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Windows 7 Notes

Installing, Upgrading, and Migrating (14 percent)


Windows 7 starter is mainly for netbooks, no DVD playback, No Aero, No ICS, No IIS, only 32-biti version, Max 2GB or Ram Windows 7 Home Basic (not available in us) Similar to starter, x64 version available supports 8GB or ram Windows 7 Home Premium Dvd playback, Aero, ICS, IIS No enterprise technology, cant connect to windows domain up to 16GB of ram and 2 physical processors Windows 7 Professional Same as home premium, can connect to windows domain, supports domain connections, and RDH and EFS, Doesnt have bitlocker, applocker, branchcache, x 86 and x64 supports 192 GB of RAM Windows 7 Ulitmate Everything included, Enterprise tech included, 32 and x64 bit versions, 192GB Windows 7 Enterprise Cant buy off the shelf, only for volume licensing subscribers 32 bit can only have 4GB of RAM for all versions but starter Minimum Requirements Windows 7 x86 1GHz Processor 1GB RAM 16GB Free disk DirectX9 w/ WDDM 1.0 or up

x64 version 1GHz Processor 2GB RAM 20GB Free disk DirectX9 w/ WDDM 1.0 or up

Clean Installation DVD-ROM most commom, Downloadable version available as well via ISO useful for installing on a small number of stations, not very scalable for just one disk USB drive Update the files on drive if needed. Faster than DVD, needs at least 4GB of space, Doesnt scale well neither, need elevated permissions, diskpart Copy the installation files to the USB drive. Network Share Boot with the preinstallation Environment, still doesnt scale very well, WPE is good for diagnostics windows PE is free, windows Automated installation kit for W7

WDS Windows Deployment Services Automated deployment requires a network, 2008 Server, and AD needs to have network adapter supporting PXE, can also boot from a discover image Uses Multicast installs on many sevices at once. DUAL BOOTING Only run one OS at a time, choose at boot process, separate partition needed Win7 at least 15GB of HD space XP cant resize partition must have 3rd party utilities VHD wont need a new partition Must choose unallocated space 100MB partition created is called WinRE

Migration Windows Easy Transfer Side-by-Side Easy transfer cable or network and can copy profile to a HDD Old and New Easy transfer cable, network, or flash drive Wipe and Load Export data, Nuke and install, then import Profiles. XP to 7 Loadstate command loads the users information< must be at elevated state Scanstate.exe and /i parameter for custom application migrations with user accounts, migapp.xml must also be modified MigApp.Xml contains rules about migrating application settings USMT User state migration tool works at the command line, built for larger enterprise Migrate from XP and Vista to 7 and from 7 to vista not to XP, can be completely automated Scanstate compiles all user information, run in an elevated prompt or as a local admin(XP) Migapp.mxl wallpaper, fonts, folder options MigUser.XML folders, files, and file types MigDocs Locations of user docs Config.xml Things to exclude. Dont bring over Storingd the data Uncompressed- stored in folders, view in wind explorer Compressed less space, cant be viewed in windows explorer Hardlink Creates some links to user data links follow with wipe and load doesnt duplicate files you need 250MB to transfer user info

modify config.xml file to prevent some system settings from being migrated, can be created and modified with scanstate.exe w/ the /genconfig option Comes with window AIK -

Deploying Windows 7 (13 percent)


Capturing a system image Making a CC of an exact CP to put on many systems Build a reference computer Image X takes the snapship of the reference computer does the imaging Windows Automated Installation Kit free to download iso Windows SIM (System Image Manager) Manages Image distribution ImageX creates and modifies windows images DISM(Deployment Image Servicing and Management) Modify an image with updates and drivers Already used tools in AIK Windows PE(preinstal) A minimal Boot OS OSCDIMG Command line creation of Iso files USMT(User state migration Tool) migrate user information bt OS versions Can install on 7, server 08 R2, Server 08, Vista, Server 03 SP2 only Development tools command prompt give your access to all the tools Documentation folder also available gives you step by steps Windows S(ystem)I(Image)M(anger) GUI CREATING a REFERENCE IMAGE Plan a 7 installation on a ref PC Build an answer file Validate and save the answer file save Autounattend.xml to the root Perform 7 installation Use sysprep to generalize an set oobe (out of box experience) Create a bootable windows PE disk or USB Create image and store on network share Deploy the image Use an answer file youre going to do this over and over again Windows SIM automate the process Must have answers Run Audit Mode(Shift-CTRL-F3) Bypass windows welcome Tweak your ref image, load apps and drivers SYSPREP -Clear Unique Names - Set Windows Welcome OOBE Generalize resets the 30-day activation only can be done three times

