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SUPREME COURT

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JuDICIARY
Legislature Executive Judiciary

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Composition

Present :25 Judges including chief justice 1950 :Court was Imaugrated new constitution formed 8 judges Parliament was authorised to change the number of judges Workload strength raised 1956 : supreme court no. of judges Act - 11 members 1960 : supreme court no. of judges amendment Act 14 including chief justice 1977 : 18 members May 1985 : 18 to 26 members Asoka Sen : Union Law Minister Union Parliament authorised to reduce or increase no. of judges President appoints 3/10/12

Qualification of judges

Article 124(3) is to be a citizen of India has been a judge of one or more High Court for five successive years has been an advocate of one or more High court for ten successive year is in the opinion of the president an eminent jurist
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He He He

He

Salary

Supreme court judges Rs 30000/justice 33000/house and a car

Chief

Furnished Neither

the privileges and allowances of a judge, nor his rights in respect of leave can be changed to his disadvantage
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Tenure of judges
Article

124 age 65 retirement pension fixed by union

Receives

law
He By

cannot be removed arbitrarily by any authority the order of President on the basis of an address passed in the both the houses of parliament
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Power of supreme court


The

Supreme Court in India is the ultimate interpreter of the constitution and the laws of the land. It has appellate jurisdiction over all civil and criminal proceedings involving substantial issues concerning the interpretation of the constitution.
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The court has the original and exclusive jurisdiction to resolve disputes between the central government and one or more states and union territories as well as between different states and union territories And the Supreme Court is also empowered to issue advisory rulings on issues referred to it by the president. The Supreme Court has wide discretionary powers to hear special appeals on any matter from any court except those of the armed services. It also functions as a court of record and
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