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17-Apr-11

Md. Giasuddin

Foundat i on Desi gn Cal cul at i on of Tower Type 2DT6 For

Soi l Cat egor y-2

Submission

Status

Date

AUTHORITY NAME & SIGN DATE Paper Size Language Total Sheets

DESIGNED BY

Md. Giasuddin

17-Apr-11 For approval A4 English 13

CHECKED BY

Md. Giasuddin

For construction Scale : N/A

Revision

1st Sub.

APPROVED BY As Built

SUBMISSION SOUGHT

Document No. :

PGCB/230kV/TL/B-C/Lot-3/Des.Cal/Local/08

Designed By Description Approved By

EMPLOYER :

POWER GRID COMPANY OF

BANGLADESH LTD.

CONTRACTOR :

SANERGY CO.

NAME OF PROJECT :

DESIGN-BUILD AND TRUNKEY CONTRACT FOR CONSTRUCTION OF 230kV BIBYANA -

COMILLA TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3)

POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED

Cont ent s Page No.

1. Gener al . 03

1. 1 Foundat ion Loads 03

Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 2

FOR BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)

1.2 Geot echnical I nformat ion 03

1. 3 Foundat ion St rengt h Fact ors 03

1. 4 Fact ored Foundat ion Loads 03

1. 5 Codes & St andards Considered 03

1.6 Mat erial Propert ies 03

1.7 Geomet rical Dat a of t he Tower 2DT6 03

1. 8 Layout Plan Of t he Foundat ion 04

2. Resi dual Shear Cal cul at i on 04

3. Foundat i on Geomet r y 05

4 : Desi gn Cal cul at i on f or Pi l e 05

4. 1 - Pile Design Load Against Compressive Load 05

4.2 - Pile Design Load Against Uplift 05 g oad ga Up 05

4. 3 - Minimum Lengt h of Pile Group Against Uproot ing 05

4. 4 - Check for pile head deflect ion 06

4. 5 - Ult imat e St ress on Pile Sect ion 07

Sect i on- 5 : St r uct ur al Desi gn of Chi mney & Pi l e Cap 07

5.1 - Design of Chimney 07

5 2 D i f Pil C 08 5.2 - Design of Pile Cap 08

5. 2. 1. - Check Punching of cleat s 08

5.2.1.a Check For Compression 08

5.2.1.b Check For Uplift 08

5.2.2 - Check cap t hickness for Flexural Shear 08

5.2.3.- Check for posit ion of Piles 08

5.2.4 - Check for Bending Moment 09

5.2.5 - Reinforcement Calculat ion 09

5.2.5.1 - Bot t om Reinforcement 08

5.2.5.2 - Top Reinforcement 09

5.2.5.3 - Vert ical Reinforcement Around The pile cap 09

5.2.5.4 - Horizont al Reinforcement Around The pile cap 10

6 - St r uct ur al Desi gn of Pi l e 10

6. 1 Design of upper segment of pile 10

6. 1. 1 Design for Compression Plus Bending 10

6. 1. 2 Design for Tension Plus Bending 10

6.2 Calculat ion t o Find Point of Zero Moment in t he Pile 10

Annexure- 1 12

Annexure- 2 13

Giasuddin Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11

POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED

Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 2 FOR

1. Gener al .

1. 1 Foundat i on Loads :

Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC 2 FOR

BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)

The objective of this generic design is to compute loads on individual pile top, length of fixity of pile and is to design pile, pile cap and chimney. If not

mentioned otherwise, values with suffices x, y and z indicate three global directions with outward positive.

F

z

( k N ) F

x

( k N) F

y

( k N)

3154.98 893.33 831.62

2840.17 893.33 831.62

1. 2 Geot echni cal I nf or mat i on:

I t ems

Max Compression Case

Max Uplift Case

Ul t i mat e Loads Al ong Gl obal Di r ect i on ( Pul l and Thr ust Ver t i cal )

Angle of Int. Friction, ø = 32 Degree

Soil Density = 18 kN/Cum.

Soil Submerged Density = 8 kN/Cum.

Frustum angle = 15 Degree; As per techinical specification

1. 3 Foundat i on St r engt h Fact or s :

2DL 2D1

Appl i ed Loadi ng Case

St r engt h Fact or

2D25 2DT6

1. 4. Fact or ed Foundat i on Loads.

Factored Loads by using Foundation Strength Factor from Appendix (7.A2),Volume 2 of 3

F ( k N ) F ( k N) F ( k N)

2DL, 2D1

1.35 1.23

Fact or ed Ul t i mat e Loads Al ong Gl obal Di r ect i on ( Pul l and Thr ust Ver t i cal )

2D25, 2DT6

For All Load Cases

I t ems F

z

( k N ) F

x

( k N) F

y

( k N)

4259.22 1206.00 1122.69

3834.23 1206.00 1122.69

1.5 Codes & St andar ds Consi der ed :

ACI

BS 8110

Max Long. Case in Uplift

Max Long. Case in Comp.

I t ems

1.6 Mat er i al Pr oper t i es and Cl ear Cover :

28 days cube strength of concrete for Pile; fc' = 30 Mpa.

28 days cube strength of concrete for Pile-Cap; fc' = 25 Mpa.

Corresponding cylinder strength of concrete for Pile-Cap; fc' = 21.25 Mpa.

Yield Strength Reinforcing Steel ;fy = 415 Mpa.

Concrete Clear Cover at top and sides of Cap & Column is = 50 mm.

Concrete Clear Cover for sides of Pile is = 75 mm.

Unit Weight of Concrete = 24 kN/Cum.

1.7 Geomet r i cal Dat a of t he Tow er 2DT6 :

Face Slope = Ø = 13.306 Degree.

Diagonal Slope = Ø = 18.493 Degree.

Md. Giasuddin Page 3 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11

POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED

Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 2 FOR Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC 2 FOR

BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)

1. 8 Lay out Pl an Of t he Foundat i on

450 1800 1800 450

4

5

0

450 1800 1800 450

4

5

0

4

5

0

0

900

9

0

0

1

8

0

0

1

8

0

0

4

5

0

0

900

9

0

0

1

8

0

0

1

8

0

0

4500

CP

4

5

0

4500

4

5

0

4500

4

5

0

4500

4

5

0

4

5

0

0

900

9

0

0

1

8

0

0

1

8

0

0

4

5

0

0

900

9

0

0

1

8

0

0

1

8

0

0

Layout Plan of Foundation

450 1800 1800 450

4

5

0

450 1800 1800 450

4

5

0

2. Resi dual Shear Cal cul at i on :

F

x l eg

F

yl eg

F

x Res

= F

x

- F

x l eg

F

yRes

= F

y

- F

yl eg

Max Compression Case 4259.22 1007.31 1007.31 1206.00 1122.69 198.69 115.38

Max Uplift Case 3834.23 906.80 906.80 1206.00 1122.69 299.20 215.89

Ver t i cal Loads

F

z

( k N )

I t ems

Resi dual Shear ( k N )

F

x

( k N) F

y

( k N)

Leg Shear ( k N ) = F

z

* Tano

Md. Giasuddin Page 4 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11

POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED

Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 2 FOR Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC 2 FOR

BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)

3. Foundat i on Geomet r y :

Size of the column = 900 mmX900 mm.

Dia of the Pile, Dp = 600 mm.

h'' = 280.5 mm.

h' 400 h' = 400 mm.

f = 300 mm.

Pile Center to center Distance = 1800 mm.

Height of column, h = 700 mm.

Length/Width of the Cap, L/B = 4500 mm.

Cap Thickness, t = 1250 mm.

No. of Pile Per Leg = 8 Nos

Wei ght Cal cul at i on

Weight of Column, Wcol = 13.61 kNs.

Weight of Pad, Wpad = 607.5 kNs.

Weight of Superimposed Soil, Ws =109.35 kNs.

Bouyant Weight of Column, W'col = 7.94 kNs

Bouyant Weight of Pad, W'pad = 354.38 kNs

Bouyant Weight of Superimposed Soil, W's = 48.6 kNs

Loads on Pi l e t op :

Foundation Layout Detail Typical Pile Cap Section

For Max i mum Comp.

Resultant Compressive Load = Rzc =Fz+ 1.35*(Wcol+Wpad+Ws) = 5157.69 kNs.

Moment Mx = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fxleg*0.0 + FxRes*(t+h+h''-0.15) =376.12 kN.m

Moment My = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fyleg*0.0 + FyRes*(t+h+h''-0.15) = 218.41 kN.m

For Max i mum Upl i f t :

Resultant Uplift = Rzt=Fz - W'col - W'pad - W's = 3423.31 kNs

Moment Mx = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fxleg*0.0 + Fxres*(t+h+h''-0.15) = 566.39 kN.m

Moment My = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fyleg*0.0 + Fyres*(t+h+h''-0.15) = 408.68 kN.m

4 : Desi gn Cal cul at i on f or Pi l e :

Reaction of pile with applied vertical loads and biaxial bending moment can be expressed by the following equation:

y

V x

V 2 2

M *d1y

R M *d1x

R = ± ±

8 dix diy

∑ ∑

Where , d1x and d1y denote the distances from pile center to cap center along X or Y Direction. In this case d1x=d1y= 0.9 m.

6*1.8^2 = 19.44 Sqm.

4. 1 - Pi l e Desi gn Load Agai nst Compr essi v e Load :

Maximum compresive load that a pile will be imposed can be expressed by :

So Rcmax = 699.76 k Ns. ( Pile weight is to be considered during Pile schedule)

4.2 - Pi l e Desi gn Load Agai nst Upl i f t :

∑ ∑

= =

2 2

diy dix

y

zc x

Cmax 2 2

M *d1y

R M *d1x

R =

8 dix diy

+ +

∑ ∑

g g p

Maximum compresive load that a pile will be imposed can be expressed by :

So Rt max = 518.2 k Ns. ( Pile weight is to be considered during Pile schedule)

4. 3 - Mi ni mum Lengt h of Pi l e Gr oup Agai nst Upr oot i ng :

Soi l body t o Resi st Upl i f t

Say minimum length of pile =8 m

Depth of pile, d = 9.625 m. So a = d/2 = 4.813 m.

The base size of the soil frustum at the lowest point b' = 4.2m X4.2 m

The base size of the soil frustum at Mid Height ; b =4.979 m X4.979 m

Average Area = (4.2^2+4.979^2)/2 =21.22 sqm.

y

zt x

Tmax 2 2

M *d1y

R M *d1x

R =

8 dix diy

+ +

∑ ∑

Md. Giasuddin Page 5 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11

POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED

Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 2 FOR Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC 2 FOR

BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)

So Frustum Volume = 21.22 * 4.8125 =102.12 cum

The upper soil volume = 4.979^2*4.813= 119.32 cum

Total soil Volume = 221.44 Cum

Total weight of soil body = 221.44*8=1771.52 kN

Skin resistance of pile group is Given by :

GL

Q =2*( ) * * L B H f +

Ks =1 ;( soil to soil co-efficient of earth pressure)

P

d

=yd, o = o= 32 Degree

y = Submerged Density of soil = 8 kN/Cum.

Pd =8 *9 625 = 77 kNs

a

su

s

Q =2*( ) * *

Where L and B are the overall length and width of pile group,

H is the depth of soil block and f is the unit skin friction

1

which is given by

2

s

s d

L B H f

fs K p Tano

+

=

Pd 8 9.625 77 kNs.

So fs = 24.06 kN/Sqm.

L= B = b' = 4.2 m and H = d = 9.625 m.

So Qsu = 3890.5 kNs

Allowable capacity (FS=1.5) = 3774.68 kNs

Resultant Uplift = 3423.31 kNs.

Whi ch i s l ess t han 3774.68 k Ns So OK.

Ultimate uplift capacity of pile group = Skin Resistance +

Submerged Weight of soil body = 5662.02kNs.

b

d

L

Whi ch i s l ess t han 3774.68 k Ns So OK.

4.4 - Check f or pi l e head def l ect i on:

For Max Compr essi on:

Fx = Leg Shear = 1007.31 kN

Fy = Leg Shear = 1007.31 kN

Passive resistance by Cap Only ( Same in x and y face)

135 47 kN

a

1

Passive resistance by Pile Cap is k γ*(1 55+0 30)*1 25*4 5 = = 135.47 kN

3.25

γ=Submerged density of soil =8 kN/Cum.

Net Fx = Leg Shear = 871.84 kN

Net Fy = Leg Shear = 871.84 kN

Vres=Sqrt.(871.84^2+871.84^2)=1232.97 kN

Lateral Load carried by a single Pile = 154.12 kN

b'

GL

Cap Top

3

0

0

p

1+sin

Where k = Co-efficient of passive earth pressure =

1-Sin

o

o

=

p

Passive resistance by Pile Cap is k γ*(1.55+0.30)*1.25*4.5 =

2

=

For Max Upl i f t :

Fx = Leg Shear = 906.8 kN

Fy = Leg Shear = 906.8 kN

Net Fx = Leg Shear = 771.33 kN

Net Fy = Leg Shear = 771.33 kN

Vres=Sqrt.(771.33^2+771.33^2)=1090.83 kN

Lateral Load carried by a single Pile = 136.35 kN

Desi gn shear car r i ed by a si ngl e Pi l e Qmax = 154.12 k N

Kp h

Cap Bot.

1

2

5

0

Desi gn shear car r i ed by a si ngl e Pi l e Qmax 154.12 k N

For fixed head pile depth of fixity is given by

L

f

/T = 2.15; (Ref. to figure no 2 , appendix C of IS: 2911) For fixed head piles .

