1st Subm.

17-Apr-11
Md. Giasuddin
Foundat i on Desi gn Cal cul at i on of Tower Type 2DT6 For
Soi l Cat egor y-2
Submission
Status
Date
AUTHORITY NAME & SIGN DATE Paper Size Language Total Sheets
DESIGNED BY
Md. Giasuddin
17-Apr-11 For approval A4 English 13
CHECKED BY
Md. Giasuddin
For construction Scale : N/A
Revision
1st Sub.
APPROVED BY As Built
SUBMISSION SOUGHT
Document No. :
PGCB/230kV/TL/B-C/Lot-3/Des.Cal/Local/08
Designed By Description Approved By
EMPLOYER :
POWER GRID COMPANY OF
BANGLADESH LTD.
CONTRACTOR :
SANERGY CO.
NAME OF PROJECT :
DESIGN-BUILD AND TRUNKEY CONTRACT FOR CONSTRUCTION OF 230kV BIBYANA -
COMILLA TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3)
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
Cont ent s Page No.
1. Gener al . 03
1. 1 Foundat ion Loads 03
Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 2
FOR BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
1.2 Geot echnical I nformat ion 03
1. 3 Foundat ion St rengt h Fact ors 03
1. 4 Fact ored Foundat ion Loads 03
1. 5 Codes & St andards Considered 03
1.6 Mat erial Propert ies 03
1.7 Geomet rical Dat a of t he Tower 2DT6 03
1. 8 Layout Plan Of t he Foundat ion 04
2. Resi dual Shear Cal cul at i on 04
3. Foundat i on Geomet r y 05
4 : Desi gn Cal cul at i on f or Pi l e 05
4. 1 - Pile Design Load Against Compressive Load 05
4.2 - Pile Design Load Against Uplift 05 g oad ga Up 05
4. 3 - Minimum Lengt h of Pile Group Against Uproot ing 05
4. 4 - Check for pile head deflect ion 06
4. 5 - Ult imat e St ress on Pile Sect ion 07
Sect i on- 5 : St r uct ur al Desi gn of Chi mney & Pi l e Cap 07
5.1 - Design of Chimney 07
5 2 D i f Pil C 08 5.2 - Design of Pile Cap 08
5. 2. 1. - Check Punching of cleat s 08
5.2.1.a Check For Compression 08
5.2.1.b Check For Uplift 08
5.2.2 - Check cap t hickness for Flexural Shear 08
5.2.3.- Check for posit ion of Piles 08
5.2.4 - Check for Bending Moment 09
5.2.5 - Reinforcement Calculat ion 09
5.2.5.1 - Bot t om Reinforcement 08
5.2.5.2 - Top Reinforcement 09
5.2.5.3 - Vert ical Reinforcement Around The pile cap 09
5.2.5.4 - Horizont al Reinforcement Around The pile cap 10
6 - St r uct ur al Desi gn of Pi l e 10
6. 1 Design of upper segment of pile 10
6. 1. 1 Design for Compression Plus Bending 10
6. 1. 2 Design for Tension Plus Bending 10
6.2 Calculat ion t o Find Point of Zero Moment in t he Pile 10
Annexure- 1 12
Annexure- 2 13
Giasuddin Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 2 FOR
1. Gener al .
1. 1 Foundat i on Loads :
Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC 2 FOR
BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
The objective of this generic design is to compute loads on individual pile top, length of fixity of pile and is to design pile, pile cap and chimney. If not
mentioned otherwise, values with suffices x, y and z indicate three global directions with outward positive.
F
z
( k N ) F
x
( k N) F
y
( k N)
3154.98 893.33 831.62
2840.17 893.33 831.62
1. 2 Geot echni cal I nf or mat i on:
I t ems
Max Compression Case
Max Uplift Case
Ul t i mat e Loads Al ong Gl obal Di r ect i on ( Pul l and Thr ust Ver t i cal )
Angle of Int. Friction, ø = 32 Degree
Soil Density = 18 kN/Cum.
Soil Submerged Density = 8 kN/Cum.
Frustum angle = 15 Degree; As per techinical specification
1. 3 Foundat i on St r engt h Fact or s :
2DL 2D1
Appl i ed Loadi ng Case
St r engt h Fact or
2D25 2DT6
1. 4. Fact or ed Foundat i on Loads.
Factored Loads by using Foundation Strength Factor from Appendix (7.A2),Volume 2 of 3
F ( k N ) F ( k N) F ( k N)
2DL, 2D1
1.35 1.23
Fact or ed Ul t i mat e Loads Al ong Gl obal Di r ect i on ( Pul l and Thr ust Ver t i cal )
2D25, 2DT6
For All Load Cases
I t ems F
z
( k N ) F
x
( k N) F
y
( k N)
4259.22 1206.00 1122.69
3834.23 1206.00 1122.69
1.5 Codes & St andar ds Consi der ed :
ACI
BS 8110
Max Long. Case in Uplift
Max Long. Case in Comp.
I t ems
1.6 Mat er i al Pr oper t i es and Cl ear Cover :
28 days cube strength of concrete for Pile; fc' = 30 Mpa.
28 days cube strength of concrete for Pile-Cap; fc' = 25 Mpa.
Corresponding cylinder strength of concrete for Pile-Cap; fc' = 21.25 Mpa.
Yield Strength Reinforcing Steel ;fy = 415 Mpa.
Concrete Clear Cover at top and sides of Cap & Column is = 50 mm.
Concrete Clear Cover for sides of Pile is = 75 mm.
Unit Weight of Concrete = 24 kN/Cum.
1.7 Geomet r i cal Dat a of t he Tow er 2DT6 :
Face Slope = Ø = 13.306 Degree.
Diagonal Slope = Ø = 18.493 Degree.
Md. Giasuddin Page 3 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 2 FOR Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC 2 FOR
BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
1. 8 Lay out Pl an Of t he Foundat i on
450 1800 1800 450
4
5
0
450 1800 1800 450
4
5
0
4
5
0
0
900
9
0
0
1
8
0
0
1
8
0
0
4
5
0
0
900
9
0
0
1
8
0
0
1
8
0
0
4500
CP
4
5
0
4500
4
5
0
4500
4
5
0
4500
4
5
0
4
5
0
0
900
9
0
0
1
8
0
0
1
8
0
0
4
5
0
0
900
9
0
0
1
8
0
0
1
8
0
0
Layout Plan of Foundation
450 1800 1800 450
4
5
0
450 1800 1800 450
4
5
0
2. Resi dual Shear Cal cul at i on :
F
x l eg
F
yl eg
F
x Res
= F
x
- F
x l eg
F
yRes
= F
y
- F
yl eg
Max Compression Case 4259.22 1007.31 1007.31 1206.00 1122.69 198.69 115.38
Max Uplift Case 3834.23 906.80 906.80 1206.00 1122.69 299.20 215.89
Ver t i cal Loads
F
z
( k N )
I t ems
Resi dual Shear ( k N )
F
x
( k N) F
y
( k N)
Leg Shear ( k N ) = F
z
* Tano
Md. Giasuddin Page 4 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 2 FOR Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC 2 FOR
BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
3. Foundat i on Geomet r y :
Size of the column = 900 mmX900 mm.
Dia of the Pile, Dp = 600 mm.
h'' = 280.5 mm.
h' 400 h' = 400 mm.
f = 300 mm.
Pile Center to center Distance = 1800 mm.
Height of column, h = 700 mm.
Length/Width of the Cap, L/B = 4500 mm.
Cap Thickness, t = 1250 mm.
No. of Pile Per Leg = 8 Nos
Wei ght Cal cul at i on
Weight of Column, Wcol = 13.61 kNs.
Weight of Pad, Wpad = 607.5 kNs.
Weight of Superimposed Soil, Ws =109.35 kNs.
Bouyant Weight of Column, W'col = 7.94 kNs
Bouyant Weight of Pad, W'pad = 354.38 kNs
Bouyant Weight of Superimposed Soil, W's = 48.6 kNs
Loads on Pi l e t op :
Foundation Layout Detail Typical Pile Cap Section
For Max i mum Comp.
Resultant Compressive Load = Rzc =Fz+ 1.35*(Wcol+Wpad+Ws) = 5157.69 kNs.
Moment Mx = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fxleg*0.0 + FxRes*(t+h+h''-0.15) =376.12 kN.m
Moment My = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fyleg*0.0 + FyRes*(t+h+h''-0.15) = 218.41 kN.m
For Max i mum Upl i f t :
Resultant Uplift = Rzt=Fz - W'col - W'pad - W's = 3423.31 kNs
Moment Mx = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fxleg*0.0 + Fxres*(t+h+h''-0.15) = 566.39 kN.m
Moment My = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fyleg*0.0 + Fyres*(t+h+h''-0.15) = 408.68 kN.m
4 : Desi gn Cal cul at i on f or Pi l e :
Reaction of pile with applied vertical loads and biaxial bending moment can be expressed by the following equation:
y
V x
V 2 2
M *d1y
R M *d1x
R = ± ±
8 dix diy
∑ ∑
Where , d1x and d1y denote the distances from pile center to cap center along X or Y Direction. In this case d1x=d1y= 0.9 m.
6*1.8^2 = 19.44 Sqm.
4. 1 - Pi l e Desi gn Load Agai nst Compr essi v e Load :
Maximum compresive load that a pile will be imposed can be expressed by :
So Rcmax = 699.76 k Ns. ( Pile weight is to be considered during Pile schedule)
4.2 - Pi l e Desi gn Load Agai nst Upl i f t :
∑ ∑
= =
2 2
diy dix
y
zc x
Cmax 2 2
M *d1y
R M *d1x
R =
8 dix diy
+ +
∑ ∑
g g p
Maximum compresive load that a pile will be imposed can be expressed by :
So Rt max = 518.2 k Ns. ( Pile weight is to be considered during Pile schedule)
4. 3 - Mi ni mum Lengt h of Pi l e Gr oup Agai nst Upr oot i ng :
Soi l body t o Resi st Upl i f t
Say minimum length of pile =8 m
Depth of pile, d = 9.625 m. So a = d/2 = 4.813 m.
The base size of the soil frustum at the lowest point b' = 4.2m X4.2 m
The base size of the soil frustum at Mid Height ; b =4.979 m X4.979 m
Average Area = (4.2^2+4.979^2)/2 =21.22 sqm.
y
zt x
Tmax 2 2
M *d1y
R M *d1x
R =
8 dix diy
+ +
∑ ∑
Md. Giasuddin Page 5 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 2 FOR Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC 2 FOR
BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
So Frustum Volume = 21.22 * 4.8125 =102.12 cum
The upper soil volume = 4.979^2*4.813= 119.32 cum
Total soil Volume = 221.44 Cum
Total weight of soil body = 221.44*8=1771.52 kN
Skin resistance of pile group is Given by :
GL
Q =2*( ) * * L B H f +
Ks =1 ;( soil to soil co-efficient of earth pressure)
P
d
=yd, o = o= 32 Degree
y = Submerged Density of soil = 8 kN/Cum.
Pd =8 *9 625 = 77 kNs
a
su
s
Q =2*( ) * *
Where L and B are the overall length and width of pile group,
H is the depth of soil block and f is the unit skin friction
1
which is given by
2
s
s d
L B H f
fs K p Tano
+
=
Pd 8 9.625 77 kNs.
So fs = 24.06 kN/Sqm.
L= B = b' = 4.2 m and H = d = 9.625 m.
So Qsu = 3890.5 kNs
Allowable capacity (FS=1.5) = 3774.68 kNs
Resultant Uplift = 3423.31 kNs.
Whi ch i s l ess t han 3774.68 k Ns So OK.
Ultimate uplift capacity of pile group = Skin Resistance +
Submerged Weight of soil body = 5662.02kNs.
b
d
L
Whi ch i s l ess t han 3774.68 k Ns So OK.
4.4 - Check f or pi l e head def l ect i on:
For Max Compr essi on:
Fx = Leg Shear = 1007.31 kN
Fy = Leg Shear = 1007.31 kN
Passive resistance by Cap Only ( Same in x and y face)
135 47 kN
a
1
Passive resistance by Pile Cap is k γ*(1 55+0 30)*1 25*4 5 = = 135.47 kN
3.25
γ=Submerged density of soil =8 kN/Cum.
Net Fx = Leg Shear = 871.84 kN
Net Fy = Leg Shear = 871.84 kN
Vres=Sqrt.(871.84^2+871.84^2)=1232.97 kN
Lateral Load carried by a single Pile = 154.12 kN
b'
GL
Cap Top
3
0
0
p
1+sin
Where k = Co-efficient of passive earth pressure =
1-Sin
o
o
=
p
Passive resistance by Pile Cap is k γ*(1.55+0.30)*1.25*4.5 =
2
=
For Max Upl i f t :
Fx = Leg Shear = 906.8 kN
Fy = Leg Shear = 906.8 kN
Net Fx = Leg Shear = 771.33 kN
Net Fy = Leg Shear = 771.33 kN
Vres=Sqrt.(771.33^2+771.33^2)=1090.83 kN
Lateral Load carried by a single Pile = 136.35 kN
Desi gn shear car r i ed by a si ngl e Pi l e Qmax = 154.12 k N
Kp h
Cap Bot.
1
2
5
0
Desi gn shear car r i ed by a si ngl e Pi l e Qmax 154.12 k N
For fixed head pile depth of fixity is given by
L
f
/T = 2.15; (Ref. to figure no 2 , appendix C of IS: 2911) For fixed head piles .
K1 = 0.146 For Submer ged Medi um Dense Sand
Where ; 25742.96 Mpa = 257430 kg/sqcm.
636172.5 cm4 EI = 163769889855 kg.sqcm.
So T = 257.03 cm = 2.57 m
So depth of fixity, Lf = 5.53 m
Deflection, Y = Q*(Lf)^3/12EI = 1.326 cm. = 13.26 mm; Which is less than 25mm, So OK.
5
Where, 1 and T EI K =
4700 '
c
E f = =
4
64
d
I
r
= =
Kp h
Passive Pressure on Cap
Md. Giasuddin Page 6 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 2 FOR Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC 2 FOR
BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
4. 5 - Ul t i mat e St r ess on Pi l e Sect i on
For Max Compr essi on
For f i x ed head l ong pi l e :
Moment M=m.M
F
= 0.82*Q*Lf/2 =
For Max Compression M = 349.44 kN.m
For Max Uplift M = 309.15 kN.m
For Max Compr essi on.
Q = Hu = 154.12 kN.
So Mu = 349.44 kN.m
For Max Upl i f t
Q = Hu = 136.35 kN.
So Mu = 309.15 kN.m
Ul t i mat e l oads on Si ngl e Pi l e :
Compressive load = Rc = 699.76 kN
Uplift load = Rt = 518.2 kN
For Max Compression ultimate Moment , Mu = 349.44 kN.m
For Max Uplift ultimate Moment , Mu = 309.15 kN.m
Sect i on- 5 : St r uct ur al Desi gn of Chi mney & Pi l e Cap
5.1 - Desi gn of Chi mney :
Ultimate Compression = 4259.22 kN
50% of Ult. Compression = 2129.61 kN
Resi dual shear :
F
xmax
= 299.20 kN
F
ymax
= 215.89 kN
Resultant F
xy
= 368.96 kN
M = Fxy* 0.793 = 292.6 kN.m. 1 of 12 of dia. 20 mm y
P
u
= 2129610.00 N
M
u
= 292582755.1 N.mm
D = 900.00 mm
b = 900 mm
d' = 66 mm
d'/D = 0.073 mm
f
ck
= 25.0 Mpa
f
y
= 415.0 Mpa
P
u
/f
ck
bD =
0.105
M
u
/f
ck
bD
2
=
0.016
For the above values, graph ( see annexure-1 ) shows that no rebar is needed.
As per Code Min Rebar Required = 0.004*900^2 = 3240 mm2
Consider Bar Dia. 20 mm
Pr ovi de 12 nos 20mm di a.
Embedded Lengt h of Rebar .
C i t b i t d b th b i hi F 2129 61 kN
Column Section
Compression to be resisted by the rebars in chimney = Fz = 2129.61 kN
Total Nos. of reinforcement is 12 of dia 20 12mm.
As per BS 8110, Ultimate bond stress in compression bars u
u
is given by : u
u
=0.5√fc' Mpa
So Uu = 2.3 Mpa. So Development length ld required = 1228 mm.
Cap thgickness is = 1250 mm and Clear Cover at bottom = 75 mm
Let Chimney rebar rest on the bottom mesh of cap. So Embedded length provided = 1250-75-32 = 1143 mm which is more than requirement, so Ok.
s
d d
u
F
Development length l is given by : l = ;where o is the total perimeter of all rebars, Fs=Fz
u o


