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Is:53a2e,1985

Indian Standard

SPECIFICATION FOR RUBBER SEALING RINGS FOR GAS MAINS, WATER MAINS AND SEWERS

(First

Revision )

1

Rubber Products

Chairman

DR D. BANE~JFJZ

Members

Sectional Committee, PCDC

13

Representing

EseonConsultants

Pvt Ltd, Calcutta

SHRI M. L. BAHRANI SHRIRAJINDRASINCiIi( Alternate

DR B. BANERJ8E

DR P. S, BHARGAVA

Alternate)

D~ S. N. CHAKRAVARTY SHRIL. K. MATHUR( Alternate

SHRI J, CHATTERWJi Andrew Yule &Co Ltd. Calcutta

Ministry

)

Carbon

of Defcnce

& Chemicals

( R

& D

)

India Ltd~ Coehin

Corporation

of

Alka{i$M:hemical

India

SHRt N. C. SAMAIDAR(

Modi Rttbber Ltd, Modipuram

)

SHRI A. K. BISWAS ( Alternate

SHRI P. Et. G. DASTIDAR

)

Bata India Ltd, Calcutta

Ltd,

SIIRI SUNIL SARKAR ( Alternate )

SHRIW. G. DtiSAI SHRI R. R. PANDIT( Aiternate ) SIIR[ B. DUTTA SHRIR. N. WAHIE( Alternate SHRI S. B. GANGULY

)

All India Rubber Industries

Association,

Bcnsal Waterproof

Ltd, Calcutta

Dunlop

India Ltd, Calcutta

Bombay

SHRIT. V. RAMACHANDRAN( Afternate

)

Directorate

SHR[ J. M. GARe

SHRI A. GHOSH S~Ri LALITMOHANJAMNADAS

General

of

Technical

Development,

New

Delhi:

National

Test House,

Calcutta

Cosmos

India Rubber Works

Pvt Ltd, Bombay

SHRI P. L. KXNAR[WALA( Alternate

)

SHM S. V. LATHIA

~thlm~;~ber

Manufacturing

Ca’

I%

Ltd,

SHRI V. S. LATHIA( Alrernate

)

-

-

(

Confirmed

oft page

2 )

@ C%pyrf#r 1987

BUREAU

OF

INDIAN

STANDARDS

This publication is protected under the Indi@t Copyright Act ( XIV of 19S7 ) und

reproduction

publisher shall be deemed to be an ir+ringament of copyright under the said Act.

in whole

or in part by any means except

with written

permission

of the

IS:5382-1985

( Continued from page

Members

1 )

SHRIA. K. MALLIK

SHRI R.

S. PATEL ( Alternate

DR S. P. MANIK

)

Representing

Indian

Petrochemicals

Vadodara

_

Corporation

Ltd,

Rcse~uar,Dsigns and Standards Organization,

DEPUTY DIRECTOR STAT ( MP ) ( Alternate )

SHRI C. K. MEHROTRA SHRI S. S. CHOPRA ( Alternate ) DR R. N. MEHROTRA SHRI P. F. MILLER

Export

Inspection

Council

of

India,

Calcutta

Synthetics and Chemicals Ltd, Bombay Directorate General of Supplies & Disposals,

New Delhi

SHRI S. C. KOHLI ( Alternate

)

DR W.

MILLNS

Indian

Rubber

Manufacturers

Research

 

Association,

Thane

DR M. S. BANERJEB( Alternate )

SARI N. NAQARAJAN

Sundram

Industries

Pvt Ltd,

Madurai

SHRI P. VIJAYARAOHAVAN ( AIternute )

 

SHRI R. R. PANDIT

Bayer

( India

) Ltd,

Bombay

SHRI D. J. BHARUCHA ( Alternate )

SHRI K. S. RADHAKRJSHNAN

National

SHRI R. P. MATHUR ( Alternate )

Rubber

Manufacturers

Ltd,

Calcutta

SHRI M. B. RAMGARDIA AIternate

SHRI J. M.

SIN~H (

) Indian

Oil Corporation

Ltd,

Bombay

SHRI B. C. SEN

Ministry

of Defence ( DGI

SHRIV. BHATTACHARYA ( Alternate )

SHRI_E.V. THOMAS

UR M.

ti. _

_*

.

A.

KUMARAN ( Alternate

Rubber

)

Research

Institute

)

of India,

DR G. T. VERGHESE SHRI RAVI JAIN ( Alternate

)

J. K. Industries

Ltd.