K1 = 0.146 For Submer ged Medi um Dense Sand

Where ; 25742.96 Mpa = 257430 kg/sqcm.

636172.5 cm4 EI = 163769889855 kg.sqcm.

So T = 257.03 cm = 2.57 m

So depth of fixity, Lf = 5.53 m

Deflection, Y = Q*(Lf)^3/12EI = 1.326 cm. = 13.26 mm; Which is less than 25mm, So OK.

5

Where, 1 and T EI K =

4700 '

c

E f = =

4

64

d

I

r

= =

Kp h

Passive Pressure on Cap

Md. Giasuddin Page 6 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11

POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED

Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 2 FOR Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC 2 FOR

BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)

4. 5 - Ul t i mat e St r ess on Pi l e Sect i on

For Max Compr essi on

For f i x ed head l ong pi l e :

Moment M=m.M

F

= 0.82*Q*Lf/2 =

For Max Compression M = 349.44 kN.m

For Max Uplift M = 309.15 kN.m

For Max Compr essi on.

Q = Hu = 154.12 kN.

So Mu = 349.44 kN.m

For Max Upl i f t

Q = Hu = 136.35 kN.

So Mu = 309.15 kN.m

Ul t i mat e l oads on Si ngl e Pi l e :

Compressive load = Rc = 699.76 kN

Uplift load = Rt = 518.2 kN

For Max Compression ultimate Moment , Mu = 349.44 kN.m

For Max Uplift ultimate Moment , Mu = 309.15 kN.m

Sect i on- 5 : St r uct ur al Desi gn of Chi mney & Pi l e Cap

5.1 - Desi gn of Chi mney :

Ultimate Compression = 4259.22 kN

50% of Ult. Compression = 2129.61 kN

Resi dual shear :

F

xmax

= 299.20 kN

F

ymax

= 215.89 kN

Resultant F

xy

= 368.96 kN

M = Fxy* 0.793 = 292.6 kN.m. 1 of 12 of dia. 20 mm y

P

u

= 2129610.00 N

M

u

= 292582755.1 N.mm

D = 900.00 mm

b = 900 mm

d' = 66 mm

d'/D = 0.073 mm

f

ck

= 25.0 Mpa

f

y

= 415.0 Mpa

P

u

/f

ck

bD =

0.105

M

u

/f

ck

bD

2

=

0.016

For the above values, graph ( see annexure-1 ) shows that no rebar is needed.

As per Code Min Rebar Required = 0.004*900^2 = 3240 mm2

Consider Bar Dia. 20 mm

Pr ovi de 12 nos 20mm di a.

Embedded Lengt h of Rebar .

C i t b i t d b th b i hi F 2129 61 kN

Column Section

Compression to be resisted by the rebars in chimney = Fz = 2129.61 kN

Total Nos. of reinforcement is 12 of dia 20 12mm.

As per BS 8110, Ultimate bond stress in compression bars u

u

is given by : u

u

=0.5√fc' Mpa

So Uu = 2.3 Mpa. So Development length ld required = 1228 mm.

Cap thgickness is = 1250 mm and Clear Cover at bottom = 75 mm

Let Chimney rebar rest on the bottom mesh of cap. So Embedded length provided = 1250-75-32 = 1143 mm which is more than requirement, so Ok.

s

d d

u

F

Development length l is given by : l = ;where o is the total perimeter of all rebars, Fs=Fz

u o

∑

∑

Md. Giasuddin Page 7 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11

POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED

Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 2 FOR Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC 2 FOR

BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)

5. 2 - Desi gn of Pi l e Cap :

5. 2. 1. - Check Punchi ng of cl eat s:

5.2.1.a Check For Compr essi on:

Ultimate Compression = 4259.22 kN

Compression to be carried by cleats = 50% of Comp.= 2129.61 kN

Consider 4 cleat group with 4 three cleats in each group. The size of cleats is 150X150X20 ; length 160 .

The Capacity P of each cleat is given by :

Where , b = Length of Angle Shear Connector = 160 mm

t = Thickness of Angle Shear Connector = 20 mm

r = Radius of fillet = 40 mm

Load Carried by each Cleat =0.5* Ccomp./16 = 133.1 kN

1/ 2

1.19 ' ( / 2)

.

1 19 '

c

y

P f b t r x

F

x t w r t

f

= + +

⎡ ⎤

= s ÷ ÷

⎢ ⎥

⎣ ⎦

w = width of angle shear connector = 150

( Ref. : Art.7.6.2, Design of Latticed Steel Transmission Structures; Published by The American Society of Civil Engineers)

x = 68.19 mm; So P = 537.47 k N > 133.1 k N So OK .

5. 2. 1. b Check For Upl i f t :

Ultimate Uplift = 3834.23 kN

Consider 4 cleat group with 4 three cleats in each group. The size of cleats is 150X150X20 ; length 160 .

Load carried by each cleat = 239 64 kN

1.19

c

f

⎣ ⎦

Load carried by each cleat = 239.64 kN

The Capacity P of each cleat is given by :

Where , b = Length of Angle Shear Connector = 160 mm

t = Thickness of Angle Shear Connector = 20 mm

r = Radius of fillet = 40 mm

w = width of angle shear connector = 150

x = 68.19 mm; So P = 537.47 k N > 239.64 k N So OK .

1/ 2

1.19 ' ( / 2)

.

1.19 '

c

y

c

P f b t r x

F

x t w r t

f

= + +

⎡ ⎤

= s ÷ ÷

⎢ ⎥

⎣ ⎦

5.2.2 - Check cap t hi ck ness f or Fl ex ur al Shear :

Total shear acting at a distance d/2 from the face of the column = 3*Rmax; Where Rmax=Rc or Rt whichever is larger.

Rmax = 699.76 kN

So Total Shear,Vc =2*699.76 =1399.52 kN

Where, b = 4500 mm

Consider clear cover 75 and dia of Bar 16 mm , So d ( Outer Layer) = 1250-75-8 =1167 mm , where d is the effective depth of cap.

d ( I nner Layer ) = 1250- 75- 16 - 8 = 1151 mm

dave = ( 1167+ 1151 ) / 2 = 1159 mm dav e. = ( 1167+ 1151 ) / 2 = 1159 mm

So, Vc = Vc/bd = 0.27 Mpa

5.2.3.- Check f or posi t i on of Pi l es :

Distance from pile edge to pile cap edge, x = 200 mm

Distance from pile center to pile cap edge = 500 mm

Diameter of punching plane, y = 800 mm

AS per ACI Shear Stress applied to concrete should be less than 0.17√f'c Mpa. In present case which is coming 0.93 Mpa. This is greater than applied

stress so consideration is quite Ok.

Perimeter of punching plane = PI()*800 =2513 mm

So area of concrete to resist punching of pile = 2513*200 = 502600 Sq.mm

Punching stress developed = Rmax*1000/502600 = 1.39 Mpa

Where Rmax is the Maximum pile reaction = Rcmax = 699.76 kN

AS per ACI Shear Stress applied to concrete should be less than 0.34√f'c Mpa. In present case

which is coming 1.52 Mpa. This is greater than applied stress, 1.39 Mpa, so consideration is quite

Ok.

Md. Giasuddin Page 8 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11

POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED

Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 2 FOR Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC 2 FOR

BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)

5.2.4 - Check f or Bendi ng Moment :

So M

max

=3*R

max

*x' , Where x' = 1.350 m p

b

= 0.02187

M

max

= 1889.4 kN.m. p

max

= 0.75* p

b

= 0.01640194

Maximum moment acting at the face of the column=2*Maximum pile reaction*distance between pile center to column face.

f p ⎛ ⎞

b

' 600

ρ =0.85*0.85*

600

c

y y

f

f f +

290.70 mm Whi ch i s l ess t han d

pr ovi de

; so OK

5.2.5 - Rei nf or cement Cal cul at i on :

5.2.5.1 - Bot t om Rei nf or cement :

2

1 0.59 ...; 0.9

'

y

u y

c

f

M f bd Where

f

p

op o

⎛ ⎞

= ÷ =

⎜ ⎟

⎝ ⎠

(1 0.59 )

'

u

y

y

c

M

d

f

f b

f

p

op

. = =

÷

Consider clear cover 75 and dia of Bar 16 mm , So d (Outer Layer) = 1250-75-8 = 1167 mm; where d is the effective depth of cap.

Compressive pile reactions will produce tension at the bottom of the cap.

Mdes = 1889.352 kN.m

Assuming depth of stress block, a = 22.7 mm

Area of steel, As = M*1000000/(0.9*fy*(d-a/2)) =4439 mm2.

( Ref . - Desi gn of concr et e st r uct ur e, By - Ni l son & Wi nt er ,Page 83 ,10t h Ed.)

d ( Inner Layer) = 1250 -75 -16 - 8 = 1151 mm

dmin = MIN( 1151,1167) = 1151 mm

42 Nos. of Dia. 16 mm along both dic.

Check for a

a = As* f y / ( .85* f c' * b) = 22.7 mm

Consideration is OK, So As = 4439 mm2.

But Min Rebar Required = 0.0015bt = 8437.5 mm2

Consider bar Size = 16 mm

So Nos. of Bars = 42 Nos

5.2.5.2 - Top Rei nf or cement :

Consider clear cover 50 and dia of Bar 16 mm , So d (Outer Layer) = 1250 -50-8 = 1192 mm

Where d is the effective depth of cap from Cap Bottom to Rebar center at Top.

Tensile pile reactions will produce tension at the top of the cap.

So Mu= 2*Rt*x' , Where x' = 1.35 m 42 Nos. of Dia. 16 mm along both dic.

Mdes = 1399.14 kN.m

Assumi ng dept h of st r ess bl ock , a = 16. 4 mm

d = Mi n( 1192,1176) = 1176 mm

d ( I nner Layer ) = 1250 - 50- 16 - 8 = 1176 mm

Cap Reinforcement Plan at Bottom

Area of steel, As = M*1000000/(0.9*fy*(d-a/2)) = 3208 mm2

( Ref . - Desi gn of concr et e st r uct ur e, By - Ni l son & Wi nt er ,Page 83 ,10t h Ed.)

Consi der at i on i s OK, So As = 3208 mm2

Min Rebar Required = 0.0015bt = 8437.5 mm2

Consider bar Size = 16 mm

So Nos. of Bars = 42 Nos

a = As* f y / ( .85* f c' * b) = 16.4 mm

Check for a

5. 2. 5. 3 - Ver t i cal Rei nf or cement Ar ound The pi l e cap :

Total uplift to be resisted by the vertical rebars around the pile cap = Fz = 3834.23 kN

So As = Fz*1000/0.7/Fy = 13198.73 mm2

Total Nos. of top reinforcement is 168 whose total area is 33778 mm2.

So if all top bars are bent downwards this will be good enough for uplift.

As per BS 8110, Ultimate bond stress in tension bars uu is given by : Uu = 0.4√fc' = 1.84 Mpa

So Development length ld required = 247 mm

Provide all top bars bent downwards for the hal f dept h of the cap.It will be suffient for development length.

Cap Reinforcement Plan at Top

s

d

u

F

Development length ld is given by : l = ;where o is the total perimeter of all rebars, Fs=Fz

u o

∑

∑

Md. Giasuddin Page 9 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11

POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED

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5. 2. 5. 4 - Hor i zont al Rei nf or cement Ar ound The pi l e cap :

Provide 5 nos. of 10mm dia bar around the cap distributed along the whole depth with 300 mm lapping at the joint.

6 - St r uct ur al Desi gn of Pi l e

Ul t i mat e l oads on Si ngl e Pi l e : Ul t i mat e l oads on Si ngl e Pi l e :

Compressive load = Rc = 699.76 kN

Uplift load = Rt = 518.2 kN

Ultimate Moment For Maximum Compression , Mu = 349.44 kN.m

Ultimate Moment For Max Uplift , Mu = 309.15 kN.m

6. 1 Desi gn of upper segment of pi l e

6.1.1 Desi gn f or Compr essi on Pl us Bendi ng g p g

Pile diameter, h = 600 mm

A

c

= r/4h

2

= 282743.3 Sqmm.

v

c

= 1.5

Pile Section at Upper Segment

1.5

1.5

1.5

c

c c

c

c c

tot y c

c c

N

f A

M

f A h

A f

A f

v

v

v

µ

v

u

⎛ ⎞

=

⎜ ⎟

⎝ ⎠

⎛ ⎞

=

⎜ ⎟

⎝ ⎠

⎛ ⎞

=

⎜ ⎟

⎝ ⎠

N = Normal Load = 699760.00 N

f

c

= 30.00 MPa

M = Moment = 349440000.00 N.mm

so v = 0.082

And µ = 0.069

For above values of v & µ u = 0.2 ( From chart of Annexure-2 )

So A

tot

= 1.5uA

c

f

c

/v

c

f

y

= 4087.9 Sqmm.

Rebar Dia = 25 mm

Pile Section at Lower Segment

So Nos. of Bar = 9 Nos.

6. 1. 2 Desi gn f or Tensi on Pl us Bendi ng

N = Normal Load = 518200.00 N

f

c

= 30.00 MPa

M = Moment = 309150000.00 N.mm

so v = 0.061

And µ = 0.061

For above values of v & µ u = 0.28 ( From chart of Annexure-2 )

Hu

So A

tot

= 1.5uA

c

f

c

/v

c

f

y

= 5723.0 Sqmm.

Rebar Dia = 25 mm

So Nos. of Bar = 12 Nos.

Provide 13 nos. of dia. 25mm.

