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Hemeccrr KRITIK HEIDEGGER SUPPLEMENTING LINKS (IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER) IMPACTS ALTERNATIVES AT: AFF ARGUMENTS AFF ANSWERS: ‘UTNIF 2006 1-27 28-29 30-49 50-93 94-108 ‘was heisst national service?” HEWEGGER KRITIK LINKS: ** UTNIF 2006 DEMOCRACY** ‘DEMOCRACY IS THE SUBJECTFICATION OF THE WORLI 1D THAT COUPLES THE EMERGENCE OF PURE ‘TECHNOLOGY AND THE INDUSTRIAL MASS CULTURE~INDIVIDUALS GRANT INFINITE POWER TO DEMOCRACY, ONLY TO BE CONTROL AND USED AS HUMAN EXPERIMENTATION. FERRY AND RENAUT, TEACHES POLITICAL SCIENCE AT THE SORBONNE AND AT CADEN, AND TEACHES PHILOSOPHY AT NANTES, 1990 [LUC AND ALAIN, TRANSLATED BY FRANKLIN PHILIP, HEIDEGGER AND MopeRNITY, U oF CutCaco PRESS, P. 81-84] ‘Truth to tel, this tragic sie is intrinsic to che dynamics of democratic individualism. On the one hand, this dy- ‘namics involves the gradual erosion of traditional religion and philosophy and also, it goes without saying, politics and history: in thelr 1 é . cif plan of a i Bf up their own rules ‘and laws, a process chat, at whatever level one Tooks et ‘opis te gata disoftion of relerenee points inher ee one one ie, Spepeomnsl seaon ir peal on toe other Band, ‘good meny theoretical or existential questions, whose Enswers Were self-evident in 2 traditional world, suddenly ‘iop up anew in a democratic world, caught up as its in &| neverending whi of auenoy, Wht in dione so fety_was considered as a rule for el! eternity becomes ee ae oder imes ths ene seemingly debolic! cle, forthe two movements ae mul aston ake tome quewtons pe up. header eo ead Homditponicd save wit pensatlael ae, ee Sea eeerererer nny Sone nea Me a ee am Thee pycholopiea tomer ie anlses he tog! essence of mplens das snd therein eS Ute co demusadzaden (eng eject othe prince of autonomy and equality) bue is coupled w mer ence of the world of pure technology and its consequent Sntraaton of colts ints maa ae eT SE $e Tow appealing and persuasive Heidegger's criticism of FE a eager cc ‘The Three Faces of Criticism of the Modem World side of Fine question, howeve,concems less the object of the criticisms (who doesn’t deplore chopping up movies with emmaerials then the purpose ofthe euitcim, The gap Betoveen diferent axpect of criticism widens on the later poins, not the former Discussions ofthe innit process ff modem subjectfeation point up the daunting problem of the imposition of limits, As was suggested atthe start i this book, we have merely to consider such questions $s the ones now being oo omnes SEraagae” to see whit obs me Gooey seltnn me Rees word no longer govemee by aden ane uhich, consequently, the ever-increasing immanene is nothing seems « priori excluded from the domain of Huma epelieninton oe oman at ‘Glenee, a Brst possible face for the eriticism of techno- logical positivity: a criticism thet, like Heidegger, identi Ses democracy os the subectifction of the world with its Inevitably concombant unWeraea! tevnolagy and is ‘quented toward the stated or unstated ideal of a zetum fo ie premodem word of tation Tere the criticism Claims a basis in the past, past thought of as erabracing. the norms of tradition and hierarchy: hence, there is noth- ing odd in the presence of this aspect of criticism in Hei- degger (particularly in his writings from the 1980s) and in ‘many of his students, orthodox or heterodox, when the democratic world and the world of technology seem suc cessive faces ofthe same metaphysics and cular of the ‘A second face ofthis criticism, paradoxically very sim- ilar to the first one, may feed on a zefezence, not to this side of the modem worlé, but to the wozld to follow: par- adoxically itis on the basis of this divergence thet Mam: ism and Heideggerianism mey momentarily make com. mon cause in attacking the despotic influence of ‘instrumental reason." Following Weber end Marx, Theo- dor Adorno and Mex Horkheimer undertook to decon- struct that “administered world” |verwaltete Welt) whose ‘essence is the mass culture to which they believed the sovereignty of technical reason inevitably conduces. Here, as in Heidegyer, the administered world is none other than the worldly actwalization of the metaphysics OF aub- Jctivity that culminates in Hegel's Logic. Unlike Heides. ‘er, however, at east in the early stages of Critical Theory, Criticism is pursued for the sake of a fature thought of 2s objective reason, and nor for the sake of some past, Mass culture is described more in tems of alienation than of control, more in terms of pseudoretionality then perfect rationalization, for the Marx inspired hope still persists of man’s reconciliation with himself in a society without classes or contradictions. That the ideal of radiant future has now faded is true not only in the French context but also in the German context of critical Marxism: in one of his last lectures, entitled "Krleisehe Theorie heute und sgester," Horkheimer explained how the Marxist ideal of objective reason gradually caved in a8 Critical Theory un- covered the intrinsically hegemonistic nature of rational- sty, neluding its claim to determine humanity's ends and hence to transcend a simple reflection on the means to ‘which instramentel reason is limited, ==> Heweccer KRITIK LINKS: FEAR UTNIF 2006 FEAR SUSTAINS SECURITY BY TEACHING US WHAT TO CARE FOR IN LIFE. DILLON, PROF. OF POLITICS @ LANCASTER UNIV. 1996. (MICHAEL. POLITICS OF ‘SECURITY: TOWARDS A POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY OF CONTINENTAL THOUGHT. PG. 34) is consequence, te thet of the lint ches ws hat ott (teratonl Riis of secuny ae aot only always already «polis of identity and Eitzcncs” bale lis ef ose Fora paca esaving wit Wee ‘menage by and inthe couse of baressing ns rag A SET TR, Saabs gua afsoanly comttatap ad mesa cen Taare ‘meer cee a Ba Sat tei snaihe vio we Setar oe oe eae fave? SS TRT Cie vo t ogi tne Fearn cuca a what Wee “not, What we do not have, wast We a[e Supposed fo care for and 10 care about, ‘Wir ac ore Tear fo ep he pom a oon, TONY, ich courssin fear and danger batays te Tac int GMfreicesinegral to what ‘we ar, A decunive coonomy of scout is consoqueny not only a discursive Sonny Sage sab a dssosee moony of esos TCT, Sate Tangiers tweedy tela "Through alia of ero and anatseeted bythe pas of TENT “BE diference integral to international security, we, ‘sccgunts of ontological danger inte pastumes of nalicing love > Bf | | Heweccer Krink LINKS: GLOBAL ORDER UTNIF 2006 AMERICAN CONCERNS FOR GLOBAL ORDER AND CONTROL MANIFEST THEMSELVES AS CULTURAL GENOCIDE AS ENTIRE HISTORICALLY-EMBEDDED WAYS OF EXISTENCE ARE UPROOTED OR DESTROYED SPANOS, PROFESSOR OF ENGLISH AT SUNY BINGHAMTON, 1993 [WILLIAM V., HEIDEGGER AND CRITICISM: RETRIEVING THE CULTURAL POLITICS OF DESTRUCTION, P. 206-208] It must not be overlooked, as it callously was by those‘who directed the American intervention in Vietnam (and even those libera) humanists who protested against the intervention as immoral), that for the Viet- namese peasantry the earth they cultivated was not, as it has became iy tie “developed” Occident, simply a technologically exploitable space. hove NEP OEETONVENTEN De balled Amecian soldier prosgorast, of Tim O'Brien’s novel Going Affer Caccato says in his laconic account of the Party's finally impenetrable strategy of invisibility, forthe peasant the Vietnamese earth was “Xe “The land,” Li Van Hgoc murmured. . “The soldier is but the representative of the land. The land is your true enemy,” He paused, “There is an ancient ideograph—the word 2%, emeans-” He looked to Sorkin Ang Wan for hep, ‘Ommunity,” she said. “It means community, and soil, and home—— a Yes,” nodded Li Van Hgoc, “Yes, but it also has other meanings: earth and sky and even sacredasss. Xa, it has many implications, fir at heart it means that a man’s i ‘The name O'Brien gives to the NLF officer is an ironic allusion to Vincent Van Gogh: the modem Occidental artist whose paintings, per- hhaps more than anyone else's, depict the earth and those who dwell on it in a way that resonates with a meaning similar to that inhering in the Vietnamese Xa) What may be worth recalling, in the context of the ques- tion I am addrésiig, (and in the face of a criticism that now represents Heidegger's notion of the Volk as a dimension of an essentialist under- standing of being), is Heidegger's celebration of Van Gogh's art (the pair of peasant shoes) as exemplary of that “strife between world and earth" that the technologization, the “enframing” and reduction of being as temporality to “standing reserve” has all but annulled.%” More specifi- cally, the cultivation of the rice paddies by the Vietnamese peasants was not simply a matter of the production of food for consumption. As the relation between the circumscribing rice fields and the village nucleus suggests, it was integral with the perennial rhythms of the peasants’ communal lives—their eulture: J ComtivutD, Vo. ) ‘He's a god, man! Heweccer Kerik UTNIF 2006 Lincs Gicrat Oper Vcontivuen, 7% | With a stable technology and a limited amount of land the traditional ‘Vietnamese lived by constant repetition, by the sowing and reaping of rice and by the perpetuation of customary lew. The Vietnamese ‘worshiped their ancestors as the source of their lives, their fortunes, and their civilization. In the rites of ancestor worship the child imitated the gestures of his grandfather so that when he became the grandfather, he could repeat them exactly to his grandchildren. In this passage of time that had no history the death of the man marked no final end. Buried in the rice fields that sustained his family, the \ father would live on in the bodies of his children and grandchildren. \ As time wrapped around itself, the generations to come would regard him as the source of their present lives and the arbiter of their fate, In this continuum of the family “private property” did not | really exist, for the father was less the owner than a trustee of the { land to be passed on to his children, To the Vietnamese the land was the sacred, constant element: the people flowed over the land like ‘water, maintaining and fructifying it for the generations to come.** In its monolithic will to accomplish the imperatives of an imperial economy (which it represented as a benign “mission to save a free Viet nam" from the “savagery” of Chinese Communist domination), in the face of a bafflingly elusive “other,” the American command visited death and mutilation on the peasant population of Vietnam at large; in devas- tating the Vietnamese earth in the process, it violently uprooted a tradi- tional, stable, agricultural, and family-oriented people (those who sur~ vvived), transforming them into a population of spiritually as well as physically mutilated refugees.9*/In short, the American military com- mand’s massive and indiscriminate use of high-technology fire power against an enemy who retused to cistunguish his or her person from the | land on which he or she dwelled, also destroyed the culture of the Viet~ “.° namese: people) This terrible experience of cultural death, even more than the violence of WG" face-to-face experience of horror,” of mass death and ‘mutilation, according to Frances FitzGerald, was, from the point of view of the Vietnamese people at large, the dreadful legacy of the American intervention in Vietnam: ‘The physical destruction is not, pethaps, the worst of it. The destruction of an entire society—""That is, above all, what the Vietnamese blame Americans for,” said one Vietnamese scholar, “‘Willfully or not, they have tended to destroy what is most precious in us: family, friendship, our manner of expressing ourselves." For all these years, the columns in the Saigon newspapers denouncing — Americans for-destroying- “Vietnamese culture” have sounded ~~~ somehow fatuous and inadequate to those Americans who witnessed the U.S, bombing raids. But itis the social death caused by the destruction of the family that is of overriding importance... . The Jand and the family were the two sources of national as well a3 personal identity, The Americans have destroyed these sources for many Viemnamese, not merely by killing people but by forcibly separating them, by removing the people from the land and depositing them in the vast wampeoties."S 200" 208 ‘He's agod, man! i ‘HEIDEGGER KRITIK UTNIF 2006 LINKS: HUMAN RIGHTS HUMAN RIGHTS ARE PREMISED ON A METAPHYSICS THAT POSITS CATEGORIES TO APPLY AND RETRACT. IN THE NAME OF GLOBAL VIOLENCE. Fried, Professor of Philosophy at Suffolk University, 2000 Gregory, Heidegger’s Polemos: From Being to. Politics, Yale University Press, p. 207-8] (Dera males learshe breadth of hie cig in wrtng euch at "Desh ‘86 of Independence” deconsructve reading of Jerson famous 2776, piodaavon. Derde focuses on the phenomenon ofa declantion of inde- pendence: Doe he declarative act confirm an already exiting ae, or doe it _praducio Wheneethe"we" of uch deertion, and the te" Wethe People the United Sates Consiion? Dende deters what ete to bean un- woidable contradiction in sch performative acc of founding a nation and Birthing people "We" Commentingon the Dedanons concluding part | mph which sere chat "We... doin the Name, andy the Aushosy of he food People of thee Colonies, solemnly Publish and Declare, Thar thee United Colonie ar, and of Right ought tbe, Fre and Independent Sate,” Denida wots, “Aze and ought be} the ‘and’ aricalrs end enpjins hee ‘he wo dicarsve modales the tobe and the ought tobe the consaion and | the pesition, de fice and height. Andis God at once restr of nature snd jadige, sapere judge of wha (he sae ofthe world) and of what eles ro whet oughe robe the recuse of ou intention). |) God serves a the ultimate signatory to this declaration, the author who parantes the ight conjunction, che "and" berwean “Land “Ought” Hee, Catherine Zucker comecdyapprates Ded’ deconstruction of the elarson: the Wet is corfrabein spoil founding only when itcan suericsome ontoteolgia ure them, a source that can conus anda ad the principles of the founding * Zackere puts er finger on the enal- nent of Dera argument the tant hypociof devehoding Ameren oundeus—who decare chit "We hold these True co be evident, thrall, | Men recreated equal tht hey re endowed by thee Cearor with erin in slenable Righo"—demonsutes thatthe logpeensi, onotbeolgia in- ‘ule inthe West server to mak the violence and rac inherent in such oundigeand eperstions of independence for Dtvide,Horso! Beeaee even ‘fwelnterpre “ll Mes" a meanngallbumar bingy eheyarestl"resel" at 1 dixie, epaate human “ice” wit “ain inalienable Right!" adhering ‘uniquely to them, Te disingush humanity the rconal anima fom all ther anima ad eo ground our supremacy on ether Go fvorngu with ie in- gor eso favoring us wits logo, alendy (or Dei) eo serthe rage forthe divisions of race (end, we may dé, of gender cas, caste, and 0 on) smonghumans2? Jn “Rac La Word" contin rte calguet 419 weeing stein, ‘Arcane asin Api” Deia deve purer “antonlopa” ego a em meaning “spare ar ch" ey i ital cise pe megon of a anand he ser lew ofthe eg Sch the monn of hs pol ion? (RL, 199. Pcily hit “monsroig”Capaonaly” a Deri ndolly elt peri) iri prods ofthe Wee “Asrbeifamout, in ram, orang she lowe exe of acim, ed andthe aro tind aiceny finan trehulogy he deh leo wat is dey an incre gy srething ke che engin the Wee ‘aim butao and thw hare toe pected blo, acum ara Western ‘hing (RLY, 252-99. The monsonme ef pri eer in what hb “yao she Wes longing fr caren tt ely on nae and ti. To be re, onde Deri in wit fellows, the Ws hs conde Spar and yet he Wen ned iy and coninve o am, appr and ‘alewih Sore might yar ie vein and perenne debi" N99 ta we might sme mighty tat Alen ‘key was "Seon anda peo” in eps tthe prince of he founding the United Sate ogins, Yet somehow the hing ad bps ‘ble and, what is more, durable” (RLW, 293), The West somehow bears these smonoceseciyn ali bigs, When th Usted Nona eld sparda zine sso hamaniyin is, Denia wrote" hr werdietco nuestro is ens the coma dcoue on a, hen ‘smd human igh hat ennunered eevee es yerunhouphe ini thelniof the wl sem in which cg mesng" RL 298) This “lemme” feo he Wests lorem, which swede ia founding, rounding end cago epernons SPOR B HeWwecceR Krk LINKS: INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS UTNIF 2006 INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS DISCOURSE IS BASED ON THE VIOLENT LOGIC OF RATIONAL SUBJECTIVITY AND PRODUCES A DEPOLITICIZED AND INHERENTLY ANTAGONISTIC GLOBAL DIS-ORDER CAMPBELL AND DILLON, PROFESSORS OF POLITICS AT NEWCASTLE AND LANCASTER, RESPECTIVELY, 1993 [Davin AND MICHAEL, THE POLITICAL SUBJECT OF VIOLENCE, P. 2-3] PR sir one apn tat cams pc epistemological, and indeed ‘chTblopea, competence in teling the trus about the reletionship between ‘lence and pots n moder times thas been interatlonal elatons. And though there have been thos: Who have arguca thet there i no theory of = ‘nernational relations ~ tat iso sy, of the rations benween established political commis - such s positon hard to sustain if ore recognises the ‘ways In whieh the theoretial tradition of in indebted to chat of piel theory sei? What th however, is not simply the problematic loetion of it I relations ‘thin the tradition of politica tbeary, but he status of international palial theory inthe content ofthe curent sate of the philosopieal tradition to which iti indebted. cis part of eur argument, and one which we think Sine supportin the following cheptes, tha international eations eva feature and ‘function of specially modern croup, also a feature and «function of| the crisis of that thought. Here international relations at a sipin Is regarded as an element of @ much more extensive and involved jer. I then bbscomesa part of thet which hs fo bere-xplore, rather then tel providing ‘an acceptable sccount both ofthe mits ad dynamiss of ts claimed eubjct maiz. The objec then is not to add to inteational relations, but toe isclose some of the framework within which the dssipine ise togete ith the asus its tied to make it ovn, may be r-addressed as part of @ ch wider historical and global problematic, Iisa corzibtion, then, 10.@ seengagement with the conditions which enable the production and re- ‘production of international relations’ Enowledge rather than an engagement in intzmational relations. We chose te plisca subst of violence nt aly because it sso evidently central to modern palit, but alo becase that is er the proprietor claims a nteratonal tions have bon avacd most strongly to the impoverishment of eur understanding ofthe pala And if esi th outpouring of ecnicl erature onthe instrmentalitis of war and politics produced under the rubric of iterations relations, she police] Subject of violence remains as obssare as when Hanah Arendt wrote abowt it? @ contributory reason is thet almost all of that Beratre ignores the problematicsatus ofthe character of modern thought (whote mort dogmatic and posiivstc imposes continue to distinguish th dispine), and eachews any csitica! anags of the fated relationship between thet thought and polite! violence aeecnanae)) Hewecorr Krink, ANY PROCLAMATION OF LOVE CONCEALS THE VIOLENCE IMPLICIT WITHIN THE SECURITY THAT CREATED IT. THESE LOVES FORM OUR POLITICAL SPACE AND LET Links: LOVE SECURITY TAKE HOLD, DILLON, PROF. OF POLITICS @ LANCASTER UNIV. 1996, (MICHAEL. POLITICS OF UTNIF 2006 ‘SECURITY: TOWARDS A POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY OF CONTINENTAL THOUGHT. PG. 33- 34) 13s. well sof our eytons of ae pin ery il of cous Ba lial a occas 6 uae os iells you whet to ie Eich ells yoo wast to love eli you what 0 defend (luce ef decor? ou wists wren Sha ia ot ieee aa ensicsconeesuenly inl clude cern a ave "Any loo, tat feo ay, whih rola hn psi yes to conceal a vce 29. All hose loves whose affsmae denis, Qing ie Ces pon WHS we Ts, en fr ao its Te gee SPOR (teontiona pls of sz love of Sry ove fonder rest ane, dbveofchuc:ovechuosaee ine inageian micas ae ee ‘FANG; Tove tthe nation; love of ths mdividual; love oF Tie very cull of the-wubiear SE lays emo obs ceclateda tern cfsame obipmor sees sad stidenyng lve masquag te spi of evenge Chit among hem hy so-called poltical realist arcs ‘primeval “love” ofthe rat very feling and sensation contains pies of this ol love; and some fantasy, sane pede, some unenson some lporace, some faa ever 0 moc lsh contibud and wrked on tea 3 Se Heweccerr Kern LINKS: POLITICAL SERVICE / EDUCATION UTNIF 2006 EDUCATION IS FOUNDED ON CALCULATIVE THINKING, AN ATTEMPT TO CONNECT EVERYTHING TO ONE ‘CENTRAL CORE OF REASON AND RENDER EVERYTHING CORRECT ‘SPANOS, PROFESSOR OF ENGLISH AND COMPARATIVE LITERATURE AT SUNY-BINGHAMTON, 1993 (WILLIAM, THE END OF EDUCATION P, XVIU-XIX) (CT Sil sectin ofthis chapter extends the destructive rencing of Arm’, Bab- bits, and Ricans theoretical isoures on ection, fcusng on the ation be tween their mutual appeal tothe clsseal Greek pode andthe metaphors ofthe centered cicefanoptic gue iforning thee humanism. Approriating Heidegger's Muthoiooe ae fst ground sine Padar the odehman 2: “poesy ‘teas sey meds julgmest layer mutha taking this rack at Tamers eweet-versing “nd sbi beat 1s most men's portion.” Plato slowed ths dvsire thought to stand, agresing that muon i ise, Lagos fsot—s ats, Ths ‘Teas, 1 would bs a histori a Herodote wa, looking eed forthe evidence of, what eel... Stoe Pato allegory ofthe exe, but eapecilysoce the Roman sppeopiaion of £ Greek thinking, the purpose of Wester edncaton (whatever its hstrcaly specie | pecmactations) ha bea oat Man ex duc) ot of the dares and depths of is ‘alenterporal contin ard into the univer ht. As euch his is «nostalgic and reupertive (peach acy intended to recover the Hemel he “st” o- to generate by means of Ue recolectve ream a zeascet to thos lambert (Olypian begs of certainty from whch be has fen into dress, an essentially esthetic (Sedona) remembrance of peeapentan eins begarng om the vantage ott ofan end Goetphyslcaly), To focus the metaphors ofthe eye Cn its ight) ‘brilegd ty ths metaphysical process, earning has meant to re-calect the dispersed tenses of iment its primal state as slépresert, vse, and inclusive image. ‘This hstorcal contin, which bepinn with Plato's “erreson” of Heracles, is ‘what Hedogser imple in caling the Western tation ontocheclogial. Whether Greek (oct), medieval @heo} ox humanist ogo), the theory and practice of ec ‘on nth West, Hho phlesobia and terry dtotces, hasbeen logoceti: a ro- ‘ett riented by aie abiding and lninous Word willy devoted to the redston often oa totaled cre, the canter of whic, es Deria put it “is elaewhere™ and ths “beyond the reach of pay**—and exe, T pt thie analy interme cf the Yelusceantnetapores consten to Hetegger, Denis, Foucault, and othe post ‘moder theorists of owledge production, the theory and practice of education inthe contothologi tacion hasbeen Aplin, te parpeethe domes ofthe cb- ‘cre Donia force ty bringing ito ight, denying its pats within acamprehen- she aod vile structure, and patting ito soci wee. ‘Tis model cf humane leasing, enabled by the formation of the haan conton ‘8 fen, has been central othe Wester traion a ge, despite te isto specie permutations effcied by delle or empl representations of the text of being Thea made that has its gan Plato's afrmaton of zetro-epectve memory asthe exsetia agency of remembering the "uly rea!” wold of Forms thatthe pre ‘stent sol oss sight and eventual forgets in its birth (eat into the unreal and erat ie of espereed tne: "Hecrpsatieferssel tether Jnuman shape takes a man to undertand by tp use of univers, apd to ceaet out ofthe mally of enae ingress unity arrived a by € process of reson. Such proces issiply the recollection (anarnesis] of the things wich our aoa ce pereved hen it took is journey with a god, ‘ooking down fom shove on the thing to which we now esrb realty and suing upward towards wht is rly rea. Tha e why itis right thatthe col 1 he piosopher alone shoud regen its wings fori is ebvays dveling in memory 65 best ey upon the things which a god owes bis vty to eling upon. Its ony by the sgh se af such ads to recalecin, which {rm a continual ntuton into the perfect rosie isin, that man can | become perfect n the true gens of the word... . Wle were we, smtptied by all the evs wich awaited u in tne to come, ead whole and ungpotted and cangsess and serene wre the objects revesed tous the gt ofthe ryt vison. Pare wa the ht ad pare were we from he | potion ofthe walling seule wich we ella Body to which we ace ound an oyster tots shel * ‘This cca mocelis also inscribed in Hegel's enormously invent! pdosopy of the history of spit T quote from M. H. Abrams summary account of the ee of Enlaneneng (hich means not oaly “internalization,” a Abrams suggests, but, erkegard insistently demonsttes, “recallectoa” inthe sense of forcing the ec etry of temporal process ito the closed end centered cle —thefld est were) ‘nthe caitus educational journey to Wisseschatin Phenomeolagy of Shirt no sin- ifr conveionce, For Abrams’ sympathelio—and diab inrocent—analysis of Hegetsrecolectve approach to knowiede isthe ass of his afiration ofthe ee: fil istovcaleonioity of Western cxkure, fom humanists Cristinty to Romantic tummnism (Sant Augustine to Hegel, Sciler, cto, Sclegel, and even Marx and ‘Nitasce, for example; and in erature, from Dane to Romantics euch as Words- ‘woth, Colerig, Blake, and Shalay, and Yo post-Ramantcs or Moderisseuchas S. Biot, Wllace Stevens, and DH. Lawrence). Hegel prods the esis of Abrams’ tudeatsting fearon formation and of his more recent pereigmatc defense of the ‘Wester humanist chlery and eral tradion egal the deonstrcetv econ fTeoqus Derr, Paul de Man J. His Miler, Josephs Riddl, end ober: Now, Wiswensiatis no otber than the total neti of truth wich is ‘enbodied in Hegel's ow pileoptical system, go thatthe trruous| educational journey ofthe spit ens in the event toward whch it es been tknowinaly pointing rom the begining: its accomplished ebape inthe ensciouness ofthe philosopher Hegel. But Hegel als says, the wey by hich consiueness reaches this goal of total selFinavledge (deny or ‘SeltPresenel, or “the knowledge of [the obec) a tel, i by reclacting, ‘living and so “rosie,” ts own temporal ast fom the beginning up to the present, “in the frm of ehapes ofthe consciousness.” Hegel iypbenates the frst occurence of the werd fr recletion,Er-fnnersg in ore to ‘ring out the pun on “remembering” and “nteratng.”) And this proces by ‘with consciousness recolers, repericyates i, avn and s0 comes to comprehend ts identity in it own pst, a¢ Hegel shows ina concluding repise his ene Book, is precisely the Bstory of evaving consiouaess that has just been reelected and narrated in the Phaamenolagy itself inthe mode of 4 sprualjorme. "Thus," as Hegel says ix hie concison, “the gel whic sabscate knowledge, or opti owing see asp, has forts road [gh the reoolestion Erdnnenong] ofthe spt (Guster, a they ae in hemseles, andes they carry out the organization of her rain. ‘The inscription ofthe spectlckraar (metaphyseal) model hae not been estrcted to the discourses of humanistic eam, as the previous examples might suggest, “Heidegger bas perowsively argued, in his aptly tiled essay “The Age ofthe Word Picture” (bid), tat he fl implications of ths model foc knowledge at lage ca rite inthe re-presentations ebare, prepared by Descartes, of te moder age af ecnoo Knowing, as research [which indus the human (ia this case, ‘istciographica) and physical sconces], cae whatever isto account wth ‘gard fo the way in which andthe exten to which ets tebe put at the isposl of representation. Research has disposal ove anything thet is when i can ether close in its fture couse In advance or very eacltion ‘holt tas past Nae, In elog eewated fs advance, end histo, a beng ‘istoogephicalyveriied a pst, becomes, as it were, “et i lata" esi), Nature ae story beome the objects ofa representing tht cena... «Only dit which becomes object inthis way fe—is eonaldered to be in blag. We iat arrive at cence as research when Being of winter is, is sought in euch bjocveees, “This ebectivng of whatever i, is socomplished ina ating befor, 8 epreventing, thts at binging enc particular being before in ich a ‘vy tat man wo calles en be eure, and tht mean be cet, of hat Ding. We fit arive at sclence a8 research wien end eniy when tath hes been transformed into the certainty of representation. What ist be for ‘he fst tine dened asthe objectivness of representing, and tat sist ened asthe certainty of epresentatng, inthe metaphysis of Descartes. +» The wile of modern metaphysics tae together, Nietache inde, ‘mana tel within the interpretation of what it st be and of rath tt ‘wa prepared by Descartes. \G ‘Heweccer Krink LINKS: POLITICAL SERVICE / EDUCATION ‘UTNIF 2006 ‘As the alist between the dscourees of Plato, Hegel, Descartes the age of tedtnlogy suggests, Wester (tial) edacationl theory and practice bas been, vit marginalized battling exceptions, x continous or continuously construed ra tin. Apparent historical ssndares haven fact been eubstittions o dislacemeats| of ne organising center for mnther, undertaken to contin te dscpton of know ‘edge explosions. Whit Derrids says boat the “whole history of the concept of sSrictre’=~thit ie] mast be thought of... liked ein of determinaon of be cane" which, whatever the names ven des, arch is, nei, cia crassumes, God many ands fr) dsgstes nina presen spe {oe wise istry of the West poten ‘Wether grote Patt sti eat o Cw or Quins Ronan aan Sat Agus’ pacologaphil or Sat Thea event xe se Chis; Plo dela Mino’ or Mario Fn neo Patan, Fans Bact or René Descartasé or leery Bethan‘ xen hana; Karts He | el Roman oral operates Mate Arno ving Batis |e A ihr sot ae whther tsar he dc eon ot tte Rom ae, the von and cna of be melo oto ama sens onigatn of eis ofthe mer ies Wee esl yt pce, He phox nd tte (peril rary ic) hs ae seed pir ilyoflnoieg (nt Bl cgi the pein, seni, snd pte mpl o rere of temporal eg: wat the Harvard Cre Cu sean Report iorenty and pete cas “pen” Dest the hier pei apes the ind callg the “tries” of the preceting paradigm nto quesion, Wester education hs thn ae eafined ‘al deeper cna edn! june to he rh. Moe se j say thas ays nd sits xen puoss the domesteaten one kone | byrscng tener of te ease ear nema mean memory ing the hermenete or of sinters” spend ofthe eseatiy wets tenor process and an nist king bck othe pst median by aaa ‘hyn cre ofthe nrg nvr nomi the aporeny Sacontios | eae iow pin and by ie. es this anne rence earn omey— | stole by Dante reaper of Vi ity in Te Die Cedi —tat | sitenhten the ecigtd anata the nether worl nl has igi | otha as erat rod othe higher oral region, te st home Intheaited | pelea terms epoaizedy LA. Rend eset tx, te a creas | erat il cae te snes of eke, eng the eased emsciouress int the Sats ndndaie tate ofrepose— the we rundonon,a8itwere of sity a | tomas. nthe societal tems eptoniedy tn Raman padi, is actos Jouny ta lender the ent tuleat a good cen, Whee eel modelo ‘inf he pisoper King, te Ronan stamens, the Chan wat th en HERI oH Healy edad fesn'y—hanis wos Spnert |e