BitLocker (Mobile computing) TPM Trusted Platform Module BitLocker lets you encrypt entire volumes not just a single file protects everything including OS, even if the physical drive is moved to another computer 7 Ultimate or Enterprise TPM Trusted Platform Module securely generates and stores cryptographic keys, very useful for bitlocker hardware based useful for encryption Hash-key summary of the hardward and software, allows to find out if something changes Platform authentication- is it really you BL with TPM no add on for authentication factors BL with a TPM and a PIN input your PIN during startup BL w. a TPM and a USB startup Keys wheres your USB key BL w/o TPM must have a USB key. Very secure used in high secure environments Data Recovery Agents Configure the different drive recovery options Configure the Unique Identifiers Computers already using BL manage-bde setidentifier, -manage-bde protectors get No BL backdoor

Direct Access Automated VPN connectivity Always-on, regardless of location Ultimate and Enterprise IPv6 unless you user MS forefromt unified Access Gateway Requires Windows server 08 R2, must be in windows domain, two NICs one in and one out (Internet link needs two consecutive IPs), digital certs for authentication and encryptions Anything dealing with certs you can use the MMC (MS management console with certs snap in)

Practice Exam

Question 1: You want to set your Windows 7 laptop to hibernate when the battery level reaches 15%. What will you do? 1. Change the power button actions. 2. Change the power options 3. Use Computer configuration to put the disks to sleep at 15% charge capacity. 4. Change the advanced setting of the power plan in use to match the requirements. Correct Answer: 4.

Question 2: What type of backup is done when Windows Backup runs for the second time for a scheduled backup? 1. Incremental 2. Differential 3. Full 4. Copy Correct Answer: 1.

Question 3: What is the main difference between EFS and BitLocker from a user's perspective? 1. BitLocker can be used to encrypt everything on a volume. EFS cannot encrypt all contents of a volume. 2. NTFS files cannot be recovered if you forget the password. BitLocker can be opened even without a password. 3. EFS always applies to complete volume, BitLocker does not. 4. BitLocker always applies to complete volume, EFS does not. Correct Answer: 4.

Question 4: You have configured a network with network address of 10.0.0.0/25. What is the maximum number of computers, which can join this network? 1. 126 2. 255 3. 127 4. 254 5. 128 Correct Answer: 1.

Question 5: You can add the Microsoft-Windows-PnpCustomizationsNonWinPE component to your answer file using the Windows SIM (System Image Manager). In which configuration pass will it be processed? This component can be used to add extra drivers to your Windows 7 Installation.

1. oobeSystem configuration Pass 2. generalize configuration Pass 3. offlineServicing configuration pass 4. specialize configuration Pass 5. auditSystem configuration Pass Correct Answer: 3.

Question 6: Your company has 100 computers running Windows 7 professional edition. It has been decided by the head to use an older application for an important part of work, which needs you to run it in Windows XP mode. What will you do to enable Windows XP mode on those 100 computers? 1. Upgrade to Windows 7 ultimate 2. Upgrade to Windows 7 professional 3. Download and install Windows XP mode software from the Microsoft web site 4. It cannot be done after Windows 7 has already been installed.. Correct Answer: 3.

Question 7: You updated your client's Windows 7 with a new video driver. However, his computer boots with a blank screen since then. What will you do to run system restore? 1. Guess your keystrokes, log in to the system and run the system restore 2. You must reinstall Windows 3. Boot into Linux and manually copy - paste files from a previous restore point. 4. Boot into Windows RE and then use it to run system restore. Correct Answer: 4.

Question 8: What is the biggest benefit of a stripped volume? Stripped volume can be created using the disk management utility in Windows 7. You have to select the most important reason why you would implement this type of volume? 1. It gives data transfer boost 2. It provides security to the data by automatically encrypting it 3. It keeps more than one copy of data, hence preventing data loss in case of a single disk failure 4. Such a volume will not need defragmentation Correct Answer: 1.

Question 9: Which of the image formats are valid for DISM.exe to work with? 1. ISO 2. WIM 3. both WIM and MDF files (respective MDS file is required) 4. both WIM and MDF files (respective MDS file is not required)

Correct Answer: 2.

Question 10: How much space must be free to enable system restore on a volume? 1. 1 GB 2. 12 MB 3. 300 MB 4. 350 MB Correct Answer: 3.

Question 11: What is the drawback of hash rule? Hash rules are the most effective ones in the list of Software Restriction Policies. You have to select the biggest downside of these rules. 1. Implementing them will give a performance drop 2. It has to be setup independently for each computer 3. It has to be setup independently on a per-file basis 4. They conflict with the NTFS permissions Correct Answer: 3.