Length of fixity is 5.53 meter. ( Ref. to clause4.4 - Check for pile head deflection: )

6. 2 Cal cul at i on t o Fi nd Poi nt of Zer o Moment i n t he Pi l e

For safe dissipation of moment at the point of fixity designed rebar is extended by 1.97 meter

below the point of fixity. Hence length of upper segment of the pile is 7.5 meter.

S

e

g

m

e

n

t

L

e

n

g

t

h

o

f

p

i

l

e

3.25

Hu ( for Uplift ) = 136.35 kN

So Moment =-0.1 at a distance 7.237 m from Pile Top

Since Tension plus Bending combination requires more reinforcement than that of compression

plus bending combination, Uplift case is taken into consideration.

p

1+sin

Where k = Co-efficient of passive earth pressure =

1-Sin

o

o

=

Kp h

h

=

1

s

t

Passive Pressure on Pile

p

1

Moment at aheight is * k γh*h*Pile Dia*h/3 =0.0

2

u

h H h = ÷

Md. Giasuddin Page 10 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11

POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED

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h = 7.237 m and Pile Dia = 0.6 m

Upper segment considered = 7.5 meter

Rebar Requi r ement t o Resi st Tensi l e f or ce :

Acting tension at any point = Tension at pile top - Frictional Resistance by Soil

Skin Friction is given by = 0.5*K

s

*P

d

*tand*A

s

(h should be measured from GL but 1st segment of pile is

considered Conservatively)

g y

s d s

Where; K

s

=0.7, d= o = 32 Degree

Submerged Density of soil = 8 KN/Cum

Pd=7.5 *8 = 60 kN/Sqm

As=PI()*0.6*7.5 = 14.14 Sqm

So, Frictional Resistance by soil=0.5*0.7*60*Tan15*14.14 = 185.55 kN

Net Tension at the point = 518.2 - 185.55 = 332.65 kN

Tensile Force to be resisted = 332650 N

Consider no tension to be resisted by concrete that means all tensile forces shall be resisted by rebar only.

Yield Strength of Rebar = 415 Mpa

So Tensile Strength Can be considered as = 0.7*415=290.5 Mpa

So Rebar area required to resist Tensile force = 332650 / 290.5 = 1146 mm2

Minimum Rebar for pile section is = 0.004*X-Sectinal area of pile = 1131 mm2.

6 nos. of dia 16 mm for the lower segment is ok from structural point and minimum requirement as well.

Md. Giasuddin Page 11 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11

POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED

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Annex ur e- 1: Rei nf or cement Char t f or Chi mney

Md. Giasuddin Page 12 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11

POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED

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Annex ur e- 2: Rei nf or cement Char t f or Pi l e

Md. Giasuddin Page 13 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11

1st Subm. 17-Apr-11

Md. Giasuddin

Foundat i on Desi gn Cal cul at i on of Tower Type 2DT6 For

Soi l Cat egor y-3

Submission

Status

Date

AUTHORITY NAME & SIGN DATE Paper Size Language Total Sheets

DESIGNED BY

Md. Giasuddin

17-Apr-11 For approval A4 English 13

CHECKED BY

Md. Giasuddin

For construction Scale : N/A

Revision

1st Sub.

APPROVED BY As Built

SUBMISSION SOUGHT

Document No. :

PGCB/230kV/TL/B-C/Lot-3/Des.Cal/Local/09

Designed By Description Approved By

EMPLOYER :

POWER GRID COMPANY OF

BANGLADESH LTD.

CONTRACTOR :

SANERGY CO.

NAME OF PROJECT :

DESIGN-BUILD AND TRUNKEY CONTRACT FOR CONSTRUCTION OF 230kV BIBYANA -

COMILLA TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3)

POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED

Cont ent s Page No.

1. Gener al . 03

1. 1 Foundat ion Loads 03

Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 3

FOR BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)

1.2 Geot echnical I nformat ion 03

1. 3 Foundat ion St rengt h Fact ors 03

1. 4 Fact ored Foundat ion Loads 03

1. 5 Codes & St andards Considered 03

1.6 Mat erial Propert ies 03

1.7 Geomet rical Dat a of t he Tower 2DT6 03

1. 8 Layout Plan Of t he Foundat ion 04

2. Resi dual Shear Cal cul at i on 04

3. Foundat i on Geomet r y 05

4 : Desi gn Cal cul at i on f or Pi l e 05

4. 1 - Pile Design Load Against Compressive Load 05

4.2 - Pile Design Load Against Uplift 05 g oad ga Up 05

4. 3 - Minimum Lengt h of Pile Group Against Uproot ing 05

4. 4 - Check for pile head deflect ion 06

4. 5 - Ult imat e St ress on Pile Sect ion 07

Sect i on- 5 : St r uct ur al Desi gn of Chi mney & Pi l e Cap 07

5.1 - Design of Chimney 07

5 2 D i f Pil C 08 5.2 - Design of Pile Cap 08

5. 2. 1. - Check Punching of cleat s 08

5.2.1.a Check For Compression 08

5.2.1.b Check For Uplift 08

5.2.2 - Check cap t hickness for Flexural Shear 08

5.2.3.- Check for posit ion of Piles 08

5.2.4 - Check for Bending Moment 09

5.2.5 - Reinforcement Calculat ion 09

5.2.5.1 - Bot t om Reinforcement 08

5.2.5.2 - Top Reinforcement 09

5.2.5.3 - Vert ical Reinforcement Around The pile cap 09

5.2.5.4 - Horizont al Reinforcement Around The pile cap 10

6 - St r uct ur al Desi gn of Pi l e 10

6. 1 Design of upper segment of pile 10

6. 1. 1 Design for Compression Plus Bending 10

6. 1. 2 Design for Tension Plus Bending 10

6.2 Calculat ion t o Find Point of Zero Moment in t he Pile 10

Annexure- 1 12

Annexure- 2 13

Giasuddin Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11

POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED

Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 3 FOR

1. Gener al .

1. 1 Foundat i on Loads :

Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC 3 FOR

BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)

The objective of this generic design is to compute loads on individual pile top, length of fixity of pile and is to design pile, pile cap and chimney. If not

mentioned otherwise, values with suffices x, y and z indicate three global directions with outward positive.

F

z

( k N ) F

x

( k N) F

y

( k N)

3154.98 893.33 831.62

2840.17 893.33 831.62

1. 2 Geot echni cal I nf or mat i on:

I t ems

Max Compression Case

Max Uplift Case

Ul t i mat e Loads Al ong Gl obal Di r ect i on ( Pul l and Thr ust Ver t i cal )

Angle of Int. Friction, ø = 30 Degree

Soil Density = 17 kN/Cum.

Soil Submerged Density = 7 kN/Cum.

Frustum angle = 15 Degree; As per techinical specification

1. 3 Foundat i on St r engt h Fact or s :

2DL 2D1

Appl i ed Loadi ng Case

St r engt h Fact or

2D25 2DT6

1. 4. Fact or ed Foundat i on Loads.

Factored Loads by using Foundation Strength Factor from Appendix (7.A2),Volume 2 of 3

F ( k N ) F ( k N) F ( k N)

2DL, 2D1

1.35 1.23

Fact or ed Ul t i mat e Loads Al ong Gl obal Di r ect i on ( Pul l and Thr ust Ver t i cal )

2D25, 2DT6

For All Load Cases

I t ems F

z

( k N ) F

x

( k N) F

y

( k N)

4259.22 1206.00 1122.69

3834.23 1206.00 1122.69

1.5 Codes & St andar ds Consi der ed :

ACI

BS 8110

Max Long. Case in Uplift

Max Long. Case in Comp.

I t ems

1.6 Mat er i al Pr oper t i es and Cl ear Cover :

28 days cube strength of concrete for Pile; fc' = 30 Mpa.

28 days cube strength of concrete for Pile-Cap; fc' = 25 Mpa.

Corresponding cylinder strength of concrete for Pile-Cap; fc' = 21.25 Mpa.

Yield Strength Reinforcing Steel ;fy = 415 Mpa.

Concrete Clear Cover at top and sides of Cap & Column is = 50 mm.

Concrete Clear Cover for sides of Pile is = 75 mm.

Unit Weight of Concrete = 24 kN/Cum.

1.7 Geomet r i cal Dat a of t he Tow er 2DT6 :

Face Slope = Ø = 13.306 Degree.

Diagonal Slope = Ø = 18.493 Degree.

Md. Giasuddin Page 3 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11

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1. 8 Lay out Pl an Of t he Foundat i on

450 1800 1800 450

4

5

0

450 1800 1800 450

4

5

0

4

5

0

0

900

9

0

0

1

8

0

0

1

8

0

0

4

5

0

0

900

9

0

0

1

8

0

0

1

8

0

0

4500

CP

4

5

0

4500

4

5

0

4500

4

5

0

4500

4

5

0

4

5

0

0

900

9

0

0

1

8

0

0

1

8

0

0

4

5

0

0

900

9

0

0

1

8

0

0

1

8

0

0

Layout Plan of Foundation

450 1800 1800 450

4

5

0

450 1800 1800 450

4

5

0

2. Resi dual Shear Cal cul at i on :

F

x l eg

F

yl eg

F

x Res

= F

x

- F

x l eg

F

yRes

= F

y

- F

yl eg

Max Compression Case 4259.22 1007.31 1007.31 1206.00 1122.69 198.69 115.38

Max Uplift Case 3834.23 906.80 906.80 1206.00 1122.69 299.20 215.89

Ver t i cal Loads

F

z

( k N )

I t ems

Resi dual Shear ( k N )

F

x

( k N) F

y

( k N)

Leg Shear ( k N ) = F

z

* Tano

Md. Giasuddin Page 4 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11

POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED

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BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)

3. Foundat i on Geomet r y :

Size of the column = 900 mmX900 mm.

Dia of the Pile, Dp = 600 mm.

h'' = 280.5 mm.

h' 400 h' = 400 mm.

f = 300 mm.

Pile Center to center Distance = 1800 mm.

Height of column, h = 700 mm.

Length/Width of the Cap, L/B = 4500 mm.

Cap Thickness, t = 1250 mm.

No. of Pile Per Leg = 8 Nos

Wei ght Cal cul at i on

Weight of Column, Wcol = 13.61 kNs.

Weight of Pad, Wpad = 607.5 kNs.

Weight of Superimposed Soil, Ws =103.28 kNs.

Bouyant Weight of Column, W'col = 7.94 kNs

Bouyant Weight of Pad, W'pad = 354.38 kNs

Bouyant Weight of Superimposed Soil, W's = 42.53 kNs

Loads on Pi l e t op :

Foundation Layout Detail Typical Pile Cap Section

For Max i mum Comp.

Resultant Compressive Load = Rzc =Fz+ 1.35*(Wcol+Wpad+Ws) = 5150.22 kNs.

Moment Mx = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fxleg*0.0 + FxRes*(t+h+h''-0.15) =376.12 kN.m

Moment My = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fyleg*0.0 + FyRes*(t+h+h''-0.15) = 218.41 kN.m

For Max i mum Upl i f t :

Resultant Uplift = Rzt=Fz - W'col - W'pad - W's = 3429.38 kNs

Moment Mx = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fxleg*0.0 + Fxres*(t+h+h''-0.15) = 566.39 kN.m

Moment My = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fyleg*0.0 + Fyres*(t+h+h''-0.15) = 408.68 kN.m

4 : Desi gn Cal cul at i on f or Pi l e :

Reaction of pile with applied vertical loads and biaxial bending moment can be expressed by the following equation:

y

V x

V 2 2

M *d1y

R M *d1x

R = ± ±

8 dix diy

∑ ∑

Where , d1x and d1y denote the distances from pile center to cap center along X or Y Direction. In this case d1x=d1y= 0.9 m.

6*1.8^2 = 19.44 Sqm.

4. 1 - Pi l e Desi gn Load Agai nst Compr essi v e Load :

Maximum compresive load that a pile will be imposed can be expressed by :

So Rcmax = 698.83 k Ns. ( Pile weight is to be considered during Pile schedule)

4.2 - Pi l e Desi gn Load Agai nst Upl i f t :

∑ ∑

= =

2 2

diy dix

y

zc x

Cmax 2 2

M *d1y

R M *d1x

R =

8 dix diy

+ +

∑ ∑

g g p

Maximum compresive load that a pile will be imposed can be expressed by :

So Rt max = 518.96 k Ns. ( Pile weight is to be considered during Pile schedule)

4. 3 - Mi ni mum Lengt h of Pi l e Gr oup Agai nst Upr oot i ng :

Soi l body t o Resi st Upl i f t

Say minimum length of pile =9 m

Depth of pile, d = 10.625 m. So a = d/2 = 5.313 m.

The base size of the soil frustum at the lowest point b' = 4.2m X4.2 m

The base size of the soil frustum at Mid Height ; b =5.247 m X5.247 m

Average Area = (4.2^2+5.247^2)/2 =22.59 sqm.

y

zt x

Tmax 2 2

M *d1y

R M *d1x

R =

8 dix diy

+ +

∑ ∑

Md. Giasuddin Page 5 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11

POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED

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BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)

So Frustum Volume = 22.59 * 5.3125 =120.01 cum

The upper soil volume = 5.247^2*5.313= 146.27 cum

Total soil Volume = 266.28 Cum

Total weight of soil body = 266.28*7=1863.96 kN

Skin resistance of pile group is Given by :

GL

Q =2*( ) * * L B H f +

Ks =1 ;( soil to soil co-efficient of earth pressure)

P

d

=yd, o = o= 30 Degree

y = Submerged Density of soil = 7 kN/Cum.