Md. Giasuddin Page 7 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 2 FOR Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC 2 FOR
BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
5. 2 - Desi gn of Pi l e Cap :
5. 2. 1. - Check Punchi ng of cl eat s:
5.2.1.a Check For Compr essi on:
Ultimate Compression = 4259.22 kN
Compression to be carried by cleats = 50% of Comp.= 2129.61 kN
Consider 4 cleat group with 4 three cleats in each group. The size of cleats is 150X150X20 ; length 160 .
The Capacity P of each cleat is given by :
Where , b = Length of Angle Shear Connector = 160 mm
t = Thickness of Angle Shear Connector = 20 mm
r = Radius of fillet = 40 mm
Load Carried by each Cleat =0.5* Ccomp./16 = 133.1 kN
1/ 2
1.19 ' ( / 2)
.
1 19 '
c
y
P f b t r x
F
x t w r t
f
= + +
⎡ ⎤
= s ÷ ÷
⎢ ⎥
⎣ ⎦
w = width of angle shear connector = 150
( Ref. : Art.7.6.2, Design of Latticed Steel Transmission Structures; Published by The American Society of Civil Engineers)
x = 68.19 mm; So P = 537.47 k N > 133.1 k N So OK .
5. 2. 1. b Check For Upl i f t :
Ultimate Uplift = 3834.23 kN
Consider 4 cleat group with 4 three cleats in each group. The size of cleats is 150X150X20 ; length 160 .
Load carried by each cleat = 239 64 kN
1.19
c
f
⎣ ⎦
Load carried by each cleat = 239.64 kN
The Capacity P of each cleat is given by :
Where , b = Length of Angle Shear Connector = 160 mm
t = Thickness of Angle Shear Connector = 20 mm
r = Radius of fillet = 40 mm
w = width of angle shear connector = 150
x = 68.19 mm; So P = 537.47 k N > 239.64 k N So OK .
1/ 2
1.19 ' ( / 2)
.
1.19 '
c
y
c
P f b t r x
F
x t w r t
f
= + +
⎡ ⎤
= s ÷ ÷
⎢ ⎥
⎣ ⎦
5.2.2 - Check cap t hi ck ness f or Fl ex ur al Shear :
Total shear acting at a distance d/2 from the face of the column = 3*Rmax; Where Rmax=Rc or Rt whichever is larger.
Rmax = 699.76 kN
So Total Shear,Vc =2*699.76 =1399.52 kN
Where, b = 4500 mm
Consider clear cover 75 and dia of Bar 16 mm , So d ( Outer Layer) = 1250-75-8 =1167 mm , where d is the effective depth of cap.
d ( I nner Layer ) = 1250- 75- 16 - 8 = 1151 mm
dave = ( 1167+ 1151 ) / 2 = 1159 mm dav e. = ( 1167+ 1151 ) / 2 = 1159 mm
So, Vc = Vc/bd = 0.27 Mpa
5.2.3.- Check f or posi t i on of Pi l es :
Distance from pile edge to pile cap edge, x = 200 mm
Distance from pile center to pile cap edge = 500 mm
Diameter of punching plane, y = 800 mm
AS per ACI Shear Stress applied to concrete should be less than 0.17√f'c Mpa. In present case which is coming 0.93 Mpa. This is greater than applied
stress so consideration is quite Ok.
Perimeter of punching plane = PI()*800 =2513 mm
So area of concrete to resist punching of pile = 2513*200 = 502600 Sq.mm
Punching stress developed = Rmax*1000/502600 = 1.39 Mpa
Where Rmax is the Maximum pile reaction = Rcmax = 699.76 kN
AS per ACI Shear Stress applied to concrete should be less than 0.34√f'c Mpa. In present case
which is coming 1.52 Mpa. This is greater than applied stress, 1.39 Mpa, so consideration is quite
Ok.
Md. Giasuddin Page 8 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 2 FOR Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC 2 FOR
BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
5.2.4 - Check f or Bendi ng Moment :
So M
max
=3*R
max
*x' , Where x' = 1.350 m p
b
= 0.02187
M
max
= 1889.4 kN.m. p
max
= 0.75* p
b
= 0.01640194
Maximum moment acting at the face of the column=2*Maximum pile reaction*distance between pile center to column face.
f p ⎛ ⎞
b
' 600
ρ =0.85*0.85*
600
c
y y
f
f f +
290.70 mm Whi ch i s l ess t han d
pr ovi de
; so OK
5.2.5 - Rei nf or cement Cal cul at i on :
5.2.5.1 - Bot t om Rei nf or cement :
2
1 0.59 ...; 0.9
'
y
u y
c
f
M f bd Where
f
p
op o
⎛ ⎞
= ÷ =
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠
(1 0.59 )
'
u
y
y
c
M
d
f
f b
f
p
op
. = =
÷
Consider clear cover 75 and dia of Bar 16 mm , So d (Outer Layer) = 1250-75-8 = 1167 mm; where d is the effective depth of cap.
Compressive pile reactions will produce tension at the bottom of the cap.
Mdes = 1889.352 kN.m
Assuming depth of stress block, a = 22.7 mm
Area of steel, As = M*1000000/(0.9*fy*(d-a/2)) =4439 mm2.
( Ref . - Desi gn of concr et e st r uct ur e, By - Ni l son & Wi nt er ,Page 83 ,10t h Ed.)
d ( Inner Layer) = 1250 -75 -16 - 8 = 1151 mm
dmin = MIN( 1151,1167) = 1151 mm
42 Nos. of Dia. 16 mm along both dic.
Check for a
a = As* f y / ( .85* f c' * b) = 22.7 mm
Consideration is OK, So As = 4439 mm2.
But Min Rebar Required = 0.0015bt = 8437.5 mm2
Consider bar Size = 16 mm
So Nos. of Bars = 42 Nos
5.2.5.2 - Top Rei nf or cement :
Consider clear cover 50 and dia of Bar 16 mm , So d (Outer Layer) = 1250 -50-8 = 1192 mm
Where d is the effective depth of cap from Cap Bottom to Rebar center at Top.
Tensile pile reactions will produce tension at the top of the cap.
So Mu= 2*Rt*x' , Where x' = 1.35 m 42 Nos. of Dia. 16 mm along both dic.
Mdes = 1399.14 kN.m
Assumi ng dept h of st r ess bl ock , a = 16. 4 mm
d = Mi n( 1192,1176) = 1176 mm
d ( I nner Layer ) = 1250 - 50- 16 - 8 = 1176 mm
Cap Reinforcement Plan at Bottom
Area of steel, As = M*1000000/(0.9*fy*(d-a/2)) = 3208 mm2
( Ref . - Desi gn of concr et e st r uct ur e, By - Ni l son & Wi nt er ,Page 83 ,10t h Ed.)
Consi der at i on i s OK, So As = 3208 mm2
Min Rebar Required = 0.0015bt = 8437.5 mm2
Consider bar Size = 16 mm
So Nos. of Bars = 42 Nos
a = As* f y / ( .85* f c' * b) = 16.4 mm
Check for a
5. 2. 5. 3 - Ver t i cal Rei nf or cement Ar ound The pi l e cap :
Total uplift to be resisted by the vertical rebars around the pile cap = Fz = 3834.23 kN
So As = Fz*1000/0.7/Fy = 13198.73 mm2
Total Nos. of top reinforcement is 168 whose total area is 33778 mm2.
So if all top bars are bent downwards this will be good enough for uplift.
As per BS 8110, Ultimate bond stress in tension bars uu is given by : Uu = 0.4√fc' = 1.84 Mpa
So Development length ld required = 247 mm
Provide all top bars bent downwards for the hal f dept h of the cap.It will be suffient for development length.
Cap Reinforcement Plan at Top
s
d
u
F
Development length ld is given by : l = ;where o is the total perimeter of all rebars, Fs=Fz
u o


Md. Giasuddin Page 9 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
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BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
5. 2. 5. 4 - Hor i zont al Rei nf or cement Ar ound The pi l e cap :
Provide 5 nos. of 10mm dia bar around the cap distributed along the whole depth with 300 mm lapping at the joint.
6 - St r uct ur al Desi gn of Pi l e
Ul t i mat e l oads on Si ngl e Pi l e : Ul t i mat e l oads on Si ngl e Pi l e :
Compressive load = Rc = 699.76 kN
Uplift load = Rt = 518.2 kN
Ultimate Moment For Maximum Compression , Mu = 349.44 kN.m
Ultimate Moment For Max Uplift , Mu = 309.15 kN.m
6. 1 Desi gn of upper segment of pi l e
6.1.1 Desi gn f or Compr essi on Pl us Bendi ng g p g
Pile diameter, h = 600 mm
A
c
= r/4h
2
= 282743.3 Sqmm.
v
c
= 1.5
Pile Section at Upper Segment
1.5
1.5
1.5
c
c c
c
c c
tot y c
c c
N
f A
M
f A h
A f
A f
v
v
v
µ
v
u
⎛ ⎞
=
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠
⎛ ⎞
=
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠
⎛ ⎞
=
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠
N = Normal Load = 699760.00 N
f
c
= 30.00 MPa
M = Moment = 349440000.00 N.mm
so v = 0.082
And µ = 0.069
For above values of v & µ u = 0.2 ( From chart of Annexure-2 )
So A
tot
= 1.5uA
c
f
c
/v
c
f
y
= 4087.9 Sqmm.
Rebar Dia = 25 mm
Pile Section at Lower Segment
So Nos. of Bar = 9 Nos.
6. 1. 2 Desi gn f or Tensi on Pl us Bendi ng
N = Normal Load = 518200.00 N
f
c
= 30.00 MPa
M = Moment = 309150000.00 N.mm
so v = 0.061
And µ = 0.061
For above values of v & µ u = 0.28 ( From chart of Annexure-2 )
Hu
So A
tot
= 1.5uA
c
f
c
/v
c
f
y
= 5723.0 Sqmm.
Rebar Dia = 25 mm
So Nos. of Bar = 12 Nos.
Provide 13 nos. of dia. 25mm.
Length of fixity is 5.53 meter. ( Ref. to clause4.4 - Check for pile head deflection: )
6. 2 Cal cul at i on t o Fi nd Poi nt of Zer o Moment i n t he Pi l e
For safe dissipation of moment at the point of fixity designed rebar is extended by 1.97 meter
below the point of fixity. Hence length of upper segment of the pile is 7.5 meter.
S
e
g
m
e
n
t

