part. 6
ff

Collection*

Also 3

bridge,

m.

f . n.

Intelligent, wise,

Likewise 4 Seashore. 5 Easy and sudden death.


first

Or %*r.
f . n.

the

acceptation, invariably plural.

And m.

3 Fire. m.

4 Black.

Also 5 Cardamom, m. 6 The dark half


J

of the

month*

n.

The

sky.

Or wjraT**

k Also

fc

Manufactured sugar, m. 3

A stone.

gem.

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358

miURA KOBE A, or
202. (iftftnf

{JBoo* III.

84,

^f%)

<iW

1 A multitude. 2

*rrir

fares wr^n^ft

wnwrrwn^f^)

net.

taftftod 203.
conduct.

tf*(wn% *W*)
(*P$

1 Fruit

SOW*) I***
fi

2 BesuH. c

the eye.d

2- Essential

204.

(*W VKllyiA) HW
4j|

character, e

Flesh.!

(WI^Tft*) TO*l

n
i

cj^ej
h

vesture-

%tf
205

(nf ^ft
v

fin) w

staked

"

'

1^(1^*
.

^ H^HT

?J

?TT^)

And m. n. 3 An asterism (the Scorpion's tail). Or n. 4 Principal, b And 3 A window, a lattiee. 4 An unblown flower. 6 Magio, capital* Likewise 3 Edge illusion. 6 Pride- f *pft 7 Trkihosanthes dioica. of a weapon. 4 A nutmeg. 5 A Pearl. 6 Profit. 7 A shield. * And t n, (-Hft%, T or w-). 3 A. multitude, n. 4 Betinne. Likewise f. a

A guard far an archer's arm. m. 4 A span. 5 The palm with extended finger*. * Also 2 A measure, consisting of four JTarsfa*. * Likewise 2 The infernal regions. 3 A hole. h And m. f. n. I Inferior >
3
low in situation. Pew.

Wt

And m. t

Conflagration of chaff.

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Chap. IV. See*. XXIII.]

SDXQ9KMTA DICTIONARY.

36*

306* (M|f$t$*IH*l!l) x '

1W^ (faWt

07'

ftp*)

saf^*

Virtue, b

m/n
mfn
1

Having

m/*g

2 High, e

fare

w%

ffa)

*rr. tercr) >

child,

2 * n ' a

SECTION XXIII.

^
208.

e^v

forest,

^r^rft (viK^nnrt)

m
f

{*Jt

(^PintT) *WT

j\\

jy

1 Birth.

2 Siva,

And
n.

m.

f.

n.

2 Alone,
expert.

sole.

3 Entire,

all.

Fern.

m\

And

m.

f.

Skilfuil,
late. d

Or 2

A new

leaf.

Also 3 Coral. 4 The

neck of a

3 Soft Or fan an elephant, m. n. 6 Andropogon Schcenanthus* 3 The tongue. 4 The goddess Lakshmi' Likewise 3

Likewise 2 Bulky. Likewise 3 Terrible. * Also h Likewise m. 3 Hair. 4 Tail of a horse. of


*

Also

5 fWT

Fire in general.

* Also 3 Existence. 4 Acquisition. 5 This world. 6 Safety, well being.

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860

miURA ROSEA, or
^wra:) Mfrfo

[Book lit.

A counsel(iraft

2 A companion.
lor.

m
(nftrnTfiwi)
209

4*

i'tSSS
fruticosum. a

w:

1 A moun-

S^sV
eep.

w- (***"*)
(*rtifMi*KT) ynx:

<^

sun. d

Command.
Call. 3 Sa-

crifice.

1 ProducFn it.210. ro 8 Blossom, d


tion. 2
.

2T

(^TfWT^ **% s$) wfti

(wwtt)
M
m

1 Distrust.

ment.

iSSSS*
1 Dignity,

211

(Hrfatf^r wft t) ***


m m
#

nion. f

gin.g
1

Son of a

woman, h
1 mfl.

And

A man.

A cheater.

h Also 4 The shawl goat.


state.

Or

reading.) 2 Existence, 4 Meaning, intention. 5 Gesture, movement. 6 Soul. 7 Birth. 8 Thing. 9 Venerable. 10 (in dramatic language) Learned. 11 State, condition.

(varying the

3 Nature, disposition.

And 4

Bringing

forth.

5 Offspring.
Certainty.

And 3 Formation
hint. *

of a wish.

Festival, jubilee- f

Or 3

4 Indication,

Or 3 Source.
2 Battle-

4 Place where a thing


axe. 3

is first

perceived. 5 Strength.

And

A son born

in adultery.

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Chap. IV.

Stci.

XXlV] S!7NGSlR/T2 DICTIONARY.


1

301

m
213.

*% (*&% *W 3 ftftft UTO* W)


Di

The polar
a

star,

n
5*) 2 The 80Ul b
Cloth round
8

^ron*^)^**!^)^*^* / <W* 0^ * *) ST' 214. (*W*w?


d

*fr)

waist, c
i

Gaubi'.

jackal, e

1 Dispute, quarrel.

2
1

A pair,

Substance. 2 Breath, g

nj

Neuter

gentler.

B An eunuch*

SECTION XXIV,

2i6. (it)

rwh

(W^)
1

Man of

the

commercial tribe, k

H
n. 8

And

n.

Certainty,
axis,

m.

f.

Perpetual, constant. Also m.


f.
f.

4 8
c

A stake.
And 2

An

or pole. 6 S'iva.

n.

%T. 7

A ladle or

spoon, n. 9
n.

Reasoning, m.
is

Burden of a soug. 10 Immovable. b And


d

m.f. n.3

Own* m.

4 Wealth. It

a pronoun in the 3d acceptation.


at play.

Mercantile stock. 3

A stake
j

m. 3 Maha^>b*va. 4 One of the


f

astrological Ytyat.

Or 4tPc:. e Also 5 The Vedas. n.


Water,

f.

6 Pleasure, ease. 7 Auspiciousness


yellow

well

being. 3

9 The
other

myrobalan.

Likewise 3 Union of the sexes.


Vigour, m.
n. 4

Or

unconscious

function. 3

An
f.

animal. Also

n.

quality, 6 Nature. 7 Strength.

demon. 9 Existence. 10 Essence.


*

11 Self-command.
*

**f or

**\

And m.
f.

n. 8

Weak. 4

Idle,

Or ffW.

And

Man

in general,

3 Entrance, Sing. pr^.

Tt

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0MCB4

BLOSHJ,

or

[Aw* U*.

m
**

2 a si^ of the zodiac.

(it)

^nft (%%ftm<h)
m

bambu. b

Wages,

H&T& sis. (t^ A


cause*

f*fn?)

n^r.
#

water.!
Age, as youth, c, g

(TO0 f"l
^pajj

(*J

*)

(T9T^*I? f^rTO)
\

$*
2 Breadth, h
2

aS*

219 ***
-

W "^ *
A

*
^Tf)
2/
l*T

(verflfripm)

elephant*]
1 Knowledge.

(^1^ *T?lfX

f?ll)

* Also.

3 Conflict with a dangerous animal in hopes of reward.


multitude.
c

* Likewise 3 The back bone. 4

Or

ftsjTO*.

O*
:

S Eating.

And m.
3

f.

n.

2 Small. Or 3 Niggardly. 4
ape.
f

A cultivator.
One
of

Also 5 slayer of

eattle.

m. 6 An

Also m. 2 Proper name

Son

of

Ba ma.

Sacrificial

grass (Poa Cynosnroides). 4

the

continents. 5

yoke.

f.

*}.

Share of a plough.

2 Wick

of a lamp.
;

3 (Invariably
*

pi.)

* Likewise Border or edge of cloth. h Also

8 Region
n.

quarter.

Likewise

barren cow. 4

daughter,

5 Subjection. 6 Desire, wish. m.


f.

f. n.

7 Subject, dependent.
f.

And

m.

n. 2

One who

sees or

knows. Also

3 Sight. 4

An

eye.

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Chap. IV.

Sect.

XXV. ] S^NOSESt/H DICTIONARY.

S6S

m/

1 Violent.

(wtf **n
/
220.

(*rff*r. ^tfttpwitf*)
*ft)

8 In
tangible, LSbi'e.

a
b-

HlT^T (fiwf%W

Notorious,

w/n

(fiW^r

Young.

**)

*lfa*lt

2 Ignorant.

SECTION XXV.

(OTPfxrt) *ifaf*n&

FA god;
2
1

fish.

^n (oni^ ST
221.

The souK
man..

m (iiwwiJiwr^) ^wft

A crow;

* Any bird which preys, on fish, c

me-

mfa: (wr% t*&)


*
^
^ v

1 A halter or win. 2 A ray of light.

lDePatch,.

Or 4 Harsh. 5 Crael. 6 Unmerciful. 7 Miserly. * Also 2 Light. $ Display. 4 Load laugh. * Likewise 3 A beggar. * Also Thearmpit. 4 A forest of dead trees. 5 A wall. The side. m. f. n. 7 End ef a cloth fixed m the waistband, f. 8 The string round an elephant's
*

neck. 9 Objection in argument. 10

Emulation.

Or mtft^.

Like-

wise & Fatigue.

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<54

UMtrRA KOSHJ,
HI

or

[Book III.

Partisan, a

222.

TO

(V*T*f

S()
wi

diadem.

W|ffa: (fa^T^Sfapd^tO

I
1

Kft
A
bud.

ta*% *ft%
^
* i

W i*
v

m 11*) iw:
s

&

Gaming

with dice. 2 A die. o

m** s *s _ ^ ^ raj to ^nTcw^r? to) ^jTwn N .*

'.AS?

