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CURRICULUM OF Petroleum Engineering B.E/B.Sc & M.

E/MSc

2008

HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD.

CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC


Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Riaz ul Haq Tariq Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Khan Executive Director Member (Acad) Deputy Director (Curri) Assistant Director Assistant Director

Composed by Mr. Zulfiqar Ali, HEC Islamabad


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Table of Content
1. Introduction 2. Rationale 3. Goals 4. Frame Work/Template for BE/BSc Petroleum Engineering 5. Scheme of Studies for BE/BSc in Petroleum Engineering 6. Details of Courses for BE/BSc in Petroleum Engineering 7. Scheme of Studies for ME/MSc in Petroleum Engineering 8. Details of Courses for ME/MSc in Petroleum Engineering 9. Recommendations 10. Annexures A, B, C & D. 6 8 8 9 12 16 43 44 56 57

PREFACE
Curriculum development is a highly organized and systematic process and involves a number of procedures. Many of these procedures include incorporating the results from international research studies and reforms made in other countries. These studies and reforms are then related to the particular subject and the position in Pakistan so that the proposed curriculum may have its roots in the socioeconomics setup in which it is to be introduced. Hence, unlike a machine, it is not possible to accept any curriculum in its entirety. It has to be studied thoroughly and all aspects are to be critically examined before any component is recommended for adoption. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976, the Federal Government vide notification No. D773/76-JEA (cur.), dated December 4th 1976, appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees, certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges, universities and other institutions of higher education.
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In pursuance of the above decisions and directives, the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities. According to the decision of the special meeting of ViceChancellors Committee, the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic, Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards, and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. It also aimed to give a basic, broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. The new BS degree shall be of 4 years duration, and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours. The engineering degree will devote 65-70% of the curriculum towards engineering courses, and 35--30% to non Engineering courses. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level, comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities, degree awarding institutions, R&D organizations and respective accreditation councils. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Petroleum Engineering in a meeting held on April 24-26, 2008 at HEC Regional Centre, Karachi in continuation of its earlier meetings held on July 31 August 2, 2007 revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. The final draft prepared by the National Curriculum Revision Special Committee, duly approved by the competent authority, is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions.

DR.RIAZ-UL-HAQ TARIQ Member Academics April 2008


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CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT
STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV

CURRICULUM UNDER CONSIDERATION

CURRICULUM IN DRAFT STAGE

FINAL STAGE

FOLLOW UP

COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI, R&D, INDUSTRY & COUNCILS

APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP


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PREPARATION OF FINAL CURRICULUM

QUESTIONNAIRE

CONS. OF NCRC.

FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC

COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRICULUM

PREPARARTION OF DRAFT BY NCRC IMPLEMENTATION OF CURRICULUM

REVIEW

Abbreviations Used:
NCRC. National Curriculum Revision Committee VCC. EXP. COL. UNI. Vice-Chancellors Committee Experts Colleges Universities

ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI, HEC

BACK TO STAGE-I

PREP. Preparation REC. LI R&D HEC Recommendations Learning Innovation Research & Development Organization Higher Education Commission

Introduction
A Final meeting of Petroleum Engineering was held at HEC, Regional Center Karachi from 24-26 April 2008 to review / revise the existing curriculum of Petroleum Engineering at Graduate and Post-Graduate levels. The following attended the meeting. 1. Dr. Obed-ur-Rehman Paracha, Professor, Department of Petroleum & Gas Engineering, University of Engineering & Technology, Lahore Convener

2.

Prof. Dr. Saleem Raza Samo, Member Chairman, Department of Energy & Environment Engineering, Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering, Science & Technology, Nawabshah Prof. Dr. Syed Abid Hussain Member Chairman Petroleum Engineering department Dean, Faculty of Engineering, Baluchistan University of Information Technology, Engineering & Management Science, Jinnah Town, Quetta Dr. Fareed Iqbal Siddiqui, Manager Reservoir Engineering, Pakistan Petroleum Limited, P.O. 3942 PIDC House, Dr. Ziauddin Ahmed Road, Karachi Engr. Mohammad Hanif Sahto, Assistant Professor, Institute of Petroleum & Natural Gas Engineering, Mehran University of Engineering & Technology, Jamshoro Dr. Abid Murtaza Khan, Chairman, Department of Petroleum Engineering, NED University of Engg. & Technology, Karachi Member

3.

4.

5.

Member

6.

Member

7.

Engr. Kishan Chand Mukwana Member Assistant Professor, Department of Energy & Environment Engineering, Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering, Science & Technology, Nawabshah

8.

9.

Engr. Abdul Majeed, Assistant Professor, Department of Petroleum Engineering, NED University of Engg. & Technology, Karachi Dr. Naseem Ahmad, Chief Engineer (Production), OGDCL House Blue Area, Islamabad. Engr. Javaid Afzal Associate Professor Department of Petroleum & Gas Engineering, University of Engineering & Technology, Lahore Engr. Muhammad Rehan Hashmat Lecturer Department of Petroleum & Gas Engineering, University of Engineering & Technology, Lahore Dr. Abdul Haque Tunio Assistant Professor, Institute of Petroleum & Natural Gas Engineering, Mehran University of Engineering & Technology, Jamshoro Engr. Muhammad Khan Memon Assistant Professor, Institute of Petroleum & Natural Gas Engineering, Mehran University of Engineering & Technology, Jamshoro Engr. Azam Khan, Assistant Professor, Department of Petroleum & Gas Engineering, University of Engineering & Technology, Lahore

Member

Member

10.

Member

11.

Member

12.

Member

13.

Member

14.

Member/ Secretary

Rationale
The mission of the Petroleum Engineering is, to identify and satisfy the great demand from the petroleum industry and need to develop indigenous technology by preparing the effective and efficient professionals, through research, develop the methods to make country prosperous and fulfill the energy needs of Pakistan in coming years.

Goal
1. To equip the young graduates with job oriented knowledge, skills and perception by advanced theoretical and practical manifestations. 2. Develop the understanding and comprehension of the fundamentals of regional developments, economic developments, community development and developmental planning, thereby enabling the students to modern strategies for increasing energy demands of the country. 3. Educating the young graduates about the ethical and professional practices. 4. The outcomes of the program depends how well it achieved the objectives of the program. Our graduates will be able to demonstrate the ability of good engineer. 5. After fair comprehension of the courses, the graduates will be able to devise new systems and policies for the betterment of human life through exploring more energy resources. 6. The graduates will be able to demonstrate the use managerial tools of software like Eclipse, Pansys etc. 7. The graduates will learn to become good team players. 8. They will be able to communicate effectively through report writing and presentation. 9. Will demonstrate active, and life long learning capabilities. 10. Will uphold and demonstrate best standards of professionalism and ethical behavior.

Framework/Template for BE/BSc In Petroleum Engineering


(Non-Engineering Domain)
Knowledge Area Subject Area Name of Course
Eng-I (Functional English) Eng-II (Technical Report Writing & Presentation Skills) Eng-III (Communication Skills) Islamic Studies & Ethics Pakistan Studies Social Sciences-I Social SciencesII Applied Physics Applied Mathematics-I Applied Mathematics-II Applied Mathematics-III Applied Geology Applied Chemistry * Elective Corrosion Engineering * Project Planning & Management Environment & Safety Management

(Final)
CR
3 3

Lec CH
3 3

Lab CH
0 0

Total Cour ses

Total Cred its

% Area

English

19.15

6.62

Humanities Culture Social Sciences Physics

2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 3 3 3 42

1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 4

3 2 2 3 3 4 3 3 3 3 3 2 3 3 2 3 47 16 47 100.00 34.56 6 12.77 4.41 6 12.77 4.41 3 9 19.15 6.62 4 10 21.28 7.35

8.51

2.94

Mathematics Natural Sciences

Management Sciences

TOTAL

Petroleum Engineering (Engineering Domain)


Knowledge Area Subject Area
Programming Computing Design

Name of Course
Computer Programming & Software Application Applied Numerical Methods. Applied Statistics Applied Electricity. Fluid Mechanics Engineering Drawing & Graphics Fundamentals of Petroleum Engineering. Petroleum Economics Workshop Practice Mechanics of Materials. Petrophysics. Reservoir Fluids Well Logging. Reservoir Engineering-I Petroleum Production Engineering-I Drilling Engineering - I Principles of Enhanced Oil Recovery Well Testing Reservoir Engineering-II Principles of Reservoir Simulation Natural Gas Engineering. Petroleum Production Engineering-II Drilling Engineering - II Applied Thermodynamics Stratigraphy & Structural Geology Petroleum Geology & Exploration.

Lec CH
2

Lab CH
1

CR

Total Cour ses

Total Cred its

% Area

% Overall

3 2 6 6.74 4.41

2 3 2 2 0 2 2 0 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 3

1 0 1 1 2 0 0 2 1 1 1 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3

3 3 3 3 2 8 2 2 2 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 3 3 3 4 3 10 11.24 7.35 7 27 30.34 19.85 6 24 26.97 17.65 20 22.47 14.71

Engineering Foundation

Major Based Core (Breadth)

Major Based Core (Depth)

Interdisciplinary Engineering Breadth (Electives)

10

Senior Design Project Industrial Training TOTAL

0 0 62

6 0 87 149

2 0

0 0 26

2 0 89

2.25 0 100.00

1.47 0 65.44

GRAND TOTAL

206

42

136

100.00

* Depends upon availability of teacher/ university policy.

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Scheme of Studies for BE/BSc Petroleum Engineering


Semester-I
Sr. No 1 2 3 4 5 6 Course Code HU101 HU102 PG-101 Phy-103 Math-104 WS-105 Course Title Functional English Islamic Studies Fundamentals of Petroleum Engineering Applied Physics Applied Mathematics-I Workshop Practices Total Lecture Hrs 3 2 2 3 3 0 13 Lab Hrs 0 0 0 3 0 6 09 Credit Hours 3 2 2 4 3 2 16

Semester-II
1 2 3 4 5 6 HU106 Geo-107 Chem-108 Math-109 ME-110 HU-211 Pakistan Studies Applied Geology Applied Chemistry Applied Mathematics-II Engineering Drawing & Graphics Communication Skills Total 2 2 2 3 0 1 10 0 3 3 0 6 6 18 2 3 3 3 2 3 16

Semester-III
1 2 3 4 5 6 CS-212 CE-213 EL-214 Math-215 CE-216 Social Sciences-I Computer Programming and software application Mechanics of Materials Applied Electricity Applied Mathematics-III Fluid Mechanics Total 3 2 2 2 3 2 14 0 3 3 3 0 3 12 3 3 3 3 3 3 18

Semester-IV
1 2 3 4 5 PG-202 Ch-217 Math-218 Geo-219 Drilling Engineering-I Applied Thermodynamics Applied Statistics Stratigraphy and Structural Geology Social Sciences-II Total 3 2 3 2 3 13 3 3 0 3 0 9 4 3 3 3 3 16

Semester-V
1 2 3 4 5 PG-303 PG-304 PG-305 CS-320 PG-306 Petrophysics Reservoir Fluids Drilling Engineering-II Applied Numerical Methods Petroleum Geology & Exploration Total 3 3 2 2 3 13 3 3 3 3 3 15 4 4 3 3 4 18

12

Semester-VI
1 2 3 4 5 PG-307 PG-308 PG-309 PG-310 HU-321 Well Logging Reservoir Engineering-I Petroleum Production Engineering-I Corrosion Engineering Technical Report Writing & Presentation Skills Total 3 3 3 3 3 15 3 3 3 0 0 9 4 4 4 3 3 18

Semester-VII
1 2 3 4 5 6 PG-411 PG-412 PG-413 Well Testing Petroleum Production Engineering-II Reservoir Engineering-II Project Planning & Management Petroleum Economics Project Total 3 3 3 3 2 0 14 3 3 3 0 0 6 15 4 4 4 3 2 0 17

PG-415 PG-416

Semester-VIII
1 2 3 4 5 PG-417 PG-418 PG-419 PG-414 PG-416 Principles of Enhanced Oil Recovery Principles of Reservoir Simulation Environment and Safety Management Natural Gas Engineering Project Total 3 3 3 3 0 12 3 3 0 3 6 15 4 4 3 4 2 17

Grand Total

104

102

136

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Scheme of Studies for Annual System BE/BSc Petroleum Engineering


First Year
S. No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Course No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Course Title Functional English Islamic Studies Fundamentals of Petroleum Engineering Applied Physics Applied Mathematics-I Workshop Practices Engineering Drawing & Graphics Applied Geology Applied Chemistry Applied Mathematics-II Pakistan studies Pakistan Studies (for Foreigners) Lect. Hrs.per week 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 _ Lab Hrs.per week 0 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 _ _ _ _ Total Lect. Hrs 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 _

Second Year
S. No.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Course No.
12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22

Course Title
Social Sciences-I Computer Programming and software application Mechanics of Materials Applied Electricity Applied Mathematics-III Fluid Mechanics Drilling Engineering-I Applied Thermodynamics Applied Statistics Stratigraphy and Structural Geology Social Sciences-II

Lect. Hrs.per week


2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

Lab Hrs.per week


2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 _ _ _

Total Lect. Hrs


60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60

14

Third year
S. No.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Course No.
23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32

Course Title
Petrophysics Reservoir Fluids Drilling Engineering-II Applied Numerical Methods Petroleum Geology & Exploration Well Logging Reservoir Engineering-I Petroleum Production Engineering-I Corrosion Engineering Technical Report Writing & Presentation Skills

Lect. Hrs.per week


2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

Lab Hrs.per week


2 2 2 2 2 2 2 _ 2 _

Total Lect. Hrs


60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60

Final Year
S. No.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Course No.
34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43

Course Title
Well Testing Petroleum Production EngineeringII Reservoir Engineering-II Project Planning & Management Petroleum Economics Principles of Enhanced Oil Recovery Principles of Reservoir Simulation Environment and Safety Management Natural Gas Engineering Project

Lect. Hrs.per week


2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

Lab Hrs.per week


2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 _

Total Lect. Hrs


60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60

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DETAIL OF COURSES
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SEMESTER-I
Title of the Course: HU-101 Credit Hours: 3+0 Course Outline: Annex-A

FUNCTIONAL ENGLISH

Course Title:

HU-102

ISLAMIC STUDIES & ETHICS

Credit Hours: 2+0 Course Outline: Annex-B Title of the Course: PG-101

FUNDAMENTALS OF PETROLEUM ENGINEERING

Credit Hours: 2+0 Prerequisites: Nil Specific Objectives of Course: To familiarize the students with the basics of petroleum
engineering and introducing with the functioning of local petroleum industry.

Course Outline:
National and International energy requirements. Sources of energy. Role of Petroleum as energy source. Brief history of International Petroleum industry. Influence of Petroleum on International Politics. Overview of Petroleum Engineering including geological, geochemical and geophyhsical prospecting. Drilling mechanisms, formation evaluation, reservoir engineering, production engineering, processing, transportation, refining and petrochemicals. Utilization of products Highlights of local Petroleum industry. Job Scope of Petroleum engineering graduate. Petroleum recovery methods.

Recommended Books:
1. Petroleum Engineering Drilling & Well completion by Carl Gatlin. 2. A First Course in Petroleum Technology by David A.T. Donobue, Karl R. Lang. 3. Introduction to Petroleum production Vol.I, II, III by Dr. Skinner. 4. Natural Gas Engineering (Hand Book) by Donald L. Katz.

Title of the Course: Credit Hours: 3+1 Prerequisites: Nil

Phy-103

APPLIED PHYSICS

Specific Objectives of Course: To learn principles of physics and its application to engineering. Course Outline:
Electricity. Electric field & electrical forces, Electric field calculations, Gausss Law, Applications of Gausss Law, Charges on conductors, Electrical Potential, Energy, Potential, Calculate of Potentials, Potential gradient, Cathode-ray tube. Sources of Magnetic Field. Magnetic field of a moving charge, 16

Magnetic field of a current element. Amperes Law, Magnetic field of a long straight conductor, Force between parallel conductors, Magnetic field of circular loops solenoid. Magnetism. Magnetic field and displacement current, Magnetic properties of materials. Electromagnetic Induction. Induction phenomena, Motional electromotive force, Faradays law Induced electric fields, lenzs Law, Eddy currents, Maxwells equations. Electromagnetic Waves. Introduction, speed of and electromagnetic wave, Energy in electromagnetic waves, Electromagnetic Waves in matter, Sinusoidal Waves, Standing. Interference & Diffraction. Waves and Oscillations. Sound Waves. Resultant of simple Harmonic Motions Resonance and Beats. Units and Measurement of Sound Waves. Reflector, Refraction of sound. Interference, Diffraction grating, Interference in Thin film X-ray Diffraction of sound waves. Atomic Physics. Structure of atom, Line spectra, Energy levels, Atomic spectra, The laser, continuous spectra, X-ray production and scattering. Nuclear Physics. The nuclear atom, properties of nuclear. Nuclear stability, Radioactive transformations, Nuclear reactions, Nuclear fission, Nuclear fusion, reaction, Neutron thermalization, Radiation Detectors. Natural radioactivity, Artificial radioactivity, Three distinct types of radiations Radioactive series, Laws of radioactive disintegration, decay constant. Half period and mean constant, Interaction of rays with matter.

