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Analytical Reasoning

Blue Lotus

Topics To Be Discussed
Deductions Linear sequencing Double line up Ordering Seating arrangements Selections Puzzles based on the above

Deductions

Introduction
Deduction means reducing two statements into one or three statements into one. Types: Reduce two statements into one Reduce three statements into two

Rules For Deductions


Stat. 1 All No Some All All Some

Stat. 2

All

No

Many Some

No

No

Concl

All

No No Some concl concl

No

Some , Not

Problem 1

All pens are pots All pots are jacks.

Deductions
Answer:

Conclusion : All pens are jacks

Problem 2

No dogs are hens No hens are cats

Deduction
Answer:

Two negative hence No Conclusion

Problem 3

All hands are legs Some hands are ears.

Deduction
Answer:

Conclusion : some legs are ears or some ears are legs.

Problem 4
All bills are rates. All rates are flat. No flat is token.

Solution
Answer:

No bills are token (or) No token is bill.

Problem 5
All boats are rivers All mangoes are apples. All rivers are mangoes.

Solution
Answer:

All boats are apples.

Linear Sequencing

Introduction

Arranging the items in linear fashion. That is arrange it in single row manner.

Problem 1
There are five persons(A,B,C,D,E) in a room are seated in a single row in the following manner:A does not sit immediately next to E. E and D sit immediately next to each other. C is at the extreme right end of the row. A is immediately to the left of C. who must sit in the middle seat of the row?

Linear sequencing
Answer:

Middle Seat : B or D

Problem 2
M,N,O,P,Q,R,S,T,U,V,W are 11 persons in a team. O is their captain who makes them sit in a row. P and R sit together and so do V and W . Whereas there are exactly four seats in between these pairs. T and U sit together with T to the immediate right of S, who is next to Q. M and N sit in the same order at one extreme with no one to the left of P. Cont

Problem 2
1.Who sits at fourth place? 2.How many persons sit in between S and N? 3.How many ways of arrangement are possible? 4. Show the arrangement possible?

Linear sequencing
Answers: 1. The fourth term is S 2. There are 6 persons between S and N 3. There are 2 ways of arranging. 4. The arrangement possible is shown above.

Problem 3
Raji and her three friends were to be photographed. Mansi was to the left of Amrita, Manju was to the right of Amrita. Raji was between Manju and Amrita. Who was second from left in the picture?

Linear sequencing
Answer:

Amrita was second from the left

Double Line Up

Introduction
Consists of at least two different variables. We have to form a table More than one Question per passage. No condition for the particular item we have possibility in answer.

Problem 1
P,Q,R,S,T,U,V,W are 8 employees allocated eight different lockers numbered 1-8. The lockers are arranged in four rows with two lockers in each row. Lockers 1 and 2 in top row from left to right and lockers 7 and 8 in bottom row from left to right. Lockers 3 and 4 are in the second row from top arranged from right to left and so do 5 and 6. P has been given locker 1 while v has been allocated locker 8. T has locker just above that of Q which is just above that of R whereas W locker is in bottom row. Cont

Problem 1 .
1. Draw the table? 2. Which locker is allocated to employee Q? 3. How many arrangements are possible? 4. If W and P are interchanged what does the table look like? 5. If S is given locker 4 how many solutions are possible?

Solution
Answers: Employee Q is allocated locker 3 There are 2 arrangements possible W would take the top row and P would take the bottom row If S is given locker 4 there is only 1 solution possible.

Problem 2
X,Y,Z are three supervisors and P,Q,R are three bearers in a restaurant . Each of the three places A,B,C is to be attended by two people a bearer and a supervisor.Y does not attend A but R is at B. X is never at B, Q is at C. P and X work together . So form the table for the data given?

Solution
SUPERVISOR X Z/Y Z/Y PLACE A B C BEARER P R Q

Problem 3
There is a family of six persons P,Q,R,S,T and U. They are Lawyer, Doctor, Teacher, Salesman, Engineer and Accountant. There are two married couples in the family. S, the salesman is married to the Lady Teacher. The Doctor is married to the Lawyer. U, the Accountant is the son of Q and brother of T. R, the Lawyer is the daughter-in-law of P. T is the unmarried Engineer. P is the Grandmother of U. Which is the profession of P? (Wipro 2008).