Pd =7 *10 625 = 74 375 kNs

a

su

s

Q =2*( ) * *

Where L and B are the overall length and width of pile group,

H is the depth of soil block and f is the unit skin friction

1

which is given by

2

s

s d

L B H f

fs K p Tano

+

=

Pd 7 10.625 74.375 kNs.

So fs = 21.47 kN/Sqm.

L= B = b' = 4.2 m and H = d = 10.625 m.

So Qsu = 3832.4 kNs

Allowable capacity (FS=1.5) = 3797.57 kNs

Resultant Uplift = 3429.38 kNs.

Whi ch i s l ess t han 3797.57 k Ns So OK.

Ultimate uplift capacity of pile group = Skin Resistance +

Submerged Weight of soil body = 5696.36kNs.

b

d

L

Whi ch i s l ess t han 3797.57 k Ns So OK.

4.4 - Check f or pi l e head def l ect i on:

For Max Compr essi on:

Fx = Leg Shear = 1007.31 kN

Fy = Leg Shear = 1007.31 kN

Passive resistance by Cap Only ( Same in x and y face)

109 27 kN

a

1

Passive resistance by Pile Cap is k γ*(1 55+0 30)*1 25*4 5 = = 109.27 kN

3.00

γ=Submerged density of soil =7 kN/Cum.

Net Fx = Leg Shear = 898.04 kN

Net Fy = Leg Shear = 898.04 kN

Vres=Sqrt.(898.04^2+898.04^2)=1270.02 kN

Lateral Load carried by a single Pile = 158.75 kN

b'

GL

Cap Top

3

0

0

p

1+sin

Where k = Co-efficient of passive earth pressure =

1-Sin

o

o

=

p

Passive resistance by Pile Cap is k γ*(1.55+0.30)*1.25*4.5 =

2

=

For Max Upl i f t :

Fx = Leg Shear = 906.8 kN

Fy = Leg Shear = 906.8 kN

Net Fx = Leg Shear = 797.53 kN

Net Fy = Leg Shear = 797.53 kN

Vres=Sqrt.(797.53^2+797.53^2)=1127.88 kN

Lateral Load carried by a single Pile = 140.99 kN

Desi gn shear car r i ed by a si ngl e Pi l e Qmax = 158.75 k N

Kp h

Cap Bot.

1

2

5

0

Desi gn shear car r i ed by a si ngl e Pi l e Qmax 158.75 k N

For fixed head pile depth of fixity is given by

L

f

/T = 2.15; (Ref. to figure no 2 , appendix C of IS: 2911) For fixed head piles .

K1 = 0.146 For Submer ged Loose Sand

Where ; 25742.96 Mpa = 257430 kg/sqcm.

636172.5 cm4 EI = 163769889855 kg.sqcm.

So T = 257.03 cm = 2.57 m

So depth of fixity, Lf = 5.53 m

Deflection, Y = Q*(Lf)^3/12EI = 1.366 cm. = 13.66 mm; Which is less than 25mm, So OK.

5

Where, 1 and T EI K =

4700 '

c

E f = =

4

64

d

I

r

= =

Kp h

Passive Pressure on Cap

Md. Giasuddin Page 6 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11

POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED

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4. 5 - Ul t i mat e St r ess on Pi l e Sect i on

For Max Compr essi on

For f i x ed head l ong pi l e :

Moment M=m.M

F

= 0.82*Q*Lf/2 =

For Max Compression M = 359.93 kN.m

For Max Uplift M = 319.67 kN.m

For Max Compr essi on.

Q = Hu = 158.75 kN.

So Mu = 359.93 kN.m

For Max Upl i f t

Q = Hu = 140.99 kN.

So Mu = 319.67 kN.m

Ul t i mat e l oads on Si ngl e Pi l e :

Compressive load = Rc = 698.83 kN

Uplift load = Rt = 518.96 kN

For Max Compression ultimate Moment , Mu = 359.93 kN.m

For Max Uplift ultimate Moment , Mu = 319.67 kN.m

Sect i on- 5 : St r uct ur al Desi gn of Chi mney & Pi l e Cap

5.1 - Desi gn of Chi mney :

Ultimate Compression = 4259.22 kN

50% of Ult. Compression = 2129.61 kN

Resi dual shear :

F

xmax

= 299.20 kN

F

ymax

= 215.89 kN

Resultant F

xy

= 368.96 kN

M = Fxy* 0.793 = 292.6 kN.m. 1 of 12 of dia. 20 mm y

P

u

= 2129610.00 N

M

u

= 292582755.1 N.mm

D = 900.00 mm

b = 900 mm

d' = 66 mm

d'/D = 0.073 mm

f

ck

= 25.0 Mpa

f

y

= 415.0 Mpa

P

u

/f

ck

bD =

0.105

M

u

/f

ck

bD

2

=

0.016

For the above values, graph ( see annexure-1 ) shows that no rebar is needed.

As per Code Min Rebar Required = 0.004*900^2 = 3240 mm2

Consider Bar Dia. 20 mm

Pr ovi de 12 nos 20mm di a.

Embedded Lengt h of Rebar .

C i t b i t d b th b i hi F 2129 61 kN

Column Section

Compression to be resisted by the rebars in chimney = Fz = 2129.61 kN

Total Nos. of reinforcement is 12 of dia 20 12mm.

As per BS 8110, Ultimate bond stress in compression bars u

u

is given by : u

u

=0.5√fc' Mpa

So Uu = 2.3 Mpa. So Development length ld required = 1228 mm.

Cap thgickness is = 1250 mm and Clear Cover at bottom = 75 mm

Let Chimney rebar rest on the bottom mesh of cap. So Embedded length provided = 1250-75-32 = 1143 mm which is more than requirement, so Ok.

s

d d

u

F

Development length l is given by : l = ;where o is the total perimeter of all rebars, Fs=Fz

u o

∑

∑

Md. Giasuddin Page 7 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11

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5. 2 - Desi gn of Pi l e Cap :

5. 2. 1. - Check Punchi ng of cl eat s:

5.2.1.a Check For Compr essi on:

Ultimate Compression = 4259.22 kN

Compression to be carried by cleats = 50% of Comp.= 2129.61 kN

Consider 4 cleat group with 4 three cleats in each group. The size of cleats is 150X150X20 ; length 160 .

The Capacity P of each cleat is given by :

Where , b = Length of Angle Shear Connector = 160 mm

t = Thickness of Angle Shear Connector = 20 mm

r = Radius of fillet = 40 mm

Load Carried by each Cleat =0.5* Ccomp./16 = 133.1 kN

1/ 2

1.19 ' ( / 2)

.

1 19 '

c

y

P f b t r x

F

x t w r t

f

= + +

⎡ ⎤

= s ÷ ÷

⎢ ⎥

⎣ ⎦

w = width of angle shear connector = 150

( Ref. : Art.7.6.2, Design of Latticed Steel Transmission Structures; Published by The American Society of Civil Engineers)

x = 68.19 mm; So P = 537.47 k N > 133.1 k N So OK .

5. 2. 1. b Check For Upl i f t :

Ultimate Uplift = 3834.23 kN

Consider 4 cleat group with 4 three cleats in each group. The size of cleats is 150X150X20 ; length 160 .

Load carried by each cleat = 239 64 kN

1.19

c

f

⎣ ⎦

Load carried by each cleat = 239.64 kN

The Capacity P of each cleat is given by :

Where , b = Length of Angle Shear Connector = 160 mm

t = Thickness of Angle Shear Connector = 20 mm

r = Radius of fillet = 40 mm

w = width of angle shear connector = 150

x = 68.19 mm; So P = 537.47 k N > 239.64 k N So OK .

1/ 2

1.19 ' ( / 2)

.

1.19 '

c

y

c

P f b t r x

F

x t w r t

f

= + +

⎡ ⎤

= s ÷ ÷

⎢ ⎥

⎣ ⎦

5.2.2 - Check cap t hi ck ness f or Fl ex ur al Shear :

Total shear acting at a distance d/2 from the face of the column = 3*Rmax; Where Rmax=Rc or Rt whichever is larger.

Rmax = 698.83 kN

So Total Shear,Vc =2*698.83 =1397.66 kN

Where, b = 4500 mm

Consider clear cover 75 and dia of Bar 16 mm , So d ( Outer Layer) = 1250-75-8 =1167 mm , where d is the effective depth of cap.

d ( I nner Layer ) = 1250- 75- 16 - 8 = 1151 mm

dave = ( 1167+ 1151 ) / 2 = 1159 mm dav e. = ( 1167+ 1151 ) / 2 = 1159 mm

So, Vc = Vc/bd = 0.27 Mpa

5.2.3.- Check f or posi t i on of Pi l es :

Distance from pile edge to pile cap edge, x = 200 mm

Distance from pile center to pile cap edge = 500 mm

Diameter of punching plane, y = 800 mm

AS per ACI Shear Stress applied to concrete should be less than 0.17√f'c Mpa. In present case which is coming 0.93 Mpa. This is greater than applied

stress so consideration is quite Ok.

Perimeter of punching plane = PI()*800 =2513 mm

So area of concrete to resist punching of pile = 2513*200 = 502600 Sq.mm

Punching stress developed = Rmax*1000/502600 = 1.39 Mpa

Where Rmax is the Maximum pile reaction = Rcmax = 698.83 kN

AS per ACI Shear Stress applied to concrete should be less than 0.34√f'c Mpa. In present case

which is coming 1.52 Mpa. This is greater than applied stress, 1.39 Mpa, so consideration is quite

Ok.

Md. Giasuddin Page 8 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11

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5.2.4 - Check f or Bendi ng Moment :

So M

max

=3*R

max

*x' , Where x' = 1.350 m p

b

= 0.02187

M

max

= 1886.8 kN.m. p

max

= 0.75* p

b

= 0.01640194

Maximum moment acting at the face of the column=2*Maximum pile reaction*distance between pile center to column face.

f p ⎛ ⎞

b

' 600

ρ =0.85*0.85*

600

c

y y

f

f f +

290.51 mm Whi ch i s l ess t han d

pr ovi de

; so OK

5.2.5 - Rei nf or cement Cal cul at i on :

5.2.5.1 - Bot t om Rei nf or cement :

2

1 0.59 ...; 0.9

'

y

u y

c

f

M f bd Where

f

p

op o

⎛ ⎞

= ÷ =

⎜ ⎟

⎝ ⎠

(1 0.59 )

'

u

y

y

c

M

d

f

f b

f

p

op

. = =

÷

Consider clear cover 75 and dia of Bar 16 mm , So d (Outer Layer) = 1250-75-8 = 1167 mm; where d is the effective depth of cap.

Compressive pile reactions will produce tension at the bottom of the cap.

Mdes = 1886.841 kN.m

Assuming depth of stress block, a = 22.6 mm

Area of steel, As = M*1000000/(0.9*fy*(d-a/2)) =4433 mm2.

( Ref . - Desi gn of concr et e st r uct ur e, By - Ni l son & Wi nt er ,Page 83 ,10t h Ed.)

d ( Inner Layer) = 1250 -75 -16 - 8 = 1151 mm

dmin = MIN( 1151,1167) = 1151 mm

42 Nos. of Dia. 16 mm along both dic.

Check for a

a = As* f y / ( .85* f c' * b) = 22.6 mm

Consideration is OK, So As = 4433 mm2.

But Min Rebar Required = 0.0015bt = 8437.5 mm2

Consider bar Size = 16 mm

So Nos. of Bars = 42 Nos

5.2.5.2 - Top Rei nf or cement :

Consider clear cover 50 and dia of Bar 16 mm , So d (Outer Layer) = 1250 -50-8 = 1192 mm

Where d is the effective depth of cap from Cap Bottom to Rebar center at Top.

Tensile pile reactions will produce tension at the top of the cap.

So Mu= 2*Rt*x' , Where x' = 1.35 m 42 Nos. of Dia. 16 mm along both dic.

Mdes = 1401.19 kN.m

Assumi ng dept h of st r ess bl ock , a = 16. 4 mm

d = Mi n( 1192,1176) = 1176 mm

d ( I nner Layer ) = 1250 - 50- 16 - 8 = 1176 mm

Cap Reinforcement Plan at Bottom

Area of steel, As = M*1000000/(0.9*fy*(d-a/2)) = 3212 mm2

( Ref . - Desi gn of concr et e st r uct ur e, By - Ni l son & Wi nt er ,Page 83 ,10t h Ed.)

Consi der at i on i s OK, So As = 3212 mm2

Min Rebar Required = 0.0015bt = 8437.5 mm2

Consider bar Size = 16 mm

So Nos. of Bars = 42 Nos

a = As* f y / ( .85* f c' * b) = 16.4 mm

Check for a

5. 2. 5. 3 - Ver t i cal Rei nf or cement Ar ound The pi l e cap :

Total uplift to be resisted by the vertical rebars around the pile cap = Fz = 3834.23 kN

So As = Fz*1000/0.7/Fy = 13198.73 mm2

Total Nos. of top reinforcement is 168 whose total area is 33778 mm2.

So if all top bars are bent downwards this will be good enough for uplift.

As per BS 8110, Ultimate bond stress in tension bars uu is given by : Uu = 0.4√fc' = 1.84 Mpa

So Development length ld required = 247 mm

Provide all top bars bent downwards for the hal f dept h of the cap.It will be suffient for development length.

Cap Reinforcement Plan at Top

s

d

u

F

Development length ld is given by : l = ;where o is the total perimeter of all rebars, Fs=Fz

u o

∑

∑

Md. Giasuddin Page 9 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11

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5. 2. 5. 4 - Hor i zont al Rei nf or cement Ar ound The pi l e cap :

Provide 5 nos. of 10mm dia bar around the cap distributed along the whole depth with 300 mm lapping at the joint.