led tees ts been hog eds Wester Marte We | sible been dame, toh vith nesting amis ft eer Sencar fogs, esl sbve ly the elit emer | ite Grek kig—grandedin a renee, metho pl, per {plo Ithas sms heen sted ya etc tended laity Use: eng he sient i eof Anon pone, 76> OTC ic Hemeccrr Krk UTNIF 2006 LINKS: PROBLEM-SOLVING . ‘THE PROBLEM-SOLUTION GRID INTENSIFIES THE BINARIST, ETHNOCENTRIC VIOLENCE OF WESTERN IMPERIALISM, ESPECIALLY WHEN AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY IS REFUSED BY THOSE DEEMED OBJECTS OF ‘CONTROL, ‘SPANOS, PROFESSOR OF ENGLISH AT SUNY BINGHAMTON, RETRIEVING THE CULTURAL POLITICS OF DESTRUCTION, P. 20: 1993 [WILLIAM V., HEIDEGGER AND CRITICISM: -205] 1 repeat this all but forgotten history, then, the’ tactical refusal ofthe EP and NVA co engage the American army in “decisive batles”—t0 participate in the restrictive terms of the narrative of presence or Closure®—did not occasion a rethinking by the American command of its ethnocentric representation of the Southeast Asian mind and culture and thus’of the American intervention, Rather—and predictably —this refusal triggered an intensification of the binarist misrepresentation of this “Orientalist” representation. It compelled the American command to see the hurhanity it encountered—not only the Communist “Viet Cong” and the North Vietnamese, but all the Vietsamese people, indeed, the very ‘Vietnamese eatth—as an absolutely dedifferentiated and reified negative entity, a differential obstacle called “the gook” or “slope” in the path of the American command's positive narrative journey. Despite the effort oon the part of the state apparatuses—the United States government and the military command—to exculpate themselves by the court-martial of Lieutenant William Calley for the massacre at My Lai, the lieutenant’s representation of the Vieznamese in his justification of the massacre ap- plies as well to the logic of the institutional agents who judged his be- havior a war crime, as Frances FitzGerald has observed: ‘To say that one “gook” was a Communist whereas another was not {as the offical representation of the American soldier’ mission in Vietnam would have it] was to make what seemed to be a purely metaphysical distinction which, if wrongly made, might cost you ‘yout life, As Calley said after his trial, “When my troops were jetting massacred and mauled by an enemy I cotldn’t see, 1 couldn't feel and couldn’: touch—that nobody in the military system ever described them as anything other than Communism, They didn’t give ita race, they didn't give ita sex, they didn’t give it an age. ‘They never let me believe it was just @ philosophy in a man’s mind, ‘That was my enemy out there.” ‘Thus in the My Lai massacre the soldiers abandoned the unrealistic war aims of Dean Rusk and drew their mistaken but nonetheless understandable conclusion: since all Communists in Vietnam are Vietnamese, and since the ouly good Communist is-«-dead-one, then-all Vi i ) CONTINUED , A. He's a god man! ‘8 HEWEGGER KRITIK UTNIF 2006 EIWK. RoBi Sewine ) ConTIMUel, wa y Of course, the syllogism was faulty, and the defenders of Calley were being disingenuous in describing the cold-blooded murder of babies and old women as necessary to the safety of his troops. . . But there were many other cases in which the moral issue was much less clear. When, as happened frequently, a unit received enemy fire from a village, the officer in charge would have the choice of flatening the village with artillery or ordering his teoops to go in and search it. Ifhe chose the frst alternative, he might discover that the village contained only one or two snipers and a large number of ivilians—many of them now dead. If he chose the second, he ‘might find it contained an enemy company, and that he had , (unnecessarily?) forfeited the lives of his own men. . . . The basic problem was,'of course, that the U.S. official picture of “the Viet Cong” as an army and a coercive administration fighting over an apolitical peasantry was simply a misrepresentation of the facts. .. Where. . was the distinction between “soldiers” and “civilians”? In many regions “the Viet Cong” were simply the villagers themselves, to “eliminate the Viet Cong” meant to eliminate the villages, sf not the villagers themselves, an entire social structure and way of life. It is in this context that charges of war crimes against the American civilian and military authorities who directed the war have a certain validity. Inthe first place, by the very act of sending American soldiers to Vietnam the U.S. command was denying many of its soldiers and field officers the very power of choice over killing civilians, It was making some civilian deaths inevitable, In the second place the U.S. command's decision to use certain weapons and certain strategies insured that the number of civilian deatns would be sizabl Zo3s~ 20s, He's a god, man! Fy ‘HEWEGGER Kririk LINKS: RATIONALITY UTNIF 2006 RATIONAL CALCULABILITY OPERATES THROUGH THE ONTOLOGICAL VIOLENCE OF GLOBAL ORDERING CAMPBELL AND DILLON, PROFESSORS OF POLITICS AT NEWCASTLE AND LANCASTER, RESPECTIVELY, 1993 [Davin AND MICHAEL, THE POLITICAL SUBJECT OF VIOLENCE, ¥. 14-15) GuorAl cispasthes om eee CADEM rd. sossions of ihe panes an ofthe ata fair The conclusion, for our purposes, of Caygl's thesis is that tye nals, & ~ilense continges tubstanvialy to exced the modern analytic (feretby veason Sd police, And wien on penis her within or outwith the resoning politial sulpect, bn tel ply compli inne projet of palical vy neoommeseg a sig predioations, Byiicaun cover violent onTsloay "Tkingpobaly he conde, toons agen hc sms of the philosophical. Thinking anc acting globally smalarywansforn the seging and the sens ofthe political. As with the mis en eenso with the seen sent of life, both aze profoundly chenging in Iate-modem times.” Each now eonfrons the new predicmententlled inthe advent of word society and the shallenge to the predicements of thought which it brings in is tein, The ‘moder poiicopilsophiesl project, allyingits constitution of the ivf wth F secintrnnicoaaes eae intensify that sxtonalete eeizenent of technologies of violence which had atooiCahausis seer OTe WinunLices indie by te peeiemny a ae edie ens anc, asa, wrough thera 2O Heweccer Krink Links: RIGHTS UTNIF 2006 RIGHTS ALWAYS TRANSFORM INTO RIGHTS FOR THE PRIVILEGED AS CODIFIED THROUGH LEGAL JUSTIFICATION AND SOCIAL CONTROL. DALLMAYR, PROFESSOR OF INTERNATIONAL LAW AND GOVERNMENT AT NOTRE DAME, 1993 (FRED, “THE OTHER HEIDEGGER”, P, 129-130) Deyo Wark issue of planetary control, Heidegge's argument is (nore broadly relevant to questions of socal control and hence of soil ‘poll equity. [n contemporary western society quesons of «9- ‘ey are eypialy erccaated in terms of rights, which usually means Soe epi ocanso aicniar Leat tic and sparc JFtan ae Tope wih talk of rights and scmonfons to "take eights seriously” coupled with aceprance ofthe legalization of social bonds Ahoogh valuable in the fce of totalitarian abuses, however, the fa of rights ehsive unless anton i eid to che cari 4d politcal equity. Tn contemporary Western society, question of ‘ataroivalent the rights of therich and ofthe poor, he powerful and the powerles, the vitimizer and the vitims? Such questions pont to the power stactre of society, and tis equity or inequity ‘Typically, sights axe inilly-scquime through strgple yet, once socal conditions stabilize or ise subtle eansiton from GRE "vested rights —commonly to the detriment of the wader Sarieped or oats of ees Te we tis poe tar Hedogers eae oF eqn oF FREE Cone nn ply wth emp on enc’ ad onthe “passing wile” enjoyed by presensness between, ‘twofold absence of arival nd departure, past and future. Unlese Pale hc png le pro igs Sim rla's ses pad re cnet al porns. Aa See rnclaastacst eal ia ila oe cee eae Sar ag oe ae ee TE ie cf sees se opt selene ol Ces foro eco ops cape ‘he ight of changing social conditions and demands for socal equity i | | | sp ea Heweccer Krink LINKS: SECURITY ‘UTNIF 2006 DISCURSIVE ACCOUNTS OF SECURITY DEFINE WHO WE ARE, PEOPLE TO BE USED AND MANIPULATED IN THE NAME OF POLITICAL ORDER. FEAR IS THE TOOL BY WHICH GOVERNMENTS CONFINE OUR POLITICS AND PREVENT TRANSFORMATION FROM. OCCURING THROUGH THE DISCOURSE OF DANGER. DILLON, ProF, OF POLITICS @ LANCASTER UNIV. 1996, (MICHAEL. POLITICS OF ‘SECURITY: TOWARDS A POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY OF CONTINENTAL THOUGHT, PG. 15- 16) Pasig sch presi eof egiy wold ete vitu eng oietht ncn ncmpyte nay econo aniseed * play of mesg woud fore he tm to, fe we et ost 1 a8 inp upn tend see elec ete mio ah extorinyrccy od wel whch tha te poo nd Fpmsesipon of ou forms of Gta! fe, We eal 0th Dotcng ts ay soci impresses fae? upon of aig ad ‘lyfe coma eens a oe ip ees, gs Smo ans. czar ts oat cig ancy ae ds of Ft fe, would be sane ofthe central considerations to wich agezalogy ‘would draw atention. For gout, the geneslogist would iss, nota fact of glue but fact of civlieaton Tis nt @ cashing 1 3 Lig aster an ontological predicate of Ete oa ete edt te ogee end fe len ayo Gust of dnge within whe Hee as egal Se Sew oF SSS ‘oie as ae egy ee TT Eig Goer re ned uae wie oe meatal rime Soden ag mc geher- vines to Sa eae PSY METRE ESET oetioadytreuen pew ay oer underand = poligal ~ and of te obliguiory fcedom of Tuan beng = than Tt ‘Soncerned, one way or anothe with searing scary ate not ony users of language, we are use, the geneslogit would Su, bye nue eee, We we ot Sys peopl win emp ou ie re could Sees es Tato of securly without a sory of ie (nte)national polities tha seaks to define, parse and prosecute arder under the vratous names of secrity, s0 also any individual politcal formation would ‘manifest its own particule order of fet, Don't ask what « people Is, the geneslogis of secrty might s,s how an order aff forms « poole. And, in partons, bearing the imprint of the way detrminatons of wha i olital Juve originated in fea, sla would emphasise that security i principal device ‘esmolol adr nd fr ong pial agin aD Jes ofzecessity oft specifi aTORATTES OOWTU DY Th efoaly manifold he ee HEIDEGGER KRITIK LimiCS+ SURVve[LANeé ‘UTNIF 2006 ‘THE WILL TO KNOWLEDGE IS SIMULTANEOUSLY A WILL TO POWER THAT ENABLES DOMINATION AND EXPLOITATION. AGAINST THIS, WE MUST RETURN TO THE ONTOLOGICAL ‘AND RETHINK WHAT IT MEANS TO BE-IN-THE-WORLD ‘Spanos, Professor at SUNY Binghamton, 2000 [William V., America's Shadow: An Anatomy of Empire, pages 15-17] Gis coin of te enensal movement of Oden thought closes not simply the metaphoric ofthe Occidental radon’ ‘Hea oftrath, but also theftepral relationship berween the metsphorics of vision and ceication nit production. For the movement of distanc- py, ing and mediation in the process of inquiry eventuates in the sundeting "D cf Dasen rom ig andthe econ of ach osha, cn, end seltpeesent situs, Tht opeation is usually refered to a5 the tans- formation of being-inhe-world into a aubjeceobjec binary. But strange the sedimented rcanig ofthis verbal covnter—and to denw smtention to is relevance tothe imperial project proper —T thik it _prefeable a8 well as more accurate to refer to this splitng of Dasein | {fom being at one in whith the encompassing (Apollonian) eye and its sconnal ight are separated from and privileged over the other more ne ‘edits and tuant sents inthe pur of knowledge about being. This egng of vision ents the - ofa och, ean bon. .- Dhalc seed, bf smorohous and fallow femininity and sheng uO i (anclne]apnst of eing pie dack ea of ye) as far back asthe Roman inepremton of x ai the cave involves ex duces, to lad [ere thing) 1) out of [the darkness) the light of day (to be seized). But this Put _srotheosis of vision, a the bracketed rams sugges, loo ena the fe FE presentation of the reclecant spectral obecuity end fndceripatenst ‘fing inc which the preter (es subject) i ngurag the tenor. (A) mation of being into an object of mastery by the hand. To, set eo conprnd an, cpey) ae re, i. Tra tndecanting that aloo PANO") the Latin ecymolegy sam T ‘1a mind, when i bis evoration offi esymology, he sys that “Meta- ‘Dhrsics is inquiry beyond beings which aims to recover them at wach’ * ” {get m0 bold on things” (Er blr Rele Hal) ofa world waese “mere {Boingo el toe sh ann ae aml Wh, {| |__Nemight ny provisionally, the seer becomes the sen a ' ‘see-en; where the sayer becomes the auid, and the said, the sayeo 5-7) He's a god, man! 28 HEIDEGGER KRiTIK UTNIF 2006 LINKS: TIME ‘MASS SOCIETY’S GLOBAL MUTATION OF TIME TO ACCOMMODATE REALIST POLITICS ENABLES SPECIES EXTINTION AND VIOLENT PLANETARY MUTATION CAMPBELL AND DILLON, PROFESSORS OF POLITICS AT NEWCASTLE AND LANCASTER, RESPECTIVELY, 1993 [Davip AND MICHAEL, THE POLITICAL SUBJECT OF VIOLENCE, P. 13} xis anoaton of he pitt of ot an of pot, om rout Ty OURATOS TOD con wih il, wih ‘uh yoann pes ost Sanna yan i iy, Waleed Pee ete cn ea ee ean oatenl moved tote conte of phlosphsng, i he ce o's nals WL Tie “SS oe coet iiroagh ib acl sa = sn vie Te Wen ae Seman op besa wat amy anOmO SOT! Ra ee sof untartandingey expose te temporal iniatons, Hegel Netaehe and Heidegger havea Goepned and ‘Steed nel vry ict nya thoughts prateson ne andthe ‘orl ohne! Seca ales ate ems GEN ronpect of spelen ext anand SaSTOPRE ETRE EMEC TT Trae eee aS Soman aS win a Ey OT FEES of thou TEESE STE coporl a wel asthe opt Jonson wills whi Sur oon of olasianyexitrce ore Tague, EE reece team atid Fe ee coporl Simieise a Tea eae TET CR ee aan oe, ante TE ‘appraisal ine sloblagon of housht es nue asin the nought devoted Sourncve slabalhspiaton> 1-5 well made fa James Dex Heweccer Krivik UTNIF 2006 LINKS: UNIVERSAL TRUTH / IR THEORY INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS IS THE VOICE OF A UNIVERSALIZING MODERNITY GONE GLOBAL AND THE POLITICAL FORUM FOR THE PRODUCTION OF MASS VIOLENCE AND THE CONDITIONS FOR GLOBAL SUICIDE CAMPBELL AND DILLON, PROFESSORS OF POLITICS AT NEWCASTLE AND LANCASTER, RESPECTIVELY, 1993 [Davin AND MICHAEL, THE POLITICAL SUBJECT OF VIOLENCE, P. 41-43] toys th ition of he univers cans ot empire ~ of bata enue ena FAS for sample, WHE THESES Te Tndependent sbjetvses of troderige Trantons to madeniy wes platy ane is SaTOP Ts Ue RTOTTELped ical ofl universalist ime ns worl of proerting slo univreliation war ot, however, pote ye fdvent of the nl thnks end pol ‘Quite the conrary Teas Tasted rom whi he menor of Spa preity of Tit ia osmgtion tan thore Wich Fee coment he Pabler Crna todee, aril en gfe cs mathe saying has bed gone ble Spat Flfovophcal Joust, ntelectul repr and potticelegmentation vith |hich it ainas threstene el, ‘Tas play of inclsions and excsions which cietued te fommaisn af the rant metiGouay ave eal got eieee af as ine Whether oF Treonry ts the : ed Sistesand he Soviet Union or of mera Briain, France Ieed Germany ‘iso en “te ares Sees anaes fore vale smash peo oe (fiber own particular universalities within’. These aime lo reton, js) anh ood ere aso modcatiye aireonesaus tempor treat wiih ie past and of Srograne’ hovel jean ute cin to anverty wie at ireastion to modernity aways comes eendy aul ‘oS eS UST TU Teo oly Bacay by Zee Biman av OW CHTSCERATEMY moder fms of foal powe: wish ized ther excohenets invent ter A tentraicion thereby eaten between a ieporaiy that bears unveil Claims and operates bal and spatliy cone a tertoraiy which ithe oeaon of prtlatine end peociel interes. Weber s moder, nce mom, in tht he to atoms the vate asthe deve by which ha sontateon can bess, anda thes apo whith the idl and Selive panonaies eapae of Seng the fate of deri cam Srdacted mo hpi vocation PO ‘Above ell, however, iti re that stati for segGle Tass upon eset, And Fi the elending {ar nunistenly labore: “Tae ovrrdingcharctesitioaf das bout polite ream iternsionl lone singe midsntany laf, hasbeen the tanormation of Mstorest clans about ‘onlay Ia me ito Breer cor abot anaes in sac, aac, have aisle th ees rgeforepseologcal oder besame ot ‘We can consequently reconfigure international relations, with Walker, as a sie for repeating the formula that attempts to resolve charactersticaly ‘modern spatio-temporal political and ethical contradictions in largely spe terms, Ieshareby sees, also, ef modemitys sae-denosiony of nalieal {hinkiag-Tust to emphasise The point made at the begining of this [production this i wha: we mean by the end of international ‘init ofits hiakings the alm of Te inking. the real on Ta ‘hinang and the vantage polne fiom which, on mk We car SETA Signy Seo pole mada wee ‘walk witle completo its prodvotion af he eal through a persistent defence ‘tis realty principle: wi ‘ sslos adres hemsshe xpi to thee of vis on the coding eps of moder sae, hey yas lg run sits viles cemstaar to gree TF r————"_CN AIDS RO eR aden. Ina Pe EI nT tis resabiion ke reba ofthe sdenss fom ghlosophy and te sages ue tsfon of hiking bound up wih ti, Thinking becomes philosophical FaSEs gee one eierel apn cespy Meret mieten eke any fashion. This already comes to ight in the Greek era as a decisive trait, e585 cae ‘za difection. Many other steps are important in this development, as, BESES Bez eee de tame of Grok bough te Rematch Foe ge inmperialisie and bas the chararter of powe-oziented knowledge ~ truth Beets og2 ‘what holds out end possesses power — and further on, the translation g2s¢ ee Gf Romer into the RoswenChntian, in which the being of beings is get as Bas understood es brought fato being in the sense of creation, “A decisive Bagsg 8s ‘sep the foreaulation of “The principle of suficient reason’ with Leibniz, Fegee gBE ‘whlch later required & long “ncabston period’, as Heidegger tells vs, SEES 3g Eee. but whieh was elrady announced in certain festares ofthe entire meta ebay sees physical tradition, From now on, everything is in principle susceptible to “Bese gers ton ano contol ginning id muy Ar ne Eee or mes gerez iene SHE aang rns ane att a uc bias, ne ne fPgs2 ges Doe wih DeRsnee HenT and Hebe digest The BBs He so-called subject-object schema as the bass for an explanation of all gessz gee ‘appearances loses its si Industrial society js, as Heidegger tells §Sfe2 Bees Pitas ace net oben? Be Wat bee os he eke bese A (Gestell) no longer belongs within the horizon of representation, and eaess Pry Ceci seen to wana! tnkng, Toys word gued by bbls? 7 ‘east rele in which th Sune a eft ane Lites 4H ee eee pyre raili BF ae sk fe is which plaved 2 cffect, subject and object, theory and practice, con leading role w seence Iitherto are Wansformed in an almost uncanny ‘mer A ew bail aide comer INS Beng, @ new Feationship, and ihe Key word for ths basic attitude is Information, whereby Heidegger remarks somewhat cynically that we have to hear the word in its Ameri can-Englsh accent. This informotion, as for example the data stored up in DNA which determines the manner in which the organism develops, can be understood neither as subject nor consciousness nor as ——object-nor-mattor-Itie-neither-the-same,-si-was-the-Platonic-eibol-nor- the Aristotelian jlopgm nor forma. All of our philosophical estegories have lost their meaning. It 6 a moAstrous unConaY possiblity, «most Eiene pose’ at a SilosooiinSoncens have become Means inaless, Pais poeslly Delonas to the essence of che end of pilosoply 2S HEIDEGGER KRITIK , UTNIF 2006 IMPACT: GENOCIDE ‘THE RACIST ASSUMPTIONS UNDERPINNING THE NOTION OF WESTERN DEVELOPMENT NECESSITATES THE RADICAL DEVALUATION OF THE SO-CALLED “UNDERDEVELOPED” AND JUSTIFIES EXTERMINATION IN THE NAME OF PROGRESS AND SALVATION ‘SPANOS, PROFESSOR OF ENGLISH AT SUNY BINGHAMTON, 1993 [WILLIAM V., HEIDEGGER AND CRITICISM: “RETRIEVING THE CULTURAL POLITICS OF DESTRUCTION, P. 214-216] (Given this racist cradity and calloumess st sno accident that nllec- shal such a2 Chomsky, Bertrand Russel, and Jean-Paul Sartse, among ‘nany others both inthe Usited States and abroad, wete compelled at « tevin point in the esiation of death and destracion to draw compar [Sous between the American condace of the war and Nazi atrocities in- deed, between the inclusive end indiscriminate logical vilence of the ‘Ametian effort 10 gain a decisive victory in the face of the “Asian Ihordes"—the “invisible” and “unnamesble” “other”—and Nazi geno- lds, the “Final Solation” Arte oatse, they [the American solders] were probably ‘isappointed: they came to save Vietnam ffom “éommunist ugiessocs.” But they soon hed to realize thatthe Viemamese did not ‘wane them. TIhei attcaeaive role et Ebersore changed eo that of ‘ecupation troops. Fr the soldiers i was the fast glimmering of onscionsness. "We are unwanted, we have no business bere.” But they gojno fixthez. They simply tell themselves theta Viemamese is by detpition suspec. And ftom the neo-colonialis®’ point af view, this sue. They vaguely understand that in« peoples was, uians ze the pnly visble enemies, Their frustration sums to bated of the ‘Vietahes, racism takes from there, The eolessdzcover with & savage joy that they are there to lll ietaamese they had been pistending to save. All of them are potential communists, as proved by the fact that cey hate Americans. Now we can recognize in ‘hore dack end misled rouls the such of the Vietnam wrt mets | \allof Hitler's specications, Hider killed the Jews because shey wet Jews. The armed forees ofthe United States torre ata kill men, ‘Women and children in Viernam merely because they ae ‘Vietnamese, Whatever lies or euphemisms the goverament may think op, the spi of genocide sin the minds ofthe saldies. This 5s their vay ofiving out she genocidal situation into which tic [Boveramen: has thrown them. At Peter Martncen, «tventy-ee! ‘Jeuold szudent who had “interrogated” przoness fr ten months | “and could sarely live wit his memories, sad: "Lam 2 middle-class “American, Took lke any other student, yet somehow lam 2 ‘war minal" And he wat tight whea he added: “Anyone in my place ‘would have acted asd." His only mistake was fo etibure his, Segrading crimes to the inflrence of war in general. No iis nt ‘wat inthe abstact is the greatest power on earth aguista poor peasant people. Those who fight i are living out the only posible "lelnship between m overpaid county and tn underdeveloped country, that isto say, 2 genocidal relationshi Jimplementea through racm—she only elatonship, shor of plcking up and pulling out. Surtee's early indicemen, like that of ocher oppositional perscpants ia the suuggle who invoke the specter of Ameran gence, bens am- siclimiasions induced pechape diate engagemect nap Fondly ft crn havent ce woh ies le oes bln of ower, finally unvinazble, Nevertheless, his insight into he complicity ofthe paychologica, neocolonialis, and racist elemeats with a genocidal nilitry momentum analogous, if not equivalent, to at of the Nazis Continues so revonate with te foree of truth hie polyvalent dynamics of American violence needs therefore to be zealed by oppositional ‘American intelecras, in the face of the satepic amnesia ofthe Amer- ‘can cultcal memory, which has all bt obliterated the memory of the sppaling reality of tie American nteevention in Viemam, both ke ra ‘id he gi decenning This amnesia especialy characteristic of chose ‘American ant-antinsmanists who, in their enthusiast appropriation of the Buropesn cccaion to “expose” the inhumanity of Heidegger's a- Jnumanist thought, de not or given their problematic, cannot pronounce ‘hename of Viewamo> 2/216 Hesagod man 2D 5 Heweccer Krivik UTNIF 2006 HEIDEGGER > OPPOSITIONAL CRITIQUE HEIDEGGER’S THOUGHT RADICALLY ENABLES POWERFUL TRANSGRESSIVE AND OPPOSITIONAL DISCOURSES ‘THAT ARE THEMSELVES ERASED THROUGH THE SIMPLE DISMISSAL OF BIS WORK SPANOS, PROFESSOR OF ENGLISH AT SUNY BINGHAMTON, 1993 [WILLIAM V., HEIDEGGER AND CRITICISM, P. 15-16] ould it be said of Heidegger what Foucault seys about Marx and rd, cht he was an “initiator of discursive practices: one of those rate «epochal authors who “produced not only their work, but the possibility and the rules of formation of other tats"? Whatever one's answer £0 this question, ic is erein-—and this should not be forgotten or cluded by the proserutors' appeal to the damning aneedote that Heidegger’s philosophical discourse, especialy Being and Time, has generated an in- telecual climate in the Occidental world (and clewhere) characterized by the estangement ofthe consensual self-representation ofthe West. In 4 doing, ithar also instigated the production ofa diverse and influential body of transgresive waiting cha eats across disciplinary boundaries, or, asin the instances of neo-Marxism and neo-Preudianim, constittes a radical revision ofthe founding texts of other discourses, The recent roralsratacks on Heidegger’ thought systematilly forget the influence of Heidegger's texts on contemporary oppositional ism inthe convenient but dubious name oF biographical anecdote, that is, “rcomstantal evidence." This is precisely why ie eeems fo me nov necessary, not ta defend Heidegger But retrieve hie destruction of the Sito-theo-logial lly his disclosure ofthe complicity of| ‘modem humanist inquiry (nthropo-logy, the thied phase ofthis dieu sive history) with sociopoliiea! domination: not only the critique, but also the projective impulse that, however oeclted, informs his deste te hermeneutig> 15 -1@ ‘He's a god, man! ZS HEWEGGER KRITIK ALT — FINITUDE / FEAR OF DEATH ‘UINIF 2006 RECOGNIZING HUMAN FINITUDE IS NECESSARY TO CHALLENGE EXPLOITATION OF NATURE AND. CONTINUED USE OF THE STANDING-RESERVE, ‘ZIMMERMAN 1990 [GEORGE; PROFESSOR OF HEIDEGGER’S CONFRONTATION WITH MODERNITY; 245-246) neous arising into presence—tkes place tough our own Dolly awareness Prul Shepard, Norman , Brown, Herber Marcase, Michel Foucault, Max Hotheimer, 1, W. Adorno, Rosemary Radford Ructher, and « host of other twenseth-century writers have argued tat the so-called domination of exter ral nears fam ougrowes f the do town bodily existence, Concern about the “t SEPT of cur own feelings, desi aE pen wave. Sample: arereT Say there canbe no beter sym Be Rae ‘ofthe moder age thn young women who starve themselves in order to assert ‘beat contat ovr shir own bles ‘One may angoe nt such bizare toward thee bodies ar he eongequenes ofa process th: beg fog before ths Grek che proce of the deni ofthe body, which Plo spoke of xs 2 ‘ison fr the soul and which became s symbol for tuman fninude and dependence. Westem man eae tient the body wi the female andthe natural, Le. with what (s “lower” chan the soa. im denying his finde, Dorcel man axemped to make himself into god: pure ioral intl fect in the cechnologlea) ag, man seeks to gain immorality by conqyering es onthe par of young women che body, the femal, the whole of “nor” naa, Hence, there aves the iby a enence nh ny becomes oe es Sine mound ike « box of cor flakes In rejecting and saving ee eine young woman has itercszeé paiarhal contempt fo the 1 Pe Ie beay. she wl ill what se finds 3 lstbsome, tn order {ite to aan the control promise at he level of pe “spi. “Vine Steger may have devoted insufclen enon to the phenom: exon oh Eero enon patsarcalisn, he erally emphasized the Ce cf eecomlsng hanes nade. Like Necsche, We beleee Cast Sees ek desuucton of te cars was an expression of the Wilco Pavers baned of eervdins ae, Spy eaing for The highesc revenge a Netsche’s ew, ee EE an Te eer Ste, emporal word was “nor-belng Bar ccored with dhe eterna, unchanging rtm, VAI: 109/423] To Be- TEE ae German. orelingue the spit of revenge, Netzsche mansined, sae pe i now must afin the most hrting though: che teas eer Se ofthe erly ansent and tempera or Helcegey however, te eantormaton of the emporel into the sl eve if fe se offing the tempore, ws eves # mes Baal ee a a eae me ‘fpude and rma. Onb is ld human eed tom the deusns oh ‘ ‘Errsitogied the sell-asercon of cecinelopiel oh jan nega HWE 27OVTIST Only by experiencing senses ‘Hg truth aboot out monaliy and = mpulsions, eats ansiesy nd aoe even Tom or einige coms sea hers them together, [S: 26-27/204) When se ei at jects to be dominated a SS PE Sat be emptied, Morals cannot culy be morale ot Se aig ir can the “dance” othe GE and re "eweling” on the ean beh 7 ‘weling” on the earth begin 4 ‘PHILOSOPHY AT TULANE UNIVERSITY; 3S HEweccERKRITIK UTNIF 2006 ALT: SOLVES FOUCAULT WE DO NOT EXCLUDE ANY FOUCAULDIAN CRITICISM: HED FOR UNDERSTANDING FOUCAULT ‘SPANOS, PROFESSOR OF ENGLISH AND COMPARATIVE LIT (Wit1aM, Tie END oF EDUCATION P. XVI-XVIn) Tis isnot to aggst at Heiegpers desc beset ao sto the task of seal eiqie Alboogh he oping caper conten tht is india wndaandng of beng se ndspohlecotnam fen the ety seek th etl nd aa te scp hele crete fxd ‘ie ito edo tt Hiegper nso is nrognton ugly to tie st of onclogalngy bad astro cnsequences when be intervened. ret in Garman pln, T put hs in tee ofthe metaphors pioged bythe colo win, Hellegpr's cesructn othe Gacorse fhe centered ce sl os nat get Heard denenting the Ging coneqnnces of norm met riya! ting 6 nop, the dcouee of Mn) fr Igy to hi ste piyaly, asin ct aman eo mrad ths osteo ruc fin, nt eet ot tig dese ine seats ‘ie Ponts heceay spec al nal ofthe Pnoptcon sd pany scans be id a aconete, other sm entenin ef eager nso lth wil to power nrming the cer pbsopi dco peed by De {cela ann geer ed the humanist trina para Th chap ter2, "Hamar Inq snd the Puss the Gaz" understate ot Real's peo fhe mater bse cpa inary encetyn Sar ler apni Disp ond Pe, Foss zs rigs kote Engh ments beso wh opt, wie canis a Jereny Bente’ Papton, ee “tngeaion House the cetre, croc scr tht ene the foration ad rornaiton of ay of eos devin ymca of eontt a vedance, ad toy eas of face. Evenly, aperesie pote cre rae te Gn wees, in medal nd pci race, and note in ana Inston) ered th eanered ce in he ody polite Inet, st eieger interpreted eg lintatin of te car hana core of smodeniy—an the olotng and fpeting of eence then ates — Sexes in Font apse or prove ptr of power etn te er si ad apn of irence agit the wine of sel. “i, towees, sotto eugpest tar Foals pecelgy of moders owas! omer tons supersedes Haltespec's destino the poe coarse of mani meer Ta racing he geen aie cry est ak oe piensa at Sn reid nd ten pegs! te acre prs beth eason andthe tr aceees inthe Engheet, ova nee r= Ices the nog ers othe tno cares deat. He slows te patie of thehupasles (Habcphy, ert, Merry cca, ee), peel the arto eiegers ite, excape the Garg of comply wih he cpa) sce. ‘Reairg Foal suit the qr, eres, carer 2 lo shows tat, despite is eps on the lgheament este xg othe paopicon of mara, i oun: by te finer canny betwen cipal ecphry ‘set oh he post Enghtenment pt he pape agra ad te poet ate i els) andthe wo power forming thei of he entered ce ad he vil eee) peed by the onthe aon at age. IDEGGER’S CRITICISM IS THE BEST GROUNDS 1993 eeding Pow w Hides in oir weds, eons Foc ns |e, weeded arrest te Fon ie italy set ‘ude “isa dgzam fe ech of ower esce tsi cm - iin fc See of pote tel tt may and mt be detached fem ay apc sents hematin the fai an the pobre oe Panoptic, ts ane rate ars of elbesgn’ nd Frac’ dace nbs x conan of earn hemencas en gene. It sass tt cnology and eocoicn, conta nish ey, weer uneven developed nay Hora pec secs, ao spit to a theo! oetaton ti more deg than eeu’ or Fost’, or eyo the er poster Gace, othe tno ‘ala te of he xting condos of viegefover ton inate cpt in. More esa nmogeng tate cnterd clone dnpran ere the “ieee” o “ket” acre paces fe Kmart ces at wala those che ene ences, uch reomelaon of eee dexircion tot Feces gene dpi the permsve an Sein atin eceered by Ger Greentree amon, reg ete) int he morn wie ened ‘arte etrogeets lente the perc ofthe acon an ‘i of moplagl ia and ote compo diferent pars inthe eer | ect oft dont ence oder In ahr, Renal at ies cts (otheeeros SS VT ST ERATURE AT SUNY-BINGHAMTON, 32 Heweccrr Krink UTNIF 2006 ALT: POLITICAL SERVICE / EDUCATION SOLVO OUR ALTERNATIVE APPROACH ALLOWS US TO DECENTER THE FOCUS ON A CENTRAL REASON AND DESTROY THE HUMANIST TRADITION WHICH PRECLUDES A TRULY CRITICAL PEDAGOGY SRANOS, PROFESSOR OF ENGLISH AND COMPARATIVE LITERATURE AT SUNY-BINGHAMTON, 1993 (Wi1AM, THE END OF EDUCATION P. 217-220) F 2. tn ths dening the strugpe of oppostinal intelectual as a theoreti prs ‘hat work to conceptualize youths unconscious rxiance tothe core cui, we | ae prepared tome the objection that sn anpoeton] pedagogy tha aways teense Sadan hr ta beds tele Dea we a oes aot simply eta negate cue of th canencl din: I the de = al Kid of aE Tee ng comttenies Dora ihe Seman of einer daa ef is ‘Smeg egal waras. Tis preet ot ipl aati oletvng To, the rote or exzined texts frag propt—ol te “pope” ween, a snd oer “eam Such rete of for example, the “Carmina Bret or Bh Dyn, Jn Hod, andthe Doms of Kate Chor, act Neale Hc, Katy Acs of My Waters oc Ani Burs md Bo Kuan, othe Can Cron 1 Chases Bulow woul render tase sins mth crim woe ‘wat The cl sxonmaan: bende toa ree of reclatin elo, tothe nevsion off capaon tat ratepeay apeened the ets esl project ofthe Wate mations is the nnetent ear. Ths oes et nied by the exam ofthe most cent Nain athlge, whch have bradened the eepeof election or the purpose of Yewsicg” ater an teroptg te ‘znd, I the deenering of the xtroplogsioning Ossie etal pa ‘es pobistoE ris oar ay a, then the projecive phase ofa destructive penengy also requires pedegosa om ra ce at oversee Beary terms ofthe praeble fen {iy Gat hs Metoaly determioed canon faraton a Tawa production (wt ‘Ee perce o ply esol atten ox ng ete bray en sions but alo its more zecentdsiplary acconodatonal paces. It must beg, ‘that, by adovdeding tha the extulprodetion of "nce" i the conon forthe psshity ofthe deny of Ociental earl production and wat the tar ay cron ‘Sach regcsl— which so atthe same tine a bisary oposton—would diate the boty of Canonical tet, dscosing itt be infact dependent on the marginalized texts ofthe varoas “ther forts commanding ent. It wold els fre pernuty marginalized texts (and scholry commentary abut them) fom the domination fhe core curicutmand te hegemonic apparatuses (miversiy presse, schol and it ‘eal ourals, professional organizations et.) tt erve Ina way anogous tothe ‘smmplamate cred tat “acs eau,” sucha reversal would enh texts ther‘o spoken for or represented by the dominant deourse to “spe foc” or “represent ‘hemsetves in truly democratic dalogue—not wit the tradon as uch, but wit the texts displaced and deauthorzed bythe decerterng ofthe care of the ear ease k Tae pt quotations rund “speak fo” anderen” to Garth obvi ob {eon tht uch a pedooga comporient toward te eared wold in a ever the nn fathers tern contr trough the oper se" 12 ‘he ela and spol enites now at wookin te exam and 5 ‘Resin sce of sitar apd dots, Unteatoin tems of t= “avs ofthe dcentered canter, bowevey, the el prodicons of minty const tence ae mo ts eoclyeasiutd tan thre ofthe dover. The (erences tt wheceas he tft neeca ssaues the eaon be ose ro- {nse is the aur] nd evolving tf re guy, the posthunanet epic o oc ie beech soy stata unl Seieie bey Si seke_nilecil ip cue svace Get_olf eau podieten 6 Ga a E nea ogi space aciated bythe op- se ropresetatio the various ory ters, no ess han the i) Saar Garmin Ti conan tens of he damier culture, open tp he eee. of ican nhs entra space neler bor begs in dort by commitment to a yosion—inbealfof the beration and artiuntion ofthe voles of marginalied texts pot the cann, et sso, a tradonal pedagogy i ot, lwaysslzeady open to ‘mmnformation ints encounter wits monsogle adversaries. The “end” of euch =n coppostorl approach tothe crcl i thae not simoly the retire offre) texsitherto excluded for or represented by the traditional curscau, Ici soto ‘prod a contert tha woul eable bth teachers and students to thnk the internal snd exeral chain of nisouhlyaflatd “enties” that are not identical— pes | sem ings, cultura, etn, sei, and pltial—that, by means ofthe ruse of the “sovereign sujet,” the tonal core curiam dedifeentites and normal- nes within the omnivorous ile of anthropological identi ‘enti that ort identical: Contrary to Gerald Graf (and the humanists whose sncedes he woul appeae by reducing oppositional conic to negotton, the aler- tie approsch to the curindum demanded st theory ata | Reet abate fos niet Sova od oe (Gatopi) overview fr anther por the indoeingtion ideatty (or ‘Ses of iserate entins) Tat proses Haein binary opposition tothe density in ‘ice. I dos nat, in short, demand arate of "politica cones,” Tn eecting he | SEEidenty of ste anlroplogal center and the ruse ofthe sovereign aubject to | Which ees ise), postumanist theory imple 2 view ofthe cuvesur that would ‘compel both teacher and seen into te dala rena of cris, of istry, the dis pve force of which dose thes Hentes to be feos, the es of elifeence. ‘Tse identiies are necessary for praxis in a woeld dmiated by the antirerlogcal! Atcinary overview, bot they ae aixeys sbject to radial ange. | This response to the objection that erating the Sdentes of hitherto marginalized | fests ont reinscribes the authority of an overview might be interpreted as uncer {aw ry inger enment: tat, in cling the emergence of dierent texts that “peak for or represent themselves, an opositonal approach demanding commanding | sow ofthe canonical tation would overcome tha repetition compulsion that Iesves [ he lerercica strc pice. Onde contrary, forcing pedagogical prs into the reno cs ool de sthrzes the canoes; lo reve he cmd lngienty ofthe core cries ob dipendet ort defo nd etry ent texts t mapas, jt sth Kent ofthe atourae and pace of eigen cena boro ional was, according to Fecal, dependent or ts efsn an autor onthe expaienen of adn." An pps ‘be Waster ar were wins lingo he rp ofreaecng hem it he see Tar of sonmading ene, n ae rejesing te aston of Trnszendetl Sy THEI, sud contestation ogi nd tranadacpinary) epee escapes the charg et poll eoretness. Ilo conse a soon argument ane hse oppose Esruses tnt adveate the sbendonment ofthe can eniclyiaevor feng ti ‘rund texts nan for themes, Whereas te Inter satay woud inh ed relat fate seperation doerteredposasoey it clistedemergence—te tection of tej anda toto nderatndng of he feof the argo texto ensle tray est! demeersy 2 demoeac in Wich heer cal yoles lay ake sist dns in dale and ato ding, ays realy pete he eotegofe le > \ oe St Heweccer Kerik UTNIF 2006 ALT: POLITICAL SERVICE / EDUCATION SOLVO OUR DUTY AS INTELLECTUALS IS NOT AS THE AFFIRMATIVE POSITS THEM: WE SHOULD NOT BE TELLING PEOPLE WHAT TO DO. WE SHOULD INSTEAD BE STANDING BACK AND CRITICIZING THE STRUCTURES WHICH ALLOW FOR DOMINATION ‘SPANOS, PROFESSOR OF ENGLISH AND COMPARATIVE LITERATURE AT SUNY-BINGHAMTON, 1993 (WILLIAM, THE END oF EDUCATION P. 193-5) the relied decenterngs demand of the oppositional intelectual is the reco of the afiatve bonds between the specif ses of repreated snd seated ge, end this a collabora practice smog the various species of posthaman- that hvacts the dvision inet nb invented by the slay s0- which anne colectiveinteecul ratce and, by predocingkrowiadge ower, extends and deepens the sway of hegemony: Thi i otto ey however, thet he ta of the posthumasstinteectl sto reduce the historical spec ontlogeal, pa. ‘hologéa sexual ext eceoomie, legal, nd solopolicldiferences to an en cal total. Suds 2 project would simply seneare the totalizing and tanh, ‘model t wou undermine two aint the tap hat Said has caled"tavengthe. ‘xy An interested cari racic ought rather to engage the cursive pacing fhe dominant clue athe inmate ste of crisis, the te thet presiatd that pacar interest. As Sai pat ite ‘Theory. can never be complete, just as one interest in everyday eis ever ented by simalucra, models, or theoretical abstracts of. «Tam arguing... hat we dsingish theory frm eral consioesess [by which dhe means the consciousness activated by the suldeniropion of steal specie contafistion it betrays the toting “realty” tobe a repressive ‘eson) by saying hat he teri sort of spatial see, a soct of messing ‘acalty fr cling or stating theory, and this means thet theory has tobe grasped in the place and the tne out of which emergee ata pat of hat tie, working ina fort responding tot; then, consequent, that ft lice canbe measured agus subsequent pees whece the theory turns up ‘oc we, Tie ctl consciousness is anaentee ofthe dierenesbetmeen ‘suntan, awareness too ofthe fact that no system or theory extaus the ‘skuston tof which it emerges orto which itis transported And, above a, cata conscournes is avareness ofthe resistances to theory, reactions to It ete by those concrete experiences or iaterretation with whi tis in ‘cont. Indeed I would go as fa as sying that it isthe ei’ ob to provide resitances to theory, to open it up tovad historical realty, tovard society, toward human needs and interests, to point wp tose concrete istaces| Aran fom everyday reality tht Tie outside or just beyod the interpretive ses ncestariy designated in advance and thecefter rcumscribd by every theory? Cor do not want to ily tat olaborative pracoe woul mean a recaperto, i the fae of the delegation by Gramsci, Deleuze, Fourak, and oer, of thet ‘tional intelectual the ites, o Delores tem, as “representing ard ropes tative conslounoss," who frm panope subject poston speaks the tat rake ier socopaltealy oppresied aoups "who fave] yet tose it. The inter an oj i, We nrg te Wo Ha “ester of power" ‘ly focal an raoal struggles, in tothe on Foucault no doubt with Grams ‘nln characterizes Ga wy tasers to be contreeted ois tar wrk Mt tendency to sbatre the operation of powerfnowledge) inthe wake af he “eve May 1868": ‘atte most eon wel te intact acorced tht the masts 70 [longer need him to gin knowledge: they know perfect wel, withoat sing fax eter a een thy ae cert cape of exreing entte. Bet bere exit a ayten of ower whic acts pros, and inc is Gk and his nme, a pore stony oud ne (get ah o eve bt ne tint peda wily Jewkes ent pont ntwor ntelecas ae tame get | Sistem of pore the ea of hi rexpomniy fr conoxmest nd hac forme prof the sytem, Tenet ale so ng due se teva shexé nd tthe sie” ode fo exe he | bled th of the neni: rather, tis asap ain the fs of * Foe tha rtm ito is bet ad etme taper of ( Faowedge," “tt eossioses" en ous.” Inthis ene thecy oe obese, wat, cr ere trey {patie patina and el en ot tag This be rage ain over, erage dine sseraing and sedis over her is noe! invite end ede. ei nt fea Connors hat we stage bla sp poms ae power: 8 a fcivy cimdcted slong Soe mi sag for Pores an ot Stminton om ee dtznce. theory” the ein! este of ie swede Rp. 218) { tec wos, te eset nf ooo ieee thems te nl tron has assed the, ther Pal Bots rescamt =, of “leading intellectual™® that renders them —eveln traditional redicels lke Ri- Cha —agents fhe cine of hoa “ytem of pores” tht, he oe fiver at” "bk, pois and iis” he ides ad ofthe peste ction nd more imei byway of enn see alo, the nvedg nd arose oh lets, T ei Sa > they bor ast nese, howerer rl nary of ere deve ad Grmeticl sts of repression. The "hartley three, must be een fo ed roa pas, ae the same He ondacted serge hose Dros da atu fo ove > LYE S od ‘Heweccer Krivik UTNIF 2006 ALT: POLITICAL SERVICE / EDUCATION SOLVO WE CANNOT SIMPLY CHANGE THE CONTENT OF EDUCATION: THE DISCIPLINARY MECHANISMS ‘THEMSELVES MUST BE CHALLENGED ‘SPANOS, PROFESSOR OF ENGLISH AND COMPARATIVE LITERATURE AT SUNY-BINGHAMTON, 1993 (WILLIAM, THE END OF EDUCATION P. XX1) i TC This task is undertaken in chapter 6, “The Intellectual and the Posthumanist Occa- Son? Ts pte dks the theaizton of eSxaoa imperatives Gacod by {fe lorledge cxlotion ay the iui the muy of iter repestod re sabjecs inte Veta decde tothe rele of he inteleca viss ) Suton; peda and) tbe cod, Tis capa repeats the ‘Site uneruning te eect owing precited byte ecatr- Wilt amopslogeal ed, ots dacete ad atonomoos, bit es andbaohBle arreee tnevany developed af ayretia) rely fst lnowedgs Desai « dar ansedeceerg, he raciioner of aos eons of postman ory inthe sadony—decnstrciois,eeoeaopats, neoMart, new Borst, ise Gece, ano on—bate not emt acon in resin rm te rsctablabed i i tai of iar ecto, Ts Se Biaaly cna wi ter doroares hve bon easly xtra ‘ster, wy they ater aden, e prodncve and begengi ex of me re ion an aay (Ee ge ttc te "eoere ‘slject” and the "sovereign Gscinins”), An adequate theorizetion of the multistuated tert rotet movement demands ti the opoetoa select rengiethe ‘ite fonts betwen the sei eso repressed and snaed frm of ov ig, Wins nade cial ngage clara race. By is mean Se gate tepniadiepeea alee “Fag ttec, wars ie val pe deseo frclocsl arc - ‘eaemonr by pong ned wi (OUR CRITICISM OF THE VERY NATURE AND PURPOSE OF EDUCATION IS NECESSARY: THE MERE SHIFTING OF STRUCTURE WON’T DO ANYTHING ‘SPANOS, PROFESSOR OF ENGLISH AND COMPARATIVE LITERATURE AT SUNY-BINGHAMTON, 1993 (WuLLIAM, THE ENp of EDUCATION P. XxII-xxim1 “Ths chae, en the oo, conde ah nection ofthe npatonsfrthe Cari preted bythe deceraing ofthe antropsoglcnter Jat a en teacher and nest ao ao andes the i [EFOGU W Te Cve CUTS WIG Wi fo rating dierent ce tat ra ot es endian othe cuca, the leasing ot ‘Tlie of nrete snd stonomoas couae ferns, wih Weal snaly reo ‘uct stuton that has cabled the recapertve project fe tant reform fre, Rimes, rer, te Szeto ofthe cone fom ie tence “enter tceiere” lt the erera ots fe lv af eciam. More merely aa Seotige cig tease ts aly ted rae iy at ‘rdaced the canon in Netz te, mean the “seo istay to ese the ‘rb obit Acarnay ths new mater practice, which "buses istry "pit he gain” etal the imperative to wc pola for the exabshent of, ‘cures refecng the Janeledge at as been exe oc misveprseted by He canon. Ath sem tine, is new practi precudes the ecannzdtion ond danse ‘a a ne en ae Las fain. As zaportant as opening up the curielum j in the oppositional intellects {tipi aleve te try socal demarcate dacd by 5s Heweccrr Kerik UTNIF 2006 ALT SOLVO— RELEASEMENT / MCWHORTER EXT "ATTEMPTS TO THINK OUTSIDE OF CALCULATION OPEN UP RADICALLY TRANSFORMATIVE WAYS OF BEING AND THINKING THAT CHALLENGE THE PROBLEM-SOLUTION DYNAMIC OF THE 1AC. GAIL STENSTAD, PROFESSOR IN THE DEPARTMENT OF PHILOSOPHY AND HUMANITIES AS EAST TENNESSEE STATE UNIVERSITY, 2006, (GAIL, TRANSFORMATIONS: THINKING AFTER HEIDEGGER) pg 174-175, ‘< Am1 speaking to strongly when sy that this constant nd fst-paced influx of technologically processed information compels ut to be open recxpteles for its input Sop and think Ty to imagine scenario in which, {for one ook you are not avalable as &recepaee Tor WEE comes out of contemporary fon haaagy Ha eny theta What ‘Would it ke to cary out auch an intention? Na television, radio, int si compact diss, No newspaper, magazines, billooerds. And don't forget food packaging: you would sia have to reirein from reading the cereal box tli you that staies have shawn thet these crunchy bts are 490d for your heart You would need to nplig the tsleone, 00,0 avoid the telemarketers with their computerized dialing mchines aa well call ‘he post office to tll them to hold your mall with ts oad of campster- lected mass mailings. [could go on, but thi i probably enough to make the point. We ze very newly foced io ty gpen to the technologiallypro- ced information bombardnen pentes itself eds to cut us off from she opening that ig needed for thinking and dwelling IF sccupies very necrly our every ‘aking momen There seems wothing leftin us by which to esvalen our own lucid awareness of our déep bond with ine tings around us OF ‘hing Avan exer the els what Heldoger ale ight form nk™ lng an thoughtless which jr having ovkaapadty Ea Tedoced to peed to (re)eam another wav of apenng, Tere fx sruggle biveen the {Ge penne that tends wo lee ut off and opens for HIER sed VQ G— ss HEWEGGER KRITIK. UTNIF 2006 ALT: SOLVES SECURITY ‘TURNING TO POETICS REPOLITICIZES INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS BY RETURNING TO ITS ORIGINS IN BOTH STATECRAFT AND AESTHETICS. DILLON, PROF. OF POLITICS @ LANCASTER UNIV. 1996, (MICHAEL. POLITICS OF SECURITY: TOWARDS A POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY OF CONTINENTAL THOUGHT. PG. 9-10) "Zar, on mean by ich Yeti y pit of departs ad exp #8 Fea iden fol foegnoneratonalReleoas as istesino-orhedxies retest altogh I weeld spree with his inerpreiaion oon ofthe Sanat nights of polars, Has Moxgentm, for example careers ine interatonal Relations canon, displyed profound intrest Bagi We ong oto bea fazed by ths as we might be. One of 1 ike ose of woh hse who eit ht he canon of erations! aa Cea remade b TA Wt Taso gor ecko Aescyss, ae SEEAETET Tas good conerence ro, Ta fiiice, i otis taking the poctc seriously. Ic also entails taking the Se a eaeiee Soe aah Ge ay Tee Tha Tene 19 Be ought ws mourn ig heh a ston inking bic waste Histor te 0 mi EE Tura cog rr owe WOOT Te acai sot an excep a conniton wih eines Spe tudor, bowers oa err poate ea Bi Tew Opec, ere ug eft wis meso agg, ob xg Se aT posi Sr ius os ued ot poy th i tien Oty nd Pa Se gets acne with meaphycal agi waa ei enews foi racy oer evry posit of pos ‘Fa i procs Tie The ts in thowehr which questions the ESE re arate ogi ot oy, cy, ene doe 30, Seonsatonl ae Toma supine of tadidonat poi Tobe fon, by returning als, tthe rf berween poetry and thought, A rit which, im he SOE aca die putea al oS PO ‘WE MUST GIVE UP THE WILL TO MASTERY WITHIN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS IN ORDER TO BE OPEN TO RADICAL ALTERITY. DILLON, PROF. OF POLITICS @ LANCASTER UNIV. 1996. (MICHAEL. POLITICS OF SECURITY: TOWARDS A POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY OF CONTINENTAL THOUGHT. PG. 5) From tis perspective, always already relation taking place alo ina word ime and notion alent i ot only purl but is eontraouly aso being plaid by is very delimited circumstances of existence. Age pesiiity of ‘ng man wey of Ung i closed abays ead renee? TOR COO Tas WHEN Erngs EW PORTO of being ato Benge Ashi ‘anno bl eo oS REESE i fiference radia ley, or Ocbrmays = hat can_neves become the stm, In shor, a5 Sy amas Heng apoerSealunve lcd asbed wep, nd Tce aha Gs Bee ier co onsines erator Sa aes ove TE tc beviahy acest difeene in Self oer SOHN TEET-THE“Taer — reltionaity or between ~ is what therefore accounts not only forthe pra bo the continaously pluralsing character of al identity as it nocsssaly both -sursmons-and i smmonsedby-thl which abvaps exceeds it. Human being lad ern, ney a fo ie ig wii, aor ete ‘TEs anton to hy ae caleged orca OBIE eee Dae Se pea a Og GATTO of bet Icon 1 fellow mally at est fo me, a hse oad 1S ao elton nile boone Denes indo be eve of Ep cig caer intnay oie een eeroaly ep of “WH limit would insist, therefore, that we shoald take the cognate ‘ints’ of Tnerntonal Relations equily seriously. For Sat isthe vagage point of mutes: Nib de aau those Spann HEwEGGER KRITIK ‘UTNIF 2006 ALT: SOLVES SECURITY ‘VIOLENT ACTS CAN NEVER BRING ABOUT A SECURE WORLD. ONLY THROUGH A POLITICAL STRUGGLE CAN WE TRAVERSE THE LIMITS OF OUR PHILOSOPHY. ‘DILLON, PROF. OF POLITICS @ LANCASTER UNIY. 1996, (MICHAEL. POLITICS OF Sours: ‘TOWARDS A POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY OF CONTINENTAL THOUGHT. PG. 150- ) ly violence, it soems, can scare an end to violence, yet not even violence dota seurly bocaevolees of oun, begets viens, fred asthe foal ora cis lo the ee ato order te practi of ven hangs the word but the mos probable change isto a snore violet world lhe the being-in-immon fom which rss, ttre, lo slope ‘The conundrum of lence is consquetly nt on problem anangs may, Jninately related he conundrum of beig-n-somon elt Fo redo, aan big is always potently sven mol pee o Sul, because te ‘olen which ican lays theta ite wit fn eonsguene of the very Sirens comps ofthe ie hat tis canot be maseed an evereomeby freer violence. (Apothe: way of saying that dger i nbeent to the fre (Gecuriy of man being and aot en excernaliyf be exterminated) Moe Wo the point. Neier ean i be mastered and overcome by regis, eer of ‘ormaisngsrelane oof paling ove, premised lke pone wile nd iol indcing, denial of vlence ad diferenc.” Te pata alone oe Some way of adresing it shor of he disoluon af la, pralry tat ‘heed by thse who ogmatcaly insist upon he vile, sovereign exe sessoftheirown ints, |=" (CRITIQUES OF METAPHYSICS MUST BEGIN WITH A QUESTIONING OF SECURITY. ‘DILLON, PROF. OF POLITICS @ LANCASTER UNIV. 1996. (MICHAEL. POLITICS OF SECURITY: TOWARDS A POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY OF CONTINENTAL THOUGHT. PG. 13) Tiber indi tows teary recat ave a much wie ter ~has ebay and necesarily bad auch wier register, something which 6 national secrity sles have begun orgie ~than tet merely of ing our soiled basi vals, or oven our mortal ocies. That it has, fy, ways ben concerned wih etn the very sounds of wt the oi iat pectying wht cnc opts thowght tbe. To ese th Setinughtwihin whic piel hong ous eps and special iscoooption ef theses Po Lor mtapye i's rion of hovght dBA in ems ofthe pu Seo wie soc nf of ere ache, dtrmining pice gio of pound, or wich te undenstnding of th andi gues 0 uy al Sey then find i exes sete pn, pod © Stoke” for which meophysi thoght ss seh ~ spon which Somethin Sang peas end guint int whole sect a esse, Hens, © Tabi wre I one builds # house in a sandy place, one must continue digging unit onc meee sold rock or firm foundations; fone wants to wazavel tangled these ‘ne must loo for the begining ofthe thread; ifthe greatest weigh are tobe ‘moved, Archimedes demanded ony stable place, Inthe sme way, i one is {o establish the elements of hamn knowledge some fixed points require, on ‘hich we can safely est and from whe we ean set out without fear: aa 7 (emphasis ded) tis for this easo, therefor, that metaphysis fist llows security to impress Stef upon political Ghought asa seevident condition forte very existence of Iie both indvidval and socal, One of those impulses which it std appears ike an ier sommand tobe instinctive (i the form, fr example, of the insinet {or survival), or axiomatic (nthe form of the principle of slt-preservation the right to life, othe right to eof defence), security thereby became the vale which ‘modern understandings of th polis and modern practices of politics have come fopat beyond question, precisely becase they derived its very requirement fom the regirements of metaphysical ut sell In consequence, scatity became the peticate upon which the erchitectenic politcal discourses of modecity were onstruced; upon which the vermacularschiectue of modern politcal power, ‘exemplified inthe Sate, was based nd from which the insintons sod practices ‘of modern (nts)naional polite, including moder democratic polities, ui- $$ trtely 02k to cerve tei grounding and foundation legitimacy. Heweccer Kerik WE MUST RECONSTRUCT POLITICS IN ORDER TO EFFECTIVELY RESIST SECURITY. DILLON, PROF. OF POLITICS @ LANCASTER UNIV, 1996. (MICHAEL. POLITICS OF ALT: SOLVES SECURITY UTNIF 2006 ‘SECURITY: TOWARDS A POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY OF CONTINENTAL THOUGHT: PG. 35) ‘REIMAGINING POLITICS IS THE WAY WE MUST GO ABOUT TRYING TO TRANSFORM THE [Dit tegrauictow won pint oma sey satel oy \stons, Not by asking how effective are our politcal regimes at saistying their foundational claim to lgtimacy by furnishing us with secaiy? But by asking ow mus the eoncept of the ola construed, how mast the politcal universe be determined, and what hos fo be rigorowsly policed, warred-agsnst and txluded, to secore security? Not by asking whit is dangerous? But by asking “whit does a representation of danger make a us ant of those who ate na us"? Not by asking who or what i treatened, or wht is dong the threatening? But by ailing how does the specication of threat end its discourse of danger > 191= 182 [ists toy of moder ptess ot ny oe comps take 2 as acta is Hi oa he ea eS Ta ‘Sebi scoeameeIDO TN Tapes Tones cee se ‘Slayo-out before; spcically, i the tragedy of Oadipus Rex. I therfore offer this agedy as a politcal allegory of modern times, when Iplay out again athe end of the book. In doing £0 Ynsst ha the massage of tagedy ie generally ‘psunderiood when it is teated as en secour jy- Toa mesg ‘eins, instead, te bet avaiable eccounr of the aporeteoifcelies of homan Seah votre: echo eoing oie Sepa ae Sita norrwas be Ea desu edo comeel ey Stay [nds sperbr saat ee peter ae ey sealant oF ea ea nd pay ao TR Piradige Al ison anctact ev alice eee poll life iiss nd alo guporoe scout of he ethical responsibly that thy human way of Beng ones ttt 1 sll and to the OBermess a ‘debe nthe blir Heed no wich tise Tester THe ad “Fsupetiorsecount of human fresdom asa responsiveness is own possibility ‘of being In what follows, I plunder that account scandalous to reimagine the pola nate rugling also ooutve is tisep> Uy ____etsdom. ven more nth point, agedy i politcal ar ditnguied mort got ony bythe way esi on he to ho estan ToS TSO AB Heweccer Krivikx ALT: TRAGEDY UTNIF 2006 ALL POLITICS ARE PERFORMANCES THUS TRAGEDY CAN BE A NEWFOUND ACTION FOR ‘THE POLITICAL AS SUCH, DILLON, Pror. oF POLITICS @ LANCASTER UNIV. 1996, (MICHAEL. POLITICS OF SECURITY: TOWARDS A POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY OF CONTINENTAL THOUGHT. PG. 146- 147) ‘LAsFraneRosenwcig wri ‘Ail cin follows upon performance. The dam ete will ave ite sty ‘ede na mats TR Cer Tey be, for eel int supponed ‘enlfyo what cleverness he had prior othe performance batt the which he perfecmance evokes in him, Siniery «theory of knowles ee knowledge has no meaning. Fae al rowing = whenever anything is really ‘Sfown ~is unique ac, hd is on mcTnog Sowing therefor, teaches us to look forthe sake of seang 1 pots us to hi, ‘Sasori i abviee—ramsy te of someons ce ‘tas sowing us not only 1 appeclad at other potion, botalio to sna ‘tt may legitimately be diferent and vemain 9 — and so focus our atention sper a pets Ghat menses noma ed REST Epi aes ots pertmenc, bear wines to #) on he ublon walle sudinoe wi aps and imu f he play for hwy oo osee ‘iiss tev or ihe Woy ope SRT SRT gy ‘beaT He P Tio e oa pnge eas wpa TS "Ti come ped a EL RE Ty, towne, gisr makina norating Their metaphysical senses, neither creation ex nor ‘icine nor the supposed mete repetition of tadiion, Is someting ele which secrsto combine aspects of alo these elements witout being abe tobe reduced ‘pany ne orany combination, of them Iseemstome tobe ten, what Heidegger hag wad Yo deg se opanness ari spew found eae Sie? Ady asia TSosaiaathis ave bse made gto cien serovar dogo Sapiaate ins scene ob clined oats tem sores Wier og ‘about “German” Sia" and poopie Ips, Torexarpl; bo because ‘want fo come on to him nex bt also because — which fs why T want o come ‘nto him nex seems to examplify precisely this condor 7 TRAGEDY IS EMPOWERING. IT HELPS US TO CONFRONT THE VERY CONTRADICTIONS PRESENT WITHIN OUR BEING ~ PROVIDING THE MEANS BY WHICH WE CAN BETTER RELATE TO PEOPLE. DILLON, PROF. OF POLITICS @ LANCASTER UNIV. 1996. (MICHAEL. POLITICS OF ‘Securrty: TOWARDS A POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY OF CONTINENTAL THOUGHT. PG. 141) ‘agedy nonetheless constues the onl powetl vice we early possess for mesling the politcal diferens which te ontlogia ference len 4 the mounting stom of techologiing normalisation and reresenative caave thought tveaens o effice any recallecton a feeoyopeetng always t0 foreclose the opening ofthe police. Wile he eae nice ‘esnfomnd elton othe ese: oth ol which assers isl wiht nt ‘igou in oor times, however, agedy promise nels ow linge, nr sovel eof assetve or pressive devices. nsead trough i verses _tohumanbingnagody eae provenvely nd cvocaely ovale trgis heer of oar maria being to oe despite and against the inroads which ‘echnlgy ning it, Hine ima inp ren, fatal being, the conion of te condton known as eagle gi nt ‘cats we lobes we refed nd miserable ecto, bt becuase temporal we lve by virtue of death and ste consequently always aeady irene, open ed excsveectaes ndebled on exces tat we c. ‘ever master: Beings that ow themsve tobe and ye alo to be hd yaad 1 dies from, Being which they manifest. Destined fo be someting, ope saci i of ite self bot nt Stern fo be ne ing or anteg we ae ‘ot jo alve end no just dea even inane, when dnd). Wear toy soning mor thn sth fhm Secase we are lap ledy btn sd dying ~ st he same tine, The tng, therefore, doses nl nts exisunce tie moraliy which s just, continous seven of Sedo dn anehia onder onssed byte opening ee onllogiadfeen een constantly challenges us to deid= how We should find heme and place Swell ‘heey in th feedom of our being, whic is a being we share in comman; wi, ourselves, ech ote, and be earth ise a ‘Heweccer Kerik ALT: TRAGEDY UTNIF 2006 ‘TRAGEDY IS KEY TO A ETHICAL OPENING TO OTHERNESS WITHIN THE POLITICAL WITHOUT CALCULATION OR THE WILL TO ORDER DILLON, PROF, OF POLITICS @ LANCASTER UNIV. 1996. (MICHAEL. POLITICS OF SECURITY: TOWARDS A POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY OF CONTINENTAL THOUGHT. PG. 160+ 161) Tnstend of dissecting the dea tue of te ques therefore, ‘Vasey offers of icgates] Mermeneuticel phenomenslogy of the een, dislosing i in alls Ung fm and foes The proces eine Polly besause ics cxpabe of radealy siting perspectives and so Changing ‘jails ean sti nes oT Wd Te Se SOT RST ‘en, the way Tapprosthes them, and ie expSSatON WHET Tie engendered fn copuctttem ingle palmdrtpea teres "Selene wisn fal eet sates es ap op ae a see te emer : “Dedipus" We revolved around the polis, the life of the polis (Politeia) revolved round tragedy; hence Oedipus Rex. As Salis notes: for Nietzsche one does not, inthe face of tragedy, become a disinterested, ‘pure willless subject but her ones shaken, made to tremble at the edge of the abyss... itis no mere, temporary maiking ofthe source of human misery bot rather a dsclosure capable of lading one back fom pessimism to atetion edu depicted human being finding its way bac to islf out ofthe depts of PP ns raincoat ee Beomse, ine ea ene i acy beloed iy come fe vey aoe "olla inet. wes not merely # means of politcal education bok Ts ec ‘ileal clement of he ver oll iat whieh made pole snd not stasis? Through ithe onvologcal duales of power and poweresrens™ Thott ie oe ‘Senied nor shied on to something or someone else, Neither isthe poFSCION st ‘fe OVEN Tl Tapa G Me Teated. By taatag Wem UPLATE aM oferSOTET ey esl be explored tnd snopes by Ullodng tat ‘ovement, tragedy was « means fr effecting a slierity of the shaken holding them tpeher in DoW ay AER, Two aa Se ST ng i lela of pees, BOTT he imagination and in theliving of being, that bens freeing difference