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Computer Storage

Technologies Storage TradeOffs Semiconductor Memory Magnetic Disks Magnetic Tape Optical Disks

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Binary Representation Bit Byte Kilobytes (KB) - k Megabytes (MB) Gigabytes (GB) Terabytes (TB) Petabytes Over 1 Quadrillion Bytes
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Computer Storage
Technologies Storage TradeOffs Semiconductor Memory Magnetic Disks Magnetic Tape Optical Disks

Direct Access

Random Access (RAM) Direct Access Storage Devices (DASD) RAM Memory Random Access ROM Memory Read Only

Sequential Access Semiconductor Memory

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Computer Storage
Technologies Storage TradeOffs Semiconductor Memory Magnetic Disks Magnetic Tape Optical Disks

Sequential Access Storage Device


Read/Write Head

Direct Access Storage Device


Read/Write Head C A

B A E D C

E D B

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Technologies Storage TradeOffs Semiconductor Memory Magnetic Disks Magnetic Tape Optical Disks

Magnetic Storage Floppy Disks Hard Disk Drives RAID Storage Magnetic Tapes
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Optical Disks
Technologies Storage TradeOffs Semiconductor Memory Magnetic Disks Magnetic Tape Optical Disks

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CD-ROM CD-R and CD-RW CD-RW/DVD DVD-ROM Drive DVD-R DVD-RW Image Processing
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Technologies Storage TradeOffs Semiconductor Memory Magnetic Disks Magnetic Tape Optical Disks

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Binary Representation Central Processing Unit (CPU) Computer System Computer Terminal Digital Cameras Direct Access Generations of Computing Information Appliance Laptop Computer Liquid Crystal Displays (LCD)
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KEY TERMS

Summary
Technologies Storage TradeOffs Semiconductor Memory Magnetic Disks Magnetic Tape Optical Disks

2. Microcomputers are Used as Personal Computers, Network Computers, Personal Digital Assistants, Technical Workstations, and Information Appliances.
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Technologies Storage TradeOffs Semiconductor Memory Magnetic Disks Magnetic Tape Optical Disks

Summary 1. Three Major Types of Computer Systems Microcomputer Midrange Systems Mainframe Systems

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Summary
Technologies Storage TradeOffs Semiconductor Memory Magnetic Disks Magnetic Tape Optical Disks

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3. Midrange Systems are used for Many Multiuser Business Data Processing and Scientific Applications. 4. Mainframe Systems are Larger and More Powerful than Midrange Systems, Have More Memory, and Support More Users and Peripheral Devices, and High Volumes of Data.
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Summary
Technologies Storage TradeOffs Semiconductor Memory Magnetic Disks Magnetic Tape Optical Disks

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5. Computer Systems Perform Input, Processing, Output, Storage, and Control Functions. 6. Hardware Consists of Input and Output Devices, a Central Processing Unit, Primary and Secondary Storage Devices.
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Summary
Technologies Storage TradeOffs Semiconductor Memory Magnetic Disks Magnetic Tape Optical Disks

7. Supercomputers are a Special Category of Extremely Powerful Mainframe Systems Designed for Massive Computational Assignments. 8. Peripheral Devices are used for a Wide Array of Input, Output, and Storage Applications.
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