224. (stt

par* **** *r*i^ ^ftr^)


f

1 Agriculture

2 Fire with cowdung. g

Also 2 Side. 3 Alternative. 4 Half

of the lunar

month. 5

Armys
Con-

forces. 6 Friends. 7

Wing. 8

Thesis, doctrine to be maintained. 9

tradiction.

10 Subject of an inference. 11 (In composition with


b In composition. 3
Chief,

%n)

Great quantity.

pre-eminent. 4 Virtue,

personified in the shape of a bull. 5

A bull.

6 The sign of the

Zodiac

(Taurus). 7 Proper name

title of

Karn'a. f.*t. 8 Cowich (Dolichos or


ascetics. c

Carpopogon
or ordeal. 5

pruriers)

^ft 9

Cushion used by

And 4 Oath

vessel used at sacrifices.

8
4
2

Testicle.

9 Dictionary.

Or

qfrv:.

A cocoon of silk. 7 Eye ball. And 3 A board for playing.


f

An organ of sense. A dio. 3 V measure (a


bolleric

5 Attraction. 6 Drawing the bow.


Karelia or 16 mdeftas). 4

And m.

wheel. 5

A lawsuit*
And

6 The

rayrobalan. Also
of

Wood

of a car.
n.

8 Business, tranof salt. *

saction. 9
f.

Propor name, son


4

Havana,

10 Kind

river-

canal.

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Chap. IV.

Seel.

XXV.] SPNGSKR7TJ DICTIONARY.

365

225.

^m* inj fiwrct *) ijta*


ft**l (^re *)

2 Manly act.

^"J*
a

Water, b

mn
(1J*T^

m) ^Itf** (^T^)
*

a bribe, c

(linCF? rfk) faf^nj An offence, d

w*
226.

Raim

(mif( wfcpntfw
'

V^)
/

W|

(*lfin*T*0

\i%?'
1 Dancing.

1 Service.

wagw.g
j

227.

fjffif

($|rj jfq)

Splendour, h

(mi**)
1 Entire.

2 Inferior.

m/ *

lPercepti-

(nam <fwO*nft

SMSr

_
a

Also 3 Semen, m.

f.

n.

4 Measured by the human


c
pi.

stature, or

by the height to which a man reaches.


3

b Likewise 2 Poison,

f.wr

plant (sort of Betola

?)
f.

Also 2 Flesh. 3 Food.


wwt:. 5 Rainy season.
* Likewise
f

* Likewise

Disease. e Also

A cloud,

ing an exhibition of dancing. 4 Intellect.

Or 3 View4 Alms. h Also

2 Ray

of light.

The following admit the

three genders.

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366

UUVRA ROSEA, or

[Book 111.

SECTION XXVI.

The sun.

3 A goose, a
1

oc> tA f f*,.?*-,,,,., ^\ ^8. (<MVfl^li^) THSt


,

i*
The
sun.

2
1

Fire.

fa?**#)
b

fam^
3*d

calf.

2A

year,

**ft

frtfs^T

ft)

A bird

Cn-

culus. c

IStE* 229. {*&<& f^T ftf dramas, e


wH
1 -An earring.

^
(*V

TT*T

*9)

W
*

MNt

3
1

A crest. A
class

j^r)

*wt raf^k

*% *fa *N^>

Sm
f

* Likewise

3 Vishku.

4 The Supreme
life.

Being, 5

The

soul.

6 Breath. 7
b Also $
breast.

A sort of ascetic
A king.

person devoid of covetousnes8

9 Unenvious. 10

11 The horse sacrificed by Yud'hish'thira.

An
c

endearing appellation of a son or grand-child, n. 4 The-

Likewise 2

god. 3

bee.

An

antilope.

fiprtoT:

or f^ftlTTt'

Amatory, heroic, tender, pathetic, Ac.

And 2 Poison,
liquid.
*

or 3 Water. 4

Semen virile, or 5
f.

Quicksilver. 6 Quality of taste; savour,,

as sweet, sour, Ac. 7 Zeal, ardour, passion. 8 Juice,


of the body. 10 Myrrh,

9 Juices

11 The tongue.

12 The earth.
n.

Or life

And

A ray

of light.

Or 4

A rein, or halter,

gem. 6 Wealths

Also 7 Oold. m. 8 Tie of the yoke. 9

A plant (Bakapushpa).

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Chap. IV.

Sect.

XXVIJ SZ7NGSKR/TJ DICTIONARY.

K7

2/
g f

of a serpent*

231. ^TTV%

(JTWnte^)

1 Request,

^#
TT^TT
*

(^TOT^W^)

e^

Injury, mischief, as rob-

bery, &c. c

H^faSTfa)

A mare, d

232. (TTrcri$*r)

rfir
7

SSS?
1

A star.

the eye. (
5

(iTOTVCTWi^) ITT:

offence!

A \

10

n
5

233. (tur. **ta*ft) *r*r


*i

SKT-

link

> *

1 Quality of

*
e

Also 2 Bbamha. 3 Intelligent, wise. b Likewise 3 Thirst, desire.


d Likewise 2
;

Also 2 Slaughter.

A mother.

And 2 The

earth.

8 The

sky. Collectively, dual


Fire.

severally,

singular.

m. 4 The sun. 5
m. W^: ()

* Likewise 3 Touth.

Ex. ^T* f Also h Also 3 Colour. f Or

Likewise 3 Dost. 4 Farina of flowers, pollen* k

Or

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868

UM URA KOSH A,
8

or

[Boo* tit

cen^ node.
2 Darkness* a

(*XTt
n

^PB
,

^J^) IWt

poetical
2 Desire, b

234

j^ran^ *)
-

In
3 ttottlfof

m
(iPl)

*ft

(WW)

q*T

The

sky. e

ng
1

3m

(* *W*)

W:

A house, f 235. *jta

(tot**^)

T.

iw&.

i*:(^ir>i(m*)

of a river.

w
k

S Strength,

tafias)

And 3 The
:

third quality, according to

the

Sdnhhya system

of

philosophy

darkness or illusion, contrasted to truth and passion.

Grief.

b Also 3

The Vtda. 4 Uncontrolled conduct. Likewise,

in

the second acceptation,


of the superior worlds,

W^(^).
m. win:
*) or
of

Also 2 Virtue, moral merit. 3 One

(*r).
(

4 The month of Mdgha. 5 The


*

cold season.

9T
f

(T)

*^i ( 2 The month

^f

^). 1 Strength.

And m. ^rri

ft)

or

Agrahdyanct. Also 3 The winter, n. 4

luminary.

And m.

And m. 2 The month of An asylum. Or *Wk

Sr&van'a. 3 Rain. 4
h

A
.

cloud,
i

Or

*t*

Or ^Jhf

And

4 Semen

virile.

The following admit the

three genders.

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Chap. IV.
1

Seel.

XXVII.]

SUXQSKMTA DICTIONARY.

869

/
Intelligent,

fafPI (fW^)

mf n ^^-s*|W^T (nf^T
Cv
?v

Mischievous,
cruel,

JUT)

mf

n c
1 Very old. 2 Very ex-

^HPTO^ tTT) N

,_

..

WIM14
3m/nd

cellent.

1Very
small.

4w /*

Very great.

w^ti (^nsfc)
5

2 Very ex-

m/ * f

cellent.

w$tin*i faTS*!*^:)

bt ' Ycr 2 Very firm.

y^

SECTION XXVlI.

mn
238. (Tim Sft)*
/

A leaf, g
#

<

_^\

(tipr^iiMiMiitti^n)

im:

2 3

1 Seizure eclipse.

An A planet, h

1 fnpy.

*otto c

*^.

*to.

5to.
soul.

Also 2 Learned. 3 Having a true knowledge of the

b Like

wise 2 Envious, n. 3 Ahjuna. Fem. ^Miajr. Fera. vgnflfr d Fem. ^W^t. Fem. ifaft. f Fem. *pfonft. Or 2 Retinue. 8 A peacock's tail. h Also 4 The moon's node. 5 Seizure, caption. 6 Effort
iu battle 7

class of imps.

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370

miUEA ROSUA, or

[Hook III,

The

string

spending susp a balance, b

239.

(fJ]HH TOTf^l^V) TOT*! WtVT


m

(jfa^)

2Famjly;
dependent. C

(^T fl*l^l<MjHHM
m
240.
*

T;)

MfWtV
m

pi.

wife,

(fT^fa) H^i:
1

multitude.

^%J

(fc^|

fBf)

The demon Vrttrck g


3 Fire.

^jf%

(t^
*

Jig)
I*

2 The moon. 3 The sun. h

(^N^W) ?nfrm:
qr?

EST* 241. (Uft^


i

rt**$i
j

Koyalty.

(WRTK H^)

*T
wall.

Or

piece of

wood jutting out of a


&c.

4 Extracted
on).

juice,

Wood
6

placed in a wall (for doves to build nests


for

rein or halter

horses,
c

3 Prisoners.

4 Restraint.

And 2 A 5 An arm.
;

A ray of

light.

And
but

3 Acceptance. 4 Origin

or 5 Root- 6 Oatli

or 7 Quarrel. Also 8

The sun near the moon's node. d And 2


in the

A house.

Invariably

2d acceptation also neuter sing. Likewise 2 Ascent as a climbing plant. 3 Rider of an elephant or
plural
;
f

horse. 4 Length. 5 Height.


tion.