Question 12: You have been asked to install Windows 7 Ultimate x86 on 3 different computers. You have been given separate Install.Wim files for each of the computers on a single bootable Windows 7 Install DVD. Which of the following options will you pass to setup.exe to change the image from which to install Windows 7? You have to use separate images for installing Windows 7 on each computer. However, they are all on the same DVD only? The Install.wim files reside on different paths on the same DVD with the same name. 1. /useimage: 2. /image:\Install.wim 3. /installfrom: 4. /iimage:\Install.wim Correct Answer: 3.

Question 13: What file controls the behavior of Windows 7 on its first boot (Windows Welcome)? 1. oobe.ini 2. oobe.xml 3. welcome.xml 4. setup-0.xml Correct Answer: 2.

Question 14: Your client bought a Laptop 3 years ago which came with Windows Vista Ultimate. He has

not upgraded to Windows 7 Ultimate and wants to use BitLocker to encrypt the C:\ driver, where Windows is installed. But he is not able to do so. What would you suggest him if he wants to do this? 1. Revert back to Windows Vista Ultimate and install SP2. 2. Buy a new laptop. 3. Install a TPM on the Laptop 4. Use Linux Operating System. Correct Answer: 2.

Question 15: How will you manage the add-ons, which have been already installed in Internet Explorer? 1. We can manage it from the Tools -> Manage add-ons menu 2. We can download a gadget for that 3. By visiting www.ieaddons.com and clicking on manage 4. By using control panel 5. By changing settings in "Internet Options" Correct Answer: 1.

Question 16: You have a computer running Windows XP Professional. You want to upgrade it to Windows 7. But before that you want to check whether or not all the applications which are already installed will remain compatible. You want to do this without doing type of installation. Which one of the following will solve your problem? The computer you want to upgrade already meets the hardware requirements for the upgrade. 1. Run Windows Update 2. Run suitable version of Windows 7 upgrade advisor tool 3. Search online for the applicaton compatibility list 4. Run suitable version of Windows Application Compatibility Toolkit 5. Windows 7 is fully compatible with Windows XP applications, no checking is required Correct Answer: 4.

Question 17: You want the workstation of a user to be logged off (forcefully) when he pulls out the smart card. Which policy will you configure? 1. Interactive Logon: require Smart Card for logoff 2. Interactive Logon: Smart Card removal Behavior 3. Interactive Logon: Smart Card usage Behavior 4. Interactive Logon: Smart Card Account Control Correct Answer: 2.

Question 18: Which of the following tools contains the settings for enforcing password settings on a Windows 7 computer? 1. USMT

2. Cipher.exe 3. Local GPE 4. Compmgmt.msc 5. Control Panel Correct Answer: 3.

Question 19: What is the final setting you need to do after having set the policies in Computer Configuration | Administrative Templates | Network | TCPIP Settings | IPv6 Transition Technologies? 1. Set up the Windows Firewall to allow applications. 2. Set up Network to ensure that network connectivity is not lost. 3. Set the name resolution policies. 4. No setting has to be done. We are ready to go! Correct Answer: 3.

Question 20: You suspect that your Audio device driver is conflicting with the Ethernet driver. Which tool can help you confirm whether you are right with your suspicion or not? 1. Device Manager 2. Group Policy Editor 3. diverquery.exe 4. driverconflict.wsf Correct Answer: 1.

Question 21: You want Windows 7 to search for drivers in C:\MyDriverStore folder, in addition to its default Driver Store folder. What is the easiest way to accomplish this task? 1. Install all drivers in a Windows 7 install image and then deploy this image on the computer. 2. Use pnputil to add all the drivers in C:\MyDriverStore to the Driver Store 3. Copy the contents of C:\MyDriverStore to %systemroot%\System32 directory 4. Edit the registry key which controls the list of the folders where Windows 7 will search for the drivers Correct Answer: 4.

Question 22: You are working in the IT administrator team of a company, which uses Windows 7 on all of the computers. One of your colleagues asks you to help him install lp.cab files to image. What type of object is he trying to add to the image? 1. Language Pack 2. Driver 3. Feature pack in Windows PE image 4. Application patch 5. Application

Correct Answer: 1.

Question 23: You want fine grained control over how UAC behaves. Where will you go? 1. Local GPE 2. Control Panel 3. Computer Management Console 4. None of the above Correct Answer: 1.

Question 24: How would you configure BitLocker to Go to use the TPC chip on a computer? 1. Using Computer Management Console 2. Using device manager 3. It cannot be done 4. It can be done but not on Windows 7. We need a Windows Server 2008 R2 for the purpose. Correct Answer: 3.

Question 25: Which of the following is the most precedent rule in the Software Restriction Policies? 1. Certificate rules 2. Default rules 3. Zone rules 4. Path rules 5. Hash rules Correct Answer: 5.