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Pollution is the price we are paying for modern civilization and material progress.
Pollution means making foul or filthy. Pollution is our enemy number one today. There is
pollution everywhere, in the atmosphere, on land, in the seas and rivers. Our air is polluted or
made foul by smoke, gases and chemicals puffed out by vehicles, and factories, and by the
use of various chemicals. Besides this, there is noise pollution in big cities resulting from the
noise of vehicles, machines, loudspeakers and crackers.
Tonnes of industrial and chemical waste thoughtlessly dumped into our rivers, lakes
and seas kill fish and other marine life. Polluted water destroys plant life. It corrupts the soil
and makes it useless. Atomic radiation also pollutes the air and poses terrible health hazards.
Radioactive pollutants are most dangerous as they affect human chromosomes and bring
about permanent hereditary disorders. Unplanned growth of cities brings about more and
more slums where dirt, disease and death breed. The tragedy in Bhopal which took the toll of
thousands of innocent people killed by toxic - methyl - Isocyanate gas leaked into the air
from Union Carbide’s chemical plant, is a fearful reminder of how dangerous air pollution
can be. Among our cities, which are getting dangerously polluted each day, may be
mentioned Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Kolkata, Chennai, Delhi and Rajkot. These cities are on the
brink of total ecological disaster if pollution is not ruthlessly checked.
Pollution poisons the air and harms the ozone layer of the earth which protects us
from the radiation of the sun. If the ozone layer is destroyed, mankind will perish through the
harmful radiation of the sun.
We must take immediate and effective steps to fight pollution. We must reduce
vehicular and factory smoke. We must shift industries from the cities, we must find some
efficient system for the quick disposal of garbage. We must stop the dumping of chemical
wastes into our rivers, lakes and seas. We must grow more trees, protect our forests, and have
more gardens and open spaces. People should be more concerned about the continuing
pollution of the environment. The sooner effective steps are taken the better it will be for