within sel, for sucha beings ‘way to live freely with elf in ite cifferen d= Tre HEH, POET Raman BOE ot only the violence and Zapliy of ts very liming Otherness within it which instigates the lial. Tae question ofthe poles! i thereby, posed and adresed natn rms of ha ea man bang ORDER ‘Wed dopesctee, SOT ere of what is requied ofa Sang DEER, ‘Sigua which huts being creep an Secommodatey esd uncanny tig akbar being islF ig, withoot betraying We SRcaTaTTE OFT but also that play of cn it consol on posing tt gunn nex ben sin vit of finn, he tie aly eigen gota irae cable cto Sneha 2 Sqreeniiiqubaleahe Goan ioe se oe reais soaspeate pels ote seen otcorewr oorer oa Kieren of te pallcal porated ye pteomy crak ae ae racer ofthe agic a el en ang Gene Re steep s ‘ih else gotion of he pty soy ee gear “inion ots psy of oes ie neyo a Seinahed in treovenp o> 1eO~ rer eNO YS Heweccer Krink UTNIF 2006 ALT: TRAGEDY TRAGEDY ENGENDERS DIFFERENT POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY WITHOUT LIMITS. TRAGEDY DEVELOPMENT. DILLON, PRor. OF POLITICS @ LANCASTER UNIV. Srcuriry: Towa 150) ~ rake tage, hen, ot only fo bes systema poli nd eel election {nitsownsight, but lo one whichis consent with whl Stones exends an deve, he eating which the philosophy of he i as on he question Gf he plea, One tt sees co explore tough conten and syle, a Martha ‘osshaum argues, pci interpeaion of aman exeallenes I ass tis ‘onpeled in bh respects fo be more igrowaly honest hen a piensa! trent or wok in pelle! hry. Iles ven ny cain to wnform Upisersogy, cabrones, tema, meth, pily ad conpecensveess tha sch exces ne compeled to Goby vitae of heir metphis. While resort soc cits would pseu sbven te very characte of taped te panes ofthe aati a ill wos! nso expose such» move 1 ea appr C. Unlike much even of the best of theorising and philosophising, tragedy is not vergunent or bt rather an argent fom te onologea differen, ci he thc! and poieal comply which poses Tis siprery consequent Iteresints pin of departure ference, dissemination, dpicton, gathers dnd iteration and ini conpormentovards the condition i explores, no It Iselin "nah endmetio. Tha swhy Told concer wt Henah Arent’ ontson: No piles, ‘no anly no epvin, bet ve ao profound, cn eompae in easy aod Tiles of meaning with a pope mney" For sucha soy ‘revels FBesing witout commiting the enor of ening i, and “rings abot consent {nd econedition wil things a they really ae" “Acotng and ‘eatvating the tg sence ot tae, a mater of sbendocing qusions of ageney,eedon, rons and jdgement or of ‘peering contigs ety dernce nd exces over mass, ode ent {ed mode Ite mer of edresng and rpsing orslves towards such ioe diflerenly, Morove,altoagh I Is goeerally sbucued eound the fymmeties of thse Kinds of sqynmei,magedy's prayal of lie spasses {ee usa moral and polttal pss of binary constined choice simply bese does ot start withthe understanding of Being and roman being tht goes with Uiouy distinction, Neier is tagedy mere astatiaton. An eel and polcalexlreon ins ova sigh rote aecordng fs own souctres Ed dymaics and is propel by a insight ta the haman condion which it Shares daly wih tat the piesophy of he “raged, howere nt pilosophy- Rai its hea which complements the plocopy ofthe it beeaee I adres and explores the question of wwe cool ie dough examination fie sk it~ in exrenis assed by ie posit of mies vsene agus he very Iu of its el? Pepe ii pothng ike the at oF wich te piosophy of he ii would aeerete gh e-4 RDS A POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY 01 PROCESSES ALLOWING US TO EMBRACE, 1S AN INTEGRAL PART OF HUMANITY’S 1996, (MICHAEL. Potirics or F CONTINENTAL THOUGHT. PG. 148- los ct th ya ty st ese wh aM el diapiition and cultaral disintegration, Nether i it concerned to specify what parila indispensable init has tobe met in oder fr socal order to be established and maintained; as Hobbes does paradigmatially for modern polis, or example, in his account ofthe ene of matoe and his osistence tht {he fear of violent coath the hand of other men ithe fendamental constant ‘which compels men to esablich the social conta. Tragedy’ dstinatve concern is with the question of lis as sich, In this sense fr stves to preserve what ‘Chae Lefot argues plilosopy (Coould sey the philosophy ofthe limit) stives to preserve, namely the experience ofa ditferenoe which gots beyond differences of opinion the experience of difference which i not atthe dispsa) of human beings, ‘howe advent dos nt take pee within human history, and which cannot be Tholished therein; the experience af a difference which relates human beings to thei humanity, and which means their humanity cannot be self-contained, that it cannt et i ow limits, and that teannot absorb ts own crigins and ends nto those limits For the fundamental ptncple operating in tragedy is tht distinction and difference is integral to fe, and that the lots of difference is profoundly inimical to human flourishing. The Limit ofthe limit that so threatening in tragedy isnot a patcula limit bu! the ver los of limits itself; limiesness. Iti very important to emphasise, however, that limidessness arses terminally as when they ae ogee ffeced ‘much when limits ae tested 4g So Ne ‘Hewecorr Kerik ALT: UTNIF 2006 TRAGEDY ‘TRAGEDY CREATES THE CONDITIONS THAT ALLOW US TO TRANSFORM LIFE AND TRULY BE FREE, DILLON, PROF. OF POLITICS @ LANCASTER UNIV. 1996, (MICHAEL. POLITICS OF SECURITY: TOWARDS A POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY OF CONTINENTAL THOUGHT. PG. 144- e 146) ‘ven its basie modus operand including of course the fundamental requre- ‘ment to engage snd communicate, Pow would the dramatist, then, pursuade an audience to engage wih a drama tat bs no perspective? Of what interest could 1 view from rowhere be to people who ae, however problematical, always slready somewhere? Thee is no human point in operating from an Archimedean point Hence the tragic implicdy csdans the argument that we cannot know ow fo proceed or jade unless we do have sn Archimedean pont from which take ou bearings and resolve our dilemmas. It knows that we do act, and have to st 1! ows ta, however inadeqoatly, we always have reasons for acting It ows, 10, that we can never be fully in contol of our stons, beceuse much remains mstelous fo vs and there are aways unintended, and often dreadful, ankeqvencesaached to what we do. And It knows, nally, tht we have 0 tks ible responsibility for whit we ae and &o, even thovgh we ere not fully fn fantrolofour aeons and thelr outcomes, by vite of the fae that as moral beings ‘we ae opea fo Being and beings through oar ewn being and cannot, therefore, ‘scape aking up the burden ofthat which we undergo, namely, exisonce ise 1 appecsts elo that becsuse our ations are public and that the very publonss of them whet always lead installs theca distance within them ‘ie elle ws forth from them 80 that We cannot remuin slipsstically trapped by them, Here responsibilty "bas nothing whatsoever do. with moral Snperatives’ arising out of a command ethic, but asses instead from human being’ resolute openness which manifests isl in he desire to make manifest ‘nd aonver ‘before mankind for every thought by affirming the life hat is ived in tat losin in which oneself an evrying on think is tesied** Once or, that esponsibility i, ten the holding open of hat openness whichis be billy to respond. That indeed, precisely because we Jack ttl contol, we are ‘estined fo eabrace such a werd-creating responsibly fo hold open aime and pce, «disposition, posture end stance, which insists on remainiag open to all= fat we are. Thi, lerally, fom the perspective of raged, is the place andthe Anton of the pols. Inthe process of cong So, aged claims, life is restored bye serecogniton trough which humans can ata a certain greatness in tha ‘openess, for practical political questions emphatically do aot adit of uth in ‘the sunk of simple correspondence or ccherence_) “Tragedy i, therefore, conceed precisely with the condition in which we do ot and cannot Know at is correct in aévance, and with how, nonetheless, we Cceaively workout and Work with eur dslosre in the tra ofthat condition in ter to live the fee manifoi of ie isl. And itcan be this becuse coreciess italy not the point for truth, the truth ofthis occling dis-losure, ia truth which antossdescorecnes. For these very reasons, he rages no form of pay initaon, nor does it resemble deemonic impersonation, it's a transmutation offi’ shows the teasformatve, restorative capacity operating ‘within an estore that fe, notby wring rulebook bat by offering, instead, {he enacting of action, or the trble movements, demands and veponsibilites of thet te lite et. Above al tragedy Sean exploration of the avenue in the ‘roadam of repetition, ea Iva eigen and esi of coping wit he interaction of he rai nanny ata ee rm oarcng eae ere cher nei rceveda SG beectcpeng rcv Si tty te ttn re 4 GE ‘Hemeccer Keim ALT: TRAGEDY UTNIF 2006 ‘WE SHOULD EMBRACE THE “TRAGIC” IN ORDER TO RETAIN THE VALUEABILITY AND VIRTUOSITY OF OUR LIFE. AVOIDING THE TRAGIC SIMPLY SUSTAINS SECURITY. DILLON, PROF. OF POLITICS @ LANCASTER UNIV. 1996. (MICHAEL. POLITICS OF ‘OWARDS A POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY OF CONTINENTAL THOUGHT. PG. 138) Al his direlly related in aon, of course, tothe question of security end oscar, nto the ada ambient of (n)ecurity s wel. For within tragedy "becomes clear tht isnot simply a question of insecure human being soking scury, Merely f se a reel back and forth between svaiy and inscouity {o mis the point ellogeey, Besos it misses something fundamental boot ‘Roman being isl which tragedy ssks to depict and celebrate Tis, therfers, © (nist somathing which Marthe Nussbaum explore so brian that it's wort quoting her conchsion at length, "Thre isa certain valoble quslty in social “uefa is os when social vive removed from the domain of uncontrolled [happenings se writs | here sno courage without ters of dea or of serious damage; n true Tove | fey at does na say (vith Alcbinde) ‘Loe of ey is whet donot fee 1 von Tam wronged’; na tre commitment to justice tat exempts its own DP peiitepes rom scrutiny ‘psum: 2 ae wings to embrace someting th rin th wor and suet ots sche iro te Epica il hose ove sed a the nu ont ncuig in anger. qThe generous ok of sacha cid oti {Tike world win Tove and opens he 30 ot oes upon he se te cr or domand tee a ono of hk av any Hie tha eats 2 Ser cotta ates wal by ora bomen Sig inpoversbed. Te Healy example) toes nox conc Hom he seductive dang of aesreching rik tt (Bu) er ae xn rks ~ incon ee thea becoming cnble trite enn cow of wit os anal suapended swe arebrwaes etd go, witha ides rent nee ‘Being human being étage, end so we are (In)sccue. That tnpuienced inthe lity of security and insecurity isthe freedom ~ the very ‘apa fo respond and eo be esponible—of the homan condition nthe tragic ‘reno only find that we ave Been here before, but so that in a sense, we have Tgprily been elaewhere because thee sm escape frm Where WE ae. HemeccerKeimik UTNIF 2006 ALT: WHATEVER-BEING OUR ALTERNATIVE SOLVES AGAMBEN BETTER THAN YOUR AFF- DASEIN IS THE BASIS FOR A WHATEVER- BEING THAT RESISTS THE SOVEREIGN EXCEPTION CALDWELL, ASSISTANT PROFESSOR OF POLITICAL SCIENCE UNIVERSITY OF LOUISVILLE, 2004 (ANNE, ‘BIO-SOVEREIGNTY AND THE EMERGENCE OF HUMANITY,’ THEORY AND EVENT, P. PROTECT MUSE) (Can we imagine another form of humanity, and another form of power? The bio-sovereignty described by Agamben is so fluid as to appear inresistible. Yet Agamben never suggests this onder is necessary. Bio-sovereignty results from a particular and contingent history, and it rogues corzin conditions. Sovereign power, as Agamben describes it, finds its grounds in specific coordinates of life, which it then places in relation of indeterminacy. What defies sovereign power is life that cannot be reduced to those determinations: a life "that can never be separated from its form, a life in which itis never possible to isolate something such as naked life. * (2.3). In his earlier Coming Community, ‘Agamben describes this alternative life as ‘whatever being." More recently he has used the term "forms-of-life." These concepts come from the figure Benjamin proposed as a counter to homo sacer: the "(otal condition that is 'mau’,” For Benjamin and Agamben, mere life isthe life Which unites law and fe. That tie permits law, in its endless eycle of violence, to reduce life an instrument of its own power. The total ‘condition that isman refers to an alternative life incapable of serving as the ground of law. Such a life would exist outside sovereignty. Agamben's own concept of whatever being is extraordinarily dense. It is made up of varied concepts, including language and potential also shaped by several particular dense thinkers, including Benjamin and Heidegger. What follows is only a brief consideration of whatever being, in its weation to sovereign power. "Whatever being," as described by Agamben, lacks the features permitting the sovereign capture and regulation of life in our tradition Sovereignty's capture of life has been conditional upon the separation of natural and political life. That separation has permitted the ‘emergence ofa sovereign power grounded inthis distinction, and empowered to decide on the value, and non-value of life (1998: 142). then, every further politicization of life, in turn, calls for a new decision concerning the threshold beyond which life ceases to be politically evant, becomes only ‘sacred life" and can as such be eliminated without punishment” (p. 139), This expansion of the rango of life meriting protection does not limit sovereignty, but provides sites for its expension. In recent decades, factors that once might have been indifferent to sovereignty become a field for its exercise. Autributes such as national status, economic status, color, race, sex, religion, geo-political position have become the subjects of rights declarations. From a liberal or cosmopolitan perspective, such enumerations expand the range of lie protected from and serving as a limit upon sovereignty. Agamben's analysis suggests the contrary. I'indeed sovereignty is bio-poitical before it is juridical, then juridical rights come into being only where life is incorporated within the field of bio-sovereignty. The language of sights, in other words, alls up and depends upon the life caught within sovereignt homo saver, ‘Agamben's alternative is therefore radical. He does not contest particular aspects of the tradition. He does not suggest we expand the range of rights available to life. He does not cal us to deconstruct a tradition whose power lies in its indeterminate status.21 Instead, he suggests we take leave ofthe tradition and al its terms. Whatever being isa life that defies the classifications ofthe tadition, and its reduction ofall forms of life to homo sacer. Whatever being therefore has no common ground, no presuppositions, and no particular attributes. It eannot be broken into discrete pars; it has no essence to be separated from its attributes; and it has no common substrate of existence defining its relation to others. Whatever being cannot then be broken down into some common element of life to which additive series of rights would then be attached. Whelever being retains all its properties, without any of them constituting a different valuation of life (1993: 18.9). As aresult, whatever being is "reclaimed from its having this or that property, which identifies it as belonging to this or that set, to this orthat class (the reds, the French, the Muslims) ~ and its reclaimed not for another class nor forthe simple generic absence of any belonging, but for its bbeing-suck, for belonging itself." (0.1-1.2). Indifferent to any distinction between # ground and aided determinations of its essence, whatever being cannot be grasped by a power built ‘upon the separation of a common natural life, and its political specification. Whatever being dissolves the material ground of the sovereign exception and cancels its terms. This form af life is less post-metaphysical or anti-sovereign, than a-metaphysical and a-sovereign. Whatever is indifferent not because its status does not matter, but because it bas no particular attribute which gives it more value than another whatever being. As Agamben suggests, whatever being is akin to Heidegger's Dasein. Dasein, as Heidegger describes it, is that life which always has its ‘own being as its concem — regurdless of the way any other power might determine its status. Whatever being, in the manner of Dasein, takes the form of an "indissoluble cohesion in which itis impossible to isolate something like s bae life. In the state of exception become the rule, the life of homo sacer, which was the conelate of sovereign power, tums into existence over which power no longer seems to have any hold” (Agamben 1998: 153). ‘We should pay attention to this comparison. For what Agamben suggests is that whatever being is not any abstract, ineccessible life, perhaps promised tous in the future. Whatever being, should we care to seit, is all around us, wherever we reject the criteria sovereign power would use to classify and value life, "In the final instance the State can recognize any claim for identity even that ofa State identity within the State . What the State cannot tolerate in any way, however, is that the singularities form a communi without affirming an identity, that humans co belong without a representable condition of belonging" (Agamben 1993:85.6). Atevery point where we refuse the distinctions sovereignty and the state would demand of us, the possiblity of a non-state world, made up of whatever life, appears. 49 Hewecorr Kerik ONTOLOGY COMES FIRST UTNIF 2006 ‘THE QUESTION CONCERNING TECHNOLOGY IS KEY TO OPEN HUMAN BEING 70 BEING. AND REALIZE FULL FREEDOM OF EXISTENCE. DILLON, PROF. OF POLITICS @ LANCASTER UNIV. 1996, (MICHAEL. POLITICS OF SECURITY: TOWARDS A POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY OF CONTINENTAL THOUGHT. PG. 135- 136) hile destined) human being isnot, however, compelled by thi fate bet txowm This specie way ito the aporia of ts Srosdom. The human being “bacomes lyfe’, Heidegger wrt only iste asi “elodge se als oT Sag mraTEecrer tne WIS Tons, ft one Wis Spl aban One dha! ‘Tilintesdom asoiate wi therein of pen balog a sabe Rates, ‘engisfreodoatiend othe reception of Being to whichis own exiteno® elon sd ates, In so dong it may realise he fllesof the fcedom abe that whch Tis AIL is posible, according to Heidegger pracy becuse, n di-lving il, Belg satel als reves ty nesta a ei aT un Same eo a - i eS 6 ch atl, Concealment always scconpanis unconceaiment, Tere i soo speak alwaye alread consequently more to Being thay the teehtolopis] diclosive-chalenge 1 ‘ely it nd rage Tops ae Pe oftie dasonte Gf Beng, Nec a wales oaea o Being is ‘withdrawing amples ‘fing fechologis. Remonbe abo, owever or Behg ad hanes epee Erne The Snopes becte ny banng ees ca ee disivensed ef one sae he ly of te ola! aifenca, Henn, tehonlagy doesnot merely reveal coz on ras rv y concealing ~Seng, More pontty THUTSTONSY Tt nd care ecg fei and tcc of Bolg sed Sane Bee ASSETS ae oun ep Oa Sage een cack ae ee occa SURE omeuaie becene ange ying ood tis, human beng may, het, i et hallenged beyond the setng costes of chology. I oe, azn beng catacee et ‘timid en sealing sana enw Bi Cleese oo “Sought o# er tar ae) og ie eT Spray See arene ae IONE a We acy pons oe e TaN Len aaa ee an aowing 10 dhe mere calenge of curent tectnolopeal diciosate. As wi Cat, wept 0 ais id ns ee TRS a the being which they are when, alien overeomessving. cach enews sist ‘rough So Ts plus ivi poi See ag acas fr Deeg (ough een of Beng ei pus (rough sle-blinding) ofthe divine > 133 ~ 136 SO ‘HEIDEGGER KRITIK ONTOLOGY VS. ETHICS UTNIF 2006 ‘To ASSERT THAT QUESTIONS OF ONTOLOGY PREVENT ETHICS IS TO TRIVIALIZE AND MISUNDERSTAND THE RETURN TO THE ONTOLOGICAL DILLON, UNIVERSITY OF LANCASTER, 1999 [MICHAEL, “ANOTHER JUSTICE,” POLITICAL THEORY VOL. 27, No.2, APRIL, P. 161-162] Ontopoitical interpretation indicates that the return of the ontological hips the ground ou fom under thefestofthenomnalmodelafjunice, Ita £655 That ground as one comprising deep-rooted insistences that are deeply inimical to human flourishing, especially in an age of threatening globe inter- dependencies, Leviathan’s justice tends to imprison dissidents and expel "ecaeitrants forthe same reasons tat the rational controlling ego attempts o banish unwanted impulses from itself, Insistence by the subject of justice on theselfsame dues expulsion or doula emcee OTEESe ‘Heérmeneutical denial leads to hermeneutical tyranny.” Allied with the impulse of ontopolitical interpretation, the advent of another Justice calls us_ instead to a political life which makes way for the being-i of himan being (01 fosed in circumstances like this which are continu- islyeTostig it off and closing it down, From out Rave to be rade ethical by justice; itmakes it earanc®us an ethical problem. ‘Thatis to say, given ndjustification, itis nonetheless continuously inthe posi- tion of always having to offer one as it assumes its groundless freedom. Thus the “Law of the law” for human being is the circumstance of an ungrounded freedom. There, while necessarily having to decide how to take up its free- dom, of how to determine what is just and what is unjust, what is a fair meas- ure of existence, and therefore how to be and what to do, the human has also to find ways not simply of welcoming others but also of extending that wel- cme tothe vey Ohemestocsuanseness whieh ihabie el Temustdo so sifice its own individual existence is always already composed of that ‘strangeness. This, then, is not simply amatter of being kind to strangers. Nei- \tiris ta simple matter of elevating others—such as the Refugee—fo somé cmonical status.” Such interpretations ofthe trajectory, and ofthe implica= ‘tions, of the thinking upon which I draw trivialise the matter because they fail ating an ethos that welcomes rather than denies the buman plurality Thats integral os being. A plurality wi uld note, and plurality ch manifests itself continuously as the call of another Histce. HEIDEGGER KRITIK UTNIF 2006 ONTOLOGY VS. ETHICS DASEIN TREMBLES FROM ITS CORE WITH THE CALL OF THE OTHER, A RADICAL CALLING THAT HAS NO CENTER, NO LOCATABLE IDENTITY, NO EXISTENT SUBJECT BUT THAT NONENTHELESS OCCUPIES THE POSITION OF THE FRIEND, HIS ONTOLOGY IS THE FOUNDATION FOR ANY ETHICAL REGARD ‘BEISTEGUL, LECTURER IN PHILOSOPHY AT THE UNIVERSITY OF WARWICK, 1998 [MIGUEL DE, HEIDEGGER ‘AND THE POLITICAL: DYSTOPIAS, P. 151-152] his is indeed remarkable pasage one thet has only recently started to draw some attention te remartable character comes from the fact thas, by developing aha one could call an aatlosy of fciendahip or an | 1 ee ‘Heidegger seems to provide a space for a rethinking of et Tn shat respec ts shat masaue- Ste to SpoOaCier WHat Rat “Tom to be considered a: « profound lack iy Beiue-and Time and seat tS work ageinst the analyses of the being-withone another tet reveal the public sphere asthe anonymity and the ciatorship of the One, there- by threatening the ect goss ofan eties Yer Heidegger's camasks beconie even more remarkable if we ate slat stention Ganetion he des i Hi voce of the fend and Disea’s owamost canbe. Fos this connection sem to ron covterstiea to "Want bas thus far beet understood, and-to What Hi SEG, nately Chet Dass relation to its owamos: posibilisy of exis Venn canbe t-would bea mate: Sf a ee To Ts Wn and sot withthe Ofer or de Oter foe. 1 Hetdegger Suggeotap ars ‘hat even in che moment of leche sob, whee contionied oon TS Senha coe le \Gager ih riaton we othe, Daiein sel cas the alte voice of he ‘ciend slong with i? Muse we understand that even inthe process wherby ‘Das Secores Tu ova ei and tos ans is eee, ll Seat svithin tthe trace or the m re “One can find confirmation of this suspicion inthe vocabulary wsed in sections 56 and $7, where Heidegger finds the exsteniell attestation of the Sein-zwm-Tode in the phenomenon of conscience. Where in section 34, Within the context of understanding and language, Heidegger simply ellades ‘0 Dasein's abil to relate to its owamostcan-be through ® “Bearing”, "as in heating the voice of the friend,” sections $6 and 57 are much more explicit as to the relation berween the “hearing” and the ownmost possi bility of existence, since such possiblity has now been explicitly thematized as being-towerds-ceath, Yet tae “cal” (Ruf) dha resonates within Dasein, ned no longer assimilated with =, {he voice of the frend, leis now the eall of “conscience” (Gewissen), Yet, comeience is Dasein iuelf nor self conscioustes, but conscience to andfor one sel. In conscience, Dasein calls itself to Hse, but not out of will or EEision. Dascin is rather called by conscience, and summoned to confront its owamost possibilities of existence. Conscience, then, is not something | that Dassin possesses, an attribute of some king, fo which fr could Falaté ‘iad ave recourse. But nethe ie something that comes from the outice, 2 cll coming from si, Like the ate oF Ee Beni see Dae | nr outside oF. Sic the reason why we can onl sav chat “IP calls 1 V Continue, Vr Heweccer Kem ONTOLOGY VS. ETHICS I CONTINUED, % i “Ie? cals, agsingt ove expectauons ana even ‘against our Wil Ta the other hang, the call undoubtedly someone else who ie with me in the world. The cal comes from "(sz 275/820) “he call is not made by me, it is not made by 5 asin), end yet, according to Heidegger, ao calle: in some being with a characrer other than that of Dasein” (God, fo example)’ Is this eufcien to idenify the “Ie" of the calling with the friend? Ip it the fiend, whose ellent voice is neither in tne, who is at once close: to me and most foreign $m, waa sehen? Of, oo ite ote way ean dae ‘onscienge, os chat which calls myself ro myself, have the Sguse of altetiny? idegger wien be defines the voice voice"? Ty Heldegeer not, ise unknown and justifies “seeking the shat sense, Would be otherness inl Dasein would take place in the movernent off Be nothing but the otier self that one always carries z inary neglected and abandoned, that [higad-whick fundamentally one's Gest-and-only Wend, and whice soaseies petaed aly eens of a uncnmines, Became oF DE sully and the noth i serves to zeveal: guilt and death, In that apes, the frend would be the mark of existence as difference, ix would 0) exis acs af chis diss iffering a the scing of which exietence would come to be. Thus, ir would be the wace SFibe ontological cifference per #2, the dia or the gaping in which exis- tence would come to bear or carry ~ pherein ~ its own being. To say this js not to sey thet fclendship is enother name for being, that difference is alterty end chat ontology is ethics. Heidegger does not speak of “friend Ship.” he does not offer a theory of friendship, nor even a conceptual “Tiettization of “the friend.” Rather, he syacess chat we chink of other ‘Bonates with 2. To tae, Te cals He the daceet embling ofa Slendly vain 27 UTNIF 2006 ‘Heweccer Kerik UTNIF 2006 2NC AT: ETHICAL OBLIGATION / ETHICS FIRST AND HEIDEGGER’S THOUGHT DOES NOT DENY ETHICAL RELATIONS WITH OTHERS- IT JUST RE-FRAME INTERSUBJECTIVE RELATIONS THROUGH DASEIN. DALLMAYR, PROFESSOR OF INTERNATIONAL LAW AND GOVERNMENT AT NOTRE DAME, 1993, (FRED, “THE OTHER HEIDEGGER”, P. 59-61) “Some ofthe issues raised in these comments become clearer once consi teraton ture to dhe second topical area—irom subjectivity to inersub- in Heidegger's language, érom Dasin to fin (eo-being,” Teing-wit"), AS in the case of subjecivity, this field is full of mis: inexpretation, In Habermas’ erica assessment, iis entirely barren or ‘unexplored in Heidegger's opus because of his subjectivist and even selipinie moorings. Although recognizing that in Being and Time co- being is explicitly intreduced as « constietive trait of being-in-the~ ‘world, Habermas blames Heidegger for falling shor of, ornot coming ro, ‘rps with the “primacy of incersubjecivcy"—a defect ultimately at- fEibuted 19 an outiook “held hostage to the slipism of Husserian phenomenology.” {F"Elaborting on this shorceoming, Habermas finds parallel arguments \berween Heidegger and his former teacher: just es in Huser!’ theory inerevbjectivity appearsas derivative accomplishment of subjectivity, oF the “transcendental eg,” $0 co-being in Boag and Tings said tbe the ‘outcome of te cansututve eet ofsubjece-cetered Davi, Onl) at one point of his life ie Heidegger credited with venturing on a diferent peth—a path, however he quielly ebandoned again in favor af zelapse [io slipism (or else retreat ito mystcinm). In his 1939 ferares, ‘on Nietathe, Habermas reports, Heidegge in an “interesting chapter” ‘voiced objection to the "moncogical” style ofthe philosophy of ean- choumest, bu this me with explicit attention theo of communiea- ‘ive understanding or agreement. Opposing s merely instrumental taleaatng rationality, we read, Heidegger stressed "he nonstrategic ‘leaning of inereubjecively achieved agreement on which, indeed, the ‘Telatonship to others, to things, snd co oneself is truly base he also seemed o recognize the importance of sch consensus fr social ntegra- tion and the viability af socal ie, Unfortunately, however, this insight remained ineffective in Heidegge’s Iter work. Tis ineffectiveness, Habermas conelodes, can be explained only by the face that, despite bjecions, Heidegger remained basically “aughe in the problems that subject centered phlosephy (nthe frm of Hussrlen phenomenology) Jan bequatied to him." ‘Asbefore, the cogency ofthese anguments ca readily be disproved by 2 dloser loo at Heidegger’ ifework, Actually, in Being and Tine such terms a “eo-being” of "being-with” ace used precisely to forestall the Impression of« mere conjunction or justaposision of individ subjects (an impression sl eonveyed in such formulas a "ntersubjecivity” or “intersbjectiely achieved agreement). In the section on the who of Dari, the passage (previously cited) denying the existence of subjects withots world contin emphatically: “And in the aime manner there finally exits just as litle an isolated"! without the others." berating ‘on the noson of worldood, the same seztion adda biclatr that worlds “always word already shared with others thus the world of Dans 2 cepworld eingsin signifies a cobeing with others” “Thedifernce fom Huse “consinie” approach merges cry in Heideggers comment on empathy seen at geewey To muta sndersing Inada usge shared by Hosser) be totes epee chy inexpected to prvie edge, est were, rom nts own subject Symi Staines given or avalable-ro the ial conceed ‘erga’ nthirnanes,enpaty inves anctesion te fous, ‘mor specials prjecton of the eg eleefrene onto an sit op" by which the ober "x duplicate of the elf” For Heideger, Fowerer, this spproach mene» complete revere of poe, by neglecting the enol arocaeof Dain “Empathy Goes ot Co store cong” bot ae sisson basis Th iportance of eo- Being persis Even in tha porn of Big and Tine seemingly fates emoved from fy the secs on ent or “bengowardlexth” A critics fave etn quick to poin ot, Heidegger there speaks of the “sonoma” characte of eth ofthe face tht dest "mst be sho dee byDaninalane an lis chimtoDesin in ndvl manne Yer. a cloner reading, “nonrelioa” simply means tht det nor ‘rasfrableand hart rea lmately ress oman (ned oop trating) nagemens. ‘This spect i ndersared hy Heep inn elaboration of the em nonrational" Tn the feof deat, he writs, Sih inmutieney of diy concer nd interhuman slide by 00 spe sgfless semoval ofthese modes of Dain rom athens self Ted, At oman srucrresof Dram, these modes are amang the baie ndione of pont of existence ‘Wi gh vraans, conn with o-siog penmeats eiane's Ine wings aswell Along cxnbiting song Nieaschean over tones, the Beng sur Pepe reverts the stocrral modalities of ‘awh cluding the inersen of co-Seing and sisirde forbes. AS inthe previous context, Dai nox eget with ei o ego con- Soustes ba nthe aed by ere for engagement in beng. Tis Scgagancre in tum, can be snore of less genuine or delberae—e ‘Ttene barkeing buck tothe eater Gren between stente Sed isnthene mates of human Ie ‘The more genuine the engage Iban ny cs, fe ore solidly grounded cong and incehom=n ‘auivaua In Flieger wurde Only by coming iat rts ‘elod| fe Devin stil enabled erly shoulder solide for ‘thes Yeti comingintovirowm never notes a lated ego con. Sepa but ater acespnce of one's belonging othe ath of being ‘Koning wo the Duiage,carelesnesso acl of engagement fosters Indies, socal efor (oe rule of or Ma na lacey the ‘WSs of hon eitence. By conten genie cre prepares S% — ‘Heweccer Kritik 2NC AT: ETHICAL OBLIGATION / ETHICS FIRST UTNIF 2006 AND THE ALTERNATIVE IS A PRECONDITION FOR ETHICAL ENCOUNTER- WE MUST RETHINKG POLITICS ‘THROUGH CRITICISM TO ADDRESS OUR INESCAPABLE INDEBTEDNESS TO OTHERS. DILLON, PROF. OF POLITICS @ LANCASTER UNIV. 1996, (MICHAEL. POLITICS OF ‘SECURITY: TOWARDS A POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY OF CONTINENTAL THOUGHT. PG. 7-8) Ueno of he avestin of alias, the tr f thought ots pon rrrison of heli etby the nsitaonn delineation of public space, nde sacesay play ofboth pretence and absence which aes plae here. For ‘borders both spare and jpn ~ differentiate wey indole conte ly sje Thy Sonate pliely eject WT, SPS ter stony, copia is neato ates Ney ‘contingent, mati] bat mal sovioet ‘Breton which exc te ovn eens, Tis ean uation of hing ‘eople Individual or collective soni, enframed apd svetnned by insotoms ies, Riis a are soncsig-te-nstinel question of he Poli ina cece whe comin be. a vis ‘fandom tn be A freedom toe tat ean ony be enjoyed within mutbly ‘bibl rather than vielowly snd uototinsbly ckeumsecbed, ints. Limi, too, which ae on terms with he ineradicabte and ireductle Otherness human beings encounter within theseves 48 well a with otters, becuse they ae indies “This tur of thought alo repose the queton of pale. does soa the monet of ethical encounter for man beings beings which, however rooted they ay tisha they ao, avy already om rout, ut athe open and on_ the move, Exposed cand conse by, en Onarat The sare wih er, iiparblngs are alway already boty 3 ao [and in spoon of ving Se, Th Fspect of themselves wih ofhers in tet Otherness. Thee mode of edison on route (simultaneously deciding and being decided) is consequently deren ed ‘Bib; hat being i a fre beng which has responsibly fo asteme is alas ae ne ee mene ai feponsive bong Shor of death, Hasse ‘predicament, oter than to immerse ourselves in the routnsedeveryény inthe at wil ever have to cotiont Tonal, boevae the every Ras « dtrbing Habit of breaking down, such recourse iways unsafe, Generalised rout In tte, ol habit ae cinoma ‘Se lenporal beings and tomporaiy tsa motlty which Wests te everyday MEET ton Come oP Eo os Heweccrr KRImik 2NC AT: ETHICAL OBLIGATION / ETHICS FIRST AND THIS IS A LINK- APPEALS TO EMPATHY ONLY EXTEND SUBJECTIVITY AS A CONDITION OF POLITICS. ‘THE IMPACT IS OUR DILLON 1NC EVIDENCE. DALLMAYR, PROFESSOR OF INTERNATIONAL LAW AND GOVERNMENT AT NOTRE DAME, 1993 (FRED, “THE OTHER HEIDEGGER”, P. 61-62) : ‘QWih less Nictascheenéla, the Zlitn Sonne recipies and ray reformulaes the analysis of Dain inaograed in Beng end Tine inthe laver work, Heidegger izes and reecsempaty ae tnere qxesion of theo Tine with Deserts, be sate, the {en of Sas posttest of allan independent given og tat ae vista! so dapre ti Tees sa btn ist Hie pHa, an alg, but chs approach ¢ ae atc. orHevigge de notin ofreltdnes oF Se SSP Ena o WTO Sparse En a are ten assed wes SS eran somal eee we inoue of caeerene Sean Se mach ebooct onono the soaed "TeThaw a0 Fe relationships stid to remain incomplete and on precarious ‘ground, beozuse ie “stil deparc from a primarily islared ego, a contrat to these conceptions, the Zolon Seminars reasers the ctsToglal primacy of being as reflected inthe structral modalities of Darin. What doss "being fogethe:” with someone mean? Heidegger fk, and responds: “Te means a co-being or being-wit, that is, «co- trisvence in the mode of being-in-the-worid, particularly with respecet0 { shared involvement with encountered phenomena.” Given that every ‘UTNIF 2006 Darin iss beigginche-wor, e add blog roger with soneane Ce ey cob tmih pach cohen, a ee SS Senor eee oe ati Bea Te Selig onde bles otto Steam of consureon r ifort exchange, Once these pies ave property taken into acount, Heidegger empasies [Being and Tine can no longer be misread egoogicaly: "The anayticg of ‘Davin bas nothing whatever to do with solpsiim ene SS HEIDEGGER KRiTIK v — AT: PERMUTATION THE PERMUTATION LINKS MORE_ATTEMPTS TO RESOLVE OUR QUESTI THE FLAN c INSTRUMENTALIZES FHILOSOMHY AS SOMETHING TOBEMANAGED, GAIL STENSTAD, PROFESSOR IN THE DEPARTMENT OF PHILOSOPHY AND HUMANITIES ASEAST TENNESSEE STATE UNIVERSITY, 2006, {GAIL, TRANSFORMATIONS. THINKING AFTER HEIDEGGER) pg 66-67 TI cds to be held in question here is the sole of eoncepts within she kind of thinking opened up by Heidegger, Thinking that remains om the way moves within an ongoing pla of reveling and concealing eared Sao various levels of the lenguage. Concepts limit and fix the mesning SHS RoleIng TT PIES Tor our consideration, Through this bolding ‘concepts participate in revealing and disclosure, But concep also neces~ sarily serveto mark out a certain closure, In presenting a definitive mean- ing they tnd to halt farther questioning. But if one persists in questioning tnd thinking, this very limitation can also give hints of an overflow of ean thet snot disclosed and that withdraws from supesfcal sinking ‘Concepts in and of themselves are thus not inimical to thinking, “Even ‘whore thinking sin certain gense conceptles... the metaphyseal man- ther of forming ideas isin a certnin respect unavoidable” (oa 12:s10/w1.25)- Itisnot that we need a change i linguistic expression, that we need words that somehow "are not concepts” Rether, whet is called for ise change in how we hear and thik these words, The Ey ere i 0 Keep mind chat ‘Fava tr Foain open to the possibilty ofa transformative experience Sing te go Gong ant Ter Toung functions asain unresolved, Sis Tequites wares of severe pit- ay OF which could deal thinking from its way, shunting it nto the eed end of rigid closure or an wtterly open (but impossible) expanse of pure disclosure, To conceptualize i o grasp. The question under cosig- vation concerns how we are 10 grasp something and yet remain on the ‘vay thinking, We need to grasp things lightly in way thet avai doing ‘Violence to what is being thowght, "Tess potential violence or violation is due tothe way that concept for- Se er aap a eptenaloy Mod "pr eedifonal meraphyetes and epistemology. Modern SInTSsophy experiences beings es objects [eis through and for perception ‘TTril object comes to be ‘sanding egeinst! As Letbni clearly sw, per= (dpere's like an appetite which seks out the particular being and attacks fein otder to grasp it and wholly subsume it under a concept, relating this being’s presence back ta the percipre (repraesentar), Representation representation is defined as the perceptive celf-reprecentation (othe s fs ego) of whet appears” (cA 7: 240/er fo). Le we ote snd things as objects, then the relationship between ingle on: ona arama Tbs Sr the agaressive grasping of conceptualizing, The concept is sTDLGhEd as representing (Imitating, standing for, substituting for) the ‘object that has appeared to the subjet's perception. If this represent isseen a the rigid determination of some realty (“wholly subsumin appesting thing under the concept), it does violence tothe “oj thing iis, which is always more than canbe grasped inthis wey. The over- ow the undiselo apfulness that provakes wonder, questioning, spd thus tit z = n ‘within and farther cementing xgid categories such as subject and obj substance and atsibute, or reality and unreality, we will not take note o the intimation of what withdraws from thinking, and our thinking will Iinelost isp couingte bean themsye POG —Te Heweccer Krink AT: PERMUTATION UTNIF 2006 ‘THE CRITICISM IS MUTUALLY EXCLUSIVE FROM THE AFFIRI (MA TIVE — WE C, TECHNOLOGY WHILE ATTEMPTING TO CHANGE SOCIETY- ONTOLOGY PRECEDES THEIRVULGAR PRAGMATISM. Heidegger and Wisser 1990 (Martin-Professor of Philosophy at the University of Friebumg and Richard- Professor of Philosophy at the University of Mainz, Mattin Heidegger and National Socialism, “Martin Heidegger in Conversation 1969”, Paragon House, p-81-2) Mes 1: Quite different motives have led to modern attempts to rient objectives and “restructure” actual facts on a social and, 30 an interpersonal level. It is clear that much philosophy is at here, for better and for worse, Do you think philosophy has mission? FsemaooEn: Nol One can't speak of a social mission in thet sense!” Fee erer tn queston-we mustfrstesk"Whatissocien”™ Wa, Shave fo consider that today’s society is only modern subjectiliy ‘BRIean Meare has no cap intemal Peat Reston isto what exient we ean speak ofa changeat softy ata The queson of he demand for word change leads bac to Kas) Manes requenDy quoter saiemert from his Thar on Feuerbach. woUlé lke wo quate itexactly and read out ud: “Philosophers bave only interpreted the world dilferenty; ind i swat matters isi Tis followed, itis ovgrlocked-that changing the world Te A air a change Tr Mic conception ofthe worms’ conce Lirof the world can only be won by adequately interpreting the,

&\ ~ S® ‘Heweccer Krink 2nc AT: (CHANGE POLITICS ~ CHANGING OUR RELATION TO BEING. DILLON, PROF. OF POLITICS @ LANCASTER UNIV. 1996. (MICHAEL. POLITICS OF SECURITY: TOWARDS A POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY OF CONTINENTAL THOUGHT. PG. 138- 140) ‘Zs fcr of the dslty of manne tha gies ise othe plcl and “Fe democrat swt tngedy sought o speak thou and prove eda infor ragey was brn wien myth pan ob anand om he ze pat cf view’ Tai why he eset of te pol! sot only something ich mus always aes ik pic tie cone Se Spee Maa ota anes of buna being -carenly labelled “Modernity” — iis aa why that ‘envy ae face wih, and aught movamet af toes BSE Ha, wile fom paltal wag aoe eT “BEETiy means he guesoning of democracy’ stacy mes also ays ‘eamin frm of quedioning whieh contundy recs he pole o mind ‘Siero nals iat orf is ipa eee eae eg Sa ein he SE he Tae oe a ae gon te very denrctons ta coed Te rma wa sowing wes eet was 0 tévcnte and indigo ‘everyman’ rechly case Sed is once fei om the soil hot pci to he fen cy, with lhe sons and ontiction tat appear in thea te advent of aw ad the eonsttton ot Pole iepace ingestion the ld religious and moral ation yes > ‘When he “ero nd the poi e has pubiy brag int queion in Gres age) iti te navel Grn the dene dicot hme et Proiem sand rough he presentation of te tape dma’ Noting es en oman beings cvlsing capaciy an power ist ein te aie But case ‘beagle recnpites Others oe immanent, wel asda ts compeled toad ways of responding fo with apni spec. Ths ste questo ote pata ie fo all se, coventony sult a : Sit ote acre, SS a ane op TTR Simecasofue “hprtvie tot none oe eee Home ait crite aes vuln Gnaitte ae Goatees ates a HESS nova wi be Saseibs oe Coa mT ied pn be aad a ees ot ST wi ‘Boealelg anh ig posto aor ae ETS Tae Biba eden Nether vasa cele nore mtr Sp Taos eras 2 sical tain inthe sumhals onder an intensification of he loge STOR Sek oon es cag aa ; iBrorered (teratonel paical Modernity st the legate of that mutton i, ‘Teel aad mutating — through he raioilisng,technologsing,globaliing” ‘hiv efi oer cpenTGRT RS ESI artily {SPE oes WHEY genet THR beet oe doolton of ie Cian worl in conequence ft Wey Tol at work within pil fashioning a lly ditfereat poles begun“? The aetna Paco Madey mast eres lace cancer ea ge a ‘wit outliving the moder Outliving i tough resling and ffning TOT Finns ts coatnvon loco coe athe Goteiey poh one sypearane sisson and agi i orsinuesaaed rhe) of Maderlvs tshnolosising determinations, Such i «routine and mundane se weil asa monamenta task; though the mandane, for many init, is ofen ise a ‘monamenial achievement. The ned o engage in a contest for de police docs ep lo ari ca seclig Novos Tope sone abe tne fc yetto come from gutof tg pastor vt of the fare, Ialways eredy existe, ts mye iO uz, now for he fur, ‘UTNIF 2006 NO ALTERNATIVE / HEIDEGGER NOT POLITICAL OUR ALTERNATIVE 1S A CRITIQUE OF DEMOCRATIC POLITICS AND ITS METAPHYSICAL FOUNDATIONS WITHIN THE SUBJECT OF POLITICAL CALCULATION IN ORDER TO or Hemeccer Krivik UTNIF 2006 2nc AT: NO ALTERNATIVE / HEIDEGGER NOT POLITICAL ‘HEIDEGGER IS NOT APOLITICAL- RELEASEMENT REQUIRES CONSTANT INTERVENTION THROUGH CRITICISM AND REFUSAL AS A FORM OF RESISTANCE TO TECHNOSTRATEGIC THOUGHT. White, Professor at the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 1990 (Stephen, "Heidegger and the Difficulties of a Postmodern Ethics and Politics", Political Theory, Vol. 18. No. 1, February, JSTOR, p. 83-6) 7 Many entics, however, have remamed deeply suspicious of the practical implications of ths later work, Heidegger i often charged with advocating atmode of “mysticism” tha meely overlays he persistence ofaniidemorratic Seiimens anda “difsereadiness to obey."™ These cries shudder when yk aout te slic mpleauonsenboied n wal Tevez er porteniously das Kommenden, Ton es {ory of being (Setnsgeschichie)." "Such negative judgments have not gone unchallenged. Reimer Schurmann 1m particular has argued that Heidegger's later work provided the basis for a ‘nonauthonttanan, postmodern praxis. A close examination of Schurmann 1s, useful for two reasons. First, he allows one to see why many postmodern thinkers have been attracted to Hexdegger. This elucidation will help situate ‘my discussion of the responsibility to otherness inthe next section. Second, smshowing the flawsin Schurmann’s claims about a Heideggenien orientation to praxis, one learns something m general about the postmodem difficulty with handling the responsibilty to act. ‘Schurmann is aware that his interpretation of Heidegger's later work may not sit entirely comfortably with some of that philosopher's own explicit gudgments about history and politics. From my perspective, Schurmann’s 1s, 2 perfectly legitimate approach, suice what sat ssue are figures of thought ‘and the conceptual options they open or close for postmadem thought. If we ground ourselves in Heidegger's later work, the praca! implications of his tnking leap no view: the play ofa ux m practice, ‘without sablzation and presumably cared tothe pont of a neesant fucwaion m= ‘suuboes, tah onda TAT [Ts] reveal The esanex ol prams exchange epived atpnncpe eel ‘Schurmann characterzes this new approach asGarcine prow) Bat he'also makes clear that what he intends with hus concept 1s not directly related to traditional anarchist political theory, with sts models of new societies without a state. The term here refers to a broader, more radical suggestion about how action mn general must be understood, once we accept Heidegger's arguments that our prevailing thinkang about action condemns ustoa compulsive reiteration of a technologrzing grasping attitude. The frst step toward release from this compulsion isthe abandonment ofthe radi- tignal picture of action as legitimated by some metaphysical arche, some orginal panciple be G04, Halure, POPES; CHEE ggETTeaches Us that we must follow Nietasche in exposing the eonventional character of all such unifying, legitmating, first principles within different historical epochs. Only then will we be forcefully confronted with the realization that “in ts essence, action proves to be an-arcinc."” Heidegger thus hoped to undermine the solid sense of presence, uty and Jegrimacy an epoch rmight seem to derive from ts fundamental pnneaples of ager And ot for Heeger being isnot simply a parade Eggi beng tvampiyapuadeatdcamiatoy, insfoncal orders of presence. Across these discontinuties, Hexdegger found an elemental continuity of presencung: “a force of plurfication snd dissolu- tion” thats always “other” to any order. Erignis, or “appropriating event,” 1S the term he used to refer to this “event-like distributing of presence- absence” out of which any possible order of presence solidifies." The 1n- tention ofall of Fedegger’s later work was to find a way of appropriately attending to this character of being thats, attending ton a way that does G - OS aa ‘Bemeccer Keinik UTNIF 2006 2NC AT: NO ALTERNATIVE / HEIDEGGER NOT POLITICAL white. Continves..- hot remscribe itself within a grasping, technologwzing attitude. He referred to his way as “an other thinking” (ein anderes Denken): a posturing of con- “Ginssiow tha Gonshiuies aun of face-o-faceness with such pesencing” ‘Although Schurmann does not make this pomt, I will argue Tater that. this peculiar posture of face-to-faceness 1s one of the thin es Heidegger's comprehension of the responsibiliy o olherfess so powerful. ‘And itis the Tack of such a dimension in much of contemporary French ‘thinking that lim the horvzon of sts comprehension. From the constellation of concepts associated with Erergnts and “other thinking,” Schurmann wantsto extract a sketch of a“plural” or “postmodern” mentation. Such an onentation would celebrate the utterly plural, unstable, rmotile, and unhierarchical character of being as presencing.® The Keys to ‘understanding what this would mean are Heidegger's distinctive notions of acon and the political. Both ere intended 10 sensitize us m ways that undermine a technologizing attitude, since out of such ar attitude there can only emerge forms of ethies and politics which solidify new orders of presence: new projects, practices, and snsttutions that draw their legiummacy from some solid ground of principles. Toachieve this goal, Hendegger sought concepts of action and the political that are “broader” than usual.” Heidegger thought of the political domain as an opening or site m which «swords, Unngs and Geos come Wne-s GENATE Morice] arrangement,” and thereby constitute a “world.” Its at this most basic level that the modem palitical “world” —the “world” ynderiying a and institutions — 1s today coming mio question, 2s postmodern thinkers have ‘een saying, And itis only on the Basis ofa postmodern rearrangement of ‘words, things, and deeds that an “other politics” —1n the narrower sense of specific public practices and institutions — can anse.” The distinctiveness of this new politics, m both its broader and narrower senses, arises from a new ‘way of understanding action Heidegger spoke of a mode of relating to being that he called Gelassenhett,“releasement” or “Ieiting be.” He offered this as the proper ‘way of responding (Entsprechen) to the character of bemg as presencing. {Usa postunng of ourselves that leases fram ihe compulsive reiteration of a technologizing orientation and that complies with the plural, unstable, ‘ote, and unhserarchical character of beg,” Heidegger thought oF Ths ‘Bosture as overcoming the normal way of dichotomizing activity and passiv- ity, Itas am this sense that releasing/complying was intended as a “broader concept” of action than the one dommating Wester thought since Aristotle. ‘This later, “restricted concept” has always envisioned action as bemg guided ‘by reason (in the sense that reason represents a goal for it), and sustained by the will, For Heidegger, this narrow, essentially teleacratic conception of ‘Anistotl 1s already on its way toward a technologizing attitude, within which action 1s dentified with the production of effects guided by strategic reason. ‘Teleocratic action 1s thus part of the “essence of technology” which today ‘bear its npe fru: technological society and technocratic politis.* ‘The other general mntention that Heidegger embedded 1n the notion of Gelassenheitisthe theme of mortality or fimtude that was always so essential y ‘Hemeccrr Krink UTNIF 2006 2NC AT: NO ALTERNATIVE / HEIDEGGER NOT POLITICAL White Continves. - tohnswork A technologaangatatude sone tha fee an finite geo graspandrender convollble Releasoment means euniee “Sp oF ths delooy of fides and comblane ood line neatngourelves to et hngs nthe world appear to usin ways that do not Sigly size them upas poeta sanding reserve Toroorprowcsandspotoae of aoe em ere or ourproeeeandaySEMS "Beyond these general intentions associated withthe concept of Gelastenten, Herdegger di ite to cai what sucha reorentatin ine plied, Schurmann's boldest interpretations come With his linking of Gelassnat fo The-novoroFa eter politics” Fi of al, he mrp oe broad sense indicated earlier), ‘This potcalcharacer is twofold The oe ene has to do with tepes of releasement from a technologiang atte, Her, Gelasenher weald wire us to untervene in and deflate the unlimited urge behind our teleocratic, {estnocate digestion ver wonde ieee salt Sit of Glassenter would sam tobe sppopnately realized nthe sone ot deconsuctive and geneologialstrateges recommended by contemporary Posimodemists ike Demdn and Foucault. Here, there wa rafal be & face-to-face participant in the discourse of modernity. The point 1s not to Improve our modern conversations but rather to introduce dissonance 1nt0 ‘hem by means of an impertinent stance, a slapping of faces as it were * Tn thisway, we begin to release ourselves and others from the hold of the modem oliucal “world.” er things become more ob- scure. From my perspective, it 1s here that one gets the most interesting hints about how to infuse ethics and politics with the spint of postmodern. ‘Schurmann also thinks so, but I want to show that hs strategy for developing these hints fails. Moreover, his problems here are not unique. They illustrate the difficulties that many postmodern thinkers seem to have when they tun from the strategy of impertinence and try to envision what postmodem ethical and political life might look like.” ‘The second side of Gelassenhew — compliance, and letting be— refers not to an oblique posture toward our technologizing attitude, but rather to a face-to-face posture toward the character of being as presencing, One allows things to-c ' essing them t0 our perspectives and purposes. In this reframing, we comply yath or “do lustice to” being as well sour ow 2 of learning to relax (ur desperate drive to infinitely better knowled; nd security> 4 HEWEGGER KRITIK UTNIF 2006 2NC AT: NO ALTERNATIVE / HEIDEGGER NOT POLITICAL ‘OUR ALTERNATIVE 1S NOT AFRAID OF ACTION- RATHER IT IS THE ONLY STANCE THAT AVOIDS THE VIOLENT AND VULGAR WILL TO ACT LITTERED THROUGHOUT THE 2AC. DALLMAYR, PROFESSOR OF INTERNATIONAL LAW AND GOVERNMENT NOTRE DAME, 1993, (FRED, THE OTHER HEIDEGGER, PG. 99-101) ‘Considered in its socia-hstorical cOmtext, Heidegger's Beirige seems een ecole Wiisen ae the tine of atonal “thay he wa Sg» ome ng ne sop ation, lege hel sen reese diferent mood or tetare ofthe work, where mood isnot a ae are moat o ind er neo! ing kina esa ty), nthe opening chp ofthe boo, ied “Pre ‘ew dh omens egy ain eon th be oe Sos ei rege ch ease herouilwor “mehr Legon Sh he ea se gy getune leaf agit eacher duc er ite Roofer lung i meh emetic ante ona Gnanen, “eve nally reece feo enter (aim ted reac (eecia ws comet erent wonder maig te inepion ct Gok plwphyrt stan fe the peregrine te ey tert te te in ta op ee haat ear le quet compre heer af shee eer ‘alae ofa cr vein ae obs thdaa roe sens). Reeve sil fo form te pe ate soane a {Sms wih so mh sneer hinges ‘ihgte' in whmever deta bppersrccan jester the mode ofebsens or withdrawal). Premesiton, sure, opens the teu othe dineson of daderueaed ometient oh pepe cucol ngs dental oreshuppensy nie oeaeeoay icc (reer Once wg esa ores ffl eelte ad ge pas hon ee Eanckien GREE er ee SpecPanpagmend. Viewed jancy, eon seen hea ‘aed —bot ply scene th crcl kyr al es ity sss hepa rng of ak "Ae readily be sen he bse mand of he Bene ef fim dumphant exuberance; aie oe ti eeuscrbing te pond Sana Hancecvon anv erg lel avae ‘Sfaisicongrance Ashes: sabe fh oak palo ‘oibemisundertanding thas has tenor Sone afeaweciomeatoee ‘ap sed, wold e the Mest mene ta sy eos a ‘ured, the book parses enare twas new and liffernt begining ofhuranthooght snd price hare saan to bea gene eae sede ofhiman i, Heider wre Ginepri ie oed ce Stooand yeer?, then thie can happen only a the hiéden history of sheet sles pees tame coe Thus heads hegre idines min Steeors TTS sake ofthe earth—a stillness which aries from silence which, in tar, proceeds from reticence.” The opening chapter exacerbates the book's “untimely” character by portraying German contemporaries di Meats £2) 38 hopelessly myopic and misguided, These eontemperaics, We ‘ead, remain excluded from the genuine path of thought; they "ice refuge in ‘trendy’ doctrines and merely supply the steple of tional school philosophy with hitherto unkown decor by dressing itup in the aantle of ‘politic? and ‘recism.” By contrast, Heideggers ingui ‘moved by a single or singular question the ook one eer Eg ht Sry wearer Te quested tay iy wendy th character. as sti" Heweccer Kririk UTNIF 2006 2nc AT: NO ALTERNATIVE / HEIDEGGER NOT POLITICAL RELEASEMENT THROUGH VOTING NEG IS NOT GIVING UP: IT IS A RADICAL REFUSAL THAT DECENTERES: ‘THE AFFIRMATIVE’S VIOLENT WILL TO ACT. DALLMAYR, PROFESSOR OF INTERNATIONAL LAW AND GOVERNMENT AT NOTRE DAME, 1993, (FRED, “THE OTHER HEIDEGGER”, P. 58-59) [Fnepels snnoeono eee nabs ae an rma ge ep my subsequent discussions. Ar this pone Tsay note 7 implications for social and politieal agency, constrved traditionally as individual or (group ecivity, Paraphrased as being-n-the-world or as engagement in being, Heidegper's notion of Dai challenges or decemters the custom sry foci of action te L cate intentionality (a oeusparticalarly prominent in Weberian sociology) instead, che acent jsshifedroonta i riksdatleet sarah >This [hi one should nate, does noe cane aeton i rexponsbliry, bute does highligh the complex The confines of purponve goal atinment Poins pang ine ecclon he direction bf a released or non- ‘tached mode of activi, are contained in « disiogue Heidegger ap- pended to his essay GolasnbelsReleasemneot) of 1955. According tothe ialoge,elewement es wilingnes of Daa bese gpg in + Sonaiacangresny man will power, hitg. i Delgo the hapoes- Se a Cama te pseu eae Be or ki te aoe dog anes Ta a spptysal ns eleaied engage rig “outide de din ee ata tes ge ar a mises “Slowing eizalong” In aling about Taras, Heidegger comment, the impression can easly be crested herent hots nae STO aa Sa oe ‘Gabtig: does ftey Maine imple “opae seepance of Heyiiia ad bavkaly aden ofthewiltolive” Thirenpresnon Seperate peal ries of eleared ene™ ‘ment, whi remains distant from instromental pursuits or ideological ee Pet-7 ‘Heweccer Kainik UTNIF 2006 2NC AT: NO ALTERNATIVE / HEIDEGGER NOT POLITICAL AND HEIDEGGER’S THOUGHT IS ABSOLUTELY VITAL IN DEBATE- WE NEED TO TAKE HIS CRITICISM INTO ACCOUNT TO UNDERSTAND AND CHALLENGE PLANETARY POLITICS OF STANDING-RESERVE, DALLMAYR, PROFESSOR OF INTERNATIONAL LAW AND GOVERNMENT AT NOTRE DAME, 1993 (Fre, “THe GrHeR HEIDEGGER” 7.76), Ze reference to Rasen claret the form ofthe fren and he Sound of the snd lads nwa dtncon mae ethe bogie ning ofthese pages—the dition benvean poles end te poles, ‘ArT have wit to show, Heidegger's conibuions opal though reside basal on he padi eg tele af resessnan Vise mea bees Ue asta ‘sive, Thre gg, atthe bearing afs ioe se oR ‘Eb Wy, is ces leans pnipmsctocion Frtsan poles or dsgns-Dierenly pot, plies as rmework or "petal ees ce eT (rng snd soning of presence snd uence, at on he peo ‘Salem of ie een ead oe ig To ee hcl segs ens ‘in tlens poly setesnean appli Heep Wiel — Hubs recone when he wines The elgmate ae logue wt he Eat whch Heeger refer ans planned ad npn, What we may have eam bone ali Ga, rene ‘ellingnes to wait is fuwse"Sal ee, [st inc menp Tacs) ee ego le al ‘usr emda liaenlades Kee oe a a aot ee ee (Saat oor ar gerber ore ee aaa idgger Renee aate "Te Tari ge pl eilsn u tovre, bree see bana wall og er cohol Heweccer Kem UTNIF 2006 2NnC AT: NO ALTERNATIVE / HEIDEGGER NOT POLITICAL "THE ALTERNATIVE DOES NOT AFFIRM UNDECIDABILITY OR INACTION- RATHER IT QUESTIONS THE GLOBAL VIOLENCE IMPLICIT IN CLAIMS FOR MORAL OR UTILITARNA INTERVENTION. DALLMAYR, PROFESSOR OF INTERNATIONAL LAW AND GOVERNMENT AT NOTRE DANE, 1993 (FreD, "THE OTHER HEIDEGGER”, P. 125-129) ‘The writings discussed above clearly. have manifold implications for tts wellas fr so and page ea torte te srs pie dena ot ace Ne sg pert log rhc ne oe tes wrap ea Eeread tan indictment of Nasism ote extent tht the eter ive ac sninpstl Goninon be world oacdonacalaopaleentae A presented inthe “Anakimander Fragmeit,"juncture and hemes uations ereatines tia ohen betndt and tehen serene 7 San a Set on inet Se ere RaSi nr ace prom of disuneture and injustice os wells ofsurdarons rel Pet ie ae tion of rte laser ved nov mary se pooner ieee) bors ar ele presen, st bec apne moose Sig Api’ Ley Rei ins rvene arenes es lnc of aah snalaged Si ese aT SE tenavdad presse yon ie pene, tur id inusee pegs tend he Seed Na SS eee secvzn Wes end non Wes (rbawean Nord and So) ee he TT re i Sate ed ee eee lniear iene ae Si fe sa aio ee Heaps easier skates poi onoig Somes thon ta wearer hel Indael ploy. cme gts trgraund Tees Kista moun tad tocar ee ees feng ‘ice sepa uo ener poll toon he does ovesponds ugly wt ewe tas and cman In mpage sen they the ean eonely apraned cpa iy hc an ealogy seas ey, Heoclunl Ae rake mace univer pana tag lring ey rex ego, te eal kor of ae rout lated conten Inthe anc of onl pa a he sit epon fand si ue asin tn heen exernes,cxsa topes be tampa ieee sin prc conac eas ised on the cancellation of teleology and ontology, how can deontological ‘simp loo "nie on herald Goce Fan a nea Ree any {inlietng te naphy el pumps fags een oer, Stl Gadullog Alin) ee peel ont snare onto of suiunes) sherk cach cent hcg tego te paperSaceandsuan it nee Cosel atest nigral conduct; right action here means a¢ 2s Euan antares tata pple ee a agency in which role performance is stristy tailored tothe etcent ‘neaiging of the overall sytem (whic, no dopbt, ea carcatore of ‘ins eies. The eral arper neglected by fonctonlism and sab- ‘Stantveetie i the dimension of freedpri—ontelogcally speaking, the Ecrclation of sing and nonbeing. By anchoring his argument inthis ~ orion, Heidegger intimate ¢postmet=physies