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IIT JEE 1980 The displacement x of a particle moving in one dimension, under the action of a constant force is related

to the time by the equation, Find: x + , where x is in metre and is in second.

(a) The displacement of the particle when its velocity is zero, and (b) The work done by the force in the first 6 seconds.

In this problem, Displacement is given as a function of time. And, we have to find displacement of the particle when its velocity is zero. The question merely focuses on when velocity is zero. We simply differentiate displacement with respect to find velocity. That is: ()
()

From this relation, we found that the velocity is zero when t is 3.

And hence, at

, the velocity and displacement of the particle both are zero.

In the second part of this question, we have to find work done by the force in first 6 sec. The very first question came into our mind is: ``what happens when we do work on an object? In 1-D motion, work done on the object always increases its kinetic energy. By, work-kinetic energy theorem, we get( )

Let us first calculate the initial and final velocities of the particle at = 0 and 6 sec, respectively. From part 1, we haveAt t = 0 s, At t = 6 s, | | | | ( ) ( ) . | |

Therefore, Work done by the force in first 6 sec =

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