Likewise 2 Array of troopsserpent. h Likewise


*

3 Fabricadeified saint

4 Reasoning.
l

& Also 2

or prophet.

Or

thing.

The following

are indeclinable.

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Cfctf. IV. Sect.

XXVIIL] SffNGSKR/Tii DICTIONARY.

371

SECTION

xxxm.

INDECLINABLES.
1

little.

2UntiiLa

Oh Ah

(re-

^n (**zw.

*ft

*vw

member-

s*i)

ing), c

(an(sor-

grily).

o l

<^w
/

2 Alas

rowfully).
1 Sinful.

^v

EX*
i;Fy? (me1"

nacirigly).

f^PF (fiW^fH't^ft:) v

proachfu?-'
ly.)
1. Moreover. 2 And. J* Mutually. 4* Also, e

r Well
(*&:

(a.

3.

^mt

wh^i^V)

benidiction.) 2 Safe, f

a Including the

limits

Or 3 Exclusive
and altering
final

of the

bounds or limits
giving in-

4 Preposition joined
tensity to
it.

to verbs,

their sense,, or
is

*wr> (for

the

consonant

2 But (indicating a change). 3


~

And

expunged)* * And d' Unalterable in: (collective)..


first*
;.

orthography

even before vowel*.

In the

acceptation j
in

the
it

particle connects a secondary with a primary object

the second
:

conjoins equal objects $Jn the third*

it

indicates

reciprocation

in

the

fourth

it

connects different acts with the same subject. It has other


5.

acceptations, as

But, (indicating a converse proposition).

But

(pxcusingly). 7 Forthwith. 8 Expletive.

And

3 Right. 4 Auspicious*

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37'J

niURA KOSBA, <n


m

(fcaftllL

m
3-JJSrfS? 239. a r^Iasoe- b

(grow mTfi^^n) tot. wj (rf**i)

wife,

240.

(fT^ft) VR
1 at

a woBMi
waist, c

(^fNrpnqT) ft%r (4<ftMi:)


i

multitude,
I

W%J ^

(fc^ H*) v
"

The demon

^B^f

(TO TO)

1 Fire.

2 Thenwoti, 3 The ran. b

KSf 241. (Hft^ W? ^ *f**T


i

Kojaltj-

*
ft

Or 3

piece of

wood jotting out of a

wall.

4 Extracted
od)l

juice,

Wow!

idaced in a wall (for doves to


-

buil\ nests

hiltar^feAg**** & c * Prisoner*. 4 Restraint. > Acceptance. 4 Origin ^ or 5 Root- 6 Oath ; G A ray oJj n** 1 the moon's node. d And 2 A house. r r 7
real or

And 2 A 5 An arm.

QulM

Inwb
'

tiw

2<1

acceptation

also

neuter sing.

Hitni>mg plant,
],

3 Rider of an elephant or

Likewise 2 Array of troops- 3 Fabricab

Likewise

dei6ed saint

following are indeclinable.

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^^^xxniLjsrsGSKB

DICTIONARY.

5ECTIOX

X1XUL

IXDECLIXABLE5.

tfiarL

2 Ft

"-^

f j^f^rt
3
-

^WT

^; ^

******

wr L

^^ ^ v r^T:

372

UMURA K0SH4,

or

[Book III.

1 Very.

2 Surpassing.
1

What ? (interrogative).
2 (Doubting-

to
1 But (indicating difference).

2 Indeed, a
1 Together.

2 Once, b
i
1 Far.

2 Near.
2
1 Westward.

2 Behind.
3
1 Also.

What ? c
e

^?it

oj^rf%rawt:)

1 Again, often.

2 Always, d 1 In presence, before.

2 As,

like.

J 'Sorrow).

Also!

2 (Compas
1
sion). f Oh (joy). 2 (Pity).
1

3 (Inceptive). 4 Alas g
1 Instead.

2 Each,

res-

pectively.

3 Towards, b

i-*
a
*

a
doubtingly.
e

3 ^TC! or V?(.

Also 3 And.

4 Again. 5 Expletive.
I

b Likewise.
or

8 Always.
Expletive, Indicating

Interrogatively.

8 .What

4 Either,

Or 8 Together. 4

Perpetually.

Or

^3-

And 8

joy.

4 Indicating surprise.

Oh

(vocative).

Also

5 Certainly $

indeed. 6 Gift. Ex. **r*TCS, gcuerous.


to (as a portion). 6

h Likewise 4 For. 5

Belonging

In exchange. 7

little.

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Chap. IV.

Sect.

XXVIII.]

8U8GSKBJTA DICTIONARY.

373

Eastward.

2 Prior, first. 3 Formerly. 4 In front.


i
1 As much as whole). 2 Until, c 1 .A aspic* Auspicious panicle.

^i>

*i<diitHK'tt*rcreiT^nw) s*n

9.

WT (W*Tf**^)
iTT*TT

&
e
?

(sIftlWITW.)

*
1

(^BHSTT

^ M<*<3I

-^

What

(in.

^T)

terrogative).

2 Or.

(wwiiwX)
10.

*s 2l^T

(flVjqUKIIQYT JU*roT*n*<ib 13

t^^cTe"
h

1
a Indicating

a sort or
thus.

set.

3 So

well

known

as such. 4 Etccetera.
to

6 Even so

exactly

6 Indicating the

preceding sound
;

be

meant. 7 Indicating the sense to be intended. 8 So 9 Finis


:

of this opiuion.
ij^: (^).
6

marking a
d

close.

10 So

of this form.

Or
?

And

3 As many as (number). 4 As many as there


(affirmative).

are.

So much

And 3 Now

(inceptive).

What

(interrogatively).

5 All (comprehensively). 6

Now

(premising).
i

7 Imperative particle.

8 And.
doubt.

Also 8 Without, except.

Likewise 3
to.

An

indication of

* Also

8 Along. 4 Under,
to.

inferior

5 With.

6 Near.

7 Towards. 8 In regard
h

A
6

share.

10 Severally, respectively.

And

2 Certainly.

3 Indicating assent.
particle.

consolatory

and kind

expression.

5 Vocative

conciliatory

vocative particle.

7 Inceptive. 8 Reproachful. 9 Responsive.

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374

UiiURA K0SH4,

or

Boo* III.

1 Reprehenaive particle,

a
1

As, like
Or, either.

b
1 Half.

2 Blamably.
1 With, together.
"

2 Near.
1

Water.

2 Head, d
1 Like, as.

12.

(xvarohfa)

xtf

2 Thus,

1 Perhaps.

Certainly.

^f;(w*
'*A *$")

**f*nrfr)-

1 Silently.

2 At
1

ease.
?

%*f
(fan

What
;

(in.

terrogative).

^^wt sr^*)

Bad
2
1

ill.

1 Evidently. Possibly, h

Ornament.

2 Enough.
8 Able, i

And

3 Interrogative particle.

4 Earnest inquiry.

6 Doubt, or

suspicion. 6 Possibility

and

likelihood. 7 Pursuit or seeking.

8 Corro-

borative of an affirmation. 9 Even. 10 Although.

b Likewise 8

And.

Expletive. 5 Only

no other. 6 Indication of doubt and considera*T.

tion.

More properly
e

d Also 8

111

bad. 4 Ease, pleasure. 6


Certainly. 5

pletive.
f

Also 3

Indicative of Consent. 4

ExCommand.

Likewise 3 Indicating recollection. 4 Expletive. Also 8 Indicating


h

doubt or consideration. 4 Prohibition.

Or 3 Indicating

recollection.

4 Wrath. 5 Indignant consent. 6 Reproach. 7 Pretence. 8 Surprise.


1

And 4

Prohibition. Also 5 Usclessness.

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Cfc*j>.lV.

Sett XXVIII.] StfNGSKRTTit

DICTIONARY.
of doubt

8T9

1 Indicative
reflection,

and a

INear,
2 Within, midst.
1

Again.

2 But, on the contrary, b


1 Certainly. 1

2 Negation. Ancient

2d

story. 2 Old. 8 Past, c

-^*^ (^t) *& (* $m% vi\*& wm)l Jgf16.

(^5?^^rt%)^

Heaven.

2 The next
world, e
1

News

so

reported.

2 Probably, t
1 Prohibition. 2 Ex-

pletive,

INear.
2 Both. 3 Quickly. 4 Emirely. 5 In front.
1

Name.

2 Appearance.

1*%T (*I
7

n* **wft)

iSS&
1

Conceal-

ment.
2 Awry, h 8

^d.

TO.

-*.
5 Wrath

And

2 Interrogative
dislike.

particle.

8 Yes. 4 Indicating

fear-

6 Aversion,
c

7 Reaproach. b Also 3 Indicating change

of subject.

Or 4 Long since past. 5 Near. 6 Future. Or 7 Proximate future. Or ^t. Also *^t. Also the sky or atmosphere. ' Likewise

3 Conciliatory expression. 4 Indeed. 5 Falsely indicating displeasure. And 3 Indicating inquiry. 4 A conciliatory expression. 5 Indeed,
certainly.

h Also 3 Contempt, disregard,

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37C

miURA
!

KOSH2I,

or

[Book III.

1 Alas

(sor-

row). 2 (Regret).
i

1 Indication, of wonder.

2 Of pain or
fatigue.
1

Because,

for. 2 In-

ft

(nT^nfTW;

deed, a

CHAPTER

V.

tb
Long
time,

i.

ftrcT*
3i

f^uwn ftn^rr far fircnfan:)


4 t

Again and
again
;

hi

i c

fre-

quently.

Si
inBtantly.
;

9i

10

11 i

id

Soon

2.

