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FTTx GPON Services Configuration and Planning


www.huawei.com

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HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Contents
1. FTTx GPON Service Configuration 1. VLAN Features 2. Three Kinds of Profiles 3. Data Configuration Flow 2. FTTx GPON Service Planning 1. Services Requirement 2. Bandwidth Planning 3. VLAN and IP Planning

Copyright 2008Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

VLAN Overview


Virtual Local Area Network (VLAN) is a division of a local area network logically rather than physical arrangement of cables A VLAN makes it possible to divide a physical LAN into different broadcast domains logically. IEEE 802.1Q specifies the VLAN implementation scheme.

VLAN 1

VLAN 2 VLAN 3 VLAN 2

VLAN 1

VLAN 3

Copyright 2008Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Switch Port Types

Port type

Description A port that can receive frames containing a VLAN ID. It is often used for connection between switches. A port that can both identify tagged frames and untagged frames. There is a native-VLAN for the received untagged frames.

TAGGED

UNTAGGED

Copyright 2008Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

IEEE 802.1P/Q
Dest. Src Len/type Data FCS

...

Dest.

Src

Etype

P/Q Label

Len/Etype

Data

FCS

Priority

VLAN-ID

12bit

Token-Ring encapsulation label

Copyright 2008Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

OLT VLAN Features




The MA5600T supports the following types of VLANs:


Standard VLAN MUX VLAN Smart VLAN

The following lists the attributes of VLANs:


Common 802.1q in 802.1q (QinQ) Stacking

Copyright 2008Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Contents
1. FTTx GPON Service Configuration 1. VLAN Features 2. Three Kinds of Profiles 3. Data Configuration Flow 2. FTTx GPON Service Planning 1. Services Requirement 2. Bandwidth Planning 3. VLAN and IP Planning

Copyright 2008Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

CAR Profile
 

The Car profile is used to limit the service bandwidth. Specification


The system has seven CAR profiles with indexes from 0 to 6 The system will adjust the CAR value you input to a multiple of 64.

Key Parameters : Priority, Bandwidth

Copyright 2008Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

ONT Profile


ONT profile defines the ONT capability in the OLT including the various UNI ports and the number of GPON ports.

Specification
The MA5600T supports up to 128 ONT profiles. ONT profiles 116 are the default profiles

ONT Register Authentication : Serial Number & Password ONT Register Mode : Auto-find Confirmation & Add Manually

Copyright 2008Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

DBA Profile


DBA profile defines the T-CONT service type and the bandwidth limitation.

Specification
The MA5600T supports up to 512 DBA profiles. DBA profiles 19 are the default profiles The system adjusts the bandwidth value you input when you add a DBA profile to a multiple of 64.

Copyright 2008Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Contents
1. FTTx GPON Service Configuration 1. VLAN Features 2. Three Kinds of Profiles 3. Data Configuration Flow 2. FTTx GPON Service Planning 1. Services Requirement 2. Bandwidth Planning 3. VLAN and IP Planning

Copyright 2008Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

GPON VLAN Processing


Service VLAN 7 USER VLAN 17
Uplink 17
T-CONT

T-CONT

GMAC

TM

ETH 7 Core

ONT

OLT

Copyright 2008Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

GPON Service Configuration Steps


Configure ONT Profile Configure Profiles Configure DBA Profile Configure CAR Profile Add an ONT Configure ONT Configure T-Cont DBA profile Specify user-VLAN for ONT ports Configure GEM port Configure Mapping Mapping service stream to GEM port Bind GEM port to ONT T-CONT Create a VLAN Configure VLAN Add upstream port to VLAN Add service port VLAN

Copyright 2008Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Contents
1. FTTx GPON Service Configuration 1. VLAN Features 2. Three Kinds of Profiles 3. Data Configuration Flow 2. FTTx GPON Service Planning 1. Services Requirement 2. Bandwidth Planning 3. VLAN and IP Planning

Copyright 2008Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Video Service Requirement


Provide high QoS TV/IPTV/VOD services, different authentication solutions.

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Support Multi-ISP

Policy Manager Web Portal DHCP Server RADIUS

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B0
PC IPTV Cable TV

ISP 1

HG

L2

BRAS/SR CR

ISP N

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OLT
BAC/SBC

VOD/IPTV/ Cable TV server

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Isolate each user

service or ISP.

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Provide high QoS for multicast service. Universal aggregation for different services.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 15

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Voice Service Requirement


FE/GE P2P ONT

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TDM
P2P SDH
ODN OLT E1/STM-1

2pt BUSINESS

B0

PSTN

2pt
Splitter MDU 10GE

IP
ROUTER

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Internet Internet

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PBX E1 SBU

rial

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 For commercial users, isolate the service by VLAN  For ISP, difficult to choose the voice service mode between VoBB and VoIP.

8pt
FE/GE

BUSINESS

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5pt :

Wholesale Service Requirement


Service Eth Port

B0 How to identify different ISP?

How to realize the bandwidth management?

