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1st Subm.

17-Apr-11
Md. Giasuddin
Foundat i on Desi gn Cal cul at i on of Tower Type 2DT6 For
Soi l Cat egor y-2
Submission
Status
Date
AUTHORITY NAME & SIGN DATE Paper Size Language Total Sheets
DESIGNED BY
Md. Giasuddin
17-Apr-11 For approval A4 English 13
CHECKED BY
Md. Giasuddin
For construction Scale : N/A
Revision
1st Sub.
APPROVED BY As Built
SUBMISSION SOUGHT
Document No. :
PGCB/230kV/TL/B-C/Lot-3/Des.Cal/Local/08
Designed By Description Approved By
EMPLOYER :
POWER GRID COMPANY OF
BANGLADESH LTD.
CONTRACTOR :
SANERGY CO.
NAME OF PROJECT :
DESIGN-BUILD AND TRUNKEY CONTRACT FOR CONSTRUCTION OF 230kV BIBYANA -
COMILLA TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3)
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
Cont ent s Page No.
1. Gener al . 03
1. 1 Foundat ion Loads 03
Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 2
FOR BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
1.2 Geot echnical I nformat ion 03
1. 3 Foundat ion St rengt h Fact ors 03
1. 4 Fact ored Foundat ion Loads 03
1. 5 Codes & St andards Considered 03
1.6 Mat erial Propert ies 03
1.7 Geomet rical Dat a of t he Tower 2DT6 03
1. 8 Layout Plan Of t he Foundat ion 04
2. Resi dual Shear Cal cul at i on 04
3. Foundat i on Geomet r y 05
4 : Desi gn Cal cul at i on f or Pi l e 05
4. 1 - Pile Design Load Against Compressive Load 05
4.2 - Pile Design Load Against Uplift 05 g oad ga Up 05
4. 3 - Minimum Lengt h of Pile Group Against Uproot ing 05
4. 4 - Check for pile head deflect ion 06
4. 5 - Ult imat e St ress on Pile Sect ion 07
Sect i on- 5 : St r uct ur al Desi gn of Chi mney & Pi l e Cap 07
5.1 - Design of Chimney 07
5 2 D i f Pil C 08 5.2 - Design of Pile Cap 08
5. 2. 1. - Check Punching of cleat s 08
5.2.1.a Check For Compression 08
5.2.1.b Check For Uplift 08
5.2.2 - Check cap t hickness for Flexural Shear 08
5.2.3.- Check for posit ion of Piles 08
5.2.4 - Check for Bending Moment 09
5.2.5 - Reinforcement Calculat ion 09
5.2.5.1 - Bot t om Reinforcement 08
5.2.5.2 - Top Reinforcement 09
5.2.5.3 - Vert ical Reinforcement Around The pile cap 09
5.2.5.4 - Horizont al Reinforcement Around The pile cap 10
6 - St r uct ur al Desi gn of Pi l e 10
6. 1 Design of upper segment of pile 10
6. 1. 1 Design for Compression Plus Bending 10
6. 1. 2 Design for Tension Plus Bending 10
6.2 Calculat ion t o Find Point of Zero Moment in t he Pile 10
Annexure- 1 12
Annexure- 2 13
Giasuddin Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 2 FOR
1. Gener al .
1. 1 Foundat i on Loads :
Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC 2 FOR
BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
The objective of this generic design is to compute loads on individual pile top, length of fixity of pile and is to design pile, pile cap and chimney. If not
mentioned otherwise, values with suffices x, y and z indicate three global directions with outward positive.
F
z
( k N ) F
x
( k N) F
y
( k N)
3154.98 893.33 831.62
2840.17 893.33 831.62
1. 2 Geot echni cal I nf or mat i on:
I t ems
Max Compression Case
Max Uplift Case
Ul t i mat e Loads Al ong Gl obal Di r ect i on ( Pul l and Thr ust Ver t i cal )
Angle of Int. Friction, ø = 32 Degree
Soil Density = 18 kN/Cum.
Soil Submerged Density = 8 kN/Cum.
Frustum angle = 15 Degree; As per techinical specification
1. 3 Foundat i on St r engt h Fact or s :
2DL 2D1
Appl i ed Loadi ng Case
St r engt h Fact or
2D25 2DT6
1. 4. Fact or ed Foundat i on Loads.
Factored Loads by using Foundation Strength Factor from Appendix (7.A2),Volume 2 of 3
F ( k N ) F ( k N) F ( k N)
2DL, 2D1
1.35 1.23
Fact or ed Ul t i mat e Loads Al ong Gl obal Di r ect i on ( Pul l and Thr ust Ver t i cal )
2D25, 2DT6
For All Load Cases
I t ems F
z
( k N ) F
x
( k N) F
y
( k N)
4259.22 1206.00 1122.69
3834.23 1206.00 1122.69
1.5 Codes & St andar ds Consi der ed :
ACI
BS 8110
Max Long. Case in Uplift
Max Long. Case in Comp.
I t ems
1.6 Mat er i al Pr oper t i es and Cl ear Cover :
28 days cube strength of concrete for Pile; fc' = 30 Mpa.
28 days cube strength of concrete for Pile-Cap; fc' = 25 Mpa.
Corresponding cylinder strength of concrete for Pile-Cap; fc' = 21.25 Mpa.
Yield Strength Reinforcing Steel ;fy = 415 Mpa.
Concrete Clear Cover at top and sides of Cap & Column is = 50 mm.
Concrete Clear Cover for sides of Pile is = 75 mm.
Unit Weight of Concrete = 24 kN/Cum.
1.7 Geomet r i cal Dat a of t he Tow er 2DT6 :
Face Slope = Ø = 13.306 Degree.
Diagonal Slope = Ø = 18.493 Degree.
Md. Giasuddin Page 3 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 2 FOR Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC 2 FOR
BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
1. 8 Lay out Pl an Of t he Foundat i on
450 1800 1800 450
4
5
0
450 1800 1800 450
4
5
0
4
5
0
0
900
9
0
0
1
8
0
0
1
8
0
0
4
5
0
0
900
9
0
0
1
8
0
0
1
8
0
0
4500
CP
4
5
0
4500
4
5
0
4500
4
5
0
4500
4
5
0
4
5
0
0
900
9
0
0
1
8
0
0
1
8
0
0
4
5
0
0
900
9
0
0
1
8
0
0
1
8
0
0
Layout Plan of Foundation
450 1800 1800 450
4
5
0
450 1800 1800 450
4
5
0
2. Resi dual Shear Cal cul at i on :
F
x l eg
F
yl eg
F
x Res
= F
x
- F
x l eg
F
yRes
= F
y
- F
yl eg
Max Compression Case 4259.22 1007.31 1007.31 1206.00 1122.69 198.69 115.38
Max Uplift Case 3834.23 906.80 906.80 1206.00 1122.69 299.20 215.89
Ver t i cal Loads
F
z
( k N )
I t ems
Resi dual Shear ( k N )
F
x
( k N) F
y
( k N)
Leg Shear ( k N ) = F
z
* Tano
Md. Giasuddin Page 4 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 2 FOR Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC 2 FOR
BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
3. Foundat i on Geomet r y :
Size of the column = 900 mmX900 mm.
Dia of the Pile, Dp = 600 mm.
h'' = 280.5 mm.
h' 400 h' = 400 mm.
f = 300 mm.
Pile Center to center Distance = 1800 mm.
Height of column, h = 700 mm.
Length/Width of the Cap, L/B = 4500 mm.
Cap Thickness, t = 1250 mm.
No. of Pile Per Leg = 8 Nos
Wei ght Cal cul at i on
Weight of Column, Wcol = 13.61 kNs.
Weight of Pad, Wpad = 607.5 kNs.
Weight of Superimposed Soil, Ws =109.35 kNs.
Bouyant Weight of Column, W'col = 7.94 kNs
Bouyant Weight of Pad, W'pad = 354.38 kNs
Bouyant Weight of Superimposed Soil, W's = 48.6 kNs
Loads on Pi l e t op :
Foundation Layout Detail Typical Pile Cap Section
For Max i mum Comp.
Resultant Compressive Load = Rzc =Fz+ 1.35*(Wcol+Wpad+Ws) = 5157.69 kNs.
Moment Mx = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fxleg*0.0 + FxRes*(t+h+h''-0.15) =376.12 kN.m
Moment My = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fyleg*0.0 + FyRes*(t+h+h''-0.15) = 218.41 kN.m
For Max i mum Upl i f t :
Resultant Uplift = Rzt=Fz - W'col - W'pad - W's = 3423.31 kNs
Moment Mx = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fxleg*0.0 + Fxres*(t+h+h''-0.15) = 566.39 kN.m
Moment My = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fyleg*0.0 + Fyres*(t+h+h''-0.15) = 408.68 kN.m
4 : Desi gn Cal cul at i on f or Pi l e :
Reaction of pile with applied vertical loads and biaxial bending moment can be expressed by the following equation:
y
V x
V 2 2
M *d1y
R M *d1x
R = ± ±
8 dix diy
∑ ∑
Where , d1x and d1y denote the distances from pile center to cap center along X or Y Direction. In this case d1x=d1y= 0.9 m.
6*1.8^2 = 19.44 Sqm.
4. 1 - Pi l e Desi gn Load Agai nst Compr essi v e Load :
Maximum compresive load that a pile will be imposed can be expressed by :
So Rcmax = 699.76 k Ns. ( Pile weight is to be considered during Pile schedule)
4.2 - Pi l e Desi gn Load Agai nst Upl i f t :
∑ ∑
= =
2 2
diy dix
y
zc x
Cmax 2 2
M *d1y
R M *d1x
R =
8 dix diy
+ +
∑ ∑
g g p
Maximum compresive load that a pile will be imposed can be expressed by :
So Rt max = 518.2 k Ns. ( Pile weight is to be considered during Pile schedule)
4. 3 - Mi ni mum Lengt h of Pi l e Gr oup Agai nst Upr oot i ng :
Soi l body t o Resi st Upl i f t
Say minimum length of pile =8 m
Depth of pile, d = 9.625 m. So a = d/2 = 4.813 m.
The base size of the soil frustum at the lowest point b' = 4.2m X4.2 m
The base size of the soil frustum at Mid Height ; b =4.979 m X4.979 m
Average Area = (4.2^2+4.979^2)/2 =21.22 sqm.
y
zt x
Tmax 2 2
M *d1y
R M *d1x
R =
8 dix diy
+ +
∑ ∑
Md. Giasuddin Page 5 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 2 FOR Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC 2 FOR
BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
So Frustum Volume = 21.22 * 4.8125 =102.12 cum
The upper soil volume = 4.979^2*4.813= 119.32 cum
Total soil Volume = 221.44 Cum
Total weight of soil body = 221.44*8=1771.52 kN
Skin resistance of pile group is Given by :
GL
Q =2*( ) * * L B H f +
Ks =1 ;( soil to soil co-efficient of earth pressure)
P
d
=yd, o = o= 32 Degree
y = Submerged Density of soil = 8 kN/Cum.
Pd =8 *9 625 = 77 kNs
a
su
s
Q =2*( ) * *
Where L and B are the overall length and width of pile group,
H is the depth of soil block and f is the unit skin friction
1
which is given by
2
s
s d
L B H f
fs K p Tano
+
=
Pd 8 9.625 77 kNs.
So fs = 24.06 kN/Sqm.
L= B = b' = 4.2 m and H = d = 9.625 m.
So Qsu = 3890.5 kNs
Allowable capacity (FS=1.5) = 3774.68 kNs
Resultant Uplift = 3423.31 kNs.
Whi ch i s l ess t han 3774.68 k Ns So OK.
Ultimate uplift capacity of pile group = Skin Resistance +
Submerged Weight of soil body = 5662.02kNs.
b
d
L
Whi ch i s l ess t han 3774.68 k Ns So OK.
4.4 - Check f or pi l e head def l ect i on:
For Max Compr essi on:
Fx = Leg Shear = 1007.31 kN
Fy = Leg Shear = 1007.31 kN
Passive resistance by Cap Only ( Same in x and y face)
135 47 kN
a
1
Passive resistance by Pile Cap is k γ*(1 55+0 30)*1 25*4 5 = = 135.47 kN
3.25
γ=Submerged density of soil =8 kN/Cum.
Net Fx = Leg Shear = 871.84 kN
Net Fy = Leg Shear = 871.84 kN
Vres=Sqrt.(871.84^2+871.84^2)=1232.97 kN
Lateral Load carried by a single Pile = 154.12 kN
b'
GL
Cap Top
3
0
0
p
1+sin
Where k = Co-efficient of passive earth pressure =
1-Sin
o
o
=
p
Passive resistance by Pile Cap is k γ*(1.55+0.30)*1.25*4.5 =
2
=
For Max Upl i f t :
Fx = Leg Shear = 906.8 kN
Fy = Leg Shear = 906.8 kN
Net Fx = Leg Shear = 771.33 kN
Net Fy = Leg Shear = 771.33 kN
Vres=Sqrt.(771.33^2+771.33^2)=1090.83 kN
Lateral Load carried by a single Pile = 136.35 kN
Desi gn shear car r i ed by a si ngl e Pi l e Qmax = 154.12 k N
Kp h
Cap Bot.
1
2
5
0
Desi gn shear car r i ed by a si ngl e Pi l e Qmax 154.12 k N
For fixed head pile depth of fixity is given by
L
f
/T = 2.15; (Ref. to figure no 2 , appendix C of IS: 2911) For fixed head piles .
K1 = 0.146 For Submer ged Medi um Dense Sand
Where ; 25742.96 Mpa = 257430 kg/sqcm.
636172.5 cm4 EI = 163769889855 kg.sqcm.
So T = 257.03 cm = 2.57 m
So depth of fixity, Lf = 5.53 m
Deflection, Y = Q*(Lf)^3/12EI = 1.326 cm. = 13.26 mm; Which is less than 25mm, So OK.
5
Where, 1 and T EI K =
4700 '
c
E f = =
4
64
d
I
r
= =
Kp h
Passive Pressure on Cap
Md. Giasuddin Page 6 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 2 FOR Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC 2 FOR
BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
4. 5 - Ul t i mat e St r ess on Pi l e Sect i on
For Max Compr essi on
For f i x ed head l ong pi l e :
Moment M=m.M
F
= 0.82*Q*Lf/2 =
For Max Compression M = 349.44 kN.m
For Max Uplift M = 309.15 kN.m
For Max Compr essi on.
Q = Hu = 154.12 kN.
So Mu = 349.44 kN.m
For Max Upl i f t
Q = Hu = 136.35 kN.
So Mu = 309.15 kN.m
Ul t i mat e l oads on Si ngl e Pi l e :
Compressive load = Rc = 699.76 kN
Uplift load = Rt = 518.2 kN
For Max Compression ultimate Moment , Mu = 349.44 kN.m
For Max Uplift ultimate Moment , Mu = 309.15 kN.m
Sect i on- 5 : St r uct ur al Desi gn of Chi mney & Pi l e Cap
5.1 - Desi gn of Chi mney :
Ultimate Compression = 4259.22 kN
50% of Ult. Compression = 2129.61 kN
Resi dual shear :
F
xmax
= 299.20 kN
F
ymax
= 215.89 kN
Resultant F
xy
= 368.96 kN
M = Fxy* 0.793 = 292.6 kN.m. 1 of 12 of dia. 20 mm y
P
u
= 2129610.00 N
M
u
= 292582755.1 N.mm
D = 900.00 mm
b = 900 mm
d' = 66 mm
d'/D = 0.073 mm
f
ck
= 25.0 Mpa
f
y
= 415.0 Mpa
P
u
/f
ck
bD =
0.105
M
u
/f
ck
bD
2
=
0.016
For the above values, graph ( see annexure-1 ) shows that no rebar is needed.
As per Code Min Rebar Required = 0.004*900^2 = 3240 mm2
Consider Bar Dia. 20 mm
Pr ovi de 12 nos 20mm di a.
Embedded Lengt h of Rebar .
C i t b i t d b th b i hi F 2129 61 kN
Column Section
Compression to be resisted by the rebars in chimney = Fz = 2129.61 kN
Total Nos. of reinforcement is 12 of dia 20 12mm.
As per BS 8110, Ultimate bond stress in compression bars u
u
is given by : u
u
=0.5√fc' Mpa
So Uu = 2.3 Mpa. So Development length ld required = 1228 mm.
Cap thgickness is = 1250 mm and Clear Cover at bottom = 75 mm
Let Chimney rebar rest on the bottom mesh of cap. So Embedded length provided = 1250-75-32 = 1143 mm which is more than requirement, so Ok.
s
d d
u
F
Development length l is given by : l = ;where o is the total perimeter of all rebars, Fs=Fz
u o