Lab Outline:
1. Ionization Potential of Mercury. 2. To study the state Characteristics of a transistor 3. To find the value of H by tangent galvanometer 4. To find the E/M of electron by deflection methods 5. To draw B-H curve of a given material 6. To find the velocity of sound waves in different media 7. To find the surface tension of a given liquid 8. C.R.O. demonstration.

Recommended Books:
1. 2.
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University Physics. 7th Edition. Applied Physics 5th Edition by Halliday & Resince
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Title of the Course: Credit Hours: 3+0 Prerequisites: Nil

Math-104 APPLIED MATHEMATICS-I

Specific Objectives of Course: To learn principles of mathematics and its application to engineering. Course Outline: Complex Numbers and Hyperbolic Functions. Basic concepts, Argent diagram, Exponential and Polar forms, De Moivrss theorem, Roots of complex numbers Hyperbolic and inverse hyperbolic functions. Matrices and Determinants. Algebra of matrices. Inverse of a Matric Determinants, Properties of determinants Solution of systems of liear equations, Eigenvlues and Eigenvectors. Application of Differentiation. Velocity and acceleration, Tangents and normals, Maclaurins and taylors series, Maxima and Minima of a function of one variable, Curvature and redius of curvature. Integration and Its Application. Methods for evaluating indefinite integrals, Definite integrals, Simple Properties of definite integrals, Plan Areas, Length of an are, Surface area and volumes of solids of revolution, Momets and Centroids of plan areas, Moment of interia of plane areas, Theorem of Pappus. Partial Differentiation. Function of two or more variables, Partial derivative, higher order 17

partial derivatives, Total differentials and their applications of small errors, Differential of implicit functions, Chain rules. Maxima and Minima of a function of two variables, Taylors and Maclaurins series for a function of two variables. Ordinary Differential Equations. Basic concepts, Formulation of differential equations, First order differential equations, Second and higher order differential equations with constant coefficients, systems of ordinary differential equations, Application to the relevant Engineering Problems. Vector Albebra with Applications. Scalars and Vectors, vector algebra, Scalar and Vector products, Triple products, Vector functions, differentiation and integration of vector, application to line plane and sphere. Polar Coordinates and Polar curves. Recommended Books: 1. Advanced Engineering Mathematics by 8th Edition by Erwin Kreysizg. 2. Calculus with Analytical Geometry 10th Edition by Thomas & Finney. 3. Brief Calculus & its applications by Doniel D. Benice. 4. Applied Calculus by Raymond A. Barnett. 5. Calculus by Gerald L. Bradley.
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Title of the Course: Credit Hours: 0+2 Pre-requisites: Nil

WS-105 WORKSHOP PRACTICES

Specific Objectives of Course: To provide the practical training to the students with various workshop operations. Lab Outline: Machine Shop: Further work on the lathe including drilling from the tailstock, boring in chuck and holding work on faceplate. Introduction and demonstration on the million machine, methods of holding work, use of dividing head. From cutting of involutes gear and generation of spiral. Study of universal tool cutter grinding machine, use of gauges.
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Fitting Shop: The making of a small hand tool, involving marking out from blue-print and filling to size. Use of surface place and surface gauge. Measurement by micrometer or vernier caliper. Stripping down a small assembly to examine its needs for repair and its reerection. Basic knowledge of limits and Fits system.
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Electrical Shop: The wiring of circuit to a blue-print. Study of wiring circuit of a mechanically propelled vehicle. Connection of single and three phase motors battery and its charging.
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Carpentry and Pattern Shop: Introduction to pattern making practice. Different types of pattern. Shrinkage and other allowance. Preparations of a pattern with core print and core box. Wood turning practice.
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Smithy and Foundry Shop: Introduction and use of moulders tools. Preparation of a mould and a core. Method of melting metals. Making of a casting from a simple pattern in either ferrous or non-ferrous metal.
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Welding: Fabrication exercises in electrical and gas welding. Inspection of welding joints steel metal work.
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SEMESTER-II
Course Title: HU-106

PAKISTAN STUDIES

Credit Hours:2+0 Prerequisites: Nil Course Outline: Annex-C

Title of the Course: Credit Hours: 2+1 Prerequisites: Nil

Geo-107

APPLIED GEOLOGY

Specific Objectives of Course: To teach the students about the basic geological concepts. Course Outline: Introduction to various branches of Geology. Origin of the earth and its place in Universe. Interior of the earth and chemical composition of the earths crust. Mountain building and valley formation. Drainage pattern and their types. Agents of weathering and erosion. Theories of plate tectonics. Earth quakes and volcanism. Brief study of the formation of rocks and minerals. Occurrence of economical mineral deposits of Pakistan. Lab Outline: 1. Introduction of Minerals and Rocks. 2. Study of MOHs scale of hardness and identification of its minerals. 3. Study and identification of oxide minerals. 4. Study and identification of sulphide minerals. 5. Study and identification of igneous rocks. 6. Study and identification of metamorphic rocks. 7. Study and identification of sedimentary rocks. Recommended Books: 1. Applied Geology by K.M. Bangar. 2. Physical Geology by Anatole Dol Gaff

Title of the Course: Credit Hours: 2+1 Prerequisites: Nil

Chem-108

APPLIED CHEMISTRY

Specific Objectives of Course: A refresher course of chemistry. Course Outline:


Periodic classification of elements on of the structure of atoms. Physical Principles involved in the study of the properties of metals and non metals. Solution. Solubility, Raoults Law, Azeo-tropic solution, vapour pressure and distillation of partially-miscible and miscible liquids. Diffusion, Osmosis, Theory of dilute solutions. Molecular weight of substances, relation with vapour pressure. 19

Electrochemistry Electrolysis. Electrolytic conductance, transport number and transport phenomena determination of transport number, ionic equilibria, Activity co-efficient Electrolyte, determinations. Debye Huckel theory stron electrolytes. Solubility Products, Galvanic cells, Potentiometric titrations, pH. Buffer solution, Acid base indicators. Molecular Properties. Surface tension, interfacial tensions, Surface films Surface-active agents. Free Energy and Equilibrium. Chemical Equilibrium Surface phenomena and catalysis. Organic Chemistry. Electron displacement; Resonance and its applications; Mechanism and methods of determining; Stereo Chemistry; organic reaction; Electrophillic substitution in aromatic system; Addition to carboncarbon and carbon-oxygen double bond; Elimination reactions; Interconversion of functional group; organic Nitrogen compounds and heterocylic system; Aromatic series. Analytical Chemistry. To familiarizes students with the concept of accuracy of analysis, separation techniques and Gas Chromatography. Geochemistry. Geochemical classification of elements, chemical weathering geo-chemical description, geo-chemical prospecting, significance and techniques.

Lab Outline:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Determination of Heat of Solution of a given salt solution. Determination of the Heat of Neutralization of given Acid-Base pair. Determination of the Surface Tension of a given Liquid by using Stalagmometer. Determination of Viscosity (absolute & relative) of a given liquid by using Ostwalds Viscometer. Determination of the %age composition of colored ions by using Photoelectric Colorimeter. Determination of the %age composition of two liquids by viscosity. Determination of the %age composition of two liquids by Refractive Index. Determination of the strength of Acid/base by pH-Metric Titration. Determination of the Molecular weight of a given substance by Depression in Freezing Point (Cryoscopic) methods. Determination of Transition Temperature og a substance by thermometric method. Determination of the Molecular weight of a given substance by Elevation of Boiling Point (Ebullioscopic) methods. Determination of adsorption of a solute by activated charcoal. Determination of the strength of Acid/base by Conductometric Titration. Preparation of Buffer solutions of various pH ranges (by pH-metric methods) Physical Chemistry by Manon & Prwtton Physical Chemistry by Ghulam Nabi Analytical Chemistry by G.D. Christan Petroleum Geochemistry by Hunt Physical Chemistry by Garland & Schomacker

Recommended Books:

Title of the Course:

Math-109

APPLIED MATHEMATICS-II

Credit Hours: 3+0 Prerequisites: Applied Mathematics-I Specific Objectives of Course: To learn advance mathematical concepts. Course Outline:
Laplace Transformation. Laplace transforms of elementary functions. Unit step function, Diracs delta function, Periodic functions, Inverse Laplace transforms, Convolution. Applications. Ordinary differential equations, system of differential equations, physical problems. Fourier Series. Periodic 20

functions, Fourier series for the function of period 2-Pie, even and odd functions. Fourier series for functions having arbitrary period, Half range expansions, complex form of Fourier series, Application to physical problems. Double Integrals and its Applications. Double Integrals, Geometrical interpretation. Their applications in determining areas, volumes, centroids and moments of inertia, Double integrals in polar coordinates. Series solution of Differential Equations & Special Functions. Beta and Grams Functions, Power series, Method of Frobenius, Lengendres differential equation, Legendre polynomials, Generating function, Recurrence formulas, Orthodonality, Bissells differential equation, Bissell functions of first and second kind, Generating functions, Recurrence formulas, Orthogonality, Modified Bissell functions. Partial differential Equations (PDEs). Basic concepts, Derivation (modeling) of ID equations, solution using method of separation of variables, D Alembert solution of the wave equation, Classification of linear second order P.D. equations, Two dimensional partial differential equations (wave, heat and Laplace), General solutions, Laplace equation in Polar coordinates, Laplace equation in cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates. Recommended Books: 1. Advanced Engineering Mathematics, H.K. Dass 2. Advanced Engineering Mathematics, Dr. B.S. Grawall 3. Advanced Engineering Mathematics, Erwin Kreyszig 4. Laplace Transform, Schaum Outline Series.

Title of the Course: Credit Hours: 0+2 Prerequisites: Nil

ME-110

ENGINEERING DRAWING AND GRAPHICS

Specific Objectives of Course: To learn graphical concepts and design in engineering. Course Outline:
Introduction. Types of lines, lettering, dimensioning, and drawing instruments. Projection, Types of projection, orthographic projection. Plan of projection, four quadrants. Traces of a line, true length of line, inclination to both the planes, projection of planes. Loci of Points. Loci of points and straight line, loci of crank mechanism. Curves Used in Engineering Practice. Cycloid, Throchoid, epicyclide, Pitrochoid, hypotrochoid (superior and inferior). Involute, evolute, archemedian, spiral. Development of solids. Types of solids, polyhedra, solids of revolution, construction, of polygon, prism, pyramid, cylinder, cones sphere, (development of all solids with passing cutting plane). Intersection of Surfaces. Intersection of cylinder and cylinder, cone and cylinder. Cone and cone, cone and prism. Axonometric Projection. Types isometric projection of solids, planes and typical examples. Projection of Auxiliary Planes. Auxiliary planes and views, Projection of points, plane, true length of line. Projection of solids. True shape of section on auxiliary plane of various solids.

Lab outline:
1. Introduction to the subject use of instruments. 2. Planning of a drawing sheet, the projector of simple solids simple position, and the oblique and auxiliary planes. 3. Lettering and dimensioning the principal requirement of a working drawing. 4. Isometric and pictorial projection of solid figures, making of freehand sketches from solid objects and from orthographic projection. 5. Section of solids, riveted joints. 6. Screw thread systems, nut and bolts, keys and cotter, coupling and simple bearings. 7. Pipe connections, engine detail. 21

Short columns, combined bending and direct stresses. Eulers theory of buckling for long columnEmpirical formula. Mechanical properties of metals and timber in tension and compression respectively. Principles of testing machines. Impact Loads. Hardness.

Recommended Books:
1. Fundamentals of Engineering Drawing by Warren J. Luzjader 2. Elementary Engineering by N.D. butt 3. Elements of Solid Geometry by M.K. Guna 4. A first year Engineering Drawing by A.C. Parkinso 5. Auto CAD, Release Ver. 30 for Practical Purpose.

Title of the Course: HU-101 Credit Hours: 0+2 Pre-requisites: Course Outline: Annex-A

Communication Skills

SEMESTER-III
Course Title: HU-212

SOCIAL SCIENCES-I

Credit Hours:3+0 Prerequisites: Nil Course Outline: Annex-D

Title of the Course: CS-212 Credit Hours: 2+1 Prerequisites: Nil

COMPUTER PROGRAMMING AND SOFTWARE APPLICATION

Specific Objectives of Course: To teach students programming languages and software


application.

Course Outline:
Introduction to Digital computer Set up. Programming Languages and Compilers Introduction to Operating systems. Dos and WINDOWS. File Editing commands. Problem analysis and Flow charts. Elements of Programming. Assignment Statement Control Statements. Repetitive Statements. Input and Output Statements. Subprogrammes. Debugging Techniques. Programming Examples and Exercises using FORTRAN, C++ & Visual Basic language. Introduction to Word Processors, spread sheets, databases presentation slides preparation tools and Internet.

Lab Outline:
Numerous Programme.

Recommended Books:
1. Turbo C++, Robert Lafore 2. How to Programming with C++, Deiliet & Delite. 22

Course Title: Credit Hours:2+1 Prerequisites: Nil

CE-213

MECHNICS OF MATERIALS

Specific Objectives of Course: To teach the students effect of forces on the dynamics of
materials.

Course Outline:
Types of stresses and strains. Load extension diagrams. Hookes Law. Temperature stresses. Geometrical properties of plane areas. (Centroid, Moment of Inertia & Product of Interia) Shearing Force and Bending Movements for simply supported beams, Cantilever and overhanging beams. Theory of simple Bending and Shearing Stresses in beams. Theory of Torsion in circular shafts (solid and hollow). Short Columns. Combined bending and direct stresses. Eulers Theory of buckling for long column-Empirical formula. Mechanical properties of metals and timber in tension and compression respectively. Principles of testing machine. Impact Loads. Hardness.

Lab Outline:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Layout Plan of Strength of Materials Laboratory. Study of small instruments. To perform direct shear test on plain mild steel bar. To perform punching shear test on plain mild steel bar. To perform tension test on plain mild steel bar. To perform compression test on wooden cubes, when load is applied:i) Perpendicular to grain. ii) Parallel to the grains. To perform hardness test on mild steel and High Carbon steel specimen. To perform bending test on wooden beam. To verify the principal of super position by beam deflection. To perform impact test on steel specimen:i) In tension. ii) In bending. Strength of Materials by Tamo Shungo Young. Strength of Materials by A. Pytel, F.L. Singer. Mechanics of Materials by R.C. Hibbeler. Mechanics of Engineering Materials by F.V. Warnock, P.P. Benham ASTM Standard 2005. EL-214

Recommended Books:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Title of the Course: Credit Hours: 2+1 Prerequisites: Nil

APPLIED ELECTRICITY

Specific Objectives of Course: To learn basic concepts of electrical engineering Course Outline:
Nature of Electricity: Electric circuit electromagnetism, systems of units. Alternating currents, 23

alternating current circuits electrical resonance. Principles of electronics, measuring instruments, principles of measuring physical quantities by electrical methods. Single=Phase transformer, introduction to alternator. The induction motor. The direct current machine. Principles of house wiring and industrial wiring. Storage Batteries: Lead and nickel iron cells. Charge and discharge. Quantity and energy efficiencies.

Lab Outline:
Study and Use of Oscilloscope. Resistance Measurement by Color Code and its Comparison with the Ohm-Meter Reading. Study of Ohm's Law. Study and Proof of Kirchhoff's Current Law (Nodal Analysis) Study and Proof of Kirchhoff's Voltage Law (Loop Analysis). RC Time Constants. To Plot the Capacitor Charging and Discharging Curves using Oscilloscope. To Draw Vector Diagram of an A.C circuit containing: Resistance and Inductance in Series, Resistance and Capacitance in Series, Resistance, Inductance and Caoacitance in Series. To study the Effect of Frequency Variation on an R-L-C series Resonant Circuit. Power Measurement in a 3-Phase Star Connected Balanced Resistive Load by Two Wattmeter Method and Verification of Relations: Line Voltage = 3 Phase Voltage, The current in the neutral conductor is zero Sum of Two Wattmeter Readings Total power in the Circuit

Recommended Books:
1. Electrical Technology, by B.L. Theraja 2. Electrical Technology, by E.D. Hughes 3. Electrical Technology, by V.K. Mehta. 4. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis by J. David Irwin 5. Electric Machinery Fundamentals by Stephen J. Chapman 6. Examples In Electrical Calculations Admiralty Title of the Course: Math-215

APPLIED MATHEMATICS-III

Credit Hours: 3+0 Prerequisites: Applied Mathematics-II

Specific Objectives of Course: To learn advance mathematical concepts (Vector and tensor
analysis).

Course Outline:
Complex Variables. Functions, Limits and Continuity, Derivatives, Analytic functions, CauchyReimann equations, Elementary complex functions (Exponential, Trigonometric, Hyperbolic, Logarithmic etc), simply multiply connected regions, complex integration, Cauchys theorem, Cauchys integral formula, Convergence and Radius of Convergence of Power Series, Taylors and Laurents series, Zeros and singularities, poles, Residues, The residue theorem, Contour integration, Conformal mapping. Advanced Vector Analysis. Scalar and vector point functions, Gradient and its geometrical interpretation, Directional derivative, Divergence and Curl and their physical interpretations, Vector identities, Line integrals, Conditions for a line integral to be independent of path, surface and volume integrals, Greens theorem in the plane, Gauss divergence theorem and Stocks theorem. Cartesian Tensors. Summation convention, Kronecker delta, Alternating symbol, Relation between alternating symbol and Kronecker delta, Tensor of first, second and tensors, Differentiation of tensors, Application to vector analysis, Eigenvalues and Eigenvactors of a tensor.