New

Delhi

Kottayam

SHRI M.

Director

S. SAXENA, )

(P

& C

Director

General,

BIS ( Ex-oficio

Member

)

Secretary

SHRI AMARIITSINGH

Assistant

Director

( P & C ), BIS

General

Rubber

Products

Subcommittee,

PCDC

Convener

SHRI S. V. LATHIA

Members

Lathi;omRbUabyber Manufacturing

SHRI ‘D. P. LATHIA ( Alternate

Shii S. V. Lathia

)

SHRIA. K. BANDYOPADHAYAY

to

Ministry of Defence ( DGI

)

SHRIv. BHATT~CHARY~( AIternare )

13 : -4

Co

Pvt

Ltd,

to Ministry of Defence ( DGI ) SHRIv. BHATT~CHARY~( AIternare ) 13 : -4 Co Pvt
IS:5382 - 1985 Indian Standard SPECIFICATION -FOR RUBBER SEALING RINGS FOR GAS MAINS, WATER MAINS

IS:5382

- 1985

Indian Standard

SPECIFICATION -FOR

RUBBER SEALING

RINGS FOR

GAS MAINS, WATER MAINS AND SEWERS

(First

Revision)

RINGS FOR GAS MAINS, WATER MAINS AND SEWERS (First Revision) 0. FOREWORD 0.1 This Standards Institution

0.

FOREWORD

0.1 This

Standards Institution on 11 November 1985, after the draft finalized by the Rubber Products Sectional Committee had been approved by the

Petroleum,

0.2 The

used, generally, in jointing all kinds of drainage pipe-work like sewers,

are

Indian

Coal

Standard

and

( First

Revision

) was adopted

Council.

by this

by the Indian

Related

rubber

Products

sealing

Division

vulcanized

rings

covered

standard

sewage pumping mains, soil and waste ventilating rain-water

water mains where the pipes are of concrete, vitrified clay, cast iron,

steel, plastics,

0.3 In

were

standard

the nature

pipes and

rings

pitch

fibre

or asbestos

of

the

broadly

-

cement.

the

first

version

into

published

Type

in 1969 sealing

classified

2 types

1 depending~on

of

the

rubber

( natural

or

synthetic

or

both

)

and

not

resistant

to

oil

or

solvent;

and Type

2

of

synthetic

rubber

and

resistant

to

oil or

solvent.

Under

each

type,

5 sub-types

in

Type

1

and

4 sub-types

in

Type 2 were included

based

on differences

in physico-chemical

require-

ments.

In this revision,

6 types

of rings have been

recognized

based

on

nominal

hardness

values.

Additional

requirements

 

of

ageing,

cold

resistance

and

splice

strength

have

been

included.

In

addition

stress

relaxation

0.3.1

in compression

of

Measurement

after

7 and 90 days

has also been included.

hardness,

tensile

strength

and

elongation

at

break and volume change

sion at 100°C for 72 hours, in the original standard, has

However, minimum requirements

break have been specified for all 6 types depending on the polymer used for the manufacture of rings.

prescribed

for

Type

2 rings

after

and

oil immer-

deleted.

at

been

for tensile

strength

elongation

All other

changes

considered

performance

oriented

have

also been

necessary

iucluded.

to make the specification

3

All other changes considered performance oriented have also been necessary iucluded. to make the specification 3
IS :5382-1955 6.4 Recommendations regarding storage conditions after receipt from the manufacturer

IS :5382-1955

6.4

Recommendations

regarding

storage

conditions

after

receipt

from

the manufacturer

~are given in Appendix

A.

0.5

In

the

preparation

of

this

standard,

considerable

assistance

has

been derived

from

lS0

4633 - 1983 ‘Rubber

seal -

Joint

ring for

water

supply, drainage and sewerage pipelines - Specification

0.6 For

this standard is complied with, the final value, observed or calculated,

expressing the result of a test or analysis, shall be rounded

accordance with IS : 2-1960*. The number of significant places retained in the rounded off value should be the same as that of the specified value in this standard.

for material’.

requirement

the

purpose

of

deciding

whether

a particular

of

off in

the purpose of deciding whether a particular of off in 1.SCOPE 1.1 This standard prescribes the

1.SCOPE

1.1This standard prescribes the requirements

for

materials

used

for

vulcanized solid rubber sealing rings for water supply and drainage systems, drain pipes, sewers and rainwater pipes, all at ambient tempe- rature including gas connections. It covers joint rings for all pipeline

materials including iron, steel, stonewares, asbestos-cement, concrete, pitch fibre, plastics and glass reinforced plastics.