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RSP X A VLAN a B VLAN b C VLAN c 0 Service RSP Y A VLAN d B VLAN e C VLAN f GEM Port T-CONT

ONT

2pt

GPON Port

RSP X

B0

VoIP Video Internet

RSP Y

2pt

8pt :

VoIP Video Internet


RSP X A VLAN a B VLAN b C VLAN c Service RSP Y A VLAN g B VLAN h C VLAN i Service Classification QoS Mechanism DBA Module

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RSP Z

0pt

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ONT How to identify different users?

VLAN Manipulation

VoIP Video Internet

OLT

RG

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Page 17

5pt :

Leased Line Service Requirement


TDM voice, PBX TDM leased line ATM
ATM/FR
(xDSL, X.25)

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2pt

TDM

B0

ATM/FR leased line Internet access VoIP L2/L3 VPN Internet access

IP/Eth (xDSL,xPON,Eth)
TDM

2pt

8pt :

Internet access VoIP L2/L3 VPN Legacy Migration TDM/ATM

IP/Eth
(xDSL,PON,Eth)

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ATM and TDM leased line will be replaced by IP/Eth VPN, High QoS should be provided for different kinds of services.

In order to save the cost for replacing CPE, IP or MPLS network should support ATM/TDM leased line.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

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Page 18

Contents
1. FTTx GPON Service Configuration 1. VLAN Features 2. Three Kinds of Profiles 3. Data Configuration Flow 2. FTTx GPON Service Planning 1. Services Requirement 2. Bandwidth Planning 3. VLAN and IP Planning

Copyright 2008Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

5pt :

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System Bandwidth Plan


User number PON System Service type Service mode

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2pt

B0

2pt

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Bandwidth OLT uplink GPON interface

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Bandwidth CIR PIR

Convergence ratio

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Page 20

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Bandwidth calculation
  

Each GPON interface can carry 128

2pt

For uplink, the main bandwidth is from unicast. For downlink, the main bandwidth composed of unicast and multicast. Downlink bandwidth for each service in each GPON interface = multicast * user

B0

2pt

8pt :

bandwidth + unicast service downlink bandwidth*pervasion ratio*burst ratio number of interface




lar

Uplink bandwidth for each service in each GPON interface = Downlink bandwidth for OLT = Uplink bandwidth for OLT =

rial

uplink bandwidth*pervasion ratio*burst ratio




0pt

8pt

multicast bandwidth + unicast service downlink * user number of OLT unicast service uplink bandwidth*pervasion

bandwidth*pervasion ratio*burst ratio




ratio*burst ratio

* user number of OLT


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um rial

512 users.

unicast service

* user number of interface

Contents
1. FTTx GPON Service Configuration 1. VLAN Features 2. Three Kinds of Profiles 3. Data Configuration Flow 2. FTTx GPON Service Planning 1. Services Requirement 2. Bandwidth Planning 3. VLAN and IP Planning

Copyright 2008Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

5pt :

B0

Multi-VLAN Solution PUPSPV


PC

um rial

HG
IPTV

PVC1 PVC2 PVC3 PVC4


MDU

Flexible QinQ Put outer VLAN based on inner VLAN


CVLAN11 CVLAN12 CVLAN13 CVLAN14 SVLAN2 SVLAN1 CVLAN11 CVLAN21 CVLAN12 CVLAN22 CVLAN13 CVLAN23 CVLAN14 CVLAN24

2pt

B0
VoIP

BRAS

SVLAN3
PC

2pt
IPTV

VLAN1 VLAN2 VLAN3

CVLAN21 CVLAN22 CVLAN23 CVLAN24


MDU

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OLT

SVLAN4

VoIP

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VLAN4

SR

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VLAN mapping

MVLAN

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 All the users and services are isolated by different VLAN.  OLT Adopt flexible QinQ, Put outer VLAN based on inner VLAN.  Distribute the traffic to different edge equipment by VLAN.
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 23

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PUPSPV Solution Analysis




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Support both single-edge and multi-edge distribution.

for traffic

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Use too much VLAN, identify the users and services by CVLAN. Enable QinQ in OLT, S-VLAN identify the services. Global configuration for ONU by the VLAN mapping of ONU. All the ONU adopt same configuration for CVLAN.
Suitable for multi-edge network!

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Huawei Confidential

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5pt :

B0

User single VLAN Solution PUPV


PC

um rial

HG
IPTV

PVC1 PVC2 PVC3 PVC4


MDU

Multi-PVC mapping to Single VLAN QinQ


CVLAN1 CVLAN1 SVLAN1

2pt

B0
VoIP

BRAS

PC

2pt
IPTV

VLAN1 VLAN2 VLAN3

CVLAN2

SVLAN2

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OLT
MVLAN
MDU

CVLAN2

VoIP

lar

VLAN4

rial

Multicast VLAN

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VLAN converge

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 Multi-Service mapping to single VLAN CVLAN identify the user.  Multi-PVC in each CVLAN from PVC/priority mapping services to CVLAN.  Enable QinQ in OLT, put SVLAN based on GPON interface.
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 25

5pt :

B0

PUPV Solution Analysis


    

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2pt

B0

Easy planning for VLAN. For single-edge network, S-VLAN identify the equipment. The MDU should support C-S VLAN N:1 mapping. Easy to provide High QoS for different services by C-VLAN. The service is easy to identify.