Recommended Books:
1. Advanced Engineering Mathematics, H.K. Dass. 2. Advanced Engineering Mathematics, Dr. B.s. Grawall. 24

3. Vector and Tensor Analysis by Dr. Nawazish Ali Shah. 4. Advanced Engineering Mathematics by Erwin Kreysizg. 5. Complex Analysis by Schaum Series. 6. Vector and Tensor Analysis by Schaum Series.

Title of the Course:

CE-216

FLUID MECHANICS

Credit Hours: 2+1 Prerequisites: Mechanics of Materials

Specific Objectives of Course: to learn static and kinematic behavior of fluids. Course Outline:
Fluid Properties. Properties of fluids, Determination of viscosity and its application to lubricated bearings. Fluid Statics. Pressure intensity and pressure head, and their measurements. Hydrostatic forces on a submerged surface. Buoyancy and flotation. Fluid Kinematics. Classifications of fluid flow. Equation of continuity Bernoullis equation. Fluid mass under acceleration. Forced vertex. Flow Measurement. Venturimeter, orifices, mouthpieces, nozzles, pitattube and sharp crested weirs/notches. Steady flow through pipes. Darcy weishbach equation. Losses in pipelines, Hydraulic and energy gradient. Transmission of Energy. Uniform flow in open Channels. Chezys and Mannings Equations. Economical rectangular and trapezoidal cross-sections. Compressible fluids. Isothermal and adiabatic flow. Continuity and energy equations, Steady Flow of gasses through venturimeter and pipes.

Lab Outline:
1. Measurement of following liquid properties i) Density ii) Specific Weight iii) Specific Volume iv) Surface Tension v) Viscosity To determine the stability of floating bodies and measure the meta centric height To determine the magnitude of hydrostatic force and center of pressure To validate the Bernoullis theorem To measure flow rate through pipe using venture meter and to calibrate it To measure flow rate through an orifice and to calibrate it To measure flow rate in an open channel by Notch and to calibrate it

2. 3. 1. 2. 3. 4.

Recommended Books:
1. Fluid Mechanics for Petroleum Engineers, Elsevier Publisher. 2. Fluid Mechanics, Walther Kanfman 3. Fluid Mechanics with Engineering Application, Daug herty and Franzini. 4. Engineering fluid Mechanics, K.L. Kumarr. 5. Fluid Mechanics for Petroleum Engineering, Elsevier Publisher. 6. Fluid Mechanics, Walther Kanfman. 7. Fluid Mechanics, with Engineering Applications, Daug herty and Franzini. 8. Engineering fluid Mechanics, K.L. Kumarr. 9. Fluid Mechanic with Engineering Applications by Robert L. Dougherty 25

SEMESTER-IV
Title of the Course: PG-202

DRILLING ENGINEERING-I

Credit Hours: 3+1 Prerequisites: Elements of Petroleum Engineering.

Specific Objectives of Course: To learn basic aspects of oil well drilling. Course Outline:
Purpose of drilling, planning the well. Rotary drilling its introduction and basic operations. Basic rig components and brief introduction to their function. Bit types, selection and evaluation. Development in drilling system. Introductions to drill fluids, function general nature and composition. Different types of drilling mud Drilling mud additives. Mud pumps rating and capacities, calculation of air and horsepower requirements. Drilling hazards and their remedies. Drilling mud calculations. Pressure relations in the earth and bore hole. The hydrostatic heads of liquids, the hydrostatic heads of mud and cement slurries. Total overburden pressure, formation pressures. Casing Design, standardization of casing, API casing performance properties, casing design criteria, special design consideration. Casing landing. Lab Outline: 1. Layout of Drilling Engineering Laboratory 2. Introduction of different models of Rig components. 3. Density of Mud Determination using Mud Balance 4. To determine the properties of different clays. 5. Prepare a mud of known density 6. To determine the Gel strength of a drilling mud using Fann V. G. meter 7. To determine the Plastic viscosity, Apparent viscosity and Bigham Yield point and true yield point using Fann V. G. meter 8. To determine the oil, water, solids and clay content of the drilling mud 9. To determine API gravity, specific gravity of drilling mud 10. To determine the Gel strength of a drilling mud using Baroid Rheometer 11. To determine the viscosity using Rotational Viscometer 12. To prepare mud cake by standard filter press and mud cell assembly 13. To study the filtration loss quality of a drilling mud by Baroid Miniature filter Press 14. To determine the clay/ sand contents of the drilling mud using sieve analysis

Recommended Books:
1. Applied Drilling Engineering, A.T Bourgrove jr., K.K. Millehim. 2. Drilling fluids Optimization, J.L. Lummus and J.J. Azar 3. Formulas and Calculation for Drilling, NJ. Lapeyrouse 4. Oil Well Drilling Engineering, Principles & Practice by Hussain Rabia. 5. Fundamentals of Casing Design By Hussain Rabia 6. Casing Design, Theory and Practice by S.S. Rehman, G.V.Chilingarian. Title of the Course: Ch-217 Credit Hours: 2+1 Prerequisites: Nil

APPLIED THEMODYNAMICS

Specific Objectives of Course: To learn principles of thermodynamics.


26

Course Outline:
Fundamental Quantities; Internal Energy, Enthalpy, Heat Capacity; Definition And Units Of Basic System Parameters; First Law Of Thermodynamics; PVT Behavior Of Pure Substances; Thermodynamic Properties Of Fluids; Equation Of State And Correlation; Estimation Of Thermodynamic Properties Through Charts, Correlation And Diagrams; Heat Effect With And Without Phase Change. Second Law Of Thermodynamics; Concept Of Entropy; Third Law Of Thermodynamics; Thermodynamics Analysis Of Flow Processes; The Concept Of Equilibrium, Different Types Of Equilibrium, Phase Equilibrium, Degrees Of Freedom, Gibbss Phase Rule. System Of Variable Composition Ideal Behavior, The Chemical Potential As A Criterion Of Phase Equilibrium, The Concept Of Ideal Gas And Ideal Solution; Raoults Law; P-X, Y And P-X, Y Diagrams For Ideal Solutions, HUBL-P, BUBL-T And DEW-T Calculation Methods; Flash Calculation; Heat Exchangers, Types, The Overall Heat Transfer Co-Efficient, Log Mean Temperature Difference, Parallel And Counter Flow Heat Exchanger, Multiphase And Cross Flow Heat Exchangers.

Lab Outline:
1. Measurement of following liquid properties Density Specific Weight Specific Volume Surface Tension Viscosity

Recommended Books:
1. Applied Thermodynamics, A.Mc Conkey, T.D, EASTOP. 2. Process Heat Transfer, D.Q. Kern. 3. Surface Production Operation Volume-I, Ken Arnold & Manrice Stewart.

Title of the Course:

Math-218

APPLIED STATISTICS

Credit Hours: 3+0 Prerequisites: Applied Mathematics-II

Specific Objectives of Course: To learn different statistical methods to obtain the measure of
central values of data and their interpretation.

Course Outline:
Measures of central tendency. Measures of dispersion. Frequency distributions Normal, Chi-square, students-t, and F-distributions, Estimations and hypothesis testing, confidence intervals Analysis of variance. Regression Analysis. Linear simple and multiple Polynomial power, orthogonal, nonlinear, step wise. Correlation. Auto and Cross correlation. Time trend analysis, filtering, moving averages data smoothing. Lab Outline: N/A Recommended Books: 1. Introduction to Statistical Theory Part I by Prof Sher Muhammad Ch. & Dr. Shahid Kamal 2. Statistics by Schaum Outline Series. 27

Title of the Course: Geo-219

STRATIGRAPHY AND STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY

Credit Hours: 2+1 Prerequisites: Applied Geology

Specific Objectives of Course: To learn dynamics of earth structural formations. Course Outline:
Principles of Stratigraphy: Concepts of geological time and its scale. Correlation techniques, isostasy and continental drift. Stratigraphy of Pakistan with special emphasis on salt range. Introduction to structural geology and its objectives. Primary and secondary structures of sedimentary rocks and the determination of dip, strike and thickness of beds. Completion of out crops and construction of cross sections. Modes of Deformation of Rocks: Parts, varieties and classification of Folds, faults, joints and unconformities. Expression of the above features on geological field maps and construction of cross sections. Geological mapping and the application photogrammetry.

Lab Outline:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. To study the different parts of Brunton Compass. To measure the dip and strike of an inclined plane with the help of Brunton Compass. To draw the cross-section of a contour map and also show the drainage pattern of the area. To determine the true dip value by the help of two apparent dips. Three point problem for measuring dip and strike if three out crop are located on a contour map. To calculate the thickness of beds. To study various features on a Geological map. To study folds, faults and joints on a given Geological map. To study various aspects of Photogrammetry.

Recommended Books:
1. M.P. Billings. Structural Geology. Prentice Hall of India 2. Structural Geology (Fourth Edition) by Marland P. Billings. 3. Physical Geology by Anatole Dol Goff. 4. Stratigraphy & Sedimentation (2nd Edition) by W.C. Krumbein & L.L. Sloss. 5. A Text Book of Geology by K.M. Bangar.
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Course Title: Credit Hours:3+0 Prerequisites: Nil

HU-213

SOCIAL SCIENCES-II

Course Outline:

Annexure - D

28

SEMESTER-V
Title of the course: PG-303

PETROPHYSICS

Credit Hours: 3+1 Prerequisites: Elements of Petroleum Engineering.

Specific Objectives of Course: To study the physical properties of rocks. Course Outline:
Petrophysics. Introduction to formation evaluation, core analysis. Fundamental properties of fluid permeated rocks; porosity, Permeability, fluid saturations, compressibility, surface kinetics. Coresampling and preservation. Measurement of basic rock properties. Interpretation of basic core analysis data. Special rock properties; electrical, acoustic, thermal. Application of core analysis data. Example calculations of petrophysical properties with the help of computers.

Lab Outline:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. To draw the layout plan of Petrophysics & Core laboratories To determine the grain density of given core sample To find the fluid saturation in the given core sample using modified ASTM Saturation Method. To clean the given core sample using ASTM Extraction Methods. To clean the given core sample using Soxhlet Extraction Methods. To find the fluid saturation in the given core sample using Retort Oven. To find the porosity of the given sample using Gravimetric Method. To find the porosity of the given sample using Volumetric Method. To calibrate Helium Porosimeter. To measure the porosity of the given sample using Helium Porosimeter. To measure the permeability of given Core sample using Gas Permeameter To measure the permeability of given core sample using Liquid Permeameter.

Recommended Books:
1. Applied Petroleum Reservoir Engineering., B.C. Craft & M.F. Hawkins 2. Fundamental of Reservoir Engineering., L.P. Dake 3. Petroleum Reservoir Engineering: Physical Properties, James W. Amyx. 4. Petrophysics, 2nd ed. by J.J.Tiab
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Title of the Course:

PG-304

RESERVOIR FLUID

Credit Hours: 3+1 Prerequisites: Petrophysics

Specific Objectives of Course: To study the physical properties of reservoir fluids. Course Outline:
Chemistry of petroleum and review of thermodynamic concepts. Basic concept of phase behaviour; single, binary, and multi-component systems. Equations of State for real fluids. Calculation of phase equilibria for reservoir fluids, their sampling procedures. Determination of reservoir fluid properties by Field data, Laboratory Analysis, Correlations, Equations of state, Preparation of fluid analysis data for use in reservoir and production engineering calculations. Properties of oil field waters. Hydrates. 29

Use of existing/available software for phase behaviour calculations.

Lab Outline:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Determination of Flash Point of Crude Oil. Determination of Cloud & Pour Point of Crude Oil. Determination of Density/ Specific Gravity of Crude Oil. Determination of Kinematic Viscosity of Crude Oil. Determination of % age of Sulfur in Crude Oil. Introduction to Gas Chromatograph Determination of Surface Tension of crude oil.

Recommended Books:

1. The Properties of Petroleum Fluids 2nd Edition By William D. McCain, Jr. The Penn Well Publishing Company 2. Petroleum Engineering Handbook Volume I General Engineering Larry Lake, Editor: John R. Fanchi SPE Text Book Series 3. Handbook of Natural Gas Engineering By Donald L. Katz, McGraw Hill Book Company New York. 4. Natural Gas Hydrates A Guide For Engineers By John Carroll
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Title of the Course:

PG-305

DRILLING ENGINEERING-II

Credit Hours: 2+1 Prerequisites: Drilling Engineering-I

Specific Objectives of Course: To study advanced drilling techniques, their problems and
solutions.

Course Outline:
Directional drilling and deviation control Definitions and reasons for directional drilling. Planning the directional well trajectory, Planning the kick off and trajectory change, Deflection tools, Deviation Control Introduction to Horizontal drilling. General coring methods and equipment. Practical use of core analysis data. Formation damage causes and prevention of formation damage. Drill stem testing general procedure and general considerations. Test tool components and their arrangement. Oil well cementing Primary oil well cementing. Techniques, Types of cement, cement additives. Factors considered for the selection of cement type. Cementing volumes. Squeeze cementing. Stage cementing. Drilling economics-equipment cost, slim hole drilling. Air gas drilling, methods of reducing drilling casts. Payment of drilling charges. Blow out prevention and control. Introduction to offshore drilling technology.

Lab Outline:
1. 2. 3. 4. 1. 5. 6. Studio work of Casing Design Presentations Quiz Assignments Advanced Well Control by David Watson, Terry Brittenham Petroleum Well Construction by Michael J. Economides, Larry T. Watters Applied Drilling Engineering by A. T. Bourgoye Jr., K. K. Millheim 30

Recommended Books:

7. 8. 9. 10. 11.

Oil well Drilling Engineering Principles & Practice by Hussain Rabia Drill String Design Handbook by Murchison Drilling Schools, Inc. Horizontal Well Technology, by S.D. Joshi. Well Cementing by Erik B. Nelson Formulas and calculations for Drilling Production & Work over by Norton J. Lapeyrouse

Title of the Course:

CS-320

APPLIED NUMERICAL METHODS

Credit Hours: 2+1 Prerequisites: Applied Mathematics-III

Specific Objectives of Course: To teach numerical techniques for solving non-linear equations. Course Outline:
Error. Its types and sources, propagation and estimation. Loss of significance. Systems of Linear Equations. Direct elimination methods, LU decomposition, Band types systems. Interactive methods. Accuracy and convergence, successive over-relaxation. Nonlinear Equations. Bisection method. Fixed point iteration, Linear Iteration method Secant method. Method of False Position. Polynomial method. Newton-Raphson method System of Nonlinear Equations. Comparison of methods. Convergence Criteria and Rates of Convergence. Interpolation. Binary Search, Difference Operators and Tables. Interpolating Polynomials based on Differences. Lagrangian form of Interpolating Polynomial Errors in Polynomial Interpolation. Inverse and multidimensional interpolation. Numerical Differentiation and Integration. Formulas for Derivatives Round-off Errors and Accuracy of Derivatives. Newton-Cotes Integration Formulae Trapezoidal Rule, Romberg Algorithm, Simpsons Rules. Integration for multiple and improper integrals. Curve Fitting and Approximation. Polynomial Approximation by method of Least Squares and Orthogonal Polynomials. Approximation with Trigonometric Functions, Chebysheve Polynomials, Rational Functions, and Spline Functions. Ordinary differential Equations. Taylor-Series method. Euler and Modified Euler methods. RungeKutta methods. Simple Predictor-Corrector methods. Error Estimates. Stochastic Simulation. Random Numbers. Monte Carlo Technique. Simulation. Computer Application. Linear Programming. Formulation, Graphical Solutions. Simplex Method computer Applications using LP package.

Lab Outline:
Numerous Programme.

Recommended Books:
1. Numerical methods for Engineers, Canal and Chapra. 2. Applied Numerical analysis, Curits F. Gerald.

Course Title: PG-306

PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPLORATION

Credit Hours: 3+1 Prerequisites: Petrophysics

Specific Objectives of Course: To teach formation of hydrocarbon reservoirs and methods of


exploration.

Course Outline:
Geological history of Petroleum. The origin, migration and accumulation of petroleum, Reservoirs with abnormal pressure and temperature. Geological distribution of petroleum in the world. 31

Geological basins of Pakistan. Geology of existing oil and gas fields in Pakistan. Surface geological methods for petroleum exploration. Use of topography and surface features for oil prospecting. Geophysical exploration methods with emphasis on seismic methods. History of exploration in Pakistan.

Lab Outline:
1. Presentations 2. Quiz 3. Assignments Recommended Books: 1. Geology of Petroleum, A. I. Levorsen. 2. Basic Petroleum Geology, Peter K. Link. 3. Petroleum Geology of Pakistan, Iqbal B. Kadri. 4. Geophysical Prospecting, 3rd ed. by Milton, B. Dobrin. 5. Basic Exploration Geophysics by Robinson.
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SEMESTER-VI
Title of the Course: PG-307

WELL LOGGING

Credit Hours: 3+1 Prerequisites: Petrophysics, Petroleum Geology and Exploration

Specific Objectives of Course: Learning log interpretation as diagnostic tool in formation


evaluation.

