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BOOK REVIEW IN COMMUNICATIONS

Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi

CHAPTER 25
# 1) DEFINITIONS

SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS
TERMS Satellite

A celestial body that orbits around a planet.

2)

Man-made satellites that orbit earth, providing a multitude of communication functions to a wide variety of consumers, including military, governmental, private and commercial subscriber.

Communications Satellites

A satellite radio repeater which a satellite may have many. Consists of : 3) input Bandlimiting device (BPF) input low-noise amplifier (LNA) frequency translator low level amplifier output bandpass filter Transponder

4)

It consists of one or more satellite space vehicles, a ground-based station to control the operation of the system, and a user network of earth stations that provides the interface facilities for the transmission and reception of terrestrial communications traffic through the satellite system.

Satellite System

5)

It includes control mechanism that support the payload operation.

Bus

6)

The actual user information conveyed through the system.

Payload

Prepared By : MARY JANE R. ROGELIO

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BOOK REVIEW IN COMMUNICATIONS

Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi

7)

A type of satellite wherein it simply bounces signals from one place to another.

Passive Reflector

8)

A natural satellite of Earth, visible by reflection of sunlight having a slightly elliptical orbit.

Moon

9)

Used by passive satellites for tracking and ranging purposes.

Radio Beacon Transmitters

10)

Launched by Russia, the first active earth satellite in 1957. It transmitted telemetry for 21 days.

Sputnik I

A type of satellite capable of receiving, amplifying, 11) reshaping, regenerating and retransmitting information.

Active Satellite

12)

Satellite launched by U.S., it transmitted telemetry information for nearly five months.

Explorer I

Satellite launched by NASA in 1958, a 150-pound conical-shaped satellite. It was the first artificial 13) satellite used for relaying terrestrial communications.

Score

14)

The first active satellite to simultaneously receive and transmit radio signals.

Telstar I

Launched in 1963, and was used for telephone television, facsimile and data transmission and 15) accomplished the first successful transatlantic video transmission.

Telstar II

16)

Launched in February 1963, was the first attempt to place a geosynchronous satellite into orbit.

Syncom I

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BOOK REVIEW IN COMMUNICATIONS

Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi

It was the first commercial telecommunications satellite. It launched from Cape Kennedy in 1965 and 17) used two transponders. Also called as Early Birds.It stands for International Telecommunications Satellite.

Intelsat I

18)

Domestic satellite launched by former Soviet Union in 1966. It means lighting.

Molya

19)

A German astronomer who discovered the laws thatgoverns satellite motion.

Johannes Kepler

It may be simply stated as: The planets move in ellipses with the sun at one focus The line joining the sun and the planet sweeps 20) out equal intervals of time. The square of the time of revolution of a planet divided by the cube of its mean distance from the sun gives a number that is the same for all planets. Keplers Law

21) The point in an orbit closest to earth

Perigee

22) The point in an orbit farthest from the earth. It states that the square of the periodic time 23) of orbit is proportional to the cube of the mean distance between the primary and the satellite.

Apogee

Harmonic Law

High-altitude earth-orbit satellites operating primarily 24) in the 2-GHz to 18 GHz frequency spectrum with orbits Satellite 22,300 miles above earths surface.
Prepared By : MARY JANE R. ROGELIO

Geosynchronous Satellite
189

BOOK REVIEW IN COMMUNICATIONS

Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi

Advantages of Geosynchronous Satellite: It remain almost stationary in respect to a given earth station. Available to earth within their shadows 100% of the time. No need to switch from one geosynchronous satellite to another as they orbit overhead The effects of Doppler shift are negligible Disadvantages of geosynchronous Satellite: It requires sophisticated and heavy propulsion device onboard to keep them in a fixed orbit Much longer propagation delays Requires higher transmit power and more sensitive receivers because of the longer distances and greater path loss. High precision spacemanship is required.

The angle between the earths equatorial plane and the orbital plane of a satellite measured counter 25) clockwise at the point in the orbit where it crosses the equatorial plane traveling from south to north called the ascending node. The point where the polar or inclines orbit 26) crosses the equatorial plane travelling from north to south The line joining the ascending and descending node

Angle of Inclination

Descending Node

27)

Line of Nodes

It is when the satellite rotates in an orbit directl 28) above the equator, usually in a circular path.

Equatorial Orbit

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BOOK REVIEW IN COMMUNICATIONS

Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi

It is when the satellite rotates in path that takes over the North and the South poles in an orbit that is close 29) to earth and passes over and very close to both the North and South Poles.

Polar Orbit

30)

The noise power normalized to a 1 Hz bandwidth, or the noise power present in a 1Hz bandwidth

Noise Density

It identifies the system parameters and is used to determine the projected carrier-to-noise ratio and energy Bit-to-noise density ratio at both the satellite 31) and earth station receivers for a given modulation scheme.

Link Budget

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