2pt

8pt :

lar

rial

0pt

8pt

Suitable for single-edge network!

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5pt :

B0

Multi-edge FTTB VLAN Plan


Voice Port
PVC 0/32 PVC 0/31

HSI IPTV

VoIP User identify

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2pt

Adsl2+ Port0

VID 4003 VID 500 VID 4000 VID 4002

PON Port0

Uplink
VID 4003 SVID100 CVID 1 VID 4000 VID 4002 SVID100 CVID 2 VID 4000 VID 4002

B0

HG

PVC 0/30

Adsl2+ Port23

CVID 523 VID 4000 VID 4002

2pt

HG
Voice Port Ethernet Port0

MDU0
VID 4003 VID 500 VID 4000 VID 4002

8pt :
VID 2

PON Port1

VID 4003 SVID101 CVID 129 VID 4000 VID 4002 SVID101 CVID 130 VID 4000 VID 4002

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HG

VID 3 VID 4

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Ethernet Port23

VID 523 VID 4000 VID 4002

8pt

HG MDU1

. . .
Huawei Confidential

OLT

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

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5pt :

B0

Multi-edge FTTH VLAN Plan


PON Port0
PC STB IAD PC STB IAD untag Untag Untag untag Untag Untag VID 2 VID 3 VID 4 VID 2 VID 3 VID 4
SVID100 CVID 1 VID 4000 VID 4002 SVID100 CVID 2 VID 4000 VID 4002

HSI IPTV

VoIP User identify

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Uplink

2pt

B0

2pt

8pt :
PC STB IAD PC STB IAD untag Untag Untag untag Untag Untag VID 2 VID 3 VID 4 VID 2 VID 3 VID 4

PON Port1
SVID101 CVID 1 VID 4000 VID 4002 SVID101 CVID 2 VID 4000 VID 4002

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rial

0pt

8pt

. . .
Huawei Confidential

OLT

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

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5pt :

Single-edge FTTB VLAN Plan


HSI IPTV VoIP User identify IPTV VID 4003 VID 1

B0 Voice Port Adsl2+ PVC 0/32 Port0


PVC 0/31

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PON Port0

Uplink
VID 4003 SVID100 CVID 1

2pt

B0

HG

PVC 0/30

Adsl2+ Port23

VID 23 VID 4000

SVID100 CVID 2

2pt

HG
Voice Port Ethernet Port0

MDU0
VID 4003 VID 1

8pt :
VID 2

PON Port1

VID 4003 SVID101 CVID 1

lar

rial

HG

VID 3 VID 4

0pt

Ethernet Port23

VID 23 VID 4000

SVID101 CVID 2

8pt

HG MDU1

. . .
Huawei Confidential

OLT

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 29

5pt :

Single-edge FTTH VLAN plan


HSI IPTV VoIP User identify

B0

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PC STB IAD PC STB IAD Untag Untag Untag Untag Untag Untag VID 2 VID 3 VID 4

PON Port0
SVID100 CVID 1

Uplink

2pt

B0

SVID100 CVID 2

VID 2 VID 3 VID 4

2pt

8pt :
PC STB IAD PC STB IAD Untag Untag Untag Untag Untag Untag VID 2 VID 3 VID 4 VID 2 VID 3 VID 4

PON Port1
SVID101 CVID 1

lar

rial

0pt

SVID101 CVID 2

8pt

. . .
Huawei Confidential

OLT

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

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5pt :

B0

IP Address Plan


um rial

2pt

Basic principle:
Best effort to use the private IP address. Reduce waste the public IP address, improve the security of equipment.

B0

2pt

IP address allocation:
Adopt private IP address for ONU(MDU/HGW) management STB service Adopt public IP address for Internet service

8pt :

lar

rial

0pt

Other suggestions:
Per IP address segment per GPON interface. Adopt firewall and NAT in the network side.

8pt

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IAD

5pt :

B0

Multi-service IP Address Plan


Policy Manager Web Portal RADIUS DHCP Server

um rial

2pt

B0

PPPoE
PC

IPTV EMS

Internet

HG

L2

BRAS/SR

CR
IPTV

IPoE IPoE

IPTV

2pt

VoIP

OLT

8pt
BAC/SBC

SoftX

lar

rial

Service Type HSI OLT and MXU management VOIP Service ONT Management
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

IP Class Public Address Private Address Private Address Private Address

IP Mode PPPoE Static Static or DHCP Static or DHCP


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Huawei Confidential

Summary
 

Service Configuration Service Planning

Copyright 2008Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Thank you
www.huawei.com