^TTHifTWP^rT mnrar ^rf^f ^rr*f mfa 37*)


i
i

12

13

14 i

Much

very.

15

16%

*c

17

18

19

Without
except.

3.

^erfaprr s^fi^^r% fif^^i^TT fa

^^^)

l_^or^T. 3^.
6

3 ^r.
8_*.
13 *rfa.

r.
9_f.

^.
i*f
.

^r_.

*r
lift.

n_*.
te fwit.
a Likewise

12 ^.

17

i8_*

f* idimn^

15^

Interrogative. 4

Expletive. 5 Indicating difference.

b Also f%?, fa^<ir,

fan^, f^.

This term

is

also declinable- d

One

adds, but

erroneously, ^fa.

Also qitK l-

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Chap. V.

Sect.

XXVIII] SZ7NGSKII/T4 DICTIONARY.

377

tit*
3Pfj^T?TO%T
*
*

(WTT) *
l*2i

therefore,

(^WHS^C g) f^Tf1
3i
4.

Some, b

4
Sometimes.

^^Tf^mrS

^(3)^wiviw
(lIWWW) W*
(*f*T% ^)
if
_
t

her

Conformity.

WT ^5^T
5

** vain.
Either, or (inc<\

5.

^nft

^m*t
i i i

^^ fwi (f*rara*)
/#^
N

*v\

** ^s_

far

wriw *
T
7i Si

*;

it

liberation),

gff^^f^^ (^S^)
/__^\

Expletives.

-pii
^51'"

vP'
6.

Particles o' praise and reverence.

f^T (40
(S^r) *ffaT (^f) *Jll

By

day. g

(^ ^WfTftfil)

By

night,

ih

9i

(fiWW) ^Tf*

ffl^T (f^)

bent

awry.

* Correlatives

*^, vw:
*irw^*,
;

or ^w, because,

w^9

w*i:,

WW,
c

therefore.

b In composition with the pronoun f%ij and

its

derivatives.

Ex.

f%f%^[, something
f

somebody

a certain person.
d Also

One come

mentator adds inqf


read ^wt.

but erroneously.

to:

^).

Some

* Likewise wnfr. Also qrrytfqffr and ^WTTtf^Rfr the day, generally. h This terra is also declinable and is fem.

Or

Vv
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ST8

UTAURA KOSHJ,
i
1

or
i

[Book III.

2i

^
1 Near.

tit
Z
i
1

2 Midst, a
Inconsiderately, suddenly.
Before, iu front,
i

m&r f^^m fr^


(^wifaji*

g)

www
3
1

temtf tc: jt%t


c
4
i
i

jirar:
i

Oblations to the gods or

manes, b

5i

6i

7 i

little.

S
In the next
life.

9/di
Ab, like;

lttlltl2t

**j srora* **

(vw)

Ah

(indi-

cating surprise).

Silently.

(*V^
i

?j)

a^ff a^nfait
4
I

Instantly.

13

if

Indication of joy.

10. f?[WTO*$treiY*

(^wt*t^)

Between
amidst.
i

dm)
* **w3

inf"

s*ro
6

TO.
The terms

v.
:

^.

^.

*^.
are

are

synonymous

in both acceptations. b

The terms
Ex.

used as invocations with such offerings


presented to a god

the

first

peculiar to an oblation

the last to one offered to the manes.

TfHI

^inFTf this oblation to

Indra. fing?zr;^piT, this oblation to the manes.


is

In a different acceptation this term


21.
d

declinable
*.

v.

and
e

fern.

B. II. Ch, 7.
*c*.
f

One commentator

reads

Also

Also

fTOnJhf, Some read ViniW-

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CJiap.

V.

.Seel.

XXVIII.] StfNGSKR/TJ DICTIONARY.

379

*
i

S^TO (5 fariT^O
%

_\

Forcibly,
violently,

1
#

i
>

^n^
2
i

W\
i

^v

\H*fT*7t)

Continoally, perpetually.

a 4

*rra ^y
5

j^r

(^ iT^r)

*y

Negative and
prohibitive.

(^w)
7

r*T

^wt
lOt

(ivq)

Trul y-

(TOT*fr If<\fV. faTj)


9i

Apparent.

11

ic

13.

wirnwr

(g) uf**:

*4mfo

(Tarfir)

&
Willingly,

(^HTITg*!?^)

^TWl
i

' ^.
*

* *rf?.

w.

*, or in.

%^.

*fc
&c.

a art or ^rift

Also

*r#r.

b Likewise

^rt.

Also fcqpi!,
ultimate

UHnUq ,
;

d Implying
Also,

previous

disinclination,

but

acquiescence.

according to a different reading, 2 Willing compliance


next.) 3

and

(synonymous with the

Acquiescing with reluctance.

Im-

plying regret in the acknowledgment or acquiescence.

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MO
Indicating contradiction.
?

imiTRA KOSHX,
a

or

[Boo* III.

14.

*3 *
i

faTfsrfaftafV)
i

Introductory of a kind
question, b
*

Improperly; unseasonably.

V
i
t

As thereto
appertaining.
Falsely.

15.

w*t f*wn
*

(*r

fkn)
<iil4 (g) SRnpTOIJ
2

Properly,
suitably.
i

Indeed.

4
Before; anterior.

16

Certainly; necessarily.

year.

**\

(*?)
?

Former,
prior.

Q O

a*

O if

Assent, consent, promise.


Self; of
self.

him10 i

Little; low.

17 (*raiT ) fr%:
.

11

Great; high,
load.

12

Frequently;
generally.

Slowly.

(*H%) *w:
2

Or qg.

*.

3 ^J.

4^r.
i<> .
it

(^r).

*_.

6
it_ e
to

7^(^).
a

a^rt.
b

9^.
**

n
so.
c

*f*. X

Wishing that

may

be

Or, according

another rtfiding,

rm and

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Char. V.

Sect.

XXVIII.] StfNGSKR/Til DICTIONARY.

381

^(ttfof)
*

Formerly, b

*^ x

Disappear-

Present

18.

*jfl(*w)
,

?>
y
f

be-

(^PnHT'l)

^W

(f)
t

Interjection,

expressive of wrath.

Interrogative particle.

id

Particle in-

c
,

^TT (TVV^^H*i;
.

^v

Close of the night morn, break of day.


;

19-

(^TT*

f?F
i

Again.*
in.

**
4

(ssfa%)

Well.

^T^T (^ntp

Evening,
close of the

5i

day.

H?t HTff:

(*W%)
%

Morning.

fJWjXTT f^f3f|%) Near.

1 *.
a

*r.

J *.
b Tliis

4^.
particle,
c

5^.
say, indicating
(*?).
f

Also OTT^. and ^nj.


d Also ^$\

indicating past time,

converts the present tense into the preterite.

Some

auger
1

also.

Some
:

read 3.

e
1

Likewise

mm

Ini-

lying, however, a difference

"the rather/

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382
Last year)

miURA KOSH^,

or

[Book III.
*

Sit a
years,

aad

20

wmwtT % ^ *4?tf m)
a
^.

To-day.

*J^T

(tf&JSirr)

21. ?tot

sm j^tt **ra^?r?;n03?t ^c (*n^n)


3
t

2i
Both days,
c

W*?T

(^j)

^T^:
(|j^

Next day.

ajf^)

l^fa

Yesterday.

22. ^gfj (*T7f

To-morrow.

(WRf

jf^p)

*3*

*
Then, at that

TOl^ 'W< Kft)

^ ^^
6
t

7
-v

At once; at the same


time.

^^ ^T
i

Always; at
all times.

g ^ 7r ^^^T

^T
.-*

before the last ; current (*), ; troft, year b re^Ti, a former day j yesterday. H^at^r:, a subsequent day $ year. to-inorrow. w^^J, another day ; the day after to-morrow.
* 1HI5, last year

$w

W^q:,

a past day
either day

;
;

the day before yesterday.

W^q:,

another day.

<i|f 71^31:,

one of two days, ffl^P, a different day,


to come.

The past

day and the day

iK^p

or

q^T* ( ^)-

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Chap. VI. Sod.

I.)

SCNGSKIim DICTIONARY.
i

383

I i

Now;

at this

23. Ttflfa

**H*f^T*fN.^T ^TO?T
3i

(ff*T) 4i 5*

time.

CHAPTER

VI.

SECTION

I.

WTO

fa)

the

ea9t

from or

in the cast

or eastern

country

).

or prior time.

V%\ hi),

North

northern,

or subsequent, lianr (%)

West,
(^T)

western,
:

or subsequent.

Besides other

terms,

as

qnrpff

South

Southern or former,

V%tr$T*s^*> Northward. S KWT^ before. virpc *i?fw?[,

^f^^j^n?:$*, Southward^ qrroqt*:^rWlfy underneath.


abore.

WWT^,

behind.

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384
The following are feminine, viz. Monosyllables in f;or^jf. a

&M7.U KOSEU, or

[#oo* III.

Names

of fe-

male beinga.b

^ftfisTfaprm

TermB
ning, c

signi-

fying light-

A compoun 1
in qg 'with a

numeral, d

<*P.
4

A no in

ending in the

w*^

3r f*rap3n*r

^cww^rffi'i

affixes flsr,

Example,^*:,

prosperity.

j;.,

eyebrow.

b Except
c

*mtf and

; igi, neut. and *m: masc speech ; ) space, night ; any creeping plant a lute ; (some read *T*ft, d Provided intellect). quarter ; earth j river ; modesty (some read

pi. Signifying a wife.