L
e
n
g
t
h

o
f

p
i
l
e
3.25
Hu ( for Uplift ) = 136.35 kN
So Moment =-0.1 at a distance 7.237 m from Pile Top
Since Tension plus Bending combination requires more reinforcement than that of compression
plus bending combination, Uplift case is taken into consideration.
p
1+sin
Where k = Co-efficient of passive earth pressure =
1-Sin
o
o
=
Kp h
h
=

1
s
t

Passive Pressure on Pile
p
1
Moment at aheight is * k γh*h*Pile Dia*h/3 =0.0
2
u
h H h = ÷
Md. Giasuddin Page 10 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
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BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
h = 7.237 m and Pile Dia = 0.6 m
Upper segment considered = 7.5 meter
Rebar Requi r ement t o Resi st Tensi l e f or ce :
Acting tension at any point = Tension at pile top - Frictional Resistance by Soil
Skin Friction is given by = 0.5*K
s
*P
d
*tand*A
s
(h should be measured from GL but 1st segment of pile is
considered Conservatively)
g y
s d s
Where; K
s
=0.7, d= o = 32 Degree
Submerged Density of soil = 8 KN/Cum
Pd=7.5 *8 = 60 kN/Sqm
As=PI()*0.6*7.5 = 14.14 Sqm
So, Frictional Resistance by soil=0.5*0.7*60*Tan15*14.14 = 185.55 kN
Net Tension at the point = 518.2 - 185.55 = 332.65 kN
Tensile Force to be resisted = 332650 N
Consider no tension to be resisted by concrete that means all tensile forces shall be resisted by rebar only.
Yield Strength of Rebar = 415 Mpa
So Tensile Strength Can be considered as = 0.7*415=290.5 Mpa
So Rebar area required to resist Tensile force = 332650 / 290.5 = 1146 mm2
Minimum Rebar for pile section is = 0.004*X-Sectinal area of pile = 1131 mm2.
6 nos. of dia 16 mm for the lower segment is ok from structural point and minimum requirement as well.
Md. Giasuddin Page 11 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
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Annex ur e- 1: Rei nf or cement Char t f or Chi mney
Md. Giasuddin Page 12 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
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BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
Annex ur e- 2: Rei nf or cement Char t f or Pi l e
Md. Giasuddin Page 13 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
1st Subm. 17-Apr-11
Md. Giasuddin
Foundat i on Desi gn Cal cul at i on of Tower Type 2DT6 For
Soi l Cat egor y-3
Submission
Status
Date
AUTHORITY NAME & SIGN DATE Paper Size Language Total Sheets
DESIGNED BY
Md. Giasuddin
17-Apr-11 For approval A4 English 13
CHECKED BY
Md. Giasuddin
For construction Scale : N/A
Revision
1st Sub.
APPROVED BY As Built
SUBMISSION SOUGHT
Document No. :
PGCB/230kV/TL/B-C/Lot-3/Des.Cal/Local/09
Designed By Description Approved By
EMPLOYER :
POWER GRID COMPANY OF
BANGLADESH LTD.
CONTRACTOR :
SANERGY CO.
NAME OF PROJECT :
DESIGN-BUILD AND TRUNKEY CONTRACT FOR CONSTRUCTION OF 230kV BIBYANA -
COMILLA TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3)
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
Cont ent s Page No.
1. Gener al . 03
1. 1 Foundat ion Loads 03
Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 3
FOR BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
1.2 Geot echnical I nformat ion 03
1. 3 Foundat ion St rengt h Fact ors 03
1. 4 Fact ored Foundat ion Loads 03
1. 5 Codes & St andards Considered 03
1.6 Mat erial Propert ies 03
1.7 Geomet rical Dat a of t he Tower 2DT6 03
1. 8 Layout Plan Of t he Foundat ion 04
2. Resi dual Shear Cal cul at i on 04
3. Foundat i on Geomet r y 05
4 : Desi gn Cal cul at i on f or Pi l e 05
4. 1 - Pile Design Load Against Compressive Load 05
4.2 - Pile Design Load Against Uplift 05 g oad ga Up 05
4. 3 - Minimum Lengt h of Pile Group Against Uproot ing 05
4. 4 - Check for pile head deflect ion 06
4. 5 - Ult imat e St ress on Pile Sect ion 07
Sect i on- 5 : St r uct ur al Desi gn of Chi mney & Pi l e Cap 07
5.1 - Design of Chimney 07
5 2 D i f Pil C 08 5.2 - Design of Pile Cap 08
5. 2. 1. - Check Punching of cleat s 08
5.2.1.a Check For Compression 08
5.2.1.b Check For Uplift 08
5.2.2 - Check cap t hickness for Flexural Shear 08
5.2.3.- Check for posit ion of Piles 08
5.2.4 - Check for Bending Moment 09
5.2.5 - Reinforcement Calculat ion 09
5.2.5.1 - Bot t om Reinforcement 08
5.2.5.2 - Top Reinforcement 09
5.2.5.3 - Vert ical Reinforcement Around The pile cap 09
5.2.5.4 - Horizont al Reinforcement Around The pile cap 10
6 - St r uct ur al Desi gn of Pi l e 10
6. 1 Design of upper segment of pile 10
6. 1. 1 Design for Compression Plus Bending 10
6. 1. 2 Design for Tension Plus Bending 10
6.2 Calculat ion t o Find Point of Zero Moment in t he Pile 10
Annexure- 1 12
Annexure- 2 13
Giasuddin Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 3 FOR
1. Gener al .
1. 1 Foundat i on Loads :
Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC 3 FOR
BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
The objective of this generic design is to compute loads on individual pile top, length of fixity of pile and is to design pile, pile cap and chimney. If not
mentioned otherwise, values with suffices x, y and z indicate three global directions with outward positive.
F
z
( k N ) F
x
( k N) F
y
( k N)
3154.98 893.33 831.62
2840.17 893.33 831.62
1. 2 Geot echni cal I nf or mat i on:
I t ems
Max Compression Case
Max Uplift Case
Ul t i mat e Loads Al ong Gl obal Di r ect i on ( Pul l and Thr ust Ver t i cal )
Angle of Int. Friction, ø = 30 Degree
Soil Density = 17 kN/Cum.
Soil Submerged Density = 7 kN/Cum.
Frustum angle = 15 Degree; As per techinical specification
1. 3 Foundat i on St r engt h Fact or s :
2DL 2D1
Appl i ed Loadi ng Case
St r engt h Fact or
2D25 2DT6
1. 4. Fact or ed Foundat i on Loads.
Factored Loads by using Foundation Strength Factor from Appendix (7.A2),Volume 2 of 3
F ( k N ) F ( k N) F ( k N)
2DL, 2D1
1.35 1.23
Fact or ed Ul t i mat e Loads Al ong Gl obal Di r ect i on ( Pul l and Thr ust Ver t i cal )
2D25, 2DT6
For All Load Cases
I t ems F
z
( k N ) F
x
( k N) F
y
( k N)
4259.22 1206.00 1122.69
3834.23 1206.00 1122.69
1.5 Codes & St andar ds Consi der ed :
ACI
BS 8110
Max Long. Case in Uplift
Max Long. Case in Comp.
I t ems
1.6 Mat er i al Pr oper t i es and Cl ear Cover :
28 days cube strength of concrete for Pile; fc' = 30 Mpa.
28 days cube strength of concrete for Pile-Cap; fc' = 25 Mpa.
Corresponding cylinder strength of concrete for Pile-Cap; fc' = 21.25 Mpa.
Yield Strength Reinforcing Steel ;fy = 415 Mpa.
Concrete Clear Cover at top and sides of Cap & Column is = 50 mm.
Concrete Clear Cover for sides of Pile is = 75 mm.
Unit Weight of Concrete = 24 kN/Cum.
1.7 Geomet r i cal Dat a of t he Tow er 2DT6 :
Face Slope = Ø = 13.306 Degree.
Diagonal Slope = Ø = 18.493 Degree.
Md. Giasuddin Page 3 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
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BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
1. 8 Lay out Pl an Of t he Foundat i on
450 1800 1800 450
4
5
0
450 1800 1800 450
4
5
0
4
5
0
0
900
9
0
0
1
8
0
0
1
8
0
0
4
5
0
0
900
9
0
0
1
8
0
0
1
8
0
0
4500
CP
4
5
0
4500
4
5
0
4500
4
5
0
4500
4
5
0
4
5
0
0
900
9
0
0
1
8
0
0
1
8
0
0
4
5
0
0
900
9
0
0
1
8
0
0
1
8
0
0
Layout Plan of Foundation
450 1800 1800 450
4
5
0
450 1800 1800 450
4
5
0
2. Resi dual Shear Cal cul at i on :
F
x l eg
F
yl eg
F
x Res
= F
x
- F
x l eg
F
yRes
= F
y
- F
yl eg
Max Compression Case 4259.22 1007.31 1007.31 1206.00 1122.69 198.69 115.38
Max Uplift Case 3834.23 906.80 906.80 1206.00 1122.69 299.20 215.89
Ver t i cal Loads
F
z
( k N )
I t ems
Resi dual Shear ( k N )
F
x
( k N) F
y
( k N)
Leg Shear ( k N ) = F
z
* Tano
Md. Giasuddin Page 4 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
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BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
3. Foundat i on Geomet r y :
Size of the column = 900 mmX900 mm.
Dia of the Pile, Dp = 600 mm.
h'' = 280.5 mm.
h' 400 h' = 400 mm.
f = 300 mm.
Pile Center to center Distance = 1800 mm.
Height of column, h = 700 mm.
Length/Width of the Cap, L/B = 4500 mm.
Cap Thickness, t = 1250 mm.
No. of Pile Per Leg = 8 Nos
Wei ght Cal cul at i on
Weight of Column, Wcol = 13.61 kNs.
Weight of Pad, Wpad = 607.5 kNs.
Weight of Superimposed Soil, Ws =103.28 kNs.
Bouyant Weight of Column, W'col = 7.94 kNs
Bouyant Weight of Pad, W'pad = 354.38 kNs
Bouyant Weight of Superimposed Soil, W's = 42.53 kNs
Loads on Pi l e t op :
Foundation Layout Detail Typical Pile Cap Section
For Max i mum Comp.
Resultant Compressive Load = Rzc =Fz+ 1.35*(Wcol+Wpad+Ws) = 5150.22 kNs.
Moment Mx = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fxleg*0.0 + FxRes*(t+h+h''-0.15) =376.12 kN.m
Moment My = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fyleg*0.0 + FyRes*(t+h+h''-0.15) = 218.41 kN.m
For Max i mum Upl i f t :
Resultant Uplift = Rzt=Fz - W'col - W'pad - W's = 3429.38 kNs
Moment Mx = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fxleg*0.0 + Fxres*(t+h+h''-0.15) = 566.39 kN.m
Moment My = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fyleg*0.0 + Fyres*(t+h+h''-0.15) = 408.68 kN.m
4 : Desi gn Cal cul at i on f or Pi l e :
Reaction of pile with applied vertical loads and biaxial bending moment can be expressed by the following equation:
y
V x
V 2 2
M *d1y
R M *d1x
R = ± ±
8 dix diy
∑ ∑
Where , d1x and d1y denote the distances from pile center to cap center along X or Y Direction. In this case d1x=d1y= 0.9 m.
6*1.8^2 = 19.44 Sqm.
4. 1 - Pi l e Desi gn Load Agai nst Compr essi v e Load :
Maximum compresive load that a pile will be imposed can be expressed by :
So Rcmax = 698.83 k Ns. ( Pile weight is to be considered during Pile schedule)
4.2 - Pi l e Desi gn Load Agai nst Upl i f t :
∑ ∑
= =
2 2
diy dix
y
zc x
Cmax 2 2
M *d1y
R M *d1x
R =
8 dix diy
+ +
∑ ∑
g g p
Maximum compresive load that a pile will be imposed can be expressed by :
So Rt max = 518.96 k Ns. ( Pile weight is to be considered during Pile schedule)
4. 3 - Mi ni mum Lengt h of Pi l e Gr oup Agai nst Upr oot i ng :
Soi l body t o Resi st Upl i f t
Say minimum length of pile =9 m
Depth of pile, d = 10.625 m. So a = d/2 = 5.313 m.
The base size of the soil frustum at the lowest point b' = 4.2m X4.2 m
The base size of the soil frustum at Mid Height ; b =5.247 m X5.247 m
Average Area = (4.2^2+5.247^2)/2 =22.59 sqm.
y
zt x
Tmax 2 2
M *d1y
R M *d1x
R =
8 dix diy
+ +
∑ ∑
Md. Giasuddin Page 5 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
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BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
So Frustum Volume = 22.59 * 5.3125 =120.01 cum
The upper soil volume = 5.247^2*5.313= 146.27 cum
Total soil Volume = 266.28 Cum
Total weight of soil body = 266.28*7=1863.96 kN
Skin resistance of pile group is Given by :
GL
Q =2*( ) * * L B H f +
Ks =1 ;( soil to soil co-efficient of earth pressure)
P
d
=yd, o = o= 30 Degree
y = Submerged Density of soil = 7 kN/Cum.
Pd =7 *10 625 = 74 375 kNs
a
su
s
Q =2*( ) * *
Where L and B are the overall length and width of pile group,
H is the depth of soil block and f is the unit skin friction
1
which is given by
2
s
s d
L B H f
fs K p Tano
+
=
Pd 7 10.625 74.375 kNs.
So fs = 21.47 kN/Sqm.
L= B = b' = 4.2 m and H = d = 10.625 m.
So Qsu = 3832.4 kNs
Allowable capacity (FS=1.5) = 3797.57 kNs
Resultant Uplift = 3429.38 kNs.
Whi ch i s l ess t han 3797.57 k Ns So OK.
Ultimate uplift capacity of pile group = Skin Resistance +
Submerged Weight of soil body = 5696.36kNs.
b
d
L
Whi ch i s l ess t han 3797.57 k Ns So OK.
4.4 - Check f or pi l e head def l ect i on:
For Max Compr essi on:
Fx = Leg Shear = 1007.31 kN
Fy = Leg Shear = 1007.31 kN
Passive resistance by Cap Only ( Same in x and y face)
109 27 kN
a
1
Passive resistance by Pile Cap is k γ*(1 55+0 30)*1 25*4 5 = = 109.27 kN
3.00
γ=Submerged density of soil =7 kN/Cum.
Net Fx = Leg Shear = 898.04 kN
Net Fy = Leg Shear = 898.04 kN
Vres=Sqrt.(898.04^2+898.04^2)=1270.02 kN
Lateral Load carried by a single Pile = 158.75 kN
b'
GL
Cap Top
3
0
0
p
1+sin
Where k = Co-efficient of passive earth pressure =
1-Sin
o
o
=
p
Passive resistance by Pile Cap is k γ*(1.55+0.30)*1.25*4.5 =
2
=
For Max Upl i f t :
Fx = Leg Shear = 906.8 kN
Fy = Leg Shear = 906.8 kN
Net Fx = Leg Shear = 797.53 kN
Net Fy = Leg Shear = 797.53 kN
Vres=Sqrt.(797.53^2+797.53^2)=1127.88 kN
Lateral Load carried by a single Pile = 140.99 kN
Desi gn shear car r i ed by a si ngl e Pi l e Qmax = 158.75 k N
Kp h
Cap Bot.
1
2
5
0
Desi gn shear car r i ed by a si ngl e Pi l e Qmax 158.75 k N
For fixed head pile depth of fixity is given by
L
f
/T = 2.15; (Ref. to figure no 2 , appendix C of IS: 2911) For fixed head piles .
K1 = 0.146 For Submer ged Loose Sand
Where ; 25742.96 Mpa = 257430 kg/sqcm.
636172.5 cm4 EI = 163769889855 kg.sqcm.
So T = 257.03 cm = 2.57 m
So depth of fixity, Lf = 5.53 m
Deflection, Y = Q*(Lf)^3/12EI = 1.366 cm. = 13.66 mm; Which is less than 25mm, So OK.
5
Where, 1 and T EI K =
4700 '
c
E f = =
4
64
d
I
r
= =
Kp h
Passive Pressure on Cap
Md. Giasuddin Page 6 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 3 FOR Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC 3 FOR
BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
4. 5 - Ul t i mat e St r ess on Pi l e Sect i on
For Max Compr essi on
For f i x ed head l ong pi l e :
Moment M=m.M
F
= 0.82*Q*Lf/2 =
For Max Compression M = 359.93 kN.m
For Max Uplift M = 319.67 kN.m
For Max Compr essi on.
Q = Hu = 158.75 kN.
So Mu = 359.93 kN.m
For Max Upl i f t
Q = Hu = 140.99 kN.
So Mu = 319.67 kN.m
Ul t i mat e l oads on Si ngl e Pi l e :
Compressive load = Rc = 698.83 kN
Uplift load = Rt = 518.96 kN
For Max Compression ultimate Moment , Mu = 359.93 kN.m
For Max Uplift ultimate Moment , Mu = 319.67 kN.m
Sect i on- 5 : St r uct ur al Desi gn of Chi mney & Pi l e Cap
5.1 - Desi gn of Chi mney :
Ultimate Compression = 4259.22 kN
50% of Ult. Compression = 2129.61 kN
Resi dual shear :
F
xmax
= 299.20 kN
F
ymax
= 215.89 kN
Resultant F
xy
= 368.96 kN
M = Fxy* 0.793 = 292.6 kN.m. 1 of 12 of dia. 20 mm y
P
u
= 2129610.00 N
M
u
= 292582755.1 N.mm
D = 900.00 mm
b = 900 mm
d' = 66 mm
d'/D = 0.073 mm
f
ck
= 25.0 Mpa
f
y
= 415.0 Mpa
P
u
/f
ck
bD =
0.105
M
u
/f
ck
bD
2
=
0.016
For the above values, graph ( see annexure-1 ) shows that no rebar is needed.
As per Code Min Rebar Required = 0.004*900^2 = 3240 mm2
Consider Bar Dia. 20 mm
Pr ovi de 12 nos 20mm di a.
Embedded Lengt h of Rebar .
C i t b i t d b th b i hi F 2129 61 kN
Column Section
Compression to be resisted by the rebars in chimney = Fz = 2129.61 kN
Total Nos. of reinforcement is 12 of dia 20 12mm.
As per BS 8110, Ultimate bond stress in compression bars u
u
is given by : u
u
=0.5√fc' Mpa
So Uu = 2.3 Mpa. So Development length ld required = 1228 mm.
Cap thgickness is = 1250 mm and Clear Cover at bottom = 75 mm
Let Chimney rebar rest on the bottom mesh of cap. So Embedded length provided = 1250-75-32 = 1143 mm which is more than requirement, so Ok.
s
d d
u
F
Development length l is given by : l = ;where o is the total perimeter of all rebars, Fs=Fz
u o