6 - St r uct ur al Desi gn of Pi l e

Ul t i mat e l oads on Si ngl e Pi l e : Ul t i mat e l oads on Si ngl e Pi l e :

Compressive load = Rc = 698.83 kN

Uplift load = Rt = 518.96 kN

Ultimate Moment For Maximum Compression , Mu = 359.93 kN.m

Ultimate Moment For Max Uplift , Mu = 319.67 kN.m

6. 1 Desi gn of upper segment of pi l e

6.1.1 Desi gn f or Compr essi on Pl us Bendi ng g p g

Pile diameter, h = 600 mm

A

c

= r/4h

2

= 282743.3 Sqmm.

v

c

= 1.5

Pile Section at Upper Segment

1.5

1.5

1.5

c

c c

c

c c

tot y c

c c

N

f A

M

f A h

A f

A f

v

v

v

µ

v

u

⎛ ⎞

=

⎜ ⎟

⎝ ⎠

⎛ ⎞

=

⎜ ⎟

⎝ ⎠

⎛ ⎞

=

⎜ ⎟

⎝ ⎠

N = Normal Load = 698830.00 N

f

c

= 30.00 MPa

M = Moment = 359930000.00 N.mm

so v = 0.082

And µ = 0.071

For above values of v & µ u = 0.2 ( From chart of Annexure-2 )

So A

tot

= 1.5uA

c

f

c

/v

c

f

y

= 4087.9 Sqmm.

Rebar Dia = 25 mm

Pile Section at Upper Segment

So Nos. of Bar = 9 Nos.

6. 1. 2 Desi gn f or Tensi on Pl us Bendi ng

N = Normal Load = 518960.00 N

f

c

= 30.00 MPa

M = Moment = 319670000.00 N.mm

so v = 0.061

And µ = 0.063

For above values of v & µ u = 0.3 ( From chart of Annexure-2 )

Pile Section at Lower Segment

Hu

So A

tot

= 1.5uA

c

f

c

/v

c

f

y

= 6131.8 Sqmm.

Rebar Dia = 25 mm

So Nos. of Bar = 13 Nos.

Provide 14 nos. of dia. 25mm.

Length of fixity is 5.53 meter. ( Ref. to clause4.4 - Check for pile head deflection: )

6. 2 Cal cul at i on t o Fi nd Poi nt of Zer o Moment i n t he Pi l e

For safe dissipation of moment at the point of fixity designed rebar is extended by 2.97 meter

below the point of fixity. Hence length of upper segment of the pile is 8.5 meter.

S

e

g

m

e

n

t

L

e

n

g

t

h

o

f

p

i

l

e

3.00

Hu ( for Uplift ) = 140.99 kN

So Moment =-0.1 at a distance 8.194 m from Pile Top

Since Tension plus Bending combination requires more reinforcement than that of compression

plus bending combination, Uplift case is taken into consideration.

p

1+sin

Where k = Co-efficient of passive earth pressure =

1-Sin

o

o

=

Kp h

h

=

1

s

t

Passive Pressure on Pile

p

1

Moment at aheight is * k γh*h*Pile Dia*h/3 =0.0

2

u

h H h = ÷

Md. Giasuddin Page 10 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11

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h = 8.194 m and Pile Dia = 0.6 m

Upper segment considered = 8.5 meter

Rebar Requi r ement t o Resi st Tensi l e f or ce :

Acting tension at any point = Tension at pile top - Frictional Resistance by Soil

Skin Friction is given by = 0.5*K

s

*P

d

*tand*A

s

(h should be measured from GL but 1st segment of pile is

considered Conservatively)

g y

s d s

Where; K

s

=0.7, d= o = 30 Degree

Submerged Density of soil = 7 KN/Cum

Pd=8.5 *7 = 59.5 kN/Sqm

As=PI()*0.6*8.5 = 16.02 Sqm

So, Frictional Resistance by soil=0.5*0.7*59.5*Tan15*16.02 = 192.61 kN

Net Tension at the point = 518.96 - 192.61 = 326.35 kN

Tensile Force to be resisted = 326350 N

Consider no tension to be resisted by concrete that means all tensile forces shall be resisted by rebar only.

Yield Strength of Rebar = 415 Mpa

So Tensile Strength Can be considered as = 0.7*415=290.5 Mpa

So Rebar area required to resist Tensile force = 326350 / 290.5 = 1124 mm2

Minimum Rebar for pile section is = 0.004*X-Sectinal area of pile = 1131 mm2.

7 nos. of dia 16 mm for the lower segment is ok from structural point and minimum requirement as well.

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Annex ur e- 1: Rei nf or cement Char t f or Chi mney

Md. Giasuddin Page 12 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11

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Annex ur e- 2: Rei nf or cement Char t f or Pi l e

Md. Giasuddin Page 13 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11

**POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED
**

Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA - COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3)

Contents 1. General. 1.1 Foundation Loads 1.2 Geotechnical Information 1.3 Foundation Strength Factors 1.4 Factored Foundation Loads 1.5 Codes & Standards Considered 1.6 Material Properties 1.7 Geometrical Data of the Tower 2DT6 1.8 Layout Plan Of the Foundation 2. Residual Shear Calculation 3. Foundation Geometry 4 : Design Calculation for Pile 4.1 - Pile Design Load Against Compressive Load g oad ga Up 4.2 - Pile Design Load Against Uplift 4.3 - Minimum Length of Pile Group Against Uprooting 4.4 - Check for pile head deflection 4.5 - Ultimate Stress on Pile Section Section-5 :Structural Design of Chimney & Pile Cap 5.1 - Design of Chimney 5.2 D i 5 2 - Design of Pile Cap f Pil C 5.2.1.- Check Punching of cleats 5.2.1.a Check For Compression 5.2.1.b Check For Uplift 5.2.2 - Check cap thickness for Flexural Shear 5.2.3.- Check for position of Piles 5.2.4 - Check for Bending Moment 5.2.5 - Reinforcement Calculation 5.2.5.1 - Bottom Reinforcement 5.2.5.2 - Top Reinforcement 5.2.5.3 -Vertical Reinforcement Around The pile cap 5.2.5.4 -Horizontal Reinforcement Around The pile cap 6 - Structural Design of Pile 6.1 Design of upper segment of pile 6.1.1 Design for Compression Plus Bending 6.1.2 Design for Tension Plus Bending 6.2 Calculation to Find Point of Zero Moment in the Pile Annexure-1 Annexure-2 Page No. 03 03 03 03 03 03 03 03 04 04 05 05 05 05 05 06 07 07 07 08 08 08 08 08 08 09 09 08 09 09 10 10 10 10 10 10 12 13

Giasuddin

Date : 17 April '11

Soil Submerged Density = 8 kN/Cum. 1. 28 days cube strength of concrete for Pile-Cap. fc' = 21. 1.98 2840.33 Fy (kN) 831. Friction. Corresponding cylinder strength of concrete for Pile-Cap.35 Applied Loading Case For All Load Cases 1.62 1.493 Degree.6 Material Properties and Clear Cover : 28 days cube strength of concrete for Pile. General. Factored Loads by using Foundation Strength Factor from Appendix (7.fy = 415 Mpa. As per techinical specification 1. values with suffices x.4.5 Codes & Standards Considered : ACI BS 8110 1. length of fixity of pile and is to design pile.306 Degree.2 Geotechnical Information: Angle of Int.Volume 2 of 3 Factored Ultimate Loads Along Global Direction ( Pull and Thrust Vertical) Items Max Long. Max Long. ø = 32 Degree Soil Density = 18 kN/Cum. pile cap and chimney. 2DL 2D1 1. 2D25 2DT6 1.23 2D25. Giasuddin Page 3 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 . Concrete Clear Cover for sides of Pile is = 75 mm. fc' = 25 Mpa. The objective of this generic design is to compute loads on individual pile top.25 Mpa. Case in Uplift Fz ( kN ) 4259.A2).7 Geometrical Data of the Tower 2DT6 : Face Slope = Ø = 13. y and z indicate three global directions with outward positive. fc' = 30 Mpa. Unit Weight of Concrete = 24 kN/Cum.3 Foundation Strength Factors : Strength Factor 2DL.22 3834.00 Fy (kN) 1122. Md.69 1122.33 893.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 1.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA . Concrete Clear Cover at top and sides of Cap & Column is = 50 mm.1 Foundation Loads : Ultimate Loads Along Global Direction ( Pull and Thrust Vertical) Items Max Compression Case Max Uplift Case Fz ( kN ) 3154.62 831.17 Fx (kN) 893. Frustum angle = 15 Degree. Yield Strength Reinforcing Steel . Factored Foundation Loads. Diagonal Slope = Ø = 18.23 Fx (kN) 1206.69 1.00 1206. Case in Comp. If not mentioned otherwise.

31 906.31 906.00 1206.80 1206.22 3834. Residual Shear Calculation : Leg Shear ( kN ) = Fz*Tan Fx (kN) Fxleg 1007.38 215.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 1.8 Layout Plan Of the Foundation 450 450 1800 1800 450 450 1800 1800 450 450 1800 4500 4500 900 900 900 900 1800 450 4500 4500 CP 4500 450 4500 450 1800 900 4500 4500 900 1800 900 1800 450 900 450 1800 1800 450 450 1800 1800 450 Layout Plan of Foundation 2. Giasuddin Page 4 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 450 1800 450 1800 1800 .POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA .00 1122.23 Max Compression Case Max Uplift Case Md.69 299.69 1122.69 Fy (kN) Residual Shear ( kN ) FxRes = Fx-Fxleg 198.20 FyRes = Fy-Fyleg 115.89 Items Vertical Loads Fz ( kN ) 4259.80 Fyleg 1007.

94 kNs Bouyant Weight of Pad. Wpad = 607.69 kNs. Ws =109.2 kNs.m Moment My = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fyleg*0. f = 300 mm. Moment Mx = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fxleg*0.15) =376.813 m.m 4 : Design Calculation for Pile : Reaction of pile with applied vertical loads and biaxial bending moment can be expressed by the following equation: RV = R V M x *d1x M y *d1y ± ± 8 ∑ dix 2 ∑ diy 2 2 Where . In this case d1x=d1y= 0. h' = 400 mm. Length/Width of the Cap.0 + FyRes*(t+h+h''-0. R Cmax = ( Pile weight is to be considered during Pile schedule) R zc 8 M x *d1x ∑ dix 2 M y *d1y ∑ diy 2 4.2^2+4. d = 9. Resultant Compressive Load = Rzc =Fz+ 1. Weight of Superimposed Soil.2 m The base size of the soil frustum at Mid Height .5 mm.8^2 = 19.W's = 3423. Cap Thickness. 4.39 kN. L/B = 4500 mm. Foundation Geometry : Size of the column = 900 mmX900 mm.979^2)/2 =21. Height of column.2 .m For Maximum Uplift : Resultant Uplift = Rzt=Fz .61 kNs. W's = 48.979 m Average Area = (4. ∑ dix ∑ diy 2 6*1.625 m.44 Sqm.979 m X4. No. d1x and d1y denote the distances from pile center to cap center along X or Y Direction. b =4. Dia of the Pile. Giasuddin Page 5 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .38 kNs Bouyant Weight of Superimposed Soil. of Pile Per Leg = 8 Nos Weight Calculation Weight of Column.2m X4. So a = d/2 = 4.3 .m Moment My = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fyleg*0.1 .0 + FxRes*(t+h+h''-0.6 kNs Foundation Layout Detail Typical Pile Cap Section Loads on Pile top : For Maximum Comp.15) = 408.68 kN. Weight of Pad.9 m. W'col = 7.15) = 566. Soil body to Resist Uplift Say minimum length of pile =8 m Depth of pile. t = 1250 mm.35 kNs. Pile Center to center Distance = 1800 mm.0 + Fyres*(t+h+h''-0.Minimum Length of Pile Group Against Uprooting : Md.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA . h'' = 280.Pile Design Load Against Uplift : g g p Maximum compresive load that a pile will be imposed can be expressed by : So Rtmax = 518. R Tmax = ( Pile weight is to be considered during Pile schedule) R zt 8 M x *d1x ∑ dix 2 M y *d1y ∑ diy 2 4.5 kNs. Wcol = 13.31 kNs Moment Mx = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fxleg*0.W'pad .W'col . h = 700 mm. W'pad = 354. Bouyant Weight of Column. Dp = 600 mm.41 kN.22 sqm.35*(Wcol+Wpad+Ws) = 5157.0 + Fxres*(t+h+h''-0.12 kN.76 kNs.Pile Design Load Against Compressive Load : Maximum compresive load that a pile will be imposed can be expressed by : So Rcmax = 699.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 3. The base size of the soil frustum at the lowest point b' = 4.15) = 218.