Viz. lightning

except
(Ex.

of three worlds j the sense be singular (Ex. firitft, the aggregate &. such compound term, formed with the words unf, *W,

^gSif , Total
w(

of

four ages).
is

Viz. w*r, which imports state of

being, and multitude, or

pleonastic, (Ex.%t7lT,

God,

deity): *,

*fw,

*^<T and
bonds
;

signifying multitude,

as irnHT assemblage of

chains or

nfjpft,

carriages
vertible

into

crowd ot pond (abounding in lotuses) ; x**W> (or 3 with 3^ or ww, all conifaT, a herd of kine : signifying enmity, nuptial into

w*

**,

ftnd

finaUy

v*l

;)

import, and union, &c. (including the distributive enmity of crows and owls. ment). Ex. *T*itvfMrT,

gift

and amerce-

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K
Chap. VI. Sect.
I.]

80NGSKRITA DICTIONARY.

385

^FTPr^'rl
**!<

T^nC^

nine termination.

Nouns ending

in these
:

eleven affixes, which import the state of

being, &c. are


(fir)

feminine

viz. **fir> signifying

an imprecation,
:

fj^^

for

the abstract sense (Ex. ^}fk:, recollection)


;

^^ (convertible
;

into WiT) denominating a disease


(as ?ftfrarT, livelihood)

or implying the

import of the verb


as

also *gf*
:

(wi t) implying reciprocity


(*T
)

armftft,
sense

mutual imprecation
:

srjtt

conveying the abstract.


;

as ?TOTBrT> sacrilege
:

^
:

(^RT)

with the abstract sense


:

as

I^SP^n, decoration
^IT) for

f^r (%)
$

indicating question and reply

**v (**t

the abstract sense


;

Ex. q^T, cookery


^f also
in

f*r

with the abstract


;

import

Ex. ^rfa:, fatigue


:

the abstract sense

as
it

f%ftwt, desire to act


after
o|irq ,

(but

some omit
of.

this affix

others interpose
:)

others transpose
:

some
Ex.

the latter affixes

(^tt ^tt)
;

with

the same abstract import

fiRsnr, action.
;

b Viz. fa
the earth

as ^iYftr:',

a string or row. Some read ^rfa:


an army,

as
c

^nrf%:,

^r as

^w,

t as

3TCQft, prosperity.

Terminated by an

affix

denoting

the femiuine

gender

(^pY, tffjxr

or

%?&)
it

whether the noun signify any


ristrict-

thing locomotive or fixed, or

whether

vary the gender, or be


thing
is

ed to the feminine.

d Indicating

play in which the

used as

a weapon. Ex. iftejTi boxing, playing at nVty cuff.

\V w
'

&

Digitized by

G00gle

.--u

-r~ Wl

m
Or
in

UMURA
f
fol.

KOSELi,

or

[Book III.

lowing

TO

^
6 -^ry^,-

^rft^x^t

^T^nnm fr vn*pft

,</** .'w:

Diminutives,

And
ated,

the par-

lh

ticular

nouns here enumer-

b
i

2m

rr-T7^

3t

fii^
u

^ftr^T

*%:
4w

^5^5^
x

^f%
y

*nw zaa

*T
And

* rrf*

*ftor*V.

implying, that such act

circumstances Ex.

jgWlltiKUJNOT*

takes place at such time or in such b Formed by giving the feminine

termination to a masculine noun


lily-

The
:

city of the

name.
f

: as ifqrrat, a small fibre of a water d Nyctanthes arbortristis. e com-

mentary
h Cytisus

annotations.

Grislea tomentosa.
;

A
:

perpetual

com-

mentary. 2

book of accounts
*

a journal. 3
J

A calendar
bird
:

or almanac.
Salica,

Cajan
n
<i

The
ant.

plant.
!

sort of

Turdus

Buch.

MS.

k Hiccough.

sort

of bird

others

say, a gadfly,

A firebrand. 2 A spark.

An

Diospyros melanoxylon.

P 1

An

atom.
r

1 Fracture.

2 Deception. 8
>

Ware. 4

Irony.

winding hole in the ground, a mine


house-breakers make.
leaves
boiled
*

an opening by sap, such aa

needle.
of the

undisplayed. a
rice,

Gum
or

* The gem of leaves } young Bombax heptaphyllum, 2 Scum of

&c.
x

v Criticising.

* The
made

quarter of a

pana

some say

of a mdshd.

UA
pede.

^fqi

^ffi

selection of

an unanswerable argumeut.

grindstone. 2

curtain

of rushy Crotalaria. z

A centi-

W A tribe

of barbarians.

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Chp. VI.
a

Sect.

1.]

S?7NGSKRiT4 DICTIONARY.
1 c
'

887

*mi f%*T (*)

R5*T

*JTltf ^fi^t

*^

Extreme pain.
;

2 Destruction.

A
*

rug

a quilt of rags.

A.

small bed or couch


It
is

a chair, or

stool.

d sniJY or

?nf*i, the navel.


* Rejoicing
;

also masculine.

The

royal court.

Cymbals.

celebration by ^song,\<fec. According to another


jar.

reading qrozt, a small

A
f

drinking vessel

a cup or goblet. According to another 2

reading, *t$j 1

A vessel

for milking.

rope for binding an elesign. 3

phant.

1 Rising of a zodiacal sign. 2 Half a


J

A sign

of

the zodiac. 4 Astrology.

Name

of a plant.

Name

of a bird.

3 Lock of hair on the forehead. 4


of the skin.

on the side of the face. k 1 Blotch

2 Sort of

leprosy.

Lac.

m Nit,

egg of a

louse.

mouthful of water to rinse the mouth.


ing the thigh,
<i

Gout

or rheumatism affect-

p 1

small ladle or spoon.

2 Lentils ground to meal.

Ink*

Also masc.wfa;.

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388

UMURA KOSE A,

or

[Book III.

/!
.<*'

SECTION
Tbe%follownp are masculine viz.

II.

Nouns
&c. a

signi'

11.

^^r^rr^T:

*u*forr.

*<nw

fying gods,

#
12.
Terms ending in

^<<i<tgjv4^4$ ^RSjs^iprc^niK
*i*i*i*ii:

qr^

Names

of poisons, c

Compound
terms in

w*.

a Viz.

Gods

of various orders with their

attendants (under

some

exceptions).

Demons

with their attendants

(under some exceptions).


viz.

Likewise the following (under certain exceptions),


particular heavens
;

heaven,

and

sacrifice,

and

its varieties

a mountain, and parti;

cular mountains

a cloud, or particular descriptions of clouds


j

a sea,

and

particular seas
j

a tree, and particular species


;

time,

and the mea-

sures of time
of arrows
tax.
;

a sword, and sorts of swords

an arrow, and varieties


Also, Revenue or

an enemy, and descriptions of enemies.

A ray of light. A hand. A cheek. A lip. An arm. A tooth. The throat. Hair. A nail. A pap. [ The exceptions are stated in their
places. ]

As TO^ps,
d

forenoon, ffir;, a couple of days.


qq

With

certain

exceptions.

As

Ujgp,

a rainy night. Except in com-

position with a numeral.

Ex. u^j^nsf.

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'

CJuip.

VI.

Sect. II]
b

SPNGSKR/T.l DICTIONARY.

389

13.

^ffterern! ftrafaj

Resins and

gums, a

^or

Nouns

in
;

In t* with

14

*
nw

ur

irctaT'CTT

q^re^n *it

*m

* p^uit *,
&c. e

ii

**

<frn*nr

Jit? ? ^ &c. f
nult

Names
milies,

of fa-

g
of
\

Names

the JVda.

Nouns

in &c.

h
1

rm,T

^/p

Or other exudations of
read
is

trees

and any
e

vegetable extracts.
exceptions.
of Scirpus

b According to another reading

^ftfwd

With many

Some

erroneously
?

to or to.
:

Except *3^, root


e

maximus

which
:

neuter and masc. (some


besides

say fem.); rg, lac

w^j, a thing

both neuter
f

other exceptions.

Viz.

qr,

w,

*> M>

**> *>-

z * ^9 *> * *> *> *

Some understand
opinion
so

this not to
it.

be limited to a

final

% but the

better

restricts

Even

with that restriction, the rule admits numerous exceptions. Denominated from a patriarch. h Viz. Nouns denominative, terminated

*5f^ TO, TO, (U convertible into %) ar* (*), m, W, (both convertible into ^r.) and WTO (TO), with the abstract sense, or
by the
affixes

denoting
import,
if

the import of any case except the agent


the noun be not denominative.

or even this

The

rule admits exceptions.

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890

r^t

i\

^UMUKA KOSBA,

'

or

[Book III.

*
1 6.

'^f
*"'
*
'

The compound term

^^

^.

n^TC^PnESTTCTT*! ^WTfft

m
*

composition

The nouns
here enumerated.

17. vz*\ fay)

hij
;'VVin

s&[*

(^)

^f
k
1

(<)

jrct ;
n

'
'

''

rT^-'-

i^
a

'''.qg

'V

:\

S^
vr) with

^"dthe active say


->

Viz.

Terminated

(convertible into

import; in **rpr* (K^nfi with


passive als
in
>) ;

the abstract sense (some

the

in qr (convertible into *), with the abstract sense

and

f%

(f) affixed to the verbs

termed ^(viz. ^T, &c.) with a prepo-

sition or

noun

prefixed.

Da. qrjrotV, a horse and mare.


bat

pi.

^TOTOWTSy horses and mares

^rawf

a stud of horses and mares.


