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NAME

LABTIME/DATE

TheAppendicular

Skeleton

Bonesof the PectoralGirdleandUpperExtremity

1. Match the bone namesor markings in column B with the descriptionsin column A.

s; deltoidtuberosiry

i:

humerus

d; clavicle

 

,

o; radius

a: acromlon

D: scaDula

d; clavicle

h; glenoid cavity

e; coracoidprocess

d; clavicle

 

s;

trochlea

t;

ulna

b: caoitulum

f:

coronoid fossa

t:

ulna

c; carpals

m; phalanRes

i;

metacarpals

p;

scapula

ColurnnA

1.

raisedareaon lateral surfaceof humerusto which deltoid muscle attaches

2.

arm bone

p; scapula

t;

ulna

3. bonesofthe shouldersirdle

4.

forearm bones

5. scapularregionto which theclavicleconnects

6. shouldergirdlebonethatis unattachedto the axial skeleton

7.

shouldergirdle bonethat articulateswith and transmitsforces to the bony thorax

8.

depressionin the scapulathat articulateswith the humerus

9.

processabovethe glenoid cavity that permits muscle attachment

10.

the "collarbone"

ll.

distal condyle of the humerusthat articulateswith the ulna

12.

medial bone of forearm in anatomicalposition

13.

roundedknob on the humerus;adjoinsthe radius

14.

anterior depression,superiorto the trochlea,which receivespart of the ulna when the forearm is flexed

15.

forearm boneinvolved in formation of the elbow joint

16.

wrist bones

t7.

finger bones

18.

headsof thesebonesform the knuckles

a: sternum

19. bonesthat articulatewith the clavicle

Column B

a.

acromion

b.

capitulum

c.

carpals

d.

clavicle

e.

coracoidprocess

f.

coronoidfossa

g.

deltoidtuberosity

h.

glenoidcavity

i,

humerus

J.

metacarpals

k.

olecranonfossa

l.

olecranonprocess

m.

phalanges

n.

radial tuberosity

o.

radius

p.

scapula

q.

sternum

r.

styloidprocess

s.

trochlea

t.

ulna

69

)

How is the arm held clear of the widest dimensionof the thoracic caee?

Theclavicleactsasa strutto holdtheglenoidcavityof thescapula(thereforethearm)Iaterallyaway from thenarrowestdimensionof

3.

4.

therib cage.

What is the total number of phalangesin the hand?

l4

What is the total number of carpalsin the wrist? i

Name the carpals(medial to lateral) in the proximal row. pisiform'triangular'Iunate'scaphoid

In the distal row. thev are (medial to lateral)

hamare,capitate, trapezoid,trapezium

5. Using items from the list at the right, identify the anatomicallandmarksandregionsof the scapula.

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1

Key:

a.

acromion

b.

coracoidprocess

c.

glenoidcavity

d.

inferior angle

infraspinousfossa

f.

lateral border

o

medial border

b'

h. spine

i. superiorangle

J.

k.

L

superiorborder

suprascapularnotch

supraspinousfossa

Match the terms in the key with the appropriateleaderlines on the drawings of the humerusand the radius and ulna. Also decidewhether the bonesshown areright or left bonesand whetherthe view shown is an anterior or a posterior view.

k

Circle the correct term for eachpair in parentheses:

Key:

a.

anatomicalneck

b.

coronoid process

c.

distalradioulnarjoint

d.

greatertubercle

e.

headof humerus

f.

headofradius

g.

headof ulna

h.

lateral epicondyle

i.

medialepicondyle

j.

olecranonfossa

k,

olecranonprocess

l.

proximal radioulnar joint

m.

radialgroove

n.

radial notch

o.

radial tuberosity

p.

styloidprocessofradius

q.

styloidprocessofulna

r.

surgicalneck

s.

trochlea

t.

trochlearnotch

ThehumerusisaGigfri}eft)bonein{ananterior@view.TheradiusandulnaareGiEfri}eft)bonesin@

a posterior)view.

Bonesof the PelvicGirdleandLowerLimb

7. Comparethe pectoral andpelvic girdles by choosingappropriatedescriptiveterms from the key.

Key: a.

flexibility most important

d.

insecureaxial and limb attachments

b.

massive

e.

secureaxial and limb attachments

c.

lightweight

f.

weight-bearingmost important

Pectoral:

a

, -----!-,

Pelvic:

-----3-,

8. What organsareprotected,at leastin part, by the pelvic girdle?

I lterur

f

lfpmnlpl

urinnru

hlndder

tmnll

intectine

rprhtm

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71

9. Distinguish betweenthe true pelvis andthe false pelvis. Thetruepelvisis theregioninferiorto thepelvicbrim,whichis encircled

bybone.The false pelvisis theareamedialto the flarin| iliac bonesandliessuperiorto thepelvicbrim.