Md. Giasuddin Page 7 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 2 FOR Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC 2 FOR
BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
5. 2 - Desi gn of Pi l e Cap :
5. 2. 1. - Check Punchi ng of cl eat s:
5.2.1.a Check For Compr essi on:
Ultimate Compression = 4259.22 kN
Compression to be carried by cleats = 50% of Comp.= 2129.61 kN
Consider 4 cleat group with 4 three cleats in each group. The size of cleats is 150X150X20 ; length 160 .
The Capacity P of each cleat is given by :
Where , b = Length of Angle Shear Connector = 160 mm
t = Thickness of Angle Shear Connector = 20 mm
r = Radius of fillet = 40 mm
Load Carried by each Cleat =0.5* Ccomp./16 = 133.1 kN
1/ 2
1.19 ' ( / 2)
.
1 19 '
c
y
P f b t r x
F
x t w r t
f
= + +
⎡ ⎤
= s ÷ ÷
⎢ ⎥
⎣ ⎦
w = width of angle shear connector = 150
( Ref. : Art.7.6.2, Design of Latticed Steel Transmission Structures; Published by The American Society of Civil Engineers)
x = 68.19 mm; So P = 537.47 k N > 133.1 k N So OK .
5. 2. 1. b Check For Upl i f t :
Ultimate Uplift = 3834.23 kN
Consider 4 cleat group with 4 three cleats in each group. The size of cleats is 150X150X20 ; length 160 .
Load carried by each cleat = 239 64 kN
1.19
c
f
⎣ ⎦
Load carried by each cleat = 239.64 kN
The Capacity P of each cleat is given by :
Where , b = Length of Angle Shear Connector = 160 mm
t = Thickness of Angle Shear Connector = 20 mm
r = Radius of fillet = 40 mm
w = width of angle shear connector = 150
x = 68.19 mm; So P = 537.47 k N > 239.64 k N So OK .
1/ 2
1.19 ' ( / 2)
.
1.19 '
c
y
c
P f b t r x
F
x t w r t
f
= + +
⎡ ⎤
= s ÷ ÷
⎢ ⎥
⎣ ⎦
5.2.2 - Check cap t hi ck ness f or Fl ex ur al Shear :
Total shear acting at a distance d/2 from the face of the column = 3*Rmax; Where Rmax=Rc or Rt whichever is larger.
Rmax = 699.76 kN
So Total Shear,Vc =2*699.76 =1399.52 kN
Where, b = 4500 mm
Consider clear cover 75 and dia of Bar 16 mm , So d ( Outer Layer) = 1250-75-8 =1167 mm , where d is the effective depth of cap.
d ( I nner Layer ) = 1250- 75- 16 - 8 = 1151 mm
dave = ( 1167+ 1151 ) / 2 = 1159 mm dav e. = ( 1167+ 1151 ) / 2 = 1159 mm
So, Vc = Vc/bd = 0.27 Mpa
5.2.3.- Check f or posi t i on of Pi l es :
Distance from pile edge to pile cap edge, x = 200 mm
Distance from pile center to pile cap edge = 500 mm
Diameter of punching plane, y = 800 mm
AS per ACI Shear Stress applied to concrete should be less than 0.17√f'c Mpa. In present case which is coming 0.93 Mpa. This is greater than applied
stress so consideration is quite Ok.
Perimeter of punching plane = PI()*800 =2513 mm
So area of concrete to resist punching of pile = 2513*200 = 502600 Sq.mm
Punching stress developed = Rmax*1000/502600 = 1.39 Mpa
Where Rmax is the Maximum pile reaction = Rcmax = 699.76 kN
AS per ACI Shear Stress applied to concrete should be less than 0.34√f'c Mpa. In present case
which is coming 1.52 Mpa. This is greater than applied stress, 1.39 Mpa, so consideration is quite
Ok.
Md. Giasuddin Page 8 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 2 FOR Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC 2 FOR
BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
5.2.4 - Check f or Bendi ng Moment :
So M
max
=3*R
max
*x' , Where x' = 1.350 m p
b
= 0.02187
M
max
= 1889.4 kN.m. p
max
= 0.75* p
b
= 0.01640194
Maximum moment acting at the face of the column=2*Maximum pile reaction*distance between pile center to column face.
f p ⎛ ⎞
b
' 600
ρ =0.85*0.85*
600
c
y y
f
f f +
290.70 mm Whi ch i s l ess t han d
pr ovi de
; so OK
5.2.5 - Rei nf or cement Cal cul at i on :
5.2.5.1 - Bot t om Rei nf or cement :
2
1 0.59 ...; 0.9
'
y
u y
c
f
M f bd Where
f
p
op o
⎛ ⎞
= ÷ =
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠
(1 0.59 )
'
u
y
y
c
M
d
f
f b
f
p
op
. = =
÷
Consider clear cover 75 and dia of Bar 16 mm , So d (Outer Layer) = 1250-75-8 = 1167 mm; where d is the effective depth of cap.
Compressive pile reactions will produce tension at the bottom of the cap.
Mdes = 1889.352 kN.m
Assuming depth of stress block, a = 22.7 mm
Area of steel, As = M*1000000/(0.9*fy*(d-a/2)) =4439 mm2.
( Ref . - Desi gn of concr et e st r uct ur e, By - Ni l son & Wi nt er ,Page 83 ,10t h Ed.)
d ( Inner Layer) = 1250 -75 -16 - 8 = 1151 mm
dmin = MIN( 1151,1167) = 1151 mm
42 Nos. of Dia. 16 mm along both dic.
Check for a
a = As* f y / ( .85* f c' * b) = 22.7 mm
Consideration is OK, So As = 4439 mm2.
But Min Rebar Required = 0.0015bt = 8437.5 mm2
Consider bar Size = 16 mm
So Nos. of Bars = 42 Nos
5.2.5.2 - Top Rei nf or cement :
Consider clear cover 50 and dia of Bar 16 mm , So d (Outer Layer) = 1250 -50-8 = 1192 mm
Where d is the effective depth of cap from Cap Bottom to Rebar center at Top.
Tensile pile reactions will produce tension at the top of the cap.
So Mu= 2*Rt*x' , Where x' = 1.35 m 42 Nos. of Dia. 16 mm along both dic.
Mdes = 1399.14 kN.m
Assumi ng dept h of st r ess bl ock , a = 16. 4 mm
d = Mi n( 1192,1176) = 1176 mm
d ( I nner Layer ) = 1250 - 50- 16 - 8 = 1176 mm
Cap Reinforcement Plan at Bottom
Area of steel, As = M*1000000/(0.9*fy*(d-a/2)) = 3208 mm2
( Ref . - Desi gn of concr et e st r uct ur e, By - Ni l son & Wi nt er ,Page 83 ,10t h Ed.)
Consi der at i on i s OK, So As = 3208 mm2
Min Rebar Required = 0.0015bt = 8437.5 mm2
Consider bar Size = 16 mm
So Nos. of Bars = 42 Nos
a = As* f y / ( .85* f c' * b) = 16.4 mm
Check for a
5. 2. 5. 3 - Ver t i cal Rei nf or cement Ar ound The pi l e cap :
Total uplift to be resisted by the vertical rebars around the pile cap = Fz = 3834.23 kN
So As = Fz*1000/0.7/Fy = 13198.73 mm2
Total Nos. of top reinforcement is 168 whose total area is 33778 mm2.
So if all top bars are bent downwards this will be good enough for uplift.
As per BS 8110, Ultimate bond stress in tension bars uu is given by : Uu = 0.4√fc' = 1.84 Mpa
So Development length ld required = 247 mm
Provide all top bars bent downwards for the hal f dept h of the cap.It will be suffient for development length.
Cap Reinforcement Plan at Top
s
d
u
F
Development length ld is given by : l = ;where o is the total perimeter of all rebars, Fs=Fz
u o


Md. Giasuddin Page 9 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
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BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
5. 2. 5. 4 - Hor i zont al Rei nf or cement Ar ound The pi l e cap :
Provide 5 nos. of 10mm dia bar around the cap distributed along the whole depth with 300 mm lapping at the joint.
6 - St r uct ur al Desi gn of Pi l e
Ul t i mat e l oads on Si ngl e Pi l e : Ul t i mat e l oads on Si ngl e Pi l e :
Compressive load = Rc = 699.76 kN
Uplift load = Rt = 518.2 kN
Ultimate Moment For Maximum Compression , Mu = 349.44 kN.m
Ultimate Moment For Max Uplift , Mu = 309.15 kN.m
6. 1 Desi gn of upper segment of pi l e
6.1.1 Desi gn f or Compr essi on Pl us Bendi ng g p g
Pile diameter, h = 600 mm
A
c
= r/4h
2
= 282743.3 Sqmm.
v
c
= 1.5
Pile Section at Upper Segment
1.5
1.5
1.5
c
c c
c
c c
tot y c
c c
N
f A
M
f A h
A f
A f
v
v
v
µ
v
u
⎛ ⎞
=
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠
⎛ ⎞
=
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠
⎛ ⎞
=
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠
N = Normal Load = 699760.00 N
f
c
= 30.00 MPa
M = Moment = 349440000.00 N.mm
so v = 0.082
And µ = 0.069
For above values of v & µ u = 0.2 ( From chart of Annexure-2 )
So A
tot
= 1.5uA
c
f
c
/v
c
f
y
= 4087.9 Sqmm.
Rebar Dia = 25 mm
Pile Section at Lower Segment
So Nos. of Bar = 9 Nos.
6. 1. 2 Desi gn f or Tensi on Pl us Bendi ng
N = Normal Load = 518200.00 N
f
c
= 30.00 MPa
M = Moment = 309150000.00 N.mm
so v = 0.061
And µ = 0.061
For above values of v & µ u = 0.28 ( From chart of Annexure-2 )
Hu
So A
tot
= 1.5uA
c
f
c
/v
c
f
y
= 5723.0 Sqmm.
Rebar Dia = 25 mm
So Nos. of Bar = 12 Nos.
Provide 13 nos. of dia. 25mm.
Length of fixity is 5.53 meter. ( Ref. to clause4.4 - Check for pile head deflection: )
6. 2 Cal cul at i on t o Fi nd Poi nt of Zer o Moment i n t he Pi l e
For safe dissipation of moment at the point of fixity designed rebar is extended by 1.97 meter
below the point of fixity. Hence length of upper segment of the pile is 7.5 meter.
S
e
g
m
e
n
t

