Sie sind auf Seite 1von 18

Journal of Economic Geology

2010, No. 1 (Vol. 2)


ISSN 2008-7306

Mineralization and Geochemical Exploration in Volcanic- Plutonic Area of


Halakabad Village (Sabzevar), Regarding to Cu-Porphyry Deposits
Panahi Shahri1, M., Karimpour, M.H., Shabani, F.
Research Center for Ore Deposit of Eastern Iran, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

Received: 25/1/2010, in revised form: 7/4/2010


Abstract
The investigated area is located 30 Km south of Sabzevar in Halakabad village. Geological
phenomenons in area follow a trend of NW-SE. Mineralization consists of metallic and non-metallic
(kaolin) mineralization. Disseminated and veinlet mineralization is generally associated with argillic
alteration type. Pyrite is the most widespread type of sulfide mineralization in Halakabad occurrences.
It usually displays a euhedral habit and have occurred at least in two generations. Calcopyrite is
common in veinlets although in minor amounts. Secondary sulfuric acid weathering of the ore has
generated huge surficial amounts of oxide and sulfate minerals which of hematite and jarosite are the
most abundant. Geochemical exploration was conducted over both drainage geochemistry and rock
geochemistry. Results show that some of the stream sediments have higher concentrations of Copper
and Zinc than normal. This anomalies maches with monzonite outcrops in area. The chip rock
geochemical data shows highest values in west of halakabad mine for Cu and Zn respectively 500 and
900 ppm. These data represents that all samples collected from surficial areas of east of area contain
lower concentrations of Copper while sulfide mineralization is more than the other parts. Presence of
favorable alteration system in region, presence of monzonite subvolcanic intrusions and regional
geological criteria indicates a possible Cu-Au porphyry system in Halakabad area.
Keywords: Iran, Halakabad, Cu porphyry, Mineralization, Geochemistry.

Corresponding author: arsheconomic85@yahoo.com

Journal of Economic Geology


)2010, No. 1 (Vol. 2
ISSN 2008-7306

- (
)
1

1388/10/5 : 1389/1/18 :

30 .
() .
. .
-
. .
.
900 500 ppm .
() .
.
.

: .

30
7
0/5 -
. 1377


.
1:100000
[ ]1
.

[ ]2 [ ]3 [ ]4 [ ]5

1:10000 .


.


[.]6

arsheconomic85@yahoo.com

22


- ()
.

[ .]10 9 8 7


[.]13 12 11


.

) Landsat Aster

)
1:10000 10
) 180


) 50

)

) ( 200) - ( 23)
( 15)
) 40
) 70
Cu, Zn, Pb, Ag, Sb, Mo

) Au
+

)
.



.
[ ]1
[ .]14 ()
.
[ ]2 [ ]3 [ ]4
[ ]5 1:10000

.


.

.
1:10000 ( )1 .


.


( )2 .

.

.
-
- .

1389 12

...

23

. 1 .

.2 .

24


.]15[ .
.
-

. -

6
.
.



.
.

()
.
.
.

.

.
()
() .

.
.

.

:
-1
( ) ( )

( ).
-2 -
.
.
-3
.
:

( 3) .

( 3).


.
( )2-3 mm ( )0/5 cm
%10 .
.
.

.


.
( 3).

.

( 3) .
.

( 3) .

( 3) .
-

[.]16

1389 12

...



.
. XRD
.

() .
.


.

.

( 3) .
.
.

.

( 3) .


.
. (
)
4 5
[.]17

25

( )4


-
.

.
-
.

.


.

.

.


.
( )5
.

26

.3 ()
() () () .
( ) () - ().

1389 12

...

27

.4 .

.5 .

28



.
-

.

.

1ppm .

40ppm
75ppm
[ .]18

.



.
. 31
.

( )6 .

Mo Sb Ag
( .)1

.
133ppm 208ppm 100ppm
420ppm ( .)6

.

.
.
( 68)

chip composite . 100ppm
595ppm .
100
900ppm ( .)2

.

( 8 7
).

.
.
.


( .)3

( .)9


.


( 10
) .
.




.

...

1389 12

29

.1 .