ANSWER
Answer :

Profession of P is lady teacher

Ordering

Types
Ordering Elimination

More than one Variable use ordering . only one variable use elimination or ordering.

Problem 1
K,L,M,N,O,P are 6 men. Neither M nor N is the tallest.L is taller than P but shorter than K.O is as tall as P but taller than M. which is the tallest.

ordering
Answer: K is tallest.

Problem 2
P,Q,R,S,T are 5 cars. It is further known that T is faster and more powerful than R,which is costlier than T. P is costlier than R and faster than Q, which is more powerful than T. S is the slowest and the cheapest of all cars, but is the most powerful. R is more powerful and faster than P but is the third costliest. Cont

Problem 2
1.Which of the cars is the fastest? 2.Which of the cars has as many cars more powerful and less powerful than it? 3.Which is the costliest? 4.Which of the cars are cheaper than R?

Problem 2
Answers: 1.T is the fastest car. 2.T is the car which has as many cars more powerful and less powerful than it. 3.Either of P/Q is the costliest. 4.T and S are cheaper than R.

Ordering
There are 6 volumes of books on a rack kept in order(i.e vol.1, vol.2 and so on). Give the position after the following changes were noticed.Vol.5 was directly to the right of Vol.2.Vol.4 has Vol.6 to its left and both weren't at Vol.3's place.Vol.1 has Vol.3 on right and Vol.5 on left. An even numbered volume is at Vol.5's place. Find the order in which the books are kept now ? (Wipro 2008).

Ordering
Answer : Vol2, Vol5, Vol1,Vol3,Vol6,Vol4.

Selections

Introduction
Selecting a part out of whole. Infer from the statements without Assumptions Apply condition and select.

Shortcuts
Write the condition by shortcut manner like, A and B together means A = B If A come B will not come A B If B is selected A,C will not select B A,C

Problem 1
Three students J, B, S have to select 3 subjects out of 6 subjects P,Y,M,C,H,L. if L is selected then P cannot be selected. If S selects C then J does not select L. if B selects Y then S cannot select C and if J selects P then S selects H and L. If S selects L and B selects Y then S cannot select?

Selection
Answer :

S cannot select P and C

Problem 2
A team consists of 5 members which has to e selected from 5 boys P,Q,R,S,T and 3 girls U,V,W. The team must consist of 3 boys and at least 1 girl. If P is selected R cannot be selected If S is selected V cannot be selected. Cont

Problem 2
1. If 4 boys are selected then which girl can never be a part of the team? 2. If P and S are 2 boys selected then in how many ways can the team be formed?

Selection
Q1: 4 boys are selected which means that S is

selected for sure. So S becomes a part of the team so V cannot be in the team. Q2: If P and S form a team then the team can consist of PSQTU, PSQTW, PSQUW, PSTUW. So it can be formed in 4 ways.

Seating Arrangement

Introduction
Manner - people are seated in Place.

We first have to draw a Shape which is given in the question and arrange them according to the conditions given.

Problem 1
P,Q,R,S,T are 5 people who sit in a round table. P sits two tables to the left of R and Q sits two tables to the right of R. 1.If S is in between Q and R what is the arrangement? 2.How many different arrangements are possible? 3.If S is not sitting between Q and R then who is sitting between Q and S?

Seating arrangement
Answer:

Either P is sitting when viewed anticlockwise or T and R when viewed clockwise.

Problem 2
5 members are sitting on a circle. One person

between M & P. Q is immediate right of M, who

is immediate right of O?

Seating arrangement
Between M & P One person. Q is to the immediate right of M, who is immediate right of O means M is immediate right of O

Problem 3
M is to the immediate left of K, who is immediate left of N, who is to the immediate left of L, who is to the immediate left of O, who is immediate left of P, who is immediate left of M ?

Seating arrangement
The circle starting with K, because K is basic condition for all other. So, the table look like, K N M