L
e
n
g
t
h

o
f

p
i
l
e
3.25
Hu ( for Uplift ) = 136.35 kN
So Moment =-0.1 at a distance 7.237 m from Pile Top
Since Tension plus Bending combination requires more reinforcement than that of compression
plus bending combination, Uplift case is taken into consideration.
p
1+sin
Where k = Co-efficient of passive earth pressure =
1-Sin
o
o
=
Kp h
h
=

1
s
t

Passive Pressure on Pile
p
1
Moment at aheight is * k γh*h*Pile Dia*h/3 =0.0
2
u
h H h = ÷
Md. Giasuddin Page 10 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
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BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
h = 7.237 m and Pile Dia = 0.6 m
Upper segment considered = 7.5 meter
Rebar Requi r ement t o Resi st Tensi l e f or ce :
Acting tension at any point = Tension at pile top - Frictional Resistance by Soil
Skin Friction is given by = 0.5*K
s
*P
d
*tand*A
s
(h should be measured from GL but 1st segment of pile is
considered Conservatively)
g y
s d s
Where; K
s
=0.7, d= o = 32 Degree
Submerged Density of soil = 8 KN/Cum
Pd=7.5 *8 = 60 kN/Sqm
As=PI()*0.6*7.5 = 14.14 Sqm
So, Frictional Resistance by soil=0.5*0.7*60*Tan15*14.14 = 185.55 kN
Net Tension at the point = 518.2 - 185.55 = 332.65 kN
Tensile Force to be resisted = 332650 N
Consider no tension to be resisted by concrete that means all tensile forces shall be resisted by rebar only.
Yield Strength of Rebar = 415 Mpa
So Tensile Strength Can be considered as = 0.7*415=290.5 Mpa
So Rebar area required to resist Tensile force = 332650 / 290.5 = 1146 mm2
Minimum Rebar for pile section is = 0.004*X-Sectinal area of pile = 1131 mm2.
6 nos. of dia 16 mm for the lower segment is ok from structural point and minimum requirement as well.
Md. Giasuddin Page 11 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
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Annex ur e- 1: Rei nf or cement Char t f or Chi mney
Md. Giasuddin Page 12 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
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BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
Annex ur e- 2: Rei nf or cement Char t f or Pi l e
Md. Giasuddin Page 13 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
1st Subm. 17-Apr-11
Md. Giasuddin
Foundat i on Desi gn Cal cul at i on of Tower Type 2DT6 For
Soi l Cat egor y-3
Submission
Status
Date
AUTHORITY NAME & SIGN DATE Paper Size Language Total Sheets
DESIGNED BY
Md. Giasuddin
17-Apr-11 For approval A4 English 13
CHECKED BY
Md. Giasuddin
For construction Scale : N/A
Revision
1st Sub.
APPROVED BY As Built
SUBMISSION SOUGHT
Document No. :
PGCB/230kV/TL/B-C/Lot-3/Des.Cal/Local/09
Designed By Description Approved By
EMPLOYER :
POWER GRID COMPANY OF
BANGLADESH LTD.
CONTRACTOR :
SANERGY CO.
NAME OF PROJECT :
DESIGN-BUILD AND TRUNKEY CONTRACT FOR CONSTRUCTION OF 230kV BIBYANA -
COMILLA TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3)
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
Cont ent s Page No.
1. Gener al . 03
1. 1 Foundat ion Loads 03
Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 3
FOR BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
1.2 Geot echnical I nformat ion 03
1. 3 Foundat ion St rengt h Fact ors 03
1. 4 Fact ored Foundat ion Loads 03
1. 5 Codes & St andards Considered 03
1.6 Mat erial Propert ies 03
1.7 Geomet rical Dat a of t he Tower 2DT6 03
1. 8 Layout Plan Of t he Foundat ion 04
2. Resi dual Shear Cal cul at i on 04
3. Foundat i on Geomet r y 05
4 : Desi gn Cal cul at i on f or Pi l e 05
4. 1 - Pile Design Load Against Compressive Load 05
4.2 - Pile Design Load Against Uplift 05 g oad ga Up 05
4. 3 - Minimum Lengt h of Pile Group Against Uproot ing 05
4. 4 - Check for pile head deflect ion 06
4. 5 - Ult imat e St ress on Pile Sect ion 07
Sect i on- 5 : St r uct ur al Desi gn of Chi mney & Pi l e Cap 07
5.1 - Design of Chimney 07
5 2 D i f Pil C 08 5.2 - Design of Pile Cap 08
5. 2. 1. - Check Punching of cleat s 08
5.2.1.a Check For Compression 08
5.2.1.b Check For Uplift 08
5.2.2 - Check cap t hickness for Flexural Shear 08
5.2.3.- Check for posit ion of Piles 08
5.2.4 - Check for Bending Moment 09
5.2.5 - Reinforcement Calculat ion 09
5.2.5.1 - Bot t om Reinforcement 08
5.2.5.2 - Top Reinforcement 09
5.2.5.3 - Vert ical Reinforcement Around The pile cap 09
5.2.5.4 - Horizont al Reinforcement Around The pile cap 10
6 - St r uct ur al Desi gn of Pi l e 10
6. 1 Design of upper segment of pile 10
6. 1. 1 Design for Compression Plus Bending 10
6. 1. 2 Design for Tension Plus Bending 10
6.2 Calculat ion t o Find Point of Zero Moment in t he Pile 10
Annexure- 1 12
Annexure- 2 13
Giasuddin Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 3 FOR
1. Gener al .
1. 1 Foundat i on Loads :
Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC 3 FOR
BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
The objective of this generic design is to compute loads on individual pile top, length of fixity of pile and is to design pile, pile cap and chimney. If not
mentioned otherwise, values with suffices x, y and z indicate three global directions with outward positive.
F
z
( k N ) F
x
( k N) F
y
( k N)
3154.98 893.33 831.62
2840.17 893.33 831.62
1. 2 Geot echni cal I nf or mat i on:
I t ems
Max Compression Case
Max Uplift Case
Ul t i mat e Loads Al ong Gl obal Di r ect i on ( Pul l and Thr ust Ver t i cal )
Angle of Int. Friction, ø = 30 Degree
Soil Density = 17 kN/Cum.
Soil Submerged Density = 7 kN/Cum.
Frustum angle = 15 Degree; As per techinical specification
1. 3 Foundat i on St r engt h Fact or s :
2DL 2D1
Appl i ed Loadi ng Case
St r engt h Fact or
2D25 2DT6
1. 4. Fact or ed Foundat i on Loads.
Factored Loads by using Foundation Strength Factor from Appendix (7.A2),Volume 2 of 3
F ( k N ) F ( k N) F ( k N)
2DL, 2D1
1.35 1.23
Fact or ed Ul t i mat e Loads Al ong Gl obal Di r ect i on ( Pul l and Thr ust Ver t i cal )
2D25, 2DT6
For All Load Cases
I t ems F
z
( k N ) F
x
( k N) F
y
( k N)
4259.22 1206.00 1122.69
3834.23 1206.00 1122.69
1.5 Codes & St andar ds Consi der ed :
ACI
BS 8110
Max Long. Case in Uplift
Max Long. Case in Comp.
I t ems
1.6 Mat er i al Pr oper t i es and Cl ear Cover :
28 days cube strength of concrete for Pile; fc' = 30 Mpa.
28 days cube strength of concrete for Pile-Cap; fc' = 25 Mpa.
Corresponding cylinder strength of concrete for Pile-Cap; fc' = 21.25 Mpa.
Yield Strength Reinforcing Steel ;fy = 415 Mpa.
Concrete Clear Cover at top and sides of Cap & Column is = 50 mm.
Concrete Clear Cover for sides of Pile is = 75 mm.
Unit Weight of Concrete = 24 kN/Cum.
1.7 Geomet r i cal Dat a of t he Tow er 2DT6 :
Face Slope = Ø = 13.306 Degree.
Diagonal Slope = Ø = 18.493 Degree.
Md. Giasuddin Page 3 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
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BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
1. 8 Lay out Pl an Of t he Foundat i on
450 1800 1800 450
4
5
0
450 1800 1800 450
4
5
0
4
5
0
0
900
9
0
0
1
8
0
0
1
8
0
0
4
5
0
0
900
9
0
0
1
8
0
0
1
8
0
0
4500
CP
4
5
0
4500
4
5
0
4500
4
5
0
4500
4
5
0
4
5
0
0
900
9
0
0
1
8
0
0
1
8
0
0
4
5
0
0
900
9
0
0
1
8
0
0
1
8
0
0
Layout Plan of Foundation
450 1800 1800 450
4
5
0
450 1800 1800 450
4
5
0
2. Resi dual Shear Cal cul at i on :
F
x l eg
F
yl eg
F
x Res
= F
x
- F
x l eg
F
yRes
= F
y
- F
yl eg
Max Compression Case 4259.22 1007.31 1007.31 1206.00 1122.69 198.69 115.38
Max Uplift Case 3834.23 906.80 906.80 1206.00 1122.69 299.20 215.89
Ver t i cal Loads
F
z
( k N )
I t ems
Resi dual Shear ( k N )
F
x
( k N) F
y
( k N)
Leg Shear ( k N ) = F
z
* Tano
Md. Giasuddin Page 4 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
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BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
3. Foundat i on Geomet r y :
Size of the column = 900 mmX900 mm.
Dia of the Pile, Dp = 600 mm.
h'' = 280.5 mm.
h' 400 h' = 400 mm.
f = 300 mm.
Pile Center to center Distance = 1800 mm.
Height of column, h = 700 mm.
Length/Width of the Cap, L/B = 4500 mm.
Cap Thickness, t = 1250 mm.
No. of Pile Per Leg = 8 Nos
Wei ght Cal cul at i on
Weight of Column, Wcol = 13.61 kNs.
Weight of Pad, Wpad = 607.5 kNs.
Weight of Superimposed Soil, Ws =103.28 kNs.
Bouyant Weight of Column, W'col = 7.94 kNs
Bouyant Weight of Pad, W'pad = 354.38 kNs
Bouyant Weight of Superimposed Soil, W's = 42.53 kNs
Loads on Pi l e t op :
Foundation Layout Detail Typical Pile Cap Section
For Max i mum Comp.
Resultant Compressive Load = Rzc =Fz+ 1.35*(Wcol+Wpad+Ws) = 5150.22 kNs.
Moment Mx = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fxleg*0.0 + FxRes*(t+h+h''-0.15) =376.12 kN.m
Moment My = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fyleg*0.0 + FyRes*(t+h+h''-0.15) = 218.41 kN.m
For Max i mum Upl i f t :
Resultant Uplift = Rzt=Fz - W'col - W'pad - W's = 3429.38 kNs
Moment Mx = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fxleg*0.0 + Fxres*(t+h+h''-0.15) = 566.39 kN.m
Moment My = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fyleg*0.0 + Fyres*(t+h+h''-0.15) = 408.68 kN.m
4 : Desi gn Cal cul at i on f or Pi l e :
Reaction of pile with applied vertical loads and biaxial bending moment can be expressed by the following equation:
y
V x
V 2 2
M *d1y
R M *d1x
R = ± ±
8 dix diy
∑ ∑
Where , d1x and d1y denote the distances from pile center to cap center along X or Y Direction. In this case d1x=d1y= 0.9 m.
6*1.8^2 = 19.44 Sqm.
4. 1 - Pi l e Desi gn Load Agai nst Compr essi v e Load :
Maximum compresive load that a pile will be imposed can be expressed by :
So Rcmax = 698.83 k Ns. ( Pile weight is to be considered during Pile schedule)
4.2 - Pi l e Desi gn Load Agai nst Upl i f t :
∑ ∑
= =
2 2
diy dix
y
zc x
Cmax 2 2
M *d1y
R M *d1x
R =
8 dix diy
+ +
∑ ∑
g g p
Maximum compresive load that a pile will be imposed can be expressed by :
So Rt max = 518.96 k Ns. ( Pile weight is to be considered during Pile schedule)
4. 3 - Mi ni mum Lengt h of Pi l e Gr oup Agai nst Upr oot i ng :
Soi l body t o Resi st Upl i f t
Say minimum length of pile =9 m
Depth of pile, d = 10.625 m. So a = d/2 = 5.313 m.
The base size of the soil frustum at the lowest point b' = 4.2m X4.2 m
The base size of the soil frustum at Mid Height ; b =5.247 m X5.247 m
Average Area = (4.2^2+5.247^2)/2 =22.59 sqm.
y
zt x
Tmax 2 2
M *d1y
R M *d1x
R =
8 dix diy
+ +
∑ ∑
Md. Giasuddin Page 5 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
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BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
So Frustum Volume = 22.59 * 5.3125 =120.01 cum
The upper soil volume = 5.247^2*5.313= 146.27 cum
Total soil Volume = 266.28 Cum
Total weight of soil body = 266.28*7=1863.96 kN
Skin resistance of pile group is Given by :
GL
Q =2*( ) * * L B H f +
Ks =1 ;( soil to soil co-efficient of earth pressure)
P
d
=yd, o = o= 30 Degree
y = Submerged Density of soil = 7 kN/Cum.
Pd =7 *10 625 = 74 375 kNs
a
su
s
Q =2*( ) * *
Where L and B are the overall length and width of pile group,
H is the depth of soil block and f is the unit skin friction
1
which is given by
2
s
s d
L B H f
fs K p Tano
+
=
Pd 7 10.625 74.375 kNs.
So fs = 21.47 kN/Sqm.
L= B = b' = 4.2 m and H = d = 10.625 m.
So Qsu = 3832.4 kNs
Allowable capacity (FS=1.5) = 3797.57 kNs
Resultant Uplift = 3429.38 kNs.
Whi ch i s l ess t han 3797.57 k Ns So OK.
Ultimate uplift capacity of pile group = Skin Resistance +
Submerged Weight of soil body = 5696.36kNs.
b
d
L
Whi ch i s l ess t han 3797.57 k Ns So OK.
4.4 - Check f or pi l e head def l ect i on:
For Max Compr essi on:
Fx = Leg Shear = 1007.31 kN
Fy = Leg Shear = 1007.31 kN
Passive resistance by Cap Only ( Same in x and y face)
109 27 kN
a
1
Passive resistance by Pile Cap is k γ*(1 55+0 30)*1 25*4 5 = = 109.27 kN
3.00
γ=Submerged density of soil =7 kN/Cum.
Net Fx = Leg Shear = 898.04 kN
Net Fy = Leg Shear = 898.04 kN
Vres=Sqrt.(898.04^2+898.04^2)=1270.02 kN
Lateral Load carried by a single Pile = 158.75 kN
b'
GL
Cap Top
3
0
0
p
1+sin
Where k = Co-efficient of passive earth pressure =
1-Sin
o
o
=
p
Passive resistance by Pile Cap is k γ*(1.55+0.30)*1.25*4.5 =
2
=
For Max Upl i f t :
Fx = Leg Shear = 906.8 kN
Fy = Leg Shear = 906.8 kN
Net Fx = Leg Shear = 797.53 kN
Net Fy = Leg Shear = 797.53 kN
Vres=Sqrt.(797.53^2+797.53^2)=1127.88 kN
Lateral Load carried by a single Pile = 140.99 kN
Desi gn shear car r i ed by a si ngl e Pi l e Qmax = 158.75 k N
Kp h
Cap Bot.
1
2
5
0
Desi gn shear car r i ed by a si ngl e Pi l e Qmax 158.75 k N
For fixed head pile depth of fixity is given by
L
f
/T = 2.15; (Ref. to figure no 2 , appendix C of IS: 2911) For fixed head piles .
K1 = 0.146 For Submer ged Loose Sand
Where ; 25742.96 Mpa = 257430 kg/sqcm.
636172.5 cm4 EI = 163769889855 kg.sqcm.
So T = 257.03 cm = 2.57 m
So depth of fixity, Lf = 5.53 m
Deflection, Y = Q*(Lf)^3/12EI = 1.366 cm. = 13.66 mm; Which is less than 25mm, So OK.
5
Where, 1 and T EI K =
4700 '
c
E f = =
4
64
d
I
r
= =
Kp h
Passive Pressure on Cap
Md. Giasuddin Page 6 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 3 FOR Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC 3 FOR
BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
4. 5 - Ul t i mat e St r ess on Pi l e Sect i on
For Max Compr essi on
For f i x ed head l ong pi l e :
Moment M=m.M
F
= 0.82*Q*Lf/2 =
For Max Compression M = 359.93 kN.m
For Max Uplift M = 319.67 kN.m
For Max Compr essi on.
Q = Hu = 158.75 kN.
So Mu = 359.93 kN.m
For Max Upl i f t
Q = Hu = 140.99 kN.
So Mu = 319.67 kN.m
Ul t i mat e l oads on Si ngl e Pi l e :
Compressive load = Rc = 698.83 kN
Uplift load = Rt = 518.96 kN
For Max Compression ultimate Moment , Mu = 359.93 kN.m
For Max Uplift ultimate Moment , Mu = 319.67 kN.m
Sect i on- 5 : St r uct ur al Desi gn of Chi mney & Pi l e Cap
5.1 - Desi gn of Chi mney :
Ultimate Compression = 4259.22 kN
50% of Ult. Compression = 2129.61 kN
Resi dual shear :
F
xmax
= 299.20 kN
F
ymax
= 215.89 kN
Resultant F
xy
= 368.96 kN
M = Fxy* 0.793 = 292.6 kN.m. 1 of 12 of dia. 20 mm y
P
u
= 2129610.00 N
M
u
= 292582755.1 N.mm
D = 900.00 mm
b = 900 mm
d' = 66 mm
d'/D = 0.073 mm
f
ck
= 25.0 Mpa
f
y
= 415.0 Mpa
P
u
/f
ck
bD =
0.105
M
u
/f
ck
bD
2
=
0.016
For the above values, graph ( see annexure-1 ) shows that no rebar is needed.
As per Code Min Rebar Required = 0.004*900^2 = 3240 mm2
Consider Bar Dia. 20 mm
Pr ovi de 12 nos 20mm di a.
Embedded Lengt h of Rebar .
C i t b i t d b th b i hi F 2129 61 kN
Column Section
Compression to be resisted by the rebars in chimney = Fz = 2129.61 kN
Total Nos. of reinforcement is 12 of dia 20 12mm.
As per BS 8110, Ultimate bond stress in compression bars u
u
is given by : u
u
=0.5√fc' Mpa
So Uu = 2.3 Mpa. So Development length ld required = 1228 mm.
Cap thgickness is = 1250 mm and Clear Cover at bottom = 75 mm
Let Chimney rebar rest on the bottom mesh of cap. So Embedded length provided = 1250-75-32 = 1143 mm which is more than requirement, so Ok.
s
d d
u
F
Development length l is given by : l = ;where o is the total perimeter of all rebars, Fs=Fz
u o


