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Huerta, Sanchez 1 We chose to do our History Day project on Galileo Galilei, because we knew that he was influential in science

even though he had a huge conflict with the Roman Catholic Church. Our research lead us to the Griffith Park Observatory to look up some of Galileos work and we found a replica of Galileos telescope. We also went to the library and found a lot of information on Galileo that fit the theme of revolution, reaction, and reform. Our group used quotes and letters we found from Galileo as primary sources; as well as, primary documents from Galileo to other scientists on the Internet. Websites used were The Galileo Project by Albert Helden and Famous Internet Trials by Douglas Linder. We primarily used a book by Paul Hightower called Galileo-Astronomer and Physicist. Hightowers book was easy to read and understand. Other books, such as Michael Whites Galileo GalileiInventor, Astronomer, and Rebel concur with our other readings. We found these secondary sources had the most information about the revolution, reaction, and the reform. Galileo started a revolution with his telescope and observations. The reaction was how the Church reacted to Galileos findings and theories. The reform was how Galileo made a difference on the people and in history. Our presentation is displayed on a website, because we wanted to utilize modern day technology to explain the History Day theme in a format that will get your attention. Our goal was to challenge ourselves into learning something new, since neither of us had ever worked on a website before. We wanted to include not only historical information, but also pictures, graphics, and music that would keep your attention. The pictures used will show what Galileo looked like; what he saw through his telescope, and what he drew.

Galileo relates to the History Day theme because his experiments, observations, and inventions caused a revolution, a reaction, and a reform. He did this with his telescope and caused a huge conflict when he presented his ideas to the Roman Catholic Church. The Church did not want to see the truth in Galileos findings, so they threatened him into saying that his theory was wrong. Galileo chose to believe what he saw, what he could reason with, rather than believe old Church teachings. Galileos greatest contribution was to fight for the position of science in the world. The Church ultimately failed to stop the enlightenment that science brought. Galileo brought about clear logic and reason. The false ideas that the Church cherished were finally swept away. Galileo Galilei was among the first to practice the scientific method. It is a three step procedure: hypothesis, experiment, and comparison with data. Galileos scientific method changed history in science forever. It took almost three centuries after Galileos death for the Church to announce that they were wrong about the earth being the center of the universe.