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PHILIPPINE LITERATURE

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TOPICS

Patalim The Day the Dancers Came

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PATALIM
Cirilo F. Bautista Click to edit Master subtitle style

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CIRILO F. BAUTISTA

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CIRILO F. BAUTISTA

BIOGRAPHY
Born in 1941 A poet, fictionist, critic, and writer of nonfiction. Recived a degree in AB Literature in the university of Santo Tomas and graduated a cum laude in 1963. In 1968, Re received a defree on MA Literature in St. Louis University, Baguio City and also graduated a cum laude. In 1990, Bautista received a Doctor on 3/19/12 Arts In Literature from De La Salle

CIRILO F. BAUTISTA

BIOGRAPHY

In 1968-1969 He received a fellowship to attend the International Writing Program at the University of Iowa and was awarded an honorary degree. He is a co-founding member of the Philippine Literary Arts Council (PLAC) and a member of the Manila Critics Circle, Philippine Center of International PEN and the Philippine Writers Academy.

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CIRILO F. BAUTISTA

BIOGRAPHY
His awards include the Palanca, Free Press, National Book Award from the Manila Critics Circle, Gawad Balagtas, the Pablo Ro man Prize for the Novel, and the highest accolades from the City of Manila, Quezon City, and Iligan City. In 1993, Bautista was hailed as Makata ng Taon by the Komisyon ng mga Wika ng Pilipinas. In 1998, the last part of his epic trilogy The Trilogy of Saint Lazarus , entitled 3/19/12

CIRILO F. BAUTISTA

WORKS
Poetry

Summer Suns The Cave and Other Poems

Kirot Ng Kataga Sunlight On Broken Stones Tinik Sa Dila: Isang Katipunan Ng Mga Tula The Trilogy Of Saint Lazarus Believe and Betray: New and

The Archipelago Charts

Telex Moon Sugat ng Salita

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CIRILO F. BAUTISTA

WORKS
Fiction
v v

Stories (1990) Galaw ng Asoge (2004)

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CIRILO F. BAUTISTA

WORKS
Literary Theory and Cultural Studies
q q

Breaking Signs (1990) Words And Battlefields: A Theoria On The Poem The Estrella D. Alfon Anthology Vol. I - Short Stories Bullets And Roses: The Poetry Of Amado V. Hernandez

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PATALIM
Araw-araw sinusubok naming mag-asawa ang talimng aming balaraw

halimbawa kung umiyakang bunsong anak at hindi kumilos ang sintang mahalsasaksakin ko siya sa likod at patawang pagmamasdan habang duguang pasususuhin niya ang bunso 3/19/12

PATALIM
Kung pundi ang bumbilya sa aming kusina at ako'y abala sa paglikha ng tula hindi niya ako titigilan ng saksak sa batok hanggang ang ilaw ay dinapapalitan Patas lang ang aming labanan lagot kung lagot walang dayaan
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PATALIM
kaya sa katapusan ng araw magbibilang kami ng sugat at tila mga gulanit na kaluluwa at magtatawanan at magsusuntukan pa Ganito kami lagi sapagkat labis ang pag-ibig naming sa isa't isa
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SYMBOLISMS

Patalim metaphor used by the author to depict their love for each other Talim ng aming balaraw tamis ng ating pagmamahalan Hindi niya ako titigilan ng Sasak sa batok - di titigil sa kakangawa
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GUIDE QUESTIONS
1. How is love depicted in the poem?

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GUIDE QUESTIONS
2. Explain the metaphor of dagger to signify the couple's undying love for each other.

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GUIDE QUESTIONS
3. Why does the author use an edged weapon to represent love instead of more common representations like a rose, a heart, or a kiss?

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GUIDE QUESTIONS
4. a. Explain the line. "Araw-araw, sinusubok naming mag-asawa ang talim ng aming balaraw."

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GUIDE QUESTIONS
b. Represent this with the last line, "Ganito kami lagi sapagkat labis ang pagibig namin sa isa't-isa."

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GUIDE QUESTIONS
5. Do you believe that true love is cut to the measure of great conflicts? Substantiate your answer.