Md. Giasuddin Page 7 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
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BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
5. 2 - Desi gn of Pi l e Cap :
5. 2. 1. - Check Punchi ng of cl eat s:
5.2.1.a Check For Compr essi on:
Ultimate Compression = 4259.22 kN
Compression to be carried by cleats = 50% of Comp.= 2129.61 kN
Consider 4 cleat group with 4 three cleats in each group. The size of cleats is 150X150X20 ; length 160 .
The Capacity P of each cleat is given by :
Where , b = Length of Angle Shear Connector = 160 mm
t = Thickness of Angle Shear Connector = 20 mm
r = Radius of fillet = 40 mm
Load Carried by each Cleat =0.5* Ccomp./16 = 133.1 kN
1/ 2
1.19 ' ( / 2)
.
1 19 '
c
y
P f b t r x
F
x t w r t
f
= + +
⎡ ⎤
= s ÷ ÷
⎢ ⎥
⎣ ⎦
w = width of angle shear connector = 150
( Ref. : Art.7.6.2, Design of Latticed Steel Transmission Structures; Published by The American Society of Civil Engineers)
x = 68.19 mm; So P = 537.47 k N > 133.1 k N So OK .
5. 2. 1. b Check For Upl i f t :
Ultimate Uplift = 3834.23 kN
Consider 4 cleat group with 4 three cleats in each group. The size of cleats is 150X150X20 ; length 160 .
Load carried by each cleat = 239 64 kN
1.19
c
f
⎣ ⎦
Load carried by each cleat = 239.64 kN
The Capacity P of each cleat is given by :
Where , b = Length of Angle Shear Connector = 160 mm
t = Thickness of Angle Shear Connector = 20 mm
r = Radius of fillet = 40 mm
w = width of angle shear connector = 150
x = 68.19 mm; So P = 537.47 k N > 239.64 k N So OK .
1/ 2
1.19 ' ( / 2)
.
1.19 '
c
y
c
P f b t r x
F
x t w r t
f
= + +
⎡ ⎤
= s ÷ ÷
⎢ ⎥
⎣ ⎦
5.2.2 - Check cap t hi ck ness f or Fl ex ur al Shear :
Total shear acting at a distance d/2 from the face of the column = 3*Rmax; Where Rmax=Rc or Rt whichever is larger.
Rmax = 698.83 kN
So Total Shear,Vc =2*698.83 =1397.66 kN
Where, b = 4500 mm
Consider clear cover 75 and dia of Bar 16 mm , So d ( Outer Layer) = 1250-75-8 =1167 mm , where d is the effective depth of cap.
d ( I nner Layer ) = 1250- 75- 16 - 8 = 1151 mm
dave = ( 1167+ 1151 ) / 2 = 1159 mm dav e. = ( 1167+ 1151 ) / 2 = 1159 mm
So, Vc = Vc/bd = 0.27 Mpa
5.2.3.- Check f or posi t i on of Pi l es :
Distance from pile edge to pile cap edge, x = 200 mm
Distance from pile center to pile cap edge = 500 mm
Diameter of punching plane, y = 800 mm
AS per ACI Shear Stress applied to concrete should be less than 0.17√f'c Mpa. In present case which is coming 0.93 Mpa. This is greater than applied
stress so consideration is quite Ok.
Perimeter of punching plane = PI()*800 =2513 mm
So area of concrete to resist punching of pile = 2513*200 = 502600 Sq.mm
Punching stress developed = Rmax*1000/502600 = 1.39 Mpa
Where Rmax is the Maximum pile reaction = Rcmax = 698.83 kN
AS per ACI Shear Stress applied to concrete should be less than 0.34√f'c Mpa. In present case
which is coming 1.52 Mpa. This is greater than applied stress, 1.39 Mpa, so consideration is quite
Ok.
Md. Giasuddin Page 8 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
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5.2.4 - Check f or Bendi ng Moment :
So M
max
=3*R
max
*x' , Where x' = 1.350 m p
b
= 0.02187
M
max
= 1886.8 kN.m. p
max
= 0.75* p
b
= 0.01640194
Maximum moment acting at the face of the column=2*Maximum pile reaction*distance between pile center to column face.
f p ⎛ ⎞
b
' 600
ρ =0.85*0.85*
600
c
y y
f
f f +
290.51 mm Whi ch i s l ess t han d
pr ovi de
; so OK
5.2.5 - Rei nf or cement Cal cul at i on :
5.2.5.1 - Bot t om Rei nf or cement :
2
1 0.59 ...; 0.9
'
y
u y
c
f
M f bd Where
f
p
op o
⎛ ⎞
= ÷ =
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠
(1 0.59 )
'
u
y
y
c
M
d
f
f b
f
p
op
. = =
÷
Consider clear cover 75 and dia of Bar 16 mm , So d (Outer Layer) = 1250-75-8 = 1167 mm; where d is the effective depth of cap.
Compressive pile reactions will produce tension at the bottom of the cap.
Mdes = 1886.841 kN.m
Assuming depth of stress block, a = 22.6 mm
Area of steel, As = M*1000000/(0.9*fy*(d-a/2)) =4433 mm2.
( Ref . - Desi gn of concr et e st r uct ur e, By - Ni l son & Wi nt er ,Page 83 ,10t h Ed.)
d ( Inner Layer) = 1250 -75 -16 - 8 = 1151 mm
dmin = MIN( 1151,1167) = 1151 mm
42 Nos. of Dia. 16 mm along both dic.
Check for a
a = As* f y / ( .85* f c' * b) = 22.6 mm
Consideration is OK, So As = 4433 mm2.
But Min Rebar Required = 0.0015bt = 8437.5 mm2
Consider bar Size = 16 mm
So Nos. of Bars = 42 Nos
5.2.5.2 - Top Rei nf or cement :
Consider clear cover 50 and dia of Bar 16 mm , So d (Outer Layer) = 1250 -50-8 = 1192 mm
Where d is the effective depth of cap from Cap Bottom to Rebar center at Top.
Tensile pile reactions will produce tension at the top of the cap.
So Mu= 2*Rt*x' , Where x' = 1.35 m 42 Nos. of Dia. 16 mm along both dic.
Mdes = 1401.19 kN.m
Assumi ng dept h of st r ess bl ock , a = 16. 4 mm
d = Mi n( 1192,1176) = 1176 mm
d ( I nner Layer ) = 1250 - 50- 16 - 8 = 1176 mm
Cap Reinforcement Plan at Bottom
Area of steel, As = M*1000000/(0.9*fy*(d-a/2)) = 3212 mm2
( Ref . - Desi gn of concr et e st r uct ur e, By - Ni l son & Wi nt er ,Page 83 ,10t h Ed.)
Consi der at i on i s OK, So As = 3212 mm2
Min Rebar Required = 0.0015bt = 8437.5 mm2
Consider bar Size = 16 mm
So Nos. of Bars = 42 Nos
a = As* f y / ( .85* f c' * b) = 16.4 mm
Check for a
5. 2. 5. 3 - Ver t i cal Rei nf or cement Ar ound The pi l e cap :
Total uplift to be resisted by the vertical rebars around the pile cap = Fz = 3834.23 kN
So As = Fz*1000/0.7/Fy = 13198.73 mm2
Total Nos. of top reinforcement is 168 whose total area is 33778 mm2.
So if all top bars are bent downwards this will be good enough for uplift.
As per BS 8110, Ultimate bond stress in tension bars uu is given by : Uu = 0.4√fc' = 1.84 Mpa
So Development length ld required = 247 mm
Provide all top bars bent downwards for the hal f dept h of the cap.It will be suffient for development length.
Cap Reinforcement Plan at Top
s
d
u
F
Development length ld is given by : l = ;where o is the total perimeter of all rebars, Fs=Fz
u o