Course Outline:
Basic Concepts. Logging environment, porosity, permeability, fluid saturations, formation density, resistivity, invasion process and resistivity profiles. Electrical Logs. SP logs, conventional, normal, lateral and micro devices. Nuclear Logs. Gamma ray, neutron and formation density logs Sonic or acoustic log. Cross plots of various logs. Quantitative Analysis. Formation water resistivity and saturation determination. Lithology and porosity determination. Thermal decay time log. CBL/VDL.

Lab Outline:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Interpretation of different resistivity profiles. Determination of formation temperature using well log data. Determination of variation in different resistivities with a change in temperature. Determination of formation water resistivity from Spontaneous Potential log. Use of Tornado charts for corrected resistivities of flushed zone and un-invaded rock. Shale volume determination using Gamma Ray log data. Determination of shale corrected porosity of the rock by using Sonic log data. Use of various cross plots for the determination of lithology and porosity of the rocks.

Recommended Books:
1. Applied Openhole Well Analysis, Brock. 2. Well Logging I & II, J.R. Jorden & F.L. Campbell. 3. Fundamental of Well Log Interpretations (The Intr. of Logging data), O.Serra. 4. Theory, Measurement and Interpretation of Well Logs by Zaki Bissouni. 32

Title of the Course:

PG-308

RESERVOIR ENGINEERING-I

Credit Hours: 3+1 Prerequisites: Petrophysics, Well Logging

Specific Objectives of Course: To introduce students with principles of reservoir engineering. Course Outline:
Fundamental reservoirs engineering, classification of reservoir flows system, geometry of the reservoir steady state and unsteady state flow, Darcys law of fluid flow through porous media. Dimensional analysis of Darcys law. Basic flow equations, Pressure distribution and pressure gradient for linear, radial, compressible, slightly compressible and incompressible steady state flow conditions. Average permeability calculations for beds in series and beds in parallel for linear and radial reservoir geometry. Determination of average pressure in radial flow system. Readjustment time, productivity index, specific productivity index and injectivity index. Relationship between wellbore radius and flow rate in radial flow system. Diffusivity equation and its different forms. Volumetric evaluation of hydrocarbons in place and empirical reserve estimation. Different type of reservoir drive mechanisms.

Lab Outline:
1. To find oil & gas in place by graphical method using Planimeter. 2. Relative permeability calculation from Steady State test (data is givin) 3. To find pressure gradient (gas, oil & water) from the field (MDT) well data with help of Goc & woc find the value of oil thickness zone for the calculation of OIP. 4. The following data was taken during a well productive test calculate drawdown and productivity Index. Draw P.I vs D.D. Data is given. 9. To find gas compressibility, Pscud reduced compressibility from a gas reservoir having 0.65 gas gravity and reservoir temperature of 218oF reservoir pressure are given.
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Recommended Books:
1. Fundamental of Reservoir Engineering, By L.P. Dake. 2. Applied Petroleum Reservoir Engineering, By B.C. Craft, M. Hawkin 3. Applied Reservoir Vol. I & II, C.R. By Simth G.W. Tracy. 4. Oil Reservoir Engineering by Pirson. 5. Fundamental of Reservoir Engineering by Dr. Candle. 6. Reservoir Engineering Manual by Cole 7. Reservoir Engineering Handbook, 2nd ed. by Tarek Ahmed. 8. A Generalized Approach to Primary Hydrocarbon Recovery of Petroleum Exploration & Production By M. Walsh, L. W. Lake
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Title of the Course:

PG-309

PETROLEUM PRODUCTION ENGINEERING-I

Credit Hours: 3+1 Prerequisites: Reservoir Engineering-I

Specific Objectives of Course: To familiarize students with surface facilities and subsurface
equipments for production optimization.

Course Outline:
Definition and scope of production engineering. Review of casing design concepts. Well Completions. Various completion designs, reservoir and mechanical consideration. Perforation, 33

production packers, tubing strings, liners, subsurface completion and production control equipment, completion fluids. Sand control procedures. Wellhead and subsurface components installation. Surface Production Facilities. Piping systems, valves, chokes, fittings. Separators, stock tanks, Gathering systems and individual well flow rate allocation. Introduction to Petroleum production system analysis and design for single phase and multiphase fluid flow Performance Relationship. Tubing & Flow line Behaviour: Tubing size, maximum possible flow rate. Flow line size. Fluid Separators. Separator components, types, factors influencing Separators capacity.

Lab Outline:
1. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. Design of Production System Analyzing Production System by Nodal Analysis Losses during production Production Forecasting using different available tools Separator Designing Well Completion

Recommended Books:
1. Petroleum Production Systems by Michael J. Economides, A. Daniel Hill and Christine EhligEconomides 2. Production Operations (Volume I & II, 3rd Edition) by Thomas O. Allen, Alan P. Roberts 3. Natural Gas Production Engineering by Chi U. Ikoku 4. Principles of Oil Well Production by T.E.W Nind 5. Production Optimization using NodalTM Analysis by H. Dale Beggs. 6. Well Performance by Michael Golan and Curtis Whitson 7. Introduction to Petroleum Production Vol.I & II, by Dr. Skimmer. 8. Surface Operation in Petroleum Production, G.V. Chillingarian, J.O. Robertsin and S.Kumar. 9. Production Optimization Using Nodal Analysis, SPE series.
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Title of the Course:

Pet.E-411

CORROSION ENGINEERING

Credit Hours: 3+0 Prerequisites: Reservoir Fluids

Specific Objectives of Course: To enable the students to understand corrosion principles and
control.

Course Outline:
Corrosion Principles: Corrosion Mechanism causes of corrosion cells, polarization and factors of polarization, high temperature corrosion, stress corrosion cracking (sulfide stress corrosion cracking, chloride stress corrosion cracking, caustic stress corrosion cracking, environmentally inducted cracking), hydrogen damages, corrosion losses.
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Corrosion Control: Corrosion detection methods (corrosion coupons, corrosion resistance probes, caliper measurements, ETT, sonic testing, casing potential profil tool), Corrosion control methods (material selection environment modification, inhibitor treatment), evaluation of inhibitor treatment program, cathodic protection, properties of galvanic anodes, design of impressed current, G/B, Criteria of CP, interference, anodic protection
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34

Recommended Books:
1. Corrosion Engineering by Mars G. Fontana and Norbert D. Greene. 2. Control of Pipeline Corrosion by A.W. Peabody. 3. Corrosion Control Handbook. (A guide to corrosion control in oil and gas production pipelining, distribution and petro-chemical complied for articles in petroleum Engineering, pipeline and gas journals and petro-chemical engineers). Title of the Course: HU-321

TECHNICAL REPORT WRITING & PRESENTATION SKILLS

Credit Hours: 3+0 Pre-requisites: Communication Skills

Specific Objectives of Course: To teach presentations and report writing skills


Course Outline:
Annexure - A

SEMESTER-VII
Title of the Course: PG-411

WELL TESTING

Credit Hours: 3+1 Prerequisites: Reservoir Fluid, Reservoir Engineering-I

Specific Objectives of Course: Acquisition of pressure and temperature data for reserves
estimation and reservoir diagnostics.

Course Outline:
Analytical solutions of the diffusivity equation for constant Rate and constant pressure under transient and pseudo Steady State flow regimes. Skin effect due to well damage and storage. Analytical/Numerical solution of diffusivity equation including damage and storage presented in the graphical form and its use as a diagnostic plot. Principle of superposition and Horners approximation. Pressure Build-up Analysis-Ideal build Up test and actual Build-up test. Determination of reservoir permeability, Skin Factor and Flow Efficiency. Pseudo skin Analysis of hydraulically fractured reservoirs. Determination of static drainage Area Pressure by P-method and Musket Method. Distance to fault and Arial extent determination. Modification of Liquid Equation for gases and for Multiphase Flow. Multi-rate Testing. Multi-well Testing. Use of type curves and Derivative Curves specialized plotting for different flow regimes. Discussion of Rameys, Griagartens, and Bourdets Type curves. Gas Well Testing. Deliverability Testing of gas wells. Fundamental equation in deliverability testing, flow after flow test, isochronal testing and modified isochronal testing. Transient equation for gases including well-bore damage, storage and Turbulent Factor D. Pseudo Pressure and Pseudo time determination and calculation k, s and D by conventional and modern methods. Two phase flow testing using pseudo pressure function. Draw Down Analysis of Oil and Gas wells. Deliverability Testing of gas wells. Fundamental equation in deliverability testing, flow after flow test, isochronal testing and modified isochronal testing. Use of pseudo pressure in deliverability testing. Real gas pseudo pressure analysis, Transient testing. Pressure Build up and pressure draw down test. 35

Gas gathering systems; guide lines for gas well testing. Problems in gas well testing liquid loading. Hydrate formation, wet gas stream. Irregular flow and Sour (H2S) gas. Use of computer in Gas Reserves estimation and well test analysis.

Lab Outline:
1. To estimate gas in place and reservoir by: i) Volumetric Method. ii) Pressure Decline Method. iii) Material Balance Equation. iv) Material Balance Straight Line Equation. 2. To estimate gas in place and reservoir from water drive reservoir using: i) Volumetric Method. a. Material Balance Approach. b. Material Balance Straight Line Approach. 3. Water influx calculation using i) Van Everdingin Hurst Method ii) Fetkovich Method. 4. Estimation of Oil & Gas in place from wet gas reservoir or single phase gas condensate reservoir. 5. Deliverability Testing includes. Three types of test such as: i) Back Pressure Test. ii) Isochronal Test. iii) Modified Isochronal Test. To estimate absolute open flow potential of the gas well, performance co-efficient C, and exponent n to characterize the types of flow, well condition, and well test, analysis using. i) Graphical Approach. ii) Analytical Approach. iii) Theoretical Approach. iv) Pseudo Pressure Approach. 6. Transient testing analysis of gas well, Tests are: i) Build up in gas well. ii) Draw-down in gas well. Approaches applied in transient testing i) P Approach. ii) P2 Approach. iii) Approach. And their comparison.
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Recommended Books:
1. Well Test Analysis, by M.A. Sabet. 2. Advances in Well Test Analysis, Robert C. Earlongher Jr. 3. Oil Well Testing by John Lee (1982) 4. Pressure Transient Testing by John Lee et. al. (2003) 5. Natural Gas Reservoir Engineering by Chi U. Ikoku. 6. Gas Production Operations by Dale Beggs. 7. Gas Well Testing by David. 8. Gas Well Testing by Amanat Chaudhary. 9. Oil Well Testing by Amanat Chaudhary 10. Gas Reservoir Engineering by John Lee. 36

Title of the Course:

PG-412

PETROLEUM PRODUCTION ENGINEERING-II

Credit Hours: 3+1 Prerequisites: Petroleum Production Engineering-I

Specific Objectives of Course: To teach artificial lift methods and reservoir stimulation. Course Outline:
Causes of low well productivity: Reservoir dominated factors, well bore dominated factors, mechanical failures. Well Diagnostics: Production Test, deliverability tests, Transient tests (PLT, PSP), Near well-bore damage characterization. Problem well analysis: Well Performance Prediction: Decline curve analysis, Material balance method, and reservoir simulators. Remedies. Well services and work over jobs. Squeeze jobs, reperforation, well cleaning. Stimulation Techniques: Hydraulic Fracturing: Introduction, inducing, productivity ratio, fracture area, fracturing fluid coefficients, fractures efficiency, fracturing hydraulics, fracture design and calculation. Acidizing: Introduction, types of treatment, acid-fracturing design. Gas Lift: Introduction, Application, valve mechanics. Design of continuous-flow gas lift system. Design of intermittent gas lift system, Accumulation chambers.

Lab Outline:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Establishing different Inflow Performance Relationships. Determination of vertical lift performance of a well using choke and bottom-hole Determination of reservoir/bottom-hole parameters using surface production data. Interpretation of Production Logging Tool data for well diagnostics. Determination of productivity ratio of a reservoir stimulation job. Well hydraulics calculations for an anticipated stimulation job. Complete hydraulic fracture design and its modeling. Complete acid fracturing job and its modeling. Graphically determining the point of gas injection for a gas lift design. Universal valve spacing design for a gas lift installation. parameters.

Recommended Books:
1. Petroleum Production Systems by Michael J. Economides, A. Daniel Hill and Christine EhligEconomides 2. Production Operations (Volume I & II, 3rd Edition) by Thomas O. Allen, Alan P. Roberts 3. Natural Gas Production Engineering by Chi U. Ikoku 4. Principles of Oil Well Production by T.E.W Nind 5. Production Optimization using NodalTM Analysis by H. Dale Beggs. 6. Well Performance by Michael Golan and Curtis Whitson 7. Introduction to Petroleum Production Vol.I & II, Dr. Skimmer. 8. Surface Operation in Petroleum Production, G.V. Chillingarian, J.O. Robertsin and S.Kumar. 9. Production Optimization Using Nodal Analysis, SPE series.
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Title of the Course:

PG-413

RESERVOIR ENGINEERING-II

Credit Hours: 3+1 Prerequisites: Petrophysics, Reservoir Engineering-I

Specific Objectives of Course: Study of advanced concepts of reservoir engineering Course Outline:
Derivation of Material Balance Equation. M. B. Equation as an equation of a straight line. Kg/ko determination from field data and discussion of some empirical correlations Performance Calculation for Depletion Drive reservoirs. Empirical Prediction technique or immiscible processes. Method for Extrapolation of cut vs. recovery curves. Performance of water drives reservoirs using Frontal Advance Rate theory of Buckley and Leveret. Water and Gas Fingering. Water/gas Coning in homogeneous reservoirs Musket Arthur Method, Meyer and Gardner and Pirsons Method, Craft and Hawkins Method, Chaney et. al. Method. Water/Gas coning in an isotropic reservoirs Cheirici et. al. Method Sobocinsky and Cornelius method. Water/Gas coning in Fractured reservoirs Birks Method. Remedial Treatments for coning. Gas Condensate Reservoirs: Reservoir types defined with reference to phase diagrams. Calculation of original gas and condensate in place for volumetric reservoirs. Wet Gas Reservoirs, Compositional analysis with and without the composition available. Well Testing and sampling. Performance of volumetric retrograde gas condensate reservoir. Use of M.B with retrograde reservoir.
U U

Lab Outline:
1. Class Project. 2. Class assignment on each chapter of the book taught. 3. Presentations. Recommended Books: 1. Oil reservoir Engineering by S.J. Pirson 2. Advanced Reservoir Engineering by Tarek Ahmed 3. Applied Petroleum Reservoir Engineering, B.C. Craft & M.F. Hawkins 4. Fundamental of Reservoir Engineering, L.P. Dake. 5. Applied Reservoir Vol. I & II, C.R. Simth G.W. Tracy. 6. A Generalized Approach to Primary Hydrocarbon Recovery of Petroleum Exploration & Production By M. Walsh, L. W. Lake

Title of the Course: Man-422

PROJECT PLANNING & MANAGEMENT

Credit Hours: 3+0 Prerequisites: Technical Report Writing & Presentation Skills

Specific Objectives of Course: Course Outline:


Introduction, project management context; project management. Processes integration management; project plan development, project plan development, project plan execution, overall change control. Scope management; initiation, scope planning, scope definition, scope verification, scope change control. Time management; activity definition, activity sequencing, activity duration estimation, schedule development, schedule control. Cost management; quality planning, staff 38

acquisition, team development. Communications management; communications planning, information distribution, performance reporting, administrative closure. Risk management; risk identification, risk quantification, risk response development, risk response control. Procurement management; procurement planning, solicitation planning, solicitation, source selection, contract administration, contract close-out. Closing; administrative closure, contract close-out, lessons learnt. Lab work include computing project management software, PERT, Gantt Chart/Network, CPM, S Curves etc. CPM, Statistical techniques.

Recommended Books:
1. Project Management Body of Knowledge, by Project Management Institute (PMI) standards committee 2. S.A. Kelkar, Software Project Management, A Concise Study, Prentice Hall of India.

Title of the Course:

PG-415

PETROLEUM ECONOMICS

Credit Hours: 2+0 Prerequisites: Mathematics

Specific Objectives of Course: To study the feasibility and viability of petroleum projects. Course Outline:
Introduction. Definition and some of basic concepts; Evaluation nomenclature, time value of money, basic interest equation, present and net present value, ABC transaction, payout and payback time, rate of return. Engineering Economics. Factors and their uses. Evaluation of alternatives. Depreciation, depletion and corporation taxes. Cash flow and risk analysis. EMV calculations. Economics of Petroleum Industry. The need of economic analysis in petroleum industry. World supply and demand. Application of the principles of engineering economics to Exploration and drilling, estimation and evaluation of oil properties, production operations, oil transportation and crude oil processing. Petroleum resource and reserves classification.

Lab Outline: N/A Recommended Books:


1. Petroleum Production Economics, By Lector Charles Uran. 2. Engineering Economy 6th Edition By Anthony Tarquin, Leland Blank 3. Economics of Worldwide Petroleum Production, By Richard D. Seba 4. Decision Analysis For Petroleum Exploration By John Schuyler 5. Project Economics & Decision Analysis Volume I & II By M. A. Mian
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PG-416

PROJECT

Every student will be required to submit a comprehensive report on an assigned problem.