68 kNs So OK.979^2*4.47 135 47 kN Where k p = Co-efficient of passive earth pressure = γ=Submerged density of soil =8 kN/Cum.06 kN/Sqm.146 For Submerged Medium Dense Sand 25742.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA . L= B = b' = 4.55+0.Check for pile head deflection: For Max Compression: Fx = Leg Shear = 1007.8 kN Net Fx = Leg Shear = 771.33^2)=1090. 636172.sqcm. Passive Pressure on Cap Where.326 cm.44*8=1771. Md.44 Cum Total weight of soil body = 221.32 cum Total soil Volume = 221.26 mm.12 kN For fixed head pile depth of fixity is given by Cap Bot. Lf = 5.5) = 3774.(871.8 kN Kp h Lf/T = 2.30)*1.53 m Deflection. So fs = 24.25*4.15. Y = Q*(Lf)^3/12EI = 1.12 kN For Max Uplift: Fy = Leg Shear = 906.625 kNs. So Qsu = 3890.22 * 4. Net Fx = Leg Shear = 871.813= 119.25 b' GL Cap Top 300 Design shear carried by a single Pile Qmax = 154. to figure no 2 .96 Mpa = 257430 kg/sqcm.( soil to soil co-efficient of earth pressure) Pd= d. T Where .33^2+771.(771. a 1 K p Tan 2 s d Passive resistance by Pile Cap is 1 k p γ*(1 55+0 30)*1 25*4 5 = γ*(1.57 m So depth of fixity.625 m.84^2+871.84 kN Net Fy = Leg Shear = 871. 4.02kNs.2 m and H = d = 9.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) So Frustum Volume = 21.12 cum The upper soil volume = 4.31 kN Fy = Leg Shear = 1007. (Ref. E 5 EI K1 and fc ' d4 64 K1 = 0.33 kN Vres=Sqrt.84^2)=1232. appendix C of IS: 2911) For fixed head piles .5 cm4 4700 I EI = 163769889855 kg.5 kNs Ultimate uplift capacity of pile group = Skin Resistance + Submerged Weight of soil body = 5662.35 kN 1+sin 1-Sin 3.84 kN Vres=Sqrt.68 kNs Resultant Uplift = 3423.33 kN Net Fy = Leg Shear = 771. Pd =8 *9 625 = 77 kNs 8 9.8125 =102.97 kN Lateral Load carried by a single Pile = 154. Which is less than 3774.03 cm = 2. Allowable capacity (FS=1.52 kN Skin resistance of pile group is Given by : GL Qsu =2 * ( L B) * H * f s Where L and B are the overall length and width of pile group. So OK. Which is less than 25mm. = 13. H is the depth of soil block and f s is the unit skin friction which is given by fs Ks =1 . 1250 Fx = Leg Shear = 906.83 kN Lateral Load carried by a single Pile = 136.5 2 a 135. Giasuddin Page 6 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 L d b .31 kNs. So T = 257.31 kN Passive resistance by Cap Only ( Same in x and y face) = = 32 Degree y = Submerged Density of soil = 8 kN/Cum.4 .

Fs=Fz uu ∑ o Cap thgickness is = 1250 mm and Clear Cover at bottom = 75 mm Let Chimney rebar rest on the bottom mesh of cap.00 N Mu = 292582755.MF = 0.016 For the above values.20 kN Fymax = 215.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA .105 Mu /fckbD2 = 0.mm D = 900. 20 mm Provide 12 nos 20mm dia.1 . Embedded Length of Rebar.76 kN Uplift load = Rt = 518. Mu = 349.m Ultimate loads on Single Pile : Compressive load = Rc = 699.15 kN. So Mu = 309. So Development length ld required = 1228 mm.44 kN. Q = Hu = 154. Giasuddin Page 7 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .00 mm b = 900 mm d' = 66 mm d'/D = 0.22 kN 50% of Ult.m For Max Uplift M = 309.61 Total Nos. So Embedded length provided = 1250-75-32 = 1143 mm which is more than requirement.0 Mpa 1 of 12 of dia. As per BS 8110.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 4.793 = 292.15 kN. Compression = 2129. so Ok.m For Max Uplift ultimate Moment .1 N.m For Max Uplift Q = Hu = 136.m.82*Q*Lf/2 = For Max Compression M = 349. Pu = 2129610.44 kN.12 kN. graph ( see annexure-1 ) shows that no rebar is needed.m Section-5 : Structural Design of Chimney & Pile Cap 5. So Mu = 349.61 kN Residual shear : Fxmax = 299.44 kN.0 Mpa fy = 415.Design of Chimney : Ultimate Compression = 4259.004*900^2 = 3240 mm2 Consider Bar Dia.073 mm fck = 25. Md.m For Max Compression.15 kN. Ultimate bond stress in compression bars uu is given by : uu=0. 20 mm Pu/fckbD = 0.35 kN.where∑ o is the total perimeter of all rebars. of reinforcement is 12 of dia 20 12mm.96 kN y M = Fxy* 0. Compression t b resisted b th rebars i chimney = F = 2129 61 kN C i to be i t d by the b in hi Fz 2129.Ultimate Stress on Pile Section For Max Compression For fixed head long pile : Moment M=m. F s . Mu = 309.89 kN Resultant Fxy = 368.6 kN.2 kN For Max Compression ultimate Moment .5 . As per Code Min Rebar Required = 0.5√fc' Mpa Column Section Development length l d is given by : l d = So Uu = 2.3 Mpa.

2.mm Punching stress developed = Rmax*1000/502600 = 1.2. dave = ( 1167+1151 )/2 = 1159 mm So.1 kN So OK . The size of cleats is 150X150X20 . Published by The American Society of Civil Engineers) x = 68.Check for position of Piles : Distance from pile edge to pile cap edge. The size of cleats is 150X150X20 . b = Length of Angle Shear Connector = 160 mm t = Thickness of Angle Shear Connector = 20 mm r = Radius of fillet = 40 mm w = width of angle shear connector = 150 So P = 537. so consideration is quite Ok.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 5.19 mm..2 . y = 800 mm Perimeter of punching plane = PI()*800 =2513 mm So area of concrete to resist punching of pile = 2513*200 = 502600 Sq.19 f 'c b(t ⎡ Fy ⎤ t⎢ ⎥ 1. ( Ref.27 Mpa AS per ACI Shear Stress applied to concrete should be less than 0.2 .52 kN Where. This is greater than applied stress so consideration is quite Ok.19 mm. b = Length of Angle Shear Connector = 160 mm t = Thickness of Angle Shear Connector = 20 mm r = Radius of fillet = 40 mm w = width of angle shear connector = 150 So P = 537. In present case which is coming 0.3. 5. This is greater than applied stress.39 Mpa Where Rmax is the Maximum pile reaction = Rcmax = 699. length 160 . Where .POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA .76 =1399.22 kN Compression to be carried by cleats = 50% of Comp. where d is the effective depth of cap.a Check For Compression: Ultimate Compression = 4259.2. x = 68.76 kN So Total Shear.64 kN So OK .47 kN >133.93 Mpa.7.= 2129.Design of Pile Cap : 5.52 Mpa. Where Rmax=Rc or Rt whichever is larger.2.1. : Art.Vc =2*699.Check Punching of cleats: 5.1. length 160 .34√f'c Mpa. Rmax = 699.17√f'c Mpa.19 ⎣1 19 f 'c ⎦ 1/ 2 r x / 2) w r t. b = 4500 mm Consider clear cover 75 and dia of Bar 16 mm .1.Check cap thickness for Flexural Shear : Total shear acting at a distance d/2 from the face of the column = 3*Rmax.1 kN The Capacity P of each cleat is given by : P x 1.8 = 1151 mm dave. Giasuddin Page 8 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .47 kN >239. Vc = Vc/bd = 0.2. So d ( Outer Layer) = 1250-75-8 =1167 mm .5* Ccomp. Design of Latticed Steel Transmission Structures. 5. d ( Inner Layer) = 1250-75-16 .39 Mpa. Md.2. Load Carried by each Cleat =0.61 kN Consider 4 cleat group with 4 three cleats in each group.b Check For Uplift: Ultimate Uplift = 3834. In present case which is coming 1. 239.6./16 = 133.19 f 'c b(t ⎡ Fy ⎤ t⎢ ⎥ ⎣1. x = 200 mm Distance from pile center to pile cap edge = 500 mm Diameter of punching plane. 1.19 f 'c ⎦ 1/ 2 r x / 2) w r t.76 kN AS per ACI Shear Stress applied to concrete should be less than 0.. Where .23 kN Consider 4 cleat group with 4 three cleats in each group.64 Load carried by each cleat = 239 64 kN The Capacity P of each cleat is given by : P x 1. 5.

0015bt = 8437. As = M*1000000/(0. Where f 'c ⎠ ⎝ Mu f y b(1 0.35 m Mdes = 1399.1 .9*fy*(d-a/2)) =4439 mm2.2. d ( Inner Layer) = 1250 -50-16 .70 mm 0.Page 83 . 16 mm along both dic.4 kN.8 = 1176 mm d = Min(1192.9 Which is less than dprovide .10th Ed.Page 83 . Ultimate bond stress in tension bars uu is given by : Uu = 0.2 . -Design of concrete structure.8 = 1151 mm dmin = MIN( 1151. By-Nilson & Winter.85*fc'*b) = 22.5 .14 kN. (Ref.1176) = 1176 mm Tensile pile reactions will produce tension at the top of the cap. By-Nilson & Winter. Fs=Fz uu ∑ o Provide all top bars bent downwards for the half depth of the cap. of Dia.m Assuming depth of stress block.m.1167) = 1151 mm Compressive pile reactions will produce tension at the bottom of the cap. -Design of concrete structure. a = 16.84 Mpa Cap Reinforcement Plan at Top Cap Reinforcement Plan at Bottom 42 Nos.2.59 ⎟ . Where x' = 1. Where x' = 1.Top Reinforcement : Consider clear cover 50 and dia of Bar 16 mm . So d (Outer Layer) = 1250 -50-8 = 1192 mm Where d is the effective depth of cap from Cap Bottom to Rebar center at Top. So As = 4439 mm2.) Check for a a = As*fy/(.2.4 mm Consideration is OK.Reinforcement Calculation : 5.4 .4 mm Area of steel.. So d (Outer Layer) = 1250-75-8 = 1167 mm. Giasuddin Page 9 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA . of Bars = 42 Nos 5.85*0.5 mm2 Consider bar Size = 16 mm So Nos.m Assuming depth of stress block. of top reinforcement is 168 whose total area is 33778 mm2.23 kN So As = Fz*1000/0.4√fc' = 1. 16 mm along both dic.2..Bottom Reinforcement : Consider clear cover 75 and dia of Bar 16 mm .7 mm Consideration is OK.9*fy*(d-a/2)) = 3208 mm2 (Ref. where d is the effective depth of cap.85*fc'*b) = 16.85* fc ' 600 f y 600 fy b= 0.5. d ( Inner Layer) = 1250 -75 -16 . Mdes = 1889.59 fy fc ' ) 290.It will be suffient for development length. so OK 5.352 kN. 42 Nos. So if all top bars are bent downwards this will be good enough for uplift. ρ b =0. Md..02187 0.Check for Bending Moment : Maximum moment acting at the face of the column=2*Maximum pile reaction*distance between pile center to column face. a = 22.) Check for a a = As*fy/(.7/Fy = 13198.10th Ed. As = M*1000000/(0.350 m Mmax= 1889. So Mu= 2*Rt*x' . of Dia.75* b max= = 0. So Mmax=3*Rmax*x' .01640194 Mu d fy ⎞ ⎛ f ybd 2 ⎜1 0. So As = 3208 mm2 Min Rebar Required = 0.where∑ o is the total perimeter of all rebars. of Bars = 42 Nos 5.5 mm2 Consider bar Size = 16 mm So Nos.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 5.0015bt = 8437. But Min Rebar Required = 0.5. Development length ld is given by : l d = So Development length ld required = 247 mm Fs .3 -Vertical Reinforcement Around The pile cap : Total uplift to be resisted by the vertical rebars around the pile cap = Fz = 3834. As per BS 8110.73 mm2 Total Nos.7 mm Area of steel.5.2.

Mu = 349.00 N.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA . Hence length of upper segment of the pile is 7.069 = 0.15 kN. Rebar Dia = 25 mm So Nos.m 6.4 -Horizontal Reinforcement Around The pile cap : Provide 5 nos. Mu = 309.mm so And For above values of & = 0.1.5 ⎟ A f ⎝ ⎠ c c c Pile Section at Upper Segment = 1. Giasuddin Page 10 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .2.1 Design for Compression Plus Bending g p g Pile diameter. 25mm. Hu ( for Uplift ) = 136.Check for pile head deflection: ) For safe dissipation of moment at the point of fixity designed rebar is extended by 1.00 MPa M = Moment = 309150000.25 Since Tension plus Bending combination requires more reinforcement than that of compression plus bending combination.mm so And For above values of & = 0. Length of fixity is 5. of Bar = 12 Nos.5.061 = 0.5 Acfc/ cfy = 4087. to clause4. Provide 13 nos.00 N.9 Sqmm.2 Design for Tension Plus Bending N = Normal Load = 518200.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 5.082 = 0.061 = 0. Uplift case is taken into consideration.2 Calculation to Find Point of Zero Moment in the Pile Moment at aheight h is Hu * h 1 k p γh*h*Pile Dia*h/3 =0.237 m from Pile Top Kp h Passive Pressure on Pile Md.5 ⎟ f A h ⎝ ⎠ c c ⎛ c ⎞ Atot f y ⎜ 1. of Bar = 9 Nos.5 ⎟ f A ⎝ ⎠ c c M ⎛ c ⎞ ⎜ 1.1.00 N fc = 30.4 . Rebar Dia = 25 mm So Nos.1 Design of upper segment of pile 6.1 at a distance 7.5 N = Normal Load = 699760.m Ultimate Moment For Max Uplift .2 kN Ultimate Moment For Maximum Compression .0 2 Where k p = Co-efficient of passive earth pressure = 1+sin 1-Sin 3.0 Sqmm. ( Ref.Structural Design of Pile Ultimate loads on Single Pile : Compressive load = Rc = 699. of 10mm dia bar around the cap distributed along the whole depth with 300 mm lapping at the joint. of dia. 6.53 meter. 6.2 ( From chart of Annexure-2 ) Pile Section at Lower Segment So Atot = 1.5 meter.35 kN So Moment =-0. h = 600 mm Ac = /4h2 = 282743.00 MPa M = Moment = 349440000.3 Sqmm.28 ( From chart of Annexure-2 ) Hu h= 1st Segment Length of pile So Atot = 1.76 kN Uplift load = Rt = 518. ⎛ c ⎞ N ⎜ 1.5 Acfc/ cfy = 5723.00 N fc = 30.97 meter below the point of fixity.44 kN. 6 .