1.2This standard does not cover dimensional and joint design require- ments.

2.TYPES

2.1This standard These correspond 80 and 88 IRHD.

2.2 Sealing

covers

to

the

having

six types

respective

two

of

pipe

joint

rings,

namely,

1 to

6.

nominal hardness of 40,50,60,70,

types

of

rubber

are

permitted.

rings

different

Typic?1

section

of the ring is shown

in Fig.

1 for

guidance

only.

3. REQUIREMENTS

 

3.1

Material

-

The

rubber

shall

be

free

from

extractable

subst_mces

which

impart

taste, odour

or toxicity

to water.

 

3.2

If

the

pipe

is

to

convey

drinking

water,

substances,

capable

of

affecting the organoleptic

properties

of

the

water,

or

toxic

materials,

such as compounds

of mercury,

antimony,

manganese,

lead

or

copper

shall not

be included

in the composition

of rings.

*Rules for rounding

off numerical

valueq

revlaed

).

or copper shall not be included in the composition of rings. *Rules for rounding off numerical
or copper shall not be included in the composition of rings. *Rules for rounding off numerical

IS : 5382- 1985

NOTE -

Positive

list

of

rubber

ingredients

and

test

method

for

proving

non-

toxicity

of

rubber

are

under

preparation.

Till

such

time,

it

shall

be

the

responsibility

of the

manufacturer

to declare

the

safety

of the

rubber

and

rubber

ingredients

from

toxicological

as well

as odour

and

taste

considerations.

3.3

Finish

-

The

rings shall

be

homogeneous,

free

from

porosity-,

grit,

excessive blooms,

blisters

or

other

visible

surface

imperfections.

The

fin or

thickness

flash

shall

of it shall

be

reduced

not

exceed

as much

as possible

and

in

any case the

0’4 mm and the width 0’8 mm.

and in any case the 0’4 mm and the width 0’8 mm. i All dimensions in
and in any case the 0’4 mm and the width 0’8 mm. i All dimensions in
and in any case the 0’4 mm and the width 0’8 mm. i All dimensions in
and in any case the 0’4 mm and the width 0’8 mm. i All dimensions in
and in any case the 0’4 mm and the width 0’8 mm. i All dimensions in
and in any case the 0’4 mm and the width 0’8 mm. i All dimensions in

i

and in any case the 0’4 mm and the width 0’8 mm. i All dimensions in
and in any case the 0’4 mm and the width 0’8 mm. i All dimensions in

All

dimensions

in

millimetres.

mm and the width 0’8 mm. i All dimensions in millimetres. FIG. 1 SWTION OF RUBBZR

FIG.

1

SWTION

OF RUBBZR GASKET FOR TYTON

JOINTS

i/C

9.4 Stretch Test - Stretch gaskets till the circumference 50 percent, then visually inspect for the following.

3.4.1

compound

is increased

virgin

by

Gaskets

shall

be

made

of a properly or reclaim.

vulcanized

rubber

compound is increased virgin by Gaskets shall be made of a properly or reclaim. vulcanized rubber

no scrap

containing

compound is increased virgin by Gaskets shall be made of a properly or reclaim. vulcanized rubber
compound is increased virgin by Gaskets shall be made of a properly or reclaim. vulcanized rubber
IS:5382-1985 3.4.2 The surface of the gasket shall be smooth, free from pitting ~that may

IS:5382-1985

3.4.2 The

surface

of the

gasket

shall

be

smooth,

free

from

pitting

~that may affect

its behaviour in service. The body of the gasket shall be free from

cracks, blisters, air marks, and any other imperfection

porosity

and

air pockets.

3.5 Unless

otherwise

and

specified,

Tolerances

the materials

-

All

the

the purchaser

3.6 Dimensions

shall be as agreed

3.7

to between

Physical

Requirements

shall be black.

dimensions

and

tolerances

and the manufacturer.

3.7.1 Hardness

-

Hardness

when

determined

in

accordance

with

‘Microtest’

methQd described

in

IS

: 3400

( Part

Z~J-- 1980* shall

compll

with the requirements

given

in

Table-f.;Y?or

the

same ring,

hardne>s

values

shall

be in a maximum

range

of 4 IRHD.