that bypasses the form-substance, norm-experience dichotomies. Moreover, in linking jason closely with Seng, ie perspective bridges che gulf berween Fightnes and goodness, berween usc and “the gad ies" ‘Stlrin the drain of eth theory, che wrsngs reviewed here.ere sible to courier misconceptions that equently beleaguer Heidegger’ ‘work, One such misconception, irguered chiefly by passages in Being end “Tine, olds taf Heidegger's though SSonsors at best a minimalist and rnoneogntvst ete, more speeellys moral decstonam grounded in Fey oe Thay Desi ine ee belly cess ee ewer authentic and inauthentic modes oflife—untess choice is aban- doned in favor of inscrutable dispensation of destiny (offered as tranalae tion for Gakic * Heidegge’ lerares on Schelling should dispel this decsionist reading, given the emphasis there on em, or inclination, os ‘ontological mentors of etbical conduct (grounded in Senge). To the festent that such conduct does involve desision,ehe lecrresexplcily ‘iferenite that element from both sher willfulness and faalism: "Pure ‘bitrsiness fs 0 suply-a osistionl basis for decision: external Sempalsion,on the other hand, doesnot furaich «motivation Tor = Ep cuIMETIg O Grecingderoniom he same Iecores also ake xeon tole courte, tat of ehicaLontaaga indoor ‘Satay Tense Ttaper doe not present jie SET dijuncture, or good and ell sr smplyskerncver beeen tick one might mits estnce of etal of indcton. Dee be Jens cannot in acl ferent bu ne ex Fo inde Sion This ent roses agin poved by inclination end, more mpotnt, ty conan preponderance or weight bull ino Seige’ er pt "Shply the negation of poder barter the ane pretence of go eam an nonbeing i the abe presence of tong. To sepa © revi cited pane, "Love's wl les procedence over the Wil of ‘he ounty and this prendence and eee dsdesnesr—hat the lone of being for being the inermost cor of abso eeSom. “viously both des sonimendundeiaiy are sometimes ended culty jn veo of pxestucturaion In seeking dial founda Tulse memphis, port stracralst write osstonally rift no ova land where being and nonbing, ground ard ay (wel a food an rl) ype sdcaly echengesbe-nles preference aay given to yes ovr ground (oro anarchy over arb. Th, Der rometines spas of the echangebiy or undeciabilty of ‘meaphyscl and ntlogial cxtgories, indudng the diensiens of lore end conomlment, presse td abence, Exchange HEDEGGER KRITIK ‘UTNIF 2006 2NC AT: NO ALTERNATIVE / HEIDEGGER NOT POLITICAL Dalimaye Cantinves. -- however, signals sameness or indiference—which neglects precisely the differentiation or differentiated correlation ofthese dimensions, Ar ie happens, differentiation is at the sume time the hallmark of pose structralism (and deconstroetionism, where i often signe os sy ‘onymavs with decision, straggle, or incommensursbility. Under the influence of a radical Nietascemism (areeging will © power), post- _tructuralste sometimes portray homan relations entirely under the nepit. (of eanfice and ran—to the poine of canceling junexires or common onde in an effort to exorcise totality, system, and homogeneity, these ‘theorists sometimes end up celebrating parccalarism and atomistic dic- pers, Heidegger likevise exalsdiference—butadiference thats not {quivalent to antithesis or mutual negation; while bypassing system or ‘dentty, he porays strugae as recipracl entwinement. To quote again from the Schelling eenares: “According othe old saying of Heracles, _sruggie the basi principle nd moving force of being. But the greatest sxruggleislove—which provokes the derpertcontes precisely inorder to Iheand display itelfin it reconciliation =" ©” Reruming to politica connotations, Heidegger’ writings are far from _gboTucistiy ae ie-cesgcemmiy ruidesideiiy, although they ae los ‘aT parieansip, “The closing paragraphs of the "Anaximander Frag- ‘nee insert the discussion of justice and injustice squarely ino the present global content, whichis marked by the readily intensified strug ale for planetary dominion. The entre thrust of the esay is directed toward finding sntiotes to this scenario and henee esourees or another beginning. The distant seying of Anevimander, Heidegger observes, ‘becomes accessible only if we ponder the dijointedness (Wir) ofthe present age, Wherein does this disjunctare const “Humane,” Heideg ger responds, ‘are on the verge of leaping onto the Enis ea $tmospiee inorder to hares for Themselves the power : {Siar Or energy aT To MRC AMT TTT to the managerial ian of world government.” What is lost in thie relless move ward [cio Seige willing oars leaner bears bee ender oe sera wes oe ang Re a wel a Fate and Deg tallans apa, he sate, "ape sy or acknowledge sph Sar i—io sy ww men aang. Rather i aig Sera tess, tet eel depend {ie brsceting of instrumental production Sut GPTeNaTNeS TOTES Eantcaor my, ra piospital ed acter peal EERE fie n is charge mens tn om oblion te ‘ernest ig, we tents etude prt re Gn). As Hedger eocuces, papain Holst ous en seo! danger ot Eager me gengy, hen “oing oelf hes al sang in wit tro tng cbt the oon hd Somes SNE GS Hemeccer Krivik A/T: HEIDEGGER = NAZI ‘UTNIF 2006 ATTEMPS TO DELEGITIMIZE HEIDEGGER SHELTER NEO-IMPERIALISM, COLONIALISM AND INTERNATIONAL ‘VIOLENCE FROM THE MOST POWERFUL MEANS OF CRITICAL AND POLITICAL RESISTANCE SPANOS, PROFESSOR OF ENGLISH AT SUNY BINGHAMTON, 1993 [WiL14M V., HEIDEGGER AND CRITICISM, P.9-10) (Could i nat be suid of Heidegger's humanist etic that their mono {fife indictment of his “uthoritarian” ontological and sociopolitical to fallow the leader blindly constitutes an idelogicl strategy finaly in tended to obscure pei wht the sustained postnumanist interrogation ‘of the sovereign rubject has disclosed: that their invocation of “the futonomovs individ” “free choice,” “disinterestednes,” “dhe rights ff Man,” and "Wester democracy” is ise an ontologies! and soci polities! ("politically cores") appeal eo follow the authoritarian imper- itive of "2 center elsewhere" 2 hidden essentialist imaginary? “By |nymanism,” Michel Foucault says, echoing Heidegger, [mean the totality of discourse dhrough which Western man is rold: “Even though you don't exerie power, you can stl be a ale. Better yet, she more you deny yourself the exercise of power, he ‘more you submit to those in power, chen the more this increases {your sovereigney” Humanism invented 2 whole series of subjected {overcignties the soul (ruling the body, but subjected to God), ‘onscioemnets (sovereign in 3 context of judgment, but subjected to the necessities of tuth, the individual tule control of personal rights subjected tothe laws of nature snd society), basic freedom (sovereign wishin, but acepting the demands ofan outside world 4nd “aligned with destiny”). In short, humanism is everything in ‘Western civilization that restrict the dese for power i proibits the deste for power and excludes the possibility of power being sized, ‘The theory ofthe subject (in the double sense of the word) ss at the heart oflivmanism and this s why our culeore has tengcously rejected anything that could weaken its hold upon us." Indeed, it could be argued that the recently renewed effort to delegitimize Heidegger's (a8 wel ar Pavl de Mans) antihumanist” discourse is i= pleted in the present massive mulsitvated effort to Tecuperte the Euthority humanism lost in the Viemam decade, when, in the lace ofthe ‘overt complicity ofthe insti font of knowledge production (especially the university) the conduc f the tates colonial war agains he Vie rmmere people the sendents and ge segment ofthe Amedcan pubic {efised ter spontancos eontent ts Gsarive prindples, could be ‘sid, father, that this effort dicredit Hedegger'sanlinanist di ouise and that ofthe postumanns 3 enabled alles isl with that interpretton of the events of 1969 Cena and Ester Europe that feprosent them inthe lob Tens ofthe Cold War narative: the “al ‘of commonim" of, altemaivy the “erumph of democracy” Bk not possible to ead he moundng epaua to dexgiimte Heaepges m= Kerrogavon of humanism arth closute at te site of ontology of the dominant cutue' efet to anil the only eid iscourse thats this Istria conjunctre, is expabe of resisting the planetary hegemony of the United St men he pein that no” mak isl in the langage ofthe Pax Ameria: the “end of history” and she “coming ofthe new world arden" P10 \ He's agod man? cz HEWEGCER KRINIK A/T: HEIDEGGER = NAZI UTNIF 2006 THE MOVE TO DISMISS HEIDEGGER FOR HIS NAZISM ROBS HIS THOUGHT OF ITS CRITICAL POTENTIAL AND RECUPERATES A CONCERN FOR DESTRUCTIVE HUMANISM ‘SPANOS, PROFESSOR OF ENGLISH AT SUNY BINGHAMTON, 1993 [WILLIAM V., HEIDEGGER AND CRITICISM," P.5-6] his is not to say that thie book is intended (lke the prevaicat ing responses of orthodox Heideggerians provoked by Heidegger et le zion) to exonerate Heidegger's politcal practice during the period of the rectorship (April 1933-February 1934) and his notorious silence in the post-World War Il petiod about the Nanis' Final Solution for the Jews. It mast be acknowledged (as my last essay here clearly doss) chat Heidegger's historically specific acts, including his flor “to pronounce the name ofthe Jews," are culpable, Iwant to suggest that (1) Heideg- e's philosophical texts as such, from Being and Tine tothe late essays Entarrogating the hegemony of Tedhik (ielading the notorious "Rec torate Address"), resist any simple idenieation with historical Nazism sand Nazi practices; that they exceed the essentially reactionary politcal purposes ateributed to them by his "ibera” humanist detractors, (2) this ‘Smplisie idemtfeation constitutes an ideological strategy, the wkimate porpote of which isto crcomvent the responsibility of thinking th ‘excest precisely that epochal “antihumanist” thrust i Heidegger's dis fourse Which has exposed the will © power informing the "disinter csxted" problematic of the humanist sebjecy and () this negative or "destructive" gestare, whatever ts Timits, has gone far to enable the con- temporary emancipatory discursive practices of what traditional human fsts, conservative and liberal alike, have pejratvely called “theory ‘What is at stake in my intervention in the debate is not Heidegger the histrially specie man, nor finally et Heideggers thought es suc, It rather the discourses and practices, variously called "posstucturlist sstmoder,” or “posthumanis,” enabled of estalyéed by Heidegger's interrogation of the amhropologos. I mean by this the discourses and practices that, in, demystifying the “sovereign subjeal™ and the "trth™ of “disinterested” ingity, ia demonstrating the eomplishy between trth {end beauty) and power, hve precipifated in our time the emergeice of | multiplicity of resiseant “others” hitherto spoken for——which ito say “colosized"—by the privileged concept of "Man" 5c, } He's a god, man! Heweccer Keim UTNIF 2006 2NC AT: HEIDEGGER WAS A NAZI HEIDEGGER WAS VEHEMENTLY AGAINST THE ATROCITIES COMMITED BY THE NAZI PARTY- HE VIEWED THE ATTEMPT AT WORLD DOMINATION AS A DISASTRIOUS PERVERSION OF THE GOAL OF THE NAZI PARTY AND INTENSELY OPPOSED THE BIOLOGISM THAT STOOD BEHIND NAZI RACISM. ATTEMPTS TO DISCREDIT HEIDEGGER BECAUSE OF HIS AFFILIATION WITH THE NAZI PARTY ARE SIMPLY EFFORTS TO REWRITE HISTORY TO FAVOR THE SIDE OF THE VICTORS. POGGLER, DIRECTOR OF THE HEGEL ARCHIVE AT THE RUBR UNIVERSITY IN BOCHUM, 1988 (OrTo, “HemEGGER’s POLITICAL SELF-UNDERSTANDING”, THE HEIDEGGER CONTROVERSY, ED. WOLIN) lever once opted for Hier or Stalin snd thus did noe stand on the de of the victors eabjec tos eurse which cll him to care inthe ful of others. Forty years afer ce war & memoria forthe victims of, [Karyn was erected in Warsaw. Tt was to diplay what the Soviet pros cvtors at the Nuremberg tale aleady wanted to have accepted at “oth” vi, that Polish officers had been mardered by tbe Germans. COniside ofa few individuals, who would have shown any iterest in caihing-the macer? The newspapers did-repore demensratons in fiont ofthe memoria nelading a Benner: “Trath will prevail.” A glance at history, howere, eaves doubte whether sch hopes are justified. Time land again the vietovs have enforced their “trath” and have aken from the vanguthed even this great hstorial moments and appropriated them (as for example ce Romans id with the Enuscans).A philosopher of history lke Hegel even went so far as to memorialize the defeated ‘with the aim that they met have had no wosl-hstosical git. On the bother hand, ee no wonder if c sounds Like “invelved in aerime” when in Ammesie one asked, “So, you ae invobred in Heidegger roc?” In Heidegger's leemre couse of tammer 1935 one reads the iniffer- ent statement thet “in spite of fome housecleaning [Sduberong]” the Condition ofthe Univesity semaine unchanged (meaning iis stil bad). Inthe summer 2942 lene courte Heidegger comments on America’s “entry” into the planeary war asthe “last Amecian act of American historlessnes and selédeveration.” Heidegger speaks of America's en- try into the war ee though Japan ad not atacked Peel arbor and as ‘Bough Inly and Germany had not then declared war on America. He appesis to the “hidden spirit of the orignary (Anfinglcber) in the “Wests” which does not bother "even to look in disdain a this self evattation of thor without origin," bus waits “inthe sting release- ‘ment (Gelaseenbei] of the oigoary for ts sesing hou." HOldelin and the Sophocles of Antigone ate esd to indieate what is osiginary. One ‘an imagine how these uterence reread by someane wh was a vitim ofthe aforementioned “hovte-deaning” ar who, when alas allowed to ‘emigyace, could take only ten marks and had tobe glad if some American sid organization together with his or her own labor—incleding scrub ‘work for women, newspaper delivery for children—belped keep body {nd soul together, Virwally none of those 0 whom the statue at the ‘entry to the port of Menattan was genuinely a greeting of freedom repatiated tothe country of Halden, she country which had eaimes Sophocles as its vin Is there any kind of bridge from these experiences to the words of Heidegger? ‘Te go on living human beingé must also forget, and so they will ways be touching up the image of the pas. til is eikng that afer 12945 no one seeined ta have done and tidal the ching which never Jess had been dane and said. Thus i coald be dismissed as an innocent cor that Heidegger lke so many others, had sen the posibiity of an ‘awakening inthe 1935 eizareof power which had fly broken through the crippling curse of mere tactical crisis management during the party ‘arouse! charade of the Weimar Republic. Nor was it any longer sup- posed to be true that Hie'sso~lled peace address of May 17, 1933, [whieh Heidegger saw hinset confirmed in his choice, had been some: thing new designed for English and American ears: «turn toward the Tine Wilson once advoctted the voicngs of « humane Avstian in de- ‘ested Prassan Besin, Such thingy cosid no longer be disussed, for the Red Army bad csptured exremnination camps such es Midanel and ‘Asschwitzand had exposed thei machinery tothe world. By the end of the wat the residents of Goethe's Weimar had been led to Buchenwald {ove with thelr own eyes what hed taken place. No one could or would Fdentfyhimslé with the onetoue and tersfying things which now lay ‘open to the light of day. (Ofcourse it could be “goc” of hie politics i his programmatic book, anyone had reed this book. References to is V O41 0 to Heweccer Krink 2NC AT: HEIDEGGER WAS A NAZI ‘UINIF 2006 REGARDLESS OF HEIDEGGER’S POLITICAL CHOICES, HIS PHILOSOPHY IS CONSISTENTLY OPPOSED TO POPULAR AND POLITICAL NATIONALISM. DALLMAYR, PROFESSOR OF INTERNATIONAL LAW AND GOVERNMENT AT NOTRE DAME, 1993. (FRED, “THE OTHER HeIDecceR” P.97) Left's ava nga conlson inves att ng ccoeltonnvies fer ng. What i tele ofmeuphys ine tine af pertmayace a oo ees ‘Sreresennion nd mbalonit wnde secu deere ates Thetumioe dhe mater mare cay Teresa on nh, move mays serge and cen lous oe powers ee ven Helge’ pla potion onde ees eee a oninghpolic In igh otis eteand ween ace ‘Seriony my more sdoedly nortan a cena doe Ste lig, Tre i, hal he recrd ef Weegee cae sie reson cing arc he meen ‘Rooone t a quesion abou the appropriate reine for our age. Yt, “Tough dserbing thie esponse igh eoncivably have sien fom sesiekistn of ema sth popler sovereignty hats with be ad at eatecive deny render duos in oor postmesphysi tn). 7 : : Fee damaging end problematic te some of Heidegger's pronounce. nents hegennge the Nex em, prosounemens heended irondone swine popllsm and te prey reps exling the "People as One as one withthe paryand leader, Such steers wre nt rosie to mnscademie fond loosely phrased) spesces They lo sured in Fogger recor adres of 1933, “The Sel ‘Rekon of th German Universi” n which he aborted “he peopl BES Rebare eo onl emrgence trough te seres fbr, alc {ny eutng, nd luring Wat ocouages me proceed, fal Jes, is the belief that populist nationalism of this kind had already suflered shipwreck in Heidegger's thought by 1934 (the time of bis resignation from the recorae)ya shipwreck chat in large measure under {rded his cxlebrated Asie soen a8 bots a philosophical and « politica {urning, My conviction i predicated on mameron leerures and textes tating from the Nazi petiod, For purposes of illustration, [focus hereon shy heme ako ae +) HEWEGGERKRITIK UTNIF 2006 2nC AT: HEIDEGGER WAS A NAZI WHILE HEIDEGGER’S THOUGHT DOES NOT OFFER SECURE CONCLUSIONS, THAT’S ‘WHAT MAKES IT SO VALUABLE. WE MUST CONTINUE TO USE HIS THOUGHTS IN ORDER ‘TO FIND DIFFERENT POLITICAL POSSIBILITIES. DILLON, PROF. OF POLITICS @ LANCASTER UNIV. 1996. (MICHAEL. POLITICS OF SECURITY: TOWARDS A POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY OF CONTINENTAL THOUGHT. PG. 10- 1) gas ong slo teatro, i eens ta Rofo snare a SaTTeon why one ns to tavene wih exten ene gh RE ‘sometla aan ascain o os wi a e ts page fd tt Teg sso pail al ‘nay anqier inc is tena ote me oF pl usc eo nanan aslo, you eed wk ae EE [SpE ne Atl evr ego wet Teter opel ard ehiely~ to nk hort Wher ttere dving teen Fag ough IMepaST ERT accom’ omen ere ek athe, 1 yang as ot anpision of be guano he chia! which I in in Derrida and Levinas wo thinkers deeply Snfvenced by, Tryalio profoundly at odds wih, Heigeggetsy t= 17 WECAN’T ABANDON HEIDEGGER. FORGETTING HIS PHILOSOPHICAL IMPORTANCE ‘CEDES THE LEFT 70 A SIMPLE FORM OF INEFFECTIVE MARXISM AND FORECLOSES THE IMPORTANT QUESTIONS SURROUNDING HIS TURN FROM NAZISM TO BIS QUESTION ‘CONCERNING TECHNOLOGY. LACOUE:LABARTHE, PROF. OF PHILOSOPHY @ THE UNIV. OF STRAUSBERG, 1990, (PHILLIP. HEIDEGGER, ART AND POLITICS: THE FICTION OF THE POLITICAL. PG. 115- 116) * 2. in spit of ll his ‘nostalgic’ or even genuinely ‘reacuonary weaknesses, for which his protestations of non-hostlity towards (modern) technology do not really compensate, Heidegger ren pened philosophically, ithe wake of Nictache and Romande Se qUSTOnS WIE the Marae gee as gexaled in Barope Ce er see Serd e yors oft 2 {asda condcbas eget Gripe obsolue, but which we tan today sre to be Hevenable the are he questa genset age, is vacdly super erin the ave coated to the to wre must noe sbandon thst ques nano valet (noth oF eo hat at sage Soe hs sateen arene eve No reste the Em ope of Rati or ofthe Enlightenment and wea : Fay nesied to Be cnrvoyant to ak oneself beeen 1956 tnd 1968 whetoer Mary or Nctsahe had been igo» Hie trove than shamed years before, abou the future ofthe world, One har fr equa cue for concern, since Ben, a sein Mars ~ sed inthe intern to jsfyeny and every kindof thed-vordiem ~ quite simply “dropped (without examination, td, at they su), without a second Chough, av me when te tbalyis ofthe “commediy-fora’, ~ now the only form i on “wool Ue" 9B He's a god, mant Heweccer Kririk UTNIF 2006 A/T: POMOo BAD ‘THE “POST” OF POST-MODERNISM CALLS US TO PUSH THE LIMITS OF THE POLITICAL AND OPENS US TO THE ARRIVAL OF NON-CALCULATIVE MODES OF GOVERNANCE DILLON, UNIVERSITY OF LANCASTER, 1999 [MICHAEL, “ANOTHER JusTICE,” PoLiTicaL THEORY VOL. 27, No.2, APRIL, P. 169-170] “The human traverses the lapse of Time: itis an-archic, Thatlapseisaspac- 4 {ng tha prevents everything having happened. Itis also what prevents every- « a thing ever happening at once. Thal is why, and how, the integral and irrecov- ) ‘erable heteronomous past is bequeathed to a future that is different. Such a time isthe occasion of a continuously open possibility that has nevertheless always assumed some specific historical form. Only through the lapse of time, therefore, does the human have space to stand out. Only through that, same shortcoming does the human also stand in receipt ofthe call of another has to make good. Since there is no power to make good the lapse: jowever, the huiniad encounters another Justice that will never have yet been remembered or satisfied; itis always to come. Hence, there alwaysis, and will always have been, justice to be done, One will nonetheless fave Connuouay fo stand up for as wel as within the lapse of Time, how ever, because there will always be those “law makers” who think that they have already made up its continuous shortfall. “Within such Time, amanifesting of ts manifesting, human beings chel- lenged to assumeiis being and compose itself somehow within andtowardits “~~ a ee ast always onthe way from g from birth odeath—inspired by con’ | \mporary continental thought. ‘Post, n other words, signalsnotonly stage ina sequence, asystem of distribution, and/or threshold, uta acall. The ‘Time oF Tustice is consequently what is at issue ina ‘post palitcs’ defined by Ee create arate fing the limit self. 0st of the political —which is to say its advent—is the call of another ‘hile continuously issuing into the ces of the onal regimes of government and rule, ee, ing of another Justice (more a tracing ofits imprint) is that other taking place ‘of Time. It haunts continental thought in diverse forms from Kierkegaard and Heidegger through toDerrida and Levinas. Following them, butexpressedin ‘my own terms, Time's taking place is thus a topos of encounter whose oces- sions the human. Taking place, noted to plac, i therefore How POTTS and democracy now begin to be thought inthis thought. Here, 100, To human is f be addressed and claimed by the call ofa istice that continu- ‘ously exceeds those that are offered in normal distributive models.” ‘Without such a call, there would bene such thing as acrisis of conscience, But a crisis of conscience, too, occurs. While normal justice is the setting in iho so heaven of what oes otc usally prsipites it, As the epistemic self-possession of Jeulation is, however, awaiting a number andthe phon ituoat of ajurideal tradition is always missing « beat, the call of Justice will always already have made its intrusion. HEmeccer KrivIK UTNIF 2006 A/T: POMOo BaD CRITIQUES OF POST-MODERNISM REFLECT A NOSTALGIA FOR THE HEGEMONY OF WHITE, HETEROSEXUAL MASCULINITY — THE OTHER TEAM IS SERIOUSLY POMOPHOBIC BYERS, PROFESSOR OF ENGLISH AT LOUISVILLE, 1995 [THOMAS B., “TERMINATING THE POSTMODERN,” IN Mop FICTION STupiEs 41.1, PROJECTMUSE DATABASE] ‘However, increased intensities of reaction in matters of the politics of gender and sexualities were not merely phenomena of the recession of the Bush years, nor are they likely to abate much even in a cycle of "recovery." Rather, they represent a set of deep and persistent fears on the pat ofa formerly dominant order that has begun to recognize that itis becoming residual, Needless to say, anti- ‘feminism and homophobia are, in part, reactions against progressive attempts to destabilize patriarchal heterosexual hegemony (attempts to which I hope my writing may contribute). But they are also condensations and displacements of popular anxiety, particularly masculine anxiety, over a whole complex of other destabilizations. These include both changes in the material and economic base (fears of which are neither unfounded nor necessarily retrograde) and the general collapse of master narratives. As ‘Yvonne Tasker has pointed out: "Postmodernity . .. signals significant shifts in the definition [and, I would add, the availability} of ‘work and the masculine identity that it proposes. Postmodernism also calls into question the production and status of knowledge and ‘categories of truth: These developments help to situate-and historicize v= shifts in Hollywood's representation of the male hero,” ‘whose current struggles embody "anxieties about masculine identity and authority" (242-243). In what follows I will attempt, through 4 aml of an immensely populist Terminator 2: Judgment Da, to show bow feminism an homosexuality become topes for these foci forthe disease caused by late c ~ how popular hostilities feminist 1, Kissing Our Selves Goodbye ‘Ultimately what all these destabilizations—of | i and superstructure, gender and sexual orientation~-have in common is that they pose threats to the continued existence ofthe is humanism and c 16 prised [Ed Page 6] nso that subjects being and sccuniy: the nlearfamily_in short (es Tasker suggess), the adtional subject. particularly the masculine subiect, isin the throes of an identity crisis. Moreover, this esis s a particularly radial one~ioo radial, in fct, 1 be contained within adiional humanist boundaries, For itis not simply a matter of discovering or choosing for ‘oneself a single, unified, coherent identity from a range of cultural possibilities, Nor is it only a matter of the subject's dislocation or transition from an old place to a new one. Raber, the current crisis threatens to transform or even overthrow the whole concept of identit This is the yoint of conve 1c zars of the ars of for of ans arate fasta ashes constane war want (cal -yomenhcine™ ‘Heweccer Krink UTNIF 2006 AT: YOUR LINK DOESN’T ASSUME PEOPLE "WRONG- TECHNOLOGICAL THINKING IS AIMED PRIMARILY AT CONVINCING OURSELVES OF OUR DOMINION OVER ALL BEINGS, INCLUDING HUMANS. Davis, Professor of Philosphy at Whitman College, 1992 [Steven ,“The path of a ‘Thinking, Poetizing Building: The Strange Uncanniness of Human Being on Earth” Heidegger and The Earth ; pg ‘37+38] “yim miouE any UNCANNY STRANGENESS of human being has been at PBN Gr emer modes af toh sics fs inception with the Grek SEREEST bas dines when it bs been very pronouveed: in Pf ahd Niche co mendon oly two possible figures nthe hinory of pilxopy. Tether lave es en in gene to en dey ‘Nooaned diferent waya) in Arise and Home, again 10 mention Tate AE cfstoule soy. How ths tangent een duced Sz Std how is been perceived nd named fas sumed many forms ‘ele teensen as pli mor ested noted, pny onesies, wiecotcounan, dete: eaten, and hove exe lngsage, tomane SOETEargiine ways we have undernood cores, Howeve sone tere to stenpe t define contly his uniase eangeness, ic would be [Bris cee cats hase Daze called nce he ime of Assad Bee Maly Les tat we ave the beings who poses reson of, beter Bad more precy sted, 3oyoc, E Ee te singishes fom other beings om this earth nd ic 1 ea gus Bren tay we ll do oe [gabe we ee re a rl chology ‘Aod of the ler two paragon forms of son [Dane went eentry fa the widest and deep catual sen ici ‘Eiltology thes valued most, And so might rightly be, forsechnology Ihe apleaaon of reason to production, Le, te aplicadon of yoC GE ESSapuri a cD Of eae, uch a deiton ion eevee any te cag aniriebeais oat SSS a Sa areaes oo “Tae ner an be defined iw towel Se SE peavmnow ot cate: comforter af maasing Tice (eer our and human), a the most eficens mane of cei a sen of Lemar (th pore and Se Sree baiag uiek we develop technology even farher). But Tips again to be cone, all chase aim ~ and odes that might be Rintosed could be summasaedhysaing that the hve hee late Heweccer Keinik UTNIF 2006 AT: BUT THE WORLD IS AN OBJECTIVE PLACE WITHIN THE CURRENT SYSTEM OF INTERNATIONAL POLITICS, IT IS IMPOSSIBLE TO ‘THINK OBJECTIVELY ABOUT SECURITY. DILLON, PROF. OF POLITICS @ LANCASTER UNIV. 1996. (MICHAEL. POLITICS OF ‘SECURITY: TOWARDS A POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY OF CONTINENTAL THOUGHT: PG. 28) Levee i, ten, an exquisite peradox at work here 0 a (nes)tions plies of Secury hide what ey mos, ‘gal go, ysis e al yams and demands that detain them are securely eetured= ‘i Teens, oo inmedine ad to getvasive e preoccupation within or word ‘We have not, Jo, bean eufcenly sepatted fom T. oskad in an Iiescly ois epitemie prosesepaion wilh we Tac The dramatic distance Hester tg Sete Toe TTS avg The belonging together of scour aad OMAN, Teron rales in ap undentanding of her also. , of a polos wilh ed eat coe I oo ee SIO Heweccrr Krink AT: HEIDEGGER LEADS TO THE SUBJECT HEIDEGGER’S NOTION OF DASEIN DOES NOT REIFY SUBJECTIVITY. UTNIF 2006 DALLMAYR, PROFESSOR OF INTERNATIONAL LAW AND GOVERNMENT AT NOTRE DAME, 1993 (FRED, "THE OTHER HEIDEGGER”, P, 53) agh acknowledging Heidegger's “ontslogica rn,” his carn “onclgical “preunderstanding,” Habermas finds bis analysis guilty of ‘ueeambing again to "the concep constraints of subjective philoso phizng: for che soipssialy constrved Das eoccupies the postion of Transcendental sbjecivn.” By approximating Desens existential poss bilities to & Fichrean act ofselFconsiution, Habermas finds Being ond Timeto be ultimately inthe cul-de-sac of subjectivcy. Already awed by thar overly sweeping character, these changes ean be realy rebured ‘Habermas's indiement is based mainly on the section onthe “who of Davin" which disproyes rather then supports his argument. As Hleideg- ‘gr points our in that section, the who of Dacia should by no means be Eroply equated with an ego or subject; on the contrary, he writes login! inquiry would normally reveal "thatthe ‘who of everyday fis precisely mae Tnyset” or the “ego of subjective acts.” In Being 5, Dasin or human existence ie ieamscribed as “being There “world” means not only n empirical context but lived aly a nah for Data, Bei! Devin, which is distinguished only by its careful atention ro $f reacons end modes of being T Heweccer Krink UTNIF 2006 AT: THEORY ARGUMENTS "APPEALS TO THE RULES AND PROCEDURES OF LANGUAGE IS AT THE ROOT OF NIBILI armen 30 Tae Laan [E ROOT OF ISTIC SYSTEMS OF Fried, Professor of Philosophy at Suffolk University, 2000 [Gi ‘i i ls ufo University, 2000 (Gregory, Heidegger's Poles: rom Being to Pols, Yale University Press, p.1602} [Green (77 Heidegger gives no indication of when he inserted the sentences on logos tod plinth pgs on sieht page rm 5 ee seer ld dmansaes be hnig aon i Soca Langange bower mei xo, omen nd cone regan pues ngs bea nda sien Titan ih lot f Bong wid rc Gri opioc erce o ig ccs opens and age nga nee I Ge Anders Tapa ag Tp ai og ic the ping oot one arated file ors nh odin ed Tetiteing inure bot co he dun nies of omscence and omnipotence, How fr all hiss from the charsresnaton : ‘Flanguagen de common undermanding scoring ois aul sevice fo rpgencdtanlesmnns tema (64 0 1 Toe that “he devastation in the indifference of omisclenee and omnip enc” is bere opposed to "the Aurcinander-eeung of Being and nor Bei ‘Rta both are expressions of langoge. By Tmaicence and nipten™ Heidegger means that pretetsion to wnivsal power which caceses SSRIS nig, bess On pocorn Ten to Fging dat he Feiosaf sere and ening andthe Being of being which eames eer is ces cncainencs caning ore “Gidinasang nal nepretion and undentanding of the word here 0 sa polemical even of eth an evens (Eg) that comes to presence fr ‘Dain linguge Boral ech interpretative undersanding muttbeweeed om not Being and alo ears ther seucraesof mening wicca nor einginthissugges nor Being Nik) herisundentood srs dcaion, tran sbencng of sens of Beingin which a parila comor of belags can (hero prone forusand ave rtaingina disney iso Bing inthe Tall Bren modemin’shubs is derivative moment ofthis event of wath in TRopuge buts moment dat tends 0 devrate the polemic exene of ln pate by exuding the poe of ov Being Dvoogh De pros ofa ta, Fae pve or Beng ar Sr wo ede bing pricy mae seats Secaliiam ceatslongiages terminology the tof wet annals + for “Cows has walls buritendoesaapece hat cannot be cals ia erly rome dimensions, Ieistatheran abode, Da, in which a pardeslarunder ‘ning of Beng and Beingin-the-world i faniiarand ready Band. La ‘ge sore ats Dustin and Daten, in inguae a Vol inabi 2 ‘ino sbode- Language ba shzed understanding of Bangin the des tiny ofa Vole For hen, for Heideges ict a ymptom of the cr of Irate and he fllimen of li tha gua ar een ea + ee ee SEF be tioral adn fivor of ail const rich at Experano ad progumming provoals Asa er tool ange mutent hae wale bu mist Cowra the unhersal equine of technology whore sce avo make all sei mans No longeraelogoand Falerow te same: the difesing abode of euth in which Dasa has ior Fe Being and in which historical Vélerfnd their Beng polemical tise, Jputbetom dow andanalpunatedinaspace wher meningsad erp ion ae fied and tou, Language tne longer the posi house of Beng, bur uber lee warchouse beg “PLC Q — HEIDEGGER KRITIK AT: HEIDEGGER HATES THE MODERN WORLD HEIDEGGER IS NOT AGAINST MODERNITY NOR IS HE NOSTALGIC FOR ANCIENT GREECE- HE KNOWS THAT ‘MODERN, TECHNOLOGICAL THINKING IS NECESSARY SO AS TO REACH PAST METAPHYSICS THROUGH CRITIQUE. ‘UTNIF 2006 DALLMAYR, PROFESSOR OF INTERNATIONAL LAW AND GOVERNMENT AT NOTRE DAME, 1993. (Frep, “THE OTHER HEIDEGGER”, P.65-66) ‘© In abermatsresment, Heidegger touer with Nctsch optedto ai rom moder sono tonly instead conning and force ‘ining the "Sscooee of moder.” Folloving inthe foes oF [Mte, he writes, Heidegger ied tocar ou a ale eitue of one whieh tack he ts of gael" In sein ts ‘ea, both Niensce and Heieggr were ed to repress behind the tigi of Neer sory bacon nes inorder trecoer thre “ces of Dionyion sprit” and tuto gin acces to those “hue, ‘tionlized-aayexperienet thar gvemexning toot toss Gevsogiead being. Moreover, regression noth insane Was inked ith stops, rere parslny wih “Dionysian mesanio™—at showin eideggeexpesttion of ew “ancoveetnent” a baing fn liv of this "Seecon of Wenn rations sais, Haber so Ninf of srevemped evconmry inode which hile ot “embracing «simple try of progress, pays land Soc developmen agen ering end rtinallysecostactte” a ‘Tin, Heidegger's own writings are the best resource for countering cr atleast sorting out such summary pronouncements. In my own view, kis work ives evidence not so much of antscentsm ot antimodemism ss ofan equilibrated stance thacareflly weighs the advances and loses! ‘of modemity—ina manner nortoo dssinilar rom Max Horkeimer and ‘Theodor Adorno's Dali of Bnightement. No doub, a the center of Heidegger's ergue of modemity, sen as goversing famewer of social if, stnds the sue of siento an technology, partly the say of echnologicl“eftaming” (Geel; yet, this say fr him i noe Simply a aberration or dismal mistake but tera mode of ontological disclosure and challenge, a mode modem haan beings exinot simply ‘ps but mus confront an lve through sobely and stentively 7 ‘Heweccer Krink AT: TECHNOLOGY GoopD / INEVITABLE UTNIF 2006 "THIS IS A MISUNDERSTANDING OF OUR ARGUMENT- WE ARE NOT AGAINST TECHNOLOGY AS OBJECTS, BUT TECHNOLOGICAL THINKING. Heidegger in Conversation 1969”, Paragon House, p. 84-5) ‘Heiwesoen: As far as technology is concerned, my definition ofthe sence of technology, which has not been picked up on any- ‘where as yet, is—to say it concretely—that modern natural sci- ence Is based on the development of the essence of modern ‘technology and not he reverse Now, let me say first of all that 1am not against technology. 