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SEMESTER-VIII
Title of the Course: PG-417

PRINCIPLES OF ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY

Credit Hours: 3+1 Prerequisites: Reservoir Engineering

Specific Objectives of Course: To maximize oil recovery by applying external energy sources. Course Outline:
Factors Common to all Enhanced Recovery methods. Principles influence on the efficiency of enhanced recovery. Linear displacement. Two and three dimensional displacement. Injection well location. Arial sweep efficiency for pattern floods. Water Flooding. Selection of water injection as an EOR method. Displacement mechanics and performance calculations. Practical considerations in water injection Projects. Immiscible Displacement by Gas Injection. Preliminary studies and field evaluation of injection efficiency. Injection and production well completions. Surface installations, compression and treatment methods. Special applications of gas injection. Use of polymers. Foam injection. Use of surfactant solutions and Micro-emulsions. Introduction to Miscible Drive, Thermal Recovery methods, In situ combustion, and other methods of Enhanced Recovery. Carbon dioxide flooding. Solution of EOR problems.

Lab Outline:
1. 2. 2. 3. 4. 5. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Significance of Enhanced Oil Recovery Comparison of different EOR Methods Ways to select proper method for Production Enhancement Surface facilities requirement for injection Behavior of fluid and reservoir properties with time Schemes for Water Flooding Fundamental of Enhanced Oil Recovery, by M. D. Donaldson. Enhanced Oil Recovery by V. Poolen. Enhanced Oil Recovery by DON W. Green and g. Paul Willhite Enhanced Oil Recovery by Larry W. Lake Water Flooding by G. Paul Willhite, DON W. Green Hydrocarbon Phase Behavior by Tarek Ahmed Dynamics of Petroleum Reservoirs under Gas Injection by Rafael Sandrea and Ralph Nielsen.

Recommended Books:

Title of the Course:

PG-418

PRINCIPLES OF RESERVOIR SIMULATION

Credit Hours: 3+1 Prerequisites: Applied Numerical Methods

Specific Objectives of Course: To develop a tool for predicting hydrocarbon-reservoir


performance under various operating conditions using computer.

Course Outline:
Introduction to the concept of reservoir simulation, its advantage and limitations. Theory: formulation of partial differential equations governing single phase and multiphase flow in porous media. Finite difference methods and solutions of linear equations applicable to the 40

reservoir. Direct and iterative methods. Treatment of wells in simulators. Practice: use of a black oil simulator. Input data and data file preparation. Fine tuning for history matching. Performance prediction. Case study using available simulator.

Lab Outline:
1. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Software Applications. Basic Applied Reservoir Simulation by Ertekin et. al. SPE Textbook Series Applied Numerical method, Donald L. Katz. Fundamental of Numerical Reservoir Simulation, D.W. Peaceman SPE Monograph Series Reservoir Simulation, Calvin, C. Matlay. Modern Reservoir Simulation by Hennery B. Crichlow. Principle of Applied Reservoir Simulation, John R. Fanchi Principles Hydrocarbon Reservoir Simulation by G.W. Thomas

Recommended Books:

Title of the Course: PG-419

ENVIRONMENT AND SAFETY MANAGEMENT

Credit Hours: 3+0 Prerequisites: Drilling Engineering, Production Engineering

Specific Objectives of Course: To familiarize the students with environmental hazards, and
safety management in petroleum industry.

Course Outline:
Environment impact assessment of oil and gas field, risk securing techniques, concept of air and water pollution in petroleum industry, flaming impact, oil spill control, solid waste and sludge control, impact for drilling activity, emissions during drilling, production, storage and LPG plant operation, noise pollution in oil exploring and exploiting prevention and control. Occupational health and safety administration. Design procedure for operation, maintenance, modification and emergencies, safety by contractor, accident and incident reporting, investigation and follow-up, and reappraisal of the system. The principles of EIA. Legislation and regulatory aspects of EIA.

Recommended Books:
1. Environmental Management in Petroleum Industry, S.K. Wahri, Tech, A.K. Agnihotri, J.S. Sharma. 2. Managing Drilling Operations, Kraser, Ken. 3. Carbonate Depositional Environment, Sckolle, Peter A. 4. Safety for Industry by Creber, E.L. Rospa. 5. Environmental Health Engineering by S. Caeneross. 6. OSHA Regulations. 7. Environmental Impact Assessment by Canter, McGraw Hill.

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Title of the Course:

PG-414

NATURAL GAS ENGINEERING

Credit Hours: 3+1 Prerequisites: Fluid Mechanics, Strength of Materials, Reservoir Fluids

Specific Objectives of Course: Study of gas measurement, processing, transmission, and


distribution.

Course Outline:
Introduction to natural gas industry, natural gas properties, flow and compression calculation, gas transmission, sweetening and dehydration of crude gases, distribution of gas in the city, gas stations, pipe line welding techniques, testing and welding defects, gas appliances and their design, gas flow measurements.

Lab Outline:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Ideal Gas law. Determination of Z factor in different cases. Determination of Heating values & lower Explosive Limits. Flowing Calculations in High Pressure Piping with different Formulas. Equivalent lengths of Complex Pipeline Systems. Looping Line Problems. High Pressure Pipeline wall Thickness and Pipe Grades. Define meter flow calculations by AGA Report 3 Formula. Demonstration of + ve Displacement Meters.

Recommended Books: 1. Handbook of Natural Gas Engineering by Donald & Katz. 2. Petroleum Transportation Handbook by Harold Sill Bell. 3. Gas Conditioning and Processing by John M. Campbell. 4. Petroleum Reservoir Engineering Physical Properties by James W. Amyx.

PG-416

PROJECT

Every student will be required to submit a comprehensive report on an assigned problem.

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SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR M. E./MSc IN PETROLEUM ENGINEERING


CORE COURSES (GROUP-A)
Course No.
PG-501 PG-502 PG-503 PG-504 PG-505 PG-506 PG-507 PG-508

Courses Title

Marks Theory Prac tical


100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

Contact Hours Theory Pract ical


2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

Credit Hours Theory


2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

Pract Total ical


1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3

Enhanced Oil Recovery Advanced Well Testing Advanced Production Engg. Advanced Drilling Engg. Advanced Reservoir Engg. Reservoir Simulation Artificial Lift Methods Well Stimulation Design

100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

ELECTIVE COURSES (GROUP-B)


Course No.
PG-511 PG-512 PG-513 PG-514 PG-515 PG-516 PG-517 PG-518 PG-519 PG-520 PG-521

Courses Title

Marks Theory Prac tical


100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

Contact Credit Hours Hours Theory Prac Theory Pract Total tical ical
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3

Geo-Physical Problems Flow Through Porous Media Well Log Interpretation Petroleum Economics Gas Processing Reservoir Engineering Management Naturally Fractured Reservoirs Horizontal Well Technology Petroleum Production Operations Drilling Fluids Hydraulics Production Optimization

100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

RESEARCH THESIS
PG-500 Thesis NOTE: 0 12 0 6

Every student will have to pass four courses from each group. Practical marks comprise of 60% for Sessional work and 40% for viva voice 43

DETAIL OF COURSES FOR M. E/MSc IN PETROLEUM ENGINEERING


Title of the Course: Credit Hours: 2+1 Prerequisites: Nil PG-501: ENHANCED

OIL RECOVERY

Specific Objectives of Course: Course Outline:


Fluid and rock property data for different recovery process, water, oil, physical property correlations for crude oil, reservoir rocks, unconsolidated and consolidated oil sands. Methods and process, Fundamental of enhanced oil recovery methods and applications. Thermal recovery methods, Steam, stimulation, steam injection, estimation of oil recovery from steam drive mechanism, Insitu combustion process, Comparison of insitu and steam drive processes. Mobility control process, Polymer flooding, insitu permeability modification, slug integrity foam agents for enhanced oil recovery. Chemical flooding micellar/polymer process, surfactants, phase behavior of micro emulsions and ift and their variable affecti~Ephase behavior and ift. Viscosity and density micro emulsions and their displacement mechanism, mOdeling of chemical flood displacement with design procedures and criteria and alkaline flooding. Miscible and immiscible gas flooding Wag process, Ch4 flooding, Co2, Other gas injection methods. Lab Outline: Class Assignments, Presentations. Recommended Books: 1. Fundamental of Enhanced Oil Recovery, by M. D. Donaldson. 2. Enhanced Oil Recovery by V. Poolen. 3. Enhanced Oil Recovery by DON W. Green and g. Paul Willhite 4. Enhanced Oil Recovery by Larry W. Lake 5. Water Flooding by G. Paul Willhite, DON W. Green 6. Hydrocarbon Phase Behavior by Tarek Ahmed 7. Dynamics of Petroleum Reservoirs under Gas Injection by Rafael Sandrea and Ralph Nielsen.

Title of the Course: Credit Hours: 2+1 Prerequisites: Nil

PG-502: ADVANCED

WELL TESTING

Specific Objectives of Course: Course Outline:


Introduction to transient testing, basic concepts of well testing, Diffusivity Equation and its boundary conditions, Exponential integral (line source) solution and its logarithmic approximation, Bounded circular reservoir solution, Depth of investigation, Drawdown testing and semilog analysis, Semilog plot of pwf versus Int., Determination of permeability, k, and skin factors, Early, middle and late time pressure behavior, Drawdown test in a developed reservoir, Buildup testing and the horner plot, Principle of superposition, Reservoir pressure response during buildup, Semilog plot of pws versus 44

In [tp + t)/ t], Determination of permeability and reservoir pressure, Computation of skin factor form last flowing pressure, Analysis of buildup test using drawdown theory, Other semilog plots (mdh, slider, etc), Linear discontinuities (sealing faults), Drawdown Pressure draw Down, Pressure Build-up, Average Pressure determination, Two Rate Testing, Multirate Tests. Multiwell Testing Interference Test Analysis, Pulse Testing of the Hydraulically Fractured Wells. Testing of the heterogeneous reservoir- Linear discontinuity, faults and barriers, permeability anisotropy, Composite systems, layered reservoirs (with cross flow). Naturally fractured reservoirs. Use of type curves in all types of well testing techniques. Presure derivative approach.

Lab Outline:
Class Assignments, Presentations.

Recommended Books:
1. Well Test Analysis, by M.A. Sabet. 2. Advances in Well Test Analysis, Robert C. Earlongher Jr. 3. Oil Well Testing by John Lee (1982) 4. Pressure Transient Testing by John Lee et. al. (2003) 5. Natural Gas Reservoir Engineering by Chi U. Ikoku. 6. Gas Production Operations by Dale Beggs. 7. Gas Well Testing by David. 8. Gas Well Testing by Amanat Chaudhary. 9. Oil Well Testing by Amanat Chaudhary 10. Gas Reservoir Engineering by John Lee.

Title of the Course: Credit Hours: 2+1 Prerequisites: Nil

PG-503: ADVANCED

PRODUCTION ENGINEERING

Specific Objectives of Course: Course Outline:


Inflow performance, multiphase flow correlations, tubing flowline intake, and choke bean performance. Comprehensive study of well completion design, subsurface control equipment, perforation of oil and gas wells, completion and workover fluids, squeeze cementing, production logging, sand control, introduction to stimulation methods.

Lab Outline:
Class Assignments, Presentations.

Recommended Books:
1. Petroleum Production Systems by Michael J. Economides, A. Daniel Hill and Christine EhligEconomides 2. Production Operations (Volume I & II, 3rd Edition) by Thomas O. Allen, Alan P. Roberts 3. Natural Gas Production Engineering by Chi U. Ikoku 4. Principles of Oil Well Production by T.E.W Nind 5. Production Optimization using NodalTM Analysis by H. Dale Beggs. 6. Well Performance by Michael Golan and Curtis Whitson
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7. Introduction to Petroleum Production Vol.I & II, Dr. Skimmer. 8. Surface Operation in Petroleum Production, G.V. Chillingarian, J.O. Robertsin and S.Kumar. 9. Production Optimization Using Nodal Analysis, SPE series.

Title of the Course: PG-504: ADVANCED Credit Hours: 2+1 Prerequisites: Nil

DRILLING ENGINEERING

Specific Objectives of Course: Course Outline:


Drilling assemblies, rotary drilling bits, the theory of elasticity in drilling operation. Fatigue and failure of drill pipes, directional drilling, hydraulics and casing design, optimization of drilling hydraulics and casing design, optimization of drilling parameters and related problems, well control, novel techniques in drilling.

Lab Outline:
Class Assignments, Presentations.

Recommended Books:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. Applied Drilling Engineering, A.T Bourgrove jr., K.K. Millehim. Drilling fluids Optimization, J.L. Lummus and J.J. Azar Formulas and Calculation for Drilling, NJ. Lapeyrouse Oil Well Drilling Engineering, Principles & Practice by Hussain Rabia. Fundamentals of Casing Design By Hussain Rabia Casing Design, Theory and Practice by S.S. Rehman, G.V.Chilingarian. Advanced Well Control by David Watson, Terry Brittenham Petroleum Well Construction by Michael J. Economides, Larry T. Watters Drill String Design Handbook by Murchison Drilling Schools, Inc. Horizontal Well Technology, by S.D. Joshi. Well Cementing by Erik B. Nelson

Title of the Course: PG-505: ADVANCED Credit Hours: 2+1 Prerequisites: Nil

RESERVOIR ENGINEERING

Specific Objectives of Course: Course Outline:


Introduction to reservoir engineering, reserve estimation, reservoir pressures, Abnormal pressure, Fluid pressures in hydrocarbon system?, Pressure gradients around the water oil contact, Techniques for pressure measurement, Reservoir temperatures; Averaging permeabilities for several layers black oil and compositional model, Properties of reservoir gases, Ideal gases, Behavior of real gases, Gas formation volume factor, Viscosity of gases, Equations of state, Properties of reservoir liquids, Black oil parameters, Oil formation volume factor, Calculation procedures for reservoir fluid density, Reservoir drive mechanisms, Types-depletion, water, 46

compaction and gravity drainage, Reservoir performance of different drive systems, Rate sensitive systems re water drive, Gas condensates, Introduction, Development options, Appraisal methods, Material balance equations, A general material balance equation, Derivation of the material balance equation by equating pore volume to volume of fluids remaining therein, Derivation of the material balance equation by equating subsurface volume of produced fluid to expansion of original fluid plus more volume reduction, Significance and usage of the material balance equation, Sources of data to be used in the material balance, Effects not yet included in the material balance, Limitations of the material balance, Reservoir performance prediction, Material balance equation, Introduction, Instantaneous gas-oil ratio, Depletion drive reservoirs (solution gas drive), Performance prediction tarner's method, Reservoir performance as a function of time, Reservoir prediction gas cap drive reservoirs, The material balance as an equation of a straight line, Reservoir performance prediction, Water influx, Water drive characteristics, Models for water encroachment, Hydraulic analogs of water influx, Unsteady - state (hurst van everdingen), Fetkovitch method for water influx determination, Water and gas coning.

Lab Outline:
Class Assignments, Presentations.

Recommended Books:
1. Fundamental of Reservoir Engineering, L.P. Dake. 2. Applied Petroleum Reservoir Engineering, B.C. Craft, M. Hawkin 3. Applied Reservoir Vol. I & II, C.R. Simth G.W. Tracy. 4. Oil Reservoir Engineering by Pirson. 5. Fundamental of Reservoir Engineering by Dr. Candle. 6. Reservoir Engineering Manual by Cole 7. Reservoir Engineering Handbook, 2nd ed. by Tarek Ahmed.
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Title of the Course: Credit Hours: 2+1 Prerequisites: Nil

PG-506:

RESERVOIR SIMULATION

Specific Objectives of Course: Course Outline:


A review of basic mathematics and reservoir engineering concepts in reservoir simulation. Formulation of reservoir simulation equations. Setting up the finite difference model. Solution of the finite difference model (explicit or implicit in pressure/saturation). Solving the matrix of simultaneous equations. Examples. Uses and misuses of reservoir simulation. Selection of a proper reservoir simulator. Application of finite element technique to reservoir simulation. The principle objective of this course is the development of reservoir simulation theory to the level required for the construction of a three-phase, three-dimensional reservoir simulator. In addition to providing practice in developing a simulator, the course will also require the use of available reservoir simulators to do simulation study for a number of fields. A simulation project will include data preparation, selection of model, input file preparation, restart procedures, history matching, prediction and optimization. Field examples on well testing, coning problems and improved recovery techniques will be used.

47

Lab Outline: Class Assignments, Presentations. Recommended Books: 1. Applied Reservoir Simulation by Ertekin 2. Applied Numerical method, Donald L. Katz. 3. Fundamental of Numerical Reservoir Simulation, D.W. Peaceman 4. SPE Monograph Series Reservoir Simulation, Calvin, C. Matlay. 5. Modern Reservoir Simulation by Hennery B. Crichlow. 6. Principle of Applied Reservoir Simulation, John R. Fanchi 7. Principles Hydrocarbon Reservoir Simulation by G.W. Thomas

Title of the Course: Credit Hours: 2+1 Prerequisites: Nil

PG-507:

ARTIFICIAL LIFT METHODS

Specific Objectives of Course: Course Outline:


Theory and application of gas lift. Gas lift installation design and analysis. Compressor system, submersible sucker rod, and other type of pumping systems cost analysis of various installations, production optimization techniques including Nodal Analysis.