-

/

3.7.2

Tensile

Strength

and

Elongation

at

Break

-

When

determined

 

by the

method

described

in IS

: 3400

( Part

1 )

-

1977t,

using

Type

2

dumb-bell

shaped

test

pieces,

the

tensile

strength

and

elongation

at

break

shall comply

with

the

requirements

given

used.

in Table

2.

The mini-

mum

values

vary

according

to the polymer

 

3.7.3 Compressian

Set -’

When

determined

by

the

method

described

 

in

sion

IS

: 3400

set shall

( Part

10 )-19771

using the

small

test

piece,

the compres-

1.

comply

with the requirements

Ageing

in Air

-

When

given

test

in Table

pieces

3.7.4 Accelerated

as described

for

the

hardness

test

and

the

stress-strain

test in

3.7.1

and

3.7.2 are tested

after

ageing

in air

at 70°C

for

7 days,

by the

oven

method

described

in

IS

: 3400

( Part

4 )-19788,

the

changes

in

hardness,

tensile

strength

and

elongation

at

break

after

ageing

shall

comply

with

the

require-

ments

given

in Table

1.

3.7.5 Water Immersion - When determined according to the method

IS : 3400 ( Part 6 )-1983/l after 7 days immersion in neutral

with the require-

in volume

given

in

-water pH 7 at 7O”C, the change

ments

shall comply

given in Table

1.

‘.

*Methods

of test

for

vulcanized

rubber:

Part

2 Hardness.

th4etbods

of

test

for

vulcanized

rubber:

Part

1 Tensile

stress-strain

properties

(first

revision

).

IMethods

of

test

~for vulcanized

rubber:

Part

10

Compression

set

at

constant

strain

(first

revision

).

$Methods

of test

for

vulcanized

rubber:

Part

4 Accelerated

ageing

($rst

revision ).

IIMethods

of test

for

vulcanized

rubber:

Part

6 Resistance

to liquids.

 

6

TABLE

1

GENERAL

REQUIREMENTS

t Clauses

3.7.1, 3.7 3 to

3.7.7 )

.

SL

CHARACTERISTICS

No.

_

--

-

(1)

(2)

9 Hardness in IRHD

Tkpe 1

(3)

40 -+ 5

ii) C;ayssion set, percent,

 

for24$ihat70+l°C

 

for72fihat27

fr2”C

iii)

Ageing,

maximum

change

for unaged values after

7 days

in air at 70°C

a)

Hardness

in IRHD

b)

Tensile

strength,

_

percent

,

c)

Elongation

at break,

percent

*Methods

of test

for

vulcanized

tMethods

of test for vulcanized

$Methods

of test for vulcanized

25

12

-5to

$8

&20

,:“o

to

rubber:

rubber:

rubber:

REQUIREMENTS

METHOD OF TEST, REF TO

_---A-----_--

Type 3

(5)

60 +

-4

5

Type 2

-(4)

50+

-4

5

Type 4

Type 5

Type 6

 

(6)

(7)

(8)

(9)

70 f

5

80 +

4

88 +

3

3400 (

Part

2 ) - 1980+

-4

25

25

25

3400 ( Part

10 )

- 1977t

12

15

15

-5

to

-3

to

-5

to

3400 ( Part

2 ) - 1980’

+8

+8

$8

f20

A20

*29

3400 (

Part

1 )

- 1977$

-30

to

-30

to

-30

to

3400 (

Part

1 )

-

19771

+10

+10

$10

25

12

25

12

-5to

$8

+20

-30

$10

-5to

+8

220

to

-30

$10

to

Part 2 Hardness

Part

Part

(first

revision ).

set at constant

properties

10 Compression

1 Tensile

strain

(first

(first

revWon ).

).

stress strain

revision

( Continued)

tl

.*

%

00

N

I

CI

Ih

z

10 Compression 1 Tensile strain (first (first revWon ). ). stress strain revision ( Continued) tl
10 Compression 1 Tensile strain (first (first revWon ). ). stress strain revision ( Continued) tl
TABLE 1 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS-Cork SL No, CRAI(ACTERISTICS P------~---h_ R E Q U I R E
TABLE 1 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS-Cork SL No, CRAI(ACTERISTICS P------~---h_ R E Q U I R E

TABLE

1

GENERAL

REQUIREMENTS-Cork

SL

No,

CRAI(ACTERISTICS

P------~---h_

REQUIREMENTS

-------7

Type

.(-3)

-

1

Type

2

Type

3

Type

4

Type

(6)

(7).