Md. Giasuddin Page 7 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC- 3 FOR Foundat i on of Tow er Ty pe 2DT6 f or SC 3 FOR
BI BYANA - COMI LLA 230k V TRANSMI SSI ON LI NE ( LOT- 3)
5. 2 - Desi gn of Pi l e Cap :
5. 2. 1. - Check Punchi ng of cl eat s:
5.2.1.a Check For Compr essi on:
Ultimate Compression = 4259.22 kN
Compression to be carried by cleats = 50% of Comp.= 2129.61 kN
Consider 4 cleat group with 4 three cleats in each group. The size of cleats is 150X150X20 ; length 160 .
The Capacity P of each cleat is given by :
Where , b = Length of Angle Shear Connector = 160 mm
t = Thickness of Angle Shear Connector = 20 mm
r = Radius of fillet = 40 mm
Load Carried by each Cleat =0.5* Ccomp./16 = 133.1 kN
1/ 2
1.19 ' ( / 2)
.
1 19 '
c
y
P f b t r x
F
x t w r t
f
= + +
⎡ ⎤
= s ÷ ÷
⎢ ⎥
⎣ ⎦
w = width of angle shear connector = 150
( Ref. : Art.7.6.2, Design of Latticed Steel Transmission Structures; Published by The American Society of Civil Engineers)
x = 68.19 mm; So P = 537.47 k N > 133.1 k N So OK .
5. 2. 1. b Check For Upl i f t :
Ultimate Uplift = 3834.23 kN
Consider 4 cleat group with 4 three cleats in each group. The size of cleats is 150X150X20 ; length 160 .
Load carried by each cleat = 239 64 kN
1.19
c
f
⎣ ⎦
Load carried by each cleat = 239.64 kN
The Capacity P of each cleat is given by :
Where , b = Length of Angle Shear Connector = 160 mm
t = Thickness of Angle Shear Connector = 20 mm
r = Radius of fillet = 40 mm
w = width of angle shear connector = 150
x = 68.19 mm; So P = 537.47 k N > 239.64 k N So OK .
1/ 2
1.19 ' ( / 2)
.
1.19 '
c
y
c
P f b t r x
F
x t w r t
f
= + +
⎡ ⎤
= s ÷ ÷
⎢ ⎥
⎣ ⎦
5.2.2 - Check cap t hi ck ness f or Fl ex ur al Shear :
Total shear acting at a distance d/2 from the face of the column = 3*Rmax; Where Rmax=Rc or Rt whichever is larger.
Rmax = 698.83 kN
So Total Shear,Vc =2*698.83 =1397.66 kN
Where, b = 4500 mm
Consider clear cover 75 and dia of Bar 16 mm , So d ( Outer Layer) = 1250-75-8 =1167 mm , where d is the effective depth of cap.
d ( I nner Layer ) = 1250- 75- 16 - 8 = 1151 mm
dave = ( 1167+ 1151 ) / 2 = 1159 mm dav e. = ( 1167+ 1151 ) / 2 = 1159 mm
So, Vc = Vc/bd = 0.27 Mpa
5.2.3.- Check f or posi t i on of Pi l es :
Distance from pile edge to pile cap edge, x = 200 mm
Distance from pile center to pile cap edge = 500 mm
Diameter of punching plane, y = 800 mm
AS per ACI Shear Stress applied to concrete should be less than 0.17√f'c Mpa. In present case which is coming 0.93 Mpa. This is greater than applied
stress so consideration is quite Ok.
Perimeter of punching plane = PI()*800 =2513 mm
So area of concrete to resist punching of pile = 2513*200 = 502600 Sq.mm
Punching stress developed = Rmax*1000/502600 = 1.39 Mpa
Where Rmax is the Maximum pile reaction = Rcmax = 698.83 kN
AS per ACI Shear Stress applied to concrete should be less than 0.34√f'c Mpa. In present case
which is coming 1.52 Mpa. This is greater than applied stress, 1.39 Mpa, so consideration is quite
Ok.
Md. Giasuddin Page 8 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
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5.2.4 - Check f or Bendi ng Moment :
So M
max
=3*R
max
*x' , Where x' = 1.350 m p
b
= 0.02187
M
max
= 1886.8 kN.m. p
max
= 0.75* p
b
= 0.01640194
Maximum moment acting at the face of the column=2*Maximum pile reaction*distance between pile center to column face.
f p ⎛ ⎞
b
' 600
ρ =0.85*0.85*
600
c
y y
f
f f +
290.51 mm Whi ch i s l ess t han d
pr ovi de
; so OK
5.2.5 - Rei nf or cement Cal cul at i on :
5.2.5.1 - Bot t om Rei nf or cement :
2
1 0.59 ...; 0.9
'
y
u y
c
f
M f bd Where
f
p
op o
⎛ ⎞
= ÷ =
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠
(1 0.59 )
'
u
y
y
c
M
d
f
f b
f
p
op
. = =
÷
Consider clear cover 75 and dia of Bar 16 mm , So d (Outer Layer) = 1250-75-8 = 1167 mm; where d is the effective depth of cap.
Compressive pile reactions will produce tension at the bottom of the cap.
Mdes = 1886.841 kN.m
Assuming depth of stress block, a = 22.6 mm
Area of steel, As = M*1000000/(0.9*fy*(d-a/2)) =4433 mm2.
( Ref . - Desi gn of concr et e st r uct ur e, By - Ni l son & Wi nt er ,Page 83 ,10t h Ed.)
d ( Inner Layer) = 1250 -75 -16 - 8 = 1151 mm
dmin = MIN( 1151,1167) = 1151 mm
42 Nos. of Dia. 16 mm along both dic.
Check for a
a = As* f y / ( .85* f c' * b) = 22.6 mm
Consideration is OK, So As = 4433 mm2.
But Min Rebar Required = 0.0015bt = 8437.5 mm2
Consider bar Size = 16 mm
So Nos. of Bars = 42 Nos
5.2.5.2 - Top Rei nf or cement :
Consider clear cover 50 and dia of Bar 16 mm , So d (Outer Layer) = 1250 -50-8 = 1192 mm
Where d is the effective depth of cap from Cap Bottom to Rebar center at Top.
Tensile pile reactions will produce tension at the top of the cap.
So Mu= 2*Rt*x' , Where x' = 1.35 m 42 Nos. of Dia. 16 mm along both dic.
Mdes = 1401.19 kN.m
Assumi ng dept h of st r ess bl ock , a = 16. 4 mm
d = Mi n( 1192,1176) = 1176 mm
d ( I nner Layer ) = 1250 - 50- 16 - 8 = 1176 mm
Cap Reinforcement Plan at Bottom
Area of steel, As = M*1000000/(0.9*fy*(d-a/2)) = 3212 mm2
( Ref . - Desi gn of concr et e st r uct ur e, By - Ni l son & Wi nt er ,Page 83 ,10t h Ed.)
Consi der at i on i s OK, So As = 3212 mm2
Min Rebar Required = 0.0015bt = 8437.5 mm2
Consider bar Size = 16 mm
So Nos. of Bars = 42 Nos
a = As* f y / ( .85* f c' * b) = 16.4 mm
Check for a
5. 2. 5. 3 - Ver t i cal Rei nf or cement Ar ound The pi l e cap :
Total uplift to be resisted by the vertical rebars around the pile cap = Fz = 3834.23 kN
So As = Fz*1000/0.7/Fy = 13198.73 mm2
Total Nos. of top reinforcement is 168 whose total area is 33778 mm2.
So if all top bars are bent downwards this will be good enough for uplift.
As per BS 8110, Ultimate bond stress in tension bars uu is given by : Uu = 0.4√fc' = 1.84 Mpa
So Development length ld required = 247 mm
Provide all top bars bent downwards for the hal f dept h of the cap.It will be suffient for development length.
Cap Reinforcement Plan at Top
s
d
u
F
Development length ld is given by : l = ;where o is the total perimeter of all rebars, Fs=Fz
u o


