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Primary Sources

Aguinaldo, Emilio. True Version of the Philippine Revolution Public Domain Books 2009 This source was able to give me information of the Filipino Revolution and how it went in the eyes of the leader of the Philippine Revolution. Aguinaldo Captured by Funston. Evening Bulletin 5 Apr 1901, Pg. 1 I used this to find out how America reacted to the capture of Aguinaldo and how the war had been going with the Filipinos. It seemed to also signal how his capture spelled out a near end of the war. Blount, James H. The American Occupation of the Philippines, 1898-1912 New York: Oracle Editions, 1973 This book was originally published in 1912 and was written by a U.S. Volunteer who had served in the Philippines during the insurrection. He described in the book what events took place as America solidified their rule over the Philippines. Burning Monks. The Hawaiian Star 9 Oct 1896, Pg. 6 I used this article to mainly gather more information about how the first weeks of the revolt took place. Congress Recognition of the Independence of Cuba. Bartlby.com 2011 12 Nov 2011 <bartleby.com/43/45.html> I used this source to prove how the Americans reacted to the U.S.S. Maine Incident and how America demanded the Independence of Cuba as a result. De Lome, Enriquey. The De Lome letter. The Spanish American War centennial website 21 <Jan 2012 spanamwar.com/Delome.htm> This image was used to Display what De Lome looked like. It went along with the section on the American Public before the war and how the De Lome angered the American Public. Dumindin, Arnaldo. Capture of Aguinaldo, 1901. 2006 Philippine-American War, 1899 1902 21 Jan 2011< philippineamericanwar.webs.com/captureofaguinaldo1901.htm> This source gave me a very useful picture of Emilio Aguinaldo timidly coming on board an American Warship right after being captured by American Forces. Dumindin, Arnaldo. "Battle of Coloocan." 2006 Philippine-American War, 18991902 20 Mar 2011

<philippineamericanwar.webs.com/advancetomalolos.htm> In this section, I was able to find an image of the American Army in Coloocan, the capital of the Philippines. This image was able to show how the Americans had the upper hand of the war. Dumindin, Arnaldo. Filipino American War breaks out. 2006 Philippine American War, 1899 1902 21 Dec 2012 <philippineamericanwar.webs.com/filamwarbreaksout.htm> This source was able to give me a picture of the masses of Filipinos who were killed by the Americans in their first battle with the Americans. To me, this signaled the beginning of a long war. Edger, Robert. S.F. Examiner, August 6, 1898 Calisphere 2011 University of California 28 January 2011<content.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/tf6q2nb5xm/> This source I found to be useful as it portrayed how after the battle of Manila Bay that the U.S. was starting to look at the Philippines as a Territory. Edger, Robert S.F. Examiner, August 9, 1898 Calisphere 2011 University of California 28 Jan 2011<content.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/tf7q2nb6jq/> I found use in this source as it displayed how the Spanish still held onto Manila after the Battle of Manila bay and that the war was still going on in the battle for Manila. Edison Manufacturing Co. "Burial of the "Maine" Victims. American Memory Library of Congress 7 Jan 2012 <memory.loc.gov/cgibin/query/h? ammem/> This clip I used to prove how the death of these sailors led to the Boiling of tensions between America and Spain. Fight at Manila with Filipinos. New York Times 5 Feb 1899, Pg. 1 I used this resource to find out how the War began between the Filipinos and the Americans outside Manila and what many Americans thought might come out of the situation. Fonacier, Consuelo V. At the Helm of the Nation: Inaugural Addresses of the Presidents of the Philippine Republic and the Commonwealth Manila: National Media Production Center, 1973 I thought that this book was very important in my impact section as the book recorded the Inaugural Addresses of the Presidents of the Commonwealth of the Philippines and the Governor-Generals of the Territory of the Philippines. Each one of the addresses was able to summarize what was going on in the Philippines at that time and what the leaders were hoping to accomplish in office.

Greene F.V., et al. Terms of Surrender for the Spanish Forces of Manila, Philippine Islands. The Spanish American War Centennial Website 2008 28 Oct. 2011 <spanamwar.com/Manilaletter.htm#2> I used this document to prove how the Spanish surrendered to the American Army instead of the city going to the Filipinos.