-

oto

-,o

+8

-+8

+10

$10

18

-

25

-

1QO

50

(1)

r

(2)

-

.

iv)

Water

immersion

change

in volume after immersion

water

in neutral

at 70°C

for

7 days

 

(4)

(5)

-

0 to

-

oto

+

8

+8

0 to

8

+

 

,r v)

Cold

resistance,

increase

in

hardness

after

7 days

at

I

-iO”C,

Max

I vi)

Stress

relaxation

in

compression:

 

09

I

-after

Perdent

7 days

by mass,

at 27°C.

MUX

L-- percentafter

90 bydaysmass,at 27”C,Max

vii) Splice imposed, strength, percent, elongation MUX

$10

18

25

100

+1d

410

18

-18

25

25

loo

100

6 Resistance

*Methods

of test

for

vulcanized

rubber:

Part

to liquid.

,

5

Type

6

(8).

to

-

oto

+8

$10

-

-

30

METH~;~o;~TEsT,

(9)

3400 ( Part

6 ) -

L

Appendix

1967*

B

\

t;

z!

g
I

&

b

oto +8 $10 - - 30 METH~;~o;~TEsT, ( 9 ) 3400 ( Part 6 ) -
oto +8 $10 - - 30 METH~;~o;~TEsT, ( 9 ) 3400 ( Part 6 ) -

FO.

TABLE

2

TENSILE

POLYMER @.ED

STRENGTH

 

Tipe

1

 

(1)

(4

(3)

 

i)

Natural

rubber

( NR)

and

 

Isoprene

rubber

( IR

)

a) Tensile

strength,

MPa,

18

percent,

Miu

b) Elongation

at break,

 

450

percent,

Min

v,

ii)

Butadiene-styrene

rubber

( SBR

)

 

a) Tensile

strength,

MPa,

Min

12

b) Elongation

at

break,

450

percent,

Min

 

iii)

Ethylene

propylene

rubber

( EPM

 

and

EPBM

)

a)

Tensile strength, MPa, Min

 

11

b)

Elongation

at break, percent,

450

Min

AND

ELONGATION

( Cluwe

3.7.2 )

FOR DIFFERENT

REQUIREMENTS

TYPES

‘We 2

Type

3

Type

4

Type

5

(4)

(5)

(6)

(7)

18

17

is

11

450

375

250

175

13

14

13

11

425

400

300

250

11

11

11

9

400

325

200

125

Typd 6

(8)

6

100

8

150

8

100

-5

11 4 2 5 400 300 250 11 11 11 9 400 325 200 125 Typd
11 4 2 5 400 300 250 11 11 11 9 400 325 200 125 Typd
11 4 2 5 400 300 250 11 11 11 9 400 325 200 125 Typd
11 4 2 5 400 300 250 11 11 11 9 400 325 200 125 Typd
JS : 5382 - 1985   ! 3.7.6 Cold Resistance - When cooled in a

JS : 5382

- 1985

 

!

3.7.6

Cold

Resistance

-

When

cooled

in

a

chamber

described

in _

Appendix

from the initial hardness, shall comply with the requirements Table 1.

B, the increase

in hardness,

measured

after

7 days

at

-lO”C,

given

in

3.7.7 Stress

Relaxation

in Compression

stress

with the requirements of Table

ed

in

Appendix

B, the

relaxation

1.

NOTE-The

measurement

after

90 days

-When

in

determined

compression

as describ-

shall

comply

at

27°C

is only

required

for material

‘type

approval’.

 

3.7.7.1

This

test

shall

be

carried

out

either

on the ring

itself

or on

a piece

200

mm

in length

and

including

the

splice

which

shall have

a

length

made

extended

of

equidistant

100 mm each

at

a

from

of

rate

side of the

the

8’3

splice

zt 0’8

splice.

and

mm/s

Two reference

50 mm

apart.

marks shall be

be

These

shall

to

-the

eloqgation

specified

in

Table

1.

The

splice

shall

be

held

at

this

extension

for

1 minute

and

examined

under

tension.

There

shall

be

no

visible

alternation

in

the

splice

area.

