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SCHAUM'S oul/ Second Edition (Covers all course fundamentals Supplements your class bext Teaches you effective probkem-sohring techniques ideal for pall-study Features 374 sotved problems with complete sotubons \ Offers hundreds of additional problems with answers Ose woth ete coarsest Fondanentsh of (oganerey Thereadpane tetredacton oe Thereeedyrmes Ontaccs! tne Cerne: SCHAUM'S OUTLINE OF THEORY AND PROBLEMS THERMODYNAMICS Second Edition MICHAEL M. ABBOTT, Ph.D. HENDRICK C. VAN NESS, D.Eng. The Howard P. Isermann Department of Chemical Engineering Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute SCHAUM’S OUTLINE SERIES McGRAW-HILL New York San Francisco Washington, D.C. Auckland Bogota Caracus Lishon London Madrid Mexico City Milan Montreal New Dehli San Jwan Singapore Sidney Tokya Toronio MICHAEL M. ABBOTT is Professor of Chemical Engineering at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, from which he received the B.Ch.E. in 1961 and the Ph.D. in 1965. From 1965 to 1969, he worked with Exxon Research and Engineering Company. He is author or coauthor of several books and numerous articles on engineering thermodynamics. HENDRICK C. VAN NESS is Institute Professor Emeritus of Chemical Engineering at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, where he has taught since 1956. He received his B.S. and M.S. degrees from the University of Rochester, and the D.Eng. from Yale University. He has been Visiting Professor at several universities, and is the 1988 recipient of the Warren K. Lewis Award of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers. Schaum’s Outline of Theory and Problems of THERMODYNAMICS, Copyright © 1989, 1972 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. Except as permitted under the Copyright Act of 1976, no part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a data base or retrieval system, without the prior written permission of the publisher. 1415 16 17 18 1920 PRS PRS 543 ISBN 0-07-O0004e-S Sponsoring Editor, David Beckwith Production Supervisor, Denise Puryear Editing Supervisor, Meg Tobin Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Abbott, Michael M. Schaum’s outline of theory and problems of thermodynamics / Michael M. Abbott, Hendrick C. Van Ness. -- 2d ed. p.m. -- (Schaum’s outline series) Includes index. ISBN 0-07-000042-5 . 1. Thermodynamics. I. Van Ness, H. C. (Hendrick C.) II. Title. Ill. Title: Theory and problems of thermodynamics. TJ265.A19 1989 536'.7--de20 89-2576 cIP McGraw-Hill A Division of The McGraw-Hill Companies