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Objectives

- To calculate the System Differential Pressure


- To determine the Net Positive Suction Head Avaliable in the system
- To determine the required Brake Horsepower
- To select a suitable Motor Horse Power rating for the Pump
Basics
- Diesel Transfer Pumps are positive displacement pumps
- Specific gravity of Diesel is 0.84 - 0.89; Used value is 0.85
- Acceleration due to gravity is 9.81 m/s
2
- Hydraulic Diameter = 0.0508 m (2 in)
- Suction Pipe length is 1 m.
- Discharge pipe length is 4.27 m
- Discharge Vessel Elevation head is 4 m
- Specific roughness of pipe material is 0.00004572 m
References
1. API 676: Positive Displacement Pumps, Rotary
2. CRANE: Flow of Fluids Through Valves, Fittings and Pipe
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DEFINITION OF TERMS
P - Differential Pressure
BHP - Brake Horsepower
D - Hydraulic Diameter
f - Darcy Friction factor
g - Gravitational Acceleration
h
f
- Head losses due to friction
h
p
- Pressure head in vessel
HHP - Hydraulic Horse Power
h
vp
- Vapour Pressure Head
K - Resistance Coefficients for pipe fittings
l - Straight pipe length
NPSHa - Net Positive Suction Head Available
OD - Outside Diameter of Pipe
P - Pressure in Vessel
Q - Flow Rate
Re - Reynold's Number
SG - Specific Gravity
V - Velocity
Z - Elevation Head
- Absolute Roughness
- Kinematic Viscosity
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Flow Rate (Q) = m
3
/s
Specific Gravity =
Hydraulic Diameter (D) = m
Suction Head Calculation
Suction vessel pressure head (h
p
) + Elevation head (Z) - Friction Head (h
f
)
Parameters
Suction Vessel Pressure (P) = bar (Atm)
Kinematic Viscosity () = m
2
/s
Specific Roughness () = m
Pipe Length (L) = m (below pump suction)
Suction Vessel Pressure Head (h
p
) = m
Elevation Head = m
Friction Head
Head Loss in Pipe length (m)
Average Velocity - V =
m/s
2
Reynolds Number, Re =
Darcy Friction Factor,f =
Head loss in pipe length (m) = m
Head loss in fittings (m)
0 K =
0 K =
0 K =
1 90
O
elbow, 1 45
O
deg elbow)
1 K =
Total K for fittings =
Total Head loss in fittings = m
Friction Head = m
Total Suction Head = m
(All formulas used in the calculations above are shown in Appendix 1)
5.78
0.047
0.102
11.229
589197.8251
0.016237308
0.055
Elbows 0
SUCTION SIDE
0.05560
1
0.15
1.0135
Reducers 5
8.01000E-07
0.00004572
1
Entrance 0.78
10.331
1
3.146316386
Ball Valves 0
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Flow Rate (Q) = m
3
/s
Specific Gravity =
Hydraulic Diameter (D) = m
Discharge Head Calculation
Discharge vessel pressure head (h
p
) + Elevation head (Z) + Friction Head (h
f
)
Parameters
Discharge Vessel Pressure (P) = bar (Atm)
Kinematic Viscosity () = m
2
/s
Specific Roughness () =
Pipe Length (L) = m
Discharge Vessel Pressure Head = m
Elevation Head = m
Friction Head
Head Loss in Pipe length (m)
Average Velocity - V = m/s
2
Reynolds Number =
Darcy Friction Factor =
Head loss in pipe length (m) = m
Head loss in fittings (m)
3 K =
1 K =
0 K =
1 K =
Total K for fittings =
Total Head loss in fittings = m
Friction Head = m
Total Discharge Head = m
Check Valve
(All formulas used in the calculations above are shown in Appendix 1)
10.938
221.269
0
1.721155
0.048712 Ball Valve
1.786104
0.015
Exit
200
3.146316
589197.8
0.016237
10.923
0.016237
DISCHARGE SIDE
0.05560
1
0.15
1.0135
Elbows
8.01E-07
0.00004572
200
10.331
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Total Dynamic Head = Total Discharge Head - Total Suction Head
= m
Pressure Differential = bar
Hydrualic Horse Power (HHP) = kW 50.30000 hp
Pump Efficiency
= %
Brake Horse Power
= 67.06667 hp
Rated Horse power
= 77.12667 hp
Rated Motor Nameplate HP
Net Positive Suction Head Available (NPSHa)
Suction vessel pressure head (h
p
) + Elevation head (Z)
- Friction Head (h
f
)-Vapour Pressure Head(h
vp
)
Vapour pressure of liquid = bar
Vapour pressure head of liquid = m
NPSHa = m 5.11
6.116
0.6
PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS
210.040
20.6
(All formulas used in the calculations above are shown in Appendix 1)
11453.6
75
15271.5
17562.2
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Appendix 1
SUMMARY OF FORMULAE USED
Pressure Head
(converting from bar to m)
Liquid Velocity
Reynold's Number
when Re< 3000
Darcy Friction factor
(Swamee-Jain solution to Darcy friction formular)
when Re>3000
Friction losses in straight pipe
Friction losses in fittings
Total Head (Suction/Discharge)
Differential Pressure
Hydraulic Horsepower (Watts)
Brake Horsepower
Rated Horsepower
Net Positive Suction Head Available
0981 . 0
) (
) (

=
SG
bar P
m h
Re
64
= f
g
V
D
l
f h
f
2
2
=

= K
g
V
f h
f
2
2

+
f p
h Z h
SG TDH P = A 0981 . 0
) ( kPa in P P Q HHP A A =
q
HHP
BHP =
BHP 15 . 1
vp f p
h h Z h NPSHa + =

2
9 . 0
Re
74 . 5
7 . 3
ln
25 . 0
(

|
.
|

\
|
+
=
D
f
c
2
4
D
Q
V
t
=
v
VD
= Re
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Appendix 2
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