= = 32 Degree Submerged Density of soil = 8 KN/Cum Md.7. 6 nos. of dia 16 mm for the lower segment is ok from structural point and minimum requirement as well.5 *8 = 60 kN/Sqm As=PI()*0. Ks=0.Frictional Resistance by Soil Skin Friction is given by = 0.237 m and Pile Dia = 0.7*415=290. Giasuddin Page 11 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .6*7. Yield Strength of Rebar = 415 Mpa So Tensile Strength Can be considered as = 0.5*0.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA .185.6 m (h should be measured from GL but 1st segment of pile is considered Conservatively) Upper segment considered = 7.65 kN Tensile Force to be resisted = 332650 N Consider no tension to be resisted by concrete that means all tensile forces shall be resisted by rebar only.14 = 185.5*Ks*Pd*tand*As g y Where.5 meter Rebar Requirement to Resist Tensile force : Acting tension at any point = Tension at pile top .5 Mpa So Rebar area required to resist Tensile force = 332650 / 290.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) h = 7.55 kN Net Tension at the point = 518.5 = 1146 mm2 Minimum Rebar for pile section is = 0. Pd=7.7*60*Tan15*14.55 = 332.004*X-Sectinal area of pile = 1131 mm2.5 = 14.2 .14 Sqm So. Frictional Resistance by soil=0.

COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) Annexure-1: Reinforcement Chart for Chimney Md.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA . Giasuddin Page 12 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .

COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) Annexure-2: Reinforcement Chart for Pile Md.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA . Giasuddin Page 13 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .

: PGCB/230kV/TL/B-C/Lot-3/Des. Submission Status 17-Apr-11 Date Md. Document No.Foundation Design Calculation of Tower Type 2DT6 For Soil Category-3 1st Subm. NAME OF PROJECT : SANERGY CO.Cal/Local/09 . Giasuddin Md. DESIGN-BUILD AND TRUNKEY CONTRACT FOR CONSTRUCTION OF 230kV BIBYANA COMILLA TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) AUTHORITY DESIGNED BY CHECKED BY APPROVED BY NAME & SIGN Md. Giasuddin DATE 17-Apr-11 SUBMISSION SOUGHT For approval For construction As Built Paper Size A4 Scale : Language English N/A Total Sheets 13 Revision 1st Sub. Giasuddin Designed By Description Approved By EMPLOYER : CONTRACTOR : POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LTD.

2 Geotechnical Information 1.Pile Design Load Against Uplift 4. General.Bottom Reinforcement 5.Check for pile head deflection 4.3 -Vertical Reinforcement Around The pile cap 5. 1.2.3 .Design of Chimney 5.2.Check Punching of cleats 5.5.8 Layout Plan Of the Foundation 2.2 Calculation to Find Point of Zero Moment in the Pile Annexure-1 Annexure-2 Page No.Reinforcement Calculation 5.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) Contents 1.2.5 Codes & Standards Considered 1..Check cap thickness for Flexural Shear 5.5 .POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA .7 Geometrical Data of the Tower 2DT6 1.b Check For Uplift 5.Pile Design Load Against Compressive Load g oad ga Up 4.4 -Horizontal Reinforcement Around The pile cap 6 .2.6 Material Properties 1.3 Foundation Strength Factors 1.1.2.4 Factored Foundation Loads 1.2 .1.2 Design for Tension Plus Bending 6.1 Design for Compression Plus Bending 6.2.5 .5.1.Structural Design of Pile 6.4 .Check for Bending Moment 5.2.2.1 Design of upper segment of pile 6..1 .Check for position of Piles 5.Ultimate Stress on Pile Section Section-5 :Structural Design of Chimney & Pile Cap 5. Residual Shear Calculation 3.2.Design of Pile Cap f Pil C 5.Minimum Length of Pile Group Against Uprooting 4.1 Foundation Loads 1.a Check For Compression 5.2 .1 .5.2. 03 03 03 03 03 03 03 03 04 04 05 05 05 05 05 06 07 07 07 08 08 08 08 08 08 09 09 08 09 09 10 10 10 10 10 10 12 13 Giasuddin Date : 17 April '11 .2 D i 5 2 .1 .Top Reinforcement 5.2.2 .5.1. Foundation Geometry 4 : Design Calculation for Pile 4.3.1.4 .

4.22 3834. Factored Loads by using Foundation Strength Factor from Appendix (7.3 Foundation Strength Factors : Strength Factor 2DL. Concrete Clear Cover for sides of Pile is = 75 mm.306 Degree. If not mentioned otherwise. 1. Yield Strength Reinforcing Steel . fc' = 30 Mpa.6 Material Properties and Clear Cover : 28 days cube strength of concrete for Pile.23 2D25.1 Foundation Loads : Ultimate Loads Along Global Direction ( Pull and Thrust Vertical) Items Max Compression Case Max Uplift Case Fz ( kN ) 3154. y and z indicate three global directions with outward positive.fy = 415 Mpa.25 Mpa.62 831. Max Long. Diagonal Slope = Ø = 18. General. The objective of this generic design is to compute loads on individual pile top.A2).493 Degree. Unit Weight of Concrete = 24 kN/Cum. Factored Foundation Loads. 2D25 2DT6 1.5 Codes & Standards Considered : ACI BS 8110 1. Case in Uplift Fz ( kN ) 4259.17 Fx (kN) 893. pile cap and chimney.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA . Concrete Clear Cover at top and sides of Cap & Column is = 50 mm.7 Geometrical Data of the Tower 2DT6 : Face Slope = Ø = 13.00 Fy (kN) 1122. 1.2 Geotechnical Information: Angle of Int. 28 days cube strength of concrete for Pile-Cap. Friction. 2DL 2D1 1. Md. length of fixity of pile and is to design pile. As per techinical specification 1.33 893. ø = 30 Degree Soil Density = 17 kN/Cum.35 Applied Loading Case For All Load Cases 1.33 Fy (kN) 831.69 1122. Case in Comp.98 2840.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 1. Frustum angle = 15 Degree. Soil Submerged Density = 7 kN/Cum.00 1206. fc' = 21.Volume 2 of 3 Factored Ultimate Loads Along Global Direction ( Pull and Thrust Vertical) Items Max Long. Giasuddin Page 3 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 . values with suffices x.62 1. fc' = 25 Mpa. Corresponding cylinder strength of concrete for Pile-Cap.69 1.23 Fx (kN) 1206.

COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 1.31 906.31 906. Residual Shear Calculation : Leg Shear ( kN ) = Fz*Tan Fx (kN) Fxleg 1007.69 Fy (kN) Residual Shear ( kN ) FxRes = Fx-Fxleg 198.00 1122.69 1122.89 Items Vertical Loads Fz ( kN ) 4259. Giasuddin Page 4 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 450 1800 450 1800 1800 .22 3834.20 FyRes = Fy-Fyleg 115.23 Max Compression Case Max Uplift Case Md.80 Fyleg 1007.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA .80 1206.69 299.00 1206.38 215.8 Layout Plan Of the Foundation 450 450 1800 1800 450 450 1800 1800 450 450 1800 4500 4500 900 900 900 900 1800 450 4500 4500 CP 4500 450 4500 450 1800 900 4500 4500 900 1800 900 1800 450 900 450 1800 1800 450 450 1800 1800 450 Layout Plan of Foundation 2.

96 kNs. Moment Mx = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fxleg*0.625 m.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA .68 kN.m Moment My = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fyleg*0.59 sqm. Resultant Compressive Load = Rzc =Fz+ 1. Weight of Superimposed Soil. Soil body to Resist Uplift Say minimum length of pile =9 m Depth of pile. Height of column. Wcol = 13.0 + FyRes*(t+h+h''-0.1 .22 kNs.Pile Design Load Against Compressive Load : Maximum compresive load that a pile will be imposed can be expressed by : So Rcmax = 698.W's = 3429.15) =376. Weight of Pad. The base size of the soil frustum at the lowest point b' = 4.2 m The base size of the soil frustum at Mid Height . Dia of the Pile. d = 10.38 kNs Bouyant Weight of Superimposed Soil. Giasuddin Page 5 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 . Dp = 600 mm. L/B = 4500 mm.15) = 566. f = 300 mm. d1x and d1y denote the distances from pile center to cap center along X or Y Direction.0 + Fyres*(t+h+h''-0.9 m.39 kN. h'' = 280. t = 1250 mm. Pile Center to center Distance = 1800 mm. h' = 400 mm.m Moment My = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fyleg*0.5 kNs.8^2 = 19.W'pad . Wpad = 607. R Tmax = ( Pile weight is to be considered during Pile schedule) R zt 8 M x *d1x ∑ dix 2 M y *d1y ∑ diy 2 4.28 kNs.m 4 : Design Calculation for Pile : Reaction of pile with applied vertical loads and biaxial bending moment can be expressed by the following equation: RV = R V M x *d1x M y *d1y ± ± 8 ∑ dix 2 ∑ diy 2 2 Where .2m X4.15) = 408. Foundation Geometry : Size of the column = 900 mmX900 mm.313 m.Minimum Length of Pile Group Against Uprooting : Md. b =5.0 + FxRes*(t+h+h''-0.83 kNs.44 Sqm. h = 700 mm. W'pad = 354. W'col = 7. So a = d/2 = 5.38 kNs Moment Mx = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fxleg*0.41 kN.247 m Average Area = (4.15) = 218.247^2)/2 =22.2 . Cap Thickness.94 kNs Bouyant Weight of Pad. Length/Width of the Cap.35*(Wcol+Wpad+Ws) = 5150. W's = 42.0 + Fxres*(t+h+h''-0. Ws =103. Bouyant Weight of Column.53 kNs Foundation Layout Detail Typical Pile Cap Section Loads on Pile top : For Maximum Comp.5 mm.247 m X5. 4.3 .12 kN.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 3.61 kNs. R Cmax = ( Pile weight is to be considered during Pile schedule) R zc 8 M x *d1x ∑ dix 2 M y *d1y ∑ diy 2 4.W'col .m For Maximum Uplift : Resultant Uplift = Rzt=Fz . In this case d1x=d1y= 0.Pile Design Load Against Uplift : g g p Maximum compresive load that a pile will be imposed can be expressed by : So Rtmax = 518. of Pile Per Leg = 8 Nos Weight Calculation Weight of Column. No. ∑ dix ∑ diy 2 6*1.2^2+5.

appendix C of IS: 2911) For fixed head piles .sqcm. E 5 EI K1 and fc ' d4 64 K1 = 0.2 m and H = d = 10.57 kNs Resultant Uplift = 3429. = 13.36kNs. Which is less than 3797. Md. So OK.38 kNs.4 .366 cm.28*7=1863.8 kN Kp h Lf/T = 2.(797.99 kN 1+sin 1-Sin 3.57 kNs So OK. Lf = 5.01 cum The upper soil volume = 5.313= 146.5 2 a 109.59 * 5.04^2)=1270. L= B = b' = 4.15.57 m So depth of fixity.31 kN Passive resistance by Cap Only ( Same in x and y face) = = 30 Degree y = Submerged Density of soil = 7 kN/Cum.88 kN Lateral Load carried by a single Pile = 140.( soil to soil co-efficient of earth pressure) Pd= d.30)*1.27 109 27 kN Where k p = Co-efficient of passive earth pressure = γ=Submerged density of soil =7 kN/Cum.02 kN Lateral Load carried by a single Pile = 158.53 m Deflection.375 kNs So fs = 21.25*4. to figure no 2 .27 cum Total soil Volume = 266. Passive Pressure on Cap Where. Pd =7 *10 625 = 74 375 kNs.8 kN Net Fx = Leg Shear = 797.00 b' GL Cap Top 300 Design shear carried by a single Pile Qmax = 158. 636172.53^2)=1127.04^2+898.55+0.146 For Submerged Loose Sand 25742. 7 10.5) = 3797. 4.75 kN For Max Uplift: Fy = Leg Shear = 906.04 kN Vres=Sqrt.5 cm4 4700 I EI = 163769889855 kg. 1250 Fx = Leg Shear = 906. T Where .04 kN Net Fy = Leg Shear = 898.75 kN For fixed head pile depth of fixity is given by Cap Bot.53^2+797.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA . Net Fx = Leg Shear = 898.625 m.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) So Frustum Volume = 22.66 mm.247^2*5.Check for pile head deflection: For Max Compression: Fx = Leg Shear = 1007.53 kN Vres=Sqrt.31 kN Fy = Leg Shear = 1007.96 kN Skin resistance of pile group is Given by : GL Qsu =2 * ( L B) * H * f s Where L and B are the overall length and width of pile group. H is the depth of soil block and f s is the unit skin friction which is given by fs Ks =1 . Y = Q*(Lf)^3/12EI = 1. Which is less than 25mm.3125 =120. Allowable capacity (FS=1. Giasuddin Page 6 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 L d b .96 Mpa = 257430 kg/sqcm.53 kN Net Fy = Leg Shear = 797.03 cm = 2. a 1 K p Tan 2 s d Passive resistance by Pile Cap is 1 k p γ*(1 55+0 30)*1 25*4 5 = γ*(1.4 kNs Ultimate uplift capacity of pile group = Skin Resistance + Submerged Weight of soil body = 5696.28 Cum Total weight of soil body = 266. So Qsu = 3832.47 kN/Sqm. (Ref.625 74.(898. So T = 257.

93 kN.67 kN. So Development length ld required = 1228 mm. Embedded Length of Rebar. 20 mm Provide 12 nos 20mm dia.016 For the above values.61 Total Nos.793 = 292.m Section-5 : Structural Design of Chimney & Pile Cap 5.where∑ o is the total perimeter of all rebars.00 mm b = 900 mm d' = 66 mm d'/D = 0.0 Mpa 1 of 12 of dia.83 kN Uplift load = Rt = 518.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA .Ultimate Stress on Pile Section For Max Compression For fixed head long pile : Moment M=m.m For Max Uplift M = 319. Compression = 2129.61 kN Residual shear : Fxmax = 299.m For Max Uplift ultimate Moment . Pu = 2129610.5 . As per Code Min Rebar Required = 0.93 kN.3 Mpa. So Mu = 319.75 kN. so Ok. Compression t b resisted b th rebars i chimney = F = 2129 61 kN C i to be i t d by the b in hi Fz 2129.mm D = 900.20 kN Fymax = 215. Ultimate bond stress in compression bars uu is given by : uu=0. graph ( see annexure-1 ) shows that no rebar is needed. F s .96 kN y M = Fxy* 0.67 kN. Fs=Fz uu ∑ o Cap thgickness is = 1250 mm and Clear Cover at bottom = 75 mm Let Chimney rebar rest on the bottom mesh of cap.m Ultimate loads on Single Pile : Compressive load = Rc = 698.m For Max Uplift Q = Hu = 140. As per BS 8110.22 kN 50% of Ult. Md.96 kN For Max Compression ultimate Moment .00 N Mu = 292582755. So Mu = 359.6 kN.004*900^2 = 3240 mm2 Consider Bar Dia.99 kN.MF = 0. of reinforcement is 12 of dia 20 12mm.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 4.89 kN Resultant Fxy = 368.m For Max Compression.1 .0 Mpa fy = 415. Q = Hu = 158.1 N.93 kN. Mu = 359.67 kN.105 Mu /fckbD2 = 0.5√fc' Mpa Column Section Development length l d is given by : l d = So Uu = 2.Design of Chimney : Ultimate Compression = 4259. So Embedded length provided = 1250-75-32 = 1143 mm which is more than requirement.82*Q*Lf/2 = For Max Compression M = 359. Mu = 319. Giasuddin Page 7 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .073 mm fck = 25.m. 20 mm Pu/fckbD = 0.

Where .39 Mpa. b = Length of Angle Shear Connector = 160 mm t = Thickness of Angle Shear Connector = 20 mm r = Radius of fillet = 40 mm w = width of angle shear connector = 150 So P = 537. b = 4500 mm Consider clear cover 75 and dia of Bar 16 mm . d ( Inner Layer) = 1250-75-16 .2.19 mm.2 ..66 kN Where. This is greater than applied stress so consideration is quite Ok. Published by The American Society of Civil Engineers) x = 68.2.2.61 kN Consider 4 cleat group with 4 three cleats in each group. 5.Vc =2*698. 239. Where . Rmax = 698.a Check For Compression: Ultimate Compression = 4259. Md.23 kN Consider 4 cleat group with 4 three cleats in each group.3.19 ⎣1 19 f 'c ⎦ 1/ 2 r x / 2) w r t.Design of Pile Cap : 5.47 kN >239.83 kN So Total Shear. Vc = Vc/bd = 0.52 Mpa.1 kN So OK .Check for position of Piles : Distance from pile edge to pile cap edge.1.19 f 'c ⎦ 1/ 2 r x / 2) w r t.2.= 2129. This is greater than applied stress.2. Design of Latticed Steel Transmission Structures. : Art.1. x = 200 mm Distance from pile center to pile cap edge = 500 mm Diameter of punching plane. Load Carried by each Cleat =0.19 mm.8 = 1151 mm dave. The size of cleats is 150X150X20 . ( Ref. In present case which is coming 1. In present case which is coming 0.2.64 Load carried by each cleat = 239 64 kN The Capacity P of each cleat is given by : P x 1. where d is the effective depth of cap. so consideration is quite Ok./16 = 133.19 f 'c b(t ⎡ Fy ⎤ t⎢ ⎥ 1. 5.1.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA .2 . dave = ( 1167+1151 )/2 = 1159 mm So. 1. Where Rmax=Rc or Rt whichever is larger.27 Mpa AS per ACI Shear Stress applied to concrete should be less than 0. So d ( Outer Layer) = 1250-75-8 =1167 mm .mm Punching stress developed = Rmax*1000/502600 = 1.b Check For Uplift: Ultimate Uplift = 3834.Check cap thickness for Flexural Shear : Total shear acting at a distance d/2 from the face of the column = 3*Rmax. x = 68. The size of cleats is 150X150X20 .83 kN AS per ACI Shear Stress applied to concrete should be less than 0.47 kN >133.Check Punching of cleats: 5.39 Mpa Where Rmax is the Maximum pile reaction = Rcmax = 698.93 Mpa.83 =1397.17√f'c Mpa.5* Ccomp.7.34√f'c Mpa. Giasuddin Page 8 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 . y = 800 mm Perimeter of punching plane = PI()*800 =2513 mm So area of concrete to resist punching of pile = 2513*200 = 502600 Sq..COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 5.19 f 'c b(t ⎡ Fy ⎤ t⎢ ⎥ ⎣1.22 kN Compression to be carried by cleats = 50% of Comp. length 160 . b = Length of Angle Shear Connector = 160 mm t = Thickness of Angle Shear Connector = 20 mm r = Radius of fillet = 40 mm w = width of angle shear connector = 150 So P = 537.64 kN So OK .1 kN The Capacity P of each cleat is given by : P x 1. length 160 . 5.6.

84 Mpa Cap Reinforcement Plan at Top Cap Reinforcement Plan at Bottom 42 Nos.85* fc ' 600 f y 600 fy b= 0.Top Reinforcement : Consider clear cover 50 and dia of Bar 16 mm .8 = 1151 mm dmin = MIN( 1151.51 mm 0. Development length ld is given by : l d = So Development length ld required = 247 mm Fs .m.m Assuming depth of stress block. As = M*1000000/(0.2.01640194 Mu d fy ⎞ ⎛ f ybd 2 ⎜1 0.9*fy*(d-a/2)) = 3212 mm2 (Ref.2 .59 ⎟ .3 -Vertical Reinforcement Around The pile cap : Total uplift to be resisted by the vertical rebars around the pile cap = Fz = 3834. So d (Outer Layer) = 1250-75-8 = 1167 mm. By-Nilson & Winter. Where f 'c ⎠ ⎝ Mu f y b(1 0.10th Ed.5. Mdes = 1886. So d (Outer Layer) = 1250 -50-8 = 1192 mm Where d is the effective depth of cap from Cap Bottom to Rebar center at Top.10th Ed.85*0. So As = 3212 mm2 Min Rebar Required = 0. As per BS 8110.Bottom Reinforcement : Consider clear cover 75 and dia of Bar 16 mm . of Bars = 42 Nos 5. a = 22.0015bt = 8437.It will be suffient for development length.) Check for a a = As*fy/(. So if all top bars are bent downwards this will be good enough for uplift.4 . of Dia. 16 mm along both dic. Ultimate bond stress in tension bars uu is given by : Uu = 0.m Assuming depth of stress block.6 mm Consideration is OK. 42 Nos.5..5 .. of Bars = 42 Nos 5. d ( Inner Layer) = 1250 -75 -16 . -Design of concrete structure.where∑ o is the total perimeter of all rebars. Where x' = 1.8 = 1176 mm d = Min(1192. So As = 4433 mm2.02187 0.1167) = 1151 mm Compressive pile reactions will produce tension at the bottom of the cap.Page 83 .6 mm Area of steel.5 mm2 Consider bar Size = 16 mm So Nos.73 mm2 Total Nos.. But Min Rebar Required = 0.2.841 kN. ρ b =0.8 kN.9 Which is less than dprovide . So Mmax=3*Rmax*x' . so OK 5.Page 83 .5 mm2 Consider bar Size = 16 mm So Nos. where d is the effective depth of cap.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA . 16 mm along both dic.2.7/Fy = 13198.85*fc'*b) = 22.59 fy fc ' ) 290.35 m Mdes = 1401.5.19 kN. a = 16.75* b max= = 0. -Design of concrete structure.0015bt = 8437.) Check for a a = As*fy/(. As = M*1000000/(0.1 . By-Nilson & Winter. of Dia. (Ref.2. Where x' = 1.9*fy*(d-a/2)) =4433 mm2.23 kN So As = Fz*1000/0.4 mm Area of steel. Md.Reinforcement Calculation : 5.85*fc'*b) = 16.1176) = 1176 mm Tensile pile reactions will produce tension at the top of the cap. d ( Inner Layer) = 1250 -50-16 . of top reinforcement is 168 whose total area is 33778 mm2.4 mm Consideration is OK.350 m Mmax= 1886.4√fc' = 1.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 5. Fs=Fz uu ∑ o Provide all top bars bent downwards for the half depth of the cap.2. Giasuddin Page 9 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 . So Mu= 2*Rt*x' .Check for Bending Moment : Maximum moment acting at the face of the column=2*Maximum pile reaction*distance between pile center to column face.

6 .2 Design for Tension Plus Bending N = Normal Load = 518960. 6.00 N fc = 30.9 Sqmm.1 Design of upper segment of pile 6.96 kN Ultimate Moment For Maximum Compression .5 meter.5 ⎟ f A ⎝ ⎠ c c M ⎛ c ⎞ ⎜ 1.1 Design for Compression Plus Bending g p g Pile diameter. to clause4.00 MPa M = Moment = 359930000.2. Hu ( for Uplift ) = 140.93 kN.063 = 0. ( Ref.m 6.5 N = Normal Load = 698830.1 at a distance 8.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 5.3 ( From chart of Annexure-2 ) Pile Section at Lower Segment Hu h= 1st Segment Length of pile So Atot = 1.99 kN So Moment =-0.5.5 ⎟ A f ⎝ ⎠ c c c = 1.mm so And For above values of & = 0. ⎛ c ⎞ N ⎜ 1.00 N fc = 30.0 2 Where k p = Co-efficient of passive earth pressure = 1+sin 1-Sin 3. of Bar = 9 Nos. Mu = 319.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA . Giasuddin Page 10 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .5 Acfc/ cfy = 6131. Uplift case is taken into consideration.4 . 6.Structural Design of Pile Ultimate loads on Single Pile : Compressive load = Rc = 698.83 kN Uplift load = Rt = 518.00 N. Length of fixity is 5.194 m from Pile Top Kp h Passive Pressure on Pile Md.97 meter below the point of fixity. of dia. Rebar Dia = 25 mm So Nos.2 ( From chart of Annexure-2 ) Pile Section at Upper Segment So Atot = 1. h = 600 mm Ac = /4h2 = 282743.1.082 = 0. Mu = 359.00 Since Tension plus Bending combination requires more reinforcement than that of compression plus bending combination.67 kN.53 meter.3 Sqmm.071 = 0. of Bar = 13 Nos.Check for pile head deflection: ) For safe dissipation of moment at the point of fixity designed rebar is extended by 2. Provide 14 nos. Hence length of upper segment of the pile is 8. of 10mm dia bar around the cap distributed along the whole depth with 300 mm lapping at the joint.00 N.8 Sqmm. 25mm.1.061 = 0.m Ultimate Moment For Max Uplift .2 Calculation to Find Point of Zero Moment in the Pile Moment at aheight h is Hu * h 1 k p γh*h*Pile Dia*h/3 =0.mm so And For above values of & = 0. Rebar Dia = 25 mm So Nos.5 Acfc/ cfy = 4087.00 MPa M = Moment = 319670000.4 -Horizontal Reinforcement Around The pile cap : Provide 5 nos.5 ⎟ f A h ⎝ ⎠ c c ⎛ c ⎞ Atot f y ⎜ 1.

004*X-Sectinal area of pile = 1131 mm2.6 m (h should be measured from GL but 1st segment of pile is considered Conservatively) Upper segment considered = 8.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) h = 8.194 m and Pile Dia = 0.5 = 16. Giasuddin Page 11 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .7. 7 nos.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA .96 .02 Sqm So. Pd=8.192. Frictional Resistance by soil=0.Frictional Resistance by Soil Skin Friction is given by = 0.7*59.61 kN Net Tension at the point = 518.61 = 326.5*Tan15*16. = = 30 Degree Submerged Density of soil = 7 KN/Cum Md.7*415=290.02 = 192.35 kN Tensile Force to be resisted = 326350 N Consider no tension to be resisted by concrete that means all tensile forces shall be resisted by rebar only.5 *7 = 59.6*8.5 kN/Sqm As=PI()*0.5 Mpa So Rebar area required to resist Tensile force = 326350 / 290. Ks=0.5*Ks*Pd*tand*As g y Where. of dia 16 mm for the lower segment is ok from structural point and minimum requirement as well. Yield Strength of Rebar = 415 Mpa So Tensile Strength Can be considered as = 0.5*0.5 = 1124 mm2 Minimum Rebar for pile section is = 0.5 meter Rebar Requirement to Resist Tensile force : Acting tension at any point = Tension at pile top .

Giasuddin Page 12 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) Annexure-1: Reinforcement Chart for Chimney Md.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA .

POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA . Giasuddin Page 13 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) Annexure-2: Reinforcement Chart for Pile Md.

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