Md. Giasuddin Page 9 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
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5. 2. 5. 4 - Hor i zont al Rei nf or cement Ar ound The pi l e cap :
Provide 5 nos. of 10mm dia bar around the cap distributed along the whole depth with 300 mm lapping at the joint.
6 - St r uct ur al Desi gn of Pi l e
Ul t i mat e l oads on Si ngl e Pi l e : Ul t i mat e l oads on Si ngl e Pi l e :
Compressive load = Rc = 698.83 kN
Uplift load = Rt = 518.96 kN
Ultimate Moment For Maximum Compression , Mu = 359.93 kN.m
Ultimate Moment For Max Uplift , Mu = 319.67 kN.m
6. 1 Desi gn of upper segment of pi l e
6.1.1 Desi gn f or Compr essi on Pl us Bendi ng g p g
Pile diameter, h = 600 mm
A
c
= r/4h
2
= 282743.3 Sqmm.
v
c
= 1.5
Pile Section at Upper Segment
1.5
1.5
1.5
c
c c
c
c c
tot y c
c c
N
f A
M
f A h
A f
A f
v
v
v
µ
v
u
⎛ ⎞
=
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠
⎛ ⎞
=
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠
⎛ ⎞
=
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠
N = Normal Load = 698830.00 N
f
c
= 30.00 MPa
M = Moment = 359930000.00 N.mm
so v = 0.082
And µ = 0.071
For above values of v & µ u = 0.2 ( From chart of Annexure-2 )
So A
tot
= 1.5uA
c
f
c
/v
c
f
y
= 4087.9 Sqmm.
Rebar Dia = 25 mm
Pile Section at Upper Segment
So Nos. of Bar = 9 Nos.
6. 1. 2 Desi gn f or Tensi on Pl us Bendi ng
N = Normal Load = 518960.00 N
f
c
= 30.00 MPa
M = Moment = 319670000.00 N.mm
so v = 0.061
And µ = 0.063
For above values of v & µ u = 0.3 ( From chart of Annexure-2 )
Pile Section at Lower Segment
Hu
So A
tot
= 1.5uA
c
f
c
/v
c
f
y
= 6131.8 Sqmm.
Rebar Dia = 25 mm
So Nos. of Bar = 13 Nos.
Provide 14 nos. of dia. 25mm.
Length of fixity is 5.53 meter. ( Ref. to clause4.4 - Check for pile head deflection: )
6. 2 Cal cul at i on t o Fi nd Poi nt of Zer o Moment i n t he Pi l e
For safe dissipation of moment at the point of fixity designed rebar is extended by 2.97 meter
below the point of fixity. Hence length of upper segment of the pile is 8.5 meter.
S
e
g
m
e
n
t

L
e
n
g
t
h

o
f

p
i
l
e
3.00
Hu ( for Uplift ) = 140.99 kN
So Moment =-0.1 at a distance 8.194 m from Pile Top
Since Tension plus Bending combination requires more reinforcement than that of compression
plus bending combination, Uplift case is taken into consideration.
p
1+sin
Where k = Co-efficient of passive earth pressure =
1-Sin
o
o
=
Kp h
h
=

1
s
t

Passive Pressure on Pile
p
1
Moment at aheight is * k γh*h*Pile Dia*h/3 =0.0
2
u
h H h = ÷
Md. Giasuddin Page 10 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
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h = 8.194 m and Pile Dia = 0.6 m
Upper segment considered = 8.5 meter
Rebar Requi r ement t o Resi st Tensi l e f or ce :
Acting tension at any point = Tension at pile top - Frictional Resistance by Soil
Skin Friction is given by = 0.5*K
s
*P
d
*tand*A
s
(h should be measured from GL but 1st segment of pile is
considered Conservatively)
g y
s d s
Where; K
s
=0.7, d= o = 30 Degree
Submerged Density of soil = 7 KN/Cum
Pd=8.5 *7 = 59.5 kN/Sqm
As=PI()*0.6*8.5 = 16.02 Sqm
So, Frictional Resistance by soil=0.5*0.7*59.5*Tan15*16.02 = 192.61 kN
Net Tension at the point = 518.96 - 192.61 = 326.35 kN
Tensile Force to be resisted = 326350 N
Consider no tension to be resisted by concrete that means all tensile forces shall be resisted by rebar only.
Yield Strength of Rebar = 415 Mpa
So Tensile Strength Can be considered as = 0.7*415=290.5 Mpa
So Rebar area required to resist Tensile force = 326350 / 290.5 = 1124 mm2
Minimum Rebar for pile section is = 0.004*X-Sectinal area of pile = 1131 mm2.
7 nos. of dia 16 mm for the lower segment is ok from structural point and minimum requirement as well.
Md. Giasuddin Page 11 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
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Annex ur e- 1: Rei nf or cement Char t f or Chi mney
Md. Giasuddin Page 12 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
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Annex ur e- 2: Rei nf or cement Char t f or Pi l e
Md. Giasuddin Page 13 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11

POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED
Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA - COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3)
Contents 1. General. 1.1 Foundation Loads 1.2 Geotechnical Information 1.3 Foundation Strength Factors 1.4 Factored Foundation Loads 1.5 Codes & Standards Considered 1.6 Material Properties 1.7 Geometrical Data of the Tower 2DT6 1.8 Layout Plan Of the Foundation 2. Residual Shear Calculation 3. Foundation Geometry 4 : Design Calculation for Pile 4.1 - Pile Design Load Against Compressive Load g oad ga Up 4.2 - Pile Design Load Against Uplift 4.3 - Minimum Length of Pile Group Against Uprooting 4.4 - Check for pile head deflection 4.5 - Ultimate Stress on Pile Section Section-5 :Structural Design of Chimney & Pile Cap 5.1 - Design of Chimney 5.2 D i 5 2 - Design of Pile Cap f Pil C 5.2.1.- Check Punching of cleats 5.2.1.a Check For Compression 5.2.1.b Check For Uplift 5.2.2 - Check cap thickness for Flexural Shear 5.2.3.- Check for position of Piles 5.2.4 - Check for Bending Moment 5.2.5 - Reinforcement Calculation 5.2.5.1 - Bottom Reinforcement 5.2.5.2 - Top Reinforcement 5.2.5.3 -Vertical Reinforcement Around The pile cap 5.2.5.4 -Horizontal Reinforcement Around The pile cap 6 - Structural Design of Pile 6.1 Design of upper segment of pile 6.1.1 Design for Compression Plus Bending 6.1.2 Design for Tension Plus Bending 6.2 Calculation to Find Point of Zero Moment in the Pile Annexure-1 Annexure-2 Page No. 03 03 03 03 03 03 03 03 04 04 05 05 05 05 05 06 07 07 07 08 08 08 08 08 08 09 09 08 09 09 10 10 10 10 10 10 12 13

Giasuddin

Date : 17 April '11

23 Fx (kN) 1206. Unit Weight of Concrete = 24 kN/Cum.493 Degree. Factored Loads by using Foundation Strength Factor from Appendix (7. Frustum angle = 15 Degree.33 Fy (kN) 831. Case in Comp. As per techinical specification 1. 28 days cube strength of concrete for Pile-Cap. y and z indicate three global directions with outward positive. pile cap and chimney. fc' = 21. Giasuddin Page 3 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .4. ø = 32 Degree Soil Density = 18 kN/Cum.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA . 1.1 Foundation Loads : Ultimate Loads Along Global Direction ( Pull and Thrust Vertical) Items Max Compression Case Max Uplift Case Fz ( kN ) 3154.17 Fx (kN) 893. If not mentioned otherwise. fc' = 25 Mpa. 2DL 2D1 1. Case in Uplift Fz ( kN ) 4259.00 1206. 1. Md.69 1122. Factored Foundation Loads.A2). Friction. Yield Strength Reinforcing Steel .22 3834.00 Fy (kN) 1122.23 2D25.3 Foundation Strength Factors : Strength Factor 2DL.69 1. values with suffices x.62 1.35 Applied Loading Case For All Load Cases 1. 2D25 2DT6 1.306 Degree. The objective of this generic design is to compute loads on individual pile top.6 Material Properties and Clear Cover : 28 days cube strength of concrete for Pile.62 831. fc' = 30 Mpa.33 893.25 Mpa.2 Geotechnical Information: Angle of Int. Corresponding cylinder strength of concrete for Pile-Cap.7 Geometrical Data of the Tower 2DT6 : Face Slope = Ø = 13.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 1. length of fixity of pile and is to design pile.fy = 415 Mpa. Soil Submerged Density = 8 kN/Cum.5 Codes & Standards Considered : ACI BS 8110 1. Concrete Clear Cover at top and sides of Cap & Column is = 50 mm.98 2840. General. Max Long.Volume 2 of 3 Factored Ultimate Loads Along Global Direction ( Pull and Thrust Vertical) Items Max Long. Concrete Clear Cover for sides of Pile is = 75 mm. Diagonal Slope = Ø = 18.

POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA .89 Items Vertical Loads Fz ( kN ) 4259. Giasuddin Page 4 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 450 1800 450 1800 1800 .23 Max Compression Case Max Uplift Case Md.38 215.69 Fy (kN) Residual Shear ( kN ) FxRes = Fx-Fxleg 198.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 1.31 906.80 Fyleg 1007.8 Layout Plan Of the Foundation 450 450 1800 1800 450 450 1800 1800 450 450 1800 4500 4500 900 900 900 900 1800 450 4500 4500 CP 4500 450 4500 450 1800 900 4500 4500 900 1800 900 1800 450 900 450 1800 1800 450 450 1800 1800 450 Layout Plan of Foundation 2.00 1206.20 FyRes = Fy-Fyleg 115.69 299.31 906.80 1206. Residual Shear Calculation : Leg Shear ( kN ) = Fz*Tan Fx (kN) Fxleg 1007.22 3834.69 1122.00 1122.

Pile Design Load Against Compressive Load : Maximum compresive load that a pile will be imposed can be expressed by : So Rcmax = 699. R Tmax = ( Pile weight is to be considered during Pile schedule) R zt 8 M x *d1x ∑ dix 2 M y *d1y ∑ diy 2 4.Minimum Length of Pile Group Against Uprooting : Md. So a = d/2 = 4.0 + FxRes*(t+h+h''-0.44 Sqm.0 + Fyres*(t+h+h''-0.8^2 = 19. L/B = 4500 mm. W'col = 7.Pile Design Load Against Uplift : g g p Maximum compresive load that a pile will be imposed can be expressed by : So Rtmax = 518. W'pad = 354.2m X4.813 m.1 . Dp = 600 mm.m For Maximum Uplift : Resultant Uplift = Rzt=Fz .94 kNs Bouyant Weight of Pad.15) =376. R Cmax = ( Pile weight is to be considered during Pile schedule) R zc 8 M x *d1x ∑ dix 2 M y *d1y ∑ diy 2 4. d1x and d1y denote the distances from pile center to cap center along X or Y Direction.W'pad . In this case d1x=d1y= 0. No. Cap Thickness.6 kNs Foundation Layout Detail Typical Pile Cap Section Loads on Pile top : For Maximum Comp. Weight of Superimposed Soil.3 .W'col .POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA . Soil body to Resist Uplift Say minimum length of pile =8 m Depth of pile.35 kNs.W's = 3423.979 m Average Area = (4. 4.15) = 218.m Moment My = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fyleg*0. Dia of the Pile.m 4 : Design Calculation for Pile : Reaction of pile with applied vertical loads and biaxial bending moment can be expressed by the following equation: RV = R V M x *d1x M y *d1y ± ± 8 ∑ dix 2 ∑ diy 2 2 Where .61 kNs. Moment Mx = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fxleg*0. Giasuddin Page 5 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .68 kN.m Moment My = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fyleg*0.2^2+4.979 m X4.2 m The base size of the soil frustum at Mid Height .15) = 408.2 . Foundation Geometry : Size of the column = 900 mmX900 mm. Height of column. Length/Width of the Cap. t = 1250 mm.5 kNs.625 m. W's = 48. h'' = 280. ∑ dix ∑ diy 2 6*1.35*(Wcol+Wpad+Ws) = 5157. Wpad = 607.39 kN.9 m. h = 700 mm.22 sqm. Resultant Compressive Load = Rzc =Fz+ 1.0 + Fxres*(t+h+h''-0. Bouyant Weight of Column.979^2)/2 =21. f = 300 mm. Weight of Pad.31 kNs Moment Mx = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fxleg*0.2 kNs. Pile Center to center Distance = 1800 mm.0 + FyRes*(t+h+h''-0.69 kNs.38 kNs Bouyant Weight of Superimposed Soil.41 kN.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 3. h' = 400 mm.15) = 566. b =4. of Pile Per Leg = 8 Nos Weight Calculation Weight of Column. Ws =109. The base size of the soil frustum at the lowest point b' = 4.5 mm.76 kNs.12 kN. Wcol = 13. d = 9.