Lab Outline:
Class Assignments, Presentations.

Recommended Books:
1. Petroleum Production Systems by Michael J. Economides, A. Daniel Hill and Christine EhligEconomides 2. Production Operations (Volume I & II, 3rd Edition) by Thomas O. Allen, Alan P. Roberts 3. Natural Gas Production Engineering by Chi U. Ikoku 4. Principles of Oil Well Production by T.E.W Nind 5. Production Optimization using NodalTM Analysis by H. Dale Beggs. 6. Well Performance by Michael Golan and Curtis Whitson 7. Introduction to Petroleum Production Vol.I & II, Dr. Skimmer. 8. Surface Operation in Petroleum Production, G.V. Chillingarian, J.O. Robertsin and S.Kumar. 9. Production Optimization Using Nodal Analysis, SPE series.
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Title of the Course: Credit Hours: 2+1 Prerequisites: Nil

PG-508: WELL

STIMULATION DESIGN

Specific Objective of Course: Course Outline:


Formation damage, Damage mechanisms associated with plugging, c1~ys, Emulsions and wet ability changes, Damage identification and prevention, Well servicing fluids, Function of packer, 48

completion, perforating and work over fluids, Perforating, Principles of jet perforating, AdClization, Concepts of acid stimulation in sandstone and carbonate reservoir, Fracturing, Introduction, Principles and mechanics of hydraulic fracturing, theory and data sheet, Fracture initiation and propagation pressures, Fracture fluid option and additives, Fracture proppants, Sand production and control, Mechanisms for sand production, Prediction of sanding tendency and sand failure analysis, Sand control by critical production rate prediction, Gravel packing of open and caused holes, Sand consolidation, Well diagnosis, Well bore and reservoir problems affecting well performance, Investigative/evaluation techniques, Measurement of hydraulic fracture conductivity, Statement of objectives, summary of progress and conclusions, Theoretical basis to project, Equipment manufacture and experimental techniques.

Lab Outline:
Class Assignments, Presentations. Recommended Books: 1. Pressure Transient Testing by John Lee et. al. (2003) 2. Natural Gas Reservoir Engineering by Chi U. Ikoku. 3. Gas Production Operations by Dale Beggs. 4. Gas Well Testing by David. 5. Gas Well Testing by Amanat Chaudhary. 6. Oil Well Testing by Amanat Chaudhary 7. Gas Reservoir Engineering by John Lee.

Title of the Course: Credit Hours: 2+1 Prerequisites: Nil

PG-511: GEO-PHYSICAL PROBLEMS

Specific Objective of Course: Course Outline:


Students have to undertake and complete limited investigation and involve himself to field practice. Interpretation of field oriented problems (1-12) and get familiarity with geo-physical practice related to different surveying methods Lab Outline: Class Assignments, Presentations. Title of the Course: Credit Hours: 2+1 Prerequisites: Nil PG-512:

FLOW THROUGH POROUS MEDIA

Specific Objective of Course: Course Outline:


Physical properties of porous media with emphasis on transport phenomena in porous media, geometrical and mechanical properties, single-phase flow and (miscible and immiscible) multiphase fluid flow through porous media, and heat transfer in porous media. Reserve 49

calculations for volumetric, water drive, and geopressured gas reservoirs. Decline curve analysis, Gas wells deliverability tests. Static and flowing buttonhole pressure. The goal of this course is to develop the techniques for the solution of a wide variety of single-phase flow problems in porous media for compressible and incompressible and incompressible flow. Two-dimensional flow will be considered for the greater part. Selection mathematical techniques will be developed for specific problems.

Lab Outline:
Class Assignments, Presentations.

Recommended Books:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Well Test Analysis, by M.A. Sabet. Advances in Well Test Analysis, Robert C. Earlongher Jr. Oil Well Testing by John Lee (1982) Pressure Transient Testing by John Lee et. al. (2003) Natural Gas Reservoir Engineering by Chi U. Ikoku. Gas Production Operations by Dale Beggs. Gas Well Testing by David. Gas Well Testing by Amanat Chaudhary. Oil Well Testing by Amanat Chaudhary Gas Reservoir Engineering by John Lee.

Title of the Course: Credit Hours: 2+1 Prerequisites: Nil

PG-513 :

WELL LOG INTERPRETATION

Specific Objectives of Course: Course Outline:


Open hole logging: review of petrophysical parameters, rapid initial interpretation, log interpretation in complex lithology computer processed interpretation, cased hole logging: review of porosity tool principles, thermal decay time log, cement bond logging, production logs, Cross plotting techniques Interpretation guideline for sand stone carbonate, Volumetric determination of hydrocarbons from the well logging, Resistivity measurement devices, Electrical spontaneous potential, Static sp, And other resistivity logs (normal, lateral, sonic, acoustic, gamma ray, density log and neutron log), Quantitative analysis, Quantitative analysis-I, Density logs, neutron logs, combine porosity logs and resistivity logs, Quantitative analysis-ii, Shaly sand interpretation, computer processing of well logs, abnormal pressure detection with well logs, fracture detection with well logs

Lab Outline:
Class Assignments, Presentations.

Recommended Books:
1. Applied Open hole Well Analysis, Brock. 2. Well Logging I & II, J.R. Jorden & F.L. Campbell. 3. Fundamental of Well Log Interpretations (The Intr. of Logging data), O.Serra. 4. Theory, Measurement and Interpretation of Well Logs by Zaki Bissouni. 50

Title of the Course: Credit Hours: 2+1 Prerequisites: Nil

PG-514:

PETROLEUM ECONOMICS

Specific Objectives of Course: Course Outline:


Principles or economics, estimation of costs, evaluation of costs, evaluation of oil and gas reservoir, oil operations, optimization, cost and risk analysis, study of various scenarios, profitability analysis and pay out time, Monte Carlo simulation, linear programming theory of forecasts, pipelines, tankers, decision tree methods. OPEC cartel, review of annual forecasts from various multinational companies. Oil prices policy. Gas pricing policy. Petroleum concession agreement for Pakistan, its uses and limitations. Petroleum policy 1994. Lab Outline: Class Assignments, Presentations.

Recommended Books:
1. Petroleum Production Economics, Lector Charles Uran. 2. Engineering Economy 6th Edition By Anthony Tarquin, Leland Blank 3. Economics of Worldwide Petroleum Production, By Richard D. Seba 4. Decision Analysis For Petroleum Exploration By John Schuyler 5. Project Economics & Decision Analysis Volume I & II By M. A. Mian
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Title of the Course: Credit Hours: 2+1 Prerequisites: Nil

PG-515: GAS PROCESSING

Specific Objectives of Course: Course Outline:


Planning the system, System concepts, consideration of alternative and optimization, Thermodynamic concept, units, properties, derived properties, law of thermodynamics, applied processing, basic equations and specific heat. Phase behavior, P-v-t plots and meaning, vapor pressure, criticals and pseudocriticals, vapor liquid behavior, compressibility, prediction of critical, physical constants, molecular refraction, density, and viscosity gas liquid contracts, reid vapor pressure, liquid specification. Two phase hydrocarbon system, ideal system, fugacity, "k" values, convergence pressure, dew points bubble points, flash calculations, properties of hydrocarbons, storage of liquids. Process vessel design and specification, Separation, mist extraction, liquidliquid separation, dust scrubbers, absorbers and fractionators, packed towers, relief and venting equipment, design and specification with their pressure and temperature effects, reflux and theoretical pates and overall efficiency and heat balances and typical process performances of above units. Fundamentals of mass and heat transfer, Fluid flow basic pump design, single, multiple and loop system, complex system, effect of compressibility, pressure surges, pressure testing, blow-down two phase flow, metering and heating values. Heat transfer overall and film coefficients, log mean temperature difference, mtd correction for shell and tube exchangers, 51

thermal conductivity, practical choice of exchangers, direct fired and waste heat exchangers radiation, heat loss to ground, cooling towers, wet bulb and dry bulb air cooling. Mass transfer, type of diffusion, rate of diffusion, Mass transfer coefficients, review of processes depending on ideal stages. Compression and expansion of fluids, Use of enthalpy energy diagram, calculation of temperature, compressibility effects, volumetric efficiency, axial compressors gas and expansion turbines and control gas ejectors, refrigeration system, ammonia absorption system, application of refrigeration, use of expansion turbines and centrifugal compressors, liquefactions processes, helium, natural gas, cascade cycle, arc cycle, metallurgy, heat exchange, compression of Ing processes, storage, tankers, Ing utilization, peak shaving. Water hydrocarbon system, Water content of natural gas, Water content of liquid hydrocarbons. The measuring of water content, Hydrates, Conditions for hydrates to form, Calculation of the possibility of hydrates forming, The prevention of hydrates and problems, Other types of impingement separators and problems.

Lab Outline:
Class Assignments, Presentations. Recommended Books:

1. Gas Conditioning and Processing by Campbell. 2. Petroleum & Gas Field Processing by H.K. Abdel-Aal.

Title of the Course: PG-516: Credit Hours: 2+1 Prerequisites: Nil

RESERVOIR ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT

Specific Objectives of Course: Course Outline:


This course develops strategies for optimization of recovery from oil and gas fields, applicable to the development stage as well as the production stage of field. Initially, a review of physical properties, geology, technology, economical limitations, etc is made. Next criteria for various optimization strategies applicable to the development stage are discussed and developed. Particular emphasis is put on the inherent uncertainty in available data, and on the subsequent flexibility requirements in the development plans. Examples from the north sea are used to illustrate this important aspect. Then optimization strategies for the production stage are discussed, based on practical experience from the north sea and other regions of the world. Finally, field development plans for fields in the north sea are compared to observed behavior during production for the purpose of developing insight into the uncertainties associated with reservoir data and to learn from faulty decisions made in the development plans.

Lab Outline:
Class Assignments, Presentations.

52

Title of the Course: Credit Hours: 2+1 Prerequisites: Nil

PG-517 NATURALY FRACTURED RESERVOIRS

Specific Objectives of Course: Course Outline:


Specific features of carbonate fractured reservoirs, geological condition of fracturing, fracture evaluation, characterization of fractures, fracture parameters, simplified correlations, quantitative fracture evaluation, physical properties of fractures & matrix, relative permeability curves, capillary pressure curves, drainage and imbibitions displacement process, schematization of drive mechanism by capillary and gravity forces, fracture evaluation through well tests, coning in fracture reservoirs, duel continuum approach. Lab Outline: Class Assignments, Presentations.

Title of the Course: Credit Hours: 2+1 Prerequisites: Nil

PG-518:

HORIZONTAL WELL TECHNOLOGY

Specific Objectives of Course: Course Outline:


An overview of horizontal well technology, drilling and completion techniques. Reservoir engineering concepts skin factor, P.I., flow regimes. Steady State solution of flow equations. Comparison of Horizontal Wells and fractured vertical wells. Horizontal wells in fractured reservoirs, Pseudo steady state solution and unsteady state solutions, Transient well testing. Water and gas conning, Pressure drop through horizontal wells.

Lab Outline:
Class Assignments, Presentations.

Recommended Books:

1. Horizontal Well Technology by S.D. Joshi. Pennwell Books, Pennwell Publishing Company,
Oklahoma, USA

53

Title of the Course: Credit Hours: 2+1 Prerequisites: Nil

PG-519:

PETROLEUM PRODUCTION OPERATIONS

Specific Objectives of Course: Course Outline:


Introduction; Production Operations and Geologic Considerations; Reservoir Considerations in Well Completions; Fluid and Rock Properties, Formation Pressure Regimes, Reservoir Fluid Flow, Use of Well Test Analysis in Determining Reservoir Fluid and Rock Properties. Reservoir Drive Mechanisms. Field Operations; Wire line Operations, Production Logging, Coiled Tubing scale clean outs, Problem Wells e.g. Formation Damage Minimization and Stimulation. Primary Cementing, Well Completion Design, Tubing Strings, Packers, Subsurface Control Equipment, Perforating Oil and Gas Wells, Completion and Work over Fluids, Work over Systems; Through-Tubing Production Logging, Work over and Completion Rigs; Squeeze Cementing - Remedial Cementing, Sand Control, Formation Damage, Surfactants for Well Treatments, Acidizing; Hydraulic Fracturing, Scale Deposition, Removal, and Prevention, Corrosion Control

Lab Outline:
Class Assignments, Presentations.

Recommended Books:
1. Production Operations, volume I & II Thomas Allen and Alan Roberts, OGCI 2. Petroleum Production Operations Publisher: PETEX

Title of the Course: PG-520: Credit Hours: 2+1 Prerequisites: Nil

DRILLING FLUIDS HYDRAULICS

Specific Objectives of Course: Course Outline:


Introduction, Development of drilling fluid technology, Drilling fluid materials and equipments, Drilling fluid properties, Drilling fluid components, Evaluation of drilling fluid performance. Clay mineralogy and Colloid Chemistry of Drilling Fluids, Hole stability, Drilling Problems related to drilling fluids and their solutions.

Lab Outline:
Class Assignments, Presentations.

Recommended Books:

1. Composition and properties of oil well Drilling Fluids. 4th Edition By George R. Gray, H. C. H. Darley; Gulf Publishing Company. 2. Drilling fluids Technology By Max R. Annis, Martin v. Smith 3. Composition and properties of oil well Drilling Fluids. By Walter F. Rogers; Gulf Publishing Company
P P

54

Title of the Course: Credit Hours: 2+1 Prerequisites: Nil

PG-521:

PRODUCTION OPTIMIZATION

Specific Objectives of Course: Course Outline:


Well completions, Bottom hole completion techniques, Completion string configuration and functional requirements, Wireline servicing techniques and tools, Selection of completion equipment, Well productivity, Effect on pi of both real and pseudo skin factors, Multiphase flow in both vertical and inclined tubing, Flow correlations and pressure drop prediction, Gradient curves and generation of vertical lift performance curves, Use of ipr/vlp matching to predict production rate, rate sensitivity and tubing diameter requirements, Concepts of choke utilization, Design, operation and selection of chokes, Production logging, Principles of production logging, Production logging tool functions, Gas lift, Principles of gas lift, Design of continuous flow gas lift string, Design of intermittent flow gas lift string, Submersible pumping, Electrical submerged pumps, esp, Design and operation of esp, Surface facilities, General overview of oil production system, Gas/oil separation, Dew point conditioning, Gas dehydration, Separation of oil and gas, Introduction and types of classification of separators, Components of a separator, Operating problems, Design basis for liquids, Gas capacity, Field processing of gas, Need for field processing, Gas dehydration, Hydrates, Dehydration/treating methods, Crude oil dehydration, Introduction, RE;rr10val of free water, Water in oil emulsions, Demulsification methods, Chemical demulsifying.

Lab Outline:
Class Assignments, Presentations.

Recommended Books:
1. Surface Operation in Petroleum Production, G.V. Chillingarian, J.O. Robertsin and S.Kumar. 2. Production Optimization Using Nodal Analysis, SPE series 3. Petroleum Production Systems by Michael J. Economides, A. Daniel Hill and Christine EhligEconomides

Title of the Course:

PG-500: THESIS

Credit Hours: 6 Prerequisites: Complete course work

55

RECOMMENDATIONS
The Committee emphasized that in order to take full advantage of the new curriculum, efforts should be made to increase the effectiveness of teaching learning process. For that purpose, the following recommendations are made: 1. Training of teachers in teaching methodology, increase teacher industry interaction and regular participation of teachers in relevant conferences must be ensured. Universities should take necessary steps and provide financial resources for this purpose. The improvement in examination system to ensure that students understand basic concepts and are able to apply these concepts independently. Teaching aids such as white boards, overhead projectors, multimedia projectors, and laptops must be provided in all classes. The Committee recommends that video libraries should be established at all universities to illustrate engineering processes and techniques that are difficult to understand through books. The HEC should act as a resource centre for the universities by obtaining and making available technical videos from various sources, such as SPE, North Alberta Institute of Technology (NAIT), South Alberta Institute of Technology (SAIT) etc. The term is spread over 16 working weeks. One contact hour per week of class-room instructions for sixteen weeks of the term will be considered as one credit hour whereas two to three hours per week of laboratory work over a term will be of one credit hour. Two schemes of studies have been developed to be utilized for teaching/ examination systems including semester/ term/ annual systems. For the postgraduate studies, the minimum requirements are as follows: a) At least two qualified instructors having Ph.D. Degree in Petroleum Engineering to be included in the faculty. b) At least 30 credit hours that includes 6 credit hours of thesis or 30 credit hours of course work without thesis. c) The student has to maintain a minimum GPA of 3.0 out of 4 The coding system for the courses should be standardized in all universities/ Degree awarding institutes. Curriculum contents are being provided as guidelines to meet the requirement of uniformity. However the universities are at liberty to formulate their respective curriculum plans.

2. 3. 4.

5.

6. 7.

8. 9.

56

Annex A
COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BE/BSc IN ENGINEERING DISCIPLINE
Semester I
U

Functional English
U

Objectives: To enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents
U

Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure, Active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase, clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling

Comprehension
Answers to questions on a given text

Discussion
General topics and every day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students)

Listening
To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers)

Translation skills
Urdu to English

Paragraph writing
Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher

Presentation skills
Introduction

Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books:


U

1. a)

Functional English Grammar


1.
Practical English Grammar by A.J. Thomson and A.V. Martinet. Exercises 1. Third edition. Oxford University Press. 1997. ISBN 0194313492
57

2.

