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November 21, 2008

Devan Neal

BA RT O N S P R I N GS
SALA M A N DE R
Kingdom Class Order Family
Animalia Amphibia - cold-blooded, and Caudata- Many salamanders Plethodontidae
Phylum unlike other land animals have a biphasic life that Genus
Chordata - All chordates are Eurycea
amphibians lay eggs in the transforms from an aquatic
united by having a notochord, a Species
water larval stage to a terrestrial adult
Eurycea sosorum
dorsal nose chord, pharyngeal stage
slits, an edostyle and a post-
anal tail

BARTON SPRINGS SALAMANDER photo from Wikipedia


Unique tiny salamander from Austin, Texas is endangered!
The Barton Springs Salamander’s only habitat is in Barton Springs in Austin, Texas.
It can be connected closely to the Salado Salamander and the Southern Two-Lined
Salamander. It feeds on amphipods, earthworms, and brine shrimp. It is thought to be
mostly a surface dweller, but it is able to live underground.
What's unique about these salamanders is that they are neotenic--they do not
The Barton Springs
metamorphose into a terrestrial adult stage. Resulting in the Barton Springs
Salamander is very petite.
Salamanders staying aquatic their entire lives. They have larval characteristics such as
Adults only grow to be 2.5
external gill structures, and they never lose those gills structures. They never develop inches in total length.
lungs. It was put on the federal List of Threatened and Endangered Species in 1997.
The salamander being listed prevents the City of Austin from cleaning the pool as it References:
has for 70 years: with high-pressure water and bleach, which can be fatal to <ref>http://
salamanders. Not many details are known on how reproduction takes place, however, upload.wikimedia.org/
recently many females have hatched eggs. It is wikipedia/commons/a/a9/
known that females carry their eggs for a year BartonSpringsSalamander.jpeg
before depositing them. <ref>
One of the largest threats to the <ref>http://
salamanders would be the degradation of en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
water quality and quantity in Barton Springs.
Barton_Springs_Salamander<
This is due to urban development and pesticide
ref>
contamination; increased UVB radiation; acid
rain; and disease.

Mrs. Wolfgang • Academic Biology • Period 3 •