,

With names

of the sun

and moon, or with the word qrro* Ex. ^Rth

qrF*P> a crystal lens.

d Pulse ground
f

and

fried with

oil

and butter.

A hymn in the vedas.


An

1 Sort of deer.

2 Eyelid.

Or

gTCTJfqr:.

arbour formed by creeping plants overrunning a tree.

A root
f

or thatch. 3

house or hut.
repetition
J

h Feathered part
of

of an
of

arrow.

Or

?ro:.

1 Sixfold

the

triliteral

name
lid.

God. 2 The
k

Sdmaveda. 3 Pleasing.
1

box with a cover or


royal

sodomite.

1 Cloth.

Wove

silk.

patent.

A stone

for

grinding

with a mullar.

mA

balance. n 1 Grass. 2

blind well.

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SUNOSKUHA DICTIONARY.
(1

Chap. VI.

Sect. II.]

301

g
1

~~m

lo
U

p2qr
T

8
1

tW?t

%: $*^^*|4V fa) pfr

3q.
* qftf:,

*
interpretation

fort.

According to another

qftfTT*!

*PCWf , machine for drawing water* According to another interpretation, trj, a wjiarf
1

The town
c

well.

2 The stairs of a pond.

stairs.

^fj:, a market.

* 1

A lump of food.
manes

2
of

A lamp

of

flesh ?
1

A body.

An

oblation of food to the

ancestors.

tribe of mountaineers

A
;

person having the

navel prominent.
of flesh

Some
navel.

read iftvs, others iftwi


'

and interpret a lump

on the

The Abdomen.
lid

* 1

with a
iron,

or cover. 2

or

made
k l

of

it.

A goitre. 2 Hump on the back. h 1 A box 1 A staff. 2 A club armed with A basket multitude. 2 Pimples on the face. 3 A 1 A
*

portico.

A wart.

scar.

An

insect which eats wood.

Bel-

lows.

n Dressing of hair separating the hair, $

so P

as to leave a line

on the top of the head.


r

Green

colour.
of

Chewing the cud.

* 1 Designation of the triliteral

name
*

God. 2
1

A portion

of

the

Sdmaveda.
esculenta). 2

Bubble of water.

Or qrwri:*

The plant (Cassia


*

An
a

acid preparation of

tamarind and mustard.

In

numeration

hundred millions. 2 In medicine,


:

An

indolent swelling*

Some

^fr: 1 Fire. 2 Disease. multiflorura). 2 A turner's lathe. y Froth.


read
a victim
is

u 1

The plant (Jasminura

mound

of earth. * to

wm 9

a sacrificial post to which

bound.

According

nnother

reading to:, bread.

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392

UMUItA KOBE A,
a

or

[Book III.
d

20. *n?nr. fafisfa)


f

*nft
i

ww **3i^r:
j

p (sfq) *rf?*i:
t

21.

t?rm *!*ST
q
r

(^)

S^TVT
8

Sunshine.

A
d

soldier or

man

of

tlie

military tribe.
1

spear

or lance. According to another


stink.
folia.

reading gmPT,

A dead
sort

body.

A
1

spear.

Or

^p^:. 1
f

Name

of a plant.

A razor. A wave.
*

2 Barleria (or Ruellia) longi8

Or ignt :>
2

of

arrow.

h \1Kl,
J

Acid sance.

2 Sorrel.

A globe.
Or

widow's bastard.
2 Body.

Fff^:,

ni. n. or ff^Sf:, m. Vermilion. k

ip|3r:, 1 Soul.

dead body, occupied by an

evil spirit.

mA

wrestler

or boxer.

a 1

bear.

m.

f.

2 Sort of arrow.

Or gftvT:

far).

1 Tlic residue of

an oblation. 2 Sort of oblation.

Or

ifff 9:

a battle axe.
;

Or

STOW,
2

a dish consisting of half boiled rice with pulse


r

or half boilboiler.

ed barley, &c.

Joy.

2 Mental
buffalo.

exertion.
l

shallow

A turtle's

shell.

A youug

spitting pot.

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Chap. VI.

Sect. III.]

Si/NGSKR/TA DICTIONARY.

393

SECTION

III.

The following are neu-

22.

fWH **f^ qnrenrere^*fcftrg


^f'.^pns^

qii|

ter: viz.

Noons

signi-

fying sky, &c. a

23.

mvnj*r*ft*

Dissyllables

^niwfvsfwff
|$!HH*J*WT

01 *nj. b

Nouns in

Viz.

(Under various
;
;

exceptions).
;

The sky
a forest
the face
fruits of
;

or atmosphere, or
;

the etherial element


frost
;

an organ of sense
heat
-

a leaf

j
;

a hole

water
$

cold

flesh

blood

an eye
various
;

wealth,

substance

force, strength $ forces,

army

sorts (or
$

according to another ^reading

^*,
j

a plough)
ill

gold

copper
;

iron j

metal

pleasure
;

pain

good luck

luck

aquatic flowers

salts of
;

various kinds

sauce or condiment
j

and various

sorts of condiments

perfumes of various kinds


ten millions,

numerals from 100 upwards,

except %i fc

which

is

fern,

and fFQ

fern,

and neut.
b

and fh$x
tru:

masc. and neut. both signifying a hundred thousand.


(*), glory,
8

Example
(*[),

ffw;

far),

oblation of butter, w^: (*), body,

wtm

name.

With

that termination bearing any import

but that of agent, tppf,

uiorement, going.

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zu

UllUllA

KOSEA,or

[Book III,

and 9. a
In with a numeral, b

25. 3TPff

*%TW fa*

rm

Compound* Nouns comadverbially,

^
d

with a numeral or particle,

*!<SHI*tUU<U<:

with a word
in the 6thcase, f

composition*

With the 6tb ease, g

*fotta*r

Ex. fnf,

ft

friend, qrf chaflf,

to

many

exceptions. Borne read


noutoB in
<9f

for *,

fnf a family. Hie rof e is subject and interpret the rale as res~

tricted? to-

witn

qr,

or

^ prefixed.

Ex. vqf

cloth,

ipff,

machine.

* Ex.

fanCTisfi

the duration of three nights.

Compound
numerals
?

terms in ^r formed of
d

irraf

and certain other nouns

with*

and signifying one whole. Ex.

^JJ^fii, entire period of

the four age?.

The

first

implying one whole. Ex. firfrrfor , head and neek.

The
,

second joining * noun with a particle. Ex. Kmnfjg, as


tf

much

as able.
fti

WUVi, a had
<

road.

Provided such word be plural. Ex.

^mf

shadow

of a flock of

birds.

Provided

it

signify atf assembly.


it

3 pftaw>

a multitude of female slaves. Or whether


if

Ex* signify aw
king,

assembly or a house,
(except the
gfcdy.

the*

term to which
or'

it is

joined

signify

word TOff), or a demon r

similar being,
a'

(neither

Ex. wpmtf a king's palace, or

meeting of kings.

man nor x^(:qvfy 9

multitude of demous*

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Chap.

VL

Sect.

IIL]

SffNGSKR/TJ DIOTOINARY.

395

71
so*nrcfT>

and^nnfW
a

Also

qp* r
b
in

Nouns

affixes hav-

ing an abstract sense, o

with certain
terms,

Adverbs and
epithets of indectinables

The nouns
here specified.

In composition with the sixth case, provided the import be com-

mencement. Ex, %TOrf> *ud %TTOWj the creation by Brahmd* b Provided the compound term be the name of a town in the province
of Us'inara. Else of towns
vince.
c
;
;

it is

feminine. Ex. tafr*a? and

<Tfiw*l, names
that pro-

the

first

situated

in Usincera> the other out of


in

Being terminations

w, forming
,)

verbal derivatives.
;

Except

(*w)

^,

(as well as

wsj

reducible to *9

and snch as are

distinguished by an indicatory

% (as qre &c.)

Also affixes in w, with

the abstract or the passive import, or with the sense of multitude, form-

ing derivatives from nouns.

* Viz.

a holiday.
1

* 1

A portion

of the

With g*&, or fr,f^r. Ex. 91Q*TV> Sdmaveda. 2 A monosyllabic verse.

Name

of a metre. 2 Species of drama.

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396

UVLITRA
a

KOSH^,
c

or

{Book III.
d
e
-

0x40

31.

ktow? ttoto wqiit (wft


k
1

*%:)
p

m
r

32.

%TBT*?f Tftffm fa^

^FWfTTO

1 Half-eaten fruit. 2

Fruit of the palm. 3

A cocoanut.

Or
j

iftn,

a plantain.
ting.

Also, according to another reading, %af , chase


peacock's
tail
:

hunverse.
irnf,

some say m.

f.

a monosyllabic
(vide

Also,

according to different readings,


c Pillar of

*|

v^i)

and
e

released.

a house.

d 1

turban. 2
f

A diadem.
measure

A joint,
4 Krfoa.
is

or place of junction of parts of the body.


*

A long
*

A
1

grand

sacrifice

by an emperor attended by tributary kings. It


of

also masc.
1

Name

sacrifice.

Prose.

Verse.

gem.

Commentary. 2 Sort of building.

Minium.

n 1 Bark. 2 Rag.

3 Dress of a priest of the sect of BudcTha.

Dress of a mendicant.

2 Dress of 2 The

priest of

the sect of BudcTha.


masc.
4

Or

firgpc, 1

A cage.
taught

ribs. It is also
r

System of
8

atheistical philosophy

by Charva'ca.

Yellow orpiment.