31 kN Passive resistance by Cap Only ( Same in x and y face) = = 32 Degree y = Submerged Density of soil = 8 kN/Cum. L= B = b' = 4.5) = 3774. = 13.813= 119.44*8=1771.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA .55+0.5 kNs Ultimate uplift capacity of pile group = Skin Resistance + Submerged Weight of soil body = 5662. Md.12 cum The upper soil volume = 4.8 kN Net Fx = Leg Shear = 771. T Where . So T = 257.84 kN Net Fy = Leg Shear = 871.5 2 a 135.44 Cum Total weight of soil body = 221. Y = Q*(Lf)^3/12EI = 1.12 kN For fixed head pile depth of fixity is given by Cap Bot.5 cm4 4700 I EI = 163769889855 kg.02kNs.30)*1.83 kN Lateral Load carried by a single Pile = 136. So OK.68 kNs So OK.25*4.(771.Check for pile head deflection: For Max Compression: Fx = Leg Shear = 1007.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) So Frustum Volume = 21. 636172. Pd =8 *9 625 = 77 kNs 8 9.84 kN Vres=Sqrt.146 For Submerged Medium Dense Sand 25742. So Qsu = 3890.326 cm.33^2)=1090.15. Passive Pressure on Cap Where.sqcm.22 * 4.84^2)=1232.31 kN Fy = Leg Shear = 1007.12 kN For Max Uplift: Fy = Leg Shear = 906.47 135 47 kN Where k p = Co-efficient of passive earth pressure = γ=Submerged density of soil =8 kN/Cum.57 m So depth of fixity.97 kN Lateral Load carried by a single Pile = 154.33 kN Vres=Sqrt. to figure no 2 . appendix C of IS: 2911) For fixed head piles . 1250 Fx = Leg Shear = 906. Which is less than 25mm. a 1 K p Tan 2 s d Passive resistance by Pile Cap is 1 k p γ*(1 55+0 30)*1 25*4 5 = γ*(1.26 mm. H is the depth of soil block and f s is the unit skin friction which is given by fs Ks =1 .31 kNs.33^2+771.03 cm = 2.4 .68 kNs Resultant Uplift = 3423.979^2*4. So fs = 24.625 m.(871.96 Mpa = 257430 kg/sqcm.625 kNs.52 kN Skin resistance of pile group is Given by : GL Qsu =2 * ( L B) * H * f s Where L and B are the overall length and width of pile group.35 kN 1+sin 1-Sin 3. Which is less than 3774.( soil to soil co-efficient of earth pressure) Pd= d.53 m Deflection. (Ref. E 5 EI K1 and fc ' d4 64 K1 = 0.32 cum Total soil Volume = 221. Giasuddin Page 6 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 L d b .84^2+871. Net Fx = Leg Shear = 871.33 kN Net Fy = Leg Shear = 771.8 kN Kp h Lf/T = 2. 4.8125 =102.06 kN/Sqm. Allowable capacity (FS=1. Lf = 5.2 m and H = d = 9.25 b' GL Cap Top 300 Design shear carried by a single Pile Qmax = 154.

Q = Hu = 154.5 . Giasuddin Page 7 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 . As per BS 8110.12 kN. Pu = 2129610. Ultimate bond stress in compression bars uu is given by : uu=0.61 Total Nos.00 mm b = 900 mm d' = 66 mm d'/D = 0.mm D = 900.Design of Chimney : Ultimate Compression = 4259.m. 20 mm Pu/fckbD = 0.20 kN Fymax = 215.105 Mu /fckbD2 = 0.96 kN y M = Fxy* 0.2 kN For Max Compression ultimate Moment .22 kN 50% of Ult.89 kN Resultant Fxy = 368.m Ultimate loads on Single Pile : Compressive load = Rc = 699. So Development length ld required = 1228 mm.0 Mpa 1 of 12 of dia. As per Code Min Rebar Required = 0.44 kN.1 . Compression = 2129.15 kN. So Embedded length provided = 1250-75-32 = 1143 mm which is more than requirement.00 N Mu = 292582755.15 kN.m Section-5 : Structural Design of Chimney & Pile Cap 5. So Mu = 349.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA .073 mm fck = 25.15 kN.35 kN. Embedded Length of Rebar. of reinforcement is 12 of dia 20 12mm.016 For the above values.5√fc' Mpa Column Section Development length l d is given by : l d = So Uu = 2.m For Max Uplift M = 309.82*Q*Lf/2 = For Max Compression M = 349.Ultimate Stress on Pile Section For Max Compression For fixed head long pile : Moment M=m. Fs=Fz uu ∑ o Cap thgickness is = 1250 mm and Clear Cover at bottom = 75 mm Let Chimney rebar rest on the bottom mesh of cap.44 kN.3 Mpa. So Mu = 309. F s .44 kN.m For Max Uplift Q = Hu = 136.793 = 292. Mu = 309. Mu = 349.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 4. 20 mm Provide 12 nos 20mm dia.6 kN.0 Mpa fy = 415.where∑ o is the total perimeter of all rebars. Compression t b resisted b th rebars i chimney = F = 2129 61 kN C i to be i t d by the b in hi Fz 2129. graph ( see annexure-1 ) shows that no rebar is needed. so Ok.m For Max Uplift ultimate Moment .m For Max Compression.61 kN Residual shear : Fxmax = 299. Md.76 kN Uplift load = Rt = 518.MF = 0.004*900^2 = 3240 mm2 Consider Bar Dia.1 N.

d ( Inner Layer) = 1250-75-16 . length 160 . 5.2. This is greater than applied stress so consideration is quite Ok.1 kN The Capacity P of each cleat is given by : P x 1.64 Load carried by each cleat = 239 64 kN The Capacity P of each cleat is given by : P x 1. x = 68. So d ( Outer Layer) = 1250-75-8 =1167 mm . b = Length of Angle Shear Connector = 160 mm t = Thickness of Angle Shear Connector = 20 mm r = Radius of fillet = 40 mm w = width of angle shear connector = 150 So P = 537.2. The size of cleats is 150X150X20 .1.b Check For Uplift: Ultimate Uplift = 3834.1. The size of cleats is 150X150X20 .64 kN So OK .52 kN Where. so consideration is quite Ok.1 kN So OK . Giasuddin Page 8 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .mm Punching stress developed = Rmax*1000/502600 = 1. Load Carried by each Cleat =0.47 kN >133. x = 200 mm Distance from pile center to pile cap edge = 500 mm Diameter of punching plane. Design of Latticed Steel Transmission Structures.23 kN Consider 4 cleat group with 4 three cleats in each group.19 mm.1. Rmax = 699. Vc = Vc/bd = 0.Check for position of Piles : Distance from pile edge to pile cap edge.Check cap thickness for Flexural Shear : Total shear acting at a distance d/2 from the face of the column = 3*Rmax. 1.a Check For Compression: Ultimate Compression = 4259.39 Mpa. In present case which is coming 1.2.. Where . Where .27 Mpa AS per ACI Shear Stress applied to concrete should be less than 0.76 =1399. where d is the effective depth of cap.6. b = Length of Angle Shear Connector = 160 mm t = Thickness of Angle Shear Connector = 20 mm r = Radius of fillet = 40 mm w = width of angle shear connector = 150 So P = 537.17√f'c Mpa.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA .47 kN >239.2 . 5.39 Mpa Where Rmax is the Maximum pile reaction = Rcmax = 699.3. dave = ( 1167+1151 )/2 = 1159 mm So.61 kN Consider 4 cleat group with 4 three cleats in each group.2.= 2129.19 f 'c ⎦ 1/ 2 r x / 2) w r t. length 160 .5* Ccomp. This is greater than applied stress.19 f 'c b(t ⎡ Fy ⎤ t⎢ ⎥ ⎣1. : Art.52 Mpa.22 kN Compression to be carried by cleats = 50% of Comp.Design of Pile Cap : 5.7. b = 4500 mm Consider clear cover 75 and dia of Bar 16 mm . In present case which is coming 0.2.2 ../16 = 133. Published by The American Society of Civil Engineers) x = 68.Vc =2*699. ( Ref. 239.19 mm. Where Rmax=Rc or Rt whichever is larger.2.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 5.34√f'c Mpa. Md. 5.19 f 'c b(t ⎡ Fy ⎤ t⎢ ⎥ 1.76 kN AS per ACI Shear Stress applied to concrete should be less than 0.93 Mpa.8 = 1151 mm dave.Check Punching of cleats: 5. y = 800 mm Perimeter of punching plane = PI()*800 =2513 mm So area of concrete to resist punching of pile = 2513*200 = 502600 Sq.19 ⎣1 19 f 'c ⎦ 1/ 2 r x / 2) w r t.76 kN So Total Shear.

0015bt = 8437. -Design of concrete structure.75* b max= = 0.8 = 1176 mm d = Min(1192.2.5.14 kN. Ultimate bond stress in tension bars uu is given by : Uu = 0.35 m Mdes = 1399.It will be suffient for development length.7 mm Area of steel. so OK 5.Reinforcement Calculation : 5.02187 0. As = M*1000000/(0. ρ b =0. Where x' = 1. As = M*1000000/(0.2.4√fc' = 1.Check for Bending Moment : Maximum moment acting at the face of the column=2*Maximum pile reaction*distance between pile center to column face.0015bt = 8437.350 m Mmax= 1889.9*fy*(d-a/2)) = 3208 mm2 (Ref.9 Which is less than dprovide . Mdes = 1889.4 . So As = 4439 mm2. So d (Outer Layer) = 1250 -50-8 = 1192 mm Where d is the effective depth of cap from Cap Bottom to Rebar center at Top.5 mm2 Consider bar Size = 16 mm So Nos. 16 mm along both dic..4 mm Consideration is OK.7 mm Consideration is OK. of Bars = 42 Nos 5.85*fc'*b) = 22. -Design of concrete structure. As per BS 8110. So d (Outer Layer) = 1250-75-8 = 1167 mm.. 16 mm along both dic.352 kN.84 Mpa Cap Reinforcement Plan at Top Cap Reinforcement Plan at Bottom 42 Nos.) Check for a a = As*fy/(. Md.m Assuming depth of stress block.Top Reinforcement : Consider clear cover 50 and dia of Bar 16 mm .23 kN So As = Fz*1000/0. But Min Rebar Required = 0.2. a = 22. d ( Inner Layer) = 1250 -50-16 .85*fc'*b) = 16. Development length ld is given by : l d = So Development length ld required = 247 mm Fs .m Assuming depth of stress block. of Bars = 42 Nos 5.59 fy fc ' ) 290. where d is the effective depth of cap.m.2.5 mm2 Consider bar Size = 16 mm So Nos.5.10th Ed.4 kN. Fs=Fz uu ∑ o Provide all top bars bent downwards for the half depth of the cap.5. a = 16.Page 83 .1 . Where x' = 1. So Mmax=3*Rmax*x' . (Ref. of Dia.59 ⎟ .85*0.7/Fy = 13198. of Dia.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 5.where∑ o is the total perimeter of all rebars.. So Mu= 2*Rt*x' .73 mm2 Total Nos.1176) = 1176 mm Tensile pile reactions will produce tension at the top of the cap. Giasuddin Page 9 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .1167) = 1151 mm Compressive pile reactions will produce tension at the bottom of the cap.9*fy*(d-a/2)) =4439 mm2.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA . Where f 'c ⎠ ⎝ Mu f y b(1 0. By-Nilson & Winter. of top reinforcement is 168 whose total area is 33778 mm2.01640194 Mu d fy ⎞ ⎛ f ybd 2 ⎜1 0.) Check for a a = As*fy/(.3 -Vertical Reinforcement Around The pile cap : Total uplift to be resisted by the vertical rebars around the pile cap = Fz = 3834. By-Nilson & Winter.10th Ed.4 mm Area of steel. So if all top bars are bent downwards this will be good enough for uplift. So As = 3208 mm2 Min Rebar Required = 0.2 .Bottom Reinforcement : Consider clear cover 75 and dia of Bar 16 mm .5 .Page 83 .70 mm 0.8 = 1151 mm dmin = MIN( 1151. d ( Inner Layer) = 1250 -75 -16 .2. 42 Nos.85* fc ' 600 f y 600 fy b= 0.

of Bar = 12 Nos.061 = 0.082 = 0.1 Design of upper segment of pile 6.5 Acfc/ cfy = 4087. of Bar = 9 Nos.m Ultimate Moment For Max Uplift .00 MPa M = Moment = 309150000. ⎛ c ⎞ N ⎜ 1.00 N fc = 30.44 kN.1 Design for Compression Plus Bending g p g Pile diameter.35 kN So Moment =-0. to clause4.15 kN.5 ⎟ f A ⎝ ⎠ c c M ⎛ c ⎞ ⎜ 1.0 Sqmm.28 ( From chart of Annexure-2 ) Hu h= 1st Segment Length of pile So Atot = 1.3 Sqmm.1 at a distance 7.mm so And For above values of & = 0.237 m from Pile Top Kp h Passive Pressure on Pile Md.2. Hu ( for Uplift ) = 136.4 -Horizontal Reinforcement Around The pile cap : Provide 5 nos. 6.5 ⎟ f A h ⎝ ⎠ c c ⎛ c ⎞ Atot f y ⎜ 1.5 N = Normal Load = 699760.25 Since Tension plus Bending combination requires more reinforcement than that of compression plus bending combination.76 kN Uplift load = Rt = 518. Hence length of upper segment of the pile is 7. Provide 13 nos.069 = 0.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA .061 = 0.1.Check for pile head deflection: ) For safe dissipation of moment at the point of fixity designed rebar is extended by 1. Uplift case is taken into consideration. Rebar Dia = 25 mm So Nos. 6 . 25mm.mm so And For above values of & = 0.5 meter.1.4 .00 N. 6.0 2 Where k p = Co-efficient of passive earth pressure = 1+sin 1-Sin 3. Giasuddin Page 10 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 . Mu = 349. of 10mm dia bar around the cap distributed along the whole depth with 300 mm lapping at the joint.2 Calculation to Find Point of Zero Moment in the Pile Moment at aheight h is Hu * h 1 k p γh*h*Pile Dia*h/3 =0. Mu = 309.5 Acfc/ cfy = 5723.53 meter.5 ⎟ A f ⎝ ⎠ c c c Pile Section at Upper Segment = 1.2 Design for Tension Plus Bending N = Normal Load = 518200.5.00 N fc = 30. ( Ref.2 kN Ultimate Moment For Maximum Compression .Structural Design of Pile Ultimate loads on Single Pile : Compressive load = Rc = 699.9 Sqmm.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 5. Rebar Dia = 25 mm So Nos. Length of fixity is 5.97 meter below the point of fixity.00 N.m 6. h = 600 mm Ac = /4h2 = 282743.00 MPa M = Moment = 349440000.2 ( From chart of Annexure-2 ) Pile Section at Lower Segment So Atot = 1. of dia.