3.7.8

Water

Absorption

-

Sealing

-rings

shall not

absorb

more

than

10 percent

( m/m ) of water

when tested

according

to the method

prescri-

bed

in Appendix

C.

3.8 Optional

Requirement

3.8.1

I,ow Temperature

Applications

-

The

rubber

sealing

rings

shall

not show signs -of brittleness at low temperature

in

addition

to

the

requirements prescribed in 3.1 to 3.7.8.

The

temperature,

time

of

exposure to such temperatures

to between the purchaser and the-supplier.

and the

method

of test shall be as agreed

4. MARKING

4.1 Each

sealing ring or packing

or both

shall be marked

a) The manufacturer’s

b)

name

or trade-mark,

and

The month

and year of manufacture;

if any;

indelibly

with:

c) The

type followed

by

a

word,

such

as ‘Gas’

or

‘Water’

or

‘Sewers’

depending

on

the

application

for

which

they

are

intended.

 

10

or ‘Sewers’ depending on the application for which they are intended.   10
  IS : 5382 - 1985   4.1.1 Each sealing ring or packing or both
 

IS

: 5382

- 1985

 

4.1.1

Each

sealing

ring

or

packing

or

both

may also be marked

with

the

Standard

Mark.

NOTE -

The use

of the

Standard

Mark

is

governed

by

the

provisions

of

the

Bureau

of

Indian

Standards

Act

1986

and

the

Rule;

and

Regulations

made

thereunder.

The

Standard

Mark

on

products

covered

by

an

Indian

Standard

conveys

the

assurance

that

they

have

been

produced

to comply

with

the require-

ments

of

that

standard

under

a

well-defined

system

of

inspection,

testing

and

quality

control

which

is devised

and

supervised

by

BIS

and

operated

by the

producer.

Standard

marked

are also

continuously

checked

by

BIS

for

conformity

to that

standard

products

safeguard.

Details

of

conditions

under

which

manufacturers

a

licence

or

for

the

producers

as a further of may

use

the

be

Standard

obtained

Mark

from

the

may

be

Bureau

granted

to

of

Indian

Standards.

   

5. PACKING

5.1 The

and the supplier so as to protect them from undue exposure to light and

heat

material

shall

be packed

as

agreed

transit

to

between

the

purchaser

and

mechanical

damages

during

and storage.

6. SAMPLING

6.1 Scale of Sampling

and Criteria

for

Conformity

-

For the purpose

of

ascertaining

conformity

to

this

standard

the

scale

of

sampling

and

criteria for conformity

shall be as prescribed

in Appendix

D.

7. TIME

LAPSE

TESTING

BETWEEN

RECEIPT

OF MATERIAL

AND

7.1 For

all the

test purposes,

the

minimum

time

between

vulcanization

and testing

shall be

16 h.

 

7.1.1

For

product

tests,

whenever

possible,

the time

between

vulcani-

zation

and

testing

should

not

exceed

4 months.

 

In

other

cases,

tests

shall be made

within

2 months

from

the

date

of

receipt

of the product

by the customer.

 

8. TEST

PIECE

8.1

Wherever

possible,

for

all tests,

test

pieces

shall be

cut

from

the

finished article.

Where

this

is

not

possible,

the

manufacturer

shall

provide

test

slabs

from

the

same

batch

of rubber

and

vulcanized

to

the

same

degree

and

in

the

same

manner

as that

of

the

rubber

from

which

the

sealing

rings

have

been

manufactured.

 

8.1.1

Wherever

it

is

not

possible

to cut

standard

test piece

from

the

rings, for determination

of tensile

strength

and elongation

at break,

test

piece as shown in Fig. 2 shall be used with the- rate of traverse of mov- ing grip as 15 cm/min.

11

at break, test piece as shown in Fig. 2 shall be used with the- rate of

IS

: 5382

- 1985

 

8.1.2 Wherever

it

is not

possible

to

cut

test pieces

of standard

sizes

from the

ring,

the

test

for

compression

set

shall be

made

with smaller

test pieces

but

not

less than

9 mm

diameter

keeping

the

ratio

between

diameter

and

height

approximately

2

:

1.

diameter and height approximately 2 : 1. \ 2.2 t*ZR All dimensions in millimetres. FIG. 2
diameter and height approximately 2 : 1. \ 2.2 t*ZR All dimensions in millimetres. FIG. 2

\

2.2

t*ZR

All dimensions in millimetres.

FIG.