Sampel
No
S1

)Sb (ppm

)Ag (ppm

)Pb (ppm

)Zn (ppm

)Cu (ppm

74

68

89

49

S2

57

50

S3

249

139

S4

186

99

S5

410

69

S6

423

194

S7

2/5

0/2

4/9

445/9

251

S8

2/5

0/4

550/1

50/9

34/7

S9

1/8

0/8

3/8

55/3

48/8

S10

1/7

1/2

3/2

62

55/8

S11

4/1

0/2

4/5

197

89/2

S12

10

184

91

S13

40

139

133

S14

40

124

54

S15

29

133

208

S16

-----

<1

29/2

132/6

207/6

S17

<1

25/4

65/6

99/4

S18

---

<1

35/9

222/6

108/2

S19

---

<1

33/7

263/7

101/1

S20

---

<1

24/4

171/4

167

S21

---

<1

35/2

192/8

75/1

S22

1/69

0/5

3/7

58/7

45/1

S23

1/5

0/7

1/1

64

37/4

S24

1/7

0/6

93/8

78/4

S25

1/7

0/2

1/5

201/3

97/5

S27

1/6

0/9

0/7

90/6

44/9

S28

0/8

0/9

66/8

45/6

S29

1/9

0/3

0/7

46/9

75

S30

1/4

0/2

73

107/6

S31

33

. 6 .ppm

...

1389 12

31

. 2 .
Sample
No.
R5

)Sb (ppm

)Ag (ppm

)Pb (ppm

)Zn (ppm

)Cu (ppm

123

404

201

R6

25

25

R7

84

50

R8

87

267

R9

R10

400

220

R11

267

155

R12

27

R13

2/5

0/4

2/9

52/9

15/4

R14

1/8

0/5

1/4

5/6

7/1

R15

1/7

0/1

1/7

5/8

2/5

R16

4/1

0/8

3/9

78/2

175/9

R17

3/2

0/7

2/2

75

7/8

R18

2/2

0/4

1/5

75

18/4

R19

1/8

0/6

2/2

9/4

25

R20

1/2

0/6

1/7

11/9

59/5

R21

1/9

0/5

1/9

102/4

24/9

R22

2/1

0/4

2/1

85

6/4

R23

41/8

24/6

23/5

R24

10

30/3

58/4

R25

10

14/7

45/5

R26

66/8

140/6

14/4

R27

57/1

418/8

19/5

R28

10

74/9

39/8

R29

10

5/8

84/1

R30

0/3

4/7

26/9

R31

10

54

109/3

R32

63/9

55

595/9

R33

10

186/8

37/5

R34

10

618

122/9

R35

10

94/3

73/2

R36

10

56/2

100/5

R37

10

92/9

38/6

R38

10

22/8

19/9

R39

13

719/7

960

97/6

R40

32

2 . .
Sample
No.
R41

)Sb (ppm

)Ag (ppm

)Pb (ppm

)Zn (ppm

)Cu (ppm

42/8

40/9

19/3

28/2

91/1

155/6

53/1

R42

10

68/4

5/3

14/6

R43

10

70/5

5/7

17/5

R44

10

72/6

35/7

R45

10

179/9

432/4

R46

10

25/7

40/3

R47

40/7

101

23/8

R48

10

30/1

35/5

R49

10

53/1

16/1

R50

10

60

105/4

R51

10

166/8

150/9

R52

10

216/9

383/7

R53

71/6

48/6

58/4

R54

2/1

48/8

R55

2/1

2/5

9/5

R56

2/6

3/2

29/1

20/1

R57

2/4

3/2

38/8

68/6

R58

2/9

3/8

R59

2/1

25

167/6

29/2

R60

2/3

3/2

27/9

119/3

R61

2/3

2/5

8/5

R62

10/1

R63

2/5

2/8

7/2

R64

2/8

3/2

30/6

R65

2/1

12/4

R66

0/5

R67

0/5

3/2

127/7

32/2

R68

R1

57

R2

62

66

R3

132

103

R4

1389 12

...

33

.7 () ().