7*60*Tan15*14.14 = 185.2 . 6 nos.6 m (h should be measured from GL but 1st segment of pile is considered Conservatively) Upper segment considered = 7.14 Sqm So.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA .Frictional Resistance by Soil Skin Friction is given by = 0.5 meter Rebar Requirement to Resist Tensile force : Acting tension at any point = Tension at pile top . of dia 16 mm for the lower segment is ok from structural point and minimum requirement as well.55 = 332.5*Ks*Pd*tand*As g y Where. Ks=0.004*X-Sectinal area of pile = 1131 mm2. Frictional Resistance by soil=0.65 kN Tensile Force to be resisted = 332650 N Consider no tension to be resisted by concrete that means all tensile forces shall be resisted by rebar only.55 kN Net Tension at the point = 518.237 m and Pile Dia = 0. Yield Strength of Rebar = 415 Mpa So Tensile Strength Can be considered as = 0.5 = 1146 mm2 Minimum Rebar for pile section is = 0.5 *8 = 60 kN/Sqm As=PI()*0.5*0.5 = 14. = = 32 Degree Submerged Density of soil = 8 KN/Cum Md. Pd=7.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) h = 7.5 Mpa So Rebar area required to resist Tensile force = 332650 / 290.7.7*415=290.185.6*7. Giasuddin Page 11 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .

Giasuddin Page 12 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) Annexure-1: Reinforcement Chart for Chimney Md.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA .

POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA . Giasuddin Page 13 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) Annexure-2: Reinforcement Chart for Pile Md.

NAME OF PROJECT : SANERGY CO. Giasuddin Md. : PGCB/230kV/TL/B-C/Lot-3/Des. Giasuddin Designed By Description Approved By EMPLOYER : CONTRACTOR : POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LTD. Submission Status 17-Apr-11 Date Md.Foundation Design Calculation of Tower Type 2DT6 For Soil Category-3 1st Subm. Document No.Cal/Local/09 . DESIGN-BUILD AND TRUNKEY CONTRACT FOR CONSTRUCTION OF 230kV BIBYANA COMILLA TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) AUTHORITY DESIGNED BY CHECKED BY APPROVED BY NAME & SIGN Md. Giasuddin DATE 17-Apr-11 SUBMISSION SOUGHT For approval For construction As Built Paper Size A4 Scale : Language English N/A Total Sheets 13 Revision 1st Sub.

2 Design for Tension Plus Bending 6.2.Check cap thickness for Flexural Shear 5.Pile Design Load Against Compressive Load g oad ga Up 4.Check for Bending Moment 5.Minimum Length of Pile Group Against Uprooting 4.1 .2.5.6 Material Properties 1.Structural Design of Pile 6.4 .4 -Horizontal Reinforcement Around The pile cap 6 .5.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA ..Design of Chimney 5.5 .5 .4 .Check for position of Piles 5.Check for pile head deflection 4.5. General.2.3.1 Foundation Loads 1.2.1 Design for Compression Plus Bending 6.3 Foundation Strength Factors 1.2.1 .3 .Top Reinforcement 5. Residual Shear Calculation 3.2 D i 5 2 .1.Design of Pile Cap f Pil C 5.Pile Design Load Against Uplift 4.1 Design of upper segment of pile 6.5 Codes & Standards Considered 1.Check Punching of cleats 5.a Check For Compression 5.7 Geometrical Data of the Tower 2DT6 1.Bottom Reinforcement 5.2.2.Ultimate Stress on Pile Section Section-5 :Structural Design of Chimney & Pile Cap 5.8 Layout Plan Of the Foundation 2.1. 1.2 .1.1.2 Calculation to Find Point of Zero Moment in the Pile Annexure-1 Annexure-2 Page No.1 .2. 03 03 03 03 03 03 03 03 04 04 05 05 05 05 05 06 07 07 07 08 08 08 08 08 08 09 09 08 09 09 10 10 10 10 10 10 12 13 Giasuddin Date : 17 April '11 .2. Foundation Geometry 4 : Design Calculation for Pile 4.2.5.2 .Reinforcement Calculation 5.4 Factored Foundation Loads 1.b Check For Uplift 5.1.2 .COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) Contents 1.3 -Vertical Reinforcement Around The pile cap 5..2 Geotechnical Information 1.2.

7 Geometrical Data of the Tower 2DT6 : Face Slope = Ø = 13.69 1.306 Degree. fc' = 21. Case in Uplift Fz ( kN ) 4259.2 Geotechnical Information: Angle of Int. Concrete Clear Cover at top and sides of Cap & Column is = 50 mm. Case in Comp. fc' = 25 Mpa.6 Material Properties and Clear Cover : 28 days cube strength of concrete for Pile. Md.00 1206.25 Mpa.5 Codes & Standards Considered : ACI BS 8110 1. General. Unit Weight of Concrete = 24 kN/Cum. Yield Strength Reinforcing Steel . 2DL 2D1 1. 1. fc' = 30 Mpa.4. 2D25 2DT6 1.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA . The objective of this generic design is to compute loads on individual pile top.62 831. As per techinical specification 1. pile cap and chimney.1 Foundation Loads : Ultimate Loads Along Global Direction ( Pull and Thrust Vertical) Items Max Compression Case Max Uplift Case Fz ( kN ) 3154.3 Foundation Strength Factors : Strength Factor 2DL. Frustum angle = 15 Degree. Concrete Clear Cover for sides of Pile is = 75 mm.33 Fy (kN) 831. Friction.493 Degree.17 Fx (kN) 893. Max Long.23 Fx (kN) 1206. Corresponding cylinder strength of concrete for Pile-Cap.98 2840. Diagonal Slope = Ø = 18.23 2D25.69 1122. Factored Loads by using Foundation Strength Factor from Appendix (7. If not mentioned otherwise. 1.35 Applied Loading Case For All Load Cases 1. Factored Foundation Loads. length of fixity of pile and is to design pile.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 1. 28 days cube strength of concrete for Pile-Cap.22 3834. values with suffices x. ø = 30 Degree Soil Density = 17 kN/Cum.A2).Volume 2 of 3 Factored Ultimate Loads Along Global Direction ( Pull and Thrust Vertical) Items Max Long. Soil Submerged Density = 7 kN/Cum.00 Fy (kN) 1122. Giasuddin Page 3 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 . y and z indicate three global directions with outward positive.fy = 415 Mpa.62 1.33 893.

69 1122.69 299.80 Fyleg 1007.80 1206.00 1206.31 906.00 1122.20 FyRes = Fy-Fyleg 115. Residual Shear Calculation : Leg Shear ( kN ) = Fz*Tan Fx (kN) Fxleg 1007.22 3834.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA .89 Items Vertical Loads Fz ( kN ) 4259.31 906.69 Fy (kN) Residual Shear ( kN ) FxRes = Fx-Fxleg 198. Giasuddin Page 4 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 450 1800 450 1800 1800 .23 Max Compression Case Max Uplift Case Md.38 215.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 1.8 Layout Plan Of the Foundation 450 450 1800 1800 450 450 1800 1800 450 450 1800 4500 4500 900 900 900 900 1800 450 4500 4500 CP 4500 450 4500 450 1800 900 4500 4500 900 1800 900 1800 450 900 450 1800 1800 450 450 1800 1800 450 Layout Plan of Foundation 2.

h'' = 280. Soil body to Resist Uplift Say minimum length of pile =9 m Depth of pile. Pile Center to center Distance = 1800 mm.12 kN. Moment Mx = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fxleg*0.61 kNs. Bouyant Weight of Column.W'col . Cap Thickness. Dia of the Pile. W'col = 7.9 m. ∑ dix ∑ diy 2 6*1.247 m Average Area = (4. So a = d/2 = 5.68 kN. R Cmax = ( Pile weight is to be considered during Pile schedule) R zc 8 M x *d1x ∑ dix 2 M y *d1y ∑ diy 2 4. Height of column.Pile Design Load Against Uplift : g g p Maximum compresive load that a pile will be imposed can be expressed by : So Rtmax = 518.2 m The base size of the soil frustum at Mid Height .28 kNs.39 kN.0 + Fxres*(t+h+h''-0.59 sqm.22 kNs.8^2 = 19.3 . f = 300 mm.m For Maximum Uplift : Resultant Uplift = Rzt=Fz .15) = 218.247^2)/2 =22.94 kNs Bouyant Weight of Pad.44 Sqm. h = 700 mm.1 . Wcol = 13. of Pile Per Leg = 8 Nos Weight Calculation Weight of Column.247 m X5.m Moment My = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fyleg*0.83 kNs. h' = 400 mm. Foundation Geometry : Size of the column = 900 mmX900 mm.Pile Design Load Against Compressive Load : Maximum compresive load that a pile will be imposed can be expressed by : So Rcmax = 698.2m X4.38 kNs Bouyant Weight of Superimposed Soil. In this case d1x=d1y= 0.15) = 566. Ws =103. W's = 42.41 kN. t = 1250 mm. Wpad = 607.2^2+5. Weight of Pad. The base size of the soil frustum at the lowest point b' = 4.Minimum Length of Pile Group Against Uprooting : Md. b =5.W'pad .5 kNs.35*(Wcol+Wpad+Ws) = 5150.2 .15) = 408. Length/Width of the Cap. Giasuddin Page 5 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .W's = 3429. L/B = 4500 mm. 4.53 kNs Foundation Layout Detail Typical Pile Cap Section Loads on Pile top : For Maximum Comp.625 m. Dp = 600 mm.15) =376.313 m.96 kNs. d1x and d1y denote the distances from pile center to cap center along X or Y Direction.0 + FyRes*(t+h+h''-0.0 + Fyres*(t+h+h''-0. Resultant Compressive Load = Rzc =Fz+ 1. R Tmax = ( Pile weight is to be considered during Pile schedule) R zt 8 M x *d1x ∑ dix 2 M y *d1y ∑ diy 2 4.5 mm.0 + FxRes*(t+h+h''-0.m 4 : Design Calculation for Pile : Reaction of pile with applied vertical loads and biaxial bending moment can be expressed by the following equation: RV = R V M x *d1x M y *d1y ± ± 8 ∑ dix 2 ∑ diy 2 2 Where . W'pad = 354.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 3.m Moment My = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fyleg*0. No. Weight of Superimposed Soil.38 kNs Moment Mx = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fxleg*0.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA . d = 10.

E 5 EI K1 and fc ' d4 64 K1 = 0.66 mm.8 kN Net Fx = Leg Shear = 797.2 m and H = d = 10.04^2+898.Check for pile head deflection: For Max Compression: Fx = Leg Shear = 1007.(797.5 cm4 4700 I EI = 163769889855 kg.03 cm = 2.28*7=1863.31 kN Fy = Leg Shear = 1007. Lf = 5.75 kN For fixed head pile depth of fixity is given by Cap Bot.36kNs.30)*1.247^2*5.sqcm. to figure no 2 . Net Fx = Leg Shear = 898. appendix C of IS: 2911) For fixed head piles .27 109 27 kN Where k p = Co-efficient of passive earth pressure = γ=Submerged density of soil =7 kN/Cum.375 kNs So fs = 21.99 kN 1+sin 1-Sin 3. Which is less than 25mm.53 kN Vres=Sqrt.27 cum Total soil Volume = 266.28 Cum Total weight of soil body = 266.96 kN Skin resistance of pile group is Given by : GL Qsu =2 * ( L B) * H * f s Where L and B are the overall length and width of pile group.53 m Deflection. T Where .15.313= 146. So T = 257. 636172.53 kN Net Fy = Leg Shear = 797.5) = 3797.25*4.47 kN/Sqm. L= B = b' = 4.8 kN Kp h Lf/T = 2. 7 10.57 kNs Resultant Uplift = 3429. Y = Q*(Lf)^3/12EI = 1.(898.53^2+797.3125 =120. = 13.01 cum The upper soil volume = 5.5 2 a 109. (Ref. 4.4 .625 m.02 kN Lateral Load carried by a single Pile = 158. Allowable capacity (FS=1.04^2)=1270.55+0. 1250 Fx = Leg Shear = 906.625 74.59 * 5.04 kN Net Fy = Leg Shear = 898.04 kN Vres=Sqrt.( soil to soil co-efficient of earth pressure) Pd= d. So OK.53^2)=1127.57 kNs So OK.75 kN For Max Uplift: Fy = Leg Shear = 906. Passive Pressure on Cap Where. Md.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) So Frustum Volume = 22.4 kNs Ultimate uplift capacity of pile group = Skin Resistance + Submerged Weight of soil body = 5696. Giasuddin Page 6 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 L d b .38 kNs. H is the depth of soil block and f s is the unit skin friction which is given by fs Ks =1 .57 m So depth of fixity.146 For Submerged Loose Sand 25742. Which is less than 3797. So Qsu = 3832.31 kN Passive resistance by Cap Only ( Same in x and y face) = = 30 Degree y = Submerged Density of soil = 7 kN/Cum.88 kN Lateral Load carried by a single Pile = 140.00 b' GL Cap Top 300 Design shear carried by a single Pile Qmax = 158.96 Mpa = 257430 kg/sqcm. a 1 K p Tan 2 s d Passive resistance by Pile Cap is 1 k p γ*(1 55+0 30)*1 25*4 5 = γ*(1.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA .366 cm. Pd =7 *10 625 = 74 375 kNs.