Md. Giasuddin Page 9 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
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5. 2. 5. 4 - Hor i zont al Rei nf or cement Ar ound The pi l e cap :
Provide 5 nos. of 10mm dia bar around the cap distributed along the whole depth with 300 mm lapping at the joint.
6 - St r uct ur al Desi gn of Pi l e
Ul t i mat e l oads on Si ngl e Pi l e : Ul t i mat e l oads on Si ngl e Pi l e :
Compressive load = Rc = 698.83 kN
Uplift load = Rt = 518.96 kN
Ultimate Moment For Maximum Compression , Mu = 359.93 kN.m
Ultimate Moment For Max Uplift , Mu = 319.67 kN.m
6. 1 Desi gn of upper segment of pi l e
6.1.1 Desi gn f or Compr essi on Pl us Bendi ng g p g
Pile diameter, h = 600 mm
A
c
= r/4h
2
= 282743.3 Sqmm.
v
c
= 1.5
Pile Section at Upper Segment
1.5
1.5
1.5
c
c c
c
c c
tot y c
c c
N
f A
M
f A h
A f
A f
v
v
v
µ
v
u
⎛ ⎞
=
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠
⎛ ⎞
=
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠
⎛ ⎞
=
⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠
N = Normal Load = 698830.00 N
f
c
= 30.00 MPa
M = Moment = 359930000.00 N.mm
so v = 0.082
And µ = 0.071
For above values of v & µ u = 0.2 ( From chart of Annexure-2 )
So A
tot
= 1.5uA
c
f
c
/v
c
f
y
= 4087.9 Sqmm.
Rebar Dia = 25 mm
Pile Section at Upper Segment
So Nos. of Bar = 9 Nos.
6. 1. 2 Desi gn f or Tensi on Pl us Bendi ng
N = Normal Load = 518960.00 N
f
c
= 30.00 MPa
M = Moment = 319670000.00 N.mm
so v = 0.061
And µ = 0.063
For above values of v & µ u = 0.3 ( From chart of Annexure-2 )
Pile Section at Lower Segment
Hu
So A
tot
= 1.5uA
c
f
c
/v
c
f
y
= 6131.8 Sqmm.
Rebar Dia = 25 mm
So Nos. of Bar = 13 Nos.
Provide 14 nos. of dia. 25mm.
Length of fixity is 5.53 meter. ( Ref. to clause4.4 - Check for pile head deflection: )
6. 2 Cal cul at i on t o Fi nd Poi nt of Zer o Moment i n t he Pi l e
For safe dissipation of moment at the point of fixity designed rebar is extended by 2.97 meter
below the point of fixity. Hence length of upper segment of the pile is 8.5 meter.
S
e
g
m
e
n
t

L
e
n
g
t
h

o
f

p
i
l
e
3.00
Hu ( for Uplift ) = 140.99 kN
So Moment =-0.1 at a distance 8.194 m from Pile Top
Since Tension plus Bending combination requires more reinforcement than that of compression
plus bending combination, Uplift case is taken into consideration.
p
1+sin
Where k = Co-efficient of passive earth pressure =
1-Sin
o
o
=
Kp h
h
=

1
s
t

Passive Pressure on Pile
p
1
Moment at aheight is * k γh*h*Pile Dia*h/3 =0.0
2
u
h H h = ÷
Md. Giasuddin Page 10 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
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h = 8.194 m and Pile Dia = 0.6 m
Upper segment considered = 8.5 meter
Rebar Requi r ement t o Resi st Tensi l e f or ce :
Acting tension at any point = Tension at pile top - Frictional Resistance by Soil
Skin Friction is given by = 0.5*K
s
*P
d
*tand*A
s
(h should be measured from GL but 1st segment of pile is
considered Conservatively)
g y
s d s
Where; K
s
=0.7, d= o = 30 Degree
Submerged Density of soil = 7 KN/Cum
Pd=8.5 *7 = 59.5 kN/Sqm
As=PI()*0.6*8.5 = 16.02 Sqm
So, Frictional Resistance by soil=0.5*0.7*59.5*Tan15*16.02 = 192.61 kN
Net Tension at the point = 518.96 - 192.61 = 326.35 kN
Tensile Force to be resisted = 326350 N
Consider no tension to be resisted by concrete that means all tensile forces shall be resisted by rebar only.
Yield Strength of Rebar = 415 Mpa
So Tensile Strength Can be considered as = 0.7*415=290.5 Mpa
So Rebar area required to resist Tensile force = 326350 / 290.5 = 1124 mm2
Minimum Rebar for pile section is = 0.004*X-Sectinal area of pile = 1131 mm2.
7 nos. of dia 16 mm for the lower segment is ok from structural point and minimum requirement as well.
Md. Giasuddin Page 11 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
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Annex ur e- 1: Rei nf or cement Char t f or Chi mney
Md. Giasuddin Page 12 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11
POWER GRI D COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LI MI TED
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Annex ur e- 2: Rei nf or cement Char t f or Pi l e
Md. Giasuddin Page 13 of 13 Dat e : 17 Apr i l ' 11

POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED
Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA - COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3)
Contents 1. General. 1.1 Foundation Loads 1.2 Geotechnical Information 1.3 Foundation Strength Factors 1.4 Factored Foundation Loads 1.5 Codes & Standards Considered 1.6 Material Properties 1.7 Geometrical Data of the Tower 2DT6 1.8 Layout Plan Of the Foundation 2. Residual Shear Calculation 3. Foundation Geometry 4 : Design Calculation for Pile 4.1 - Pile Design Load Against Compressive Load g oad ga Up 4.2 - Pile Design Load Against Uplift 4.3 - Minimum Length of Pile Group Against Uprooting 4.4 - Check for pile head deflection 4.5 - Ultimate Stress on Pile Section Section-5 :Structural Design of Chimney & Pile Cap 5.1 - Design of Chimney 5.2 D i 5 2 - Design of Pile Cap f Pil C 5.2.1.- Check Punching of cleats 5.2.1.a Check For Compression 5.2.1.b Check For Uplift 5.2.2 - Check cap thickness for Flexural Shear 5.2.3.- Check for position of Piles 5.2.4 - Check for Bending Moment 5.2.5 - Reinforcement Calculation 5.2.5.1 - Bottom Reinforcement 5.2.5.2 - Top Reinforcement 5.2.5.3 -Vertical Reinforcement Around The pile cap 5.2.5.4 -Horizontal Reinforcement Around The pile cap 6 - Structural Design of Pile 6.1 Design of upper segment of pile 6.1.1 Design for Compression Plus Bending 6.1.2 Design for Tension Plus Bending 6.2 Calculation to Find Point of Zero Moment in the Pile Annexure-1 Annexure-2 Page No. 03 03 03 03 03 03 03 03 04 04 05 05 05 05 05 06 07 07 07 08 08 08 08 08 08 09 09 08 09 09 10 10 10 10 10 10 12 13

Giasuddin

Date : 17 April '11

values with suffices x.23 2D25. Diagonal Slope = Ø = 18. Factored Foundation Loads.33 Fy (kN) 831. Case in Uplift Fz ( kN ) 4259. y and z indicate three global directions with outward positive.A2). As per techinical specification 1.98 2840.62 1. The objective of this generic design is to compute loads on individual pile top.4. Yield Strength Reinforcing Steel . Corresponding cylinder strength of concrete for Pile-Cap. 1. Soil Submerged Density = 8 kN/Cum.fy = 415 Mpa.2 Geotechnical Information: Angle of Int.00 1206.23 Fx (kN) 1206. Concrete Clear Cover for sides of Pile is = 75 mm. Friction. 1. General.69 1.69 1122. Md.62 831.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA . fc' = 25 Mpa. Giasuddin Page 3 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .493 Degree. Case in Comp. 2DL 2D1 1. pile cap and chimney.25 Mpa. Concrete Clear Cover at top and sides of Cap & Column is = 50 mm.1 Foundation Loads : Ultimate Loads Along Global Direction ( Pull and Thrust Vertical) Items Max Compression Case Max Uplift Case Fz ( kN ) 3154. length of fixity of pile and is to design pile.35 Applied Loading Case For All Load Cases 1. Frustum angle = 15 Degree.33 893. fc' = 30 Mpa.22 3834.306 Degree. fc' = 21.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 1. Unit Weight of Concrete = 24 kN/Cum.5 Codes & Standards Considered : ACI BS 8110 1. Max Long.3 Foundation Strength Factors : Strength Factor 2DL.17 Fx (kN) 893. 28 days cube strength of concrete for Pile-Cap. If not mentioned otherwise.7 Geometrical Data of the Tower 2DT6 : Face Slope = Ø = 13.00 Fy (kN) 1122. Factored Loads by using Foundation Strength Factor from Appendix (7.6 Material Properties and Clear Cover : 28 days cube strength of concrete for Pile. 2D25 2DT6 1.Volume 2 of 3 Factored Ultimate Loads Along Global Direction ( Pull and Thrust Vertical) Items Max Long. ø = 32 Degree Soil Density = 18 kN/Cum.

20 FyRes = Fy-Fyleg 115. Residual Shear Calculation : Leg Shear ( kN ) = Fz*Tan Fx (kN) Fxleg 1007.22 3834. Giasuddin Page 4 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 450 1800 450 1800 1800 .31 906.8 Layout Plan Of the Foundation 450 450 1800 1800 450 450 1800 1800 450 450 1800 4500 4500 900 900 900 900 1800 450 4500 4500 CP 4500 450 4500 450 1800 900 4500 4500 900 1800 900 1800 450 900 450 1800 1800 450 450 1800 1800 450 Layout Plan of Foundation 2.00 1206.80 Fyleg 1007.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA .COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 1.69 299.38 215.31 906.23 Max Compression Case Max Uplift Case Md.69 1122.00 1122.69 Fy (kN) Residual Shear ( kN ) FxRes = Fx-Fxleg 198.89 Items Vertical Loads Fz ( kN ) 4259.80 1206.

69 kNs.5 mm. No. Height of column.68 kN. h'' = 280. Dp = 600 mm.0 + Fxres*(t+h+h''-0. Moment Mx = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fxleg*0.m Moment My = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fyleg*0.979 m X4.15) = 218. Weight of Superimposed Soil.W'col . Resultant Compressive Load = Rzc =Fz+ 1.813 m.35 kNs. The base size of the soil frustum at the lowest point b' = 4. h = 700 mm. d1x and d1y denote the distances from pile center to cap center along X or Y Direction. t = 1250 mm. b =4.35*(Wcol+Wpad+Ws) = 5157.2 kNs. So a = d/2 = 4.m Moment My = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fyleg*0. Length/Width of the Cap. Cap Thickness.15) = 408.8^2 = 19. In this case d1x=d1y= 0. Weight of Pad. d = 9. W'pad = 354. Foundation Geometry : Size of the column = 900 mmX900 mm.44 Sqm.31 kNs Moment Mx = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fxleg*0. W'col = 7. L/B = 4500 mm. 4.12 kN. Pile Center to center Distance = 1800 mm. W's = 48.625 m.22 sqm.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 3.0 + FyRes*(t+h+h''-0.2m X4.2 m The base size of the soil frustum at Mid Height .W's = 3423. f = 300 mm. R Tmax = ( Pile weight is to be considered during Pile schedule) R zt 8 M x *d1x ∑ dix 2 M y *d1y ∑ diy 2 4. of Pile Per Leg = 8 Nos Weight Calculation Weight of Column.61 kNs.38 kNs Bouyant Weight of Superimposed Soil. Giasuddin Page 5 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .1 .POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA . ∑ dix ∑ diy 2 6*1.39 kN.W'pad .2^2+4.0 + Fyres*(t+h+h''-0.979^2)/2 =21.m For Maximum Uplift : Resultant Uplift = Rzt=Fz .76 kNs.9 m.6 kNs Foundation Layout Detail Typical Pile Cap Section Loads on Pile top : For Maximum Comp.979 m Average Area = (4.15) = 566. R Cmax = ( Pile weight is to be considered during Pile schedule) R zc 8 M x *d1x ∑ dix 2 M y *d1y ∑ diy 2 4. Ws =109.5 kNs.Pile Design Load Against Compressive Load : Maximum compresive load that a pile will be imposed can be expressed by : So Rcmax = 699.15) =376. Wcol = 13.94 kNs Bouyant Weight of Pad. Wpad = 607.m 4 : Design Calculation for Pile : Reaction of pile with applied vertical loads and biaxial bending moment can be expressed by the following equation: RV = R V M x *d1x M y *d1y ± ± 8 ∑ dix 2 ∑ diy 2 2 Where . Bouyant Weight of Column.3 .Pile Design Load Against Uplift : g g p Maximum compresive load that a pile will be imposed can be expressed by : So Rtmax = 518.41 kN.2 . h' = 400 mm.0 + FxRes*(t+h+h''-0.Minimum Length of Pile Group Against Uprooting : Md. Dia of the Pile. Soil body to Resist Uplift Say minimum length of pile =8 m Depth of pile.