Practical English Grammar by A.J. Thomson and A.V. Martinet. Exercises 2. Third edition. Oxford University Press. 1997. ISBN 0194313506 Writing. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin, Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Fourth Impression 1993. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41.

b)

Writing
1.

c)

Reading/Comprehension
1.
Reading. Upper Intermediate. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Third Impression 1992. ISBN 0 19 453402 2.

d)
U

Speaking

Semester II Communication Skills


U

Objectives: To enable the students to meet their real life communication


needs

Course Contents
U

Paragraph writing
Practice in writing a good, unified and coherent paragraph

Essay writing
Introduction

CV and job application

Translation skills
Urdu to English

Study skills
Skimming and scanning, intensive and extensive, and speed reading, summary and prcis writing and comprehension

Academic skills
Letter / memo writing and minutes of the meeting, use of library and internet recourses

Presentation skills
Personality development (emphasis on content, style and pronunciation)

Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review


58

Recommended books: Communication Skills a) Grammar


1.
Practical English Grammar by A.J. Thomson and A.V. Martinet. Exercises 2. Third edition. Oxford University Press 1986. ISBN 0 19 431350 6.

b)

Writing
1. Writing. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin, Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Fourth Impression 1993. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). Writing. Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Fourth Impression 1992. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos, introduction to presentations, descriptive and argumentative writing).

2.

c)

Reading
1. Reading. Advanced. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Third Impression 1991. ISBN 0 19 453403 0. 2. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky.

Semester III Technical Writing and Presentation Skills


U U

Objectives: To enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents
U

Presentation skills Essay writing


Descriptive, narrative, discursive, argumentative

Academic writing
How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style, content, language, form, clarity, consistency)

Technical Report writing Progress report writing


59

Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills
a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. Writing. Advanced by Ron White. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Third Impression 1992. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 (particularly suitable for discursive, descriptive, argumentative and report writing). 2. 3. b) c) College Writing Skills by John Langan. Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. 2004. Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. Kirszner and Stephen R. Mandell. St. Martins Press.
P P

Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. A Custom Publication. Compiled by norther Illinois University. General Editiors: Janice Neulib; Kathleen Shine Cain; Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature, without taxing the taste of engineering students).

Semester III Technical Writing and Presentation Skills


U U

Objectives: To enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents
U

Presentation skills Essay writing


Descriptive, narrative, discursive, argumentative

Academic writing
How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style, content, language, form, clarity, consistency)

Technical Report writing


60

Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills
a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. Writing. Advanced by Ron White. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Third Impression 1992. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 (particularly suitable for discursive, descriptive, argumentative and report writing). 4. 5. d) e) College Writing Skills by John Langan. Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. 2004. Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. Kirszner and Stephen R. Mandell. St. Martins Press.
P P

Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. A Custom Publication. Compiled by norther Illinois University. General Editiors: Janice Neulib; Kathleen Shine Cain; Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature, without taxing the taste of engineering students).

61

Annex-B

ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory)


COURSE PROFILE S.NO 1 2 3 4 5 TITLES Name of Course No. of Credit Hours Nature of Course Total Teaching Weeks Objectives of the Course DETAIL Islamic Studies( Compulsory) 2 Credit Hours Compulsory at Graduation Level 18 This course is aimed at: 1-To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2-To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3-To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4-To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life

Components of Teaching of the Course


GRADUATION BS ISLAMIC STUDIES AS PER REQUIREMENT OF THE UNIVERSITY 2 AS PER HEC REQUIRMENTS 2 18 WEEKS

LEVEL OF COURSE NAME OF DEGREE NAM OF COURSE SEMESTER NO. OF CREDIT TOTAL TEACHING HOURS NO. OF PERIODS PER WEEK TOTAL TEACHING PERIOD OF COURSE

UNIT NO.1: INTRODUCTION TO QURANIC STUDIES


U

1) Basic Concepts of Quran 2) History of Quran 3) Uloom-ul -Quran

UNIT No.2 : STUDY OF SELLECTED TEXT OF HOLLY QURAN


U U

1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 62

3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.6377) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154)

UNIT No.3 : STUDY OF SELLECTED TEXT OF HOLLY QURAN


U U

1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.6,21,40,56,57,58.) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18,19,20) Related to thinking, Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar,Tadabar (Verse No1,14) UNIT NO.4:
U

SEERAT OF HOLY PROPHET (S.A.W) I


1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) in Makkah 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah

UNIT NO.5:
U

SEERAT OF HOLY PROPHET (S.A.W) II


1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina

UNIT NO.6: INTRODUCTION TO SUNNAH 1) Basic Concepts of Hadith 2) History of Hadith 3) Kinds of Hadith 4) Uloom ul-Hadith 5) Sunnah & Hadith 6) Legal Position of Sunnah
U

UNIT NO.7 SELLECTED STUDY FROM TEXT OF HADITH UNIT NO.8 INTRODUCTION TO ISLAMIC LAW & JURISPRUDENCE 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 2) History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 3) Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 4) Nature of Differences in Islamic Law 5) Islam and Sectarianism
U U U U

UNIT NO.9: ISLAMIC CULTURE & CIVILIZATION 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization 2) Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization 3) Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization 4) Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues
U

63

UNIT NO.10:ISLAM & SCIENCE


U

1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science

UNIT NO.11:ISLAMIC ECONOMIC SYSTEM


U

1) 2) 3) 4)
U

Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics Islamic Concept of Riba Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce

UNIT NO.12: POLITICAL SYSTEM OF ISLAM


1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 3) Basic Institutions of Govt. in Islam

UNIT NO.13: ISLAMIC HISTORY


U U

1) PERIOD OF KHLAFT-E-RASHIDA 2) PERIOD OF UMMAYYADS 3) PERIOD OF ABBASIDS UNITNO.14 : SOCIAL SYSTEM OF ISLAM 1) BASIC CONCEPTS OF SOCIAL SYSTEM OF ISLAM 2) ELEMENTS OF FAMILY 3) ETHICAL VALUES OF ISLAM
U

REFERENCE BOOKS:
U

1) 2) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8)

HAMEED ULLAH MUHAMMAD, EMERGENCE OF ISLAM , IRI, ISLAMABAD HAMEED ULLAH MUHAMMAD, MUSLIM CONDUCT OF STATE HAMEED ULLAH MUHAMMAD, INTRODUCTION TO ISLAM MULANA MUHAMMAD YOUSAF ISLAHI, Hussain Hamid Hassan, An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law leaf Publication Islamabad, Pakistan. Ahmad Hasan, Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence Islamic Research Institute, international Islamic University, Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah, Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes Islamic Book Service (1982) H.S. Bhatia, Studies in Islamic Law, Religion and Society Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad (2001)
U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U

64

Annex C Pakistan Studies (Compulsory)


(As Compulsory Subject for Degree Students)

Introduction / Objectives
The course has been designed as a compulsory subject for the students studying for Bachelors degree, general or professional. The course is of 3 credit hours carrying 100 marks (recommended). The teaching work is comprised of three dimensions: Historical Perspective (20%); Government and Politics (40%); and Contemporary Pakistan (40%). The course framework is issue-oriented. It has many dimensions, the historical and ideological background of Pakistan the process of governance and national development as well as the issues arising in the modern, age and posing challenges to Pakistan. The course has been designed with a vision that Pakistan Studies should open a window to future.

Course Outline
1. Historical Perspective a. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. b. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. People and Land i. Indus Civilization ii. Muslim advent iii. Location and Geo-Physical features. 2. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. 1947-58 b. 1958-71 c. 1971-77 d. 1977-88 e. 1988-99 f. 1999 onward

65

3. Contemporary Pakistan a. Economic institutions and issues b. Society and social structure c. Ethnicity d. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan

Books Recommended
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. Burki, Shahid Javed. State & Society in Pakistan, The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. Akbar, S. Zaidi. Issue in Pakistans Economy. Karachi: Oxford University Press, 2000. S.M. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. Pakistans Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. Karachi: Oxford University Press, 1993. Mehmood, Safdar. Pakistan Political Roots & Development.Lahore, 1994. Wilcox, Wayne.The Emergence of Banglades., Washington: American Enterprise, Institute of Public Policy Research, 1972. Mehmood, Safdar. Pakistan Kayyun Toota, Lahore: Idara-e-Saqafat-eIslamia, Club Road, nd. Amin, Tahir. Ethno - National Movement in Pakistan, Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies, Islamabad. Ziring, Lawrence. Enigma of Political Development. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd, 1980. Zahid, Ansar. History & Culture of Sindh. Karachi: Royal Book Company, 1980. Afzal, M. Rafique. Political Parties in Pakistan, Vol. I, II & III. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research, 1998. Sayeed, Khalid Bin. The Political System of Pakistan. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1967. Aziz, K.K. Party, Politics in Pakistan, Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research, 1976. Muhammad Waseem, Pakistan Under Martial Law, Lahore: Vanguard, 1987. Haq, Noor ul. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research, 1993.

66

Annex D

COURSES FOR SOCIAL SCIENCE


U

Sociology and Development


(For Engineers) Objectives: The main objective of this course is to apprise potential engineers about social factors that contribute towards enhancing their professional performance for the good of society and the country. This course is culture specific and has to be taught within the context of local and national socio-economic environment. The engineers are expected to supervise several people in different capacities and their understanding about human behaviour is critical for their optimum performance. Modification of human behaviour or getting work done from sub-ordinates and seniors remain a major challenge for all the professional engineers. This course will enhance understanding about the determinants of human behaviour, which ultimately will result in improved individual efficiency. 1. Introduction to Sociology 1.1 What is sociology? 1.2 Nature, Scope, and Importance of Sociology 1.3 Social Interactions 1.4 Social Groups 1.5 Social Institutions 2. Culture and Related Concepts 2.1 Definition of Culture 2.2 Types of Culture 2.3 Elements of Culture 2.4 Role of Culture in Organization 2.5 Socialization and Personality 3. Interpersonal Relations 3.1 Interpersonal Behaviour 3.2 Formation of Personal Attitudes 3.3 Language and Communication 3.4 Motivations and Emotions 3.5 Public Opinion 4. Social Stratification 4.1 Factors of Social Stratification 4.2 Caste and class 4.3 Power, Prestige, and Authority 4.4 Social Mobility 4.5 Migration 5. Human Ecology 5.1 Ecological Processes 5.2 Ecosystem and energy 5.3 Ecosystem and Physical Environment 5.4 Solid Waste Disposal 5.5 Pollution 6. Population Dynamics 6.1 World Population Growth and Distribution 6.2 Population Dynamics in Pakistan 6.3 Causes and Consequences of Urbanization 6.4 Population Policy in Pakistan 67

6.5 Population and Development 7. Community Development 7.1 Meaning, Scope, and Subject Matter of Community Development 7.2 Processes of Community Development 7.3 Community Development Programs in Pakistan 7.4 Community Organization and Related Services 7.5 Cooperation and Conflict in Community Development 8. Deviance and Crime 8.1 Crime as a Social and Cultural Phenomenon 8.2 Crime and Social Organization 8.3 Organized Crime 8.4 Culture Based Crime 8.5 Economics of Crime 9. Sociology of Change and Development 9.1 What is Social Change and Development? 9.2 Dynamics of Social Change 9.3 Role of NGOs in Development 9.4 World System and Development 9.5 Gender and Development Recommended Readings 1. Allport, G. W. (1985). The Historical Background of Modern Social Psychology. New York, Random House. 2. Bernard, A. and T. Burgess (2004). Sociology, Cambridge University Press. 3. DuBrin, A. J. (2007). Human Relations: Interpersonal Job Oriented Skills. New York, Prentice Hall. 4. Gardezi, H. N., Ed. (1991). Understanding Pakistan: The Colonial Factor in Societal Development. Lahore, Maktaba Fikr-o-Danish. 5. Hafeez, S. (1991). Changing Pakistan Society. Karachi, Royal Book Company. Gardezi, H. N., Ed. (1991). 6. Jones, G. W. (2005). "Why are Population and Development Issues not Given Priority?" Asia-Pasific Population Journal 20(1). 7. Macionis, J. J. (1999). Sociology 7th Edition, National Book Foundation, Islamabad 8. Maser, C. (1997). Sustainable Community Development: Principles and Concepts. Plorida St. Lucie Press. 9. Nelson, N. and S. Wright (1995). Power and Participatory Development: Theory and Practice. London, Intermediate Technology Publications. 10. Syed, S. H. (2003). The State of Migration and Multiculturalism in Pakistan: The Need for Policy and Strategy. Islamabad, UNESCO: 1-30. 11. Utton, A. E. (1976). Human Ecology, West View Press. 12. Webster, A. (1990). Introduction to Sociology of Development. London, Nacmillan Education Ltd. 13. Weiss, A. M. (2001). Power and civil society in Pakistan, Oxford University press.
U U U U U U U U U U U U U UP UP U U U U U U U U U U U

68

SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY
(For Engineers) Objectives: The students are expected to learn anthropological skills for application by professional engineers and other related practitioners. Societal growth needs are to be understood within our own cultural environment. Such a body of applied knowledge will result in improving the professional performance of would-be engineers. As culture and society play an important role towards all human activities, this course will help students relate technical skills to the societal needs and requirements. I Introduction 1. Anthropology and Social Anthropology 2. Fields of Anthropology 3. Anthropological Research Methods 4. Social Anthropology and other Social Sciences 5. Significance of Social Anthropology Culture 1. Definition, Properties and Taxomony 2. Evolution of Growth and Culture 3. Evolution of Man: Religious and Modern Perspectives 4. Evolution of Culture 5. Culture and Personality Evolution and Growth of Culture 1. Evolution of Man 2. Schools of Thought in Cultural Anthropology 3. Acculturation 4. Enculturation 5. Ethnocentrism and Xenocentrism Language and Culture 1. Communication 2. Structural Linguistics 3. Historical Linguistics 4. Relationship between Language and Culture 5. Ethnography Economic System 1. Global Economic System 2. The Allocation of Resources 3. The Conversion of Resources 4. The Distribution of Goods and Services 5. Poverty and Inequality Marriage and Family 1. Marriage and Mate Selection 2. The Family: Types and Functions 3. Kinship System 4. Structure and Function of Family 5. Gender Relations

II

III

IV

VII

VIII

Political Organization
1. Political Sociology 2. Origin of Political Organization and Organizational System 3. Types of Political Organizations 69

IX

XI

4. Power Politics and Factionalism in Pakistan 5. Resolution of Conflict Religion and Magic 1. The Universality of Religion 2. Comparative Religions 3. Religion and Society 4. Religious Beliefs and Practices 5. Witchcraft and Sorcery Culture Change 1. Forms of Art 2. Expressive Culture 3. Process of Cultural Change 4. Cultural Change in the Modern World 5. Cultural Change in Pakistani society

Recommended Books 1. Ahmad, Akbar S. 1990. Pakistani Society, Karachi, Royal Books Co. 2. Bernard, H. Russel. 1994. Research Methods in Anthropology, Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. London: Sage Publications 3. Bodley, John H. 1994. Cultural Anthropology, California: Mayfield Publishing Co. 4. Brogger, Jan. 1993. Social Anthropology and the Lonely Crowd. New Delhi: Reliance Publishing 5. Ember, Carol R. & Ember Melvin. 2005. Anthropology, 11th ed. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall, Ince. Harper and Row 6. Harris Marvin. 1987. Cultural Anthropology. New York: Harper and Row 7. Harris Marvin. 1985. Culture, People, nature; An Introduction to General Anthropology London: Harper and Row 8. Haviland, W. A. (2005). Anthropology: The Human Challenge. New York, Thomson Learning Inc. 9. Hertzler J. O. 1981. The Social Structure of Islam. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10. Keesing, Roger m. 1998. Cultural Anthropology: A contemporary perspective. 3rd ed. New York: Harcourt Brace College Publishers. 11. Kottak, Conard Phillip. 2002. Anthropology: The Exploration of Human Diversity. 9th ed. Boston: McGraw Hill Higher Education. 12. Kennedy, Charles H. 1992. Pakistan London: Westview Press,. 13. Marron, Stanley. 1057. Pakistani Society and Culture. New Heaven 14. Wilson, Richard A. 1996. Human Rights, Culture and Context: Anthropological Perspective. London: Pluto Press.
P P U U P P P P

Psychology courses for B.Sc/B.E in Engineering Programme


Course-I Understanding Psychology and Human Behaviour 3 credit hrs

What is Psychology? Nature, Scope and Application with Special Reference to Pakistan Different Schools of Psychology Methods of Psychology Learning 70

Intelligence and Artificial Intelligence Personality and its Assessment Understanding Maladjustive Behaviour Positive Emotional States and Processes Stress Management and Anger Management

Books Recommended 1. Atkinson R.C., & Smith E.E. (2000), Introduction to Psychology (13th ed.), Harcourt Brace College Publishers. 2. Fernald, L.D., & Fernald, P.S. (2005), Introduction to Psychology, USA: WMC Brown Publishers. 3. Hergenhahn, B.R. (2001). An Introduction to the History of Psychology, New York: Wadsworth. 4. Goodwin, C.J, (2000) Research in Psychology: Methods and Design, (3rd ed.), New York: John Wiley & Sons. 5. Synder, C.R., & Lopez, S.J. (2007) Positive Psychology, USA, Sage Publications. 6. Allen, B.P. (1997), Personality Theories: Development, Growth and Diversity, (2nd Ed.), Boston: Allyn & Bacon. 7. Cohen, R.J., & Swerdlik, M.E. (2005) Psychological Testing & Assessment (6th ed.), New York: McGraw-Hill. 8. Corcini, R., (2000). Current Psychotherapies. London: Thompson & Co Publishers. 9. Comer, R.J. (2004). Abnormal Psychology, USA: Freeman & Company. 10. Schwartz, B., Wassernman, E., & Robbins, S. (2002), Psychology of Learning and Behaviour, 5th Ed. Norton and Company.
P P P P P P P P P P

Course II -

Professional Psychology 3 credit hrs

Introduction to Professional Psychology Psychological Testing Educational Psychology Industrial/Organizational Psychology Social Psychology Health Psychology Clinical Psychology Positive Psychology Legal, Ethical, and Professional Issues.

