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The Decimal Numbers are represented as base 10. In Decimal Number the digits may be any number from '0' to '9. In Decimal Number system we can express any decimal number in units,tens,hundreds & so on.

*

MSB

103

102

101

100 .

10-1

10-2

10-3

10-4 LSB

In Binary Nuber system numbers are represented as base 2. In Binary number system only the digits '0' or '1' can be used.

Example:Represent binary number 1101.101 in power of 2 & find its decimal equivalent.

The Octal Number are represented as base 8. In Octal number system only the digits '0' through '7' are used ('8' or '9' is not allowed).

Example:Represent octal number 567 in power of 8 & its decimal equivalent. Solution:5X82 + 6X81 + 7X80

= 5X64 + 6X8 + 7X1

=320 + 48 + 7

=375

10

In Hexadecimal number system numbers are represented as base 16. And they having digits: 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,A,B,C,D,E and F. It is another number system that is particularly useful for human communication with a computer.

Example:Represent hexadecimal number 3FD in power of 16 and find its decimal equivalent. Solution:3X162 + FX161 + DX160 = 3X256 + F(15)X16 + D(13)X1 = 768 + 240 +13 = 102110

Following are the types of conversion: Binary to Octal Conversion Octal to Binary Conversion Binary to Hexadecimal Conversion Hexadecimal to Binary Conversion Octal to Hexadecimal Conversion Hexadecimal to Octal Conversion

Decimal

Octal

Binary

Hexadec imal

Binary to Octal

Technique

Group bits in threes, starting on right Convert to octal digits

Technique

Convert each octal digit to a 3-bit equivalent binary representation

110

011

100

Binary to Hexadecimal

Technique

Group bits in fours, starting on right Convert to hexadecimal digits

Hexadecimal to Binary

Technique

Convert each hexadecimal digit to a 4-bit equivalent binary representation

0011

1111

1101

Octal to Hexadecimal

Technique: - Convert octal number to its binary equivalent. - Convert binary number to its hexadecimal equivalent.

110

001

101

0001

1000

1101

1

Hexadecimal number = 18DH

Hexadecimal to Octal

Technique: - Convert hexadecimal number to its binary equivalent. - Convert binary number to its octal equivalent.

0010

0101

1011

001

001

011

011

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