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Polynomials: Extrapolation and Curve-Fitting Project

Stephanie Padilla Aracely Ochoa Algebra II Period 3 December 2, 2011

PART I: DATA QUESTIONS


1.) Write down the equation to the line. y = -48.561x3 + 530.07x2 - 175.11x + 1600.9 2.) What curve did you choose as best fit (quadratic, cubic, quartic, quintic)? The function that best fit our data was cubic 3.) How many new HIV cases have you predicted in the next 5 years? Does this number make sense? Why or why not? We predict that there will be 8,288.6 new HIV cases in 2000. This number makes sense because with education the number of new cases should decrease.
y = -48.561x3 + 530.07x2 - 175.11x + 1600.9 12000 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 0 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12

Niger Poly. (Niger) Poly. (Niger)

4.) How many new HIV cases have you predicted in the next 20 years? Does this number make sense? Why or why not? We predict that there will be 25,741 new HIV cases in 2013. This number could make sense because the number of new cases could increase if treatment and education decreases.

PART II: ARTICLE QUESTIONS (3-4 Complete sentences per question)


1. What are the major factors for the spread of HIV in your selected country? The major factors for the spread of HIV in Niger are that they have unsafe sex. The people dont have enough money for they can get good medical attention 2. What has been done to decrease the number of new cases?
People estimated that just 10 percent of HIV-infected women and men. And the women and men were receiving antiretroviral therapy and only 7 percent of pregnant women were receiving treatment to reduce the risk of mother-to-child

3. What are some of the barriers that contribute to the spread of HIV? A barrier to the decrease of HIV is the stigma of talking about sex and getting tested. In addition, 4. What are your suggestions for this country that could effectively help reduce the number of new cases? We suggested that Niger

PART III: WHITE PAPER


1. Overview- Summarize findings from articles. Use Article Questions as a Guide 2. Contributing factors- summarize factors SPECIFIC to your country that have contributed to the increase or decline. 3. Data analysis- Copy and paste your table. Explain in words what trends are present. 4. Predictions- Copy and paste graph for 20 years in the future. Explain in words what the graph illustrates. 5. Recommendations- Suggest possible future actions that can be taken or continued based on their effectiveness.

SAMPLE:

WHITE PAPER: Women and HIV/AIDS

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

The Feminization of AIDS (Overview) Two decades ago, AIDS1 first came to the worlds attention as a mysterious infection among gay males. Today, AIDS has the face of a woman. The disease now infects and affects more women than ever before, accounting for nearly half the 40 million people living with HIV worldwide.2 Contributing factors While a variety of economic, legal, cultural, religious, political, biological and sexual factors make women more vulnerable to HIV/AIDS than men, pervasive gender inequality is at the root of the spread of the pandemic, especially in developing countries.12 The many and varied links between this inequity and increased vulnerability to HIV infection among women and girls has been well documented.13 Furthermore, cultural and/or social norms often restrict womens access to basic information about sexual and reproductive health.14 Even if women have access to information, these gender norms prescribe an unequal and more passive role for women in sexual decision-making; make women vulnerable to sexual coercion; and prevent them from insisting on abstinence or condom use by their male partners.15 In addition, women bear the triple jeopardy of the disease: As infected-persons; as mothers of infected children; and as caregivers of partners, parents or orphans with AIDS.16 Data Analysis The number of women and girls living with HIV continues to steadily increase worldwide. In 2008, 15.7 million women were living with HIV/AIDS compared to 15.4 million in 20073 and with 13.8 million in 2001.4 The prevalence of HIV infection in women is most marked in sub-Saharan Africa where 60 percent of the people living with HIV are female.5 HIV is the leading cause of death and disease among women of reproductive age (15-49 years) worldwide.6 In Southern Africa, prevalence among young women aged 15-24 years living with HIV is on average about three times higher than among men of the same age.8 In 2005, African-American and Latina women represented 24 percent of all U.S. women, but accounted for 82 percent of the total AIDS diagnoses that year. Predictions Unless the global and national communities respond immediately to the pandemic, women face a bleak future: more and more women infected and dying; more women exhausted from caring for the ill and dying; boys and girls continuing to be orphaned with the girl-child especially vulnerable to sexual exploitation; more women caring for orphans; widows driven from their homes, deprived of land and inheritance rights; and families, especially women, with little hope of escaping poverty.17 Recommendations In order to reverse the spread of AIDS among women and girls and lessen the effects of the disease, women and girls must have greater control over their decisions, bodies and lives, as well as a greater say in their governments and public policies.91 As such, realistic strategies that address the triple challenge of poverty, gender inequality and HIV/AIDS must be found. These include: addressing womens social and economic disempowerment; ending violence against women; educating women and girls; and involving men and boys. It is very hard for a HIV-positive woman to access services if she lives in poverty, because not only does poverty weaken her body, but her mind and soul as well. Our Rights, Our Realities International Community of Women Living with HIV/AIDS

PART IV: GPS Reflection (1 from each team member)


Team Member A Reflection 1. Please provide a detailed summary describing the artifact and its purpose? In my Algebra class, me and my partner had to do a Polynomial project based on HIV in Niger. We had to predict if it increase or decrease the number of people that had HIV. We also had to find out how the people go helped with their health.
2. Identify and list the GLPO(s) that were satisfied in completing this artifact. In addition, please explain how these GPLO(s) were met by specifically referring to the example or evidence from the artifact. (Please specifically refer to the indicators within each domain, and do not simply state that you Took Action or Communicated Ideas.) I communicated ideas in this project because I shared ideas with my partner. For example me and my partner would share our information that we had both gathered and that had to do with our project. 3. What skills and concepts were learned in completing this artifact how will they affect your future? Some skills that I learned were how to use more futures that Excel it has. I learned how to have numbers and make then into a graph. I also learned how to create polynomials by using Excel

4. What might you do differently if you were able to recreate or revise the final product? If I could recreate this project again I would like to put more interesting facts about how the spread of HIV in Niger. I would also like to put how the men, women, and children got helped with their health. Another thing that I would like to point out is how the people got tricked about how they could get rid of HIV.

Team Member B Reflection 1. Please provide a detailed summary describing the artifact and its purpose. For this project I and my partner had to estimate new HIV infectors in all ages. Our graphs for the 10 years 5 prediction went down 2. Identify and list the GLPO(s) that were satisfied in completing this artifact. In addition, please explain how these GLPO(s) were met by specifically referring to the examples or evidence from the artifact. (Please specifically refer to the indicators within each domain, and do not simply state that you Took Action or Communicated Ideas.)

3. What skills and concepts were learned throughout the process of completing this artifact?

4. Looking back on the process of completing this artifact, what might you do differently if you were able to recreate or revise the final product? How has process of completing this artifact positively affected your future?

*Extra Credit* (+5 points)


Find a nonprofit or non-governmental organization (NGO) to helps with the prevention of HIV in your country. Type up the following: 1.) Name of organization 2.) Location (address) 3.) Mission Statement 4.) Services they provide/offer 5.) Website (URL)