Hoover, Herbert. "Statement on Philippine Independence." The American Presidency Project 2012 JohnWooleyandGeherdPeters28Jan2012 <presidency.uscb.edu/ws/index.php? pid=22875&st=Philippines&st1=#ixzz1kmo8AZ8> This source I was able to use to get the reaction of one of our Presidents to the demand of the Filipinos for their independence. Mabini, Apolinario. The Philippine Revolution Manila: National Historical Commision, 1969 This book was written by the Prime Minister of the Philippines after he was captured by the Americans during the insurrection. The book was valuable as it was able to give his opinion on the American Occupation of the Philippines. "Maine Blown Up." New York Times 16 Feb 1898, Pg. 1 This article was valuable because it displayed how many Americans reacted to the destruction of the Maine in Havana Harbor and who the suspects were of the destruction. March, Alden. American Imperialism: The History and Conquest of the Philippines and our other Island Possessions New York: Arno Press, 1970 I used this to find more information on why we took over the Philippines and what economic opportunity we saw. McKinley, William. Executive Order,"Jan 3 1900 The American Presidency Project 2011 Gerherd Peters 6 Nov 2011 <www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php? pid=69169&st=Philippines&sH> I was able to use this to prove how we started to improve the medical system of the Philippines as this Executive order ordered the improvement of the hospitals. Montojo, Patricio. The Official Report of the Spanish Admiral Montojo on the

Battle of Manila Bay. The Spanish American War Centennial Website 2008 26 Oct. 2011 <www.spanamwar.com/mtreport.htm> I used this to get the view of the Spanish Admiral Montojo of the Spanish Fleet on the battle of Manila Bay and why the Spanish lost the battle. Pearcy, Thomas. Congressional Record Senator Albert Beveridge on Expansionism. 4 Feb. 1997 W.W. Norton and Company 10 Nov. 2011 <www.norton.com/college/history/ralph/workbook/ralprs30.htm> I used this source to prove that American Politicians were wanting to improve the economy of the Philippines and increase trade with China. "Philippine Rebels Beaten." The New York Times 20 Feb 1897 This article seemed to prove to me that the revolt in a way was failing. In the paper, it had reported that the Spanish forces had inflicted a crushing blow on the rebellion and that they had been victorious. "Philippine Revolt Extending." The New York Times 21 Nov 1896, Pg. 1 This article talked about how the revolt began to spread to other parts of the Philippines and that the supporters of the revolution were getting stronger. Rebellion Progressing. The Hawaiian Gazette 29 Dec 1896, Pg. 2 This article was able to give me information on how the Rebellion was spreading and how the rebels were becoming more powerful. Robles, Chan "The Philippine Independence Act" Chan Robles Virtual Law Library 1998 Harvard Computer, Inc. 22 Mar 2012 <chanrobles.com/tydingsmcduffieact.htm> This source was able to give me the entire text from the act. I was able to find from this act that the Americans were preparing the Philippines for their independence. Roosevelt, Theodore Proclamation 483 The American Presidency Project 2011 Geherd Peters 12 Dec 2011 <www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php? pid=69569&st=Philippines&st1> I found this proclomation to be useful because it officially declared an end to the Hostilities between the Filipino rebels and the American troops. Saint Juan de Dios Hospital Philippine Photographs Digital Archive University of Michigan 20 Jan 2012 quod.lib.umich.edu/s/sclphilimg/x897/phlc008

This site was able to give me a picture that I used in the Reform page to display Hospitals that would undergo the improvement of the Health system. Sheridan, Richard B. The Filipino Martyrs: A Story of the Crime of February 4, 1899 Quezon City: Malaya Books Inc. While reading this book, I found the information to be that of an eyewitness as the author was there from the time of the arrival of the American fleet to the first few months of the insurrection. Sotelo, Andrew Personal Interview. 17 Mar 2012 I was very happy to have gotten the chance to interview Mr. Sotelo, who was alive while the commonwealth was ruling over the Philippines and was there when the Philippines became an independent nation. He was able to give me his story on what life was like when the Philippines was granted its independence and what it had been like while a commonwealth. Spanish and American Peace Commission. Treaty of Peace between the United States and Spain. Avalon Project 2008 Yale Law School Lillian Goldman law Library 27 Oct. 2011 avalon.law.yale.edu/19th_century/sp1898.asp This Document I found to be one of the most useful because of how the Document stated that we would be taking over the Philippines. Twain, Mark. Mark Twain's Weapons of Satire: Anti-Imperialsist Writings on the Philippine-American War Syracuse University Press In this book, I was able to get the opinion of a very well known supporter of not invading the Philippines, Mark Twain. Many of his articles were mainly making fun of the issues of the war or criticizing what was going on. The Video Encyclopedia of the 21st Century Index/Volume 1 New York CEL Electronic Services 1990 This was used to help me find a clip on troops arriving home from the war. I ended up not using this clip though as it took up too much storage on my website. Willis, Henry P. Our Philippine Problem: A Study of American Colonial Policy New York: Arno Press, The New York Times 1970 Published originally in 1905, I was able to use this book to find graphs that showed that the economy of the Philippines had improved to a certain extent. This book was useful in showing what was going on in the Philippines as it was under the rule of an American government.