2 Bark of pomegranate. 3

A basket made of split bambus. Split peas. A caldron. u 1 Name of a


*

country. 2 Production of that country. Also WTOpf, sort of saffron.

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Chap. VI.

Sect.

IV.]

StfNGSKR/TJ IDCTIONAHY.

397

SECTION

IV.

y*

] i

The nouns
culine and neuter.

1 f

33.

itT^TOTOr^iute:
k
2

mzj

op
*f^:

in.
a

>^
exhibited
:

Some

include this
j

among the terms


ve'dai.

m.

n. in the

sense of remainder
Sesliandga. b

but masc. as a name of the eternal serpent


c

Half a verse of the


2

An

oil

cake.

d 1

thorn or prickle.
sweetmeat.
f

fault or

defect 3

Horripilation.

Sort of

Performance.

Right preparation. According te another

reading

^q%\ 9

sort of metre.

^:, a

hatchet, or a stone-cutter's
1 Grief at
*

chisel. Or,

according to another reading,


object.

ifjj:.

separation

from a beloved
(of

2 Terror. h
villages):

A petticoat.

Capital of a district
;

two or four hundred

not a city nor a village


according to

but partak-

ing of both.
qra?:, cloth.
J

Some
1

write ^ffe:. -But,

another reading,

In numeration, a million. 2 In medicine, Ophthalmia.

k Sin.

Exertion, endeavour.
its

m Name

of a

book on medicine
cloth.

(so

dinominated from
tree.

author).

Or TO*:, sewn
p

Name

of a

2 Bark of

barabu.
hill

Emblic

myrobalan.

Or

WTWWir:, an

inhabited place on a

or mountain.

hollow reed.

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338

tfMtfJU KOSH/J,

or

[<,<,* III.

abed
34.
,)

$*
J

hi ni
n
u

Jftffirf +

*f*W %*fff *H 4
j

i 1

/*>

ft

i ***< p'^i^ *rawp*T **


o

put fgflmrcmi
q
r

35.

*fa^
t

^itM ijttt vnt ^>w^


v

a 1 c

Leprosy. 2 Costns. b
d 1

The head, m.

f.

n.

2 Shaved or shorn.
^r^f. Also, accord*

Rum.
to

Forcemeat 2 Fried meat. Some read

\j\g

various readings, $ff plaster.


f

jp&, dust ircr, excellence.

^Varwhoop.

Well-being.

& 1

A mine of

gems. 2 Ground smoothh Confluence of

ed and plastered. 3
rivers,

poor man's abode, a cottage.


of
silver.

&c.
or

A pala

2 An dd'haca.

A
n

disease of the eye.


l

1HTO

qiTO, stock

for

travelling

expenses.

An

indeclinable

word.

m Dancing

with violent gesticulation.


root.

bridle.

bul-

bous or tuberous
cotton. *

Or

^f

act.

p Cotton
r

cloth.

Or

VIW,

The opposite bank or shore.


reading,

The near bank

or shore.

According to another

qrK, 1 Multitude. 2

Opportunity.
of a

3 Succession. 4 Going
tain.
*

forth to spy.

A yoke.
a

Name

mounPus.
or

poet to which a victim

is

tied at

sacrifice.

Or
T

fjr,

u 1

window. 2
sort of
:

A house

for recreation. 3

Top

of a tree.

imft*

VRJWj

vessel used

at religious ceremonies.

w Or ^f, Peas)

porridge

the

water of boiled pulse (Phaseolus mungo, &c.

spoon
meal.

a vessel for drinking the extract of acid aeclepias.

* Barley

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.apVhl. Sect. V.]

SPNGSKRIT^ DICTIONARY.

339

36.

*t$4t^

yn^m im* *Tv* **H

SECTION

V.

The follow

37.

^g\l4^MU*U
f^ng:^zv^<iT:
)

in* are ma*'


ctiline

and

feminine, viz,

Patronymics.

Generic

vnfiitNn

names

of animals, b

*irmr*

*foft*r.

w
*W

Karnes oi
males, an(f

by

associ*'

tion, of fe-

males, c

The terms here specified.

Certain other

tefnttf,

as w*f , &c.

wnici are m. and

ir.

iff

the?

fc?'<&M,

are exclusively neuter in

popular sr er3ch.

Other terms, em-

ployed in both gender*, must be learnt front practice.

* As bipeds,

quadrupeds, insects,

feptiles j

also fish, &c. This rule


Ay*,

ject to exceptions, fix

*f^*T, a

fiprf, a jackal,

m
is

however suba
spider,

fmffffl^ T)
c

afl

ant, All which are feminine whatever


a,

sex

be intended*
vessel

Ex. 5hfq, a cowherd $tFh f


:

cowherd's

wife.

holdinf

oil

a cruets

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400

UMURA KOBE A, or

[Book III.

ib
38.

Id

^fwre*:
g

^nfiiSifaT n*forea:

nvi w*t$\

1^; *n^
1
SECTION
VI.

2j

m
gjfe;

mit

#
A;

The following are feminine and neuter, viz.

f
39 *ft*gWft$rrfiisrai; ^rr
-

Nouns

in

wf^ far
^

f5f or

times,

n Compounds
&c. o

c
>ln

/
-v

^m^w^^Rn^rhnvfim^
i*
*

*r

f^r

M
b

devotee

or

ascetic.

cowry.

The
f.

star

A returns.

pigment, as indigo, orpiment, &c. Bat m.


*

n. a

perfume, as van-

dal wood.
'

Name
Manu,
k

of a tree.

Some

read xrrzf%:, Bignonia chelonoides.

Name

of

or of his wife.

qpn?l, fem. jjMliV Also


J

A crucible. h A measure masc nryrtft ,-2Tt, A stream of blood. A jujube.


*

A. staff.

A petticoat.

M. mfzi, and
f.

f.

qrf*;, ^rffc

The hollow
n

above the hip. Or m. TOS,

^rit,

a mat.

mA
only

hut.

Nouns

in

*W

(*)> or js^fara), with the abstract or the passive


fern,

import, are

commonly
Old age.

and neut. but sometimes


Propriety,

fern,

and sometimes

neut. Ex. ^ftfactf?ft,

wtfo

*fofc Friendship.

wrW,XT,
of

With

a term in the sixth case.

As *l*M, an army

men.

^|pro> a night during which dogs bark and howl. *rt*nw> a cowpen.

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C/tap. VI. Sect. VII.]

SffNGSKU/TM DICTIONARY.

401
Numerals with nouns in *BTUor

4i.

^mWitkm^ f&s^if% *re ^r

i
V

SECTION

VII.

42. (fin) *T*ft

lit

ra^

^
in
;

The nouns
here speci-

frare^r%*ft

fied

admit

the three
genders.

Compound terms ending


qrsj

nouns terminated by ^mr, (mT,


joined with numerals and denoting

denoting the feminine) or by

a single whole.

The

final i is in

such compounds expunged.


beds,
frpntf,
c

Ex.

f*Ftz\ orft, aggregate of three


three carpenters.

or*ft,
$*:, ft,
z\i

a party of

HT3P,lft,li, a
made
of leaves.

vessel.

A
2

lid
;

or cover.
cloth
d

plate

Or

ire:,

tf,

covering

Wtzi, ft, Z> 1

An

cnclo8e d piece of ground


fcc.

a yard.
xjz:,

An

orchard, or place for planting Arecas,


- ; I

road.

ft or jt,
f

multitude
rf
i

an assembly.

basket.

3 Retinue.

fraf >

-*ft,

1 Jujube.
j

2 The jujube tree (some distribute the genders,


fruit),

m.

f.

the
f.

tree

n.
;

the

s *rjffpr;,

vft, if,

pomegranate

(or

else

m.

the tree

n. the fruit.)

Yy
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402

imURA KOSRA,
SECTION

or

[Book III.

VIII.

The gender
of the final retained, a That of anis

iftfayjsiwtf *4i

?rcin?* ffa ?rcj

certain com-

pounds, b

Numerals and pronouns, c


epithets,

^T*3T
44. iwaft ft^fry
j

^H**

_Q

?l^fRlTt

____

Compound d

ii

^rit

Jfl^T^fir:

Epithets

or action, e

In certain compound terms,

viz.
;

Conjunctive compounds in which


of

the several terms are principal


principal

and compound terms formed


it.

one with a modification of


(masc)

Ex.

(fern.)

gr^OT?VT, a

dunghill cock and a peahen,


dunghill cock,

H^fQdl, a peahen
(n.)

and a

(m.) graftff:, the priest of the family,

ftirjrtf,

the family of the priest.

b Viz. Those

ending in the word *ri (as


:

m ^j fUii
;,

trf,

if,

intended for a Brdhman a)


certain

and compound terms

beginning with
qf,

u and

other terms.
:

(Ex.

^mgflfq* :,

*T,
from

competent to a livelihood)

and compound terms containing a


affix

numeral, and terminated by an

peculiar to derivatives

nouns

(Ex. Mf|*UI<s:,OT, *f> prepared in five posts).


c

They agree

in gender with another term.

And

terms ending in numerals and


;

pronouns*

However, most numerals must be excepted

and the rule

applies only to those from one to four, which agree in gender with the
subject.

d
e

As wjpnn,*V *>
Example, m.
f.

opulent.

Except names of regions


xjir\ white cloth, Ac.

of space.

n.

xj^:

(irg;) jpgif,

But mi:, the white


staff.

colour,

^qpt,

T^fajrift,

?faj> one who bears a

*TTO, *T;,*\

one

who

begs.

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dap.
45.

VI.

Sec(.

VIII.]

