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I agree that exponential growth in population is one of the causes of food scarcity in LEDCs.

Firstly, exponential growth in population in LEDCs could be caused by a lack of family planning and the traditional belief of having large families. This trend is clearly apparent in the population growth in India, a LEDC, where population over the last 10 years has increased by 181 million and if it continues to grow at this rate, it will surpass Chinas population by 2020. As such, when food production rates are unable to cope with the stress of a large population, food supply decreases. This can be observed for farmers who have large families in LEDCs. Furthermore, because of the fact that farmers rely on subsistence farming and thus have little income for the purchase of commodities, when inflation occurs, they would experience a food shortage as it means that they might not be able to afford the prices. On the other hand, if a disaster wipes out their crops, the farmers large family might face a problem with food scarcity, as they are unable to obtain assistance from the government to recover their losses. Therefore, it can be concluded that exponential growth could possible bring about worry over food scarcity for the citizens in LEDCs. However, exponential growth in population is not the only cause of food scarcity in LEDCs. Factors such as natural disasters and competition for land might result in food scarcity for the nation. Next, climatic factors in LEDCs pose an absolute threat to food security. In Tanzania, official reports show that areas receiving two rainfalls in a year will probably receive more but areas that are already receiving very little rainfall are set to receive less. All in all, it is equivalent to a 33% loss in maize production the nations staple food, thus there will be a food scarcity will likely occur in Tanzania. In Myanmar, rice production in the Irrawaddy Delta was able to support its citizens and there was even a surplus that could be sold to the market. However, in 2008, Cyclone Nargis struck Myanmar where it destroyed three-fourths of the livestock and salted a million acres of rice paddies with its seawater surges, reducing self-sufficiency levels by an estimated 50% because of the damage that had been afflicted upon the fertile fields, which the government had predicted that they had lost a total of US$10 billion based on the crops lost during the disaster, resulting in food scarcity for the Burmese people. As seen from the above, natural disasters have the force to ruin agricultural produce and land, therefore culminating in food scarcity for the people. Finally, competition for land in LEDCs could also lead to food scarcity within the country. In various LEDCs, the demand for biofuels, which has arisen as a result of policy development in the more affluent countries, is having a negative impact on poorer countries that are struggling with increased food prices. The demand for biofuels requires more fertile land for growth of such cash crops and farmers have to compete with such plantations over the plantation of crops. As such, agricultural production is reduced greatly and this results in inflation due to a lower supply. For example, in 2008, China resorted to price fixing on its grain, meat, milk and egg while Pakistan was experiencing wheat shortages and Indonesia were having a shortage of soya bean. As such, not only has agricultural production been rendered driven down by the demand for biofuels, food scarcity is even more prevalent when farmers are unable to afford other forms of

commodities with their meager income obtained from subsistence farming. In conclusion, competition for land in LEDCs is the primary reason of food scarcity in LEDCs. The most pertinent point about exponential growth in population and climatic factors in LEDCs is that these factors can and are being improved upon through governmental support and international organizations. Exponential growth in population is being curbed with family planning measures while climatic factors are being overcome through the use of technology such as genetic modification. These problems can be stemmed to a certain extent and thus should not be considered the primary reason for food scarcity. Instead, competition for land in LEDCs should be the primary reason for food scarcity. The increasing use of fertile land for the cultivation of biofuels is one that is rather difficult to suppress due to the fact that biofuels are starting to gain popularity around the world and considering how more affluent countries usually exploit the farmland in LEDCs, it is almost impossible to say that competition for fertile land in LEDCs would experience a change in trend.