1 have never spoken against te ss demonic fr teehnlogy. Taher Tamm Gying to undesaane oe “ganas oftoctnelogg essen the —"When yon quote these thoughts on the danger of the atom ‘yim and a sul greater danger of echnology, I think of SoveTop~ ments today in the area of biophysios; in the Toreseeable future” ve sable of making buman beings; that i, to construct a eee eee i comer dul: skilled and unshilled, dever and—stupia-Ir wil happen Soe Te a aS TE they were talked about by Nobel prize winners ata conference in Lindau, which I pointed out years ago in a speech in Messhirch, ‘Therefore above all the misunderstanding that I amn against technology is o be rejected, Jn technology, namely in its essence, Lsee that human beings ieaiblec a power Hat chulengat inom ana nieces 1 se that something announces {selthere, namely a relation of Being to iumen belngs and Lat thistelaton, concealed in the esene of technology, wil perhaps done day, in isunconcealednes [Unverborgentl top into the Signe Tao not know whether it will happen! But in the essence of tedinologyTsee the rst shimmer fa mach deeper secret that] the "appening® [reigns From tas you can see that here ‘can be no question of a resistance to ora condemnation of teh ‘blogg reer lam concemmed seh unfessanding ie even of chinology and the technological world. tn my optsion wil tecimoto Tot Jbappen as ong as philosophy remains concerned wi % ‘Object relationship. That means thet Marzigm cannot help us to nt ‘understand the essence of technology — Heldegger and Wisser 1990 (Martin-Professor of Philosophy at the University of Friebumg and Richard- Professor of Philosophy at the University of Mainz, Martin Heidegger and National Socislism, “Martin ‘Heweccrr Keim UTNIF 2006 2NC AT: POLITICAL SERVICE LINK TURN ‘YOUR ATTEMPT AT CHANGE WILL BE COOPTED—PROTEST AND CHALLENGES GET REAPPROPRIATED AS EVIDENCE FOR THE POWER OF WESTERN SYSTEMS OF THOUGHT ‘SPANOS, PROFESSOR OF ENGLISH AND COMPARATIVE LITERATURE AT SUNY-BINGHAMTON, 1993. (WiL1AM, THE END or EDucATION P, 157-8) the years of the Reagan aniston this reactionary dsouree and practice Be tensive in character, nthe ears ofthe Buth sins Ibs assumed the sive apna posthunani theory andthe emancipatory paces of those hitherto ‘afc on Ameria alsa Henly bythe exposure of the dck side of Peicts clea eltxeprescnstion. Inthe early 1900s, however, this reactionary and prate he ben empowered, by sve of ily mBgios stor or exchided consensios ofthe university le encouraged. In the Bet, 1wi tt eduction, nt ut in our schoss, bat nou coleges and eres, is th sdow on what might otherwise De a sey pret for Femone ctu and Anodes role in you look at xa from a obs Perec, exes ey reo ob pins, Ther atin [lion and the Sot Union of th pst year ors have, a many was, Bees ee of Arena Se, ot ot of car pole eptem and ox Passer or se Tete to ur muse ad they ed wit they re, 985, dear. Thin perhap the most sevios symptom [at cats te e-confiing event te rumph of American democracy over cormanis in Cai Wer; (2) by the reeatons of he Naz aatons of Pal de Man and Martin eget to represent deconetructon or posttrutualsm as ethical enervating, if ens imliations; nd, aly, (3) by he United State’ itary against Sed sein ta cost of few American eats) to rapreses he hal seletoabi of Teent ofthe Ameian pubic precsed by the conedctions inthe i eVietam Syadrome,"ehieh he Hi sco he sun a fie wel Reis le Tie Saesisg aoc, tie opprtely artiste octane tbe ‘Heap erect, ht here ace sa thst at snow Ess ay (bye eile Soviet co epesee se ers emia Ts naroper Tra Perhaps the most worrisome sapect af poltica correemess tome sone that you [the polly coneervavesyacted eclumast, George WI) it on ite itn the ear conversation, Sanehow, Wester cation, that whole long story ‘of human fluce and wimp and thought and achievement, has beourne polly incorrect a mary places. It's become rogaréed a8 oppresive and fndeed, ee the weloprng of those many, many attributes that we have a a ‘couzy that people thoughout the rest ofthe word env. We saw students in Tananmen Squate, we exw siden ia Prague and in Butesest and Tas beer tought and eld in the wor,” bt aso "ee ingiry”: the very 1s ofthe “isionary sexiness" of American clization andthe “peat global ofthe “new wold odes" Here, for examples exepresentatve assessment of cene of Americ higher edvation pss by the power rector ofthe Endowment forthe Hams, Lynne Cheney, na ntionally televised inte Tnsoquece, Wat wee ite cated cals for a pocng ection have become __Warsay wi know Join Locke better than our students do becuse we dont sive aac, wii nd outset rivers, age! the theory ofmatiternl” teach Jn Locke as mich ay we wed fe, we teach him ata. ena pn ae Hee Laas et he i: he Neon rdw rh Haran op resents the American state as the natural and organic end of dsinter@sted or free i See te ee Ws Seach casey Sorat GabT mn tn Bengealy motte, nee cain, Sar tn art nyt meen ete, yy te, bo beg. AGSesed nthe nied exh ina) Spec faye he nny one ht ect eon gat fom, he ea a nc Aeron eons ins he an ‘ced ston of th ind of eotegy snd eezeasn ef he Fret epg ras fot ty etn often oe ea a Bred Cth eating tn La) ns ned Dots de te x {Se Ounces ota ie Aes es Srn fo he prong peropecve Gat rsa te hana represen ob 2 Eanclie ey fereetton encase ch Chat) a8 oct ewh cts gee def sop, howe, seein? ‘Secession he yey ear roduc 2 = Sat bc analy, exe epi o eect \SE—B ‘Heweccer Krink 2NC AT: POLITICAL SERVICE LINK TURN ‘PROTEST FAILS. YOUR RESISTANCE STILL GROUNDED IN A PROBLEM SOLVING PARADIGM WHICH WILL ALWAYS DOOM YOUR ATTEMPTS AT CHANGE SPANOS, PROFESSOR OF ENGLISH AND COMPARATIVE LITERATURE AT SUNY-BINGHAMTON, 1993 (WiLLIAM, THE Enp oF EDUCATION P. 183-4) _Atnough fhe protest moremet ofthe Vietnam decide thook the foundations of the Frei, the au were wiertnataly superior ‘Ai, this vas not oly Because these inefctual anges were by and hg the apnea paces tat os aoe ta at, dente recogiion of the comply of eaura ietatons with ette nevertheless interpreted the former in econo term, s simply agencies Pith captalist state waging enooeslensl var. This debling theoretical indoes, for can also be seen in the passage on freshman compotion fom Richard ab Bralshn Ameria quoted above, in whch he demonstrate te comply rhetots textbooks end pedagogy) and the worl dicoure ofthe furs, oplticl theorists, and state administrators involved inthe planing and conduct of wa in Vietnam. What he eaves insist the commana consequetisspec- ving parnign informing wolaly Escouae Wat RO THE ECHTET Te- double fale of theory the changes elected bythe protest ent were stjmimatial (0 invlng Hace ah women, Uat were at Wosaldemans of new historical objects” ere ctvel FE tack consent of those they afeced, by ther accommodation to te est ofthe wniversine Ar ove AE ‘opposition ere recently puts ‘The main proposal here i thatthe cae mae inthe 19608 and 1970s for new asfrograms of tudes, were, although nooconslotsy 0 atthe tie, ls which enacted inthe contest of our tines parle counter enero, ‘paral Jesters heresy tat of the Stu's [tthe te of he Renaissance). But bese af eur no-conscioustess ofthe el denies of it we were abit, We aad a fat on 2 "and "geer” andr “niariy studies." Those exces then Simctioned, as Dvd Brady note, ira, to exemp: Eglch Departments fom hing to aa ther eiting defeiton of Ania ‘erature, Bven more, these enclaves fncioned to exe thecaler oe the ‘ow sues fom taking enpiznce of he anomaly that conznted ws, wih, ‘spect 109 definition of Ameren teat whi ely farctioned to ‘clue nt only Bhs, but alte other groups Wace “verse motes of rwotst"(Detinne, 197) nth 1960 and 1970s hd ued the ex for nem ‘oes Ini cate of nen ntintedeimatve action porns fr Vk students “unpe- ard” for clege stuly (ke the s-caed Kasatioral Oppotaty Progen a he ‘Ste Unters of New Yr at Binghamton, th immediate nd extend puree ‘eo each hem io speak and write standard Engl, Such “bea” ogra in ther words, were lyre ra mucho peel ti Tite Sree ‘eden tothe if of lay Amarr, Hig, a ete ein inn ie sets (ni hissy seis ocean, and thet nce them to take te ein the Soinnt cae and scepolea fare vite worl Ee Coded is geste oer hgh dogaraly hit oth She a SERS We Th perio Sar opponent ead ‘deta nd nnstande ifeed ngs sn a Hetes he sera ay aaly ‘epee or a oily copa o eri delet and ute ae ‘SualbeckprisGrng the Veta decade, a socopliialy sso socapeeaoy IS EI=———— UTNIF 2006 ‘Heweccer Krink UTNIF 2006 2NC AT: POLITICAL SERVICE LINK TURN "THE AFFIRMATIVE’S PROTEST AND CHALLENGING DOES NOTHING: THEIR VERY REJECTION OF ABSTRACT THEORY MEANS THAT THE DOMINANCE OF HUMANISM WILL CONTINUE ‘SPANOS, PROFESSOR OF ENGLISH AND COMPARATIVE LITERATURE AT SUNY-BINGHAMTON, 1993 (WiLLiaM, Tur EXD oF EDUCATION P. xx) ~ Chapter 5, “The University in the Vitam Decade,” begins to explore these pos shies once they ae relat fen antvoplgal ructraton it cnalten sympa reat of th sone tet pote movement vhs tended {opie the context forte postman her of pedagogy eteited nh il chapter ofthe boo. Wheres te refam motenex the 080s ecesens hes dent eistanee wiih Senokot nara of he Amerie elem cottons erage hor end prac of i ane ery ew CBIY cnaied character of pio "Gsterested nga” and ie "wtono- ‘no wives a, Alneersterm,ecopelsate apparates, The Gage reads the students’ exonure of he amply Othe wiveriy with the layne aor comple an the ded fer “eee” 8G Grama recon terme) ei refi cai proves of North neem 7 ‘hegemony. These-constitute the culminating moment of the epistemic break thet egy moder (be legacy othe Engen to flied ‘Bejen th postive conto of the pontaneous sent pote moreent he caves rec ar i tte fat never eft race angip {he nity conmensna Ue sn bo university commensuite WEN ie owed emlosion presale by he evens of he Vitam decade. My argenet focuses on Cutun geecal chases athe atest ‘sm i cnet aren ch ill acy = oe ‘ety or the self-presentsiRject— Gigabit an effective colatine practice: andthe Mars, which, fn resorting t the ea ie base spertrcre 1BRIE, fed to eae the degre to which cata production (ie huraniteg)was ei vie “hs cnn dens ate pts mere fabri nag cares fhe east ofthe iver was Hs esntnee 1 Soro ‘mote seat, fl hers ago Ue afsos betysen ncaa ma (ed production and ‘sed" humanist discourse (andthe sovereign sje and te desloge a Erie scene acouve, Pt alieravey, she puist movement fled to theo ica cals the repcesive poten Te i not recgrze thatthe di ‘Saw elouben ema, na aie SRE YC HeEweccER KRINK 2NC AT: POLITICAL SERVICE LINK TURN EDUCATION DOES NOT RESULT IN SOCIETAL CHANGE. IN FACT, IT BLINDS PEOPLE TO THE INTERPERSONAL LOCAL, — ‘THROUGH WHICH POWER IS CARRIED OUT TODAY ;PANOS, PROFESSOR OF ENGLISH AND COMPARATIVE LITERATURE AT SUNY-BI 3 “BINGHAMTON, (WILLIAM, THE END or EpucaTion P. 176-8) a ‘T there is, however, a signcantdierence ave recaling Gramscts tinction be tween power seatons in “private” (Srl) and “pubtc" (oc) spheres —betwees those two relteddiacourses tht shou be remarked, The reaconarydisourte of ‘naman lke Blom mae eli! the power that aly Ietent or bel ese the Bberal iscouee of humanists Ike Kennan tis not spy, = Foocat RSSIEO , thatthe dference between the reformers” who exert power overt en the ris of» carta eutocly apd the “reformers” who wit "to change the insiution oueing the ieclogial ystem tat eginats it" sony an apparent one it Fs that te ater s more economical end effective tas the former because i cb- Freeper the name of iseresed tru, ‘rez to Ohman text, Se “pumanitc traning and practice’ it ends to peiv~ sy os agency of clique and trenton of university and 3 in tec of epi economy ad tecnclogy di not, 1st, ela pro- Fated the cltunl end socopotea imperatives ofthe English graduate programs in ing the Vietnam decade were otto mach those wom Ohana aémizes for esstance {0 the aecommaéaton of Feshnan English (composion) tothe 10- Pstuneats of capitalst economy and “acted agaist te inostes of American fo i py” Ye was rather those Tenleentfle menbers ofthe Moder Language Gocation represented by the letters Ohman ces ins account ofthe eves a the vention in December 1968, which brought 2 rai, Louis Karp, momen y to the second vce residency ofthis professional orgmiston. Tete letters the ideological comply between the anthroplogns and Arsesizansm behind an ist rhetoric justifying ight author in terms ofthe quantity ané distinction of ‘Lam catious to know wheter, considering the initesilly ema Lie) By sembers-come ately ofthe MLA who nominated you for the seonnd vice presideny ofthe MLA, you wool realy undertake to serve at prsient, [suing the unity poset of to more exch fe eecons atthe Inst ‘oe, Hz, [suggest you hve aloo at the lst of distinguished scholars who ave been presidents ofthe Assocation... . you do T boul hin the menbernhip sould be given it of your echo etaizment. (EA, p. 26) He Alan Bloom ex, they overtly esserttheaflaon between he profession of Biblsh and Americana os a fandamental esponeity of the professe of English: Whenever ay Ameticen canotexorse his right to travel and be secure in ie person because ofthe threats of vilence and eruption by any ober ap of “American” such a yur "New University Conference" then I bate it s necessary to request the Feder! goverment ald, Therefore a the frton from MLA an visleoce and the threat ofvilenco—along with ur laterents end thoee ofthe Presient andthe Bxeruive Secretary of ry IILA™-tate been eet tothe Houte Committe on Un American Actives smlthe US. Jue Deparment (BA 7-0 “Dh9 og UTNIF 2006 8Fr ‘Hepeccer Kerik 2NC AT: POLITICAL SERVICE LINK TURN UTNIF 2006 YOUR METHODS PAIL: EVEN IF YOU ELIMINATE STRUCTURAL EVILS WITHIN THE SCHOOL, YOU LEAVE. ‘THE SYSTEMS OF THOUGH T WITHIN IT THAT CONSTRUCT THE SELF-IDENTIFIED SUBJECT INTACT ‘SPANOS, PROFESSOR OF ENGLISH AND COMPARATIVE LITERATURE AT SUNY-BINGHAMTON, 1993 (Win.1AM, THE END oF EDUCATION P. 167-8) _ the negate ide, the protest inovemen fie to eect produce anges resi conremrate vith ihe moved exlton precited he ets ‘eta War Tis is becuse treed or filed wleuatel to there spor Sowafctons wih the courte sd pac ofthe nso of higher on, expecaly the campy of te care cuilam with the siete! Sigal dacilnes: hose verctemined ss of th university tat were mare cated wh thea’ exes fhe Vets Wt. Fide by thi resisace to teary stg, the rakant eats ed the i ef the protest morenent~TosHayéen is exemplary inh espe — fopteie cy atte han scenes ween fac iat dpe and mare perc lev, 8 mich genes ofthe ropressive sate appr a5 the Be isle pe end apd sdenes and snvertymanagenet. In tnt the Bey sine toherize hago: the iin between ctl a material pro- dt reatons te sat over between he esogy of “terete” ie i coe ate ely of "ere" scenic Gsoore Be saint pretest movements reitance a her) rentedn to very rod ed cppstonal reat: exten snd Mara, blk of wich were Bee ined th aby to nterethe comply betwen the natn of ed the ecoponic ed soap order wai fe wari Vitam hot ‘al td nog change in these of he exon very and, BE x ctacaon rgrotuces Gl society, the mins octyl oer (nthe one hand, he existential xenon, especialy the cones to “auth, tity reed inte kinds of rss Bnod on lege elenty: hat of iy ‘erin whove resistence tok the ited ate frm of clang the "ng faith ofthe univer hat Had Reta i tly dca esence admin “elng out the wal interests cutie hat of he “beat” nisl, woe oe situs toc the equly Entel fom of oping ot” andlor erate con: Sones expansion; and that of the conmiare, who repeated the pee the the Aneran Ada (Leatertocing, Dae! Boone, Tore tin eectnga dc. ent tehologacton n iro ae, A he fos ied he pon Yay of eaecte action wit ond among eae constuece. Inlet ‘trop the en fhe sveregn jo plod ed wane byte wer, ty fae —expcily by th ase they alerted pon taneous ston te sve nd pein endo he mlcoplyes of power that he decpinary sos, enpcal ts ett! tations, ta developed nein ck lee acon asst the dominant spell ode. This existential thst of he event movement defy exposed the comply abe nersiy— sora ‘pedi ncuton—with he ete parses, but eet oe of the mot portant agence of hegenoni eabjecton tel tac: the elena set, wih 0 yeaa Fora isstet cert, ts the eetentlfneton of he haan fo instead tm. ((p7-O TC. Bs ‘Heweccer Krivik UTNIF 2006 2NC AT: POLITICAL SERVICE LINK TURN CRITICAL PEDAGOGY ISN’T CRITICAL THROUGH THE WAY YOU DO IT. SPANOS, PROFESSOR OF ENGLISH AND COMPARATIVE LITERATURE AT SUNY-BINGHAMTON, 1993 (WILLIAM, THE END oF EDUCATION P. 213-216) 1B 1 do not mean a pedagogy of person, but pecaoay el enincr or sgl of cri importance thatthe mteectsl who (aT REARS WE To ‘ard ite ‘reir epd aed the ruse of he“ ‘apaonal change in tems of ium intend to prove a context for anal change in tems of esd accu intended to prvi a conte ‘te negation of “cotits afnterpretation,” which sto ay the redoedon of confit ‘menpuve ge and ake." Ths, cepts protestations tothe contrary, fs the temp> ‘ub fo wie for ample, Gerald Graff asceurbs in bis advosacy ofthe “neste toaization of theory” a pjet that would tng to vst, forthe pose of dete, the muse declogzal conflicts tha, acsordng to Gra, brought the Spi sy sructre of the university at lage, and ofeach of ts dvisins, int telng, but ‘hi, becuse of the randomness of the process a sce, have ben forgotien by teachers and sade Fling into the creases os they doy ncedscpnaryfidealogial]contets go ‘perceived by stent, who naturally see each cscipline es a rozen body cof lnowledge 1 be absorbed rater than a social rode with a history that hey might ea personal and rita stake in. At Seu in the teaching of erature, ther, ad inthe formation of a lteratare cariclum, are how mich ofthe “ural tet” edents most recppose ha erer to male sense of weris of Htereture, and how his cultural tet can become the context of tesehng. That there f no agreement ‘ove bow te altura text shclé be understone, or whether it shuld come lato ply at al in the teaching of erature, seems to mean argument or ‘ater than aginst « more explclyhitrseed and curl nd of erry seul that woud mae such agreements part of what ted. The impotant thing, in any casa, ito eit the question from "Whose verve sts tobe the tig umbels? in which form i becomes unenserabie, to “How do we institutionalize te conc of interpretations and eervient ‘telf" To empsic cont over conser f not to tam conic ito & ‘ale, nor certainly i ito reject consensus where we can get it would ‘he ally recent angument tit denies consenss with represie polis. Jt ‘snp to take our pont of eartre fom atte of ais tat already is ocopoal by an “oppositions” intellect i, onthe surface, entiag nits com ‘nent to proving a neinare aeaaola content dat Wed epound ‘Fag be insulaty of dcpinarystues ‘oud me the eta text "ean" or “cea text. RT a Saye te quest ie oe dose, igh deny anaes J American caltre's representation of Vietnam atthe Beinnog ofthis Jntodoction, Te undeakes an introgstion of the recuperntie or et! Hegelian end-of-Ksory dacoure nr simply to expose the inpeialit 2 Heology informing ite celebration ofthe global “cumph” of fibers ‘tae capital democrry, bur alo wo ceive he Vietnam War tht this i- CWE couse is compelled to obliterate in order to legitimize ita elaim that the as ‘triumph of liberal capitalist democracy in the Cold War constitutes the ye sal historical proces. By thus foregxounding the domi- op : j ig ligt atin sot, co ci “og | ‘Filly a cote and tn say leedy tat i BE ot (said come py Hea rt : ' am ae 43 r ( ‘VIETNAM STILL REPRESENTS A SERIOUS ANXIETY WITHIN THE U.S. IMAGINARY THAT THE J MODERN MYTH OF THE NEW WORLD ORDER TRIES TO REPRESS: ‘Spanos, Professor at SUNY Binghamton, 2000 [William V., America's Shadow: An Anatomy of Empire, page xviii ] Ses smnounceent ofthe end of hsory and headache New i id Order did more tian disclose the dominant euluze's wil to forget Vietnam It also —and paradoxically — br seatand. thay "War iosizated the American national consciousness, rn ‘as alfiiation ith 2” pereaia m “which was heresofore ob jam. To invoke the countermstaphorcs ofthis book, thar announcement ‘TeBinatized the itepresible sp yoke —such a frantically sustained wil to forget EX") He's a god, man! Fy HeweccerKeimk (4 ep . Teo Mw ¥ Be WA pps UTNIF 2006 ‘THE DEMAND FOR SIMPLE LANGUAGE IS A MOVE TO SETTLE OR FIX THINKING, A CENTRAL (CHARACTERISTIC OF WESTERN METAPHYSICS Spanos Profesor ‘at SUNY Binghamton, 2000 [William V., America's Shadow: An Anatomy of Empire, page “Zils grave wt vo certmty mn the tae of altety that informs the ‘Sijvage of conceprulization explains the inordinate degree to which i the discourse of simplification —of clarity, of cagency, of economy (end : ‘manliness)~ is privileged in the discourses, the instratione of leering, i ‘dnd the information media of the Occident. Conversely, it also explains i ‘the ter contempt for the complex, nuanced, and generative ambiguities i ‘ofthe originate thinking of « Heidegger or a Derida® or an Adorno, t for exainple, the thinking —-cepresented by the dominant “realistic” cul- * gare as obec, erancy, eorbitance, obesity, and, not east, waste™— ferential dynamics of being. . fi Other to “standing (is =” (Bastard), or, as Foucanlt : io Hoe ee ee ue oases anomie oo a ae * ae oo i Se eS ea ale WE eo pain ey Se er oat ns desi undesheces Sy ees lgeer wats THD cetichy been inves ood poe ie wap {is provenance. ‘carlier than the period of the Enlightenment, where ‘Foucault or, rather, hs followers’ genealogy locaes it: namely, in late Grek (lenin) and, above all imperal Roman anit /9 HEIDEGGER KRITIK UTNIF 2006 COMMODIFICATION GOOD CoMMODIFICATION GOOD—NO MATTER HOW DEPLORABLE, THE COMMODIFICATION OF SUFFERING IS ABSOLUTELY NECESSARY AND IS EFFECTIVE AT COMBATING HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES AND VIOLENCE, BAXI, PROFESSOR OF LAW AT THE UNIVERSITY OF WARWICK & DEAN OF THE FACULTY oF LAW aT DELHI UNIVERSITY, 1998 [UPENDRA, “VOICES OF SUFFERING AND THE FUTURE OF HUMAN RicnTs,” 8 ‘TRANSNAT'L L. & CONTEMP. PROBS. 125, L/N] ‘The raw material for human rights investment and consumer markets is provided by here-and-now human misery and suffering, However morally deplorable, it is a social fact that the overall human capacity to develop a fellowship of human suffering is awesomely limited. It is a salient fact about the "contemporary" human scene that individual and associational life-projects are rarely disturbed, let alone displaced, by the spectacle of human suffering or human suffering as a spectacle. In such a milieu, human rights markets, no matter whether investor ‘or consumer, are confronted with the problem of "compassion fatigue." This is a moral problem, to be sure, but itis also a material probl if necessity, markets for human rights concentrate on this aspect of the problem if. ie, when compassion es for the alleviation of human suffering through human rights_lang depleted. This intersection regis 1e necessity for human rights entrepreneurs to commodify human suffering, to package and_sell it in terms of what the markets will bear. Human rights violations 3 constantly commoditized to be combated. Human sufferi in we the mass media markets find it profitable to bear overall. ay Hemeccer KRITIK AFF — SUBJECTIVITY GOOD UTNIF 2006 ‘A MINIMUM OF SUBJECTIVITY MUST BE REINTRODUCED FOR A COMPREHENSION OF DEMOCRATIC MEANINGS AND TO PREVENT NATIONALISTIC MYTH AND THE FANATICAL HATRED OF MODERNITY FROM RETURNING. FERRY AND RENAUT, TEACHES POLITICAL SCIENCE AT THE SORBONNE AND AT CADEN, AND TEACHES PHILOSOPHY AT NANTES, 1990 [LUC AND ALAIN, TRANSLATED BY FRANKLIN PHILIP, HEIDEGGER AND MOpeERNITy, U OF CHICAGO PRESS, P. 107-108] £2, Granted chat there is no important dilference be- ‘tween the history of Being and the history of freedom, be- ‘ween the wrenching fee thought of as a decision and the ‘wrenching free thought of as the destiny of Being, for in both cases, in Kant as well asin Heidegger and Arendt, we sre explicitly referred to mystery and the incomprehens- ble (the mystery of the will, dhe mystery of Being| a cec- “ond question semains wholly unanswered: if, as Heide rye ee \alosaton is asubjectifistion in thatthe ausace Sts contains Soe oer en alec Sian soa a et us ROTUNIEY Ken Trwe grant thet the subject does not simply mirror the order in whieh ie] it tha is ope or wanscendence it muna refer to an idea of subjectivity, meaning reflection, so that the idea oli tines ae nea tency Me ih thought” vs val a rather sen the reification of the What eof hie Gebate hich, ale edly ayeed here remains open, one thing ‘esti certain Heh Aeger ie noe elose to Nao because he remained ¢ pis one of humaniam, nor because of his deliberations about suthendeity andthe dttinguishing property of man. Far Heidegger, the distinguishing property of stan io alvays tanscendence and on the contrary wasn she mame of this wanscendence snd thus because he was stil # hu manis that Heidegger could chicie the boloicing re feations of Nazi anti-Semitism. More geneclly iis ery such in the name of manisia thus Sndersood, in the ame of that stiedy human espacty to wrench ones feof nal decinatons tet ci fhe re Istimaginaton (nthe Lecanian sense pocible When, weve, ek dea of Bangs ay of nian, when he this rela one Seo sory of and Bis fall makes assible the zetum of the nationalistic myth and the fs ulolkuelomoiemi> ge FoR TS” ‘HEIDEGGER KRITIK ‘UTNIF 2006 CALCULABILITY GOOD CALCULATBILITY IS NECESSARY. A TOTAL COMMITMENT TO NON-CALCULATIVE THINKING IS THE WORST POSSIBLE POSITION FOR ETHICS CAMPBELL, PROFESSOR OF INTERNATIONAL POLITICS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF NEWCASTLE, 1998 [DaVID, "NATIONAL DECONSTRUCTION: VIOLENCE, IDENTITY, AND JUSTICE IN BOSNIA, ¥. 186-188] ‘That undecidability resides within the decision, Derrida argues, "that justice exceeds law and calculation, that the unpresentable exceeds the determinable cannot and should not serve as alibi for staying out of juridico- political battles. within an institution or a state, or between institutions or states and others.""” Indeed, "incalculable justice requires us to calculate,” From where do these insistences come? What is behind, what is animating, these imperatives? It is both the character of infinite justice as a heteronomic relationship to the other, a relationship that because of its undecidability multiplies responsibility, and the fact that "left to itself, the incalculable and giving (donarrice) idea of justice js always very close to the bad, even to the worst, for it-can always be reappropriated by the most perverse calculation." '”’ The necessit ing the i thus responds to a duty, a duty that inhabits the instant of madness and compels the decision to avoid "the bad," the "perverse calculation," even "the worst." This is the duty that also dwells with deconstructive thought and makes it the starting point, the "at least necessary condition,” for the organization of resistance to totalitarianism in all its forms, And it is a duty that responds to practical political concerns when we recognize that Derrida names the bad. the perverse, and the worst as those violences "we recognize all Il without yet having thought them through, the crimes of xenophobia, racism, anti-Semitism, religious or nationalist fanaticism." Heweccer Krimik UTNIF 2006 HEIDEGGER’S ETHICS CAN’T SOLVE ‘HEIDEGGER’S ETHICS IS CONFINED TO A REGARD FOR THE FRIEND AND FELLOW CITIZEN AND CANNOT ACCOUNT FOR THE RADICALLY OTHER BEISTEGUL, LECTURER IN PHILOSOPHY AT THE UNIVERSITY OF WARWICK, 1998 [MIGUEL DE, HEIDEGGER AND THE POLITICAL: DYSTOPIAS, P. 157] ! 