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SYMBOLISMS

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THE DAY THE DANCERS CAME


Bienvenido Santos Click to edit Master subtitle style

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Bienvenido Santos

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BIENVENIDO SANTOS

BIOGRAPHY
Born on March 22, 1911 in Tondo, Manila In 1932, he obtained his BA from the University of the Philippines and became an elementary and high school teacher In 1941 he pursued an MA in English at the University of Illinois, Columbia University and Harvard University. In 1946 he returned in the Philippines, taught school and became a school 3/19/12

BIENVENIDO SANTOS

BIOGRAPHY
In 1958 he was a Rockefeller Foundation fellow at the Writers Workshop in the University of Iowa where he later taught as a Fulbright exchange professor. He has received a Guggenheim Foundation fellowship and a Republic Cultural Heritage Award in Literature. In 1981, he honorary degrees in Letters and Humanities from UP and Bicol University 3/19/12

BIENVENIDO SANTOS

BIOGRAPHY

In 1973-1982, Santos became a Distinguished Writer in Residence at Wichita State University and was awarded an honorary degree in humane letters upon his retirement. In 1973-1982, Santos became a visiting writer and artist at the De La Salle University in Manila after he retired Bienvenido Santos passed away in 1996

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CIRILO F. BAUTISTA

WORKS
Novels

The Man Who (Thought He) Looked Like Robert Taylor Brother My Brother The Praying Man The Volcano Villa Magdalena What the Hell For You Left Your Heart in San Francisco

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CIRILO F. BAUTISTA

Short Stories

WORKS

Dwell in the Wilderness Scent of Apples The Day the Dancers Came You Lovely People

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CIRILO F. BAUTISTA

WORKS
Poetry
o o

Distances: In Time The Wounded Stag: 54 Poems

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CIRILO F. BAUTISTA

Non-fiction
v

WORKS

v v v

Memory's Fictions: A Personal History Postscript to a Saintly Life Letters: Book 1 Letters: Book 2

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PLOT

Exposition
The plot centers on the short storys two main protagonists, Filemon Acayan, a fifty year-old, naturalized Filipino citizen and Antonio Bataller, a former Pullman porter who is suffering from a rare skin disease.
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PLOT Rising Action


The dancers came, but they were perhaps too young and too elegant to accept an invitation from an old, stalker-like man. The day the dancers came, Fil felt inferior and poorer than ever. He felt as if he was directly detached from his roots in the Philippines and alienated by the young Filipinos and Filipinas who have arrived in his new found land in 3/19/12

Nevertheless, Fil still pursued his love and admiration for the young dancers. He recorded the dance troupes performance on his old portable tape recorder in hopes of inspiring Tony, who was not as excited as he was the day the dancers came.

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PLOT Climax
Fil returns home later that evening after the concert of the dancers. He takes a nap, weary from his travel and disappointment. When he wakes up, he realizes that Tony had just come home (from a visit to the doctor) and he takes out his portable tape recorder which he plays to listen to sounds that he recorded during the 3/19/12 concert.

Tony suddenly insists that Fil turn the thing off. Fil panics and wanting to know how Tonys visit to the doctor went, he suddenly presses many buttons on the recorder to the point that he accidentally deletes everything the other sounds he used to record, and the sound of the concert that he had just done so.
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GUIDE QUESTIONS
1. Why does Fil cling to old memories of home through an evening with the dancers who came to Chicago?

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GUIDE QUESTIONS
2. Why does Fil consider TIME and MEMORY as villains?

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GUIDE QUESTIONS
3. How does the erased recording of the dancers' performance present a metaphor for Fil's feeling of exile and homesickness?

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GUIDE QUESTIONS
4. After the encounter with the dancers from the Philippines and the erased recording, how would you describe Fil's understanding of the migrant's sense of loneliness, specifically as Santos' ends his story: "Biting his lips, Fil turned towards the window, startled by the first light of dawn. He hadn't realized till then the long night was over.

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GUIDE QUESTIONS
5. How does Bienvenido Santos picture the feeling of alienation by the first generation of immigrants to America? How does it parallel or present a different picture when compared to the experience of contemporary Filipino migrants in America and anywhere in the world today?

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SYMBOLISMS

Tape recorder connection to the past Filipino Dancers the only thing that reminds Fil of the Philippines

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