2

DUMB-BELL TEST PIECE

All dimensions in millimetres. FIG. 2 DUMB-BELL TEST PIECE APPENDIX A   ( Clause 0.4 )

APPENDIX

A

 

( Clause

0.4

)

RECOMMENDATIONS

REGARDING

 

STORAGE

CONDITIONS

AFTER

RECEIPT

A-l.

To maintain

the rings in

optimum

condition

they

should

be stored

in

a cool

and

dark

place.

The

storage

temperature

should

be

below

25°C and preferably below 15°C. At temperatures exceeding 25”C,

certain forms of deterioration ultimate service life.

A-l.1 The effects of low temperature are not permanently deleterious to

vulcanized rubber articles, but the articles may become stiffer if stored at low temperatures and care should be taken to avoid distorting them during handling at that temperature. When articles are taken from low temperature storage for immediate use, their temperature should be

raised to approximately

may be accelerated sufficiently to affect the

30°C throughout as to the condition

before

they are put into

should

service.

If there

before being placed into service.

is any

doubt

of rings, they

be retested

they are put into should service. If there before being placed into service. is any doubt

12

they are put into should service. If there before being placed into service. is any doubt

APPENDIX

IS : 5382- 1985

B

( Ciuuses3.7.6and 3.7.7 )

DETERMINATION

OF

STRESS.

RELAXATION

 

IN

COMPRESSION

B-l.

COLD

CHAMBER

B-1.1 Capable

of being maintained

with

fl”C

of the

specified

tempe-

rature

and using a gaseous

heat-transfer

medium.

the

cold chamber, it shall be possible to perform these operations while the test piece temperature remains within the permissible variations. This may be done by providing suitable equipment which permits manipula- tion of materials within the chamber from the outside ( for example, by means of-handholes and gloves through the door or wall of the c lbinet ).

B-2. COMPRESSION

B-2.1 Consisting of two parallel flat, highly polished stainless steel plates, between the faces of which the test pieces are compressed.

As all final handling

and

measurements

are

to be made within

DEVICE

,

The

finish

of

the

surface

of

the

compression

plates

shall be not

worse than

0’2 pm

arithmetical

means

deviation

from

the

meanline

of

the profile.

The plates

shall be sufficiently

rigid to

withstand

the

stress

without bending,

and

of

sufficient

size to

ensure

that

the whole

of the

compressed

test piece

is within

the area

of the plate.

 

The compression

device shall be connected

with

suitable

equipment

for compressingthe

test

piece

to the

specified

compression

within

30s.

It

shall

be capable

of setting

and

maintaining

the

compression

during

the whole

duration

of test

and

shall be

such

that

it

can

be kept

in an

oven

at the

specified

test

temperature.

Care

shall

be taken

to ensure

that

there

is no

loss of heat

from

the test piece, for example,

by conduc-

tion

through

metal

parts

which

are

connected

with the

outside

of

the

oven.

B-2.2 Counterforce measuring device, capable of measuring compres.

sion forces in the desired range with

an

accuracy

of

f

1 percent.

The

device may be such as to contain

the

test

pieces

during

the whole dura-

tion of the test in which case continuous

Alternatively, a testing machine may be used in which the counterforce

is measured after prescribed time-intervals

measurements

on

test

are possible.

pieces, compressed

in a suitable jig, by applying a slight increase in the compression of the

and

test piece.

This additional

compression

shall be as small as possible

13

IS : 5382 - 1985 in no case more than more than;O’OS mm for stress-strain

IS

: 5382

- 1985

in no case more than

more than;O’OS mm for stress-strain type machines, applied without over-

a force

of

1N for

balance-type

machines

and no

- shoot and Sn a ‘time not compression.

greater

than

30s after

commencing’

the additional

B-2.3 Oven, provided with temperature control to maintain the specified temperature within the prescribed tolerances. Satisfactory circulation of the air shall' be maintained by means of a fan.

B-2.4

Procedure

B-2.4.1

Carefully

clean

the

operating

surfaces

of

the

compression

device.

The test piece

surface

shall be free

from

mould

release

agent

or

dusting

powder.

When

a lubricant

is applied,

it shall

consist

of a thin

coating

of a lubricant

having

substantially

no action

on the rubber.

 

B-2.4.2

Preheat

tte

compression

device to the test temperature.

 

B-2.4.3

Preheat

the test

piece

to the

test

temperature.

A preheating