44 Cum Total weight of soil body = 221. So T = 257. Net Fx = Leg Shear = 871.979^2*4. (Ref.5 cm4 4700 I EI = 163769889855 kg. appendix C of IS: 2911) For fixed head piles .813= 119.96 Mpa = 257430 kg/sqcm. Y = Q*(Lf)^3/12EI = 1.30)*1.25 b' GL Cap Top 300 Design shear carried by a single Pile Qmax = 154. T Where .2 m and H = d = 9.146 For Submerged Medium Dense Sand 25742.47 135 47 kN Where k p = Co-efficient of passive earth pressure = γ=Submerged density of soil =8 kN/Cum. So Qsu = 3890.8125 =102.Check for pile head deflection: For Max Compression: Fx = Leg Shear = 1007.12 kN For Max Uplift: Fy = Leg Shear = 906.( soil to soil co-efficient of earth pressure) Pd= d.44*8=1771.22 * 4.33^2+771.31 kNs. 4.06 kN/Sqm. So OK. Pd =8 *9 625 = 77 kNs 8 9.8 kN Kp h Lf/T = 2. to figure no 2 .15.12 cum The upper soil volume = 4.33 kN Vres=Sqrt.31 kN Fy = Leg Shear = 1007.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) So Frustum Volume = 21.84 kN Net Fy = Leg Shear = 871. Passive Pressure on Cap Where.02kNs.68 kNs So OK.5 2 a 135. L= B = b' = 4.52 kN Skin resistance of pile group is Given by : GL Qsu =2 * ( L B) * H * f s Where L and B are the overall length and width of pile group. Which is less than 3774.5 kNs Ultimate uplift capacity of pile group = Skin Resistance + Submerged Weight of soil body = 5662. Lf = 5.33^2)=1090.5) = 3774.03 cm = 2. a 1 K p Tan 2 s d Passive resistance by Pile Cap is 1 k p γ*(1 55+0 30)*1 25*4 5 = γ*(1.84 kN Vres=Sqrt.68 kNs Resultant Uplift = 3423.57 m So depth of fixity. Giasuddin Page 6 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 L d b . E 5 EI K1 and fc ' d4 64 K1 = 0.25*4.8 kN Net Fx = Leg Shear = 771.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA .33 kN Net Fy = Leg Shear = 771.31 kN Passive resistance by Cap Only ( Same in x and y face) = = 32 Degree y = Submerged Density of soil = 8 kN/Cum.sqcm.4 .12 kN For fixed head pile depth of fixity is given by Cap Bot.53 m Deflection.(871.35 kN 1+sin 1-Sin 3.83 kN Lateral Load carried by a single Pile = 136. Md.84^2)=1232.(771. 636172.625 kNs.84^2+871. Which is less than 25mm.32 cum Total soil Volume = 221.55+0.26 mm.97 kN Lateral Load carried by a single Pile = 154. So fs = 24. = 13. Allowable capacity (FS=1.625 m.326 cm. 1250 Fx = Leg Shear = 906. H is the depth of soil block and f s is the unit skin friction which is given by fs Ks =1 .

15 kN.0 Mpa fy = 415. so Ok.76 kN Uplift load = Rt = 518. Fs=Fz uu ∑ o Cap thgickness is = 1250 mm and Clear Cover at bottom = 75 mm Let Chimney rebar rest on the bottom mesh of cap.Ultimate Stress on Pile Section For Max Compression For fixed head long pile : Moment M=m. Compression = 2129.where∑ o is the total perimeter of all rebars.00 N Mu = 292582755. F s .m. 20 mm Provide 12 nos 20mm dia. As per Code Min Rebar Required = 0. 20 mm Pu/fckbD = 0.004*900^2 = 3240 mm2 Consider Bar Dia. Pu = 2129610.12 kN. Embedded Length of Rebar.15 kN.m For Max Compression.20 kN Fymax = 215.105 Mu /fckbD2 = 0. of reinforcement is 12 of dia 20 12mm.6 kN.89 kN Resultant Fxy = 368. Compression t b resisted b th rebars i chimney = F = 2129 61 kN C i to be i t d by the b in hi Fz 2129. So Development length ld required = 1228 mm.016 For the above values.1 . So Embedded length provided = 1250-75-32 = 1143 mm which is more than requirement. Giasuddin Page 7 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .mm D = 900.5 .61 Total Nos.5√fc' Mpa Column Section Development length l d is given by : l d = So Uu = 2.35 kN.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 4.2 kN For Max Compression ultimate Moment .44 kN.96 kN y M = Fxy* 0.61 kN Residual shear : Fxmax = 299.m For Max Uplift Q = Hu = 136.MF = 0.15 kN. Mu = 349. So Mu = 349. As per BS 8110.22 kN 50% of Ult.793 = 292. Q = Hu = 154.m For Max Uplift ultimate Moment .1 N. graph ( see annexure-1 ) shows that no rebar is needed.m For Max Uplift M = 309. Md.m Section-5 : Structural Design of Chimney & Pile Cap 5.00 mm b = 900 mm d' = 66 mm d'/D = 0.073 mm fck = 25. Mu = 309.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA . Ultimate bond stress in compression bars uu is given by : uu=0.m Ultimate loads on Single Pile : Compressive load = Rc = 699.44 kN.0 Mpa 1 of 12 of dia.3 Mpa.Design of Chimney : Ultimate Compression = 4259. So Mu = 309.44 kN.82*Q*Lf/2 = For Max Compression M = 349.

47 kN >239.64 Load carried by each cleat = 239 64 kN The Capacity P of each cleat is given by : P x 1.27 Mpa AS per ACI Shear Stress applied to concrete should be less than 0.34√f'c Mpa.52 kN Where.1 kN So OK . Published by The American Society of Civil Engineers) x = 68. Load Carried by each Cleat =0.1 kN The Capacity P of each cleat is given by : P x 1.19 f 'c ⎦ 1/ 2 r x / 2) w r t. Rmax = 699.2.8 = 1151 mm dave. 1.2 . 5.76 =1399.Check Punching of cleats: 5.61 kN Consider 4 cleat group with 4 three cleats in each group.Check cap thickness for Flexural Shear : Total shear acting at a distance d/2 from the face of the column = 3*Rmax.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 5.64 kN So OK .23 kN Consider 4 cleat group with 4 three cleats in each group.2. where d is the effective depth of cap.2.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA .2 .1. b = 4500 mm Consider clear cover 75 and dia of Bar 16 mm . : Art.6. dave = ( 1167+1151 )/2 = 1159 mm So.19 mm.52 Mpa.76 kN AS per ACI Shear Stress applied to concrete should be less than 0. length 160 .19 mm.3.2. Md.19 f 'c b(t ⎡ Fy ⎤ t⎢ ⎥ 1.39 Mpa Where Rmax is the Maximum pile reaction = Rcmax = 699. This is greater than applied stress.5* Ccomp. In present case which is coming 1.a Check For Compression: Ultimate Compression = 4259. This is greater than applied stress so consideration is quite Ok.19 ⎣1 19 f 'c ⎦ 1/ 2 r x / 2) w r t./16 = 133. 5. d ( Inner Layer) = 1250-75-16 .mm Punching stress developed = Rmax*1000/502600 = 1. length 160 .76 kN So Total Shear. x = 68. The size of cleats is 150X150X20 .22 kN Compression to be carried by cleats = 50% of Comp. 239. so consideration is quite Ok.1.Design of Pile Cap : 5.1.19 f 'c b(t ⎡ Fy ⎤ t⎢ ⎥ ⎣1. The size of cleats is 150X150X20 .. Where .2.Vc =2*699. 5.2. Giasuddin Page 8 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 ..93 Mpa.47 kN >133.39 Mpa.7. In present case which is coming 0. So d ( Outer Layer) = 1250-75-8 =1167 mm . ( Ref. b = Length of Angle Shear Connector = 160 mm t = Thickness of Angle Shear Connector = 20 mm r = Radius of fillet = 40 mm w = width of angle shear connector = 150 So P = 537. Where .17√f'c Mpa.Check for position of Piles : Distance from pile edge to pile cap edge.b Check For Uplift: Ultimate Uplift = 3834. x = 200 mm Distance from pile center to pile cap edge = 500 mm Diameter of punching plane. Vc = Vc/bd = 0.= 2129. b = Length of Angle Shear Connector = 160 mm t = Thickness of Angle Shear Connector = 20 mm r = Radius of fillet = 40 mm w = width of angle shear connector = 150 So P = 537. Where Rmax=Rc or Rt whichever is larger. Design of Latticed Steel Transmission Structures. y = 800 mm Perimeter of punching plane = PI()*800 =2513 mm So area of concrete to resist punching of pile = 2513*200 = 502600 Sq.

m Assuming depth of stress block.73 mm2 Total Nos. Where x' = 1. -Design of concrete structure.10th Ed. Ultimate bond stress in tension bars uu is given by : Uu = 0.2.85*0.0015bt = 8437...2 . So Mu= 2*Rt*x' . So As = 3208 mm2 Min Rebar Required = 0.m. Development length ld is given by : l d = So Development length ld required = 247 mm Fs .1176) = 1176 mm Tensile pile reactions will produce tension at the top of the cap. Mdes = 1889. Giasuddin Page 9 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .4 kN. As = M*1000000/(0.23 kN So As = Fz*1000/0. By-Nilson & Winter. So d (Outer Layer) = 1250-75-8 = 1167 mm. d ( Inner Layer) = 1250 -50-16 .85*fc'*b) = 22.) Check for a a = As*fy/(.02187 0.Check for Bending Moment : Maximum moment acting at the face of the column=2*Maximum pile reaction*distance between pile center to column face.8 = 1151 mm dmin = MIN( 1151. -Design of concrete structure. 16 mm along both dic. a = 16.5. of Dia. So if all top bars are bent downwards this will be good enough for uplift.8 = 1176 mm d = Min(1192.m Assuming depth of stress block.3 -Vertical Reinforcement Around The pile cap : Total uplift to be resisted by the vertical rebars around the pile cap = Fz = 3834. Where f 'c ⎠ ⎝ Mu f y b(1 0. (Ref. of top reinforcement is 168 whose total area is 33778 mm2. So d (Outer Layer) = 1250 -50-8 = 1192 mm Where d is the effective depth of cap from Cap Bottom to Rebar center at Top.9 Which is less than dprovide .35 m Mdes = 1399. Where x' = 1.Page 83 .9*fy*(d-a/2)) = 3208 mm2 (Ref.2.. of Bars = 42 Nos 5. where d is the effective depth of cap.5 mm2 Consider bar Size = 16 mm So Nos.85* fc ' 600 f y 600 fy b= 0.Bottom Reinforcement : Consider clear cover 75 and dia of Bar 16 mm . ρ b =0.9*fy*(d-a/2)) =4439 mm2.7 mm Consideration is OK. a = 22.2.4 . As per BS 8110. 42 Nos.Page 83 .84 Mpa Cap Reinforcement Plan at Top Cap Reinforcement Plan at Bottom 42 Nos.350 m Mmax= 1889.5 . Fs=Fz uu ∑ o Provide all top bars bent downwards for the half depth of the cap.14 kN.It will be suffient for development length. of Dia.1167) = 1151 mm Compressive pile reactions will produce tension at the bottom of the cap.) Check for a a = As*fy/(.0015bt = 8437.01640194 Mu d fy ⎞ ⎛ f ybd 2 ⎜1 0.2.70 mm 0.Top Reinforcement : Consider clear cover 50 and dia of Bar 16 mm . of Bars = 42 Nos 5.5 mm2 Consider bar Size = 16 mm So Nos.5. But Min Rebar Required = 0. Md.4 mm Area of steel. As = M*1000000/(0.4√fc' = 1.10th Ed. 16 mm along both dic. d ( Inner Layer) = 1250 -75 -16 . So Mmax=3*Rmax*x' .5.85*fc'*b) = 16.7 mm Area of steel.4 mm Consideration is OK.1 . By-Nilson & Winter.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA . so OK 5.Reinforcement Calculation : 5.7/Fy = 13198.75* b max= = 0.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 5.59 ⎟ .2. So As = 4439 mm2.where∑ o is the total perimeter of all rebars.352 kN.59 fy fc ' ) 290.

Uplift case is taken into consideration. Rebar Dia = 25 mm So Nos. Provide 13 nos.4 -Horizontal Reinforcement Around The pile cap : Provide 5 nos.5 N = Normal Load = 699760.00 N fc = 30.Check for pile head deflection: ) For safe dissipation of moment at the point of fixity designed rebar is extended by 1. ( Ref.5 Acfc/ cfy = 5723.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA .1 at a distance 7.2 Design for Tension Plus Bending N = Normal Load = 518200. 6. of Bar = 9 Nos.m 6.237 m from Pile Top Kp h Passive Pressure on Pile Md. 6 . Length of fixity is 5.Structural Design of Pile Ultimate loads on Single Pile : Compressive load = Rc = 699. 6.53 meter.m Ultimate Moment For Max Uplift .44 kN.00 MPa M = Moment = 309150000.4 .5 Acfc/ cfy = 4087. to clause4.00 N fc = 30.1.061 = 0.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 5.069 = 0.0 Sqmm.00 MPa M = Moment = 349440000.5 ⎟ f A h ⎝ ⎠ c c ⎛ c ⎞ Atot f y ⎜ 1.3 Sqmm.1 Design of upper segment of pile 6.5 meter.1.061 = 0.mm so And For above values of & = 0.76 kN Uplift load = Rt = 518.97 meter below the point of fixity.2 ( From chart of Annexure-2 ) Pile Section at Lower Segment So Atot = 1. of 10mm dia bar around the cap distributed along the whole depth with 300 mm lapping at the joint.5. of dia. of Bar = 12 Nos. Mu = 349.28 ( From chart of Annexure-2 ) Hu h= 1st Segment Length of pile So Atot = 1. ⎛ c ⎞ N ⎜ 1.1 Design for Compression Plus Bending g p g Pile diameter.5 ⎟ A f ⎝ ⎠ c c c Pile Section at Upper Segment = 1.2 kN Ultimate Moment For Maximum Compression .25 Since Tension plus Bending combination requires more reinforcement than that of compression plus bending combination. h = 600 mm Ac = /4h2 = 282743.0 2 Where k p = Co-efficient of passive earth pressure = 1+sin 1-Sin 3. 25mm.00 N.35 kN So Moment =-0.2. Rebar Dia = 25 mm So Nos.2 Calculation to Find Point of Zero Moment in the Pile Moment at aheight h is Hu * h 1 k p γh*h*Pile Dia*h/3 =0.00 N.9 Sqmm. Hu ( for Uplift ) = 136.082 = 0. Hence length of upper segment of the pile is 7. Mu = 309.mm so And For above values of & = 0. Giasuddin Page 10 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .15 kN.5 ⎟ f A ⎝ ⎠ c c M ⎛ c ⎞ ⎜ 1.