34

3982500
560
520

3982000

480
440

3981500

400
360
320

3981000

280
240

3980500

200
160
120

3980000

80
40
0

551500 552000 552500 553000 553500 554000 554500 555000 555500 556000 556500

.8 () ().
.3 .
)Au (ppb

Sample No.

R33

50

R46

35

R53

40

S17

...

1389 12

35

Au=2pp
b
Au=35ppb

Au=40ppb
Au=50ppb

.9 .

500
450
400

)Cu (ppm
)Zn (ppm

300
250
200

)Cu, Zn (ppm

350

150
100
50
0

S3
0

S2
8

S2
5

S2
3

S2
1

S1
9

S1
7

S1
5

S1
3

S1
1

S9

S7

S5

S3

S1

Sample No.

700
600

)Cu (ppm
)Zn (ppm

500

300

)Cu, Zn (ppm

400

200
100
0

67

64

61

58

55

52

49

46

43

40

37

34

31

28

25

22

19

16

13

10

Sample No.

.13 Cu- Zn () Cu- Zn ().

36

() .


.

- ()

.
.
.



.


.

.

Cu- Au
.

[ ]1 . . " .
1/100000"
(.)1377
[ ]2 " .


"
(.)1386
[ ]3 " .

"
187 )1387( .

[ ]4 " .
( )


( )"
411 )1387( .

[ ]5 " .

"

( 202 )1387.
[6]Cooke et al., "Giant Porphyry Deposits:
Characteristics, Distribution, and Tectonic
Controls", Economic Geology.)2005( ; 100: 801818.
[7]Berberian M., King G.C., "Towards a
paleogeography and tectonic evolution of Iran",
Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 18, (1981), p.
210-265.
[8]Hezarkhani A., "Hydrothermal evolutions at the
Sar-Cheshmeh porphyry Cu-Mo deposit, Iran:
evidence from fluid inclusions", Journal of Asian
Earth Sciences, England 28 (2006a), p. 408-422.
[9]Hezarkhani A., "Alteration/mineralization and
controls of chalcopyrite dissolution/deposition in
the Raigan porphyry system, Bam-Kerman, Iran",
Journal of International Geology Review, USA 48,
(2006b), P. 561-572.
[10]Hezarkhani A., "Petrography of intrusive
rocks within the sungun porphyry copper deposit,
Azarbaijan, Iran", Journal of Asian Earth Sciences,
England 73, (2006c), p. 326-340.
[11]Berberian M., "The southern Caspian: a
compressional depression floored by a trapped,
modified oceanic crust", Canadian Journal of
Earth Sciences 20, (1983) p. 163-183.
[12]Etminan H, "Fluid inclusion studies of the
porphyry copper ore bodies at Sar-Cheshmeh,
Darreh Zar and Mieduk (Kerman region,
southeastern Iran) and porphyry copper
discoveries at Sar-Cheshmeh, Gozan, and Kighal,
Azarbaijan
region(northwestern
Iran)",
International Association, Genesis of ore deposits
Fifth Symposium, Snowbird, Utah, Abstract,
(1978) No. 88.
[13]Shahabpour J., "Aspects of Alteration and
Mineralization at the Sar-Cheshmeh Copper

37

...

[17]Anderson
J.A., "Characterists of leached

capping
and
techniques
of appraisal, in Titley, S.

R., ed., Advances in geology of the porphyry

copper
deposits, Southwestern North America:

Tucson",
University of Arizona Press, (1982) 275
296.
[18]Rose
A.W., Burt D.M., "Hydrothermal

alteration
in
Barnes, H.L., ed., Geochemistry of

hydrothermal ore deposit", 3rd edition: New York,

USA, John wiley and sons, (1979)173-235.

2 1 1389

-Molybdenum Deposit", Kerman, Iran. PhD Thesis


(1982).

21 " " .] 14[


.81 -60 ) 1350(
[15] Simon G., Kesler S. E., Essene E. J., "Gold in
porphyry
copper
deposits:
Experimental
determination of the distribution of gold in the CuFe-S system at 400C to 700 C", Economic
Geology, v. 95, (2000) 259-270.
[16]Waterman G.C., Hamilton R.L., "The Sar
Cheshmeh porphyry copper deposit", Economic
Geology, v.70,no.3, (1975) 568-576.