10. Use letters from the key to identify the bone markings on this illustration of an articulatedpelvis. Make an educatedguess asto whetherthe illustration showsa male or femalepelvis andprovide two reasonsfor your decision.

This is u male

(female/male)pelvisbecause;

Key:

a.

acetabulum

b.

ala of sacrum

c.

anterior superior iliac spine

d.

iliac crest

e.

iliac fossa

f.

ischial spine

g.

pelvic brim

h.

pubic crest

i.

pubic symphysis

j.

sacroiliac joint

k.

sacrum

Acetabula are close together; pubic anglelarch is lessthan 90"; narrow sacrum,heart-shaped pelvic inlet

11. Deducewhy the pelvic bonesof a fourJegged animal suchasthe cat or pig are much lessmassivethan thoseof the human.

Thepelvicgirdledoesnothaveto carrytheentireweightof thetrunkin thequadrupedanimal.

12. A personinstinctively curls over his abdominalareain times of danger.Why?

protection from theskeletalsystem.

Abdominal area orRansreceivethe least

13. For what anatomicalreasondo many women appearto be slightly knock-kneedl Thepelvisis broaderandtheacetabula

and ilia are more laterally positioned. Thus,the femur runs downward to the kneemore obliquely than in the male

14. What doesfallen archesmean?

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A weakening,of the tendonsand lig,amentssupportinl the archesof the foot.

15. Matchthebonenamesandrnarkingsin columnB with thedescriptionsin columnA.

i:

ilium

t; pubis

k; ischium

s;

pubic symphysis

h; iliac crest

a; acetabulum

u; sacroiliac joint

c; Iemur

d: fibula

x; tibia

c; femur

y;

tibial tuberosity

.r; patella

x;

tibia

o: medial malleolus

l:

lateral malleolus

b: calcaneus

w; tarsals

p; metatarsals

q; obturatorforamcn

e; glutealtubergsity

v: talus

x;

tibia

v; talus

ColumnA

k; ischium

and

l.

2.

3.

fuseto formthecoxalbone

"sit-down"boneof thecoxalbone

pointwherethecoxalbones join anteriorly

4. superiormostmarginof thecoxalbone

5. deepsocketin thecoxalbonethatreceivestheheadof the thighbone

6. joint betweenaxial skeletonandpelvic girdle

7. longest,strongestbonein body

8.

thin lateral leg bone

9. heavy medial leg bone

x;

tibia

10. bonesforming knee joint

11. pointwherethepatellarligamentattaches

12. kneecap

13. shinbone

14.

medial ankle projection

15.

lateral ankle projection

16.

largesttarsalbone

17.

ankle bones

18.

bonesforming the instepof the foot

19.

openingin hip boneformed by the pubic and ischial rami

un1j f;

gregterand

lessertroclnnters

20. sitesof muscleattachmenton

theproximalfemur

21. tarsalbonethat"sits" on thecalcaneus

22. weight-bearingboneof the leg

23,

tarsalbonethat articulateswith the tibia

Column B

a. acetabulum

b. calcaneus

c. femur

d. fibula

e. gluteal tuberosity

f. greater and lesser trochanters

greater sciatic notch

iliac crest

ilium

ischial tuberosity

ischium

lateral malleolus

lessersciatic notch

Iinea aspera

medial malleolus

metatarsals

obturator foramen

patella

pubic symphysis

pubis

sacroiliac joint

talus

tarsals

tibia

tibial tuberosity

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16. Match the terms in the key with the appropriateleaderlines on the drawings of the femur and the tibia and fibula. Also de- cide if thesebonesareright or left bonesand whetherthe view shown is an anterior or a posterior view.

Circle the correct term for eachpair in parentheses:

Key:

a.

distaltibiofibular joint

b.

foveacapitis

c.

gluteal tuberosity

d.

greatertrochanter

e.

headof femur

f.

headof fibula

g.

intercondylareminence

h.

intertrochantericcrest

i.

lateralcondyle

j.

lateralepicondyle

k.

lateral malleolus

l.

lesserffochanter

m.

medialcondyle

n.

medialepicondyle

o.

medialmalleolus

p.

neck of femur

q. proximal tibiofibular joint

r.

tibial anterior border

S. tibial tuberosity

ThefemurisaGlgtr?Deft)bonein(ananterio.@view.Thetibiaandfibulaare(Etr}tert)bonesin@

a posterior)view.

Summaryof Skeleton

17.

Identify all indicated bones (or groupsof bones)in the diagramof the articulatedskeletonon page73.

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