14 Sqm So.5 = 14.5 *8 = 60 kN/Sqm As=PI()*0.55 kN Net Tension at the point = 518.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) h = 7.2 . of dia 16 mm for the lower segment is ok from structural point and minimum requirement as well. Giasuddin Page 11 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA .6 m (h should be measured from GL but 1st segment of pile is considered Conservatively) Upper segment considered = 7.7*415=290.5 = 1146 mm2 Minimum Rebar for pile section is = 0. Frictional Resistance by soil=0.5*Ks*Pd*tand*As g y Where.7.237 m and Pile Dia = 0. Yield Strength of Rebar = 415 Mpa So Tensile Strength Can be considered as = 0.5 meter Rebar Requirement to Resist Tensile force : Acting tension at any point = Tension at pile top .7*60*Tan15*14. 6 nos.Frictional Resistance by Soil Skin Friction is given by = 0.185.65 kN Tensile Force to be resisted = 332650 N Consider no tension to be resisted by concrete that means all tensile forces shall be resisted by rebar only.14 = 185.6*7.5 Mpa So Rebar area required to resist Tensile force = 332650 / 290.004*X-Sectinal area of pile = 1131 mm2.5*0. Ks=0. Pd=7. = = 32 Degree Submerged Density of soil = 8 KN/Cum Md.55 = 332.

Giasuddin Page 12 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA .COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) Annexure-1: Reinforcement Chart for Chimney Md.

COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) Annexure-2: Reinforcement Chart for Pile Md. Giasuddin Page 13 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 2 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-2 FOR BIBYANA .

DESIGN-BUILD AND TRUNKEY CONTRACT FOR CONSTRUCTION OF 230kV BIBYANA COMILLA TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) AUTHORITY DESIGNED BY CHECKED BY APPROVED BY NAME & SIGN Md. NAME OF PROJECT : SANERGY CO. Giasuddin Designed By Description Approved By EMPLOYER : CONTRACTOR : POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LTD.Cal/Local/09 . Document No. Giasuddin Md. Giasuddin DATE 17-Apr-11 SUBMISSION SOUGHT For approval For construction As Built Paper Size A4 Scale : Language English N/A Total Sheets 13 Revision 1st Sub. Submission Status 17-Apr-11 Date Md.Foundation Design Calculation of Tower Type 2DT6 For Soil Category-3 1st Subm. : PGCB/230kV/TL/B-C/Lot-3/Des.

4 .1 Foundation Loads 1.2 D i 5 2 .2 . General.2 Design for Tension Plus Bending 6.1.1.3 Foundation Strength Factors 1.1 Design of upper segment of pile 6.1.2 Calculation to Find Point of Zero Moment in the Pile Annexure-1 Annexure-2 Page No.Reinforcement Calculation 5.Minimum Length of Pile Group Against Uprooting 4.Pile Design Load Against Compressive Load g oad ga Up 4.Check for Bending Moment 5.Design of Pile Cap f Pil C 5.5 . 03 03 03 03 03 03 03 03 04 04 05 05 05 05 05 06 07 07 07 08 08 08 08 08 08 09 09 08 09 09 10 10 10 10 10 10 12 13 Giasuddin Date : 17 April '11 . Residual Shear Calculation 3.4 -Horizontal Reinforcement Around The pile cap 6 .Ultimate Stress on Pile Section Section-5 :Structural Design of Chimney & Pile Cap 5.2 ..2.5.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA .5.2.2.2.a Check For Compression 5.3 -Vertical Reinforcement Around The pile cap 5.Check cap thickness for Flexural Shear 5.1 .Design of Chimney 5.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) Contents 1.1.7 Geometrical Data of the Tower 2DT6 1.2.5 .5.8 Layout Plan Of the Foundation 2.5.3 .Top Reinforcement 5.2 .4 Factored Foundation Loads 1.2.6 Material Properties 1.Bottom Reinforcement 5.2.Check for pile head deflection 4.Pile Design Load Against Uplift 4.2 Geotechnical Information 1.5 Codes & Standards Considered 1.2.3.2.Structural Design of Pile 6.1 . 1.4 .b Check For Uplift 5.Check Punching of cleats 5.1.2.1 Design for Compression Plus Bending 6..Check for position of Piles 5.1 .2. Foundation Geometry 4 : Design Calculation for Pile 4.

1. ø = 30 Degree Soil Density = 17 kN/Cum.5 Codes & Standards Considered : ACI BS 8110 1.33 Fy (kN) 831. Md. Frustum angle = 15 Degree.3 Foundation Strength Factors : Strength Factor 2DL. As per techinical specification 1. Max Long. 2D25 2DT6 1. Case in Comp. Factored Foundation Loads.98 2840. Corresponding cylinder strength of concrete for Pile-Cap. Friction.Volume 2 of 3 Factored Ultimate Loads Along Global Direction ( Pull and Thrust Vertical) Items Max Long.23 2D25. Concrete Clear Cover for sides of Pile is = 75 mm. Unit Weight of Concrete = 24 kN/Cum. 1.2 Geotechnical Information: Angle of Int. fc' = 21.62 1. Concrete Clear Cover at top and sides of Cap & Column is = 50 mm. 28 days cube strength of concrete for Pile-Cap.69 1122.35 Applied Loading Case For All Load Cases 1. Diagonal Slope = Ø = 18.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA .A2). 2DL 2D1 1.25 Mpa.7 Geometrical Data of the Tower 2DT6 : Face Slope = Ø = 13. pile cap and chimney. values with suffices x.4.306 Degree.fy = 415 Mpa.493 Degree.6 Material Properties and Clear Cover : 28 days cube strength of concrete for Pile.62 831.33 893.00 Fy (kN) 1122. If not mentioned otherwise.23 Fx (kN) 1206. fc' = 30 Mpa. The objective of this generic design is to compute loads on individual pile top. Giasuddin Page 3 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 . Factored Loads by using Foundation Strength Factor from Appendix (7.69 1. fc' = 25 Mpa. length of fixity of pile and is to design pile. General. Soil Submerged Density = 7 kN/Cum.22 3834.00 1206. Yield Strength Reinforcing Steel . Case in Uplift Fz ( kN ) 4259.17 Fx (kN) 893. y and z indicate three global directions with outward positive.1 Foundation Loads : Ultimate Loads Along Global Direction ( Pull and Thrust Vertical) Items Max Compression Case Max Uplift Case Fz ( kN ) 3154.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 1.

23 Max Compression Case Max Uplift Case Md.80 Fyleg 1007.31 906.69 1122.22 3834.38 215.00 1206. Giasuddin Page 4 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 450 1800 450 1800 1800 .31 906.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA .20 FyRes = Fy-Fyleg 115.69 Fy (kN) Residual Shear ( kN ) FxRes = Fx-Fxleg 198.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 1.69 299.80 1206. Residual Shear Calculation : Leg Shear ( kN ) = Fz*Tan Fx (kN) Fxleg 1007.8 Layout Plan Of the Foundation 450 450 1800 1800 450 450 1800 1800 450 450 1800 4500 4500 900 900 900 900 1800 450 4500 4500 CP 4500 450 4500 450 1800 900 4500 4500 900 1800 900 1800 450 900 450 1800 1800 450 450 1800 1800 450 Layout Plan of Foundation 2.89 Items Vertical Loads Fz ( kN ) 4259.00 1122.

35*(Wcol+Wpad+Ws) = 5150. Foundation Geometry : Size of the column = 900 mmX900 mm.5 kNs. Moment Mx = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fxleg*0.12 kN.0 + FyRes*(t+h+h''-0. In this case d1x=d1y= 0.68 kN.9 m.m Moment My = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fyleg*0. f = 300 mm. No.m 4 : Design Calculation for Pile : Reaction of pile with applied vertical loads and biaxial bending moment can be expressed by the following equation: RV = R V M x *d1x M y *d1y ± ± 8 ∑ dix 2 ∑ diy 2 2 Where . Bouyant Weight of Column. Dia of the Pile. R Tmax = ( Pile weight is to be considered during Pile schedule) R zt 8 M x *d1x ∑ dix 2 M y *d1y ∑ diy 2 4.15) = 566.53 kNs Foundation Layout Detail Typical Pile Cap Section Loads on Pile top : For Maximum Comp.625 m.Pile Design Load Against Uplift : g g p Maximum compresive load that a pile will be imposed can be expressed by : So Rtmax = 518. Wcol = 13. So a = d/2 = 5.38 kNs Moment Mx = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fxleg*0. Soil body to Resist Uplift Say minimum length of pile =9 m Depth of pile.Minimum Length of Pile Group Against Uprooting : Md.94 kNs Bouyant Weight of Pad.39 kN.3 .28 kNs. h' = 400 mm.59 sqm.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA . Length/Width of the Cap. ∑ dix ∑ diy 2 6*1.W'pad .83 kNs.W'col .COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 3.2 .m Moment My = Moment for Leg and Residual Shear = Fyleg*0. Pile Center to center Distance = 1800 mm.15) = 408.0 + FxRes*(t+h+h''-0.2^2+5. h = 700 mm. Cap Thickness.22 kNs. Resultant Compressive Load = Rzc =Fz+ 1.5 mm. Weight of Pad.96 kNs.44 Sqm.0 + Fyres*(t+h+h''-0. h'' = 280.247 m X5.m For Maximum Uplift : Resultant Uplift = Rzt=Fz . t = 1250 mm. W'col = 7.247 m Average Area = (4.15) =376.W's = 3429.38 kNs Bouyant Weight of Superimposed Soil. Ws =103. The base size of the soil frustum at the lowest point b' = 4.41 kN. d = 10.2m X4. Height of column. W's = 42. Dp = 600 mm.2 m The base size of the soil frustum at Mid Height .15) = 218. Wpad = 607. of Pile Per Leg = 8 Nos Weight Calculation Weight of Column. Weight of Superimposed Soil.1 . d1x and d1y denote the distances from pile center to cap center along X or Y Direction. R Cmax = ( Pile weight is to be considered during Pile schedule) R zc 8 M x *d1x ∑ dix 2 M y *d1y ∑ diy 2 4. L/B = 4500 mm. Giasuddin Page 5 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 . b =5. 4.8^2 = 19.247^2)/2 =22.313 m.Pile Design Load Against Compressive Load : Maximum compresive load that a pile will be imposed can be expressed by : So Rcmax = 698.0 + Fxres*(t+h+h''-0.61 kNs. W'pad = 354.

Md.625 m. So Qsu = 3832.366 cm. = 13.88 kN Lateral Load carried by a single Pile = 140.57 m So depth of fixity. So OK.47 kN/Sqm.5 cm4 4700 I EI = 163769889855 kg.28*7=1863.57 kNs So OK.5) = 3797.53^2+797.247^2*5.( soil to soil co-efficient of earth pressure) Pd= d. Y = Q*(Lf)^3/12EI = 1.4 .(797.75 kN For Max Uplift: Fy = Leg Shear = 906.31 kN Passive resistance by Cap Only ( Same in x and y face) = = 30 Degree y = Submerged Density of soil = 7 kN/Cum. So T = 257. Which is less than 25mm. 7 10. to figure no 2 .8 kN Kp h Lf/T = 2. L= B = b' = 4.15.66 mm.75 kN For fixed head pile depth of fixity is given by Cap Bot.03 cm = 2. Allowable capacity (FS=1.55+0. 4.625 74.146 For Submerged Loose Sand 25742. 1250 Fx = Leg Shear = 906. 636172.04^2)=1270.31 kN Fy = Leg Shear = 1007.5 2 a 109.sqcm. Passive Pressure on Cap Where.375 kNs So fs = 21.53^2)=1127.53 kN Vres=Sqrt.00 b' GL Cap Top 300 Design shear carried by a single Pile Qmax = 158. T Where .99 kN 1+sin 1-Sin 3. Which is less than 3797.36kNs. E 5 EI K1 and fc ' d4 64 K1 = 0. Giasuddin Page 6 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 L d b . Lf = 5.313= 146.04 kN Vres=Sqrt.57 kNs Resultant Uplift = 3429. Pd =7 *10 625 = 74 375 kNs.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) So Frustum Volume = 22.28 Cum Total weight of soil body = 266.8 kN Net Fx = Leg Shear = 797.59 * 5.25*4. Net Fx = Leg Shear = 898. appendix C of IS: 2911) For fixed head piles .4 kNs Ultimate uplift capacity of pile group = Skin Resistance + Submerged Weight of soil body = 5696.96 Mpa = 257430 kg/sqcm.27 109 27 kN Where k p = Co-efficient of passive earth pressure = γ=Submerged density of soil =7 kN/Cum.27 cum Total soil Volume = 266.3125 =120. H is the depth of soil block and f s is the unit skin friction which is given by fs Ks =1 .04^2+898.2 m and H = d = 10. a 1 K p Tan 2 s d Passive resistance by Pile Cap is 1 k p γ*(1 55+0 30)*1 25*4 5 = γ*(1.30)*1.Check for pile head deflection: For Max Compression: Fx = Leg Shear = 1007.04 kN Net Fy = Leg Shear = 898.38 kNs.53 m Deflection.53 kN Net Fy = Leg Shear = 797.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA .(898.02 kN Lateral Load carried by a single Pile = 158.01 cum The upper soil volume = 5.96 kN Skin resistance of pile group is Given by : GL Qsu =2 * ( L B) * H * f s Where L and B are the overall length and width of pile group. (Ref.