20 kN Fymax = 215. Md. Compression t b resisted b th rebars i chimney = F = 2129 61 kN C i to be i t d by the b in hi Fz 2129.67 kN.89 kN Resultant Fxy = 368.105 Mu /fckbD2 = 0. Giasuddin Page 7 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .75 kN.5√fc' Mpa Column Section Development length l d is given by : l d = So Uu = 2.61 kN Residual shear : Fxmax = 299.m For Max Uplift Q = Hu = 140.22 kN 50% of Ult.83 kN Uplift load = Rt = 518.m For Max Compression. Embedded Length of Rebar.m Section-5 : Structural Design of Chimney & Pile Cap 5. of reinforcement is 12 of dia 20 12mm.82*Q*Lf/2 = For Max Compression M = 359.67 kN.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA .93 kN.99 kN. Ultimate bond stress in compression bars uu is given by : uu=0.67 kN.where∑ o is the total perimeter of all rebars.Ultimate Stress on Pile Section For Max Compression For fixed head long pile : Moment M=m.0 Mpa fy = 415.00 N Mu = 292582755.793 = 292. 20 mm Provide 12 nos 20mm dia. Mu = 319.93 kN.m For Max Uplift ultimate Moment . So Development length ld required = 1228 mm.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 4. 20 mm Pu/fckbD = 0.m For Max Uplift M = 319. So Embedded length provided = 1250-75-32 = 1143 mm which is more than requirement. As per Code Min Rebar Required = 0. Fs=Fz uu ∑ o Cap thgickness is = 1250 mm and Clear Cover at bottom = 75 mm Let Chimney rebar rest on the bottom mesh of cap. So Mu = 319.Design of Chimney : Ultimate Compression = 4259.mm D = 900.004*900^2 = 3240 mm2 Consider Bar Dia.073 mm fck = 25. Pu = 2129610. Mu = 359.5 .1 .00 mm b = 900 mm d' = 66 mm d'/D = 0. So Mu = 359. so Ok.96 kN y M = Fxy* 0.6 kN.m Ultimate loads on Single Pile : Compressive load = Rc = 698.96 kN For Max Compression ultimate Moment . graph ( see annexure-1 ) shows that no rebar is needed.93 kN. F s .0 Mpa 1 of 12 of dia.MF = 0.016 For the above values.3 Mpa. Q = Hu = 158.1 N. As per BS 8110.61 Total Nos. Compression = 2129.m.

2. Where .2.39 Mpa Where Rmax is the Maximum pile reaction = Rcmax = 698. x = 200 mm Distance from pile center to pile cap edge = 500 mm Diameter of punching plane. In present case which is coming 1. Md. 1.2. 5.1 kN So OK .b Check For Uplift: Ultimate Uplift = 3834..1.Check for position of Piles : Distance from pile edge to pile cap edge.19 mm.83 kN AS per ACI Shear Stress applied to concrete should be less than 0.23 kN Consider 4 cleat group with 4 three cleats in each group. : Art. d ( Inner Layer) = 1250-75-16 . Giasuddin Page 8 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .47 kN >239.a Check For Compression: Ultimate Compression = 4259.1. 5.1. So d ( Outer Layer) = 1250-75-8 =1167 mm .83 =1397.1 kN The Capacity P of each cleat is given by : P x 1.mm Punching stress developed = Rmax*1000/502600 = 1.17√f'c Mpa. 5.8 = 1151 mm dave.= 2129..93 Mpa.34√f'c Mpa. Where Rmax=Rc or Rt whichever is larger. b = Length of Angle Shear Connector = 160 mm t = Thickness of Angle Shear Connector = 20 mm r = Radius of fillet = 40 mm w = width of angle shear connector = 150 So P = 537. In present case which is coming 0.19 ⎣1 19 f 'c ⎦ 1/ 2 r x / 2) w r t.39 Mpa.64 kN So OK .2 .2 .64 Load carried by each cleat = 239 64 kN The Capacity P of each cleat is given by : P x 1. The size of cleats is 150X150X20 . x = 68.2. This is greater than applied stress so consideration is quite Ok.5* Ccomp.2.Check cap thickness for Flexural Shear : Total shear acting at a distance d/2 from the face of the column = 3*Rmax.2.61 kN Consider 4 cleat group with 4 three cleats in each group. Load Carried by each Cleat =0.6. Design of Latticed Steel Transmission Structures./16 = 133. Vc = Vc/bd = 0. so consideration is quite Ok. Rmax = 698. Where . where d is the effective depth of cap. This is greater than applied stress.Vc =2*698. 239. dave = ( 1167+1151 )/2 = 1159 mm So.47 kN >133.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 5.19 f 'c b(t ⎡ Fy ⎤ t⎢ ⎥ ⎣1.22 kN Compression to be carried by cleats = 50% of Comp. b = 4500 mm Consider clear cover 75 and dia of Bar 16 mm .19 mm.66 kN Where.52 Mpa. b = Length of Angle Shear Connector = 160 mm t = Thickness of Angle Shear Connector = 20 mm r = Radius of fillet = 40 mm w = width of angle shear connector = 150 So P = 537.83 kN So Total Shear.19 f 'c b(t ⎡ Fy ⎤ t⎢ ⎥ 1.27 Mpa AS per ACI Shear Stress applied to concrete should be less than 0.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA .Design of Pile Cap : 5.7.Check Punching of cleats: 5. y = 800 mm Perimeter of punching plane = PI()*800 =2513 mm So area of concrete to resist punching of pile = 2513*200 = 502600 Sq. The size of cleats is 150X150X20 . ( Ref. length 160 . Published by The American Society of Civil Engineers) x = 68. length 160 .19 f 'c ⎦ 1/ 2 r x / 2) w r t.3.

So d (Outer Layer) = 1250 -50-8 = 1192 mm Where d is the effective depth of cap from Cap Bottom to Rebar center at Top. So Mmax=3*Rmax*x' . ρ b =0.19 kN.m.01640194 Mu d fy ⎞ ⎛ f ybd 2 ⎜1 0.85*0.35 m Mdes = 1401.4 mm Area of steel. Where x' = 1.2.4√fc' = 1. -Design of concrete structure.5 .4 mm Consideration is OK.59 fy fc ' ) 290. -Design of concrete structure.. So if all top bars are bent downwards this will be good enough for uplift. So As = 4433 mm2.m Assuming depth of stress block.4 . Fs=Fz uu ∑ o Provide all top bars bent downwards for the half depth of the cap.Check for Bending Moment : Maximum moment acting at the face of the column=2*Maximum pile reaction*distance between pile center to column face. 16 mm along both dic.6 mm Consideration is OK.23 kN So As = Fz*1000/0. (Ref.6 mm Area of steel. of Dia.5 mm2 Consider bar Size = 16 mm So Nos. where d is the effective depth of cap.2. a = 22.) Check for a a = As*fy/(.2. d ( Inner Layer) = 1250 -50-16 . of Dia. d ( Inner Layer) = 1250 -75 -16 .m Assuming depth of stress block.2.9*fy*(d-a/2)) = 3212 mm2 (Ref.10th Ed.5. So d (Outer Layer) = 1250-75-8 = 1167 mm.2 . Development length ld is given by : l d = So Development length ld required = 247 mm Fs . As = M*1000000/(0. As per BS 8110.9 Which is less than dprovide .8 = 1176 mm d = Min(1192. Where f 'c ⎠ ⎝ Mu f y b(1 0. Ultimate bond stress in tension bars uu is given by : Uu = 0.85*fc'*b) = 22.0015bt = 8437.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 5.0015bt = 8437.841 kN. Giasuddin Page 9 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .8 kN.10th Ed. Where x' = 1. By-Nilson & Winter.7/Fy = 13198.2.Page 83 . By-Nilson & Winter.1167) = 1151 mm Compressive pile reactions will produce tension at the bottom of the cap. So As = 3212 mm2 Min Rebar Required = 0.1 .9*fy*(d-a/2)) =4433 mm2.. Mdes = 1886.84 Mpa Cap Reinforcement Plan at Top Cap Reinforcement Plan at Bottom 42 Nos. But Min Rebar Required = 0. of top reinforcement is 168 whose total area is 33778 mm2.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA .where∑ o is the total perimeter of all rebars.85* fc ' 600 f y 600 fy b= 0. So Mu= 2*Rt*x' .8 = 1151 mm dmin = MIN( 1151.5 mm2 Consider bar Size = 16 mm So Nos.1176) = 1176 mm Tensile pile reactions will produce tension at the top of the cap.350 m Mmax= 1886.3 -Vertical Reinforcement Around The pile cap : Total uplift to be resisted by the vertical rebars around the pile cap = Fz = 3834.59 ⎟ . a = 16.5. of Bars = 42 Nos 5.Reinforcement Calculation : 5.5. 42 Nos.02187 0. As = M*1000000/(0.Bottom Reinforcement : Consider clear cover 75 and dia of Bar 16 mm .51 mm 0.73 mm2 Total Nos.Page 83 . Md. of Bars = 42 Nos 5. so OK 5.. 16 mm along both dic.Top Reinforcement : Consider clear cover 50 and dia of Bar 16 mm .) Check for a a = As*fy/(.85*fc'*b) = 16.75* b max= = 0.It will be suffient for development length.

00 N fc = 30.082 = 0.9 Sqmm.mm so And For above values of & = 0.4 . to clause4.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 5. Mu = 359.2.m Ultimate Moment For Max Uplift .00 MPa M = Moment = 319670000. of Bar = 13 Nos.mm so And For above values of & = 0. h = 600 mm Ac = /4h2 = 282743. Provide 14 nos. of 10mm dia bar around the cap distributed along the whole depth with 300 mm lapping at the joint. Hence length of upper segment of the pile is 8. Hu ( for Uplift ) = 140.061 = 0.53 meter.5.00 MPa M = Moment = 359930000.3 ( From chart of Annexure-2 ) Pile Section at Lower Segment Hu h= 1st Segment Length of pile So Atot = 1.97 meter below the point of fixity. ( Ref.99 kN So Moment =-0.5 N = Normal Load = 698830.96 kN Ultimate Moment For Maximum Compression .Structural Design of Pile Ultimate loads on Single Pile : Compressive load = Rc = 698. 6.00 N fc = 30. ⎛ c ⎞ N ⎜ 1. of Bar = 9 Nos.1.2 Design for Tension Plus Bending N = Normal Load = 518960.Check for pile head deflection: ) For safe dissipation of moment at the point of fixity designed rebar is extended by 2.071 = 0.5 Acfc/ cfy = 6131.1.194 m from Pile Top Kp h Passive Pressure on Pile Md. 6 . Rebar Dia = 25 mm So Nos.063 = 0. Mu = 319.1 Design for Compression Plus Bending g p g Pile diameter.1 at a distance 8.0 2 Where k p = Co-efficient of passive earth pressure = 1+sin 1-Sin 3. Uplift case is taken into consideration. 6.5 ⎟ f A ⎝ ⎠ c c M ⎛ c ⎞ ⎜ 1.3 Sqmm.m 6.5 ⎟ A f ⎝ ⎠ c c c = 1.5 ⎟ f A h ⎝ ⎠ c c ⎛ c ⎞ Atot f y ⎜ 1.00 N.83 kN Uplift load = Rt = 518.00 N.8 Sqmm.67 kN.00 Since Tension plus Bending combination requires more reinforcement than that of compression plus bending combination.5 Acfc/ cfy = 4087.4 -Horizontal Reinforcement Around The pile cap : Provide 5 nos.2 Calculation to Find Point of Zero Moment in the Pile Moment at aheight h is Hu * h 1 k p γh*h*Pile Dia*h/3 =0.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA . Rebar Dia = 25 mm So Nos.93 kN. Giasuddin Page 10 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .2 ( From chart of Annexure-2 ) Pile Section at Upper Segment So Atot = 1.1 Design of upper segment of pile 6.5 meter. of dia. 25mm. Length of fixity is 5.

61 = 326.7*59.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) h = 8.194 m and Pile Dia = 0.6 m (h should be measured from GL but 1st segment of pile is considered Conservatively) Upper segment considered = 8.004*X-Sectinal area of pile = 1131 mm2. Giasuddin Page 11 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 . of dia 16 mm for the lower segment is ok from structural point and minimum requirement as well. Frictional Resistance by soil=0.7*415=290.35 kN Tensile Force to be resisted = 326350 N Consider no tension to be resisted by concrete that means all tensile forces shall be resisted by rebar only.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA .61 kN Net Tension at the point = 518.5 kN/Sqm As=PI()*0.5*Tan15*16.5 Mpa So Rebar area required to resist Tensile force = 326350 / 290.7. 7 nos. Yield Strength of Rebar = 415 Mpa So Tensile Strength Can be considered as = 0.02 Sqm So.5 = 16.02 = 192.Frictional Resistance by Soil Skin Friction is given by = 0. Ks=0. = = 30 Degree Submerged Density of soil = 7 KN/Cum Md.5*0. Pd=8.96 .5 = 1124 mm2 Minimum Rebar for pile section is = 0.192.5*Ks*Pd*tand*As g y Where.5 meter Rebar Requirement to Resist Tensile force : Acting tension at any point = Tension at pile top .6*8.5 *7 = 59.

Giasuddin Page 12 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA .COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) Annexure-1: Reinforcement Chart for Chimney Md.

POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA .COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) Annexure-2: Reinforcement Chart for Pile Md. Giasuddin Page 13 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .