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1st Subm.

17-Apr-11
Md. Giasuddin
Foundat i on Desi gn Cal cul at i on of Tower Type 2DT6 For
Soi l Cat egor y-2
Submission
Status
Date
AUTHORITY NAME & SIGN DATE Paper Size Language Total Sheets
DESIGNED BY
Md. Giasuddin
17-Apr-11 For approval A4 English 13
CHECKED BY
Md. Giasuddin
For construction Scale : N/A
Revision
1st Sub.
APPROVED BY As Built
SUBMISSION SOUGHT
Document No. :
PGCB/230kV/TL/B-C/Lot-3/Des.Cal/Local/08
Designed By Description Approved By
EMPLOYER :
POWER GRID COMPANY OF
BANGLADESH LTD.
CONTRACTOR :
SANERGY CO.
NAME OF PROJECT :
DESIGN-BUILD AND TRUNKEY CONTRACT FOR CONSTRUCTION OF 230kV BIBYANA -
COMILLA TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3)
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
Cont ent s Page No.
1. Gener al . 03
1. 1 Foundat ion Loads 03
Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 2
FOR BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
1.2 Geot echnical I nformat ion 03
1. 3 Foundat ion St rengt h Fact ors 03
1. 4 Fact ored Foundat ion Loads 03
1. 5 Codes & St andards Considered 03
1.6 Mat erial Propert ies 03
1.7 Geomet rical Dat a of t he Tower 2DT6 03
1. 8 Layout Plan Of t he Foundat ion 04
2. Resi dual Shear Cal cul at i on 04
3. Foundat i on Geomet r y 05
4 : Desi gn Cal cul at i on f or Pi l e 05
4. 1 - Pile Design Load Against Compressive Load 05
4.2 - Pile Design Load Against Uplift 05 g oad ga Up 05
4. 3 - Minimum Lengt h of Pile Group Against Uproot ing 05
4. 4 - Check for pile head deflect ion 06
4. 5 - Ult imat e St ress on Pile Sect ion 07
Sect i on- 5 : St r uct ur al Desi gn of Chi mney & Pi l e Cap 07
5.1 - Design of Chimney 07
5 2 D i f Pil C 08 5.2 - Design of Pile Cap 08
5. 2. 1. - Check Punching of cleat s 08
5.2.1.a Check For Compression 08
5.2.1.b Check For Uplift 08
5.2.2 - Check cap t hickness for Flexural Shear 08
5.2.3.- Check for posit ion of Piles 08
5.2.4 - Check for Bending Moment 09
5.2.5 - Reinforcement Calculat ion 09
5.2.5.1 - Bot t om Reinforcement 08
5.2.5.2 - Top Reinforcement 09
5.2.5.3 - Vert ical Reinforcement Around The pile cap 09
5.2.5.4 - Horizont al Reinforcement Around The pile cap 10
6 - St r uct ur al Desi gn of Pi l e 10
6. 1 Design of upper segment of pile 10
6. 1. 1 Design for Compression Plus Bending 10
6. 1. 2 Design for Tension Plus Bending 10
6.2 Calculat ion t o Find Point of Zero Moment in t he Pile 10
Annexure- 1 12
Annexure- 2 13
Giasuddin Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 2 FOR
1. Gener al .
1. 1 Foundat i on Loads :
Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC 2 FOR
BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
The objective of this generic design is to compute loads on individual pile top, length of fixity of pile and is to design pile, pile cap and chimney. If not
mentioned otherwise, values with suffices x, y and z indicate three global directions with outward positive.
F
z
( k N ) F
x
( k N) F
y
( k N)
3154.98 893.33 831.62
2840.17 893.33 831.62
1. 2 Geot echni cal I nf or mat i on:
I t ems
Max Compression Case
Max Uplift Case
Ul t i mat e Loads Al ong Gl obal Di r ect i on ( Pul l and Thr ust Ver t i cal )
Angle of Int. Friction, ø = 32 Degree
Soil Density = 18 kN/Cum.
Soil Submerged Density = 8 kN/Cum.
Frustum angle = 15 Degree; As per techinical specification
1. 3 Foundat i on St r engt h Fact or s :
2DL 2D1
Appl i ed Loadi ng Case
St r engt h Fact or
2D25 2DT6
1. 4. Fact or ed Foundat i on Loads.
Factored Loads by using Foundation Strength Factor from Appendix (7.A2),Volume 2 of 3
F ( k N ) F ( k N) F ( k N)
2DL, 2D1
1.35 1.23
Fact or ed Ul t i mat e Loads Al ong Gl obal Di r ect i on ( Pul l and Thr ust Ver t i cal )
2D25, 2DT6
For All Load Cases
I t ems F
z
( k N ) F
x
( k N) F
y
( k N)
4259.22 1206.00 1122.69
3834.23 1206.00 1122.69
1.5 Codes & St andar ds Consi der ed :
ACI
BS 8110
Max Long. Case in Uplift
Max Long. Case in Comp.
I t ems
1.6 Mat er i al Pr oper t i es and Cl ear Cover :
28 days cube strength of concrete for Pile; fc' = 30 Mpa.
28 days cube strength of concrete for Pile-Cap; fc' = 25 Mpa.
Corresponding cylinder strength of concrete for Pile-Cap; fc' = 21.25 Mpa.
Yield Strength Reinforcing Steel ;fy = 415 Mpa.
Concrete Clear Cover at top and sides of Cap & Column is = 50 mm.
Concrete Clear Cover for sides of Pile is = 75 mm.
Unit Weight of Concrete = 24 kN/Cum.
1.7 Geomet r i cal Dat a of t he Tow er 2DT6 :
Face Slope = Ø = 13.306 Degree.
Diagonal Slope = Ø = 18.493 Degree.
Md. Giasuddin Page 3 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 2 FOR Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC 2 FOR
BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
1. 8 Lay out Pl an Of t he Foundat i on
450 1800 1800 450
4
5
0
450 1800 1800 450
4
5
0
4
5
0
0
900
9
0
0
1
8
0
0
1
8
0
0
4
5
0
0
900
9
0
0
1
8
0
0
1
8
0
0
4500
CP
4
5
0
4500
4
5
0
4500
4
5
0
4500
4
5
0
4
5
0
0
900
9
0
0
1
8
0
0
1
8
0
0
4
5
0
0
900
9
0
0
1
8
0
0
1
8
0
0
Layout Plan of Foundation
450 1800 1800 450
4
5
0
450 1800 1800 450
4
5
0
2. Resi dual Shear Cal cul at i on :
F
x l eg
F
yl eg
F
x Res
= F
x
- F
x l eg
F
yRes
= F
y
- F
yl eg
Max Compression Case 4259.22 1007.31 1007.31 1206.00 1122.69 198.69 115.38
Max Uplift Case 3834.23 906.80 906.80 1206.00 1122.69 299.20 215.89
Ver t i cal Loads
F
z
( k N )
I t ems
Resi dual Shear ( k N )
F
x
( k N) F
y
( k N)
Leg Shear ( k N ) = F
z
* Tano
Md. Giasuddin Page 4 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 2 FOR Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC 2 FOR
BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
3. Foundat i on Geomet r y :
Size of the column = 900 mmX900 mm.
Dia of the Pile, Dp = 600 mm.
h'' = 280.5 mm.
h' 400 h' = 400 mm.
f = 300 mm.
Pile Center to center Distance = 1800 mm.
Height of column, h = 700 mm.
Length/Width of the Cap, L/B = 4500 mm.
Cap Thickness, t = 1250 mm.
No. of Pile Per Leg = 8 Nos
Wei ght Cal cul at i on
Weight of Column, Wcol = 13.61 kNs.
Weight of Pad, Wpad = 607.5 kNs.
Weight of Superimposed Soil, Ws =109.35 kNs.
Bouyant Weight of Column, W'col = 7.94 kNs
Bouyant Weight of Pad, W'pad = 354.38 kNs
Bouyant Weight of Superimposed Soil, W's = 48.6 kNs
Loads on Pi l e t op :
Foundation Layout Detail Typical Pile Cap Section
For Max i mum Comp.
Resultant Compressive Load = Rzc =Fz+ 1.35*(Wcol+Wpad+Ws) = 5157.69 kNs.
Moment Mx = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fxleg*0.0 + FxRes*(t+h+h''-0.15) =376.12 kN.m
Moment My = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fyleg*0.0 + FyRes*(t+h+h''-0.15) = 218.41 kN.m
For Max i mum Upl i f t :
Resultant Uplift = Rzt=Fz - W'col - W'pad - W's = 3423.31 kNs
Moment Mx = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fxleg*0.0 + Fxres*(t+h+h''-0.15) = 566.39 kN.m
Moment My = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fyleg*0.0 + Fyres*(t+h+h''-0.15) = 408.68 kN.m
4 : Desi gn Cal cul at i on f or Pi l e :
Reaction of pile with applied vertical loads and biaxial bending moment can be expressed by the following equation:
y
V x
V 2 2
M *d1y
R M *d1x
R = ± ±
8 dix diy
∑ ∑
Where , d1x and d1y denote the distances from pile center to cap center along X or Y Direction. In this case d1x=d1y= 0.9 m.
6*1.8^2 = 19.44 Sqm.
4. 1 - Pi l e Desi gn Load Agai nst Compr essi v e Load :
Maximum compresive load that a pile will be imposed can be expressed by :
So Rcmax = 699.76 k Ns. ( Pile weight is to be considered during Pile schedule)
4.2 - Pi l e Desi gn Load Agai nst Upl i f t :
∑ ∑
= =
2 2
diy dix
y
zc x
Cmax 2 2
M *d1y
R M *d1x
R =
8 dix diy
+ +
∑ ∑
g g p
Maximum compresive load that a pile will be imposed can be expressed by :
So Rt max = 518.2 k Ns. ( Pile weight is to be considered during Pile schedule)
4. 3 - Mi ni mum Lengt h of Pi l e Gr oup Agai nst Upr oot i ng :
Soi l body t o Resi st Upl i f t
Say minimum length of pile =8 m
Depth of pile, d = 9.625 m. So a = d/2 = 4.813 m.
The base size of the soil frustum at the lowest point b' = 4.2m X4.2 m
The base size of the soil frustum at Mid Height ; b =4.979 m X4.979 m
Average Area = (4.2^2+4.979^2)/2 =21.22 sqm.
y
zt x
Tmax 2 2
M *d1y
R M *d1x
R =
8 dix diy
+ +
∑ ∑
Md. Giasuddin Page 5 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 2 FOR Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC 2 FOR
BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
So Frustum Volume = 21.22 * 4.8125 =102.12 cum
The upper soil volume = 4.979^2*4.813= 119.32 cum
Total soil Volume = 221.44 Cum
Total weight of soil body = 221.44*8=1771.52 kN
Skin resistance of pile group is Given by :
GL
Q =2*( ) * * L B H f +
Ks =1 ;( soil to soil co-efficient of earth pressure)
P
d
=yd, o = o= 32 Degree
y = Submerged Density of soil = 8 kN/Cum.
Pd =8 *9 625 = 77 kNs
a
su
s
Q =2*( ) * *
Where L and B are the overall length and width of pile group,
H is the depth of soil block and f is the unit skin friction
1
which is given by
2
s
s d
L B H f
fs K p Tano
+
=
Pd 8 9.625 77 kNs.
So fs = 24.06 kN/Sqm.
L= B = b' = 4.2 m and H = d = 9.625 m.
So Qsu = 3890.5 kNs
Allowable capacity (FS=1.5) = 3774.68 kNs
Resultant Uplift = 3423.31 kNs.
Whi ch i s l ess t han 3774.68 k Ns So OK.
Ultimate uplift capacity of pile group = Skin Resistance +
Submerged Weight of soil body = 5662.02kNs.
b
d
L
Whi ch i s l ess t han 3774.68 k Ns So OK.
4.4 - Check f or pi l e head def l ect i on:
For Max Compr essi on:
Fx = Leg Shear = 1007.31 kN
Fy = Leg Shear = 1007.31 kN
Passive resistance by Cap Only ( Same in x and y face)
135 47 kN
a
1
Passive resistance by Pile Cap is k γ*(1 55+0 30)*1 25*4 5 = = 135.47 kN
3.25
γ=Submerged density of soil =8 kN/Cum.
Net Fx = Leg Shear = 871.84 kN
Net Fy = Leg Shear = 871.84 kN
Vres=Sqrt.(871.84^2+871.84^2)=1232.97 kN
Lateral Load carried by a single Pile = 154.12 kN
b'
GL
Cap Top
3
0
0
p
1+sin
Where k = Co-efficient of passive earth pressure =
1-Sin
o
o
=
p
Passive resistance by Pile Cap is k γ*(1.55+0.30)*1.25*4.5 =
2
=
For Max Upl i f t :
Fx = Leg Shear = 906.8 kN
Fy = Leg Shear = 906.8 kN
Net Fx = Leg Shear = 771.33 kN
Net Fy = Leg Shear = 771.33 kN
Vres=Sqrt.(771.33^2+771.33^2)=1090.83 kN
Lateral Load carried by a single Pile = 136.35 kN
Desi gn shear car r i ed by a si ngl e Pi l e Qmax = 154.12 k N
Kp h
Cap Bot.
1
2
5
0
Desi gn shear car r i ed by a si ngl e Pi l e Qmax 154.12 k N
For fixed head pile depth of fixity is given by
L
f
/T = 2.15; (Ref. to figure no 2 , appendix C of IS: 2911) For fixed head piles .
K1 = 0.146 For Submer ged Medi um Dense Sand
Where ; 25742.96 Mpa = 257430 kg/sqcm.
636172.5 cm4 EI = 163769889855 kg.sqcm.
So T = 257.03 cm = 2.57 m
So depth of fixity, Lf = 5.53 m
Deflection, Y = Q*(Lf)^3/12EI = 1.326 cm. = 13.26 mm; Which is less than 25mm, So OK.
5
Where, 1 and T EI K =
4700 '
c
E f = =
4
64
d
I
r
= =
Kp h
Passive Pressure on Cap
Md. Giasuddin Page 6 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 2 FOR Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC 2 FOR
BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
4. 5 - Ul t i mat e St r ess on Pi l e Sect i on
For Max Compr essi on
For f i x ed head l ong pi l e :
Moment M=m.M
F
= 0.82*Q*Lf/2 =
For Max Compression M = 349.44 kN.m
For Max Uplift M = 309.15 kN.m
For Max Compr essi on.
Q = Hu = 154.12 kN.
So Mu = 349.44 kN.m
For Max Upl i f t
Q = Hu = 136.35 kN.
So Mu = 309.15 kN.m
Ul t i mat e l oads on Si ngl e Pi l e :
Compressive load = Rc = 699.76 kN
Uplift load = Rt = 518.2 kN
For Max Compression ultimate Moment , Mu = 349.44 kN.m
For Max Uplift ultimate Moment , Mu = 309.15 kN.m
Sect i on- 5 : St r uct ur al Desi gn of Chi mney & Pi l e Cap
5.1 - Desi gn of Chi mney :
Ultimate Compression = 4259.22 kN
50% of Ult. Compression = 2129.61 kN
Resi dual shear :
F
xmax
= 299.20 kN
F
ymax
= 215.89 kN
Resultant F
xy
= 368.96 kN
M = Fxy* 0.793 = 292.6 kN.m. 1 of 12 of dia. 20 mm y
P
u
= 2129610.00 N
M
u
= 292582755.1 N.mm
D = 900.00 mm
b = 900 mm
d' = 66 mm
d'/D = 0.073 mm
f
ck
= 25.0 Mpa
f
y
= 415.0 Mpa
P
u
/f
ck
bD =
0.105
M
u
/f
ck
bD
2
=
0.016
For the above values, graph ( see annexure-1 ) shows that no rebar is needed.
As per Code Min Rebar Required = 0.004*900^2 = 3240 mm2
Consider Bar Dia. 20 mm
Pr ovi de 12 nos 20mm di a.
Embedded Lengt h of Rebar .
C i t b i t d b th b i hi F 2129 61 kN
Column Section
Compression to be resisted by the rebars in chimney = Fz = 2129.61 kN
Total Nos. of reinforcement is 12 of dia 20 12mm.
As per BS 8110, Ultimate bond stress in compression bars u
u
is given by : u
u
=0.5√fc' Mpa
So Uu = 2.3 Mpa. So Development length ld required = 1228 mm.
Cap thgickness is = 1250 mm and Clear Cover at bottom = 75 mm
Let Chimney rebar rest on the bottom mesh of cap. So Embedded length provided = 1250-75-32 = 1143 mm which is more than requirement, so Ok.
s
d d
u
F
Development length l is given by : l = ;where o is the total perimeter of all rebars, Fs=Fz
u o


Md. Giasuddin Page 7 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 2 FOR Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC 2 FOR
BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
5. 2 - Desi gn of Pi l e Cap :
5. 2. 1. - Check Punchi ng of cl eat s:
5.2.1.a Check For Compr essi on:
Ultimate Compression = 4259.22 kN
Compression to be carried by cleats = 50% of Comp.= 2129.61 kN
Consider 4 cleat group with 4 three cleats in each group. The size of cleats is 150X150X20 ; length 160 .
The Capacity P of each cleat is given by :
Where , b = Length of Angle Shear Connector = 160 mm
t = Thickness of Angle Shear Connector = 20 mm
r = Radius of fillet = 40 mm
Load Carried by each Cleat =0.5* Ccomp./16 = 133.1 kN
1/ 2
1.19 ' ( / 2)
.
1 19 '
c
y
P f b t r x
F
x t w r t
f
= + +
⎡ ⎤
= s ÷ ÷
⎢ ⎥
⎣ ⎦
w = width of angle shear connector = 150
( Ref. : Art.7.6.2, Design of Latticed Steel Transmission Structures; Published by The American Society of Civil Engineers)
x = 68.19 mm; So P = 537.47 k N > 133.1 k N So OK .
5. 2. 1. b Check For Upl i f t :
Ultimate Uplift = 3834.23 kN
Consider 4 cleat group with 4 three cleats in each group. The size of cleats is 150X150X20 ; length 160 .
Load carried by each cleat = 239 64 kN
1.19
c
f
⎣ ⎦
Load carried by each cleat = 239.64 kN
The Capacity P of each cleat is given by :
Where , b = Length of Angle Shear Connector = 160 mm
t = Thickness of Angle Shear Connector = 20 mm
r = Radius of fillet = 40 mm
w = width of angle shear connector = 150
x = 68.19 mm; So P = 537.47 k N > 239.64 k N So OK .
1/ 2
1.19 ' ( / 2)
.
1.19 '
c
y
c
P f b t r x
F
x t w r t
f
= + +
⎡ ⎤
= s ÷ ÷
⎢ ⎥
⎣ ⎦
5.2.2 - Check cap t hi ck ness f or Fl ex ur al Shear :
Total shear acting at a distance d/2 from the face of the column = 3*Rmax; Where Rmax=Rc or Rt whichever is larger.
Rmax = 699.76 kN
So Total Shear,Vc =2*699.76 =1399.52 kN
Where, b = 4500 mm
Consider clear cover 75 and dia of Bar 16 mm , So d ( Outer Layer) = 1250-75-8 =1167 mm , where d is the effective depth of cap.
d ( I nner Layer ) = 1250- 75- 16 - 8 = 1151 mm
dave = ( 1167+ 1151 ) / 2 = 1159 mm dav e. = ( 1167+ 1151 ) / 2 = 1159 mm
So, Vc = Vc/bd = 0.27 Mpa
5.2.3.- Check f or posi t i on of Pi l es :
Distance from pile edge to pile cap edge, x = 200 mm
Distance from pile center to pile cap edge = 500 mm
Diameter of punching plane, y = 800 mm
AS per ACI Shear Stress applied to concrete should be less than 0.17√f'c Mpa. In present case which is coming 0.93 Mpa. This is greater than applied
stress so consideration is quite Ok.
Perimeter of punching plane = PI()*800 =2513 mm
So area of concrete to resist punching of pile = 2513*200 = 502600 Sq.mm
Punching stress developed = Rmax*1000/502600 = 1.39 Mpa
Where Rmax is the Maximum pile reaction = Rcmax = 699.76 kN
AS per ACI Shear Stress applied to concrete should be less than 0.34√f'c Mpa. In present case
which is coming 1.52 Mpa. This is greater than applied stress, 1.39 Mpa, so consideration is quite
Ok.
Md. Giasuddin Page 8 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 2 FOR Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC 2 FOR
BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
5.2.4 - Check f or Bendi ng Moment :
So M
max
=3*R
max
*x' , Where x' = 1.350 m p
b
= 0.02187
M
max
= 1889.4 kN.m. p
max
= 0.75* p
b
= 0.01640194
Maximum moment acting at the face of the column=2*Maximum pile reaction*distance between pile center to column face.
f p ⎛ ⎞
b
' 600
ρ =0.85*0.85*
600
c
y y
f
f f +
290.70 mm Whi ch i s l ess t han d
pr ovi de
; so OK
5.2.5 - Rei nf or cement Cal cul at i on :
5.2.5.1 - Bot t om Rei nf or cement :
2
1 0.59 ...; 0.9
'
y
u y
c
f
M f bd Where
f
p
op o
⎛ ⎞
= ÷ =
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠
(1 0.59 )
'
u
y
y
c
M
d
f
f b
f
p
op
. = =
÷
Consider clear cover 75 and dia of Bar 16 mm , So d (Outer Layer) = 1250-75-8 = 1167 mm; where d is the effective depth of cap.
Compressive pile reactions will produce tension at the bottom of the cap.
Mdes = 1889.352 kN.m
Assuming depth of stress block, a = 22.7 mm
Area of steel, As = M*1000000/(0.9*fy*(d-a/2)) =4439 mm2.
( Ref . - Desi gn of concr et e st r uct ur e, By - Ni l son & Wi nt er ,Page 83 ,10t h Ed.)
d ( Inner Layer) = 1250 -75 -16 - 8 = 1151 mm
dmin = MIN( 1151,1167) = 1151 mm
42 Nos. of Dia. 16 mm along both dic.
Check for a
a = As* f y / ( .85* f c' * b) = 22.7 mm
Consideration is OK, So As = 4439 mm2.
But Min Rebar Required = 0.0015bt = 8437.5 mm2
Consider bar Size = 16 mm
So Nos. of Bars = 42 Nos
5.2.5.2 - Top Rei nf or cement :
Consider clear cover 50 and dia of Bar 16 mm , So d (Outer Layer) = 1250 -50-8 = 1192 mm
Where d is the effective depth of cap from Cap Bottom to Rebar center at Top.
Tensile pile reactions will produce tension at the top of the cap.
So Mu= 2*Rt*x' , Where x' = 1.35 m 42 Nos. of Dia. 16 mm along both dic.
Mdes = 1399.14 kN.m
Assumi ng dept h of st r ess bl ock , a = 16. 4 mm
d = Mi n( 1192,1176) = 1176 mm
d ( I nner Layer ) = 1250 - 50- 16 - 8 = 1176 mm
Cap Reinforcement Plan at Bottom
Area of steel, As = M*1000000/(0.9*fy*(d-a/2)) = 3208 mm2
( Ref . - Desi gn of concr et e st r uct ur e, By - Ni l son & Wi nt er ,Page 83 ,10t h Ed.)
Consi der at i on i s OK, So As = 3208 mm2
Min Rebar Required = 0.0015bt = 8437.5 mm2
Consider bar Size = 16 mm
So Nos. of Bars = 42 Nos
a = As* f y / ( .85* f c' * b) = 16.4 mm
Check for a
5. 2. 5. 3 - Ver t i cal Rei nf or cement Ar ound The pi l e cap :
Total uplift to be resisted by the vertical rebars around the pile cap = Fz = 3834.23 kN
So As = Fz*1000/0.7/Fy = 13198.73 mm2
Total Nos. of top reinforcement is 168 whose total area is 33778 mm2.
So if all top bars are bent downwards this will be good enough for uplift.
As per BS 8110, Ultimate bond stress in tension bars uu is given by : Uu = 0.4√fc' = 1.84 Mpa
So Development length ld required = 247 mm
Provide all top bars bent downwards for the hal f dept h of the cap.It will be suffient for development length.
Cap Reinforcement Plan at Top
s
d
u
F
Development length ld is given by : l = ;where o is the total perimeter of all rebars, Fs=Fz
u o


Md. Giasuddin Page 9 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
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BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
5. 2. 5. 4 - Hor i zont al Rei nf or cement Ar ound The pi l e cap :
Provide 5 nos. of 10mm dia bar around the cap distributed along the whole depth with 300 mm lapping at the joint.
6 - St r uct ur al Desi gn of Pi l e
Ul t i mat e l oads on Si ngl e Pi l e : Ul t i mat e l oads on Si ngl e Pi l e :
Compressive load = Rc = 699.76 kN
Uplift load = Rt = 518.2 kN
Ultimate Moment For Maximum Compression , Mu = 349.44 kN.m
Ultimate Moment For Max Uplift , Mu = 309.15 kN.m
6. 1 Desi gn of upper segment of pi l e
6.1.1 Desi gn f or Compr essi on Pl us Bendi ng g p g
Pile diameter, h = 600 mm
A
c
= r/4h
2
= 282743.3 Sqmm.
v
c
= 1.5
Pile Section at Upper Segment
1.5
1.5
1.5
c
c c
c
c c
tot y c
c c
N
f A
M
f A h
A f
A f
v
v
v
µ
v
u
⎛ ⎞
=
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠
⎛ ⎞
=
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠
⎛ ⎞
=
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠
N = Normal Load = 699760.00 N
f
c
= 30.00 MPa
M = Moment = 349440000.00 N.mm
so v = 0.082
And µ = 0.069
For above values of v & µ u = 0.2 ( From chart of Annexure-2 )
So A
tot
= 1.5uA
c
f
c
/v
c
f
y
= 4087.9 Sqmm.
Rebar Dia = 25 mm
Pile Section at Lower Segment
So Nos. of Bar = 9 Nos.
6. 1. 2 Desi gn f or Tensi on Pl us Bendi ng
N = Normal Load = 518200.00 N
f
c
= 30.00 MPa
M = Moment = 309150000.00 N.mm
so v = 0.061
And µ = 0.061
For above values of v & µ u = 0.28 ( From chart of Annexure-2 )
Hu
So A
tot
= 1.5uA
c
f
c
/v
c
f
y
= 5723.0 Sqmm.
Rebar Dia = 25 mm
So Nos. of Bar = 12 Nos.
Provide 13 nos. of dia. 25mm.
Length of fixity is 5.53 meter. ( Ref. to clause4.4 - Check for pile head deflection: )
6. 2 Cal cul at i on t o Fi nd Poi nt of Zer o Moment i n t he Pi l e
For safe dissipation of moment at the point of fixity designed rebar is extended by 1.97 meter
below the point of fixity. Hence length of upper segment of the pile is 7.5 meter.
S
e
g
m
e
n
t

L
e
n
g
t
h

o
f

p
i
l
e
3.25
Hu ( for Uplift ) = 136.35 kN
So Moment =-0.1 at a distance 7.237 m from Pile Top
Since Tension plus Bending combination requires more reinforcement than that of compression
plus bending combination, Uplift case is taken into consideration.
p
1+sin
Where k = Co-efficient of passive earth pressure =
1-Sin
o
o
=
Kp h
h
=

1
s
t

Passive Pressure on Pile
p
1
Moment at aheight is * k γh*h*Pile Dia*h/3 =0.0
2
u
h H h = ÷
Md. Giasuddin Page 10 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
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BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
h = 7.237 m and Pile Dia = 0.6 m
Upper segment considered = 7.5 meter
Rebar Requi r ement t o Resi st Tensi l e f or ce :
Acting tension at any point = Tension at pile top - Frictional Resistance by Soil
Skin Friction is given by = 0.5*K
s
*P
d
*tand*A
s
(h should be measured from GL but 1st segment of pile is
considered Conservatively)
g y
s d s
Where; K
s
=0.7, d= o = 32 Degree
Submerged Density of soil = 8 KN/Cum
Pd=7.5 *8 = 60 kN/Sqm
As=PI()*0.6*7.5 = 14.14 Sqm
So, Frictional Resistance by soil=0.5*0.7*60*Tan15*14.14 = 185.55 kN
Net Tension at the point = 518.2 - 185.55 = 332.65 kN
Tensile Force to be resisted = 332650 N
Consider no tension to be resisted by concrete that means all tensile forces shall be resisted by rebar only.
Yield Strength of Rebar = 415 Mpa
So Tensile Strength Can be considered as = 0.7*415=290.5 Mpa
So Rebar area required to resist Tensile force = 332650 / 290.5 = 1146 mm2
Minimum Rebar for pile section is = 0.004*X-Sectinal area of pile = 1131 mm2.
6 nos. of dia 16 mm for the lower segment is ok from structural point and minimum requirement as well.
Md. Giasuddin Page 11 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
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Annex ur e- 1: Rei nf or cement Char t f or Chi mney
Md. Giasuddin Page 12 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
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BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
Annex ur e- 2: Rei nf or cement Char t f or Pi l e
Md. Giasuddin Page 13 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
1st Subm. 17-Apr-11
Md. Giasuddin
Foundat i on Desi gn Cal cul at i on of Tower Type 2DT6 For
Soi l Cat egor y-3
Submission
Status
Date
AUTHORITY NAME & SIGN DATE Paper Size Language Total Sheets
DESIGNED BY
Md. Giasuddin
17-Apr-11 For approval A4 English 13
CHECKED BY
Md. Giasuddin
For construction Scale : N/A
Revision
1st Sub.
APPROVED BY As Built
SUBMISSION SOUGHT
Document No. :
PGCB/230kV/TL/B-C/Lot-3/Des.Cal/Local/09
Designed By Description Approved By
EMPLOYER :
POWER GRID COMPANY OF
BANGLADESH LTD.
CONTRACTOR :
SANERGY CO.
NAME OF PROJECT :
DESIGN-BUILD AND TRUNKEY CONTRACT FOR CONSTRUCTION OF 230kV BIBYANA -
COMILLA TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3)
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
Cont ent s Page No.
1. Gener al . 03
1. 1 Foundat ion Loads 03
Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 3
FOR BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
1.2 Geot echnical I nformat ion 03
1. 3 Foundat ion St rengt h Fact ors 03
1. 4 Fact ored Foundat ion Loads 03
1. 5 Codes & St andards Considered 03
1.6 Mat erial Propert ies 03
1.7 Geomet rical Dat a of t he Tower 2DT6 03
1. 8 Layout Plan Of t he Foundat ion 04
2. Resi dual Shear Cal cul at i on 04
3. Foundat i on Geomet r y 05
4 : Desi gn Cal cul at i on f or Pi l e 05
4. 1 - Pile Design Load Against Compressive Load 05
4.2 - Pile Design Load Against Uplift 05 g oad ga Up 05
4. 3 - Minimum Lengt h of Pile Group Against Uproot ing 05
4. 4 - Check for pile head deflect ion 06
4. 5 - Ult imat e St ress on Pile Sect ion 07
Sect i on- 5 : St r uct ur al Desi gn of Chi mney & Pi l e Cap 07
5.1 - Design of Chimney 07
5 2 D i f Pil C 08 5.2 - Design of Pile Cap 08
5. 2. 1. - Check Punching of cleat s 08
5.2.1.a Check For Compression 08
5.2.1.b Check For Uplift 08
5.2.2 - Check cap t hickness for Flexural Shear 08
5.2.3.- Check for posit ion of Piles 08
5.2.4 - Check for Bending Moment 09
5.2.5 - Reinforcement Calculat ion 09
5.2.5.1 - Bot t om Reinforcement 08
5.2.5.2 - Top Reinforcement 09
5.2.5.3 - Vert ical Reinforcement Around The pile cap 09
5.2.5.4 - Horizont al Reinforcement Around The pile cap 10
6 - St r uct ur al Desi gn of Pi l e 10
6. 1 Design of upper segment of pile 10
6. 1. 1 Design for Compression Plus Bending 10
6. 1. 2 Design for Tension Plus Bending 10
6.2 Calculat ion t o Find Point of Zero Moment in t he Pile 10
Annexure- 1 12
Annexure- 2 13
Giasuddin Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 3 FOR
1. Gener al .
1. 1 Foundat i on Loads :
Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC 3 FOR
BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
The objective of this generic design is to compute loads on individual pile top, length of fixity of pile and is to design pile, pile cap and chimney. If not
mentioned otherwise, values with suffices x, y and z indicate three global directions with outward positive.
F
z
( k N ) F
x
( k N) F
y
( k N)
3154.98 893.33 831.62
2840.17 893.33 831.62
1. 2 Geot echni cal I nf or mat i on:
I t ems
Max Compression Case
Max Uplift Case
Ul t i mat e Loads Al ong Gl obal Di r ect i on ( Pul l and Thr ust Ver t i cal )
Angle of Int. Friction, ø = 30 Degree
Soil Density = 17 kN/Cum.
Soil Submerged Density = 7 kN/Cum.
Frustum angle = 15 Degree; As per techinical specification
1. 3 Foundat i on St r engt h Fact or s :
2DL 2D1
Appl i ed Loadi ng Case
St r engt h Fact or
2D25 2DT6
1. 4. Fact or ed Foundat i on Loads.
Factored Loads by using Foundation Strength Factor from Appendix (7.A2),Volume 2 of 3
F ( k N ) F ( k N) F ( k N)
2DL, 2D1
1.35 1.23
Fact or ed Ul t i mat e Loads Al ong Gl obal Di r ect i on ( Pul l and Thr ust Ver t i cal )
2D25, 2DT6
For All Load Cases
I t ems F
z
( k N ) F
x
( k N) F
y
( k N)
4259.22 1206.00 1122.69
3834.23 1206.00 1122.69
1.5 Codes & St andar ds Consi der ed :
ACI
BS 8110
Max Long. Case in Uplift
Max Long. Case in Comp.
I t ems
1.6 Mat er i al Pr oper t i es and Cl ear Cover :
28 days cube strength of concrete for Pile; fc' = 30 Mpa.
28 days cube strength of concrete for Pile-Cap; fc' = 25 Mpa.
Corresponding cylinder strength of concrete for Pile-Cap; fc' = 21.25 Mpa.
Yield Strength Reinforcing Steel ;fy = 415 Mpa.
Concrete Clear Cover at top and sides of Cap & Column is = 50 mm.
Concrete Clear Cover for sides of Pile is = 75 mm.
Unit Weight of Concrete = 24 kN/Cum.
1.7 Geomet r i cal Dat a of t he Tow er 2DT6 :
Face Slope = Ø = 13.306 Degree.
Diagonal Slope = Ø = 18.493 Degree.
Md. Giasuddin Page 3 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
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BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
1. 8 Lay out Pl an Of t he Foundat i on
450 1800 1800 450
4
5
0
450 1800 1800 450
4
5
0
4
5
0
0
900
9
0
0
1
8
0
0
1
8
0
0
4
5
0
0
900
9
0
0
1
8
0
0
1
8
0
0
4500
CP
4
5
0
4500
4
5
0
4500
4
5
0
4500
4
5
0
4
5
0
0
900
9
0
0
1
8
0
0
1
8
0
0
4
5
0
0
900
9
0
0
1
8
0
0
1
8
0
0
Layout Plan of Foundation
450 1800 1800 450
4
5
0
450 1800 1800 450
4
5
0
2. Resi dual Shear Cal cul at i on :
F
x l eg
F
yl eg
F
x Res
= F
x
- F
x l eg
F
yRes
= F
y
- F
yl eg
Max Compression Case 4259.22 1007.31 1007.31 1206.00 1122.69 198.69 115.38
Max Uplift Case 3834.23 906.80 906.80 1206.00 1122.69 299.20 215.89
Ver t i cal Loads
F
z
( k N )
I t ems
Resi dual Shear ( k N )
F
x
( k N) F
y
( k N)
Leg Shear ( k N ) = F
z
* Tano
Md. Giasuddin Page 4 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
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BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
3. Foundat i on Geomet r y :
Size of the column = 900 mmX900 mm.
Dia of the Pile, Dp = 600 mm.
h'' = 280.5 mm.
h' 400 h' = 400 mm.
f = 300 mm.
Pile Center to center Distance = 1800 mm.
Height of column, h = 700 mm.
Length/Width of the Cap, L/B = 4500 mm.
Cap Thickness, t = 1250 mm.
No. of Pile Per Leg = 8 Nos
Wei ght Cal cul at i on
Weight of Column, Wcol = 13.61 kNs.
Weight of Pad, Wpad = 607.5 kNs.
Weight of Superimposed Soil, Ws =103.28 kNs.
Bouyant Weight of Column, W'col = 7.94 kNs
Bouyant Weight of Pad, W'pad = 354.38 kNs
Bouyant Weight of Superimposed Soil, W's = 42.53 kNs
Loads on Pi l e t op :
Foundation Layout Detail Typical Pile Cap Section
For Max i mum Comp.
Resultant Compressive Load = Rzc =Fz+ 1.35*(Wcol+Wpad+Ws) = 5150.22 kNs.
Moment Mx = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fxleg*0.0 + FxRes*(t+h+h''-0.15) =376.12 kN.m
Moment My = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fyleg*0.0 + FyRes*(t+h+h''-0.15) = 218.41 kN.m
For Max i mum Upl i f t :
Resultant Uplift = Rzt=Fz - W'col - W'pad - W's = 3429.38 kNs
Moment Mx = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fxleg*0.0 + Fxres*(t+h+h''-0.15) = 566.39 kN.m
Moment My = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fyleg*0.0 + Fyres*(t+h+h''-0.15) = 408.68 kN.m
4 : Desi gn Cal cul at i on f or Pi l e :
Reaction of pile with applied vertical loads and biaxial bending moment can be expressed by the following equation:
y
V x
V 2 2
M *d1y
R M *d1x
R = ± ±
8 dix diy
∑ ∑
Where , d1x and d1y denote the distances from pile center to cap center along X or Y Direction. In this case d1x=d1y= 0.9 m.
6*1.8^2 = 19.44 Sqm.
4. 1 - Pi l e Desi gn Load Agai nst Compr essi v e Load :
Maximum compresive load that a pile will be imposed can be expressed by :
So Rcmax = 698.83 k Ns. ( Pile weight is to be considered during Pile schedule)
4.2 - Pi l e Desi gn Load Agai nst Upl i f t :
∑ ∑
= =
2 2
diy dix
y
zc x
Cmax 2 2
M *d1y
R M *d1x
R =
8 dix diy
+ +
∑ ∑
g g p
Maximum compresive load that a pile will be imposed can be expressed by :
So Rt max = 518.96 k Ns. ( Pile weight is to be considered during Pile schedule)
4. 3 - Mi ni mum Lengt h of Pi l e Gr oup Agai nst Upr oot i ng :
Soi l body t o Resi st Upl i f t
Say minimum length of pile =9 m
Depth of pile, d = 10.625 m. So a = d/2 = 5.313 m.
The base size of the soil frustum at the lowest point b' = 4.2m X4.2 m
The base size of the soil frustum at Mid Height ; b =5.247 m X5.247 m
Average Area = (4.2^2+5.247^2)/2 =22.59 sqm.
y
zt x
Tmax 2 2
M *d1y
R M *d1x
R =
8 dix diy
+ +
∑ ∑
Md. Giasuddin Page 5 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
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BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
So Frustum Volume = 22.59 * 5.3125 =120.01 cum
The upper soil volume = 5.247^2*5.313= 146.27 cum
Total soil Volume = 266.28 Cum
Total weight of soil body = 266.28*7=1863.96 kN
Skin resistance of pile group is Given by :
GL
Q =2*( ) * * L B H f +
Ks =1 ;( soil to soil co-efficient of earth pressure)
P
d
=yd, o = o= 30 Degree
y = Submerged Density of soil = 7 kN/Cum.
Pd =7 *10 625 = 74 375 kNs
a
su
s
Q =2*( ) * *
Where L and B are the overall length and width of pile group,
H is the depth of soil block and f is the unit skin friction
1
which is given by
2
s
s d
L B H f
fs K p Tano
+
=
Pd 7 10.625 74.375 kNs.
So fs = 21.47 kN/Sqm.
L= B = b' = 4.2 m and H = d = 10.625 m.
So Qsu = 3832.4 kNs
Allowable capacity (FS=1.5) = 3797.57 kNs
Resultant Uplift = 3429.38 kNs.
Whi ch i s l ess t han 3797.57 k Ns So OK.
Ultimate uplift capacity of pile group = Skin Resistance +
Submerged Weight of soil body = 5696.36kNs.
b
d
L
Whi ch i s l ess t han 3797.57 k Ns So OK.
4.4 - Check f or pi l e head def l ect i on:
For Max Compr essi on:
Fx = Leg Shear = 1007.31 kN
Fy = Leg Shear = 1007.31 kN
Passive resistance by Cap Only ( Same in x and y face)
109 27 kN
a
1
Passive resistance by Pile Cap is k γ*(1 55+0 30)*1 25*4 5 = = 109.27 kN
3.00
γ=Submerged density of soil =7 kN/Cum.
Net Fx = Leg Shear = 898.04 kN
Net Fy = Leg Shear = 898.04 kN
Vres=Sqrt.(898.04^2+898.04^2)=1270.02 kN
Lateral Load carried by a single Pile = 158.75 kN
b'
GL
Cap Top
3
0
0
p
1+sin
Where k = Co-efficient of passive earth pressure =
1-Sin
o
o
=
p
Passive resistance by Pile Cap is k γ*(1.55+0.30)*1.25*4.5 =
2
=
For Max Upl i f t :
Fx = Leg Shear = 906.8 kN
Fy = Leg Shear = 906.8 kN
Net Fx = Leg Shear = 797.53 kN
Net Fy = Leg Shear = 797.53 kN
Vres=Sqrt.(797.53^2+797.53^2)=1127.88 kN
Lateral Load carried by a single Pile = 140.99 kN
Desi gn shear car r i ed by a si ngl e Pi l e Qmax = 158.75 k N
Kp h
Cap Bot.
1
2
5
0
Desi gn shear car r i ed by a si ngl e Pi l e Qmax 158.75 k N
For fixed head pile depth of fixity is given by
L
f
/T = 2.15; (Ref. to figure no 2 , appendix C of IS: 2911) For fixed head piles .
K1 = 0.146 For Submer ged Loose Sand
Where ; 25742.96 Mpa = 257430 kg/sqcm.
636172.5 cm4 EI = 163769889855 kg.sqcm.
So T = 257.03 cm = 2.57 m
So depth of fixity, Lf = 5.53 m
Deflection, Y = Q*(Lf)^3/12EI = 1.366 cm. = 13.66 mm; Which is less than 25mm, So OK.
5
Where, 1 and T EI K =
4700 '
c
E f = =
4
64
d
I
r
= =
Kp h
Passive Pressure on Cap
Md. Giasuddin Page 6 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 3 FOR Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC 3 FOR
BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
4. 5 - Ul t i mat e St r ess on Pi l e Sect i on
For Max Compr essi on
For f i x ed head l ong pi l e :
Moment M=m.M
F
= 0.82*Q*Lf/2 =
For Max Compression M = 359.93 kN.m
For Max Uplift M = 319.67 kN.m
For Max Compr essi on.
Q = Hu = 158.75 kN.
So Mu = 359.93 kN.m
For Max Upl i f t
Q = Hu = 140.99 kN.
So Mu = 319.67 kN.m
Ul t i mat e l oads on Si ngl e Pi l e :
Compressive load = Rc = 698.83 kN
Uplift load = Rt = 518.96 kN
For Max Compression ultimate Moment , Mu = 359.93 kN.m
For Max Uplift ultimate Moment , Mu = 319.67 kN.m
Sect i on- 5 : St r uct ur al Desi gn of Chi mney & Pi l e Cap
5.1 - Desi gn of Chi mney :
Ultimate Compression = 4259.22 kN
50% of Ult. Compression = 2129.61 kN
Resi dual shear :
F
xmax
= 299.20 kN
F
ymax
= 215.89 kN
Resultant F
xy
= 368.96 kN
M = Fxy* 0.793 = 292.6 kN.m. 1 of 12 of dia. 20 mm y
P
u
= 2129610.00 N
M
u
= 292582755.1 N.mm
D = 900.00 mm
b = 900 mm
d' = 66 mm
d'/D = 0.073 mm
f
ck
= 25.0 Mpa
f
y
= 415.0 Mpa
P
u
/f
ck
bD =
0.105
M
u
/f
ck
bD
2
=
0.016
For the above values, graph ( see annexure-1 ) shows that no rebar is needed.
As per Code Min Rebar Required = 0.004*900^2 = 3240 mm2
Consider Bar Dia. 20 mm
Pr ovi de 12 nos 20mm di a.
Embedded Lengt h of Rebar .
C i t b i t d b th b i hi F 2129 61 kN
Column Section
Compression to be resisted by the rebars in chimney = Fz = 2129.61 kN
Total Nos. of reinforcement is 12 of dia 20 12mm.
As per BS 8110, Ultimate bond stress in compression bars u
u
is given by : u
u
=0.5√fc' Mpa
So Uu = 2.3 Mpa. So Development length ld required = 1228 mm.
Cap thgickness is = 1250 mm and Clear Cover at bottom = 75 mm
Let Chimney rebar rest on the bottom mesh of cap. So Embedded length provided = 1250-75-32 = 1143 mm which is more than requirement, so Ok.
s
d d
u
F
Development length l is given by : l = ;where o is the total perimeter of all rebars, Fs=Fz
u o


Md. Giasuddin Page 7 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
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5. 2 - Desi gn of Pi l e Cap :
5. 2. 1. - Check Punchi ng of cl eat s:
5.2.1.a Check For Compr essi on:
Ultimate Compression = 4259.22 kN
Compression to be carried by cleats = 50% of Comp.= 2129.61 kN
Consider 4 cleat group with 4 three cleats in each group. The size of cleats is 150X150X20 ; length 160 .
The Capacity P of each cleat is given by :
Where , b = Length of Angle Shear Connector = 160 mm
t = Thickness of Angle Shear Connector = 20 mm
r = Radius of fillet = 40 mm
Load Carried by each Cleat =0.5* Ccomp./16 = 133.1 kN
1/ 2
1.19 ' ( / 2)
.
1 19 '
c
y
P f b t r x
F
x t w r t
f
= + +
⎡ ⎤
= s ÷ ÷
⎢ ⎥
⎣ ⎦
w = width of angle shear connector = 150
( Ref. : Art.7.6.2, Design of Latticed Steel Transmission Structures; Published by The American Society of Civil Engineers)
x = 68.19 mm; So P = 537.47 k N > 133.1 k N So OK .
5. 2. 1. b Check For Upl i f t :
Ultimate Uplift = 3834.23 kN
Consider 4 cleat group with 4 three cleats in each group. The size of cleats is 150X150X20 ; length 160 .
Load carried by each cleat = 239 64 kN
1.19
c
f
⎣ ⎦
Load carried by each cleat = 239.64 kN
The Capacity P of each cleat is given by :
Where , b = Length of Angle Shear Connector = 160 mm
t = Thickness of Angle Shear Connector = 20 mm
r = Radius of fillet = 40 mm
w = width of angle shear connector = 150
x = 68.19 mm; So P = 537.47 k N > 239.64 k N So OK .
1/ 2
1.19 ' ( / 2)
.
1.19 '
c
y
c
P f b t r x
F
x t w r t
f
= + +
⎡ ⎤
= s ÷ ÷
⎢ ⎥
⎣ ⎦
5.2.2 - Check cap t hi ck ness f or Fl ex ur al Shear :
Total shear acting at a distance d/2 from the face of the column = 3*Rmax; Where Rmax=Rc or Rt whichever is larger.
Rmax = 698.83 kN
So Total Shear,Vc =2*698.83 =1397.66 kN
Where, b = 4500 mm
Consider clear cover 75 and dia of Bar 16 mm , So d ( Outer Layer) = 1250-75-8 =1167 mm , where d is the effective depth of cap.
d ( I nner Layer ) = 1250- 75- 16 - 8 = 1151 mm
dave = ( 1167+ 1151 ) / 2 = 1159 mm dav e. = ( 1167+ 1151 ) / 2 = 1159 mm
So, Vc = Vc/bd = 0.27 Mpa
5.2.3.- Check f or posi t i on of Pi l es :
Distance from pile edge to pile cap edge, x = 200 mm
Distance from pile center to pile cap edge = 500 mm
Diameter of punching plane, y = 800 mm
AS per ACI Shear Stress applied to concrete should be less than 0.17√f'c Mpa. In present case which is coming 0.93 Mpa. This is greater than applied
stress so consideration is quite Ok.
Perimeter of punching plane = PI()*800 =2513 mm
So area of concrete to resist punching of pile = 2513*200 = 502600 Sq.mm
Punching stress developed = Rmax*1000/502600 = 1.39 Mpa
Where Rmax is the Maximum pile reaction = Rcmax = 698.83 kN
AS per ACI Shear Stress applied to concrete should be less than 0.34√f'c Mpa. In present case
which is coming 1.52 Mpa. This is greater than applied stress, 1.39 Mpa, so consideration is quite
Ok.
Md. Giasuddin Page 8 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
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5.2.4 - Check f or Bendi ng Moment :
So M
max
=3*R
max
*x' , Where x' = 1.350 m p
b
= 0.02187
M
max
= 1886.8 kN.m. p
max
= 0.75* p
b
= 0.01640194
Maximum moment acting at the face of the column=2*Maximum pile reaction*distance between pile center to column face.
f p ⎛ ⎞
b
' 600
ρ =0.85*0.85*
600
c
y y
f
f f +
290.51 mm Whi ch i s l ess t han d
pr ovi de
; so OK
5.2.5 - Rei nf or cement Cal cul at i on :
5.2.5.1 - Bot t om Rei nf or cement :
2
1 0.59 ...; 0.9
'
y
u y
c
f
M f bd Where
f
p
op o
⎛ ⎞
= ÷ =
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠
(1 0.59 )
'
u
y
y
c
M
d
f
f b
f
p
op
. = =
÷
Consider clear cover 75 and dia of Bar 16 mm , So d (Outer Layer) = 1250-75-8 = 1167 mm; where d is the effective depth of cap.
Compressive pile reactions will produce tension at the bottom of the cap.
Mdes = 1886.841 kN.m
Assuming depth of stress block, a = 22.6 mm
Area of steel, As = M*1000000/(0.9*fy*(d-a/2)) =4433 mm2.
( Ref . - Desi gn of concr et e st r uct ur e, By - Ni l son & Wi nt er ,Page 83 ,10t h Ed.)
d ( Inner Layer) = 1250 -75 -16 - 8 = 1151 mm
dmin = MIN( 1151,1167) = 1151 mm
42 Nos. of Dia. 16 mm along both dic.
Check for a
a = As* f y / ( .85* f c' * b) = 22.6 mm
Consideration is OK, So As = 4433 mm2.
But Min Rebar Required = 0.0015bt = 8437.5 mm2
Consider bar Size = 16 mm
So Nos. of Bars = 42 Nos
5.2.5.2 - Top Rei nf or cement :
Consider clear cover 50 and dia of Bar 16 mm , So d (Outer Layer) = 1250 -50-8 = 1192 mm
Where d is the effective depth of cap from Cap Bottom to Rebar center at Top.
Tensile pile reactions will produce tension at the top of the cap.
So Mu= 2*Rt*x' , Where x' = 1.35 m 42 Nos. of Dia. 16 mm along both dic.
Mdes = 1401.19 kN.m
Assumi ng dept h of st r ess bl ock , a = 16. 4 mm
d = Mi n( 1192,1176) = 1176 mm
d ( I nner Layer ) = 1250 - 50- 16 - 8 = 1176 mm
Cap Reinforcement Plan at Bottom
Area of steel, As = M*1000000/(0.9*fy*(d-a/2)) = 3212 mm2
( Ref . - Desi gn of concr et e st r uct ur e, By - Ni l son & Wi nt er ,Page 83 ,10t h Ed.)
Consi der at i on i s OK, So As = 3212 mm2
Min Rebar Required = 0.0015bt = 8437.5 mm2
Consider bar Size = 16 mm
So Nos. of Bars = 42 Nos
a = As* f y / ( .85* f c' * b) = 16.4 mm
Check for a
5. 2. 5. 3 - Ver t i cal Rei nf or cement Ar ound The pi l e cap :
Total uplift to be resisted by the vertical rebars around the pile cap = Fz = 3834.23 kN
So As = Fz*1000/0.7/Fy = 13198.73 mm2
Total Nos. of top reinforcement is 168 whose total area is 33778 mm2.
So if all top bars are bent downwards this will be good enough for uplift.
As per BS 8110, Ultimate bond stress in tension bars uu is given by : Uu = 0.4√fc' = 1.84 Mpa
So Development length ld required = 247 mm
Provide all top bars bent downwards for the hal f dept h of the cap.It will be suffient for development length.
Cap Reinforcement Plan at Top
s
d
u
F
Development length ld is given by : l = ;where o is the total perimeter of all rebars, Fs=Fz
u o


Md. Giasuddin Page 9 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
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5. 2. 5. 4 - Hor i zont al Rei nf or cement Ar ound The pi l e cap :
Provide 5 nos. of 10mm dia bar around the cap distributed along the whole depth with 300 mm lapping at the joint.
6 - St r uct ur al Desi gn of Pi l e
Ul t i mat e l oads on Si ngl e Pi l e : Ul t i mat e l oads on Si ngl e Pi l e :
Compressive load = Rc = 698.83 kN
Uplift load = Rt = 518.96 kN
Ultimate Moment For Maximum Compression , Mu = 359.93 kN.m
Ultimate Moment For Max Uplift , Mu = 319.67 kN.m
6. 1 Desi gn of upper segment of pi l e
6.1.1 Desi gn f or Compr essi on Pl us Bendi ng g p g
Pile diameter, h = 600 mm
A
c
= r/4h
2
= 282743.3 Sqmm.
v
c
= 1.5
Pile Section at Upper Segment
1.5
1.5
1.5
c
c c
c
c c
tot y c
c c
N
f A
M
f A h
A f
A f
v
v
v
µ
v
u
⎛ ⎞
=
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠
⎛ ⎞
=
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠
⎛ ⎞
=
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠
N = Normal Load = 698830.00 N
f
c
= 30.00 MPa
M = Moment = 359930000.00 N.mm
so v = 0.082
And µ = 0.071
For above values of v & µ u = 0.2 ( From chart of Annexure-2 )
So A
tot
= 1.5uA
c
f
c
/v
c
f
y
= 4087.9 Sqmm.
Rebar Dia = 25 mm
Pile Section at Upper Segment
So Nos. of Bar = 9 Nos.
6. 1. 2 Desi gn f or Tensi on Pl us Bendi ng
N = Normal Load = 518960.00 N
f
c
= 30.00 MPa
M = Moment = 319670000.00 N.mm
so v = 0.061
And µ = 0.063
For above values of v & µ u = 0.3 ( From chart of Annexure-2 )
Pile Section at Lower Segment
Hu
So A
tot
= 1.5uA
c
f
c
/v
c
f
y
= 6131.8 Sqmm.
Rebar Dia = 25 mm
So Nos. of Bar = 13 Nos.
Provide 14 nos. of dia. 25mm.
Length of fixity is 5.53 meter. ( Ref. to clause4.4 - Check for pile head deflection: )
6. 2 Cal cul at i on t o Fi nd Poi nt of Zer o Moment i n t he Pi l e
For safe dissipation of moment at the point of fixity designed rebar is extended by 2.97 meter
below the point of fixity. Hence length of upper segment of the pile is 8.5 meter.
S
e
g
m
e
n
t

L
e
n
g
t
h

o
f

p
i
l
e
3.00
Hu ( for Uplift ) = 140.99 kN
So Moment =-0.1 at a distance 8.194 m from Pile Top
Since Tension plus Bending combination requires more reinforcement than that of compression
plus bending combination, Uplift case is taken into consideration.
p
1+sin
Where k = Co-efficient of passive earth pressure =
1-Sin
o
o
=
Kp h
h
=

1
s
t

Passive Pressure on Pile
p
1
Moment at aheight is * k γh*h*Pile Dia*h/3 =0.0
2
u
h H h = ÷
Md. Giasuddin Page 10 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
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h = 8.194 m and Pile Dia = 0.6 m
Upper segment considered = 8.5 meter
Rebar Requi r ement t o Resi st Tensi l e f or ce :
Acting tension at any point = Tension at pile top - Frictional Resistance by Soil
Skin Friction is given by = 0.5*K
s
*P
d
*tand*A
s
(h should be measured from GL but 1st segment of pile is
considered Conservatively)
g y
s d s
Where; K
s
=0.7, d= o = 30 Degree
Submerged Density of soil = 7 KN/Cum
Pd=8.5 *7 = 59.5 kN/Sqm
As=PI()*0.6*8.5 = 16.02 Sqm
So, Frictional Resistance by soil=0.5*0.7*59.5*Tan15*16.02 = 192.61 kN
Net Tension at the point = 518.96 - 192.61 = 326.35 kN
Tensile Force to be resisted = 326350 N
Consider no tension to be resisted by concrete that means all tensile forces shall be resisted by rebar only.
Yield Strength of Rebar = 415 Mpa
So Tensile Strength Can be considered as = 0.7*415=290.5 Mpa
So Rebar area required to resist Tensile force = 326350 / 290.5 = 1124 mm2
Minimum Rebar for pile section is = 0.004*X-Sectinal area of pile = 1131 mm2.
7 nos. of dia 16 mm for the lower segment is ok from structural point and minimum requirement as well.
Md. Giasuddin Page 11 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
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Annex ur e- 1: Rei nf or cement Char t f or Chi mney
Md. Giasuddin Page 12 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
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Annex ur e- 2: Rei nf or cement Char t f or Pi l e
Md. Giasuddin Page 13 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11

POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED
Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA - COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3)
Contents 1. General. 1.1 Foundation Loads 1.2 Geotechnical Information 1.3 Foundation Strength Factors 1.4 Factored Foundation Loads 1.5 Codes & Standards Considered 1.6 Material Properties 1.7 Geometrical Data of the Tower 2DT6 1.8 Layout Plan Of the Foundation 2. Residual Shear Calculation 3. Foundation Geometry 4 : Design Calculation for Pile 4.1 - Pile Design Load Against Compressive Load g oad ga Up 4.2 - Pile Design Load Against Uplift 4.3 - Minimum Length of Pile Group Against Uprooting 4.4 - Check for pile head deflection 4.5 - Ultimate Stress on Pile Section Section-5 :Structural Design of Chimney & Pile Cap 5.1 - Design of Chimney 5.2 D i 5 2 - Design of Pile Cap f Pil C 5.2.1.- Check Punching of cleats 5.2.1.a Check For Compression 5.2.1.b Check For Uplift 5.2.2 - Check cap thickness for Flexural Shear 5.2.3.- Check for position of Piles 5.2.4 - Check for Bending Moment 5.2.5 - Reinforcement Calculation 5.2.5.1 - Bottom Reinforcement 5.2.5.2 - Top Reinforcement 5.2.5.3 -Vertical Reinforcement Around The pile cap 5.2.5.4 -Horizontal Reinforcement Around The pile cap 6 - Structural Design of Pile 6.1 Design of upper segment of pile 6.1.1 Design for Compression Plus Bending 6.1.2 Design for Tension Plus Bending 6.2 Calculation to Find Point of Zero Moment in the Pile Annexure-1 Annexure-2 Page No. 03 03 03 03 03 03 03 03 04 04 05 05 05 05 05 06 07 07 07 08 08 08 08 08 08 09 09 08 09 09 10 10 10 10 10 10 12 13

Giasuddin

Date : 17 April '11

Soil Submerged Density = 8 kN/Cum.23 Fx (kN) 1206.33 893. Unit Weight of Concrete = 24 kN/Cum. values with suffices x. Corresponding cylinder strength of concrete for Pile-Cap. pile cap and chimney. Concrete Clear Cover for sides of Pile is = 75 mm. The objective of this generic design is to compute loads on individual pile top. y and z indicate three global directions with outward positive. Factored Loads by using Foundation Strength Factor from Appendix (7.3 Foundation Strength Factors : Strength Factor 2DL. 1.2 Geotechnical Information: Angle of Int.fy = 415 Mpa. fc' = 21.306 Degree.00 1206. fc' = 30 Mpa.33 Fy (kN) 831. Case in Uplift Fz ( kN ) 4259. Giasuddin Page 3 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .493 Degree.Volume 2 of 3 Factored Ultimate Loads Along Global Direction ( Pull and Thrust Vertical) Items Max Long. Yield Strength Reinforcing Steel . As per techinical specification 1.A2).1 Foundation Loads : Ultimate Loads Along Global Direction ( Pull and Thrust Vertical) Items Max Compression Case Max Uplift Case Fz ( kN ) 3154.5 Codes & Standards Considered : ACI BS 8110 1.6 Material Properties and Clear Cover : 28 days cube strength of concrete for Pile. Case in Comp. 2D25 2DT6 1.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 1.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA .7 Geometrical Data of the Tower 2DT6 : Face Slope = Ø = 13. Max Long. 1.35 Applied Loading Case For All Load Cases 1.62 831.69 1. length of fixity of pile and is to design pile. Frustum angle = 15 Degree.17 Fx (kN) 893. Factored Foundation Loads. Md.00 Fy (kN) 1122.22 3834. Concrete Clear Cover at top and sides of Cap & Column is = 50 mm.62 1.23 2D25. 2DL 2D1 1. ø = 32 Degree Soil Density = 18 kN/Cum.69 1122. Friction.4. General. Diagonal Slope = Ø = 18.98 2840.25 Mpa. fc' = 25 Mpa. If not mentioned otherwise. 28 days cube strength of concrete for Pile-Cap.

Residual Shear Calculation : Leg Shear ( kN ) = Fz*Tan Fx (kN) Fxleg 1007.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 1.80 Fyleg 1007.31 906.69 299.80 1206. Giasuddin Page 4 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 450 1800 450 1800 1800 .38 215.22 3834.31 906.00 1206.00 1122.20 FyRes = Fy-Fyleg 115.8 Layout Plan Of the Foundation 450 450 1800 1800 450 450 1800 1800 450 450 1800 4500 4500 900 900 900 900 1800 450 4500 4500 CP 4500 450 4500 450 1800 900 4500 4500 900 1800 900 1800 450 900 450 1800 1800 450 450 1800 1800 450 Layout Plan of Foundation 2.23 Max Compression Case Max Uplift Case Md.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA .69 Fy (kN) Residual Shear ( kN ) FxRes = Fx-Fxleg 198.89 Items Vertical Loads Fz ( kN ) 4259.69 1122.

39 kN. R Cmax = ( Pile weight is to be considered during Pile schedule) R zc 8 M x *d1x ∑ dix 2 M y *d1y ∑ diy 2 4. Dia of the Pile.69 kNs. b =4.9 m.625 m.0 + Fyres*(t+h+h''-0. Giasuddin Page 5 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .44 Sqm.94 kNs Bouyant Weight of Pad. 4.15) = 408. In this case d1x=d1y= 0.979 m Average Area = (4.2 kNs.41 kN. The base size of the soil frustum at the lowest point b' = 4. Soil body to Resist Uplift Say minimum length of pile =8 m Depth of pile.38 kNs Bouyant Weight of Superimposed Soil.979 m X4.35 kNs.2^2+4.5 mm. Moment Mx = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fxleg*0. ∑ dix ∑ diy 2 6*1.m Moment My = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fyleg*0. Resultant Compressive Load = Rzc =Fz+ 1. So a = d/2 = 4.2m X4.813 m. Pile Center to center Distance = 1800 mm.2 m The base size of the soil frustum at Mid Height . Dp = 600 mm. W'pad = 354.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA .m For Maximum Uplift : Resultant Uplift = Rzt=Fz .3 .m 4 : Design Calculation for Pile : Reaction of pile with applied vertical loads and biaxial bending moment can be expressed by the following equation: RV = R V M x *d1x M y *d1y ± ± 8 ∑ dix 2 ∑ diy 2 2 Where . No. W'col = 7.Pile Design Load Against Uplift : g g p Maximum compresive load that a pile will be imposed can be expressed by : So Rtmax = 518. Bouyant Weight of Column. of Pile Per Leg = 8 Nos Weight Calculation Weight of Column.Pile Design Load Against Compressive Load : Maximum compresive load that a pile will be imposed can be expressed by : So Rcmax = 699.76 kNs. h'' = 280.31 kNs Moment Mx = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fxleg*0.5 kNs.0 + FxRes*(t+h+h''-0. Wpad = 607.68 kN.979^2)/2 =21.W's = 3423. t = 1250 mm. Length/Width of the Cap. d1x and d1y denote the distances from pile center to cap center along X or Y Direction.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 3.12 kN. Cap Thickness.1 . d = 9.15) = 566.8^2 = 19.m Moment My = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fyleg*0.15) = 218.6 kNs Foundation Layout Detail Typical Pile Cap Section Loads on Pile top : For Maximum Comp. W's = 48. R Tmax = ( Pile weight is to be considered during Pile schedule) R zt 8 M x *d1x ∑ dix 2 M y *d1y ∑ diy 2 4. h = 700 mm.Minimum Length of Pile Group Against Uprooting : Md. f = 300 mm.W'pad .15) =376. L/B = 4500 mm. Foundation Geometry : Size of the column = 900 mmX900 mm.0 + FyRes*(t+h+h''-0. Weight of Pad.2 . Height of column. h' = 400 mm. Weight of Superimposed Soil.22 sqm. Ws =109.61 kNs.W'col .0 + Fxres*(t+h+h''-0.35*(Wcol+Wpad+Ws) = 5157. Wcol = 13.

2 m and H = d = 9. So Qsu = 3890.326 cm.68 kNs Resultant Uplift = 3423. E 5 EI K1 and fc ' d4 64 K1 = 0.31 kN Fy = Leg Shear = 1007.5 2 a 135.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) So Frustum Volume = 21.813= 119. H is the depth of soil block and f s is the unit skin friction which is given by fs Ks =1 . L= B = b' = 4.146 For Submerged Medium Dense Sand 25742.68 kNs So OK. = 13.97 kN Lateral Load carried by a single Pile = 154. So OK.32 cum Total soil Volume = 221.12 cum The upper soil volume = 4.33 kN Net Fy = Leg Shear = 771.( soil to soil co-efficient of earth pressure) Pd= d.03 cm = 2.5 kNs Ultimate uplift capacity of pile group = Skin Resistance + Submerged Weight of soil body = 5662. So fs = 24. appendix C of IS: 2911) For fixed head piles .53 m Deflection.(871.30)*1. T Where .Check for pile head deflection: For Max Compression: Fx = Leg Shear = 1007.22 * 4.84^2)=1232. Lf = 5.33^2+771.(771. 636172. Which is less than 3774.44 Cum Total weight of soil body = 221.15. to figure no 2 .25*4.8125 =102. Md.12 kN For Max Uplift: Fy = Leg Shear = 906.31 kNs. a 1 K p Tan 2 s d Passive resistance by Pile Cap is 1 k p γ*(1 55+0 30)*1 25*4 5 = γ*(1. (Ref.979^2*4.625 kNs. Which is less than 25mm. Giasuddin Page 6 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 L d b .84 kN Net Fy = Leg Shear = 871. Pd =8 *9 625 = 77 kNs 8 9. Net Fx = Leg Shear = 871.52 kN Skin resistance of pile group is Given by : GL Qsu =2 * ( L B) * H * f s Where L and B are the overall length and width of pile group.4 . Y = Q*(Lf)^3/12EI = 1.47 135 47 kN Where k p = Co-efficient of passive earth pressure = γ=Submerged density of soil =8 kN/Cum. 1250 Fx = Leg Shear = 906.57 m So depth of fixity.26 mm.sqcm.84^2+871. Passive Pressure on Cap Where.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA .31 kN Passive resistance by Cap Only ( Same in x and y face) = = 32 Degree y = Submerged Density of soil = 8 kN/Cum.25 b' GL Cap Top 300 Design shear carried by a single Pile Qmax = 154. Allowable capacity (FS=1.12 kN For fixed head pile depth of fixity is given by Cap Bot.5 cm4 4700 I EI = 163769889855 kg.55+0. 4. So T = 257.44*8=1771.33 kN Vres=Sqrt.02kNs.8 kN Kp h Lf/T = 2.35 kN 1+sin 1-Sin 3.83 kN Lateral Load carried by a single Pile = 136.96 Mpa = 257430 kg/sqcm.06 kN/Sqm.84 kN Vres=Sqrt.8 kN Net Fx = Leg Shear = 771.625 m.33^2)=1090.5) = 3774.

793 = 292.0 Mpa 1 of 12 of dia.15 kN. graph ( see annexure-1 ) shows that no rebar is needed.2 kN For Max Compression ultimate Moment .6 kN.MF = 0.Ultimate Stress on Pile Section For Max Compression For fixed head long pile : Moment M=m. Ultimate bond stress in compression bars uu is given by : uu=0.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA .m For Max Uplift M = 309.where∑ o is the total perimeter of all rebars. Mu = 309. F s .m For Max Uplift Q = Hu = 136.m For Max Compression.00 N Mu = 292582755.105 Mu /fckbD2 = 0.89 kN Resultant Fxy = 368.mm D = 900.1 . so Ok. 20 mm Provide 12 nos 20mm dia.004*900^2 = 3240 mm2 Consider Bar Dia. 20 mm Pu/fckbD = 0.00 mm b = 900 mm d' = 66 mm d'/D = 0. Embedded Length of Rebar.m.44 kN.m For Max Uplift ultimate Moment .44 kN.15 kN. Compression t b resisted b th rebars i chimney = F = 2129 61 kN C i to be i t d by the b in hi Fz 2129.m Section-5 : Structural Design of Chimney & Pile Cap 5. Pu = 2129610.0 Mpa fy = 415.76 kN Uplift load = Rt = 518.073 mm fck = 25.44 kN.96 kN y M = Fxy* 0. Md.5√fc' Mpa Column Section Development length l d is given by : l d = So Uu = 2.Design of Chimney : Ultimate Compression = 4259. Q = Hu = 154. So Embedded length provided = 1250-75-32 = 1143 mm which is more than requirement. of reinforcement is 12 of dia 20 12mm.15 kN.12 kN.82*Q*Lf/2 = For Max Compression M = 349. As per Code Min Rebar Required = 0. So Mu = 309.3 Mpa.61 Total Nos. Giasuddin Page 7 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .m Ultimate loads on Single Pile : Compressive load = Rc = 699. Fs=Fz uu ∑ o Cap thgickness is = 1250 mm and Clear Cover at bottom = 75 mm Let Chimney rebar rest on the bottom mesh of cap.35 kN. As per BS 8110.20 kN Fymax = 215. So Mu = 349. Compression = 2129.22 kN 50% of Ult.1 N.61 kN Residual shear : Fxmax = 299. Mu = 349.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 4. So Development length ld required = 1228 mm.5 .016 For the above values.

: Art. x = 200 mm Distance from pile center to pile cap edge = 500 mm Diameter of punching plane.2.2 .76 kN So Total Shear./16 = 133.19 mm. Md.5* Ccomp.. length 160 .1.34√f'c Mpa.2.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 5. 1.Check Punching of cleats: 5.64 kN So OK .b Check For Uplift: Ultimate Uplift = 3834.61 kN Consider 4 cleat group with 4 three cleats in each group. Vc = Vc/bd = 0. Where . In present case which is coming 1. The size of cleats is 150X150X20 . So d ( Outer Layer) = 1250-75-8 =1167 mm .7.52 Mpa.19 mm. In present case which is coming 0. x = 68. This is greater than applied stress. dave = ( 1167+1151 )/2 = 1159 mm So.6.Design of Pile Cap : 5.1. Giasuddin Page 8 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .1. so consideration is quite Ok.1 kN So OK . This is greater than applied stress so consideration is quite Ok. Load Carried by each Cleat =0. y = 800 mm Perimeter of punching plane = PI()*800 =2513 mm So area of concrete to resist punching of pile = 2513*200 = 502600 Sq.a Check For Compression: Ultimate Compression = 4259.Check for position of Piles : Distance from pile edge to pile cap edge.39 Mpa Where Rmax is the Maximum pile reaction = Rcmax = 699. ( Ref.93 Mpa. where d is the effective depth of cap.39 Mpa. d ( Inner Layer) = 1250-75-16 . Where Rmax=Rc or Rt whichever is larger. b = 4500 mm Consider clear cover 75 and dia of Bar 16 mm .23 kN Consider 4 cleat group with 4 three cleats in each group.19 f 'c b(t ⎡ Fy ⎤ t⎢ ⎥ ⎣1.. 5. 5.8 = 1151 mm dave.= 2129.2.Check cap thickness for Flexural Shear : Total shear acting at a distance d/2 from the face of the column = 3*Rmax. Published by The American Society of Civil Engineers) x = 68.76 kN AS per ACI Shear Stress applied to concrete should be less than 0. 5.19 f 'c b(t ⎡ Fy ⎤ t⎢ ⎥ 1. length 160 .2 .17√f'c Mpa.22 kN Compression to be carried by cleats = 50% of Comp.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA . The size of cleats is 150X150X20 .2.2.Vc =2*699.19 f 'c ⎦ 1/ 2 r x / 2) w r t. Rmax = 699. Where .3. Design of Latticed Steel Transmission Structures.64 Load carried by each cleat = 239 64 kN The Capacity P of each cleat is given by : P x 1.27 Mpa AS per ACI Shear Stress applied to concrete should be less than 0.52 kN Where.76 =1399.2.1 kN The Capacity P of each cleat is given by : P x 1. b = Length of Angle Shear Connector = 160 mm t = Thickness of Angle Shear Connector = 20 mm r = Radius of fillet = 40 mm w = width of angle shear connector = 150 So P = 537. b = Length of Angle Shear Connector = 160 mm t = Thickness of Angle Shear Connector = 20 mm r = Radius of fillet = 40 mm w = width of angle shear connector = 150 So P = 537.19 ⎣1 19 f 'c ⎦ 1/ 2 r x / 2) w r t. 239.47 kN >239.47 kN >133.mm Punching stress developed = Rmax*1000/502600 = 1.

. Where f 'c ⎠ ⎝ Mu f y b(1 0.9*fy*(d-a/2)) =4439 mm2.3 -Vertical Reinforcement Around The pile cap : Total uplift to be resisted by the vertical rebars around the pile cap = Fz = 3834.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 5.2. d ( Inner Layer) = 1250 -50-16 . of Dia.85*0.) Check for a a = As*fy/(.85*fc'*b) = 22.85* fc ' 600 f y 600 fy b= 0. so OK 5.5 . Ultimate bond stress in tension bars uu is given by : Uu = 0.4 kN.7 mm Area of steel. -Design of concrete structure.Page 83 .Bottom Reinforcement : Consider clear cover 75 and dia of Bar 16 mm .. So As = 3208 mm2 Min Rebar Required = 0. Giasuddin Page 9 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .5.23 kN So As = Fz*1000/0. So d (Outer Layer) = 1250-75-8 = 1167 mm. 16 mm along both dic. ρ b =0.0015bt = 8437.8 = 1176 mm d = Min(1192.It will be suffient for development length.73 mm2 Total Nos.4 . As = M*1000000/(0. of Bars = 42 Nos 5. where d is the effective depth of cap. a = 22.5. So Mu= 2*Rt*x' . Fs=Fz uu ∑ o Provide all top bars bent downwards for the half depth of the cap. of Bars = 42 Nos 5.2.m.Reinforcement Calculation : 5. So As = 4439 mm2. By-Nilson & Winter.7/Fy = 13198.84 Mpa Cap Reinforcement Plan at Top Cap Reinforcement Plan at Bottom 42 Nos. Where x' = 1.9*fy*(d-a/2)) = 3208 mm2 (Ref.8 = 1151 mm dmin = MIN( 1151.14 kN.Check for Bending Moment : Maximum moment acting at the face of the column=2*Maximum pile reaction*distance between pile center to column face.59 fy fc ' ) 290. of Dia.75* b max= = 0.4 mm Area of steel.350 m Mmax= 1889.5 mm2 Consider bar Size = 16 mm So Nos.Top Reinforcement : Consider clear cover 50 and dia of Bar 16 mm .0015bt = 8437. a = 16.85*fc'*b) = 16.10th Ed.9 Which is less than dprovide .4 mm Consideration is OK.59 ⎟ .5.1 .1167) = 1151 mm Compressive pile reactions will produce tension at the bottom of the cap.352 kN.2. But Min Rebar Required = 0.. Development length ld is given by : l d = So Development length ld required = 247 mm Fs . d ( Inner Layer) = 1250 -75 -16 .10th Ed.2.02187 0.01640194 Mu d fy ⎞ ⎛ f ybd 2 ⎜1 0. of top reinforcement is 168 whose total area is 33778 mm2. So Mmax=3*Rmax*x' .2.70 mm 0.5 mm2 Consider bar Size = 16 mm So Nos. -Design of concrete structure.m Assuming depth of stress block.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA . So d (Outer Layer) = 1250 -50-8 = 1192 mm Where d is the effective depth of cap from Cap Bottom to Rebar center at Top. Mdes = 1889.) Check for a a = As*fy/(. By-Nilson & Winter.4√fc' = 1.m Assuming depth of stress block.35 m Mdes = 1399. (Ref. Md.where∑ o is the total perimeter of all rebars.Page 83 .2 .7 mm Consideration is OK. 42 Nos. Where x' = 1. 16 mm along both dic. As per BS 8110. So if all top bars are bent downwards this will be good enough for uplift.1176) = 1176 mm Tensile pile reactions will produce tension at the top of the cap. As = M*1000000/(0.

1. to clause4. 6.m 6.2. Rebar Dia = 25 mm So Nos.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA .082 = 0.97 meter below the point of fixity.76 kN Uplift load = Rt = 518. ( Ref.mm so And For above values of & = 0.0 Sqmm.2 kN Ultimate Moment For Maximum Compression . h = 600 mm Ac = /4h2 = 282743.28 ( From chart of Annexure-2 ) Hu h= 1st Segment Length of pile So Atot = 1.2 Calculation to Find Point of Zero Moment in the Pile Moment at aheight h is Hu * h 1 k p γh*h*Pile Dia*h/3 =0.00 MPa M = Moment = 349440000. of 10mm dia bar around the cap distributed along the whole depth with 300 mm lapping at the joint. 6 . Mu = 309.5.00 MPa M = Moment = 309150000. Hence length of upper segment of the pile is 7.m Ultimate Moment For Max Uplift .5 ⎟ f A ⎝ ⎠ c c M ⎛ c ⎞ ⎜ 1. Uplift case is taken into consideration.5 N = Normal Load = 699760.4 .44 kN.Structural Design of Pile Ultimate loads on Single Pile : Compressive load = Rc = 699.061 = 0.237 m from Pile Top Kp h Passive Pressure on Pile Md. Length of fixity is 5.9 Sqmm.5 Acfc/ cfy = 4087.00 N.25 Since Tension plus Bending combination requires more reinforcement than that of compression plus bending combination.4 -Horizontal Reinforcement Around The pile cap : Provide 5 nos.3 Sqmm. 25mm.mm so And For above values of & = 0. Giasuddin Page 10 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .5 ⎟ A f ⎝ ⎠ c c c Pile Section at Upper Segment = 1.5 Acfc/ cfy = 5723.0 2 Where k p = Co-efficient of passive earth pressure = 1+sin 1-Sin 3.1 at a distance 7.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 5. Provide 13 nos. Rebar Dia = 25 mm So Nos.061 = 0.2 ( From chart of Annexure-2 ) Pile Section at Lower Segment So Atot = 1.1 Design for Compression Plus Bending g p g Pile diameter.1 Design of upper segment of pile 6. ⎛ c ⎞ N ⎜ 1. 6. of Bar = 9 Nos.15 kN.5 ⎟ f A h ⎝ ⎠ c c ⎛ c ⎞ Atot f y ⎜ 1.Check for pile head deflection: ) For safe dissipation of moment at the point of fixity designed rebar is extended by 1. Mu = 349.1.00 N fc = 30.53 meter.35 kN So Moment =-0. of Bar = 12 Nos.069 = 0. Hu ( for Uplift ) = 136.00 N fc = 30.2 Design for Tension Plus Bending N = Normal Load = 518200.5 meter. of dia.00 N.

5 = 1146 mm2 Minimum Rebar for pile section is = 0.65 kN Tensile Force to be resisted = 332650 N Consider no tension to be resisted by concrete that means all tensile forces shall be resisted by rebar only. 6 nos. Yield Strength of Rebar = 415 Mpa So Tensile Strength Can be considered as = 0.5 Mpa So Rebar area required to resist Tensile force = 332650 / 290.5*Ks*Pd*tand*As g y Where.6*7. of dia 16 mm for the lower segment is ok from structural point and minimum requirement as well.14 = 185. Frictional Resistance by soil=0.5*0.5 meter Rebar Requirement to Resist Tensile force : Acting tension at any point = Tension at pile top .7.6 m (h should be measured from GL but 1st segment of pile is considered Conservatively) Upper segment considered = 7.2 .004*X-Sectinal area of pile = 1131 mm2.Frictional Resistance by Soil Skin Friction is given by = 0.5 *8 = 60 kN/Sqm As=PI()*0.55 = 332.14 Sqm So. = = 32 Degree Submerged Density of soil = 8 KN/Cum Md.185.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) h = 7.7*415=290.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA .237 m and Pile Dia = 0.55 kN Net Tension at the point = 518. Ks=0.7*60*Tan15*14. Giasuddin Page 11 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 . Pd=7.5 = 14.

POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA . Giasuddin Page 12 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) Annexure-1: Reinforcement Chart for Chimney Md.

Giasuddin Page 13 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA .COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) Annexure-2: Reinforcement Chart for Pile Md.

NAME OF PROJECT : SANERGY CO. DESIGN-BUILD AND TRUNKEY CONTRACT FOR CONSTRUCTION OF 230kV BIBYANA COMILLA TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) AUTHORITY DESIGNED BY CHECKED BY APPROVED BY NAME & SIGN Md.Foundation Design Calculation of Tower Type 2DT6 For Soil Category-3 1st Subm. Giasuddin Designed By Description Approved By EMPLOYER : CONTRACTOR : POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LTD.Cal/Local/09 . Giasuddin Md. Giasuddin DATE 17-Apr-11 SUBMISSION SOUGHT For approval For construction As Built Paper Size A4 Scale : Language English N/A Total Sheets 13 Revision 1st Sub. : PGCB/230kV/TL/B-C/Lot-3/Des. Submission Status 17-Apr-11 Date Md. Document No.

1.Structural Design of Pile 6.1.7 Geometrical Data of the Tower 2DT6 1.5.1 .2 Design for Tension Plus Bending 6.5 .2. 03 03 03 03 03 03 03 03 04 04 05 05 05 05 05 06 07 07 07 08 08 08 08 08 08 09 09 08 09 09 10 10 10 10 10 10 12 13 Giasuddin Date : 17 April '11 .Check cap thickness for Flexural Shear 5. Foundation Geometry 4 : Design Calculation for Pile 4..Top Reinforcement 5.3 .2. Residual Shear Calculation 3.2.1.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA .1 Foundation Loads 1.2.b Check For Uplift 5.4 -Horizontal Reinforcement Around The pile cap 6 .6 Material Properties 1.2 .5.2.1 Design for Compression Plus Bending 6.4 .8 Layout Plan Of the Foundation 2.5.2.Minimum Length of Pile Group Against Uprooting 4.2 Geotechnical Information 1.1.2.Design of Chimney 5.4 Factored Foundation Loads 1.3..2.2 .5.5 .Ultimate Stress on Pile Section Section-5 :Structural Design of Chimney & Pile Cap 5.a Check For Compression 5.2 Calculation to Find Point of Zero Moment in the Pile Annexure-1 Annexure-2 Page No.2 .Design of Pile Cap f Pil C 5.3 Foundation Strength Factors 1.4 .Check for Bending Moment 5.2 D i 5 2 .2.Check for pile head deflection 4.Check for position of Piles 5.1 . 1.1.Pile Design Load Against Uplift 4.Check Punching of cleats 5.5 Codes & Standards Considered 1.3 -Vertical Reinforcement Around The pile cap 5.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) Contents 1. General.Pile Design Load Against Compressive Load g oad ga Up 4.2.Bottom Reinforcement 5.1 .Reinforcement Calculation 5.1 Design of upper segment of pile 6.2.

6 Material Properties and Clear Cover : 28 days cube strength of concrete for Pile.17 Fx (kN) 893.22 3834. fc' = 21.7 Geometrical Data of the Tower 2DT6 : Face Slope = Ø = 13. 1.00 Fy (kN) 1122.A2). 1. Yield Strength Reinforcing Steel .5 Codes & Standards Considered : ACI BS 8110 1. Concrete Clear Cover for sides of Pile is = 75 mm.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 1.1 Foundation Loads : Ultimate Loads Along Global Direction ( Pull and Thrust Vertical) Items Max Compression Case Max Uplift Case Fz ( kN ) 3154. Factored Loads by using Foundation Strength Factor from Appendix (7. Max Long. ø = 30 Degree Soil Density = 17 kN/Cum. Case in Uplift Fz ( kN ) 4259.493 Degree. Unit Weight of Concrete = 24 kN/Cum.00 1206. y and z indicate three global directions with outward positive. values with suffices x. fc' = 25 Mpa.4. length of fixity of pile and is to design pile. The objective of this generic design is to compute loads on individual pile top. Concrete Clear Cover at top and sides of Cap & Column is = 50 mm.3 Foundation Strength Factors : Strength Factor 2DL. pile cap and chimney.23 Fx (kN) 1206.69 1122. 2D25 2DT6 1.306 Degree.2 Geotechnical Information: Angle of Int. Corresponding cylinder strength of concrete for Pile-Cap.62 831.98 2840. Soil Submerged Density = 7 kN/Cum.fy = 415 Mpa.23 2D25. Case in Comp. 2DL 2D1 1. fc' = 30 Mpa. Md. Friction.33 Fy (kN) 831. 28 days cube strength of concrete for Pile-Cap. Frustum angle = 15 Degree.Volume 2 of 3 Factored Ultimate Loads Along Global Direction ( Pull and Thrust Vertical) Items Max Long. As per techinical specification 1. Factored Foundation Loads.25 Mpa.33 893.62 1.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA . Diagonal Slope = Ø = 18. Giasuddin Page 3 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 . If not mentioned otherwise.69 1. General.35 Applied Loading Case For All Load Cases 1.

38 215. Residual Shear Calculation : Leg Shear ( kN ) = Fz*Tan Fx (kN) Fxleg 1007.80 Fyleg 1007.31 906.00 1122.22 3834.89 Items Vertical Loads Fz ( kN ) 4259.20 FyRes = Fy-Fyleg 115.8 Layout Plan Of the Foundation 450 450 1800 1800 450 450 1800 1800 450 450 1800 4500 4500 900 900 900 900 1800 450 4500 4500 CP 4500 450 4500 450 1800 900 4500 4500 900 1800 900 1800 450 900 450 1800 1800 450 450 1800 1800 450 Layout Plan of Foundation 2.23 Max Compression Case Max Uplift Case Md.31 906.69 Fy (kN) Residual Shear ( kN ) FxRes = Fx-Fxleg 198.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA . Giasuddin Page 4 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 450 1800 450 1800 1800 .69 299.00 1206.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 1.80 1206.69 1122.

2^2+5. b =5.247^2)/2 =22. Giasuddin Page 5 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .0 + FyRes*(t+h+h''-0. Bouyant Weight of Column.1 .68 kN. R Tmax = ( Pile weight is to be considered during Pile schedule) R zt 8 M x *d1x ∑ dix 2 M y *d1y ∑ diy 2 4. Pile Center to center Distance = 1800 mm.247 m X5. Resultant Compressive Load = Rzc =Fz+ 1. W'col = 7.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 3. Weight of Superimposed Soil. Height of column. R Cmax = ( Pile weight is to be considered during Pile schedule) R zc 8 M x *d1x ∑ dix 2 M y *d1y ∑ diy 2 4.m 4 : Design Calculation for Pile : Reaction of pile with applied vertical loads and biaxial bending moment can be expressed by the following equation: RV = R V M x *d1x M y *d1y ± ± 8 ∑ dix 2 ∑ diy 2 2 Where .53 kNs Foundation Layout Detail Typical Pile Cap Section Loads on Pile top : For Maximum Comp. Moment Mx = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fxleg*0. W's = 42. Wcol = 13.15) =376.5 kNs.28 kNs.0 + Fxres*(t+h+h''-0.5 mm.35*(Wcol+Wpad+Ws) = 5150. d1x and d1y denote the distances from pile center to cap center along X or Y Direction.Pile Design Load Against Uplift : g g p Maximum compresive load that a pile will be imposed can be expressed by : So Rtmax = 518. Dia of the Pile.m Moment My = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fyleg*0.W's = 3429. Cap Thickness.8^2 = 19. Ws =103.0 + Fyres*(t+h+h''-0. of Pile Per Leg = 8 Nos Weight Calculation Weight of Column.15) = 566.0 + FxRes*(t+h+h''-0. Dp = 600 mm. f = 300 mm.m Moment My = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fyleg*0. t = 1250 mm.38 kNs Bouyant Weight of Superimposed Soil.83 kNs.15) = 408.3 .96 kNs.39 kN. h'' = 280.2m X4.38 kNs Moment Mx = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fxleg*0.94 kNs Bouyant Weight of Pad.12 kN. Length/Width of the Cap. Wpad = 607.625 m.2 . 4.44 Sqm. No.9 m.15) = 218. L/B = 4500 mm. The base size of the soil frustum at the lowest point b' = 4.41 kN. Foundation Geometry : Size of the column = 900 mmX900 mm. h' = 400 mm. W'pad = 354.m For Maximum Uplift : Resultant Uplift = Rzt=Fz .Pile Design Load Against Compressive Load : Maximum compresive load that a pile will be imposed can be expressed by : So Rcmax = 698. Soil body to Resist Uplift Say minimum length of pile =9 m Depth of pile.313 m.W'pad .2 m The base size of the soil frustum at Mid Height .Minimum Length of Pile Group Against Uprooting : Md. d = 10. So a = d/2 = 5. h = 700 mm.W'col . Weight of Pad.59 sqm.247 m Average Area = (4. ∑ dix ∑ diy 2 6*1.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA .61 kNs. In this case d1x=d1y= 0.22 kNs.

27 cum Total soil Volume = 266. Which is less than 3797.4 . H is the depth of soil block and f s is the unit skin friction which is given by fs Ks =1 .01 cum The upper soil volume = 5. L= B = b' = 4.5 2 a 109. 1250 Fx = Leg Shear = 906.96 Mpa = 257430 kg/sqcm.03 cm = 2.28 Cum Total weight of soil body = 266.75 kN For Max Uplift: Fy = Leg Shear = 906.(797. 7 10. = 13. Pd =7 *10 625 = 74 375 kNs.04^2)=1270.38 kNs.sqcm.15.625 m.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) So Frustum Volume = 22.375 kNs So fs = 21.04 kN Vres=Sqrt.88 kN Lateral Load carried by a single Pile = 140.31 kN Passive resistance by Cap Only ( Same in x and y face) = = 30 Degree y = Submerged Density of soil = 7 kN/Cum.25*4. Which is less than 25mm.96 kN Skin resistance of pile group is Given by : GL Qsu =2 * ( L B) * H * f s Where L and B are the overall length and width of pile group. to figure no 2 .53 kN Vres=Sqrt.313= 146.53^2+797. appendix C of IS: 2911) For fixed head piles . Net Fx = Leg Shear = 898.Check for pile head deflection: For Max Compression: Fx = Leg Shear = 1007.66 mm.( soil to soil co-efficient of earth pressure) Pd= d.55+0. 4. Giasuddin Page 6 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 L d b .53 kN Net Fy = Leg Shear = 797.3125 =120. Lf = 5.28*7=1863.5 cm4 4700 I EI = 163769889855 kg.30)*1. 636172.57 kNs So OK. So T = 257. Y = Q*(Lf)^3/12EI = 1.99 kN 1+sin 1-Sin 3. Passive Pressure on Cap Where.5) = 3797. So OK.625 74. Md.247^2*5. So Qsu = 3832. T Where .36kNs. (Ref.02 kN Lateral Load carried by a single Pile = 158.53^2)=1127. a 1 K p Tan 2 s d Passive resistance by Pile Cap is 1 k p γ*(1 55+0 30)*1 25*4 5 = γ*(1.00 b' GL Cap Top 300 Design shear carried by a single Pile Qmax = 158.8 kN Kp h Lf/T = 2.(898. Allowable capacity (FS=1.59 * 5.57 m So depth of fixity.4 kNs Ultimate uplift capacity of pile group = Skin Resistance + Submerged Weight of soil body = 5696.8 kN Net Fx = Leg Shear = 797.47 kN/Sqm.04 kN Net Fy = Leg Shear = 898.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA .2 m and H = d = 10.04^2+898.146 For Submerged Loose Sand 25742.31 kN Fy = Leg Shear = 1007.366 cm.57 kNs Resultant Uplift = 3429. E 5 EI K1 and fc ' d4 64 K1 = 0.27 109 27 kN Where k p = Co-efficient of passive earth pressure = γ=Submerged density of soil =7 kN/Cum.75 kN For fixed head pile depth of fixity is given by Cap Bot.53 m Deflection.

96 kN For Max Compression ultimate Moment . Compression t b resisted b th rebars i chimney = F = 2129 61 kN C i to be i t d by the b in hi Fz 2129. 20 mm Pu/fckbD = 0.93 kN.m Ultimate loads on Single Pile : Compressive load = Rc = 698. Mu = 359.793 = 292.1 .m For Max Uplift Q = Hu = 140. As per Code Min Rebar Required = 0.22 kN 50% of Ult.6 kN.0 Mpa fy = 415.83 kN Uplift load = Rt = 518.m Section-5 : Structural Design of Chimney & Pile Cap 5. Embedded Length of Rebar.96 kN y M = Fxy* 0. Pu = 2129610.where∑ o is the total perimeter of all rebars. As per BS 8110. Mu = 319.67 kN.MF = 0.93 kN.Ultimate Stress on Pile Section For Max Compression For fixed head long pile : Moment M=m.1 N.0 Mpa 1 of 12 of dia.m.073 mm fck = 25.mm D = 900.Design of Chimney : Ultimate Compression = 4259.99 kN.m For Max Uplift M = 319.3 Mpa. So Mu = 319. So Mu = 359.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA . So Embedded length provided = 1250-75-32 = 1143 mm which is more than requirement.00 N Mu = 292582755. Ultimate bond stress in compression bars uu is given by : uu=0.016 For the above values. Giasuddin Page 7 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .105 Mu /fckbD2 = 0. So Development length ld required = 1228 mm. Q = Hu = 158.75 kN.00 mm b = 900 mm d' = 66 mm d'/D = 0.67 kN.82*Q*Lf/2 = For Max Compression M = 359. so Ok.93 kN.20 kN Fymax = 215. Md.61 kN Residual shear : Fxmax = 299. F s . Fs=Fz uu ∑ o Cap thgickness is = 1250 mm and Clear Cover at bottom = 75 mm Let Chimney rebar rest on the bottom mesh of cap.89 kN Resultant Fxy = 368.67 kN.61 Total Nos. 20 mm Provide 12 nos 20mm dia.m For Max Uplift ultimate Moment . graph ( see annexure-1 ) shows that no rebar is needed.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 4. of reinforcement is 12 of dia 20 12mm.m For Max Compression.004*900^2 = 3240 mm2 Consider Bar Dia.5 . Compression = 2129.5√fc' Mpa Column Section Development length l d is given by : l d = So Uu = 2.

Where Rmax=Rc or Rt whichever is larger.66 kN Where..2. x = 200 mm Distance from pile center to pile cap edge = 500 mm Diameter of punching plane. The size of cleats is 150X150X20 .47 kN >239.1. length 160 .8 = 1151 mm dave.19 f 'c b(t ⎡ Fy ⎤ t⎢ ⎥ ⎣1./16 = 133.2. length 160 .7.6.19 f 'c ⎦ 1/ 2 r x / 2) w r t.61 kN Consider 4 cleat group with 4 three cleats in each group.2.5* Ccomp.a Check For Compression: Ultimate Compression = 4259.64 kN So OK .Vc =2*698. y = 800 mm Perimeter of punching plane = PI()*800 =2513 mm So area of concrete to resist punching of pile = 2513*200 = 502600 Sq. where d is the effective depth of cap.2. b = Length of Angle Shear Connector = 160 mm t = Thickness of Angle Shear Connector = 20 mm r = Radius of fillet = 40 mm w = width of angle shear connector = 150 So P = 537. 5.= 2129.39 Mpa.27 Mpa AS per ACI Shear Stress applied to concrete should be less than 0. 239.19 mm.b Check For Uplift: Ultimate Uplift = 3834.47 kN >133.Check cap thickness for Flexural Shear : Total shear acting at a distance d/2 from the face of the column = 3*Rmax.2 . Md.Check for position of Piles : Distance from pile edge to pile cap edge.2. Published by The American Society of Civil Engineers) x = 68. x = 68.22 kN Compression to be carried by cleats = 50% of Comp.83 kN So Total Shear. Design of Latticed Steel Transmission Structures.83 kN AS per ACI Shear Stress applied to concrete should be less than 0.2 . b = Length of Angle Shear Connector = 160 mm t = Thickness of Angle Shear Connector = 20 mm r = Radius of fillet = 40 mm w = width of angle shear connector = 150 So P = 537. 1.mm Punching stress developed = Rmax*1000/502600 = 1.1. 5. Load Carried by each Cleat =0.83 =1397.34√f'c Mpa. 5.39 Mpa Where Rmax is the Maximum pile reaction = Rcmax = 698.Check Punching of cleats: 5.93 Mpa. d ( Inner Layer) = 1250-75-16 . So d ( Outer Layer) = 1250-75-8 =1167 mm .COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 5.19 f 'c b(t ⎡ Fy ⎤ t⎢ ⎥ 1.17√f'c Mpa.1 kN The Capacity P of each cleat is given by : P x 1..19 mm.1 kN So OK .52 Mpa. : Art.2. b = 4500 mm Consider clear cover 75 and dia of Bar 16 mm . Rmax = 698. This is greater than applied stress so consideration is quite Ok. In present case which is coming 1. Giasuddin Page 8 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 . Where . dave = ( 1167+1151 )/2 = 1159 mm So.1. This is greater than applied stress. The size of cleats is 150X150X20 .3.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA .64 Load carried by each cleat = 239 64 kN The Capacity P of each cleat is given by : P x 1. Where .23 kN Consider 4 cleat group with 4 three cleats in each group. In present case which is coming 0. Vc = Vc/bd = 0. so consideration is quite Ok.19 ⎣1 19 f 'c ⎦ 1/ 2 r x / 2) w r t.Design of Pile Cap : 5. ( Ref.

4√fc' = 1.4 mm Consideration is OK.2. d ( Inner Layer) = 1250 -75 -16 .2.51 mm 0. Md.0015bt = 8437.85*fc'*b) = 22.6 mm Area of steel.2.1176) = 1176 mm Tensile pile reactions will produce tension at the top of the cap. Giasuddin Page 9 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .01640194 Mu d fy ⎞ ⎛ f ybd 2 ⎜1 0.0015bt = 8437. -Design of concrete structure.23 kN So As = Fz*1000/0.5.m Assuming depth of stress block.02187 0. Mdes = 1886. So As = 3212 mm2 Min Rebar Required = 0. 16 mm along both dic. By-Nilson & Winter..10th Ed. -Design of concrete structure. Ultimate bond stress in tension bars uu is given by : Uu = 0.1167) = 1151 mm Compressive pile reactions will produce tension at the bottom of the cap.841 kN.9 Which is less than dprovide .75* b max= = 0. Where x' = 1.73 mm2 Total Nos.84 Mpa Cap Reinforcement Plan at Top Cap Reinforcement Plan at Bottom 42 Nos.4 mm Area of steel. By-Nilson & Winter. But Min Rebar Required = 0. As = M*1000000/(0.1 . of Dia.2 .Bottom Reinforcement : Consider clear cover 75 and dia of Bar 16 mm . Development length ld is given by : l d = So Development length ld required = 247 mm Fs .Page 83 .COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 5.5. a = 16.10th Ed.5 mm2 Consider bar Size = 16 mm So Nos. (Ref. of Bars = 42 Nos 5.6 mm Consideration is OK. Fs=Fz uu ∑ o Provide all top bars bent downwards for the half depth of the cap.3 -Vertical Reinforcement Around The pile cap : Total uplift to be resisted by the vertical rebars around the pile cap = Fz = 3834.85*fc'*b) = 16.85*0.8 kN.Reinforcement Calculation : 5. So if all top bars are bent downwards this will be good enough for uplift. So Mmax=3*Rmax*x' . 42 Nos.. So d (Outer Layer) = 1250-75-8 = 1167 mm.m.4 .59 ⎟ .2.2.59 fy fc ' ) 290.5.35 m Mdes = 1401.8 = 1176 mm d = Min(1192.where∑ o is the total perimeter of all rebars. of Bars = 42 Nos 5. so OK 5.85* fc ' 600 f y 600 fy b= 0. Where f 'c ⎠ ⎝ Mu f y b(1 0.) Check for a a = As*fy/(.7/Fy = 13198. As per BS 8110.. of Dia. of top reinforcement is 168 whose total area is 33778 mm2.m Assuming depth of stress block.Check for Bending Moment : Maximum moment acting at the face of the column=2*Maximum pile reaction*distance between pile center to column face.5 mm2 Consider bar Size = 16 mm So Nos. So Mu= 2*Rt*x' .9*fy*(d-a/2)) = 3212 mm2 (Ref.350 m Mmax= 1886. where d is the effective depth of cap. Where x' = 1.8 = 1151 mm dmin = MIN( 1151. So As = 4433 mm2.) Check for a a = As*fy/(. So d (Outer Layer) = 1250 -50-8 = 1192 mm Where d is the effective depth of cap from Cap Bottom to Rebar center at Top. a = 22.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA . As = M*1000000/(0.Top Reinforcement : Consider clear cover 50 and dia of Bar 16 mm .5 . 16 mm along both dic.9*fy*(d-a/2)) =4433 mm2.It will be suffient for development length.Page 83 .19 kN. ρ b =0. d ( Inner Layer) = 1250 -50-16 .

of dia. 25mm.93 kN.00 N fc = 30.83 kN Uplift load = Rt = 518. Rebar Dia = 25 mm So Nos.53 meter. of Bar = 13 Nos.2 Calculation to Find Point of Zero Moment in the Pile Moment at aheight h is Hu * h 1 k p γh*h*Pile Dia*h/3 =0. Provide 14 nos.2 ( From chart of Annexure-2 ) Pile Section at Upper Segment So Atot = 1.00 N.3 Sqmm.m 6.mm so And For above values of & = 0. Length of fixity is 5.082 = 0.Check for pile head deflection: ) For safe dissipation of moment at the point of fixity designed rebar is extended by 2.00 Since Tension plus Bending combination requires more reinforcement than that of compression plus bending combination.5 Acfc/ cfy = 4087. ⎛ c ⎞ N ⎜ 1.67 kN. Mu = 319.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 5. Hu ( for Uplift ) = 140.5. 6.00 N.mm so And For above values of & = 0.97 meter below the point of fixity. Giasuddin Page 10 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .061 = 0.3 ( From chart of Annexure-2 ) Pile Section at Lower Segment Hu h= 1st Segment Length of pile So Atot = 1.4 . Uplift case is taken into consideration. Mu = 359.2 Design for Tension Plus Bending N = Normal Load = 518960. of Bar = 9 Nos.063 = 0.00 MPa M = Moment = 359930000.5 ⎟ f A ⎝ ⎠ c c M ⎛ c ⎞ ⎜ 1.5 N = Normal Load = 698830.194 m from Pile Top Kp h Passive Pressure on Pile Md. Rebar Dia = 25 mm So Nos.00 MPa M = Moment = 319670000.1 at a distance 8.99 kN So Moment =-0.Structural Design of Pile Ultimate loads on Single Pile : Compressive load = Rc = 698.96 kN Ultimate Moment For Maximum Compression . to clause4.071 = 0.1 Design for Compression Plus Bending g p g Pile diameter.m Ultimate Moment For Max Uplift .5 meter.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA .1.1.5 ⎟ A f ⎝ ⎠ c c c = 1.5 Acfc/ cfy = 6131. 6. of 10mm dia bar around the cap distributed along the whole depth with 300 mm lapping at the joint. ( Ref.5 ⎟ f A h ⎝ ⎠ c c ⎛ c ⎞ Atot f y ⎜ 1.2.8 Sqmm.1 Design of upper segment of pile 6.9 Sqmm. Hence length of upper segment of the pile is 8. 6 .4 -Horizontal Reinforcement Around The pile cap : Provide 5 nos. h = 600 mm Ac = /4h2 = 282743.0 2 Where k p = Co-efficient of passive earth pressure = 1+sin 1-Sin 3.00 N fc = 30.

5 Mpa So Rebar area required to resist Tensile force = 326350 / 290.7*59. 7 nos.5*0.02 Sqm So. of dia 16 mm for the lower segment is ok from structural point and minimum requirement as well.192. Yield Strength of Rebar = 415 Mpa So Tensile Strength Can be considered as = 0. Ks=0. Frictional Resistance by soil=0. Pd=8.5*Tan15*16.02 = 192.7*415=290.61 = 326.5*Ks*Pd*tand*As g y Where. Giasuddin Page 11 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .5 meter Rebar Requirement to Resist Tensile force : Acting tension at any point = Tension at pile top .6*8. = = 30 Degree Submerged Density of soil = 7 KN/Cum Md.6 m (h should be measured from GL but 1st segment of pile is considered Conservatively) Upper segment considered = 8.96 .61 kN Net Tension at the point = 518.7.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) h = 8.35 kN Tensile Force to be resisted = 326350 N Consider no tension to be resisted by concrete that means all tensile forces shall be resisted by rebar only.5 = 1124 mm2 Minimum Rebar for pile section is = 0.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA .5 *7 = 59.004*X-Sectinal area of pile = 1131 mm2.5 = 16.5 kN/Sqm As=PI()*0.194 m and Pile Dia = 0.Frictional Resistance by Soil Skin Friction is given by = 0.

Giasuddin Page 12 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA .COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) Annexure-1: Reinforcement Chart for Chimney Md.

POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA . Giasuddin Page 13 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) Annexure-2: Reinforcement Chart for Pile Md.