Books Recommended 1. Crow, L., & Crow, A. (2000) Educational Psychology, New Delhi: Eurosia Publishing House Ltd. 2. Spiegel, P.K., & Koocher, G.P. (1998), Ethics in Psychology, New York: Oxford University Press 71

3. Snyder, C.R., & Lopes, S.J. (2000), Handbook of Positive Psychology, New York: Oxford University Press. 4. Compton, W.C. (2005), Introduction to Positive Psychology, USA, Thomson Wadsworth. 5. Debra, L.N. & James Compbell Quick, (2000) Organizational Behaviour (3rd ed), Cincinnat: South Western. 6. Fred Luthans, Alexander, D.S. & Edwin, A. Locke (2000) (Eds), Handbook of Principles of Organizational Behaviour, London: Blackwell. 7. Brannon, L.& Reist, J. (2000), Health Psychology: An Introduction to Behaviour and Health (4th ed.), USA Wadsworth. 8. Donohue, W. & Ferguson, K. (Eds), (2003), Handbook of Professional Ethics for Psychologists; Issues, Questions and Controversies, London: Sage Publications. 9. Meyers, D. (2005), Social Psychology, 8th Ed. McGraw Hill Inc. 10. Cooper, J. & Hogg, M. (2003) Handbook of Social Psychology, Sage Publications 11. Halgin, R.P., Whitbourne, S.K., & Halgin, R. (2004), Abnormal Psychology: Clinical Perspectives on Psychological Disorders, New York: McGraw Hill. 12. Thorndike R.L., & Hage, E.P. (1995), Measurement and Evaluation in Psychology and Education (4th Ed), New York, MacMillan.
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PROFESSIONAL ETHICS
Course Description: Prerequisite: None Corequisite: None This course introduce contemporary and controversial ethical issues facing the business community. Topics include moral reasoning, moral dilemmas, law and morality, equity, justice and fairness, ethical standards, and moral development. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate an understanding of their moral responsibilities and obligations as members of the workforce and society. Course Objectives: At the completion of the course requirements, the student will be able to: a. Define business ethics b. Describe the evolution of business ethics c. Describe major ethical perspectives d. Understand and apply n ethical decision-making framework e. Understand social responsibility from several dilemensions f. Understand how the organization influences ethical decision-making g. Examine how significant others influence ethical decision-making h. Develop an effective ethics programme. i. Understand international business ethics.

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Course Outline: An Overview of Business Ethics: Business Ethics Defined, Social Responsibility, and Business Ethics, The Development of Business Ethics, Why study Business Ethics?, Framework for Studying Business Ethics. Ethical issues in Business: Foundation of Ethical Conflict, Classifications of Ethical, Issues, Ethical Issues Related to Participants and Functional Areas of Business, Recognizing an Ethical Issue. Applying Moral Philosophies to Business Ethics: Moral Philosophy Defined, Moral Philosophy Perspectives. Social Responsibility: The Economic Dimension, The legal Dimension, The Ethical Dimension, the Philanthropic Dimension. An Ethical Decision-Making Framework: Ethical Issue Intensity, Individual Factors: Stages of Cognitive Moral Development, Corporate Culture, Significant others, Opportunity, Business Ethics Evaluations and Intentions, Using the Ethical Decision-Making Framework to Improve Ethical Decisions. How the Organization Influences Ethical Decision Making: Organizational Structure and Business Ethics, the role of Corporate Culture in Ethical DecisionMaking, Group Dimensions of Organizational Structure and Culture, Implications of Organizational Relationships for Ethical Decisions. The Role of Opportunity and Conflict: Opportunity, Conflict. Development of an Effective Ethics Programme: An Effective Ethical Compliance, Programme, Codes of Ethics and Compliance Standards, High-Level Managers Responsibility for Ethical Compliance Programme and the Delegation of Authority, Effective Communication of Ethical Standards, Establishing Systems to Monitor, Audit, and Enforce Ethical Standards, Continuous Improvement of the Ethical Compliance Programme, The Influence of Personal Values in Business Ethics Programmes, The Ethical Compliance Audit. International Business Ethics: Ethical Perceptions and International Business, Culture As a Factor in Business, Adapting Ethical Systems to a Global Framework: Cultural Relativism, the Multinational Corporation, A universal Set of Ethics, Ethical Issues Around the Globe. Text Books: Ferrell, O.C., and Fraedrich, John, Ethical Decision Making and Cases, New York: Houghton Mifflin.

ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOUR
Introduction to Organizational Behaviour o Organizational Disciplines and topics o Psychological Perspective o Social-Psychological Perspectives

3 Credit Hrs

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Structure and Control in Organization o Introduction o Bureaucracy o Managerial Work o Contingency theory o Organizational Design Individual and Work Learning o Learning Theories o Learning and Work Stress o Types of Stress and Work o Occupational Stress Management Individual Differences o Personality and its factors o Personality dimensions and social learning o Intelligence Motivation and Job Satisfaction o Needs at Work o Theories of Motivation and job satisfaction o Correlates of Job satisfaction o Correlates of Job satisfaction Group and Work o Social Interaction o Dramaturgy and impression Management o Social Skill Group and Inter group Behaviour o Group Structure & Norms o Group Processes o How throne Studies Leadership o Leadership as an attribute o Leadership Style Patterns of Work o Work-the classical approach o Marx, Weber, & The critique of labor o Foucault & Disciplinary Power Conflict and Consent in Work o The labor Process debate o Work place control and resistance o Industrial conflict and industrial relations

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Organizational culture o Organizational culture and strategic management o Exploring organizational culture o Evaluating concept of culture

Books Recommended: 1. Finchan, R., & Rhodes, P. (2003), Principles of Organizational Behaviour, 3rd Oxford. 2. Noe, R., Hollenbeck, J. Gerhart, B., & Wright, P. (2006), Human Resource Management, 5th ed., McGraw Hill. 3. Newstrom John W. (2007), Organizational Behaviour, (12th Ed), McGraw Hill. 4. Luthan Fred, (2005), Organizational Behaviour, McGraw Hill Inc. 5. Robins, Stephen, (2005), Organizational Behaviour, McGraw Hill Inc.
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INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY
The Nature of Sociology o The study of social life o Exploring the global village o Sociology as a science o The Sociological imagination o The development of Sociology o Pioneers of Sociology o Nature, scope and subject matter of Sociology o Brief historical development of Sociology o Society and community o Relationship with other social sciences o Social Interaction Processes Social groups o Definition and functions o Types of social groups

3 Credit Hrs

Social institutions o Definition o Structure and function of social institutions o Inter-relationships among various social institutions Culture and related concepts o Definition and aspects of culture o Elements of culture o Organization of culture o Other concepts, cultural relativism, sub cultures, ethnocentrism, culture lag Socialization and personality o Role and status o Socialization o Culture and personality Deviance and social control o Definition and types of deviance o Juvenile delinquency o Formal and information methods of social control Social stratification o Approach to study social stratification o Caste class and race as basics of social stratification Major perspectives in Sociology o Functionalist perspective o Conflict perspective o Interactionstic perspective

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Social Control and deviance o Agencies of social control Social stratification o Determinants of social stratification o Social mobility, types and definition o Dynamics of social mobility Concept of social movement o Theories of social movement o Social and cultural change Social and cultural change o Definition of social change o Dynamics of social change o Impact of globalization on society and culture o Resistance to change Collective behaviour o Definition o Characteristics o Causes o Types o Social movements o Mob and crowd behaviour

Books Recommended 1. Neulreck, Kenneth, J. 2005, Sociology: Diversity, Conflict and Change, Boston 2. Barnard, Andy. 2004. Sociology, Cambridge University Press 3. Giddens, Anthony, 2004, Sociology 4th edition, Cambridge Polity Press 4. Albrow, Martin, 2003, Sociology, London Routledge. 5. Richard, T. Schaefer, 2003, Sociology5th edition, McGraw Hill College 6. Kendall, Diana, 2004. Sociology in our Times, 4th ed, Wadsworth 7. Tyler Melissa, Wallace Claire & Abbott Pamela, 2005, An Introduction to Sociology, 3rd ed. Routledge.
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CRITICAL THINKING
The Power of Critical Thinking o Claims and Reasons o Reasons and Arguments o Arguments in the Rough

3 Credit Hrs

The Environment of Critical Thinking o Perils of Haunted Mind o Self and the Power of the Group o Subjective and Social Relativism o Skepticism 77

Making Sense of Arguments o Arguments Basics o Patterns o Diagramming Arguments o Assessing Long Arguments Reasons for Belief and Doubt o Conflict Experts and Evidence o Personal Experience o Fooling Ourselves o Claims in the News Faulty Reasoning o Irrelevant Premises o Genetic Fallacy, Composition, Division o Appeal to the Person, Equivocation, Appeal to Popularity o Appeal to Tradition, Appeal to Ignorance, Appeal to Emotion o Red Herring, Straw Man Unacceptable Premises o Begging the Question, False Dilemma o Slippery Slope, Hasty Generalization o Faulty Analogy Deductive Reasoning: Propositional Logic o Connectives and Truth Values o Conjunction, Disjunction, Negation o Conditional, Checking for Validity o Simple Arguments, Tricky Arguments o Streamlined Evaluation Deductive Reasoning: Categorical Logic o Statements and Classes o Translations and Standard Form o Terms, Quantifiers o Diagramming Categorical Statements o Sizing up Categorical Syllogisms Inductive Reasons o Enumerative Induction o Sample Size, Representativeness, Opinion Polls o Analogical Induction o Casual Arguments, Testing for Causes o Casual Confusions Inference to the Best Explanation o Explanations and Inference o Theories and Consistency o Theories and Criteria o Testability, Fruitfulness, Scope, Simplicity 78

o Conservatism Judging Scientific Theories o Science and Not Science o The Scientific method, Testing Scientific Theories o Judging Scientific Theories o Copernicus versus Ptolemy, Evolution Versus Creationism o Science and Weird Theories o Making Weird Mistakes o Leaping to the Weirdest Theory, Mixing What Seems with What is o Misunderstanding the Possibilities o Judging Weird Theories o Crop Circles, Talking with the Dead

BOOKS RECOMMENDED 1. Vaughn Lewis, 2005, The Power of Critical Thinking, Oxford University Press. 2. Paulsen David W., Cederblom Jerry:2000, Critical Reasoning, Wadsworth 3. Restall Greg. 2005, Logic: An Introduction, Routledge

INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPY

3 Credit Hrs

Definition and Nature of Philosophy Theory of Knowledge o Opinion and Knowledge o Plato, the Republic Selection o Knowledge through Reason o Descartes Meditation on First Philosophy o Knowledge through Experience o Hume an Inquiry concerning Human Understanding (Selection) o Experience Structured by the Mind o Kant Critique of Pure Reason (Selection o Knowing and Doing o James Pragmatism (Selection) o Knowledge and Emotion o Jaggar Love and Knowledge (Selection) Philosophy of Religion o Proving that Existence of God o Anselm, Aquinas, Paley, Dawkins (Selection) o Justifying Religious Beliefs o Pascal Pensees (Selection) o James The will to Believe Selection o Freud the Future of An Illusion (Selection) o Confronting the Problems of Evil o Mackie Evil and Omnipotence (Complete) o Hick Philosophy of Religion (Selection)

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Metaphysics o Idealism and Materialism o Berkeley Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Pholonous (Selection) o Armstrong Naturalism, Materialism and First Philosophy (Selection) o The Mid-Body Problem o Descartes Meditations on First Philosophy (Selection) o OHear Introduction to the Philosophy of Science (Selection) o Dennett The Origins of Selves (Complete) o Pali Canon (Selection) o Penelhum Religion and Rationality (Selection) Freedom to Choose o Libertarianism o James The Dilemma of Determinism (Selection) o Taylor Metaphysics (Selection) o Determinism o Hospers Meaning and Free Will (Selection) o Skinner Walden Two (Selection) o Compatibilism o Stace Religion and the Modern Mind (Selection) o Radhakrishnan Indian Philosophy (Selection) Ethics o Fulfilling Human Nature o Aristotle Nicomachean Ethics (selection) o Loving God o Augustine The Morals of the Catholic Church and the City of God (Selection) o Following Natural Law o Aquinas Summa Theologiae (Selection) o Doing Ones Duty o Kant Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of Morals (Selection) o Maximizing Utility o Mill Utilitarianism (Selection) o Turning Values of Upside Down o Nietzsche Human, All too Human and Beyond Good and Evil (Selection) o Creating Ourselves o Sartre Existentialism is a Humanism (Selection) o Hearing the Feminine Voice o Gilligan In a Different Voice (Selection) o Baier What do Women Want in a Moral Theory (Selection) Political and Social Philosophy o The State as Natural o Plato the Republic (Selection) o Aristotle Politics (Selection) o The State as a Social Contract o Hobbes Philosophical Rudiments Concerning Government and Society (Selection) o Locke the Second Treatise of Government (Selection) o Liberty of the Individual 80

o o o o o o o o o o o o o

Mill On Liberty (Selection) Alienation in Capitalism Marx Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844 (Selection) Justice and Social Trust Rawls A Theory of Justice (Selection) Nozick Anarchy, State, and Utopia (Selection) Held Rights and Goods (Selection) Women in Society Wollstonecraft A Vindication of the Rights of Women (Selection) De Behaviour The Second Sex (Selection) The Value of Philosophy Russel The Problems of Philosophy (Selection) Midgley Philosophical Plumbing (Selection)

BOOKS RECOMMENDED 1. Abel Donald C., Stumpf Samuel Enoch, 2002. Elements of Philosophy: An Introduction, 4th Ed. McGraw Hill. 2. Scruton Roger, 2001. A short History of Modern Philosophy, 2nd ed. Routledge.
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MANAGEMENT COURSES
ENTREPRENEURSHIP
Course Objective: Entrepreneurship is an important component in the process of economic development. The purpose of this course is to analyse the theories of entrepreneurship and to go for case studies of successful entrepreneurs. Course Contents: Introduction: The concept of entrepreneurship, The economist view of entrepreneurship, The sociologist view, Behavioural approach, Entrepreneurship and Management The Practice of Entrepreneurship: The process of entrepreneurship, Entrepreneurial Management, The entrepreneurial business, Entrepreneurship in service institutions, The new venture Entrepreneurship and Innovation: The innovation concepts, Importance of innovation for entrepreneurship, Sources of innovative opportunities, The innovation process, Risks involved in innovation Developing Entrepreneur: Entrepreneurial profile, Trait approach to understanding entrepreneurship, Factors influencing entrepreneurship, The environment, Socio cultural factors, Support systems Entrepreneurship Organization: Team work, Networking organization, Motivation and compensation, Value system Entrepreneurship and SMES: Defining SMEs, Scope of SMEs, Entrepreneurial, managers of SME, Financial and marketing problems of SMEs Entrepreneurial Marketing: Framework for developing entrepreneurial marketing, Devising entrepreneurial marketing plan, Entrepreneurial marketing strategies, Product quality and design Entrepreneurship and Economic Development: Role of entrepreneur in the economic development generation of services, Employment creation and training, Ideas, knowledge and skill development, The Japanese experience Case Studies of Successful Entrepreneurs
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Text Books: Paul Burns and Jim Dew Hurst: Small Business and Entrepreneurship P.N. Singh: Entrepreneurship fo0r Economic Growth Peter F. Drucker: Innovation and Entrepreneurship Peter F. Drucker John B. Miner: Entrepreneurial Success

PRINCIPLES OF MANAGEMENT
Course Objectives: This is a rudimentary course for the students of business administration. The focus of attention will be given to learning fundamental principles of management and of managing people and organization in a historical as well as contemporary world. Students are expected to develop analytical and conceptual framework of how people are managed in small, medium and large public and private national and international organizations. Course Contents: Introduction, overview and scope of discipline The evolution and emergence of management thought Management functions Planning concepts, objectives, strategies and policies Decision making Organizing; departmentalization, line/staff authority, commitments and group decision making Staffing: principles of selection, performance, career planning Leading: Motivation, leadership, communication Controlling: the system and process and techniques of controlling Management and Society: future perspective Text Books: Stephen P. Robins, Mary Coulter: Management H. Koontz Odonnel and H. Weihrich: Management Mc Farland: Management: Foundation and Practice Robert M. Fulmer: The New Management

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