St/NGSKR/T;i DICTIONARY.
***fai

403
Verbal active nouns, a

mi: ^rww?TOT^f mvi: ^rwft

Wflp H0*IKIRT^W fTTRT^^JT:


.

Q **.

Adjectives derived from nouns, b

Some nume-

46.

ggfoqi|f<flg WTT^Sre^tftregWII

rals,

&c. do

not vary, c

wwu^ta w^s: wr ict **fvir.

r'

* Derivatives

from verbs, terminated by

affixes

named

apj,

and

denoting the agent, but not forming denominatives.


<ff >

Ex. qraft,iff,
affixes

agent.

$^,

*ft,

^,

acting.

Or terminated by

named

fP9> with the active or passive, (not the neuter and abstract sense.)

Ex.

*rer: (n^[:)
ft

hit,

f, a

tree, that is to be.

ipitap

('crfws),

WfT,
is,

af,

village

which may be approached or travelled

to-

b That

according to the literal sense of this rule, Derivatives from nouns

with the termination

^, &c. (among the affixes


of

named

fffcl),

and

which are epithets of various subjects, or


various.

which the subjects are


safflower.
c

Ex. qphjw:,--ift^-jp dyed with


gold.

%W*, **, W,

made of

^5:,*gt>*$,
viz.
j

sacred to Indra.

The numerals
:

denominated war,

from 5 to 10, do not vary in gender


;

nor the

personal pronouns

nor inflected verbs

nor indeclinable particles.

d In instances where any of the preceding rules are at variance, the


last is

an exception to the

first

and what has been

left

unsaid,

must

be learnt from the practice of good writers.

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ALPHABETICAL INDEX.
N. B. p Hands for page.

And

n.

for

note.

TH

English figures point

out the couplets in which the word

is to be found.

'ranvit.
*fn, p 158,n. p242,
90.
*fir*,
r,

p 241, 86. p 258,

TOTfcr, p 51, 24.

45.

p 162,

n.

*f*, p

162, 44.

18, 17.

p 364, 223.
r,

*f*$**,

p 201,

6.

*fa, p 22, 84.


^ripw, p 168, 17.

p 232, 47.
p 232,
n.

*fw*TO, p 269, 45.

*VH,
l.

*fa*, p 230,

n.

^iipnft, p 113, 3.

TO^ihr,

p, 192, 5.

**fa, p 230,
p 93. 11.
<***, p 92,
9.

41.

^wr^ran, p

112,

*^ft,
***,

p 258, 44.
44.

*i*f p 158,39. p 242,n


*fa, p 148, 44.

TO^&, p 258,

p 352, 184.

*nftfWV,p211,49.
,

*lf,

p 182, 29.
31,
1.

p 275,

15.

**V, p

*^TWT,
n.

p 194, 15.

r,

p 68, 27.
275, 14.
20.
n.

*f%fw, p 182,

*TO^,

p 194,

n.

*f%*, p

*f% P
TO,
p,

156, 22.

*nrcfn*r*i p 195, n

VI, p 304,

384, n.
39.

*^*#w*
^RfPt,

p 195, 16. **rd, p 102,

*nxfa, p 296,
*3H*, p 243,

p 231, 43.

**TOT, P

19, 21. 19, u.

n.
1.

*W*ft, p 258, 45.

*Wf%, p

^UTT,

p 60,

^^^f,

p 100, 39.
;

wmi,
24.
}

p 64, 15.
5.

*lTO**Hp270,4ff. *WT*rcpNr*, p205

*i\j* p 79,

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'

*3*,p
43.

171,28. plOoJ **ffcr, P

i,
7.

d.

W*TK, p228,

30.

p 273,

<*WTO, P
142, 23.

21, 27

'^ fHflhui,

100, n.

^fi[ftj, p

*VTwf**T,p 227,29.
<*WT*ntft> P 97, 29.
qrg> 1 <*<},

^nsn^t, p 180, 21.


*fnr, p 10, 48.

*3*t, p

208, 40.
n.

*TOfc p 147,
7.

p 278,

p 107,

8.

*ffcnro, pli, 53.


*ffcrf%q, p 177, 11.
*ffcrc*rrr, p

^f^rait,
28.

p 227, 29
n.

fW, p 307,
n.

p 31,

<*f|fW, P 21,

H5,

12,

**wfanr, p 34, 14.


188, 47.
n.

*f*r* P

7,

B5.

tw% p
wnhft,
*f, p

^fTwr, p

285, 58.
n.

^ffcpn*, p 101, 46.

P 188,

*ffc, p 159,

*fnpr#, p
,

96, 23.

WSJT, p 237, 67.


19, 18.

<*njd, p 159, d.

*ffcrfiPf p 170, 25.

p 298,4.

*^TCr, p

166,
"
>

n.

<*f*rfiWT, P 113, 6.

*lft> P 46, n.

**> P 159

118, 2.
n.

*T*, P

87, 4.

IPffm, p 159, n.

w*ftw, P 172,

WJiqm,
w*c,
P

***, p
p 27, 10.

202, 9.

*ffinW, p241,

86.

<W!,p88,12. p273,7

^C, p 87, n.
*ltS, p 93,
9.

<*TfW>
*%4\, p

l 66 i

159, 33.
9.

43.
*HB[,

P 46,

5.

<wpSte*, p 166,

*crarcni,

p 17*,
273, n.
n.

3.

TOfa, P

*|f, p 156, 21 p 39,


4.

*fV,

p 159, 33.
n.

p 378,

7.

p 381,

*f*r, P 31,

**rft, p 278,

19.

*fi*,p 156, n.

nrxrfJW, P 208, 40.


qpcpTO, p 378, 7.
*cprt*, p 154, 15.

***> P 1 66

wf^fm^T,p!07,

11.

*l*r, p 81, 13.


tiffin,

<TO9\
*TO,

p 238, 71.
1.

VGOT,

P 208 n

p 137,3.

P 84,

*dTO>

P 352, 185.

^nfffl^H, p 49, 16.

,p732.
-

*fcpl,p 147,n.p278,n.

*w*f*m,

P 169 22
>

J, P
*f|, p

4, 14.

*Fcr*,p
p 273,

147,43.
7.

^p|K,

p 49,

16.
*

11, n.

*rfift> P 49 > u

*TFU*rl> P 4 > 18#

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K,

p 64,

14.

p 308,

**?Nfir, p 296,

n.

*ifa*, p 274,

12.

31.
I>

r,p48, 11.

W, p 225. 20.
11.
;

p 274;

P 127,

4.
f,

p 268, 38. p 270

H,

p 239, 76. p 308,


32.

48.

*RI? p 135, 37
,

*fip* P 283,

47.

*ny*hr, p

157, n.

****, p

6, n.

^3pr, p 16,
6, n.

5.

*r*y*?hl, p 157, 27.

^wnrTT, p

**W%tf, p
5.

116, 18.

wry*, p
p

65,

17.

^ WHEnHM , p 119,

WTC,
*,

<***!
p 57,
5.

134,33.p271,51*.

p
p

6, 30. 6, n.
ft.

^BWTWnV, p

16, 6.

**n, p 84, 4.

*,

*[&> P

160, 86.
2.

Vf^W, p
nnnft

64, 15.

^rarefr, p 296,

*W*t, p 376,
12.

p 375,

p. 225, 20.

*f*,p372,3.p876,2.
116, 15;

<1*^, p 217,
***ret*T,

77.

P 120,, 10.
7.

***ST p

p 377,

5.
-

***#t, p 114, ^Wf, p 13, 61.


**rT, p 239, 76.

^rrfw, p 212, n.

f)ll|W > P'214 9 64.

Wft,
**fr,
*re*Y,

p 212, 52.

p 295, 33. p 343,


152.

p 86,
p 86,

n.
l.

*f*TOT, P 120,

11.

*mft, p 229,

36.

*nrraiH p 250,

it.

**pN, p 202,
*f**, p

*r*w, p 110,22. **?^w, p no, n.


^S'ln. lp 648.

*fa*r, p

125, 32.

*fro*T, p
*fH**> p

122, 17.

n.

209, 41.
33.
11;

*fant, p 318, 64.

*zrqr>
187, 46.
<lf,

P 184> 85.

*f*fw, p 183,

p80,12.
r,

*farcW> P
p 81,

*fWt, p

183,

132, 26.

p 184, n.
272,4.p 272,n
n.

*faR*tfa, p 128,
<*ftnc,

*ftft?lr<fr p 36,
*fi!S : p 63, 14.

19.

8.
r,p

13.

p 351

183.

***,
276, 21.

p 221,

^fairf**, p 76,
^tfinrnr,

16.

*ftPf P
,

*fil, p 205*, 24.

p 184, 36.
33.

*ftrwr, p 212, 54.


^raStanr,

^f**^,

7, 31.

p 295,

6, n.

*nft> p 205, n.

*rf*H*, P, 209, n.

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*ftamf,p

is, 62.

'rf^fw^r, p
*ot, p 163,

2, 3.

*ft*W, p

192,

7.

*f*TO> P

103, 52.
7.

12.

*fiff*tf, p 268, 42.

*fa**Pir, p 92,

*?V, p 198,
**ftr,
**T,

80.

*faar*T, p 85,

7.

*fafo^p277,
*fiifirWT,

25.

p 55, 87.

*fair, p 261, 11.

p 109, 18-

p 379,12.

*ft\, p 261,
<*f*tfrfipft,

11.

*f*r%*, p 13, 62.


^fJrufiiim, p 216, 71.

*|pT> p 50, 19.

82, IS.

*VK> P
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