3. When, twenty-five years after the publication of Being and Time ‘ind only a few years after the I of the death camps, Heidegger publicly mobilizes the alen voice of te itand salekope Rs mage Cs, hope arses anew, For now, in the general hisorial comtoe ad UReINUTE Specihe conteie of the 1952 lecture course, the somewhat marginal sentence of Being and Time resonates in an unprecedented af ‘nS suumasing aay, The Paphos has shied fons sree oT ‘Tconeestion of tinting a-auestoning 0 {ofdamental ostology and © contention of inking ai quetioning to-= Ustoricakoday Whe whole of she Teter Heidegger's mediation revolve? ‘around Te possibiliy se Hl i ae Tistening, of an openness to and an-afficma- aus Ses a OER "To a Young Difessed,” Heidegger thematies further his concep- tion of thinking as the crying shadow im the funeral dance. Yor the silent voice of che friend, whether in What i Called Thinking? or in On the” Tay 40 Language is(Sor the voice of the Ot. It is the voice of the friendly fiend, ov the volee of the fellow eitzen. Te is die voice of he ‘Geschechi “ETE Haim, the Heat and tie Vearand, of oe sath and of Spin, But ies nat she passive voice of the sivaaely fenced victin SOP ‘Heweccer Krink AFF: 1AR POLITICS TURN UTNIF 2006 ‘THIS ARGUMENT IS NOT ABOUT HEIDEGGER’S NAZISM, BUT HOW HIS THINKING AND ITS ADAPTATION BY POSTMODERNISTS FORECLOSES ANY POLITICAL STRUGGLE FOR CHANGE. SREGORY, FRIED PROFESSOR OF PHILOSPHY AT THE UNIVERSITY OF SUFFOLK, 2003 [HEIDEGGER’S POLEMOS} pg 237-238 Whe ge pers ie Gi Geman ti aot a oy pomedcis pt eer ih nthe whet Sr many Vrndg of Were espera 20 sara hagpnt hen he ones gi ge ft eeepc npn Shwe en re mtczmels dob mig 88 iy in emp of» pment pls Wt an hr sch pleco fer th wed De he a nonce pn on ey re our eof caer es apne pis pnd on ending pct rede cage ance pig pn pre hab eel cane athe ren the dears momen p= aa inal ge Bundy renbogrion qt hat Creat oa pare compontiy erin Deiat ae ih velo an exon nih ech de pcd fam te enn et aon, die en omalontm ee ly soiling eng area ames ood freed ae daiyaf decrease monet Tung yf ong eee ce flaring es meh autocad he aon decd in eves linn andthe aa dtm vr whom he prden o Heike dace momen of pani polis a va er dobegncome in how, yw ome ely wht ramon prev wi ove en Bat arrest meapical er aj Ao hanes at acme en oging ten mae rl, o8 a nacn heen fxnding rion Soe eat pene Thine op pa he ee Eon paint Say mie oy comin wing Amu penile mus Har pune intone and premnent wc SNE SSIS oprastan ancl enon ding eo a er ierdounat eee on ey aoe pation open A esnaraeondng iin Cone he tino joie awe ould ever sme hat en seus cyan Tomy veining patiismuhiore the monet of sserion tan Hedges pnd myh—en Deni Capt and es fowtodei wk © denyhlgie—ot te Geo Geman a the ile of tisk the san pn iam, The me rough Je Hedge cite eo Geman Nao Sei cent one yl alae an inp sarin th Ii rein pole poet ‘eopoopings Th ifn: en Hepner hes Sesome te frees Drees one gd an impor anon sda nppsely mean sean aeons lke mt onto ev i dif bec Hee end potmrios say be ch sarowe thn an ight hope enn wel cane et inteviany ose pada " HEIDEGGER KRITIK AFF: POLITICS TURN EXT ‘UTNIF 2006 "METAPHYSICS ARE NECESSARY FOR POLITICS TO BREAK THROUGH EXPLOITATION AND THE INDETERMINACY OF THE NEG KRITIK. GREGORY, FRIED PROFESSOR POLEMOS} pg 247-248 osmodernite in gener! ove crt for taking eenoiy she once «plod of his century hitory and politics, Postmodernist xis re willing to deed nto the Hel of ou istry, but they do nt fed, and hey do not seek a Vigil guid them through and beyond because they regard cheen- ‘erprite of overcoming or transcending history as ju another meaphyxia ‘exp, Fortis eon, dey turn to che Heldepgevian model of « Verwindung rather than an Oberwindung: a recorery that doesnot overcome is affizin. ‘The portmodemies? Heideperian Verwindung ofthe metaphytia and in- ‘atonal oundstions of made poli ember the Mans withering sway ofthe sac: in both crs, trot lear wht wl follow A kind of commune sarhy tobe sue, but we re nocalloed any glimpse of wir the new ins- ‘eons wil ook Uke (here arr be any ara). And his lack of rsigh it condoned and even prseribed! Onlyin politics grounded n mexphyser sit cxpecced hat ie wl be regaled by isto, by pinciples, an by rules, ‘hat are ld outin advance and thar predetermine the responce the radia indeterminacy ofthe future ‘Bt postmodernist contempt for inszutons end planning ofr lice d- fens asin he fu of pois i fare most. Mut we shen appeal o thet, lé-acioned notion of human nature ro mak a simple pat abou pala pradenod—moat human being cravesome kindof foundation, and when de- Prive of euch grounding, they wl tra ro sny authority malin tome plau- bie promis of sabi: The posumodemisu'sjinder that anarchy is notthe sume at chaotic anarchy offers live to go on, since andfoundaignaliam “in rinepl" not only undermines all posted intusons but alo refutes tisy plans for new one. Cvisociey oo then, asa mediator berween the individ- ‘land the instinutions ofthe ate, must submie to deconrerton for allie forms of soil (Family, religious eganizaions grade arcaions, ahd 20 om) are surat wit ogocensic presumptions >="@ AG >} OF PHILOSPHY AT THE UNIVERSITY OF SUFFOLK, 2003 [HEIDEGGER’S ‘HEDEGGER KRITIK AFF: POLitics TURN ExT UTNIF 2006 POSTMODERN CRITICISM OF CALCULATION AND DEMOCRACY THROUGH HEIDEGGER CANNOT EVER TRANSLATE INTO SOCIETAL TRANSFORMATION, GREGORY, FRIED PROFESSOR OF PHILOSPHY AT THE UNIVERSITY OF SUFFOLK, 2003 [HEIDEGGER'S, POLEMOS} pg 253-254 &Asepbaied eos ne enum usuon i not wat eons i ier Naam but ter wha al oncch wn thinking through is work thoi i and in the qetion of Beng, Bren if we ages with Heeger tout th spicy of tiki about Being ve the mvp represen tation of beng and even if we see theory meaning and not jst tne dann ching fs aothe, das no fl hat Heldoggeseding of ony and epi his reading of hike within or that itor seo rer Sly Rose Quo of Being A Reva of Heider mst and a2 lading example forenyoneintratdn gensinelyeonfonting Hedepgein- tepretion of Plato at th tinker who berayed hiakng wo meapbysc, Bat {csnorju Pho who deere econsiderion, These ope of Hldegget sworn their of tought can obscure he magueade of hate ignores ‘While Heidega:deores himself tothe inepion f she history ofthe Wet in Grek phlnophy and wage poetry, be une gure the inlae of he Hebrew Bible on che Waser adi, Ieprins te moretun an unaeing ovenigt tet the chink ofthe queion of Beng pases ver in ees the Book wher God ameimscl"arshn Tat ("Twi be wha wi hyb ae yc, Erods 34), For Helga, who pretends ro ares the htory of Being atthe hiory of Were dhought—indeed, ofthe Wes ject to ignore utterly this important qvand of that hisory is Ynply Sa Heidegger bul on Neste svoned contempt [rare Salng spoke to well Lock bese i: jet Lae” a gn op eis Bh oe nda cps bod Se osha Se yay bendy nde om Sia en of Fe, Rowan and een Kans Herland pl aah consinn sox acne ware the pty fv > Stil hemes fein (nd nd egy Ten orang dei cnn, fr Goh ow pe pn ts Burin of Big Sy a0 Simei ttt Ca song suena oe a curtis ees Por dae dann pe Teenage er i Sno enly wih ede ism as a recovery ‘of liberalism demands a polemos, ly = a etude Tis ofan mos rine eal a pani npc pn In pal cae nf utente ound and sandr rinividanlrighsand he thea anf nog cts, One so i lee wre emer hananesens pub. ung ro Arden seas beh ee \oo ‘HEmeccer KRITIK ‘UTNIF 2006 AFF: POLITICS TURN ExT ‘THE DISCOURSE OF RELEASEMENT IS NOT POLITICAL- IT ELIDES COLLECTIVE ACTION AND HAS NO PLAUSIBILITY AS AN ENGAGED PRACTICE. White, Professor at the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 1990 (Stephen, "Heidegger and the Difficulties of a Postmodem Ethics and Politics", Political Theory, Vol. 18. No. 1, February, ISTOR, p. 86-8) ' ” According to Schurmann, this second side of Gelassenheut prepares the “opening” for a new postmodern, anarchic disposition over words, deeds, and things, out of which an “other polities” (narrow sense) can emerge In siluating Gelassenhert on the border of an “other polities," Schurmann seems to be trying to bring into sharper focus some possible practical sense of das Kommenden, My problem with the picture he has drawn is thatthe “other polities” remains a notion devoid of plausible content. Its literally non- conceivable, gen Heidegger's understanding of action. Here, one begins to ‘suspect that Schurmann has not succeeded in bringing Heidegger out of the dilemma suggested carier. But by his efforts to think the Heideggenan ‘project further=and in-nonauthoritariandirections—he both allows one to -—.—— fce the heart of this dilemma more clearly and helps to unearth some of the deep difficulues that contemporary postmoderns have with political reflection. Why exactly 1s an “other politics” nonconceivable? Somehow, it to “anise” out of “anarchie praxss."" Part of what s perplexing here lies m the 1dea that ths practice does not achieve its effects by a frontal assault of the ‘wil, but rather obliquely. Now there 1s nothing mysterious or wrong per se ‘with this sort of figure of thought in political reflection. Its often appealed 10,forexample, nscenarios of nonviolent civil disobedience, where one does not expect the disobedience to force a regime directly to take an action, but rather io have a subtle effect on public opinion which, n tur, would call mto question the legitimacy of some policies of thet regime. But within the Herdeggerien framework, this figure of thought seems to have the latent function of deflecting attention from a deep conceptual gap between Gelassenhert and any possible “other politics” —between acon heightening four sense of the broader meaning of the political and a nerrower sense snvolving ongoing, everydey patterns of volvement in the public sphere."* “The anarchic praxis of Gelassenhett 1s radically separated from any discourse about the legitmation of public actions.” For to talk the language of legitimacy —as postmoderns also incessantly warn us —1s oreinseribe our thinking in the Gestell, to bring it back within the domain of orders of presence. But itis precisely here that one begins to feel the deeply debititanng effect of the one-dimensionalization that 18 at the heart of Heidegger's concept of Gestell,as wel as the analogous way in which many postmodemns think about “logocentnsm,” metanarratves, and societal rationaliza ‘One-dimenstonalization here has the effect of disallowing a foregrounding of any sense of legitimacy that could cut against a technocratie world and provide at least some procedural, conceptual bridge toward an “other” politics. ‘But why 1s such a bndge necessary? Its necessary —conceptually neces- saty — because politics involves collective action; and unless such action 1s to be reduced to coordination purely through threats and incentives, then it ‘must be conceived as somehow built up out of course of interaction n which claims are raised and agents held responsible to normative expectations, “which are themselves not immune from reflective sertiny. And this complex “finteraction_-what Habermas calls “communicative action” ~ cannot pau- Sibly be scrubbed fre of the associated concep of rightness qustiee, oF —— iegitmacy* The problem here 1s that Hexdeggerian thinking about action caught between the sole alternatives of atechnologizngatitude and one of carecement/compliance, simply unable to make this dimension of collec- lo] tive action “arise” mto view. ~y & GBB ‘Heweccer Krink ‘UTNIF 2006 AFF — 1AR DEMOCRACY TURN DISOBEDIENCE AND RESISTANCE CAN ONLY WORK WHEN WE SIMULTANEOUSLY STRUGGLE FOR DEMOCRACY. THE AFFIRMATIVE SOLVES THE ALTERNATIVE. ‘ZIMMERMAN 1990 [GEORGE; PROFESSOR 0’ PHILOSOPHY AT TULANE UNIVERSITY, LION ‘TAMER; HEIDEGGER’S CONFRONTATION WITH MODERNITY 262} <—~ Deconsirutloniss endowed with pragmatic sensibly, such as Caputo, Gis hae ry unoolen condom necehary fr sch“ jaar spelt Witossseh Feed, no daemons, 70 “en le a oie. a Ge er sou: he 1830s ae his tac of i abedenc” als wot wi ssi "_ a woe SE iver conditons Gandhi wuld not have = che Pulgicenene urine of ‘erechs "Ge ley. He armed iat yy Shine poe aie sania P ppltly of sce ten = cana # aaa ape anon cau, cen servi. Fr Beep, CSpawectungyy French and Faas te Semactirotd Soe reason ay Praga ve vised a end Ge sia aoe Se an othe Eeghenment se Fiat et ele omer ustecome meine tt Se ree ei hs itn pry nein 0 Cpe Sune DE TS comes te Enighenment. Poponent of ich Fer ee egg hte a dec aso erent Teer ca or alma fomdatons nthe vaso lence a8 aa oe sod noun ef Poli ulate, te sl on co te cntequnce ofthe gust for Bal muha science bce ea Grattneresed, ba rather was motatea by Hae se nlghtenmene worstigped seni roraly, then noe eget eae 16d HEIDEGGER KRITIK UTNIF 2006 AFF — POLITICAL SERVICE / EDUCATION TURN ‘THE PLAN ALLOWS FOR A DECENTERING OF THE UNIVERSITY AND THE EMERGENCE OF CHALLENGES TO ‘THE ORDER WHICH YOU CRITIQUE SPANOS, PROFESSOR OF ENGLISH AND COMPARATIVE LITERATURE AT SUNY-BINGHAMTON, 1993 (WILLIAM, THE END OF EDUCATION P. XXI-Xxl) (Fi sexo bron oe Sl chapter then tempt to tna the ications of tise of the oppositional ntact for pedagogy inthe daar. Invokes 3 ci traditional iaryozpetion strangely oveookad (deste ts centrality in _Sltsche) by opps! tlectae sch as ater, Fearn, an Der a ‘her efit one he even of May ‘8: hat between matty a adecence, and youth a ee 0s both spect (or Ses) od genera in way thet yecones the ene: Eto af at an or ‘Mbsdor Marsa, which minizes specie stugues inpivegiog the general intel |e and the Fouculin crontatin, which mines ealectivestrugle ia pivleging ‘chated biel, ‘ons ten wich he ie den costes wore rac 28 ‘Fans ay emmy te worst Tid Wool ests ed so Soto oe ye ested wcll ose, nce xed bt eae —— {te Votan posed RSaongy coroaed by he mint soo ore. ‘Trolling centered eda tht, ndersanng othe 320 organically collective “other” and as diferential stances of this collective other, er- “Bes erst rand sm fo bt secs asin Jn earn he es Sear i eoeriory marie canceled Sy $a foal Der pedagogic ember elope pdasay = : Sh wl a Tats Tere ome, 0 Bist tndecteomen a vaet and be ered eens eather. Ts desi Pegaso vii loving Hedeapes Tazo al pesgogy of repetton (Fring) cpm iain the enerpnc oft he utes of south and the iret sospaical energies you embodies from the ear sty (he consenene) info whieh Che esi teleological pedapoay of the calal a i NNO REN HEIDEGGER KRITIK UTNIF 2006 AFF — POLITICAL SERVICE / EDUCATION TURN ‘WE PREVENT THE POSTMODERNS FROM MERELY INJECTING CRITICAL THINKING INTO EDUCATION. ‘THAT LEAVES THE ANTHROPOLOGIC PERSPECTIVE UNTOUCHED ‘SPANOS, PROFESSOR OF ENGLISH AND COMPARATIVE LITERATURE AT SUNY-BINGHAMTON, 1993, (W1LLIAM, THE END OF EpucaTion P. 191) ioveve eis the: deren then lg ologocents ting, the Fou pracitioner of potodern theory hve fad io bres ot ofthe extabhed Ferry parents Tey tenn pace, despite te inteogton of bode Seta He re ing to mae ot less spec ies, wth ny mil (ua Fes sogenve osties cf coesorec ooh, sth genera re ofa he ea rarediclinany ingeraies ofthe dcenering ofthe ntroplgos hat c= forte easy acnamotitin of mabe ofthese Gecuses othe exch oh not the kas, cecnstrvcon and the ne Hresm. Top # another ¢ wih texdenySis ust be engined ~ af the ous postoderstteore- Genus to work nie te aiesy’s cpa stricture bu, the now vie example ofthe conic: beeen deconsrotionst an Let social and Marist cies sng rendered thte practioner more Bee aves of oie’ decors evens, bere, inthe noncfictl rad arena tional enna where what et wake cele, pcfessoal advancement, —— ate of consmptinn thn ever ofthe dacoxrse and prac ofthe oni estar at xg. As ic hy advert tend to alte proucive and he- ents ofthe cna lg of dion and maser, the log, ati whch pote th sovereign ejects the sovereign des. Te teal erg of he pogplsse necessity of nonoundtons] rade of into aways a jy cee its opm daconre it wat dstinishes postman tks fom the manogose ra” sear practes of "suerested” hana in, Tn sme eens the debetes internal to “teary” ae smptematcevence apeaessosel-ctc, the et thodete postive poets of stern inpecte of ce ong proftsing the decentere cere at pat res ing. Te parr erence retieved iy ape Seen of couse, be ndestond in ona ist specter A Gyr oak ‘hom, « ce, wheter Wester or nonester, who undertakes a ue of dea tractus of modern Ina rom a Vester ent poston without sl Sinton dos vskace rater thn contsbtes tothe pecject of deco. ‘a facating fo exe ona chosen dir te, te racine of pr~ poszodern coe to cen ied ys rex partial tthe aoc poof departure of aesoner aoe ees and hn toh ey rence the contenes of nc of repessed—tntastes ther d- Boca ins common areal exter again the donizant else Sch a re: Bone wil ony rene the statin that, for eae, csbied the ent pega th mal alent of hea students and the wit SDS* “PIAL Heweccer Kerik UTNIF 2006 AFF — POLITICAL SERVICE / EDUCATION TURN OUR AFFIRMATIVE ACTS AS A WAKEUP CALL! WE FORCE INTELLECTUALS OUT OF THE ACADEMY AND FORCE THEM TO QUESTION THE HUMANISTIC THOUGHT THAT YOU CRITICIZE SPANOS, PROFESSOR OF ENGLISH AND COMPARATIVE LITERATURE AT SUNY-BINGHAMTON, 1993 (WILLIAM, Ta ENp oF Epvcarion P. 184-6) C- Mostot the specail anges were na come nterpeted bythe > a css tiger vation ote one maa of ete ‘Timagauon ete avery, Urano yc hor at exalt Soyo Ge vue ete erned sleet bjt postin, tne waco ected ates re rn nd anf ene ‘eter seu rate tr cle hed oltre Sue decease sarge he nas” (ia Beret) o he oan ftp coin rg” Gara Conte) rie “dees aS natty tn Ben oe cio aes” D. Heed) Pepe oy epee” of oth Blo) ad the Fenty can pop, ad aay eligi” tat ye td tactics fc ep” yi ele) ied an abet pa cece los of nerve and ft” Bem) ora stuiad nec ofthe “American eters mam (Lye V. Cheney) on te pct ofboth aay std acdc admiistrtors an by the nt” (Waerecacn Bat, MH. Abrams, Wayne Bol, Des Donoghue, (Gerad Gra, an oes) of decostracen— ta i, the “suppression of season and the daca fhe poy of trthin the ae of iosoghy” (Bloom) Mest rece, in the wale ofthe robots in Eastern Europe tn the vcry ofthe "United Ne- thn ints st war agit eg, the defensive representation of the symptomatic Inowles exon prepated by the Vietnam War as tan a minty positive ‘m, Ie eties he darian ofthe naw srl objects for 2 iver cai tan aba "nor McCarthyism of the Left" ponsred by the “tenured aa of the 186d, as peste of “pote cmectaose” nt threatens the “ee speci that anata the greatness ofthe American Uaiventy Rage Kenal, Dv Letan, Tinesh Sout tbe Netonl Astoctian of Scars), ‘ya te fare ofthe vous transgressive margin and dierent ones ofthe pote overeat to adegurteyinteret the orgs andthe eure and ooo! Jnpictons ofthe comzaion in he dscourse nd pracie of dlverance tht hs alowed th hunesstottuson represented by the Harvard Core Coseiam Cam nite, Beret, Bae, Blom, Chen, Hse, and soon torezsttute the xe i tbe {ce of win teas the “proferton of courses or the “over-optoedcarcn,"10 recent optic par gram, the hegemony ofthe adhropologos an is Cua este. ASooph those contadeons were gloat manifestations of = ‘tacaonal triton that, an ntoplogial aida ecpg tot end of ‘nen and denise, the protest movement snply di ot hve a ecu voabelry equate to perotve these coamacitons a he return of th repressed Dini farce et te moment ofits Sl ontelogie, agus, and cata euppression by the “Apallnian rin indicts Te largely spontaneous upon {allio-an- hm acts oftrneretin sgt to structure ofthe every al arosthe inti: elle ff ree eonatiing being that was itself gmp wai sia process and sch, sabes o praca fot inthe ed Hearaly an steely lable, recomend section T 1 was this patos of the fare ofthe protest movement North Ameria, in Trance, Gerry, and indeed ererywere i the West tht Coy way ofthe eapprope sion of Neves and Hedger, Marx and Bred, who, in one way or another, al ‘rokined the “ed” ofthe ahzopdogial raion in terms ofthe vetur ofthe re- resued) presplated the belated tanegressivedecourse of postnoder or post rans "hea, the itereopation of Man (le pacar white bourgeois cents Tabjec, of Dens, Fens, Deleore snd Gusta, Aliusser, Lyotard, Lacan, (Cus, snd Keston France, Iwas lo this contre that proved a mat, ‘however prbemai the ily machinery place renders for the recepion of {bivanranist dicourae in at leat ome garters of te North American every. ‘Tosco what the protester ofthe 196 fale to achieve —to ul the edvensona imperatives Sos by thes extzsordnary suggestive but aly practically incon. raul spontneoes eflors—it wil be necessary for oppostonlinteectas to “think anda: these symplomsin the context ofthc locus—the transispinary ste ofthe edueaonalnstution—and fa terms Oe perspective on them afrded by postnranist theory in gener. "For up to 70m seems ome, postmodern theory ha in some ora ways dae cppostealntlecsals in the tsk they have inherited fom the generation ofthe boos, Despite ts denpstiSation ofthe antroploges an the instituons ompart- rneviazation Gato what scaled lina) ofthe indeslube Sod of forces ati the Geldof fouled), ith remained in practice essentially umarist nd splay, ‘Using the ings of postiumanst heocy understood nota a series of sreet and ntagonstc tteouete, but asa sours the parts of wich, bowever wevedy arin “Gao ren T wil areale inthe ast hate in a proviso way the s2- fhought and unsaid of the protest movement. I wil thematize the afimative ‘beoretalfpacted inpications fr higher eéestion symptomatic iscose by the river’ etdes'uton: it ci of command” and the ensuing “refusal of pa0- taneous consent” ots discarsive pactoes ding and immediately after the Vita We >\B4-G los ‘HEEGGER KRITIK ‘UTNIF 2006 AFF — HEIDEGGER AND THE NAZIS 1ST "AND HEIDEGGER’S CRITIQUE OF DEMOCRACY IS BASED ON A HIDDEN ENDORSEMENT OF FASC! ‘VIOLENCE. INISTS “MARCUSE 2005 [HERBERT; PROFESSOR OF PHILOSOPHY AT UCSC, SAXAPHON! HEIDEGGARIAN MARXISM 169-171] PDiaions Hedges es individ! human ings concerned above al with the prospect of thei individual death, and this supersedes all the kinds of ‘concrete soil considerations cat yo! have mentioned. Do you shal ‘hat exnphasisand that lack ofineresin he concrete and ve sol comes oat ofhis theological taining or bent of mind? ‘Marcuse: I rmey wellbe ht his very vhorough theological waining has some- *hingxo do with In any cas, ics very good that you bring up the tremendous importance the notion of det has in hie philosophy, because I blive tars + vty good sartng pont fort les brie casing the mous ution of wher Heidegger Nava was already nozebl in his philosophy prio to 3953. Non from personal experience I can ll you that nether fa hie lecares, ot in his seminars, nor personaly, was there any hine of his sympathies for [Naz In fi, polcs were never dscused—and tthe very end he spoke ‘ery highly ofthe wo Jews wham he dedicate his hols Edmund Fives) and Mex Scheer, So his opealy declared Nasiam cameos a complete suprise ‘© us, From shat poinc on, of cours, we asked ourselves the questo did wwe overlook indcitions and anticipatone in Bing end Tine andthe releed lings? And we made one ineesting observation, ex-por (I want to ses ‘hat expos, iis easy to make this observation) IF you lok at his view of human existence, of bengin-hewerid, you wll nd «highly represie highly oppresveinerpreeaon. I hae just today gone again though the ‘abl of eontens of Being and Time, and had a look a the main eategore in ‘which he sees the essenclcharacerties of existence ox Deen. Lean jus ead ‘them 0 you and you will se what I mean: “idle talk criscy, ambiguity, falling and being-thrown int, ener, beng-ioward-eath, ansey, dread, boredom and so on. Now this gives «picure which plays well onthe fears !nd frustrations of men and women in repressive sciety—ajyleseience overshadowed by death and ansery: human mateial forthe authoritarian per- sonality. eis for example high characteris that lve i absent fiom Being ‘and Time—she only place where it appears sina footnote ina cheologee conte ogether with th, sn, and remore, Tse now inthis pilosophy exe oss avery power devaluation off, a derogation of oy, ofsensuousness, falflimet. And we may have had the feeling of at that time, bur ie became clear ony afer Hedegye association o Naxim became known, (Olfson: Do you thnk that Heidegge as 2 man was simply polity naved Do you think le understood the implications of his collaboration with the ‘Nazi Pay as Recor ofthe Universi of Frelbng? ‘Macse: Wel, I cen speak cater authoritatively because I dscused ft with hm ar the wa. In onde to prepare my snewer, let me ire ead the statement id ne made, quot lineal: "Lec nc prneples and ideas rule your being, ‘Tey, and in the fare, only the Fier himself is Geeman rity and fs Ja.” These were Heidegge-'s own words in November 1933. This sa nan who profited that he was the Beir ofthe great tradition of Wesern philosophy of ant, Hegel, and so onal his isnow discarded, norms, prncples dear ove bles we the Fre lys dow the lar and defines reality che German reality. Ile with him abou thax several times and he admisted ft was an cos isjdged Hides and Na —io which Iwano add vwo tinge fis that is one ofthe errors a philosopher isnot allowed t commit. He cerainly cn and does commie many, many mistakes bu this is not en eron tnd this is nota make thisis cwully the betrayal of philosophy as such, and ‘of everything philosophy stands fo. Secondly, he admited, Ta, ios 0 sitake—bor thee he lef the mane. He reused (and I ehinkthat somehow 1 find this rather symphedc), he refused any axemp to deny ie orto decare ivan abecaon, or I dont know what bcaute he dno: want co be in the same category, ashe eid with all chose oFhis colleagues who suddenly didatt remember any motetht they tug under the Nai thar they ever supported ‘he Nai, and declared that actualy chy had slays been non-Net, Now in the cae of Heidegars, as far as T know, he gave up any open idectBcaton ‘with Nassm I chink nag or 1936. He was not Rector of ce University any ‘more. In other word, fom tha ine on he withdrew, but to me this in no ‘way simply cancels the statement he made. In my view itis relevant wien tnd why he withdrew his enthussnie uppore of the Nel regime. decive and relerantis che brute fat that he made the satement jus quoted, thas he ‘dolned Winer, and that he exhoreed hisseadents odo the same If "today and in the fare," only the Rber himself is “Geeman salty an is lg” shen ‘the only pilesophy that remains i he philosophy of abdication, surrender, (Olafion: In his dicusions with you ide give any indeaion of his reasons for withdrawing, or what ie beleved the "mista? of Nazism to be? Tim ‘wondering in particular ie was motivated by anything thar one would calla ‘moral consideration, or ‘Marcuse: Infact, remembec he neve did, No henerer di, Ienataly wast ‘nsSemitsm, That remember. Bure never did, you are quite sgh chink understand now why be cured agunee the pre-Hiler democracy of the ‘Weimar Republio—because life under the Weimar Republieceraily in no ‘way conformed 1o his exswatialextegories the struggle beaween capitan, ands, waged almost daly onthe ees athe work place, with velence snd wih the intellect the outburst of radially rebeious literature snd ae ‘his entire world, “existential throughout, lies outside his existentialism. —p ‘HEIDEGGER KRITIK AFF — HEIDEGGER AND THE NAZIS ‘UTNIF 2006 ‘HEIDEGGER’S PHILOSOPHY IS BANKRUPT- ONCE YOU SHAKE HANDS WITH THE DEVIL THERE IS NO GOING BACK TO THE GOOD VERSION OF HIS PHILOSOPHY. ‘MARCUSE 2005 [HERBERT; PROFESSOR OF PHILOSOPHY AT UCSC; HEIDEGGARIAN MARXISM 176] Being end Time appeared daving i pase ofthe Wear Republics fn collage: the impending exaszophe—the advent of the Nex reme—vwas general sensed, But the dominant philosophical trends dsc refs this situation. To meandmy fiends, Heidegger’ worcappeared ra new beginning ‘we experienced his book (and his eure, whose rnscrpus we cbaied) as at Tong last, x cone philosophy: here there was ll of existence (Bein), Of onrexience, of far ngs} and care and boredom, and eo forth, We slo experienced an “academic” emancipacon: Heidegger interpretation of| ‘Grek pilosphy and of Geman idea, wich offered usnew insights into anviquted foiled tex, Only gray did e begin to observe hatheconcrecens of Heidegges philosophy was co alge exent decepeive—that we were once again cone fone with a vine of wanscendenal philosophy (ona higher plane), in ‘whi een estegorfe ad Ios the sharpnes, ben neutralized and in the end were dsipated amid gree bration. That emsned the seater on when the “quesion of Being” was replaced by the “question of tecnal- ‘gy: medly athe instance in which apparent concreteness sobsimed by aboracion—bed absrection, in which the concrete was not genuinely superseded bu insead merely squandered. eft Feiburg in January 293, Porto 1933 neither T nor my fends had btered or known anything about Heiegge?’sconnecion to Neism. Only Ine did we auempe to reconstruct che affnity becween his philosophy and his pots. Today it seems nercuble vo me to dismiss Heidegger support ofthe Hie regime asa (el) misake or ert. lieve that a philsopber cannot make sch “sak? without thereby dsavoning his own, auhenie slocehs Heweccer Keim AFF — HEIDEGGER AND THE NAZIS UTNIF 2006 "YOU CANNOT DIVORCE HEIDEGGER’S POLITICAL PRACTICES FROM HIS PHILOSOPHY- THEY ARE INEXTRICABLY TIED AND MUTUALLY REINFORCING. ARIAS, PROFESOR OF POLITICAL THEORY AT THE FREE UNIVERSITY OF BERLIN, 1989 (FARIAS, HEIGDEGGER "These lies of inguiny present Heidegger's political and philosophical sctivies in a different ligat and enable ut to consider their systematic ‘implications ina new way. It woud all be insufficient, however, i we did not take into account Heidegger's subsequent philosophicel and polical evolution. My own research has led me to the conlusion that, even had Heldegger seen things aifereniy after bie "break” with ihe genvine Nar Sona? Socise movement we ourielveg could not really understand his fiver development without king account of fis evident loyal toa ‘inp that riche song G Natal Soci oo oe eye iva manner and sive that also belong to toler ay texsinony ofthis not only the fact thst in 1959 Heidegger was careful not to deny his pinion of the grander and sal Ua atthe Na Rovere bot ven more The Tacs about his ear and repented vefvel to make amends ven the monsrovs crimes perpetrated during He Fler regime, which fy thant nee deporte eve wets er beginning wich the courses on Nietsche's philosophy right up to the posthumously published inerview with the weekly Der Spiegel (in which, for example, he aims that, when the French begin to think, they find they most speak German), i is dear that Heidegger always remainet ‘thf to a whole spate of doaines characteristic of National Socaligy. TH gene undeiarding of Reeggert hoops impontle Se ic diny in Ns ble n the primacy af his own though, mach Khe Sct ater pn are el he of human THEME Re achal opplion wo Sapo of eres legge comnts to National Socal: my ovariecars sered Sha and it pao de put of Heat Spock ned tae