Secondary Sources
Aquino, Belinda. Personal Interview. 16 March 2012. In this interview, I was able to get a lot of information on what took place in the Philippines while it was under American Occupation. Dr. Aquino was very valuable as she gave me much information on what had been going on throughout that time period. She graduated at Cornell University with a PhD. In Political Science and South Asian Studies. Crucible of Empire: The Spanish American War Director Daniel A Miller PBS Videocassette, PBS, 1999 This video gave me a broad understanding of the entire war and what took place around it. I also was able to post videos from this documentary on my site. Dolan, Ronald E. War of Resistance. Country Studies 2011 Library of Congress 28 Oct 2011 <countryside.us/philippines/15.htm > This source was able to give me detailed information on the insurrection and how it began. Kent, Noel. Email Interview 25 Jan. 2012. I was very glad to have gotten the chance to interview Dr. Kent as he was able to give me information on how the trade went from one under Spain, to American authority. Masse, Eugene H. Francis Burton Harrison, Governor General of the Philippines Islands, 1913 - 1921 : Washington D.C. University Microfilms, 1971 This Source did not give me as much information as I thought it might of had. I still found use for two of the chapters as they told me about the economic condition of the Philippines at that time and how it was before Governor Harrison took office. May, Glenn A. Social Engineering in the Philippines: The Aims, Execution, and Impact of American Colonial Policy, 1900-1913 Westport: Greenwood press, 1980 In this book, I was able to find many pictures that displayed some of the things that had changed with the American Occupation of the Philippines. Moncado, Hilario C. America, the Philippines, and the Orient New York, London, Edinburgh: Fleming H. Revell Company, 1932 This source was written mainly about how the Americans and how they had started to consolidate their rule over the Philippines. New York Times. New York Times: The Complete Front Pages 1851 - 2009 New York: Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers, 2008

This site was able to give me an image of one of the newspapers displaying the American victory at Manila bay. It was useful because it showed how much this victory meant to America. Stafford, Janice. The Attitudes of the Philippine Newspapers, the Manila Times and Philippine Herald, to the Independence Question, 1921-1927 Queensland: South East Asian Monograph series, 1980 This source was valuable as it was able to give me the view of two major newspapers in the Philippines and what their view was on the Question of Philippine Independence The Shape of Things to Come A Century of Warfare Madacy Entertainment 2009 This was one of my first sources I found on the Philippine Insurrection. I was able to use this to gain a broad understanding of the Philippine Insurrection. Thomas, Steven Third Carlist War 2011 Steven Thomas 12 November 2011 <balagan.org.uk/third-carlist-war/index.htm> I used this website to find out about the political turmoil in Spain that it went through before the war.

Treaty of Paris of 1898 Hispanic Division Library of Congress 22 June 2011 Library of Congress 25 Oct 2011 <loc.gov/rr/hispanic/1898/treaty.html> This source was able to give me a detailed understanding of what took place during the negotiations at the Treaty of Paris. Walsh, John E. The Philippine Insurrection 1899-1902: Americas only try for an overseas empire New York: Franklin Watts Inc. 1973 This source was one of the first I was able to find on the Insurrection. I found this source to be very broad as it focused on the the main events. Wukovits, John F. The Spanish American War San Diego: lucent books, 2002 This was one of the first sources that I used for my research. It had many quotes but I found it to be very broad. The U.S.S. Maine Memorial 3 June 2008 Arlington National Cemetery Website Washington Post Company 19 Jan 2012 <arlingtoncemetery.net/ussmaine.htm> This site gave me a somewhat depressing image of the U.S.S. Maine right after its destruction in Havana Harbor. It went along with the section on the American Public and how it led to the War.