6 kN.75 kN. Md.67 kN.93 kN.3 Mpa. As per Code Min Rebar Required = 0.61 kN Residual shear : Fxmax = 299.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 4. Giasuddin Page 7 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .5√fc' Mpa Column Section Development length l d is given by : l d = So Uu = 2. So Mu = 359.22 kN 50% of Ult.1 .0 Mpa fy = 415. Ultimate bond stress in compression bars uu is given by : uu=0.m For Max Compression.m For Max Uplift Q = Hu = 140. 20 mm Pu/fckbD = 0.Design of Chimney : Ultimate Compression = 4259. So Embedded length provided = 1250-75-32 = 1143 mm which is more than requirement. graph ( see annexure-1 ) shows that no rebar is needed. 20 mm Provide 12 nos 20mm dia.mm D = 900.Ultimate Stress on Pile Section For Max Compression For fixed head long pile : Moment M=m.016 For the above values.m For Max Uplift ultimate Moment .61 Total Nos.0 Mpa 1 of 12 of dia.5 .00 mm b = 900 mm d' = 66 mm d'/D = 0. so Ok.89 kN Resultant Fxy = 368.82*Q*Lf/2 = For Max Compression M = 359. Compression = 2129.793 = 292.073 mm fck = 25.m For Max Uplift M = 319. Embedded Length of Rebar.67 kN.96 kN y M = Fxy* 0. Pu = 2129610. Mu = 319.20 kN Fymax = 215.where∑ o is the total perimeter of all rebars. Mu = 359. Q = Hu = 158. F s .105 Mu /fckbD2 = 0.m Section-5 : Structural Design of Chimney & Pile Cap 5.93 kN.96 kN For Max Compression ultimate Moment .1 N. Fs=Fz uu ∑ o Cap thgickness is = 1250 mm and Clear Cover at bottom = 75 mm Let Chimney rebar rest on the bottom mesh of cap.004*900^2 = 3240 mm2 Consider Bar Dia.83 kN Uplift load = Rt = 518.93 kN. Compression t b resisted b th rebars i chimney = F = 2129 61 kN C i to be i t d by the b in hi Fz 2129.99 kN. of reinforcement is 12 of dia 20 12mm.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA .00 N Mu = 292582755.m.m Ultimate loads on Single Pile : Compressive load = Rc = 698.67 kN. So Development length ld required = 1228 mm. So Mu = 319. As per BS 8110.MF = 0.

93 Mpa.6.64 kN So OK . Published by The American Society of Civil Engineers) x = 68. Md.47 kN >133.Check cap thickness for Flexural Shear : Total shear acting at a distance d/2 from the face of the column = 3*Rmax.19 f 'c b(t ⎡ Fy ⎤ t⎢ ⎥ ⎣1. In present case which is coming 0.2..2. This is greater than applied stress. In present case which is coming 1. Design of Latticed Steel Transmission Structures.2.2. d ( Inner Layer) = 1250-75-16 .22 kN Compression to be carried by cleats = 50% of Comp. so consideration is quite Ok.. 5.23 kN Consider 4 cleat group with 4 three cleats in each group.83 kN AS per ACI Shear Stress applied to concrete should be less than 0. ( Ref. x = 200 mm Distance from pile center to pile cap edge = 500 mm Diameter of punching plane.5* Ccomp. dave = ( 1167+1151 )/2 = 1159 mm So.17√f'c Mpa. length 160 .2 .83 =1397.1 kN The Capacity P of each cleat is given by : P x 1.1.61 kN Consider 4 cleat group with 4 three cleats in each group.39 Mpa.1 kN So OK . So d ( Outer Layer) = 1250-75-8 =1167 mm .52 Mpa.3.1.mm Punching stress developed = Rmax*1000/502600 = 1. y = 800 mm Perimeter of punching plane = PI()*800 =2513 mm So area of concrete to resist punching of pile = 2513*200 = 502600 Sq. 5. : Art. b = 4500 mm Consider clear cover 75 and dia of Bar 16 mm .83 kN So Total Shear.1.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA .2.7.= 2129.19 mm.2. The size of cleats is 150X150X20 . The size of cleats is 150X150X20 .Design of Pile Cap : 5. length 160 .19 f 'c ⎦ 1/ 2 r x / 2) w r t.Check for position of Piles : Distance from pile edge to pile cap edge.Vc =2*698.b Check For Uplift: Ultimate Uplift = 3834. b = Length of Angle Shear Connector = 160 mm t = Thickness of Angle Shear Connector = 20 mm r = Radius of fillet = 40 mm w = width of angle shear connector = 150 So P = 537.34√f'c Mpa.2 . Giasuddin Page 8 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 . Where .27 Mpa AS per ACI Shear Stress applied to concrete should be less than 0. Where Rmax=Rc or Rt whichever is larger. This is greater than applied stress so consideration is quite Ok. Load Carried by each Cleat =0.8 = 1151 mm dave.19 f 'c b(t ⎡ Fy ⎤ t⎢ ⎥ 1.19 ⎣1 19 f 'c ⎦ 1/ 2 r x / 2) w r t.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 5.39 Mpa Where Rmax is the Maximum pile reaction = Rcmax = 698. b = Length of Angle Shear Connector = 160 mm t = Thickness of Angle Shear Connector = 20 mm r = Radius of fillet = 40 mm w = width of angle shear connector = 150 So P = 537. where d is the effective depth of cap.66 kN Where. 239. Vc = Vc/bd = 0.Check Punching of cleats: 5.64 Load carried by each cleat = 239 64 kN The Capacity P of each cleat is given by : P x 1. Rmax = 698. 1.a Check For Compression: Ultimate Compression = 4259./16 = 133.19 mm. Where . 5.47 kN >239. x = 68.

2.6 mm Consideration is OK..) Check for a a = As*fy/(.0015bt = 8437.Bottom Reinforcement : Consider clear cover 75 and dia of Bar 16 mm .23 kN So As = Fz*1000/0. ρ b =0.1 .m. So if all top bars are bent downwards this will be good enough for uplift.0015bt = 8437.350 m Mmax= 1886.2. So d (Outer Layer) = 1250-75-8 = 1167 mm. As = M*1000000/(0. Where x' = 1..2 . a = 16. By-Nilson & Winter.5 .85*fc'*b) = 16. of Bars = 42 Nos 5.35 m Mdes = 1401.4 mm Area of steel. So As = 4433 mm2. so OK 5.51 mm 0. -Design of concrete structure.7/Fy = 13198. By-Nilson & Winter. But Min Rebar Required = 0.m Assuming depth of stress block. d ( Inner Layer) = 1250 -75 -16 . Md.59 fy fc ' ) 290.5 mm2 Consider bar Size = 16 mm So Nos. So Mmax=3*Rmax*x' . So Mu= 2*Rt*x' .Reinforcement Calculation : 5.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA .8 kN.9*fy*(d-a/2)) = 3212 mm2 (Ref. 16 mm along both dic.. Where f 'c ⎠ ⎝ Mu f y b(1 0.1167) = 1151 mm Compressive pile reactions will produce tension at the bottom of the cap.3 -Vertical Reinforcement Around The pile cap : Total uplift to be resisted by the vertical rebars around the pile cap = Fz = 3834.2. Where x' = 1.59 ⎟ . -Design of concrete structure.Top Reinforcement : Consider clear cover 50 and dia of Bar 16 mm . So d (Outer Layer) = 1250 -50-8 = 1192 mm Where d is the effective depth of cap from Cap Bottom to Rebar center at Top. As = M*1000000/(0.19 kN. So As = 3212 mm2 Min Rebar Required = 0.2.85*0.85*fc'*b) = 22. of Dia.4 .COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 5.10th Ed.5.85* fc ' 600 f y 600 fy b= 0.73 mm2 Total Nos.6 mm Area of steel.02187 0. Fs=Fz uu ∑ o Provide all top bars bent downwards for the half depth of the cap.2.Check for Bending Moment : Maximum moment acting at the face of the column=2*Maximum pile reaction*distance between pile center to column face. of Bars = 42 Nos 5.Page 83 .9 Which is less than dprovide .5.m Assuming depth of stress block.84 Mpa Cap Reinforcement Plan at Top Cap Reinforcement Plan at Bottom 42 Nos.8 = 1176 mm d = Min(1192.1176) = 1176 mm Tensile pile reactions will produce tension at the top of the cap. As per BS 8110. 42 Nos. Mdes = 1886.8 = 1151 mm dmin = MIN( 1151. of Dia. (Ref. of top reinforcement is 168 whose total area is 33778 mm2.9*fy*(d-a/2)) =4433 mm2. Giasuddin Page 9 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .10th Ed. 16 mm along both dic. d ( Inner Layer) = 1250 -50-16 .4√fc' = 1.It will be suffient for development length.841 kN.Page 83 .5 mm2 Consider bar Size = 16 mm So Nos.75* b max= = 0.where∑ o is the total perimeter of all rebars. Ultimate bond stress in tension bars uu is given by : Uu = 0.01640194 Mu d fy ⎞ ⎛ f ybd 2 ⎜1 0. a = 22.4 mm Consideration is OK.5.) Check for a a = As*fy/(. where d is the effective depth of cap. Development length ld is given by : l d = So Development length ld required = 247 mm Fs .

071 = 0. of 10mm dia bar around the cap distributed along the whole depth with 300 mm lapping at the joint. Giasuddin Page 10 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .5 Acfc/ cfy = 4087.5 ⎟ f A ⎝ ⎠ c c M ⎛ c ⎞ ⎜ 1.1 Design for Compression Plus Bending g p g Pile diameter.3 ( From chart of Annexure-2 ) Pile Section at Lower Segment Hu h= 1st Segment Length of pile So Atot = 1.00 N. Hu ( for Uplift ) = 140.5 Acfc/ cfy = 6131.m 6.97 meter below the point of fixity.061 = 0. ⎛ c ⎞ N ⎜ 1.COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) 5.1 Design of upper segment of pile 6.1 at a distance 8.5 N = Normal Load = 698830.063 = 0.00 N fc = 30.2 Design for Tension Plus Bending N = Normal Load = 518960. of dia.83 kN Uplift load = Rt = 518.00 MPa M = Moment = 319670000.mm so And For above values of & = 0.1. Hence length of upper segment of the pile is 8. h = 600 mm Ac = /4h2 = 282743.00 Since Tension plus Bending combination requires more reinforcement than that of compression plus bending combination.3 Sqmm.5 ⎟ f A h ⎝ ⎠ c c ⎛ c ⎞ Atot f y ⎜ 1.5 ⎟ A f ⎝ ⎠ c c c = 1.9 Sqmm. ( Ref. Length of fixity is 5.2.67 kN. to clause4.53 meter.Check for pile head deflection: ) For safe dissipation of moment at the point of fixity designed rebar is extended by 2.0 2 Where k p = Co-efficient of passive earth pressure = 1+sin 1-Sin 3.99 kN So Moment =-0.8 Sqmm. of Bar = 9 Nos. 25mm.4 -Horizontal Reinforcement Around The pile cap : Provide 5 nos. Mu = 359. of Bar = 13 Nos. Mu = 319. Uplift case is taken into consideration.m Ultimate Moment For Max Uplift . 6.1.93 kN.00 N fc = 30.96 kN Ultimate Moment For Maximum Compression . 6 .5 meter.00 N.mm so And For above values of & = 0.2 Calculation to Find Point of Zero Moment in the Pile Moment at aheight h is Hu * h 1 k p γh*h*Pile Dia*h/3 =0.Structural Design of Pile Ultimate loads on Single Pile : Compressive load = Rc = 698.4 .00 MPa M = Moment = 359930000. 6.194 m from Pile Top Kp h Passive Pressure on Pile Md.5.2 ( From chart of Annexure-2 ) Pile Section at Upper Segment So Atot = 1. Rebar Dia = 25 mm So Nos.082 = 0. Provide 14 nos.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA . Rebar Dia = 25 mm So Nos.

35 kN Tensile Force to be resisted = 326350 N Consider no tension to be resisted by concrete that means all tensile forces shall be resisted by rebar only. Ks=0.5 = 16.5 meter Rebar Requirement to Resist Tensile force : Acting tension at any point = Tension at pile top .COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) h = 8.POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA .7*415=290. = = 30 Degree Submerged Density of soil = 7 KN/Cum Md.194 m and Pile Dia = 0.5 Mpa So Rebar area required to resist Tensile force = 326350 / 290.5 *7 = 59.5*Tan15*16.Frictional Resistance by Soil Skin Friction is given by = 0.192.004*X-Sectinal area of pile = 1131 mm2. Giasuddin Page 11 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 . Frictional Resistance by soil=0.5*Ks*Pd*tand*As g y Where.6 m (h should be measured from GL but 1st segment of pile is considered Conservatively) Upper segment considered = 8. Pd=8.7.5*0.61 = 326.02 = 192. of dia 16 mm for the lower segment is ok from structural point and minimum requirement as well.7*59.5 kN/Sqm As=PI()*0. 7 nos.5 = 1124 mm2 Minimum Rebar for pile section is = 0.6*8.61 kN Net Tension at the point = 518. Yield Strength of Rebar = 415 Mpa So Tensile Strength Can be considered as = 0.02 Sqm So.96 .

COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) Annexure-1: Reinforcement Chart for Chimney Md. Giasuddin Page 12 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA .

Giasuddin Page 13 of 13 Date : 17 April '11 .POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED SC 3 Foundation of Tower Type 2DT6 for SC-3 FOR BIBYANA .COMILLA 230kV TRANSMISSION LINE (LOT-3) Annexure-2: Reinforcement Chart for Pile Md.